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1. The lecture discusseswhich differs from the main idea in the reading that 2.

The professor made the point that The reading , in contrast, held a different view. 3. Another important point showed in the listening material is that but the reading presents a conflicting idea that 4. Finally, the professor stated that ...which challenges the standpoint made by the writer who said that... 5. In general, the professor discussed the problem of that the reading viewed in a contrary\opposing\different angle. 6. According to the lecture on the other hand \while the reading stated that 7. The professor made the point that on the contrary\ in contrast\ however, the writer demonstrated an idea that 8. The lecture supports\illustrates the idea that 9. The lecture contradicts\refutes\ is contrary to\ is the opposite of the idea that 10. Contrary to the belief in the passage that the professor says that 11. The professor refutes the viewpoint showed in the passage that by saying that

In the lecture, the speaker focuses on ______, ________ and ___________ by _________, challenging what are stated in the reading passage that _________, _________ and _______.

To begin with, the lecturer claims that (the first point offered in lecture), which rejects/supports the contents, (the first main point appeared in reading) mentioned in reading materials. From the lecturer, (the specific reasons or example to support the first point offered by the speaker)

In addition, the lecturer goes on to discuss the issue that (the second point offered in lecture), which also conflict/enhance with the point (the second point appeared in reading).In accordance with the lecturer, (the second point and some concrete reasons or examples) .This perspective differs from/is just the same as what is maintained in the article that (the second point appeared in reading)

Furthermore, the lecturer also opposes to/bolster the writers expectation by emphasizing that (the third point provided in the lecture). On the contrary/Similarly, about the same

problem, the writer insisted that (the third appeared in reading). In order to demonstrate his/her perspective, the lecturer persuades us with the evidence that (the reasons or example to support the third point of lecture)

To sum up, all the three evidences of the lecture illustrate that the speaker agree/disagree with the points mentioned in the reading materials.

In this argument, the arguer concludes that ______. To support the conclusion, the arguer points out that______. In addition, the arguer reasons that_____.This argument suffers from several critical fallacies. In this argument, the arguer recommends that_____.To justify this claim, the arguer provides the evidence that ____. In addition, he cites the result of a recent study that _____. A careful examination of this argument would reveal how groundless the conclusion is. In this analysis, the arguer claims that ____. To substantiate the conclusion, the arguer cites the example that____. In addition, the arguer assumes that ____. This argument is unconvincing for several critical flaws. In this argument, tha arguer advocates that ____. The recommendation is based on the observation that_____. Meanwhile, tha arguer assumes that____. The argument is problematic for two reasons. The conclusion in this argument is that_____. In support of this prediction, the arguer claims that _____.Moreover, the arguer assumes that_____. This argument is fraught with vague, oversimplified and unwarranted assumptions. First, the argument is based on a false analogy. The arguer simply assumes that____, but he does not provide any evidence that_____. Second, the arguer commits a fallacy of hasty generalization. Even if____, it does not follow that____ Besides, the arguer does not provide any solid information concerning that____. Actually, the arguers recommendation of _____would most probably turns out to be ineffective and misleading. In the first place, the arguer fails to take into account the ____factors in the analysis. While we informed that _____, the arguer fails to make clear that____.

