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Rules for Building and Classing Steel Vessels for Service on Rivers and Intracoastal Waterways

"#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,-

STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS AND


INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS
2007

American *ureau of S/i00ing


2ncor0orated 5y Act of 7egislature of
t/e State of :e; <or= 18@2

Co0yrig/t ! 200@
American *ureau of S/i00ing
A*S PlaEa
1@855 :ort/c/ase Grive
IoustonJ KL 770@0 NSA

This Page Intentionally Left Blank

Table of Contents

"#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,-

STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS AND


INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS
/(,1%,1&
,230456 789 -585:7; *8<2:=73028 .................................................................?
@."1 ?

/289030286 2< /;7660<0473028 A&BCC;5=583 32 3D5 .)&


"B;56 <2: /289030286 2< /;7660<0473028E................................F
CHAPTER 1

Scope and Conditions of Classification ..................11

[See also separately published booklet ABS Rules for Conditions


of Classification (Part 1)]

@."1 G

H735:07;6 789 I5;908J .........................................................G?


[See separately published booklet ABS Rules for Materials and
Welding (Part 2)]

@."1 K

@."1 N

@."1 F

LB;; /2863:B43028 789 %MB0C=583 ......................................GK


CHAPTER 1

General ...................................................................25

CHAPTER 2

Hull Structures and Arrangements..........................35

CHAPTER 3

Subdivision and Stability.......................................129

CHAPTER 4

Fire Safety Measures............................................143

CHAPTER 5

Equipment.............................................................153

CHAPTER 6

Testing, Trials and Surveys During Construction


Hull........................................................................159

O5665;6 &P635=6 789 H74D085:P......................................?QF


CHAPTER 1

Classification of Machinery ...................................169

CHAPTER 2

Propulsion and Maneuvering Machinery ..............177

CHAPTER 3

Pumps and Piping Systems..................................197

CHAPTER 4

Fire Extinguishing Systems and Equipment .........261

CHAPTER 5

Electrical Installations ...........................................279

&B:R5P6 .<35: /2863:B43028 ..............................................NST


[See separately published booklet ABS Rules for Survey After
Construction (Part 7)]

ABS !"#$% '(! )"*#+*,- .,+ /#.%%*,- %0$$# 1$%%$#% '(! %$!1*/$ (, !*1$!% 2 *,0!./(.%0.# 3.0$!3.4% . 5667

000

.@@%,+*U ? /2=C7:0628 2< 3D5 ,B=V5:08J &P635= 2< 3D5 ?WWF


"B;56 R6. GSSF "B;56 ......................................................... NSF

0R

ABS !"#$% '(! )"*#+*,- .,+ /#.%%*,- %0$$# 1$%%$#% '(! %$!1*/$ (, !*1$!% 2 *,0!./(.%0.# 3.0$!3.4% . 5667

Notices and General Information


/(,1%,1&
*83:29B43028....................................................................................................K
TABLE 1

Applicable Editions of Booklets Comprising 2007 Rules ..........5

TABLE 2

Division and Numbering of Rules..............................................5

/D78J5 ,23045 !200$% ....................................................................................Q


TABLE 3

Summary of Changes for the 2007 Rules.................................6

ABS !"#$% '(! )"*#+*,- .,+ /#.%%*,- %0$$# 1$%%$#% '(! %$!1*/$ (, !*1$!% 2 *,0!./(.%0.# 3.0$!3.4% . 5667

This Page Intentionally Left Blank

Notices and General Information


Introduction
For the year 2007 edition of the !"#$% '() *"+#,+-. /-, 0#/%%+-. 12$$# 3$%%$#% '() 1$)4+5$ (- !+4$)%
/-, 6-2)5(/7%2/# 8/2$)9/:%, 1997, the Rules have been re-organized and re-formatted for the purpose
of improving their ease of use. In this regard, we advise the users of these Rules of the following
primary changes.
1.

The year 2007 edition is a complete re-print of the River Rules.

2.

A new numbering system was incorporated into the Rules, in accordance with Table 2, which
organizes the requirements into JParts,K JChaptersK and JSectionsK. A comparison of the old
J1997K numbering system versus the new J2007K numbering system is shown in Appendix 1
as a guide map for users who are familiar with the existing Rules.

3.

The 2007 edition of the Rules becomes effective on 1 January 2007. This more desirable
effective date was made possible by appropriately revising the schedule of meetings of the
ABS technical Committees in 1999, and with The Technical Committee meeting during the
month of May, rather than during the previously traditional month of November. It is
intended to continue this practice in order for all future editions of the River Rules to continue
to have an effective date of 1 January.

4.

The effective date of each technical change since 1992 is shown in parenthesis at the end of
the subsection/paragraph titles within the text of each Part. Unless a particular date and
month are shown, the years in parentheses refer to the following effective datesV
;<===> and after
;?@@@>
;?@@C>
;?@@E>
;?@@F>

1 January 2000 (and subsequent years)


12 May 1999
13 May 1998
19 May 1997
9 May 1996

;?@@A>
;?@@B>
;?@@D>
;?@@<>

15 May 1995
9 May 1994
11 May 1993
13 May 1992

5.

The Rule Changes contained in the previously published Notices 1 through 12 to the 1997
River Rules (together with Corrigenda) have also been incorporated into the text of the
reformatted 2007 River Rules. These Rule Changes, together with their effective dates, are
listed for ready reference in Table 3.

6.

Until the next edition of the River Rules is published, Rule Change Notices and/or
Corrigenda, as necessary, will be published on the ABS website www.eagle.org and will
be available free for downloading. It is not intended at this time to publish hard copies of
future Rule Change Notices and/or Corrigenda.

7.

The listing of CLASSIFICATION SYMBOLS AND NOTATIONS is available from the ABS
website www.eagle.org/rules/downloads.html for download.

ABS !"#$% '(! )"*#+*,- .,+ /#.%%*,- %0$$# 1$%%$#% '(! %$!1*/$ (, !*1$!% 2 *,0!./(.%0.# 3.0$!3.4% . 5667

This Page Intentionally Left Blank

,230456 789 -585:7; *8<2:=73028

1.)$% ?
.CC;047V;5 %9030286 2< )22X;536 /2=C:0608J GSSF "0R5: "B;56
Rules for *uilding and Classing Steel Pessels for Service on Rivers and 2ntracoastal Water;ays
Notices and General Information
2007
Part 1V
Conditions of Classification (Supplement to the ABS
2007
!"#$% '() 0(-,+2+(-% (' 0#/%%+'+5/2+(-) (2)
Part 3V
Hull Construction and Equipment
2007
Part 4V
Vessel Systems and Machinery
2007
(1J2)
Rules for Conditions of Classification not included
Part 1V
Rules for Conditions of Classification
2008
(1)
Rules for Materials and Welding not included
Part 2V
Rules for Materials and Welding
2007
Rules for Survey After Construction not included (1)
Part 7V
Rules for Survey After Construction

2007

G(2$%H
1

These Rules are available for download from the ABS website at www.eagle.org, Rules and Guides, Downloads or
may be ordered separately from the ABS Publications online catalog at www.eagle.org, Rules and Guides, Catalog.

The requirements for conditions of classification are contained in the separate, generic ABS !"#$% '() 0(-,+2+(-%
(' 0#/%%+'+5/2+(- ;I/)2 ?>. Additional specific requirements are contained in Part 1 of these Rules.

1.)$% G
+0R06028 789 ,B=V5:08J 2< "B;56
J+4+%+(Part
Chapter
Section
Subsection (see Note 1)
Paragraph (see Note 1)
Subparagraph
Item
Subitem
Appendix

G(2$H
1

G"KL$)
Part 1
Part 1, Chapter 1
Section 1-1-1
1-1-1/1
1-1-1/1.1
1-1-1/1.1.1
1-1-1/?.?.?;/>
1-1-1/?.?.?;/>+>
Appendix 1-1-A1
or
Appendix 1-A1-1

An odd number (1, 3, 5, etc.) numbering system is used for the Rules. The purpose is to permit future insertions of
even-numbered paragraphs (2, 4, 6, etc.) of text and to avoid the necessity of having to renumber the existing text
and associated cross-references, as applicable, within the Rules and associated process instructions, check sheets,
etc.

ABS !"#$% '(! )"*#+*,- .,+ /#.%%*,- %0$$# 1$%%$#% '(! %$!1*/$ (, !*1$!% 2 *,0!./(.%0.# 3.0$!3.4% . 5667

,230456 789 -585:7; *8<2:=73028

Change Notice (2007)


1.)$% K
&B==7:P 2< /D78J56 <2: 3D5 GSSF "B;56
%''%/1*O% +.1% ? Y78B7:P GSSF shown as (2007)
(based on the contract date for new construction between builder and Owner)
I/)2NI/)/. G(.
O+2#$N1"LP$52
PARK 4
Pessel Systems and Mac/inery

12/2"%N!$K/)Q%

4-2-3/3.27.7

Hydraulic Lock

To provide requirements for the use of an independent steering


failure alarm for follow-up control systems in lieu of a hydraulic lock
alarm.

4-3-2/7.3

Plans and Data to be Submitted

To outline documentation to be submitted for plastic piping approval.

4-3-2/7.5.4

Temperature

To allow the use of polyethylene, polypropylene and polybutylene


pipes.

4-3-2/7.5.9

Marking

To add a date of production to the marking for the purpose of


traceability.

4-3-2/7.9

Manufacturing of Plastic Pipes

To clarify acceptance of a manufactureres quality system and the


involvement of the Surveyor during testing.

4-3-2/7.19

Testing by Manufacturer General

To provide requirements for testing by manufacturer.

4-3-2/Table 3
(New)

Standards for Plastic Pipes Typical


Requirements for All Systems

To provide a list of applicable Standards that may be used in testing


rigid pipes, pipe joints and fittings, based on IACS UR P4.7 and
IACS Recommendation 86.

4-3-2/Table 4
(New)

Standards for Plastic Pipes


Additional Requirements Depending
on Service and/or Location of Piping

To provide a list of applicable Standards that may be used in testing


rigid pipes, pipe joints and fittings, based on IACS UR P4.7 and
IACS Recommendation 86.

4-3-3/7.5

Termination

To provide technical details regarding the construction of corrosion


resistant flame screens.

4-5-3/11.7.3

Type Test

To align the requirements with IACS UR F29 (Rev. 5).

4-5-4/3.11.2

Ambient Temperature

To clarify the requirements for temperature rise for rotating


machines installed outside of machinery spaces.

4-5-4/3.21.2

Voltage Regulation

To align the requirements with IACS UR E13.

4-5-4/13.1.1

General

To align the requirements with the Second Edition of IEC 60092-376


JElectrical Installations in Ships Cables for control and
instrumentation circuits 150/250 V (300 V)K.

4-5-4/Table 3

Limits of Temperature Rise for Air


Cooled Rotating Machines

To clarify the requirements for temperature rise for rotating


machines installed outside of machinery spaces.

4-5-5/5.3
(New)

System Design

To incorporate requirements to address new designs for electric


propulsion systems.

4-5-5/5.17.9

Semiconductor Converters for


Propulsion

To update and clarify the requirements.

ABS !"#$% '(! )"*#+*,- .,+ /#.%%*,- %0$$# 1$%%$#% '(! %$!1*/$ (, !*1$!% 2 *,0!./(.%0.# 3.0$!3.4% . 5667

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1
Conditions of Classification

4S6772898-( (, (:8 ABS R6280 1,' C,-./(/,-0 ,1 C2&00/1/3&(/,-<

CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1 Scope and Conditions of Classification ............................11
S83(/,- )

C2&00/1/3&(/,-===========================================================)3

S83(/,- 2

C2&00/1/3&(/,- S@9A,20 &-. N,(&(/,-0=====================)C

S83(/,- 3

R6280 1,' C2&00/1/3&(/,- ===========================================)D

S83(/,- E

S6A9/00/,- ,1 !2&-0 ===============================================)9

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

"#$% &'() *+,)+,$-+'../ 0)1, 2.'+3

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1
Foreword (1 January 2008)
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Rules for Conditions of Classification (Part 1).

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

"#$% &'() *+,)+,$-+'../ 0)1, 2.'+3

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1
CIA!TER

Scope and Conditions of


Classification

CONTENTS
SECTION 1

Classification........................................................................13

SECTION 2

Classification Symbols and Notations...............................15

SECTION 3

R/K8' S8'K/38========================================================================)C

S783/&2 R6280 =======================================================================)C

Rules for Classification .......................................................17


)

SECTION 4

A772/3&(/,- ===========================================================================)D
)=)

G8-8'&2 =========================================================================== )D

)=3

A772/3&(/,- ====================================================================== )D

Submission of Plans............................................................19
)

I622 !2&-0=============================================================================)9

M&3:/-8'@ !2&-0 ==================================================================20

A../(/,-&2 !2&-0 ===================================================================20

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

11

"#$% &'() *+,)+,$-+'../ 0)1, 2.'+3

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C2&00/1/3&(/,-

1
CIA!TER

Scope and Conditions of


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SECTION

Classification (1 January 2008)

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ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

13

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!ART

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2*

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1
CIA!TER

Scope and Conditions of


Classification

SECTION

Classification Symbols and


Notations (1 January 2008)

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River Service
S)%%).% @#$># #'B) A))+ AD$., ,- ,#) %',$%1'>,$-+ -1 ,#) ID5B)/-5% ,- ,#) 2D5)'D ,- ,#) 5)GD$5)E)+,% -1
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Special Rules
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Vessel, River Service: Chemical Tank Barge, River Service: Passenger Vessel, River
Service: ),>.

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

15

"#$% &'() *+,)+,$-+'../ 0)1, 2.'+3

!ART

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3*

R6280

1,'

C2&00/1/3&(/,-

1
CIA!TER

Scope and Conditions of


Classification

SECTION

Rules for Classification (1 January


2008)

Application

1.1

General
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1.3

Application (2005)
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ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

17

"#$% &'() *+,)+,$-+'../ 0)1, 2.'+3

!ART

S83(/,-

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S6A9/00/,-

,1

!2&-0

1
CIA!TER

Scope and Conditions of


Classification

SECTION

Submission of Plans

Hull Plans
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ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

19

Part
Chapter
Section

1
1
4

Conditions of Classification
Scope and Condition of Classification
Submission of Plans

"

I,)5+ 45'E$+(

"

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5)GD$5)9 ',,)+9'+>) -1 ,#) ID5B)/-5 $% '+,$>$C',)9 ', E-5) ,#'+ -+) .->',$-+.

Machinery Plans
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Additional Plans
\#)5) >)5,$1$>',$-+ D+9)5 ;J;JXQY -5 ;J;JXQX -1 ,#) H2I Rules for Conditions of Classification
(Part 1) $% 5)GD)%,)9: %DAE$%%$-+ -1 '99$,$-+'. C.'+% '+9 >'.>D.',$-+% E'/ A) 5)GD$5)9.

20

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

!ART

!&'(

2*

+&(,'-&./

&01

2,.1-03

2
Materials and Welding
!"# %&'#(#&'#&) *++,-#). /01 Rules for Materials and Welding (Part 2), 2+3 4)##-4. %3+&4. *3+&5#4.
#)6.. %4 )+ *# 3#2#33#' )+. !"%4 *++,-#) 6+&4%4)4 +2 )"# 2+--+8%&9 :";()#34<

Rules for Testing and Certification of Materials


CHAPTER 1 Materials for Hull Construction
CHAPTER 2 Materials for Equipment
CHAPTER 3 Materials for Machinery, Boilers, Pressure Vessels, and
Piping
APPENDIF 1 List of Destructive and Nondestructive Tests Required in
Part 2, Chapters 1, 2 and 3 and Responsibility for Verifying
APPENDIF 4 Scheme for the Approval of Rolled Hull Structural Steel
Manufacturer
APPENDIF 5 Scheme for the Approval of Manufacturers of Hull
Structural Steels Intended for Welding with High Heat
Input
APPENDIF 6 Guide for Nondestructive Examination of Marine Steel
Castings
APPENDIF 7 Guide for Nondestructive Examination of Hull and
Machinery Steel Forgings

Rules for Welding and Fabrication


CHAPTER 4 Welding and Fabrication
APPENDIF 2 Requirements for the Approval of Filler Metals
APPENDIF 3 Application of Filler Metals to ABS Steels

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

21

!"%4 =;9# >&)#&)%+&;--? @#2) 0-;&,

PART

Part

3*

Hull

Construction

and

Equipment

3
Hull Construction and Equipment
CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1 General..................................................................................25
Section 1

Definitions ...............................................................27

Section 2

General Requirements............................................31

CHAPTER 2 Hull Structures and Arrangements.....................................35


Section 1

Tank Barges............................................................41

Section 2

Dry Cargo Barges ...................................................65

Section 3

Barges Intended to Carry Dangerous Chemical


Cargoes in Bulk.......................................................85

Section 4

Towboats ................................................................91

Section 5

Passenger Vessels ...............................................101

Section 6

Weld Design..........................................................119

CHAPTER 3 Subdivision and Stability ..................................................129


Section 1

Passenger Vessels ...............................................131

CHAPTER 4 Fire Safety Measures .........................................................143


Section 1

Passenger Vessels ...............................................145

CHAPTER 5 Equipment...........................................................................153
Section 1

Passenger Vessels ...............................................155

CHAPTER 6 Testing, Trials & Surveys During Construction Hull ... 159
Section 1

Tank and Bulkhead Tightness Testing .................161

Section 2

Trials .....................................................................163

Section 3

Surveys .................................................................165

ABS RUL%S FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING ST%%L 1%SS%LS FOR S%R1IC% ON RI1%RS 2 INTRACOASTAL WAT%RWAYS ! 2007

23

This Page Intentionally Left Blank

PART

Chapter

1*

General

3
CHAPTER

General

CONTENTS
SECTION 1

SECTION 2

Definitions.............................................................................27
1

Application ...........................................................................27

Length ..................................................................................27
3.1

Barges............................................................................. 27

3.3

Self-Propelled Vessels .................................................... 27

Breadth ................................................................................27

Depth ...................................................................................27

Design Draft .........................................................................27

11

Baseline ...............................................................................28

13

Truss ....................................................................................28

15

Amidships ............................................................................28

17

Block Coefficient (C") ...........................................................28

19

Double Ended Rake Barge ..................................................28

21

Oil.........................................................................................28

23

Passenger............................................................................28

25

Superstructure .....................................................................28

27

Cargo Area...........................................................................29

29

Cargo Pump Room ..............................................................29

31

Weathertight.........................................................................29

33

Gross Tonnage ....................................................................29

35

Units .....................................................................................29

General Requirements.........................................................31
1

Materials ..............................................................................31
1.1

Steel................................................................................ 31

1.3

Aluminum Alloys.............................................................. 31

1.5

Design Consideration...................................................... 31

1.7

Guidance for Repair ........................................................ 31

1.9

Materials Containing Asbestos........................................ 31

Scantlings ............................................................................32
3.1

General ........................................................................... 32

3.3

Workmanship .................................................................. 32

ABS RUL%S FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING ST%%L 1%SS%LS FOR S%R1IC% ON RI1%RS 2 INTRACOASTAL WAT%RWAYS ! 2007

25

Proportions...........................................................................32

Structural Sections...............................................................32

26

7.1

Required Section Modulus ..............................................32

7.3

Serrated Sections............................................................32

Structural Design Details .....................................................33


9.1

General............................................................................33

9.3

Termination of Structural Members .................................33

ABS RUL%S FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING ST%%L 1%SS%LS FOR S%R1IC% ON RI1%RS 2 INTRACOASTAL WAT%RWAYS ! 2007

PART

Section

1*

Definitions

3
CHAPTER

General

SECTION

Definitions

Application
Unless specified otherwise, the following definitions apply in all cases where reference is made in
these Rules, Tables and equations.

Length

3.1

Barges
L is the distance, in meters (feet), measured on the centerline between the inside surfaces of the
head log plates at each end. For barges of special form such as those having rounded ends or with
wells or recesses in the ends, the length for the purpose of these Rules is to be specially determined.

