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KODAK IRTRAN Infrared

Optical Materials

KODAKIRTRANInfrared Optical Materials are designed for the


fabrication of lenses, windows, domes, prisms, and filter substrates for use from about 2 /-Lmto 14 /-Lm.They are all hotpressed polycrystalline
solids which can be ground and
polished to perform a multitude of infrared tasks.
IRTRAN1 Material, the original, is especially useful for missile
windows and domes and other optical components operating
between 2 and 8 tui:
IRTRAN2 Material-workhorse
of the family-is
useful as
spectroscopy cells, lenses, IR optics, windows, and domes, all
over the 2 to 14 usi: range. Thin sections have good visible
transmittance.

Incidentally, evaporation-grade IRTRANMaterials are readily


available and ideal for coating purposes and at bargain prices.
We urge your consideration of the data presented below the
next time you select an optical material for any infrared application. These materials do an outstanding job and hold up their
part of Kodak's reputation as maker of many types of fine infrared products-photographic
films and plates, filters, lenses,
laser materials, and IRTRA Materials.
Our people speak infrared fluently. Make them prove it.

Characteristics of
KODAKIRTRAN
Infrared Optical Materials
Use At High Temperatures
KODAK Infrared Optical Material
Properties

,..
Q)

Q.

Type of Material

I-

Special

Iii
o

a0

Polycrystalline
magnesium
fluoride

Polycrystalline
zinc sulfide
Low emissivity;
moderately high
refractive index
for lenses

Antireflection

Useful Transmittance'
at 25'C

0.5 to 9!J.m

0.4 to 14.5!J.m

1.378 at 1 !J.m to
1.227 at 9!J.m

2.291 at 1 !J.m to
2.151 at 13!J.m

576 Knoop
(about Moh 6)
About as hard as
soft steel

354 Knoop
(about Moh 4.5)
A little harder
than a penny

3.18 g/cm3

4.09 g/cm3

90

21,800 psi at 25'C


10,000 to 9,000 psi
at 500 to 900'C

14,100 psi at 25'C


13,500 psi at 250'C
11,000 psi at 500'C

80

Density at 25'C
Iii
Modulus

of Rupture

Q,

100

cm)

Expansion Coefficient
(25 to 2C1rq
(Iengthllength/'C)

,..

=;

Water Solubility

Q)

a:

Inorganic

54'C
174'C

6.9

s:

~
:c
'Q.
"
'"

(,,)

Q)

r-. <,
~
<,

1--..
70

'::;:=

<,

r-,

60

10-'

40

Transmittance
is
reduced slightly
by HN03, H2SO4,
KOH

KODAK

~ 30

IRTRAN 2 Material
2 mm Thick

20
10
_0

No change
transmittance
weight

Q)

(,,)

Insoluble

Iii
o

Coated One Side

No change in
transmittance
or weight

Immersion

0.037
0.026

Coated Bath Sides


-t--.

~ 50
11.0 x 10-'

Insoluble

:;
'(ij

0.035
0.026

56'C
179'C

Uncoated
Z

Thermal Conductivity
(catories/sec/ cm2l'C/

and Dielectric Coatings

All high-index optical materials show higher transmittance


when an appropriate antireflection coating is applied. Hard
multilayer antireflection coatings can be deposited on one or
both surfaces of IRTRAN
Materials for maximum transmittance at
selected wavelengths.
Coatings similar to the example shown are available for both
IRTRANMaterials and each coating can be peaked for a specific
. wavelength region (within the normal transmittance range for
that material).
Dielectric coatings can be applied to one or both sides for
selected reflectivity, generally ranging from 30 to 99 percent
with a tolerance of 5%.

Transparent
tan to green

Index at 25C

Translucent
straw

AlllRTRANMaterials are generally usable at temperatures up to


at least 300c' Higher use temperatures are possible depending
on conditions of use-type
of IRTRANMaterial, type of atmosphere, duration, pressure, tolerable emissivity, etc.

