Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 10

Redox Unit Multiple Choice questions

1. In a redox reaction, the species that loses electrons A.is oxidized B.is called the cathode C.gains mass at the electrode D.decreases in oxidation number 2. Which of the following is the strongest oxidizing agent? A.Cu2+ B.Pb2+ C.Ni2+ D.Sn2+ 3. Metallic platinum reacts spontaneously with Au3+(aq) but does not react with Ag+(aq). The metals, in order of increasing strength as reducing agents, are A.Ag, Pt, Au B.Pt, Au, Ag C.Au, Ag, Pt D.Au, Pt, Ag 4. The oxidizing agent in the above reaction is A.Fe2+ B.Fe3+ C.Mn2+ D.MnO45. MnO4- + 5Fe2+ + 8H+ Mn2+ + 5Fe3+ + 4H2O During the reaction, electrons transfer from B.Fe2+ to MnO4- C.MnO4- to Fe2+ D.MnO4- to Mn2+ A.Fe3+ to Fe2+

6. As an element is oxidized, its oxidation number A.increases as electrons are lost B.decreases as electrons are lost C.increases as electrons are gained D.decreases as electrons are gained 7. A solution of 1.0 M Pb(NO3)2 will not react with a container made of A.Cu B.Fe C.Sn D.Zn 8. A spontaneous redox reaction occurs when a piece of iron is placed in 1.0 M CuSO4. The reducing agent is A.Fe B.Cu2+ C.H2O D.SO429. A substance is oxidized when it A.loses protons B.gains protons C.loses electrons D.gains electrons 10. A strip of titanium, Ti, is placed in 1.0 M Sn(NO3)2. The shiny surface of the titanium darkens, indication that a reaction has occurred. From this observation it may be concluded that A.Ti2+ is a weaker reducing agent than Sn2+ B.Ti2+ is a weaker oxidizing agent than Sn2+ C.Ti2+ is a stronger reducing agent than Sn2+ D.Ti2+ is a stronger oxidizing agent than Sn2+ 11. Consider the following redox reaction : Hg2+ + Cu Hg + Cu2+ . In this reaction, Hg2+ is a A.weaker reducing agent than Cu2+ B.weaker oxidizing agent than Cu2+ C.stronger reducing agent than Cu2+ D. stronger oxidizing agent than Cu2+ 12. The species which gains electrons in a redox reaction A.loses mass B.is oxidized C.is the oxidizing agent .increases in oxidization number 13. Samples of Uranium, Vanadium and Yttrium (U, V, Y) were placed in solutions containing the metallic ions U3+, V2+, and Y3+. The following observations were recorded. Trial Ion Metal Observation 1 U3+ Y reaction 2 V2+ U reaction 3 V2+ Y reaction 4 Y3+ V no reaction

The oxidizing agents from the strongest to the weakest are A.V2+, U3+, Y3+ B.U3+, V2+, Y3+ C.Y3+, U3+, V2+ 14. Which of the following pairs of ions will react spontaneously in a solution? A.Cu2+ and Fe2+ B.Pb2+ and Sn2+ C.Co2+ and Cr2+ D.Mn2+ and Cr2+ 15. When NO2 reacts to form N2O4 the oxidation number of nitrogen A.increases by 2 B.increases by 4 C.increases by 8 D.does not change 16. Consider the following redox equation: 12H+(aq) + 2IO3-(aq) + 10Fe2+(aq) 10Fe3+(aq) + I2(s) + 6H2O(l) The reducing agent is A.I2 B.H+ C.Fe2+ D.IO317. The oxidation number of nitrogen increases in A.NO3- NO B.N2O4 NI3 C.NH3 NH4+ D.NO2 N2O5 18. Which of the following represents a balanced reduction half-reaction? A.VO2 + 2H+ + 2e- V2+ + H2O B.VO2 + H2 V2+ + H2O + leC. VO2 + 2H+ + le- V2+ + H2O D.VO2 + 4H+ + 2e- V2+ + 2H2O 19. Consider the following half reaction: Sb2O3 + 6H+ + 6e- 2Sb + 3H2O The oxidation number of antimony in Sb2O3 A.increases by 3 B.increases by 6 C.decreases by 3 D.decreases by 6 20. Consider the following unbalanced half-reaction HClO2 HClO The balanced half-reaction would have A.1 electron on the left B.1 electron on the right D.2 electrons on the left

