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EUROTRON ITALIANA s.r.l.

Viale F.lli Casiraghi 409/413 20099 S.S.Giovanni (MI) - Italy Tel. +39-02 2488201 Fax +39-02 2440286

eurotron

UniCal MMX2
Process Calibrator Multimeter
Instruction Manual ed.01

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Instruction Manual n. MM850272 ed. 01

INTRODUCTORY NOTE
This manual has been with all the information you need to install, operate and maintain the Calibrator/DMM UniCal MMX2 and its accessories. Eurotron has used the best care and efforts in preparing this book and believes the information in this publication are accurate. The Eurotron products are subjected to continuous improvement, in order to pursue the technological leadership; these improvements could require changes to the information of this book. Eurotron reserves the right to change such information without notice. No part of this document may be stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form, electronic or mechanical, without prior written permission of Eurotron Italiana Srl. UniCal MMX2 Calibrator/DMM uses sophisticated analogic and digital technologies. Any maintenance operation must be carried out by qualified personnel ONLY. Eurotron supplies instructions and operative procedures for any operation on the instrument. We recommend to contact our technicians for any support requirements. UniCal MMX2 is fully tested in conformity with the directive n89/336/CEE Electromagnetic Compatibility. Eurotron shall not be liable in any event, technical and publishing error or omissions, for any incidental and consequential damages, in connection with, or arising out of the use of this book.

All right reserved Copyright 1998

EUROTRON Italiana S.r.l. Viale Fratelli Casiraghi 409/413 20099 Sesto San Giovanni (MI) Italy Tel.: 02 248820.1 Fax: 02 2440286 e-mail: eurotron@eurotron.com

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Instruction Manual n. MM850272 ed. 01

INDEX
1
1.1 1.2 1.2.1 1.2.2

GENERAL PERFORMANCE ...................................................................................... 5


Instrument codes ................................................................................................................. 6 Specifications ...................................................................................................................... 7 Input Specifications ......................................................................................................... 8 Output Specifications .................................................................................................... 11

2
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7

GENERAL FEATURES............................................................................................. 12
Flexibility ........................................................................................................................... 12 SELF-PROTECTIVE function............................................................................................. 12 Keyboard........................................................................................................................... 12 Display .............................................................................................................................. 12 I/O Terminals..................................................................................................................... 12 Digital interface.................................................................................................................. 12 Case ................................................................................................................................. 12

3 4
4.1 4.2 4.3

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION ....................................................................................... 13 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION.................................................................................. 14


LCD display....................................................................................................................... 14 Rotary Switch .................................................................................................................... 16 Input and Output terminals ................................................................................................. 17

5 6 7
7.1 7.1.1 7.1.2 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.4.1 7.4.2 7.4.3 7.5 7.5.1 7.5.2 7.5.3 7.5.4 7.5.5 7.5.6 7.5.7 7.5.8 7.5.9 7.5.10

UNPACKING ............................................................................................................ 18 PRE-OPERATIONAL CHECK .................................................................................. 19 OPERATIONS .......................................................................................................... 20


Push-Button operations...................................................................................................... 20 Output operations.......................................................................................................... 20 Input operations ............................................................................................................ 21 Quick start procedure......................................................................................................... 23 Selecting Power-on options................................................................................................ 23 Programming Output.......................................................................................................... 24 Scan output .................................................................................................................. 24 RAMP output ................................................................................................................ 26 Square wave output ...................................................................................................... 28 Special functions ............................................................................................................... 29 Dynamic recording ........................................................................................................ 30 Data hold / Refresh hold................................................................................................ 31 Relative (Zero) .............................................................................................................. 32 Auto Power-off and sleep mode..................................................................................... 32 Disable auto Power-off .................................................................................................. 33 Demonstrate display annunciators ................................................................................. 33 Backlit display for easy reading in the dark..................................................................... 33 Continuity function for Ohms measurement.................................................................... 34 Combination display ...................................................................................................... 34 1 ms Peak Hold............................................................................................................. 35

8 9
9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 8.5 9.6 9.7

COMMUNICATION................................................................................................... 37 APPLICATIONS ....................................................................................................... 38


AC Voltage measurement .................................................................................................. 38 DC Voltage measurement ................................................................................................. 39 mV measurement .............................................................................................................. 40 Resistance measurement................................................................................................... 41 Diode Check...................................................................................................................... 41 mA measurement ............................................................................................................. 41 Temperature measurement ................................................................................................ 42

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Instruction Manual n. MM850272 ed. 01

9.8 9.9 9.10 9.10.1 9.10.2

Simulate and measure frequency transmitter ...................................................................... 42 Trouble-shooting equipment............................................................................................... 43 Component test ................................................................................................................. 43 Zener diode test ............................................................................................................ 43 Transistor hfe test ......................................................................................................... 43

10
10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6

MAINTENANCE........................................................................................................ 45
Safety Informations............................................................................................................ 45 Service.............................................................................................................................. 45 External battery replacement.............................................................................................. 46 Inside battery replacement ................................................................................................. 46 Fuse replacement .............................................................................................................. 47 Cleaning............................................................................................................................ 47

11
11.1 A1

CERTIFICATES ........................................................................................................ 48
Warranty terms.................................................................................................................. 48 EMC Conformity ................................................................................................................ 50

APPENDIX ............................................................................................................................ 49

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Instruction Manual n. MM850272 ed. 01

GENERAL PERFORMANCE

The UniCal MMX2 is a dual display CALIBRATOR / DMM. In the Calibrator mode, the white rotary switch labels indicate the source function; The green labels indicate the measure function. Also the white push button labels indicate output control functions. In the DMM mode, the white rotary switch labels indicate the secondary measurement display while the green labels indicate the primary measurement display. This device can be used not only for instrument system maintenance, but also for maintaining and servicing industrial meters and for testing electronic circuits and electronic equipment. Sensors can be measured for automotive or automatic control system. In addition to generating high accuracy DC voltage and current sources, this device can also generate a square wave with PWM features. Main Features: Constant Voltage Source. Constant Current Source. Square Wave Generator with adjustable duty cycle and amplitude. Memory Generation Output Self-protective function DCV, ACV, DCA, ACA, Diode, Temperature, Frequency, Duty cycle and Pulse width measurements. Back-lit display. Dynamic Recording. AC+DC True RMS measurement for non linear loads(both Voltage and Current). Multi-display for easily analyzing components of signals. Computer Interface with PC. for recording only

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Instruction Manual n. MM850272 ed. 01

1.1

Instrument codes cat. 3420 - A - B

Table

A 0 1 2 B 0 1

Accessories none RS232 Cable with Windows software 1000 high impedance mA output adapter Report of Calibration none Calibration Certification

Table

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Instruction Manual n. MM850272 ed. 01

1.2

Specifications

Display: Both primary and secondary display are 5 digits liquid crystal display (LCD) with maximum reading of 4,000/40,000 adjustable. Automatic polarity indication. Function: DCV, ACV, DCA, ACA, OHM, Diode check, Audible continuity, Temperature, Frequency, Duty cycle and Pulse Width tests. Including AC+DC true RMS measurement for both voltage and current. 1 ms peak hold for easy glitch capture. High accuracy constant current and voltage output(Bipolar sink-source system). Programming: User programmable 16 memories for each range, Scanning Output for one cycle or continuous cycle process output Ramp Output for linear process output A unique square wave output with adjustable duty cycle, pulse width and amplitude. Back-lit display for easy reading in the dark. Measuring rate: 3 times per second for 4,000 counts. 1 time per second for 40,000 counts. 1 time per second for frequency measurement. 0.25 ~4 times per second for Duty Cycle and Pulse Width measurements. Low battery indicator: The " " appears when the battery voltage drops below 7.2V (approx.). Operating temperature: 0C to 40 C, 0 - 80 % R.H. Storage temperature: -20C to 60C, 0 - 80 % R.H. with BATTERY REMOVED. Temperature coefficient INPUT: 0.15 * (specified accuracy) / C (from 0C to 18C or 28C to 40C) OUTPUT: (50ppm rdg + 0.5dgt)/ C Power supply: Single standard NEDA1604, JIS006P,IEC6F22 carbon-zinc or alkaline type 9V battery. For output operation, it is necessary for using external power adapter or battery box. This adapter must have 12 Volts/300 mA capability. Dimension: 37 (H) * 90 (W) * 192 (L) mm. Weight: 1240 grams with standard accessories. Standard Accessories: Test leads (a pair), manual, 9V battery, leather box.

protective holster, alligator clip(a pair), 12V battery with

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Instruction Manual n. MM850272 ed. 01

1.2.1

Input Specifications

Accuracy is given as ( % of reading + no. of least significant digits) at +23C 5C, with relative humidity Less than 80% R.H. In the 4 3/4 digit mode, multiply the number of least significant digits(dgt) by 10. o DC VOLTAGE Range 40mV 400mV

Resolution 10 V/ 1V 0.1mV/10V

Accuracy (0.08%rdg+5dgt) (0.03%rdg+3dgt) for positive range, (0.06%rdg+3dgt) for bipolar range.

