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English/Punjabi

Legal Glossary





English/Punjabi
Legal Glossary









Translated from English into Punjabi by Atamjit Singh, Ph.D.












Superior Court of California, County of Sacramento
720 9
th
Street
Sacramento, CA 95814
Phone: (916) 874-6867 Fax: (916) 874-8229

www.saccourt.com

2005






























Disclaimer

The Superior Court of California, County of Sacramento ("Court"), has prepared this
Legal Glossary. The Court cannot guarantee that the translations contained therein are
completely accurate, although reasonable attempts were made to achieve this goal. This
glossary is to be used for general reference purposes only, should be considered a "work-
in-progress," and is not intended to provide legal advice. This glossary is not intended to
be used as a study guide for purposes of passing California court interpreter certification
examinations, as some terminology might differ when used in specific context.
Neither the Administrative Office of the Courts, nor the Superior Court of California,
Sacramento County, nor any of its officials or employees assumes any legal liability or
responsibility for the accuracy of these translations. For more information or comments,
please contact Ms. Elaine Flores, Administrative Services Officer II of the Court, at (916)
874-8663 or via e-mail at florese@saccourt.com.

1203.03 PC MOTION - Request to cancel, modify, change or terminate probation.

1203.4 PC MOTION - Request to take back guilty plea or set aside a guilty verdict, and dismiss the
accusations or information. (Made after probation has either terminated or defendant was discharged from
probation prior to termination.)

170.6 PC MOTION - Request to disqualify the assigned judge from hearing a matter.

995 PC MOTION - Request made by a defendant to dismiss a count of information.

ABANDONMENT - When a parent leaves a child without enough care, supervision, support, or parental
contact for an excessive period of time.

ABATE - To put an end to; to cancel out.

ABATEMENT OF ACTION - A suit which has been set aside and ended.

ABDUCTION The offense of taking away a wife, child, or ward, by deceitful persuasion, force, or
violence.

ABROGATE - To repeal or cancel an old law using another law or constitutional power.

ABSTRACT - A summary of what a court or government agency does. In Traffic, document that is sent to
the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) to update driving record.

ABSTRACT OF JUDGMENT- Summary of the court's final decision. Can be used as a lien if you file it
with the county recorder.

ABSTRACT OF RECORD - Short form of the case.

ABUSE (1) immoderate or improper use; (2) to do physical, sexual, or psychological harm to someone.

ABUSE OF PROCESS - Misuse of the power of the court.

ACCESSORY - A person who helps someone else commit a crime, either before or after the crime.

ACCIDENT AND MISFORTUNE An unintentional event; unforeseen event causing misfortune.

ACCOMPLICE - A person that helps someone else commit a crime. Can be on purpose or not.

ACCORD - A satisfaction agreed upon between the parties in a lawsuit, which prevents further actions
after the claim.

ACCORD AND SATISFACTION - Agreement by the parties to settle a claim or dispute in which the
parties typically agree to give or accept something.

ACCRUAL The total amount of child support payments that are owed or that are late.

ACCUSATION - A formal charge against a person.

ACCUSED - The person that is charged with a crime and has to go to criminal court. (See
DEFENDANT).

ACKNOWLEDGMENT - Saying, testifying, or assuring that something is true.
Legal Glossary
English Legal Glossary
2
ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF SATISFACTION OF JUDGMENT A court form that the person who
wins the case must fill out, sign, and file with the court when the judgment is fully paid. If there are no
liens, the back of the Notice of Entry of Judgment can be signed and filed with the court (See JUDGMENT
CREDITOR, JUDGMENT.)

ACQUIT - To legally find the innocence of a person charged with a crime. To set free, release or discharge
from an obligation, burden or accusation. To find a defendant not guilty in a criminal trial.

ACQUITTAL - When a judge or jury finds that the person on trial is not guilty.

ACTION - In court, when one person sues someone else to, defend or enforce a right, stop something bad
from happening or fix something, or punish them for a crime.

ACTION IN PERSONAM - Proceeding against the person for the recovery of a specific object, usually an
item of personal property such as an automobile.

ACTION IN REM - Proceeding "against the thing" as compared to personal actions (in personam).
Usually a proceeding where property is involved.

ACTIVE STATUS A case that is in court but is not settled or decided has active status. (See
DISPOSITION, PENDING.)

ACTUAL LOSS This is a showing that the plaintiff or injured party has undergone some loss of property
or other thing of value by reason of fraud, forgery, or other illegal action. For the crime of forgery the
existence of a specific intent to defraud is an essential element; however, there is no requirement of actual
loss to complete the crime.

AD LITEM - Comes from Latin meaning for the "purposes of the lawsuit." For example, a guardian ad
litem is a person appointed by the court to protect the interests of a minor or legally incompetent person in a
lawsuit.

ADD-ON - Refers to an additional matter that is added to a specific calendar at a time after the initial
preparation of the calendar.

ADDENDUM - A thing added or to be added.

ADDICTION A person who has become emotionally dependent on the use of a drug and the effect is an
irresistible need to continue its use and has developed a tolerance to the drug and requires larger stronger
doses.

ADDITUR - The power of a trial court to increase the amount of an award of money to one party made by
jury verdict, as a condition of denial of motion for new trial. The defendant must consent to the increased
money award, the plaintiff need not consent.

ADHESION CONTRACTS Contract where one party has no real choice as to its terms.

ADJOURNMENT - To put off a court hearing until another time or place.

ADJUDICATE - When a judge hears and decides a case.

ADJUDICATION - The judge's decision in a case or action.

ADMIN PER SE - Latin meaning,by itself, inherently. Requires the Department of Motor Vehicles
(DMV) to automatically suspend or cancel the driver's license of a driver whose blood alcohol content
measures more than .08%, or who refuses to take a test to measure his/her blood alcohol level.

English Legal Glossary
3
ADMINISTER (1) to manage; (2) taking a drug by injection, inhalation, ingestion, or any other means,
to the body for that person's immediate needs.

ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE The way an executive government agency makes and enforces
support orders without going to court.

ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW OR AR A review of the welfare of a child in long-term foster care
by a panel of people selected by the state Department of Health & Human Services (DHHS). The review is
conducted at least once a year, in place of a 6-month placement hearing by the Court. The panel reviews a
report from DHHS. The review is open to the parents of the child, parents attorney and childs attorney.

ADMINISTRATOR - 1. Man who represents the estate of a person who dies without a will. 2. A court
official.

ADMINISTRATRIX - Woman who represents the estate of a person who dies without a will.

ADMISSIBLE - Pertinent and proper to be considered in reaching a decision.

ADMISSIBLE EVIDENCE - Evidence that can be legally and properly be used in court.

ADMISSION - Saying that certain facts are true. But not saying you are guilty. (Compare with
CONFESSION).

ADMONISH - To warn, advise, or scold.

ADMONITION - Advice or caution by the court to the jury respecting their duty or conduct as jurors, and
the purpose for which evidence may be considered.

ADMONITION TO JURORS - What the judge says to the jury about what they must do and how they
must behave, what evidence they can use to make their decision (called "admissible" evidence), and how
they can use that evidence to make a decision.

ADOPTION - The way to make the relationship between a parent and child legal when they are not related
by blood.

ADOPTIVE ADMISSION Action by a party that communicates agreement with the statements of
another person.

ADVERSARY SYSTEM - The system of trial practice in the United States and some other countries in
which each of the opposing (or "adversary") parties has the opportunity to present and establish opposing
positions before the court.

ADVERSE WITNESS A person called to testify for the other side.

AFFIANT - A person who makes and signs an affidavit.

AFFIDAVIT - A written statement that someone swears to under oath in front of someone that is legally
authorized, like a judge or notary public.

AFFIRMATION When an appellate court says that the lower courts decision was right.

AFFIRMATIVE DEFENSE - When a defendant or person responding to a civil case has a reason that
would make him or her "not guilty" or not at fault and gives the court new evidence to prove that. The
defense has to prove what it says (called BURDEN OF PROOF). The defense has to explain this defense in
their ANSWER.

English Legal Glossary
4
AFFIRMED - In appellate courts, it means that the decision of the trial court is correct.

AFTER ACQUIRED INTENT When the defendant did not intend to commit a crime until after the
crime had been committed.

AGENT - Someone who has authority to act for another.

AGENCY One person acts for or represents another by authority. In Traffic, the department issuing the
citation.

AGGRAVATION - Circumstances that may be considered as magnifying, or adding to, the degree of
punishment.

AGGRAVATED ARSON Aggravated Arson Deliberately setting fire with specific intent to cause
injury or damage structures where defendant has been previously convicted of arson, the damage exceeds
$5m, or at least 5 residences were damaged.

AGGRAVATED BATTERY - Unlawful use of force against another such as using a dangerous weapon.

AGGRAVATED MAYHEM Causing permanent disability or disfigurement with specific intent to
cause the injury and with extreme indifference to well-being of other person.

AGGRAVATED TRESPASS Unlawfully entering property of another with specific intent to carry out
prior threat of serious bodily injury.
.
AGGRAVATING FACTORS - Any factors associated with the commission of a crime which increase
the seriousness of the offense.

AGGREGATE TERM - The total length of imprisonment

AGREED STATEMENT OF FACTS - Statement of all important facts, which all the parties agree is true
and correct, and which is submitted to a court for a decision.

AGREEMENT - When the people involved in a legal dispute agree about something.

AID AND ABET - to help or assist, in committing a crime.

AIDER AND ABETTOR One who has criminal intent and assists another to commit a crime.

ALLEGE - To say, declare, or charge that something is truce even though it is not proved yet.

ALLEGED - Said to be true as described; a person who is accused, but has not yet been tried in court.

ALLEGATION - A statement or claim that is made and has not been proved to be true or false.

ALLEGED FATHER A man who may be the father of the child.

ALIAS - Known by another name; or means "also known as" which A.K.A. is short for.

ALIBI - A defense claim that the accused was somewhere else at the time a crime was committed.

ALIMONY - Money the court orders you to pay to a spouse or ex-spouse. (See SPOUSAL SUPPORT).

ALLOCUTION - Defendant's statement to try to reduce punishment.

English Legal Glossary
5
ALTERATION, FORGERY BY Adding, erasing, or changing a document with the specific intent to
cause it to appear different from what it originally was intended to be to cheat another person.

ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION (ADR) - Methods of resolving disputes without official
court proceedings. These methods include MEDIATION and ARBITRATION.

AMEND - To add to or change a claim that has been filed in court.

AMENDMENT - A change made by correction, addition, or deletion.

AMICUS CURIAE (A-MI'KUS KU'RIE) - Someone that gives advice to the court about the law in a case,
but is not part of the case. Comes from the Latin for "friend of the court."

ANNOTATION - A case summary or commentary on the law cases, statutes, and rules.

ANNUAL REVIEW - Yearly judicial review.

ANNULMENT A legal action that says your marriage was never legally valid because of unsound mind,
incest, bigamy, being too young to consent, fraud, force, or physical incapacity.

ANONYMOUS When someone's name is kept secret.

ANSWER - A statement that a defendant writes to answer a civil complaint and says what defense they
will use.

ANTICIPATORY BREACH - When a person who is to perform as set forth in a contract, clearly
indicates to the other party that he will not or cannot perform.

APPEAL - When someone that loses at least part of a case asks a higher court (called an "APPELLATE
COURT") to review the decision and say if it is right. This is called "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." The
person that appeals is called the "APPELLANT." The other person is called the "APPELLEE."

APPEARANCE - Going to court. Or a legal paper that says you will participate in the court process.

APPEARANCE PROGRESS REPORT (APR) A court order for a report by the Department of Health
and Human Services (DHHS) on an issue requested by the court.

APPELLANT - Someone that APPEALS a court's decision. (Compare with APPELLEE.)

APPELLATE - Having to do with appeals. An APPELLATE COURT can review a lower court's (called a
"TRIAL COURT" or "superior court." Decision. For example, California Court of Appeal review the
decisions of the superior courts.

APPELLATE COURT - A court that can review how the law was used to decide a case in a lower court.

APPELLATE JURISDICTION - The appellate court has the right to review and change the lower court
decision.

APPELLEE - A person that answers an appeal in higher court.

ARBITRATION - When a person that isn't involved in the case looks at the evidence, hears the
arguments, and makes a decision. (Compare with MEDIATION.)

ARGUMENT - Remarks made by an attorney to a judge or jury on the facts of the case or on points of
law.

English Legal Glossary
6
ARMING CLAUSE - A conduct enhancement alleging that defendant or an accomplice was
armed.

ARRAIGN - Process where the person who is accused is brought before the court to hear the criminal
charge(s) against him or her and to plead guilty, not guilty or no contest.

ARRAIGNMENT - When a person that is accused of committing a crime is taken to court, told about the
charges, and asked to plead "guilty" or "not guilty."

ARREARAGE Child support that is overdue or unpaid.

ARREST - The legal capture of a person who is charged with a crime.

ARREST OF JUDGMENT - Postponing the result of a judgment already entered.

ARSON - The malicious burning of someone's own house or of someone else's house, or of someone's
commercial or industrial property.

ASSAULT - When someone tries or threatens to hurt someone else. Can include violence, but is not
battery. (See BATTERY.)

ASSAULT WITH A DEADLY WEAPON - When someone tries to hurt someone and there is threat to
do bodily harm without justification by use of a weapon like a gun or a knife.

ASSESSMENT Additional charges added to a case.

ASSIGNEE - A person or business that is put in the place of the original creditor, such as a collection
agency. You can assign your JUDGMENT to another person or business.

ASSIGNMENT Choosing someone to do something. Usually for: Cases - when the court uses a
calendar to give (or "assign" cases to judges; Lawyers - when lawyers are chosen (or "appointed") to
represent juveniles, conservatees or defendants; and Judges - when judges are sent (or "assigned") to
different courts to fill in while other judges are on vacation, sick, etc., or to help with cases in a court.

ASSIGNMENT OF SUPPORT RIGHTS When a person who gets public assistance agrees to give the
state any child support they get in the future. The person gets money and other benefits from the state. So
the state can use part of the child support to pay for the cost of that public assistance.

ASSIGNMENT ORDER A court order (made after a MOTION that says a JUDGMENT DEBTOR
must assign certain rights to the JUDGMENT CREDITOR. Useful for payments that the judgment debtor
would usually get, like rent from tenants, wages from the federal government, sales commissions, royalties,
a business's accounts receivable, or installment payments on IOUs (also called "PROMISSORY NOTES"
or JUDGMENTS).

ASSUMPTION OF RISK - A defense to a lawsuit for personal injury. The essence of the defense is that
the plaintiff assumed the known risk of whatever dangerous condition caused the injury.

AT ISSUE - The time in a lawsuit when the complaining party has stated his or her claim and the other
side has responded with a denial and the matter is ready to be tried.

AT ISSUE MEMORANDUM A legal paper filed in a civil case that says the case is ready to go to trial.

ATTACHMENT - (1) Document attached to court papers to give more information; (2) A way to collect
judgment: by getting a court order that says you can take a piece of property.

English Legal Glossary
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ATTACHMENT FOR DEFAULTER - A process by the court for the arrest of a person other than a
defendant. (See ATTACHMENT, BENCH WARRANT.)

ATTEMPT - An effort to do an act or commit a crime.

ATTEST - To witness, to affirm to be true or genuine, to certify.

ATTESTATION - The act of witnessing something in writing, at the request of a party.

ATTORNEY - Someone that is qualified to represent clients in court and to give them legal advice. (See
COUNSEL).

ATTORNEY OF RECORD - The lawyer whose name is listed in a case record as representing someone
in the case.

ATTORNEY-AT-LAW - An advocate, counsel, or official agent employed in preparing, managing, and
trying cases in the courts.

ATTORNEY-IN-FACT - A private person (who is not necessarily a lawyer) authorized by someone to act
in his or her place, either for some particular purpose, or for the transaction of business in general. This
authority is given in writing, called a power of attorney.

AUDIT When records or accounts are looked at to check that they are right and complete.

AUTHENTICATE - To give authority or legal authenticity to a statute, record, or other written document.

AUTO TAMPERING - The manipulation of an automobile and its parts for a specific purpose.

AUTOMATED ADMINISTRATIVE ENFORCEMENT OF INTERSTATE CASES (AEI) Part of
the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) that lets states fins, put
a lien on, and take property from people in a different state who owe money.

AUTOMATED VOICE RESPONSE SYSTEM (AVR) Phone system that gives information to people
over the phone.

AVERAGE ADULT PERSON A hypothetical person who is used as an example of the entire
community. This hypothetical person represents the interests of all, including persons religious and
irreligious; persons of all nationalities, all adult ages and all economic, educational and social standings;
persons with normal, healthy, average contemporary attitudes, instincts and interests concerning sex. (in
the context of obscenity)

BACKLOG All the cases that havent been settled or decided in the time the law says they should be.

BAD FAITH Generally implies actual or constructive fraud, or a design to mislead or deceive another.

BAIL - A security deposit (usually money) given to release a defendant or witness from custody and to
make sure that they go to court when they're supposed to.

BAIL BOND - A legal paper that you buy from a bondsman and give to the court instead of bail. The
defendant signs it and is let go. But if they don't come to court when they're supposed to, they must pay the
amount of money on the bail bond.

BAIL BONDSMAN - Person who is responsible for paying the bond for the defendant's release from jail.

BAIL EXONERATION When you get your bail back. Or when a bail bondsman or insurance ("surety")
company isnt responsible for your bail anymore.
English Legal Glossary
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BAIL FORFEITURE - A court order to let the court keep the bail deposit because the defendant didn't go
to court when they were supposed to.

BAILIFF - Person who is in charge of security in the court. Bailiffs are picked by sheriffs.

BAILMENTS A delivery of goods from one person to another in trust for purpose of carrying out
agreed upon services.

BAIL NOTICE A legal paper from the court that says the court will make a WARRANT for arrest
unless the defendant goes to court or pays bail.

BAIL RECEIPT A written statement that the court gives a defendant that says bail was paid.

BAIL REVIEW - A hearing established to re-evaluate the bail amount that was originally set for the
accused.

BALLARD MOTION - A motion for psychiatric examination of prosecutors witnesses (victims).

BANK LEVY Way to enforce a decision against someone who owes money. The money is taken from
their checking or savings account at a bank, savings and loan, or credit union.

BANKRUPT - The state or condition of a person who is unable to pay his or her debts when they are due.

BANKRUPTCY - The legal way for a business or person to get help when they can't pay the money they
owe. In bankruptcy court, they can get rid of debts by paying part of what they owe. There are special
bankruptcy judges at these hearings.

BAR - All of the lawyers qualified to practice law. For example, a state bar includes all of the lawyers
qualified to practice law in that state.

BAR EXAMINATION - A state examination that is taken in order to be admitted and licensed to practice
law.

BASE TERM - A term of imprisonment selected by the court according to the Determinate Sentencing
Law.

BATTERED CHILD SYNDROME (B.C.S.) - Physical condition of a child where external or internal
injuries result from acts committed by a parent or custodian.

BATTERY - Illegal beating or physical violence or control of a person without their permission. (Compare
with ASSAULT.)

BATTERY, SPOUSAL - An offensive touching or use of force on a spouse without the spouse's consent.
See BATTERY.

BEAGLE MOTION - A request to exclude any reference of the defendants prior conviction to the jury.

BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN Plan made by a local educational agency (LEA) as part of an
individualized education program (IEP), to change the behavior of students who harm themselves, assault
others, or are destructive.

BENCH - (1) the desk where a judge sits in court; (2) Judges in general, or a specific judge.

BENCH CONFERENCE - A meeting either on or off the record at the judge's bench between the judge,
counsel, and sometimes the defendant, out of the hearing of the jury.
English Legal Glossary
9

BENCH TRIAL - Trial without a jury. The judge decides the case.

BENCH WARRANT - An order given by the judge (or "bench") to arrest a person who didn't do what the
court ordered. For example, didn't go to court when they were supposed to. (See WARRANT, WRIT).

BENEFICIARY - Someone who gets something from a trust.

BENEFIT OF THE BARGAIN RULE Rule which provides that a person may recover the difference
between the actual value of the property and the value that was represented.

BEQUEATH - To leave someone something in a will.

BEQUESTS - What you leave someone in a will.

BEST EVIDENCE - Primary proof; the best proof available. For example, an original letter is best
evidence, and a photocopy is secondary evidence.

BEYOND A REASONABLE DOUBT - The burden of proof in a criminal case requiring that the jury be
convinced that every element of a crime has been proven by the prosecution.

BIAS - A pre-conceived opinion or a predisposition to decide a cause or an issue a certain way.

BIFURCATE - To try issues separately, such as guilt and criminal responsibility in a criminal proceeding
or liability and damages in a civil action.

BIFURCATION MOTION - A request to change the order in which issues are heard at trial.

BILL OF PARTICULARS - A statement of the details of the charge made against the defendant.

BIND To make yourself or someone else legally responsible for something.

BIND OVER - A judge's decision before a trial that says there is enough evidence for a trial.

BLOOD-ALCOHOL CONTENT (BAC) - The measurement in grams of alcohol per 100
milliliters of blood or grams of alcohol per 210 liters of breath.

BLOOD TEST Testing someones blood sample to: (1) see how much of a certain chemical is in the
blood, (2) see who is the parent of a child.

BODY ATTACHMENT - A written order issued by a court directing a peace officer to take custody of
someone and bring them before the court: 1) A witness who fails to comply with a subpoena, 2) a party
who fails to comply with a court order in a civil action, or 3) a material witness in a criminal case.

BONA FIDE Sincere, real without fraud or deceit. Comes from the Latin "in good faith."

BOND - A certificate or evidence of a debt.

BOOK (BOOKING) - What the police do when they arrest someone. Includes taking fingerprints,
photographs, and writing down personal information about the person.

BOOKING NUMBER - The number assigned to the criminal record that corresponds to the person's
arrest.

BOOKMAKING - Collecting the bets of others or making odds on future gambling events.

English Legal Glossary
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BRADY MOTION - A motion made by defense when they believe the District Attorney has not turned
over exculpatory and material evidence.

BRANDISHING A WEAPON - Showing a weapon to another person, typically the police or the victim.

BREACH - The breaking or violating of a law, right, obligation, or duty either by doing an act or failing to
do an act.

BREACH OF PEACE Every person who unlawfully fights in a public place or willfully and maliciously
disturbs another person by loud and unreasonable noise, or in a public place, says offensive words to one or
more persons which are likely to start an immediate violent reaction.

BREAKING AND ENTERING - Going into someone's house at night with intent to commit a felony.

BREATHALYZER TEST - Testing someone's breath to see how much alcohol is in their blood.

BRIBE - A gift, not necessarily of monetary value, given to influence the conduct of the receiver.

BRIEF - A written statement that each side gives the court to say why the court should decide that they are
right.

BURDEN OF PROOF - When one person in the case has to prove more than the other person.

BURGLARY - When someone unlawfully breaks into or enters a building or home, and they intend to or
do commit a theft or other serious crime.

BYSTANDERS - A chance onlooker; one who has no concern with the business being conducted.

CALENDAR - A list, in alphabetical order, of all the cases in each courtroom every day. "To calendar"
something means to give a day, time, and courtroom to a case.

CALIFORNIA RULES OF COURT The rules for practices and procedures in Californias state courts.

CALJIC California Jury Instructions, Criminal.

CALLING THE DOCKET - The public calling of the docket or list of causes at the beginning of court,
for setting a time for trial or entering orders.

CAPACITY - The person with the ability to perform under his or her will.

CAPITAL CASE - A criminal case where the defendant can get the death penalty.

CAPITAL CRIME - A crime punishable by death.

CAPITAL OFFENSE A crime that you can get the death penalty for committing.

CAPITAL PUNISHMENT - Punishment by death. (See DEATH PENALTY.)

CAPTION - What is written at the top of all papers (called "pleadings") given to the court. It says things
like case name, court, and case number.

CARJACKING Taking a motor vehicle that belongs to someone else against his will, by means of force
or fear.

CASE - A lawsuit. Or a complaint filed in criminal, traffic, or civil court.

English Legal Glossary
11
CASE FILE The folder that has official court papers for a case.

CASEFLOW MANAGEMENT How a case is managed from the first paper filed to the final decision.

CASE ID Identification number given to case by the court.

CASE LAW - Law made by earlier decisions in similar cases.

CASELOAD The number of cases a judge has in a specific time.

CASE NUMBER - The number that identifies a case. This number is on all papers filed in the case. Also
called "case ID." Also called DOCKET NUMBER.

CAUSATION - The act which causes something else to happen.

CAUSE - A lawsuit, litigation, or action.

CAUSE OF ACTION - The charges that make up the case or lawsuit. (See COUNTS).

CAUSTIC CHEMICALS Corrosive acid or flammable substance.

CAUTIONARY INSTRUCTIONS When the judge tells the jury to consider certain evidence only for a
specific purpose.

CAVEAT - A warning; a note of caution.

CAVEAT EMPTOR - A theory that says you buy things at your own risk. Comes from the Latin for "let
the buyer beware."

CEASE AND DESIST ORDER - An order of an administrative agency or court prohibiting a person or
business from doing something.

CERTIFICATE OF PROBABLE CAUSE - An order signed by the court granting a defendant the right
to appeal from a plea of guilty.

CERTIFICATION - A judge's order to move a criminal case to another court in a different county.

CERTIFIED - Saying that something is true or an exact reproduction.

CERTIFIED COPY - An official copy of a paper from a case file that is marked as being true, complete,
and a real copy of the original legal case.

CERTIORI - Appeal to U.S. Supreme Court.

CHAIN OF CUSTODY - A method to track the whereabouts of evidence from the moment it is received
in custody until it is offered in court.

CHALLENGE - Someone's right to object to or fight something in a legal case.

CHALLENGE FOR CAUSE - Reasons that a lawyer gives for removing a juror or judge from a case.
(Compare with PEREMPTORY CHALLENGE.)

CHALLENGE TO THE ARRAY - Questioning the qualifications of an entire jury panel, usually on the
ground of partiality or some fault in the process of summoning the panel.

CHAMBERS - A judge's private office.
English Legal Glossary
12

CHANGE OF VENUE - When a civil or criminal case is moved from one court jurisdiction to another.
(See VENUE).

CHARACTER EVIDENCE - Evidence pertaining to whether a criminal defendant is a good or bad
person.

CHARGE - In criminal law, each thing the defendant is accused of. (See COUNT).

CHARGE TO THE JURY - The judge's instructions to the jury concerning the law that applies to the
facts of the case on trial.

CHARGING DOCUMENT - A written accusation saying a defendant has committed an offense. Includes
a citation, an indictment, information, and statement of charges.

CHATTEL A piece of personal property.

CHIEF JUDGE - Presiding or Administrative Judge in a court.

CHILD ABUSE - Hurting a child physically, sexually or emotionally.

CHILD ABDUCTION The offense of taking away a child by deceit and persuasion, or by violence.

CHILD MOLESTATION - Any form of indecent or sexual activity on, involving, or surrounding a child
under the age of 18.

CHILD PORNOGRAPHY - Any obscene material that depicts a person under the age of 18 years
personally engaging in or personally simulating sexual conduct.

CHILD PROCUREMENT - Intentionally giving, transporting, providing, or making available or offering
to give, transport, provide, or make available a child under the age of 16 for the purpose of any lewd or
lascivious act. Also causing, inducing, or persuading a child under the age of 16 to engage in any lewd or
lascivious act with another person.

CHILD SUPPORT - Money paid by a parent to help support a child or children.

CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CSE) AGENCY - Agency that exists in every state to find
parents that dont have custody. (called "noncustodial parents," or "NCPs"). Or to find a person assumed to
be the father of the child (Putative father or "PF"). Also, makes, enforces, and changes child support.
Collects and gives out child support money.

CIRCUMSTANTIAL EVIDENCE - All evidence that is indirect. Testimony not based on actual personal
knowledge or observation of the facts in dispute.

CITATION - A COURT ORDER or SUMMONS that tells a defendant what the charges are. Also tells the
defendant to go to court and/or post bail.

CITED When a defendant is not in custody, but has signed a ticket promising to go to court on a certain
day.

CIVIL ACTION - Noncriminal case in which one private individual or business sues another to protect,
enforce private or civil rights.

CIVIL CASE - A lawsuit to get property back, to force someone to complete a contract, or to protect
someone's civil rights.

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CIVIL JURISDICTION A courts right or power to hear noncriminal civil cases.

CIVIL PROCEDURE - The rules and process by which a civil case is tried and appealed, including the
preparations for trial, the rules of evidence and trial conduct, and the procedure for pursuing appeals.

CIVIL PROCESS Court papers that tell the people in a civil case that it has started. Or papers that try to
force the court to reach a judgment.

CIVIL RIGHTS VIOLATIONS Violations of the personal, natural rights guaranteed and protected by
the Constitution.

CLAIM - The statement of a right to money or property.

CLAIM OF EXEMPTION A court paper filed by the JUDGMENT DEBTOR that lists each piece of
property that the judgment debtor claims is an exempt asset under certain provisions of the law and,
therefore, cant be taken to pay the JUDGMENT.

CLAIM SPLITTING When you split up a civil claim and file two lawsuits to stay below the limit of
how much money you can ask for. Not allowed in most cases.

CLASS ACTION - A lawsuit brought by one or more persons on behalf of a larger group.

CLEAR AND CONVINCING EVIDENCE - Standard of proof commonly used in civil lawsuits and in
regulatory agency cases. It governs the amount of proof that must be offered in order for the plaintiff to win
the case.

CLEMENCY OR EXECUTIVE CLEMENCY - Act of grace or mercy by the president or governor to
ease the consequences of a criminal act, accusation, or conviction. It may take the form of commutation or
pardon.

CLERICAL ERROR - An unintentional mistake, in writing, which may be made by clerk, counsel, or
court. (See NUNC PRO TUNC.)

CLERK - Officer of the court who files pleadings, motions, judgments, etc., issues process, and keeps
records of court proceedings.

CLERKS TRANSCRIPT - Those pleadings, minute orders, affidavits, written opinions of the Court, trial
exhibits, etc., designated by the attorneys which have been filed during the course of the litigation process
are put together with the appeal documents and collectively form the Clerks Transcript.

CLOSING ARGUMENT - Counsel's final statement to the judge/and or jury after all parties have
concluded their presentation of evidence.

CODE - The law created by statutes. For example, the California Code of Civil Procedure, California Civil
Code, California Vehicle Code, California Penal Code, and California Health and Safety Code.

CODE OF PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY - The rules of conduct that govern the legal
profession. The Code contains general ethical guidelines and specific rules written by the American Bar
Association.

CO-DEFENDANT - In a criminal case, an individual charged with involvement in the same crime as
another.

CODICIL (kod'i-sil) - A legal paper that adds to or changes a will.

COERCION Compulsion; constraint; compelling by force or arms or threat.
English Legal Glossary
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COHABITANT One who lives with another.

COLLATERAL - 1. Property that is pledged as security against a debt. 2. A person belonging to the same
ancestry (a relation), but not in a direct line of descent.

COLLATERAL ATTACK - An attack on a judgment other than a direct appeal to a higher court.

COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL OR DEVICE Capable of blowing up; apt to catch fire; inflammable.

COMMISSIONER - A person chosen by the court and given the power to hear and make decisions in
certain kinds of legal matters.

COMMIT - To do something, like "to commit" a crime, or to put someone in a sheriff's custody. Or to use
a court order to send a person to jail.

COMMITMENT - 1. The action of sending a person to a prison or mental institution. 2. The order
directing an officer to take a person to a prison or mental institution.

COMMITMENT ORDER - A court order that says a person must be kept in custody, usually in a jail or
mental institution.

COMMON BARRATRY (also called BARRETRY) Making a habit of starting fights or lawsuits.
Starting lawsuits without a good reason.

COMMON CARRIER Required by law to carry passengers or freight without refusal if the fare is paid;
in contrast to a private or contract carrier.

COMMON LAW - Laws that come from court decisions and not from statutes ("codes") or constitutions.

COMMUNITY OBLIGATIONS Debts that a husband and wife owe together. In most cases, that
includes anything that you still owe on any debts either of you had during the time you were living together
as husband and wife. For example, if you bought furniture on credit while you were married and living
together, the unpaid balance is a part of your community obligations.

COMMUNITY PROPERTY - Everything that a husband and wife own together. In most cases that
includes: (1) Money or benefits like pensions and stock options that you now have which either of your
earned during the time you were living together as husband and wife; and (2) Anything either of you
bought with money earned during that period.

COMMUNITY SERVICE - Work performed as punishment for a crime. It may also be performed instead
of a fine, or as a condition of probation.

COMMUTATION - The reduction of a sentence, such as from death to life imprisonment.

COMPARATIVE FAULT Percentage of fault which is assigned to any one party.

COMPARATIVE NEGLIGENCE - A legal doctrine by which acts of the opposing parties are compared
to determine the liability of each party to the other for negligent acts.

COMPENSATORY DAMAGES Money that one person must pay another to cover the cost of a wrong
or injury. (See DAMAGES).

COMPETENCE ORDER An order from a superior court that says that a defendant is mentally able to
go to trial. Tells the trial court to go ahead with the criminal case.

English Legal Glossary
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COMPETENCY - The ability for a person to understand and communicate, especially with regard to
standing trial and assisting counsel in his or her defense.

COMPLAINANT - Person who wants to start a court case against another person. In a civil case, the
complainant is the PLAINTIFF. In a criminal case, the complainant is the state.

COMPLAINT - The legal document that usually begins a civil lawsuit and is also used to start a criminal
case. Says what the plaintiff thinks the defendant did and asks the court for help. Also called the "initial
pleading" or "petition."

COMPLY - To act in accordance with, to accept, to obey.

COMPOSITE DRAWING - A picture of an alleged criminal created by a professional police artist using
verbal descriptions given by the victim or a witness.

CONCEALMENT Withholding of something which one knows and which one, in duty, is bound to
reveal.

CONCILIATION - A form of alternative dispute resolution in which the parties bring their dispute to a
neutral third party, who helps lower tensions, improve communications, and explore possible solutions.
Similar to mediation, but it may be less formal.

CONCURRENT JURISDICTION - The territory of two or more courts, that are each authorized to deal
with the same subject matter.

CONCURRENT PLANNING Refers to the legal requirement in dependency cases that reunification
services be provided at the same time an alternative plan is developed (e.g., adoption , guardianship) if
needed.

CONCURRENT SENTENCES - Sentences you can serve at the same time. For example, if you have
concurrent sentences of 10 years and 5 years, you must serve a total of 10 years. (Compare with
CONCURRENT SENTENCES).

CONCURRING CAUSES Acting contemporaneously and together causing injury, which would not
have resulted in absence of either.

CONDEMNATION - The legal process by which the government takes private land for public use, paying
the owners a fair price. (See EMINENT DOMAIN.)

CONDITIONS Certain things that someone has to do, or not do, to be released.

CONDITIONAL RELEASE - Freedom from custody which regulates the activities and associations of
the defendant. If a defendant fails to meet the conditions, the release is cancelled.

CONDUCT ENHANCEMENTS - A kind of punishment-enhancing allegation (such as the arming clause
of Penal Code section 12022) that relates to the nature of the offense at the time the crime was committed.

CONFESSION - When someone admits out loud or in writing that they committed a certain kind of crime.
(Compare with ADMISSION).

CONFESSION OF JUDGMENT - The act of a debtor in a written statement that permits judgment to be
entered against him by his creditor, without legal proceedings.

CONFIDENTIAL - A file or record that is not available for public viewing. Authorized viewing allowed
only in statute and/or court policy. Files and records are identified and receive special handling.

English Legal Glossary
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CONFIDENTIAL RECORD Information in a court case that is not available to the public.

CONFIDENTIALITY Treated as private and not for publication.

CONFISCATE - To seize or take private property for public use (the police took the weapon).

CONFLICT OF INTEREST - When you have two different interests at the same time. For example, a
lawyer who represents two sides at the same time can't be fair.

CONFORM COPIES - To make copies identical to an original; e.g., copies with duplicate signatures,
duplicate dates.

CONFRONTATION RIGHT Defendants right to be face-to-face with the witnesses against him or her.
It generally includes the right to ask questions and object, and to have witnesses testify in person.

CONSANGUINITY COLLATERAL - The relationship that exists between persons who have the same
ancestors, but who do not descend, or ascend, one from the other; as between uncle and nephew.

CONSANGUINITY LINEAL - The relationship that exists persons of whom one is descended in a
direct line from the other, as between son, father, grandfather, and so upwards in the direct ascending line;
or between son, grandson, great-grandson, and so downwards in the direct descending line.

CONSECUTIVE SENTENCES - Successive sentences, one beginning at the end of another, imposed
against a person convicted of two or more violations.

CONSERVATEE - Someone who can't take care of themselves and has a caretaker (called the
"CONSERVATOR") who the court picked.

CONSERVATOR - Someone picked by the court to either take care of someone who can't take care of
themselves (called a "CONSERVATEE") or take care of that person's property , or both.

CONSERVATORSHIP - A court proceeding where a judge picks someone (a conservator) to take care of
an adult's personal needs and/or his or her finances. For minors, see GUARDIANSHIP.

CONSENT A written agreement to obey a decision or deal.

CONSIDERATION - The cause, price, or impelling influence which makes a party enter into a contract.

CONSOLIDATION OF ACTIONS When at least two cases that involve the same people are grouped
together.

CONSORTIUM, LOSS OF Unable to have a sexual relationship between a husband and a wife.

CONSPIRACY Where two or more persons intentionally agree to commit crime and do an act towards
committing the crime.

CONSTRUCTIVE POSSESSION - Where a person does not actually possess a thing, but knowingly has
control over it.

CONSTITUTION The central law of our country that sets up the creation, character, and organization of
its power and how that power is exercised. The rule, principles, descriptions of the governments power,
and the main rights that the people of a country or state have.

CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHT - A right guaranteed by the U. S. Constitution, interpreted by the federal
courts; also, a right guaranteed by some other constitution (such as a state constitution).

English Legal Glossary
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CONTEMNOR - One who has committed contempt of court.

CONTEMPORARY COMMUNITY STANDARD What is, objectively acceptable to the community
as a whole. Ascertainment of the standard must be based upon an objective determination of what is
unacceptable to the community as a whole. Your own personal, social, or moral views on the material
involved in the case may not be considered.

CONTEMPT (OF COURT) - Disobeying a court order. Punishment can be a fine or jail.

CONTINUANCE - Putting off a court case to a later date. (See ADJOURNMENT).

CONTINUING EXCLUSIVE JURISDICTION Theory that only one support order should be valid
between the same people at a time. And when a court hears a child support case, it can add to and change
that order. The court of continuing exclusive jurisdiction has control over a support case until another court
takes it away. This is defined in the Uniform Interstate Family Support Act (UIFSA).

CONTRACT - (1) an agreement between two or more people to do or not to do a particular thing; (2) an
agreement between two or more people that makes, changes, or ends a legal relationship.

CONTRIBUTORY NEGLIGENCE - A legal doctrine that says if the plaintiff in a civil action for
negligence also was negligent, in any way, he or she cannot recover damages from the defendant for the
defendant's negligence.

CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES Any drug identified by law whose availability is restricted. Unless
otherwise specified, a drug, substance, or immediate precursor which is listed in any schedule in Health &
Safety Code sections 11054, 11055, 11056, 11057 or 11058.

CONVERSION - The wrongful assumption of ownership over the goods or personal property belonging to
another.

CONVEY (1) to give the title to property to someone else. (2) to make known or communicate.

CONVICT - (1) A person who has been found guilty of a crime and is serving a sentence for that crime; a
prison inmate. (2) To find a person guilty of an offense by either a trial or a plea of guilty.

CONVICTION - When a judge or jury finds a criminal defendant guilty.

CORONER - Public official charged to inquire into the causes and circumstances of any death which
occurs through violence or suddenly (suspicious causes).

CORPORATION - A group of persons who get a charter granting them as a body certain legal powers,
rights, privileges, and liabilities as an individual.

CORPUS DELECTI - Body of the crime. The objective proof that a crime has been committed. It
sometimes refers to the body of the victim of a homicide or to the charred remains of a burned house, but
the term has a broader meaning. For the state to introduce a confession or to convict the accused, it must
prove the occurrence of a specific injury or loss and a criminal act was the source of that particular injury
or loss.

CORROBORATE - To support with evidence or authority; make more certain.

CORROBORATING EVIDENCE - Supplementary evidence that tends to strengthen or confirm the
initial evidence.

CORROBORATION - Confirmation or support of a witness' statement or other fact.

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CORRUPTLY - Dishonestly.

COSTS - (1) Fees and charges that a party pays to file and present a court case or to enforce a judgment;
(2) money won in a civil suit to pay for expenses.

COUNSEL - One or more lawyers who represent a client. Also, legal advice. (See ATTORNEY).

COUNSEL TABLE - The physical location where the defense and prosecuting parties are seated during
the trial.

COUNT - Each separate charge (or statement) in a criminal case. (See CHARGE).

COUNTERCLAIM - An independent charge by one side in a case (either the plaintiff or defendant) that
goes against the claim made by the other side.

COUNTERFEIT - To forge, to copy or imitate, without authority or right, and with the purpose to deceive
by passing off the copy as genuine.

COUNTY JAIL - A building or structure used to put alleged criminals and/or convicted criminals of local
area crimes.

COURT - A judge or group of judges whose job is to hear cases and carry out justice. (See BENCH.)

COURT APPOINTED SPECIAL ADVOCATES (CASA) - These are volunteers who represent abused
and neglected children.

COURT ATTENDANT - Provide courtroom support in selected courtrooms by performing limited
security-related and clerical duties and serving as the court liaison for juries, witnesses, attorneys and the
public.

COURT ADMINISTRATOR/CLERK OF COURT - An officer appointed by the Court or elected to
oversee the administrative, non-judicial activities of the court.

COURT APPOINTED COUNSEL - A defense attorney assigned by the court to represent a defendant
who cannot afford to hire an attorney.

COURT COSTS - The expenses of prosecuting or defending a lawsuit, other than the attorneys' fees. An
amount of money may be awarded to the successful party (and may be recoverable from the losing party)
as reimbursement for court costs.

COURT OF RECORD - A court in which the proceedings are recorded, transcribed, and maintained as
permanent records.

COURT ORDER - A decision made by a judicial officer that gives someone certain rights or tells
someone to do something.

COURT REPORTER - Someone who writes down, word for word, what is said in court. What is
recorded is called a TRANSCRIPT.

COURT TRIAL - A trial without a jury. A judge decides the case.

COURT, APPEALS - In some states, the highest appellate court, where it is the Court's decision whether
to hear the case.

COURT, DISTRICT - (1) Federal - A trial court with general Federal jurisdiction. (2) State - Meaning
varies from state to state.
English Legal Glossary
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COURT, JUVENILE - A court having jurisdiction over cases involving children under a specified age,
usually 18. Cases generally involve delinquent, dependent, and neglected children.

COURT, NIGHT - A specialized court that deals with cases during the late evening and early morning
hours.

COURT, SUPERIOR - Trial court; meaning varies from state to state.

COURT, TRAFFIC - A specialized court that hears crimes dealing with traffic offenses.

COURTESY NOTICE - A notice made by a computer that is usually sent for traffic violations to tell a
defendant about a court date, bail, etc.

COURTROOM - The section of a courthouse in which the judge presides over the proceedings.

COURTROOM CLERK - Courtroom personnel who attends court sessions and prepares record of court
proceedings in conformance with statutes, policies, and the direction of a Judge; swears in witnesses and
juries; maintains exhibits offered in evidence.

CREDIBILITY - The quality in a witness which makes his or her testimony believable.

CREDIT Arrangement or understanding by the maker of a check with the person/institution upon which
the order is drawn, for the payment of that check upon its presentation.

CRIME - Something you do, or don't do, that breaks a law. If you are found guilty, you can be punished
by: death; jail or prison; fine; being removed from office; being unable to hold any office of honor, trust, or
profit.

CRIMINAL - Someone convicted of a felony or a misdemeanor.

CRIMINAL CASE - A court case that starts because of a crime.

CRIMINAL CONDUCT The nature of or involving a crime.

CRIMINAL INSANITY - Lack of mental ability to do or keep from doing a particular act; not able to
distinguish right from wrong.

CRIMINAL NEGLIGENCE Act(s) which are aggravated, reckless or flagrant and which depart from
the conduct of an ordinarily prudent, careful person under the same circumstances as to be contrary to a
proper regard for human life or to constitute an indifference to the consequences of those acts.

CRIMINAL RECORD - (1) Arrest record. A written account listing all the instances in which a person
has been arrested. (2) A form completed by a police officer when a person is arrested.

CRIMINAL STREET GANG - An ongoing organization, association, or group of three or more persons,
having as one of its primary activities the commission of one or more criminal acts, having a common
name or common identifying sign or symbol, and whose members individually or collectively engage in or
have engaged in a pattern of criminal gang activity.

CRIMINAL SUMMONS - An order commanding an accused to appear in court.

CROSS-CLAIM - A claim filed by defendant(s) or plaintiff(s) against each other.

CROSS-EXAMINATION - When the other side's lawyer asks a witness questions in a hearing or trial.

English Legal Glossary
20
CUMULATIVE SENTENCES - Sentences for two or more crimes to run a consecutively, rather than
concurrently. (See CONCURRENT SENTENCES AND CONSECUTIVE SENTENCES.)

CUSTODIAL PARENT The parent that has primary care, custody, and control of the child(ren).

CUSTODY - (1) When someone is under the physical control of the court to make sure they go to court
when they're supposed to; (2) when the judge sends a person to jail after they are found guilty of a crime;
(3) the care and control of children.

CUSTODY ORDER - A court order that says who a child will live with and who should make decisions
about health care, education, and other important things.

CUSTOM A usage or practice of the people, which, by common adoption and acquiescence, has become
compulsory.

DAMAGES - Money that the losing side must pay to the winning side to make up for losses or injuries.
There are two kinds of damages: (1) "compensatory," meaning money to pay for the actual cost of an injury
or loss; and (2) "punitive" or "exemplary," meaning an amount of money that's more than the actual
damages. This is a punishment for willful or malicious acts.

DEADLY WEAPON Any weapon, instrument or object that is capable of being used to inflict death or
great bodily injury.

DEATH PENALTY - Death imposed by the state as punishment for a serious crime. (See CAPITAL
PUNISHMENT.)

DEATH ROW - The area of a state or federal prison where criminals who are sentenced to death are
confined until their sentence is commuted or carried out.

DECEDENT In criminal law, it means a murder victim; in probate law, it means a dead person.

DECISION - A court's judgment or decree that settles a dispute. (See also DECREE, JUDGMENT.)

DECLARATION - A statement that a person writes and files with the court. It tells the judge why the
person should win the case. Sometimes, a person signs this under penalty of perjury.

DECLARATION OF PATERNITY Form signed by unmarried parents, generally at the hospital, where
the parents declare who is the father of the child.

DECLARATORY JUDGMENT - A judgment of the court that explains what the existing law is or
expresses the opinion of the court without the need for enforcement.

DECREE - A court decision. It can be (1) "interlocutory," which means it is not a final decision, or (2)
"final," which means all issues of the case are settled.

DE FACTO PARENT A person found by the court to have assumed, on a day-to-day basis, the role of
parent, fulfilling both the child's physical and psychological needs for care and affection, and who has
assumed that role for a substantial period.

DE FACTO - To exercise power in a juvenile dependency case. Latin meaning "from the fact."

DEFAMATION - When one person hurts another person's character, fame, or reputation by making false
and malicious statements that are not protected by law.

DEFAULT - When a defendant in a civil case doesn't file an answer or go to court when they're supposed
to, but was properly notified.
English Legal Glossary
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DEFAULT JUDGMENT - A court decision in favor of the plaintiff when the defendant doesn't answer or
go to court when they're supposed to.

DEFENDANT - In a civil case, the person or company being sued. In a criminal or traffic case, the person
accused of the crime.

DEFENSE - In a civil case, the facts or arguments presented by the defendant to show why the plaintiff
doesn't have a right to the relief asked for. In a criminal case, the reasons why a defendant should not be
convicted of the charge(s).

DEFENSE ATTORNEY - In a criminal case, the lawyer that represents the accused person (called the
"defendant").

DEFRAUD To make a misrepresentation of an existing material fact, knowing it to be false or making it
recklessly without regard to whether it is true or false. To practice fraud; to cheat or trick. To deprive a
person of property or any interest, estate, or right by fraud, deceit or artifice.

DEGREE - Scope of an action or charge.

DELIBERATE - To consider all the evidence and arguments related to a case that were presented in court.

DELIBERATION - When a jury, for either a civil or criminal case, goes into the jury room to discuss the
evidence and testimony and reach a verdict.

DELINQUENCY COURT - The division of the Juvenile Court hearing cases where juveniles have been
charged with committing a crime.

DELINQUENCY, JUVENILE - Antisocial behavior by a minor; especially behavior that would be
criminally punishable if the minor were an adult, but instead is usually punished by special laws pertaining
only to minors.

DEMURRER - When a defendant says the facts presented by a plaintiff may be true, but they aren't
enough to prove the defendant's legal responsibility.

DENNIS H. A hearing to determine if there is sufficient evidence to sustain a juvenile court petition.

DE NOVO - Starting a case all over again as if it had not been heard before. In Latin, novo means "new."
(See TRIAL DE NOVO.)

DEPENDENCY COURT - The division of the Juvenile Court hearing cases of child abuse and neglect.

DEPENDENT CHILD - In family law, this usually means a child that is financially supported by another
person. In juvenile law, this means a minor that is in the custody of the court because he or she was abused,
neglected, or molested or is physically dangerous to the public because of a mental or physical disorder.

DEPORTATION - The act of removing a person to another country. Order issued by an immigration
judge, expelling an illegal resident from the United States. A deportation has certain consequences
regarding the number of years within which a deportee may not legally immigrate. There are also criminal
consequences for reentry within a prescribed time period.

DEPOSITION - Written or oral testimony given under oath in front of an authorized third person like a
court reporter. Depositions take place outside of the court. They allow the parties to get a record of a
person's testimony, or to get testimony from a witness that lives far away. They can help the lawyers
prepare their court papers called "pleadings." (See also DISCOVERY.)