3.3

Self-Propelled Vessels
L is the overall distance, in meters (feet), measured on the centerline, between the inside surfaces of
the shell plates at each end.

Breadth
The breadth B, is the greatest horizontal distance, in meters (feet), between the inner surfaces of the
side shell plating.

Depth
The depth D, is the vertical distance, in meters (feet), measured at the middle of L from the base line
to the under surface of the deck plating at the side of the vessel.

Design Draft
The design draft ', is the vertical distance, in meters (feet), measured at the middle of L from the
baseline to the deepest design waterline.

ABS RUL%S FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING ST%%L 1%SS%LS FOR S%R1IC% ON RI1%RS 2 INTRACOASTAL WAT%RWAYS ! 2007

27

Part
Chapter
Section

11

3
1
1

Hull Construction and Equipment


General
Definitions

3-1-1

Baseline
The B()*+,-* is a horizontal line extending through the upper surface of the bottom shell plating at the
centerline.

13

Truss
A T/0)) is a system of internal framing members comprised of top and bottom chords extending either
longitudinally or transversely in association with regularly spaced stanchions and diagonals. A single
laced truss is one having diagonal bracing in only one direction in each space between stanchionsH
a double laced truss is one having diagonal bracing in both directions in each space.

15

Amidships
Amidships is the middle of the length L.

17

Block Coefficient (C")


The B+123 C1*44,2,*-5 6C"7, is given by
C"

#$JLB'

where # is the volume of molded displacement, excluding appendages, in cubic meters (cubic feet).

19

Double Ended Rake Barge


A D10"+* E-'*' R(3* B(/:* is a barge with similar rakes at each end and fitted with towing bitts
arranged in such a manner that the barge in normal circumstances may be towed from either end.
Each end of barges with this configuration is to be considered as the forward end in the application of
these Rules.

21

Oil
As used in these Rules, the term O,+ refers to petroleum products having flash points at or below 60%C
(140%F), (closed cup test).

23

Passenger
A <())*-:*/ is every person other than the master and the members of the crew or other persons
employed or engaged in any capacity onboard a vessel on the business of that vessel and children
under one year of age.

25

Superstructure
A S0>*/)5/0250/* is a decked structure on the freeboard deck extending from side to side of the barge
or vessel, or with the side plating not being inboard of the shell plating more than 0.04B.

28

ABS RUL%S FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING ST%%L 1%SS%LS FOR S%R1IC% ON RI1%RS 2 INTRACOASTAL WAT%RWAYS ! 2007

Part
Chapter
Section

27

3
1
1

Hull Construction and Equipment


General
Definitions

3-1-1

Cargo Area
The C(/:1 A/*( is that part of a barge that contains cargo tanks, slop tanks and cargo pump rooms
and includes ballast and void spaces, cofferdams and pump rooms adQacent to cargo tanks and also
deck areas throughout the entire length and breadth of that part of the barge over the above mentioned
spaces. In chemical and liquefied gas tank barges having independent cargo tanks installed in hold
spaces, cofferdams or ballast or void spaces aft of the aftermost hold space bulkhead or forward of the
forward-most hold space bulkhead are excluded from the cargo area.

29

Cargo Pump Room


A C(/:1 <0@> R11@ is a space containing pumps and their accessories for the handling of the cargo.

31

Weathertight
A*(5B*/5,:B5 means that in any sea conditions water will not penetrate into the vessel.

33

Gross Tonnage
For vessels in domestic service, gross tonnage is the national gross tonnage as specified by the country
in which the vessel is to be registered. For vessels which are engaged in international voyages, gross
tonnage is to be determined by the International Convention on Tonnage Measurement of Ships, 1969.

35

Units
These Rules are written in two systems of units, i.e., MKS units and US customary units. Each
system is to be used independently of any other system.
Unless indicated otherwise, the format of presentation in the Rules of the two systems of units is as
followsW
MKS units (US customary units)

ABS RUL%S FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING ST%%L 1%SS%LS FOR S%R1IC% ON RI1%RS 2 INTRACOASTAL WAT%RWAYS ! 2007

29

This Page Intentionally Left Blank

30

ABS RUL%S FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING ST%%L 1%SS%LS FOR S%R1IC% ON RI1%RS 2 INTRACOASTAL WAT%RWAYS ! 2007

PART

Section

2*

General

Requirements

3
CHAPTER

General

SECTION

General Requirements

Materials

1.1

Steel
These Rules are intended for barges and vessels of welded construction using steels complying with
the requirements of Chapters 1 and 2 of the ABS R0+*) 41/ C(5*/,(+) (-' A*+',-: 6<(/5 27. Use of
steels other than those in Chapters 1 and 2 of the above Part 2 and the corresponding scantlings will
be specially considered. Where it is intended to use material of cold flanging quality, this steel is to
be indicated on the plans.

1.3

Aluminum Alloys
The use of aluminum alloys in hull structures will be considered upon submission of the proposed
specification for the alloy and the method of fabrication.

1.5

Design Consideration
Where scantlings are reduced in connection with the use of higher-strength steel or where aluminum
alloys are used, adequate buckling strength is to be provided. Where it is intended to use material of
cold flanging quality for important longitudinal strength members, this steel is to be indicated on the
plans.

1.7

Guidance for Repair


Where a special welding procedure is required for the special steels used in the construction,
including any low temperature steel and those materials not in Chapters 1 and 2 of the ABS R0+*) 41/
C(5*/,(+) (-' A*+',-: 6<(/5 27, a set of plans showing the following information for each steel
should be placed aboard the barge or vessel.
"

Material Specification

"

Welding procedure

"

Location and extent of application

These plans are in addition to those normally placed aboard which are to show all material applications.

1.9

Materials Containing Asbestos !"##$%


See 4-1-1J21.

ABS RUL%S FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING ST%%L 1%SS%LS FOR S%R1IC% ON RI1%RS 2 INTRACOASTAL WAT%RWAYS ! 2007

31

Part
Chapter
Section

3
1
2

Hull Construction and Equipment


General
General Requirements

Scantlings

3.1

General

3-1-2

Sections having appropriate section moduli or areas, in accordance with their functions in the structure
as stiffeners, columns or combinations of both, are to be adopted, due regard being given to the
thickness of all parts of the sections to provide a proper margin for corrosion. It may be required that
calculations be submitted in support of resistance to buckling for any part of the vesselZs structure.

3.3

Workmanship
All workmanship is to be of commercial marine quality and acceptable to the Surveyor. Welding is to
be in accordance with the requirements of Section 3-2-6. The Surveyors are to satisfy themselves that
all operators to be employed in the construction of barges and vessels to be classed are properly
qualified in the type of work proposed and in the proper use of the welding processes and procedures
to be followed.

Proportions
In general, these Rules are valid for vessels having lengths not exceeding 30 times their depth, and
breadths not exceeding 6 times their depth. Vessels with other proportions will be specially considered.

Structural Sections

7.1

Required Section Modulus


The scantling requirements of these Rules are applicable to structural angles, channels, bars, and
rolled or built-up sections. The required section modulus of members such as girders, webs, etc,
supporting frames and stiffeners is to be obtained with an effective width of plating basis as described
below, unless otherwise noted. The section modulus is to include the structural member in association
with an effective width of plating equal to one-half the sum of the spacing on each side of the member
or 33] of the unsupported span !, whichever is less. For girders and webs along hatch openings, an
effective breadth of plating equal to one-half the spacing or 16.5] of the unsupported span !,
whichever is less, is to be used. Where channel construction is adopted, as illustrated in 3-2-1JFigure 5
and 3-2-2JFigure 5, the required section modulus is to be obtained solely by the channel.
The required section modulus of frames and stiffeners is assumed to be provided by the stiffener and
one frame space of the plating to which it is attached. . For bars or shapes which are not attached to
the plating, the section modulus is to be obtained in the member only. It may be required that
calculations be submitted in support of the resistance to buckling of longitudinals.

7.3

Serrated Sections
Serrated sections may be used for girders, webs, frames and stiffeners, but the depth of the member is
not to be less than 2 times the depth of any cutout. The cutouts are to be arranged to provide regularly
spaced points of contact with the plating sufficient to obtain the welding required. Where supporting
members are cut out for framing and stiffening members, the depth of the cutout should not exceed
50] of the depth of the supporting member.

32

ABS RUL%S FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING ST%%L 1%SS%LS FOR S%R1IC% ON RI1%RS 2 INTRACOASTAL WAT%RWAYS ! 2007

Part
Chapter
Section

3
1
2

Hull Construction and Equipment


General
General Requirements

Structural Design Details

9.1

General

3-1-2

The designer shall give consideration to the followingW


9.1.1
The thickness of internals in locations susceptible to rapid corrosion.
9.1.2
The proportions of built-up members to comply with established standards for buckling strength.
9.1.3
The design of structural details, such as noted below, against the harmful effects of stress
concentrations and notchesW
,7

Details of the ends, the intersections of members and associated brackets.

,,7

Shape and location of air, drainage, or lightening holes.

,,,7

Shape and reinforcement of slots or cut-outs for internals.

,E7

Elimination or closing of weld scallops in way of butts, `softeninga of bracket toes,


reducing abrupt changes of section or structural discontinuities.

9.1.4
Proportions and thickness of structural members to reduce fatigue response due to cyclic
stresses, particularly for higher-strength steels.

9.3

Termination of Structural Members


Unless permitted elsewhere in the Rules, structural members are to be effectively connected to the
adQacent structures in such a manner as to avoid hard spots, notches and other harmful stress
concentrations. Where members are not required to be attached at their ends, special attention is to be
given to the end taper, by using soft-toed concave brackets or by a sniped end of not more than 30.
Where the end bracket has a face bar, it is to be sniped and tapered not more than 30%. Bracket toes or
sniped ends are to be kept within 25 mm (1.0 in.) of the adQacent member, and the depth at the toe or
snipe end is generally not to exceed 15 mm (0.60 in.). Where a strength deck or shell longitudinal
terminates without end attachment, it is to extend into the adQacent transversely framed structure or
stop at a local transverse member fitted at about one transverse frame space beyond the last floor or
web that supports the longitudinal.

ABS RUL%S FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING ST%%L 1%SS%LS FOR S%R1IC% ON RI1%RS 2 INTRACOASTAL WAT%RWAYS ! 2007

33

This Page Intentionally Left Blank

!"#$

&'()*+,

-.

/011

2*,03*0,+4

(56

",,(57+8+5*4

3
&/"!$9#

Hull Structures and Arrangements

CONTENTS
SECTION 1

Tank Barges..........................................................................41
:

"))1;3(*;<5 ...........................................................................>:

&1(44;@;3(*;<5........................................................................>:

2*,03*0,(1 ",,(57+8+5*........................................................>:
A.:

B+*C++5 *'+ #(D+4 ......................................................... >:

A.?

#(D+4.............................................................................. >-

A.A

E<0F1+ 2D;5 &<54*,03*;<5................................................ >-

H<57;*06;5(1 2*,+57*' ...........................................................>?


G.:

E+@;5;*;<54 ....................................................................... >?

G.?

H<(6;57 &<56;*;<54 ......................................................... >?

G.A

H<(6;57IJ51<(6;57 2+K0+53+4 (56 B+56;57 L<8+5*


&(1301(*;<54 .................................................................... >?

G.G

/011 M;,6+, 2+3*;<5 L<60104 ........................................... >>

G.N

O*+84 O53106+6 ;5 *'+ 2+3*;<5 L<60104 &(1301(*;<5 ......... >A

E+3D (56 $,05D !1(*;57........................................................>A


N.:

B+*C++5 *'+ #(D+4 ......................................................... >A

N.?

#(D+ E+3D4..................................................................... >A

::

P,(8+4.................................................................................>Q

:?

$,044+4 ................................................................................>Q
:?.:

$<) (56 B<**<8 &'<,64 .................................................. >Q

:?.?

2*(53';<54 ...................................................................... >Q

:?.A

E;(7<5(14 ........................................................................ >G

:A

R+F P,(8+4S M;,6+,4 (56 2*,;57+,4 ....................................>G

:G

$(5D /+(6 @<, 23(5*1;574 ....................................................>G

:N

-:

:G.:

!,+440,+ 2+**;57 T.:- D7@I38- U:.G )4;V <, H+44 .............. >G

:G.?

!,+440,+ 2+**;57 WX+, T.:- D7@I38- U:.G )4;V .................. >Y

B01D'+(64 ............................................................................>Y
:N.:

",,(57+8+5* ................................................................... >Y

:N.?

&<54*,03*;<5 <@ $(5D B<056(,Z B01D'+(64 ..................... >N

:N.A

&<54*,03*;<5 <@ W*'+, R(*+,*;7'* B01D'+(64 ................... AT

2'+11 !1(*;57 .........................................................................AT


-:.:

B<**<8 2'+11.................................................................... AT

-:.?

2;6+ 2'+11 ........................................................................ A:

-:.A

B;17+ !1(*;57 .................................................................... A:

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

35

-?

-A

SECTION 2

$(5D 2)(3+4 ...................................................................A:

-:.N

B;17+ "571+4 ....................................................................A:

/(*3'+4 (56 P;**;574 ............................................................A:


-?.:

/(*3'C(Z4.......................................................................A:

-?.?

E+3D P;**;574....................................................................A:

B(,7+ #+;5@<,3+8+5* ...........................................................A:


-A.:

M+5+,(1............................................................................A:

-A.?

#+;5@<,3+8+5* .................................................................A-

$"BH9 :

B,(3D+*4 .....................................................................A?

POMJ#9 :

B;17+ B,(3D+* ..............................................................A>

POMJ#9 -

O5*+,8+6;(*+ B;17+ B,(3D+*.........................................A>

POMJ#9 ?

"1*+,5(*;X+ ",,(57+8+5* ............................................A>

POMJ#9 >

M05C(1+ B,(3D+*........................................................AA

POMJ#9 A

$(5D B(,7+.................................................................AQ

POMJ#9 Q

$(5D B(,7+.................................................................AG

POMJ#9 G

$(5D B(,7+.................................................................AY

POMJ#9 Y

E<0F1+ 2D;5 $(5D B(,7+ ............................................AN

POMJ#9 Y"

$,05D $<) B+(8 956 &<55+3*;<5..............................QT

POMJ#9 N

E<0F1+ 2D;5 $(5D B(,7+ ............................................Q:

POMJ#9 N"

$,05D $<) $,(54X+,4+ 956 &<55+3*;<5.....................Q-

POMJ#9 :T

E<0F1+ 2D;5 $(5D B(,7+ ............................................Q?

POMJ#9 ::

#(D+ P,(8;57.............................................................Q>

Dry Cargo Barges ................................................................ 65


:

"))1;3(*;<5 ...........................................................................QA

2*,03*0,(1 ",,(57+8+5*........................................................QA

?.:

B+*C++5 *'+ #(D+4 .........................................................QA

?.?

#(D+4 ..............................................................................QQ

H<57;*06;5(1 2*,+57*' ...........................................................QQ


A.:

2+3*;<5 L<60104..............................................................QQ

A.?

2+3*;<5 L<60104 C;*' &<5*;50<04 &<(8;57 ....................QQ

E+3D !1(*;57.........................................................................QQ
G.:

L;5;808 $';3D5+44.........................................................QQ

G.?

B+*C++5 *'+ #(D+4 .........................................................QQ

G.A

R(*+,*;7'* E+3D4 .............................................................QG

G.G

&(,7< E+3D4....................................................................QG

G.N

R'++1 H<(6+6 2*,+57*' E+3D4........................................QG

P,(8+4 .................................................................................QG

::

$,044+4 ................................................................................QY

:?
36

-:.G

::.:

$<) (56 B<**<8 &'<,64 ..................................................QY

::.?

2*(53';<54.......................................................................QY

::.A

E;(7<5(14 ........................................................................QY

R+F P,(8+4S M;,6+,4 (56 2*,;57+,4 ....................................QN

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

:A

:G

:N

B01D'+(64 ............................................................................QN
:A.:

&<54*,03*;<5 <@ $(5D B<056(,Z B01D'+(64 ..................... QN

:A.?

&<54*,03*;<5 <@ W*'+, R(*+,*;7'* B01D'+(64 ................... QN

2'+11 !1(*;57 .........................................................................GT


:G.:

B<**<8 2'+11.................................................................... GT

:G.?

2;6+ 2'+11 ........................................................................ GT

:G.A

B;17+ !1(*;57 .................................................................... G:

:G.G

B;17+ "571+4 .................................................................... G:

O55+, B<**<84S /(*3'+4 (56 P;**;574....................................G:


:N.:

-:

SECTION 3

O55+, B<**<8 !1(*;57........................................................ G:

:N.?

/(*3'C(Z4 ...................................................................... G-

:N.A

/(*3' &<X+,4 .................................................................. G-

:N.G

&<5*;50<04 H<57;*06;5(1 /(*3' &<(8;574 ...................... G-

:N.N

E+3D P;**;574 ................................................................... G-

:N.::

&(,7< B<[+4 ................................................................... G?

B(,7+ #+;5@<,3+8+5* ...........................................................G?


-:.:

M+5+,(1 ........................................................................... G?

-:.?

#+;5@<,3+8+5*................................................................. G?

POMJ#9 :

B;17+ B,(3D+*..............................................................G>

POMJ#9 -

O5*+,8+6;(*+ B;17+ B,(3D+*.........................................G>

POMJ#9 ?

"1*+,5(*;X+ ",,(57+8+5* ............................................G>

POMJ#9 >

"1*+,5(*;X+ &'(55+1 &<54*,03*;<5 (* B;17+ .................GA

POMJ#9 A

E+3D B(,7+ ................................................................GQ

POMJ#9 Q

E+3D B(,7+ ................................................................GG

POMJ#9 G

E+3D B(,7+ ................................................................GY

POMJ#9 Y

/<))+, B(,7+.............................................................GN

POMJ#9 N

/<))+, B(,7+.............................................................YT

POMJ#9 :T

E<0F1+ 2D;5 /<))+, B(,7+ ........................................Y:

POMJ#9 ::

E<0F1+ 2D;5 /<))+, B(,7+ C;*' E+3D'<04+..............Y-

POMJ#9 :-

E<0F1+ 2D;5 /<))+, B(,7+ ........................................Y?

POMJ#9 :?

R'++1 H<(6;57 &0,X+4 <@ K .......................................Y>

Barges Intended to Carry Dangerous Chemical


Cargoes in Bulk....................................................................85
:

"))1;3(*;<5 ...........................................................................YA

&1(44;@;3(*;<5........................................................................YA

20F8;44;<5 <@ E(*(..............................................................YA

$Z)+ O (56 $Z)+ OO B(,7+4 C;*' O5*+7,(1 $(5D4 ....................YQ


G.:

E+@;5;*;<54 ....................................................................... YQ

G.?

$(5D ",,(57+8+5* .......................................................... YQ

G.A

H<57;*06;5(1 2*,+57*' ...................................................... YG

G.G

E+3DI$,05D $<) $,(54X+,4+4 .......................................... YY

G.N

$,(54X+,4+ B+(84 .......................................................... YN

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

37

SECTION 4

Towboats .............................................................................. 91
:

"))1;3(*;<5 ...........................................................................N:

2*,03*0,(1 ",,(57+8+5*........................................................N:
?.:

P,(8;57 ...........................................................................N:

?.?

H<57;*06;5(1 R+F4 ...........................................................N:

H<57;*06;5(1 2*,+57*' ...........................................................N:

E+3D !1(*;57.........................................................................N-

::

:?
:A

:G

:N

-:

-?

G.:

2*,+57*' E+3D4................................................................N-

G.?.

W*'+, H<3(*;<54 ...............................................................N-

P,(8+4 .................................................................................NN.:

B<**<8 H<57;*06;5(14 .......................................................N-

N.?

2;6+ (56 E+3D P,(8;57 ...................................................N-

N.A

P,(8;57 ;5 $055+14..........................................................N?

2*(53';<54 ...........................................................................N?
::.:

!+,8;44;F1+ H<(6.............................................................N?

::.?

&(1301(*+6 H<(6 ..............................................................N?