D.V2+, Y3+, U3+

C.2 electrons on the left

21. The oxidation number of platinum in Pt(H2O)42+ is A.+2 B.0 C.+4 D. +1/2 22.onsider the following half-reaction : BrO- Br(basic) The balanced equation for the half-reaction is A.BrO- + 2H+ + 2e- Br- + H2O B.BrO- + 2H+ Br- + H2O + 2eC.BrO- + H2O Br- + 2OH- + 2e- D.BrO- + H2O + 2e- Br- + 2OH23.onsider the following redox reaction: 2MnO4- + 5CH3CHO + 6H+ 5CH3COOH + 2Mn2+ + 3H2O The species that loses the electron is A.H2O B.MnO4- C.CH3CHO D.CH3COOH 24.Hydrogen has an oxidation number of 1 in A. H2 B. NaH C. H 2O D. KOH 12. Consider the following: 2NO3- + 4H+ + 2e- N2O4 + 2H2O This equation represents A.reduction B.oxidation C.neutralization D.decomposition

25.Which of the following half-reactions is balanced? A.IO3- + 6H+ +5e- I2 + 3H2O B.IO3- + 6H+ + 4e- 1/2 I2 + 3H2O C.IO3- + 6H+ I2 + 3H2O + 5e- D.IO3- + 6H+ + 5e- I2 + 3H2O 26.onsider the following redox reaction: Al + MnO4- + 2H2O Al(OH)4- + MnO2 The chemical species being oxidized is A. Al B. MnO4C. Al(OH)427.nsider the following redox reaction: 6H+ + 6I- + ClO3- 3I2 + 3H2O + ClThe reducing agent is A. IB. I2 C. H+ D. 28. Nitrogen has an oxidization number of zero in A.N2 B.NO2 C.NH3 D.HNO3 29.When MnO4- reacts to form Mn2+, the manganese in MnO4- is A. reduced as its oxidation number increases B. reduced as its oxidation number decreases C. oxidized as its oxidation number increases D. oxidized as its oxidation number decreases 30. Consider the following reaction: 2HNO3 + 3H2S 2NO + 3S + 4H2O The nitrogen in HNO3 undergoes A. reduction B. oxidation C.

D.

MnO2

ClO3-

electrolysis

D.

neutralization

31. The oxidation number in carbon in CaC2O4 is A. +2 B. +3 C. +4

D.

+6

32. Consider the following redox reaction: 2Cr3+(aq) + 3Cl2(aq) + 7H2O(l) Cr2O72-(aq) + 6Cl-(aq) + 14H+(aq) The species which loses electrons is B. Cr3+ C. H 2O D. Cr2O72A. Cl2 33. Which equation represents a redox reaction? A.Pb2+ + 2Cl- PbCl2 B.CaO + CO2 CaCO3 C.Mg + 2HCl MgCl2 + H2 D.HCl + NaOH NaCl + H2O 34. In a redox reaction, ClO- was converted to Cl- in a basic solution. The balanced half-reaction for this process is A. ClO- + H2O + 2e- Cl- + 2OHB. ClO- + 2OH- Cl- + 2e- + H2O C. ClO- + H2O Cl- + 2e- + 2OHD. ClO- + 2OH- + 2e- Cl- + H2O 35. Consider the following overall reaction: 2Rh+ + Pb(s) 2Rh(s) + Pb2+The E for the half-reaction Rh + e A. -0.86 V B. -0.60 V C.
0 + -

E0 = 0.73 V +0.86 V

Rh is +0.60 V D.