Overload Protection

4V 1mV /0.1mV 40V 10mV/1mV 300V 0.1V/10mV (0.06%rdg+3dgt) Input Impedance: 10M (1000 M for 40mV and 400mV)

300V AC RMS

o AC VOLTAGE (TRUE RMS : From 5% to 100% of range. ) % % Range Resolution Accuracy Overload 50/60Hz 45Hz ~ 5kHz 5kHz ~ 20kHz Protection 40mV 10V/1V 400mV 0.1mV/10V 4V 1mV/0.1mV 300V (0.7%rdg+5dgt) (1.5%rdg+5dgt) (2%rdg+5dgt) 40V 10mV/1mV AC RMS 300V 0.1V/10mV 45Hz~1kHz NO SPEC. (1.5%rdg+5dgt) Input Impedance: 10M // less than 100pF(1000M for 40mV and 400mV). Crest factor<=3 o AC+DC VOLTAGE (TRUE RMS : From 5% to 100% of range.) % % Range Resolution Accuracy Overload 50/60Hz 45Hz ~5k Hz 5kHz~20kHz Protection 40mV 10V/1V 400mV 0.1mV/10V 4V 1mV/0.1mV (0.8%rdg+10dgt) (1.6%rdg+10dgt) (2.1%rdg+10dgt) 300V 40V 10mV/1mV AC RMS 300V 0.1V/10mV 45Hz~1kHz (1.6%rdg+10dgt) Input Impedance: 10M // less than 100pF (1000M for 40mV and 400mV). Crest factor <=3 o DC CURRENT Range 40 mA 400 mA

Resolution

Accuracy (0.2%rdg+3dgt)

10 A/1A 0.1 mA/10A

Burden Voltage and shunt 0.06 V (1) 0.6 V (1)

Overload Protection 250V, 630mA Quick acting fuse

o AC CURRENT (TRUE RMS: From 5% to 100% of range.) % % Range Resolution Accuracy Burden Voltage 45Hz ~ 2kHz and shunt 40 mA 10 A/1A (1.0%rdg+5dgt) 0.06 V (1) 400 mA 0.1 mA/10A 0.6 V (1) Crest factor<=3

Overload Protection 250V, 630mA Quick acting fuse

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Instruction Manual n. MM850272 ed. 01

o AC+DC CURRENT (TRUE RMS: From 5% to 100% of range.) % % Range Resolution Accuracy Burden Voltage 45Hz ~ 2kHz and shunt 40 mA 10 A/1A (1.2%rdg+10dgt) 0.06 V (1) 400 mA 0.1 mA/10A 0.6 V (1) Crest factor<=3 o 1 ms PEAK HOLD Specified accuracy +/- 40 digits for changes > 1 ms in duration. VOLTAGE Range

Overload Protection 250V, 630mA Quick acting fuse

Resolution

Accuracy

Overload Protection 300V AC RMS

40 mV 10 V/ 1V 400 mV 0.1mV/10V 4V 1mV /0.1mV (2%rdg+43dgt) 40 V 10mV/1mV 300 V 0.1V/10mV Input Impedance: 10M (1000M for 40mV and 400mV) CURRENT Range 40 mA 400 mA

Resolution 10 A/1A 0.1 mA/10A

Accuracy (2%rdg+43dgt)

Burden Voltage and shunt 0.06 V (1) 0.6 V (1)

Overload Protection 250V, 630mA Quick acting fuse

o RESISTANCE Range Resolution

Accuracy

400 0.1/0.01 4 k 1/0.1 40 k 10/1 (0.2%rdg+3dgt) 1.28V 400 k 100/10 4 M 1/0.1 k 40 M 10/1 k (1%rdg+5dgt) Instant Continuity: Built-in buzzer sounds when resistance is less than 10.0 o DIODE CHECK Range Resolution Accuracy Diode 1 / 0.1 mV (1.0%rdg+2dgt) Overload protection: 300 Vac RMS

Maximum Test Voltage 3.3V

Overload Protection

300V AC RMS

Test Current approx. 1.65mA

Test Voltage <3.3V

o AUDIBLE CONTINUITY TEST Range Resolution Accuracy Test Current Built-in buzzer sounds when Diode 1 / 0.1 mV reading is below approx. 100 mV approx. 1.65mA Overload protection: 300 Vac RMS o K -TYPE TEMPERATURE TEST RANGE Resolution Accuracy -40C ~ 1200C 1/0.1C (0.3%rdg+3C) -40F ~ 2192F 1/0.1F (0.3%rdg+6F) The accuracy does not include the tolerance of thermocouple probe

Test Voltage <3.3V

Overload Protection 300V AC RMS

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Instruction Manual n. MM850272 ed. 01

o FREQUENCY for Voltage measurement Range Resolution Accuracy 100Hz 0.01/0.001Hz 1kHz 0.1/ 0.01Hz 10kHz 1/0.1Hz (0.02%rdg+1dgt) 100kHz 10/1 Hz 200kHz 100/10Hz Overload protection: 300Vrms AC

Min. Input Freq.

1Hz

FREQUENCY SENSITIVITY AND TRIGGER LEVEL MINIMUM SENSITIVITY Trigger Level for DC coupling (RMS SINEWAVE) (Maximum input for specified 40 Hz-20 kHz 10 Hz-200 kHz < 20 kHz 20 kHz ~ 200 kHz accuracy = 10 x Range or 300V) 40 mV 10mV NO SPEC. 15mV No SPEC. 400 mV 30mV 40mV 40mV 80 mV 4V 0.3V 0.4V 0.4V 0.8V 40V 3V 4V 4V 8V 300V 30V 40V 40V 80 V (100 kHz) (100 kHz) INPUT RANGE
The accuracy for duty cycle and pulse width is based a 5V square wave input on the 4V dc range. DUTY CYCLE 0.01 to 99.9 % for DC coupling, 5% to 95% for AC coupling Accuracy: Within (0.3% per kHz + 0.3%) of full scale PULSE WIDTH 0.1 ms to 1999 ms Accuracy: (0.2%rdg +3dgt ), pulse width must be greater than 10s. Pulse width range is determined by the frequency of the signal.

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Instruction Manual n. MM850272 ed. 01

1.2.2

Output Specifications

Accuracy is given as ( % of reading + no. of least significant digits) at 23C 5C, with relative humidity Less than 80% R.H. o CONSTANT VOLTAGE OUTPUT Generation Range Resolution

Accuracy

CV:1.5V 0.1 mV (0.03%rdg+0.3mV) 0 to 1.5000V CV:15V 1 mV (0.03%rdg+3mV) Approx. 25mA 0 to 15.000V NOTE: LOADING COEFFICIENT: 0.012MV / MA FOR 1.5V OUTPUT. MAXIMUM INPUT VOLTAGE: 30 VDC o CONSTANT CURRENT OUTPUT Generation Range Resolution

Maximum output current Approx. 25mA *Note 1.

Accuracy

CC:25 mA 1 A (0.03%rdg+5A) 0 to 25.000 mA NOTE: LOADING (BURDEN VOLTAGE) COEFFICIENT: 1A / V. M AXIMUM INPUT VOLTAGE: 30 VDC o SQUARE WAVE OUTPUT OUTPUT Range Frequency 0.5, 1, 2, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 40, 50, 60, 75, 80, 100, 120, 150, 200, 240, 300, 400, 480, 600, 800, 1200, 1600, 2400, 4800 Hz Duty cycle*1 0.39% ~ 99.60 % Pulse width *1 1 / Frequency Amplitude 5V, 5V, 12V, 12V NOTE: THE
POSITIVE PULSE WIDTH MUST BE GREATER THAN

Maximum burden voltage Approx. 12V *Note 1.