English Legal Glossary
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DEPRIVATION OF CUSTODY - The court transfer of legal custody of a person from parents or legal
guardian to another person, agency, or institution. It may be temporary or permanent.

DEPUTY - One appointed to substitute for another with power to act for him in his name or on his behalf.
For example, a Deputy County Clerk is appointed on behalf of the County Clerk.

DEPUTY D.A. - An assistant lawyer to the district attorney.

DESCENT AND DISTRIBUTION STATUTES - State laws that provide for the distribution of estate
property of a person who dies without a will. Same as INTESTACY LAWS.

DESTRUCTIVE DEVICE / EXPLOSIVE - any substance, the purpose of which is detonation or rapid
combustion, and which is capable of rapid release of gas and heat.

DETENTION - When a person is temporarily locked up until the court makes a final decision.

DETENTION HEARING - The initial hearing in Dependency Court soon after the child has been
removed from the parent.

DETERMINATE (SENTENCE) - Confinement for a fixed period as specified by statute.

DEVELOPMENTALLY DISABLED - Those persons, not psychotic, who are so developmentally
disabled from infancy or before reaching maturity that they are incapable of managing themselves and their
affairs independently, with ordinary prudence, or of being taught to do so, and who require supervision,
control, and care for their own welfare, or for the welfare of others, or for the welfare of the community.
(Formerly termed "mentally retarded.")

DEVISE - A gift of real property by a will.

DEVISEE - A person who receives real property by will.

DIRECT EVIDENCE - Proof of facts by witnesses who saw acts done or heard words spoken.

DIRECT EXAMINATION - When a witness testifies and answers questions asked by the party that asked
them to testify. (Compare CROSS-EXAMINATION.)

DIRECTED VERDICT - An instruction by the judge to the jury to return a specific verdict. Now called
Judgment as a Matter of Law.

DISBARMENT - Form of discipline of a lawyer resulting in the loss (often permanently) of that lawyer's
right to practice law. It differs from censure (an official reprimand or condemnation) and from suspension
(a temporary loss of the right to practice law).

DISCLAIM - To refuse a gift made in a will.

DISCLAIMER - The repudiation or renunciation of a claim or power vested in a person or which he had
formerly alleged to be his. The disavowal, denial, or renunciation of an interest, right, or property imputed
to a person or alleged to be his.

DISCOVERY - The gathering of information (facts, documents, or testimony) before a case goes to trial.
Discovery is done in many ways, such as through depositions, interrogations, or requests for admissions. It
can also be done through independent investigation or by talking with the other side's lawyer.

DISCOVERY MOTION - A motion to have evidence disclosed to the moving party.

English Legal Glossary
23
DISCRIMINATION An act which confers particular privileges on a class arbitrarily selected.

DISMISS - To terminate legal action involving outstanding charges against a defendant in a criminal case.

DISMISSAL WITH PREJUDICE - When a court dismisses a case and will not allow any other suit to be
filed on the same claim in the future.

DISMISSAL WITHOUT PREJUDICE - When a court dismisses a case, but will allow other suits to be
filed on the same claim.

DISORDERLY CONDUCT - Any behavior, contrary to law, which disturbs the public peace or decorum,
scandalizes the community, or shocks the public sense of morality.

DISPARITY Marked difference in quantity or quality between two things.

DISPOSITION - The final decision by the court in a dispute.

DISPOSITIONAL HEARING The hearing held after a petition is sustained (allegation found true), to
determine whether the child will become a dependent of the court, where the child will reside, and what
reunification services, if any, will be provided to the parent.

DISSENT - To disagree. An appellate court opinion setting forth the minority view and outlining the
disagreement of one or more judges with the decision of the majority.

DISSOLUTION - A marriage that is ended by a judge's decision, also known as a "divorce." (Compare
NULLITY.)

DISSOLUTION OF MARRIAGE - The act of terminating a marriage; divorce; but the term does not
include annulment.

DISTINCTIVELY MARKED A vehicle, operated by a peace officer, is distinctively marked when in
addition to a lighted red lamp and activated siren, the vehicle is of such appearance that a reasonable person
would be able to recognize it as a peace officers vehicle, and a person fleeing is on reasonable notice that
pursuit is by a peace officer.

DISTRICT ATTORNEY - A lawyer appointed or elected to represent the state in criminal cases in his or
her respective judicial districts. (See PROSECUTOR.)

DISTURBING THE PEACE - Conduct which tends to annoy all citizens, including unnecessary and
distracting noisemaking.

DIVERSION - Instead of going to jail, a defendant goes to a rehabilitation ("rehab") program and is
supervised by a probation officer. When the defendant finishes the program, the charges are dismissed and
the defendant is not sentenced. (Compare ELECTRONIC MONITORING, HOME MONITORING.)

DIVORCE - A common name for a marriage that is legally ended. See DISSOLUTION.

DOCKET - A record with the complete history of each case a court hears. It contains short chronological
summaries of the court proceedings.

DOCKET NUMBER - Identification number that the court clerk's office gives a case. This number is on
all papers filed in the case. Also called CASE NUMBER.

DOE - Used in law courts, legal papers, etc., to refer to any person whose name is unknown.

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE - An assault committed by one member of a household against another.
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DOMICILE - The place where a person has his or her permanent legal home. A person may have several
residences, but only one domicile.

DOUBLE JEOPARDY - The constitutional prohibition under the Fifth Amendment against a person
being put on trial more than once for the same offense.

DRIVE-BY MURDER - Murder perpetrated by means of discharging a firearm from a motor vehicle
intentionally at another person outside of the vehicle. When the perpetrator specifically intended to inflict
death, the murder is of the first degree.

DRIVING WHILE INTOXICATED (DWI) - The unlawful operation of a motor vehicle while under the
influence of drugs or alcohol. In some jurisdictions it is synonymous with DRIVING UNDER THE
INFLUENCE (DUI), but in others, driving while intoxicated is a more serious offense than driving under
the influence.

DRUNK DRIVING - The operation of a vehicle in an impaired state after consuming alcohol that when
tested is above the state's legal alcohol limit.

DUE PROCESS OF LAW - The regular way that the law is administered through the courts. The U.S.
Constitution says that everyone has to have a day in court, has the right to be represented by a lawyer, and
the right to benefit from court procedures that are speedy, fair, and impartial.

DURESS Consists in any illegal imprisonment or threats of bodily harm in order to coerce the will of
another and inducing him to do an act contrary to his free will.

EASEMENTS A right of use over the property of another.

ELEAZER MOTION - A motion to require prosecution to disclose the whereabouts of an informant or
show that reasonable effort has been made to locate him.

ELECTRONIC MONITORING Use of an electronic device to keep an eye on where a sentenced
person is in the community and to restrict his or her activities, instead of putting the person in jail. (See
also HOME MONITORING).

ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY - includes, but is not limited to computer modem, magnetic media,
optical disk, facsimile machine, or telephone.

ELEMENTS OF A CRIME - Specific factors that define a crime which the prosecution must prove
beyond a reasonable doubt in order to obtain a conviction. The elements that must be proven are 1) that a
crime has actually occurred, 2) that the accused intended the crime to happen, and 3) a timely relationship
between the first two factors.

EMANCIPATION A legal way for children to become adults before they are 18. Once a child is
emancipated, his or her parents don't have custody or control of him or her anymore.

EMBEZZLE - To willfully take or convert to one's own use, another's money or property, which the
wrongdoer initially acquired lawfully, because of some office, employment, or some position of trust.

EMBEZZLEMENT Taking property by a person to whom the property has been entrusted.

EMINENT DOMAIN - The right of the state to take private property for public use after giving fair
compensation to the owner.

EN BANC - Court sessions where all the judges of a court participate, instead of the usual number. For
example, the U.S. circuit courts of appeals usually use panels of three judges, but all the judges in the court
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25
may decide certain matters together. When that happens, they are sitting "en banc" (sometimes spelled "in
banc"). It comes from the French language and means "on the bench."

ENDORSE - To sign your name on a document to authorize its contents or transfer (as in a check that is
endorsed to transfer money).

ENDORSED-FILED COPIES - Copies of court papers that are stamped in the top right corner to show
when they are filed. (Compare with CERTIFIED COPY.)

ENDORSEMENT, FORGERY BY Falsely writing or endorsing check to cheat another person.

ENHANCE - To make greater in value, to increase.

ENHANCEMENT - An allegation added to a basic charge which, if proven, increases the basic sentence.
Example: use of a gun in the commission of a crime may be added to the felony charge.

ENJOINING - An order by the court telling a person to stop something.

ENTER A GUILTY PLEA - The formal statement before the court that the accused admits committing
the criminal act.

ENTRAPMENT - A defense to criminal charges alleging that agents of the government induced a person
to commit a crime he or she otherwise would not have committed.

ENTRY OF DEFAULT - The clerk's record that the defendant has defaulted by not answering, or not
answering on time. The plaintiff must request this record entry.

EQUAL PROTECTION - The guarantee in the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution that all
persons be treated equally by the law.

EQUITABLE ACTION - An action which may be brought for the purpose of restraining the threatened
infliction of wrongs or injuries, and the prevention of threatened illegal action.

EQUITY - A system of law that supplements the statutory and case law and is based on principles of what
is "fair and right."

ERROR CORAM NOBIS - Petition filed in trial court seeking relief from conviction based on new facts.

ERROR CORAM VOBIS - Petition filed in appellate court seeking relief from conviction based on new
facts.

ESCAPE BY FORCE OR VIOLENCE Using force to escape from custody.

ESCHEAT (ES-CHET) - The process by which a deceased person's property goes to the state if there is no
will or no heirs.

ESCROW - Money or a written instrument such as a deed that, by agreement between two parties, is held
by a neutral third party (held in escrow) until all conditions of the agreement are met.

ESTATE - Everything a person (alive or dead) owns and owes. There are different types of estates, like
probate, nonprobate, trust and taxable estates. Probate estate: The property in someone's will. Or, if they do
not have a will, the property the probate court handles. Nonprobate estate: The property the probate court
does not handle. For example, if there's a trust or joint tenancy. Trust estate: Property in a trust. A trustee
controls the trust. Taxable estate: The property subject to federal estate tax when a person dies. For
example, life insurance.

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26
ESTATE TAX - Generally, a tax on the privilege of transferring property to others after a person's death.
In addition to federal estate taxes, many states have their own estate taxes.

ESTOPPEL - An act or statement that prevents a person from later making claims to the contrary.

ET AL - In Latin, this means "and others." Refers to parties not included in the formal name of a court
case.

ET SEQ - An abbreviation for et sequentes, or et sequentia. Latin meaning "and the following," ordinarily
used in referring to a section of statutes.

ET UX - In Latin, this means "and wife."

EVICTION - Recovery of land or rental property from another by legal process. (See UNLAWFUL
DETAINER.)

EVIDENCE - Any proof legally presented at trial through witnesses, records, and/or exhibits.

EVIDENCE, CIRCUMSTANTIAL - Conclusion drawn from proven facts.

EVIDENCE, DIRECT - Evidence in form of a witness's testimony, who actually saw, heard, or touched
the subject in question.

EVIDENCE, EVANESCENT - Evidence which can disappear relatively quickly, such as the amount of
alcohol in a person's blood.

EXAMINATION, DIRECT - The first examination of a witness by the counsel who called the witness to
testify.

EXAMINATION, RECROSS - A second examination of a witness by the opposing counsel after the
second examination (or redirect examination) by the counsel who called the witness to testify is completed.

EXAMINATION, REDIRECT - A second examination of a witness by the counsel who called the
witness to testify. This examination is usually focused on certain matters that were discussed by the
opposing counsel's examination.

EXCEPTIONS - Declarations by either side in a civil or criminal case reserving the right to appeal a
judge's ruling upon a motion. Also, in regulatory cases, objections by either side to points made by the
other side or to rulings by the agency or one of its hearing officers.

EXCESSIVE FORCE Use of unreasonable amount of force by police officer.

EXCLUSION OF WITNESSES - An order of the court requiring all witnesses to remain outside the
courtroom until each is called to testify, except the plaintiff or defendant. The witnesses are ordered not to
discuss their testimony with each other and may be held in contempt if they violate the order.

EXCLUSIONARY RULE - The rule preventing illegally obtained evidence to be used in any trial.

EXCLUSIVE JURISDICTION - The matter can only be filed in one court.

EX CONTRACTU - Arising from a contract.

EXCULPATORY EVIDENCE - Evidence which tends to indicate that a defendant did not commit the
alleged crime.

EXECUTE - (1) To carry out all terms of a contract or court order; (2) to sign (a document); (3) to kill.
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EXECUTION - The name of a court order issued to a sheriff, marshal, or constable authorizing and
requiring him to carry out the judgment of the court.

EXECUTION OF SENTENCE SUSPENDED - Imposing a sentence that will not be served. This is
frequently ordered in combination with grants of probation. If the defendant is subsequently found in
violation of probation, the suspension will be lifted and the sentence carried out.

EXECUTOR - Person or company named in a will to carry out the will's instructions and requests. The
executor is usually supervised by the probate court.

EX DELICTO - Arising from a wrong, breach of duty. (See TORT.)

EXEMPLARY DAMAGES - Monies awarded to the plaintiff that exceed the normal or expected amount.
Serve as punishment for willful or malicious acts by the defendant, rather than act of negligence.

EXEMPLIFICATION - An extremely formal type of certification in which the Clerk signs the
certification of the document or record. The Presiding Judge then signs attesting to the fact of the identity
of the Clerk, and that the signature is authentic. Finally, the Clerk signs again, this time attesting to the fact
that the judge is a Judge of that countys General Jurisdiction Court, and that the signature is authentic.

EXHIBIT - A document or an object shown and identified in court as evidence in a case.

EXHIBIT, PEOPLE'S - Exhibit and/or evidence that is offered by the prosecution.

EXONERATE - To clear of blame or to relieve from responsibility.

EX PARTE - A court procedure with only one side. For emergencies only.

EX PARTE PROCEEDING - The legal procedure in which only one side is represented.

EXPERT TESTIMONY - Testimony given in relation to some scientific, technical, or professional matter
by experts, i.e., person qualified to speak authoritatively by reason of their special training, skill, or
familiarity with the subject.

EXPLOSIVE/DESTRUCTIVE DEVICE Any substance, or combination of substances, the primary or
common purpose of which is detonation or rapid combustion, and which is capable of a relatively
instantaneous or rapid release of gas and heat, or any substance, the primary purpose of which, when
combined with others, is to form a substance capable of a relatively instantaneous or rapid release of gas
and heat.

EX POST FACTO - Latin meaning, "after the fact." The Constitution prohibits the enactment of ex post
facto laws. These are laws that permit conviction and punishment for a lawful act performed before the law
was changed and the act made illegal.

EXPUNGEMENT - Official and formal erasure of a record or partial contents of a record.

EXTENUATING CIRCUMSTANCES - Circumstances which render a crime less aggravated, heinous,
or reprehensible than it would otherwise be.

EXTORTION - The act of obtaining the property of another person through wrongful use of actual or
threatened force, violence, or fear.

EXTRADITION - Bringing a person that is in custody in one state to the authorities of another state where
that person has been accused or convicted of a crime.

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EXTRAORDINARY WRIT - A court order, often issued by an appellate court, making available
remedies not regularly within the powers of lower courts. They include writs of habeas corpus, mandamus,
prohibition and quo warranto.

EYE WITNESS - One who saw the act, fact, or transaction to which he or she testifies.

FACTUAL BASIS - The underlying facts supporting a defendants guilty or NOLO CONTENDERE plea.

FACTUALLY INNOCENT - No reasonable cause exists to believe the person arrested committed the
offense.

FAILURE TO APPEAR - The act of not appearing in court after being presented with a subpoena or
summons.

FAILURE TO COMPLY - The act of not following an order that is directed by the court.

FAIR HEARING - A hearing in which certain rights are respected such as the right to present evidence, to
cross examine and to have findings supported by evidence.

FAIR MARKET VALUE The cash value price that the property would have brought at the time it was
taken.

FALSE ARREST - Any unlawful physical restraint of another's personal liberty, whether or not carried
out by a peace officer.

FALSE IMPRISONMENT - The unlawful restraint by one person of another person's physical liberty.

FALSE PRETENSES - Representation of some fact or circumstance which is not true and is calculated to
mislead, by which a person obtains another's money or goods.

FALSE TOKEN Any tangible object or a document that is not genuine, is not what it appears or claims
to be, and is intended to be used and is used to deceive the person to whom it is presented.

FAMILY ALLOWANCE - A small amount of money kept from the estate of the deceased to provide for
the surviving family members during the administration of the estate.

FEDERAL EMPLOYERS LIABILITY ACT Federal workers compensation law which protects
railroad employees.

FEES - A specific amount of money that's paid in exchange for a service, such as filing a court paper.

FEE SIMPLE - The most complete, unlimited form of ownership of real property, which lasts until the
current holder dies without an heir.

FEE WAIVER - Permission not to pay the court's filing fees. People with very low income can ask the
court clerk for a fee waiver form.

FELONY - A serious crime that can be punished by more than one year in prison or by death. (Compare
INFRACTION, MISDEMEANOR).

FELONY MURDER - A murder committed during the commission of a felony such as robbery, burglary,
or kidnapping.

FIDUCIARY - A person that acts for another person's benefit, like a trustee or guardian. It also means
something that is based on a trust or confidence. (See also TRUSTEE.)

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FIELD SOBRIETY TEST - A method of determining whether a person is intoxicated using a motor skills
test which is administered by testing the driver's speaking ability and/or physical coordination.

FIFTH AMENDMENT - Among other rights, the Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution guarantees
that a person cannot be forced to present self-incriminating testimony in a criminal proceeding.

FILE - When a person officially gives a paper to a court clerk and that paper becomes part of the record of
a case.

FIND GUILTY - For the judge or jury to determine and declare the guilt of the defendant.

FINDING - When a judicial officer or jury says something is a fact.

FINDINGS OF FACT - An oral or written statement by a judge after a review of the evidence stating that
the facts given are found to be true.

FINE - The money a person must pay as punishment for doing something illegal or for not doing
something they were supposed to do.

FINGERPRINT - The distinctive pattern of lines on human fingertips that are used as a method of
identification in criminal cases.

FIREARM - A weapon which acts by force of gunpowder, such as a rifle, shotgun or revolver.

FIRST APPEARANCE - The initial appearance of an arrested person before a judge to determine whether
there is probable cause for his or her arrest. Generally, the person comes before a judge within hours of the
arrest, and are informed of the charges against him or her and of his or her rights to a preliminary hearing,
to counsel, and to bail. No plea is asked for at this time. Also called INITIAL APPEARANCE.

FITNESS HEARING A court hearing to decide if a juvenile (minor) should be tried as an adult.

FORCIBLE AND ATROCIOUS CRIME Any felony that by its nature and the manner of its
commission threatens, or is reasonably believed by the defendant to threaten life or great bodily injury so as
to instill in him a reasonable fear of death or great bodily injury. Murder, mayhem, rape, and robbery are
all forcible and atrocious crimes.

FORCIBLE ENTRY AND DETAINER - Ordinarily refers to a summary proceeding for restoring
possession of land to one who has been wrongfully deprived of possession.

FORECLOSURE - Procedure by which mortgaged property is sold on default of the mortgagor in
satisfaction of mortgage debt.

FORFEIT - To lose, or lose the right to. In Traffic to forfeit means to enter an implied guilty plea and
pay total bail to close a case.

FORFEITURE - When a person must give up money or property because he or she didn't meet a legal
obligation. (See also BAIL FORFEITURE).

FORGERY - The act of claiming one's own writing to be that of another.

FORMAL PROBATION - Court-ordered terms and conditions placed upon a defendant instead of a
sentence. Formal probation involves supervision of the defendant by a probation officer. Summary
probation involves no probation officer; the defendant is responsible directly to the court.

FORUM NON CONVENIENS - A doctrine patterned upon the right of the court in the exercise of its
equitable powers to refuse the imposition upon its jurisdiction of the trial of cases even through the venue is
English Legal Glossary
30
properly laid if it appears that for the convenience of litigants and witnesses and in the interest of justice the
action should be instituted in another forum where the action might have been brought.

FOSTER CARE - A program that gives money to a person, family, or institution to raise someone else's
child.

FOUNDATION - In a trial, a foundation must be laid to establish the basis for the admissibility of certain
types of evidence. For example, an expert witnesses's qualifications must be shown before expert testimony
will be admissible.

FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT - Among other matters, the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution
prohibits states from depriving any person of life, liberty, or property without adequate DUE PROCESS.

FRAUD - Deceiving someone on purpose in a way that financially hurts others.

GAG ORDER - Orders restraining parties and counsel to a criminal proceeding from talking about the
case to the press or public.

GAMBLING - The act of staking money, or other thing of value, on an uncertain event or outcome.

GARNISH - To withhold a debtor's money, and turn it over to another in order to pay a debt. Typically, the
one withholding the money is the debtor's employer.

GARNISHMENT - A legal process that allows part of a person's wages or property to be withheld for
payment of a debt.

GENERAL ASSIGNMENT - The voluntary transfer, by a debtor, of all property to a trustee for the
benefit of all of his or her creditors.

GENERAL JURISDICTION - Refers to courts that have no limit on the types of criminal and civil cases
they may hear.

GLUE SNIFFING - The act of inhaling glue in order "to get high."

GOOD CAUSE - A good reason. For example, a person must have good cause (better than not having a
car or a baby-sitter ) for not coming to a court hearing.

GOOD FAITH - An honest belief, the absence of malice, and the absence of design to defraud.

GOOD SAMARITAN RULE - One who assists a person in imminent and serious danger, though
negligence of another cannot be charged with negligence in attempting a rescue.

GOOD TIME - A reduction in sentenced time in custody as a reward for good behavior. It usually is one-
third to one-half off the maximum sentence.

GRAND JURY - A group of 16 to 23 citizens that listen to the prosecutor's evidence of criminal
allegations and decide whether there is probable cause to believe a person committed a crime and to charge
them with that crime.

GRAND THEFT - Taking and carrying away the personal property of another person of a value in excess
of an amount set by law with the intent to deprive the owner or possessor of it permanently.

GRANTOR OR SETTLOR - The person who sets up a trust.

GREAT BODILY INJURY Injury which involves a substantial risk of death, serious permanent
disfigurement, or loss of function of any part of an organ of the body. Is a graver and more serious than
English Legal Glossary
31
ordinary battery.

GROSS NEGLIGENCE A negligent act(s) which is reckless or flagrant and which is such a departure
from conduct of an ordinary, prudent person under the same circumstances as to be contrary to a proper
regard for human life or to constitute indifference to the consequences of those acts. The facts must be
such that the consequences of the negligent act(s) could reasonably have been foreseen and it must appear
that the death/danger to human life was not the result of inattention or mistaken judgment, but the natural
and probable result of reckless or flagrantly negligent act.

GROUNDS - A foundation or basis; points relied on.

GUARDIAN - A person appointed by will or by law to assume responsibility for incompetent adults or
minor children. If a parent dies, this will usually be the other parent. If both die, it probably will be a close
relative. In Juvenile Dependency cases, once a guardian is appointed, dependency may be terminated.

GUARDIAN AD LITEM - An adult appointed by a court who represents a minor child or legally
incompetent person. (See also AD LITEM).

GUARDIANSHIP - A court proceeding where a judge chooses someone to care for a person under age 18
or to manage the minor's estate (property), or both. In some states, conservatorship of an adult is called
guardianship, but not in California. (Compare with CONSERVATORSHIP.)

GUILTY - A court decision that a defendant committed a crime.

GUILTY PLEA - When a person admits in court that he or she is guilty of a crime.

HABEAS CORPUS - The name of a writ used to bring a person before a court or judge to decide whether
that person is being unlawfully denied his or her freedom. The term comes from Latin.

HANDCUFFS - Chains or shackles for the hands to secure prisoners.

HARASSMENT - Words, gestures, and actions which tend to annoy, alarm, and verbally abuse another
person.

HARMLESS ERROR - An error committed during a trial that was corrected or was not serious enough to
affect the outcome of a trial and therefore was not sufficiently harmful (prejudicial) to be reversed on
appeal.

HARVEY WAIVER The facts, relating to a charge that was dismissed as part of a plea bargain, are
related to the particular charge for which the minor is being sentenced may be considered at the time of
disposition.

HEARING - A formal court proceeding with the judge and opposing sides present, but no jury.

HEARING, CONTESTED - A hearing held for the purpose of deciding issues or fact of law that both
parties are disputing.

HEARING DE NOVO - A full, new hearing.

HEARING, PRELIMINARY - The hearing given to person accused of crime, by a magistrate or judge, to
determine whether there is enough evidence to warrant the confinement and holding to bail the person
accused.

HEARSAY - Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question, but heard about it
from someone else. Hearsay usually can't be used as evidence in court.

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HEIR - A person that has the right to inherit money or property from someone who dies without a will.

HIT AND RUN - Crime in which the driver of a vehicle leaves the scene of an accident without
identifying himself or herself.

HITCH MOTION - A request to exclude evidence.

HOLDING CELL - A temporary location inside a courthouse where prisoners are held before and after
their court appearance.

HOLOGRAPHIC WILL - A handwritten will. The court needs to see proof of the person's handwriting.
No one has to witness or notarize a handwritten will.

HOME MONITORING - An alternative to imprisonment where an individual is confined to his or her
home and monitored electronically.

HOME SUPERVISION Temporary house arrest for a minor while awaiting the courts final decision.
Also used as punishment after the courts final decision.

HOMICIDE - The unlawful killing of one human being by another.

HOSTILE WITNESS - A witness whose testimony is not favorable to the party who calls him or her as a
witness. May be asked leading questions and may be cross-examined by the party who calls him or her to
the stand.

HUNG JURY - A jury whose members cannot agree upon a verdict.

HYPOTHETICAL QUESTION - An imaginary situation, using facts previously admitted into evidence,
upon which an expert witness is permitted to give an opinion as to a condition resulting from the situation.

IDIOCY- It is the complete absence of mind that is generally the result of a birth defect rather than a
disease.

IGNORANCE OF FACT- The lack of knowledge of some fact or facts relating to the subject matter at
hand. May sometimes be used as a defense or ground for relief.

ILLEGAL - Against, or not authorized by law.

IMMINENT PERIL Certain, immediate, and impending danger.

IMMUNITY - A right to be excepted from duty or penalty. (See also PRIVILEGE.)

IMPANEL - To seat a jury. When voir dire is finished and both sides have exercised their challenges, the
jury is impaneled. The jurors are sworn in and the trial is ready to proceed.

IMPEACHMENT OF WITNESS - To call into question the truthfulness of a witness.

IMPLIED Where intention is not manifested by explicit words, but is gathered by implication.

IMPLIED CONTRACT - A contract in which the promise made by on party is not expressed, but inferred
by that party's conduct or is implied in law.

IMPOUND - To take and keep an animal or an object in custody.

IMPRISONMENT The act of putting or confining a man in prison, or the restraint of a mans personal
liberty.
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INADMISSIBLE - Cannot be admitted as evidence in a trial or hearing.

IN CAMERA - A hearing held in the judge's chambers or in a court with all spectators (including the jury)
excluded. From the Latin that means "in chamber.

INCAPACITY - The lack of power or the legal ability to act.

INCARCERATE - To put in jail or prison.

INCEST - Sexual intercourse between persons so closely related that marriage between them would be
unlawful.

INCOMPETENCY - Lack of capacity to understand the nature and object of the proceedings, to consult
with counsel, and to assist in preparing a defense.

INCRIMINATE - To hold yourself or another person responsible for criminal actions.

INDECENT EXPOSURE - Showing private body parts in a lewd or indecent manner in a public place.

INDEMNIFY - Liability for loss is shifted from one person held legally responsible to another.

INDEMNITY - An obligation to provide compensation (usually money) for a loss, hurt or damage.

INDEPENDENT EXECUTOR - A special kind of executor, permitted by the laws of certain states, who
performs the duties of an executor without intervention by the court.

INDETERMINATE SENTENCE - A sentence of imprisonment to a specified minimum and maximum
period of time, specifically authorized by statute, subject to termination by a parole board or other
authorized agency after the prisoner has served the minimum term.

INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT (ICWA) - Federal law to protect the integrity of Indian families.

INDICTMENT - A formal charge by a grand jury saying there is enough evidence that the defendant
committed the crime to justify having a trial. Used primarily for felonies.

INDIGENT - A person who is poor, needy, and has no one to look to for support.

INDIVIDUAL EDUCATION PLAN (IEP): Plan for a student who is entitled to special education
services.

INDORSEMENT - That which is written on the back of a negotiable instrument. It is also used with
reference to writs, insurance policies, certificates of stocks, etc.

IN FORMA PAUPERIS - When the court says a person does not have to pay a filing fee because the
person can't afford it. In Latin, means "in the manner of a pauper.

INFORMANT - An undisclosed person who confidentially discloses material information of a crime to the
police, which is usually done in exchange for a reward or special treatment.

INFORMATION - A written accusation charging a person with a crime. It is presented in court by a
prosecuting officer under oath and does not come from a grand jury.

INFRACTION - A minor violation of a law, contract, or right that is not a misdemeanor or a felony and
can't be punished by time in prison. Minor traffic offenses are generally considered infractions.

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INHABITED Act of residing actually and permanently in a given place or dwelling. Synonymous with
domicile, dwell, live, sojourn.

INHABITED DWELLING A structure which is currently used as a residence whether occupied or not.
Courts flexibly interpret this term. It is still inhabited even if the occupants are temporarily absent.

INHERITANCE TAX - A state tax on property that an heir or beneficiary under a will receives from a
deceased person's estate. The heir or beneficiary pays this tax.

INITIAL APPEARANCE - In criminal law, the hearing at which a judge determines whether there is
sufficient evidence against a person charged with a crime to hold him or her for trial. The Constitution bans
secret accusations, so initial appearances are public unless the defendant asks otherwise; the accused must
be present, though he or she usually does not offer evidence. Also called FIRST APPEARANCE.

INJUNCTION - A court order that says a defendant can't perform, or must perform, a specific act. (See
RESTRAINING ORDER.)

IN LOCO PARENTIS - Latin meaning "in the place of the parent." Refers to actions of a custodian,
guardian, or other person acting in the parent's place.

INMATE - A person confined to a prison, penitentiary, or jail.

INNOCENT UNTIL PROVEN GUILTY - A belief in the American legal system which states that all
people accused of a criminal act are considered not to have committed the crime until the evidence leaves
no doubt in the mind of the court or the jury that the accused did or did not commit the crime.

IN PERSONAM - An act or proceeding done or directed against or with reference to a specific person.

IN PROPIA PERSONA (IN PRO PER) - When a person represents himself or herself without a lawyer.
This comes from the Latin for "in one's own proper person." (See also PRO PER AND PRO SE.)

IN REM - A procedural term used to designate proceedings or actions instituted against the thing in
contrast to actions instituted IN PERSONAM or against the person.

INSANITY PLEA - A claim by a defendant that he or she lacks the soundness of mind required by law to
accept responsibility for a criminal act.

INSTRUCTIONS - The explanation of constitutional rights given by a judge to a defendant.

INTANGIBLE ASSETS - Property that you own, but do not physically have. For example, stocks, bonds,
bank accounts, copyrights, patents, etc.

INTENT - The purpose to use a particular means to bring about a certain result.

INTENT TO DEFRAUD To have in mind a purpose to cheat or trick someone. For example, purposely
writing a bad check.

INTER ALIA - Among other things.

INTER VIVOS GIFT - A gift made during the giver's life.

INTER VIVOS TRUST - A trust made while the owner is still alive. Another name for a living trust.

INTERLINEATIONS - The act of writing between the lines of a document.

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INTERLOCUTORY - Provisional; not final. An interlocutory appeal concerns only a part of the issues
raised in a lawsuit. (Compare to DECREE.)

INTERPLEADER - When two or more people say they have a claim to the same thing held by a third
party. The third party may force them to go to trial with each other to settle their dispute.

INTERPRETER - A person who is certified as being able to translate, orally or in writing, spoken or sign
language into the common language of the court.

INTERROGATORIES - Written questions asked by one party in a lawsuit for which the opposing party
must answer them in writing.

INTERVENOR - A person who voluntarily interrupts in an action or other proceeding with the leave of
the court.

INTERVENTION - An action by which a third person who may be affected by a lawsuit is permitted to
become a party to the suit. Differs from the process of becoming an AMICUS CURIAE.

INTESTACY LAWS - See DESCENT AND DISTRIBUTION STATUTES.

INTESTATE - To die without making a will or leaving instructions for disposal of your property after
death. (See TESTATE.)

INTESTATE SUCCESSION - The process by which the property of a person who has died without a will
passes on to others according to state law.

INTOXICATION A diminished ability to act with full mental and physical capabilities because of
alcohol or drug consumption; drunkenness.

INTRODUCTORY INSTRUCTIONS Pre-trial admonitions or statements by judge or other court
official that explain to the jury, lawyers, and/ or audience their duties, and obligations during court
proceedings.

INVESTIGATION - A legal inquiry to discover and collect facts concerning a certain matter.

INVOLUNTARY MANSLAUGHTER The unlawful killing of a human being in which there is no
intention to kill or do grievous bodily harm, but that is committed with criminal negligence or during the
commission of a crime not included within the felony murder rule. (Also called negligent manslaughter.)

INVOLUNTARY INTOXICATION The ingestion of alcohol or drugs against ones will or without
ones knowledge. This may be used as an affirmative defense to a criminal negligence charge.

IRRELEVANT - Evidence not sufficiently related to the matter at issue.

IRREVOCABLE TRUST - A trust that cannot be changed or cancelled after it is made.

ISSUE - 1) The disputed point in a disagreement between parties in a lawsuit. 2) To send out officially, as
when a court issues an order.

JAIL - A place of confinement that is more than a police station and less than a prison. It is usually used to
hold persons convicted of misdemeanors or persons awaiting trial.

JEOPARDY - Risk to a defendant of possible conviction and punishment. In a criminal case, the
defendant is usually said to be "in jeopardy" after the preliminary hearing has taken place and the jury has
been sworn in.

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JOHNSON MOTION - A motion to discuss grand jury indictment.

JOIN - To unite, to combine, to enter into an alliance.

JOINDER - Generally, a bringing or joining together. For example, plaintiff's joining in a suit, or a joining
of actions or defense.

JOINT AND SEVERAL LIABILITY - A legal doctrine that makes each of the parties who are
responsible for an injury liable for all the damages awarded in a lawsuit if the other parties responsible
cannot pay.

JOINT TENANCY - When two or more people own something and have rights of survivorship. This
means that if one tenant dies, his or her share goes to the other tenants.

JOINT VENTURE - An association of persons jointly undertaking some commercial enterprise. Unlike a
partnership, a joint venture does not entail a continuing relationship among the parties.

JOYRIDING - Illegally taking an automobile without intent to deprive the owner permanently of the
vehicle, often involving reckless driving.

JUDGE - An elected or appointed public official with authority to hear and decide cases in a court of law.

JUDGMENT (JUDGEMENT) - The judge's final decision in a case. It says how much the person who
lost has to pay the person who won, and when. Sometimes, you can change part of the judgment with a
hearing.

JUDGMENT CREDITOR - The person who wins the case.

JUDGMENT DEBTOR - The person who loses the case.

JUDICIAL COUNCIL - The constitutionally mandated body responsible for improving the administration
of justice in the state. The council is made up of judges, court executives, attorneys, and legislators. It was
established to standardize court administration, practice, and procedure by adopting and enforcing court
rules.

JUDICIAL NOTICE - A court's recognition of the truth of basic facts without formal evidence.

JUDICIAL OFFICER - Judges, referees, and commissioners who make court decisions as a judge.

JUDICIAL REVIEW - The authority of a court to review the official actions of other branches of
government. Also, the authority to declare unconstitutional the actions of other branches.

JURAT - Certificate of officer or person before whom writing was sworn to. The clause written at the foot
of an affidavit, stating where, when, and before whom the affidavit was sworn.

JURISDICTION - (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. (2) The geographic area
over which the court has authority to decide cases. (3) the territory, subject matter, or persons over which
lawful authority may be exercised by a court.

JURISDICTIONAL HEARINGS A hearing at which the court determines whether the child falls
within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court.

JURISPRUDENCE - The study of law and the structure of the legal system.

JUROR - Member of the jury.

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JUROR, ALTERNATE - Additional juror impaneled in case of sickness or disability of another juror.

JURY - A group of citizens picked according to law and authorized to decide a case.

JURY BOX - The specific place in the courtroom where the jury sits during the trial.

JURY COMMISSIONER - The local official responsible for giving the court lists of qualified potential
jurors.

JURY FOREMAN - The juror who is in charge of the jury during deliberations and speaks for the jury in
court when announcing the verdict.

JURY, HUNG - A jury which is unable to agree on a verdict after a suitable period of deliberation.

JURY INSTRUCTIONS - Directions that the judge gives the jury right before they decide a case. They
tell the jury what laws apply to that particular case.

JURY TRIAL - A trial that is heard and decided by a jury.

JUSTIFICATION A lawful or sufficient reason for ones acts or omissions. A defense of justification is
a showing of a sufficient reason for an action by defendant. For example, in an assault prosecution against
a defendant, a justification would be that the violence was necessary.

JUSTIFIABLE - Issues and claims capable of being properly examined in court.

JUSTIFIABLE HOMICIDE The intentional killing of another human being without any evil design,
and under such circumstances of necessity or duty as render the act proper, and relieve the party from any
shadow of blame.

JUVENILE - A person under 18 years old. (See also MINOR.)

JUVENILE COURT Part of the Superior Court that handles delinquency and dependency cases
involving minors.

JUVENILE HALL - The facility where juvenile offenders are held in custody.

JUVENILE WAIVER - A procedure by which a charge(s) against a minor is transferred from a juvenile
to circuit court.

KIDNAPPING - The taking or detaining of a person against his or her will and without lawful authority.

KEEPER - An officer that the court appoints to be responsible for money or property legally seized in
connection with a pending case.

KNOWINGLY - With knowledge, willfully or intentionally with respect to a material element of an
offense.

LACKING CAPACITY Lacking qualification, competency, power or fitness. Being incapable of
giving legal consent. Lack of fundamental ability to be accountable for actions.

LARCENY - Stealing or theft.

LAW - Combination of rules and principles of conduct made known by legislative authority, derived from
court decisions, and established by local custom.

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LAW AND MOTION - A setting before a judge at which time a variety of motions, pleas, sentencing,
orders to show cause or procedural requests may be presented. Normally, evidence is not taken. Defendants
must be present.

LAW CLERKS - Persons trained in the law who assist judges in researching legal opinions.

LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENT - A sworn peace officer with legal authorization to arrest individuals
under suspicion of breaking the law.

LAWSUIT - An action between two or more persons in the courts of law, not a criminal matter.

LAY PERSON - One not trained in law.

LEADING QUESTION - A question which instructs the witness how to answer or puts words in his
mouth. Suggests to the witness the desired answer.

LEASE - An agreement for renting real property. Usually written and for a specific amount of time.

LEGAL AID - Professional legal services available usually to persons or organizations unable to afford
such services.

LENIENCY - Recommendation for a sentence less than the maximum allowed.

LESSER INCLUDED OFFENSE - A crime composed of some, but not all, of the elements of a greater
crime; commission of the greater crime automatically includes commission of the lesser included offense.

LETTERS OF ADMINISTRATION - Legal document issued by a court that shows an administrator's
legal right to take control of assets in the deceased person's name.

LETTERS OF CONSERVATORSHIP - A court paper that states that the conservator is authorized to act
on the conservatee's behalf. Also called "Letters.

LETTERS OF GUARDIANSHIP - The instrument by which a person is empowered to take charge of the
person and/or estate of minors and insane or incompetent persons, whenever necessary or convenient.

LETTERS ROGATORY - A formal communication, in writing, sent by a court in which an action is
pending to a court or judge of a foreign country, requesting that the testimony of a witness who lives within
the jurisdiction of the foreign court may be taken under its direction and transmitted to the first court for
use in the pending action.

LETTERS TESTAMENTARY - Legal document issued by a court that shows an executor's legal right to
take control of assets in the deceased person's name.

LEVY - To obtain money by legal process through seizure and/or sale of property.

LEWD CONDUCT - Behavior that is obscene, lustful, indecent, vulgar.

LIABILITY - Legal debts and obligations.

LIABLE - Legally responsible.

LIBEL - False and malicious material that is written or published that harms a person's reputation. See
DEFAMATION.

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LIE DETECTOR - A machine which records by a needle on a graph varying emotional disturbances when
answering questions truly or falsely, as indicated by fluctuations in blood pressure, respiration, or
perspiration.

LIEN - The right to keep a debtor's property from being sold or transferred until the debtor pays what he or
she owes.

LIFE IMPRISONMENT - A type of sentence where the convicted criminal is ordered to spend the rest of
his or her life in prison.

LIMINE - A motion requesting that the court not allow certain evidence that might prejudice the jury.

LIMINE MOTION - A pretrial motion requesting the court to prohibit opposing counsel from referring to
or offering evidence on matters.

LIMITATION OF ACTIONS The time period imposed by law to bring an action in court. (Example
statutes of limitation)

LIMITED ACTION - A civil action in which recovery of less than a certain amount (as specified by
statute) is sought. Simplified rules of procedure are used in such actions.

LIMITED JURISDICTION - Refers to courts that are limited in the types of criminal and civil cases they
may hear. For example, traffic violations generally are heard by limited jurisdiction courts.

LINEUP - A police identification procedure by which the suspect to a crime is exhibited, along with
others, before the victim or witness to determine if the victim or witness can identify the suspect as the
person who committed the crime.

LIS PENDENS - A pending suit.

LITIGANT - A party, or side involved in a lawsuit.

LITIGATION - A case, controversy, or lawsuit.

LIVING TRUST - A trust set up and in effect during the lifetime of the person. Also called inter vivos
trust.

LOCALITY DISCRIMINATION Those either giving undue preference to any locality or subjecting it
to undue prejudice.

LOCAL RULES - A set of rules you have to follow to start a court case. Every county and court has
different local rules.

LOCUS DELICTI - The place of the offense.

LOITERING - To stand idly around, particularly in a public place.

LYNCHING - Putting a person to death, usually by hanging, without legal authority.

MAGISTRATE - Judicial officer with the power to issue arrest warrants.

MAKE OR DRAW To cause to exist. To fashion or produce in legal form. To prepare a draft; to
compose and write out in due form, such as a deed, contract, complaint, answer, petition, etc.

MALFEASANCE - Performance of an act that should not have been done at all.

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MALICE - Ill will, hatred, or hostility by one person toward another which may prompt the intentional
doing of a wrongful act without legal justification or excuse.

MALICE AFORETHOUGHT Intending to kill another person or intending to do an act with
knowledge that it is dangerous to human life.

MALICIOUS MISCHIEF - Willful destruction of property, from actual ill will or resentment toward its
owner or possessor.

MALICIOUS PROSECUTION - An action with the intention of injuring the defendant and without
probable cause, and which terminates in favor of the person prosecuted.

MALICIOUSLY To annoy, or injure another, or an intent to do a wrongful act, and may consist in direct
intention to injure, or in reckless disregard of anothers rights

MALPRACTICE - Violation of a professional duty to act with reasonable care and in good faith without
fraud or collusion. This term is usually applied to such conduct by doctors, lawyers, or accountants.

MANDAMUS - A writ issued by a court ordering a public official to perform an act.

MANDATE - A judicial command or order proceeding from a court or judicial officer, directing the proper
officer to enforce a judgment, sentence, or decree.

MANDATORY - Required, ordered.

MANSLAUGHTER, INVOLUNTARY - Unlawful killing of another, without malice, when the death is
caused by some other unlawful act not usually expected to result in great bodily harm.

MANSLAUGHTER, VOLUNTARY - Unlawful killing of another, without malice, when the act is
committed with a sudden extreme emotional impulse.

MARIJUANA "Cannabis" is an annual herb having angular rough stem and deeply lobed leaves. It is an
illegal drug commonly used through smoke inhalation or ingestion, the use of which results in prolonged
intoxication. Any person who cultivates, transports, or possesses marijuana, for personal use or sale, is
guilty of a crime, unless they can assert a proper defense.

MARIJUANA, defense of compassionate use The cultivation, transportation, or possession of
marijuana is lawful for compassionate use under certain circumstances, such as when its medical use is
deemed appropriate by a physician and has been recommended by the physician orally or in writing,
provided it is for the personal use of the patient and it is a reasonable amount.

MARSDEN MOTION A minor who is represented by appointed counsel requests the Court to remove
the attorney and appoint new counsel if the minors right to effective counsel would be substantially
impaired by continuing with the original attorney.

MASSIAH MOTION - A motion to exclude fraudulently obtained confessions.

MASTER - An attorney who is appointed by the judges of a circuit court with the approval of the Chief
Judge of the Court of Appeals, to conduct hearings and to make finding of facts, conclusions of law, and
recommendations as to an appropriate order.

MATERIAL EVIDENCE - That quality of evidence which tends to influence the judge and/or jury
because of its logical connection with the issue.

MATERIAL WITNESS - In criminal trial, a witness whose testimony is crucial to either the defense or
prosecution.
English Legal Glossary
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MAYHEM - A malicious injury which disables or disfigures another.

MEDIATION - A process in which people that are having a dispute are helped by a neutral person to
communicate so they can reach a settlement acceptable to both.

MEMORANDUM OF COSTS - A certified, itemized statement of the amount of costs after judgment.

MEMORIALIZED - To mark by observation in writing.

MENACE A threat; the declaration or show of a disposition or determination to inflict an evil or injury
upon another.

MENS REA - The guilty mind necessary to establish criminal responsibility.

MENTAL HEALTH - The wellness of a person's state of mind.

MENTAL INCAPACITY Where a person is found to be incapable of understanding and acting with
discretion in the ordinary affairs of life due to a loss of reasoning faculties.

MENTAL STATE Capacity or condition of ones mind in terms of ability to do or not to do a certain
act.

MERITS - A decision "on the merits" is one that reaches the right(s) of a party, as distinguished from
disposition of a case on a ground not reaching the right(s) raised in an action.

MINOR A child under the age of 18 years. (See also JUVENILE).

MINUTE ORDER - Document prepared by the clerk recording the orders of the clerk.

MIRANDA RIGHTS - Requirement that police tell a person who is arrested or questioned their
constitutional rights before they question him or her: specifically, the right to remain silent; that any
statement made may be used against him or her; the right to an attorney; and if the person cannot afford an
attorney, one will be appointed if he or she desires.

MIRANDA WARNING - See MIRANDA RIGHTS.

MISDEMEANOR - A crime that can be punished by up to one year in jail.

MISTAKE Some unintentional act, omission, or error arising from ignorance, surprise, imposition, or
misplaced confidence.

MISTRIAL - A trial that has been ended and declared void (of no legal effect) due to prejudicial error in
the proceedings or other extraordinary circumstances.

MITIGATING CIRCUMSTANCES - Facts which do not constitute a justification or excuse for an
offense but which may be considered as reasons for reducing the degree of blame.

MITIGATING FACTORS - Facts that do not constitute a justification or excuse for an offense but which
may be considered as reasons for reducing the degree of blame.

MITIGATION OF DAMAGES Imposes on the injured party duty to minimize his damages after injury
has been inflicted.

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MITTIMUS - The name of an order in writing, issuing from a court and directing the sheriff or other
officer to take a person to a prison, asylum, or reformatory, and directing the jailer or other appropriate
official to receive and safely keep the person until his or her fate shall be determined by due course of law.

MODIFICATION - A spoken or written request that one side makes to ask the judge to make a decision
or an order on a specific point.

MOOT - A point or question related to a legal case that usually has no practical importance or relevance to
the case. A moot point is a point that can't be resolved by the judge, is not disputed by either side, or is
resolved out of court.

MORAL TURPITUDE - Immorality. An element of crimes inherently bad, as opposed to crimes bad
merely because they are forbidden by statute.

MOTION - Oral or written request made by a party to an action before, during, or after a trial asking the
judge to issue a ruling or order in that party's favor.

MOTION DENIED - Ruling or order issued by the judge refusing the party's request.

MOTION GRANTED - Ruling or order issued by the judge approving the party's request.

MOTION IN LIMINE - A written motion which is usually made before or after the beginning of a jury
trial for a protective order against prejudicial questions and statements.

MOTION TO QUASH - A request to make something null or ineffective, such as to "quash a subpoena."

MOTION TO SEVER - A request usually by defense, to have a separate trial as to either jointly tried
defendants or jointly charged counts.

MOTION TO SUPPRESS - A request to suppress as evidence at trial things or statements obtained as a
result of an allegedly illegal search and seizure (commonly referred to as 1538.5 PC motions.)

MUGSHOT - Pictures taken after a suspect is taken into custody (booked), usually used as an official
photograph by police officers.

MULTIPLICITY OF ACTIONS - Numerous and unnecessary attempts to litigate the same issue.

MURDER - The unlawful killing of a human being with deliberate intent to kill.

MURGIA MOTION - A request made by defense counsel to dismiss based on a group of people being
systematically discriminated against.

NECESSITY Controlling force; irresistible compulsion; a power or impulse so great that it admits no
choice of conduct.

NE EXEAT - A writ or court order which forbids the person to whom it is addressed to leave the country,
the state, or the jurisdiction of the court.

NEGLECT Absence of care or attention in the doing or omission of a given act.

NEGLIGENCE - When someone fails to be as careful as the law requires to protect the rights and
property of others.

NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS A written and signed unconditional promise or order to pay a
specified sum of money on demand or at a definite time payable to the bearer.

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43
NEXT FRIEND - One acting without formal appointment as guardian for the benefit of an infant, a person
of unsound mind not judicially declared incompetent, or other person under some disability.

NO BILL - This phrase, endorsed by a grand jury on the written indictment submitted for approval, means
that the evidence was found insufficient to indict.

NO-CONTEST CLAUSE - Language in a will that is meant to keep people from challenging the will. It
says that if a person challenges the will and loses, the person gives up anything he or she would have
inherited.

NO-FAULT PROCEEDINGS - A civil case in which parties may resolve their dispute without a formal
finding of error or fault.

