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# EETC 1042

AC Electricity

## Final Exam PRACTICE [Show all your work!]

Name___________________________________

TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. [t1-1] The maximum current that the d'Arsonval movement can read independently is equal to the current sensitivity of the movement. [t1-2] An ideal capacitor looks like an open circuit to dc current once it has charged to its final value. [t3-1] The superposition theorem is applicable to power effects in ac circuits, since it is dealing with a nonlinear relationship. [t3-2] In order to remove a voltage source from a circuit for superposition analysis, we must replace it with an open circuit. [f] A power gain of 3 dB is equivalent to an output power that is twice the power of the input. [f] Decibels are used to provide a comparison between power levels and voltage levels. ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______

PROBLEMS. Work the problems and write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question. Show all work! If simple calculations are done in calculator, identify with by calc.

Meter 1 Ratings: Current Sensitivity = 10 mA, Resistance = 500 RSHUNT = 0.77 Figure 7.3 7. [t1-3] See Figure 7.3. What voltage V must be applied to the circuit to result in full-scale meter deflection?

## Voltage Source VS1 = 12V R1 = 22k C1 = 4.7 F

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Figure 10.1 8. 9. [t1-4] See Figure 10.1. What is the time constant t for this circuit? [t1-5] See Figure 10.1. If the initial voltage of the capacitor = 0V, after the closing of the switch, when will the voltage vC reach 5.0 V?

10. [t1-6] See Figure 10.1. If the initial voltage of the capacitor = 0V, what is the maximum instantaneous current that will flow through the capacitor after the closing of the switch?

## Voltage Source VS1 = 90V C1 = 4.7 F C2 = 4.7 F C3 = 4.7 F C4 = 4.7 F

Figure 10.3

11. [t1-7] See Figure 10.3. What is the total capacitance CT?

Voltage Source VS1 = 4.5V R1 = 2.2 K L1 = 100 mH Figure 12.1 12. [t1-8] See Figure 12.1. What is the time constant in this circuit?

## ac final exam practice.docx

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Voltage Source VS1 = 3.3V R1 = 47 K R2 = 470 K L1 = 50 mH Figure 12.3 13. [t1-9] See Figure 12.3. After the closing of the switch, what will the current through the inductor be after the circuit voltages and currents have reached steady-state values? Assume that the inductor is an ideal (lossless) device. 14. [t1-10] See Figure 12.3. After the current has reached a steady-state value, the switch opens. What will the voltage across the inductor be the instant that the switch opens? 15. [t1-11] What is the period of a 50 kHz sine wave? 16. [t1-12] What is the angular velocity of a 50 kHz sine wave? 17. [f] A 10 mV input to an amplifier produces a 5 V output. What is the voltage gain in dB?

Figure 22.2 18. See Figure 22.2. If the mutual inductance M12 = 1 H, what is the total inductance LT of this circuit?

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## ac final exam practice.docx

19. [f] See Figure 22.3. What is the transformation ratio, a, for this transformer? 20. [f] See Figure 22.3. What is the voltage ES across the load, assuming ideal components? 21. [f] See Figure 22.3. What is the current IS through the load, assuming ideal components? 22. [f] See Figure 22.3. What is the volt-amp rating of this transformer if the transformer is operating at its rated capacity? 23. [f] See Figure 22.3. If this transformer is an ideal device and the load is a resistor, how much power is transferred to the load?

Figure 22.4 24. [f] See Figure 22.4. A resistive load, RL, is connected to the transformer secondary as shown. What is the primary impedance Zp if the primary has 1600 turns and the secondary has 100 turns? 25. [t2-1] What is the amplitude in the equation v = 186 sin(7700t) V? 26. [t2-2] At what frequency does a 10 F capacitor have a reactance of 77?

## 27. [t2-3] What is the frequency in the equation v = 186 sin(7700t)?

28. [t2-4] Determine the frequency at which the reactance of a 0.47 :F capacitor equals that of a 3.3 H coil. 29. [t2-5] The current i = 125sin 377t mA passes through a 0.22 F capacitor. Find the sinusoidal expression for the voltage across the capacitor. 30. [t2-6] If i = 7.7 sin , what is i at = 30?