36. Which of the following systems would be correct if the zinc half-cell would have been chosen as the standard instead of the hydrogen half-cell? A. The reduction potentials of all the half-cells would remain unchanged B. The reduction potentials of all the half-cells would increase by 0.76 V C. The reduction potentials of all the half-cells would have positive values D. The reduction potentials of the hydrogen half-cell decrease by 0.76 V 37. Three beakers contain 1.0 M CuCl2. A piece of metal is placed in each of the beakers BEAKER SOLUTION METAL 1 CuCl2 Zn 2 CuCl2 Ag 3 CuCl2 Ni Reactions occur in A beaker 2 only B.beakers 1, 2, and 3 C.beakers 1 and 2 only D. beakers 1 and 3 only 38. Consider the following redox reaction: 3SO2 + 3H2O + ClO3- 3SO42- + 6H+ + ClThe reduction half-reaction is A. ClO3- + 6H+ Cl- + 3H2O + 6e- B. ClO3- + 6H+ + 6e- Cl - + 3H2O 2+ C. SO2 + 2H2O SO4 + 4H + 2e D. SO2 + 2H2O + 2e- SO42- + 4H+ 39. What two substances are produced when Cr and 1.0 M MnO4- react in a basic solution? A.Mn2+ and Cr3+ B.MnO2 and Cr3+ C.Mn2+ and Cr2+ D.MnO2 and CrO4240. Bromine, Br2, will react spontaneously with A. IB. I2 C. ClD. Cl2

41. The substances H2O2, H3PO4 and H2SO3 in order of increasing strengths as oxidizing agents are. A H2O2, H3PO4, H2SO3 B. H2SO3, H3PO4, H2O2 C. H3PO4, H2SO3 , H2O2 D. H2O2,H2SO3 , H3PO4 42. Consider the following overall equation for an electrochemical cell: 3Ag+ + Cr Cr3+ + 3Ag At standard conditions ,the initial cell voltage is A. +0.06 V B. +0.39 V C. +1.21 V D. +1.54 43. A solution of 1.0 M Co(NO3)2 should be stored in a container made of A. tin B. zinc C. aluminum D. 44. A strong oxidizing agent has a A. weak attraction for electrons C. weak ability to become reduced

magnesium

B. D.

strong attraction for electrons strong ability to become oxidized

45. The two species which react spontaneously in acidic solutions are A.IO3- and I2 B.SO42- and S C.BrO3- and Br - D.AuCl4- and Au 46. Consider the following redox reaction: Co2+(aq) + 2Ag(s) 2Ag+(aq) + Co(s) The reaction is A.spontaneous and Eo is positive. B.spontaneous and Eo is negative. C. non-spontaneous and Eo is positive. D.non-spontaneous and Eo is negative 47. Referring to the data booklet, which of the following can act as an oxidizing agent but not as a reducing agent? A. Zn B. ClC. Sn2+ D.Fe3+

voltmeter

1.0 M KNO3

Zn

Pb

1M Zn(NO3)2

1M Pb(NO3)2

48. In the electrochemical call above, the electrons flow from A. zinc to lead and the mass of zinc increases B. zinc to lead and the mass of lead increases C. lead to zinc and the mass of zinc increases D. lead to zinc and the mass of lead increases 49. The initial cell voltage is A. -0.89 V B. -0.63 V C.

+0.63 V D.

+0.89 V

50. In an operating lead-zinc electrochemical cell shown above, the cathode A. gains mass as anions are reduced B. loses mass as anions are reduced C. gains mass as cations are reduced D. loses mass as cations are reduced 51. The equation for the half-reaction at the anode is A.Zn2+ + 2e- Zn B.Pb2+ + 2e- Pb C.Zn Zn2+ + 2e52. The equation for the half-reaction at the cathode is A.Zn2+ + 2e- Zn B.Pb2+ + 2e- Pb C.Zn Zn2+ + 2eD.Pb Pb2+ + 2eD.Pb Pb2+ + 2e-

53. The direction of electron flow in an electrochemical cell is from A. anode to cathode through the external wire B. cathode to anode through the external wire C. anode to cathode through the external wire and back through the salt bridge D. cathode to anode through the external wire and back through the salt bridge 54. Which of the following is formed at the anode during the electrolysis of 1.0 M NaI? A. I2 B. O2 C. H2 D. Na 55. In an operating electrochemical cell, the anions migrate A.towards the anode through the wire B.towards the cathode through the wire C.towards the anode through the salt bridge D.towards the cathode through the salt bridge

voltmeter

1.0 M KNO3

Mg

Cu

1 M Mg(NO3)2

1 M CuSO4

56. As the above electrochemical cell operates A .nitrate ions migrate into the copper half-cell B. copper (II) ions migrate through the salt bridge C. magnesium ions migrate through the salt bridge D. potassium ions migrate into the magnesium half-cell 57. In the above electrochemical cell, the reaction at the anode is B.Cu2+ + 2e- Cu C.Mg Mg2+ + 2eA. Cu Cu2+ + 2eD.Mg2+ + 2e- Mg