R+F P,(8+4S M;,6+,4 (56 2*,;57+,4 ....................................N>


B01D'+(64 ............................................................................N>
:A.:

",,(57+8+5*....................................................................N>

:A.?

&<54*,03*;<5 <@ $(5D B<056(,Z B01D'+(64 .....................N>

:A.A

&<54*,03*;<5 <@ W*'+, R(*+,*;7'* B01D'+(64 ...................NA

2'+11 !1(*;57 .........................................................................NA


:G.:

B<**<8 2'+11 ....................................................................NQ

:G.?

2;6+ 2'+11 ........................................................................NQ

:G.A

B;17+ (56 $055+1 !1(*;57.................................................NQ

:G.G

B;17+ "571+4 ....................................................................NQ

E+3D'<04+4 .........................................................................NQ
:N.:

23(5*1;574........................................................................NQ

:N.?

2;11 /+;7'* ........................................................................NQ

\++14S 2*+84 (56 2*+,5 P,(8+4..........................................NG


-:.:

B(, \++14.........................................................................NG

-:.?

P1(* !1(*+ \++14 ...............................................................NG

-:.A

B(, 2*+84........................................................................NG

-:.G

2*+,5)<4*4 .......................................................................NG

-:.N

2*+,5 P,(8+4...................................................................NY

#066+,4................................................................................NY
-?.:
-?.?

"))1;3(*;<5.......................................................................NY

-?.A

#066+, 2*<3D4.................................................................NY

-?.N

#066+,4...........................................................................NN

-?.::

&<0)1;574 ........................................................................NN

POMJ#9 :

38

L(*+,;(14..........................................................................NY

$<CF<(* P,(8;57 .....................................................:TT

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

SECTION 5

Passenger Vessels.............................................................101
:

"))1;3(*;<5 .........................................................................:T:
:.:

2+,X;3+ .......................................................................... :T:

:.?

](*;<5(1 #+701(*;<54 ..................................................... :T:

&1(44;@;3(*;<5......................................................................:T:

2*,03*0,(1 ",,(57+8+5*......................................................:T:

A.:

P,(8;57......................................................................... :T:

A.?

H<57;*06;5(1 R+F4......................................................... :T:

H<57;*06;5(1 2*,+57*' .........................................................:TG.:

::

:?

/011 M;,6+, 2+3*;<5 L<60104 ......................................... :T-

G.?

/011 M;,6+, L<8+5* <@ O5+,*;( ........................................ :T-

G.A

/011 M;,6+, 2'+(, 2*,+57*' ............................................ :T-

E+3D !1(*;57.......................................................................:T?
N.:

2*,+57*' E+3D4.............................................................. :T?

N.?

20)+,4*,03*0,+ E+3D4.................................................... :T?

N.A

R'++1 H<(6+6 E+3D4 .................................................... :T?

N.G

W*'+, H<3(*;<54............................................................. :T?

P,(8+4...............................................................................:T?
::.:

B<**<8 H<57;*06;5(14..................................................... :T?

::.?

2;6+ (56 E+3D P,(8;57................................................. :T>

::.A

P,(8;57 ;5 $055+14 ....................................................... :T>

2*(53';<54 .........................................................................:T>
:?.:

!+,8;44;F1+ H<(6........................................................... :T>

:?.?

&(1301(*+6 H<(6 ............................................................ :TA

:A

R+F P,(8+4S M;,6+,4 (56 2*,;57+,4 ..................................:TQ

:G

B01D'+(64 ..........................................................................:TG

:A.:

:N

-:

-?

!,<)<,*;<54.................................................................... :TQ

:G.:

",,(57+8+5* ................................................................. :TG

:G.?

&<54*,03*;<5 <@ $(5D B<056(,Z B01D'+(64 ................... :TG

:G.A

&<54*,03*;<5 <@ W*'+, R(*+,*;7'* B01D'+(64 ................. :TY

2'+11 !1(*;57 .......................................................................:TN


:N.:

B<**<8 2'+11.................................................................. :TN

:N.?

2;6+ 2'+11 ...................................................................... :TN

:N.A

B;17+ (56 $055+1 !1(*;57 ............................................... ::T

:N.G

B;17+ "571+4 .................................................................. ::T

E+3D'<04+4 .......................................................................::T
-:.:

2;6+ (56 956 B01D'+(64............................................... ::T

-:.?

W)+5;574 ;5 B01D'+(64 ................................................. :::

-:.A

E<<,4 @<, "33+44 W)+5;574 .......................................... :::

-:.G

2;114 <@ "33+44 W)+5;574............................................... :::

\++14S 2*+84 (56 2*+,5 P,(8+4........................................:::


-?.:

B(, \++14 ...................................................................... :::

-?.?

P1(* !1(*+ \++14 ............................................................. :::

-?.A

B(, 2*+84 ..................................................................... :::

-?.G

2*+,5)<4*4 ..................................................................... ::-

-?.N

2*+,5 P,(8+4 ................................................................ ::-

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

39

-A

SECTION 6

-A.:

L(*+,;(14........................................................................::-

-A.?

"))1;3(*;<5.....................................................................::?

-A.A

#066+, 2*<3D4...............................................................::?

-A.G

#066+,4.........................................................................::A

-A.N

&<0)1;574 ......................................................................::A

-A.::

#066+, 2*<)4 ................................................................::A

-A.:?

20))<,*;57 (56 "5*;^H;@*;57 ",,(57+8+5*4.....................::A

POMJ#9 :

!(44+57+, _+44+1 P,(8;57......................................::Q

POMJ#9 -

#066+, $Z)+4...........................................................::G

Weld Design ....................................................................... 119


:

40

#066+,4..............................................................................::-

P;11+* R+164 ........................................................................::N


:.:

M+5+,(1..........................................................................::N

:.?

$++^$Z)+ B<056(,Z &<55+3*;<54..................................::N

:.A

$++^$Z)+ 956 &<55+3*;<54...........................................::N

:.G

W*'+, $++^$Z)+ &<55+3*;<54 ........................................::N

:.N

H())+6 `<;5*4 ................................................................:-T

:.::

WX+,1())+6 956 &<55+3*;<54........................................:-T

:.:?

WX+,1())+6 2+(84........................................................:-T

:.:A

!107 R+164 <, 21<* R+164 ..............................................:-T

"1*+,5(*;X+4 ........................................................................:-T

$"BH9 :"

E<0F1+ &<5*;50<04 P;11+* R+16 2;a+4 b


L;11;8+*+,4 ................................................................:-:

$"BH9 :B

E<0F1+ &<5*;50<04 P;11+* R+16 2;a+4 b O53'+4 ........:-?

$"BH9 -"

O5*+,8;**+5* P;11+* R+16 2;a+4 (56 2)(3;57 b


L;11;8+*+,4 ................................................................:->

$"BH9 -B

O5*+,8;**+5* P;11+* R+16 2;a+4 (56 2)(3;57 b


O53'+4.......................................................................:-Q

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

!"#$

2+3*;<5

:.

$(5D

B(,7+4

3
&/"!$9#

Hull Structures and Arrangements

29&$OW]

Tank Barges

Application
The following Rules and Tables apply to barges intended for the transportation of liquid cargoes in
bulk in services which require operation in comparatively smooth water exclusively, such as in rivers,
intracoastal waterways, etc. For additional chemical tank barge requirements see Section 3-2-3.

Classification
The classification ! A1 Oil Tank Barge, River Service is to be assigned to vessels designed for
the carriage of oil (See 3-1-1/21) cargoes in bulk, and built to the requirements of this Section and
other relevant Sections of these Rules. Vessels intended to carry fuel oil having a flash point above
60C (140F), closed cup test, and to receive classification ! A1 Fuel Oil Tank Barge, River Service
are to comply with the requirements of this section and other relevant sections of these Rules with the
exception that the requirements for cofferdams and gastight bulkhead may be modified.

Structural Arrangement

5.1

Between the Rakes


A.:.:

P,(8;57
Framing may be arranged either longitudinally, transversely or a combination of both.
Longitudinal frames are to be supported by regularly spaced transverse deep frames formed
either by channels extending across the inner faces of the longitudinal frames, or by flanged
plates notched over the frames and attached to the shell or deck and the longitudinals.
At bulkheads, longitudinals are to be attached at their ends to develop effectively the sectional
area and resistance to bending.

A.:.-

$,044+4
Trusses are to be arranged as necessary for the support of the framing. In vessels with
transverse frames, the trusses are to extend fore and aft and be arranged to limit the spans of
the frames to a maximum of 4 m (13 ft). With longitudinal framing, they may extend either
fore and aft or athwartships.

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

41

Part
Chapter
Section

3
2
1

Hull Construction and Equipment


Hull Structures and Arrangements
Tank Barges

3-2-1

In all vessels where the ratio of L to (D + 1/2 the deck crown) exceeds 20, at least one foreand-aft single laced truss is to be fitted on each side of the centerline and where the ratio
exceeds 25, at least one fore-and-aft double laced truss or two single laced trusses are to be
fitted on each sideS in the latter case the diagonal bracing in the two trusses on each side
should be reversed in direction with each other to provide tension members whether the
conditions of load create either hogging or sagging forces.
A.:.?

5.3

B;17+ (56 M05C(1+ B,(3D+*4


In tanks where the radius at the bilge exceeds 305 mm (12 in.), the bilge brackets connecting
the lower ends of vertical side frames with transverse bottom frames are to be cut to fit
against and support the bilge plate. In longitudinally framed vessels, a similar arrangement
will be required at each main transverse frame and in addition, intermediate brackets are to be
fitted spaced not over 0.9 m (3 ft) apart. See 3-2-1/Figures 1 and 2. Similar brackets may
be required to be fitted at the gunwales where no gunwale angle is used. See 3-2-1/Figure 4.
As an alternative to the fitting of bilge brackets, an additional inverted angle or flat bar
longitudinal may be fitted as shown in 3-2-1/Figure 3.

Rakes
The bottom and deck framing is to consist of longitudinal bottom frames and beams, attached to the
rake bulkheads by effective brackets and to the head log by deep diaphragm plates or by a system of
vertical channels which in turn support horizontal stiffening on the head log. The longitudinal bottom
frames and beams are to have intermediate supports obtained by a system of strut angles extending
between each corresponding beam and frame to form an effective longitudinal truss, or as an
alternative, stanchions and diagonals may be fitted on the longitudinal frames at regular intervals in
association with channel or flanged plate transverses for the support of the intervening rake frames
and beams. A typical arrangement is shown in 3-2-1/Figure 11.
The sides of rakes may be framed vertically, diagonally or horizontally.
Special heavy plates are to be fitted to form the head logs and these are to be terminated at the corners
of the barge in special heavy castings or weldments.

5.5

Double Skin Construction


These Rules contain requirements for single skin as well as double skin tank barges. Consideration
is to be given to double skin construction as may be required by governmental regulations for certain
types of cargoes.
For an oil barge of U.S. registry less than 10,000 DWT in service exclusively on inland or limited
short protected coastwise routes, 33CFR157.10d(d) specifies the following double hull dimensions
and clearances:
"

Double Bottom

610 mm (2 ft) measured at right angles to the bottom shell

"

Wing Tank or Space

610 mm (2 ft) measured at right angles to the side shell.

A minimum clearance of 460 mm (18 in.) for passage between framing must be maintained throughout
the double sides and double bottom.

42

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

Part
Chapter
Section

3
2
1

Hull Construction and Equipment


Hull Structures and Arrangements
Tank Barges

Longitudinal Strength (2001)

7.1

Definitions

7.3

3-2-1

G.:.:

H;8;*;57 E,(@*
A limiting draft is the maximum draft to which cargo of the specified densities may be loaded.

G.:.-

/<8<7+5+<04 &(,7<
Homogeneous cargo is a cargo having a density which, when all cargo tanks are completely
filled, will submerge the barge to the approved limiting draft. The density of homogeneous
cargo is obtained by dividing the cargo deadweight at that limiting draft by the total volume
of all cargo tanks.

G.:.?

")),<X+6 &(,7< E+54;*Z


Approved cargo density is the maximum density corresponding to the limiting draft. It is not
to be less than the density of homogeneous cargo or 1.05 whichever is greater.

Loading Conditions
The following definitions of loading conditions are to be understood for the purpose of these Rules.
G.?.:

]<,8(1 &<56;*;<54
Normal conditions are those expected during the normal operation of the barge, including
intermediate conditions during loading and unloading.
While in transit, the barge is assumed to be full with homogeneous cargo, unless bending
moment calculations are submitted for other condition intended for normal operation.

G.?.-

7.5

/;7' E+54;*Z &(,7< &<56;*;<5


A high density cargo condition is a condition expected during the normal operation of the barge
including intermediate conditions during loading and unloading wherein tanks are loaded with
cargo having the maximum approved density that is in excess of homogeneous cargo density.

Loading/Unloading Sequences and Bending Moment Calculations


For tank barges of 53 m (175 ft) or above in length, loading/unloading sequences and bending moment
calculations are to be submitted for review as follows:
G.A.:

H<(6;57I051<(6;57 2+K0+53+4
For each cargo loading condition, a step by step description of the sequence of loading and
unloading is to be submitted together with the mass of cargo in each tank at every step.

G.A.-

B+56;57 L<8+5* &(1301(*;<54


Bending moment calculations are to be submitted where any of the following conditions
apply:
i)

Where conditions other than homogeneous cargo condition are contemplated. See
3-2-1/7.3.1,

ii)

For high density cargo conditions, or

iii)

For any step of loading/unloading as may be required after review of the loading/
unloading sequence required above.

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

43

Part
Chapter
Section

7.7

3
2
1

Hull Construction and Equipment


Hull Structures and Arrangements
Tank Barges

3-2-1

Hull Girder Section Modulus


The hull girder section modulus within the midship 0.5L for vessels of 53 meters (175 feet) in length
or above is to be not less than obtained from the following equation:
SM = Msw/fP cm2-m (in2-ft)
where
SM

minimum required hull girder section modulus, in cm2-m (in2-ft)

Msw =

maximum calculated still water bending moment or Ms, whichever is greater, in


tf-m (Ltf-ft). See 3-2-1/7.5.

Ms

a standard still water bending moment

L2BD/5.76 kN-m

for SI units

L2BD/56.44 tf-m

for MKS units

L2BD/2025 Ltf-ft

for US units

nominal permissible bending stress of 13.1 kN/cm2 (1.34 tf/cm2, 8.5 Ltf/in2).

fp

for compressive side, fp is not to be taken greater than 0.67 times the reference
stress (fr) as specified below, or permissible stress f as specified in 3-2-3/7.5.3(b)
whichever is less.
fr

kfcabC2 + (a/st)c/b1 + (a/st)cd fy

for longitudinally framed deck or bottom

bC2s/b + 0.115(1 e s/b)(1 + 1/@2)2c fy

for transversely framed deck or bottom

2.25/@ e 1.25/@2

for @ f 1.25

for @ g 1.25

0.8

for serrated longitudinals

0.95

for non-serrated longitudinals

fE

for fE g 0.6

1 e 0.24/fE

for fE f 0.6

fE

&2EI/b!2(a + C2st)fyc

area of longitudinal, in mm2 (in2)

(fy /E)1/2 s/t

spacing of the deck/bottom longitudinals or beams, in mm (in.)

unsupported length of the deck/bottom transverse beams/frames, in mm (in.)

thickness of the deck/bottom plating, in mm (in.)

fy

yield strength of the deck/bottom material, in N/cm2 (kgf/cm2, lbf/in2)

modulus of elasticity, in N/cm2 (kgf/cm2, lbf/in2)

moment of inertia of the deck/bottom longitudinal associated with the effective


deck/bottom plating in cm4 (in4)

C2
k
fc

L, B and D are as defined in Section 3-1-1.


Beyond the midship 0.5L, scantlings may be tapered to their normal requirements.

44

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

Part
Chapter
Section

7.9

3
2
1

Hull Construction and Equipment


Hull Structures and Arrangements
Tank Barges

3-2-1

Items Included in the Section Modulus Calculation


In general, the following items may be included in the calculation of the section modulus.
"

Deck and trunk plating

"

Shell and inner bottom plating

"

Deck and bottom girders

"

Plating and longitudinal stiffeners of longitudinal bulkheads

"

All longitudinals of deck, trunk, sides, bottom and inner bottom

All items are to be continuous or effectively developed at the transverse bulkheads and all other joints.
In general, the net sectional areas of longitudinal-strength members are to be used in the hull girder
section modulus calculation.

Deck and Trunk Plating

9.1

Between the Rakes


The thickness of deck, trunk and trunk side plating between the rakes is to be not less than the greater
of 3-2-1/9.1.1 or 3-2-1/9.1.2 below.
N.:.:

L;5;808 $';3D5+44
The thickness of plating is to be not less than determined by the following equations.
"

With Transverse Beams


t = 0.066L + 3.5 mm

"

With Longitudinal Beams


t = 0.066L + 2.5 mm

Note

N.:.-

9.3

t = 0.0008L + 0.14 in.


t = 0.0008L + 0.10 in.

The thickness of decks and trunk tops and sides with longitudinal beams and L ' 79 meters (260 feet)
need not be greater than 8.0 mm (0.31 in. except as required to provide adequate hull girder strength and
resistance to buckling. For decks and trunks with longitudinal beams, for L ' 30.5 meters (100 feet), the
thickness of the deck and trunk top and side plating is to be not less than 4.5 mm (0.18 in.).

$';3D5+44 @<, &<8),+44;<5 (2001)


The thickness of plating is to be not less than what is required for longitudinal hull girder
strength (see 3-2-1/7).

Rake Decks
The thickness of rake deck plating is to be not less than 0.01 mm (0.01 in.) per mm (in.) of frame
spacing.

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

45

Part
Chapter
Section

11

3
2
1

Hull Construction and Equipment


Hull Structures and Arrangements
Tank Barges

3-2-1

Frames
Each frame, in association with the plating to which it is attached, is to have a section modulus, SM,
not less than obtained from the following equation:
SM = 7.8chs!2 cm3

SM = 0.0041chs!2 in3

where
c

coefficient appropriate to the member under consideration and the type of


construction employed as given in 3-2-1/Figures 5 through 11

1.0 for rake side frames

distance from the middle of ! to the deck at side, in m (ft)

for rake bottom frames, the vertical distance from the middle of ! to the height of
the deck at side at the rake bulkhead, in m (ft)

for rake deck transverses and longitudinals, 1.2 m (4.0 ft)

in way of tanks, h as defined in 3-2-1/17, but not to be taken less than he as


indicated in 3-2-1/Figures 8 and 9 for bottom transverses and floors on double
skin tank barges with void wing compartments

member spacing in m (ft)

unsupported span of the member, in m (ft). Where brackets of the thicknesses


given in 3-2-1/Table 1 are fitted, ! may be measured to a point 25k of the extent
of the bracket beyond its toe.

Rake side vertical frames are to be fitted at their upper and lower ends with brackets extending over to
the first adjacent longitudinal beam or frame.

13

Trusses

13.1

Top and Bottom Chords


Each top and bottom chord is to have a section modulus, SM, not less than obtained from the following
equation:
SM = 7.8chs!2 cm3

SM = 0.0041chs!2 in3

where c, h, s and ! are as defined in 3-2-1/11.

13.3

Stanchions
The spacing of truss stanchions is generally not to exceed the depth of the truss.
:?.?.: !+,8;44;F1+ H<(6
The permissible load, Wa, of each stanchion is to be obtained from the following equation and
is to be not less than the calculated load W given in 3-2-1/13.3.2 below.
Wa = bk e n!/rcA tf (Ltf)
where

46

1.232 (7.83)

0.00452 (0.345)

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

Part
Chapter
Section

3
2
1

Hull Construction and Equipment


Hull Structures and Arrangements
Tank Barges

3-2-1

unsupported span of the stanchion, in cm (ft)

least radius of gyration, in cm (in.)

cross sectional area of the stanchion, in cm2 (in2)

:?.?.- &(1301(*+6 H<(6


The calculated load for each truss stanchion is to be determined by the following equation:
W = nbhs tf (Ltf)
where

13.5

1.07 (0.03)

mean breadth of the area supported, in m (ft)

distance from the bottom shell at the center of the area supported to the
underside of the deck plating at side, in m (ft)

spacing of the stanchions, in m (ft)

Diagonals
Diagonals in trusses are to have a sectional area of approximately 50k of that of the stanchions.