Visual Appearance

Hardness

,.."
s:

IRTRAN 2

Low emissivity;
high transmittance
uncoated

Characteristics

Refractive

'(ij

IRTRAN 1

Organic

Immersion

Diameter

(circular

flats)

in
or

No change in
transm ittance or
weight

8 inches

8 inches

1 inch

1 inch

(circular

flats)

Dome or Lens Capability


(diameter)

9-inch
hemispherical
dome

9-inch
hemispherical
dome

Ui
Relative

Prices

Low

'Useful transmittance limits are taken at the wavelengths


below 10 percent for a 2 rum-thick sample.

Low
where transmittance

falls

10

11

12

13

WAVELENGTH-pm

Cleavage
Thickness

Planes

Because KODAK
IRTRAN
Materials are polycrystalline, they do not
have cleavage planes.
Cold Flow

Because KODAK IRTRAN


Materials are polycrystalline, they do not
exhibit cold flow.
Dielectric Constant

IRTRAN1 Material: 5 at 9.4 GHz


IRTRAN2 Material: 8 at 9.0 GHz

"-

-J

-J

J)

KODAK IRTRAN Infrared Optical Materials


COMPREHENSIVE PRICE SCHEDULE
for Polished Circular Flats

PRICES ARE EFFECTIVE


APRIL 15, 1981,
AND SUBJECT
TO CHANGE WITHOUT
NOTICE

KODAK IRTRAN 2 Material

KODAK IRTRAN 2 Material


Thickness-l

Thickness-2

mm

Inches

mm

'12 or
under

12.7

3/,

19.0

$ 80.50 $ 49.00 $ 40.00


86.00

55.00

45.00

$ 33.00 $ 28.50 $ 25.50


39.00

34.50

$ 23.00 $ 21.50

31.50

Unit Price Per Quantity Listed

Diameter

Unit Price Per Quantity Listed

Diameter

29.50

28.00

10

Inches

mm

$ 20.50

$ 19.50

V2 or
under

12.7

$ 81.00

27.00

26.00

19.0
25.4

3/,

mm

10

50.00

$ 40.50

$ 33.50

$ 29.00

$ 26.00

$ 24.00

$ 22.50

87.50

57.00

48.00

41.00

36.50

33.50

31.50

30.00

30.00

29.00

93.00

63.50

54.50

48.00

43.50

40.50

38.50

37.00

37.00

36.00

$ 22.50 $ 21.50

25.4

91.00

60.50

5150

45.00

40.50

37.50

35.50

34.00

33.00

32.00

1V.