NOLLE PROSEQUI - Decision by a prosecutor not to go forward with charging a crime. It translates, I
do not choose to prosecute. Also loosely called nolle pros.

NOLO CONTENDRE - Same as pleading guilty, except that your plea cannot be used against you in civil
court. This can only be used in traffic or criminal court. From the Latin for "I do not wish to contend.

NOMINAL PARTY - One who is joined as a party or defendant merely because the technical rules of
pleading require his presence in the record.

NON COMPOS MENTIS - Not of sound mind; insane.

NON-CAPITAL CASE - A criminal case in which the allowable penalty does not include death.

NON EST (INVENTUS) - A return of process when the sheriff could not find the person who is to be
served. Latin meaning "not to be found."

NON OBSTANTE VERDICTO (N.O.V.) - A verdict entered by the judge contrary to a jury's verdict.

NONSUIT - The name of a judgment given against a plaintiff when he is unable to prove a case, or when
he refuses or neglects to proceed to trial and leaves the issue undetermined.

NOT GUILTY - The form of verdict in criminal cases where the jury acquits the defendant.

NOT GUILTY BY REASON OF INSANITY - The jury or the judge must determine that the defendant,
because of mental disease or defect, could not commit the offense.

NOTARY PUBLIC - A person authorized to certify a person's signature, administer oaths, certify that
documents are authentic, and take depositions.

NOTICE - Written information or warning. For example, a notice to the other side that you will make a
motion in court on a certain date.

NOTICE OF MOTION - A notice to the opposing party, that on a certain date a motion will be made in
court.

NOTICE TO PRODUCE - A notice in writing requiring the opposite party to produce a certain described
paper or document at the trial, or in the course of pre-trial discovery.

NUISANCE That activity which arises from unreasonable, unwarranted or unlawful use by a person of
his own property, and producing such material annoyance resulting in damage.

NULL AND VOID - Having no force, legal power to bind, or validity.

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NULLITY - A legal action that says a marriage never existed and the persons are still single. (Compare
DISSOLUTION.)

NUNC PRO TUNC - When a court order is issued on one date, but is effective as of a date that is in the
past. From the Latin for "now for then.

NUNCUPATIVE WILL - An oral (unwritten) will.

OATH - When a witness promises to tell the truth in a legal proceeding.

OBJECT - To protest to the court against an act or omission by the opposing party.

OBJECTION - A formal protest made by a party over testimony or evidence that the other side tries to
introduce in court.

OBJECTION OVERRULED - A ruling by the court upholding the act or omission of the opposing party.

OBJECTION SUSTAINED - A ruling by the court in favor of the party making the objection.

OBSCENITY Conduct tending to corrupt the public morals by its indecency or lewdness.

OF COUNSEL - A phrase commonly applied to counsel employed to assist in the preparation or
management of the case, or its presentation on appeal, but who is not the principal attorney for the party.

OFFENDER - One who commits a crime, such as a felony, misdemeanor, or other punishable unlawful
act.

OFFENSE - An act that breaks the law.

OFFENSIVE WORDS Language that offends; displeasing or annoying language.

OFFER OF PROOF - Presentation of evidence to the court (out of the hearing of the jury) for the court's
decision of whether the evidence is admissible.

ON A PERSON'S OWN RECOGNIZANCE - Release of a person from custody without the payment of
any BAIL or posting of BOND, upon the promise to return to court.

ONE-THIRD THE MIDTERM RULE - The rule that limits a person' sentence when they have been
convicted of multiple offenses.

OPENING ARGUMENT - The initial statement made by attorneys for each side, outlining the facts each
intends to establish during the trial.

OPENING STATEMENT - See OPENING ARGUMENT.

OPINION - A judge's written explanation of a decision of the court or of a majority of judges. A dissenting
opinion disagrees with the majority opinion because of the reasoning and/or the principles of law on which
the decision is based. A concurring opinion agrees with the decision of the court but offers further
comment. A PER CURIAM OPINION is an unsigned opinion of the court.

OPINION EVIDENCE - Witnesses are normally required to confine their testimony to statements of fact
and are not allowed to give their opinions in court. However, if a witness is qualified as an expert in a
particular field, he or she may be allowed to state an opinion as an expert based on certain facts.

OPPOSITION - (1) act of opposing or resisting. (2) confronting another.

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ORAL ARGUMENT - The part of the trial when lawyers summarize their position in court and also
answer the judge's questions.

ORAL COPULATION the act of copulating the mouth of one person with the sexual organ or anus of
another person, however slight. Penetration of the mouth, sexual organ or anus is not required.

ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE - Court order that makes someone go to court to explain to the judge why he
or she did not follow the rules.

ORDER, COURT - (1) Decision of a judicial officer; (2) a directive of the court.

ORDINARY NEGLIGENCE The failure to use that degree of care which the ordinary or reasonably
prudent person would have used under the circumstances and for which the negligent person is liable.

ORDINANCE - A regulation made by a local government to enforce, control, or limit certain activities.

ORIGINAL JURISDICTION - The court in which a matter must first be filed.

OVERRULE - A judge's decision not to allow an objection. A decision by a higher court finding that a
lower court decision was wrong.

OVERRULED - See OVERRULE.

OVERT ACT - An open act showing the intent to commit a crime.

OWN RECOGNIZANCE - Release of a person from custody without the payment of any bail or posting
of bond.

PANDERING Pimping. Arranging for acts of prostitution.

PARALEGAL - A person with legal skills, but who is not an attorney, and who works under the
supervision of a lawyer or who is otherwise authorized by law to use those legal skills.

PARDON - When the chief executive of a state or country releases a convicted person from the
punishment given him or her by a court sentence.

PARENS PATRIAE - The power of the state to act in the parents' place to protect a child or his or her
property.

PAROLE - Supervised release of a prisoner that allows the person to serve the rest of the sentence out of
prison if all conditions of release are met.

PAROLE EVIDENCE - Oral or verbal evidence rather than written. The Parole Evidence Rule limits the
admissibility of parole evidence which would directly contradict the clear meaning of terms of a written
contract.

PARTY - One of the sides of a case. The person who started the case is called the plaintiff or defendant.
The person being sued is called the defendant or respondent.

PAT DOWN SEARCH A limited search of the outer clothing of a person in an attempt to discover
weapons which might be used to assault the officer and may be conducted if the officer has a reasonable
belief that the detained person is armed and dangerous.

PATENT - A government grant giving an inventor the exclusive right to make or sell his or her invention
for a term of years.

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PATERNITY - Who the birth (biological) parents of a child are.

PEACE OFFICER Includes sheriffs and their deputies, members of the police force of cities, and other
officers whose duty is to enforce and preserve the public peace.

PENALTY - Punishment for breaking a law.

PENALTY ASSESSMENT - An amount of money added to a fine.

PENALTY OF PERJURY Circumstances under which a person takes an oath that he will testify,
declare, depose or certify truthfully.

PENDING - The status of a case that is not yet resolved by the court.

PENETRATION, UNLAWFUL Unlawful insertion of the male part into the female parts, however
slight an extent.

PENITENTIARY - A prison or place of confinement where convicted felons are sent to serve out the term
of their sentence.

PEOPLE (PROSECUTION) - A state, for example, the People of the State of California.

PER CURIUM OPINION - An unsigned OPINION of the court.

PEREMPTORY CHALLENGE - The right to challenge a juror without assigning a reason for the
challenge.

PERJURY - A false statement made on purpose while under oath in a court proceeding.

PERMANENCY HEARING The hearing for children placed in or awaiting placement in foster care
who were under age three at the time of detention, and for all children, to monitor the welfare of the child,
evaluate the parents reunification efforts and establish a permanent plan for the child.

PERMANENT INJUNCTION - A court order requiring that some action be taken, or that some party
refrain from taking action. It differs from forms of temporary relief, such as a TEMPORARY
RESTRIANING ORDER or PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION.

PERMANENT PLANNED LIVING ARRANGEMENT (PPLA) One of the permanent plans that
may be ordered for a child who is not returned to parental custody (formerly long term foster care).

PERMANENT RESIDENT - One who lives in a location for a period of time and indicates that it is their
official address or residence.

PERSON IN NEED OF SUPERVISION - Juvenile found to have committed a status offense rather than
a crime that would provide a basis for a finding of delinquency. Typical status offenses are habitual
truancy, violating a curfew, or running away from home. These are not crimes, but they might be enough to
place a child under supervision. In different states, status offenders might be called children in need of
supervision or minors in need of supervision. (See STATUS OFFENDERS.)

PERSONAL PROPERTY - Things that you own and can move, like furniture, equipment, or paintings.

PERSONAL RECOGNIZANCE - Pre-trial release based on the person's own promise that he or she will
show up for trial (no bond required). Also referred to as release on own recognizance or ROR. (See ON A
PERSON'S OWN RECOGNIZANCE.)

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PERSONAL REPRESENTATIVE - A person picked by the court to collect, manage and distribute a
person's property (estate) when they die. If named in a will, that person's title is an EXECUTOR. If there is
no valid will, that person's title is an ADMINISTRATOR.

PETIT JURY or (TRIAL JURY) - A group of citizens that listen to the evidence presented by both sides
at trial and figure out the facts in dispute. Criminal juries are made up of 12 people; civil juries are made up
of at least 6 people.

PETITION - A court paper that asks the court to take action. For example, in juvenile cases, the Petition
starts the court case. (Compare MOTION.)

PETITIONER - A person who presents a petition to the court.

PETTY OFFENSE - An offense for which the authorized penalty does not exceed imprisonment for 3
months or a fine of $500.

PETTY THEFT - The act of taking and carrying away the personal property of another of a value usually
below $100.00 with the intent to deprive the owner of it permanently.

PIMP - (1) the act of getting customers for a whore or prostitute; (2) one who gets customers for a whore
or prostitute.

PITCHESS MOTION - A request made by the defendant for discovery of a peace officers personnel file
with regards to any complaints or acts of excessive force and violence.

PLAINTIFF - The person or company that files a lawsuit.

PLEA - In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the
charges. (See also NOLO CONTENDRE).

PLEA BARGAIN - An agreement between the prosecutor and the defendant. It lets the defendant plead
guilty to a less serious charge, if the court approves.

PLEAD - To admit or deny committing a crime.

PLEADING - Written statements filed with the court that describes a party's legal or factual claims about
the case and what the party wants from the court.

POLLING THE JURY - A practice in which jurors are asked individually whether they agree with the
final verdict in the case they just decided.

POLYGRAPH - Lie detector test and the apparatus for conducting the test.

POSSESSION OF DRUGS The presence of drugs on the accused for recreational use or for the purpose
to sell.

POST CONVICTION A procedure by which a convicted defendant challenges the conviction and/or
sentence on the basis of some alleged violation or error.

POSTPONEMENT To put off or delay a court hearing.

POUR-OVER WILL A will that leaves some or all estate property to a trust established before the will-
makers death.

POWER OF ATTORNEY Formal authorization of a person to act in the interest of another person.

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48
PRAYER- A request of the court to grant the process, aid, or relief which the complainant desires; also,
that portion of a document containing such request.

PRECEDENT A court decision in an earlier case that the court uses to decide similar or new cases.

PREINJUNCTION Court order requiring action or forbidding action until a decision can be made
whether to issue a permanent injunction. It differs from a TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDER.

PREJUDICE When an act or decision affects a person's rights in a negative way.

PREJUDICIAL ERROR Synonymous with reversible error ; an error which authorizes the appellate
court to reverse the judgment before it.

PREJUDICIAL EVIDENCE Evidence which might unfairly sway the judge or jury to one side or the
other.

PRELIMINARY HEARING The hearing available to a person charged with a felony to determine if
there is enough evidence (probable cause) to hold him for trial.

PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION In civil cases when it is necessary to preserve the status quo prior to
trial, the court may issue this or a temporary restraining order ordering a party to carry out a specified
activity.

PREMEDITATION The planning of a crime before the crime takes place, rather than committing the
crime on the spur of the moment.

PREMISES That which is put before; that which precedes; the foregoing statements.

PREPERMANENCY HEARING The hearing conducted according to Welfare and Institutions Code
Section 366.21(e) for foster care placement children who were over age three at the time of detention, to
monitor the welfare of the child and evaluate the parents reunification efforts.

PREPONDERANCE OF THE EVIDENCE To win a civil case, the plaintiff has to prove that most of
the evidence is on his or her side.

PRESENTENCE REPORT A report prepared by the probation department for the judge when
sentencing a defendant. Describes defendant's background: financial, job, and family status; community
ties; criminal history; and facts of the current offense.

PRESENTMENT Declaration or document issued by a grand jury that either makes a neutral report or
notes misdeeds by officials charged with specified public duties. It ordinarily does not include a formal
charge of crime. A presentment differs from an INDICTMENT.

PRESUMED FATHER A man who is married to the mother of the child, who has signed a declaration
of paternity, or has received the child into his home and held the child out to the community as his child,
whether that man is the biological father of the child, or not.

PRESUMPTION An inference of the truth or falsity of a proposition or fact, that stands until rebutted by
evidence to the contrary.

PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE A hallowed principle of criminal law that a person is innocent of a
crime until proven guilty. The government has the burden of proving every element of a crime beyond a
reasonable doubt and the defendant has no burden to prove his innocence.

PRESUMPTION OF LAW a rule of law that courts and judges shall draw a particular inference from a
particular fact, or from particular evidence.
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PRETERMITTED CHILD - A child born after a will was written, who is not provided for by the will.
Most states have laws that provide for a share of estate property to go to such children.

PRETRIAL CONFERENCE - Any time both sides of the case go to court before trial. In criminal cases,
it's usually when the defendant and prosecutor talk about settling the case.

PRIMA FACIE CASE - A case that is sufficient and has the minimum amount of evidence necessary to
allow it to continue in the judicial process. From the Latin for "from first view."

PRINCIPAL The source of authority or right.

PRINCIPALS Persons who are involved in committing or attempting to commit a crime. Includes those
who directly and actively commit or attempt to commit the crime, or those who assist (aid and abet) in the
commission or attempted commission of the crime.

PRINCIPLE TERM - Greatest term of imprisonment imposed by the court on any one count, imposed of
base term plus any enhancements, to which subordinate terms are added.

PRIORS - Term meaning previous conviction(s) of the accused.

PRIOR CONVICTION - As used in Superior Court pleadings, an allegation that defendant has previously
been imprisoned.

PRIOR INCONSISTENT STATEMENT In evidence, these are prior statements made by the witness
which contradict statements the witness made on the witness stand.

PRISON A federal or state public building or other place for the confinement of persons. It is used as
either a punishment imposed by the law or otherwise in the course of the administration of justice. Also
known as penitentiary, penal institution, adult correctional institution, or jail.

PRIVACY, RIGHT OF The right to be left alone; the right of a person to be free from unwarranted
publicity.

PRIVILEGE - An advantage not enjoyed by all; a special exemption from prosecution or other lawsuits.
(See also IMMUNITY.)

PRIVILEGED COMMUNICATIONS - Confidential communications to certain persons that are
protected by law against any disclosure, including forced disclosure in legal proceedings. Communications
between lawyer and client, physician and patient, psychotherapist and patient, priest, minister, or rabbi and
penitent are typically privileged.

PRIVITY - Mutual or successive relationships to the same right of property, or the same interest of one
person with another which represents the same legal right.

PROBABLE CAUSE - A good reason to believe that a crime has or is being committed; the basis for all
lawful searches, seizures, and arrests.

PROBATE - The judicial process to determine if a will of a dead person is genuine or not; lawful
distribution of a decedent's estate.

PROBATE COURT - The court with authority to deal with the estates of people who have died.

PROBATE ESTATE - All the assets in an estate that are subject to probate. This does not include all
property. For example, property in joint tenancy are not part of the probate estate.

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50
PROBATION - A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases a convicted
defendant under supervision of a probation officer that makes certain that the defendant follows certain
rules, for example, gets a job, gets drug counseling.

PROBATION BEFORE JUDGMENT (PBJ) - A conditional avoidance of imposing a sentence after
conviction.

PROBATION DEPARTMENT - The department that oversees the actions of those who are on probation
as well as the location of where probation officers work.

PROBATION OFFICER - One who supervises a person placed on probation and is required to report the
progress and to surrender them if they violate the terms and conditions of the probation.

PRO BONO - Legal work done for free. From the Latin meaning "for the public good."

PROCEDURAL LAW - The method, established normally by rules to be followed in a case; the formal
steps in a judicial proceeding.

PRODUCTS LIABILITY Refers to the legal liability of manufacturers and sellers to compensate
buyers, users and even bystanders for damages or injuries suffered because of defects in goods purchased.

PROFFER - An offer of proof as to what the evidence would be if a witness were called to testify or
answer a question.

PRO HAC VICE - for this one particular occasion. For example, an out-of-state lawyer may be admitted
to practice in a local jurisdiction for a particular case only. From the Latin meaning "for this turn."

PROHIBITION - Act or law that forbids something.

PROMISSORY NOTE - A written document that says a person promises to pay money to another.

PROOF - Any fact or evidence that leads to a judgment of the court.

PROOF OF SERVICE - A form filed with the court that proves that court papers were properly delivered
to someone.

PRO PER - Person who presents their own cases in court without lawyers (See also IN PROPIA
PERSONA and PRO SE.)

PROPERTY Something tangible or intangible that someone holds legal title.

PRO SE - Person who presents their own cases in court without lawyers (See also PRO PER and PRO
SE.)

PROSECUTING ATTORNEY - A public office who prosecutes criminal cases for the state. See
PROSECUTOR and DISTRICT ATTORNEY.

PROSECUTION - The party that starts a criminal case and files criminal charges. The prosecution is the
lawyer for the state. A common name for the state's side of the case.

PROSECUTOR - A trial lawyer representing the government in a criminal case and the interests of the
state in civil matters. In criminal cases, the prosecutor has the responsibility of deciding who and when to
file charges.

PROSTITUTION - The performance or agreement to perform a sexual act for hire.

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51
PROTECTIVE ORDER - A court order to protect a person from further harassment, service of process,
or discovery.

PRO TEM - A temporary assigned official with authority to hear and decide cases in a court.

PROXIMATE CAUSE - The act that caused an event to occur.

PUBLIC DEFENDER - A lawyer picked by the court to represent a defendant who cannot afford a
lawyer.

PUNITIVE DAMAGES - Money awarded to an injured person, over and above the measurable value of
the injury, in order to punish the person who hurt him.

PURGE - To clean or clear, such as eliminating inactive records from court files; with respect to civil
contempt, to clear the noncompliance that caused the contempt finding.

QUANTUM MERUIT - Latin meaning "as much as he deserves," and describes the extent of liability on a
contract implied by law.

QUASH - To overthrow, to vacate, to annul or make void.

QUASI JUDICIAL - Authority or discretion vested in an officer whose actions are of a judicial character.

QUID PRO QUO - Something for something; giving one valuable thing for another.

QUO WARRANTO - A writ issuable by the state, through which it demands an individual show by what
right he or she exercises authority which can only be exercised through a grant from the state or why he or
she should not be removed from a state office.

RAP SHEET - A written summary of a person's criminal history.

RAPE - Unlawful intercourse with an individual without their consent.

RAPE, STATUTORY - See STATUTORY RAPE.

RATIFICATION - The confirmation or adoption of a previous act done either by the party himself or by
another.

RATIO DECIDENDI - The ground or reason of the decision in a case.

RE - In the matter of; in the case of.

REAL EVIDENCE - Evidence given to explain, repel, counteract, or disprove facts given in evidence by
the adverse party.

REAL PROPERTY - Land and buildings.

REASONABLE DOUBT, BEYOND A - The degree of certainty required for a juror to legally find a
criminal defendant guilty. An accused person is entitled to acquittal if, in the minds of the jury, his or her
guilt has not been proved beyond a "reasonable doubt"; that state of mind of jurors in which they cannot
say they feel a persisting conviction as to the truth of the charge.

REASONABLE PERSON - A phrase used to define a hypothetical person who exercises qualities of
attention, knowledge, intelligence, and judgment that society requires of its members for the protection of
his or her own interest and the interests of others. Thus, the test of negligence is based on either a failure to
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52
do something that a reasonable person, guided by considerations that ordinarily regulate conduct, would do,
or on the doing of something that a reasonable and prudent (wise) person would not do.

REBUTTAL - Evidence presented at trial by one party in order to overcome evidence introduced by
another party.

RECALL - Cancellation by a court of a warrant before its execution by the arrest of a defendant; also, a
process by which a retired judge may be asked to sit on a particular case.

RECEIVING STOLEN PROPERTY Offense of receiving any property with the knowledge that it has
been feloniously, or unlawfully stolen, taken, extorted, obtained, embezzled, or disposed of.

RECIDIVISM The continued, habitual, or compulsive breaking the law after having been convicted of
prior offenses.

RECKLESS DRIVING Operation of a motor vehicle that shows a reckless disregard of possible
consequences and indifference of others rights.

RECLASSIFY - To change the jurisdiction of the case from Limited (up to $25,000) to Unlimited (more
than $25,000) and vice versa.

RECOGNIZANCE The practice which enables an accused awaiting trial to be released without posting
any security other than a promise to appear before the court at the proper time. Failure to appear in court at
the proper time is a separate crime.

RECORD The official papers that make up a court case.

RECUSE When you remove yourself or are removed from a criminal or civil proceeding because you
have a conflict of interest. For example, a judge can recuse himself because someone in the case is a friend
or business partner.

REDACT - To adapt or edit for public record.

RE-DIRECT EXAMINATION Opportunity to present rebuttal evidence after ones evidence has been
subjected to cross-examination.

REDRESS To set right; to remedy; to compensate; to remove the causes of a grievance.

REFEREE A person appointed by the court to hear and make decisions on limited legal matters, like
juvenile or traffic offenses.

REGULATION A rule or order prescribed for management or government.

REHEARING Another hearing of a civil or criminal case by the same court in which the case was
originally heard.

REINSTATED - To bring back to a previous condition. When bail that had been forfeited, exonerated, or
reduced is reestablished in its original amount.

REJOINDER Opportunity for the side that opened the case to offer limited response to evidence
presented during the REBUTTAL by the opposing side.

RELEVANT Evidence that helps to prove a point or issue in a case.

RELINQUISHMENT A forsaking, abandoning, renouncing, or giving over a right.

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REMAND (1) When an appellate court sends a case to a lower court for further proceedings; (2) to return
a prisoner to custody.

REMEDY The means by which a right is enforced or the violation of a right is prevented, redressed or
compensated.

REMITTITUR - The transfer of records of a case from a court of appeal to the original trial court for
further action or other disposition as ordered by the appellate court.

REMOVAL The transfer of a state case to federal court for trial; in civil cases, because the parties are
from different states; in criminal and some civil cases, because there is a significant possibility that there
could not be a fair trial in state court.

REPLEVIN An action for the recovery of a possession that has been wrongfully taken.

REPLY The response by a party to charges raised in a pleading by the other party.

REPORT An official or formal statement of facts or proceedings.

RES - A thing; an object; a subject matter; or a status.

RES IPSA LOQUITUR - Latin meaning "a thing that speaks for itself." In tort law, the doctrine which
holds a defendant guilty of negligence without an actual showing that he or she was negligent.

RES JUDICATA - A rule of civil law that once a matter has been litigated and final judgment has been
rendered by the trial court, the matter cannot be relitigated by the parties in the same court, or any other
trial court.

RESCUE DOCTRINE Rescue doctrine is that one who has, through his negligence, endangered safety
of another and may be held liable for injuries sustained by third person who attempts to save other from
injury.

RESPONDEAT SUPERIOR - "Let the master answer." The doctrine which holds that employers are
responsible for the acts and omissions of their employees and agents, when done within the scope of the
employees' duties.

RESPONDENT - If you are the person that answers the original Petition, you are the respondent. Even if
you later file an action of your own in that case, you are still the respondent for as long as the case is open.

REST - When a party in a case has presented all the evidence it intends to offer.

RESTITUTION - Giving something back to its owner. Or, giving the owner something with the same
value, like paying to fix his or her property.

RESTITUTION HEARING - A hearing that may be requested to dispute the amount of restitution
ordered by the court.

RESTRAINING ORDER - A court order that tells a person to stop doing something for a certain amount
of time, usually until a court hearing is held.

RETAINER - Act of the client employing the attorney or counsel. Also, the fee the client pays when he or
she retains the attorney to act for him or her.

RETALIATION Infliction upon someone in response to an injury that he/she has caused another.

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54
RETURN - A report to a judge by police on the implementation of an arrest or search warrant. Also, a
report to a judge in reply to a subpoena, civil or criminal.

REUNIFICATION SERVICES Services that help parents get their children back after they are taken
away.

REVERSE - An action of a higher court in setting aside or revoking a lower court decision.

REVERSIBLE ERROR - A procedural error during a trial or hearing sufficiently harmful to justify
reversing the judgment of a lower court. (See PREJUDICIAL ERROR.)

REVOCABLE TRUST - A trust that the grantor may change or revoke.

REVOKE - To change or take back.

RIGHTS, CONSTITUTIONAL - The rights of a person guaranteed by the state or federal constitutions.

RIOT A public disturbance involving acts of violence by persons where three or more persons are
gathered.

ROBBERY - The act of taking money, personal property, or any other article of value that is in the
possession of another by means of force or fear.

ROUT - Two or more persons, assembled and acting together, making any attempt or advance toward the
commission of an act which would be a riot if actually committed.

RULE - An established standard, guide, or regulation.

RULE OF COURT - An order made by a court having competent jurisdiction. Rules of court are either
general or special; the former are the regulations by which the practice of the court is governed, the latter
are special orders made in particular cases.

RULES OF EVIDENCE - Standards governing whether information can be admitted and considered in a
civil or criminal case.

SANCTION - A financial punishment meant to make someone obey the law. For example, a judge can
order someone to pay for not following court orders.

SATISFACTION OF JUDGMENT - Payment of a judgment amount by the losing party.

SEALING - The closure of court records to inspection, except to the parties.

SEARCH AND SEIZURE - A person or place is searched and evidence useful in the investigation and
prosecution of a crime is taken. The search is conducted after an order is issued by a judge.

SEARCH WARRANT - An order that tells the police to search a specific place to find specific people or
things. A judge can order a search warrant if there is probable cause.

SECURED DEBT - In bankruptcy proceedings, a debt is secured if the debtor gave the creditor a right to
repossess the property or goods used as collateral.

SELECTION AND IMPLEMENTATION HEARING - The hearing conducted post-reunification
failure according to Welfare and Institutions Code Section 366.26, to decide whether to terminate parental
rights and free the child for adoption, order a legal guardianship, or order permanent planned living
arrangement.

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SELF-DEFENSE - Claim that an act was legally justifiable because it was necessary to protect a person or
property from the threat or action of another.

SELF-INCRIMINATION - Acts or declarations by which one implicates oneself in a crime.

SELF-PROVING WILL - A will that is signed under penalty of perjury by two people who will not get
anything from the will. You do not have to get an affidavit from the witnesses.

SENTENCE - A judge's formal pronouncement of the punishment to be given to a person convicted of a
crime.

SENTENCE REPORT - A document containing background material on a convicted person. It is
prepared to guide the judge in the imposition of a sentence. Sometimes called a PRE-SENTENCE
REPORT.

SENTENCE, CONCURRENT - Two or more sentences of jail time to be served simultaneously.

SENTENCE, CONSECUTIVE - Two or more sentences of jail time to be served in sequence.

SENTENCE, SUSPENDED - A sentence postponed in which the defendant is not required to serve time
unless he or she commits another crime or violates a court-imposed condition.

SENTENCING - The hearing where the court determines a person's punishment.

SEPARATE MAINTENANCE - Allowance ordered to be paid by one spouse to the other for support
while the spouses are living apart, but not divorced.

SEPARATION - An arrangement where a husband and wife live apart from each other while remaining
married either by mutual consent or by a judicial order.

SEQUESTRATION OF WITNESSES - Keeping all witnesses (except plaintiff and defendant) out of the
courtroom except for their time on the stand, and cautioning them not to discuss their testimony with other
witnesses. Also called separation of witnesses. This prevents a witness from being influenced by the
testimony of a prior witness.

SERVE A SENTENCE - The act of spending an allotted amount of time in a designated location such as a
prison as punishment for the crime committed.

SERVICE - When someone over 18 and not involved with your case gives the other party a copy of the
court papers in person or by mail.

SERVICE OF PROCESS - The delivery of legal papers to the opposing party. The papers must be
delivered by an adult aged 18 or older that is not involved in the case and that swears to the date and
method of delivery to the recipient.

SETTLEMENT - When both sides reach an agreement that solves the case before the judge or jury makes
a decision.

SETTLOR - The person who sets up a trust. Also called the GRANTOR.

SEVERANCE DAMAGES Compensation, which may be recovered in the courts by any person who
has suffered loss or detriment as a consequence of being cut off from something (i.e. employment).

SEXUAL ABUSE / ASSAULT - Unlawful sexual contact with another person.

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56
SEXUAL BATTERY The forced penetration of or contact with anothers sexual organs or the sexual
organs of the perpetrator.

SEXUAL HARASSMENT Sexual words, conduct, or action (usually repeated and persistent) that, being
directed at a specific person, annoys, alarms, or causes substantial emotional distress in that person and
serves not legitimate purpose.

SEXUAL MOLESTATION Illegal sex acts performed against a minor by a parent, guardian, relative or
acquaintance.

SEXUALLY VIOLENT PREDATOR - a person who has been convicted of a sexually violent offense
against two or more victims and has a diagnosed mental disorder that makes him or her a danger to the
health and safety of others.

SHERIFF Elected officer of a county whose job is to conserve peace within his or her territorial
jurisdiction as well as aid in the criminal and civil court processes.

SHOPLIFTING The willful taking and concealing of merchandise from a store or business with the
intention of using the goods for ones personal use without paying the purchase price.

SHOW CAUSE A court order telling a person to appear in court and present any evidence why the
orders requested by the other side should not be granted or executed.

SIDEBAR A conference between the judge and lawyers, usually in the courtroom, out of hearing of the
jury and spectators.

SLANDER Defamation of a person's character or reputation through false or malicious oral statements.
See DEFAMATION.

SMALL CLAIMS COURT A court that handles civil claims for $5,000 or less. People often represent
themselves rather than hire an attorney.

SODOMY Oral or anal copulation between humans, or between humans or animals.

SOLICITATION Getting someone else to commit a crime.

SOVEREIGN IMMUNITY - The doctrine that the government, state or federal, is exempt to lawsuit
unless it gives its consent.

SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCE - Allegation that a case or charge warrants the death penalty.

SPECIAL VERDICTS A verdict that gives a written finding for each issue, leaving the application of
the law to the judge.

SPECIFIC INTENT CRIME - A crime which requires a specific mental state.

SPECIFIC PERFORMANCE - A remedy requiring a person who has breached a contract to perform
specifically what he or she has agreed to do. Ordered when damages would be inadequate compensation.

SPEEDY TRIAL - The right of an accused to an immediate trial as guaranteed by the 6th Amendment of
the United States Constitution.

SPENDTHRIFT TRUST - A trust that says that the beneficiary cannot give away or sell their part of the
trust. This means that creditors cannot take money from the trust.

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57
SPOUSAL SUPPORT - Court-ordered support of a spouse or ex-spouse; also called "maintenance" or
"alimony."

SPOUSE/COHABITANT BEATING See DOMESTIC VIOLENCE

STALKING The act or an instance of following another by stealth; the offense of following or loitering
near another, often surreptitiously, with the purpose of annoying or harassing that person or committing a
further crime such as assault or battery.

STANDARD OF PROOF - There are essentially three standards of proof applicable in most court
proceedings. In criminal cases, the offense must be proven BEYOND A REASONABLE DOUBT, the
highest standard. In civil cases and neglect and dependency proceedings, the lowest standard applies by a
mere PREPONDERANCE OF THE EVIDENCE, (more likely than not). In some civil cases, and in
juvenile proceedings such as a permanent termination of parental rights, an intermediate standard applies,
proof by CLEAR AND CONVINCING EVIDENCE.

STANDING - The legal right to bring a lawsuit. Only a person with something at stake has the right to
bring a lawsuit.

STARE DECISIS - The doctrine that courts will follow principles of law established in previous cases.
Similar to PRECEDENT.

STATEMENT, CLOSING - The final statements by the attorneys to the jury or court summarizing the
evidence that they have established and the evidence that the other side has failed to establish. Also known
as CLOSING ARGUMENT.

STATEMENT, OPENING - Outline or summary of the nature of the case and of the anticipated proof
presented by the attorney to the jury before any evidence is submitted. Also known as OPENING
ARGUMENT.

STATEMENT OF FACT - Any written or oral declaration of facts in a case.

STATUS OFFENDERS - Youths charged with being beyond the control of their legal guardian or who
are habitually disobedient, truant from school, or have committed other acts that would not be a crime if
committed by an adult. They are not delinquents, but are persons in need of supervision, minors in need of
supervision, or children in need of supervision, depending on the state in which they live. Status offenders
are placed under the supervision of the juvenile court. (See PERSON IN NEED OF SUPERVISION.)

STATUTE - A law passed by Congress or a state legislature.

STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS - A law that says how much time you have to file a lawsuit after
something happens.

STATUTORY - Relating to a statute; created, defined, or required by a statute.

STATUTORY ACTIONS Actions relating or conforming to, or created, defined, or required by a
statute.

STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION - Process by which a court seeks to interpret the meaning and scope of
legislation.

STATUTORY LAW - Law enacted by the legislative branch of government, as distinguished from CASE
LAW or COMMON LAW.

STATUTORY RAPE - The unlawful sexual intercourse with a person under an age set by statute,
regardless of whether they consent to the act.
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STAY - The act of stopping a judicial proceeding by order of the court.

STAY OF EXECUTION - An order that prevents the execution of an action, e.g. the serving of a
sentence. The stay may be granted on a motion by the defendant, or it may be ordered in accordance with
statutory law, e.g. Calif. Penal Code Section 654.

STIPULATE - To agree to something.

STRICT LIABILITY - A concept applied by courts in product liability cases in which a seller is
responsible for any and all defective or hazardous products which unduly threaten a consumer's personal
safety.

STRICKEN EVIDENCE Evidence that has been removed from the record.

STRIKE - (1) to delete or remove. (2) To dismiss an allegation before sentencing. (3) A serious violent
felony prior conviction that is charged as a prior allegation, e.g. a second strike, or third strike.

SUA SPONTE - Used to describe when a judge does something without being asked to by either party.
Latin meaning "of one's own will."

SUB CURIA - Latin meaning "under the law;" the holding of a case by a court under consideration,
sometimes to await the filing of a document, such as a presentence investigation report or memorandum of
law, or to write an opinion.

SUBMIT - To yield to the will of another.

SUBPOENA - An official order to go to court at a certain time. Subpoenas are commonly used to tell
witnesses to come to court to testify in a trial.

SUBPOENA DUCES TECUM - A court order to bring papers or records to court at a certain time.

SUBROGATION - To substitute one person for another in a legal claim.

SUBSTANTIAL PERFORMANCE Where a party has honestly and faithfully performed the essential
and material portions of the contract and the only non-performance consists of technical or unimportant
provisions.

SUBSTANTIVE LAW - The law dealing with rights, duties, and liabilities, as contrasted with
PROCEDURAL LAW, which governs the technical aspects of enforcing civil or criminal laws.

SUCCESSION - The acquisition of title to the property of one who dies without disposing of it by will.

SUE - To commence legal proceedings for recovery of a right.

SUIT - Any proceeding by one person or persons against another in a court of law.

SUMMARY JUDGMENT - When the judge decides a case without going to trial. The decision is based
on the papers filed by both sides.

SUMMONS - (1) A notice to a defendant that he or she has been sued or charged with a crime and is
required to appear in court. (2) A jury summons requires the person receiving it to report for possible jury
duty.

SUPERSEDEAS - A writ issued by an appellate court to preserve the status quo pending review of a
judgment, or pending other exercise of its jurisdiction.
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SUPPORT TRUST - A trust that instructs the trustee to spend only as much income and principal (the
assets held in the trust) as needed for the beneficiary's support.

SUPPRESS - To stop or put an end to someone's activities. See also EXCLUSIONARY RULE.

SUPPRESSION HEARING - A hearing on a criminal defendant's motion to prohibit the prosecutor's use
of evidence alleged to have been obtained in violation of the defendant's rights. This hearing is held outside
of the presence of the jury, either prior to or at trial. The judge must rule as a matter of law on the motion.

SURETY BOND - An insurance policy taken out by a defendant with a national insurance company in
which the insurer agrees to pay the court the amount of bail required for the defendant's release if the
defendant fails to come to court when he or she is supposed to. Often called a fidelity bond.

SURVIVORSHIP - Another name for JOINT TENANCY.

SUSPEND - To postpone, stay, or withhold certain conditions of a judicial sentence for a temporary period
of time.

SUSTAIN - To maintain, to affirm, to approve.

SWEAR - To put to oath and declare as truth.

TANGIBLE - Capable of being perceived, especially by the sense of touch.

TANGIBLE PERSONAL PROPERTY MEMORANDUM (TPPM) - A legal document referred to in a
will and used to guide the distribution of personal property that you can move or touch. For example,
furniture, computers, jewelry, and artwork.

TAXATION OF COSTS - The process of ascertaining and charging up the amount of costs in an action to
which a party is legally entitled, or which are legally chargeable. Adjustment; fixing the amount.

TEMPORARY RELIEF - Any form of action by a court granting one of the parties an order to protect its
interest pending further action by the court.

TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDER (TRO)- A court order that says a person must not do certain
things that are likely to cause harm that can't be fixed.

TENANCY - An interest in real estate which passes to the tenant.

TESTAMENT - A will disposing of personal property. (See WILL.)

TESTAMENTARY CAPACITY - The legal ability to make a will. To write a will, a person has to be at
least 18 years old; know what property he or she owns; and know who he or wants to give the property to.

TESTAMENTARY DISPOSITION - A disposition of property by way of gift, which is not to take effect
unless the grantor does or until that event.

TESTAMENTARY GUARDIAN - A guardian appointed by the last will of a father for the person and
real and personal estate of his child until the child reaches full age.

TESTAMENTARY TRUST - A trust created in a will. The trust does not exist until the person dies.

TESTAMENTARY TRUSTEE - A person appointed to carry out a trust created by a will.

TESTATE - One who has died leaving a will or one who has made a will.
English Legal Glossary
60

TESTATOR - Male person who makes a will (female: testatrix).

TESTATRIX - Female person who makes a will (male: testator).

TESTIFY - To give evidence under oath as a witness in a court proceeding.

TESTIMONY - Oral evidence at a trial or deposition.

THEFT - The act of stealing or the taking of property without the owner's consent.

THIRD-PARTY - A person, business, or government agency not actively involved in a legal proceeding,
agreement, or transaction.

THIRD-PARTY CLAIM - An action by the defendant that brings a third party into a lawsuit.

THREE STRIKES LAW Law that subjects person convicted of felony who has two or more prior
serious or violent felonies to a life term in prison.

TIME SERVED - A sentence given by the court to a convicted criminal equal to the amount of time that
the criminal was incarcerated during the trial.

TIME WAIVER - When you give up the right to have a certain phase of the legal process take place
within the normally specified amount of time.

TITLE - Ownership or evidence of ownership of land or other property.

TORT - When a person is hurt because someone did not do what he or she was supposed to do. The most
common tort action is a suit for damages as a result of an automobile accident. See EX DELICTO.

TORTURE To inflict intense pain to body or mind for purposes of punishment, or to extract a confession
or information, or for sadistic pleasure.

TRANSACTIONAL MALPRACTICE Professional misconduct, unreasonable lack of skill in
professional duties, or illegal or immoral conduct in regards to an act of transacting or conducting any
business.

TRANSCRIPT - A record of everything that is said in a hearing or trial.

TRANSFERRED INTENT Doctrine under which original malice is transferred from one against whom
it was entertained to person who actually suffers consequence of unlawful act. When one attempts to kill a
certain person, but by mistake or inadvertence kills a different person, the crime, if any, so committed is the
same as though the person originally intended to be killed, had been killed.

TRANSITORY - Actions that might have taken place anywhere.

TRAVERSE In common law pleading, a denial. Where a defendant denies any material allegation of
fact in the plaintiffs declaration.

TRESPASSING - Unlawful interference with one's person, property and rights.

TRIAL - A court process in which the issues of fact and law are heard and decided according to legal
procedures so a judicial officer or jury can make a decision.

TRIAL DE NOVO - A new trial or retrial held in an appellate court in which the whole case is heard as if
no trial had been heard in the lower court or administrative agency.
English Legal Glossary
61

TRIAL COURT - The first court to consider a case, generally the superior court. Compare APPELLATE
COURT).

TRIAL, COURT (BENCH) - A trial where the jury is waived and the case is seen before the judge alone.

TRIAL, SPEEDY - The Sixth Amendment of the Constitution guarantees the accused to an immediate
trial in accordance with prevailing rules, regulations and proceedings of law.

TRIAL STATUS/SETTING CONFERENCE - See PRETRIAL SENTENCE.

TRIER OF FACT Term includes the jury or the judge in a jury-waived trial, who have the obligation to
make finding of fact rather than rulings of law.

TRO See TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDER.

TROMBETTA MOTION - A motion to suppress evidence for failure to preserve the same.

TRUE BILL The endorsement made by a grand jury on a bill of indictment when it finds sufficient
evidence for trial on the charge alleged.

TRUE FINDING The juvenile court equivalent of a guilty verdict.

TRUE TEST COPY A copy of a court document given under the clerks seal, but not certified.

TRUST A legal device used to manage real or personal property, established by one person (the
GRANTOR or SETTLOR) for the benefit of another (the BENEFICIARY). A third person ( the TRUSTEE)
or the grantor manages the trust. In Traffic Trust is an account into which bail is posted to insure
appearance or compliance until the case is settled.

TRUST AGREEMENT OR DECLARATION The legal document that sets up a trust.

TRUSTEE The person or institution that manages the property put in trust.

TURNCOAT WITNESS A witness whose testimony was expected to be favorable, but who later
becomes an adverse witness.

UNCONSCIONABILITY An absence of meaningful choice on the part of one of the parties to a
contract, and contract terms which are unreasonably favorable to the other party.

UNCONSTITUTIONAL - That which is contrary to or in conflict with the federal or state constitutions.

UNDERCOVER - A person participating in a secret investigation in order to acquire information about the
crime without the other party realizing their identity.

UNDERTAKING - A promise given during legal proceedings by a party or his attorney, usually as a
condition of getting some concession from the court or third party.

UNDUE INFLUENCE - When someone pressures the person making a will (called testator) to include or
leave out people or things from his or her will. This can be a reason to challenge a will.

UNDER THE INFLUENCE Any abnormal mental or physical condition which is the result of indulging
in any degree in intoxicating liquors, and which tends to deprive one of that clearness of intellect and
control of himself which he would otherwise possess.

UNEMPLOYMENT - State or condition of not being employed.
English Legal Glossary
62

UNILATERAL - One-sided, or having a relation to only one of two or more persons or things.

UNJUST ENRICHMENT, DOCTRINE OF - The principle that one person should not be permitted to
unjustly enrich himself at the expense of another, but should be required to make restitution for the
property or benefit received.

UNLAWFUL ASSEMBLY At common law, the meeting together of three or more persons, to the
disturbance of the public peace, and with the intention of forcible and violent execution of some unlawful
private enterprise.

UNLAWFUL DETAINER - The eviction papers (Summons and Complaint) that a landlord gives a tenant.

UNRUH CIVIL RIGHTS ACT This law provides protection from discrimination by all business
establishments in California, including housing and public accommodations, because of age, ancestry,
color, disability, national origin, race, religion, sex, or sexual orientation.

UNSECURED - In bankruptcy proceedings, for the purposes of filing a claim, a claim is unsecured if there
is no collateral, or to the extent the value of collateral is less than the amount of the debt.

USURY- Charging a higher interest rate or higher fees than the law allows.

UTTER -- To use or to attempt to use a check, draft, or order to either (1) assert that it is genuine, or (2)
represent to another person that it is genuine.

VACATE To render an act void; to set aside.

VAGRANCY The state or manner of living by wandering from place to place without a home, job, or
means of support.

VANDALISM Willful or malicious acts that are intended to damage or destroy public or private
property.

VEHICULAR HOMICIDE Caused by the illegal operation of a motor vehicle. Both intentional
conduct and negligence maybe the basis for such charge though statutes vary from state to state as to the
elements of the crime.

VENIRE - Describes the whole group of people called for jury duty from which the jurors are selected.
Latin meaning "to come."

VENUE The court where you can file your action.

VERDICT A jury's or a judge's final decision.

VERIFICATION - An oral or written statement, usually made under oath, saying that something is true.

VEXATIOUS LITIGANT - A person shown to repeatedly file legal actions that have little or no merit.

VICARIOUS RESPONSIBILITY Acting or serving in place of someone or something else.

VICTIM A person who is the object of a crime or civil wrongdoing.

VICTIM IMPACT STATEMENT A statement during sentencing which informs the judge of the
impact of the crime on the victim or the victims family.

VIOLATION A breach of a right, duty, or law.
English Legal Glossary
63

VIOLATION OF PROBATION - A new allegation against a defendant for non-compliance with a
previous probation condition related to a criminal sentence.

VISITATION Times when the parent who does not have custody is with the children and is responsible
for them.

VOIR DIRE - The process of questioning potential jurors to choose the people who will decide a case.
Latin meaning "to speak the truth."

VOLUNTARY ARRAIGNMENT LETTER A notice sent by the District Attorney to a defendant
indicating date, time and department for appearance in court on newly filed charges for which there is no
signed promise to appear.

VOLUNTARY MANSLAUGHTER Committed voluntarily during a heated moment; for example,
during a sudden quarrel, two persons fight, and one of them kills the other.

VOLUNTARY UNDERTAKINGS An act unconstrained by interference; spontaneous; or of oneself.

WAIVE (RIGHTS) To give up a legal right voluntarily, intentionally, and with full knowledge of the
consequences.

WAIVER AND ESTOPPEL Voluntary surrender of some known right, benefit, or advantage.

WAIVER OF IMMUNITY A means authorized by statute by which a witness, before testifying or
producing evidence, may relinquish the right to refuse to testify against himself or herself, making it
possible for his or her testimony to be used against him or her in future proceedings.

WARD - A minor who is under the care and control of the court instead of the parents.

WARD OF THE COURT A person under the age of 18 when he/she violates a criminal law or
ordinance. The minor is under the care and supervision of the court.

WARRANT A court order telling an officer to do something.

WARRANT, ARREST Commands a peace officer to arrest and bring before the court the person
accused of an offense for purpose of commencing legal action.

WARRANT, SEARCH A written order directing a law enforcement officer to conduct a search of a
specified place and to seize any evidence directly related to the criminal offense.

WEAPON An instrument used or designed to be used to threaten, injure or kill someone.

WEAPON, CONCEALED A weapon that is carried by a person, but that is not visible by ordinary
observation.

WEAPON, DEADLY A weapon, device, instrument, material or substance, whether animate or
inanimate, which if used as it is used or intended to be used is known to be capable of producing death or
serious bodily injury.

WEIGHT OF THE EVIDENCE The persuasiveness of certain evidence when compared with other
evidence that is presented.

WHEELER MOTION - A motion to dismiss a jury panel due to the prosecutions exclusion of a
particular class of people (i.e. black jurors, women, etc.).

English Legal Glossary
64
WILL A legal paper that says what a person wants to happen to his or her personal property after the
person dies. A will can be changed or cancelled at any time before a person dies. (See TESTAMENT.)

WILLFUL A willful act is one done intentionally, as distinguished from an act done carelessly or
inadvertently.

WITH PREJUDICE Applied to orders of judgment dismissing a case, meaning that the plaintiff is
forever barred from bringing a lawsuit on the same claim or cause.

WITHOUT PREJUDICE When rights or privileges are not waived or lost. If your case is dismissed
without prejudice it means that there can be a new case about the same thing.

WITNESS 1. A person called testify about what he or she saw, heard, or knows. 2. To sign your name to
a document for the purpose of authenticity.

WITNESS STAND The space in the courtroom occupied by a witness while testifying.

WITNESS, DEFENSE A non-hostile witness that is called by the defense counsel to assist in proving
the defenses case.

WITNESS, EXPERT Qualified by knowledge, skill, experience, training or education to provide a
scientific, technical or specialized opinion of the subject about which he or she is to testify. That knowledge
must not be generally possessed by the average person.

WITNESS, HOSTILE An uncooperative witness.

WITNESS, MATERIAL A witness who can give testimony relating to a particular matter that very few
others, if any, can give.

WITNESS, PROSECUTION The person whose complaint begins a criminal prosecution and whose
testimony is mainly relied on to secure a conviction at the trial.

WOBBLER - A felony which provides either a county jail sentence or a state prison commitment and
which can be held to answer as a felony or a misdemeanor.

WORK FURLOUGH A correctional program which allows inmates, primarily ones being readied for
discharge, to leave the institution for the purpose of continuing regular employment during the daytime but
reporting back on nights and weekends.

WORK PROJECT Program allowing sentenced person the option of performing labor instead of jail
time.

WRAP AROUND SERVICES Specialized and intensive social and health services for families with
children concurrently residing in a group home or at risk of entering a group home, designed to reduce the
level of foster care or facilitate the placement of a child with his/her parent instead of foster care.

WRIT - A court order that says certain action must be taken.

WRIT OF EXECUTION - A court order that tells the sheriff to enforce a judgment.

WRIT OF MANDATE - A petition used to compel the court, officer, or agency to perform a duty required
by law or to compel a court to assume jurisdiction and exercise its discretion after its refusal to act.