In the second place, the comparison in this argument si incomplete and selective, the arguer discovers that ____. However the arguer fails to provide any information regarding ____. Furthermore ____. Unless the arguer also takes these factors into consideration, the comparison is unconvincing. First of all, the argument is based on a lasty generalization. According to the cited studies, ____. The fact tells very little about _____. Even if we accept the arguers assumption that_____, it is unwarranted to assume that_____. In addition, the arguer fails to consider several other relevant factors that____. For instance, _____. What s more,______. Finally, the arguer hints that_____,but he fails to analyze that_____. The major problem with this argument is that the arguer fails to convince us that _____. First, the fact that ____does indicate that____. Second, _____, which makes it impossible for us to evaluate that____ Another point worth considering is the arguers hasty generalization. We are informed that____, but we do not know that_____. We can believe that ____, but based on this slim information, we can never evaluate the overall performance of discount. One major assumption in short of legitimacy is that_____. First, ____. Second, _____. This may prove misleading and counterproductive in the end. In addition, the conclusion is based on a gratuitous assumption that_____. This, however, is unwarranted. In summary, the conclusion reached in this argument is in valid and misleading. To make the argument more convincing, the arguer would have to prove that_____. Moreover, I would suspend my judgment about the credibility of the recommendation until the arguer can provide concrete evidence that_____. Otherwise, the arguer is simply begging the question throughout the argument. To conclude, the argument is not persuasive as it stands. Before we accept the conclusion, the arguer must present more facts that_____. To solidify the argument, the arguer would have to produce more evidence concerning____. As it stands, the argument is not well reasoned. To make it logically acceptable, the arguer would have to demonstrate that ____. Additionally, the arguer must provide evidence to _____. To sum up, the conclusion lacks credibility because the evidence cited in the analysis does not lend strong support to what the arguer maintains. To strengthen the argument

the arguer would have to provide more evidence concerning that_____. In conclusion, the arguer fails to _____. To strengthen the argument, the arguer would have to provide evidence that____. To better evaluate the argument, we need mor information about that____.

Is___, as the reading maintains? The speaker addresses serious counterarguments against this statement by providing drastically different evidences with respect to___,/by undermining the assumption that___/by providing specific alternatives that___. __, states the speaker, running counter to what is addressed in the reading that ___.As elaborated by the speaker, ___ The speaker goes on to raise the issue that__. According to the speaker, ____. This point departs from what is indicated in the reading that___. Finally, the speaker rebuts the reading material by emphasizing that ______will not necessarily___. Quite the contrary, ____. As a notable case in point,___. Finally, the speaker challenges the validity of the assumption of___/identified the logical flaw of___./ In retrospect, the content in the reading passage--albeit well-presented--is totally jeopardized by the speaker, and is far from persuasive as it stands.9

In the lecture, the professor talks about topic sentenceHe also states that positive negativewhich differs from the statement in the reading passage. The professor states thatfor example. However, the statement contradicts the reading passage. The reading passage says that The professor also points out that According to the reading passage, . However, the professor holds the different opinion, which is that Another important point is that for example. This is another part that contradicts the reading passage. The reading passage states that

The lecture is mainly discussing _, _ and _ by_, challenging what are stated in the reading passage that _, _ and _. First of all, the lecturer thinks that _. In contrast, the reading passage believes that _. So, the lecturer totally disagrees with the view made in the passage. Second, the lecturer discusses _, Contradicting what is stated in the reading passage that _. This is another part contradicted what the passage indicates.(The passage does not discuss this point.) Finally, the lecturer raises the issue that _. This point disagrees that_ demonstrated in the passage. So the lecturer has totally different ideas on the topics made in the passage.


The lecture is mainly discussing____ _____and ______by_____, challenging what are stated in the reading passage that ______,____and ____. First of all, the speaker thinks that ____.In contrast,the reading passage believes that ____,so the lecture totally disagree with the view made in reading. Second, the speaker discuss____, contradicting what is stated in the reading that____. Finally, the speaker raises the issue that ____.This point disagrees that____demostrated in reading. So, the contents in the reading passage are totally jeopardized by the speaker and the speaker has tatally different ideas on the topics made in the reading.

Is___, as the reading maintains? The speaker addresses serious counterarguments against this statement by providing drastically different evidences with respect to___,/by undermining the assumption that___/by providing specific alternatives that___. __, states the speaker, running counter to what is addressed in the reading that ___.As elaborated by the speaker, ___ The speaker goes on to raise the issue that__. According to the speaker, ____. This point departs from what is indicated in the reading that___. Finally, the speaker rebuts the reading material by emphasizing that ______will not necessarily___. Quite the contrary, ____. As a notable case in point,___. Finally, the speaker challenges the validity of the assumption of___/identified the logical flaw of___. In retrospect, the contents in the reading passage--albeit well-presented--are totally jeopardized by the speaker, and is far from persuasive as it stands.