31.8

102.50

73.50

65.00

58.50

54.00

51.50

49.50

48.00

47.00

46.00

1V4

31.8

107.00

78.50

70.00

63.50

59.00

56.50

54.50

53.00

53.00

52.50

1'12

38.1

106.00

noo

69.00

62.50

58.00

55.50

53.50

52.00

51.00

50.00

38.1

110.50

82.50

74.50

68.00

64.00

61.00

59.00

58.00

58.00

57.00

13/,

44.5

116.00

88.00

80.50

74.00

70.00

67.00

65.50

64.00

63.00

62.00

1'12
13(.,

44.5

122.00

95.50

87.50

81.50

77.50

74.50

73.00

71.50

71.50

71.00

50.8

124.00

97.00

89.50

83.50

79.00

77.00

75.00

73.50

72.50

71.50

50.8

131.50

106.00

98.00

92.50

88.00

85.50

84.00

83.00

83.00

82.00

2'1,

63.5

156.00

132.50

126.00

121.00

116.50

114.50

113.00

111.50

110.00

110.00

2'/2

63.5

168.50

147.00

140.50

136.00

131.50

129.50

128.00

127.50

127.00

127.00

76.2

196.00

177.00

171.50

167.50

163.50

161.50

160.50

159.50

159.00

158.00

76.2

215.00

198.50

193.50

190.00

186.00

184.00

183.00

182.50

180.50

173.00

10

KODAK IRTRAN 2 Material

KODAK IRTRAN 2 Material


Thickness-3

Thickness-6

mm
Diameter

Unit Price Per Quantity Listed

Diameter
Inches

mm

'12 or
under
3(.,

12.7

$ 82.50 $ 51.50 $ 42.50

$ 35.50

$ 31.00

$ 28.00

$ 27.50 $ 26.00

Unit Price Per Quantity listed

10

Inches

mm

$ 24.50

$ 23.50

'12 or
under

12.7

$ 86.50

19.0

90.50

60.50

51.50

45.00

40.50

37.50

37.00

35.50

34.00

33.00

25.4

98.00

68.50

60.00

53.50

49.00

46.00

46.00

44.50

43.00

42.00

3/,

mm

$ 56.00 $ 47.50 $ 40.50

5
$ 38.00

$ 34.50 $ 34.00

32.00

$ 31.50 $ 30.00

19.0

100.00

70.50

62.50

55.50

53.50

50.00

49.50

47.50

47.50

46.00

25.4

112.00

84.00

76.00

69.50

67.50

64.00

63.50

62.00

61.50

60.50

1%

31.8

115.50

88.00

80.00

73.50

69.00

66.50

66.50

65.00

63.50

62.50

lV,

31.8

140.00

115.00

108.00

102.50

100.00

97.00

97.00

95.50

95.50

94.00

1'12
13(.,

38.1

120.50

93.50

85.50

79.50

75.00

72.50

72.50

71.00

69.50

68.50

lV,

38.1

148.00

124.00

117.00

111.50

109.50

106.50

106.50

105.00

105.00

103.50

44.5

135.00

109.50

102.50

96.50

92.50

90.00

90.00

88.50

87.50

86.50

13/.

44.5

172.00

150.50

144.50

139.50

137.50

135.00

135.00

133.50

133.50

132.50

50.8

147.00

123.00

116.00

110.50

106.00

104.00

104.00

102.50

101.50

100.50

50.8

191.00

171.50

166.50

162.00

160.00

157.50

157.50

156.50

156.50

155.50

2'12

63.5

194.50

175.50

170.00

165.50

161.50

159.50

160.50

158.50

158.50

157.50

2'12

63.5

267.50

256.50

254.00

251.50

250.00

248.00

241.00

229.50

220.50

213.50

76.2

253.50

241.00

237.50

235.00

231.00

229.50

228.00

219.50

209.50

201.00

76.2

364.00

363.50

362.00

360.00

352.50

329.00

312.00

299.00

290.00

282.00

(IRTRAN 2 Material

Only)

Additional

Information

Antireflection
coatings
on both sides are priced at $490 for
one bell jar lot. Quantities
of components
which can be
coated in one bell jar lot will be provided
upon request.

KODAK IRTRAN Infrared

KODAK IRTRAN 2 Lenses


Prices are for quantities
indicated.
tities will be quoted
upon request.
Lens

No.

IR-100
IR-101
IR-200
IR-201
IR-301

Quantity

Range
1-7
1-3
1-4
1-5
1-8

Prices

for greater
Price
$

quanEach

Optical

Materials

3, 4

These materials
are not available
as polished
windows
but
are available
as evaporative
grade material
for coating purposes. Quotation
and availability
will be supplied on request.

303.00
800.00
672.00
1,044.00
1,183.00
KODAK and IATRAN are trademarks.
November
1981