15

Web Frames, Girders and Stringers


Each web frame, girder and stringer is to have a section modulus, SM, not less than obtained from the
following equation:
SM = 7.8chs!2 cm3

SM = 0.0041chs!2 in3

where c, h, s and ! are as defined in 3-2-1/11.

17

Tank Head for Scantlings


Except for stanchions (see 3-2-1/13.3.2), the scantling head of structural members in tanks is to be
obtained from 3-2-1/17.1 or 3-2-1/17/3 depending upon the pressure setting of the pressure-vacuum
valve.

17.1

Pressure Setting 0.12 kgf/cm2 (1.7 psi) or Less


The scantling head, h, in m (ft), is not to be less than h1, nor less than ho, where spill valves or
rupture disks are fitted in lieu of high level alarms.
h1 = (ht + 1.2 m

h1 = (ht + 4.0 ft

h1 is not to be less than the distance to the top of the hatch.


where
ho

(2/3)((hs + 10ps) m

ho = (2/3)((hs + 2.3ps) ft

1.0 where specific gravity of the liquid is 1.05 or less

specific gravity of liquid where it is in excess of 1 .0 5

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47

Part
Chapter
Section

17.3

3
2
1

Hull Construction and Equipment


Hull Structures and Arrangements
Tank Barges

3-2-1

ht

head from the center of the supported area or lower edge of the plating to the
deck at side for tanks outside trunks, or to the top of the trunk at side for tanks
within trunks.

hs

head to the spill valve or rupture disc, where fitted, in m (ft)

ps

relieving pressure of spill valve or rupture disc, where fitted, in kgf/cm2 (psi)

Pressure Setting Over 0.12 kgf/cm2 (1.7 psi)


The scantling head is to be in accordance with 3-2-1/17.1, except that h2 is to be used in lieu of h1.
h2 = (ht + 10p m

h2 = (ht + 2.3p ft

where
p

19

Bulkheads

19.1

Arrangement

pressure setting of pressure-vacuum valve, in kgf/cm2 (psi)

:N.:.: 20F6;X;4;<5
It is assumed that those responsible for the design of the vessels have assured themselves that
the subdivision is such as to ensure sufficient stability in service when the tanks are being
filled or emptied. The length of the tanks and the positions of longitudinal bulkheads are to be
such as to avoid excessive stresses in the hull structure.
:N.:.- &<@@+,6(84
In vessels intended for the carriage of flammable or combustible liquids having flash points at
or below 60C (140F) (closed-cup test), bulkheads are to be arranged to provide cofferdams
between the cargo tanks and any spaces used for living quarters, general cargo, or containing
machinery where sources of vapor ignition are normally present. Spaces containing cargo
pumps, steam pumping engines or which are used as tanks for products having flash points
not less than 60C (140F) (closed-cup test) may be considered as cofferdams for the purpose
of this requirement, but in the latter case the piping and pumping arrangements for the high
flash point liquid are to be entirely separate from and have no means for connection with the
arrangements for handling the low flash point products.
:N.:.? !08) #<<84
Spaces containing pumps, piping and valves for handling flammable or combustible liquids
having flash points below 60C (140F) (closed-cup test) are to be completely separated from
all sources of vapor ignition by gastight bulkheads. Steam driven engines are not considered
sources of vapor ignition for the purposes of this requirement. The gastight bulkheads may be
pierced by fixed lights for lighting from outside sources and by pumping engine shafts and
control rods, provided the shafts and rods are fitted with efficient stuffing boxes where they
pass through the bulkhead.

48

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Part
Chapter
Section

19.3

3
2
1

Hull Construction and Equipment


Hull Structures and Arrangements
Tank Barges

3-2-1

Construction of Tank Boundary Bulkheads


:N.?.: !1(*;57
Plating is to be of thickness obtained from the following equation:
t = (s h /254) + 1.78 mm

(min. t = 5 mm)

t = (s h /460) + 0.07 in.

(min. t = 0.20 in.)

where

height, in m (ft), in accordance with 3-2-1/17.

for flat plate bulkheads, the spacing of stiffeners. in mm (in.)

for corrugated bulkheads, the greater of dimensions a or c as indicated in


Section B-B of 3-2-1/Figures 8 and 9.

For corrugated bulkheads, the angle is to be 45 or more


:N.?.- 2*;@@+5;57
The ends of stiffeners are to be either bracketed or clipped, and those of trunk top transverse
beams are to be effectively attached as shown in 3-2-1/Figure 8a or 3-2-1/Figure 9a. Each
stiffener, in association with the plating to which it is attached, is to have a section modulus
SM not less than obtained from the following equation:

SM = 7.8csh!2 cm3

SM = 0.0041chs!2 in3

where

1.00

height, in m (ft), in accordance with 3-2-1/17

stiffener spacing, in m (ft)

for corrugated bulkheads, a + b where a and b are as indicated in Section


B-B of 3-2-1/Figures 8 and 9

as defined in 3-2-1/11

for corrugated bulkheads, the distance between the supporting members,


in m (ft)

The developed section modulus, SM, for corrugated bulkheads may be obtained from the
following equation, where a, t and d are as indicated in Section B-B, 3-2-1/Figures 8 and 9.

SM = (td2/6) + (adt/2)
:N.?.? E,(;5(7+ (56 ";, 943()+
Limber and air holes are to be cut in all parts of the structure as required to ensure the free
flow to the suction pipes and the escape of air to the vents. Efficient arrangements are to be
made for draining the spaces above deep tanks.

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49

Part
Chapter
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19.5

3
2
1

Hull Construction and Equipment


Hull Structures and Arrangements
Tank Barges

3-2-1

Construction of Other Watertight Bulkheads


:N.A.: !1(*;57
Plating is to be of thickness obtained from the following equation:

t = (s h /290) + 1.0 mm

(min. t = 4.5 mm)

t = (s h /525) + 0.04 in.

(min. t = 0.18 in.)

where

as defined in 3-2-1/19.3.1

vertical distance measured in m (ft) from the lower edge of the plate to
the height of the deck at centerline.

:N.A.- 2*;@@+5;57
Each stiffener, in association with the plating to which it is attached, is to have a section
modulus SM not less than obtained from the following equation:

SM = 7.8chs!2 cm3

SM = 0.0041chs!2 in3

where

0.46

vertical distance from the middle of ! to the deck at centerline, in m (ft)

for flat plate bulkheads, stiffener spacing, in m (ft)

for corrugated bulkheads, a + b where a and b are as indicated in Section


B-B of 3-2-1/Figures 8 and 9

as defined in 3-2-1/19.3.2

Stiffeners on these bulkheads may have unattached sniped ends provided the above value of
SM is increased 25k.
The developed section modulus, SM, for corrugated bulkheads may be obtained as indicated
in 3-2-1/19.3.2.

21

Shell Plating

21.1

Bottom Shell
The thickness of the bottom shell plating throughout is not to be less than determined by the following
equation:

t = 0.069L + 0.007s e 0.5 mm

(min. t = 5 mm)

t = 0.000825L + 0.007s e 0.02 in.

(min. t = 0.20 in.)

where

50

stiffener spacing, in mm (in.)

length of the vessel, in m (ft)

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

Part
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21.3

3
2
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Hull Construction and Equipment


Hull Structures and Arrangements
Tank Barges

3-2-1

Side Shell
The thickness of the side shell plating is to be not less than determined by the following equation and
not less than 5 mm (0.20 in.).

21.5

t = 0.069L + 0.007s e 1.0 mm

L g 73 m

t = 0.069L + 0.007se 1.5 mm

L ' 73 m

t = 0.000825L + 0.007s e 0.04 in.

L g 240 ft

t = 0.000825L + 0.007s e 0.06 in.

L ' 240 ft

Bilge Plating
Where radiused bilges are used, the bottom thickness is to extend to the upper turn of the bilge.
Where the radius at the bilge exceeds 305 mm (12 in.), the thickness of the plating should be at least
1.5 mm (0.06 in.) greater than the required thickness for side plating.

21.7

Tank Spaces
In way of the cargo tanks the bottom, side and bilge plating are not to have less thickness than
required by 3-2-1/19.3.1 for the plating of deep tank bulkheads where the spacing of the stiffeners is
equal to the frame spacing and the value of h in accordance with 3-2-1/17.

21.9

Bilge Angles
Where angles are used at the bilges or gunwales they are to have a thickness at least 1.5 mm (0.06 in.)
greater than that of the thinner of the two plates joined.

23

Hatches and Fittings

23.1

Hatchways
Hatchways of sufficient size to provide access and ventilation and having substantial oiltight steel
covers are to be fitted to each tank. Where openings are located close to the gunwales, doubling plates
or other compensation may be required.

23.3

Deck Fittings
The structure in way of cleats, bitts and chocks is to be suitably reinforced by installation of headers,
additional beams, brackets or doubling plates

25

Barge Reinforcement

25.1

General
The following paragraphs are intended to provide for additional protection against contact with locks
and river bottom and against other wear and tear damage associated with normal operation with other
floating equipment.
A design intended for Classification will be reviewed for compliance with 3-2-1/25.3 when requested.
A notation lReinforcement Am or lReinforcement Bm will be entered in the Record indicating compliance
with all of the requirements for reinforcement A or B in 3-2-1/25.3.

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51

Part
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25.3

3
2
1

Hull Construction and Equipment


Hull Structures and Arrangements
Tank Barges

3-2-1

Reinforcement
Where the option for reinforcement in 3-2-1/25.1 is chosen, the hull parts to be reinforced are
given in the following table, the reinforced plate thicknesses are to be not less than given in column
Reinforcement A or column Reinforcement B, as appropriate.

Reinforcement A

Reinforcement B

Bilge radius for full-length of barge


(knuckle plate)

tmin = 16.0 mm

Side shell

tmin = 11.0 mm (7/16 in.)

tmin = 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)

Headlog and sternlog plate

tmin = 19.0 mm (3/4 in.)

tmin = 16.0 mm (5/8 in.)

Transom side and bottom periphery


(picture frame) plates

tmin = 16.0 mm (5/8 in.)

tmin = 12.5 mm (1/2 in.)

All side shell, bottom shell and deck


structural members in wing and rake
compartments

Use appropriate Rule coefficients with


1.83 m (6 ft) overflow above deck at side.
Where no wing tanks are fitted, the
reinforcement is to apply to the side shell
structure in way of cargo tanks and the
side, bottom and deck structure in way of
rakes.

Use appropriate Rule coefficients with


1.22 m (4 ft) overflow above deck at side.

52

(5/8

in.)

tmin = 12.5 mm (1/2 in.)

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

Part
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Section

3
2
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Hull Construction and Equipment


Hull Structures and Arrangements
Tank Barges

3-2-1

TABLE 1
Brackets

! ) For stiffeners
and frames

f
d

0.25d

Metric Units
Length of Face, f
mm

Thickness, mm
Plain

Flanged

Width of Flange
mm

Not exceeding 455

6.5

---

---

Over 455 to 660

8.0

6.5

50

Over 660 to 915

9.5

8.0

63

Over 915 to 1370

11.0

9.5

75

Plain

Flanged

Width of Flange
in.

Not exceeding 18

1/4

---

---

Over 18 to 26

5/16

1/4

Over 26 to 36

3/8

5/16

21/2

Over 36 to 54

7/16

3/8

US Units
Length of Face, f
in.

Thickness, mm

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53

Part
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Hull Construction and Equipment


Hull Structures and Arrangements
Tank Barges

3-2-1

FIGURE 1
Bilge Bracket (see 3-2-1/5.1.3)

Side frame

Floor

FIGURE 2
Intermediate Bilge Bracket (see 3-2-1/5.1.3)

Side longitudinal

Bottom longitudinal

FIGURE 3
Alternative Arrangement (see 3-2-1/5.1.3)

Additional longitudinal

54

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

Part
Chapter
Section

3
2
1

Hull Construction and Equipment


Hull Structures and Arrangements
Tank Barges

3-2-1

FIGURE 4
Gunwale Bracket (see 3-2-1/5.1.3)
Deck longitudinal

Side longitudinal

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

55

Part
Chapter
Section

3
2
1

Hull Construction and Equipment


Hull Structures and Arrangements
Tank Barges

3-2-1

FIGURE 5
Tank Barge
A
ht for side
transverses
and stanchions
ht for side
longitudinals
ht for bottom
longlos and
transverses
h for stanchions

!/2
! for deck
and bottom
transverses
b for stanchions

CL

A
s for longitudinals

! for side
transverses
and stanchions

! for longitudinals
s for stanchions
and transverses

Section A-A

Bottom transverse
Side transverse
Deck transverse

c = 1.08
c = 1.75
c = 1.08

Bottom longitudinal
Side longitudinal
Deck longitudinal

c = 1.28
c = 1.28
c = 1.75

h = in accordance with 3-2-1/17

56

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

Part
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Section

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2
1

Hull Construction and Equipment


Hull Structures and Arrangements
Tank Barges

3-2-1

FIGURE 6
Tank Barge
! for CL
bulkhead
transverse

h for CL
bulkhead
transverse

! for deck and


bottom trans

! for side
transverses
and stanchions

b for stanchions
A

ht for side
transverses

!/2

!/2

ht for side
longitudinals
ht for bottom
longlos and
transverses
h for stanchions

CL
s for longitudinals

! for longitudinals
s for stanchions
and transverses

Section A-A

Bottom transverse
Side transverse
Deck transverse
C.L. Bulkhead transverse

c = 1.08
c = 1.75
c = 1.08
c = 1.08

Bottom longitudinal
Side longitudinal
Deck longitudinal
C.L. Bulkhead longitudinal

c = 1.28
c = 1.28
c = 1.75
c = 1.00

h = in accordance with 3-2-1/17

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

57

Part
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Section

3
2
1

Hull Construction and Equipment


Hull Structures and Arrangements
Tank Barges

3-2-1

FIGURE 7
Tank Barge
! for deck beams

! for side frames

A
ht for
bulkhead
stiffeners

ht for side
frames

!/2

!/2

! for bulkhead
stiffeners

ht for bottom
frames and
bottom channels
h for stanchions

CL

A
! for bottom frame
b for stanchions

! for stanchions
! for top and
bottom chords
s for stanchions

s for frames
Section A-A

Bottom frame
Truss bottom chord
Truss top chord

c = 1.00
c = 1.08
c = 1.08

s for frames
Aternate Section A-A

Deck beam
Side frame

c = 1.00
c = 1.00

h = in accordance with 3-2-1/17

58

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

Part
Chapter
Section

3
2
1

Hull Construction and Equipment


Hull Structures and Arrangements
Tank Barges

3-2-1

FIGURE 8
Double Skin Tank Barge
A

!/2

ht for centerline
bulkhead stiffener
ht for
bulkhead
stiffener

! for cenerline
bulkhead
stiffener
! for plate floor in m (ft)
between bulkheads

CL

ht for side frame


he floor

!/2
!/2

ht for floor

a
c
d
b

Section B-B
Centerline corrugated bulkhead

s for plate floor


Section A-A

Floor
Centerline bulkhead stiffener
Deck beam

c = 1.00
c = 1.00
c = 1.00

Bulkhead Stiffener
Side frame

c = 1.00
c = 1.00

h = in accordance with 3-2-1/17


(Center compartment e liquid cargo)
(Wing compartment e void or ballast)

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

59

Part
Chapter
Section

3
2
1

Hull Construction and Equipment


Hull Structures and Arrangements
Tank Barges

3-2-1

FIGURE 8A
Trunk Top Beam End Connection
A

Section A-A

60

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

Part
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Section

3
2
1

Hull Construction and Equipment


Hull Structures and Arrangements
Tank Barges

3-2-1

FIGURE 9
Double Skin Tank Barge
A

ht for side transverse


!/2

ht for centerline
bulkhead stiffener

!
B

ht for bottom trans


and inner bottom longol
B
! for plate floor in m (ft)
between bulkheads

CL

h for side longol

ht for
bulkhead
stiffener

! for side trans


he for bottom
transverse
h for bottom
longitudinals

!/2

A
s for longitudinal

s for transverse
! for longitudinal

c
d
b

Section B-B
Centerline corrugated bulkhead

Section A-A

Bottom longitudinal
Side longitudinal
Inner bottom longitudinal
Bulkhead stiffener
Centerline bulkhead stiffener
Bottom transverse
Side transverse
Deck transverse
Deck longitudinal

c = 1.08
c = 1.08
c = 1.28
c = 1.00
c = 1.00
c = 1.00
c = 1.08
c = 1.08
c = 1.08
c = 1.75

(Wing compartment e void)


(Wing compartment e ballast)

h = in accordance with 3-2-1/17


(Center compartment e liquid cargo)
(Wing compartment e void or ballast)
ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

61

Part
Chapter
Section

3
2
1

Hull Construction and Equipment


Hull Structures and Arrangements
Tank Barges

3-2-1

FIGURE 9A
Trunk Top Transverse End Connection
A

Section A-A
A

62

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

Part
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Section

3
2
1

Hull Construction and Equipment


Hull Structures and Arrangements
Tank Barges

3-2-1

FIGURE 10
Double Skin Tank Barge
ht for bulkhead trans
(upper span)
ht for strut

ht for side trans


(upper)
h for side trans
(upper)

!/2

b for strut

!/2

! for bulkhead trans


(upper span)
ht for bulkhead trans
(lower span)
! for bulkhead trans
(lower span)

CL
Side transverse
Deck transverse
Bulkhead transverse

c = 1.75
c = 1.08
c = 1.08

h = in accordance with 3-2-1/17


(Center compartment e liquid cargo)
(Wing compartment e liquid cargo or ballast)
For side and deck transverses where wing compartment is void, see 3-2-2/Figure 12.

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63

Part
Chapter
Section

3
2
1

Hull Construction and Equipment


Hull Structures and Arrangements
Tank Barges

3-2-1

FIGURE 11
Rake Framing
! for longitudinals
s for transverses
and stanchions

Depth of barge
at side at rake
bulkhead

h distance in meters (feet)


from bottom of
rake at member

! for transverses
b for stanchions

! for stanchions

s spacing of rake
longitudinals
Section A-A

Bottom transverse
Deck transverse

64

c = 1.08
c = 1.08

Bottom longitudinal
Deck longitudinal

c = 1.28
c = 1.75

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

!"#$

2+3*;<5

-.

E,Z

&(,7<

B(,7+4

3
&/"!$9#

Hull Structures and Arrangements

29&$OW]

Dry Cargo Barges

Application
The following Rules and Tables apply to barges intended for the transportation of general or bulk
cargoes in services which require operation in comparatively smooth water exclusively, such as in
rivers, intracoastal waterways, etc.

Structural Arrangement

3.1

Between the Rakes


?.:.:

P,(8;57
Framing may be arranged either longitudinally, transversely or a combination of both.
Longitudinal frames are to be supported by regularly spaced transverse deep frames formed
either by channels extending across the inner faces of the longitudinal frames, or by flanged
plates notched over the frames and attached to the shell or deck and the longitudinals.
At bulkheads, longitudinals are to be attached at their ends to effectively develop the sectional
area and resistance to bending.

?.:.-

$,044+4
Trusses are to be arranged as necessary for the support of the framing. In vessels with
transverse frames, the trusses are to extend fore and aft. With longitudinal framing, they may
extend either fore and aft or athwartships.
In all vessels where the ratio of L to the overall depth of the effective longitudinal material
included in the section modulus calculation (see 3-2-2/5) exceeds 20, special consideration is
to be given to the introduction of longitudinal bulkheads or trusses.

?.:.?