58. In the above electrochemical cell, the initial voltage is A. 2.03 V B. 2.52 V C. 2.71 V D. 2.89 V 13. Which of the following aqueous solutions produces H2(g) and O2(g) during electrolysis A.1.0 M KI B.1.0 M CuI2 C.1.0 M K2SO4 D.1.0 M CuSO4 59. In the electrolysis of molten zinc chloride, the half-reaction at the anode is A.Cl2 + 2e- 2ClB.2Cl- Cl2 + 2eC.Zn2+ 2e- Zn D.Zn Zn2+ + 2evoltmeter

1.0 M KNO3

Ni

Ag

1 M Ni(NO3)2

1 M AgNO3

60. The initial cell voltage at 25oC is A.-1.06 V B.-0.54 V C.+0.54 V

D.+1.06 V

61. The balanced equation for the overall reaction is A.Ni+(aq) + Ag(s) Ag+(aq) + Ni(s) B.Ni(s) + Ag+(aq) Ag(s) + Ni+(aq) C.Ni2+(aq) + 2Ag(s) 2Ag+(aq) + Ni(s) D.Ni(s) + 2Ag+(aq) 2Ag(s) + Ni2+(aq) 62. This redox reaction occurs because A.Ag(s) is a stronger oxidizing agent than Ni(s) B.Ag(s) is a weaker reducing agent than Ni(s) C.Ag+(aq) is a stronger reducing agent than Ni2+(aq) D.Ag+(aq) is a weaker oxidizing agent than Ni2+(aq)
voltmeter

1.0 M KNO3

Au

Pb

1 M Au(NO3)3

1 M Pb(NO3)2

63. The direction of the electron flow is A.from Au to Pb through the wire B.from Pb to Au from the wire C.from Au to Pb through the salt bridge D.from Pb to Au through the salt bridge 64. As the cell operates A. NO3- and K+ will migrate toward the Pb half-cell B. NO3- and K+ will migrate toward the Au half-cell C. NO3- will migrate toward the Pb half-cell and K+ will migrate toward the Au half-cell D. NO3- will migrate toward the Au half-cell and K+ will migrate toward the Pb half-cell 65. The initial voltage is A.-1.37 V B.0.00 V C.1.37 V D.1.63 V

66. Which of the following is a balanced half-reaction in base? A.Cl2 + 3H2O ClO3- + 6H+ + 5eB.Cl2 + 6OH- ClO3- + 5e- + 3H2O + C.Cl2 + 6H2O 2ClO3 + 12H + 10e D.Cl2 + 12OH- 2ClO3- + 6H2O + 10e67. In which of the following unbalanced equations does chromium undergo oxidation? A. Cr3+ Cr B.Cr3+ Cr2+ C.Cr3+ Cr2O72- D.CrO42- Cr2O72-

68. The corrosion of iron can be prevented by attaching a piece of zinc to the iron because the A.iron acts as an anode B.zinc reduces more readily than iron C. electrons flow from the zinc to the iron D. iron ions form more readily than zinc ions 69. An iron spoon is electroplated with copper. The equation representing the reduction reaction is A.Cu2+(aq) + 2e- Cu(s) B.Cu(s) Cu2+(aq) + 2e2+ C.Fe (aq) + 2e Fe(s) D.Fe(s) Fe2+(aq) + 2e-

70. In an operating zinc-copper electrochemical cell, the oxidizing agent A.loses electrodes at the anode B.loses electrons to the cations C.gains electrodes at the cations D.gains electrons from the anions 71. An example of electro refining is the A.extraction of aluminum from bauxite B.purification of lead from an impure anode C.recovery of zinc from a zinc sulphide solution D.production of chlorine from a sodium chloride solution 72. Electroplating always involves the A.oxidation of anions B.reduction of cations C. reduction at the anode D.oxidation at the cathode 73. Hydrogen and oxygen react to provide energy in a A.dry cell B.fuel cell C.alkaline cell

