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MCROFMXE REFERENCE LIBRARY

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by: K. Kiri Published


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and S. Kalmakoff ?echnology

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6937

PAPUA NEW GUINEA,

PAGE SEWING MACHINE PARTS COMMON SEWING MACHINE FAULTS (CHART) THE RIGHT WAY TO,., TAKING CARE OF THE MACH1 NE REPAIRING FAULTS IN MACHINES

4-5 6-9 11 18 23 59 63

DIFFERENCES

TO GET PARTS AND ADVICE

(NEEDLE BAR)

TAKE-UP

LEVER=

FACE PLATE

-NSION

REGULATOR SPR I

THREAD TAKE-UP

--.---___

--

---__

---B-e
- - - - - - -

em-

NEEDLE CLAMP SCREW NEEDLE CLAMP COTTON HOLDER

,EDLE BAR I

PRESSER FOOT ,Q)

THROAT PLATE

SHUTTLE RACE BOBBIN CASE

5 I

BOB1

~OBBIkJ WINDER RUBBER

STITCH

\ \ \

WHEEL

\DROP

FEED KNOB

THE CHART ON THE NEXT PAGES LISTS OF SEWING MACHINES,

THE MOST COMMObi PROBLEMS CAUSES OR REASONS

SHOWING WHAT GOES WRONG MOST OFTEN,


A NUMBER OF POSSIBLE

BESIDE
FOR IT

EACH PROBLEM, ARE GIVEN,

BESIDE

EACH CAUSE THERE IS A SOLUTION

(WHAT To 1301, IF YOUR MACHINE SOLUTIONS GIVEN HAS ONE OF THESE FAULTS, IN TURN, BOOK. THE SOLUTIONS

TRY EACH OF THE ARE DESCRIBED ON

OTHER PAGES IN THIS

COMMON SEWING MACHINE FAULTS HOW FIX THEM AND TO PROBLEM


THE UPPER THREAD BREAKS (NEEDLE THREAD) -m-r

POSSIBLE CAUSE
A) THE MACHINE IS NOT THREADED IN THE RIGHT WAY -----------------

WHAT DO TO
THREAD THE MACHINE IN THE RIGHT WAY ---------e---------LOOSFN THE TENSION OF THE UPPER THREAD ---------L--I-----PUT IN A NEW NEEDLE - - ,. - - - - ..------D---USE THINNER COTTON --------------c-I-

SEEPAGE 11 -----we 15

B) THE TENSION OF THE UPPER W-B THREAD IS TOO TIGHT -----------e------

C) THE NEEDLE IS BENT OR DULL --------------------D) THE COTTON IS TOO THICK THE SIZE ---_--------------I--OF THE NEEDLE FOR

-----em cm -- -mm em 17
- - -----

E) THE UPPER THREAD IS NOT THE SAME SIZE AS THE LOWER THREAD -- -------------------. F) THE THREAD TAKE-UP IS BROKEN THE LOWER THREAD BREAKS (BOEBIli THREAD) A) THE TENSION OF THE LOWER THREAD IS TOO TIGHT ---------------------B) DIRT, DUST OR SMALL THREADS ARE IN THE BOBBIN CASE SPRING

USE THE SAME SIZE OF SEWING COTTON FOR BOTH THE UPPER AND THE LOWER THREAD ..------------------. PUT IN A NEW THREAD TAKE-UP SPRING

26 15 -em---18

LOOSEN THE TENSION OF THE LOWER THREAD --w--------m--w--CLEAN THE BOBBIN CASE

POSSIBLE CAUSE
COTTON GETS CAUGHT UNDER THE THROAT PLATE THE CLOTH PUCKERS OR DOES NOT LIE FLAT .-THE TENSION IS TOO LOOSE A) THE TENSIONS ARE WRONG --w-.-v----- e---e B) THE BOBBIN CASE IS NOT ThREADED IN THE RIGHT WAY --------------------C) THE NEEDLE IS NOT THREADED IN THE RIGHT WAY THE UPPER THREAD HAS NO TENSION A) THE TENSION NOT WORKING -------------m B) THE PIN REGULATOR IS --mm--m-m

WHAT DO TO
TIGHTEN THE TENSION

SEEPAGE 15 15 -m--.-m 12
P.s -w-m-

OF THE UPPER THREAD

OF THE UPPER THREAD CHANGE THE TENS IONS --

t-v---------THREAD THE BOBBIN


--m--w --e-s

------CASE AGAIN
B-b--

THREAD THE NEEDLE AGAIN

--

FIX

THE TENSION
---b-w--

REGULATOR
----__-

37
----.

IN THE TENSION

PUT A NEW PIN TENSION

IN THE

31

REGULATOR IS WORN OUT OR BROKEN THE TENSION THAT IS, REGULATOR OF THE TENSION REGULATOR GOT MOVED

REGULATOR

FIX THE TENSION

REGULATOR

37

DOES NOT WORK PROPERLY, THE TENSION THE UPPER THREAD IS TOO LOOSE OR TOO TIGHT THE NEEDLE BREAKS

WHEN THE PIN OR SPRING WAS BE I NG CHANGED

A) THE PERSON SEWING WAS PULL1 NG THE CLGTH ---------------------

DO NOT PULL THE CLOTH WHEN SEWING -- GUIDE -- -e-w-a--_ IT GENTLY __ a---.--

--

----

B) --

THE NEEDLE IS BENT m-s L- ------ --B-e-. IS WRONG

PUT IN A NEW NEEDLE --m-w mm-.----sFIX THE NEEDLE TIMING

14
--s-w-

C) THE NEEDLE TIMING THE WRONG TIME) THE STITCHES ARE UNEVEN THE STITCH

40

(THE NEEDLE COMES DOWN AT

REGULATOR IS NOT

FIX

THE STITCH

REGULATOR

23 52
--w-v -

WORKING PROPERLY THE CLOTH DOES NOT MOVE ACROSS THE MACHINE PROPERLY (IT FEED DOES NOT THROUGH> A) THE HEIGHT OF THE FEED DOG CHANGE THE HEIGHT FEED DOG -------m-m IS WRONG THIS weOF THE ---I-TO FIX,

IS WRONG - - -----.. -----------cB) THE FEED TIMING

IS DIFFICULT

55

IF POSSIBLE,

ASK A SEWING

MACHINE MECHANIC FOR HELP THE NEEDLE WONT MOVE UP AND DOWN A) THE WHEEL NUT IS LOOSE ------------------_-_ B) THE NEEDLE BAR HAS WORN OUT AND BROKFN, THE BOBBIN WINDER -OR IS BENT TIGHTEN SCREW --m-wPUT IN A NEW RUBBER I THE BOBBIN WINDER TIGHTEN ---.---------THE WHEEL NUT -----