1. in the lecture, the professor made several points about ...... .the professor argues that..... However, the reading passage contends that ......The professor's lecture casts doubt on the reading by using a number of point that are contrary to.... 2. the first point that the professor uses to cast doubt on the reading is that....According to the professor...... .....differs from the reading in that the reading states.....The point made by the professor casts doubt on the reading becasue.... 3. Another point that the professor uses to cast doubt on the reading is....The professor claims that.....However, the reading states.....This point is contradicted by..... 4. Finally,the professor stated that ,on the contrary of reading,......In other words,.....This directly contradicts what the reading passage indicates,because..... differ from ,disagree with, cast doubt on, conflict with, challenge

The lecture is mainly discussing ______, ________ and ___________ by _________, challenging what are stated in the reading passage that _________, _________ and _______. First of all, the speaker thinks that ___________. In contrast, the reading passage believes that _____________. So, the lecture totally disagree with the view made in the reading. Second, the speaker discusses ___________, Contradicting what is stated in the reading that _____________________. Finally, the speakers raises the issue that ___________. This point disagrees that ________________ demonstrated in the reading. So, the contents in the reading passage are totally jeopardized by the speaker and the speaker has totally different ideas on the topics made in the reading.

smart cars The lecture is mainly discussing ______, ________ and ___________ by _________, challenging what are stated in the reading passage that _________, _________ and _______. First of all, the speaker thinks that ___________. In contrast, the reading passage believes that _____________. So, the lecture totally disagree with the view made in the reading. Second, the speaker discusses ___________, Contradicting what is stated in the reading that _____________________. Finally, the speakers raises the issue that ___________. This point disagrees that ________________ demonstrated in the reading. So, the contents in the reading passage are totally jeopardized by the speaker and the speaker has totally different ideas on the topics made in the reading.

In this listening material, the professor made several points about____________. First of all / Moreover/ Furthermore, the professor ***** that_____________________, while the reading passage ^^^^^^ ( )that_____________________. () ***** State/ claim/ argue/ discuss/ also mention/ then talk/ indicate/ say/ contend/ raise the issue/ demonstrate/ According to the professor/ make the point that/ hold/ believe/ show/ ^^^^^^ ( ) ( )Contradict/ depart from/ refute/ disagree with/ oppose to the writers expectation/ cast doubt on/ present a (totally) different idea/ jeopardized/ this is anther part where experience contradicted theory/ differ from/ on the contrary/ this makes the explanation seem less likely/ in contrast

1. The lecturer says that the theory stated in the passage was very indifferent and somewhat inaccurate when compared to what happened for real 2. This directly contradicts what the passage indicates 3. This was anther part where experience contradicted theory 4. This is entirely oppose to the writers expectation 5. This is where the speaker disagree with the writer ()Finally, the speakers raises the issue that ___________. This point disagrees that ________________ demonstrated in the reading. So, the contents in the reading passage are totally jeopardized by the speaker and the speaker has totally different ideas on the topics made in the reading.

The lecturer talks about .. He says that the theory in the passage was very different and to some extent inaccurate compared with the actual matters. First. This casts doubts on the claim in the reading that.. Second,This directly contradicts what the passage indicates. Third,. This was another part where experience contradicted theory. The reading passage gives the points that/argues that,.. because that But the lecture completely contradicts the readings claim by stating that. The lecture brings up the idea that Philosopher John Searle has challenged the validity of the Turing Tests because its premised on behavior rather than thought. To prove his argument, hes suggested a paradox, which he refers to Chinese room.