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COE 503 - Assignment #2 Interview with K Greg Moody Martial Arts Master and Karate Instructor Cave Creek, Chandler, Mesa, Scottsdale Arizona State University

January 23, 2012

Running Head: INTERVIEW WITH K

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Introduction
The following is an interview with K. A 17 year old High School student in the Phoenix, AZ metropolitan area. The interview dealt with adolescent populations and the crowds and cliques that occur in this group. In conducting the interview the interviewer started with questions regarding early childhood to determine the temporal and social development of these groups, as well as the current makeup of the high school scene. This interview, of course, only reveals a single view (Ks view), nevertheless, it presents a description of the current status of groups in high school as well as her view of how the existence of groups change over time. An outline of the interview results is included in Appendix I. The complete transcript is included in Appendix II, along with the details of the coding and interview setting.

Martial Arts Master and Karate Instructor Cave Creek, Chandler, Mesa, Scottsdale

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Background
K was selected by a teacher friend of the interviewer from a middle to upper middle class high school in the north Phoenix / Scottsdale area. She is a 17 year old, Caucasian female, who lives in an upper middle class neighborhood. Her parents are divorced and she lives 100% of the time with her mother. Both she and her mother work and K helps pay for their house payment. She has one male sibling who is 1 year younger. The interview was conducted at a small coffee house in Tempe on Saturday, October 30th at 9:11am. The interview subject arrived on time, and was dressed in casual clothes (jeans, tennis shoes, white t-shirt, pink zippered sweatshirt). She seemed happy to be there and was actually appreciative of the chance to participate in a study This is really cool, I always wanted to be a subject for something.. The interview was held in a corner of the coffee house which was relatively quiet and, on Sunday morning, only had 2 other people in it. During the interview, K was very relaxed and confident about the subjects. The only questions that made her a little nervous was when she mentioned lesbians. Other than that K did not express any emotion other than lecturing the interviewer on the way it is in school.

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Analysis of Interview
Group Development Over Grade Level Groups seem to develop as students increase in grade level. To K there are minimal distinctions between groups/crowds/cliques during elementary school. The major factor in who you associate with is parental involvement. K met a friend the first day of kindergarten and I am still very best friends with her.. Further discussion revealed that their mothers were also friends (as well as well as their siblings) and this facilitated their friendship: Well my friend and I were kinda attached at the hip. We did do stuff with groups but then [k-1st grade], just like birthday parties the parents organized it.. There did not seem to be any ethnic differences between any group or social interactions at any level. Only later in elementary school did some groups emerge K:I remember in ES there was some and they were just a bunch of troublemakers. They were very very cliquish, they would make fun of other people make them feel bad, put them down you know to help build themselves up.. This was reported to start in 5th and 6th grades and seemed to be related to the students participation in school and parent involvement: I: So what would you do to keep a kid out of the troublemaker group? K: I would be very positive I would help him in school, you know I would have parent conferences. In ES I was in band and choir, and my mom attended all of those events. Theyre not in band or choir. Later it was reported that the middle school kids who were involved in smoking and some drug use came out of this group.

INTERVIEW WITH K 6 Middle school seemed to bring out some more differences but only in expanding the Troublemakers role into kids that started smoking and some drug use. I: were they people who you would have expected? K: Yeah I would say yes because they were probably the same people who in my elementary school were the troublemakers. Other than this distinction, social interactions were driven mostly like elementary school with some less involvement of the parents.

Adolescent Groups in High School There were reported significant group distinctions in High School. Eight groups were identified which made up more than half of the student population. Each group was identified by their dress, drug use, whether they worked, their activities, their sexuality and their academics. In general of these characteristics, each group had one or two things that distinguished them from the rest. We will summarize the identified groups and point out their defining characteristics. The first group identified was the Goth group. K described them as dress in all black and do drugs after school you can tell because they dress in all black and wear thick jewelry and makeup. Big dangling earrings. Their primary focus was some involvement with satanic symbols. They seemed to do well in school and be interested in academics K: they want to go to college, in spite of the fact that they use drugs (second only to the Druggie Pothead Group). Lesbian girls seem to have a large participation in this group. The Druggie Pothead Group are obviously identified by their drug use. They also