Resolution 0.01Hz

Accuracy (0.005 %rdg +0.01Hz)

0.390625% Range/256 0.1V

(0.01 %rdg +0.02%) (0.01 %rdg +0.3ms) (2 %rdg + 0.2V)

50 S

FOR ADJUSTING THE DUTY CYCLE OR PULSE WILL BE DIFFERENT TO

WIDTH UNDER DIFFERENT FREQUENCY . ELSE, THE ACCURACY AND RANGE DEFINITION. M AXIMUM INPUT VOLTAGE: 30 VDC

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Instruction Manual n. MM850272 ed. 01

2
2.1

GENERAL FEATURES
Flexibility

Advanced flexibility of performance has been achieved using microprocessor technology. The indicatorsimulator UniCal MMX2 is a complete system for check outs, measurements and calibrations built into a single compact portable instrument. A single instrument to perform all most common test and calibrations ao process control equipments and systems. 15 different functions available in a rugged, compact, two channel and dual LCD display unit.

2.2

SELF-PROTECTIVE function

This instrument has a SELF-PROTECTIVE function to turn-off the output function. Under certain conditions the output will automatically shift to the standby mode. This future prevents the user from making incorrect measurements due to faulty indication. Some of the conditions which will activate this function are: Excessive noise in the power system. Low external source power supply. Overload condition.

2.3

Keyboard

A rugged rotary switch is used to allow the selection between the input and output multimeter functions. Seven buttons allow the auxiliary selection and setting for special functions: dynamic recording, data hold, select different combination of dual display, etc.

2.4

Display

The high quality high contrast LCD display allows easy readings even in poor light conditions. The dual 40,000 counts resolution display can indicate the input and output values, the technical units and the signal values simultaneously.

2.5

I/O Terminals

This device has two terminals for input functions that are protected against overloads to the limits shown in the specifications. The other two terminals provide the output functions.

2.6

Digital interface

A digital interface, with TTL logic levels, is available as standard for communications with external units. A 4 wire cable, with a male mini connector, and an auxiliary module for TTL to RS232C conversion is available as an option.

2.7

Case

The case, made of shock-resistant and self-extinguishing ABS, is ergonomically designed for easy practical operation. The instrument is supplied in a vinyl protective case.

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Instruction Manual n. MM850272 ed. 01

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION

The UniCal MMX2 portable calibrator consists of a rugged and compact case, a mother board with all base functions, a rotary switch, a rubber keyboard, a dual LCD display and a 9V alkaline battery. The battery container is located on the back of the case and is accessible by removing the plastic cover (see cap. 10 for more information). The case has been designed and manufactured using modern CAD/CAM techniques giving consideration to the manufacturing process and ergonomic characteristics for easy operation and transportation. The two halves of the case are joined together by five metal screws located on the back side. The vinyl case assures better protection of the instrument against knocks or scratches.

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Instruction Manual n. MM850272 ed. 01

FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION

This device can be used not only for instrument system maintenance, but also for maintaining and servicing industrial meters and for testing electronic circuits and electronic equipment. Sensors can be measured for automotive or automatic control system. In addition to generating high accuracy DC voltage and current sources, this device can also generate a square wave with PWM features. Main Features Constant Voltage Source. Constant Current Source. Square Wave Generator with adjustable duty cycle and amplitude. Memory Generation Output Self-protective function DCV, ACV, DCA, ACA, Diode, Temperature, Frequency, Duty cycle and Pulse width measurements. Back-lit display. Dynamic Recording. AC+DC True RMS measurement for non linear loads(both Voltage and Current). Multi-display for easily analyzing components of signals. Computer Interface with PC. for recording only

4.1
1) 2), 4) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8), 14) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 16) 17) 18) 19) 20) 21) 22) 23) 24) 25) 26) 27) 28) 29) 30)

LCD display
: Auto power off is enabled : Diode/Audible continuity function annunciator : Large digits for primary input. : Continuity function annunciator : Data hold or Refresh hold annunciator : AUTO range Mode : Zero(Delta) mode annunciator : Programmable ramp output : Output signal is in standby. : Square wave output : Output signal is active. : Calibrator mode select. : Communication ON annunciator : Programmable scan output. : Small digits for output and secondary input. : Constant current output : Constant voltage output : Frequency adjustment for Square wave output : Duty cycle adjustment for Square wave output : Pulse width adjustment for Square wave output : Amplitude adjustment for Square wave output : Direct Current or Voltage : Alternating Current or Voltage : AC+DC measurement (Alternating + Direct Current or Voltage) : Temperature units for secondary display : Duty cycle unit of square wave output function. : Frequency unit of square wave output function. : Frequency unit of input function. : Pulse width unit for output function. : Unit for constant current output

DH AUTO ,

Level DC AC ACDC C, F % Hz k Hz m sec mA

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Instruction Manual n. MM850272 ed. 01

31) 32) 33) 34) 35) 36) 37) 38), 5) 39), 5) 40) 41) 42) 43) 44) 45) 46) 47) 48) 49) 50) 51) 52) 53)

V mA mV, V MAX AVG MIN MAX AVG MIN DH MAX DH MIN DC AC ACDC C, F %

mA mV, V m sec sec kHz Mk

: Unit for constant voltage output : Unit for current measurement : Units for voltage measurement : Dynamic recording mode, indicates the present reading : Maximum reading : Average reading : Minimum reading : 1 ms peak hold maximum reading : 1 ms peak hold minimum reading : Low battery indication. : Direct Current or Voltage : Alternating Current or Voltage : Means AC+DC measurement (Alternating + Direct Current or Voltage) : Temperature units for primary display : Duty cycle unit of input function. : Negative (-) trigger slope for Duty cycle and Pulse width measurements : Positive (+) trigger slope for Duty cycle and Pulse width measurements : Current unit of input function. : Voltage units of input function. : Pulse width unit for input function : Pulse width unit for input function : Frequency unit of input function. : Resistance (ohm) units

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21 22,23,24 25 26 27,28 29,30,31,32,33 34,35,36,37,38,39 40 41,42,43 44 45 46 47 48,49,50,51 52,53

12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

Level

AC DC
CF%

+ -

8.8.8.8.8. kHz mAV/sec


AC DC
C % F mAV/sec MkHz

AUTO DH MAX AVG MIN

8.8.8.8.8.

Figure 2. LCD Display

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Instruction Manual n. MM850272 ed. 01

4.2

Rotary Switch

To turn this device on and select a function, turn the rotary switch (Figure 3) to a switch setting. The whole display will light for one second. Input Multimeter(secondary) 1) Power Off 2) DC, AC or DC+AC Voltage measurements. Output Calibrator(primary)

3) 4) 5) 6)

Square wave output Constant current : 25 mA Constant voltage : 1.5V, 15V DC, AC or DC+AC milli-volt measurements. Constant voltage : 1.5V, 15V Resistance and Continuity measurements: 400~ 40M Constant voltage : 1.5V, 15V Diode measurement. Constant current : 25 mA DC,AC or DC+AC milli-ampere Constant voltage : 1.5V, 15V measurements: 40, 400 mA Constant current : 25 mA Square wave output White labels indicate the source function. Green labels indicate the measure function. White labels indicate the primary display. Green labels indicate the secondary display.

In the Calibrator mode: In the Multimeter mode:

Figure 3. Rotary Switch

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Instruction Manual n. MM850272 ed. 01

4.3

Input and Output terminals


WARNING TO AVOID DAMAGING THIS DEVICE,
DO NOT EXCEED THE INPUT LIMIT SHOWN BELOW TABLE 2.

ROTARY SWITCH FUNCTION AC/DC 4V ~ 300V AC/DC 40mV ~ 400mV OHM () DIODE ( ) AC/DC 40 ~400mA Table 2. Input limit specification.

INPUT TERMINAL V mA

OVERLOAD PROTECTION

300 V AC RMS + and 250V/630mA, Quick acting fuse

This device has two terminals for input functions that are protected against overloads to the limits shown in the specifications. The other two terminals provide the output functions. The overload protection is DC 30 volts. 1) 2) 3) 4) Negative terminal for all measurements. Positive terminal for Volts, Ohms, Diode, Current, Temperature and Frequency, Duty Cycle and Pulse width measurements. Negative output terminal. Positive input terminal.