B;17+ (56 M05C(1+ B,(3D+*4


In holds where the radius at the bilge exceeds 305 mm (12 in.), the bilge brackets connecting
the lower ends of vertical side frames with transverse bottom frames are to be cut to fit
against and support the bilge plate. In longitudinally framed vessels, a similar arrangement is
to be required at each main transverse frame and in addition, intermediate brackets are to be
fitted spaced not over 0.9 m (3 ft) apart (see 3-2-2/Figures 1 and 2). Similar brackets may be
required to be fitted at the gunwales where no gunwale angle is used. As an alternative to the
fitting of bilge brackets, an additional inverted angle or flat bar longitudinal may be fitted as
shown in 3-2-2/Figure 3.

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

65

Part
Chapter
Section

3.3

3
2
2

Hull Construction and Equipment


Hull Structures and Arrangements
Dry Cargo Barges

3-2-2

Rakes
For structural arrangement of rakes, see 3-2-1/5.3.

Longitudinal Strength

5.1

Section Modulus
The required hull girder section modulus, SM, at amidships is to be obtained from the following
equation:

SM = 0.347(B + 12.19)DL cm2-m

for L g 76.2 m

SM = 0.00455(B + 12.19)DL2 cm2-m

for L ' 76.2 m

SM = 0.005(B + 40)DL in2-ft

for L g 250 ft

SM = 2.0 * 10-5 (B + 40)DL2 in2-ft

for L ' 250 ft

where L, B, and D are as defined in Section 3-1-1.


In calculating the section modulus, bottom, bilge, side and inner bottom plating, all bilge, gunwale
and other longitudinal angles and frames if continuous or adequately developed at the transverse
bulkheads and hopper side and other continuous longitudinal bulkheads may be included. The section
modulus to the deck or bottom is obtained by dividing the moment of inertia by the distance from the
neutral axis to the molded deck line at side amidships or to the base line, respectively.

5.3

Section Modulus with Continuous Coaming


Where longitudinal coamings of length greater than 0.14L are provided, they are to comply with the
requirements of 3-2-2/19.7. Such continuous coamings may be included in the calculation of hull
girder inertia which is to be divided by the sum of the distance from neutral axis to deck at side and
the height of continuous hatch coaming, to obtain the section modulus to the top of the coaming.

Deck Plating

7.1

Minimum Thickness
The thickness of deck plating throughout is not to be less than 0.01 mm per millimeter (0.01 in. per inch)
of the spacing of the beams, sb.

7.3

Between the Rakes


The thickness of deck plating between the rakes is to be not less than determined by the following
equations:
"

With Transverse Beams


t = 0.066L + 3.5 mm

"

With Longitudinal Beams


t = 0.066L + 2.5 mm

66

t = 0.0008L + 0.14 in.


t = 0.0008L + 0.10 in.

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

Part
Chapter
Section

7.5

3
2
2

Hull Construction and Equipment


Hull Structures and Arrangements
Dry Cargo Barges

3-2-2

Watertight Decks
The thickness of plating of decks intended to provide tight divisions for protection against damage to
the shell is not to be less than that required for ordinary bulkhead plating at the same level plus
1.0 mm (0.04 in.).

7.7

Cargo Decks (2002)


The thickness of plating on which cargo is to be carried is not to be less than determined by the
following equations:

t = 0.00395s h + 1.5 mm

but not less than 5.0 mm

t = 0.00218s h + 0.06 in.

but not less than 0.20 in.

where

p/0.721 m (p/45 ft)

uniformly distributed deck load, in tonnes/m2 (lbs/ft2)

spacing of the beams, in mm (in.)

In vessels regularly engaged in trades where cargo is handled by grabs or similar mechanical appliances,
it is recommended that flush plating be used in way of the cargo and that increased framing and
thickness be provided.

7.9

Wheel Loaded Strength Decks


Where provision is to be made for the operation or stowage of vehicles having rubber tires, and after
all other requirements are met, the thickness of strength deck plating is to be not less than 110k of the
thickness required for wheel loaded inner bottoms in 3-2-2/19.1.2.

Frames
Each frame, in association with the plating to which it is attached, is to have a section modulus, SM,
not less than obtained from the following equation:

SM = 7.8chs!2 cm3

SM = 0.0041chs!2 in3

where

coefficient appropriate to the member under consideration and the type of


construction employed as given in 3-2-2/Figures 5 through 12

1.0 for rake side frames

distance, in m (ft), as given in 3-2-2/Figures 5 through 12

for rake bottom frames, the vertical distance, in m (ft), from the middle of ! to the
height of the deck at side at the rake bulkhead

for rake deck transverses and longitudinals, 1.2 m (4.0 ft)

member spacing, in m (ft)

unsupported span of the member, in m (ft)

Where brackets of the thicknesses given in 3-2-1/Table 1 are fitted, ! may be


measured to a point 25k of the extent of the bracket beyond the its toe.
Where fitted, rake side vertical frames are to have brackets at their upper and lower ends extending
over to the first adjacent longitudinal beam or frame.
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11

Trusses

11.1

Top and Bottom Chords

3-2-2

Each top and bottom chord is to have a section modulus, SM, not less than obtained from the
following equation:

SM = 7.8chs!2 cm3

SM = 0.0041chs!2 in3

where c, h, s and ! are as defined in 3-2-2/9.

11.3

Stanchions
The spacing of truss stanchions is generally not to exceed the depth of the truss.
::.?.: !+,8;44;F1+ H<(6
The permissible load, Wa, of each stanchion is to be obtained from the following equation and
is to be not less than the calculated load W given in 3-2-2/11.3.2 below.

Wa = bk e n!/rcA tf (Ltf)
where

1.232 (7.83)

0.00452 (0.345)

unsupported span of the stanchion, in cm (ft)

least radius of gyration, in cm (in.)

cross sectional area of the stanchion, in cm2 (in2)

::.?.- &(1301(*+6 H<(6


The calculated load for each truss stanchion is to be determined by the following equation,
except where indicated otherwise by 3-2-2/Figure 10 or 3-2-2/Figure 11.

W = nbhs tf (Ltf)
where

11.5

1.07 (0.03)

mean breadth of the area supported, in m (ft)

distance from the bottom shell at the center of the area supported to the
underside of the deck plating at side, in m (ft)

spacing of the stanchions, in m (ft)

Diagonals
Diagonals in trusses are to have a section area of approximately 50k of that of the stanchions.

68

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Web Frames, Girders and Stringers


Each web frame, girder and stringer is to have a section modulus, SM, not less than obtained from the
following equation:

SM = 7.8chs!2 cm3

SM = 0.0041chs!2 in3

where c, h, s and ! are as defined in 3-2-2/9.


Where transverse buck frames are formed by channels extending over the inner faces of longitudinal
frames, these channels are to be attached at the bilge and deck as shown in 3-2-2/Figure 5. Where it is
desirable to avoid any direct attachment between the channel frames and the shell plating, alternative
construction shown in 3-2-2/Figure 4 may be accepted.

15

Bulkheads

15.1

Construction of Tank Boundary Bulkheads


:A.:.: !1(*;57
Plating is to be of thickness obtained from the following equation:

t = (s h /254) + 1.78 mm

(min. t = 5 mm)

t = (s h /460) + 0.07 in.

(min. t = 0.20 in.)

where

spacing of stiffeners, in mm (in.)

vertical distance measured from the lower edge of the plate to 1.2 m (4 ft)
above the deck at side, or to the top of the hatch, whichever is greater.

:A.:.- 2*;@@+5;57
The ends of stiffeners are to be either bracketed or clipped. Each stiffener, in association with
the plating to which it is attached, is to have a section modulus SM not less than obtained
from the following equation:

SM = 7.8chs!2 crn3

SM = 0.0041chs!2 in3

where

15.3

1.00

vertical distance from the middle of ! to the top of the overflow, in m (ft)

stiffener spacing, in m (ft)

as defined in 3-2-2/9

Construction of Other Watertight Bulkheads


:A.?.: !1(*;57
Plating is to be of thickness obtained from the following equation:

t = (s h /290) + 1.0 mm

(min. t = 4.5 mm)

t = (s h /525) + 0.04 in.

(min. t = 0.18 in.)

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where

spacing of stiffeners, in mm (in.)

vertical distance measured from the lower edge of the plate to the height
of the deck at centerline, in m (ft)

:A.?.- 2*;@@+5;57
Each stiffener, in association with the plating to which it is attached, is to have a section
modulus, SM, not less than obtained from the following equation:

SM = 7.8chs!2 cm3

SM = 0.0041chs!2 in3

where

0.46

vertical distance from the middle of ! to the deck at centerline, in m (ft)

stiffener spacing, in m (ft)

as defined in 3-2-2/9

Stiffeners on these bulkheads may have unattached sniped ends provided the above value of
SM is increased 25k.

17

Shell Plating
The thickness of the bottom, side and bilge plating is to be as required below. In addition, the thickness
of plating in these locations is to be not less than as required by 3-2-2/15.3.1 for tank bulkheads where
the spacing of the stiffeners is equal to the frame spacing and the value of h is equal to the distance
from the lower edge of the plate to the under surface of the deck plating at side.

17.1

Bottom Shell
The thickness of the bottom shell plating throughout is not to be less than determined by the following
equation:

t = 0.069L + 0.007s e 0.8 mm

(min. t = 5 mm)

t = 0.000825L + 0.007s e 0.02 in.

(min. t = 0.20 in.)

where

17.3

stiffener spacing, in mm (in.)

length of the vessel, in m (ft)

Side Shell
The thickness of the side shell plating is to be not less than determined by the following equation and
not less than 5 mm (0.20 in.).

70

t = Rule Bottom Shell e 0.5 mm

L g 73 m

t = Rule Bottom Shell e 1.0 mm

L ' 73 m

t = Rule Bottom Shell e 0.02 in.

L g 240 ft

t = Rule Bottom Shell e 0.04 in.

L ' 240 ft

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3-2-2

Bilge Plating
Where radiused bilges are used the bottom thickness is to extend to the upper turn of the bilgeS where the
radius at the bilge exceeds 305 mm (12 in.), the thickness of the plating should be at least 1.5 mm
(0.06 in.) greater than the required thickness for side plating.

17.7

Bilge Angles
Where angles are used at the bilges or gunwales they are to have a thickness at least 1.5 min (0.06 in.)
greater than that of the thinner of the two plates joined.

19

Inner Bottoms, Hatches and Fittings

19.1

Inner Bottom Plating


:N.:.: O55+, B<**<8 !1(*;57 <5 C';3' &(,7< ;4 *< F+ &(,,;+6
The thickness of plating, t, is not to be less than determined by the following equations:

t = 0.01sb + (0.83h e 1.78) mm

sb + 610 mm

t = 0.005sb + (0.83h e 1.78) + 3.1 mm

sb f 610 mm

t = 0.01sb + 0.01(h e 7) in.

sb + 24 in.

t = 0.005sb + 0.01(h e 7) + 0.12 in.

sb f 24 in.

where

sb

spacing of the frames, in mm (in.)

height to which cargo may be loaded, in m (ft). Where the density of the
cargo exceeds 715 kg/m3 (45 lbs/ft3), the height is to be proportionally
increased.

In vessels regularly engaged in trades where cargo is handled by grabs or similar mechanical
appliances, it is recommended that flush plating be used in way of the cargo and that increased
framing and thickness be provided.
:N.:.- O55+, B<**<8 J56+, R'++1 H<(6;57
Where provision is to be made for the operation or stowage of vehicles having rubber tires,
and after all other requirements are met, the thickness of inner bottom plating is to be not less
than obtained from the following equation:

t = kKn W

mm (in.)

where

26.4 (1.05)

as given in 3-2-2/Figure 13

1.0 where !/s ' 2.0 and 0.85 where !/s = 1.0, for intermediate values of
!/s, n is to be obtained by interpolation

static wheel load, in tf (Ltf)

wheel imprint dimension parallel to the longer edge, !, of the plate panel,
in mm (in.)

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wheel imprint dimension perpendicular to the longer edge, !, of the plate


panel, in mm (in.)

spacing of deck beams or deck longitudinals, in mm (in.)

length of the plate panel, in mm (in.)

Where the wheels are close together, a combined imprint and load are to be used.

19.3

Hatchways
Hatchways or manholes of sufficient size to provide access and ventilation are to be fitted to each
compartment. Where openings are located close to the gunwales, doubling plates or other compensation
may be required.
All openings in decks are to be so framed as to provide efficient support and attachment for the ends
of the half beams.

19.5

Hatch Covers
:N.A.: R;*';5 &1<4+6 E+3D /<04+4
Beams and covers for cargo hatches within closed deck houses are to be designed for a load,
in kilograms per square meter (pounds per square foot) equal to 220 (45) multiplied by the
height of the house, in m (ft), and a factor of safety of not less than 3.25 based on the minimum
ultimate tensile strength of the material.
:N.A.- W5 R+(*'+, E+3D4
For all types of covered barges and for other types which may be noted in the Record as
having covers fitted, the covers are to be weathertight. Where it is not intended to carry cargo
on the covers they are to be designed to withstand a load of 171 kg/m2 (35 lb/ft2) exclusive of
the weight of the cover itself with a factor of safety of not less than 3.25 on the minimum
ultimate tensile strength of the material. Where cargo is intended to be carried, the design load
is to be suitably increased.
:N.A.? J56+, R'++1 H<(6;57
Where provision is to be made for the operation or stowage of vehicles having rubber tires,
the thickness of the hatch cover plating is to be not less than obtained from 3-2-2/19.1.2 using
a k factor of 23.8 (0.94). Where the hatch cover plate panel is adjacent to the edges of the
covers, this value of t is to be increased by at least 15k.

19.7

Continuous Longitudinal Hatch Coamings


Where longitudinal hatch coamings of length greater than 0.14L are supported by longitudinal bulkheads
or deep girders, they are in general to be longitudinally stiffened. The coaming plates and stiffeners
are to have scantlings as required for decks. Special consideration will be given for barges less than
61 m (200 ft) in length or where calculations are submitted to show adequate buckling strength in the
maximum expected sagging condition.

19.9

Deck Fittings
The structure in way of cleats, bitts and chocks is to be suitably reinforced by installation of headers,
additional beams, brackets or doubling plates.

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19.11 Cargo Boxes


Cargo boxes, flash boards, coamings or other structures for retaining deck cargo, are to be sufficiently
strong for their height, and adequately bracketed to the deck. Effective means for drainage of these
spaces are to be provided.

21

Barge Reinforcement

21.1

General
The following paragraphs are intended to provide for additional protection against contact with locks
and river bottom and against other wear and tear damage associated with normal operation with other
floating equipment.
A design intended for Classification will be reviewed for compliance with 3-2-2/21.3 when requested.
A notation lReinforcement Am or lReinforcement Bm will be entered in the Record indicating compliance
with all of the requirements for reinforcement A or B in 3-2-2/21.3.

21.3

Reinforcement
Where the option for reinforcement in 3-2-2/21.1 is chosen, the hull parts to be reinforced are given in
the following table, the reinforced plate thicknesses are to be not less than given in column
Reinforcement A or column Reinforcement B as appropriate.

Reinforcement A

Reinforcement B

Bilge radius for full-length of barge


(knuckle plate)

tmin = 16.0 mm

Side shell

tmin = 11.0 mm (7/16 in.)

tmin = 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)

Deck stringer plate e hopper barge

tmin = 11.0 mm (7/16 in.)

tmin = 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)

(5/8

in.)

tmin = 12.5 mm (1/2 in.)

Lower 1.83 m (6 ft) of sides and ends of


hopper plating

tmin = 9.5 mm

Headlog and sternlog plate

tmin = 19.0 mm (3/4 in.)

tmin = 16.0 mm (5/8 in.)

Transom side and bottom periphery


(picture frame) plates

tmin = 16.0 mm (5/8 in.)

tmin = 12.5 mm (1/2 in.)

All side shell, bottom shell and deck


structural members in wing and rake
compartments

Use appropriate Rule coefficients with


1.83 m (6 ft) overflow above deck at side.
Where no wing tanks are fitted, this
reinforcement is to apply to the side shell
structure in cargo/void spaces and the side,
bottom and deck structure in way of rakes.

Use appropriate Rule coefficients with


1.22 m (4 ft) overflow above deck at side.
Where no wing tanks are fitted, this
reinforcement is to apply to the side shell
structure in cargo/void spaces and the side,
bottom and deck structure in way of rakes.

(3/8

in.)

tmin = 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)

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3-2-2

FIGURE 1
Bilge Bracket (see 3-2-2/3.1.3)

Side frame

Floor

FIGURE 2
Intermediate Bilge Bracket (see 3-2-2/3.1.3)

Side longitudinal

Bottom longitudinal

FIGURE 3
Alternative Arrangement (see 3-2-2/3.1.3)

Additional longitudinal

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FIGURE 4
Alternative Channel Construction at Bilge (see 3-2-2/3.1.3)

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FIGURE 5
Deck Barge

h for deck longitudinals


and deck transverses = 1.50D
h for side
transverses
!/2

h for side
longitudinals

! for deck
and bottom
transverses

h for bottom
longitudinals
transverses
and stanchions

b for stanchions

CL

A
s for longitudinals

! for side
transverses
and stanchions

! for longitudinals
s for stanchions
and transverses

Section A-A

Bottom transverse
Side transverse
Deck transverse

76

c = 1.00
c = 1.00
c = 0.70

Bottom longitudinal
Side longitudinal
Deck longitudinal

c = 1.08
c = 1.08
c = 0.70

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FIGURE 6
Deck Barge
! for CL
bulkhead
transverse

h for CL
bulkhead
transverse

! for deck and


bottom trans

! for side
transverses
and stanchions

b for stanchions
A

h for deck longitudinals


and deck transverses
= 1.50D
h for side
transverses

!/2

!/2

h for side
longitudinals
h for bottom
longlos and
transverses
h for stanchions

CL
s for longitudinals

! for longitudinals
s for stanchions
and transverses

Section A-A

Bottom transverse
Side transverse
Deck transverse
C.L. Bulkhead transverse

c = 1.00
c = 1.00
c = 0.70
c = 0.70

Bottom longitudinal
Side longitudinal
Deck longitudinal
C.L. Bulkhead longitudinal

c = 1.08
c = 1.08
c = 0.70
c = 0.70

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FIGURE 7
Deck Barge
! for deck beams

! for side frames


A

ht for
bulkhead
stiffeners

h for deck longitudinals


and deck transverses = 1.50D
h for side
frames

!/2

!/2

! for bulkhead
stiffeners

h for bottom
frames and
bottom channels
h for stanchions

CL

A
! for bottom frame
b for stanchions

! for stanchions
! for top and
bottom chords
s for stanchions

s for frames
Section A-A

Bottom frame
Truss bottom chord
Truss top chord

78

c = 1.00
c = 1.00
c = 0.70

s for frames
Aternate Section A-A

Deck beam
Side frame

c = 0.56
c = 1.00

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FIGURE 8
Hopper Barge

h1

!/2 h

h !/2

!/2

!1/2
!

!1

Type B

Type A

h1

!/2
h

Type C

Type D

Side Frame
Type A (for !)

c = 1.15

Hopper Side Stiffener


Type A

c = 1.00

Type A (for !1)


Type B
Type C
Type D

c = 2.00

Type B

c = 1.10

c = 1.30
c = 1.45
c = 1.08

Type C
Type D

c = 1.20
c = 1.00

Hopper Side Chord


Type D

c = 1.00

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FIGURE 9
Hopper Barge

!
Wood or steel

Floors
Minimum

d = !/24 with wood inner bottom

Minimum

d = !/30 with steel inner bottom effectively attached to each floor


s = spacing of floors, in m (ft)
h = vertical distance from the baseline to the under surface of the deck plating at side, in m (ft)
c = 1.00
Where barges are designed exclusively for carrying uniformly distributed dry bulk cargoes and are classed Bulk Cargo
Barge, c = 0.55.