INTERVIEW WITH K 7 do not show any motivation for academics, nor any success. They may deal drugs as well and would be the suppliers to the other groups. Their dress is generally black but is more varied than the Goths such as skateboard logo designs. They tend to work (at after school jobs) less than the other kids according to K. The Jock and Cheerleader group not only does sports (and cheerleading) but this seems to motivate them in academics as they have to get good grades to participate. They tend to spend their extra time to go out and party and drink and K feels they are more sexually active (K: slutty cheerleaders) than the average. Often the higher SES kids are in this group. Participation in band and choir would identify the Band group. There were no big distinctions other than their band participation. They seem to work about the same as average (in spite of their participation in the activities) and K feels they are less sexually active then average. The Punker Kids are easily identified by their dress. They wear really tight jeans and all the Mohawks and different colored hair, spiked bracelets, and wear headphones like they walk around the hallways and never talk to anybody except for their friends.. They use drugs somewhat more than average, and regarding school theyre usually dumb and stupid. Their main focus is to find the newest underground band before their friends do. Regarding music, obviously they like punk rock, but also may form their own bands and play instruments. Big thick sweaters, stripes, polka dots or plaids are the dress of the Emo group. This one was new to the interviewer it stands for emotional. Music is their hobby: the

INTERVIEW WITH K 8 kids who sit around and listen to music all day. Usually its soft rock or music regarding relationships. Often gay boys are part of this group. They tend to do a little better than average in school K: They are pretty smart, they make sure they do all their homework All they do is sit around and listen to music, so they have time to do it. The Snotty Rich Girls may also participate in the Cheerleader group. They are easy to spot because they have a new Prada purse every day. This is the only membership that K felt you could not just join you had to be rich to be a member. They may be more sexually active K: You kind of hear about the snobby girls being more slutty. Interestingly the Video Game group was not brought up till much later in the interview. These kids are focused on video games and seem introverted. They sometimes associate with other groups. Possibly they were not brought up sooner because they are so introverted and blend in. K: They are very quiet, not very confident, you can tell.. Also interesting is they are not perceived as smart K: theyre really just quiet so I dont know. Im not sure what their grades are, in class they dont raise their hand to answer a question. K said that the above groups encompass more than half of the student population. What about the other kids K: well they are just working or doing family stuff. This group (interviewer is identifying as the Generic group) may be characterized by students who participate in other activities such as work or church and so the importance of school groups is minimal.

INTERVIEW WITH K 9 Group Interactions K reported minimal membership requirements for any group but the Snotty Rich Girls other than obviously a desire to participate (though once in, obviously you have to be in the band to be in the Band group, or wear black to be in the Goth group). K felt there is no ethnic difference in any way in her school or in any of the group memberships. Any ethnic related questioning was flatly responded by a Nope. According to K, Conflict is limited to within group conflict. There was no indication of any problems between groups. The conflict was of typical adolescent nature K: Yes, of course there is conflict, but its more like she slept with her boyfriend between the cheerleaders or 2 people in the Emos are fighting because one didnt get invited to this concert or something.

Martial Arts Master and Karate Instructor Cave Creek, Chandler, Mesa, Scottsdale

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Conclusions
As students grow they also increase the distinctions between their groups of associates. As K says: I am starting to realize what I like in people and what I dont and because we all have the same values and beliefs, we are really close in middle school and first year of high school I didnt know that. Elementary school associations are facilitated by parent involvement. Only later was there some increase in the separation between groups into the majority of kids and troublemakers. In middle school there also were minimal distinctions but the smoking and drug use created another crowd: You had your group of people over there and they started smoking - not on campus, but we knew they did it and doing some drugs. High school was the start of major group distinctions. K identified eight groups (the Goths, the Punk Rockers, the Druggie Pothead Group, the Band Kids, the Jock Cheerleader Group, the Snotty Rich Girls, the Video group and the Emo group) and nine significant characteristics of these groups. The groups seemed to be rather open to new members (except the Snotty Rich Girl group) and there were no racial or ethnic differences in the membership of the groups. In general, adolescent groups were reported by K as generally independent and benign. Conflict did occur but it was within the groups regarding typical personal concerns adolescents have. They left each other alone and were even open to people outside of their own group. This report gives a framework for future study and could determine whether Ks observations hold within this high school, and across other high

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Appendix I
Outline of Interview
Martial Arts Master and Karate Instructor Cave Creek, Chandler, Mesa, Scottsdale, Arizona Martial Arts Master and Karate Instructor Cave Creek, Chandler, Mesa, Scottsdale, Arizona Martial Arts Master and Karate Instructor Cave Creek, Chandler, Mesa, Scottsdale, Arizona

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Outline of Interview
Subject Background: Female. 17 years old. Divorced parents, lives with mother full time. One male sibling, one year younger. Family is middle class .