)
KODAK IRTRAN Infrared Optical Materials

Inches

mm

V, or
under

12.7

3/,

IRTRAN 1 Material
Thickness-1
mm

KODAK

Unit Price Per Quantity listed

Diameter
1

U-71P

COMPREHENSIVE PRICE SCHEDULE


for Polished Circular Flats

PRICES ARE EFFECTIVE APRIL 15,1981,


AND SUBJECT
TO CHANGE WITHOUT
NOTICE
KODAK

MI

IRTRAN 1 Material
Thickness-2
mm

Diameter
7

88.00 $ 54.50 $ 44.50 $ 37.00 $ 32.00 $ 29.00 $ 26.50

25.00 $ 23.50

Unit Price Per Quantity listed

10

Inches

mm

22.50

V, or
under

12.7

19.0

96.00

63.00

53.00

46.00

4100

40.00

36.00

34.00

33.00

32.00

25.4

103.00

7100

61.50

54.50

49.50

46.50

44.50

42.50

41.50

40.50

3(,

90.00 $ 56.00 $ 46.00 $ 38.50

33.50

10

30.50 $ 28.50 $ 26.50

26.50

25.50

19.0

99.00

66.50

57.00

50.00

45.00

42.00

39.50

38.00

38.00

37.00

25.4

108.00

76.50

67.00

60.00

55.00

52.00

50.00

48.50

48.50

48.00
12.00

lV,

31.8

119.50

89.50

80.00

73.50

69.00

66.00

64.00

62.50

61.00

60.00

1'1,

31.8

128.50

99.00

90.00

83.50

79.00

76.00

74.00

73.00

72.50

lV,

38.1

124.50

94.50

85.50

79.00

74.50

71.50

69.50

68.00

67.00

66.00

lV,

38.1

134.00

105.50

9700

90.50

86.00

83.00

81.50

80.00

80.00

79.00

1'1.

44.5

138.50

110.50

102.00

95.50

91.00

88.50

86.50

85.00

84.00

83.00

13/.

44.5

151.50

124.50

116.50

111.00

106.00

103.50

102.50

101.00

100.50

100.00
117.00

50.8

150.00

123.00

115.00

109.00

104.50

101.50

100.00

98.50

97.50

96.50

50.8

165.50

140.00

132.50

127.00

122.50

120.00

118.50

117.50

117.00

2V,

63.5

195.50

173.50

166.50

162.00

157.50

155.50

154.00

153.00

152.00

151.50

2V,

63.5

221.50

202.00

196.50

192.00

188.00

186.00

185.00

184.00

182.50

174.50

76.2

252.50

236.50

231.50

228.00

225.50

222.50

221.50

213.00

203.00

196.00

76.2

291.00

280.00

276.00

273.50

270.00

269.00

254.00

242.50

231.50

224.50

10

KODAK

Diameter

IRTRAN 1 Material
Thickness-3
mm

KODAK

Unit Price Per Quantity listed


1

Diameter

Inches

mm

V, or
under

12.7

3/.

19.0

105.50

73.50

64.00

57.00

52.00

49.50

49.00

47.00

45.50

44.50

25.4

117.00

86.50

77.50

70.50

66.00

63.00

63.00

61.00

59.50

58.50

IRTRAN 1 Material
Thickness-6
mm

10

$ 92.50 $ 59.00 $ 49.00 $ 42.00 $ 37.00 $ 34.00 $ 33.50 $ 31.50 $ 30.00 $ 29.00

Unit Price Per Quantity listed

tnches

mm

V, or
under
3f4

12.7

$ 99.50 $ 67.00 $ 58.00

50.50 $ 48.00 $ 44.50 $ 43.50

41.50 $ 41.50 $ 40.00

19.0

120.50

90.50

82.50

75.50

73.50

69.50

69.50

67.00

67.00

65.50

25.4

140.00

112.00

104.50

98.00

96.00

92.50

92.00

90.00

90.00

89.00

31.8

150.50

117.00

108.50

102.50

98.00

95.50

95.00

94.00

92.50

91.50

lV.

31.8

185.50

162.50

156.50

151.00

149.00

146.00

146.00

144.50

144.50

143.50

lV,

38.1

152.50

125.50

117.50

111.50

107.00

104.50

104.50

103.00

102.00

101.00

1'1,

38.1

198.50

177.00

171.00

166.00

164.00

161.50

161.50

160.00

160.00

159.00

1'1.

44.5

176.00

151.50

144.50

139.00

134.50

132.50

132.00

131.50

130.50

129.00

1'1.