## ac final exam practice.docx

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t1 = 1 mS, t2 = 2 mS, t3 = 3 mS, t4 = 4 mS Figure 13.2 31. [t2-7] See Figure 13.2. What is the average value of this waveform?

XC = 990, R = 220, XL = 770 Figure 15.5 32. [t2-8] See Figure 15.5. Assume the source frequency is 60 Hz. What component, when placed in parallel with the existing components, would make the total impedance ZT purely resistive? Specify actual component value in Farads or Henries, not just inductive reactance or capacitive reactance. 33. [t2-9] Express the impedance of a 220 pF capacitor at 60 Hz in rectangular form.

## ac final exam practice.docx

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Vs = 120 V < 60, R = 560 , XL = 237 , XC = 150 Figure 15.3 34. [t2-10] See Figure 15.3. What is ZT in polar form? 35. [t2-11] Ignoring any effects of DC resistance, what is the total reactance of a 250 mH coil in series with a 4.7 microfarad capacitor at a signal frequency of 1000 Hz?

XL1 = 70, XC1 = 77 Figure 2 36. [t3-3] See Figure 2. What is the total impedance ZT for this circuit?

Figure 3 37. [t3-4] See Figure 3. Write one equation to describe the total impedance ZT for this circuit in terms of the impedances Z1, 2, and 3.
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Figure 5 38. [t3-5] See Figure 5. The voltage source (a) consists of VS = 500 V <20 and Z = 100 m <30. If this voltage source is converted to a current source (b), what is the value of the current IS?

Figure 6 39. [t3-6] See Figure 6. Consider the mesh analysis solution method for this circuit. Write an equation describing the loop on the left.

Figure 7 40. [t3-7] See Figure 7. Assume that the bridge is balanced. If Z1 = 1 <10, Z2 = 2 <33, Z3 = 40 <-10, what must Z4 be?

## ac final exam practice.docx

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VS1 = 150,000 V < 33, VS2 = 75,000 V < -33, R1 = 100, XL1 = 60, XC1 = 40 Figure 8 41. [t3-8] See Figure 8. Use the superposition theorem to calculate the portion of the current through the capacitor caused by the VS1 voltage source.

XL1 = 77, XC1 = 77 Figure 1 42. [t4-1] See Figure 1. What is the total impedance ZT for this circuit, assuming ideal components? 43. [t4-2] Given Zload = Zth* for maximum power transfer, where * designates complex conjugate, if Zth = 10 - j30 , what must the load impedance be for maximum power transfer to occur? 44. [t4-3] How is the amount of heat dissipated in an ideal inductor calculated? 45. [t4-4] What are the units of apparent power? 46. [t4-5] What are the units of reactive power? 47. [t4-6] What are the units of real power? 48. [t4-6] As what form of energy will the total power delivered to a resistor typically be dissipated? 49. [t4-7] What is the net flow of power to a pure (ideal) capacitor over a full cycle?

## ac final exam practice.docx

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Figure 19.1 50. [t4-8] See Figure 19.1. What is the total real power (PT) delivered to this circuit? 51. [t4-9] See Figure 19.1. What is the total apparent power delivered to this circuit?

Figure 19.3 52. [t4-10] See Figure 19.3. The power triangle shown represents the characteristics of a 230 V 60 Hz ac motor. What is the power factor of this motor? 53. [t4-11] How does the total impedance of a series RLC circuit at resonance as compare to the resistance of the circuit? 54. [t4-12] What is the phase relationship between current and voltage in series resonant circuits? 55. [t4-13] How does current in a series RLC circuit at resonance compare to the current at a higher frequency?

## ac final exam practice.docx

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Figure 20.2 56. [t4-14] See Figure 20.2. What is the source current at resonance? 57. [t4-15] What is the resonant frequency of a series circuit consisting of a 100 pf capacitor, a 10 k resistor, and a 1 mH inductor?

Figure 20.6 58. [t4-16] What is the resonant frequency of the circuit shown in Figure 20.6? 59. [t4-17] In a parallel resonant circuit, how does impedance at resonance compare to that of a series resonant circuit at the same resonant frequency?

Figure 20.5 60. [t4-18] See Figure 20.5. These curves describe three series resonant circuits. Which response curve represents the circuit with the highest Q?

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