1
Legal Glossary (Punjabi Translation)

1.1203.03 PC MOTION: oHHl8Hl HH 3H =, UH l=0 =8l 38ell loU H
3HlH =, H UH e = el 83l =l

2.1203.4 PC MOTION: eHl J e l8H3IH =H H eHl = le3 H e JH
HH = 8l 83l =l o3 8 I8 l8HH H l8H H8u l=0 le3l H=l H
= 8l 83l (oHJ Ue =l3 He J, He oHHl8H e HH 3H =l3 lIo J= H 80U
H = = oHHl8H HH 3 H=3 =l3 lIo J= H 3H 3 lJ oHHl8H 3 H=3
= le3 lIo J=

3. 170.6 PC MOTION: lul3 HH =8l HH H 3 oUI = e el 83l =

4. 995 PC MOTION: 80U lu = l=H H0 l=0 H el 83l =l

5. ABANDONMENT: He =8l H H lU o 80 l8 H e, l8 l=H lIl H
l8Hee e H l= l8 l3l H= e H HH 8l oIlo

6. ABATE: H= e, e =

7.ABATEMENT OF ACTION: ==8l = e H=eH H Hc oH8l J lIo J=, H=
lIo J=

8.ABDUCTION: l=H el 3l, 80, H l=H 8I u8Hl H J=l H UHel
lJ=Hl =U lH e ou

9. ABROGATE: l=H = HH = H e = el ==8l el u U
l=H = = H Hl=u= J=H I =

10. ABSTRACT: l=H oe3 H H=l eJ3 = =l3 I8 =H e H clJ= l=0 UJ
eH3=H H l. oH. =l. 8ll=I l= e =u 3 =u -H e=

11. ABSTRACT OF JUDGEMENT: oe3 e ol3H JH e HH = 3Hl l8H
=Ucl l= = HH =U 3 l8Hel =3 lo =H J H=el J

12. ABSTRACT OF RECORD: HUH U H H HJ

13. ABUSE- () oI =J3 H =|| ="| =J3 () HU lH lHHH|, l"I H
Hl=lIo H lU3 H=!
2
14 ABUSE OF PROCESS: oU"3 U| H3| U| UJ=J3!

15. ACCESSORY: UJ l=o3| H lH JJ l=o3| HJH J l=U HUU JU J! lUJ
HUU HJH 3 lJ" H l |3| IU| J HU| J!

16. ACCIDENT AND MISFORTUNE: U| = H lJ lH lUJU U =J HU o3 H
J oUJ| = H U| HH|J3 U J U=!

17. ACCOMPLICE: UJ l=o3| H lH JJ U| HJH J l=U HJH J 3 lJ" H
l HUU UU J!

18. ACCORD: lH | HUH l=U = = lJ U JH|H, lHH UJ HJ lJ oH
l=U H3l J HU|o J! o "H JH" J 3 JoU lH oI"J| J=U| UJ lJ
J| J HU|o!

19. ACCORD AND SATISFACTION: = = lJ U lH "H H I5 lH "U|
oH l=U JH|H lHH l=U J|o U - " J "U| JH| J HU|o J!

20. ACCRUAL: JU U| lUHUU U|o oUlUI|o U ", H lH"|o JlJU|o J H "
J!

21. ACCUSATION: lH l=o3| U l=J JHH| 3J 3 "U IU UH!

22. ACCUSED (See DEFENDANT): UJ l=o3| lHH UJ U| UH "U H o3 lHH
HUJ| UlJJ| U| J=U| JI3| =!

23. ACNOWLEDGEMENT: U| I" HU J, JJ UH, Hl3 J H J!


24. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OF SATISFACTION OF JUDGEMENT: H l=o=3l
oe3 l=0 H=eH lH3e J UH l8= oe3 JH =, o eH33 == HH =U
e J He UH JH el =H l oe =l3l Hel J H UH l=0 oH =8l lo J 3
oe3 l=0 lcH oJ ocl oJ HHHc e l H eH33 == e =l3 H H=e J
(See JUDGEMENT CREDITOR, JUDGEMENT)

25. ACQUIT: UJ l=o=3l lHJ, UH U I HH e eH 3, =l 3 3 8IJ Hl83 J
H8 l=H UHe l=H 8u, o, H eH 3 oHe =, lJo = H H=3 = l=H
JHel H=eH l=0 He e leH l8o H

3
26. ACQUITTAL: He l=H l=o=3l =8l HH H lHUl H=eH el ==8l 3 8oe
8IJ = eel J

27. ACTION: He oe3 l=0 =8l l=o=3l l=H J l=o=3l U H=eH el8 =e J,
H o l=H olu= el l 8l H UH I = 8l Ho8 eo= H =e J, H l=H
l I = 3 =e J, H l=H F3 I Hu el =lHH =e J, H l=H HH 8l
l=H HH eoU el =lHH =e J

28. ACTION IN PERSONAM: l=H l=o=3l e lJ =8l H 0lH el 8HeIl 8l
0H8l, H 3 3 lHl Hl8ee H8lu3 =8l 0lH, lH= =

29. ACTION IN REM: lHl u 3 l=H l=o=3l e l=u ==8l el 3 l=0 l=H
=H3 e l=u ==8l l8J oHJl ==8l J lHH l=0 Hl8ee HlH Jel J

30. ACTIVE STATUS: oHJ =H H oe3 l=0 0 lJ J= lHH e lc Jl8o
J= H lHH U3 oH =8l JH lo lIo J=

31. ACTUAL LOSS: l8J I eHUl l= He8l H o 80U = = H =H
=l lu e u ul, HoHHl H l=H J Hl8H = == Hl8ee e H l=H
=H Jl8o J HoHHl e HH 8l u ul e l8e J 8 Hl J = =l HH
Jl8o HH 8l l8J Hl H3 Jl l= UHe =8l =H Jl Jl8o J=

32 . AD LITEM: =l H=eH e l8e HH e 3ll ou HlJ = =
H8e UeJ 8l a guardian ad litem UJ l=o=3l Je J H oe3 = H=eH l=0 l=H
8F H =l 3 3 oUI l=o=3l e lJ3 e luo 8l lU=3 =l3 H8

33. ADD-ON: l=H H = l=0 UHel o= l3ol e HH Jl UH l=0 =8l J =ul=
HHIl le3l H8 3 UH ADD-ON l=J He J

34. ADDENDUM: l=H 0lH e =u = H l =uU

35. ADDICTION: UJ l=o=3l H l=H H el =3 = 8l == 3 3 HH8 J= l8He
oH l8J Je J l= olHJ l=o=3l 8l l8J UHel 8eH3 =l3 H =l =c J l8el
J UJ l8H H e l3 =uel lH=e o3 3=3 l=0 H= = 8l 8=H J He J o3 l8H3
l8 UJ J 8J lJe J

36. ADDITUR: l=H oe3 l=0 lHUl e JH oH l=H lu e J= l=0 le3 o= el
=H l=0 =u = l=H = H=eH el eH3 8H3 = e oe3 e olu=
4
He =u8l I8l u- Hl 8 HHel el Hl J, eo=e HHel e el
Jl

37. ADHESION CONTRACTS: oHJ l8=H lHH l=0 H3 e HoH l=0, l8= lu
=, H =8l 0 =l J=, 3 =8l J= Jl Je

38. ADJOURNMENT: l=H H=eH el H8l H l=H J ==3 H u 8l H3=l = le3l
H8

39. ADJUDICATE: He =8l HH l=H H=eH el H=8l =e J 3 JH ee J

40. ADJUDICATION: l=H H=eH l=0 HH e JH H ==8l

41. ADMIN PER SE: by itself, inherently. e 3ll ou l.oH.=l 8l Hl J l=
UH = l=H 8l= e 8lHH o o Jl Ho3 H HH = le3 H= He =8l
8l= lHHel l=0 o=J e 33 el lH=e .O\ 3 =u l= H UJ o l=0
o=J el lH=e = 8l el H0 ==U 3 l8= =

42. ADMINISTER: (1) 8u = (2) =8l e=8l cl= Jl, HJ oe l0= H = H
lI l H l=o=3l el oH l=H J UI e=8l oe =l

43. ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE: 3l= H l=H =H=l H= el =8l 8HHl
=3= o HHu 8l = =el o3 l8 oe3 l=0 lIo I =el J

44. ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW OR AR: l=H Hl o=ul 8l JHc =o l=0
oul 80 el 8l 8 ll=U = 8l Ju o lJUH Hl=lHH lcHc (DHHS) =
0 I8 = e eo H =l3 lIo ll=U l8J ll=U oe3 = HJl el HHc
H=8l el 8H8 H l=0 =c-=c l8= =l =l3 He J

45. ADMINISTRATOR: UJ l=o=3l H l=H oHJ l=o=3l el Hl8ee el Hl8eIl =e
J H l8 =Hlo3 =ll3o H He J l8J oe3 e oJH Je J

46. ADMINISTRATORIX: UJ l8H3l H oHJ l=o=3l el lH el Hl8eIl = H l8
=Hlo3 =l3 H H8

47. ADMISSIBLE: l=H JH 3= o e UI o3 U==

5
48. ADMISSIBLE EVIDENCE: UJ I=J H |H oU"3 |=U 3J 3 o3 UI J
|=U =J3 H H!

49. ADMISSION: l8J =lJ l= HJe3 l=0 = 3u H0 J l8J Jl =lJ l= 3
eHl J (l8=8 = Confession 3 =)

50. ADMONISH: 8e =, HlJ3 =, c

51. ADMONITION: oe3 = lHUl HJ o3 8el l= UJ lHU =H ol
lUcl o3 l=J =H 8e J o3 UJ UeH e =l luo lHH 8l I=Jl l=0l H
Jl J

52. ADMONITION TO JURORS: H HH lHUl =lJe J l= UJ =l = o3 l== l=J
= UJ l8J =l eHe J l= UJ l=Jl I=Jl o JH 3= o 8l =3 H=e J
(lHH H UI I=Jl l=J He J) o3 l== UJ l8H I=Jl JH = 8l =3 H=e
J

53. ADOPTION: UJ 3l= lHH Jl l=H l3 H H3 e UHe 80 H8u =l 8U
8l =l3o H H= 0J UJ oH l=0 e lH3 el H Jl e

54. ADOPTIVE ADMISSION: l=H lu = oHJl ==8l H l=H J l=o=3l = le3
l8o HlJH3l Ic =

55. ADVERSARY SYSTEM: oHl= o3 = J H= l=0 oe3l H=eH e oH l=0
lHHcH lHH l=0 J= l3ul lu l8J H= le3 He J lHH l=0 UJ oe3 e HJH
l8= eH e l=u HlH H = H=e J

56. ADVERSE WITNESS: =8l l=o=3l H l=ul lu = I=Jl e 8l Hleo H8

57. AFFIANT: UJ l=o=3l H JJlo l8o l3o =Ue J o3 UH U eH33 =e
J


58. AFFIDAVIT: ll3 l8o lHH Jl =8l l=o=3l l=H =l 3 3 olu=l3 l=o=3l
lH= HH H cl 8l= e HJH HJ = JJ 0=e J

59. AFFIRMATION: H = =8l olc oe3 Jl oe3 e le3 JH l= eH

6
60: AFFIRMATIVE DEFENCE: He =8l 80U = = H =8l l=o=3l H l=H el=l
H=eH l=0 Ho8 eJl = lJ J=, = l8J 3= J H UH eHl Jl o3 8=H lHu
=e J UJ oe3 e HJH l8Hel Hcl l=0 =l HJe3 H = H=e J, =lJe J
80U lu H UJ =lJe J, H83 = e J (lHH Burden of Proof l=J He J) 80U
lu o U3 l=0 l8H 80U el e l8o = Hl J

61. AFFIRMED: ol oe3 l=0 l8He = J l= cl8 =c l=0 le3 lIo JH
l= J

62 AFTER ACQUIRED INTENT: He =8l 80U -=3 HH =l3 H e ==3 3= HH
= e =8l l8e e J=

63. AGENT: =8l l=o=3l H l=H J l=o=3l el u U =H = e olu= e J=

64: AGENCY: He =8l l=o=3l l=H eH l=o=3l el u8 =H =e J, H l=H eH el
Hl8eIl olu= JH == =e J clJl= l=0, lcHc H H8lcH ee J, l=J
He J

65. AGGRAVATION: HH el lH=e l=0 =-o= loU = H HH =uU =
J3

66. AGGRAVATED ARSON: -8e3 H-== e HH- H 8= oI l, l8H H
lo3 l= lHH 3 l8H3l Ul0o Jl J0 H =H J= l8u 80U
lu lJ Jl H == el HH H8l H 0=l Jel J l8H H-== l=0 Jl8o =H H
lHlo H H lJl8H-IJ e Jl8o J 0Jle J

67. AGGRAVATED BATTERY: l=H l=o=3l e lJ F-=l 3 3 3=3 e
l8H3H lHH l=0 =8l 3= Jluo =l3o lIo J=

68. AGGRAVATED MAYHEM: l=H = 3 3 = = H =l=3 = oHJ
U00 3 l8H HH =l3 H l= UHe 3 =l l=0

69. AGGRAVATED TRESPASS: l=H el H=lo3 u 3 F- =l 3 3 e J= UH
lJ 3 8l J8l 83 oH lHHHl 3 3 =H J0

70: AGGRAVATING FACTORS: l=H HH e =l3 H H J8 =8l J = H =l3
HH el HIll =uUe J

7
71. AGGREGATE TERM: l=H lHl =e el HH el = H8l

72. AGREED STATEMENT OF FACTS: H HJ3= 3u e l8o, lH Hlo
clo H0 o3 l= Helo J oHJ l8o oe3 oI JH 8l H =l3 He J

73. AGREEMENT: He =l I l=0 U J8 =l l=H HH 8 l8= eH HlJH3
J

74. AID AND ABET: l=H HH = l=0 HJl83 =l H HlJ el

75. AIDER AND ABETTOR: UJ l=o=3l lHHe HHH l8e J o3 H l=H J HH
= l=0 Hee =e J

76. ALLEGE: = =lJ, HlJ = H eH l= =8l I H0 J 0J oH l8Hel H08l
H83 Jl J8l

77. ALLEGED: lH= l8o =l3 lIo J, U= H0 J, l=o=3l lHH U eH I8 I8 J
lHH U oe3 l=0 H=eH Jl 0l8o lIo

78. ALLEGATION: =8l =u H eo= H =l3 lIo J lHH H0 H H83 =l3
lIo J=

79. ALLEGED FATHER: =8l l=o=3l H l=H 80 e l3 J=

80. ALIAS: H l=H J =l Hlo He J= H l8H 3 = J .3 =l Hlo
He J l8H e H A.K.A. J

81. ALIBI: lJH = l8J eo= l= HlHH HH e =l3 H e HH l=H J u U Hl

82. ALIMONY: UJ Hl H oe3 3J o l=oJ3 - Hul H l=H lJ lJ 0=
l=oJ3-Hul e e J=H e= ( See SPOUSAL SUPPORT)

83. ALLOCUTION: He e l8o lHH l=0 UJ UH le3l I8l HH =c e el 83l
=e J

84. ALTERATION, FORGERY BY: l=H eH3=H l=0 =8l I l8H l8e =uUl,
=cUl H 38el =l l= l8J eH3=H lJ oHl eH3=H =8l =l HH HlJ
= l8He Hu l=H J l=o=3l u e Je J
8

85. ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION (ADR): UJ UI-3l= lH Ilo
e l8 l=H olu=l3 oe3l ==8l e lc =l3 H H= l8J UI-3ll=o l=0
l=0Il o3 HHl =l HH J

86. AMEND: oe3 l=0 J8l =l3 I8 l=H eo= l=0 =u =c =l

87. AMENDMENT: eH3=H l=0 = =u, =c, H Hu =

88. AMICUS CURIAE (A-MIKUS KURIE): =8l l=o=3l H l=H H=eH e lHlH l=0
=l =3 3 oe3 HJ ee J, UJ o =H e oI Jl Je l8J 3ll H 3
ol8o J lHHe = J oe3 e lH3

89. ANNOTATION: l=H =H e l0, =l =H, = o3 lUH U lcl

90 ANNUAL REVIEW: H oe3l l=lU

91. ANNULMENT: oHJl =l ==8l H l8J eHel J l= 3J l=oJ Il H, =lH3
I, e-=, =0l UH HHel, u-ul, H8eH3l, H lHHHl oUI3 == =el =l
=l 3 3 UI Jl Hl

92. ANONYMOUS: He l=H e I3 lo H8

93. ANSWER: oHJ l8o H =8l He o l=u l=H lH= H=l83 e H=8 l=0
le J o3 eHe J l= UJ o l== 80U =I

94: ANTICIPATORY BREACH: =8l l=o=3l lHH l=H l8=H l=0 lul3 =H
= 3o =l3 J, eHl lu HJ HJ eHe J l= UJ =H Jl =I H Jl = H=e

95. APPEAL: He =8l l=o=3l o H=eH e =c =c = lJH J He J, 3 l=H U0l
oe3 (H ol oe3 o=el J) ol =e J o3 JH e l= J 8 H=
=e J l8H to appeal to take an appealol = H ol = 0 l=J He J
lHJ l=o=3l ol =e J, UH APPELLANT ol-=3 l=J He J eH l=o=3l
APPELLEE l=J He J

96. APPEARANCE: oe3 l=0 H H =8l =l =FH H l8J eHUe J l= 3Hl
oe3 e oH l=0 HH J=I

9
97. APPEARANCE PROGRESS REPORT (APR): oe3l J=H lHH l=0 Department of
Health and Human Services (DHHS) 3 l=H HH U oe3 = lc HIl I8l J=

98. APPELLANT: =8l l=o=3l H oe3 e JH e l=u ol =e J ( Compare with
APPELLEE.)

99. APPELLATE: lHHe ol H8u J= oc oe3 l=H u=l oe3 H cl8
oe3 H Hllo oe3 o=el J e JH U H-Hl = H=el J UeJ 8l
=lJlo l=0 ol H =l oe3 Hllo oe3 e JHlo l=lU =el J

100. APPELLATE COURT: UJ oe3 H l=H l=l oe3 l=0 l=H =H 8 8 I8 JH
=8l = l== =l3o lIo J, e Hl8H H=el J

101.APPELLATE JURISDICTION: ol oe3 l=lo oe3 l=0 8 I8 JHlo el
-8l = o3 UJ 38el = e olu= el J

102. APPELLEE: =8l l=o=3l H l=H U0l oe3 l=0 =l3l I8l ol e H=8 e=

103. ARBITERATION: He =8l l=o=3l l=H H=eH l=0 o HH J=, o3 lHel
I=Jl U l=0 =, el el H8l = o3 =8l JH e=

104.ARGUMENT: l=H ==l (ocl) = l=H HH H lHUl oI l=H =H e 3u U H
l=H =l =3 U H =l3l lcl

105. ARMING CLAUSE: l=H HH l=0 =u =, l8J eH l= He H UHe HH
l=0 8l= Jluo H J

106 ARRAIGN: UJ oH lHH Jl =8l l=o=3l H HHH J, oe3 e HH loe
He J 3l= UJ o U I eH H H= o3 UJ e l8=8 = H= H = l8=l
J= o3 H I eH e lJ ol el H =

107. ARRAIGNMENT: He =8l l=o=3l lHH U HH = e eH I8 I8 J,
oe3 e HJH loe He J, 3l= UJ UH U I HH eH H o3 UH H= le3
H= l= UJ l8J HH e l8=8 =, l8J ul l8= = H UJ e lJ o 3=
H =

108. ARREARAGE: 80 el l8Hee 8l Hl H =Jl e 3 lHl J= H lHHe I3
lHoe lIo J=
10

109. ARREST: UJ l=o=3l, lHH U =8l HH e eH I J, =l 3 3 = lo
H=

110. ARREST OF JUDGEMENT: lJ 3 Jl =l3 I8 JH e 3lH l e

111. ARSON: l=H e o = H3l l8e oI e, H l=H e = oI
el, ol H l=H el == H3l H Ho3 H == e

112. ASSAULT: He =8l l=o=3l l=H J l=o=3l Hc He J H l8He = ee J
l8H l=0 H8eH3l J H=el J =8l lc8l H =c-H Jl( See BATTERY)

113. ASSAULT WITH DEADLY WEAPON: He =8l l=o=3l l=H J =H J0U
el =lHH =e J o3 l8H l=0 H8lu3 l=o=3l 0= H 8e= e 08 H = Hl=
=H J0 e e =e J

114. ASSESSMENT: l=H H=eH l=0 Je-HH l=0 J eH e =u =l3 H=

115. ASSIGNEE: =8l l=o=3l H = lHH H lJe el u U loe H8, lH=
=8l =Hl 8HHl 3Hl o JH =l3 JH l=H J l=o=3l H = UIJl 8l H
H=e J

116. ASSIGNMENT: =8l =H = 8l l=H J 0 oH 3 3 H=elHo 8l He
oe3 =8l =H = 8l = eel J ( HH =H H 8l eel J, ==l- He 8l0o
el, =H=clo o3 Helo el Hl8eIl = 8l 0 He J H lU=3 Je J o3 He
HH =-=lo oe3 3 eH HH e cl 0 H el H3 l=0 UJ el u U =H =
8l H He J H HeIl JH =e J o3 U l0 =H =e J lHl e eH HH cl
3 H 8lH lJe J ole =8l = UJ =H lcU l=0 =l Hee =e J


117. ASSIGNMENT OF SUPPORT RIGHTS: He =8l l=o=3l H 8l= HJl83 3
=e J o3 Hcc 8l0o 8l =8l l8Hee e 8l Hl Je J l8J l8Hee 8l0o
l= l=0 lHIl l=o=3l Hcc = u o3 J lJ JH =e J l8H 8l Hcc
8 l8Hee e c HJ HH 8l= HJl83 e =H 8l =3 l=0 lo H=el J

118. ASSIGNMENT ORDER: oe3l J=H (H eH3 le3 H 3 8oe (ON
MOTION) l8J =lJe J l= JH el H38= ee (JUDGEMENT DEBTOR) JH el
e H38= e (JUDGEMENT CREDITOR) = olu= e=I JH el e
11
H38= e = lHe J lH= ee e l=8e 3 l=l8o, J H= =
UH3, l==l =lHH, l8clo, l=H = l=0 oU =l oHe, IOUs U l=H3,
lH PROMISSORY NOTESor JUDGEMENTS =l l=J He J

119. ASSUMPTION OF RISK: lHl Jl e H=eH l=0 80U He el l8J el Jel J
l= He8l e J =l 3= Hlu3l, H l8H Jl e e J el lHH= J, lJ 3 Jl
lHul J8l Hl

120. AT ISSUE: l=H =l H=eH l=0 UJ HH lHH l=0 lH=l83 = =l lu o
=H l8o = le3 J= o3 eHl lu l8H H = H 3 J = le3l J= o3 HH
J H=eH l=0 l=0 H 8l l3o J=

121. AT ISSUE MEMORANDUM: l=H el=l H=eH l=0 UJ =l =FH el8 = H
l8J =lJe J l= H=eH cl8 8l l3o J

122. ATTACHMENT (1)oe3 e =FH ul =l3 eH3=H H J H0 ee J (2)
JH I =U e l8= UI oe3l J=H JH = H l8J =lJe J l= 3Hl Hl8ee
e lJH H=e J

123. ATTACHMENT FOR DEFAULTER: oe3 e l8= oH lHH Jl He =
l=H J l=o=3l IlJ3 =l3 H H=

124. ATTEMPT: =8l HH = el =lHH H J=3

125. ATTEST: 3Hel= =, H0 H Hl= J 8 I=Jl e, Hl3 =

126. ATTESTATION: l=H cl el 83l U ll3 l=0 3Hel= =

127. ATTORNEY: oHJ l=o=3l H l=H oe3 l=0 H=l= el Hl8eIl = el UI3
e J= o3 UJ =l HJ-HH= e H=e J= (= COUNSEL)

128. ATTORNEY OF RECORD: =8l ==l lHHe l=H =H-l= l=0 l=H el
Hl8eIl = 8l eH =l3 lIo J=

129: ATTORNEY-AT-LAW: oe3 l=0 H=eH el l3ol, 8u o3 l=J 0U
8l lo =8l ==l, HJ= H H=l 8Hc

12
130. ATTORNEYIN-FACT: =8l 8l=c oeHl ( H HHl 3 3 ==l J=) H l=H =
UHel u 3 l=H l=HH UeH 8l H oH =H-ue 0U 8l olu=l3 J= l8J olu=
ll3 l=0 le3 He J, lHH power of attorney l=J He J

131. AUDIT: He =8l l= H l8J 3 = 8l 0= =l3 H= l= l8H l=0 =8l
F3l J= H l8J J 3 H=H J=

132. AUTHENTICATE: l=H =, l= H l=H J ll3 eH3=H olu=l3 =
H Hl3 =

133. AUTO TAMPERING: l=H ocH8l o3 l8H e lJlHo- lHo e l=H H H38
8l H0

134. AUTOMATED ADMINISTRATIVE ENFORCEMENT OF INTERSTATE CASES
(AEI): lHl lHH=l o3 =H e o=H el oHl o=3 e = ( Personal
Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconcilliation Act- PRWORA) H Hcc l8J
olu= ee J l= UJ = el Hl8ee 3 J=-8l = H=elo J o3 eHlo Hcc l=0
UJ = el Hl8ee 3 =8H = e olu= elo J H l=H J e =H8l J

135. AUTOMATED VOICE RESPONSE SYSTEM (AVR): = lHHcH H = J 3
H0 ee J

136. AVERAGE ADULT PERSON: =8l lHluo Jl8o 8e H H HHe8 el UeJ =H
=l3o H8 l8J oHl3 8e Hlo e lJ3 el Hl8eIl =e J lH l=0 ulH= o3
F-ulH= l=o=3l, Hlo =Hlo3 e l=o=3l, Hlo 8F UH el 3llu3 Jel J
o3 l8J Hlo ou=, l=leo=, HHH= u eHU = Je J lH e Hu,
lHJ3He, oH3 HH=l= H=H 3l =o, 0lo o3 lJ3 J ( JoH e HI l=0)
137. BACKLOG: UJ H H=eH H lc J8 l8 8 J o3 lH e lc =
oH l8H HH e J H 0Jle Hl

138. BAD FAITH: oH 3 3 l8H3 = J oHl H 8=cl u H l=H o H u
e el =lHH

139.BAIL: HH3 e l=0 = HH =U (oH 3 3 = =H) 3l= =8l He H
I=J H =lo Jl8o J, l8o H H= o3 l8J U=ll 8l8o H H= l= oHJ
l=o=3l oe3 l=0 88 H 3 J J3 l=0 JH Je J

13
140. BAIL BOND: l8= =l =FH H 3Hl l=H HH3 e = = lee J o3 HH3
el 8H8 UJ oe3 l=0 e =e JHe l8H U eH33 =e J 3 UJ oe3
l eel J H= UJ le3l I8l 3l= U3 JH Jl Je 3 UJ HHl 3 3 8 l=0
eH =H oe3 oe =l el J

141. BAIL BONDSMAN: HH3 e = l=o=3l H UJ l=o=3l H He =e l=0
U 8l HH3 el =H HH =U el lHH=l e J

142. BAIL EXONERATION: He 3Hl ol HH3 ==U el lHH=l =H U H
HH3 e = l=o=3l H l8HH =l 3Jl HH3 8l J l=H 3 lHH= Jl

143. BAIL FORFEITURE: oe3l J=H lHH oH HH3l =H oe3 H83 = el J
l=Ul= He lU3 3l= U3 oe3 l=0 JH Jl J8 He l= UJ U H J el 8el
Hl

144. BAILIFF: oe3 l=0 lHH l=o=3l = lJJH3 el lHH=l Jel J 8lJ HlJ eo
lU=3 =l3 He J

145. BAILMENTS: l8= l=o=3l = eH l=o=3l l8H H H el HeIl = l=
UJ oH l=0 = Hlo H== e =I

146. BAIL NOTICE: oe3 l=0 =8l =l =FH H l8J =lJe J l= oe3 He e
IlJ3l e =c Hl =Il He 3= UJ (He) oe3 l=0 H Jl Je H HH3 el
=H el oel8Il Jl =e

147. BAIL RECEIPT: oe3 = le3 lIo l3l l8o H He le3 He J l= UH
= lHl HH3 HH = le3l I8l J

148. BAIL REVIEW: oe3 = lHl03 H=8l lHH l=0 HH3 el =H 8 H= =l3
He J H l= HHH 8l lJ H= =l3l I8l Hl

149. BALLARD MOTION: eH3 lHH Jl oe3 83l =l3l Hel J l= =l =
= e I=J (H3 e lH=) e HlH= Hol8 ==l8o H8

150. BANK LEVY: =8l UI- 3l= lHH l=H =H8l e l=u 8 I8 JH I =l3
H H= oHJ =H8lo e 8= l=0 0l=I H Hl=I l3o 0, 803 o3 =H H =lc
Ulo l=0 Hl l

14
151. BANKRUPT: =8l l=o=3l H 8 J8 =lHo e I3 l= HH 3 Jl = H=e, el
oel8Il = H= el eH H J3

152. BANKRUPTCY: He =8l l=o=3l H = o U 0 J8 =lHo U3
H=e J 3 UJ 8l oHJ = e l8= =l UI-3l= l=H 8=cHl oe3 l=0
UJ lHl =H o =lHo e l=0 Hl Jel J, 3 =c oe == o =lHo 3
c= H=e J l8J oe3 l=0 H=8l 8l l=HH 8=cHl HH 8e J

153. BAR: H ==l H = el =lcH = 8l UI3 e J UeJ 8l l=H Hcc
8 l=0 UJ HHJ ==l HH Je J H Hcc l=0 = el =lcH = el UI3 e J

154. BAR EXAMINATION: Hcc e l8Hl3J H H =l3 He J 3l= Hcc H0l l=0
l=0 =H JH == o3 8lHH 3 == = el =lcH =l3l H H=

155. BASE TERM: =e el l8= lHoe H =8l oe3 lcHlc HclHI o e oH
0el J

156. BATTERED CHILD SYNDROME (B.C.S.): l=H H H =l = = e 80
H-=c U3 UHel lHHHl eH lHH == 8Jlo o3 oel Hc-=c e 3
Ie J

157. BATTERY: l=H l=o=3l el UHel olIo l8 F-=l H-=c8l H le3 lIo
lHHHl 3Hee H luIHl =c (H=8 = ASSAULT)

158. BATTERY, SPOUSAL: l=oJ3 Hul l8 UHel HHel e, H J0Ul H 3=3
e l8H3H =

159. BEAGLE MOTION: lHUl 83l l= l=H He e lJ l=H lJ H8l I8l HH
= l=H H=3 =U le3 H8

160. BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN: l=H Hu= l=leo= 8HHl (LEA) Local
Educational Agency eo 8l8o H l8ll=Ho8lH oH=H IH (IEP)
e oI e l=0 UJ l=leoulo e l=J l=0 38ell loUe J H o o
=H J0e J H elHo el H-=c8l =e J H H Ho l=0 38J=l J

161. BENCH: (1) l=H oe3 l=0 UJ H= lHu HH 8e J (2) oH HH H l=HH HH

15
162. BENCH CONFERENCE: l= U H l= 8Jl HllcI H HH e 80 3 J=
l8J HllcI HH, =H o3 =el =el He e l=0= =l J H=el J

163. BENCH TRIAL: H=eH H lHUl 3 l8 0e J HH l8He JH =e J

164. BENCH WARRANT: HH (H 80) eo l=H l=o=3l IlJ3 = e le3
lIo J=H l8J J=H l8H 8l le3 He J l=Ul= oe3 = H UH = = e J=H
lJ le3 lIo Hl, UJ UH Jl =l3

165. BENEFICIARY: =8l oHJ l=o=3l lHH l=H cHc l=0 = lHe J

166. BENEFIT OF THE BARGAIN RULE: UJ lUH H l8J =lJe J l= =8l l=o=3l
Hl8ee el oHl =lH3 o3 =lH3 H eHl I8l J, e l=0= J= =l =H =H = H=e
J

167. BEQUEATH: ol =Hlo3 l=0 l=H 8l =8l 0lH l= H

168. BEQUESTS: He 3Hl l=H = ol =Hlo3 l= HU

169. BEST EVIDENCE: HU H83, H 3 0I H83 H JH J= UeJ 8l H l0l
H 3 0I H J o3 Jc-=l eHl u e H J

170. BEYOND A REASONABLE DOUBT: l=H JHel H=eH l=0 H83 e ou lHH
8l l8J Hl J l= lHUl el 3Hl ==8l H8 l= He8l lu HH e oI oI Hl83 =
le3 J

171. BIAS: lJ 3 Jl u =l3l J8l 8 H =-0l H l=H HoH H UeH l=H H
UI lcU 8l =3l Hel J
172. BIFURCATE: HoHlo = = == l=0, lH= ou o3 HH el lHH=l
JHel H=eH l=0 o3 el=l H=eH l=0 H=8 eJl o3 JH

173. BIFURCATION MOTION: oHJl u lHH l=0 oe3 H=eH l=0 H
HoHlo el H=8l e =H l=0 l=0 38ell = 8l l=J H=

174. BILL OF PARTICULARS: 80U- lu e l=u I8 I8 eH el l=Hu- H0l

175. BIND: o o H l=H J l=H I 8l =l 3 3 8uH l=0 loU

16
176. BIND OVER. l=H HH e l=H H=eH e H J 3 lJ l8J JH H =lJe J l=
HHe l=0 H=eH 0U e J= l=0 =Jl HH83 H lHe J

177. BLOOD-ALCOHAL CONTENT (BAC): l=H e e H l=0 o=J el IH
l=0 lH3l l8J H lHlHlc e H 3 Hlo He J H = l8= 8u l=0 79O lc
o=J

178. BLOOD TEST: l=H e e H el l8H 8l H0 =l: 3l= (9) Hlo H H= l=
l=H l=o=3l l=HH e l=0 =8l Hl8l= 33 l=l H3 l=0 J (7) Hlo H8 l= l=H
80 e c = J?

179. BODY ATTACHMENT: l=H oe3 = l3l J=H H l=H lH oJH leH H
Jel83 =e J l= UJ UH l=o=3l == lo8 o3 oe3 oI H = (9) H I=J el
JHlo3 l=0 H88l eo J=H - Jl =e (7) l=H el=l ==8l l=0 =8l lu
H oe3 e J=H el = (=) =8l HJ3= I=J H H J8

180. BONA FIDE: oHl, =H3l==, l8 l=H = H u e l8J HH 3ll l=0 in
good faith e ou e J

181. BOND: l=H l e HclJl=c H H

182. BOOK (BOOKING): He lH l=H IlJ3 =el J 3 H = =l ==8l =el J
l8H l=0 lJI lcH , Jc l0lo o3 IlJ3 =l3 I8 l=o=3l 8 lHl H0 eH
=l HH J

183. BOOKING NUMBER: IlJ3 =l3 I8 l=o=3l e HH e l= 8 e H
UHel IlJ3l Hlo Je J

184. BOOKMAKING: H8 el H J 3 lJ J elo H3 l8=lo =lo H 0I
=lo = c 3lJ =lo

185. BRADY MOTION: He = le3l eH3 He UJ l8J U=l J= l= oH
lHlc=c ocl oe3 l8HH 3 H=3 = e l0 o3 H HHIl oe3 Jl
Hl

186. BRANDISHING A WEAPON: l=H J Jluo leU, H 3 3 lH H l3
l=o=3l

17
187. BREACH: l=H =, J=, JH H lHH=l =8l =H == H =H = 3 0= H
== 3 H UHel U= =l

188. BREACH OF PEACE: J= l=o=3l H l=H o=Hl HI 3 F-=l 3 3 eI =e
J H H-8= H =JHl = l=H J l=o=3l U0, 8lJH8 H -H8 H
=e J H l=H o=Hl HI 3 l=H l8= H l8= 3 =u = Il -I0 Je J lHH
UH = 3Hee l c=o el Hlu3l e J H=el J=

189. BREAKING AND ENTERING: l=H e = l=0 3 e ==3 =8l HIl HH = el
HH =H H

190. BREATHALYZER TEST: l=H e HJ el llo l8J = 8l l= UHe l=0 l=l
o=J J

191. BRIBE: =8l 3JJ lHH el H =H =lH3 8J3l J=, JH = = l8H l8e
le3 H8 l= UHe e = 3l l=J H =3l 8e H8

192. BRIEF: =8l l3l l8o H J= oe3 ee J lHH l=0 oe3 l=J He J
l= oe3 e JH UJ e J= l=0 J Jl l= J

193. BURDEN OF PROOF: He l=H l=o=3l l=H H=eH l=0 ol I lHu = 8l
elHo =u H 8

194. BURGLARY: l=H l8H3 l=0 H = l=0 H = H luIHl H = l8u H 0l
=l3l Hel J H =8l J Il HH =l3 He J H = oHJ = e l8e Je J

195. BYSTANDERS: =8l HHI ol8o l=e 3e 8e, oHJ l=o=3l lHHe l=H
=l3 H J =H H l=J =8l H8u Jl
196.CALENDER: J= oe3 l=0 o- =H oH H l3o =l3l Hel H J =
H=elHo el H0lUH = e 8l UH U 3l=, HH o3 =H lHu H J J, UH
oe3 e ole == le3 He J

197. CALIFORNIA RULES OF COURT: =lJlo Hcc elo oe3 l=0 oH o3
l=J e lUH

198. CALJIC: =lJlo lHUl l8Hc=HH, =lHl

18
199. CALLING THE DOCKET: oe3 el ==8l H J 3 H=eH e HH H= =
H oeH e = 8l =c H = el H0l el o=H = =3

200. CAPACITY: UJ l=o=3l H ol HHl =H = el UI3 e/el J

201. CAPITAL CASE: JHel =H lHH l=0 He H3 el HH J H=el J

202. CAPITAL CRIME: HH lHH l=0 H3 el HH lH H=el J

203. CAPITAL OFFENCE: oHJ ou lHH == 3J el HH-8- H3 J H=el J

204. CAPITAL PUNISHMENT: HH8- H3

205. CAPTION: H =FH H oe3 le3 He J, e lH U llo He Jl8H
pleadings l=J He J l8H l=0 =H e H, oe3 o3 =H 8 eH Je J

206. CARJACKING: l=H Hc = lHHe =8l H= J, el HHl e lJ l=H J =
H H = e = H

207. CASE: =l H=eH H =8l lH=l83 H l=H JHel, clJ=, H el=l oe3 l=0
J=

208. CASE FILE: UJ J lHH l=0 l=H H=eH e olu=l3 =FH He J

209. CASE ID: oe3 = l=H =H le3 lIo H3l 8

210. CASE FLOW MANAGEMENT: l=H H=eH e H 3 = ol H3 3= H

211. CASE LAW: lJ HH H=elHo e J 0= JHlo e ou U = e =lo
H

212. CASE LOAD: l=H H HH e e l=H HH e = l=0 oul H=eH

213. CASE NUMBER: UJ 8 H l=H =H el H3 8e J l8J 8 UJ Hlo
=FH e lH U Je J H oe3 l=0 el8 =l3 He J l8H =H o8l.. =l
=lJe J l8J =c 8 DOCKET NUMBER =l o=Ue J

214. CAUSATION: oHJ =H H = J Jl = e = 8e J
19

215. CAUSE: =8l =l H=eH, eo=, H ==8l

216. CAUSE OF ACTION: oHJ l8HH H H=eH e ou 8e J

217. CAUSTIC CHEMICALS: = Hl8 H HHl eu

218. CAUTIONARY INSTRUCTIONS: He =8l HH lHUl l8J =lJe J l= UJ l=H
H UeH 8l Jl I=Jl U l=0 =

219. CAVEAT: 03=l, 8el

220. CAVEAT EMPETOR: UJ lHu3 H l8J =lJe J l= 3Hl =8l =l leel o
lH= 3 = l8J 3ll H8 3 ol8o J lHH e ou l8J J l= lee 0=H
J

221. CEASE AND DESIST ORDER: l=H 8u=l 8HHl eo H l=H oe3 eo l=H
l=o=3l H == oe l=H =H 3 HJl e J=H

222. CERTIFICATE OF PROBABLE CAUSE: oe3 = JH3l3 J=H H He
l8J J= ee J l= UJ HHlH el el ol = H=

223. CERTIFICATION: l=H HH e J=H H l=H JHel =H l=H J H= el oe3
l=0 38el =l3 H el olIo ee J

224. CERTIFIED: l8J =lJ l= =8l 0lH H0l J o3 l=H e J-8-J U3 J

225. CERTIFIED COPY: l=H =H J8l l=0 l=H =FH el olu=l3 = lHH oHl
=l H=eH el H0l, H=H o3 =H3l== = elHo He J

226. CERTIORI: oHl= el HlH =c l=0 ol

227. CHALLENGE: l=H e l=H I l=0 l83H = e olu=, l=H =l =H l=0
l=H I 8l

228. CHALLENGE FOR CAUSE: el H =8l ==l l=H =H l=0 l=H HH JcU
8l ee J( PEREMPTORY CHALLENGE H=8 = )

20
229. CHALLENGE TO THE ARRAY: H lHUl elo UI3= 8 l83H =,
= e oH l=0 l=H =H H =, l8He -3l J e ou U l8H
U3 H=lo lH IU

230. CHAMBERS: l=H HH e 8l=c eJ3

231. CHANGE OF VENUE: He =8l JHel H el=l =H l=H l8= oe3 e ol3o-
3 l=0 l=H J e 3 l=0 38el =l3 H8 (= VENUE)

232. CHARACTER EVIDENCE: oHJl I=Jl l=H JHel =H e He e 0I H o0
8 eH

233. CHARGE: JHel = l=0 J oHJl I lHHe HlHH =H= lJl8o H8

234. CHARGE TO THE JURY: l=H HH elo lHUl Jel83 H H=eH 0 e e
UH =l =3 8 J H =H e 3u H8u e J=

235. CHARGING DOCUMENT: =8l l3l l=0 l8HH e l0 lHH l=0 l=J lIo
J= l= He HH =l3 J l8H l=0 =8l H8lcH, eH-3 (l8l=cHc), H0
(l8JHH), l8HH e l=Hu Je J

236. CHATTEL: lHl Hl8ee e =8l oH

237. CHIEF JUDGE: l=H oe3 l=0 H H u 8u=l HH

238. CHILD ABUSE: l=H 8 Hl=, == H llI= H J0Ul

239. CHILD ABDUCTION: l=H 80 u H H 3Hee =U = H
H oF= =

240. CHILD MOLESTATION: 18 H 3 =c UH e 8 e H UHe eo =8l
lH, 8HHl =l H lHHl J=3 =l

241. CHILD PORNOGRAPHY: =8l oHl HHI l lHH l=0 =8l l=o=3l H 9\ H el
UH 3 =c J, e o l=H lHHl J=3 l=0 =H =e lel8o lIo J H elHo
oHJ = 8l U=He lel8o lIo J=

21
242. CHILD PROCUREMENT :l=H =H-U=HU o3 J=Hl = 8l l=H 9
H 3 =c UH e 80 H-8= cHc =, H, HJ8lo =, H H
= l=H 9 H 3 =c UH e 80 l=H J l=o=3l llI= J=3 l=0
8l =HU, l8H3I e, HU e =H =

243. CHILD SUPPORT: u- Hl H =8l H H lU l8= 80 el H 8l0o el l8Hee
8l oe =e J

244. CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENY (CSE) AGENCY: 8HHl H J= Hcc l=0 8
H e =H =el J l8He =H UJ Hlo el U = Je J lH = =Hcl
(8 H) e =H Jl Je (l8J - =Hclo cH H NCPsl=J He J)
H l8J oHJ H el J H l=H 80 e lHluo Jl8o l3 Je J (UJ Putative
Father or PFHlo He J) l8J 8HHl 8 l8Hee e =el, I =el o3 UH
l=0 38ell =el J l8J 8 l8Heel =H l8=l =el o3 =el J

245. CIRCUMSTANTIAL EVIDENCE: UJ Hl I=Jl H olHu H l=0 J l=H
I l=0 UJ H83 H J=l=l 3 3 I e 3u 8 l=H el lHl H=l H ll
U oul3 Jl

246. CITATION: =8l oe3l J=H H HH H l=H He eHe J l= UHe l=u =l
l8HH J l8J He l8J =l eHe J l= UJ oe3 l=0 H J= H HH3 e 8u
=

247. CITED: He l=H He =lo Jl He UJ l=H lc=c U JH3 =e J
lHH3 = J l= UJ lHul J8l 3l 3 oe3 l=0 JH J 8l =0 ee J

248. CIVIL ACTION: F-JHel =H lHH l=0 =8l l=o=3l H = lHl 3 3 l=H J
U eo= =e J 3l= UJ o lHl o3 Hl=u= olu= I == H=

249. CIVIL CASE: =8l =l H=eH H ol H3l =H 8l =l3 H8 H l=H
=8l l8=H 3 oH = 8l HH8 = 8l =l3 H8 H = =8l o HlJl
J= I = 8l H=eH el8 =

250. CIVIL JURISDICTION: l=H oe3 e F-JHel el=l H=elHo H e J=
H ol3o

251. CIVIL PROCEDURE: UJ lUH o3 oH lH =8l el=l H=eH 0l8o
He J H lHH l=0 ol =l3l Hel J l8H l=0 H=eH 8l l3ol, I=Jl H =
8l lUH, o3 H=eH l=0 Hl= o3 ol el8 = 8l oH HH J
22

252. CIVIL PROCESS: oe3 e =FH H = l=H el=l =H l=0 eHe J l= =H H
J lIo J H oHJ =FH H oe3 l=H =H 3 o 8l HH8 =e J

253. CIVIL RIGHTS VIOLATIONS: lHl H =e3l olu= el U= H Hl=u =
Icl o3 HlJJH =l3 I8 Je J

254. CLAIM: lHo H Hel8e U3 l=H e eo=

255. CLAIM OF EXEMPTION: JH oul =He ( Judgement Debtor) eo el8
=l3 =FH lH l=0 Hl8ee el J He H0lo l=0 le3 lIo Je J, H = el
u e H38= c-3 Jelo J l8H 8l UJ JH el oel8Il =H Jl 8lo H
H=elo

256. CLAIM SPLITTING: He 3Hl o lH= =H = I l=0 = U o3
eo=e e 3 3 e = = H=eH el8 = 3l= eo= el =H el HlH 3 u u
lJ H= oH 3 3 l8Hel olIo Jl le3l Hel

257. CLASS ACTION: =8l =l H=eH H l=H l8= l=o=3l H =u l=o=3lo = l=H
oe3 l=0 el8 =l3 H8

258. CLEAR AND CONVINCING EVIDENCE: el=l oe3 l=0 o3 Icl 8HHl
e H=elHo l=0 =l3o He H83 e oeH H H83 e l= oH l=H H=eH
l=0 l=H eo=e lH3 8l le3 H J, e l8J lo3 =e J

259. CLEMENCY AND EXECUTIVE CLEMENCY: Hlc H I= = l=H H=eH
l=0 lJH-lel H lHJ-=H e J=H lHH eo l=H le3l I8l HH H l=H =l3
I8 HHH = H l8HH e == H = le3 lIo J= l8J le3l I8l HH
=c = l=0 H H=H HoJl e l=0 JH Jel J

260. CLERICAL ERROR: =8l o0Jl l3l F3l H == =, =H = H oe3
= J H8

261. CLERK: oe3 e UJ oJH H 8lJH, eH3, oe3l JHlo ole e l8eH
=e J, oH /==8lo =lH3 =e J, o3 oe3l ==8l e l= e
J

23
262. CLERKS TRANSCRIPT: UJ 8lJH-H8JH, ==8lo, JJlo l8o, oe3
elo l3 =, H=eH e H8u l=0 leU =lo =H3 ole H oclo =
ol=3 Jelo J o3 H H=eH8Hl e oH l=0 el8 =l3lo I8lo Jelo J,
ol e eH3=H HH3 l8=lo lo He J l8J H = == e cHl=c
(CLERKS TRANSCRIPT) o=e J

263. CLOSING ARGUMENT: He Hlo lu l=H oe3 l=0 HH oI H lHUl oI H
eJ oI o- o l=0 el H = e =H H= elo J, 3 o3 l=0 =H
o H=el I = = l8o ee J UH3 lJ Hlo clo o-ol
I=Jl H = e =H H= 0=lo Jelo J

264. CODE: Hc0o U oul3 = UeJ 8l :California Code of Civil
Procedure, California Civil Code, California Vehlcle Code, California Penal Code,
and California Health and Safety Code.