Figure 4. Input / Output Terminals

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Instruction Manual n. MM850272 ed. 01

UNPACKING

Remove the instrument from its packing case and remove any shipping ties, clamps, or packing materials. Carefully follow any instructions given on any attached tags. Inspect the instrument for scratches, dents, damage to case corner etc. which may have occurred during shipment. If any mechanical damage is noted, report the damage to the shipping carrier and then notify EUROTRON directly or its nearest agent, and retain the damaged packaging for inspection. A label, inside the battery container, indicates the serial number of the instrument. Refer to this number for any enquiry for service, spare parts supply or application and technical support requirements. EUROTRON will keep a data base with all information regarding your instrument.

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Instruction Manual n. MM850272 ed. 01

PRE-OPERATIONAL CHECK
WARNING READ "SAFETY INFORMATION" BEFORE USING THIS DEVICE.

NOTE : YOUR PROCESS CALIBRATOR M ULTIM ETER IS TESTING AND TROUBLESHOOTING ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS. IF CONTACT THE PLACE OF PURCHASE IMMEDIATELY.

A HAND-HELD, BATTERY-OPERATED INSTRUMENT FOR THIS DEVICE IS DAMAGED OR MISSING AN ACCESSORY ,

A WARNING identifies conditions and actions that may cause hazard(s) to the user; a CAUTION identifies conditions and actions that may damage this Device. International electrical symbols used are explained in Table 1. AC - Alternating Current DC - Direct Current AC and DC - Alternating and Direct Current

W ;
!

Ground Double Insulation See Explanation In The Manual

Table 1. International Electrical Symbols

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Instruction Manual n. MM850272 ed. 01

7
7.1

OPERATIONS
Push-Button operations

The operation of push-buttons is described below. When a button is pressed, a display symbol will light, and the beeper will sounds. Turning the rotary switch to another switch setting resets all push buttons to their default state.

7.1.1

Output operations

Figure 5. Output Buttons. 1. m (SHIFT): Back-light/Shift Press this button momentarily to shift operation of push-buttons. All push-buttons are used to adjust OUTPUT states. The annunicator will turn on while in the output mode. 2. MODE: Select adjustment mode For square wave output, press this button momentarily to select which parameter will be adjusted. Press this button to cycle through Hz, %, ms and amplitude adjustment modes. For constant voltage output, press this button momentarily to cycle through 1.5 V, 15V, SCAN 1.5 V, SCAN 15V, RAMP 1.5 V, RAMP 15V output modes. For constant current output, press this button momentarily to cycle through 25 mA, SCAN 25 mA, RAMP 25 mA, output modes. After setting SCAN and RAMP for constant voltage and current output, press and hold this button 1 second to go to programming mode. For detail description and operation, please refer to the section about programming. 3. 3 (LEFT): Select which Digits or polarity will be adjusted by pressing UP tor DOWN 6 button. For voltage and current output, press this button momentarily to move the adjustment position from polarity, digit 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 then back to polarity. The selected position will flash on the display. Digit 5 Digit 4 Digit 3 Digit 2 Digit 1 After setting SCAN for voltage and current output, press this button momentarily to select Continuous, One Cycle or Step output. Normally, it will default to continuous output. For detail description and operation, please refer to the section about programming. After setting RAMP for voltage and current output, press this button momentarily to select Continuous or One Cycle output. Normally, it will default to continuous output. For detail description and operation, please refer to the section about programming.

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Instruction Manual n. MM850272 ed. 01

4. 4 (RIGHT): Select which Digits or polarity will be adjusted by pushing UP5 or DOWN 6button. Press this button momentarily to move the adjustment position from polarity, digit 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 then back to polarity. The selected position will flash on the display. Digit 5 Digit 4 Digit 3 Digit 2 Digit 1 5. 5 (UP): Adjust digit or polarity Press this button momentarily to increase 1 count for the selected digit or toggle the + and for polarity of output state. Press and hold this button to repeat above action. 6. 6( DOWN): Adjust digit or polarity Press this button momentarily to decrease 1 count for the selected digit or toggle the + and for polarity of output state. Press and hold this button to repeat above action. 7. OUTPUT Control the output state Press this button momentarily to toggle the output state ON and OFF. The screen will display to indicate the out is on. Press this button momentarily again, the screen will display to indicate the device has disabled the signal output. When programming of SCAN and RAMP functions. After setting for each step, press this button momentarily to save your setting.

7.1.2

Input operations

Figure 6. Input Buttons. 1. DC AC / PEAK (MODE) : Select DC, AC, DC+AC, Peak Test This button is used for selecting the measurement of either alternating source, direct source, DC+AC or 1 ms peak hold (glitch capture) function. Press this button momentarily to step through DC,AC and DC+AC test. Press this button for more than 1 second to toggle 1 ms peak hold ON/OFF. The display will show "DH MAX" to indicate the PEAK + and show "DH MIN" to indicate the PEAK -. For Ohm test, press this button momentarily to toggle" " ON/OFF. The continuity beeper will sound when test value is below 100 counts. For Duty cycle and Pulse width tests, press this button for more than 1 second to change the trigger slope + or -. 2. DH: DATA HOLD or Refresh Data Hold The data hold function allows operator to hold the displayed digital value.

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To select " Refresh Hold " use Power-ON Options. The reading will be updated to the indicator automatically when the reading is changed. Simultaneously, the beeper sounds a tone to indicate the update. Press this button momentarily to toggle DH on or off.

3. DH (MAX MIN) : Dynamic Recording Record maximum, minimum, and calculates true average. Press this button for more than 1 second to toggle recording mode on or off. Press this button momentarily to cycle through MAX, MIN, AVG and present (MAX AVG MIN) readings. The beeper sounds when a new maximum or minimum value is recorded. Press this button momentarily to cycle through Peak + and Peak - readings after setting peak mode. The screen shows "DH MAX" to indicate the PEAK + and show "DH MIN" to indicate the PEAK -. 4. REL( ZERO) Relative function The relative function shows the difference between the measured value and the stored value. Press to toggle Relative() ON or OFF. For mV measurements, press this button for more than 1 second to enter Temperature measurement. Press this button again for more than 1 second will come back the mV measurement. 5. RANGE: In auto-range, press this button to select manual range and turn off the " AUTO " annunciator. In manual range, press this button momentarily to step up 1 range at a time. Press this button for more than 1 second to select auto-range. In auto-range, the " AUTO " annunciator is lit and the meter will select an appropriate range for resolution if a reading is greater than maximum available range, " OL "(overload) will be displayed on the display. The meter will select a lower range when reading is less than about 9% of full scale. Press this button momentarily to change measuring range and re-start the PEAK+ and PEAKmeasurements after setting the peak mode. 6. DUAL: Dual Display Combination Press this button momentarily to select different combinations of dual display. The combinations of dual display are shown following table. Function AC Voltage DC Voltage AC + DC Voltage AC Current DC Current AC+DC Current Temperature Primary display AC Volt DC Volt AC+DC Volt AC Amps DC Amps AC+DC Amps Celsius (C) Fahrenheit (F) Secondary display ( AC coupling ) ( DC coupling ) ( AC coupling ) ( AC coupling ) ( DC coupling ) ( AC coupling ) (F) (C)

Frequency Frequency Frequency Frequency Frequency Frequency Fahrenheit Celsius

Press this button momentarily to re-start a new peak value measurement after setting peak mode. After setting the SCAN and RAMP modes for output function, this button will be disabled.

7. Hz: Select Frequency, Duty Cycle, Pulse Width Test

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When measuring Volts or Amps, press this button momentarily to enter Frequency measurement while Voltage or Current is indicated on the secondary display. Press this button again to step through Frequency , Duty cycle, Pulse width and to return to Voltage or Current measurement. The combinations of dual display are shown in the following by pressing Hz button. Primary display Frequency (Hz) Duty Cycle (%) Pulse Width (ms) Frequency (Hz) Duty Cycle (%) Pulse Width (ms) Frequency (Hz) Duty Cycle (%) Pulse Width (ms) Frequency (Hz) Duty Cycle (%) Pulse Width (ms) Frequency (Hz) Duty Cycle (%) Pulse Width (ms) Secondary display AC Volt AC Volt AC Volt DC Volt DC Volt DC Volt AC+DC Volt AC+DC Volt AC+DC Volt DC/AC Amps DC/AC Amps DC/AC Amps AC+DC Amps AC+DC Amps AC+DC Amps Remark

Function AC Voltage

DC Voltage

AC+DC Voltage

DC/AC Current

AC+DC Current

After setting the SCAN and RAMP modes for output function, this button will be disabled.