44.5

237.50

220.00

215.50

211.50

210.00

207.50

207.50

204.50

194.50

187.50

50.8

194.50

172.50

166.00

161.00

156.50

155.00

154.50

153.50

153.00

152.00

50.8

268.50

254.50

251.00

248.00

246.50

244.00

240.00

228.00

219.00

209.50

1%

2V,

63.5

270.00

256.00

252.00

249.00

245.00

243.00

240.00

227.50

217.50

209.00

2V,

63.5

393.50

393.00

392.50

392.00

370.00

347.50

329.50

317.50

309.00

301.50

76.2

364.00

360.50

359.50

358.50

345.50

322.50

310.50

297.00

286.50

278.50

76.2

549.00

538.00

524.00

516.50

483.50

458.50

443.00

431.50

423.00

413.00

IRTRAN

Infrared

General

Information

Applicable

1. Prices per circu lar flat normally


FOB Rochester,
N. Y., and subject
cable state and local taxes.

to KODAK
are net
to appli-

2. Intermediate
diameters,
special
shapes,
larger
quantities,
and tolerances
other
than those shown in Item 4 are available on
a special
quotation-preferably
to your
submitted
raw drawing.
3. Intermediate
thicknesses
substantially
higher priced
greater
standard
thickness.

generally
are
than the next
Intermediate

Optical

Materials

1 and

diameters
(standard
thickness)
generally
are priced the same or less than the next
larger diameter
shown.
4. Prices are based on circular
flats made
with diameter
tolerances
of 0.005 inch,
and in millimetre
thicknesses
with tolerances shown.
Surfaces
are finished
to
commercial
plate-glass finish equivalent
to
a flatness of 5 wavelengths
per inch, with
faces parallel within 5 minutes
of arc. A
very small protective
bevel will be applied
to all edges unless otherwise
specified.

THICKNESS TOLERANCES
1 mm
(0.1 mm)
or
0.039 in.
(0.004 in.)

2 mm
(0.1 mm)
or
0.079 in.
(0.004
in.)

3 mm
mm, -0)
or
0.118 in.
(+0.008 in., -0)

6 mm
mm, -0)
or
0.236 in.
(+0.008
in., -0)

(+0.2

(+0.2

For more

information
write

SPECIAL
Kodak

or to place
or call:

PRODUCTS
Apparatus

an order

SALES
Division

Eastman Kodak Company


Rochester,
N.Y. 14650
Telephone

(716) 726-3579

or 726-3170

Dispersion
2.4

?i
~ 2.2
w

--

Transmittance
100

---- -

f-_

JRTRAIN

~ 2.0

~
~

21

- -- -

...
'"

..-

...-

--

~
... 60

...

ALL SAMPLES 2 mm THICK-UNCOATED

<,

--

i--

'\- -\'1;...

~ 40

1.8

ee

...

1.4
IRTRAN

1.2
2

r--

1
4

--

20
2

JFH

6
8
10
12
WAVELENGTH IN MICROMETRES (/Lm)

...

',~

&,'1..-

'V-

1.6

-- -- -

.p

V)

Vl

....

80

"'\~

10

12

14

JFH

16

WAVElENGTH IN MICROMETRES (/Lm)

14

Refractive Index
Windows

Wavelength
in
Micrometres

KODAKIRTRANMaterials are ideal for windows in spectroscopy


and many other applications.
When pressure is a factor to consider, this formula can be used for calculating
the minimum
window thickness
for pressure differentials
on the order of
several atmospheres:

y1.1

pr
Sa

t = minimumwindowthicknessininches
p = unit pressure in lbs/in?
r = radius of unsupported area
Sa = allowable stress in lbs/in"
(Suggestion: Use modulus of rupture
divided by an appropriate safety factor, say 4.)

Minimum Window Thickness


(1 atmosphere

pressure

difference

at 25C, factor of safety = 4)

MinimumWindow Thickness in Inches


KODAK
Infrared Optical Material

Window
Diameter
(inches)

IRTRAN
1

IRTRAN
2

0.027

0.034

1V2

0.041

0.051

0.054

0.068

0.082

0.10

0.11

0.14

0.14

0.17

0.17

0.21

In suggesting
the above design parameters,
factors such as
mounting rigidity or resiliency,
mounting
surface roughness,
clamping loads, momentary
pressure surges, combinations
of
pressure and thermal shock, impact, vibration, and so forth have
not been taken into account. For this reason our thickness suggestions cannot be taken as a fail-safe guarantee under actual
operating conditions.