80

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FIGURE 10
Double Skin Hopper Barge

Rolling hatch covers

!/2

h
!1/2

h1

!/2

h2 for inner bottom angles

! for stiffeners

!
! for truss floors,
distance in m (ft)
between bulkheads

!1

h for floors and


bottom angles

! for bottom and


inner bottom angles

CL
! for stanchions

b for vertical stanchions

Truss floor
Bottom angle
Inner bottom angle
Side frame (for h)
(for h1)
Bulkhead stiffener
Vertical stanchion truss floor

c = 1.00
! as shown
c = 1.00
c = 0.56
c = 1.50
c = 2.00
c = 1.10
W = 1.07bhs
W = 1.07bh2s
W = 0.03bhs
W = 0.03bh2s

tf
tf
Ltf
Ltf

where the section modulus is that of the combined


section

8
8

whichever is greater
whichever is greater

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FIGURE 11
Double Skin Hopper Barge with Deckhouse

h for hold
pillars

Deck house

h
!/2
!

b Center of hatch to
center of hatch or
breadth supported

h
!/2

! for pillars

!
! for plate floor, distance in
m (ft) between bulkheads

h for floors

CL
Floor

c = 1.00

Side frame
Bulkhead stiffener
Hold pillar

Note:

82

where the section modulus is that of the combined


section
! as shown
c = 1.30
c = 1.10
W = 0.715b(h + 0.46)s1 tf
W = 0.02b(h + 1.50)s1 Ltf
s1 = spacing of pillars, in m (ft)

Main deck scantlings within house are to be designed for a load in kgf/m2 (lb/ft2) equal to 200 (45) multiplied
by the height of the house in meters (feet). Scantlings of the deckhouse top are to be designed for a load of
245 kgf/m2 (50 lb/ft2).

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FIGURE 12
Double Skin Hopper Barge

h for strut

h for side transverse


(upper span)

!/2

! for transverses
(upper span)

h for bulkhead transverse


(upper span)

h for bulkhead transverse


(lower span)
b for strut

h for side transverse


(lower span)

!/2

! for transverses
(lower span)

CL
Side transverse
Deck transverse
Bulkhead transverse

c = 1.00
c = 0.70
c = 0.70

(Center compartment e dry cargo)


(Wing compartment e void)

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FIGURE 13
Wheel Loading Curves of K

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!"#$

2+3*;<5 ?. B(,7+4 O5*+56+6 *< &(,,Z E(57+,<04 &'+8;3(1 &(,7<+4 ;5 B01D

3
&/"!$9#

Hull Structures and Arrangements

29&$OW]

Barges Intended to Carry


Dangerous Chemical Cargoes in
Bulk

Application
This Section applies to barges intended to carry dangerous cargoes in bulk in services which require
operation in comparatively smooth water exclusively, such as in rivers, intracoastal waterways, etc.
All the applicable paragraphs of other Sections of these Rules are to be considered as requirements,
except where the provisions of this Section are contrary to or in addition thereto. Self-propelled vessels
will be specially considered, taking into account the cargoes carried and the degree of protection proposed.

Classification
The classification ! A1 Chemical Tank Barge, River Service followed by the appropriate
notation indicating barge type designation as Type I, Type II, or Type III* is to be assigned to vessels
designed for and specifically fitted for the carriage of dangerous chemicals in bulk, built to the
requirements of this Section and other relevant sections of these Rules, and complying with 46 CFR
Part 151 or other recognized standards.
* Note:

Type Designation e See 46 CFR 151.10.

Submission of Data
The following plans, calculations and information as appropriate are to be submitted in addition to
those required by 1-1-4/1 of the Supplement to the ABS Rules for Conditions of Classification (Part 1).
Identification and properties of any dangerous chemical cargo which is intended to be carried on barges
built in accordance with this Section are to be given and are to include chemical composition, specifying
contaminants, density, vapor pressure, boiling point, combustible range, flash point, compatibility
with tank materials and any peculiar characteristics. The temperature and pressure at which the cargo
is to be carried and at which it is to be loaded and unloaded are also to be given. Where the cargo has
been given a hazard rating by a recognized code or other authority, this is also to be stated.
Arrangement plans indicating watertight bulkheads, decks and all openings therein are to be submitted
for review. Additional plans are to be submitted for each condition of loading in which a dangerous
chemical cargo is carried showing specific gravity and maximum cargo weight in all spaces as well as
draft of the vessel in each condition.

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3-2-3

Except as indicated in 3-2-3/7, calculations showing compliance with 46 CFR Part 151 or other
recognized standards are to be submitted for review. Written evidence that the U.S. Coast Guard has
certified the vessel as being in compliance with their Regulations will be acceptable in lieu of
calculations showing compliance with 46 CFR Part 151. Vessels designed to other recognized standards
may be given similar consideration.

Type I and Type II Barges with Integral Tanks


Barges of Type I or Type II with integral tanks are to comply with the following requirements.
Submitted calculations showing compliance with 46 CFR Part 151 as indicated in 3-2-3/5 need not
include calculations for those items considered in this Subsection.

7.1

7.3

Definitions
G.:.:

$Z)+ O B(,7+ /011


Barge hull Type I refers to those designed to carry products which require the maximum
preventative measures to preclude the uncontrolled release of the cargo.

G.:.-

$Z)+ OO B(,7+ /011


Barge hull Type II refers to those designed to carry products which require significant
preventative measures to preclude the uncontrolled release of the cargo.

G.:.?

H;8;*;57 E,(@*
A limiting draft is the maximum draft to which cargo of specified densities may be loaded for
a given hull type. A chemical barge may be assigned more than one limiting draft for different
combinations of cargo density and hull type.

Tank Arrangement
G.?.:

&<11;4;<5 !,<*+3*;<5
Tanks containing products which are required to be carried in Type I or Type II hulls (See 46
CFR Table 151.05) are to be located beyond the following minimum distances from the members
as shown.

i)

ii)

From Side Shell and Box End


"

Type I

1.22 m (4.0 ft)

"

Type II

0.91 m (3.0 ft)

From the Headlog (Except Box Barges and Trail Barges)


"

G.?.-

86

Both Types 7.6 m (25 ft)

"33+44 W)+5;57
Each tank is to be provided with a manhole with a cover plate and a minimum clear opening
of 380 mm * 460 mm (15 in. * 18 in.). Access trunks, where fitted, are to have a diameter of
at least 760 mm (30 in.).

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Barges Intended to Carry Dangerous Chemical Cargoes in Bulk

3-2-3

Longitudinal Strength (2001)


G.A.:

H<(6;57 &<56;*;<54
The following definitions of loading conditions are to be understood for the purpose of this
Section.

7.5.1(a) Normal and High Density Cargo Conditions (2001). See 3-2-1/7.3.
7.5.1(b) Grounding Conditions. A grounding condition is a condition wherein the forward
rake bulkhead rests on a pinnacle at the water surface with the barge loaded with cargo of
approved density.
G.A.-

/011 M;,6+, B+56;57 L<8+5*


7.5.2(a) Normal Conditions. Subject to compliance with the requirements in Section 3-2-1,
no bending moment calculations are required for these conditions except that those calculations
mentioned in 3-2-3/7.5.1(a) for conditions other than homogeneous cargo are to be evaluated
in accordance with 3-2-3/7.5.3(a) below.

7.5.2(b) High Density Cargo and Grounding Conditions (2001). Bending moment calculations
are to be submitted for these conditions except that where grounding condition bending moment
calculations for homogeneous cargo are not available, the following formula may be used.
Ma = L2Bd/(,k)
where

G.A.?

Ma

expected grounding condition bending moment for barges with


homogeneous cargo, in tf-m (Ltf-ft)

length of barge, in m (ft), as defined in 3-1-1/3.1

breadth of barge, in m (ft), as defined in 3-1-1/5

limiting draft, in m (ft)

L e 10.9 m (L e 35.7 ft), but not to be taken greater than 80.6 m (264.3 ft)

0.461 m2/tf (5.04 ft2/Ltf)

&,;*+,;<5 (2001)
7.5.3(a) Normal and High Density Cargo Conditions (2001). The hull girder section modulus
is to be in accordance with 3-2-1/7.7.

7.5.3(b) Grounding Conditions (2001). The hull girder section modulus is to be such that the
hull girder stress, -, in the deck or trunk side as obtained from the equation below does not
exceed the permissible stress f or the reference stress fr as defined in 3-2-1/7.7, whichever is
less.

- = M/SM
where

hull girder bending moment, in tf-m (Ltf-ft), for grounding or overload


conditions

SM

as defined in 3-2-1/7.7

(1 e 0.25P/Po) * (1.09 e 0.00427!/r)Y for deck or trunk top/side with


longitudinals

k(0.72 e 0.4Bo/B)Y for deck or trunk top/side with transverse beams

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3-2-3

pressure relief valve setting, in kgf/cm2 (psi), or 0.105h (0.455h),


whichever is greater

design head, in m (ft)

Po

0.21 kgf/cm2 (3 psi)

unsupported span of the longitudinal, in cm (in.)

moment of inertia of the longitudinal with deck plating, in cm4 (in4)

cross sectional area of the longitudinal with deck plating, in cm2 (in2)

yield point of the material, in tf/cm2 (Ltf/in2)

1.0 for barge without trunk

0.87 for barge with trunk

Bo

width of the transversely framed portion of the deck (if no trunk) or


transversely framed trunk top

breadth of barge, in m (ft), as defined in 3-1-1/5

i/ A

Deck/Trunk Top Transverses


The moment of inertia in cm4 (in4) of the deck or trunk top transverses, where applicable, with associated
deck plating, is to be not less than Io as given below.

Io = 0.34K(b/!)3(b/s)i
where

1.0 for transverses without effective end brackets if barge does not have
centerline bulkhead or stanchions

0.3 for the transverses without effective end brackets if barge has centerline
bulkhead or stanchions

0.19 for the transverses with effective end brackets with or without centerline
bulkhead or stanchions

unsupported span of the transverses, in m (ft)

spacing of the transverses, in m (ft)

spacing of the longitudinals, in m (ft)

moment of inertia of the longitudinal with deck plating that will satisfy
3-2-3/7.5.3(b)

Where applicable, width of effective deck flange for the transverses is to be taken as b/3 or !, whichever
is less.

88

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3-2-3

Transverse Beams
The moment of inertia in cm4 (in4) of the deck or trunk top transverse beam with associated deck plating,
is to be not less than Io as given below.

I0 = 0.0367K(t/s)3b4
where

spacing of the transverse beams, in mm (in.)

thickness of the deck or trunk top, in mm (in.), that will satisfy 3-2-3/7.5.3(b)

unsupported length of the transverse beam, in cm (in.)

coefficient, specified in 3-2-3/7.7

Width of effective deck flange for transverse beam is to be taken as s.

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This Page Intentionally Left Blank

!"#$

2+3*;<5

>.

$<CF<(*4

3
&/"!$9#

Hull Structures and Arrangements

29&$OW]

Towboats

Application
The following Rules and Tables apply to self-propelled river towboat type vessels intended for towing
operation in comparatively smooth water exclusively, such as in rivers, intracoastal waterways, etc.

Structural Arrangement

3.1

Framing
Framing may be arranged either longitudinally, transversely or a combination of both. Longitudinal
frames are to be supported by regularly spaced transverse deep frames formed either by channels
extending across the inner faces of the longitudinal frames, or by flanged plates notched over the
frames and attached to the shell or deck and the longitudinals.

3.3

Longitudinal Webs
Trusses or non-tight bulkheads extending fore and aft are to be fitted, one on or near the centerline
and one on each side of the centerline. An arrangement of deep girders at the deck and bottom
connected by vertical members will be considered. They are to be arranged so that in association with
auxiliary supporting girders. The spans of the bottom frames do not exceed 4 m (13 ft). Bulkheads
may be offset or stepped in a transverse direction provided sufficient overlap is effected to maintain
their longitudinal continuity.

Longitudinal Strength
The required hull girder section modulus, SM, within the midship 0.5L is to be obtained from the
following equation.

SM = 0.764BDL cm2-m

SM = 0.011BDL in2-ft

L, B and D are as defined in Section 3-1-1.


In calculating the actual section modulus, bottom, bilge and side plating, all bilge, gunwale and other
longitudinal angles if continuous or adequately developed at the transverse bulkheads and the continuous
deck plating may be included. Beyond the midship 0.5L, scantlings may be tapered to their normal
requirements at the ends where these are less.

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Deck Plating

7.1

Strength Decks

3-2-4

The thickness of strength deck plating throughout is not to be less than 0.01 mm per millimeter (0.01 in.
per inch) of the spacing of the beams, sb.

7.3

Other Locations
The thickness of plating forming the tops of deep tanks, watertight flats, bulkhead recesses and tunnel
tops which may be used for stores space is to be 1 mm (0.04 in.) thicker than required for bulkhead
plating at the same level.

Frames

9.1

Bottom Longitudinals
Each bottom longitudinal, in association with the plating to which it is attached, is to have a section
modulus, SM, not less than obtained from the following equation:

SM = 7.8chs!2 cm3

SM = 0.0041chs!2 in3

where

9.3

1.08

vertical distance from the longitudinal to the deck at side, in m (ft)

for longitudinals in tanks, the vertical distance from the longitudinal to the top of
the overflow, in m (ft)

longitudinal spacing, in m (ft)

unsupported span of the member in m (ft). Where brackets of the thicknesses


given in 3-2-1/Table 1 are fitted, ! may be measured to a point 25k of the extent
of the bracket beyond the its toe.

Side and Deck Framing


Each side frame or deck beam, in association with the plating to which it is attached, is to have a
section modulus, SM, not less than obtained from the following equation:

SM = 7.8chs!2 cm3

SM = 0.0041chs!2 in3

where

92

coefficient appropriate to the type of construction employed as given in


3-2-4/Figure 1 for side frames

0.70 for deck beams in dry spaces

1.00 for deck beams in way of tanks

1.08 for side longitudinals

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9.5

3-2-4

distance, in m (ft), as given in 3-2-4/Figure 1

in way of tanks, the vertical distance from the middle of ! to the top of the
overflow, in m (ft), but not less than 1.2 m (4.0 ft) for deck beams

1.2 (4.0) for support of decks. For decks on which stores may be carried, h is
not to be taken less than the height of the storage space.

member spacing, in m (ft)

as defined in 3-2-4/9.1

Framing in Tunnels
Special consideration is to be given to increasing the framing in way of propeller tunnels or special
types of nozzles. It is recommended that nontight bulkheads and diaphragms be introduced in way of
long tunnels (see also 3-2-4/17.5).

11

Stanchions

11.1

Permissible Load
The permissible load, Wa, of each stanchion is to be obtained from the following equation and is to be
not less than the calculated load W given in 3-2-4/11.3 below.

Wa = bk e n!/rcA tf (Ltf)
where

11.3

1.232 (7.83)

0.00452 (0.345)

unsupported span of the stanchion, in cm (ft)

least radius of gyration, in cm (in.)

cross sectional area of the stanchion, in cm2 (in2)

Calculated Load
The calculated load for each stanchion is to be determined by the following equation:

W = nbhs tf (Ltf)
where

1.07 (0.03) where the stanchion supports bottom structure

0.715 (0.02) where the stanchion supports deck structure

mean breadth of the area supported, in m (ft)

distance from the bottom shell at the center of the area supported to the underside
of the deck plating at side, in m (ft), for support of bottom structure

1.2 (4.0) for support of decks. Where decks are intended to carry stores, h is not
to be taken less than the height of the storage space.

spacing of the stanchions, in m (ft)

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Towboats

3-2-4

Web Frames, Girders and Stringers


Each supporting girder, transverse floor and stringer with transverse framing, and each main transverse
member with longitudinal framing, is to have a section modulus, SM, not less than obtained from the
following equation:

SM = 7.8chs!2 cm3

SM = 0.0041chs!2 in3

where

1.00 for bottom and side supporting members and for deck supporting members
in tanks.

0.70 for deck supporting members in dry spaces

for bottom and side supporting members, the distance from the middle of ! to the
deck at side, in m (ft)
"

in way of tanks h is to be the vertical distance to the top of the overflow, in m (ft)

for deck supporting members, 1.2 m (4.0 ft)


"

for decks on which stores may be carried, h is not to be less than the
height of the storage space

"

in way of deep tanks, h is not to be less than the distance to the top of the
overflow.

s and ! are as defined in 3-2-4/9.1.


The thickness of floors or transverses is in general not to be less than 5 mm (3/16 in.) and those
under the engines are to be suitably increased.

15

Bulkheads

15.1

Arrangement
Intact watertight collision bulkheads are to be fitted up to the deck in all vessels at a distance of not
less than 0.05L from the stem. Watertight after peak bulkheads are to be fitted. Machinery spaces below
the deck are to be enclosed by transverse bulkheads which are watertight to the deck.

15.3

Construction of Tank Boundary Bulkheads


:A.?.: !1(*;57
Plating is to be of thickness obtained from the following equation:

t = (s h /254) + 1.78 mm

(min. t = 5 mm)

t = (s h /460) + 0.07 in.

(min. t = 0.20 in.)

where

94

spacing of stiffeners, in mm (in.)

vertical distance measured from the lower edge of the plate to the top of
the overflow

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3-2-4

:A.?.- 2*;@@+5;57
The ends of stiffeners are to be either bracketed or clipped. Each stiffener, in association with
the plating to which it is attached, is to have a section modulus, SM, not less than obtained
from the following equation:

SM = 7.8chs!2 cm3

SM = 0.0041chs!2 in3

where

15.5

1.00

vertical distance from the middle of ! to the top of the overflow, in m (ft)

stiffener spacing, in m (ft)

as defined in 3-2-4/9.1

Construction of Other Watertight Bulkheads


:A.A.: !1(*;57
Plating is to be of thickness obtained from the following equation:

t = (s h /290) + 1.0 mm

(min. t = 4.5 mm)

t = (s h /525) + 0.04 in.

(min. t = 0.18 in.)

where

spacing of stiffeners, in mm (in.)

vertical distance measured from the lower edge of the plate to the height
of the deck at centerline, in m (ft)

:A.A.- 2*;@@+5;57
Each stiffener, in association with the plating to which it is attached, is to have a section
modulus, SM, not less than obtained from the following equation:

SM = 7.8chs!2 cm3

SM = 0.0041chs!2 in3

where

17

0.46

vertical distance from the middle of ! to the deck at centerline, in m (ft)

stiffener spacing, in m (ft)

as defined in 3-2-4/9.1

Shell Plating
The thickness of the bottom, side and bilge plating is to be as required below. In addition, the
thickness of plating in these locations is to be not less than as required by 3-2-4/15.3.1 for tank
bulkheads where the spacing of the stiffeners is equal to the frame spacing and the value of h is equal
to the distance from the lower edge of the plate to the under surface of the deck plating at side. In way
of deep tanks, h is to be measured to the top of the overflow.

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Hull Structures and Arrangements
Towboats

3-2-4

Bottom Shell
The thickness of the bottom shell plating throughout is not to be less than determined by the following
equation:

t = 0.069L + 0.007s e 0.5 mm

(min. t = 5 mm)

t = 0.000825L + 0.007s e 0.02 in.

(min. t = 0.20 in.)

where

17.3

stiffener spacing, in mm (in.)

length of the vessel, in m (ft)

Side Shell
The thickness of the side shell plating is to be not less than determined by the following equation and
not less than 5 mm (0.20 in.).

17.5

t = 0.069L + 0.007s e 1.0 mm

L g 73 m

t = 0.069L + 0.007s e 1.5 mm

L ' 73 m

t = 0.000825L + 0.007s e 0.04 in.

L g 240 ft

t = 0.000825L + 0.007s e 0.06 in.

L ' 240 ft

Bilge and Tunnel Plating


Where radiused bilges are used, the bottom thickness is to extend to the upper turn of the bilge. Where
the radius at the bilge exceeds 305 mm (12 in.), the thickness of the plating should be at least 1.5 mm
(0.06 in.) greater than the required thickness for side plating. The shell plating in tunnels in way of
propellers is to be increased above the requirements of this Subsection.

17.7

Bilge Angles
Where angles are used at the bilges or gunwales they are to have a thickness at least 1.5 mm (0.06 in.)
greater than that of the thinner of the two plates joined.

