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Automotive

BachelorprogramstartsSeptemberatElectricalEngineering
From:MaartenSteinbuch Modern cars are intelligent high tech systems. Over 60 processors are nowadays on board to control, supervise, interact, navigate and communicate. With the transition towards new propulsion systems the automotive industry is rapidly changing its founding base technologies and required disciplines. Examples of new developments are plugin electrical vehicles and hybrids, fast growing (wireless) communication requirements and possibilities and emerging smart mobility concepts (connected cars). Hence, more electronics, software and ICT are needed; andabitlessmechanicalengineering.Thisiswhywewillstartwiththenewbachelorprogram Automotive as a track within Electrical Engineering this September. What are the great automotivechallenges?Whatarerequirementsofthefutureautomotiveengineers?Andwhy istheTU/einvolved?Thisarticlewillprovidesomeanswers. TU/eAutomotiveEducation Next September the TU/e offers a complete set of educational programs on automotive: the new bachelor Automotive, the existing minor Automotive Systems and master Automotive TechnologyandthenewpostmasterAutomotiveSystemsDesign. BachelorAutomotive.Animportantstepforwardinthemeorientedresearchandeducationfor AutomotiveisthestartofthenewbachelorprogramAutomotive,nextSeptember,whichwill be uniquely positioned as a track within the bachelor Electrical Engineering. Six departments areinvolved.BeingpartoftherecentlyannouncedTU/eStrategicAreaSmartMobility,which willbeheadedbydr.CarlovandeWeijer(TomTom),thethemeorientedAutomotivebachelor willincludecontributionsfromMechanicalEngineering,ElectricalEngineeringandICTrelated technologies, combined with human factors and engineering design. It is rather unique in Europe: in Stockholm and Turin similar bachelor programs exist, also at academic level. However,herewewillfocusonsystemsthinkingandmultidisciplinarity,soastopreparethe youngengineersforafutureinthehightechsector.Theprogramisnotfinalyet,butitisclear

that the new bachelor program will contain general parts in the first year, like mathematics, system theory, networks, electrical components which will be together with the bachelor ElectricalEngineeringstudents,andautomotivespecificcoursesandprojects,likemechanical components, and powertrains. We also want to educate the societal automotive trends and developments,includingsmartmobility.Forthiswearethinkingofaprojectorcoursedetailing thehistoryandfuturesocietalmobilitytrends.Alsohumanfactorswillhaveaprominentrolein thisfirstyear,inordertoconfronttheautomotivestudentswiththeincreasinglyimportantrole withwhichhumansareintheloopoftechnologyusage(humancenteredmobility). The students will work on issues like emissions reduction, electric vehicles, smart safety, mobility solutions and connected cars. The university is aiming for an inflow of 50 to 100 studentsforthenewautomotiveprogram. Moreover, the Dutch automotive industry is in greatfavorofthisnewanduniquecurriculum,and is also willing to participate with teachers and problemstatementsintheprogram.Forinstance, part of the program will focus on commercial vehicles(i.e.trucksandbuses),wherelectureswill be given by DAF employees. In the first year, various visits will be organized to Automotive industries and to the High Tech Automotive Campus,inHelmond. Inthesecondandthirdyearthestudentcanselect specializations from the supporting departments. For the whole bachelor, we also see a prominentrolefortheUniversityRacingTeamEindhoven(URE),withthedevelopmentoftheir fullelectricracingcar. After completion of the bachelor, the students can successfully start with the master AutomotiveTechnology. Minor Automotive Systems. Started as Automotive Electronics, now the minor Automotive Systems is a TU/e wide minor, designed especially for all other students which like modern vehicle technology. The minor has a focus on automotive engineering and technologies. It is hosted by the Electrical Engineering department, and includes contributions from other departmentsaswell.Theminorgivesanicepreparationforallnonautomotivestudentsforthe masterAutomotiveTechnology.

Master Automotive Technology. The master was the first initiative of all new automotive related educational programs at the TU/e. It was motivated by the innovation program High TechAutomotiveSystems(HTAS),whichclearlystatedthatthereisaneedformoreautomotive engineerstosupportthegrowthoftheDutchAutomotivesector,aswellasaneedforanew generation of engineers: those who can cope with the technology paradigm shift presently occurringwithintheAutomotiveindustries.Fromcomponenttowards systemsthinking,from gears to software and ICT. This has been the motivator for the birth of the new and for the Netherlands unique Master of Science Automotive Technology (AT) in 2008. This master, althoughhostedbythedepartmentofMechanicalEngineering,isaTU/ewidemaster,withthe involvementofsixdepartmentsandover14researchgroups.Themasterisnowinitsthirdyear and steadily growing with a good attraction of foreign students. To encourage the multi disciplinarity, the master students follow the first semester eight obligatory courses from all participatingdepartments,rangingfromvehicledynamicsandpowertrainstohumanfactorsin automotive and real time architectures. On top of this, a system oriented design project also supports the eduation of the students to overcome monodisciplinary pitfalls. After this first semester,thestudentsspecializeinoneoftheresearchdirectionsinvolved. PDEngAutomotiveSystemsDesign.Recentlyadecisionwasmadetocomplementthemasterat thetopsidewithaProfessionalDoctorateinEngineering(PDEng)studyfordesigners,calledthe AutomotiveSystemsDesignPDEng,aspartoftheSAIinstitute.Thefirstmoduleofthisnew2 yearpostmasterstudyisonsystemsengineeringasabasictoolingforthemodernautomotive engineer.WiththemasterandthevariousautomotivePhDprojects,thisformstheGraduate ProgramAutomotive,linkingeducationtoourresearchactivitiesonAutomotive. . TU/eAutomotiveResearch Within the TU/e we have a long tradition in automotive research, especially within the mechanical engineering department. Already in the seventies the TU/e build a Volkswagen withelectricpropulsionandwithaflywheel.WewerealsooneofthefirstwinnersoftheShell Ecochallengeintheeighties.Ourresearchondieselenginesandonvariabletransmissionsis knownworldwidealreadyformorethantwodecades. In 2003 we decided within the department of Mechanical Engineering (ME) to make Automotiveasathemestretchedovervariousgroupsemphasizingthatrapiddevelopmentsof technology can be beneficial for various application areas, i.e. a research group can work on roboticsaswellasonvehiclecontrol,therebyhavingthebenefitofsynergy.Atthesametime more activities were carried out at the department of Electrical Engineering with control and electromechanicsforautomotive,andbatteryresearchatChemicalTechnology.Thestartwas

