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# SPH3U0 Knowledge & Understanding

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## Work & Energy Practice Test

[8 Marks]

LASS2011

Which of the following is not a common form of physical energy. a) radiant energy b) thermal energy c) nervous energy d) sound energy Which system does not represent a transformation of energy a) An arrow fired from a bow b) A car rolling to a stop c) A person holding a sign d) Skiing down a hill Which system is an example of negative work. a) An arrow fired from a bow b) A car rolling to a stop c) A person holding a sign d) Skiing down a hill An airplane moves at a constant velocity to the north with a stiff wind blowing with a force of 800 N from the west. Which of the following statements are correct? a) Work is done on the airplane while it is flying north. b) No work is done on the airplane in the north-south direction. c) No work is done by the wind on the airplane in the east-west direction. d) Both b and c are correct Which best describes the types of energy displayed by a swinging pendulum. a) Kinetic Energy b) Gravitational Potential Energy c) Kinetic and Gravitational Potential Energy d) Kinetic , Gravitational Potential, and Elastic Potential Energy Which is not a property of an isolated system. a) The total amount of energy is conserved b) The total amount of kinetic energy never changes c) The total amount of kinetic energy can be zero d) Kinetic energy can be transformed to other forms of mechanical energy When analyzing the energy changes of a elevator from the top floor of a building to the basement parking level, the reference level for the height must be... a) Measured from the top floor b) Measured from the ground floor c) Measured from the lowest level d) All reference levels are equally valid Which statement is true about efficiency a) Mechanical systems can be 100% efficient b) More efficient systems are more powerful than less efficient systems c) More efficient systems use less energy to do the same amount of work as less efficient systems. d) More efficient systems can do more work than less efficient systems.

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SPH3U0 Communication

## Work & Energy Practice Test

[6 Marks]

LASS2011

1. Even though work and energy are both measured in Joules (J) they are different. Explain the difference between work and energy. [2 Marks]

2. Describe how the transformation of types of energy and the law of conservation of energy can be used to analyze the mechanical system of a child jumping on a trampoline. [4 Marks]

## Thinking & Inquiry

[12 Marks]

1. A truck applies a force of 1200 N to bull a 10,000 Kg trailer a distance of 1 Km. a. What is the work done by the truck? [1 Mark] b. If the trip takes 2 minutes, what is the power of the truck? [1 Mark] c. If the energy of the diesel fuel used by the truck is equivalent to 6x106 J, what is the efficiency of the truck? [1 Mark]

2. A car travelling at 79.3 Km/h on a highway has 4.22x105 J of kinetic energy. a. What is the mass of the car? [2 Mark] b. If brakes are applied with a force of 2100 N, what distance will it take for the car to slow down to a speed of 56 Km/h? [2 Marks]

3. A 1750 Kg roller coaster begins the top of its last drop at a height of 10 m and a speed of 18 m/s. After the last drop, the roller coaster climbs a final hill to the loading platform where it just comes to rest. a. What is its energy at the bottom of the last drop? [2 Marks] b. What is its speed at the bottom of the last drop? [1Mark ] c. What is the height of the loading platform? [2 Marks]