8. m : Back-light/Shift Press this button momentarily to shift operation of push-buttons. Press this button for more than 1 second to Toggle back-light ON or OFF. Back-light turns off automatically after 30 seconds.

7.2

Quick start procedure

To quickly set-up and output a process calibration signal: Plug the external source 12 V battery pack into the left side of the meter. Turn the function switch to the white function required ( V, mA or Square wave). The adjacent green function will be the simultaneous measure units. Press the white SHIFT button to enter the calibrator standby mode. Use the arrow buttons (left / right for digit selection, up / down for value) to set the output value. Connect the OUTPUT jacks to the device to be tested. Press the OUTPUT(Hz) button. The process signal will become active. press the OUTPUT button again to turn off the signal.

7.3

Selecting Power-on options

Some options can be selected only when you turn the meter on.

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These power-on options are listed in Table 3. To select power-on options, press and hold the push button while turning the rotary switch to any on position. Power-on options remain selected until the meter is turned off. PUSHBUTTON MODE OPTION DESCRIPTION Demonstrate Annunciators To demonstrate the annunciators, The entire annunciators will be displayed. Press the button again to exit demonstration mode. Disable auto-power off In general, the auto power off function will turn the meter off if neither rotary switch nor push button is activated for 15 minutes. When auto power off is disabled, the meter will stay on continuously. Auto-power off will be auto disabled in Dynamic Recording. Enable " Refresh Hold". Disable beeper function. Turns off all beeper functions. Select 4,000/40,000 counts resolution. In general, The meter is 40,000 counts (4 3/4 digits) resolution and the response time is one time per second. By this option, the meter can be changed to 4,000 counts (3 3/4 digits) resolution and the response time can be updated to 3.3 times per second Disable turning off the back-light automatically after 30 seconds.

DH REL RANGE

m DUAL

Set Computer Interface. Turn on Data output function via RS-232C interface. The sign will be lit. Table 3. Power-ON Options

7.4

Programming Output

For constant voltage and current output, this device offers two usefully functions. One is SCAN output, it has 16 steps and can be set for amplitude and time interval. The other one is RAMP output. It has dual slopes for linear simulation, and can be set to different resolutions to control the ramp time.

7.4.1
1.

Scan output
or V output position. Press SHIFT button momentarily to shift operation of push-buttons. The annunciator will be on after setting shift mode. For voltage output, press MODE button momentarily to cycle through 1.5 V, 15V, SCAN 1.5 V, SCAN 15V, RAMP 1.5 V, RAMP 15V output modes. For current output, press MODE button momentarily to cycle through 25 mA, SCAN 25 mA, RAMP 25 mA, output modes. annunciator will be on. After setting the scan function, the

How to select the scan function. Turn the rotary switch to the outer white mA

2.

The 16 steps of below are initially set in memory: Mode 1.5000 V Step 1 2 3 4 5 6 Amplitude +1.5000 V +1.2000 V +0.9000 V +0.6000 V +0.3000 V +0.0000 V Time interval 02 sec 02 sec 02 sec 02 sec 02 sec 02 sec

15.000 V Amplitude Time interval +15.000 V 02 sec +12.000 V 02 sec +09.000 V 02 sec +06.000 V 02 sec +03.000 V 02 sec +00.000 V 02 sec

25.000 mA Amplitude Time interval +25.000 mA 02 sec +20.000 mA 02 sec +15.000 mA 02 sec +10.000 mA 02 sec +05.000 mA 02 sec +00.000 mA 02 sec

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7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

-0.3000 V -0.6000 V -0.9000 V -1.2000 V -1.5000 V +0.0000 V +0.0000 V +0.0000 V -1.5000 V +0.0000 V

02 sec 02 sec 02 sec 02 sec 02 sec 00 sec 00 sec 00 sec 02 sec 02 sec

-03.000 V -06.000 V -09.000 V -12.000 V -15.000 V +00.000 V +00.000 V +00.000 V -15.000 V +00.000 V

02 sec 02 sec 02 sec 02 sec 02 sec 00 sec 00 sec 00 sec 02 sec 02 sec

-05.000 mA -10.000 mA -15.000 mA -20.000 mA -25.000 mA +00.000 mA +00.000 mA +00.000 mA -25.000 mA +00.000 mA

02 sec 02 sec 02 sec 02 sec 02 sec 00 sec 00 sec 00 sec 02 sec 02 sec

3. How to select automatic output. function, you can select 3 output modes by pressing the 3 (LEFT) or 4 After setting (RIGHT) buttons. Press these buttons momentarily to select Continuous, Cycle or Step output. The small digits display will show Cont, CYCLE, or StEP respectively.
Press t or u
+
V

Level AC DC + AUTO

Press t or u

C ont

DC
V

AUTO

cycle

+ DC
V

step

AUTO

DC

00000

00000
Press t or u

00000

Figure 7. Operations for selecting SCAN output types . For Continuous and Cycle outputs always start from step 1. If you set the time interval of step1 to 00 second, the output will send out the amplitude of step 1 when you activate the output function. 1) Cont: Continuously cycled output. Press the OUTPUT button to start the source output. The meter will output the programmed memory values starting at step 1 and continuing until the step 16 is reached or until a step containing a time interval of 00 seconds is reached. The output will then revert back to step 1 and begin the cycle again. The amplitude of each step will be maintained for the period of time stored in memory for that step. For example, for the initial memory setup, the output will step from 1, 2,3 11(00 interval stored in step 12) and return to step1. CYCLE: One cycle output. Press the OUTPUT button to start the source output. The meter will output the programmed memory values starting at step 1 and continuing until the step 16 is reached or until a step containing a time interval of 00 seconds is reached. The output will lock on the final step. The amplitude of each step will be maintained for the period of time stored in memory for that step. For example, for the initial memory setup, the output will step from 1, 2,3 11(00 interval stored in step 12) and lock on step 11. STEP: Manually stepped output. Press the OUTPUT button to start the source output. The meter will output the programmed memory values starting at step 1. Press UP or DOWN arrow keys to advances to the next or last step. The amplitude of currently selected step will remain on until a new step or the output is returned to standby mode.

2)

3)

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Figure 8. SCAN OUTPUT. 4. Scan output programming. In the scan , standby mode, press and hold MODE button for 1 second to enter the scan programming mode. The available selections for adjustment are : Step number(1 to 16), Time interval (0 to 99 seconds) and amplitude. The flashing digits indicate which adjustment is selected. The arrow buttons are used to set the value desired. The MODE key is used to advance from one selection to the next. When all the values are set to proper setting, press the OUTPUT key to store the setting into memory.

Output amplitude
+

Step 16 memories

1.5000

01-02

0..99 sec Time interval

sec

Figure 9. SCAN output programming.

7.4.2
1.

RAMP output

How to select the RAMP function. Turn the rotary switch to the outer white mA or V output position. Press SHIFT button momentarily to shift operation of push-buttons. The annunciator will be on after setting shift mode. For voltage output, press MODE button momentarily to cycle through 1.5 V, 15V, SCAN 1.5 V, SCAN 15V, RAMP 1.5 V, RAMP 15V output modes. For current output, press MODE button momentarily to cycle through 25 mA, SCAN 25 mA, RAMP 25 mA, output modes.

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After setting the RAMP function, the 2. Table is on initial memory values: Mode 1.5000 V Position Start End 3. Amplitude -1.5000 V +1.5000 V Resolution 015 steps 015 steps

and

sign will be indicated on the display.