19

Deckhouses

19.1

Scantlings
Deckhouses on towboats are to be of adequate construction, consideration being given to their size
and the loads which may be imposed upon them. The plating of the deckhouses is to be not less than
3.5 mm (10 gauge), and where the spacing of stiffeners exceeds 610 mm (24 in.), the plating thickness
is to be increased. Stiffeners are not to be less than 63.5 mm (2.5 in.) in depth and this depth is to be
increased if the length of the stiffeners is over 2.44 m (8 ft). The scantlings of decks and platforms
above the main deck are to be determined from 3-2-4/9.3 and 3-2-4/13 using an h not less than 0.61 m
(2.0 ft) for the first level above the main deck and 0.457 m (1.5 ft) for the second level or higher.

19.3

Sill Height
Openings in exposed positions on the weather decks which lead to spaces below are to have sills at
least 150 mm (6 in.) in height.

96

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3-2-4

21

Keels, Stems and Stern Frames

21.1

Bar Keels
Where bar keels are used, their thicknesses and depths are to be not less than given by the following
equations:

t = 0.52L + 9.5 mm

t = 0.0062L + 0.37 in.

h = 1.06L + 94.5 mm

h = 0.0127L + 3.72 in.

where

21.3

thickness, in mm (in.)

depth, in mm (in.)

length of the vessel as defined in 3-1-1/3.1

Flat Plate Keels


Flat plate keels are not to be of less thickness than required for bottom plating.

21.5

Bar Stems
Where bar stems are used, their thicknesses and widths are to be not less than given by the following
equations:

t = 0.38L + 11.0 mm

t = 0.0046L + 0.44 in.

w = 1.09L + 80.0 mm

w = 0.0131L + 3.15 in.

where

21.7

thickness, in mm (in.)

width, in mm (in.)

length of the vessel as defined in 3-1-1/3.1

Sternposts
Where bar sternposts are fitted, their thicknesses and widths are to be not less than given by the
following equations:

t = 0.52L + 9.5 mm

t = 0.0062L + 0.37 in.

w = 1.09L + 80.0 mm

w = 0.0131L + 3.15 in.

where

thickness, in mm (in.)

width, in mm (in.)

length of the vessel as defined in 3-1-1/3.1

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Towboats

3-2-4

Stern Frames
-:.N.: O55+, !<4*4
Where stern frames are fitted, the thickness and width of the inner post below the shaft boss are
to be not less than given by the following equations:

t = 1.20L + 20.0 mm

t = 0.0144L + 0.78 in.

w = 1.06L + 94.5 mm

w = 0.0127L + 3.72 in.

where

thickness, in mm (in.)

width, in mm (in.)

length of the vessel as defined in 3-1-1/3.1

-:.N.- W0*+, !<4*4


Where fitted, the outer post is to have a thickness not less than that required for inner posts
and a width not less than 80k of that required for inner posts.
-:.N.? 2'<+ !;+3+
The shoe piece is to be as short as possible. The depth is to be at least 10k greater than the
above calculated thickness and the breadth at least 20k greater than the above calculated
breadth. Gudgeons are to have a thickness of 25k of the rudder stock diameter if bushed and
27.5k if unbushed. The depth of gudgeons is to be not less than 75k of the stock diameter.

23

Rudders

23.1

Materials
Rudder parts such as stocks, palms, gudgeons, etc., may be of cast or forged steel or fabricated
sections made from materials complying with the requirements of Chapter 1 of the ABS Rules for
Materials and Welding (Part 2).

23.3

Application
This Section refers to rudders of the balanced or partially balanced type having efficient neck
bearings, with or without lower bearings. Where rudders are of unusual shape or design or are
associated with construction features which make the formulas of this Subsection inapplicable, the
design and calculations are to be submitted for approval. In such cases the design conditions are to be
verified during the trials of the vessel.

23.5

Rudder Stocks
-?.A.: J))+, 2*<3D4
Upper stocks above the neck bearing are to have diameters not less than given by the
following equation:

S = 100 3 AR

98

mm

S = 1.2 3 AR

in.

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3-2-4

where

diameter of upper stock, in mm (in.)

distance from the centerline of the stock to the center of gravity of the
immersed rudder area forward or abaft the center of the rudder stock, in
m (ft)

area of the immersed rudder surface forward or abaft the center of the
rudder stock, in m2 (ft2)

The values of R and A to be used are those which give the larger products of R and A.
Where the design speed exceeds 16 km/h (10 mph), the diameter is to be increased in the ratio
of the speed to 16 km/h (10 mph).
-?.A.- H<C+, 2*<3D4
Lower stocks are to be equivalent to round bars having diameters obtained from the equation:

S1 = 100 3 AR

mm

S1 = 1.2 3 AR

in.

where

S1

diameter of lower stock, in mm (in.)


0.253a 4 (a 2 4 b 2 ) 0 for balanced rudders which have efficient neck
12
./
and bottom bearings

a 4 (a 2 4 b 2 ) for balanced rudders which have no bottom bearings

area of the immersed rudder surface, in m2 (ft2)

vertical distance from the neck bearing to the center of gravity of A, in m (ft)

horizontal distance from the center of the lower stock to the center of
gravity of A, in m (ft)

Where the design speed exceeds 16 km/h (10 mph), the diameter is to be increased in the ratio
of the speed to 16 km/h (10 mph).

23.9

i)

Lower stocks of rudders having bottom bearings are to be the full diameter for
two-thirds of the distance from the neck bearing to the bottom bearings, and may be
tapered below this point to 0.75S1 in the bottom bearing. They are to extend into the
bottom bearing a distance of 0.7S1.

ii)

Lower stocks of rudders having no bottom bearings are to be of the full diameter from
the top of the neck bearing to the top of the rudder and may be tapered to 0.33S1 at
the bottom. The length of the neck bearing need not be greater than 1.5S1.

iii)

Lower stocks within built-up is equivalent to the stacks required by the above
formula.

Rudders
Rudders may be of either single or double plate construction and are to have a sufficient number of
arms or diaphragms to provide ample stiffness.

23.11 Couplings
Couplings in rudder stocks or between stock and rudder are to be equivalent to the required diameter
of stock.
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Towboats

3-2-4

FIGURE 1
Towboat Framing

!/2
!

h1
!1/2

!/2

!1

!/2

Type A

Type C

!/2

Type B

!/2

Type D

Side Frame
Type A
Type A
Type B
Type C
Type D
Type E

100

Type E

c = 1.15 (for h)
c = 2.00 (for h1)
c = 1.30
c = 1.45
c = 1.00
c = 1.00

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

!"#$

2+3*;<5

A.

!(44+57+,

_+44+14

3
&/"!$9#

Hull Structures and Arrangements

29&$OW]

Passenger Vessels

Application

1.1

Service
The following Rules apply to vessels carrying more than 12 passengers exclusively in smooth domestic
water, such as in rivers, intracoastal waterways, etc. The requirements for river passenger vessels
engaged in an international voyage will be subject to special consideration.

1.3

National Regulations
Where the flag Administration has Regulations acceptable to the Bureau, including those for stability,
structural fire protection, life saving appliances, etc., such Regulations may be considered under
1-1-4/7.3 of the ABS Rules for Conditions of Classification (Part 1).

Classification
The classification ! A1 Passenger Vessel, River Service is to be assigned to vessels designed
and specifically fitted for the carriage of passengers and built to the requirements of this Section and
other relevant sections of the Rules.

Structural Arrangement

5.1

Framing
Framing may be arranged either longitudinally, transversely or a combination of both. Longitudinal
frames are to be supported by regularly spaced transverse deep frames formed either by channels
extending across the inner faces of the longitudinal frames, or by flanged plates notched over the
frames and attached to the shell or deck and the longitudinals. Where longitudinal beams are used on
more than one deck, transverses on all decks are to be fitted at the same vertical plane.

5.3

Longitudinal Webs
Trusses or non-tight bulkheads extending fore and aft are to be fitted, one on or near the centerline
and one on each side of the centerline. An arrangement of deep girders at the deck and bottom
connected by vertical members will be considered. They are to be arranged so that in association with
auxiliary supporting girders, the spans of the bottom frames do not exceed 4 m (13 ft). Bulkheads may
be offset or stepped in a transverse direction provided sufficient overlap is effected to maintain their
longitudinal continuity.

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Longitudinal Strength

7.1

Hull Girder Section Modulus

3-2-5

The hull girder section modulus within the midship 0.5L is to be not less than obtained from the
following equations i) or ii), whichever is greater.
i)

SM = Msw/fp

ii)

SM = C1C2L2B(Cb + 0.7)

SM

where
minimum required hull girder section modulus, in cm2-m (in2-ft)

Msw =

maximum calculated still-water bending moment, in tf-m (Ltf-ft), which is to be


submitted for review.

fp

nominal permissible bending stress of 1.34 tf/cm2 (8.5 Ltf/in2), but is not to be
taken greater than 0.8 times the lowest critical buckling stress of the hull girder
structure.

C1

7.32 e 0.033L (7.32 e 0.01L)

for L g 61 m (200 ft)

4.36 + 0.016L (4.36 + 0.0048L)

for L ' 61 m (200 ft)

0.01 (1.44 * 10-4)

C2

L, B and Cb are as defined in Section 3-1-1.


Beyond the midship 0.5L, scantlings may be tapered to their normal requirements at the ends where
these are less.

7.3

Hull Girder Moment of Inertia


The hull girder moment of inertia of the vessel at amidships is to be not less than obtained from the
following equation:
I = L(SM/33.3)
where
I

minimum required hull girder moment of inertia, in cm2-m2 (in2-ft2)

L and SM are as defined in 3-2-5/7.1.

7.5

Hull Girder Shear Strength


The hull girder nominal shear stress f in the side shell plating, obtained from the following equation, is
not to exceed nominal permissible shear stress, fs, as defined below.
fs = Fm/(2It)
where

102

fs

nominal permissible shear stress of 1.03 tf/cm2 (6.5 Ltf/in2), but is not to be taken
greater than 0.8 times the lowest critical buckling shear stress of the hull girder
structure.

hull girder moment of inertia at the section under consideration, in cm4 (in4)

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maximum still water shear force calculated at the position being considered, in tf
(Ltf)

first moment of area of the material between the point under consideration and
the vertical extremity of the effective longitudinal material, in cm3 (in3). m is to
be taken about the neutral axis at the section under consideration

side shell thickness, in cm (in.)

Deck Plating

9.1

Strength Decks
The thickness of strength deck plating throughout is not to be less than 0.01 mm per millimeter (0.01 in.
per inch) of the spacing of the beams, sb.

9.3

Superstructure Decks
The thickness of superstructure deck plating is to be not less than obtained from the following
equations:
t = 0.0063sb + 1.0 mm

(min, t = 4.5 mm)

t = 0.0063sb + 0.04 in.

(min. t = 0.18 in.)

where sb is the stiffener spacing in mm (inches).

9.5

Wheel Loaded Decks


Where provision is to be made for the operation or stowage of vehicles having rubber tires, and after
all other requirements are met, the thickness of deck plating is to be not less than that required by
3-2-2/7.9.

9.7

Other Locations
The thickness of plating forming the tops of deep tanks, watertight flats, bulkhead recesses and tunnel
tops which may be used for stores space is to be 1 mm (0.04 in.) thicker than required for bulkhead
plating at the same level.

11

Frames

11.1

Bottom Longitudinals
Each bottom longitudinal, in association with the plating to which it is attached, is to have a section
modulus, SM, not less than obtained from the following equation:
SM = 7.8chs!2 cm3

SM = 0.0041chs!2 in3

where
c

1.08

vertical distance from the keel to the design draft, in m (ft), but not less than 2/3
the distance from the keel to the main deck.

for longitudinals in tanks, the vertical distance from the keel to the top of the
overflow, in m (ft)

longitudinal spacing, in m (ft)

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11.3

3-2-5

unsupported span of the member, in m (ft). Where brackets of the thicknesses


given in 3-2-1/Table 1 are fitted, ! may be measured to a point 25k of the extent
of the bracket beyond the its toe.

Side and Deck Framing


Each side frame or deck beam, in association with the plating to which it is attached, is to have a
section modulus, SM, not less than obtained from the following equation:
SM = 7.8chs!2 cm3

SM = 0.0041chs!2 in3

where
c

11.5

coefficient appropriate to the type of construction employed as given in


3-2-5/Figure 1 for side frames
"

0.70 for deck longitudinals in dry spaces

"

0.56 for deck beams in dry spaces

"

1.00 for deck beams in way of tanks

"

1.08 for side longitudinals

distance, in m (ft), as given in 3-2-5/Figure 1


"

for side longitudinals, the vertical distance from the middle of ! to the deck at
side, in m (ft)

"

in way of tanks, the vertical distance from the middle of ! to the top of the
overflow, in m (ft)

"

0.01L + 0.61 m (0.01L + 2.0 ft) for main decks.

"

0.67 m (2.2 ft) for superstructure decks. Where deck loading may exceed 360
kgf/m2, (75 lb/ft2), h is to be proportionately increased.

"

0.30 m (0.98 ft) for rain covers

member spacing, in m (ft)

as defined in 3-2-5/11.1

Framing in Tunnels
Special consideration is to be given to increasing the framing in way of propeller tunnels or special
types of nozzles, It is recommended that nontight bulkheads and diaphragms be introduced in way of
long tunnels.

13

Stanchions

13.1

Permissible Load
The permissible load, Wa, of each stanchion is to be obtained from the following equation and is to be
not less than the calculated load W given in 3-2-5/13.3 below.
Wa = bk e n!/rcA tf (Ltf)
where

104

1.232 (7.83)

0.00452 (0.345)

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unsupported span of the stanchion, in cm (ft)

least radius of gyration, in cm (in.)

cross sectional area of the stanchion, in cm2 (in2)

3-2-5

Special support is to be arranged at the ends and corners of deckhouses, in machinery spaces, at ends
of partial superstructures and under heavy concentrated weights.

13.3

Calculated Load
:?.?.: B<**<8 20))<,*
Where the stanchions are intended to support bottom structure, the calculated load for each
stanchion is to be determined by the following equation:

W = nbhs tf (Ltf)
where
n

1.07 (0.03)

mean breadth of the area supported, in m (ft)

distance from the keel to the design waterline, in m (ft), or 2/3 of the
distance to the main deck, whichever is greater

spacing of the stanchions, in m (ft)

:?.?.- E+3D 20))<,*


Where the stanchions are intended to support deck structure, the calculated load for each
stanchion is to be determined by the following equation, where the summations indicate the
sum of the loads from all supported stanchions on the deck immediately above. In all cases,
subscripts denote the level of the tier above the deck supported by the stanchion under
consideration. Where the stanchion supports more than three tiers, the same method is to be
extended to include the additional supported tiers.

W = n bhs 4

; c7b1h1s1 4 ; c1 5b2 h2 s 2 4 ; c2 b3 h3 s3 68:

tf (Ltf)

where
n

0.715 (0.02)

mean breadth of the area of the deck supported by the stanchion, in m (ft)

b1, b2... =

for each supported stanchion supporting tiers above, the mean breadth of
the area supported by that stanchion, in m (ft)

h1, h2... =

head defined in 3-2-5/11.3 for the deck supported by the stanchion


for each supported stanchion supporting tiers above, one half the head
defined in 3-2-5/11.3 for the location supported by that stanchion

mean length of the area of the deck supported by the stanchion, in m (ft)

s1, s2... =

for each supported stanchion supporting tiers above, the mean length of
the area supported by that stanchion, in m (ft)

c1, c2... =
c.

(d e a)/d at the deck supported


(d e a)/d at each tier above the deck supported
horizontal distance between the stanchion above deck and the stanchion
below deck, in m (ft)

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horizontal distance between the stanchion below deck and next point of
support of the girder or transverse supported, in m (ft)

horizontal distance between the stanchion above deck and the stanchion
below deck being considered, in m (ft)
a

P
d

15

3-2-5

R = P r (d ) a)/d

Web Frames, Girders and Stringers


Each supporting girder, transverse floor and stringer with transverse framing, and each main transverse
member with longitudinal framing, is to have a section modulus, SM, not less than obtained from the
following equation:
SM = 7.8chs!2 cm3

SM = 0.0041chs!2 in3

where
c

15.1

1.00 for bottom and side supporting members and for deck supporting members
in tanks

0.70 for deck supporting members in dry spaces

for bottom supporting member, the vertical distance from the keel to the design
draft, in m (ft), but not less than 2/3 the distance from the keel to the main deck
"

for side supporting members, the distance from the middle of ! to the deck at
side, in m (ft). In way of tanks, h is to be the vertical distance to the top of the
overflow, in m (ft)

"

in way of tanks, the vertical distance from the middle of ! to the top of the
overflow, in m (ft)

"

0.01L + 0.61 m (0.01L + 2.0 ft) for main decks.

"

height of storage space, in m (ft), on decks where stores are carried

"

0.67 m (2.2 ft) for superstructure decks. Where deck loading may exceed
360 kgf/m2, (75 lb/ft2), h is to be proportionately increased.

"

0.30 m (0.98 ft) for rain covers

sum of the half lengths of the supported members, in m (ft)

as defined in 3-2-5/11.1.

Proportions
:A.:.: B<**<8 (56 2;6+ R+F P,(8+4
Bottom and side web frames are to have depths not less than 0.125! (1.5 in. per ft of span).
Web thickness is not to be less than 1 mm per 100 mm (0.01 in. per in.) of depth plus 3.5 mm
(0.14 in.) but need not exceed 14 mm (0.56 in.).

106

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3-2-5

:A.:.- E+3D M;,6+,4 (56 $,(54X+,4+4


i)
Outside tanks, deck girders and transverses are to have depths not less than 0.0583!
(0.7 in. per ft of span). Thickness is not to be less than 1 mm per 100 mm (0.01 in. per in.)
of depth plus 4.0 mm (0.16 in.).

ii)

In tanks, deck transverses and girders are to have depths not less than 0.0833! (1.0 in.
per ft of span). Thickness is not to be less than 1 mm per 100 mm (0.01 in. per in.) of
depth plus 4.0 mm (0.16 in.).

17

Bulkheads

17.1

Arrangement
Intact watertight collision bulkheads are to be fitted up to the deck in all vessels at a distance of not
less than 0.05L from the stem. Watertight after peak bulkheads are to be fitted. Machinery spaces below
the deck are to be enclosed by transverse bulkheads which are watertight to the deck. Additional
transverse watertight bulkheads are to be provided in accordance with 3-2-5/17.1.1 or 3-2-5/17.1.2 below.
A watertight shaft tunnel or other watertight space(s) separate from the stern tube compartment is to
be provided around the stern gland of such volume that, if flooded by leakage through the stern gland,
the margin line will not be submerged.
:G.:.: _+44+14 <@ >?.A 8 U:>? @*V ;5 H+57*' <, M,+(*+,
Each main transverse watertight bulkhead is to be a minimum of 3 m (10 ft) plus 3 percent of
the vesselss length from the collision bulkhead, every other main transverse bulkhead and
from the aft peak bulkhead.
:G.:.- _+44+14 J56+, >?.A ;5 U:>? @*V ;5 H+57*'
Each main transverse watertight bulkhead is to be a minimum of 10 percent of the vesselss
length or 1.8 m (6 ft), whichever is greater, from the collision bulkhead, from every other
main transverse bulkhead and from the aft peak bulkhead.

17.3

Construction of Tank Boundary Bulkheads


:G.?.: !1(*;57
Plating is to be of thickness obtained from the following equation:

t = (s h /254) + 1.78 mm

(min. t = 5 mm)

t = (s h /460) + 0.07 in.

(min. t = 0.20 in.)

where
s

spacing of stiffeners, in mm (in.)

vertical distance measured from the lower edge of the plate to the top of
the overflow, in m (ft)

:G.?.- 2*;@@+5+,4
Each stiffener, in association with the plating to which it is attached, is to have a section
modulus, SM, not less than obtained from the following equation. The ends are to be either
bracketed or clipped.