also made with setting up, together with the Dutch automotive industries (FHA: Federation Holland Automotive), of a brand new innovation programme: High Tech Automotive Systems (HTAS). At the same time, the TU Delft decided to stop their research on tyres and vehicle dynamics, and TNO Automotive relocated its labs (over 100 people) from Delft towards the Helmond Campus, where the company PD&E/Benteler also was present as an Automotive Engineering consultancy firm. This campus soon became the Dutch attractor of Holland Automotive,andisnowcalledtheHighTechAutomotiveCampus. Because of the innovation programme HTAS, many research projects were initiated between industry and the TU/e, also including Industrial design, IE&IS, and Computer Science. This development was recently accelerated by the economic crises and some knowledge worker projectsliketheoneonhybridtruckswithDAFandtheSPITSprojectonconnectedvehiclesand smartroads.TheHTASprogramisclearinitsambition:toboosttheDutchAutomotiveindustry from12B/yearturnoverto15B/year.Thevisionistofocusonkeytechnologies/challenges: efficientvehicleandconnectedcar.Onlyby choosingfocusitispossibletogetmassand to make a difference. Smart and intelligent systemstomakehybridtrucksandvehicles, clean combustions, smart vehicle dynamics, and cooperative driving using wireless and reliable communication car2car and car2infra, in order to solve the mobility problem. Interestingly, part of the innovation programme HTAS is devoted to one of the key things in high tech innovation: people. Education was and is seen as one of the key enablers to be productiveasanationandattractiveforforeigncompaniestojointheBrainportfamily. BrainportAutomotive Withintheautomotiveindustrythetrendistowardsmoreaddedvaluebythesupplierchainof industries,whichmakesclearthattheNetherlandsindeedplayanincreasinglyimportantrole fortheglobalautomotiveindustries.Brainportisatthedawnofthisandothernewautomotive developments, with increasingly more automotive related R&D concentrating in the region. ExamplesofhightechautomotivehitsinBrainportinclude: NXP NXP, a producer of integrated circuits among other things, also makes processors for

cars. Quite a significant portion of the companys annual income. Thats why NXP considersautomotiveasamajorgrowthmarket. DAF/Paccar WithannualturnoverofacoupleofbillionEuros,DAFPaccarisnowthesecondlargest trucksupplierinEurope.Theeconomiccrisispromptedreducedproductionbutthishas begun to recover now to 160 trucks a day. Like cars, trucks also contain increasingly moremoderntechnology,likethemoderndieselengine,whichisabsolutelyahightech component.DAFmakesunprecedentedcleandieselengines:theairthatcomesoutis almost cleaner than the air that goes in! This does involve a lot of softwarebased monitoring and control technology. There is also a hybrid truck in production that combinesdieselandelectricpower. TomTom TheTomTomR&DdepartmentinEindhovenisburstingattheseams.Why?TomToms positionasasupplierofnavigationforincarsystems.Thedepartmentneedsknowledge workersthathavearealunderstandingofautomotivespecs,predominantlytoenable navigation to properly connect to other information systems to enable, for instance, roaduserpricingpossible. This is just a small selection of the Brainport companies in the automotive field and is by no meansadisservicetotheothercompanies.LikeVDLandAPTS,manufacturersofhybridbuses andcoaches,orBoschTransmissionsthatsellsthreemillionvariabletransmissionunitsinAsia each year. And all the ancillary suppliers that help their clients innovate in the automotive sector,orTNOAutomotiveandBentelerwiththeirtestfacilitiesattheHighTechAutomotive CampusinHelmond. The automotive sector is rapidly changing. It is (one of) the largest industries worldwide, and has huge challenges to provide good innovation options for a smart and sustainable world. With our Brainport knowledge on mechatronics, embedded systems, microtechnology and hightechsystemsdesign,wearepositioned at the forefront of technologies. As TU/e weareproudtobepartofthis!