Amplitude -15.000 V +15.000 V

15.000 V Resolution 015 steps 015 steps

25.000mA Amplitude Resolution -25.000mA 025 steps +25.000mA 025 steps

How to select automatic output. After setting RAMP function, you can select 2 output modes by pressing the 3 (LEFT) or 4 (RIGHT) buttons. Press these buttons momentarily to select Continuous or Cycle output. The small digits of screen will show Cont or CYCLE respectively. 1) Cont: Continuous output. Press the OUTPUT button to start the source output. The meter will output ramp according to programmed memory values. The ramp will begin at programmed start amplitude and ramp to programmed end amplitude with a resolution according to number of steps programmed(1-999) in the start screen. The time interval for each step is 0.33 seconds. The ramp will then ramp from the end value to the start value with the number of steps programmed in the end value screen. Again, the time interval for each step is 0.33 seconds. This cycle will continue until the OUTPUT button is pressed. Example: initial values for 1.5 V range. Start= -1.5V, End= +1.5V, Steps= 15, Resolution= (-1.5V-1.5V) / 15steps = 0.2 V. Time = (15 steps x 0.33 sec)= 4.95 sec. CYCLE: One cycle output. Same as Cont except the output will lock at the end of one cycle.
Press t or u
+
V

2)

Level AC DC + AUTO

C ont

DC

AUTO

cycle

DC
V

00000

00000

Figure 10. Operations for selecting RAMP output types. 4. Memory programming for RAMP output. In the Ramp standby mode, press and hold MODE button for 1 second to enter the Ramp programming mode. The available selections for adjustment are : Start and End position, Number of steps of resolution (1 to 999) and amplitude. The flashing digits indicate which adjustment is selected. The arrow buttons are used to set the value desired. The MODE key is used to advance from one selection to the next. When all the values are set to proper setting, press the OUTPUT key to store the setting into memory. End position
Each interval is (start position end position) divide resolution Each interval is (start position end position) divide resolution

Start position Figure 11. RAMP OUTPUT.

Start position

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Figure 12. RAMP output programming.

7.4.3

Square wave output

This unique function, can be applied to many various applications. For instance, PWM(pulse width modulation) out, regulated voltage control, synchronous clock(baud rate generator) etc. Also it can be used to check and calibrate flow-meter displays, counters, tachometers, oscilloscopes, frequency converter, frequency transmitters and other frequency input devices. That is a free-for-all application function. It can be set for frequency, amplitude, duty cycle and pulse width for square wave output. 1. a) b) How to select the square wave output function. Turn the rotary switch to the output position.

Press SHIFT button momentarily to shift operation of push-buttons. The annunicator will be on. c) For square wave output, it has 4 parameters can be adjusted. Initial setting are Frequency(150 Hz), Duty cycle(50.00 %), Pulse width(3.3333ms) and Amplitude( + 5V). See the Figure 13. d) Press OUTPUT button momentarily to send out the signal. 28 discreet frequencies are available:

2.

Frequency type 0.5, 1, 2, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 40, 50, 60, 75, 80, 100, 120, 150, 200, 240, 300, 400, 480, 600, 800, 1200, 1600, 2400, 4800 Hz Procedure to change frequency: a) Press SHIFT button momentarily to shift operation of push-buttons. You will find the annunicator will be on. b) Press MODE button momentarily to select frequency(Hz) output. c) Select the frequency by pressing the 5 (UP) or 6( DOWN) buttons. d) Press OUTPUT button momentarily to send out the signal. 3. The duty cycle has an adjust range of 256 steps. Each step is 0.390625 %, but the screen can indicate 00.39 % only. To adjust the duty cycle, refer to following procedures: a) After selecting the frequency, press MODE button momentarily, and the annunciator be on. b) Press the 5 (UP) or 6( DOWN) buttons to adjust the duty cycle.

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4. a) b)

The Pulse width also has an adjustment range of 256 steps. Each step is 1/ (256*frequency). annunciator be on. After selecting the duty cycle, press MODE button momentarily, the Press the 5 (UP) or 6( DOWN) buttons to adjust the duty cycle.

5. The amplitude has 4 levels which can be selected, they are + 5V, 5V, + 12V, 12V, respectively. procedure to select the amplitude. a) After selecting the pulse width, press MODE button momentarily, the Level annunciator be on. b) Press the 5 (UP) or 6( DOWN) buttons to select the amplitudes.

Figure 13. Parameter selection for square wave output.

7.5

Special functions

This device provides operators with various functions including: Dynamic Recording Data Hold / Refresh Hold Relative Auto Power Off and Sleep Mode Disable Auto Power Off Demonstrate Display Annunciator

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Back-lit LCD for easy reading in the dark Continuity Function For Ohms Measurement Combination Display ms Peak Hold

7.5.1

Dynamic recording

The dynamic recording mode can be used to catch intermittent turn on or turn off surges, verify performance, measure while you are away, or take readings while you are operating the equipment under test and can not watch the meter. The average reading is useful for smoothing out unstable or changing inputs, estimating the percentage of time a circuit is operated, or verifying circuit performance. The operational procedures are described below: 1) Press "MAX MIN" for more than 1 second to enter the dynamic recording. The present value is stored to memories of maximum, minimum and average, also the MAX AVG MIN annunicator will be lit. 2) Press this button for more than 1 second to exit recording mode. 3) Press this button momentarily to cycle through maximum, minimum, average and present readings. The MAX, MIN, AVG or MAX AVG MIN annunciator turns on respectively to indicate which value is being. displayed. See Figure 14. 4) The beeper sounds when a new maximum or minimum value is recorded. 5) If an overload is recorded the averaging function will stop. An average value becomes " OL "(overload). 6) 7) 8) 9) In dynamic recording, the auto power off feature is disabled. and the " " will be turned off. Selecting dynamic recording in auto range, it will record the value of MAX, MIN or AVG for different ranges. The recording speed of dynamic recording is about 100 milli-seconds (0.1 second). The average value is the true average of all measured values taken since the recording mode was entered.

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Figure 14. Display of Dynamic Recording

7.5.2

Data hold / Refresh hold

The data hold function allows operators to hold the displayed digital value. Press DH button to enter the data hold mode, and the "DH" will be displayed. Press the button again to exit. The present reading is now shown. You can use the power-on option to set the Refresh Hold when you are working on a difficult measuring field. This function will update a old value with new measured value automatically, and sound a tone to remind user. The push button operation is same as for Data hold.

Figure 15. Data Hold Operation.

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7.5.3

Relative (Zero)

The relative function subtracts a stored value from the present measurement and displays the result. 1) 2) 3) 4) Press REL button momentarily to set the relative mode. This sets the display to zero and stores the displayed reading as a reference value, also " " will be displayed. Both auto or manual range can set relative mode. The relative mode can't be set when an overload has occurred. Press this button again to exit the relative mode. When the Ohm measurement mode is entered, the display will read a non zero value due to the presence of test leads. You can use the relative function to Zero the display.

Figure 16. Relative(Zero) Operation.

7.5.4

Auto Power-off and sleep mode

Two steps for power saving: 1) The instrument may enter "sleep" mode within 15 minutes, if none of the following happens. 1-1. Push buttons are used. 1-2. Measurement function is changed. 1-3. Dynamic recording is set. 1-4. 1 ms peak hold is set. 1-5. Disable auto power off with power-up option. annunciator is on. 1-6. The output has been enabled, and the 2) In sleep mode, the LCD will display a blinking " . . . " signal. 2-1. To wake-up from the sleep mode, press any push button for more than 0.5 sec or turn the rotary switch. 2-2. Without waking up, after 15 minutes, the meter will automatically shut off completely. You must turn the rotary switch to the OFF position, then turn on again to activate the meter after auto power off.

3)

Figure 17. Sleep Mode

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7.5.5

Disable auto Power-off

When the meter is to be used for long periods of time, the operator may want to disable the auto power off. Once the auto power off function is disabled, the meter will stay on continuously. To shut off the meter turn the rotary switch to the off position. To activate this function, press and hold the MODE button before switching the meter power on. When all annunciators are displayed, press any button momentarily to exit demonstration mode, and the " annunciator will be off. "

7.5.6

Demonstrate display annunciators

To demonstrate the annunciators, press the MODE button and turn on the meter simultaneously. All annunciators will be displayed. Press any button to exit demonstration mode.

Figure 18. Demonstrate Annunciator.

7.5.7

Backlit display for easy reading in the dark

Press m (white) button for more than 1 second to toggle back-light ON/OFF. Back-light turns off automatically after 30 seconds. To disable back-light(off automatically after 30 seconds), please refer to POWER_ON options.

Figure 19. Back-lit Display.