57
e-w--

PUT IN A NEW NEEDLE BAR

46 56

A) THE BOBBIN WINDER SCREW HAS COME LOOSE ------------------B) THE RUBBER IS WORN

DOES NOT STAY DOWN

58

11
ITiE RIGHT WAY 70.. .

TO KEEP YCIUR SEWING MACHINE RUNNING WELL, WITH IT 3U !N THE RIGHT WAY, AKE USING THE MACHINE, IT WILL

YOU MUST WORK

IF YOU FOLLOW THESE STEPS WHEN NOT GO WRONG SO EASILY, ON HOW TO USE

NOTE :

THESE ARE NOT COMPLETE INSTRUCTIONS THE MACHINE,

BUT STEPS TO TAKE CARE WITH,

THREAD MACHINE THE


1, TURN THE WHEEL TOWARDS YOU TO RAISE THE TAKE-UP LEVER AS HIGH AS IT WILL GO,

2,

PUT A SPOOL OF SEWING COTTON ON THE SPOOL PIN,

3,

THREAD THE MACHINE LIKE

THIS:

SOME

MACHINES

OTHER

MACHINES

12

4,

MAKE SURE THE COTTON GOES AROUND THE TENSION SOME MACHINES REGULATOR LIKE THIS:
MACHINES OTHER MACHINES

OTHER

TAKEOUTTHE BOBBINCASE
1, SLOWLY TURN THE WHEEL TOWARDS YOU UNTIL THE NEEDLE GO, IS AS HIGH AS IT WILL

2,

OPEN THE COVER PLATE,

3,

USE TWO FINGERS

TO PULL

THE LATCH OF THE BOBBIN CASE n PULL THE BOBBIN CASE OUT OF THE MACHINE, WHEN YOU LET GO OF THE LATCH, THE BOBBIN WILL DROP OUT,

THREAD BOBBINCASE THE


1, MAKE SURE THERE IS ENOUGH COTTON ON THE BOBBIN,

2,

HOLD THE BOBBIN CASE IN ONE HAND, USE YOUR OTHER HAND TO PUT THE

BOBBIN INTO IT, PUT Tb!!E BOBBIN IN WITH THE


LOOSE END OF CGTTON HANG1 NG DOWN IN FRONT (FACING YOU>,

3,

PULL THE THREAD INTO THE SLOT IN THE EDGE OF THE BOBBIN CASE,
-SLOT

4,

PULL THE THREAD UNDER THE TENSION SPRING AND


ENSION SPRING

I NT0 THE SMALL HOLE ON THE SIDE OF THE BOBBIN


CASE,

5,

PULL THE LATCH,

AND KEEP IT OPEN NOT FALL OUT,

SO THE BOBBIN WILL

PUT BACKTHE BOBBINCASE


1 n HOLD THE BOBBIN CASE BY THE LATCH a PUT IT

IN PLACE,

HOLDING

IT UP THIS WAY:

2,

LET GO OF THE LATCH, THE BOBBIN CASE IN, HEAR A SMALL CLICK, STAY IN PLACE,

AND PRESS UNTIL YOU THIS

MEANS THE BOBBIN CASE WILL

PUT IN THE NEEDLE


1, SLOWLY TURN THE WHEEL TOWARDS YOU UNTIL THE NEEDLE BAR IS AS HIGH GO, AS IT WILL

2,

LOOSEN THE NEEDLE CLAM? SCREW,

3,

HOLD THE NEEDLE WITH THE THICK TURN IT SO THE FLAT SIDE TO THE RIGHT, NOTE : ON A FEW MACHINES, SIDE TO THE BACK,

END

IS FACING

THE FLAT

OF THE NEEDLE MUST FACE SEE PAGE 61,

4,

PUT THE NEEDLE INTO THE HOLE AT THE BOTTOM OF THE NEEDLE* BAR m PUT IT IN AS FAR AS IT WILL GO,

5,

TIGHTEN

THE NEEDLE CLAMP SCREW,

CHANGE THREAD THE TENSIONS


1, THE TENSION TENSION OF THE UPPER THREAD

SHOULD BE THE SAME AS THE OF THE LOWER THREAD,

RIGHT

BOTH THREADS SHOULD FASTEN TOGETHER

IN THE CENTRE OF THE SEWN CLOTH,


LOWER THREAD

RIGHT

WHEN BOTH TENSIONS

ARE RIGHT,

THE STITCHES ON BOTH SIDES OF


THE SEWN CLOTH ARE THE SAME

SIZE,

FRONT

OF

CLOTH

BACK

OF

CLOTH

TO GET THE RIGHT

TENSIONS,

YOU MUST:

I> BE SURE THE PRESSER FOOT IS DOWN WHEN YOU SEW II> USE THE SAME COTTON FOR BOTH THE UPPER THREAD AND THE LOWER THREAD,
------------m_

NOTE :

THE THICKNESS

OF THE CLOTH YOU ARE SEWING MAY YOU WILL THEN NEED TO AS SHOWN BELOW,

AFFECT THE TENSIONS,

CHANGE THE THREAD TENSIONS,

2,

WHEN THE TENSION

OF THE TOO TIGHT,

UPPER THREAD IS
OR
WHEN THE TENSION

WRONG
OF THE TOO LOOSE, I
!PPER THREAD

LOWER THREAD IS

THE SEWING LOOKS LIKE THIS:


-

LOWER

THREAD

FRONT

II

OF

CLOTH

TO MAKE THE TENSION THE TURN THE TENSION

OF

UPPER THREAD LOOSER,


REGULATOR

SO A LOWER NUMBER IS ON TOP, (IF THE TENSION REGULATOR

IS ON THE SIDE OF THE MACHINE, TURN IT BACKWARDS OR AWAY FROM YOU, IF IT IS ON THE FRONT, TURN IT TO THE LEFT, >
TO MAKE THE TENS ION CF THE

LOWER THREAD TIGHTER:


TAKE OUT THE BOBBIN F!ND CASE, THE SMALL SCREW, THE SCRECv,

USE A SMALL SCREWDRIVER TO TIGHTEN

3,

WHEN THE TENSION

OF THE

UPPER THREAD IS
OR
WHEN THE TENSION

TOO LOOSE,

OF THE TOO TIGHT,

WRONG

LOWER THREAD IS

THE SEWING LOOKS LIKE

THIS: I
UPPER THREAD

,
BACK Of CLOTH

LOWER

THREAD

TO MAKE THE TENSION OF THE

UPPER THREAD TIGHTER,


REGULATOR

TURN THE TENSION

SO A HIGHER NUMBER IS ON TOP, (IF THE TENSION REGULATOR

IS ON THE SIDE OF THE MACHINE, TURN IT FORWARD OR TOWARDS YOU, IF IT IS ON THE FRONT, TURN IT TO THE RIGHT,)

TO MAKE THE TENSION THE

OF

LOWER THREAD LOOSER:


TAKE OUT THE BOBBIN FIND CASE, THE SMALL SCREW,

USE A SMALL SCREWDRIVER TO LOOSEN THE SCREW,


SMALL SCREW

USETHE RIGHTNEEDLE
YOUR SEWING WILL THIS KINDS LOOK BETTER AND YOUR MACHINE WILL SIZE OF NEEDLE,

WORK BETTER IF YOU USE THE RIGHT OF CLOTH,

CHART SHOWS WHICH NEEDLE TO USE WITH DIFFERENT

KIND OF CLOTH

SIZE OF NEEDLE 11

VERY THIN, ---------------

SOFT CLOTH

---------_

ORDINARY CLOTH -----------THI CK c HEAVY CLOTH

---

14 .---m----m16

THE THREAD TENSIONS

MAY NEED TO BE CHANGED KIND OF CLOTH,

WHEN YOU SEW WITH A DIFFERENT TO CHANGE THE TENSIONS,

SEE PAGE

15,

I i
NOTE:
ALWAYS USE THE SAME KIND
SEE PAGE 15

OF SEWING COTTON

FOR BOTH THE UPPER THREAD AND THE LOWER THREAD,

18

TO KEEP YOUR MACHINE RUNNING WELL, BEFORE YOU START SEW1NG AGAIN o BE ESPECIALLY

CLEAN IT AND OIL AND OIL

IT

AFTER YOU HAVE DONE A LOT OF SEWING,

IT ONCE MORE

CAREFUL TO CLEAN THE FEED DOG AND THE

SHUTTLE RACE OFTEN,

TO THEMACHINE - CLEAN
TO CLEAN THE MACHINE, OR ANY PARTS,

WRONG

DONOTUSEWATER,

RIGHT
USE KEROSENE

1,

SOAK A CLOTH IN KEROSENE,

2,

USE A CLOTH TO

CLEAN llLa!?b

19

ALL PARTS OF THE MACH1 NE AND MAKE THEM SHINY,

3,

WIPE AWAY THE KEROSENE WITH A CLEAN CLOTH,

20 TO OIL THE MACHINE


DO NOT LET THE OIL ON THE MOVING PARTS GET DRY,

THIS OIL MAKES THE MACHINE RUN SMOOTHLY, AND STOPS IT FRCM RUSTING,

1,

OIL

THE MACHINE AT ALL THE PLACES SHOWN BY ARROWS,

OR AT ALL THE SMALL HOLES,

USE SEWING MACHINE OIL, DO NOT USE ANY OTHER KIND OF OIL,

PUT ONLY ONE OR ThO DROPS OF 01 L AT EACH HOLE, TOO MUCH OIL WILL GET ON THE SEWING,

2,

WHEN YOU HAVE PUT OIL ALL THE HOLES, THE NEEDLE, FEW MINUTES WILL PLACES IT

IN

TAKE OUT

AND RUN THE SO THE OIL

MACHINE VERY FAST FOR A SPREAD TO ALL THE IS NEEDED,

IMPORTANT:WHEN YOU

ARE OILING

THE MACHINE,

DO NOT LOOSCN

ANY OF THE SCREWS UNDERNEATH THE MACHINE,

TO CLEAN THEFEEDDOG
1, TAKE OFF THE NEEDLE, TAKE OFF THE THROAT PLATE,

2,

USE A.SMALL

BRUSH TO DUST

CLEAN AWAY DIRT, AND SMALL THREADS

FROM THE FEED DOG, OR CLEAN IT WITH A CLOTH AND KEROSENE,

3,

PUT BACK THE THROAT PLATE AND THE NEEDLE,

22 RACE THESHUTTLE TO CLEAN


1, TAKE OFF THE NEEDLE, TURN THE WHEEL TOWARDS YOU TO MOVE THE NEEDLE BAR AS HIGH AS IT WILL GO,

2, 3, 4,

TIP

BACK THE MACHINE,

TAKE OUT THE BCEB I N CASE, MOVE THE SHUTTLE RACE RING,
SE,!

PAGE

00,

STEPS

1,

2,

3.

5,

TAKE OUT THE SHUTTLE HOOK, CLEAN IT WITH A CLOTH AND KEROSENE, OR A SMALL BRUSH,

6,

CLEAN THE OTHER PARTS OF THE SHUTTLE RACE,

7,

PUT BACK THE SHUTTLE HOOK o PUT BACK T!SE SHUTTLE RACE RING, PUT BACK THE BOBBIN CASE AND THE NEEDLE,

NOTE:

DO NOT FORCE SCREWS THAT WILL NOT LOOSEN OR YOU MAY DAMAGE THEM, INSTEAD, AGAINST DRIVER THIS HOLD THE SCREWDRiVER THE SCREW, AND GENTLY A FEW TIMES WITH A

KNOCK THE TOP OF THE SCREWHAMMER OR SOMETHING HARD, SHOULD STOP THE SCREW FROM STICKING, THEN TRY TO LOOSEN THE SCREW WITH THE SCREWDRIVER,

TO FIX THESTITCHREGULATOR
1, TAKE OFF THE TWO SCREWS ON THE STITCH REGULATOR PLATE,
STITCH REGULATOR PLATE

TAKE OFF THE PLATE,

IN SOME MACHINES:

2,

PUT THE $TITCH

REGULATOR LEVER GO,

UP AS HIGH AS IT WILL

STITCH

REGULATOR

3,

TIP

BACK THE MACHINE,

4,

USE A LONG SCREWDRIVER TO REACH THE SCREW UNDER THE LEVER, TIGHTEN THE SCREW,

5,

TAKE AWAY THE SCREWDRIVER, PUT THE MACHINE DOWN, PUT BACK THE STITCH TIGHTEN REGULATOR PLATE,

THE SCREWS OF THE PLATE,

25
IN OTHER MACHINES: -1

2,

PUT THE STITCH

REGULATOR LEVER GO,


S TI TCH REGULA TO

AS LOW AS IT WILL

3,

TAKE THE ARM SIDE

COVER OFF

FROM THE BACK OF THE MACHINE,


COVER

4,

USE A SCREWDRIVER TO TIGHTEN THE SCREW SHOWN,

5,

TAKE AWAY THE SCREWDRIVER, PUT BACK THE ARM SIDE PUT BACK THE STITCH TIGHTEN COVER,

REGULATOR PLATE,

THE SCREWS OF THE PLATE,

26 TO PUT IN A NEW THREAD TAKE-UP SPRING


FOR MACHINES WITH THE TENSION 1, LOOSEN SCREW REGULATOR ON THE SIDE:

A,

DO NOT TAKE IT OUT COMPLETELY,

2,

TAKE OUT THE TENSION BY PULLING MACHINE,

REGULATOR

IT AWAY FROM THE

3,

TAKE OFF THE OLD SPRING, ?


(TAIL END1-J b

4,

PUT THE TAIL

END OF INTO REGULATOR,

THE NEW SPRING ON THE TENSION

ONE OF THE GROOVES

PUT IT

IN THE RIGHT

GROOVE SO THAT THE SPRING

IS

N THIS

POSITION:

27 5,
PUT THE TENS ION REGULATOR BACK IN THE MACHINE
/
ON TOP

IN THIS WAY:

TIGHTEN

SCREW

Am

6,

MAKE SURE THAT THE SPRING SITTING

IS

IN ABOUT THIS

POSITION:

CHECK TO MAKE SURE THAT YOU CAN MOVE IT WITH YOUR FINGER LIKE THIS: SO THAT
THREAD GUARD

IT COMES OVER THE THREAD GUARD

7,

FIX THE TENSION

REGULATOF\ RIGHT,

TO MAKE THE TENSION

--i
SEE PAGE 37

28

IFOR 1,

MACHINES WITH THE TENSION TAKE OFF THE FACE OLATEI

REGULATOR ON THE FRONT:J

2,

LOOSEN SCREW B, DO NOT TAKE IT OUT COMPL

3,

TAKE OUT THE TENSION BY PULLING MACHINE,

REGULATOR

IT AWAY FROM THE

4,

TAKE APART THE TENSION

REGULATOR BY TAKING

OFF THE PARTS

29

IN THIS ORDER:

PUT THE PARTS DOWN IN A LINE

ON YOUR WORK TABLE,

5,

TAKE AWAY THE OLD SPRING,

6,

PUT THE NEW SPRING

IN POSITION

AROUND THESE THREE PARTS:

7,

FIT

THESE PARTS ONTO

PART NUMBER

7,

FIT

THE TAIL

END 07 THE SPRING

I NT0 ONE OF THE GROOVES IN PART NUMBER

7,

SO THAT IT WILL SHOWN,


THREAD GUARD

BE IN THE POSITION

THE THREAD GUARD MUST BE ON TOP,

8,

PUT ALL THE OTHER PARTS BACK IN THE RIGHT


-ON TOP

ORDER,

MAKE SURE THE THREAD GUARD IS ON TOP,

d
9, WITH THE THREAD GUARD ON TOP, CHECK TO MAKE SURE THAT YOU CAN MOVE THE SPRING WITH YfUR FINGER SO THAT IT COMES OVtiR THE THREAD GUARD, 10, PUT THE TENSION IN THIS WAY: REGULATOR

THREAD

GUARD

BACK IN THE MACHINE

ON

TOP

11,

TIGHTEN

SCREW

B,

PUT BACK THE FACE PLATE,

12,

FIX

THE TENSION

REGULATOR RIGHT,

TO MAKE THE TENSION

SLE

PAGE

37

TO PUT A NEW PIN IN THETENSION REGULATOR


FOR MACHINES WITH THE TENSION 1, LOOSEN SCREW REGULATOR ON THE SIDE:

A.

DO NOT TAKE IT OUT COMPLETELY,

2,

TAKE OUT THE TENSION BY PULLING MACHINE,

REGULATOR

IT AWAY FROM THE

3, ,,

TAKE 4PART THE TENSION IN THIS ORDER:

REGULATOR BY TAKING

OFF THE PARTS

PUT THE PARTS DOWN IN A LINE

ON YOUR WORK TABLE,

I
4,
LET THE OLD PIN UPRIGHT, DROP OUT

BY HOLDING PART NUMBER 8

32

5,

CHECK TO SEE IF THE PIN IS BROKEN OR WORN DOWN AT THE END,

-~-3 t-3

WORN DOWN GOOD BROKEN PIN PIN

PIN

6,

MAKE : NEW PIN: USE A NAIL THICKNESS THAT IS THE SAME AND THE SAME LENGTH
t-2 GOOD PIN

<-I

NAIL

AS THE PIN WAS, CUT OFF THE HEAD OF THE NAIL, USING PLIERS,

USE A HAMMER TO FLATTEN THE CUT END OF THE NAIL,

MAKE SURE THAT THE PIN THE RIGHT IT AGAINST BROKEN PIN OR SEEING THAT IT THE PIECES

IS 4 I 3 3 OF THE

LENGTH BY MEASURING

IS A LITTLE

LONGER THAN THE WORN DOWN PIN,

THIS

WILL

BE AS GOOD AS A NEW PIN,

7.

33
PUT IN THE NEW PIN,

8.

PUT THE OTHER PARTS BACK IN THE RIGHT ORDER,

9,

MAKE SURE THAT THE THREAD TAKE-UP IS IN THE RIGHT PLACE,

SPRING

i
SEE PAGE 26, STEP 4

10,

PUT THE TENSION IN THIS WAY:

REGULATOR i

BACK IN THE MACH1 NE

TIGHTEN

SCREW

An

34
11, CHECK THE POSITION THE THREAD TAKE-UP OF SPRING,

I
12,
FIX THE TENSION REGULATOR RIGHT, TO MAKE THE TENSION

I
i
PAGE 27, STEP 6-

SEE

SEE

PAGE

37

FOR MACHINES WITH THE TENSION

REGULATOR ON THE FRONT:

1,

TAKE OFF THE FACE PLATE,

2,

LOOSEN SCREW

B,

DO NOT TAKE IT OUT COMPLETELY,

3,

TAKE OUT THE TENSION BY PULLING MACHINE,

REGULATOR

IT AWAY FROM THE

4,

TAKE APART THE TENSION IN THIS ORDER:

REGULATOR BY TAKING

OFF THE PARTS

PUT THE PARTS DOWN IN A LINE

ON YOUR WORK TABLE,

5,

DO STEPS

4, 5, 6

AND

7,

PAGES

31-33,

I --La
SEE PAGE

31

6,

MFKE SURE THE SPRING IS IN POSITION AROUND THESE THREE PARTS:

7,

PUT ALL THE OTHER PARTS BACK IN THE RIGHT OmRDER, AND CHECK THE POSITION THREAD TAKE-UP OF THE SPRING,

:
SEE PAGE 29, STEPS 7, 8,

8,

PUT THE TENS1 ON REGULATOR BACK IN THE MACHINE, FINISH 10, 11 AND AND OFF FOLLOWING STEPS

lx I

12,

PAGE %

SEE

i_c_
PAGE 30, STEPS 10,

I I

11,

TO FIX THE TENSION REGULATOR


1, WHEN THE NUT ON THE TENSION IS TURNED AS FAR AS IT WILL LEFT, REGULATOR GO TO THE
NUT

37

THE 0 SHOULD BE ON TOP,

WHEN THE NUT IS TURNED AS FAR AS IT WILL GO TO THE RIGHT, THE 9 SHOULD BE ON TOP,

THE NUT SHOULD MAKE ONLY ONE TURN,

WHEN THE 0 IS ON TOP, THE DISCS SHOULD BE LOOSE,

DISCS

WHEN THE 9 IS ON TOP, THE DISCS SHOULD BE VERY TIGHT,


DISCS

JF YOUR TENSION

REGULATOR DOES NOT WORK IN THIS

WAY, THEN

FOLLOW THE REST OF THE STEPS,

2,

TURN THE NUT UNTIL THE 0 IS ON TOP,


NUT

3,

WITH YOUR FINGERS, ON THE NUMBERS DIAL,

PRESS BACK UNTIL THE IT,

NUT CAN TURN FREELY WITHOUT

38

4,

TURN THE NUT A LITTLE TO THE LEFT, MAKE SURE THE PIN
PIN

IS NEXT TO ONE-i?
THE SMALL HOLES IN THE NUMBERS DIAL,

5,

LET GO nF THE NUMBERS DIAL, TRY TURNING THE NUT TO THE LEFT AND TO THE RIGHT, TO SEE IF THE REGULATOR IS NOW TURN1 NG I N THE RIGHT WAY, AND IF THE DISCS ARE LOOSE AND TIGHT WHEN THEY SHOULD BE,

6,

IF THE REGULATOR IS STILL


TURN THE NUT AS FAR AS IT W!LL GO TO THE LEFT,

NOT TURNING PROPERLY:

PRESS DOWN ON THE NUMBERS DIAL, TURN THE NUMBERS DIAL TURNING THE NUT, TURN IT SO THE WITHOUT

IS ON TOP,

LET GO OF THE NUMBERS DIAL, TRY TURNING THE NUT TO SEE

IF THE REGULATOR IS NOW TURNING IN THE RIGHT WAY,

7,

IF

IT

IS STILL

NOT RIGHT,

KEEP TRYING,

FOR EXAMPLE, WILL

IF THE NUMBERS DIAL

ONLY GO TO (THAT THEN:

WHEN YOU TURN GO TO

THE NUT AS FAR AS IT WILL THE RIGHT ON TOP),

IS,

8,

NOT

9,

IS

TURN THE NUT AS FAR AS IT WILL GO TO THE LEFT,

PRESS DOWN ON THE NUMBERS DIAL, TURN IT WITHOUT TURNING THE NUT, TURN IT SO THE 1 IS ON TOP,

LET GO OF THE NUMBERS DIAL, 3Y TO TURN THE NUT FROM

0 TO 9,

THE TENSION

REGULATOR SHGUtD NOW BE WORKING IN THE RIGHT WAY,

40

TO FIX THE NEEDLE TIMING


1, TIP BACK THE MACHINE SO

YOU CAN SEE UNDERNEATH,

TAKE OUT THE BOBBIN CASE,

3,

MOVE THE SHUTTLE RACE RING, /SOME MACHINES:1

SPRI SHUTTLE RACE

LOOSEN THE SCREW, PULL DOWN THE SPRING,

MOVE THE CLASPS, -LOWER THE SHUTTLE RACE RING,

TAKE OUT THE SHUTTLE RACE RING,

4,

SLOWLY TURN THE WHEEL TOWARDS YOU TO LOWER THE NEEDLE UNTIL AS LOW AS IT WILL GO, IT

IS

5,

LOOK UNDER THE MACHINE, THE HOLE OF THE NEEDLE SHOULD BE BELOW THE HOOK, AND TO THE RIGHT,
OL E

TURN THE WHEEL A LITTLE TOUCHING,

UNTIL

THE HOOK AND THE NEEDLE SEEM TO BE

THE HOOK SHOULD SEEM TO TOUCH THF NEEDLE AT THE HOLE,

RIGHT

WRONG

IF THE NEEDLE AND THE HOOK COME TOGETHER AT THE HOLE IN THIS TIMING,
--

IF THE HOOK SEEMS TO TOUCH THE NEEDLE AT A POINT OR BELOW THE HOLE, ABOVE THEN

WAY, YOU DO NOT

NEED TO CHANGE THE NEEDLE

FOLLOW THE REST OF THE STEPS, --

6J

MAKE SURE THE NEED GO, THEN USE A SHORT SCREWDRIVER TO LOOSEN THE NEEDLE BAR SCREW,
#EEDLE BAR SC

i AS LOW AS IT WILL

42

7,

TURN THE WHEEL SO THE HOOK AGAIN SEEMS TO TOUCH THE NEEDLE,

8,

HOLDING RAISE

THE NEEDLE CLAMP SCREW

WITH YOUR FINGERS, OR LOWER THE THE HOLE NEEDLE UNT iL OF THE HOOK,

IS NEXT TO THE POINT

9,

MAKE SURE THE GROOVE ON THE NEEDLE BAR IS FACING NOTE: THE LEFT, THE

ON A FEW MACHINES, FRONT (SEE PAGE

GROOVE SHOULD FACE THE

61 > I

---

----

HOLD THE NEEDLE BAR FIRMLY IN PLACE WITH AND TIGHTEN ONE HAND,

THE NEEDLE BAR SCREW,

43
10, CHECK THE POSITION AS IN STEP OF THE NEEDLE, I I

5,

11,

PUT BACK THE SHUTTLE RACE RING, PUT BACK THE BOBBIN CASE,

PUT BACK THE FACE PLATE,

NOTE

idSOME MACHINES

THERE ARE TIMING

MARKS ON THE NEEDLE BAR,] FOLLOW

TO CHANGE THE NEEPLE TIMING

ON THESE MACHINES,

I
1,

THESE STEPS : TAKE OFF THE FACE PLATE,

2,

SLOWLY TURN THE WHEEL TOWARDS YOU TO LOWER THE NEEDLE UNTIL AS LOW AS IT WILL GO, IT IS

44

3,

USE A SHORT SCREWDRIVER TO LOOSEN THE NEEDLE BAR SCREW,

NEEDLE

BAR

SCREW

4,

USE YOUR FINGERS

TO MOVE THE

NEEDLE

BAR

UP OR DOWN SO THAT THE TWO TIMING ARE HERE: (THE Top


MARK

MARKS

IS EVEN WITH
TIMING MARK

THE BOTTOM OF THE TUBE,)

5,

MAKE SURE THAT THE GROOVE ON THE


NEEDLE BAR

IS FACING

THE LEFT,

HOLD THE NEEDLE BAR FIRMLY


THE

!N PLACE W!?H
BAR SCREW,

ONE HAND, AND TIGHTEN


NEEDLE

6,

CHECK TIP

THE TIMING: BACK THE MACHINE, RACE RING, TOWARDS YOU TIMING BOTTOM MARK OF

TAKE

OUT THE BOBBIN CASE, SHUTTLE

MOVE THE

TURN UNTIL IS THE

THE WHEEL

THE BOTTOM THE

EVEN WITH TUBE,

TIMING

THE

HOOK SHOULD THE NEEDLE

NOW SEEM TO AT THE HOLE,

TOUCH

IF IT DOES NOT,

TRY

TO CHANGE

THE

TIMING AGAIN,

46 TO PUT IN A NEW NEEDLE BAR


1, TAKE OFF THE FACE PLATE,

2,

TAKE OFF THE NEEDLE, THE COTTON HOLDER,

THE NEEDLE CLAMPc

AND THE PRESSER FOOT,

3,

SLOWLY TURN THE WHEEL TOWARDS YOU UNTIL THE NEEDLE BAR IS AS LOW AS GO, IT WILL

4.

LOOSEN THE NEEDLE BAR SCREW,

NEEDLE

BAR

SCREW

5,

PUSH THE NEEDLE BAR UP. THE NEEDLE BAR WILL PUSH ml

I/ 42 NEEDLE
n

47
BAR CAP

OUT THE NEEDLE BAD CAP.

II

PULL THE NEEDLE BAR THE REST OF THE WAY OUT FROM THE TOP,

6,

PUT IN THE NEW NEEDLE BAR,

PUT BACK THE NEEDLE BAR CAP,

7, 8,

PUT BACK THE PRESSER FOOT, THE NEEDLE CLAMP, FIX

THE COTTON HOLDER

AND THE NEEDLE,

THE NEEDLE TIMING,

48

NOTE:

IN SOME MACHINES THERE IS NO HOLE FOR THE NEEDLE BAR TO COME OUT THE TOP OF THE MACH1NE, TO PUT IN A NEW NEEDLE BAR IN THESE MACHINES, THESE STEPS: FOLLOW

TAKE OFF THE FACE PLATE,

2,

TAKE OFF THE NEEDLE,

THE NEEDLE CLAMP,

THE COTTON HOLDER AND THE PRESSER FOOT,

3,

TAKE OFF THE THROAT PLATE,

4,

T!P

BACK THE MACHINE SO

/ YOU CAN SEE UNDERNEATH, ! !

5,

TAKE OUT THE BOBBIN CASE,

6,

TAKE aUT THE SHUTTLE RACE,

71

PUT THE MACHINE DOWN, TURN THE WHEEL TOWARDS YOU ;OVE THE NEEDLE BAR AS TO M HIGH AS IT WILL GO,

81

TAKE OFF THE FEED DOG BY UNSCREWING THE TWO SCREWS SHOWN,

9,

TURN THE WHEEL TOWARDS YOU UNTIL THE NEEDLE BAR IS iS GO, LOW AS IT WILL

LOOSEN THE NEEDLE BAR SCREW,

NEEDLE

BAR

SCREW-

10:

TIP

BACK THE MACHINE,

PULL THE NEEDLE BAR DOWN, UNTIL IT COMES OUT THE BOTTOM OF THE MACH1 NE,

11,

PUT THE NEW NEEDLE BAR I FROM THE BOTTOM,

12,

PUT THE MACHINE DOWN, TURN THE WHEEL TOWARDS YOU UNTIL THE NUT IS AS LOW AS GO, IT, I I I IT WILL TIGHTEN

13,

PUT BACK THE FEED DOG, PUT BACK THE SHUTTLE RACE, PUT BACK THE PRESSER FOOT, THE COTTON HOLDER,

THE NEEDLE CLAMP AND THE NEEDLE,

14,

FIX

THE NEEDLE TIMING,

SEE

PAGE

40

52 TO CHANGE HEIGHTOF THE FEEDDOG THE


1, FOR ORDINARY SEWING, THE FEED DOG SHOULD BE SET SO THAT WHEN IT

IS AS HIGH AS IT WILL GO IT

IS IN THIS POSITION:

RIGHT -ALL THE TOP POINTS ARE ABOVE THE THROAT PLATE, ALL THE BOTTOM POINTS ARE BELOW THE THROAT PLATE,
THROAT PLATE TOP FEED DOG BOTTOM POINTS POINTS

WRONG c
J t

WRONG
I

TURN THE WHEEL UNTIL THEN CHECK THE HEIGHT,

THE FEED DOG IS AS HIGH AS IT WILL GO,

IF THE HEIGHT

OF THE FEED DOG IS WRONG, THEN FOLLOW THESE STEPS:

2,

TAKE OFF THE NEEDLE, TAKE OFF THE PRESSER FOOT,

TAKE OFF THE THROAT PLATE,

3,

TIP

BACK

THE MACHINE,

4,

LOOSEN

THIS

SCREW,

5,

MOVE THIS

PART

WITH

YOUR FINGERS

TO MAKE THE

FEED

DOG MOVE UP OR DOWN,

TO MAKE THE PUSH IT BACK

FEED

DOG MOVE UP, FROM You),

(AWAY FEED

TO MAKE THE PUSH IT

DOG MOVE DOWN,

FORWARD ( TOWARDS YOU > ,

6,

TIGHTEN

THE

SCREW,

7,

PUT THE THROAT PLATE BACK ON,

8,

TURN THE WHEEL TOWARDS YOU UNTIL WILL GO, THEN CHECK THE HEIGHT IS STILL

THE FEED DOG IS AS HIGH AS IT

OF THE FEED DOG, AS IN STEP 1, THEN:

IF THE HEiGHT

NOT RIGHT,

TAKE OFF THE THROAT PLATE AGAIN, LOOSEN THE SCREW UNDERNEATH THE MACHINE, AGAIN MOVE THE FEED DOG IT IS AT THE RIGHT HEIGHT, IS RIGHT, UNTIL

WHEN THE rtEIGHT

MAKE SURE THAT THE SCREW UNDERNEATH THE MACHINE IS TIGHT,

PUT BACK THE PRESSER FOOT AND THE NEEDLE,

NOTE:

IF YOUR MACHINE HAS NO DROP FEED KNOB TO LET YOU DO DARNING, TOP POINTS LOWER THE THE FEED DOG UNTIL ARE ALL

BELOW THE THROAT PLATE,

WHEN YOU HAVE FlNiSHED YOUR DARNING, RIGHT HEIGHT PUT THE FOR t FEED DOG BACK AT THE ORDINARY SEWING,

55 NOTE:
IF THE HEIGHT OF THE FEED DOG IS RIGHT, BUT THE CLOTH IS STILL NOT MOVING THROUGH PROPERLY, CHECK THE FEED TIMING: IS

THE FEED TIMING

RIGHT IF:
0
THROA T PL A TE FEEQ DOG

A) THE FEED DOG COMES OUT OF i\ THE THROAT PLATE AFTER THE NEEDLE COMES UP ABOVE THE TOP OF THE THROAT PLATE, AND B) THE FEED DOG STARTS TO MOVE AWAY FROM YOU AT JUST THE SAME TIME MOVE DOWN, AND C) THE FEED DOG GOES BELOW THE THROAT PLATE WHEN THEN NEEDLE HAS COME DOWN TO JUST ABOVE THE THROAT PLATE, AS THE NEEDLE STARTS TO i, 0
t-

*jl

TURN THE WHEEL TOWARDS YOU TO SEE IF THE NEEDLE AND THE FEED DOG MOVE TOGETHER IN THIS IF THEY DO NOT, THIS IS DIFFiCULT THEN THE FEED TIMING TO FIX, WAYI

IS WRONG,

TRY TO ASK A

SEWING MACHINE MECHANIC FOR HELP,

TO TIGHTEN THE BOBBINWINDER SCREWS


IF THE BOBBIN WINDER DOES NOT STAY DOWN WHEN YOU WANT TO WIND THE BOBBIN, FOLLOW THESE STEPS: 1, TAKE OFF THE HANDLE,

2,

LOOSEN THIS

SCREW,

THEN LOOSEN THE WHEEL NUT.


NUT

3,

TAKE OFF THE WASHER, THEN TAKE OFF THE WHEEL,

4,

TIGHTEN

THESE

TWO SCREWS,
SCRE

5,

PUT BACK

THE WHEEL,

PUT BACK

THE WASHER,

6,

PUT BACK

THE WHEEL NUT IT, SCREW,

AND TIGHTEN TIGHTEN THE

7,

PUT BACK

THE

HANDLE,

TO PUT IN A NEW BOBBIN WINDER RUBBER


1, IF TtiE IT RUBBER OFF IS WORN, WINDER

TAKE

THE BOBBIN IT

BY PULLING

TOWARDS THE WHEEL,

2,

PUT

A NEW RUBBER WINDER

ONTO THE

BOBBIN :T

BY PUSHING EDGE

GENTLY

OVER TiiE THE GROOVE,

AND INTO

DIFFERENT WAYS,

KINDS

AND MODELS OF SEWING MACHINES ARE BUILT PROBABLY FIND BOOK,

IN

DIFFERENT

YOU WILL

THAT PARTS OF YOUR MACHINE DO NOT LOOK TO HELP YOU FOLLOW THE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT DIFFERENCES IS THE PAGE NUMBER OF

EXACTLY LIKE INSTRUCTIONS

THE DRAWINGS IN THIS ANYWAY, HERE IS A LIST BESIDE

AMONG SEWING MACHINES. THE STEP FOR WHICH IT

EACH DIFFERENCE

IS IMPORTANT,
SEE

SOME MACHINES

OTHER MACHINES

)AGE

11 26 28 31 34

THE TENSION THE TENSION REGULATOR IS 3N THE SIDE OF THE MACHINE,

REGULATOR IS ON THE IT IS

FRONT OF THE MACHINE, MACHINE,

IT

ATTACHED TO THE BODY OF THE

IS ATTACHED TO THE FACE PLATE,

FACE

PLATE

11
26 28 51 34 SCREW SCREW I II

WHEN YOU LOOK AT THE TENSION REGULATOR FROM THE BACK OF THE MACHINE, YOU CAN SEE THE SCREW IN PLACE n THAT HOLDS IT

ro

FIND

THE SCREW THAT REGtiLATOR OFF THE IN

HOLDS

THE YOU AND SIDL

I-ENSION IUST

PLACE, PLATE

TAKE

FACE

.OOK AT THE MACHINE

FROM THE

OTHER MACHINES
THREAD (THREAD GUARD GUARD

SEE AGE

12 27 29

FACE

PLATE

THE THREAD GUARD FOR THE TENSION REGULATOR IS A PART OF THE TENSION STICKS PIECES REGULATOR ITSELF, THAT OUT FROM ONE OF THE OF THE TENS I ON REGULATOR IT IS A BAR OR CURVED PIECE