KODAK
Infrared
Optical Material
IRTRAN

IRTRAN

Wavelength
in
Micrometres

KODAK
Infrared
Optical Material
IRTRAN

IRTRAN

1.0000

1.3778

2.2907

6.0000

1.3179

2.2381

1.2500

1.3763

2.2777

6.2500

1.3122

22363

1.5000

1.3749

2.2706

6.5000

1.3063

2.2344

1.7500

1.3735

2.2662

6.7500

1.3000

2.2324

2.0000

1.3720

2.2631

7.0000

1.2934

2.2304

2.2500

1.3702

2.2608

72500

1.2865

2.2282

2.5000

1.3683

2.2589

7.5000

1.2792

2.2260

2.7500

1.3663

22573

7.7500

12715

2.2237

3.0000

1.3640

22558

8.0000

1.2634

2.2213

3.2500

1.3614

2.2544

8.2500

1.2549

2.2188

3.5000

1.3587

2.2531

8.5000

1.2460

2.2162

3.7500

1.3558

2.2518

8.7500

1.2367

2.2135

4.0000

1.3526

2.2504

9.0000

1.2269

2.2107

4.2500

1.3492

2.2491

9.2500

2.2078

4.5000

1.3455

2.2477

9.5000

2.2048

4.7500

1.3416

2.2462

9.7500

22018

5.0000

1.3374

2.2447

10.0000

2.1986

5.2500

1.3329

2.2432

11.0000

2.1846

5.5000

1.3282

2.2416

12.0000

2.1688

5.7500

1.3232

2.2399

13.0000

2.1508

Index of refraction values were experimentally


determined
at
selected wavelengths
between 1 and 10 tat: Coefficients of an
interpolation
formula were established
and reduced by least
squares methods, and the values computed. All values beyond
10 f.Lm are extrapolated.

Lenses
The following
IRTRAN 2 single-element
infrared-transmitting
lenses are usually available as stock items.
lens
Number

Focal
length

Relative
Aperture

IR-100
IR-101

1 in.
1 in.

(/1.0
(/1.0

IR-200
IR-201

2 in.
2 in.

f/1.0

IR-301

3 in.

f/1.0

(/1.0

lens Type
Meniscus
Meniscus
curve on
Meniscus
Meniscus
curve on
Meniscus
curve on

with aspheric
negative side
with aspheric
negative side
with aspheric
negative side

Custom single-element
for multi-element
lenses

Thickness
Outside
(mm)
Diameter
(mm)
Center Edge

Measured Blur
Circle on Axis (mm)

28.6
28.6

5.0
5.28

1.5
1.9

54.0
50.8

8.0
9.1

1.5
3.0

0.36
0.15
0.09
0.61
0.20

76.2

10.4

2.0

@ 2-4.5

/Lm

@ 2-4.5 /Lm
@ 3.5-4.5 /Lm
@ 2-4.5

f.Lm

@ 2-4.5

f.Lm

0.38 @ 2-4.5

/Lm

lenses and element-components


can be supplied
to meet customer
needs. Specify focal length, outside
diameter,
aperture,
intended
wavelength of use, and type of IRTRANMaterial. Kodak will readily compute
spherical
radii for single-element
lenses based on simple thin-lens formulas. Kodak is not in the position to
compute
multi-element
lenses nor
warrant performance
values (such as
blur circle) for any custom lens. Prices
and delivery on custom lenses can
usually be quoted upon written or
telephone request.

~-.,--

~':"

/)././_ .tJv,/f:T f!t-G-.E/'<

OEHME

YAY iN
E'K/N ~i'6

,t
e Eastman Kodak Company, 1981

For more information or to place an order write to:


SPECIAL PRODUCTS SALES
Kodak Apparatus Division
Eastman Kodak Company'

Rochester, N,Y, 14650

Telephone (716) 726-3579 or 726-3170


Additional data is included in the booklet, KODAK IRTRAN
Infrared Optical Materials, KODAKPublication No, U-72, A
single copy is available free from the above address,

Condensed Data for


KODAK IRTRAN Infrared Optical
KODAK Pamphlet No, U-71

Materials
Printed
Kodak and Irtran are trademarks,

11-81-h Major Revision


in the United States of America

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