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7.5.8

Continuity function for Ohms measurement

In Ohm test, press the MODE button momentarily to toggle CONTINUITY function ON/OFF. Momentarily pushing this button will turn the beeper function on/off. While testing continuity, the beeper will sound if the resistance falls below the typical values indicated in Table 4. measuring range 400.0 4.000 k 40.00 k 400.0 k 4.000 M 40.00 M Table 4. Beeper Responses in Continuity Test Beeper On if <10 <100 <1 k <10 k <100 k <1 M

Figure 20. Continuity Operation.

7.5.9

Combination display

The frequency measuring mode helps detect the presence of harmonic currents in neutral conductors and determines whether these neutral currents are the result of unbalanced phases or non-linear loads. For Voltage or Current test, press Hz button momentarily to enter Frequency test. Voltage or Current will display on the secondary display, the frequency will display on the primary display. Press this button again to step through Frequency, Duty cycle and pulse width tests. This allows simultaneously monitoring of current levels and frequency(or Duty Cycle, or pulse width). Press Hz button more than 1 second to return to Voltage or Current measurement. Please refer to the chapter of how to operate. For detail of other combination displays.

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Figure 21. Combination Display for Voltage Measurements.

7.5.10

1 ms Peak Hold

You can use this Meter to analyze components such as power distribution transformers and power factor correction capacitors. The additional features allow the measurement of the half-cycle peak voltage by using the 1 ms peak hold feature. This allows the determination of the crest factor: Crest factor = Peak value/True RMS value 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Press MODE button more than 1 second to toggle 1 ms peak hold mode ON/OFF. Press DH(MAX MIN) button momentarily to show peak + or peak - value after setting the peak mode. The display shows "DH MAX" to indicate the PEAK + and shows "DH MIN" to indicate the PEAK-. See Figure 22. The secondary digits show the relative stamping time for Peak reading. If the reading is " OL", then you can push RANGE button momentarily to change measuring range and re-start the PEAK measurement after setting the peak mode. Press DUAL button momentarily to re-start the 1 ms peak hold again after setting peak mode.

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Figure 22. 1 ms Peak Hold Display.

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COMMUNICATION

This device has a RS232 communication option. This function will assist user to recording and documenting data easy. Please refer to the following procedures If you want to communicate with a personal computer. 1. Push and hold the DUAL button then turn the rotary switch from off position to any function, wait 1 sign be lit on the display. second, then release the push button. You will find that the 2. Connect one side of cable to the holster of meter and connect the 9 pins cable terminal to communication port 1 or 2 of the personal computer. See the Figure 23. 3. Execute the software.

Figure 23. Cable Connection for Communication

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9
9.1

APPLICATIONS
AC Voltage measurement

V ". 1) Set the rotary switch to " 2) Connect the black test lead to " - " input terminal and red test lead to " + " input terminal. 3) Press MODE button momentarily to enter AC voltage measurement. 4) Touch the probes to the test points and read the display. 5) Press DUAL button momentarily to enter multi-display mode. DUAL button operation for AC voltage. Key operation Primary display Press Dual AC Voltage Press Dual AC Voltage 7)

Secondary display Hz

Press Hz button momentarily to enter frequency measurement and press this button again to step through Duty cycle, Pulse width and frequency measurements. Key operation Press Hz Press Hz Press Hz Press Hz and hold more than 1 second Primary display Hz % ms AC Voltage Secondary display AC Voltage AC Voltage AC Voltage

Figure 24. DUAL and MODE button operation for AC voltage.

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Figure 25. Hz button operation for AC voltage.

9.2
1) 2) 3) 4)

DC Voltage measurement
V ". Set the rotary switch to " Connect the black test lead to " - " input terminal and red test lead to " + " terminal. Touch the probes to the test points and read the display. Press MODE button momentarily to step through AC, DC+AC and DC test. Primary display AC Voltage AC+DC Voltage DC Voltage Secondary display

Key operation Press MODE Press MODE Press MODE

5) Push DUAL button momentarily to enter multi-display mode. Below, the table is DUAL button operation for DC, AC and AC+DC voltage. Key operation Press Dual Press Dual Primary display DC Voltage ( AC, AC+DC) DC Voltage ( AC, AC+DC) Secondary display Hz

6) Press Hz button momentarily to enter frequency measurement and press this button again to step through Duty cycle, Pulse width and frequency measurements. Key operation Press Hz Press Hz Press Hz Press Hz and hold more than 1 second Primary display Hz % ms DC(AC, AC+DC) Voltage Secondary display DC(AC, AC+DC) Voltage DC(AC, AC+DC) Voltage DC(AC, AC+DC) Voltage

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Figure 26. Hz button operation for AC+DC voltage.

9.3
1) 2) 3) 4)

mV measurement
mV ". Set the rotary switch to " Connect the black test lead to " - " input terminal and red test lead to " + " input terminal. Touch the probes to the test points and read the display. Press MODE button momentarily to step through AC , DC+AC and DC test.

Key operation Press MODE Press MODE Press MODE 5)

Primary display AC mV AC+DC mV DC mV

Secondary display

Press DUAL button momentarily to enter multi-display mode. Below, the table is DUAL button operation for DC mV. Key operation Press Dual Press Dual Primary display DC mV (AC, AC+DC) DC mV (AC, AC+DC) Secondary display Hz

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6)

Press Hz button momentarily to enter frequency measurement through Duty cycle, Pulse width and frequency measurements. Key operation Primary display Press Hz Hz Press Hz % Press Hz ms Press Hz and hold more than DC(AC, AC+DC) mV 1 second

and press this button again to step Secondary display DC(AC, AC+DC) mV DC(AC, AC+DC) mV DC(AC, AC+DC) mV

Milli-volt output type pressure transducer Range 0~ 5 PSIG 0~15PSIG Output 50 mV 100 mV

0~30PSIG 80 mV

0~60PSIG 60 mV

0~100PSIG 100 mV

0~ 150 PSIG 60 mV

9.4
1) 2) 3) 4)

Resistance measurement
Set the rotary switch to " ". Connect the black test lead to " - " input terminal and red test lead to " + " input terminal. Touch the probes to resistor (or shunt) and read the display. In Ohm test, press MODE button momentarily to toggle CONTINUITY function ON/OFF. The continuity range is 0-400.0. Momentarily pushing this button will only turn the beeper off. While testing continuity, the beeper will sound if the resistance falls below 10 in the 400.0 range.

8.5

Diode Check

A good diode allows current to flow in one direction only. To test a diode, turn the power off, remove the diode from the circuit, and proceed as follows: 1) Set the rotary switch to " "position. 2) Connect the black test lead to " - " input terminal and red test lead to " + " input terminal. 3) Touch the red lead to the positive side of the diode and the black lead to the negative side. The meter can display diode voltage drops to approximately 2.5 V. A typical voltage drop is 0.3 ~ 0.8 V, and the meter will sound a beep to remind user. 4) Reverse the probes and measure the voltage across the diode again. If the diode is: Good : " OL " is displayed. Shorted : Near 0 V drop is displayed in both directions, and the beeper sounds continuously. Open : " OL " is displayed in both directions. 5) Repeat step 3 and 4 for other diodes.

9.6
1) 2) 3) 4)

mA measurement
Set the rotary switch to " mA ". Connect the black test lead to " - " input terminal and red test lead to " + " input terminal. Touch the probes to the test points and read the display. Press MODE button momentarily to step through AC, DC+AC and DC test.

Key operation Press MODE Press MODE Press MODE 5)

Primary display AC mA AC+DC mA DC mA

Secondary display

Press DUAL button momentarily to enter multi-display mode.

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Key operation Push Dual Push Dual 6)

Primary display DC(AC, AC+DC) mA DC(AC, AC+DC) mA

Secondary display Hz

Press Hz button momentarily to enter frequency measurement and press this button again to step through Duty cycle, Pulse width and frequency measurements. Key operation Press Hz Press Hz Press Hz Press Hz and hold more than 1 second Primary display Hz % ms DC(AC, AC+DC) mA Secondary display DC(AC, AC+DC) mA DC(AC, AC+DC) mA DC(AC, AC+DC) mA

9.7

Temperature measurement

The thermocouple probe that comes with the meter is suitable for making temperature measurements from -40C (F) to 230C (440F) in air or liquid. For best results, use a thermocouple probe designed for each application (i.e. an immersion probe for liquid or gel, an air probe for air measurements, etc.). Follow the measuring techniques below: Clean the measurement surface and make sure the probe is attached securely to the surface. When measuring above ambient temperatures, move the thermocouple on the surface until you get the highest temperature reading. When measuring below ambient temperatures, move the thermocouple on the surface until you get the lowest temperature reading. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Turn the rotary switch to the " mV " range. Plug thermocouple probe into the "+ and "-" input terminals. Press and hold REL button for more than 1 second for temperature measurement. Press "DUAL " button to toggle between C (Celsius) and F (Fahrenheit) on primary display. Attach the thermocouple to the surface being measured. Read the display.