THE THREAD GUARD FOR THE TENSION REGULATOR IS A BAR ATTACHE1 TO THE FACE PLATE, PART OF THE TENSION AND NOT A REGULATOR,

29 31 35

IN THESE MACH1NES THE TENS ION


REGULATOR HAS 10 PIECES,

IN THESE MACHINES

THE TENSION

REGULATOR HAS 11 PIECES,

2 3 IO I9

THE SHUTTLE RACE LIES UNDER THE COVER PLATE, RACE--YOU

FLAT

HE SHUTTLE

RACE STANDS STRAIGHT YOU CASE OUT OF

THE BOBBIN CASE IS ATTACHED TO THE SHUTTLE CANNOT TAKE

fP UNDER THE THROAT PLATE, :AN TAKE THE BOBBIN HE MACHINE,

IT OUT OF THE MACHINE,

SOME MACHINES

61

OTHER MACHINES

SEE AGE

THE BOBBIN INTO

IS LONZ AND FITS


CASE,

THE BOBBIN INTO

IS ROUND AND FITS


CASE,

A LONG BOBBIN

A ROUND BOBBIN

IN

MOST MACHINES

THE GROOVE LEFT

IN

IN IN

A FEW MACHINES THE NEEDLE

THE

GROOVE TO THE OF THE TO

THE NEEDLE

BAR FACES

(WHEN OF

BAR FACES SIDE

YOU ARE LOOKiNG THE MACHINE), OF THE NEEDLE TO FIT INT3

AT THE FRONT AND THE FLAT FACES TO THE

FRONT NEEDLE FIT

AND THE FLAT FACES

SIDE
RIGHT

TO THE BACK

INTO THE GROOVE,

THE

GROOVE,

E RACE

SIlU T TL E RACE

ASP

SHUTTLE

RACE

RING (0

SHUTTLE

RACE

RING

THE SHUTTLE IHE SHUTTLE RACE RING IS HELD CLASPS, THE SHUTTLE AND A SPRING, RING RACE,

RACE RING RACE WITH

IS HELD
A SCREW RACE

IN

IN THE SHUTTLE
THE SHUTTLE ATTACHED TO THE

RACE WITH RING SHUTTLE

THE SHUTTLE

RACE

IS

IS NOT ATTACHED
RACE,

TO THE

SHUTTLE

_i_

i2

SOME MACHINES

OTHER MACHINES

SEE PAGE --

40 43

THE NEEDLE BAR HAS NO TIMING MARKS, TO FIX THE NEEDLE TIMING OF
THE NEEDLE THESE TO FIX MAKE THE BAR HAS TIMING IT A LITTLE TIMING, MARKS,

YOU MUST CHANGE THE POSITION THE NEEDLE BY SIGHT,

EASIER

NEEDLE

46 48

--

THE NEEDLE BAR CANNOT COME OUT YOU MUST TAKE IT OUT FROM THE BOTTOM BOTTOM,
t -=
54

THE TOP OF THE MACH1 NE,

THE NEEDLE BAR CAN BE TAKEN OUT FROM THE TOP OF THE MACHINE,

TURNING

THE

DROP FEED

KNOB TO DOG SO

THERE IS NO DROP FEED KNOB, INSTEAD, HEIGHT YOU CAN CHANGE THE OF THE FEED DOG FROM

THE LEFT

LOWERS

THE FEED IT

YOU CAN DO DARNING, THE FEED THE CLOTH

MOVES

DOG OUT OF THE WAY SO WILL NOT CATCH ON IT,

UNDER THE MACHINE,

63
TO GET PA#Ts AND ADVICE

PARTS

FORMOST

KINDS

OF SEWING

MACHINES

CAN BE ORDERED

FROM:

STEAMSHIPS P,O, BOX 1

TRADING

COMPANY LTD,

PORT MORESBY NATIONAL CAPITAL DISTRICT PAPUA NEW GUINEA,

IN THE NEAR FUTURE, COMPANY, WILL INFORMATION,

VILLAGE

EQUIPMENT SUPPLIERS,

SPATFS

TRADING
FOR MORE

ALSO HAVE SEWING MACHINE PARTS FOR SALE, WRITE TO:

THE MANAGER, VILLAGE P,O, LAE MOROBE PROVINCE PAPUA NEW GUINEA, BOX EQUIPMENT SUPPLIERS

2172

IF YOU CANNOT FIX

YOUR SEWING MACHINE USING THIS

BOOK, YOU CAN

WRITE TO SPATF FOR MORE ADVICE: SOUTH PACIFIC P,O, BOX 69.37
BOROKO

APPROPRIATE

TECHNOLOGY FOUNDATION

(SPATF)

PAPUA NEW GUINEA,

PRINTED BY HEBAMO PRESS. P.0 BOX 6033.

BOROKO. P N G

I,.. ! :

TO THE USERSOF THIS MANUN: THIS IS THE FIRST EDITION OF THIS MANUAL, A SECOMI EDITION WILL BE PRINTED IF IT IS FOUND THAT CHANGES NEED TO BE MADE IN THE MAMJAL, TO HELP US DECIDE WHAT STIONNA~ I PLEASE RE WRITE YOUR N/V% AND ADDRESS THE END OF THE QUESTIONNAIRE, SO THAT WE CAN SEND AT YOU THE SECONDEDITIONS IF MERE IS OElE, CHANGES MIGHT BE NEECED, WE ARE ASKING YOLJ FILL TO IN THIS

SENDYOUR C@lLETED WESTIONNAIf?ETO: SOUTHPACIFIC APPROPRIATETECHNOLOGY FOUNDATION


P,O, BOX 6937 BORCKO PAPUA NEWGUINEA IHANK YOU FOR YOUR HELP,

QUESTIUVNAIRE: 1s HAVE YaJ REPAIRED A SEWINGMACHINE USING THIS !4ANUAl? WHATWASWRONG WITH ME MACHINE?

DID THE MANUALTELL YOU CLEARLY H04 TO FIX IT?

IF NOT, WHAT STEPS WERENOT CLEAR?

2,

ARE THE DRAWINGSCLEAR?

WICH ONES SHUULDBE MADE CLEARER?

ARETHEREENCtJGliLABELSONTHE

ItGS?

3,

ARE THE PRINTED INsTRucTIoNs CLEAR? WHICHONESStWLD BE MADECLEARER?

4,

ARE THEREANY IWORTANTSEWING THERE IWORTANT MACHINEFAULTS THAT HAVE BEEN LEFT OUT?

ARE lHERE ANY INSlRUCTIClNSTHAT SHOULD CHANGU)IN ANY WAY? BE

5,

WHATKIM: OF SEW& lMC.HfNEDO YOU HAVE? KIM: SEW& lMC.HfNE HAVE?

ARE THE PARTS [IF YOURf44CHINE NEARLY THE SAME AS, OR VERY DIWEREW FRCM TM! PARTS SHOWNIN THE MANUAL?

6,

AN OTHER ~FMNTs AI@ aFMMs

OR sUGGEsTIONS? SBEST~ONS?