265. CODE OF PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY: =-l=J e UJ lUH H =l
H= U I Je J l8H = l=0 oH l3=3 elo Hu o3 l=HH lUH Je J
H oHl=l 8 oHHl8H eo l3o =l3 He J

266. CO_DEFENDANT: l=H JHel =H l=0 =8l l=o=3l H l=H J e l=H HH
l=0 HH J8 J e =H= lJl8o lIo J=

267. CODICIL: oHJ =l =FH lHH Jl l=H =Hlo3 l=0 = =ul8o H =cl8o
lIo J=

268. COERCION: HH8l, e8o, u= , Jluo H =

269. COHABITAT: UJ l=o=3l H l=H J lJe J

270. COLATERAL: =8l Hl8ee H l=H 8 =H e l=u lI=l l J= =8l 8e H l8=
lo el 8l l=0 J= (lH3e) l=H el lHul =H lJ l=0 J=

271. COLATERAL ATTACK: l8 l=H U0l oe3 l=0 lHul ol =ll3o l=H
oe3l JH U = =

272. COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL OR DEVICE: =8l 8e H HH H 8 l=H
U0 U e=, lHH oI I H=el J=, 8Hl

24
273. COMMISSIONER: UJ l=o=3l lHH oe3 0lo J= o3 UH = =l
HHlo el H=8l = o3 JH e 8l olu= le3 I8 J

274. COMMIT: = =, lH= =8l HH =, H l=H HlJ e J= =, H l=H
l=o=3l H H 8l oe3 e J=H el =3 =l

275. COMMITMENT: l=H l=o=3l =e l=0 H l=H HlH= Hu HHu l=0 H el
==8l =8l J=H H l=H oJH Jel83 =e J l= UJ l=H l=o=3l H H
HlH= Hu HHu l=0 = H8

276. COMMITMENT ORDER: oe3 e J=H H l8J =lJe J l= l=H l=o=3l
J=3 l=0 lo H8, oH 3 3 H l=0 H HHl= Hu HHu l=0

277. COMMON BARRATARY (also called BARRETRY) I- l=U H U= Jl
H=eH H = el oe3 l8 H=eH 8Hl l=0

278. COMMON CARRIER: =l 3 3 HHJ H HH , H= l=l8o oe =l3
Jl8o J, l8 l=H J-= e U 8l=c =lo H =e l8He H=8 l=0
oHJ = 3 J = H=e J

279. COMMON LAW: UJ = H oe3 e JHlo Je l=0 oUe J l8J
olulUH (Statues), H Hl=u l=0 Jl e Je

280. COMMUNITY OBLIGATIONS: UJ =H lH e 3l o3 3l = ee J
oH == l8H eel l=0 UJ H = HH J H 3J l=0 l=H =l 3l 3l e 3
3 l8= lJleo =H e l=0 lo Hl, oH l=0 cc H 3 8oe 3= =l
oel8Il Jl =l3l UeJ 8l H= l8=lo lJleo 3Hl Uu =l0 lleo
J 3 l8He =H U3 3Jl eJ el Hl lHH=l J, 0J J 3Hl oI oI Jl
l=U lJ J J= l8H H8u l=0 3J =H e 8=8 H el lHH=l 3Jl eJ
el J

281. COMMUNITY PROPERTY: J 0lH H 3l -3l el Hl H=lo3 J= 8J3l =l
l8H l=0 (9) UJ u H HH J lH= H, Hc= l== H J 3J = J
o3 H 3J l=0 l=H =l 3l 3l e 3 3 l8= Hl= e =H8 H, (7) o3
=8l J =H3 lHHel 3Hl UH HH e le =l3l Hl

282. COMMUNITY SERVICE: =H H l=H l=o=3l = lHl HH e l=0 =l3 lIo
J= l8J l=H HH e l8=H l=0 H 8H el H3 l = 8l =l =l3 He J
25

283. COMMUTATION: l=H HH e =c =l3 H lH= H3 el HH =c= UH =e l=0
8e

284. COMPARATIVE FAULT: =H e Jl Hel I H l=H l8= lu e lHH Il8o He
J

285. COMPARATIVE NEGLIGENCE: =8l =l eH3=H lHH e ou 3 l=ul
clo elo ==8lo el oHl 3 =l3l Hel J 3l= J= lu el l8= eH 3l
=Jl e =lo el lHH=l lHl03 =l3l H H=

286. COMPENSATORY DAMAGES: UJ Hl H =8l l=o=3l eH UH =H
J0U H e J0U e l8=H 8e oe =e J(= DAMAGES)

287. COMPETENCE ORDER: oHJ J=H H l=H Hllo oe3 = l8J =lJe J= l=
He H=eH el ==8l l=0 HHlo3 e UI J l8J cl8 =c Jel83 =e J
J l= UJ JHel H=eH oI 3

288. COMPETENCY: l=H l=o=3l el HH o3 H0 = el UI3, H 3 3 0 J
H=eH l=0 UHel o =H ol lo 8l HJl83 = e =H l=0 UHel
Hee = H= el 3UJl=

289. COMPLAINANT: UJ l=o=3l H l=H J e lJ oe3 l=0 H=eH l=U 0Je
J l=H el=l =H l=0 lH=l83 =3 PLAINTIFF eo=e H He8l Je J o3 l=H
JHel =H l=0 lH=l83-=3 STATE Hcc Jel J

290. COMPLY: =J oH =, = =, 3 Hl =l

291. COMPOSITE DRAWING: l=H =lu3 HHH el 3H=l H l=H H= lH ==
eo 88l I8l J= l8J 3H=l HH e lH= J8 l=o=3l e H = l=H =c e
0HHele IoJ e H8el l8o e ou U l3o =l3l Hel J

292. CONCEALMENT: =8l oHJl H0 H l=H 3 J, UJ UH eH Jl lJ,
Jl= JH =H UJ l8H HlJ = 8l 8e J

293. CONCILIATION: l=H I lcU e l8= UI l8H l=0 =-=lo lu l=H
8I lu = o I = o Helo J UJ oHl 3= =c =, H0
26
0I 8U o3 =8l H= J U el =lHH =el J l8J l=0Il =Il Jel J,
o l=J l=0 l8J =c HHl Jel J

294. CONCURRENT JURISDICTION: e H e 3 =u oe3 e H 3 l8H3 = J
l= J= oe3 HH l=H- =H3 U =H = 8l olu=l3 J

295. CONCURRENT PLANNING: l8He = J l= l3 e =H l=0 l8J l8= =l
H3 J l= He =8l 8e=l l=U3 l3o J H8 3 -lH elo H== 33
Jl HJ8lo =l3lo H, H UJ el J= (lH= Ie , l=H el HH3l ole)

296. CONCURRENT SENTENCES: HH= H l8= = I3lo H H= UeJ
8l H= 3J l8= eH H el o3 eHl H H el HH l8= = I3 e J=H lH 3
3Hl = 9O H el HH I3I(COMPARE WITH CONCURRENT
SENTENCES)

297. CONCURRING CAUSES: l8= = 3 = ==8l =l o3 l=H Hc =c
Il l8J eJ l=0 l=H l8= e F-JH J Jl = H=e Hl

298. CONDEMNATION: UJ =l oH lHH Jl H= l=H 8l=c l8 8l=
=3 8l el J o3 H= UI =lH3 oe = le3l Hel J ( = EMINENT
DOMAIN)

299. CONDITIONS: = I H l=H =lo 0Jlelo J H Jl =lo 0Jlelo H
= I l=0 l=

300. CONDITIONAL RELEASE: =e l=0 c H He elo ==8lo o3 H-H
lUH8u =e J H= UJ l8H =e l=0 l= elo H3 3 oI l Je J, 3
UHel lJ8l HH = le3l Hel J

301. CONDUCT ENHANCEMENTS :l8= = e l8HH I= HH e =u =
(lH= olHI =H oJ l = H=H 97O77) H HH =l3 H HH e HH e
= Hlo Je J

302. CONFESSION: He =8l l=o=3l/= l=o=3l U0l 8 = H l3l l=0 He/He
J l= UJ/UJ =8l HH =l3 J ( ADMISSION 3 =)

303. CONFESSION OF JUDGEMENT: l=H ee el UJ ==8l H l3l l8o e
l=0 UHe e JH UHe l=u l8 J =l ==8l =ll3o I = el
l8HH3 eel J
27

304. CONFIDENTIAL: =8l J8l H l= H = e = 8l 3 Jl ==
olu=l3 =FH -3 Jl = leU el olIo olulUH o3 oe3 el
lHl oH le3l Hel J J8l o3 l= el 8=l8e H3 =l3l Hel J o3
l8J 8 luo Hlo He J

305. CONFIDENTIAL RECORD: l=H oe3l =H el H0 H oH = Jl le3l H
H=el

306. CONFIDENTIALITY: lHH lHl lIlo H8 o3 =H 3 =lH3 lo H8

307. CONFISCATE: lHl Hl8ee lHH lo H8 H UH U =8H = lo H8 3l=
UHe l8H3H 8l= =3 8l =l3 H8(lH Jluo lo)

308. CONFLICT OF INTEREST: He l8= HH e =-= lJ3 l8= eH c=Ue J
UeJ 8l =8l ==l H eJ lu e =H lJ J, =el =l Hl8H Jl J H=e

309. CONFORM COPIES: l=H H eH3=H o= = 8=lo lH= = lH l=0
HH eH33 o3 HH 3l= J=

310. CONFRONTATION RIGHTS: He e l8J J= J l= UJ o l=u l=0 I=J
o -8- = l8H l=0 oH 3 3 l8J HH Je J l= 3Hl H J8 I=J
= H= H=, UHel l=H I U3 l83H = H= o3 I=J lHl 3 3 H J=
l8o e el HI = H=

311. CONSANGUINITY COLATERAL: l=o=3lo l=0= H8u lH e l8= J,
H oH l=0 l8= eH =8l H=0l lH3 l=0 ( 00 3lH H 3lH 00 e H8u
l=0 Jl 8 Je)

312. CONSANGUINITY- LINEAL: l=o=3lo l=0= UJ H8u H l8= eH l=0 U0
lHU l= H = =H e ou U o3 l= lHU U0 H = lH33 JH
=e J H= ulU U = =l8 3 l8J 3, lU o3 ee e J=I o3 H= U
u = el8 3 l8J 3, 3 o3 3 el =l l=0 HHlo H H=e J l8U
eJ H3 l=0 l8J lHul U = Hel o3 lHul U J = oUel =l e
uel J

28
313. CONSECUTIVE SENTENCES: oI-l 0 =lo HH=, l8= HH e H= 3
8oe eHl e 0 J, H oHJ l=o=3l U I =l3l o Helo J H e H e 3 =u
U== e eHl Je J

314. CONSERVATEE: UJ =l H ol H o Jl = H=e o3 lH e =8l H-
=3 Je J (lHH CONSERVATOR =lJe J) lHHel 0 oe3 eo =l3l I8l
J=

315. CONSERVATOR: UJ l=o=3l H oe3 eo l8H =H 8l 0lo lIo J= l= UJ
UJ el H = H ol H e Jl = H=e (oHJ = CONSERVATEE
o=Ue J) H UJ oHJ l=o=3l/ l=o=3lo el Hl8ee el H-H =e J

316. CONSERVATORSHIP: oe3l ==8l lHH oH =8l HH l=H l=o=3l (a
conservator) el 0 =e J H l=H 8F elo lHl e luo e J H UHel
u -H3l He J 8F 8l = GUARDIANSHIP.

317. CONSENT: l=H JH H HH3 I = 8l =8l l3l l8=H

318. CONSIDERATION: H88, H, H H8l = lHH == =8l lu HH3 =el J

319. CONSOLIDATION OF ACTIONS: He =c =c e =H lH l=0 l8= 3 e =
HH J, l8= I l=0 8 le3 He J

320. CONSORTIUM, LOSS OF: 3l 3l e oH l=0 HI e lH3 l=0 8 H=

321. CONSPIRACY: He e H e 3 =u l=o=3l H-8= =8l HH = 8l HHe Je
J, oHJ HH = 8l ==8l Jl =e

322. CONSTRUCTIVE POSSESSION: He =8l l=o=3l l=H =H3 e oHl H= Jl
Je, UHe UH U ol3o Je J

323. CONSTITUTION: H H= e =el = H l8Hel H=3l el =3, o0 o3
HI o3 l8H H=3l el l== =3 =l3l Hl J, e ou 8e J H= el H=3l e
lUH, lHu3 o3 l8o o3 l=H H= e = e =l =l olu= J e == e =
eH3=H

324. CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHT: =8l olu= H oHl=l Hl=u = HH =l3 He
J l8Hel l=olo J oe3 =elo J =8l olu= H l=H Hl=u (lH= l=H
Hcc = = 8l HlH =l3 lIo J=)
29

325. CONTEMNOR: =8l l=o=3l lHH l=H oe3 el J3= =l3l J=

326. CONTEMPORARY COMMUNITY STANDARD: l=H HHel8 = H H=H 3 3
=H3H= l=0 = =l3 lIo J= H=H l=0 l=H HHel8 l=Jl 0lH
=H3H= 3 3 o= J U Hc e l3 =l3 H H=e J 3J 3u U
o, lHl, HHH= o3 l8=l l=0 l8H HoH l=0 Jl Hlo He

327. CONTEMPT (OF COURT): oe3 e J=H el U= l8H eH 8l HH H =e
el HH J H=el J

328. CONTINUANCE: l=H oe3l H=eH l=H oIl 3l= 3 e( =
ADJOURNMENT)

329. CONTINUING EXCLUSIVE JURISDICTION: l8J oH l= l8= HH 3 HH =
l=0 == l8= Jl l8Heel J=H =H8 J 0Jle J o3 He oe3 =8l 8 l8Hee
e =H H Jl J= UH =l HH = H=el J o3 o J=H 8e H=el Jl3
l=HH olu= 3 =l oe3 e Ue 3= 8 l8Heeel =H U =c lJe J
He 3= l= =8l J oe3 l8H Jl Hel l8H Uniform Interstate Family Act
(UIFSA) l=0 llH3 =l3 lIo J

330. CONTRACT: (9)=8l =H = H = 8 e H e 3 =u l=o=3lo el oHl
HHel (7) e H e 3 =u 8leo l=0= Hl= H l=H lJ 8 =l H8u l=0
= 38ello =e J H UH 3H =

331. CONTRIBUTORY NEGLIGENCE: UJ =l lHu3 H l8J =lJe J l= H = l=H
oIlJl e el=l H=eH l=0 =8l eo=e e =l =Jl =3e lJ J= 3 UJ
He = l=H 3 =l UJ, He el oIlJl = =8l JH =H = e, J=e
Jl Je

332. CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES: =8l I, H = eo H3-Hu J= o3
lHHel 3l J l=H Jel J= H= J H8l8 3 HHcll=3 J=, =8l I,
eu H l8He =8l J lJ H H=Ho l8 Ju o HJcl = e H=H
99Ou, 99O, 99O, 99OH 99O\ l=0 e J, l=J He J

333. CONVERSION: l=H e HH H lHl H3l lHHe H= =8l J J, UH U
l=H J Hl8H UI ol H=lo3 HH 8l J=

30
334. CONVEY: l=H Hl8ee el J=-H=l l=H J el=H I HlJ = H
H0 =

335. CONVICT: (9) =8l l=o=3l H l=H HH =l3 H == eHl H83 Jl8o J o3 o
=l3 HH 8l HH I3 lJ J H l=0 e Hul (7) UH 8e lHH =8l
HH =l3 J= l8J U H oe3 e H=eH Jl H l= eHl J H =l3l Hel
J

336. CONVICTION: He =8l JHel H=eH l=0 =8l HH H lHUl He oul J
e JH ee J

337. CORONER: UJ H=l oJH lHH 3Hee == J8lo H3 H o003 J8lo H3
(H=l J3 l=0 )e = o3 J3 el 3 = 8l Il8o He J

338. CORPORATION: = l=o=3lo e HHJ H olu= -3 3 == l8= HHJ e
l=0 = =l olu= o3 lol83 JH = e J o3 l=o=3lo e 3 3 =
eelo e lHH= =l 8e J

339. CORPUS DELECTI: HH el eJ UJ =H3H= H83 H eHe J l= HH =l3 lIo
J =8l =l l8J H83 l=H Jl3o e lH= J8 lH3= el eJ = H=3 =e J H =
HoJ J8 H-== = e H8 = luo l0e J, l8H H8e e =u l=o= ou
J Hcc l8H HH e l8=8 =U 8l o3 HHH HH le=U 8l l8J H83
= 8I l= =8l l=HH 0c I el =c =l Hl o3 HHH ==8l Jl l8H 0c
H =H e H3 Hl

340. CORROBORATE: l=H H83 H olu=l3 3u Jl Hcl =l l=H I J
lHl03 8U

341. CORROBORATING EVIDENCE: =u H83 H HU H83 l=o =e J H
HH83 8Ue J

342. CORROBORATION: l=H I=J e le3 l8o e = H l=o ==

343. CORRUPTLY: 88lHl

344. COSTS: (9) JlH o3 0lHH H =8l cl oe3 l=0 =H el8 = o3 0U
8l H l= JH I =U 8l oe =el J (7) l=H el=l =H l=0 lHl 0-
e l=0 Hl
31
345. COUNSEL: l8= H l8= 3 =u ==l H l=H =H l=0 l=H H=l= el 3llu3 =
=l HJ-HH=( = ATTORNEY)
346. COUNSEL TABLE: l=H H=eH e oe3 l=0 lJH o3 lHl=UlcI clo
l== Hl= 3 3 Hu IlJ =elo J, e ==
347. COUNT: l=H JHel H=eH l=0 J= = = eH H =u (= CHARGE)

348. COUNTER CLAIM: H=eH l=0 l8= cl = oHe 3 3 l8o 0H (0J UJ
He J= 0J eo=e) H eHl cl e =H e l=u He J

349. COUNTERFIET: l8 olIo H olu= e l=H el = =, = Hol 0lH
8Ul, l=H oHl el J-8-J =l l3o =l o3 oHJl =l oHl eH= l=H
u e el HH eH3=H =H H =

350. COUNTY JAIL: =8l l8H3 H U0 lHH e l8H3H l8= e =lu3 HHH H/o3
HH I3 J HHH 8l =l3 He J

351. COURT: =8l HH H HH e HHJ lH e =H H=eH H o3 l8HJ = Je J
(= BENCH)

352. COURT APPOINTED SPECIAL ADVOCATES (CASA): l8J UJ =cloH Je
J H 8e-H=l o3 o-IlJl e lH= 8l0o el l=H oe3 l=0 Hl8eIl =e
J

353. COURT ATTENDANT: = 0=lo oe3 l=0 HlH3 Hlo o3 ==lH
H8lu3 =3= e = 8l o3 lHUlo, I=J, oclo o3 H3 H8u
=l8H e JH l8J 8l lo He =le

354. COURT ADMINISTRATOR / CLERK OF THE COURT: oe3 = lU=3 H
0lo H = oJH H oe3 elo I-lo=l o3 8u=l U HHl
=e J

355. COURT APPOINTED COUNSEL: =8l 3llo ==l H oe3 = l=H oHJ
He el Hl8eIl 8l lHluo He J H o 80U 8l l=H ocl H e=
el JHlo3 Jl e

356. COURT COSTS: l=H =l H=eH l=0 l=H =H el =l = H 80U = e 0
lH l=0 ocl el JlH HH Jl Jel lH3 =l lu l8J Hl H=eH 3 8oe
0 H =H le3l H H=el J (o3 J =l lu = =H =l3l H H=el J)
32

357. COURT OF RECORD: oHJl oe3 lHH l=0 ==8lo l= =l3lo Helo J,
ll3 l=0 Hlo Helo J o3 Hel=l l= =H 8= lo Helo J

358. COURT ORDER: l=H lo=l oJH eo lo lIo JH H l=H 8oe l=0
= olu= ee J H l=H = = e J eHe J

359. COURT REPORTER: UJ l=o=3l, H oe3 l=0,H = =l l=J-8lo He J,
JH-8-JH l e J H = l= =l3 He J, TRANSCRIPT l=J He J

360. COURT TRIAL: H=eH H l8 lHUl e, == HH JH ee J

361. COURT, APPEALS: = Hcc l=0 H80 ol =c l8J == =c e o JH
J l= =8l H=eH H H J

362. COURT, DISTRICT: (l ) J- H=eH 0U =l oe3,lHHe oH J
olu=-3 J (7) Hcc-l8He ou J Hcc l=0 = = J

363. COURT, JUVENILE: oHJl oe3 lHHe olu=-3 l=0 UJ =H Je J lH e
H8u l=H H UH 3 u u e 8l0o Je J oH 80 l8J =H l=0 9\
=lo 3 =u UH e Jl Je l8J =H el c l=0 o8 80 oH 3 3 l=I J8,
HlH= 3 3 H, l=H 3 l o3 oIlJl e lH= Je J

364. COURT, NIGHT: l8= l=HHll=3 oe3 H =H e HH lcel J, H HH
H= =H =el J

365. COURT, SUPERIOR: l8J cl8 oe3 Jel J lHHe ou J H l=0 = =
J

366. COURT TRAFFIC: l8= H 3 el oe3, H clJ= elo U== e =H U
l=0 =el J

367. COURTSEY NOTICE: =lUc eo 8l8o lcH H clJ= elo U== 8l
lHo He J lHH l=0 l=H He Hl el 3l=, 8 ole 8 elHo He J

368. COURTROOM: =cJUH e l8= lJH lHH l=0 =8l HH oe3l ==8l 0e J

369. COURTROOM CLERK: =c H e =H0l =I H oe3 e HH l=0 JH Je
J o3 oe3 el ==8l olulUH l3lo o3 HH el leH e oul l3o =e
J, I=J o3 lHU HJ 0=e J o3 Hl8Hl =H3o H = e J
33

370. CREDIBILITY: l=H I=J el I=Jl l=0 I H UHel I=Jl HUI 8Ue J

371. CREDIT: =8l 0= e = e = l=o=3l H HHu oHJ l83HH H l838
H l8J H le=8 l= 0= H = U l8Hel oel8Il J H8Il

372. CRIME: H 3Hl =e J H Jl =e, lHH = I Je J H= 3Hl l=H
HH l=0 eHl H83 Je J 3 3J HH lH H=el J HH el lH=e o3 3l83 3J
HH U l =e J 3J H3 el HH J H=el J, =e J H=el J, HH J
H=e J, 3J =lU lJo H H=e J, l=H l8H3 H =l e=l 3 3J
l=l=o lo H H=e J, l=H=H oul3 H =l oJe JH = 3 = I
H=el J

373. CRIMINAL: UJ l=o=3l lHH l=H = ou 8e H l=H c HH 8e HH lH

374. CRIMINAL CASE: =8l H=eH H l=H HH e ou U H Je J

375. CRIMINAL CONDUCT: HH e =, H ==8l lHH l=0 HH J=

376. CRIMINAL INSANITY: HlH= UI3 el =c H l=H =H = H = e
l3 = H=, H He 0I l el 3HlH e J=

377. CRIMINAL NEGLIGENCE: UJ ==8lo H l=I, =Jl o3 HIl J3 elo
H0= J l8J Hlo oH 3 3 Hu J3 l=0 l=0 J l8= H= o3 H=u
l=o=3l e l=J l=3 e Jelo J l8J ==8lo l=0 l8Hl lHeIl 8l
l=H l=HH e H Hl3= el =c Jel J l8J ==8lo e Hl Hl= U =
=JH = 3l =l =8l Hl Jl eH8l Hel

378. CRIMINAL RECORD: (9) lIJ3l e l= l8= l3l l0 lHH l=0 l8J ==
le3 Je J l= =8l l=o=3l =e =e =lo lIo (7) l=H el lIJ3l = l=H lH
oJH = lo lIo JH

379. CRIMINAL STREET GANG: =8l e H l3 H =u l=o=3lo el 0 Hu8el, H
H HHJ H eJ H =u Hlo e J=, lH elo HIHlo e u l8= H l8= 3 =u
HHH =H = Je J l8J e =8l H H Je J, H H l0 l8He
H8 l=o=3lI3 l=0 H HHJ= l=0 H 3 HHH c8u HIHlo e =H
= 0= Je J H oH =l = Hl J Je J

380. CRIMINAL SUMMONS: J=H H l=H HHH oe3 l=0 H J 8l =J
34

381. CROSS CLAIM: =H H l=H He/Helo H He8l /He8lo = l8= eH e
lJ oe3 H =l3 He J

382. CROSS EXAMINATION: He eHl lu e ==l l=H H=8l H H=eH l=0 H =l3
I8 I=J 3 H= e J

383. CUMULATIVE SENTENCE: HH= e H =u =l3 HH =H3 el 8H8
lHH= 0lo J (= CONCURRENT SENTENCES & CONSECUTIVE
SENTENCES)

384. CUSTODIAL PARENT: UJ l3 H H3 lHH = 80 /8l0o el HUl H,
lJJH3, o3 =c J=

385. CUSTODY: (9) He =8l l=o=3l lHHHl 3 3 oe3 el IlJ3 l=0 J=/J, l8J
= = 8l l= He UHel oe3 l=0 JHl lel J=, UH/ UJ lHl03 Hl
= le H =l3 H H= (7) He =8l HH l=H l=o=3l HH H83 J 3 8oe H
He J (=) 8l0o el H o3 lIl 8l

386. CUSTODY ORDER: oe3l J=H H eHe J l= =8l 80 l=H e JI o3 =
UHel lHJ3 H, lHlo o3 J Hl HHlo 8 JH 8I

387. CUSTOM: =8l l=J H = el l3 H oH = e o8 H 3 H H = =
l=0 HHl 8 H8

388. DAMAGES: UJ Hl H J =l lu lH3 =l lu J Jl el el J l8H
H=eH l=0 U8 H3 lu e =H =l3 He JJH e = e J (9)
Ho=H lHHe = J UJ =H H Jl H lH3 = H=eH l=0 oHl 3
3 Ul 8l (7) 3HllH lHHl lHH3 = J UJ =H H H=eH l=0 oU
= oHl 0 3 =u Jel J l8J J =l lu = H 8 = =l3lo e=
==8lo el HH J

389. DEADLY WEAPON: =8l =l Jluo, He H 0lH H l=H H3 e =c U3 8l H
= lo= =c e 8l =3 H el UI3 el J=

390. DEATH PENALTY: l=H Il HH 8e Hcc = lJH =l3l I8l HH-8- H3
(= CAPITAL PUNISHMENT)

35
391. DEATH ROW: l=H Hcc H H e UJ 3 lHu H3 el HH e I J Ul=e
=elo lo He J He 3= UJ el l8J HH 8el Jl Hel H UJ l8J HH
o3H l=0 le3l Jl Hel

392. DECEDENT: JHel = l=0 l8He = J =8l =3 e lH= Jl8o l=o=3l
8c = l=0 l8He = =8l H 0= l=o=3l J

393. DECISION: l=H oe3 = le3 l H le3l lIl H l= l=H I e l8
=e J (= DECREE, JUDGEMENT)

394. DECLARATION: l8o H =8l l=o=3l l=H oe3 l=0 l = e =e J l8J
HH l8J eHe J l= l=U UH l=o=3l oe3 l=0 H=eH lH3 0Jle J =8l
=l =8l l=o=3l l8H U JH3 Hl el cl oul =l =e J

395. DECLARATION OF PATERNITY: ol=oJ Hlo = oH 3 3 l=H JH3
l= JH 3 eH33 == l8J HlJ = l= =HH 80 e 8 = J

396. DECLARATORY JUDGEMENT: l=H oe3 e l H l=H lJ HHe = e
HHcl= =e J H UH 8 ol 8 ee J UH I = 8 = Jl
=lJe

397. DECREE: oe3 e =8l JH (9) l8J interlocutory J H=e J, lHH 3 = J
l= l8J o3H JH Jl (7) Final o3H lHHe = J l= =H e H HoH 3lJ J
0= J

398. DEFECTO PARENT: =8l l=o=3l H oe3 l=H 80 e le-8-le e 3H8 e
ou U u =l3 c U lo J l8J c 80 el H o3 lo e 3
UHelo Hl= o3 HlH= el 3l = lJ J o3 lHH J l8J =Jl HH 3
88l u =l3 Jl8o J

399. DE FACTO: l=H 80 e l3 =H l=0 olu= e l8H3H =H8e 3ll
l=0 ol8o J, lHHe = J: l=H 3u 3

400. DEFAMATION: He =8l l=o=3l l=H J l=o=3l oHJ o3 e= l8o
H = eo Hlo3 Jl, e= UHe o0, lHul, H =lo8l l=I el =lHH
=e J

36
401. DEFAULT: He =8l He l=H el=l =H l=0 H=8eJl Jl =e, He 8l8o
lIo J= oe3 l=0 H Jl Je, 0J l8H 8 UH lJ 3 Jl l83J l=U
le3l I8l J=

402. DEFAULT JUDGEMENT: l=H oe3 e JH H eo=e e J= l=0 J H= l=U
l= He =8l H=8 -eJl Jl =e o3 Jl 38 = U3 oe3 l=0 JH Je
J

403. DEFENDANT: l=H el=l =H l=0 l=o=3l H HHJ lHH U H=eH el8 =l3
H8l=H JHel =H l=0 H clJ= =H l=0 UJ l=o=3l lHH U HH e l8HH I
J=

404. DEFENSE: l=H el=l H lH= =H l=0 He = H =l3 I8 3u H el H l8J
leU l= eo=e H J3 el HI =l3l J UHe UJ olu=l Jl l=H JHel
/l=Hl =H l=0 UJ = lH == He l=U 8 I8 eH == eHl
lJl8o H8?

405. DEFENSE ATTORNEY: l=H JHel =H l=0 ==l H HlHH el Hl8eIl =e J
lHH He Defendant l=J He J

406. DEFRAUD: l=H HHe H 3u el F3-l8ol =, l8H H 8 = l8=
eH, l8 H l= l8J J H H0 l8H 3-H= H = u e l=J =,
u e H 0 l=H l=o=3l UHel Hl8ee, UHe =8l J 3 HlJH =,
UHel lH H =8l J olu= J =

407. DEGREE: l=H ==8l H eH IU el IHl8H

408. DELIBERATE: l=H H=eH H J8 H 3u, I=Jlo ole H l= oe3 l=0
H =l3 I8 J

409. DELIBERATION: He =8l lHUl, 0J UJ el=l H JHel =H el J, lHUl H
l=0 H= =H el I=Jl o3 H =l3 I8 H83 U l=0-=ce =el J o3 l=H
JH 3 oel J

410. DELINQUECY COURT l=I J8 8l0o el oe3 l=0 =H el H=8l e l=lH
lHH l=0 8l0o el=J o3 UJ 3l oIlJl e =H el H=8l Jel J

37
411. DELINQUENCY, JUVENILE: l=H 8I e HHH- l=ul l=J, H 3 3 oHJ
l=J H = e 3 HH le3 H e UI Je J H= l8Jl ou 8I el 8H8
l=H 8I =l3 J= 8l0o l8J HH 8I 8l 8 = H3l8= Jl le3l
HelUJ l8J HH= == 8I 8l 88 I8 l=HH = oH le3lo
Helo J

412. DEMURRER: He =8l He l8J =J l= He8l = H =l3 3u = H0 J,
UJ He el =l lHH=l H83 = 8l =Jl Jl

413. DENNIS H. : l8J lHl03 = 8l l= =8l 8l0o el oe3 l=0 l=H =H el
H=8l =l3l H H=el J H Jl o3 oHJ = 8l =Jl H83 HHe J H Jl

414. DE NOVO: l=H H=eH HU-HU, = lHlU H = lH= l= l8Hel lJ =el
H=8l J8l Jl J= 3ll l=0 novo 3 = J = (= TRIAL DE NOVO.)

415. DEPENDENCY COURT: 8l0o el oe3 e l=lH H 8l0o e l=J o3
UJ 3l oIlJl e =H el H=8l =e J

416. DEPENDENT CHILD: == = l=0 l8He oH 3 3 = J UJ 80 H l=H
J l=o=3l el l=3l l8Hee lJe J 8 = l=0 l8H3 = J =8l 8I H
oe3 el lJJH3 l=0 J l=Ul= UH el=J =l3 lIo, UH 3l oIlJl =3l
I8l H UH 3I =l3 lIo H oHJ 80 H o l=H HlH= H lHHHl Hl
== oH = 8l 3 J=

417. DEPORTATION: l=H l=o=3l l=H J eH l=0 l= e e =H J=H H l=H
l8HlIH HH = l=H F-=l 3 3 oHl= l=0 lJ J l=o=3l H =
8l le3 He J oHJ l=H l=o=3l eH =U e = oHH =l Je J lJ l8J
J l= oHJ l=o=3l lHH H =l3 He J oI =8l =lo 3= =l 3 3 l8lHIc
= 8l eH3 Jl e H=el8H 3 UHe H l8lHIc = HH l=H 8= =-
oUu e e oHl= l=0 H e J el Hlu3l l=0 =l HH Hlo ==c J
H=elo J

418. DEPOSITION: l=H olu=l3 3lHl lu, lH= oe3l lc e HH =8l l3 H
H8l le3l I8l HJe3 l8J HJe3 oe3 3 8J le3l Hel J =-=lo lu
l=H l=o=3l el le3l HJe3 e l= e el H = l=H e-e lJ = IoJ
= HJe3 JH = el olIo Jel J l8J == Hlo lu o ==l
oe3l =FH l3o = l=0, lH pleadings =lJe J, Hee = H=e J
(= DISCOVERY.)
38

419. DEPRIVATION OF CUSTODY: oe3 = l=H l=o=3l el =l H UHe
Hlo = H =l HH3 = l=H J l=o=3l, 8HHl H HHu oul 38el =l
l8J oHl J H=el J H = =l

420. DEPUTY: =8l l=o=3l H l=H J l=o=3l e 8e e l=0 lU=3 =l3 H8 UH
l8J olu= le3 I8 J l= UJ UHe 8e e 3 H UHe H 3 H UHel 3J
==8l = H= UeJ 8l lcl =Ucl ==, =Ucl == e = =H = 8l
lU=3 =l3 He J

421. DEPUTY D.A. lHlc=c ocl e HJl8= ==l(olHHcc U)

422. DESCENT AND DISTRIBUTION STATUES Hcc e UJ = H l=H H 0=
oHJ l=o=3l el lH = 8l =3 He J, H H 3 lJ =8l =Hlo3 Jl
= He INTESTACY LAWS =l l8J Jl J

423. DESTRUCTIVE DEVICE/ EXPLOSIVE: =8l eu lHHe UeH l=H=c H uH=
= J H 3H oI 88 e = J o3 lHH l=0 l3l o3 ==l IH o3 3 e
llH Je J

424. DETENTION: He l=H l=o=3l oHl 3 3 =e l=0 8e =l3 H8 He 3= oe3
UH 8 =8l JH Jl el

425. DETENTION HEARING: lHl oe3 l=0 HUl H=8l 80 UHe c =
l 3 3l Jl 8oe l Hel J

426. DETERMINATE (SENTENCE): olulUH l=0 lH= HHc =l3 lIo J= lHl03
HH 8l l=H lJH3 l=0 8e =

427. DEVELOPMENTALLY DISABLED: UJ l=o=3l (H HIl Jl) o3 H l==H e
3 o 8 3 Jl H 8F J 3 lJ 3 Jl oJH J I8 J o3 o
o el H = o3 o =H = oH Hu lHo 0U l=0 oHHu
J o3 J UJ Jl = lH e =8 Jl J oHJ l=o=3l lH UJ el ol
8l 3 elHo el 8l He H leo H = H HHel8 el -lHJ HIleo
UJ el lIJ8l, =c o3 H el J

428. DEVISE: o0 H3l H Hl8ee e 3JJ

39
429. DEVISEE: UJ |=o3 |HH oU" H|UUU U 3J |H"!

430. DIRECT EVIDENCE: 3u e H83 H I=J =lo =c= o = H H= U
Hlo o=H e ou U l8o == H =e J

431. DIRECT EXAMINATION: He =8l I=J lHu H83 ee J o3 UH lu e H= e
lHu H=8 ee J, H UH H83 e 8l =lJel J (H=8 = CROSS-
EXAMINATION)

432. DIRECTED VERDICT: HH = lHUl Jel83 l= UJ l=HH JH =H H
= el o H3l8= J l8J oe3l J=H Hlo He J

433. DISBARMENT: l8J l=H ==l H83 l=0 8l l8= l=HH el HH J =8l =l
l8J ==l l8H e =H oHl 3 3 H = 3 3 o ==3 = e olu=
I= e J l8J censure H suspension (l8H l=0 oHl 3 3 ==3 = e
olu= lJo H H=e J) 3 =l HH J (lHH l=0 H=l 3 3 le3l I8l l=c=
H lul Jel J)

434. DISCLAIM: l=H3 l=0 lHl e3 3 J =l

435. DISCLAIMER: l=H l=o=3l l=H le3 I8 olu= H eo= = H l3oI,
H H= l8J l=o=3l UH l8J olu= le3 I8 J e e eo= =e J, UH =l
= H l3oI=8l =8, olu= H Hl8ee H l=H l=o=3l UHl I8l J=
H UHel eHl Hel J= e l8=8 3 l8=l J H UHe = H l3oI =

436. DISCOVERY: l=H H=eH e H J 3 lJ UH 8 H0 ( 3u, eH3=H, H
H) l8= = lH==l =8l UI =l3l Hel J lH= JJlo l8o e ,
3J3lH = , H HHl elo IHH l8J oHe 3 o3 eHl lu e
==l =3 Jl =l =l3 H H=e J

437. DISCOVERY MOTION: eH3 lHH l=0 l8J 83l =l3l Hel J l= eH3 e
=l lu I=Jl e l8HJ =l3 H8

438. DISCRIMINATION: =8l ==8l lHH e 3lJ3 =8l l=HH Hl=u= l=H 0=l HH3
luIHl e =l3lo I8lo J

439. DISMISS: l=H JHel =H l=0 He lHHe l=u =8l 8=l8o =H l J H UH
J 3= oe Jl =l3l, e l=u l8H =H el oel8Il JH = el =l ==8l
8e =

40
440. DISMISSAL WITH PREJUDICE: He oe3 l=H H=eH H = o3 l=
l=0 l8H eo= U J H=eH el8 = el olIo e=

441. DISORDERLY CONDUCT: =8l = e Uc =3l, H o=Hl oH-oH H l8Hel
HUe I =e J, 8l0 8eH =e J o3 o= el oH = el Hl
He J

442. DISPARITY: e =H3 e oH l=0 lI3l o3 lH3l e HJl J=

443. DISPOSITION: l=H H=eH l=0 oe3 e ol JH

444. DISPOSITIONAL HEARING: He =8l =l3l I8l H=8l eH3 e U l=0
Hl lJ (l8HH l= l8o lIo) e JH 3 8oe J l8J lHl03 = 8l J=
l= =l 80 oe3 e oH lo H8 lHu UHel lJl8H J= o3 UHe c -
H elo H==, H lelo J, l== HJ8lo =l3lo H

445. DISSENT: H3lJ= J l=H ol =c el 8 l= =c lI3l Hl8 U= o3
8JlI3l e JH e l=u l8= H e

446. DISSOLUTION: l=oJ lHH HH e JH 3 le3 H8 l8H 3= (divorce)
=l =lJe J

447. DISSOLUTION OF MARRIAGE: l=oJ 3H = el ==8l, 3= l8J l=oJ
3 e =l HH3 (annulment ) Jl

448. DISTINCTIVELY MARKED: =8l =J lHH lH oJH 0Ue J, ol U=l
lHl 3 e J l8H U l8= 8e 88 o3 8e Hl8 3 l8= l8H
el H= o= oHJl Jel l= J oH 8e l8H lH oJH e =J e l=0
e J o3 UH3 H = l=o=3l =l l 3 He Je J l= lH oJH UHe l
= lJ J

449. DISTRICT ATTORNEY: UJ ==l lH Hcc = o o lHlo el, JHel
H=elHo l=0 Hl8eIl = 8l lU=3 =l3 He J H 0lo He J(=
PROSECUTOR)

450. DISTURBING THE PEACE: UJ l=J H H HlJlo H =e J, l8H l=0
H U0c = = H-H8 =l HH J

41
451. DIVERSION: H H el 8H8 He e lJ8lcH IH (rehab) l=0 H H
l8H =H el lIl 8Hl oJH eo =l3l Hel J He He l8J IH
= e J, UHe l=u I8 I8 eH H = le3 He J o3 UH HH Jl le3l
Hel( H=8 = ELECTRONIC MONITORING, HOME MONITORING)

452. DIVORCE: l=oJ lHH =l 3 3 3H = le3 H= e oH (=
DISSOLUTION)
453. DOCKET: UJ l= lHH l=0 J UH =H e l8l3JH Je J, H oe3 l=0
Hlo lIo J= l8H l=0 =-=H oH oe3 elo ==8lo e H l0 lHe
J
454. DOCKET NUMBER: H3 8 oe3 e == e eJ3 J =H ee J l8J
8 =H 8l e =l3 J =FH e lH U llo He J l8H =H 8 (case
number) =l l=J He J
455. DOE: l8J = oe3, =l =FH l=0 =3lo Helo J l8J oH 3 3 UJ
= H=3 =elo J lH e H HH Jl Je
456. DOMESTIC VIOLENCE: = e l8= H8 = eH H8 U =l3 =

457. DOMICILE: UJ u lHu l=H l=o=3l e = =l = J l=H l=o=3l elo =8l
lJl8H-IJ J H=elo J UHe = l=H (domicile) l8= Jl J=I

458. DOUBLE JEOPARDY: l=H HH e lJ l8= Jl U= 8l l8= 3 =u =l
H=eH Jl 0l8o H H=e l8J H=ul= HJl H=l 3HlH e oul I Jel J

459. DRIVE-BY MURDER: l=H Hc Il l=0 8lo o Jluo l=0 l=H Il 3
8J l=o=3l U H-8 = Il eI= UHel Jl3o = el H= oHJ
Jl3o l8J = H 8= l=H H3 e =c U3 8l Jl =e J 3 l8J =3 JHc
lIl e J=I

460. DRIVING WHILE INTOXICATED (DWI): l=H Hc-Il H8 H I e H
l=0 F- =l 3 3 0U = = e = l=0 l8J DRIVING UNDER THE
INFLUENCE {DUI) e HH J, = = 3 l=0 8ll=I =8l
l8c=Hl=lc, 8ll=I o l8JoH e H=8 l=0 =u Il HH J

461. DRUNK DRIVING: l=H Hc Il e H el J3 l=0 0UoHJl 8ll=I
l (l8o) 8ll=I =lJe JoHJ 8l= H8 e H l=0 Il 0Ue J,
o3 H= UHel H0 3 8oe UHe l=0 o=J el lH=e Hcc e =
oH l I8l HlH 3 =u l= 3 l8J 8ll=I l8o lIl H8Il

42
462. DUE PROCESS OF LAW: 8=l8e UI = oe3 Jl I =l3 He J
oHl= e Hl=u =lJe J l= J l8= l8= l8= oe3 l=0 l8HJ JH =
e J= J, UH l8J J= J l= UJ l=H ==l Jl ol Hl8eIl =, o3 oe3 e
oH 3 ==8lo H 3H 3, lo o3 8I J, 3 U8

463. DURESS: He l=H I=l 3 3 l=H u 8e = H UH lHHHl 3 3 =H
J0U elo uH=lo le3lo H 3l= oHJ == UHel l8 e Uc UH = =8l
l8o 8l e8o l8o H H= o3 UH oHJl ==8l = 8l =Hl8o H
H= H UHel HHl e lJ J=

464. EASEMENTS: l=H J el Hl8ee el =3 e olu=

465. ELEAZER MOTION: oHJl eH3 H =l = =l lu 3 HI =el J l= H
H0 e = e o3- 3 e= H l8J 3Hl ==8 l= UH U elo UI =lHH
=l3lo I8lo J

466. ELECTRONIC MONITORING: l=H l8Hl el HI3 Jl l8J 3 l= =8l
HH-UJ3 l=o=3l o 8l0 l=0 l=H u 3 J l8J l8H 8l =l3 He J 3l=
UHe H H HlH3 lo H8 UH H =l lHo H8 (= HOME
MONITORING)

467. ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY: l=0 HH J ( l8J 3= Jl HlJee Jl)
=lUc HH, HIlc= Hllo, Ucl= lH=, JlHlH HHl H clJ

468. ELEMENTS OF A CRIME : l=HH = H l=H HH llH3 =e J o3 H
=l = =lo H=eH e eHl HH eoU 8l l=H Ul03 Je 3= l8 H=
e H83 = HHl J 33 H H83 = HHl J: (9) l= HH H0 H0 =lo
(7) o3 HlHH e HH = e = l8e Hl (=) lJ o3 eH = l=0= =
lH e H8u

469. EMANCIPATION: 8l0o 8l 9\ = el UH JH = 3 lJ 8F e eH
JH = 8l =l 3l=

470. EMBEZZLE: l=H J el H3l J H u H-HHl 0 =
HH = = lJ l8J u ol l=H e=l, =l, l=H=H e == =l 3l=
H e J o3 = He Jl

471. EMBEZZLEMENT: l=H HH = H3l H l H UH = H e 3 3 l I8l
J=
43

472. EMINENT DOMAIN: Hcc e l8J olu= l= UJ l=H 8l=c H3l H= UI
Ho=H e= o=Hl =3 8l 8

473. EN BANC: oe3 e UJ HH lH l=0 oH lHul J8l lI3l el 8H8 oe3 e H
HH HH Je JUeJ 8l U. oH. ol el H=8l = =lo H=c oe3
l=0 oH 3 3 l3 HH = el =3 =l3l Hel J, = HoHlo 3 JH e
8l H HH l8= 8lJe JHe HH l8H3 l8= 8lJe J, 3 l8H en banc
8lJ l=J He J l8J JHlHl H 3 ol8o J lHH3 = J on the bench.