9.8

Simulate and measure frequency transmitter

For some frequency transmitters, you can use square wave output to do a source simulator and measure the current from transmitter output. 1. 2. 3. 4. Turn the rotary switch to the " mA / " range. Press MODE momentarily to select square wave output function. The default output :FREQUENCY= 150 Hz, Duty cycle = 50 %. Press MODE momentarily to cycle through duty cycle. Pulse width, output level and frequency adjustments. Please refer to page 23 for details. 5. Connect the test leads and alligator clips to input and output terminals, respectively. 6. Connect the test leads to the output terminals of the transducer. 7. Connect the output leads to " - " and " + "terminals of output, fix the alligator clips to the input of transducer. Make sure the polarity correct. 8. Press OUTPUT momentarily to send out the signal. 9. Read the display. Compare the current reading and frequency input, whether proportional to the specifications for transducer. 10. Change the frequency output and monitor the current reading on the display.

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9.9

Trouble-shooting equipment

You can use constant voltage, constant current and square wave outputs as a source, then use the meter function to check output for the device when test.

9.10

Component test

The constant current can be used to test semiconductors such as ZENER DIODE, hfe of transistor and other verifications for Analog to Digital converter or OP-AMPS.

9.10.1

Zener diode test

Figure 27. ZENER diode test.

9.10.2

Transistor hfe test

Note: Check component specifications for correct parameters. hfe = IC / IB = 152 IB = CURRENT SOURCE, hfe = IC / IB = 300 IC = Meter Reading

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Figure 28. TRANSISTOR hfe TEST.

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10

MAINTENANCE
WARNING TO AVOID ELECTRICAL SHOCK,
DO NOT PERFORM ANY SERVICE UNLESS YOU ARE QUALIFIED TO DO SO.

10.1

Safety Informations

To ensure that you use this device safely, follow the safety guidelines listed below: Read this operation manual completely before using this device and follow all safety instructions. This device is for indoor use, altitude up to 2,000 m(6561 ft). Avoid working alone. Use the device only as specified in this manual; Otherwise, the protection provided by the meter may be impaired. Never measure Voltage while the test leads are inserted into the current input terminals. Do not use this device if it looks damaged. Inspect the leads for damaged insulation or exposed metal. Check test lead continuity. Replace damaged leads. Disconnect the power and discharge all high-voltage capacitors before testing in the resistance, continuity, and diode function. Be cautions when working above 60V DC or 30V AC RMS. Such voltages may be hazardous. When making measurements, keep your fingers behind the finger guards on the probe. Select the proper function and range for your measurement. To avoid damaging this device, disconnect the test leads from test points before changing functions. CE requirement: According to standard, under the influence of R.F field the supplied test leads will pick up induced noise. For a better shielding effect, short-twisted leads should be used. The standard of test requirement shows below: IEC 801-2: ESD(electro-static discharge). IEC 801-3: RFI ( Radio Frequency Interference). Condition: 27~500MHz, signal intensity is 3Volts per meter. IEC 801-4: EFT( electrical fast transient). EN 55011: EMI. The meter is safety-certified in compliance with EN61010(IEC 1010-1, IEC 1010-2-031) Installation Category 300V Pollution Degree 2. In order to maintain its insulation properties, please be sure to use with the standard or equivalent test probes.

10.2

Service

If the instrument fails to operate, check battery, test leads, etc. and replace them if necessary. If the instrument still does not work, double check operating procedure as described in this instruction manual. When servicing, use specified replacement parts only.

WARNING TO AVOID ELECTRICAL SHOCK OR DAMAGE TO THE METER, DO NOT GET WATER INSIDE THE CASE. REMOVE THE TEST LEADS AND ANY INPUT SIGNALS BEFORE OPENING THE CASE.

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10.3

External battery replacement

For output functions powered by a 12V (1.5V x 8) battery box, with NEDA1604, JIS006P,IEC6F22 carbonzinc or alkaline battery. Replace battery. If there is still no output the signal press the OUTPUT button changes to . You can use the DC voltage function to test the battery. momentarily verify that If the reading on the meter is lower than around 9.6 V, use the following procedures to replace the battery: a) Remove the connection between the battery box and instrument. b) Take the battery from the leather pouch. c) Replace the batteries. Make sure the connect polarity is observe.

10.4

Inside battery replacement

The meter is powered by a single 9V battery inside, with NEDA1604, JIS006P,IEC6F22 carbon-zinc or alkaline battery. Replace battery if the low battery sign ( )is displayed and flashes. Use the following procedures to replace the battery: 1. 2. 3. 4. Use the rotary switch to turn the meter off. and disconnect the test leads from external equipment. Loosen 3 screws on bottom cover, pull up and remove the cover. See Figure 29. Replace the defective battery. Reverse the procedure to replace the bottom cover.

Figure 29. Inside battery replacement

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10.5

Fuse replacement

Referring to Figure 29 and 30, use the following procedure to examine or replace the fuses of the meter: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Use the rotary switch to turn the meter off. and disconnect the test leads from external equipment. Loosen 3 screws on bottom cover, pull up and remove the cover. See Figure 39. Lift the circuit board as shown in Figure 40. Remove the defective fuse by gently prying one end of the fuse loose and sliding the fuse out of the fuse bracket. Install a new fuse of the same size and rating. Make sure the new fuse is centered in the fuse holder. Ensure that the rotary switch in the case top and circuit board switch are in the OFF position. Then replace the circuit board and the bottom cover respectively.

Figure 30. Fuse replacement Fuse rating and sizes POSITION VOLTAGE RATE Fuse1 250 V Fuse2 250 V Fuse3 250 V

CURRENT RATE 630 mA 63 mA 630 mA

SIZE 5x20 mm 5x20 mm 5x20 mm

Type Quick acting Time-lag acting Time-lag acting

10.6

Cleaning

To clean the instrument, use a soft cloth dampened in a solution of mild detergent and water. Do not spray cleaner directly onto the instrument, since it may leak into the cabinet and cause damage. Do not use chemicals containing benzine, benzene, toluene, xylene, acetone or similar solvents.

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11
11.1

CERTIFICATES
Warranty terms

Each instrument is shipped with a Certificate of Warranty that indicates the validity conditions of the warranty itself. Eurotron warrants its products against defects in materials and workmanship under normal use and service for the period of one year from the date of purchase. Any misuse, abuse, or non Eurotron authorized alterations, modifications and/or repairs to Eurotron products will void the warranty. If you discover a defect, Eurotron will repair or replace the product, provided you return it during the warranty period, transportation prepaid, to an authorized Service Facility. This warranty applies to the original purchaser only. Please include a copy of the original invoice or a small service charge may be applied. Prior to returning the product for warranty consideration, call Eurotron Technical Support for a returned material authorization number and shipping instructions.

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APPENDIX

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A1

EMC Conformity

The instrument case, made in shock-resistant injection moulded ABS + polycarbonate has an internal metal shild to fulfil the prevision of the directive 89/336/CEE Electromagnetic Compatibility. Follow the page with the EMC declaration of conformity

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Declaration of Conformity
We :
(Supplier's name)

Eurotron Italiana s.r.l. V.le F.lli Casiraghi, 409/413 20099 Sesto S. Giovanni (MI) - Italy

(Address)

declare under our sole responsability that the product :


Process Multimeter UniCal MMX2
(Name and type)

Cat. 3420
(Model)

to which this declaration relates is in conformity with the following normative documents :
EN 50082-2 (3/95) IEC 1000-4-2 / IEC 1000-4-4 / IEC 1000-4-11 ENV 50140 - ENV 50141 - ENV 50204 EN 55011
(Title, number and date of issue of normative documents)

following the prevision of directive :


89/336/CEE Electromagnetic Compability (EMC)

Sesto S. Giovanni, January 08th, 1998 (Place and date of issue)

(Signature of authorized person)

eurotron
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