Temporal Group Development Elementary School o There seems to be little to no distinctions between groups. Only in 5th and 6th grade were some kids reported as Troublemakers. o Social interactions are based on friendships and parents. Activities and interactions are driven by which parents get together. o There were no reported ethnic differences (i.e. kids ignored any racial differences) Middle School o Increase in distinction between groups, but basically divided in to the Smokers/Drug Users and the rest of the kids. Smokers/Drug Users. Kids who did poorly in school. Teased other kids and tried to get attention. Hung out in an Off Campus area and smoked. Suggested these kids were the ones that ended up using drugs in High School.

INTERVIEW WITH K 15 o Like Elementary School, there were no reported ethnic differences. High School o Large increase in distinction between groups. Now there are eight groups identified, plus the rest of the kids (Generic Group). Goth (GG) Druggie Pothead (DPG) Jock & Cheerleader (JCG) Band (BG) Punker Kids (PK) Emo (EG) Snotty Rich Girls (SRG) Video (VG) Generic Group (GEG - this is identified by the interviewer K called this the rest of the kids the crowd she belongs to)

o There was significant distinction between groups in the following areas: Drug Use Dress Academics Religion Work SES Sports Music Sexuality / Sexual Orientation

o Group membership was open to anyone who wanted to share the group values and activities. K feels that any group is accepting to any other kids. The only group which is an exception was the Snotty Rich Girls you must be rich to join their group. o Like Elementary School and Middle School, there were no reported ethnic differences. Membership in any group seems to

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INTERVIEW WITH K 17 Group Characteristics Goth (GG) o Drug Use. The GG seem to use drugs more than average but it doesnt seem to restrict them from doing well in school. o Dress: Black clothes, large black jewelry, some focus is around satanic symbols (pentagram). o Academics: They try to do well in school and generally do. They would like to go to college. o Religion: Satanic (but this seems more like a hobby rather than a major focus). o Work: About as much as the average kids. o SES: Average. o Sports: None o Music: No special distinctions. o Sexuality / Sexual Orientation: Tendency for lesbian girls to participate in group. Druggie Pothead (DPG) o Drug Use. They use drugs and sometimes deal them (to the other groups). o Dress: Black clothes, skateboard designs. o Academics: They do poorly and are not motivated. o Religion: No special distinction. o Work: Less than the average kids. o SES: Average. o Sports: None o Music: No special distinctions. o Sexuality / Sexual Orientation: No special distinctions.

INTERVIEW WITH K 18 Jock & Cheerleader (JCG) o Drug Use. Drinking was mentioned. o Dress: Generic like average kids. o Academics: They do well because they are motivated they have to get grades or they cant play. Girls are about average. o Religion: No special distinction. o Work: Less than the average kids they have to practice. o SES: Average to high. o Sports: The main focus of this group. o Music: No special distinctions. o Sexuality / Sexual Orientation: The rumor is they have sex more. Band (BG) o Drug Use. None. o Dress: Generic like average kids. o Academics: They do about average. o Religion: No special distinction. o Work: No special distinction. o SES: Average. o Sports: None. o Music: Their own participation in school band. o Sexuality / Sexual Orientation: Less than average. Punker Kids (PK) o Drug Use. Some. o Dress: Tight pants, mohawks, colored hair. o Academics: They do worse than average. o Religion: No special distinction.

INTERVIEW WITH K 19 o Work: No special distinction. o SES: Average. o Sports: None. o Music: Punk rock. Important to find underground bands, also form their own bands (never in the school band). o Sexuality / Sexual Orientation: They have more sex than the average. Emo (EG) o Drug Use. Some. o Dress: Polka dot shirts, thick sweaters, plaids. o Academics: They do better than average. o Religion: No special distinction. o Work: No special distinction. o SES: Average. o Sports: None. o Music: Depressing music. Soft rock. o Sexuality / Sexual Orientation: The gay boys are usually members of this group. Snotty Rich Girls (SRG) o Drug Use. Some. o Dress: Very fashionable, new, expensive clothes. o Academics: No special distinction. o Religion: No special distinction. o Work: They dont work. o SES: High. o Sports: None, other than some participate in the Cheerleader group.

INTERVIEW WITH K 20 o Music: No special distinction. o Sexuality / Sexual Orientation: They have more sex than the average (related to the cheerleaders). Video (VG) o Drug Use. None. o Dress: Average. o Academics: No special distinction. o Religion: No special distinction. o Work: Average. o SES: No special distinction. o Sports: None, they play video games all day long. o Music: No special distinction. o Sexuality / Sexual Orientation: Less than average. Generic Group (GEG - this is identified by the interviewer K called this the rest of the kids the crowd she belongs to)

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Appendix II
Transcript

Martial Arts Master and Karate Instructor Cave Creek, Chandler, Mesa, Scottsdale, Arizona