474. ENDORSE: o e eH33 l=H eH3=H U = 3l= UH l=0l l3
olu=l3 J H8 H 38el J H8 (lH= l=H 0= U eH33 H UH l=0 ll =H
l=H J = 38el =e J)

475. ENDORSED-FILED COPIES: oe3l =FH e U lH e HH = 3 Il HJ
elo = H l8J eHUelo J l= =FH oe3 l=0 =e e =l3 I8(H=8
= CERTIFIED COPIES)

476. ENDORSEMENT, FORGERY BY: HoHHl =8l oHHc ll, 0= l
3l= l=H l=o=3l u le3 H H=

477. ENHANCE: l=H 0lH e H l=0 =u =, =uU

478. ENHANCEMENT: =8l l8HH H eH el H H0l l=0 =uo le3 lIo J= o3 lHH
e H83 J H 3 HUl HH e l=0 =l =u =l3 H H=e J=

479. ENJOINING: oe3 = J=H H l=H l=o=3l =8l ==8l = 3 =e J=

480. ENTER A GUILTY PLEA: oe3 e HH HlHH e HHl l8o lHH l=0 UJ
o HH e =l3 J e l8=8 =e J

481. ENTRAPMENT: l=H U I ou H8ul eH el HJ8l l=0 H l8J le3
=lJe J H= e 8Hc l=H l=o=3l l8J HH = 8l 0=H le3 Hl UH
HHH l8J ou Jl = Hl

482. ENTRY OF DEFAULT: oe3 e == e l= l= He oe3 e l=H H=
e H=8 Jl le3 Hl H HH lH Jl le3 Hl =l lu l8H l= l=0 ocl 8l
H u =

44
483. EQUAL PROTECTION: oHl= Hl=u e 0u= HHu e oul l8J Icl l=
= = J l=o=3l HH H= =l3 H8I

484. EQUITABLE ACTION: =8l ==8l H oe3 l=0 l8H UeH loel H8 3l=
l=H ou e oeH H 8l8HJl J 3 l=o H H=, o3 l=H F-=l ==8l
e H=l 3 clo H H=

485. EQUITY: = e l8= lHHcH H Hc0cl o3 =H = el 3l =e J l8He
ou UJ lHu3 U J H l= o3 lo l=0 l=H=H e J

486. ERROR CORAM NOBIS: cl8 =c l=0 el8 =l3l eH3 H UH HH 3 J3
HIel J H = = 3u e ou U le3l I8l J=

487. ERROR CORM VOBIS: ol = =l oe3 l=0 el8 =l3l eH3 H UH HH
3 J3 HIel J H = = 3u e ou U le3l I8l Hl

488. ESCAPE BY FORCE OR VIOLENCE: lJH3 l=0 3=3 el =3 == 80
l=

489. ESCHEAT ( ES-CHET): UJ oH lHH Jl l=H HJH HH el Hl8ee Hcc o
=8H l=0 el J l=U l= UH = =8l =Hlo3 Jl l I8l o3 Jl UHe =8l oI
=H e Jl 3 = lHe J

490. ESCROW: u-Hl H =8l ll3 eH3=H lH= Hl8ee e =Hl= H e clo e
elHo oH l=0 =l3 HH3 el 3lJ3 l=H 3lHl 8I cl = o = (held in
escrow) lo He J l8J oH3 Ue 3= 3lHl lu = lJel J He 3= clo
= oHl HH3 elo Hlo H3 lo Jl J Helo

491. ESTATE: J l8= =H3 lHHe =8l l=o=3l (HlUe H Hlo Jl8o) H= J H
ee J lH e =8l = J lH= 8c, -8c, cHc, c=H UI H3l pRobyt
oHcc: Hl8ee H l=H el =Hlo3 l=0 JH H= UJ = =Hlo3 Jl 3 UJ
Hl8ee lHH 8c =c Hel J nwn -pRobyt oHcc: UJ Hl8ee H 8c =c Jl
HelUeJ 8l =8l cHc H Hl cHltRst AYystyt: Hl8ee H cHc l=0 J
l8H =8l cHcl He J tYksXog AyYstyt: UJ Hl8ee H H3l H J oHcc
c=H e oul J, He =8l l=o=3l He J UeJ- 8lJ l8HH

492. ESTATE TAX: oH 3 3 c=H H l=H l=o=3l e H-U3 UHe = elHo
=0 HH J oHcc c=H l=0 le3 He J8J3 Hlo Hcc e o oHcc c=H
J
45

493. ESTOPPEL: =8l ==8l H l8o H l=H HH o lJ l8o e Uc =H
= 3 H =e J

494. ET ALL: 3ll l=0 l8H e = J o3 J l8J UJ lu = H=3 =e J
lH e H oe3 l=0 0e H=eH e HHl H l=0 8oe l=0 HH =l3 He J

495. ET SEQ: et sequentes e H H et sequentia, 3ll l=0 ou and the following
J Hu J3 l=0 l8Hel =3 UJ olulUH e l=H H=H = =l3l Hel J

496. ET UX: 3ll l=0 l8He = J o3 3l

497. EVICTION: l=H J 3 l=8 3 le3l HHl H Hl8ee H JH = 8l =l
0H8l

498. EVIDENCE : =8l H83 H H H =l 3 3 l=H H=eH l=0 H =l3 H l8J
I=J, l=, o3/H Hl8Hl =H3 Jl H =l3l Hel J

499. EVIDENCE, CIRCUMSTANTIAL: H83 =l3 I8 3u e ou 3 3lH =U

500. EVIDENCE, DIRECT: I=Jl H I=J = le3l HJe3 e l=0 JH =l3l
H8oHJ HH el l8J le3l I8l H0 =e3 J=l=l 3 3 =, H o3 H
8 U oul3 Jel J

501. EVIDENCE, EVANESCENT: UJ I=Jl H H=83 3l o J H =l J=, lH=
l=H l=o=3l e l=0 o=J el H3

502. EXAMINATION, DIRECT: l=H I=J el UH =H = lJl = el H0 lHH
UH I=Jl e 8l 8l8o J=

503. EXAMINATION, RECROSS: l=H I=J el l=ul lu e ==l = eHl H0 (H
e8 H0) l8J H0 Ue Jel J He lJ ==l eo H0 H=H J Hel J

504. EXAMINATION REDIRECT: =H = l=H I=J el eHl H0 lHH l= UH
I=Jl e 8l 8l8o Hl l8H H0 l=0 oH 3 3 UJ HHlo 3 l=0 =l3 He
J H l=ul lu e =H eo U8 I8 Je J

505. EXCEPTIONS: l=H el=l H JHel =H l=0 l=H =l lu = le3lo =HH
lH e H3l8= o l8J J= = =elo J l= UJ l=H eH3 3 HH el le3l
46
lI e l=u ol = H=e J o3 Icl =H l=0 =8l =l lu eHl lu =
88 =l3o H 8HHl = lIH H l8H = H=8l = J oJH elo lIH 8
l83H = H=e J

506. EXCESSIVE FORCE: l=H lH oJH = =H8 3=3 e l8H3H

507. EXCLUSION OF WITNESSES: oe3 e J=H H H I=J 3 l8J HI =e J l=
l8 eo=e o3 He 3, UJ Hlo oe3 e =H l=0 8J lo H8 He
3= l= J l8= H J 8l He Jl le3 He I=J l8J =l J=H Hl =l3
He J l= UJ o l8o l8= eH H = H= UJ l8H J=H el U=
=e J 3 UJ oe3 el J3= e HH l=0 lIJ3 =l =l3 H H=e J

508. EXCLUSIONARY RULE: |H = HUH |=U J- 3J 3 JH" 3 I=J
oU"3 |=U |"oU 3 J "U |UH!

509. EXCLUSIVE JURISDICTION: HH H == l8= oe3 l=0 Jl lo H H=e J

510. EX CONTRACTU: l=H l8=-H l=0 e J

511. EXCUPLATORY EVIDENCE: UJ I=Jl H l8J eHU el =lHH =el J l= He
=lu3 HH Jl =l3

512. EXECUTE(1) l=H olJeH H J=H elo Hlo H3 I =(7) (l=H
eH3=H) U eH33 =(=) l=H H

513. EXECUTION: oe3l J=H H l=H HlJ, HH, H =Hc8 e lHH olu=
le3 He J o3 lHH = l8J le J l= UJ oe3l J=H el 3Hl =

514. EXECUTION OF SENTENCE SUSPENDED: =8l HH I =l lHHe I3
Jl J le3 H8I l8J J=H 8H elo IcH H = =8l =l le3 He J
H= He 8J3 = 8H el U= =e l8o He J 3 HH el Ho3l =H
8l H8Il o3 HH Hl = le3l H8Il

515. EXECUTOR: l=o=3l H =l lHHe H l=H =Hlo3 l=0 le3 lIo J= H =Hlo3
l=0lo Jel83 o3 83lo I = oH == 3Hl= (oIHll=Uc) 8c
oe3 el lIl l=0 ==8l =e J

516. EX DELICO: HH l=0 e J =, JH el U=

47
517. EXEMPLARY DAMAGES: H-u H He8l oe3l JH Jl le3 He J o3
H Hu 3 3 H UHel lH el oH 3 =u Je J He = H 8 = H
e= UI =l3lo ==8lo el UH l8J lHl HH J l8J =8l =Jl =
Jl8o He e =H Jl

518. EXEMPLIFICATION: ol3o3 HHl l=HH e olu=-3 lHH l=0 oe3 e
== l=H eH3=H el H l= el 3Hel= =e J l8H3 8oe H HH UH U
== el el 3Hel= =leo o3 UHe JH3 Hl3 =leo ol HJl
=e J o3 l=0 == = HJl == l8H 3u el 3Hel= =e J l= HH UH =Ucl e
oH lo-8u 3 el oe3 e HH J o3 UHe eH33 Hl= J

519. EXHIBIT: oe3 e l=H =H l=0 H =l3l I8l Hl8Hl =H3 lHHel H3 oe3
l=0 H83 =H =l3l I8l J=

520. EXHIBIT, PEOPLES: =8l Hl8Hl =H3 o3/H H83 H He8l lu = H =l3 I8
J

521. EXONERATE: l=H l=H eH 3 H=3 = H l=H lHH=l 3 =

522. EX PARTE: =8l oe3l oH H l8= l J= l8J == JIHl J3 l=0 Je J

523. EX PARTE PROCEEDING: UJ =l oH lHH l=0 l8= lu el 3llu3 Jel J

524. EXPERT TESTIMONY: HlJ = le3l I=Jl lHHe H8u l=H l=lIo=, 3=l=l
H H= 3 J lH= =8l l=o=3l l=H l=H U ol l=HH lH8l, H-8
o3 H=l e He= olu= 8 el HHu e J

525. EXPLOSIVE/ DESTRUCTIVE DEVICE: =8l eu, H eu e H, lHHe
HU Hu l=H=c= J, H 3H =Jc e = J l8H l=0 H=83 l8=eH IH
o3 IHl H oHJ l=H eu el UI3 Jel J lHHe HU UeH elHo
J eu = l8= oHJ eu 8U el UI3 J H H=83 l- l=0
H IH o3 IHl 3Hl llH =

526. EX POST FACTO: 3ll l=0 ou J- 3u 3 8oe Hl=u o=H Hc J=c
= H = el HJl =e J l8J = l=H oJ o=c = e 8e HHH
= e o3 HH e e JHl Hl l8H 8e le3 lIo o3 F- =l 8 le3
lIo

48
527. EXPUNGEMENT: olu=l3 o3 HHl 3 3 l= lHcU H UHe = oH
lHcU

528. EXTENUATING CIRCUMSTANCES: oHJ J3 H l=H HH =c 8e3, =c
HIl o3 =c =JH 8 e H J3 = J 3 HHe 8J3 l eH e J e
oeH

529. EXTORTION: Hl8ee H l=H J el J=, F-=l UI =- uH== e=,
3Hee H l8H e J

530. EXTRADITION: =8l l=o=3l H l=H Hcc e =8H l=0 J, l=H J Hcc e
olu=lo e J= = lHu UH Hcc l=0 UH =8l =lu3 HH =l3 Hl H UH Uu
HH le3l I8l Hl

531. EXTRAORDINARY WRIT: oe3l J=H, H 8l =l ol =c = Hl =l3
He J, o3 H = = Uo HJH loUe J, H oH 3 3 u=lo oe3 =
oH l=J l=0 H Jl

532. EYE WITNESS: UJ l=o=3l lHH UJ JeH, 3u, H =c-=H =lo Hlo J
lHH 8 UJ oe3 l=0 I=Jl e lJ J/Jl J

533. FACTUAL BASIS: l=H He el =H= J el 83l NOLO CONTENDERE plea
lHHel lH u 3 lHe 3u eo Hcl Jel J

534. FACTUALLY INNOCENT: =8l Ul03 = lH lHH == l8J Hlo H H=
l= lIJ3 =l3 lIo l=o=3l HH = 8l =H= J

535. FAILURE TO APPEAR: l=H oe3 l=0 H J el ==8l Jl= =lu3
=H= H J 8l H8l H HH =l le3 I8

536. FAILURE TO COMPLY: oe3l J=H el 3Hl = el ==8l

537. FAIR HEARING: UJ H=8l lHH l=0 = olu= e luo lo He J, lH=
H83 H = e olu=, 8l=l H=-Ho8 = o3 H0 e 3llHo l H83
H e olu=

538. FAIR MARKET VALUE :UJ =e H H l=H Hl8ee 3 JH =l3 H H=e J=
He l8H lleo H Hl
49

539. FALSE ARREST: l=H l=o=3l el l=H J l=o=3l el lHl oHel U F-=l
lHHHl u 3 =, 0J l8J lH oJH eo =l3l I8l J= H J

540. FALSE IMRISONMENT: l=H l=o=3l = l=H J el Hl= oHel U F-
=l ==c

541. FALSE PRETENSES: l=H 3u H J3 el H=l H H0l Jl o3 H H-8 =
l=H 8-H l=0 =l J lHH =8l l=o=3l l=H e HH H H JH
=e J

542. FALSE TOKEN: =8l =l l= leHel =H3 H eH3=H H Hl= H oHl Jl l8J
UJ Jl lH= l= UJ I Jl J H eHl H Jl J l8H l=H u e 8l =lo
He J o3 lHH =l l8J H =l3l Hel J UH u le3 H lJ Je J

543. FAMILY ALLOWANCE: l=H H 0= l=o=3l el lH H Hl8ee lHH e 8u
0l8o H lJ Je J, el oHe e l8= c HJ oH H UHe = e lJe H8
e IH 8l lo He J

544. FEDRAL EMPLOYERS LIABILITY ACT: J =lHo e Ho=H e = H
HHH el l =e J

545. FEES: H el H =H H l=H H= e 8e oe =l3l Hel J lH= l=H oe3 l=0
=FH el8 = el JlH

546. FEE SIMPLE: lo oHcc el H=H o3 l8 l=H H3 H=lo3 e H Ue 3=
=l8H lJe J He 3= HHe H= l8 l=H =H e He Jl

547. FEE WAIVER: oe3 l=0 =FH el8 = el JlH oe = el l8HH3 lH
= el oHe 8J3 =c Jel J UJ oe3 e == = JlH HoJl e JH HI H=e
J

548. FELONY: =8l HIl HH lHH == l8= H 3 =u =e el HH H HHl8 H3 le3l H
H=el J (H=8 =: INFRACTION<MISDEMEANOR.)

549. FELONY MURDER: =8l =3 H l=H Il HH =leo =l3 lIo J= lH=
=Hl, H Hl H oI==l

50
550. FIDUCIARY: =8l l=o=3l H l=H J e 8l ==8l = Hl= =8l cHcl H
HH3 l8He l8J =l = J =8l I H l=H e H H l=H=H l=0 l H8 (=:
TRUSTEE.)

551. FIELD SOBRIETY TEST: l8= UI lHH l8J lHl03 =l3 He J l= =8l
l=o=3l H l=0 J l8H UI l=0 Hc Hl= cHc el =3 =l3l Hel J o3 8l=
el 8 el UI3 o3 UHe Hl= 3-H e l=0 =l Hel J

552. FIFTH AMENDMENT: eH olu= 3 l8= oHl= e Hl=u l=0 H=l 3HlH
l8J Icl =el J l= l=H JHel HH l=0 l=H l=o=3l o o U eH
U =l I=Jl e 8l HH8 Jl =l3 H H=e

553. FILE: He =8l l=o=3l oe3 e == olu=l3 l=0 =8l =FH ee J H
l=H =H e l= e lJH 8 He J

554. FIND GUILTY: He e HH e HH H lHUl eo lHl03 = o3 UHe o
=

555. FINDING: He =8l lo=l oJH H lHUl l8J =J l= =8l I 3u J

556. FINDINGS OF FACT: l=H HH eo I=Jlo e l=lU 3 8oe =8l H8l H l=
le3 =u H l8J =lJe J l= H =l3 I8 3u H0 8 I8 J

557. FINE: UJ Hl H l=H l=o=3l HH e l=0 oe =l 8el J, l=Ul= UH H
=8l F-=l =H =l3 J H UJ Jl =l3 H = = UH = 8l l=J lIo Hl

558. FINGERPRINT: Hl UI U l= =l e c H JHel =H l=0 H3-
l=ul =H =3 He J

559. FIREARM: oHJ Jluo H 8el U 0e J, lH= 8lJ, HcI H
l==

560. FIRST APPEARANCE: l=H lIJ3 =l3 I8 HH el HH oI lJl Hl H l8H 8l
=l3l Hel J 3l= lHl03 =l3 H H= l= UH lIJ3 = e =8l HHl= = =l
8e J l= Jl oH 3 3 lIJ3 =l3 l=o=3l = H 3 = =lco 8oe Jl H
=l3 He J, o3 UHe lJ eH 8 UH Hl03 =l3 He J UH l8H HUl H=8l
l=0 UHe o =H loU, HH3 =U 8 olu= 8 =l H ==l8o
51
He J l8H HH UH o =H H 8 =l = Jl l=J He l8H INITIAL
APPEARANCE =l l=J He J

561. FITNESS HEARING: UJ oe3l H=8l lHH l=0 l8J JH = 8l 8lJH =l3l
Hel J l= =l 80 (8F) 8I =I lIlo H8 ?

562. FORCIBLE AND ATROCIOUS CRIME: =8l =l HIl HH H o Ho o3
l8He =l3 H el l=ul e =e J H He l8J He J l= l8H lHeIl
lo= 3 J H 8l l lHHHl Jl J0U = J lHH UH oe H3 e
o =He J H Hl U =8l l =Hc o 8e J =3, oI I = el =e3,
H8lHJ o3 =Hl H ol3o0l o3 H8l HH J

563. FORCIBLE ENTRY AND DETAINER: oH 3 3 l8He = J UJ H3H ==8l
H l=H oHJ l=o=3l UHe ol 8 3 =8H =H =U 8l =l3l H= lHH =
F-=l 3 3 =8H J lo lIo J=

564. FORECLOSURE: UJ oH lHH lI=l l Hl8ee H 8=lel el =H ==
e8 =0l Hel J 3l= 8=lel l J el H3 l =l3l H H=

565. FORFIET: Io , l=H olu= e Io clJ= l=0 Io e = J olHu UI
HH e l8=8 = o3 =H 8e = 8l HH3 el l oel8Il =l

566. FORFEITURE: He =8l l=o=3l HH =H H H Hl8ee e= l=Ul= UH =8l
=l JH Jl Hl =l3 (BAIL FORFEITURE =l =)

567. FORGERY: ol l3 e l=H J el J 8 eo= =

568. FORMAL PROBATION: l=H He HH e el 8H8, oe3 e J=H e l=0
UH eHlo I8lo H3 o3 8 lH l=0 UH lJ e J HHl 8H l=0
He el lIl l8= 8H oJH eo =l3l Hel J HHl 8H l=0 8H
oJH e =8l H= Jl He oe3 3l lHu lHH= Je J

569. FORUM NON CONVENIENS: UJ lHu3 H oe3 e ol J=l 3=3 el =3
= el e olu= U UHlo lIo J= ol l8H 3=3 el =3 =leo
l8J =H 0U el ol HlHl=H I = 3 H = H=el J 0J oHJ
H=elHo el H=8l 8l H=eH H el u l= UI Jl l=U lHl03 =l3l I8l
J= H = oe3 l8J HlJHH J lJ J= l= H=elHo l=0 lo lu o3 I=J
el Hl=u o3 lo 3 l8HJ-Hel luo l=0 leo l8J H=eH l=H J JH
l=0 0 0Jle J, 3 l8H ==8l oH UJ 8e H=el J

52
570. FOSTER CARE: UJ IH H l=H l=o=3l, = H HHu l=H J e 8
8l u e=

571. FOUNDATION: l=H H=eH l=0 =8l H l=HH elo I=Jlo el =8 UI3
Hul3 = 8l =8l ou 8U 8 Hl J UeJ 8l l=H HlJ el I=Jl
H UI 8 3 lJ oHJ HlJ elo UI3= oe3 lelo 0Jlelo J

572. FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT: elHo Hleo 3 l8=, oHl= Hl=u el 0u=l
3HlH oH l=H l=o=3l UHel H, oHel, H Hl8ee 3 l8 U==l lel
==8l e HlJH Jl =l3 H H=e

573. FRAUD: l=H l=o=3l l8H UeH u le3 H l= l8H elHo Hl
=H J=

574. GAG ORDER: oe3l J=H H H=eH elo lu o3 ==l U H=eH 8 o8-
=lH o3 H3 l=H l=HH el I = 3 = IUe J

575. GAMBLING: u-Hl, J =lH3l 0lH l=H F-U=ll = H oHH l=0 eo 3
U el ==8l

576. GARNISH: l=H =He e lHo el oel8Il = o3 =H e H el
H leo l=H J e UeJ H H = = =He =l e =
Je J

577. GARNISHMENT: l8= =l oH lHH Jl l=H =He e H e = lJH el
oel8Il l=o H H=e J 3l= UHel =H H el lHH=l l =l3l H H=

578. GENERAL ASSIGNMENT: l=H =He eo ol HHl ol Hl
Hl8ee l=H cHcl e 38el = el 3l= UHe H lJe UH3 J U H=

579. GENERAL JURISDICTION: UJ oe3 lH U =- =l l=HH e el=l o3
JHel =H el H=8l el UI3 el =8l =-c= H HlH Jl

580. GLUE SNIFFING: Ie H HH H= = H l=0 oU

581. GOOD CAUSE: 0I H H = = UeJ 8l l=H l=o=3l = oe3 l=0
JH J H= 8l 8J l= H = = Jl Hl H H = 88l lHc Jl ol8o
ole =8l 0I Hlo H = = J 0Jle J
53

582. GOOD FAITH: 8lHe l=H=H, l=H l=HH el l= e J, o3 uul el l=H
HlHH 3 H=3

583. GOOD SAMARITAN RULE: UJ l=o=3l H l=H 33 oU = o3 lo= 3
3 80Ue J oHJ =leo UH el l=H J 3l =Jl, =Jl Jl HHl H8Il
l=Ul= UHe H luo 80U =H l=0 I Jl8o Hl

584. GOOD TIME: l=H lHl J8l HH el oUu l=0 =Hl l=Ul= H =cleo Jl8o 0I
=3l le = UH l8=H lco l8J HH el = oUu e l8= l3J8l H ou Je
J

585. GRAND JURY: 9 3 = 7= HlJlo e I H l=H H=eH l=0 =l= = HH
H8ul 8 I8 eH 8 H =l3l I=Jl el H=8l =e J o3 l8H I H e
JH =e J l= =lu3 l=o=3l HH =l3 J o3 UH l8H 8l 0H =l3 H e
=8l H=l = lHe J H Jl

586. GRAND THEFT: l=H eH l=o=3l el lHl Hl8ee e H H J lHH el
= = lul3 =H lHoe =lH3 J= o3 l8H 0l = e l8e UH
l=o=3l , H H= J, l8H3 JHH l=l=o = J=

587. GRANTOR OR SETTLOR: UJ l=o=3l H cHc 8Ue J

588. GREAT BODILY INJURY: UJ Hc lHH H3 J H e 3 J=, H =8l Il
lHHHl e l=I e = 8, H l=H Hl= oI e =H = 8e J H= l8J
oH H-=c8l =u HIl o3 Il HHl Hel J

589. GROSS NEGLIGENCE: =Jl =l/=lo ==8l/==8lo H 8Je 8H0l
elo o3 = 8o=l elo l8= J l8J ==8l oH H-8 = HH el o=-
8u 3 HH J3 l=0 8lo elo J l= l8J l=0 Hl lHeIl 3l =8l luo
Jl lo He o3 l8J e = l=J oHH e J H=e J UJ 3 =l
=Jl eHUelo J J 3 l8J 0Jle J l= =Jl elo ==8lo e 3lH
lJ 3 Jl =H8 3 3 oH H H= o3 l8J I 0Jle J l= l8Hl lHeIl
H3 H UHe e 3 l=H 8luol H F3l 8 l e = J= HI l=H =
=Jl =l ==8l e lHc H oHH 8

590. GROUNDS: =8l ou H lH=, UJ I lH ou 8l8o H8

54
591. GUARDIAN: =8l l=o=3l H =Hlo3 H = Jl oUI 8I H 8I
8l0o elo lHH=lo H 8l lU=3 =l3 H8 Hlo l=0 H = l8= H lIo
J 3 eH 80 el H el lHH=l 8I H= e= H H 3 l8J lHH=l l=H e
lH3e Hl Hel J 8l0o el l3 = =H l=0 l8= =l lI (Ilo)
lU=3 J H8 3 l3 3H =l3l H H=el J

592. GUARDIAN AD LITAM: l=H oe3 = lU=3 =8l 8I H l=H 8I 80 H
oUI 8I el Hl8eIl =e J ( AD LITAM =l =)

593. GUARDIANSHIP: oe3l ==8l lHH l=0 =8l HH 9\ H el oU 3 =c HH el
H 8l H UHel Hl8ee e 8u = 8l H eJ =H lU 8l l=H
lU=3 =e J = Hcc l=0 l=H 8I el conservativeship guardianship l=J
He J, =Jlo l=0 Jl ( CONSERVATIVESHIP 3 =)

594. GUILTY: oe3 e JH l= l=H He HH =l3 J

595. GUILTY PLEA: He =8l l=o=3l oe3 l=0 l8H I e l8=8 =e J l= UH
HH =l3 J

596. HABEAS CORPUS: lc e H l=H l=o=3l l8J JH = 8l oe3 H HH
e HH loU 8l UI l=0 loel Hel J l= UH l=o=3l l=H F-=l UI
UHel oHel 3 l=l=o 3 Jl lo H lJ l8J e 3ll l=0 ol8o J

597. HANDCUFFS: =elo H H 3 = 8l =3lo Helo J elo =lo

598. HARRASMENT: JH, H3, o3 l=lo= H l=H eH l=o=3l l0U H U
H I =Ulo

599. HARMLESS ERROR: l=H H=eH l=0 =l3l I8l F3l lHH l= = lo lIo J=
H H 8l Il J= l= UHe H=eH e 3lH U =8l oH 8 l8H== l8J =Jl
Je 3= =HeJ Jl l= l8He 8e =8l ol = 8l H 8

600. HARVEY WAIVER: lo 8I(plea bargain) =H = 3u H UH eH H8lu3
J H 8H3 = le3 lIo J= l8J eH UH 0H H8lu3 J lHH == l=H
8F HH le3l Hl J, Hl = l=0

601. HEARING: oe3 el HH e HH HHl ==8l lHH l=0 H=eH =lo lu
JH Jelo J , =8l lHUl Jl Jel

55
602. HEARING, CONTESTED: oe3 l=0 H=8l H l8H UeH = =l3l Hel J l=
l8J JH =l3 H8 l= =lo clo l=0= l=J = e =3 H J8
He J lH U UJ l8= eH U J J

603. HEARING DE NOVO: H=H 3 3 =l H=8l

604. HEARING, PRELIMINARY: l=H HlHHcc H HH = UH l=o=3l el =l3l I8l
H=8l lHH U HH = e l8HH J 3l= l8J lHl03 =l3 H H= l= =l =Jl
H83 HHe J lH e ou U l8J JH =l3 H8 H HHH H l=0 J H
UH HH3 3 J

605. HEARSAY: UJ l8o H l=H I=J = le3 I8 J UH =lo =c= el
l=luo l=H 3 Hl J= o3 o UH UJ =c= lHulo =lo - Hlo J
Hl-H8l I oH 3 3 l=H oe3 l=0 I=Jl =H =3l H H=el

606. HEIR: l8 =Hlo3 =l3 l=H H I8 l=o=3l el Hl8ee H u e =H 8 e
olu=l

607. HIT AND RUN: HH lHH l=0 =8l Hc 8l= ol H3 =l3 H H= 3 l8
Jl =c-Hu 3 J He J

608. HITCH MOTION: l=H I=Jl 8J 8l u

609. HOLDING CELL: oe3 el l8H3 e oe l8= oHl Hu lHu =elo oe3
l=0 H = 3 lJ o3 l lo He J

610. HOLOGRAPHIC WILL: l8= Ju- l3 =Hlo3 l8H 8l oe3 l=0 =Hlo3 l
= el l8l e H e H83 e= Je J l=H Ju-l3 =Hlo3 U l=H el
HJl 0Jlel Jel J o3 Jl cl e H

611. HOME MONITORING : =e l=0 el 8H8 l=H l=o=3l UHe = l=0 Jl 8e
o3 UHe =3l U l8H8l U= Jl lIl l

612. HOME SUPERVISION: l=H 8F oHl 3 3 =-=e l=0 , He 3=
oe3 e JH Jl o He =8l =l l8Hel =3 oe3 e o3H JH 3 8oe HH
=H =l =l3l Hel J

613. HOMICIDE: l=H l8= l=o=3l el l=H J eo F-=l Jl3o

56
614. HOSTILE WITNESS: =8l I=J lHH e l8o UHe J= l=0 J= lHH UH
oe3 l=0 I=Jl e 8l 8l8o J lHH l8H I=J 8l8o J UJ l8H3
HJ3= - H= H=e J o3 UH 8l=l =l3 H=- Ho8 l=0 Uo
H=e J

615. HUNG JURY: UJ lHUl lHHe H8 l=H JH U Jl J0 H=e

616. HYPOTHETICAL QUESTIONS: l8= lol Hlu3l, lHH l=0 H83 =H e =l3
3u el =3 == =8l HlJ I=J l=H Hlu3l l=0 l= = 3lH 8 8 e el
l8HH3 JH =e J

617. IDIOCY: l8J UJ o=Hu J lHH l=0 =8l l=o=3l HlH= UI3 3 l 3 l Je
J l8J oH 3 3 l=H l=o=3l l=0 l=H 8lHl e oH J el 8H8 HHe =H Je
J

618. IGNORANCE OF FACT: l=H 3u H 3u 8 H=l Jl H Ju l=0ul
HH H8lu3 J l8J H=l el =c =8l =l o 80U 8l H J3
8l ou =H =3l Hel J

619. ILLEGAL: Uc, H = eo olu=l3 Jl

620. IMMINENT PERIL: lHl03, Jl, o3 l=c l= l=0 = = 3

621. IMMUNITY: l=H JH H HH 3 o=e e olu=

622. IMPANEL: l=H lHUl el =3 He =l8 l8 (voire dire) H= He J o3 e=
lu o olo 03lo e 0=elo J, lHUl =l Hel J lHU HJ 0=8l
Hel J o3 H=eH 0 8l l3o Je J

623. IMPEACHMENT OF WITNESS: l=H I=J el He=3 U H=lo lH IU

624. IMPLIED: He l8e HHc H8e l=0 HlJ =l3 H8, HI =-ou Jl
U== IlJ =l3 H8

625. IMPLIED CONTRACT: =8l l8=H lHH l=0 l8= cl = =l3 lIo =oe
HlJ == l8o Jl =l3 lIo HI UH cl e =3l 3 oH I= Hlo H
H=e J H l8He = = l=0 l=o Je J

626. IMPOUND: l=H H= H Ho =8H l=0 o3 l8H3
57

627. IMPRISONMENT: l=H HH =e l=0 H HlJee el ==8l, H l=H
l=o=3l el HHl oHel U = IUl

628. INADMISSIBLE: l=H H=eH H H=8l l=0 UJ I=Jl H H83 =H H =l3l H
H=

629. IN CAMERA: UJ H=8l H HH e 08 l=0 H oe3 l=0 J Jl J= o3 lHH l=0
H eH=, lHUl HH3, 8J H l8J H8e 3ll H8 3 J lHH e ou J
in chamber.

630. INCAPACITY: olu= H =l UI3 el =c

631. INCARCERATE: l=H H l=0 H =e l=0

632. INCEST: oHJ l=o=3lo l=0 lI- I H lH3 l=0 8 J l= UJ el Hel
Jl J H=el

633. INCOMPETENCY: oe3l ==8l e Ho o3 H3= HH- 8 el oUI3,
=H = HJ - HH= , H 80U el l3ol l=0 HJl83 =l

634. INCRIMINATE: o o H l=H J l=o=3l HHH ==8lo 8l lHH=
lJ

635. INDECENT EXPOSURE: l=H 8l= u U o I3 oI l=H 0 H
oHl UI leU

636. INDEMNIFY: l=H =H el lHH=l l8= l=o=3l H l8H 8l lHH= J, l=H J
U =l 3 3 38el =

637. INDEMINITY: l=H =H, 0c H JH = 8l Ho=H e e =l JH

638. INDEPENDENT EXECUTOR: l8= H l=HH e 3Hl=, lH = Hcc e =
= =e J, o3 H 3Hl=l e JH l=H oe3 el e-oeHl e, oe =e
J

639. INDETERMINATE SENTENCE: =e el HH H l=H l 3 l8o =c-=c o3 =u
3 =u =-oUu 8l H8l Hel J o3 H olulUH oH lHl03 Jel J l8He
58
8 H l=H J olu=l3 8HHl eo 3H =l3 H H=e J H= =el =c =c
l HH el oUu I3 0= J=

640. INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT (ICWA): J = H l8lo = el
l8=I3 el lJJH3 =e J

641. INDICTMENT: HHl 0H H I lHUl IUel J UJ l8J =lJe J l= =Jl H83
lHe J l= He HH =l3 J o3 JH H83 UHe l=u H=eH 0U Ul03
lJUe J l8J oH 3 3 HIl HH 8l =l3o He J

642. INDIGENT: UJ l=o=3l H Fl8 J, =e J, o3 lHH =8l =l l8Hee e =
Jl

643. INDIVIDUAL EDUCATION PLAN(IEP): UH l=leoul 8l H HH
oH=H Hl=lHH JH = e olu=l J

644. INDORSEMENT: HH3 UI eH3=H e l ll H =l l883 l8Hel =3
lc, l8HH lHlo, Hc= HclJl=c e He l=0 =l =l3l Hel J

645. IN FORMA PAUPERIES: He oe3 l8J =J l= l=H l=o=3l =H e = el
=8l JlH Jl el 8Il l=Ul= l=o=3l l8J JlH e el =Jlo3 Jl e 3ll
l=0 l8He = J in the manner of a pauper.

646. INFORMANT: =8l HlJ =l3 lIo l=o=3l H lH I3 3 3 l=H HH 8
=8l H H0 ee J l8J oH 3 3 l=H l8H H l=HH H= JH = 8l =l3
He J

647. INFORMATION: l8= l3l l8HH H l=H l=o=3l HH =l3 J 8 0H =e
J l8J =l oJH eo HJ 0= = H =l3 He J o3 l8J I lHUl = Jl
oUe

648. INFRACTION: l=H =, l8=H H olu= el HoHl U= H =8l oH HH
H HIl ou Jl l8H 8l l=H HH H l=0 Jl l8o H H=e clJ= elo
clo Hclo U== oH 3 3 l8J=HH l=J He J

649. INHABITED: l=H Hu H lJl8H l= oHl 3 = 3 3 =H Domocile, dwell,
live, sojourn l8He HH-oul J

59
650. INHABITED DWELLING: =8l U0 lHH HHe lJl8H =H =l3o H lJ J
l8He Hlo Jl8o J Hl Jl oe3 l8H e e 0=l ou elo J l8J
3 =l Hlo Jl8o J, H= l8H l=0 lJ = oHl 3 3 Jl lJe

651. INHERITANCE TAX: Hl8ee U Hcc e c=H, H =Hlo3 u =8l =H H
3 l=H H=I=H J8 l=o=3l el Hl8ee 3 JH =e J =H H 3
l8J c=H Hcc e e J

652. INITIAL APPEARANCE: JHel = l=0 UJ H=8l lHH l=0 HH l8J lHl03
=e J l= lHH l=o=3l e lJ HH = e 0H Il8o lIo J, =l UH e l=u
=Jl H3 l=0 H83 lHe J l= UHe l=u H=eH 0l8o H8 Hl=u l=0 I3
l8HH=l el HJl J, l8H 8l H=8l elo HUlo o=Hu= 8l= Jelo J
l8J =l I J l= He oHJ 0Je J= HlHH l8H H= JH lJ 0Jle
J, 0J UJ =8l I=Jl H Jl =e/=el l8H lJl Hl FIRST APPEARANCE
=l l=J He J

653. INJUNCTION: l8= oe3l J=H H l8J =lJe J l= =8l He l=H l=HH =H Jl
= H=e H H = (= RESTRAINING ORDER)

654. IN LOCO PARENTIS: 3ll l=0 ou J in the place of parent. l=H H e Hu
U =H lU = =Hclo, HH3 H =8l J l=o=3l elo ==8lo =
H=3 =e J

655. INMATE: =8l l=o=3l H =e, H H Hu = l=0 8e J=

656. INNOCENT UNTIL PROVEN GUILTY: oHl= = lHHcH l=0 l8J l=H=H H
l8J l8o =e J l= H l=o=3l lH U HH = e l8HH Il8o He J
Ue 3= 8=H H He J He 3= H =l3 H83 o3 I=Jlo oe3 H lHUl e H
l=0 3 lH =l H= Jl lJ eelo l= HlHH HH =l3 J l= Jl

657. IN PERSONAM : l=H l=o=3l l=HH e J= H UHe l=u =l3 H =l =8l
==8l H oH

658. IN PROPIA PERSONA (IN PRO PER): He =8l HH oe3 l=0 ol Hl8eIl,
l8 ==l e, e =e J l8J e 3ll l=0 ol8o J lHHe = J: in ones
own proper person. PRO PER AND PRO SE =l =)

60
659. IN REM: l8= oe3l HlH H8lu3 e H UJ ==8lo H =H H
ee J H =H3 e lJ H =l3lo Helo J l8J =H H ==8lo l=o=3l e
l=u lo =l3lo Helo ==8lo e Uc J lHH IN PERSONAM l=J He
J

660. INSANITY PLEA: l=H He = l8J eo= l= UJ = el HI oH l=H
HHH ==8l el lHH=l = = 8l HlH= 3eH3l 3 l==/l==l J

661. INSTRUCTIONS: l=H He HH = =l3l Hl=u= olu= el l=olo

662. INTANGIBLE ASSETS: UJ H3l lHH e 3Hl H= J l8J H l=0 3J =
Jl lH= Hc=, 8, 8= 3, =l8lc, ccH ole

663. INTENT: l=H 3lH JH = 8l H UI el =3 = e UeH

664. INTENT TO DEFRAUD: l=H l=o=3l e H l=0 l=H J u e H 0 8Hl
= e l8e UeJ 8l H8 = =H J J H= = 0= l

665. INTER ALIA: eHlo I l=0 l8=

666. INTER VIVOS GIFT: UJ 3JJ H l=H e = el lHeIl u 8l8o lIo J=

667. INTER VIVOS TRUST: =8l cHc H Ue 8l8o lIo J He 8U = lHe J a
living trust e eH H

668. INTERLINEATIONS: l=H eH3=H elo 8l e l=0= l el ==8l

669. INTERLOCUTORY: oHl, o3H Jl l8cl=Ucl ol l=H H=eH l=0 =
Hleo Jl H8lu3 Jel J (H=8 = DECREE)

670. INTERPLEADER: He e H e 3 =u = l=H 3lH 8e = 8l 0lH ol J e
eo= = 3lHl lu UJ I l8 8l l8= eH e l=u H=eH l=0 8l
HH8 = H=el J

671. INTERPRETER: UJ l=o=3l H 80 el 8l H H=3 H 3 oe3 el oH H
l=0 H8l H ll3 l=0 3HH = el UI3 8l He-UJ3 J

672. INTERROGATORIES: l=H H=eH l=0 l8= lu = l3 l=0 I8 H= lH
e l=ul cl = l3 l=0 Ho8 e HH J
61

673. INTERVENOR: oe3 el olIo He =8l HH l=H ==8l H oH l=0
ol l8 e ee J

674. INTERVENTION: UJ ==8l lHHe =8l 3lH l=o=3l H H=eH 3 l=3 Je
J, H=eH l=0 l8= lu 8 el olIo le3l Hel J AMICUS CURIAE 8 e
oH l8J J= J

675. INTESTACY LAWS: = DESCENT AND DISTRIBUTION STATUTES.

676. INTESTATE: l8 l=H =Hlo3 e H H-U3 ol Hl8ee el HeIl =
elo Jel83 H H

677. INTESTATE SUCCESSION: UJ oH lHH Jl l=H l=o=3l el Hl8ee , H l8
l=H =Hlo3 lo HI=H J lIo J, Hcc e = H3l8= elHo l== le3 H8

678. INTOXICATION: o=J, I e H= = H H8l J lo HlH=
H Hl= UI3= el =3 e =c H

679. INTRODUCTORY INSTRUCTIONS: H=eH H J 3 lJ HH = 03=lo
H l8o H oe3 e l=H J olu=l = l8o H lHUl, ==l, o3/H Hl3o
oe3 e = l=J l=0 UJ e JH o3 lHH=lo 8 H=l ee J

680. INVESTIGATION: l=H H HH U 3u o3 l8=3 = 8l =l
3

681. INVOLUNTARY MAN SLAUGHTER: l=H H -H3 el F- =l Jl3o lHH
l=0 =3 = e H UHe Hl =3= 0c J0U e =8l l8e Jl l8J
Jl3o HHH =Jl == =l3l I8l H HH e e oHJ HIl HH =l3 lIo
H =3 e lUH oul Jl oUe l8H negligent manslaughter =l l=J He J

682. INVOLUNTARY INTOXICATION: l=H el HHl e lJ o=J H I UH
lI 8l el H l=H e H l8 UHe oe Hcl l8H l=H HHH =Jl e
eH l=u J -=0= 80U e 3 3 =l3o H H=e J

683. IRRELEVANT : l=H HH e HHH 0Il 3 H8lu3 H83

62
684. IRREVOCABLE TRUST: =8l cHc H UHe 88 H 3 8oe 8elo H H=
o3 Jl HH =l3 H H=

685. ISSUE(9) l=H H=eH l=0 clo e l=0= l==e l=0 I e =3 (7)
olu=l3 l=0 l=H J=H UH = H He oe3 oHJ J=H eel J

686. JAIL: lJH3 el u H l8= lH HcH 3 =u J o3 l8= =e 3 =c J l8Hel
=3 oH == HH 0= c Hc HH = e eHlo o3 H = H=eH el Ul=
= J HlHH lo He J

687. JEOPARDY: l=H He H= 3 3 HHH = le3 H o3 HH J e 3
l=H JHel =H l=0 He 8 HUl H=8l J H o3 lHUl HJ 0=8 H 3
8oe l8J oH l=J He J l= UJ in jeopardy Hl l=0 J

688. JOHNSON MOTION: I lHUl e l8HH e l0 U 8lJH 8l eH3

689. JOIN: l8= J, , l=H IH l=0 HH J

690. JOINDER: oH 3 3 8= = H loU UeJ 8l He8l e l=H H=eH l=0
oU H ==8lo l=0 H 80U l=0 HH J

691. JOINT AND SEVERAL LIABILITY: l8= =l lHu3 H l=H H=eH l=0 UJ
Hlo lu l=H J8 =H 8l 88 e lHHe lJUe J l8J Hlo
clo =l 3 3 H=eH e JH oH H =H JH =H I8l H8Il, UJ
Hl oe =l 8Il H = clo lH el lHH=l 8el J UJ l8J JH e
H=elo J 3 l8J 8=l Hlo clo e 8I

692. JOINT TENANCY: H= e H e 3 =u l=o=3l l=H 0lH e H= J o3 UJ =
U3Hl=l J e olu= J l8He = l8J J l= H= l8= cc H H8 3 UHe lJH
el H=lo3 elHo = 0l Hel J

693. JOINT VENTURE: = l=o=3lo e l8=lo lH= =8l == ue H =
Hl =0 8l=l 3 =l Jel J l=Ul= l8H l=0 clo l=0 l8H H8u e I3
Hl lJ Hl Jl

694. JOY RIDING: l=H H= = UHel Hc J l l8e l8J Jl l= UH3 =
3 3 l J HI l8J Il =Jl =J 8l =l3 He J

63
695. JUDGE: lU=3 H 0lo lIo 8l= oJH H l=H = eo 88l I8l oe3
l=0 H=elHo el H8l =e J o3 JH HUe J

696. JUDGMENT (JUDGEMENT): HH e l=H =H l=0 o3H JH l8J eHe J l= H
H=eH J lIo J UH l=l =H o3 =e lH3 = oe =l J =8l =l 3Hl
JH e l=H I l=0 e8 H=8l l =8l 38ell =l == H=e J

697. JUDGMENT CREDITOR: l=o=3l H =H lH3e J

698. JUDGMENT DEBTOR: l=o=3l H =H Je J

699. JUDICAL COUNCIL: l=H H=l J=H Jl 88l I8l =H H Hcc l=0 lo e
8u 0I 8U 8l lHH= Jel J l8J =H HH, oe3 e Hlo, oclo
o3 =-=lo el 8l Jel J l8H oe3 e lUH oU o3 I ==
oe3l 8u, l=J o3 oH e lHol= =l3 H e UeH Hul3 =l3 lIo
Hl

700. JUDICIAL NOTICE : oe3 = l=H H0 l8 HHl I=Jl e H 3u l=0
H3 e = el

701. JUDICIAL OFFICER: HH, JJ, o3 |HHJ H HH U J |=U oU"3 H" "U
J!

702. JUDICIAL REVIEW: l=H oe3 e H= elo eHlo 80 elo H=l ==8lo
U HHl = e olu= eHlo 80 elo ==8lo oHl=u= o e
olu= =l

703. JURAT: oJH H l=o=3l lHH e HH l3 e JJ Ul8o lIo J=, e H
UJ u H l=H JJlo l8o e l=0 lHel J= lHH l=0 l8J elHo J= l= l8J
JJlo l8o l=u, =e o3 l=He HH e =l3 lIo

704. JURISDICTION: (9) l=H oe3 e l=H =H H e =l olu=(7) Il=
3 lHH U l=H oe3 =H 8 JH e e olu= J (=) l8=, HHH H
l=o=3l lH U =8l oe3 o =l olu= =3 H=el J

705. JURISDICTIONAL HEARINGS: UJ H=8l lHH l=0 =8l oe3 l8J JH =el
J l= =8l 80 l=H 8l0o el oe3 e ol3o- 3 l=0 oUe J l= Jl

706. JURISPRUDENCE: = o3 = lHHcH e HI e H3lo =
64

707. JUROR: lHUl e H8

708. JUROR, ALTERNATE: l=H HlU e 8lH J H 3 H UHe HH8 J el H3
l=0 l=H J lHU I

709. JURY: HlJlo e l8= HHJ H = e H38= 0lo He J o3 lHH l=H =H e
JH = e ol3o le3 He J

710. JURY BOX: oe3 e =H l=0 UJ l=HH u lHu H=eH e e lHUl 8el J

711. JURY COMMISSIONER: Hu= oJH H oe3 UI3= = H=l HlU
el H0l e 8l lHH= Je J

712. JURY FOREMAN: lHU H l=0-=ce e lHUl e l80H Je J o3 H
lHUl e JH HU lIo lHUl = 8e J

713. JURY, HUNG: UJ H lHUl =Jl HH l=0-=ce =lu H 3 8oe =l l=H JH
U Jl J0 H=el

714. JURY INSTRUCTIONS: UJ Jel83 H HH lHUl e l=H =H l=0 JH HU 3
33 lJ ee J l8J Jel83 lHUl eHelo J l= UH l=HH =H U l=J
= I Je J

715. JURY TRIAL: UJ H=eH H lHUl eo Hlo He J o3 JH =l3 He J

716. JUSTIFICATION: |H H=H Uo J=Uo H UUo U U H H3J
|=U H H =" J! |oJ3 U 8UU |H HU" U o J=U U|U3
c|JJU U J UHU J!UUJJ "U |H U HUH |=U HU" |UJ J
UH 3 HJ UU J | UHU 3HUU 3 H " UH"U U|U3 H!

717. JUSTIFIABLE: UJ He o3 eo= lH el l=H oe3 l=0 0Il - =l3l H H=

718. JUSTIFIABLE HOMICIDE: l=H H el Jl3o lHH l =8l =l 0 J= o3
oHJ J3 l=0 =l J= l= oHJ = =3= 8 H= o3 l8H3 80 H=
J=

719. JUVENILE: UJ l=o=3l H o H 3 =c UH e J= (= MINOR)

65
720. JUVENILE COURT: Hllo oe3 el l8= lJH lHH l=0 8F e oe3 e
l=I o3 l3 e H=elHo el H=8l Jel J

721. JUVENILE HALL: Hl=u lHu 8 UH e eHlo lJH3 l=0 lo He J

722. JUVENILE WAIVER: UJ ==8l lHH Jl l=H 8F e l=u I/I l8HH
H=c oe3 l=0 38el = le3 H8

723. KIDNAPPING: l=H l=o=3l UHel HHl e lJ H l8 l=H =l ol3o e
8e H H

724. KEEPER: =8l oJH lHH el oe3 lU=3l =el J o3 H l=H lI =H l=0 =l
3 3 H83 =l3l J8l Hl8ee H H H = 8l lHH= Je J

725. KNOWINGLY: l H=l , l8e H H8=, l=H HH e H HH e
lJH 8

726. LACKING CAPACITY: UI3=, lo=3, 3eH3l H 3=3 =l HHel e el
oI3, =l3lo ==8lo 8 U3e8l J el HUl UI3 el =c Jl

727. LARCENY: 0l H U8lIll

728. LAW: l=J e lUH o3 lHu3 e HH H l=H = - =l H3 eo Hl03 =l3
He J l8J oe3l JHlo l=0 JH =l3 He J o3 Hu= HH-l=H eo
Hu3 =l3 He J

729. LAW AND MOTION: l=H HH e HH o-eo lHH l=0 =8l 3 elo
eH3, ol, HH= elo, =- eH J=H o3 =H-l H8ul u= H
=l3lo H oH 3 3 =8l H83 Jl 8 He Helo e JH J Hl J

730. LAW CLERKS := l=0 lHlo3 l=o=3l H HH =l HH=lo el H ==
HJl83 =e J

731. LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENT: l8= oH oJH lHH oJe el HJ 0=l J8l J=
o3 lHH = =l ol3o J= l= UJ UJ l=o=3lo lIJ3 = H=e J lH
U = I = e H= J

66
732. LAWSUIT: l=H =l oe3 l=0 e H =u l=o=3lo l=0= ==8l, =8l
JHel HH Jl

733. LAY PERSON: UJ l=o=3l lHH = =l lH8l J=

734. LEADING QUESTION: oHJ H= H l=H I=J lHlo ee J l= UH H=8
l== e J H l8J UHe HJ l=0 H8e e J I=J HU ee J l= UH =l H=8
e J

735. LEASE: l=H Hl8ee l=8 3 HH lo =l8oH oH 3 3 l3
l=0 Je J o3 lHl03 lHoe 8l Je J

736. LEGAL AID: H l=o=3l H HHu= 0 Jl = H=elo H= =l H==
HJ8lo ==8lo Helo J

737. LENIENCY: l=H H 3 lHoe le3l H H= =l HH el 3 l=0 =c HH el
lHJH

738. LESSER INCLUDED OFFENSE: UJ HH H l=H = HH e = 33 e, J l=
H 33 e 8lo Jl8o J=H= =8l = HH =e J 3 UH l=0 oHJ Jl
UJ =c u elo U== o Helo J

739. LETTERS OF ADMINISTRATION: l=H oe3 = =lH3 =l3 lIo =l
eH3=H H l=H 8u= e l=H H=I=H J 0= HH e u H3l e =c o
Ju l=0 8 H e =l olu= eHUe J

740. LETTER OF CONSERVATORSHIP :UJ oe3l =FH H l8J l8o =e J l=
=8l lI l=H oHJ l=o=3l, lHH UHel lIl l=0 lo lIo J, e =
==8l = e ol3o e J l8H Letters=l l=J He J

741. LETTERS OF GUARDIANSHIP: =8l eH3=H lHH eo l=H l=o=3l l8J
ol3o le3 He J l= UJ l=H oHJ l=o=3l H/o3 UHel lH/Hl8ee el H
e =H o Ju l=0 8 H 8I J, 8HH J o3 H = oUI J UJ l8H =H e
0H Ue e J He Hl H Hl=uH= J=

742. LETTERS ROGATORY: l8= HHl l0l, H l3l l=0 l=H oe3 eo Hl
Hel J lHH l=0 l= =8l ==8l l=0-oul Jl8J l=H 8J H= el UH oe3
H HH l8H 83l Hl Hel J l= UJ oe3 UH I=J el I=Jl o leH
l=0 eH === 83l -=3 oe3 H l=Ul= =lu3 I=J UH l=eHl oe3 e
67
olu=-3 l=0 oUe J l8Hel =3 UH HH l=0 =l3l H8Il H l8H 83l
= =l oe3 l=0 l=0lo H lJ J

743. LETTERS TESTAMENTARY: UJ =l eH3=H H l=H oe3 = le3 He J
lHH l=0 l=H 3Hl= = l=H H=I=H J8 l=o=3l e u 8l u-H3l
o ol3o l=0 e olu= le3 He J

744. LEVY: l=H =l oH Jl l=H Hl8ee el l==l == H UH H83 == H
JH =

745. LEWD CONDUCT: UJ l=J H JJH, =H3, = o3 0 J

746. LIABILITY: =l =H o3 lHH=lo

747. LIABLE: =l 3 3 U3e8l

748. LIBEL: o3 H3l HH H llo Jl8o H =lH3 J= o3 l=H el HJ3
=H J0e J=

749. LIE DETECTOR: UJ HHl H IJ U H8l l=H l=o=3l e oe l3 8e
=l == =8Jc l= =el J oHJ l8J UH HH =el J He UJ l=o=3l
H08l H = 8= H= e H=8 e lJ Je J o3 lHHe l3 UHe e
e8o l=0, HoH - l=lo l=0 o3 H= oU = U3=- 0= 3 =l3 H
H=e J

750. LIEN: l=H ee el Hl8ee l=H J = =0 H H UHe l83= = 3 = e
olu= He 3= ee o =H Jl J ee

751. LIFE IMPRISONMENT: HH el l8= l=HH lHH l=0 HH JH = = HHH
ol lJel Hl lHeIl =e l=0 =c e J=H Hl8o He J

752. LIMINE: oHJl eH3 lHH l=0 oe3 83l =l3l Hel J l= l=H H I=Jl
H = el olIo le3l H8 H lHUl H3oH8 =

753. LIMINE MOTION: H=eH 3 lJ oe3 le3l eH3 l= l=ul =H
Hleo U H83 H = H UJ = H=3 = 3 IH =

754. LIMITATION OF ACTIONS: l=H ==8l oe3 l=0 loU 8l =-oUu H
= eo I Jel J
68

755. LIMITED JURISDICTION: UJ oe3 = H=3 =e J H el=l o3 JHel
=H el H=8l e HH l=0 = H l=HH e H=eH H e Jl ol3o elo
J UeJ 8l clJ= U== 8 HH HlH3 ol3o 3 =lo oe3
Jl H H=elo J

756. LINEUP: lH = H3 e l8= oH lHH l=0 l=H H=l HHH = J
l=o=3lo l3 l=o=3l H I=J e HH == lel8o He J 3l= l3
l=o=3l H I=J HH = = l=o=3l H H=l HHH el H3 = H=e J H Jl

757. LIS PENDENS: l8= l=0-oul H=eH

758. LITIGANT: =8l cl, H lu H l=H H=eH l=0 l J=

759. LITIGATION: =8l H=eH, =e-l=e, =l I

760. LIVING TRUST: =8l cHc H l=H l=o=3l e Hl = l=0 Hul3 =l3 H8 o3 0
lJ J= l8H inter vivos trust =l l=J He J

761. LOCALITY DISCRIMINATION: UJ =l H H 3 l=H J= -HH8 3HlJ
ee J H l8H -HH8 =u e lH= 8Ue J

762. LOCAL RULES: lUH e l8= Hc H 3J oe3 l=0 =8l =H 0U 8l
oU e J J =Ucl o3 oe3 e o-o Hu= lUH J

763. LOCUS DELICTI: HJH U HJ" -= (Hu)

764. LOITERING: |=J|"o =I |H u UJ |=J, H 3J 3 |H o=H HI 3!

765. LYNCHING: |H |=o3 H3 U = U3J U, oH 3J 3 |8 |H
o|3oJ U, =u " 8!

766. MAGISTRATE: U |o-" U oHJ |HH " |H |I3J J U o|uJ
J=!

767. MAKE OR DRAW: |UH J|J U UI 8U! |H UH J |=U =" H
U J! U J |3oJ J, |H UH JU H c J |=U |", |H= U
69
(=H |"), (Ho|UU), " (|H|U3), oHJ (Ho8), H
(Ju 3J), o|U!