D. lead-acid storage cell

74. In the electrolysis of molten PbBr2, the products at the anode and cathode are

A. B. C. D.

ANODE (INERT) Br2 O2 Pb Br2

CATHODE (INERT) H2 Pb Br2 Pb

75. Under which conditions could an electrochemical cell provide 0.93V? Cathode Anode Cu Mg Ag Pb

A. B. C. D.

Mg Cu Pb Ag

76. The reduction reaction in the above electrochemical cell is A.Pb2+ + 2e- Pb B.Pb Pb2+ + 2eC.Ag+ + e- Ag D.Ag Ag+ + e77. An industrial process involving electrolysis is the reduction of A.water forming oxygen gas B.water forming hydrogen gas C.sea water forming chlorine gas D.sea water forming bromine liquid 78. To plate a nickel coin with copper A.the nickel coin must be the cathode B.the cathode must be made of copper C.the electrons must flow to the anode D.the solution must contain nickel ions 14. Which of the following ions can be reduced from an aqueous solution

A.

Ba2+

B.

Al3+

C.

Sn2+

D.

Na+

79. The principal function of a fuel cell is to A.produce fuel B.electrolyze fuel C.produce hydrogen

D.produce electricity

80. If a piece of nickel is to be gold-plated using an electolytic process, which half-reaction occurs at the cathode? A.Ni Ni2+ + 2eB.Ni2+ + 2e- Ni C.Au Au3+ + 3eD.Au3+ + 3e- Au 81. Consider the following redox reaction AS2O3 + 2NO3- + 2H2O + 2H+ 2H3AsO4 + N2O3 In this reaction, nitrogen A.loses electrons and increases in oxidation number B.gains electrons and increases in oxidation number C.loses electrons and decreases in oxidation number D.gains electrons and decreases in oxidation number 82. In an electrochemical cell, the cathode A.is reduced B.loses mass C.is the reducing agent

D.is the site of reduction

83. When 1.0 M NaI is electrolyzed, bubbles of gas form on one electrode and a reddish-brown substance forms on the other. The half-reaction at the cathode is B.Na+ + e- Na A.2I- I2 + 2e+ C.H2O + O2 + 2H + 2e D.2H2O +2e- H2 + 2OH85. Which of the following metals could be used to cathodically protect a sample of lead? A. iron B. gold C. silver D. copper 86. A piece of iron can be prevented from corroding by A.making it a cathode B.placing it in an acidic solution C.attaching a small piece of lead to it D.attaching a small piece of gold to it 87. To determine the [Fe2+] in a solution of FeSO4 by e redox titration, a suitable reagent would be an acidified solution of B. Mn2+ C. SO42- D. Cr2O72A. Cr3+ 88. As a metal corrodes, A. gains electrons C.it acts as a reducing agent B.it becomes reduced D.its oxidation number decreases

89. Which method will cathodically protect a piece of iron? A. Paint the iron B. Cover the iron with grease C. Attach a piece of lead tot he iron D.Attach a piece of magnesium to the iron 90. Corrosion of iron can be prevented by attaching a piece of A. Mn B. Cu C. Pb D.

Sn

91. A student attempted to determine the Eo (volts) of the following half-reaction: Pd2+ + 2e- Pd Pd2+ reacts with Cu(s) but not with Hg(l). Based on the above, the Eo (volts) of a Pd half-cell is A.less than 0.34 V B.greater than 1.50 V C.greater than 0.85 V but less than 1.50 V D.greater than 0.34 V but less than 0.85 V 92.Consider the following redox equation: Br2 + SO2 + Na2SO4 + 2H2O 2H2SO4 + 2NaBr Which of the following is gaining electrons?

A.

Br2

B.

SO2

C.

H 2O

D.

Na2SO4

93. The reaction that occurs when pieces of lead, zinc, copper and silver are placed in a solution of Ni(NO3)2 is A.Pb + Ni2+ Pb2+ + Ni B.Zn + Ni2+ Zn2+ + Ni 2+ 2+ C.Cu + Ni Cu + Ni D.2Ag + Ni2+ 2Ag+ + Ni 94. A reaction that occurs during the corrosion of iron is A.Fe + 3e- Fe3+ B. Fe Fe2+ + 2e- C.Fe2+ + 2e- Fe 3+ 2+ D.Fe + e Fe 95. Consider the following reaction Zn(s) + 2Ag+(aq) Zn2+(aq) + 2Ag(s) What volume of 0.500 M AgNO3 is required to react completely with 6.54 g of zinc? A. 0.0131 L B. 0.0262 L C. 0.200 L D. 0.400 L