Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 5

# Eureka!

## Or Buoyancy and Archimedes Principle

Grade Level: 10 (9-10) Time Required: 4 hours Group Size: 3-4 Expendable Cost per Group: US < \$5 Summary This activity uses Archimedes Principle to explore material properties in hands-on and visually evident ways. Students will form small groups to experiment with various materials. They will then calculate densities for those materials and present their findings to the class. Using this information, they will identify an unknown material based on its density. In the second part of the activity, the groups will explore buoyant forces. They will measure displacement needed for various materials to float on water and will construct the formula for buoyancy. Using this formula, they will calculate the numerical solution for a boat hull using given design parameters. They will present their findings to the class. Engineering Connection Buoyancy is important for determining how objects behave in a fluid (liquid or gas). Differences in densities of one material in another will determine whether an object will sink or float in a liquid, or how much liquid the object displaces when floating. Engineers must consider material densities and the resulting buoyant forces when designing boats, submarines, underwater pipelines and cables, and aircraft. Buoyant forces also need to be understood to study or influence dispersion of pollutants in air or water or the separation of impurities from molten metals.

Engineering Category (1) relates science concept to engineering, (2) relates math concept to engineering Keywords Water, density, hydro-engineering, buoyant force, displacement Educational Standards Washington State Mathematics: Core Content A1.8: Reasoning, Problem Solving, and Communication o A1.8.A: Analyze a problem situation and represent it mathematically. National Council for Teaching of Mathematics (NCTM) Standards: Geometry: Analyze characteristics and properties of two and three dimensional geometric shapes and develop mathematical arguments about geometric relationships. o Understand relations and functions and select, convert flexibly among, and use various representations of them Measurement: Understand measurable attributes of objects and the units, systems, and processes of measurement o Make decisions about units and scales that are appropriate for problem situations involving measurement Connections: Recognize and apply mathematics in contexts outside of mathematics. Pre-Requisite Knowledge Students should be comfortable with basic measurements, units of measure and calculations. Learning Objectives After this activity, students should be able to: Measure masses and volumes of known and unknown substances Calculate density Verify their results Predict physical behaviors with a numerical model Goals: This project is designed to connect experimentation with mathematical modeling and demonstrate the power of mathematical models. This project is designed to connect with students across many cultures and different socioeconomic strata. Water and watercraft are used throughout the world. This project provides insights to one aspect of engineering. Students discover how engineers use mathematics to design a boat within desired operating conditions. Materials List Each group needs: 1 ruler 1 graduated cylinder marked in milliliters (can be a 2L bottle with ruler) 1 scale (can be digital) that measures mass in grams