768. MALFEASANCE: U oHJ J=U J H U|U3 J 3 H UJU H!

769. MALICE: |U |=o3 U |H UH |=o3 3 =J H HU-=, J3 H "U H
|8 3J-HI3 H Ho U |H 33 "3 J=U J U UHJ U
JU J!

770. MALICE AFORETHOUGHT: |H JJ |=o3 3" J U |UJU, H U
J=U |UJ H|Uo 8$|Uo J | |UJ H H "U =3J J!

771. MALICIOUS MISCHIEF: H 8$ H|UUU U 8J8U J! |UJ |UH "U J
|U| |H U H|UUU U H" H 8H |=o3 " =J8H H JHI J!

772. MALICIOUS PROSECUTION: U J=U H |H HU" U H JUU U
|UJU " 3 HU J o3 |HHU U H= J J J o3 H |=o3 |HHU |=Ju
J= 3 H JJ J, U J |=U HU J!

773. MALICIOUSLY: |H |=o3 H J H |H J JUU H |H 3
J J=U J U |UJU J! |UH |=U |H |Hu 3J 3 J JUU U
|UJU J, H |H JJ U o|uJ 3 =J U"= HH" J!

774. MALPRACTICE: oHJ J=U H U|U3 |uo " o3 oU " 8J u-
u H HHH U, H=J JH U oU|UI U U"= JU J! |UJ U oH 3J 3
J, =", "J U oHJ =3J UJ "I JU J!

775. MANDAMUS: oHJl lc H oe3 = Hl =l3l I8l J o3 H l=H H=l oJH
=8l ==8l = e J=H eel J

776. MANDATE: U |o -" " H8|u3 JH H oUH H |H oU"3 H |o-
8u oHJ UoJ |U3 |Io JU J o3 |HH |=U == oHJ U |J, HH H
|IJ "I J U JU|U3 3 HU J!

777. MANDATORY: l8l3, lHH 8 J=H le3 lIo J

778. MANSLAUGHTER, INVOLUNTARY: l=H = l=H J HH el F-=l Jl3o
lHH ==8l l=0 =8l e= Jl He =8l l=o=3l = l=H J el H3 l=H J F-
70
=l ==8l e lHc = J Hel J oHJ = = 8 l lHHHl =H el
oH Jl Hl =e

779. MANSLAUGHTER, VOLUNTARY: l=H HH e F-=l =3, l8 l=H e=
e l8J oH 3 3 l=H o003 oe ol3 e HH83l U8 e 3lH Je J

780. MARIJUANA: =l8H (I e 8c) l8= H 8cl J lHHe =l e 3
o3 8l 3 lU=e 3 Je J l8J l8= F-=l I J lHHe oH H= =H =
H lI =l3 He J l8Hel =3 H HH 8l H eel J =8l l=o=3l H
l8Hel =H3 =e J, H l8Hel Uo-Uo8l =e J, H o = HlHo o H=
8l H =0 8l e J, HH e eHl 8e J He 3= l= UJ l8H H8u l=0 o
=8l U== 80U H Jl =e

781. MARIJUANA, defence of compassionate use: = J3 e 3lJ3 HlHo el =H3
o3 Uo-U8l H l8He l=H = J =l Hlo He Jl8J l8Hel JHeel
leHcl 3 =3 J, He l8He Hl= u 3 l=H =c el H8l H l3 lHJH U3
H= =l3 H lJ J= 3 l8J Hl8H Jl8J HHl J l= l8H HlH == lHl 3 3 Jl
=3 o3 l8Hel H3 l=0 =l le HHH lo H8

782. MARSDEN MOTION: H= =8l 8I o lU=3 =l3 J8 =H Jl Hl8eIl
JH =e Jl8o oe3 l8J 83l =e J l= UHe ocl Jc le3 H8 o3
= ocl lU=3 =l3 H8 UHe ocl e I lJ 8I e =l
=H el H= 3 = e olu= 0Il H H3 l=0 H8I

783. MASSIAH MOTION : =8l oe3 HH le3l eH3 lHH l=0 u-ul JH
=l3 l8=8lo l8o l3olIo H8

784. MASTER: =8l ocl H H=c =c e HH eo lU=3 =l3 He J o3 lHHel
=Il =c oJ olH e H HH eo le3l Hel J l8J H=8lo =e J o3
3u el 3 = 8l, = e 3llHo 3= o, o3 U== J=H e = e =H
=e J

785. MATERIAL EVIDENCE: l=H I=Jl el I3H=3 H HH o3/H lHUl l8He
He lol8H= H8u Hu3 = e l=3 =el J

786. MATERIAL WITNESS: l=H JHel H=eH l=0 =8l I=J lHHel I=Jl 0J 80U
8l H = =l = = 8l l=l Jel J

71
787. MAYHEM: =8l e= Hc H l=H oJH 8 eel J H = = eel J

788. MEDIATION: oHJ oH lHH l=0 I l=0 =H = l=H l HH el Hee
oHl I-83 e J He J 3l= UJ l8= eH = HH3 U J0
H

789. MEMORANDOM OF COSTS: oe3 eo Hl3 o8lcH l=0 llo H=eH
U3 =H e

790. MEMORIALIZED: =8l l3 lcl Jl H3 =

791. MENACE: =8l 3, HlJ 3 3 l=H J HH =8l lo= 0c H =H = e
o H eH=

792. MENS REA: l=H e l=u HHH lHH=l Hu3 = 3 lJ le eHl H
The guilty mind,

793. MENTAL HEALTH: l=H l=o=3l e HlH= 3 3 lHc-Hc J

794. MENTAL INCAPACITY: Hl= e oH =l=J l=0 o=-8u HH H =H
= el l=H l=o=3l el UI3 H lo=3 el =c e l8o H l8J oH 3 3
UHelo 3= H=3lo e lJ el H3 l=0 Je J

795. MENTAL STATE: l=H l=o=3l e H el UI3 H J3 UHel l=H =H = H
= el lo=3 =H =l Hel J

796. MERITS:On the merits JH UJ J H l=H lu e olu=/olu= 3= oe J
l8J oHJ =H 3 = J lHH el Hl83l el HHl oHJl J l= UHel ==8l l=0
U8 olu=/olu= 3= J0 3= el I Jl lHel

797. MINOR: 80 H 9\ =lo el UH 3 =c UH e J=

798. MIRANDA RIGHTS: l8J H3 l= l= lH l=H l=o=3l lHH lIJ3 =el J H
UHe Hl=u= olu= 3 UH HlJH =el J 3 l8H 8 UH el lI 3 lJ
UH l8H 8 oIU Hl03 =Il H 3 3 UHe 0 lJ e olu=, l8J eH
l= UH = le3 lIo =8l l8o UHe lJ =l3o H H=e J ocl 8U e
olu=; o3 H= UJ HH o ocl Jl H=e 3 UHe 0J U3 =8l ocl
UH8l Il8o H H=e J

72
799. MIRANDA WARNING: = MIRANDA RIGHTS.

800. MISDEMEANOR: UJ HH lHHel HH HHH l8= H 3= H l=0 H=el J

801. MISTAKE: =8l HlJ= ==8l, F3l, oH l=0 J8l , 0Jc, Hl8H
, F3 8e 3 H

802. MISTRIAL: UJ H=eH H H= lIo J lHH e = le3 lIo J (lHHe =8l
=l = J=) l8He = ==8l l=0 =8l 3l F3l Jel J H =8l J
oHu J3 J H=e J

803. MITIGATING CIRCUMSTANCES: UJ 3u H l=H U= el HoJl el Ul033
Hul3 = l=0 HJ8l Jl Je J =l lH =H el H3 =cU e
l=0lo H H=e J

804. MITIGATING FACTORS: UJ 3u H l=H U= el HoJl el Ul033 Hul3 =
8l HJ8l Jl Je J =l lH =H el H3 =cU e l=0lo H H=e
J

805. MITIGATION OF DAMAGES: =H =l cl UHe 8eH3 =l3 H
= =lco =c 3 =c = 8l UH U3 lUcl I =el J l8J UH =H
J08 H 3 8oe =l3 He J

806. MITTIMUS: oHJ l3l J=H e H l=H oe3 = le3 He J lHH l=0 l=H
HlJ H l=H J oJH l8J Jel83 =l3l Hel J l= UJ l=H HH =e l=0, H
JIJ l=0 H Hu = l=0 = H8 o3 H H l=H =l J U== oJH Jel83
= l= UJ UH =8 == UH HlJJH l8H e UHel l=HH3 8 = el
l==Hu oH JH =l3 H8I

807. MODIFICATION: =8l H8l H l3 l=0 83l H l8= lu HH l8J =lJ
8l =el J l= l=H l8= l=HH =3 U JH lo H8 H J=H Hl =l3 H

808. MOOT: l=H =l H=eH l=0 =8l =3 H H= lHHel UH H=eH l=0 =8l H
oHl olJHlo3 H H= Jl HeJHl =3 UJ =3 J H HH 3o Jl =
Je, l8J l=H =l lu eo l==e = Jl Je, H l8He lc oe3 3 8J
=l3 He J

73
809. MORAL TURPITUDE: 8e0l HH l=0 =8l 33 H 8loel 3 3 Je J
l8J UJ HH 3 = J H l8H 8l J l=Ul= = eo UJ = el
HJl J

810. MOTION: l=H lu = H8l H l3l l=0 =l3l I8l 83l H H=eH el ==8l
e e, lJ H l HH l8J =lJ 8l J= l= UJ e J= l=0 =8l lI H
J=H le3 H8

811. MOTION DENIED: l H J=H H HH = Hl =l3 He J lHH l=0 HH l=H
cl el 83l = Jl =e

812. MOTION GRANTED: l H J=H H HH = Hl =l3 He J lHH l=0 UJ l=H
cl el =l3l J8l 83l = = e J

813. MOTION IN LIMINE l8= l3l eH3 H lHUl e HH H=eH H J 3
lJ H l le3l Hel J l8H l=0 3l H= o3 l8o 3 IH = 8l
lo=l J=H 8 He J

814. MOTION TO QUASH: 83l H l=H I HH = H =Jl 8U 8l =l3l
Hel J lH= l=H H8l HH = 8l 83l

815. MOTION TO SEVER: 83l H oH 3 3 80U = =l3l Hel J lHH l=0 l8J
l=J He J l= HHI3 l=0 80U = =lo e l=u H HHI3 3 3 I eH e
= H=eH 0l8o H8

816. MOTION TO SUPPRESS: 83l lHH Jl l8J l=J He J l= H=eH l=0 UJ
l8o H =H3 I=Jl =H H = 3 =lHo H8 H =lu3 3 3 F-=l 3l=
3Hl o3 =-u= 8He =l3lo I8lo J( oH 3 3 l8H 1538.5
P.C. motions l=J He J)

817. MUGSHOT: l=H H=l l=o=3l He lJH3 l=0 lo He J (=H eH =l3 He
J) 3 33 8oe lH = UHelo Jc l0lo Helo J l8H Jc oH 3 3
lH oJH = l= 8l =l3o He J

818. MULTIPLICITY OF ACTIONS: l8= Jl He U H=eH8Hl elo olI3 o3
8lo =lHH

819. MURDER: l=H H el F=l Jl3o H H 8= 88 le =l3l H8

74
820. MURGIA MOTION: 80U e =H = 83l l= l8= HHJ lHHe l=u 8=l8e
H 8= l=3= =l3 H lJ J, e ou U ==8l HH =l3l H8

821. NECESSITY : =c = =l H=3l, 8= e8U,=8l cl H =l l0 H =H
H 8l HU J l= UJ l=J el =8l 0 = el IHl8H Jl el

822. NE EXEAT: =8l lc H oe3l J=H H l=H l=o=3l lHH l8J H8lu3 J, H=,
Hcc, H oe3 e ol3o e 3 l=0 8J H el HJl =el J

823. NEGLECT: l=H =l3 H J =H el ==8l l=0 luo e H l8H l=0 U=8l

824. NEGLIGENCE: He =8l l=o=3l elHo e olu= o3 H3l el lJJH3 = l=0
U luo 3 H=ul =3 3 lJ He J lHl = HI =e J

825. NEGOTIABLE INSTUMENTS: l8= l3l o3 eH33 He l8 H3 e l8= H
HI = 3 =8l HHc 3 3 eH H e e o, H o H =l l=o=3l loUe
J, l=H lHl03 HH 3 H e

826. NEXT FRIEND: UJ l=o=3l H HHl 3 3 lU=3l lH 8F l=H 80 H HlH= 3
3 8lH l=o=3l H oe3 = oUI Jl Ielo lIo H =8l J l=o=3l H l=H
l=H 0l e lH= J, e 8l Ilo (=) 8= lJe J

827. NO BILL: l8J HH lHH l3l l=0 eH o 3 H =Il 8l H =l3
lIo Hl, U3 I lHUl eo oHHc e 3 3 ol=3 =l3 He J l8H3 l8J =
J l= UH l=0 H83 =Jl J == eH-o e UI Jl

828. NO CONTEST CLAUSE: l=H =Hlo3 l=0 H H l8H 8l =3l Hel J l= =
=Hlo3 38el = 8l 03l e 3 e lo H8 l8J =lJel J l= H = =8l
l8H =Hlo3 03l ee J o3 J He J 3 UH Ul H3l o = el 8Il
lHl UH =Hlo3 3 l=H l=0 JH =l Hl
829. NO FAULT PROCEEDINGS: =8l el=l H=eH lH l=0 clo o I HHl
3 3 l8 l=H F3l H =H e, lc
830. NOLLE PROSEQUI: l=H =l = = e JH l= UJ l=H HH e eH IU
= oI Jl =u 0Je l8He o=e J H =l = el 0 Jl =e ( I do
not choose to prosecute). l8H Hc 3 3 nolle prose =l =lJe J
831. NOLO CONTENDRE: UH 3 J lH= =8l o HH e l8=8 = J= ==
8 J l= 3Jl l8J el 3J lJ el=l oe3 l=0 Jl =3l H H=el l8J
75
== JHel oe3 H = clJ= oe3 l=0 =3l H H=el J l8J HH 3ll
H8 l=0 J o3 l8He ou J I do not wish to contend.
832. NOMINAL PARTY: UJ l=o=3l lHHel HHlo3 l8= lu H He =H ==8l Hel
J lHJ l8H8l l= ==3 e 3=l=l lUH oH l= l=0 UHel JHl Hl J
833. NON COMPOS MENTS: H=Hu H = Jl I
834. NON CAPITAL CASE: =8l JHel =H lHH l=0 le3l H H= =l HH l=0 H3 el
HH HH Jl
835. NON EST (INVENTUS): HlJ lHH l=o=3l HH el 3Hl =Ul J o3 H=
UJ l=o=3l UH Jl lHe 3 oH e H l8J 3ll ==H J lHHe = J,
not to be found.
836. NON OBSTANTE VERDICTO (N.O.V.) UJ JH H HH e =e J l8J lHUl
e JH e Uc Je J
837. NONSUIT: oe3l JH e H H l=H eo=e H He8l e lJ le3 He J He
l= UJ o =H H83 Jl = H=e, H He UJ H=eH oI 3 3 l8=l Je
H =J lJe J H HH o-lHlo ee J
838. NOT GUILTY: JHel =H l=0 JH e l8= lHH l=0 lHUl l=H He 8l
= eel J
839. NOT GUILTY BY REASON OF INSANITY: lHUl H HH l8J H lHl03 =
l= He l=H leHIl 8lHl H 8l e Jleo HH Jl = H=e Hl
840. NOTARY PUBLIC: =8l l=o=3l lHH l8J ol3o lH J l= UJ l=H e JH3
HJl = H=, HJ 0= H= o3 JJlo l8o H=
841. NOTICE: l3 H0 H 03=l UeJ 8l eHl lu l8J H0 el l= 3Hl l=H
H 3l oe3 l=0 eH3 leUI
842. NOTICE OF MOTION: l=ul lu lcH l= l=H H 3l= oe3 eH3
le3l H8Il
843. NOTICE TO PRODUCE: l3l lcH H l=ul lu 3 HI =e J l= H=eH e e
UJ =8l H l8o =l3 =FH H l=H eH=H oe3 l=0 H = H =-cl8
e HH e H =
844. NUISANCE: UJ ==8l H l=H l=o=3l eo ol e el Hl8ee el oUl03
o3 oolu=l3 H F-=l =3 l=0 e J8 o3 H oHJ H3 J HI8 lHH e
3lH Jl== Je J
845. NULL AND VOID: lHH el =8l 3=3 J=, =8l H =l =l H=3l H UI3 el
=c
846. NULLITY: l8= =l ==8l H l8J =lJel J l= l=oJ =el Jl8o Jl Jl o3
H8lu3 l=o=3l oH =l ol=oJ J
847. NUNC PRO TUNC: He oe3l J=H l=H 3l le3 lIo J= l8J I l=H
lJ el 3l 3 lIlo H8 l8J HH 3ll H8 e J lHH e = J now for
then.
76
848. NUNCPATIVE WILL: l8= H8l H Hl= =Hlo3
849. OATH: l=H =l ==8l l=0 He I=J H0 H0 eH e l8= =e J
850. OBJECT: l=ul cl = =l3l l=H ==8l H U=8l 8l H IcU
851. OBJECTION: l=H lu = l=ul cl e lJ l=H H83 H I=Jl = HHl
u U HlJ =l3 lIo H

852 OBJECTION OVERRULED: oe3 = =8l l H l=ul lu = =l3l l=H
==8l H U=8l el 3 =e J
853 OBJECTION SUSTAINED: oe3 e l H H IcU =l cl e J= l=0
He J
854 OBSCENITY: UJ l=J H o 0 o3 lH3 == o=Hl l8= lHc
=e J
855 OF COUNSEL: UJ HH H UH =H 8l =l3o He J lHH =8l =H l3o =
H =H e 8u 0U, ol HH UHel H=l 8l l8= HJl8= =H Il8o He J,
UJ cl e H ocl Jl Je
856 OFFENDER: UJ l=o=3l H HH =e J lH= felony, misdemeanor H J I-
=l ==8l lHH l=0 UJ HH J H=el J

857 OFFENSE: UJ ==8l H = I =el J

858 OFFENSIVE WORDS: H H H J0Uel J =J3 e = =l H8

859 OFFER OF PROOF: oe3 oI I=Jl H = (lHUl el H=8l e = 3 8J)
oe3 e l8J l 8l l= l8H =8 =l3 H H=e J

860 ON A PERSONS OWN RECOGNIZANCE: l=H l=o=3l el l8 l=H HH3 el
=H HH =ll3o H 8 lo lJH3 3 lJ8l l8H l8= 3 l= UJ oe3 l=0
JH J8I

861 ONE-THIRD THE MIDTERM RULE: UJ lUH H l=H l=o=3l le3l H =l
HH He UJ J elHo =8l 3 e HH e Il l8o lIo J, el Je 8e J

862 OPENING ARGUMENT: UJ HU l8o H J= lu e ocl oe3 l=0 ee
J lH l=0 UJ H =3 H l=0 l8oe J H UJ H=eH e e l=0lul
loU J

863 OPENING STATEMENT: = OPENING ARGUMENT.

77
864 OPINION:(9)bhu-igxqI rwey: l=H oe3 e HH = oe3 e l=H JH el
l=Hu l=olo H HH el 8JlI3l e JH el l=Hu l=olo
AsihmqI vwlI rwe:y UJ 8 J H 8JlI3l 8 el e ou U o3/H UJ
lHu3 e ou U lH U JH lo lIo J l83J=- 8 8Jl el sihmqI
vwlI rwey: UJ 8 J H oe3 e JH l83J= el J UH U J lcl H
=el J A PER CURIAM OPINION UJ l8 J H oe3 el l8 eH33 e le3l
8 J

865 OPINION EVIDENCE: I=J 3 oH 3 3 l8J HI =l3l Hel J l= UJ I=Jl
== 3u e ou U o l8o e 3= HlJee o3 UJ ol =8l
8 e el olIo Jl Jel J =l =8l =l =8l I=J H= HlJ e 3 3 l=H
l=HH 3 l=0 UI J UH l=H HH U = 3u U oul3 ol 8 e el
olIo le3l H H=el J

866 OPPOSITION: (9) l=u H 3lu (ol= UJ) l=H J l=o=3l e oJH-
HH J

867 ORAL ARGUMENT: H=eH e UJ I lHH l=0 ==l oe3 l=0 o -olo
HlH e H H =e J o3 HH e H= e Ho8 ee J

868 ORAL COPULATION: l8= l=o=3l e HJ H Heo l=H el o lI
H el ==8l, l8J l=l =l HHl l=U J= HJ H lI H Heo e oe
= Hl Jl

869 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE: UJ oe3l J=H lHH l=H oe3 l=0 H = HH
oI H=8eJl =l el J l= UJ lUH e l=U Jl =l3

870 ORDER, COURT: (9) l=H lo=l oJH e JH (7) oe3 el lJel83

871 ORDINARY NEGLIGENCE: l=H l=o=3l e luo==3 el UH H3
oU 3 o= H =8l Hu H ul HJl HH = H =l o l=J
l=0 UJ J3 l=0 =3 H=e J lH l=0 =J l=o=3l H=8eJ J

872 ORDINANCE: l=H Hu= H= = 8l8o =l8e (regulation) H = HIHlo
I =, =c = o3 HlH3 = 8l =l3o He J

873 ORIGINAL JURISDICTION: oe3 lHH l=0 =8l HH H 3 lJ e =l3
H 0Jle J
78

874 OVERRULE: l=H HH e JH l= l=H =l3 H = l83H el olIo el

875 OVERRULED: = OVERRULE

876 OVERT ACT: l8= HJ ==8l H l=H e HH = e l8e IcUel J

877 OWN RECOGNIZANCE: l=H l=o=3l el lJH3 l=0 l8 =8l HH3 el =H HH
==l8o H 8 e ==l8o lJ8l

878 PANDERING: e =, =H= e ue ==U

879 PARALEGAL: UJ l=o=3l H =l HI3 He J UJ ocl Jl o3 l8=
==l el lIl l=0 =H =e J UH =l 3 3 olo =l HI3 l=J
l=0 loU el olIo Jel J

880 PARDON: He l=H Hcc H H= e H =H=l l=H HH-UJ3 l=o=3l UH
oe3 eo le3l HH el HoJl e= lJ8l e J=H e ee J

881 PARENS PATRIAE: Hcc el H=3l l= l8J l=H 80 e Hlo el u IlJ == UHel
o3 UHel Hl8ee el H o lHH el J

882 PAROLE: l=H =el el, lIl J, lJ8l UH =e l=0 =U lo He J o3 UJ
8=l lJel HH H 3 8J I3e J l8H 8l UH ol lJ8l elo Hlo
H3 lo =lo Jelo J

883 PAROLE EVIDENCE: l3l Hl= H H8l I=Jl o=lH H8l H
Hl= I=Jl e =8 UI J U = IUe J He l8J l=H ll3 l8=H elo
H3 e HHc ou e =e J

884 PARTY: l=H H=eH l=0 l8= luH l=o=3l H=eH eH == H ==Ue J,
He8l H eo=e (plaintiffor defendant) =lJe J o3 lHH U H=eH 0l8o H
lJ Je J UH He H 80U lu(defendant or respondent) l=J He J

885 PAT DOWN SEARCH Jluo 8l l=H l=o=3l e U =lo el HlH3
HJl 3Hl J H=e J l= UH 8 J8 Jluo lH oJH U UJ =8l =
= e= l8J 3Hl Ue 8l Hel J He l=H oJH l8J =H8 H= J l= lIJ3 =l3
lIo l=o=3l Jluo8e J o3 3= J

79
886 PATENT: l=H 8lHe= H= = le3l Ic lHH UJ l=HH olu= =H
ol 8lHe = =lo e HH 8l o 88 o3 =0

887 PATERNITY: l=H 80 HH e(biological) = H = J

888 PEACE OFFICER: l8J l=0 HlJ o3 UJ e lcl, HlJ el lH e H8 o3
J oHJ oJH HH J lH el lUcl o=Hl oH 0 I = o3 =l8H
J

889 PENALITY: l=H = 3 el HH

890 PENALTY ASSESSMENT: HH l=0 =u8l I8l =H

891 PENALTY OF PERJURY: UJ J3 lH oul =8l l=o=3l l8J HJ 0=e J l=
UJ leo3el 3Hel= =I o3 H08l Hl3 =I H JJlU l8o e=
I

892 PENDING: l=H H=eH el eH lHH el ==8l oH H=H Jl J8l

893 PENETRATION, UNLAWFUL: He= lI e l8H3l e I3 oI l=0 F- =l
= l8J He= lI el =H l=l Jl HoHl l=U J=

894 PENITENTIARY: =8l =e H l=H 8e el u lHu,

895 HHUJ3 oulo UJ el HH el lHoe l = 8l lo He J

896 PEOPLE (PROSECUTION): =8l Hcc, UeJ 8l =lJlo e =

897 PER CURIUM OPINION: l=H oe3 el l8 HJl =l3 le3l 8

898 PEREMPTORY CHALLENGE: l=H lHU 03l e e olu=03l e =
03l e 8l =8l = eH el Jl

899 PERJURY: l=H H=He 8l 0=l J8l HJ e oul l=H oe3l ==8l l=0
l8o e

900 PERMANANCY HEARING: UJ 8l0o el H=8l H JHc JH l=0 I8 J
H = H HH l3 =lo 3 u el UH e H o3 JHc JH l=0 u JH = 8l
80
Ul= = J J o3 J Hlo 8l0o U =l I J 3l= UJ el 8l el
o=Hu U HHl =l3l H8, UJ e Hlo HlH =U elo =lHH el
J3 =l l=0l H8 o3 80 el 8l 8l l=H =l l=U3 8 =l H0-l=0 =l3l
H8

901 PERMANENT INJUNCTION: oe3l J=H H l8J HI =e J l= =8l ==8l =l3l
H8 H =8l cl l=H ==8l = 3 IH = l8J oHl J3 e l l
3, lH= oHl = e J=H (TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDER) H HUl
= e J=H( PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION) = Je J

902 PERMANENT PLANNED LIVING ARRANGEMENT (PPLA): Hu8l l=0
l8= lHH e J=H UH 80 8l le3 H H=e J lHH UH e Hlo Jl Hlo
He ( lJ 80 H oH 8l JHc JH l=0 lo H 0= Je J)

903 PERMANENT RESIDENT: UJ l=o=3l H =Jl HH 3 l=H H Hu 3 lJe J o3
eHe J l= UHe = 3 J H UHel =l lJl8H J

904 PERSON IN NEED OF SUPERVISION: 80 lHH HccH U= =l3 H e eHl
l8o lIo J= UH HH -=3 8 = UH U l=I J8 8l0o =l J3 I
Jl =l3l H H=el=Il elo HccH U== oe3 =H-=H8l, l=H =lJU I
=, = e H, ole J l8J HH Jl J, l8J l8H ==8l 8l =Jl J
l= 80 lIl l=0 lo H8 8J3 H H l=0 HccH I = =lo UJ
80 l=J He J lH U lIl el J H UJ 8I lH lIl 0Jlel J
(children in need of supervision or minors in need of supervision.)

905 PERSONAL PROPERTY: UJ UlH lH e 3Hl H= J o3 H 3Hl lHu UJ lH
H=e J lH= JlU, HH-HH H lcI1

905 PERSONAL RECOGNIZANCE: l=H l=o=3l el H=eH 3 lJ lJ8l1 l8J
lJ8l UHe o l8= U =l3l Hel J l= UJ H=eH e e JH J8I
(l8H8l l=H 8 el J Jl)1 l8H release on own recognizance or ROR =l
l=J He J 1 = ON A PERSONS OWN RECOGNIZANCE).


81
906 PERSONAL REPRESENTATIVE: UJ l=o=3l H l=H H=I=H J 0= l=o=3l el
Hl8ee (lH) UIJ, UHe 8u = o3 = = 8l oe3 eo 0lo
He JH= UHe H=Il l=o=3l el =Hlo3 l=0 le3 lIo lHe J 3 UJ
l=o=3l EXECUTOR =J8I H= =8l =H8 =Hlo3 Jl J 3 oHJ l=o=3l e
c8lc ADMINISTRATOR J8I

907 PETIT JURY or (TRIAL JURY): HlJlo e l8= I H l=H H=eH l=0 eJ lu
= H =l3l I=Jl He J o3 I l=0 3u l3e J JHel lHUlo =c-=c
97 l=o=3lo elo Jelo J o3 el=l H=eH el lHUl l=0 =c-=c H Je J

908 PETITION: =8l oe3l =FH H oe3 ==8l = el 83l =e J UeJ
8l 8l0o e H=eH l=0 clH ==8l e o Je J (3 = MOTION)
l=o=3l H oe3 l=0 ol clH e =e J

910. PETTY OFFENCE: U= lHH l=0 l3 HJl el =e H OO 8 HH 3 =u
HH Jl le3l H H=el

911 PETTY THEFT: UJ ==8l lHH l=0 =8l l=o=3l l=H J el H3l l=0 UJ Ho
=U= H= lHHel =lH3 9OO 3 =c J UJ l8H8l He J l= UH (H=
)l8H3 = 3 3 HlJH = e=

912 PIMP: (9) UJ ==8l lHH l=0 =H= e ue 8l l=H =H= H 0l Hl =H3
IJ= loe H (7) UJ e H l=H =H= =H3 IJ= loUe J

913 PITCHESS MOTION: eH3 H 80U lu = e =l3l Hel J lHH l=0 l=H lH
oJH el lHl Jl8 loU el 83l =l3l Hel J l8J 83l l8H 8l =l3l Hel J
l=Ul= UH lH oJH e l=u l=H lH=l83 H 3 =u H=3l el =3 H 3Hee =l3
J e HH J

914 PLAINTIFF: UJ l=o=3l H HHJ lHH e l=u H=eH eH =l3 He J

915 PLEA: l=H JHel =H l=0 IJI J H IJI J e He e l8o
l8J UH U I8 I8 l8HH e Ho8 l=0 Je J(l8J =l = NOLO
CONTENDRE)

916 PLEA BARGAIN: He8l o3 He e l=0= HH3H= oe3 =Il e= 3 l8J
He l=H =c Il eH l=0 IJI J H el olIo ee J

917 PLEAD: =8l HH =l3 J H =l3 J H
82

918 PLEADING: oe3 l=0 el8 =l3 l3l l8o H l=H cl e H=eH l=0 =l
o3 3uH= eol=o l8o =e J o3 l8J =l eHe J cl oe3 = =l
HIel J

919 POLLING THE JURY: l8= =H lHH oH lHUl e H8 = l8= l8= lo
He J l= UJ =H l=0 H o3H JH le3 J, UH UJ =l HlJH3 J

920 POLYGRAPH: e cHc o3 UHel HHl

921 POSSESSION OF DRUGS: HlHH = I e J 0J o le-0= 8l H
J =0 8l

922 POST CONVICTION: UJ 3l= lHH l=H HH -UJ3 He e HHH = le3
H 3 lHl HH 03l ee J o3/H UH HH 03l ee J H l=H =lu3 F3l H
U= U oul3 J

923 POSTPONEMENT: l=H oe3l H=8l l e H H3=l = e

924 POUR-OVER WILL: UJ =Hlo3 H l=H H 0= l=o=3l el = H Hl H3l Hl8ee
cHc l=0 el J H =Hlo3 8U = el H3 3 lJ Hu3 =l3 lIo Hl

925 POWER OF ATTORNEY: l=H l=o=3l = l=H J l=o=3l le3 lIo ol3o
lHH oH UJ UHel JHlo3 l=0 ==8l =I

926 PRAYER: oe3 u l= lH=l83 -=3 oH, HJl83, J3 le3l H8 H
UJ 0Je J o3 l=H eH3=H e UJ I lHH l=0 oHJl 83l =l3l I8l Jel J

927 PRECENDENT: oe3 e =8l le3 lIo l=H lJ =H l=0 JH H UJe =I =H
H = =H 8 JH = 8l oe3 =3el J

928 PREINJUNCTION: oe3 e J=H H UH = 3= l=H ==8l = H l=H ==8l
el HJl el HI =e J He 3= l= l8J JH Jl lo He l= =8l Hu8l J=H Hl
=l3 H8 l8J TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDER 3 l J

929 PREJUDICE: He =8l ==8l H JH l=H l=o=3l e olu= Jl UI
=3 =e J

83
930 PREJUDICIAL ERROR: l8J reversible error e HHul Jl8J UJ F3l J lHH e
ou 3 ol oe3 l8He HH H oe3l JH UcU e olu= lHe
J

931 PREJUDICIAL EVIDENCE: UJ I=Jl H l=H lHUl H HH l=H l8= = H
eH = Hl8H UI uJ = H8

932 PRELIMINARY HEARING: lHH l=o=3l U l=H Il HH e eH I8 I8 J,
le3 He H=8l e H= lHH l=0 l8J lHl03 =l3 He J l= HHH e lJ
H=eH 0U 8l =8l H8=3 H83 (H=l =) lHe J

933 PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION: el=l =H l=0 H=eH 3 lJ He Uu Hlu3l
(status quo) HlJJH l Hl J 3 oe3 l=H cl =8l HHc 3 3 eH8l
==8l Jl =, e l8J H oHl ==8l = J=H (TEMPORARY RESTRAINING
ORDER) Hl = H=el J

934 PREMEDIATION: H HH =l3 H8 UHel lJ 3 lI l8J UH HH e Uc J
H 33= = le3 lIo J=

935 PREMISES: H lJ =l3 He J, H lJ =e J, lJ le3 H = l8o

936 PREPERMANENCY HEARING: Welfare and Institutions Code Section 366.21 (b)
e oul UJ 8l0o e H8u l=0 =l3l Hel H=8l H = H = l3 H 3 U J
0=e J l8H H=8l l=0 l8J 8l0o el 8l Hlc =l3l Hel J o3 UJ e
UJ e Hlo -H =U elo =lHH e H= =l3 He J

937 PREPONDERANCE OF THE EVIDENCE: =8l el=l =H lH3 8l He8l l8J
H83 = e J l= I=Jl e = I UHe H = J

938 PRESENTENCE REPORT: oHHl8H l=I = HH e 8l l3o =l3l lc l8J
Ue HH le3l Hel J He UH He HH el Jel J l8H l=0 He e l= e
l8o Je Jl8J UHel Hl J3, =l, == eH, 8l0= H8u, HHH
l8l3JH o3 HHe HH 8 3u l8o =el J

939 PRESENTMENT: =8l o H eH3=H H l=H I lHUl = =lUo He J H H
3 8I lc ee J H J UJ oJH e ou c =e J lH l=HH 8l=
lUclo U 3l83 =l3 lIo Hl Hu J3 l=0, l8H l=0 l=H e lJ =8l
84
HHl u U HH = e eH Jl Il8o He l8U presentment e indictment
J= J

940 PRESUMED FATHER: UJ oeHl H l=H 80 el H l=olJo He J o3 lHH
l3l e e o U eH33 =l3 J H UH 80 o = l=0 loe J o3
8l0 e HH UH o 3 Hlo J 0J UJ 80 e H8lu3 l3 Jl
J=

941 PRESUMPTION: l=H H3= H 3u l=0 H08l H e H H H Ue 3= Hlo
He lJ He 3= l= H83 e oU UHe H UHel 3 Jl J Hel

942 PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE: JHel = e l8= oe =lo H =
lHu3 lHH oH =8l l=o=3l Ue 3= 8IJ J He 3= UJ IJI H83 Jl =l3
He H= l=H HH l=0 HH e HHl 3 HHl 33 l8 3l H= e lHu
= 8l lc e J, He e lH 3 ol 8IJl H83 = e =8l
Jl

943 PRESUMPTION OF LAW: = e l8= l= oe3 o3 HH l=H l=HH 3u H
l=H H83 3 lHc =UI

944 PRETERMITTED CHILD: UJ 80 H =8l =Hlo3 l H 3 8oe HHe J o3
lHH =Hlo3 l=0 = le3 Jl lIo Je 8J3 Hlo Hcc l=0 = HHe J H
Hl8ee lH l=0 80 e lJH HJ8lo =U el l==Hu e J

945 PRETRIAL CONFERENCE: l=H =l HH H=eH 3 lJ =H elo e= lu oe3
l=0 Helo J JHel =H l=0 l8J Ue Je J, He He8l o3 He H=eH l=0
HH3 = 8 I 83 =e J

946 PRIMA FACIE CASE: UJ =H H =Jl =He J o3 UH l=0 =c =c 0Jle H83
HHe J lHH l8H HlH l=lo l=0 l8o H H=e J l8J 3ll H e
==H J lHH e = J from first view.

947 PRINCIPAL: H=3l H olu= e HH

948 PRINCIPALS: UJ l=o=3l H HH = l=0 H HH = el =lHH l=0 U J8
J l8J l=0 UJ HH J lH HIH J= HH =l3 H HH = el =lHH =l3l
H UJ =l HH J lH HH =l3 H l=0 H l8Hel =lHH l=0 Hee =l3l, HJl83
=l3l o3 HlJ le3l(aid and abet)
85

949 PRINCIPLE TERM: l=H =l HH l=0 l=H l8= HH 8l oe3 = I =l3l I8l
H 3 =l =e el lHoe l8H l=0 HUl lHoe HH J =u8lo I8lo lHoe Jelo
J l elo lHoe =l HH =l3lo Helo J

950 PRIORS: HlHH elo llo =e-lHoe H lJlo HH= l=0 I3 0= J

951 PRIOR CONVICTION: Hllo oe3 l=0 H=8l l8o l=0 l8J l8HH 8 8
=l3o H l= He lJ =l =e l=0 lJ J

952 PRIOR INCONSISTENT STATEMENT: I=Jl e HH I=J e le3 = lJ
l8o H J le3 H J l8o e =e J

953 PRISON: =8l J H Hcc H= el l8H3 H =8l J u lHu l=o=3lo =e
lo He Jl8H H 3 = eo le3l I8l HH I = 8l =l3o He J H
lo e 8u 0U e e =l =l3o He J l8H H03 =U =l, e e
=l o3 8I Hu HHu H H e 3 3 =l Hlo He J

954 PRIVACY, RIGHT OF: l8= o o lJ e olu=, l=H l=o=3l e olu=
l= UJ o0Jl 8eHl 3 o o 808

955 PRIVILEGE: =8l H J= 3 Jl l=H l=o=3l el =l lU 3 o3 J
H=elHo 3 c (IMMUNITY =l =)

956 PRIVILEGED COMMUNICATIONS: = I3 l0l- 3 H = l=o=3lo
=l3 lIo Je J o3 H = eo l=H oI HlJ = 3 HlJJH =l3 lIo Je
J l8H l=H =l H=eH l=0 H = e H 3 =l Jl H =l3 H H=e l=H
==l o3 UHe Ho= e l=0=, =c o3 HlH e l=0=, Hl0=3H= o3 UHe
HlH e l=0=, Hl o3 UHe I3 l=0= Jl8o 3 l=J H l=HH olu=
HlJJH Je J

957 PRIVITY: l=H Hl8ee U l=H HH olu= e oHl H oI-l e H8u l=0
8 J H l=H l8= l=o=3l e eH e l=H Hl8ee l=0 HH lJ3 JeJ e
l=H Hl8ee l=0 HH =l olu= e eo= =

958 PROBABLE CAUSE: l8J H 8l 0I 0 = J l= =8l HH =l3 lIo J H
=l3 H lJ JHlo 3Hlo, =-u= o3 lIJ3lo l8H == J

86
959 PROBATE: UJ lo-H= ==8l H l8J lHl03 =el J l= l=H H 0= HH el
=Hlo3 Hl= J H Jll=H H 0= l=o=3l el Hl8ee el =l 3 3 =

960 PROBATE COURT: UJ oe3 lHH = UJ = elo Hl8ee 8 l=0 = e
ol3o Je J
961 PROBATE ESTATE: l=H Hl8ee e H oHc H = =l3 H e UI J l8H l=0
Hl Hl8ee H3l HH Jl Jel UeJ 8l Hl8ee H HH3= H=lo3 =l J
UJ 8c Hl8ee e lJH Jl Jel

962 PROBATION: HH lHH l=0 =e I3 J, e l8= 8e= l== lHH l=0 oe3
l=H HH-UJ3 He H l=0 l=H 8H oJH el lIl l=0 lJo = eel J
H l8J lHl03 = e J l= He = lUH e 8e lJe J UeJ 8l UJ =8l
=H e J o3 I =HlI 8l He J

963 PROBATION BEFORE JUDGEMENT(P.B.J.): l=H HH le3 H 3 8oe l=H
H3 e HH e I = =

964 PROBATION DEPARTMENT: UJ l=I H 8H l=0 I8 l=o=3lo el H
Hl =e J o3 UJ Hu e =l luo e J lHu 8H oJH =H =e J

965 PRO BONO: =l =H H HJ3 =l3 He J 3ll 3 J lHH e = J for the public
good.

966 PROCEDURAL LAW: l=ul H oH 3 3 l=H =H l=0 lUH I == Hul3
=l3l Hel J l=H oe3l ==8l l=0 0= He HHl 3 3 =eH

967 PRODUCTS LIABILITY: l8J UH =l lHH=l eHUe J lHH l=0 lH-
=3 o3 l==3 o H e lee, =3 = =lo,o3 l8u 3= l= =
eH =l l=H J8 =H H =c e Ho=H eI H UJ UJ e =He H
le = HlJ lo J

968 PROFFER: H83 e e H3= lHH l=0 elHo H8I l= I=Jl l=H 3 el J=Il H
= oe3 l=0 UH I=J I=Jl e H H= e H=8 e 8l 8l8o H8

969 PRO HAC VICE: lHJ l8H l=HH H= 8l Jl UeJ 8l =8l oUc oJ Hcc
==l l=H Hu= ol3o =l oe3 l=0 l=H H =H l=0 l8= =l =lcH =
8l Jl olIo lH H=el J 3ll l=0 J lHHe = J for this turn.

87
970 PROHIBITION: UJ ==8l H = H l=H I el HJl =e J

971 PROMISSORY NOTE: l8= ll3 eH3=H lHH Jl l8= l=o=3l eH H e e
l8= =e J

972 PROOF: =8l 3u H H83 oe3 e JH e ou 8e J

973 PROOF OF SERVICE: l8= lo Jl8o JH H oe3 l=0 e =l3 He J H
l8J H83 =e J l= l=H H I8 oe3l =FH HH J I8 J

974 PRO PER: UJ l=o=3l H oe3 l=0 o =H l8 l=H ==l e e H =e
J(IN PROPIA and PRO SE =l =)

975 PROSECUTION ATTORNEY: l8= 8l= olJH H Hcc = JHel =H el =l
=e J (= PROSECUTOR and DISTRICT ATTORNEY

976 PROSECUTION: UJ cl H JHel =H H =el J o3 l=Hl l8HH IUel
J =l Hcc e ==l eo =l3l Hel J =l H Hll=UH =H e Hcc e oH
== H J

977 PROSECUTOR: H=eH 0U = ==l H l=H JHel =H l=0 H=l el
Hl8eIl =e J el=l =H l=0 =l H=l e lJ3 =e JJHel =H l=0
l8J Hll=Uc el lHH=l J l= UJ JH = l= l8HH l=H U o3 =e IU
J

978 PROSTITUTION: H 0 = HI l=lo = 8l HHel H HI e =H =

979 PROTECTIVE ORDER:oe3l J=H H l=H l=o=3l oI Hlo Hl=H oJ
HH H lH==l 3 HlJJH =e J

980 PRO TEM: l8= oHl 3 3 Il8o lIo olu=l lHH l=H oe3 l=0
H=elHo el H=8l = o3 JH e e ol3o lH Je J

981 PROXIMATE CAUSE: UJ ==8l lHH == =8l =c =l

982 PUBLIC DEFENDER: oe3 eo Il8o lIo ==l H l=H oHJ He e
80U e =H =e H ==l = e 0 Jl H=e

88
983 PUNITIVE DAMAGES: oe3 = =H = l=o=3l = H le3 H e
J=H l8J H o3 l=0 U lHl03 Je J lH =H = =H l8o J
o3 l8J =H e = HH =H oe = 8l l=J He J
984 PURGE:oe3l Jl8 l=0 8 J8 l= H = H HJ8l =l l8H
l= e H8u el=l =H l=0 oe3 el J3= J l8He H3= == J=H-oel
e = J lHH == oe3 el J3= Hl I8l Hl

985 QUANTUM MERUIT: 3ll l=0 ou as much as he deserves o3 l=H olJe
H U = e 3lJ3 lHH=l l=H Je 3= el J e l8o =e J

986 QUASH: UcU, e =, HH =, Hl8H = e

987 QUASI JUDICIAL: olu= H ol3o H l=H oJH le3 He J lHH el
==8l lo=l l=HH el J

988 QUID PRO QUO: =8l 0lH 8l =8l 0lH el, l=H =lH3l 0lH e l8=H l=0 =8l J
=lH3l 0lH el

989 QUO WARRANTO: Hcc = le3l H =l lc H l=H l=o=3l 3 l8J HI =el J
l= UJ eH l= UJ H l=H H3 el =3 = lJ J UH e olu= UH l=u JH =l3
J UJ l8J olu= == Hcc = le3 H U Jl =3 H=e J H UH l=U J
Hcc e oJe 3 Jcl8o H8

990 RAP SHEET: l=H l=o=3l e HHH l8l3JH e H

991 RAPE: l=H l=o=3l F- =l HI lHH l=0 l=H el =8l HlJH3l Jl

992 RAPE, STATUTORY: = STATUARY RAPE.

993 RATIFICATION: l=H cl = o H l=H J el =l3l J8l lJ el ==8l el
Hcl =l H UHe oU

994 RATIO DECIDENDI: l=H =H l=0 UHe ou H =

995 RE : HH l=0, J= l=0

996 REAL EVIDENCE: l=ul cl = le3 I8 H83 l=0 3u l=olU ,
, = o3 U el ==8l
89

997 REAL PROPERTY: HHl o3 l8H3
998 REASONABLE DOUBT, BEYOND: l=H JHel =H e He =l 3 3 eHl
8l lHU 8l lel lHl033 el H3 =8l =l l=o=3l lHH U HH = e
eH I J, 8l J e J= J H= lHUl e H l=0 UHe oul J l8 l=H
=H8 H= e H83 J He Jl8J lHU e H el UH o=Hu U l J lHu UJ
l8J =lJ l= UJ oH =l l8H I U lu J l= I8 I8 l8HH l=0 H08l J

999 REASONABLE PERSON: l8J HH UH JHl HH llH3 = 8l =l3o
He J lHH = luo, lIo, 8ul o3 3HlH e I J H HHH o H8 = J el
oH =e J l8J I UJ o lJ3 o3 elHo e lJ3 el l = H=e J
l8U =Jl e cHc l=H H= 8e =I = = 3 lJ H l=0 J oHJ =
UJ I 3 Hu e J H Hu 3 3 H l=J 8e =elo J o3 H=
l=o=3l l8H oUe J l8H 3 UJ l=o=3l UJ =H Jl =I lHJ l=H H=
l=o=3l Jl = 0Jle

1000 REBUTTAL: l=H cl eo I=Jl H =l H eHl cl = H =l3l I8l I=Jl
F3 H83 = el =lHH =el Jl8J eHl cl JU e H3= =l3 He J

1001 RECALL: l=H He lIJ3 = 8l oe3 = Hl =c oH l=0 lo8
H 3 lJ Jl UJ el HHl o3 l8J l8= oH =l lHH Jl l=H H=-H=3 HH
l=H l=HH =H e JH = 8l l8

1002 RECEIVING STOLEN PROPERTY: l=H H3l H Hl8ee H eHc3 H F-
=l UI 0l =l3l I8l J H 8l H Jl I8l J, JH =l3l I8l J, F8 =lul I8l
J H =0 le3l I8l J, = = e HH

1003 RECIDIVISM: lJ HH == =8l =l HH= I3 = l=o=3l eo I3,
oe3 H HH8 = e I =e lJ

1004 RECKLESS DRIVING: l=H e Hc-Il 0U H l8J HlJ =e J l= 0U
= l8He HHl= oHH el 8l =Jl oIlJl =e J o3 elHo e J= 3
8H J

1005 RECLASSIFY: =H el oll3o-HlH HlH3 LIMITED(7OOO) oHlH
UNLIMITED (7OOO 3 =ul= l=0 H l8He Uc 8e

90
1006 RECOGNIZANCE: UJ l=J H l=H HHH , H H l=0 lo o 3 H=eH 0
el Ul= = lJ J, l8 l=H HH e lJ8l e UI 8Ue J =8l HH e
= el 8H8 UJ == l8= =e J l= UJ U== HH oe3 l=0 JH Jl8o
=I H= UJ l= HH 3 oe3 l=0 H J 3 U= He J 3 l8J UHe lJ l8=
= HH lIlo H8I

1007 RECORD: H=l =FH lH oe3l =H 8e J

1008 RESCUE: He 3Hl l=H JHel H el=l H=eH 3 o o Jc e J, H
3J Jc le3 He J l=Ul= 3J lJ3 e c=o J UeJ 8l =8l HH o
c= JH = H=e J l=Ul= H=eH l=0 =8l UHe eH3 H = l=0 8l=
=lHo Jl8o J

1009 REDACT: 8l= l= 8l u = H He =

1010 RE-DIRECT EXAMINATION: 3=l H=8l I=Jl H = e o=H He l=H el
ol I=Jl el 8l=l - J 0=l J=

1011 REDRESS: l= =, Uo =, Jl 3l =l, l=H lH=l83 e = e
=

1012 REFREE: =8l l=o=3l lHH oe3 lU=3 =el J l= UJ HlH3 =l H=elHo el
H=8l = o3 JH e= lH= 8l0o e H clJ= e HH

1013 REGULATION: =8l lUH H J=H H 8u H HH 8l lul3

1014 REHEARING: UH oe3 eo l=H JHel H el=l =H el l8= J H=8l lHH
l=0 =H H l=0 Hlo lIo Hl

1015 REINSTATED: l J3 l=0 H loU He HH3 H H83 =l3l I8l Hl,
H =l3l I8l Hl H =c8l I8l Hl ol Hl= =H l=0 e8 Hul3 =l3 H8

1016 REJOINDER: UH lu lHH =H H =l3 Hl, le3 lIo H= lHH l=0 l=ul lu
= l8c el I=Jl l=0 H =l3 H83 3l HlH3 HJl 3ll=lo Ic H=el J

1017 RELEVANT: UJ I=Jl H l=H =3 H He H83 = l=0 Hee =el J

1018 RELINQUISHMENT: H, l3oI e, HloH , H o olu= l=H
e e
91

1019 REMAND (9) He =8l ol oe3 l=H =H oIl ==8l = 8l l=H u=l
oe3 Hel J(7) l=H =el H =e l=0 H
1020 REMEDY: UJ Hu lHH =8l olu= I =l3 He J, H l=H olu= el
lJ=Hl =l H H=el J, eH3l =l3l H H=el J H UHe Ho=H JH =l3 H
H=e J

1021 REMITTER: l=H =H e l= e ,ol oe3 3 H cl8 oe3 l=0 38el
=l3 H 3l= UH U oIl ==8l =l3l H8 H l=H J lc 8l le oH
=l3 H8 lH= l= ol oe3 J=H =l3 J

1022 REMOVAL: l=H Hcc oe3 l=0 l=H =H el J oe3 l=0 38ell el=l
=H l=0 l=Ul= clo =-=lo Hcc elo J o3 JHel =H l=0 o3 =
el=l =H l=0 =l H= 8Hol H= Iel J= l= Hcc oe3 l=0 H=eH e 0
loHel oH Jl J=I

1023 REPLEVIN: =8H H F-=l 3 3 lo lIo J= el e8 3l 8l l=H oe3
l=0 ==8l

1024 REPLY: l=H H=eH l=0 eHl cl = o = 8 I8 l8HH l=0 e J =
=l3o 3l lJl cl e Ho8

1025 REPORT: 3u H ==8l 8 H=l H HHl l8o

1026 RES: =8l 0lH, =H3, =8l HHH, H =8l eH

1027 RES IPSA LOQUITUR: 3ll ou a thing that speaks for itself cc o l=0
UJ lHu3 H l=H He =Jl e eHl Iee J l8 l=H oHl UeJ e l=
UH =Jl =l3l J

1028 RES JUDICATA: el=l = e UJ lUH H l8J eHe J l= He l=H l8= HH
U H=eH8Hl J 0=l J o3 cl8 oe3 = JH le3 H 0= J, UJ HH UH
oe3 l=0 H l=H J cl8 oe3 l=0 clo = He 8= Jl lo H
H=e

1029 RESCUE DOCTRINE: 80U lHu3 (rescue doctrine) UJ lHu3 J l= He l=H
l=o=3l ol =Jl l=H J el lHeIl 3 l=0 l8o J= UH l=H 3lHl
92
cl eo 3 l=0 8 l=o=3l 80Uleo H UJ =H e Il 8e J, UHe
J8 =H 8l lHH= lJl8o H8I
1030 RESPONDEAT SUPERIOR: Let the master answer. UJ lHu3 H l8J eHe J l=
=l e = o =H0lo elo Hlo ==8lo o3 U=8lo 8l lHH= J
He l= UJ =H0l /HHH o JH e = l=0 lJ= =H =e J

1031 RESPONDENT: H= 3Hl UJ l=o=3l J H oe3 l=0 le3l I8l H oHl e U3
e = J 3 3Hl U3e3 J H= 3Hl l o =l l=H ==8l 8l eH3 ee J
J =l He 3= =H 0e lJe J 3Hl Jl U3e3 8 JI

1032 REST: He l=H =H l=0 =8l cl ol Hl I=Jl H UH H =l J, H =
8el J

1033 RESTITUTION: H= = H= l=0 e H l=H H= UH =lH3 e 88
e lH= UH ol Hl8ee el HH3 8l = H e

1034 RESTITUTION HEARING: UJ H=8l 8l 83l lHH l=0 oe3 e J=H oH
oe =l3l H =l H8l el =H 8 8lJH =l3l H H=

1035 RESTRAINING ORDER: oe3l J=H H l=H l=o=3l =8l ==8l = U =
HH 8l = e J, =c =c UH HH 3= He 3= HH el H8l Jl Jel

1036 RETAINER: UJ ==8l lHH =8l Ho= o ==l H= =e J Ho= el
==l UHel Hl8eIl = 8l le3l Hel JlH =l l=J He J

1037 RETALIATION: l=H l8= l=o=3l e l=H =H J0U e 8e l=0 le3 H
= =Hc

1038 RETURN: lH = l=H HH lc H l=H lIJ3 = H 3Hl e =c
e I = e HH 8 Jel J l=H el=l H JHel =H l=0 H I8 subpoena 8
lc

1039 REUNIFICATION SERVICE: UJ H== H 8l0o e, lH lJ UJ e Hlo
= lo lIo Hl, e -lH =U e =H =elo J

1040 REVERSE: U0l oe3 eo =l3l I8l ==8l H l=H Jl oe3 l=0 le3 I8
JH Uc eel J H e = eel J

93
1041 REVERSIBLE ERROR: H=eH H H=8l e e ==8l e J8l =8l F3l H
0l lH=e l=0 =HeJ J o3 H l=H Jl oe3 e JH UcU Hl8H
lJU e = 8 H=el J

1042 REVOCABLE TRUST: UJ cHc H oe-=3 8e H=e J H e = H=e J

1043 REVOKE: 8e H =H

1044 RIGHTS, CONSTITUTIONAL: l=H HH e olu= H UH Hcc H Hl=u eo
Icl =l3 I8 J

1045 RIOT: lHu l3 H l3 3 =u = l8= J8 J, Uu = = = =l3 lIo oH -
I lHH l=0 3Hee elo =e3 =l HH J

1046 ROBBERY: UJ ==8l lHH l=0 =8l l=o=3l l=H J l=o=3l e = 3=3 el =3
== H = e= H, =8l lHl Hl8ee, H =8l J 0lH H8

1047 ROUT: e H =u l=o=3l l8= J o3 = l8H 3 el ==8l = el =lHH =
H oI =u UJ eo =l3l H =l ==8l H =H3l== l=0 J H8 3 l8J
JHe 8 H8 Il

1048 RULE: =8l Hul3 lHo, I8l H =l8e

1049 RULE OF COURT: oe3, lHH = Ul03 ol3o J, eo le3 J=H oe3
e l8J J=H H oH J H l=HH lJl l=HH e J=H UJ IH J lH Jl
oe3 e l=J 3e J o3 eHl l=HH e l=HH J=H J H l=HH =H l=0 le3 He
J

1050 RULES OF EVIDENCE: He H l8J lHl03 = 8l I Je J l= l=H el=l
H JHel =H l=0 =8l H0 = =l3l o3 l=0l H H=el J H Jl

1051 SANCTION: =8l l=3l HH H l=H l=o=3l = e =U 8l le3l Hel
J UeJ 8l =8l HH l=H oe3 e J=H el 3Hl = == =8l HH
oe = 8l =lJ H=e J

1052 SATISFACTION OF JUDGEMENT: J =l lu l el =H el oel8Il

94
1053 SEALING: oe3l l= e H=eH elo clo 3 l8 l=H J eo ll e
HH

1054 SEARCH AND SIEZURE: l=H u H l=o=3l el 3Hl =l3l Hel J o3 l=H HH
l=0 =l HH H 3 l=0 lH H83 el8= J H=e J, lo He J 3Hl
HH e J=H 3 8oe Jl =l3l Hel J

1055 SEARCH WARRANT: UJ J=H H lH l=H l=HH u el 3Hl 8l =lJe J
lHH =8l l=HH l=o=3l H =H3 U le J H = =8l H=l = J= 3
HH 3Hl e =c Hl =e J

1056 SECURED DEBT: el=l8 el ==8l l=0 l=H =H lH=U =U H =
=He, e HlJ=3l J HH lHH Hl8ee H HH =l3o Hl, U H
UHe =8H l=0 el HHel e e=

1057 SELECTION AND IMPLEMENTATIO HEARING: -lH e H3 e lH=
J H 3 8oe H=8l H Welfare and Institutions Code Section 366.26 e 3lJ3 l8J
JH = 8l =lul I8l l= =l H J e olu= 3H =l3 H o3 80 oH
8l H=3 = le3 H8, =l HH3l =l8H =l3l H8, H = UH8u () Hl=
e 8u e J=H le3 H8

1058 SELF- DEFENCE: l8J eo= l= =8l ==8l =l 3 3 Ul03 J He l8J Hl J
H= l= l=H l=o=3l H Hl8ee l=H J = 3 H J oHJl ==8l 3 80U
J

1059 SELF-INCRIMNATION: oHJlo ==8lo H o lH =8l l=o=3l o
o l=H HH l=0 =H e J

1060 SELF- PROVING WILL: =Hlo3 H e l=o=3lo eo cl oJ Hl el HJ
0= = HJl =l3l Hel J l= UJ =Hlo3 l=0 = Jl I 3J l8u I=J = =8l
JJlo l8o el Jl

1061 SENTENCE: l=H HH e HHl o lHH l=0 U J HH 8l eHl lJ8 I8 l=o=3l
HH HUe J

1062 SENTENCE REPORT: l8= eH3=H lHH l=0 eHl 8 I8 l=o=3l e l= 8
lc le3l I8l Jel J l8J lc l3o == HH HH I = 3 lJ UH
95
Hu e 8l HJ8lo =l3l Hel J =8l =l l8H PRE-SENTENCE REPORT =l
=lJe J

1063 SENTENCE, CONCURRENT: e H e 3 =u H =c elo HH= H l8= HH
Ilo Hlo J

1064 SENTENCE CONSECUTIVE: H =c elo e H e 3 =u HH= H l=
0lo J

1065 SENTENCE, SUSPENDED: UJ HH lHH H3=l = le3 lIo J= He l8J
HH I3l Hl Jl H= UJ l8H e =8l J HH Jl =e H oe3 = I
=l3lo H3 el U= Jl =e

1066 SENTENCING: UJ H=8l lHH l=0 oe3 l=H l=o=3l 8l HH lHl03 =el J

1067: SEPARATE MAINTENANCE: oUH lHH oe = e oe3 eo J=H
le3 He J l8J l8= l=oJ3 Hul eH Ue IH 8l oe =e J He UJ e=
l8= eH 3 oI lJe J oH UJ e 3= Jl Jl8o Je

1068 SEPARATION: l8= 8J HJ 8u lHH l=0 =8l 3l 3l l8= eH = lJe
J oH =l UJ l8= eH l=oJ J8 J UJ e l8H = lJ oHl HHel
Je J H oe3 e J=H e 3lJ3

1069 SEQUESTRATION OF WITNESSES: H I=J (He8l o3 He 3 l8)
oe3 e =H l=0 8J UJ Ue Jl oe oU e He UJ el I=Jl
e el =l J UJ ol I=Jl l8= eH l=0 el =l HJl Jel J l8H
separation of witnesses =l l=J He J l8J l8H 8l =l3 He J 3l= l=H lJ
I=J = le3l I=Jl 3 UJ l=3 J

1070 SERVE A SENTENCE: l=H =l3 I8 HH e 8e lHl HH I3leo =
lul3 HH 8l l=H lHul J8l u U, lH= H, l=0 HH 83l3 =

1071 SERVICE: He =8l l=o=3l H 9\ =lo 3 lHoe UH e J o3 3J =H l=0
HlH Jl, eHl cl = oe3l =FH elo = o e JH J= H = Jl
ee J

1072 SERVICE OF PROCESS: =l =FH el l=ul cl HeIl l8J =FH =c-
=c o H el UH = 8I l=o=3l eo He =l3 He J lHHe =H l=0
96
=8l o Jl UJ l8J =FH e 3-=3 J0U el 3l= o3 UI 8
JJ e J
1073 SETTLEMENT: He e= lu:l=H HlH 3 o Helo J H =H e HH H lHUl
e JH e 3 lJ J = ee J

1074 SETTLOR: UJ l=o=3l H cHc Hul3 =e J UH GRANTOR =l =lJe J

1075 SEVERANCE DAMAGES: Ho=H H oe3 l=0 UH l=o=3l eo =H =l3
He J, lHH l=H H8u 3 =c H e oHH =H =8l Jl H =H l8o J lH=
l=H =l 3 Jcl8o H

1076 SEXUAL ABSUSE/ASSAULT: l=H eH l=o=3l F- =l lI H=

1077 SEXUAL BATTERY: l=H J e lI- oI l=0 u= o lI e =H H H
H 8 = = e oI H

1078 SEXUAL HARASMENT: HI-l=lo H8lu3 H8e, l=J H =H (H oH 3
3 eJl8o He J H le l=0 =l3 He J) o3 l8J l=H l8= l=o=3l
eHl8o He J o3 UH l=o=3l l8J J =e J, l3 =e J, UHe H l=0
== 3 3 0 =Hc e =e J o3 l=H Ul03 H3= el 3l Jl =e

1079 SEXUAL MOLESTATION: l=H 8I l=H H, HH3, lH3e H l=H
H e F-=l HI =

1080 SEXUALLY VIOLENT PREDATOR: =8l l=o=3l H llI= 3Hee elo =e3
l=0 e H e 3 =u =l eHl lJl8o H 0= J, o3 H3 =l3 I8 HlH= I 3
l3 J l8H == UJ HHH l=0 elHo e H=Hu o3 HH3l 8l 3 J

1081 SHERRIF: ol =Ucl e 0lo Jl8o oJH lHHe =H o = l=0 oU =
l8= l=0 oH oH J o3 el=l o3 JHel H=elHo l=0 HJl83 = J

1082 SHOPLIFTING: l=H Hc H == u 3 H8= =8l H 0= 3 o3
ol lHl =3 8l l8 l8Hel =lH3 oe =ll3o o =

1083 SHOW CAUSE: oe3 e l8= J=H H l=H l=o=3l oe3 l=0 H J 8l o3
=8l I=Jl H = 8l =lJe J l= l=U eHl cl = J=H el =l3l u
Hlo H8 H I =l3 H8

97
1084 SIDE BAR: HH o3 ==l e l=0= l8= =JH H oH 3 3 oe3 e =H l=0
Jel J l8J lHUl o3 J JH = el H8l e = 3 8J Jel J
1085 SLANDER: l=H l=o=3l e o0 H 0Il HJ3 el , H3l, H8l l8o
8eHl =l= DEFAMATION.

1086 SMALL CLAIMS COURT: oe3 H OOO/- 3 =c =c =H e el=l eol=o
e HHlo U l=0 =el J l8H l=0 H J 8l =l ==l = el 8H8 o Jl
o H =e J

1087 SODOMY: H e oH l=0 Heo Jl HI = H o3 Ho l=0=
H-eo Jl HI

1088 SOLICITATION: l=H J HH = 8l oI loU

1089 SOVEREIGN IMMUNITY: l8J lHu3 l= l= H=, Hcc H J l=H =l
H=eH 3 H=3 J l8J =l I J l= =el l8J o l=u H=eH =l3 H 8l
ol HHel e=

1090 SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCE: l8J l8HH l= =8l =H H 0H HH8 H3 el HI
=e J

1091 SPECIAL VERDICTS: =8l l H J He U l3l 3 H =e J UH
U = I = el I HH U ee J

1092 SPECIFIC INTENT CRIME: =8l HH H H HlH= o=Hu el eHUe J

1093 SPECIFIC PERFORMANCE : =8l Uo H l=H l=o=3l 3 HI =e J lHH l=H
Hol8e el H3 I =l3 Hl UH =8l l=HH =H = Hlo Hl =l3 Jl UH
UH HH l8J J=H le3 He J He HlHH ou Ho=H HH I8 J

1094 SPEEDY TRIAL: l=H HlHH e 33 cl8 e olu= H oHl= e Hl=u el =l
3HlH UH 8l Icl =l3 Jl8o J

1095 SPENDTHRIFT TRUST: l8= cHc H l8J =lJe J l= - =3 o lJH e
cHc =0 H=e J o3 l=H J e H=e J l8He = J l= e cHc l=0
H =U Jl H=e
98
1096 SPOUSAL SUPPORT: oe3 e J=H 3lJ3 le3l H =l l=H l=oJ3 Hul
IH 8l =H H l=H lJ 0= l=oJ3 Hul =H l8H maintenance H
alimoney =l =lJe J
1097 SPOUSE/COHABITAT BEATING: = DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
1098 STALKING: l=H l=o=3l e l l 0l 0l H el ==8l l=H J 8e e HI
H H HcIH3l =l, 8l =l =, == l8H H3= l= UH l=o=3l J =l3
H8 H J-H =l3 H8 H UHel H=c8l == oI J HH =

1099 STANDARD OF PROOF: 8J3 Hlo oe3l ==8lo l=0 HHl 3 3 l3 H83
e H (Hc oJ JH) I Je J JHel =H l=0 HH l8 l=H Hl8H H=
e H83 =l3 H 0Jle J, l8J H 3 U0 Hc J el=l =H l=0 o3 =Jl
o3 oH e H=elHo l=0 (neglect and dependency) l= 3 l= Hc I=Jl e
8J3l =l == =He J H UHe =u 3 =u J (PREPONDERANCE OF
THE EVIDENCE) Hlo He J = el=l =H l=0 o3 8l0o H8lu3 =H l=0
lH= Hlo e J= el =l HHl e H8u l=0 =8l elHo Hc I =l3 He J,
lHH HJ o3 H UI I=Jl Jl H83 (proof by CLEAR AND CONVINCING
EVIDENCE) l=J He J

1100 STANDING: =8l H=eH oe3 l=0 H = e =l olu= == UJ l=o=3l
lHH e = Hc= U I J, Jl l8J olu= J l= UJ oe3 l=0 H=eH lo=

1101 STARE DECISIS: l8J lHu3 l= oe3 = e UJ lUH oUIlo H
lJ H=elHo e JHlo Jl Hul3 J 0= J (PRECENDENT e HH

1102 STATEMENT,CLOSING: oclo = oe3 e H lHUl e HH le3 I8 o3H
l8o lHH l=0 UJ eo Hul3 I=Jl e H H =l3 lIo Je J l8H l=0 H
I=Jl UJ eo Hul3 =l3l I8l J o3 H I=Jl l=ul lu Jl H = H=l, UHe
== Je J l8H CLOSING ARGUMENT =l l=J He J

1103 STATEMENT, OPENING: l=H H=eH el HUl - H H H ocl eo
lHUl H oe3 e oI l8= l8o Jl H =l3 He Jl8H l=0 H=eH l=0 le3 H
= H83 Jl loe He HI UHel H8el Jl =l3l Hel J l8H OPENING
ARGUMENT =l l=J He J

1104 STATEMENT OF FACT: l=H =H 8 =8l l3l H H8l l8o H o

1105 STATUS OFFENDORS: H= lH U l8J eH Il8o H8 l= UJ o =l
HH3 e =c l=0 Jl o3 H oe3 IH3 J UJ H= 3 I J o3 lH
99
J oHJlo ==8lo =l3lo J lH H= =8l 8I = 3 HH Jl l=J H
H=e l8J l=I J8 80 =l Jl, l8J l=o=3lo lIl el J 8I
lH lIl 0Jlel J, H 80 lH lIl el J l8J lIl l=H3 el J=
l8J l8H I U l J l= UJ l=H J3 l=0 lJ J J HccH oJ
8l0o el oe3 el lIl l=0 lo He J (= PERSONS IN NEED OF
SUPERVISION)

1106 STATUTE: = H =IH H Hcc lHH0 eo H =l3 lIo J=

1107 STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS: = H l8J eHe J l= 3J = = 3
8oe l= l0 3= 3Hl H=eH = H=e J

1108 STATUTORY: l=H = H8lu3 =8l 0lH H = 0l I8l J=, llH3
J=, lel J=

1109 STATUTORY ACTIONS: UJ ==8lo H = H8lu3 J, = e
=elo J, = lHHelo J, = llH3 =elo J, H = eo
lelo J

1110 STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION: = -=l e ou o3 =H-3 el l=olo
= 8l oH

1111 STATUTORY LAW: H= el =- =l H eo 88 I8 = H =H =
o3 =H = (CASE LAW or COMMON LAW) 3 l J

1112 STATUTORY RAPE: UJ F-=l HI H oHJ l=o=3l =l3 He J H =l
3 3 lHl03 oU 3 =c J l8H l=0 oHl HHel J Hl H Jl, e H= 8ou J

1113 STAY: l=H loH= ==8l oe3 e J=H Jl = el l=lo

1114 STAY OF EXECUTION: UJ J=H H l=H ==8l e oH l=0 loU 3 =e J,
lH= l=H HH e I3 H l8J = l=H He el eH3 U le3 J=H =l
I8l H H=el J o3 H J Hl=u= = e 3lJ3 lH= Calif. Penal Code Section
654 e 3lJ3

1115 STIPULATE: l=H I H3lJ= J

100
1116 STRICT LIABILITY: l8= H= H oe3 eo U3e lHH=l (=c
l8l8lcl) e HHlo l=0 =3 l=0 loe He J l8H l=0 =8l l==3 =0 I8
H l=0 l=H l8= H Hlo =He o3 3-oHH llH3 =H3o 8l lHH= J H
l=H UIl el lHl lJJH3 8 3 8elo J

1117 STRICKEN EVIDENCE: UJ I=Jl H l= 3 Jc le3l I8l J

1118 STRIKE: (9) l= = H JcU (7) HH HU 3 lJ l=H l8HH e =
e (=) l8= Il 3Hee = ou lHH 8e =8l lJ 3 Jl eHl J= that
is charged as a prior allegation, eg. A second strike , or third strike.

1119 SUA SPONTE: l8J UH = l8o =e J, He HH l8 l=H =l cl e HI =
==8l =e J 3ll ou of ones will.

1120 SUB CURIA: 3ll ou = oul (under the law) He oe3 eo =8l
=H l=0 oul lo H8 l8H == l= l=H eH3=H e =l3 H H=, lH= =-
HH el 3 lc, H HHH oJ o, H =8l 8 ll

1121 SUBMIT: l=H J el HHl oI =

1122 SUBPOENA: H=l J=H H l=H oe3 l=0 l=H H ==3 3 JH J 8l
=lJe J Hl oH 3 3 I=J l8J eH 8l H He J l= UJ oe3 l=0 o=
l=H H=eH l=0 I=Jl e

1123 SUBPOENA DUCES TECUM: l8= oe3l J=H H oe3 l=0 =FH H l=
loU 8l =lJe J

1124 SUBROGATION: l=H =l eo= l=0 l=H l=o=3l 8l l=H J 8e 8l
loU

1125 SUBSTANTIAL PERFORMANCE: lHu l=H cl 8lHel o3 leo3el
olJe e H Hl o3 lI I =l3 J o3 == = 3=l=l o3 eIH
=l3 H H= = U8u Jl Jl l8

1126 SUBSTANTIVE LAW: UJ = H olu=, JH, o3 lHH=lo H= e
Jl8J PROCEDURAL LAW el 3 l=0 l J UH l=0 el=l o3 JHel =
e I = e 3=l=l U H le3 He J

101
1127 SUCCESSION: l=H e H H 3 l UHel Hl8ee el J=-H=l UHel =Hlo3 3
oH =l3 l8(without disposing of the will) 3 =

1128 SUE: o l=H olu= el e8 3l 8l =l ==8l H =l
1129 SUIT: l=H =l oe3 l=0 l=H l8= l=o=3l eo H 8J3 H l=o=3lo eo
l=H J e lJ =8l ==8l

1130 SUMMARY JUDGEMENT He =8l HH l8 H=eH 08 l=H =H e JH ee
J l8J JH eJ clo eo el8 =l3 =FH U oul3 Je J

1131 SUMMONS: (9) l=H He lcH l= UHe l=u oe3 l=0 =H el8 =l3 lIo
J H UH l=u HH = e l8HH I8 I8 J UJe oe3 l=0 o= H J
le J (7) lHUl HH lHH l=o=3l lHe J l8J UH3 HI =e J l= UJ H=l
lHUl lUcl 8l oe3 l=0 JH J=

1132 SUPERSEDEAS: l=H ol oe3 eo Hl =l3l I8l lc l= l=H 8 I8 l
e l=lU e lI lJleo UHe HccH = =l8H lo H8 H l8He ol3o 3
el =3 =l lI lo H8

1133 SUPPORT TRUST: l8= cHc H cHcl l8J Jel83 =e J l= UJ Ul oHe o3
H =H 0 = ( cHc l=0 I8 oHcH) lH 3 el l8Hee 8l le J

1134 SUPPRESS: l=H l=o=3l elo HIHlo 8e =lo H UJ 3H =

1135 SUPRESSION HEARING: UJ H=8l H He el eH3 U l8H 8l =lul Hel
J l= =l= UH I=Jl el =3 = 3 l=o H8 H UH =lu3 3 3 He e
olu= el U= == JH =l3l J l8J H=8l lHUl el JHl 3 UJ =l3l Hel
J l8J H 3 H=eH H J 3 lJ H H=eH = Jel J lUH e 3 3 HH l8H
U o JH HHl e e J

1136.SURETYBOND:=8l 8lH =l el lHl H =8l He l=H =Hl 8lH =l 3
lee J lHH l=0 8lH-=3 l8H I 3 HlJH3l Ic =e J l= UJ He el
lJ8l 8l lel HH3 el =H oe3 HH =8I l8J HH3 l8H8l HH
=Ul Hl J l=Ul= oe3 l8J H le3 H H= l= l= He He =l oe3
eo Hl 8l 8l8o H8I UJ JH J 3 I Jl l8H 8l =l fidelity
bond =l l=J He J

1137. SURVIVORSHIP: JOINT TENANCY e eH H J
102

1138. SUSPEND: H3=l =, = e, H l=H loH= le3l I8l HH = oHl HH
8l I J 3 = e

1139. SUSTAIN: =l8H , = =, = =

1140. SWEAR: H0 H0 =lJ el HJ 0=l

1141. TANGIBLE: lHH 0lH e 3 =l3 H H=, H 3 3 J l8elo

1142. TANGIBLE PERSONAL PROPERTY MEMORANDUM (TPPM): l8= =l
eH3=H H l=H =Hlo3 883 Je J o3 H lHl Hl8ee lHH 3Hl J H=e J H l=H
eHl u 3 lH H=e J, el = = 8l I8l =H =l3o He J UeJ 8l
Jl0, =lUc, =- l=3 el =

1143. TAXATION OF COSTS: l=H H=eH l=0 l=H cl 3 0 =H = 8l =H
lHl03 = o3 0H = e oH lHHel =Hl 8l =8l cl H =l 3 3
J=e Jel J H UJ = 0 =l 3 3 HI H=el J H, =H e lHl03 =

1144. TEMPORARY RELIEF: l=H oe3 eo l=H =l l=0 =l3l ==8l H clo
l=0 l=H l8= o J=H UHe lJ3 Ue 3= HlJJH el =Il eel J
He 3= l= oe3 l8H H8u l=0 =8l oIl ==8l Jl =el

1145. TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDER(TRO): l8= oe3l J=H H l8J =lJe J
l= =8l l=o=3l = I HHl 3 3 = lH J8 =H el 3Jl =el =l Jl
=l3l H H=Il

1146. TENANCY: lo oHcc l=0 l=H cc e H l=0 e J8l 0l

1147. TESTAMENT:=Hlo3 lHH l=0 lHl Hl8ee el = eHl I8l J=

1148. TESTAMENTARY CAPACITY: =Hlo3 l = el =l UI3 =Hlo3 l
=H3 l=o=3l el UH 9\ H 3 =c Jl Jl 0Jlel UH 3 J 0Jle J l= UJ
l=Jl Hl8ee e/el H= J o3 UJ l=H ol Hl8ee e 0Je/0Jel J

1149.TESTAMENTARY DISPOSITION: Hl8ee e 3JJ e l=0 le3 H H Ue 3=
oH l=0 Jl oUe He 3= e = l8H oH l=0 Jl loUe H He 3= l8J
= Jl He
103

1150. TESTAMENTARY GUARDIAN: HH3 H 80 e l3 eo ol oll
=Hlo3 l=0 o 80 el lo oHcc o3 lHl oHcc e 8e8H3 8l lU=3 =l3
lIo J l8J Ue 3= =l8H lJe J He 3= l= 80 8I Jl J He
1151. TESTAMENTARY TRUST: cHc H l=H =Hlo3 l=0 8l8o lIo J= l8J cHc
Ue 3= Je l=0 Jl oUe He 3= =Hlo3= H Jl He

1152. TESTAMENTARY TRUSTEE: =8l l=o=3l lHH l=H =Hlo3 eo 88 I8
cHc e cHcl lU=3 =l3 lIo J=

1153. TESTATE:UJ l=o=3l H ol =Hlo3 = Hlo J H UJ lHH =Hlo3 =l3l J

1154. TESTATOR : =8l H =Hlo3 =e J (l8H3l lI testatrix)

1155. TESTARIX: =8l l8H3l lHH =Hlo3 =l3l J=( lI testator)

1156. TESTIFY: HJ 0== l=H oe3l ==8l l=0 I=J =H I=Jl el

1157: TESTIMONY: l=H H=eH l=0 H l=H Hl l=0 H8l I=Jl el

1158.THEFT: 0l = el l=lo H =8l H3l H= el HHel 3 l8 Hl

1159. THIRD PARTY: =8l l=o=3l H =, H=l 8HHl H l=H =l HH,olJeH H
-e l=0 HIH l=0 HH J=

1160. THIRD PARTY CLAIM: He = ==8l H l=H 3lHl cl H=eH l=0
loUel J

1161. THREE STRIKE LAW: UJ = H l=H eHl l=H = HH e =l3 J ==
l8H8l UH =e l=0 e J l=Ul= UH eHl lJ =l e H =u lo= HJ
ou =l3 J8 J

1162: TIME SERVED: oe3 eo l=H eHl 8 I8 HHH le3l I8l HH H UH HH
e 88 J H UHe H=eH e e H l=0 lJ e HH =U= 8e J

1163. TIME WAIVER: HU 3H oH" U |H o JH" J U o o|uJ
HH 3J 3 UH JU HH U oUJ oUJ |3oI UU J!

104
1164. TITLE :l=H HHl H Hl8ee el H=lo3 H H=lo3 e H83

1165. TORT: He =8l l8H == H J l= l=H J l=o=3l UHe UJ =H Jl =l3, H
=l3 H 0Jle Hl cc ==8l el l8= oH UeJ l=H Hc JeH HI JH
e H=eH = J

1166. TORTURE: HH U U H3= " H |H 3 U HU JH" J H UH3 |H I" U
|U8" JU "U H =J |HJ UH U U HoU H "U |H U HJJ o3 H
H=3 H U!

TRANSACTIONAL MALPRACTICE:UJ H= u U el=J, =H=Hl JH
lU l=0 HI3 el 8Je =c, o3 l=H ==8l e 0U H =H 0 l=0
F-=l H 8e-l8=l = l=J

1152 TRANSACTIONAL MALPRACTICE: H el u 3 el=J, HI3 =H =
el H3 =c, H =8l =H =leo H =H e H0 =leo F- =l H ol3=
==8lo e =

1153 TRANSCRIPT: l=H H=8l H H=eH l=0 H = =l l=J He J, e H=H l=

1154 TRANSFERRED INTENT: UJ lHu3 lHH oH He-= UH l=o=3l e lJ
lJ = lHH 3l l8J le l=0 l I8l Hl, HI UH l=o=3l = 8e Hl H l= F-
=l ==8l e 3lH =H H Io e JHe =8l l=o=3l l=H eH l=o=3l l=HH el
Jl3o = el =lHH =e J, F3l H l=H J el Jl3o = 8lJe
J, =l3 lIo HH, H =8l J, UJ Jl lIlo H8I l= lH= l= UH el Jl3o J8l J
lHH el = e H 3 3 l8e Hl

1155 TRANSITORY: ==8lo H H l=3 =l =l3lo I8lo J

1156 TRAVERSE: oH =l l8o l=0 l8He = l8=l J J He =8l He l=H
=l= e = le3 I8 l8o l=0 I8 I8 l=H H 3uH= eH H 3 l8=l
Je J

1157 TRESPASSING: l=H l=o=3l e lH, Hl8ee o3 olu= l=0 F-=l e-
oeHl

105
1158 TRIAL: l8= oe3l oH lHH l=0 3u o3 = e HH H He J o3 UJ
U JH 8 He J l8J ==8l =l =H-l e H3l8= =l3l Hel J o3
l8H l=0 JH l=H lo-l e oJH H lHUl eo 8 He J
1159: TRIAL DE NOVO: l=H ol oe3 l=0 =8l = H=eH H e8 HU HU H
=l3 lIo H=eH lHH l=0 H =H = lHlU Hlo He J lH= l= l8J H=eH
lJ l=H Jl oe3 H l=H 8u=l 8HHl l=0 Hlo Jl lIo J=

1160 TRIAL COURT: lJl oe3 H l=H =H l=0el J, oH 3 3 l8J Hllo
=c Jel J (3 = APPELLATE COURT)

1161 TRIAL COURT (BENCH) UJ H=eH lHH l=0 lHUl 3 c lH Hel J o3 =H
== HH e HH Jl H Je J

1162 TRIAL, SPEEDY: Hl=u el =l 3HlH e 3lJ3 HlHH l8J olu= Icl =l3
lIo J l= UH UH = e 0l3 = e lUH, 3ll=o o3 oH e oH 33Jc
H0- e o=H le3 H8I

1163 TRIAL STATUS/SETTING CONFERENCE: e PRETRIAL SENTENCE.

1164 TRIER OF FACT: l8H e l=0 l=H lHUl el c le3 H = cl8 l=0 lHUl H
HH HH Je J UJ e l8J JH J l= UJ = e =l8e el 3 = el 8H8
3u el 3 =

1165 TRO: = TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDER.

1166 TROMBETTA MOTION: eH3 lHH l=0 l8J 83l =l3l Hel J l= I=Jl
l=o H8 l=Ul= l8J Hl Jl H H=l

1167 TRUE BILL: I lHUl eo l=H 8 I8 l8HH e l8 el 3 =l He l8H
I8 I8 eH e ou U H=eH 0U 8l =Jl H83 lHe Ie J

1168 TRUE FINDING: eHl 8 H e l e HH 8l0o el oe3 l=0 le3 I8 JH
=lJe J

1169 TRUE TEST COPY: oe3 e =8l eH3=H H == el HJ I = le3 He J
l8J Hl3 = Jl Jel

106
1170 TRUST: l8= =l HI3 H =8l l=o=3l Hul3 =e J o3 lHHel =3 == UHel
lo o3 lHl Hl8ee e 8u =l3 He J cHc Hul3 = = l=H J
l=o=3l BENEFICIARY 8l GRANTOR H SETTLOR Je J l8= J 3lH
l=o=3l ( the TRUSTEE) H the grantor cHc e 8u 0Ue J clJ= l=0: cHc
l8= e J lHH l=0 HH3 HH =l3l Hel J 3l= He 3= =H e JH Jl J
He oe3 l=0 H J H J=H el U=ll 88l H H=

1171 TRUST AGREEMENT OR DECLARATION: =l eH3=H H cHc Hul3 =e
J

1172 TRUSTEE: UJ l=o=3l H HHu H cHc l=0 l I8l Hl8ee e 8u =e J

1173 TURNCOAT WITNESS: UJ I=J lHHel I=Jl l=H e J= l=0 Jl Hl UHe
Uc l= oUl

1174 UNCONSCIONABILITY: l=H olJeH l=0 l=H l8= cl 8l l=H Hu= 0
= e l=H o=H e J o3 olJeH elo H3 eHl cl e Hl8H l=0
J= l=0 J

1175 UNCONSTITUTIONAL: UJ 3u H Hcc H J Hl=u e e Uc H c=o l=0
J

1176 UNDERCOVER: =8l l=o=3l H HH 8 H0 JH = 8l eHl cl e UJ
el H3 = H= H 3 8F l=H I3 3 l=0 lJH lJ J=

1177 UNDERTAKING: l=H =l H=eH l=0 l=H cl H UHe ocl e oe3 H
eHl cl = = lol83 JH = el H3 U =8l l8= e

1178 UNDUE INFLUENCE: H l=o=3l ol =Hlo3 l3o = lJ J(testator) UH
H= =8l J l=o=3l l8H I 3 H 8 l= UJ ol =Hlo3 l=0 = HH H 0lH
HH = H UJ 8J l8J oHJl =Hlo3 =I e ou 8 H=e J

1179 UNDER THE INFLUENCE: =8l F-HHl HlH= H Hl= J3 H l=H =l H3
l=0 H8 l == H 0 e Jel JoH Hu J3 l=0 =8l l=o=3l lHH
8lu= HHc3 o3 Hl= =c =l8H e J, oHJl J3 l=0 I= 8lJe J

1180 UNEMPLOYMENT: HHH3 l=0 J el J3 H eH

107
1181 UNILATERAL: l8= H, H e l=o=3lo H =H3 l=0 == l8= H8u J

1182 UNJUST ENRICHMENT, DOCTORINE OF: UJ lHu3 H l8J =lJe J l= l=H
l8= l=o=3l Hl8H 3 3 l=H J el =lH3 U3 oHl J el olIo Jl Jl
0JlelUH3 l8J HI =l3l Hl 0Jlel J l= UJ JH =l3l Hl8ee H el J 8l
= H8l =

1183 UNLAWFUL ASSEMBLY: oH Hu = oH l3 H l3 3 =u l=o=3lo
e l8= J lHH o=Hl oH H3l e I J e 3 J=, H l8=3 J8
l=o=3lo e l8J l8e J= l= UJ l=H luIH 3 3Hee- lHl o3 F-
=l HlJH 0Ul J

1184 UNLAWFUL DETAINER: 8el e =FH (SUMMONS and COMPLAINT) H
=8l H=/Hl8ee e H= o l=8e ee J

1185 UNRUH CIVIL RIGHTS ACT: l8J = =lJlo e H == oelo lH
l=0 lJl8H e 8u = = o3 o=Hl lJl8Hl 8u =l HH J, l=H e l=u
l=H 3 e UH, =H, I, oIJl3, =Hl H, H, uH, lI o3 lI-== U
oul3 e-= el =3 = el HJl =e J

1186 UNSECURED: el=l8 el ==8l l=0 =8l eo= H = e H3= =8l
eo= l8 HH3 e Je J H= l8He =8l I= eo= Jl H I= eo= e
H lHH Je 3= Uu el =H =c Je J

1187 USURY: = eo lul3 e 3 =u He el e H JlH el e e 0H =

1188 UTTER: l=H 0=, Jc H o el =3 =l 3l= (9)l8J H elHo H H=
l= l8J Hl= J (7) l=H J HH eH l= l8J J

1189 VACATE: l=H ==8l e =, HH =

1190 VAGRANCY: lJ el J3 H 3l= lHH l=0 l8= u 3 eHl u l=e lJ, =8l
=, =l, H IH e Hu J

1191 VANDALISM: H-8= H H3 =l3 =H H o=Hl H 8l=c Hl8ee
38J = H =H J0 e l8e =l3 H

108
1192 VEHICULAR HOMICIDE: l8J l=H Hc Il e F-=l 08 H =e
J l8H l8HH IU el ==8l l H8 = =l3 l=J o3 =Jl ou 8e
J l8H 8 = HH e 33 e =- = J == J Hcc l=0 l l J

1193 VENIRE: UH H = e I H lHUl lUcl 8l oe3 l=0 Hleo He J,
=lJe J, lHH l=0 lHU el 0 =l3l Hel J3ll ou to come.

1194 VENUE: oe3 lHu 3Hl o H=eH eH == H=e J

1195 VERDICT: l=H lHUl e H HH e o3H JH

1196 VERIFICATION: =8l Hl= H l3l l8o H oH 3 3 HJ 0== le3 He J l=
H = l=J H lJ J UJ H0 J

1197 VEXATIOUS LITIGANT: UJ l=o=3l H 8 8 oe3 l=0 H=eH e =e J
lH e =8l =l I-H Jl Je

1198 VICARIOUS RESPONSIBILITY: l=H J el u U H l=H J =H 8l = =
H H J

1199 VICTIM: =8l l=o=3l H l=H HH e lH 8e J H HlJl 8eH=l e 3
8e J

1200 VICTIM IMPACT STATEMENT: HH le3 H HH =8l l8o H HH l=H HH
e lH= J8 l=o=3l U H UHe = U J8 HH e = 8 H =Ue J

1201 VIOLATION: l=H olu=, =3=, H = el U=

1202 VIOLATION OF PROBATION: l=H He e l=u J=H-oel e l8= =
l8HH l8He H8u UH lJ lHl JHel HH l=0 HH H8lu3 oHHl8H
HH el H3 Je J

1203 VISITATION: UJ HH He l=H 80 e H H lU lHH = 80 el H e =H Jl,
UH lH oUe/oUel J o3 UH 8l lHH= J

1204 VOIR DOIR: UJ l=lo lHH Jl H=l lHU H= Ho8 =l3 H 3 H
UJ = el 0 =l3l H H= H =H U JH I

109
1205 VOLUNTARY ARRAIGNMENT LETTER: lHlc=c ocl = He lHo
lcH lHH l=0 UH oe3 UHe l=u I8 = 0H 8 H J e J=H eel J
l8H lcH l=0 UH elHo He J l= UH l=H 3l=, l= =H o3 l=H l=I l=0
H J J
1206 VOLUNTARY MAN SLAUGHTER: Jl3o H l=H 3 HlJH Jl =l3l I8l J= l=H
IH-IHl l=0 UeJ 8l l=H o003 8l l=0 He e l=o=3l l8= eH
Ue J, UJ l=0 l8=, eH el Jl3o = ee J

1207 VOLUNTARY UNDERTAKINGS: =8l ==8l lHH U l=H 3 el l=H J el
e-oeHl e =8l oH Jl UJ ==8l H HlJ= =l3l I8l J=, lHH o Jl =l3
lIo J=

1208 WAIVE(RIGHTS): l=H =l olu= ol HHl , H8=, UHe lH
l 3 Hleo l3oI e

1209 WAIVER AND ESTOPPEL: l=H H J8 olu=, , H Jl8e e H-8=
l3oI

1210 WAIVER OF IMMUNITY: l8= Hu, H olulUH Jl = J, lHH =8l
I=J I=Jl e 3 lJ, H H83 H = 3 lJ, o o l=u I=Jl e 3
l8=l J = olu= ee/eel J oHJ == UJ l oU =lo
==8lo l=0 l8J H= 8Ue/ 8Uel J l= UHel le3l I8l I=Jl UHe l=u
=l3o H H=e J

1211 WARD: =8l 8I H Hlo el 8H8 oe3 el lIl o3 H e oul J

1212 WARD OF THE COURT: =8l l=o=3l lHH el UH l=H JHel = H J=H el
U= = HH 9\ H 3 =c J l8J 8I oe3 el lIl o3 H u
lo He J

1213 WARRANT: oe3l J=H H l=H oJH ==8l = 8l =lJe J

1214 WARRANT, ARREST: l=H lH oJH J=H ee J l= UJ UH l=o=3l lHHe
l=u = I = e l8HH J, lIJ3 == oe3 e HH lo8 3l= UHe
l=u =l ==8l H =l3l H H=

110
1215 WARRANT,SEARCH: l8= ll3 J=H H = I = = oJH Jel83
=e J l= UJ l=H HHc 3 3 eHl I8l u el 3Hl 8 o3 JHel = el
U= H8lu3 l=H =l H83 =8 =

1216 WEAPON: =8l =l He lHH l=H U, HHl = H H H 8l =l3o H8
H oHJ = el l=U3 88l H8
1217 WEAPON, CONCEALED: =8l l=o=3l lHH = =8l Jluo J UJ oH =lo
leHe Jl

1218 WEAPON, DEADLY: =8l Jluo, H3, He, HHIl H eu H HHl= J H
oHl=, lHH el =3 =ll3o H 3 Je J l= l8H l=H el H 8l H H=el J H
lHHHl 3 3 Il HH =l3 H H=e J

1219 WEIGHT OF THE EVIDENCE: =8l I=Jl H l=H J e H=8 l=0 oH-oeHl
H =l J=

1220 WHEELER MOTION: UJ eH3 H l8J 83l =el J l= l=H lHUl
8H3 =l3 H8 l=Ul= l8H l=0 =l= = l=H l8= H HHH= I HH
Jl =l3 lIo ( lH= 8= lHU, l8H3lo, ole)

1221 WILL: l8= =l =FH H l8J eHe J l= =8l l=o=3l o H H 3 8oe ol
lHl Hl8ee e lc l== = 0Je J l=H l=o=3l e H 3 lJ =Hlo3
l=H =l HH 8el H H=el J H HH =l3l H H=el J (= TESTAMENT)

1222 WILFUL: =8l H-HHl (willful) =l3l ==8l UJ J, H H 8 = =l3l H8
l8H =Jl =l3l H 8luo =l3l ==8l llo H H=e J

1223 WITH PREJUDICE: l8J UJ oe3l llo U I Je J lHu =H 8H3
= le3 He J l8He = J l= =l= H He8l l8H eo= H H88 3 e8 =H
U= Jl Jl lo H=e

1224 WITHOUT PREJUDICE: He olu= o3 lol83 lo H o3 Jl H
H H = 3J =H l8 HlH 8H3 =l3 lIo J 3 l8He = J l= l8H
HH 3 = H=eH H =l3 H H=e J

1225 WITNESS (9) =8l l=o=3l lHH oe3 l8J I=Jl e 8l l= UH =l =lo,
Hlo H UJ l=H =e3 8 =l He/Hel J, eH 8l 8l8o J8(7) l=H
eH3=H el Hl=3 Hul3 = 8l =FH 3 U HJl =
111

1226 WITNESS STAND: oe3 l=0 UJ HHH u lHu I=J = I=Jl ee J

1227 WITNESS, DEFENSE: l8= oHJ I=J H l=ul Jl, lHH He e ==l l8H 8l
8Ue J l= UJ He e H83 = l=0 Hee =
1228 WITNESS, EXPERT: UJ I=J H l=H lIo, lHo, o=, lH8l H lHlo
e HlJ J o3 lHH l=0 UHelo UI3= J, e oe3 eo Hleo H 3l= lHH
l=H 3 UH I=Jl el J, UHe 8 =8l 3=l=l H l=HHI 8 e= l8J lIo oH
3 3 l=H Hu l=o=3l = Jl Je

1229 WITNESS, HOSTILE: UJ I=J H lH=3 Jl ee

1230 WITNESS, MATERIAL: l=H H HH U I=Jl e = I=J lHHel 3 l=0
8J3 =c l=o=3l JI H 8l 0Il I=Jl e H UJ e H=e J

1231 WITNESS, PROSECUTION: UJ l=o=3l lHHel H=l83 JHel =H el =l
H Jel J o3 lHHel I=Jl U H=eH l=0 HlHH eHl lJU 8l H =
e J

1232 WOBBLER: =8l HIl HH lHH == oul H 3 =Ucl H H Hcc H l=0 HH
=c 8l He J l8H HIl HH Hlo H H=e J H l8= =l J=3 =l Hlo H
H=e J

1233 WORK FURLOUGH: l8= Hu8l IH lHH l=0 Hu = e =Hlo lH
lH0H J 8l l3o =l3 H lJ J) l8HH3 ee J l= UJ l8H HHu l=0 l==
ol =l HHH3 l=0 le e = 8=l8e =H =e lJ o3 3 H =l=- o 3
Hu = el HHu l=0 lc =

1234 WORK PROJECT: UJ IH H HH- UJ3 l=o=3l =e l=0 lJ el u HHel
= e ol3o ee J

1235 WRAP AROUND SERVICES:= lH e 80 =l J H l8= = o = l=0
o3 I = l=0 lJe J H UJ J=J H IJ =J l=U H U 3J l=U J,
8l l o3 l=Hl33 lHJ3 o3 HHH H== lH U UUH JlUo U| HJ oJ U
HH =U o3 UJ JlUo HJ oJ U| JHU H5 UJ U Hlo U =J l=U
=HU J!

112
1236 WRIT: oe3 e J=H H l8J =lJe J l= =8l l=HH ==8l HHl 3 3 =l3l Hl
0Jlel J

1237 WRIT OF EXECUTION: oe3 e J=H H HlJ oe3 e JH I = 8l
=lJe J

1238 WRIT OF MANDATE: UJ eH3 H l=H oe3, oJH, H 8HHl HH8 = l=
UJ = e 3lJ3 JH oe = o3 H = oe3 U H 8 l= UJ o
ol3o el =3 == e l=H o JH =l3 H 3 l8= = el
H3 l=0 ol H33 HHl I =

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