SM = 7.8chs!2 cm3

SM = 0.0041chs!2 in3

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3-2-5

where
c

1.00
for double bottom tanks, height from the middle of ! to the tank top, plus
of the distance from the tank top to the top of the overflow, in m (ft)

2/3

for other tanks, vertical distance from the middle of ! to the top of the
overflow, in m (ft)

stiffener spacing, in m (ft)

as defined in 3-2-5/11.1

:G.?.? M;,6+,4 (56 R+F4


17.3.3(a) Strength Requirements. Each girder and web supporting bulkhead stiffeners is to
have a section modulus not less than required by 3-2-5/17.3.2 for stiffeners, where s is the
sum of half lengths of the stiffeners supported on each side of the girder or web, in m (ft).

17.3.3(b) Proportions. Webs and girders are to have depths not less than 0.145! (1.75 in. per
ft of span !) where no struts or ties are fitted. Where struts are fitted, they are to have depths
not less than 0.0833! (1 in. per ft of span !) plus one-quarter of the depth of the slots for the
stiffeners. In general, the depth is not to be less than 2 times the depth of the slots.

The thickness is not to be less than 1 mm per 100 mm (0.01 in. per in.) of depth plus 3 mm
(0.12 in.) but need not exceed 11.5 mm (0.46 in.).
17.3.3(c) Tripping Brackets. Tripping brackets are to be fitted at intervals of about 3 m
(10 ft) and where the width of the face flange exceeds 200 mm (8 in.) on either side of the
girder or web, these are to be arranged to support the flange.

17.5

Construction of Other Watertight Bulkheads


:G.A.: !1(*;57
Plating is to be of thickness obtained from the following equation:

t = (s h /290) + 1.0 mm

(min. t = 4.5 mm)

t = (s h /535) + 0.04 in.

(min. t = 0.18 in.)

where
s

spacing of stiffeners, in mm (in.)

vertical distance measured from the lower edge of the plate to the height
of the deck at centerline, in m (ft)

:G.A.- 2*;@@+5+,4
Each stiffener, in association with the plating to which it is attached, is to have a section
modulus, SM, not less than obtained from the following equation:

SM = 7.8chs!2 cm3

SM = 0.0041chs!2 in3

where

108

0.46

vertical distance from the middle of ! to the main deck at centerline, in m (ft)

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stiffener spacing, in m (ft)

as defined in 3-2-5/11.1

Stiffeners on these bulkheads may have unattached sniped ends provided the above value of
SM is increased 25k.
:G.A.? M;,6+,4 (56 R+F4
17.5.3(a) Strength Requirements. Each girder and web supporting bulkhead stiffeners is to
have a section modulus not less than required by 3-2-5/17.3.2 for stiffeners using c of 0.60
and where s is the sum of half lengths of the stiffeners supported on each side of the girder or
web, in m (ft).

17.5.3(b) Proportions. Webs and girders are to have depths not less than 0.0833! (1 in. per ft
of span !) plus one-quarter of the depth of the slots for the stiffeners.

The thickness is not to be less than 1 mm per 100 mm (0.01 in. per in.) of depth plus 3 mm
(0.12 in.) but need not exceed 11.5 mm (0.46 in.).
17.5.3(c) Tripping Brackets. Tripping brackets are to be fitted at intervals of about 3 m
(10 ft) and where the width of the face flange exceeds 200 mm (8 in.) on either side of the
girder or web, these are to be arranged to support the flange.

19

Shell Plating
The thickness of the bottom, side and bilge plating is to be as required below. In addition, the
thickness of plating in these locations is to be not less than as required by 3-2-5/17.3.1 for tank
bulkheads where the spacing of the stiffeners is equal to the frame spacing and the value of h is equal
to the distance from the lower edge of the plate to the under surface of the deck plating at side.

19.1

Bottom Shell
The thickness of the bottom shell plating throughout is not to be less than determined by the following
equation:
t = 0.069L + 0.007s e 0.5 mm (min. t = 5 mm)
t = 0.000825L + 0.007s e 0.02

in.

(min. t = 0.20 in.)

where

19.3

stiffener spacing, in mm (in.)

length of the vessel, in m (ft)

Side Shell
The thickness of the side shell plating is to be not less than determined by the following equation and
not less than 5 mm (0.20 in.).
t = 0.069L + 0.007s e 1.0 mm

L g 73 m

t = 0.069L + 0.007s e 1.5 mm

L ' 73 m

t = 0.000825L + 0.007s e 0.04 in.

L g 240 ft

t = 0.000825L + 0.007s e 0.06 in.

L ' 240 ft

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3-2-5

Bilge and Tunnel Plating


Where radiused bilges are used the bottom thickness is to extend to the upper turn of the bilgeS where
the radius at the bilge exceeds 305 mm (12 in.), the thickness of the plating should be at least 1.5 mm
(0.06 in.) greater than the required thickness for side plating. The shell plating in tunnels in way of
propellers is to be increased above the requirements of this Subsection.

19.7

Bilge Angles
Where angles are used at the bilges or gunwales they are to have a thickness at least 1.5 mm (0.06 in.)
greater than that of the thinner of the two plates joined.

21

Deckhouses
Side structure of multi-tier superstructure is to be designed to effectively withstand racking forces
caused by wind loadings. If required, racking calculations are to be submitted to substantiate the design.
Tween deck pillars and structural bulkheads are to be provided and arranged to effectively transmit
deck loadings to supports below. Stiffeners on exterior bulkheads are also to be designed to effectively
transmit deck loadings to the main deck. See 3-2-5/13.

21.1

Side and End Bulkheads


-:.:.: !1(*;57
Plating is to be of thickness not less than obtained from the following equation:

t = (3s h ) + 2.5 mm

t = (s h /50) + 0.10 in.

where
s

stiffener spacing, in m (ft)

0.0224L e 0.56 m (0.0224L e 1.82 ft)

length of the vessel, in m (ft), as defined in 3-1-1/3, but is not to be taken


as less than 50 m (164 ft)

t is not to be taken as less than tm, as defined in the following equation:


tm = 4.0 + 0.01L mm

tm = 0.16 + 0.00012L in.

-:.:.- 2*;@@+5+,4
Each stiffener, in association with the plating to which it is attached, is to have a section
modulus, SM, not less than obtained from the following equation:

SM = 7.8chs!2 cm3

SM = 0.0041chs!2 in3

where

110

0.45

design head defined in 3-2-5/21.1.1, but not less than 1.4 m( 4.6 ft)

stiffener spacing, in m (ft)

tween deck height or the distance between vertical webs, in m (ft)

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3-2-5

-:.:.? _+,*;3(1 R+F4


Each vertical web supporting horizontal stiffeners on exterior side and end bulkheads, in
association with the plating to which it is attached, is to have a section modulus, SM, as
obtained from the equation in 3-2-5/21.1.2, where s is the sum of half lengths of the stiffeners
supported on each side of the web, in m (ft), and ! is the tween deck height, in m (ft).

Proportions are to comply with the requirements of 3-2-5/15.1.2i).

21.3

Openings in Bulkheads
All openings in exterior bulkheads of superstructures or deckhouses are to be provided with efficient
means of closing. Opening and closing appliances are to be framed and stiffened so that the whole
structure is equivalent to the unpierced bulkhead when closed.

21.5

Doors for Access Openings


Doors for access openings into superstructures or deckhouses are to be weathertight, permanently and
strongly attached to the bulkhead, and so arranged that they can be operated from both sides of the
bulkhead.

21.7

Sills of Access Openings


Openings in exposed positions on the weather decks which lead to spaces below are to have sills at
least 150 mm (6 in.) in height. Where these openings lead into passenger areas with intact decks, this
height may be reduced or the sills omitted entirely, provided the openings can be made weathertight.
Similar consideration may be given where passenger areas contain below-deck access provided it can
be shown that flooding of the below deck space into which water could enter through the deck access
opening would not adversely affect the stability or trim of the vessel.

23

Keels, Stems and Stern Frames

23.1

Bar Keels
Where bar keels are used, their thicknesses and depths are to be not less than given by the following
equations:
t = 0.52L + 9.5 mm

t = 0.0062L + 0.37 in.

h = 1.06L + 94.5 mm

h = 0.0127L + 3.72 in.

where

23.3

thickness, in mm (in.)

depth, in mm (in.)

length of the vessel, as defined in 3-1-1/3.3

Flat Plate Keels


Flat plate keels are not to be of less thickness than required for bottom plating.

23.5

Bar Stems
Where bar stems are used, their thicknesses and widths are to be not less than given by the following
equations:
t = 0.38L + 11.0 mm

t = 0.0046L + 0.44 in.

w = 1.09L + 80.0 mm

w = 0.0131L + 3.15 in.

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where

23.7

thickness, in mm (in.)

width, in mm (in.)

length of the vessel, as defined in 3-1-1/3.3

Sternposts
Where bar sternposts are fitted, their thicknesses and widths are to be not less than given by the
following equations:
t = 0.52L + 9.5 mm

t = 0.0062L + 0.37 in.

w = 1.09L + 80.0 mm

w = 0.0131L + 3.15 in.

where

23.9

thickness, in mm (in.)

width, in mm (in.)

length of the vessel, as defined in 3-1-1/3.3

Stern Frames
-?.N.: O55+, !<4*4
Where stern frames are fitted, the thickness and width of the inner post below the shaft boss
are to be not less than given by the following equations:

t = 1.20L + 20.0 mm

t = 0.0144L + 0.78 in.

w = 1.06L + 94.5 mm

w = 0.0127L + 3.72 in.

where
t

thickness, in mm (in.)

width, in mm (in.)

length of the vessel, as defined in 3-1-1/3.3

-?.N.- W0*+, !<4*4


Where fitted, the outer post is to have a thickness not less than that required for inner posts
and a width not less than 80k of that required for inner posts.
-?.N.? 2'<+);+3+
The shoepiece is to be as short as possible, the depth is to be at least 10k greater than the
above calculated thickness and the breadth at least 20k greater than the above calculated
breadth. Gudgeons are to have a thickness of 25k of the rudder stock diameter if bushed and
27.5k if unbushed. The depth of gudgeons is to be not less than 75k of the stock diameter.

25

Rudders

25.1

Materials
Rudder parts such as stocks, palms, gudgeons, etc., may be of cast or forged steel or fabricated
sections made from materials complying with the requirements of Chapter 1 of the ABS Rules for
Materials and Welding (Part 2).

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3-2-5

Application
This Section refers to single or twin rudders of the balanced or partially balanced type having efficient
neck bearings, with or without lower bearings. Where rudders are of unusual shape or design or are
associated with construction features which make the formulas of this Subsection inapplicable, the
design and calculations are to be submitted for approval. In such cases the design conditions are to be
verified during the trials of the vessel.

25.5

Rudder Stocks
-A.A.: J))+, 2*<3D4
Upper stocks above the neck bearing are to have diameters not less than given by the
following equation:

S = 12.1 3 bAV 2

mm

S = 0.2 3 bAV 2

in.

where
S

diameter of upper stock, in mm (in.)

horizontal distance from the center of the pintles to the centroid of A, in


m (ft). See 3-2-5/Figure 2a, b and c.

total projected area of the rudder, in m2 (ft2)

design speed, in km/h (mph)

The stock diameter is to be adequate for the maximum astern speed.


-A.A.- H<C+, 2*<3D4 <5 _+44+14 C;*' 2'<+);+3+4
The stock in and below the neck bearing where a top pintle is not fitted is to have a diameter
not less than obtained from the following equation:

S1 = 12.1 3 RAV 2

mm

S1 = 0.2 3 RAV 2

in.

where
S1

diameter of lower stock, in mm (in.)

0.25 3a 4 a 2 4 16b 2 0
12
./

total projected area of the rudder, in m2 (ft2)

vertical distance from the center of the neck bearing to the centroid of A,
in m (ft). See 3-2-5/Figure 2a.

horizontal distance from the center of the pintles to the centroid of A, in


m (ft). See 3-2-5/Figure 2a.

design speed, in km/h (mph)

The stock is to be of the full diameter for at least two-thirds of the distance from the neck to
the bottom bearing and the diameter may be gradually reduced below this point until it is not
less than 0.75S1 at the bottom of the rudder. Where the diameter of the lower stock in the
bottom bearing is less than the diameter of the lower stock at the bottom of the rudder, a
suitable transition is to be provided. The bearings are to be bushed, and the bush is to be
effectively secured against movement.

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-A.A.? H<C+, 2*<3D4 <5 _+44+14 C;*' 2)(6+ #066+,4


The stock in way of and below the neck bearing is to have a diameter not less than obtained
from the following equation:

S1 = 12.1 3 RAV 2

S1 = 0.2 3 RAV 2

mm

in.

where
S1

diameter of lower stock, in mm (in.)

a+

total projected area of the rudder in m2 (ft2)

vertical distance from the center of the neck bearing to the centroid of A,
in m (ft). See 3-2-5/Figure 2b.

horizontal distance from the centerline of the rudder stock to the centroid
of A, in m (ft). See 3-2-5/Figure 2b.

design speed, in km/h (mph)

a2 4 b2

The stock is to be of the full diameter to the top of the rudderS the diameter may be gradually
reduced below this point until it is 0.33S1 at the bottom. Above the neck bearing a gradual
transition is to be provided where there is a change in the diameter of the rudder stock. The
length of the neck bearing is to be at least 1.5S1. An effective upper bearing is to be provided
above the neck bearing. This upper bearing may be either part of or separate from the rudder
carrier. Both the upper and neck bearings are to be bushed and the bushings are to be
effectively secured against movement.
-A.A.> H<C+, 2*<3D4 <5 _+44+14 C;*' /<,54
The stock in way of and below the neck bearing is to have a diameter not less than obtained
from the following equation:

S1 = 12.1 3 RAV 2

S1 = 0.2 3 RAV 2

mm

in.

where

114

S1

diameter of lower stock, in mm (in.), but in no case is it to be less than


1.05 times the required upper stock diameter.

0.33n +

total projected area of the rudder, in m2 (ft2)

!A e !p

where !A ' !p

(!A/!p)(!A e !p)

where !A g !p

!A

vertical distance from the center of the neck bearing to the centroid of A,
in m (ft). See 3-2-5/Figure 2c.

!p

vertical distance from the center of the neck bearing to the center of the
pintle bearing, in m (ft). See 3-2-5/Figure 2c.

horizontal distance from the centerline of the pintle to the centroid of A,


in m (ft). See 3-2-5/Figure 2c.

design speed, in km/h (mph)

0.11n 2 4 b 2

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The lower stock is to be of the full diameter to the top of the rudder. Below this, the strength
of rudder in way of the axis of the stock is to be not less than that of the lower stock required
by 3-2-5/25.5.2 and 3-2-5/25.5.3 above.
The bearing is to be bushed and the bushing effectively secured against movement.
Where the rudder horn supports an upper pintle gudgeon, !A and !p, may be measured from
the center of the upper pintle bearing, and the vertical extent of the upper stock for a rudder
with an upper pintle may be as shown in 3-2-5/Figure 2a.

25.7

Rudders
Rudders may be of either single or double plate construction and are to have a sufficient number of
arms or diaphragms to provide ample stiffness.

25.9

Couplings
Couplings in rudder stocks or between stock and rudder are to be equivalent to the required diameter
of stock.

25.11 Rudder Stops


Strong and effective rudder stops are to be fitted. Where adequate positive stops are provided within
the gear, structural stops will not be required.

25.13 Supporting and Anti-Lifting Arrangements


Effective means are to be provided for supporting the weight of the rudder assembly and the horizontal
forces on the rudder stock without excessive bearing pressure. They are also to be arranged to prevent
accidental unshipping or undue movement of the rudder which may cause damage to the steering
gear.

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FIGURE 1
Passenger Vessel Framing

!/2
!

h1
!1/2

!/2

!1

!/2

Type A

Type B

Type C

!/2

!/2

Type D

Type E

Side Frame

116

Type A

c = 0.80 (for h)

Type A

c = 1.38 (for h1)

Type B

c = 0.90

Type C

c = 1.00

Type D

c = 1.00

Type E

c = 1.00

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FIGURE 2
Rudder Types
Upper
stock

Neck bearing

a
Centroid
of A

Lower
stock
b

a Rudder on a vessel with shoepiece

Neck bearing

Upper
stock

!A

Neck bearing

!p

Lower
stock
Lower
stock

Centroid
of A
b

b Spade rudder

c Rudder on vessel with horn

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This Page Intentionally Left Blank

!"#$

2+3*;<5

Q.

R+16

E+4;75

3
&/"!$9#

Hull Structures and Arrangements

29&$OW]

Weld Design

Fillet Welds

1.1

General
The actual sizes of fillet welds are to be indicated on detail drawings or on a separate welding schedule
and submitted for approval in each individual case.
In general, the weld throat size, t, is not to be less than 0.7 times the weld leg size, w. Continuous
welding may be substituted for intermittent welding. It may be required that special precautions, such
as the use of preheat or low-hydrogen electrodes or welding processes, be employed where small
fillets are used for attachment to heavy plates. Fillet welds may be made by an approved manual or
automatic process.
Where the opening between members exceeds 2.0 mm (1/16 in.) and is not greater than 5 mm (3/16 in.),
the size of the fillets is to be increased by the amount of the opening. Spacing between plates forming
tee joints is not to exceed 5 mm (3/16 in.).

1.3

Tee-Type Boundary Connections


Tank boundary connections are to have double continuous welding in accordance with 3-2-6/Tables
1A and 1B.
Tight boundaries of dry spaces may have intermittent welding on one side in accordance with
3-2-6/Tables 2A and 2B.

1.5

Tee-Type End Connections


Tee-type end connections where fillet welds are used are to have continuous welds on each side. In
general the leg sizes of the welds are to be not less than 3/4 times the thickness of the member being
attached, but in special cases where heavy members are attached to relatively light plating, the sizes
may be modified. Where only the webs of girders, beams and stiffeners are required to be attached to
plating, it is recommended that the unattached face plate or flanges be cut back.

1.7

Other Tee-Type Connections


Frames, beams, bulkhead stiffeners, floors and intercostals, etc., are to have at least the disposition
and sizes of intermittent or continuous fillet welds as required by 3-2-6/Tables 1A, 1B, 2A and 2B.
The stem of a non-watertight tee connection is to be scalloped in way of the joint of both members
forming the tee.

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Lapped Joints
Lapped joints are generally to have overlaps of not less width than twice the thinner plate thickness
plus 25 mm (l. in.). Both edges of an overlap joint are to have fillet welds which, depending on the
members to be connected, may be continuous or intermittent and of the size, w, as required by
3-2-6/1.11 or 3-2-6/1.13.

1.11

Overlapped End Connections


Overlapped end connections of longitudinal strength members within the midship 0.5L are to have
continuous fillet welds on both edges each equal in size, w, to the thickness of the thinner of the two
plates joined. All other overlapped end connections are to have continuous welds on each edge of
sizes w such that the sum of the two is not less than 1.5 times the thickness of the thinner plate. In
addition, for stanchions and diagonals, Note 3 of 3-2-6/Tables 1A, 1B, 2A and 2B is to be complied
with. For channel members not attached to plating, the minimum weld area of the end connections
based on the throat dimension of the fillet is not to be less than 75k of the sectional area of the
channel.

1.13

Overlapped Seams
Overlapped seams are to have welds on both edges of the sizes required by 3-2-6/1.7 for tee connections
at boundaries.

1.15

Plug Welds or Slot Welds


Plug welds or slot welds may be specially approved for particular applications. Where used in the
body of doublers and similar locations, such welds may be spaced about 300 mm (12 in.) between
centers in both directions.

Alternatives
The foregoing are considered minimum requirements for electric-arc welding in hull construction, but
alternative methods, arrangements and details will be considered for approval. The Steel Vessel Rules
will be an acceptable alternative. Fillet weld sizes may be determined from structural analyses based
on sound engineering principles provided they meet the overall strength standards of the Rules.

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TABLE 1A
Double Continuous Fillet Weld Sizes Millimeters
For weld requirements for thicknesses intermediate to those shown in the Table use the nearest lower thickness shown in the table.
Weld Size for Lesser Thickness of Members Joined, mm
Structural Items

10

11

12

13

14

15

w
t

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

w
t

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.5
4.0

6.0
4.5

6.5
4.5

7.0
5.0

7.5
5.5

8.0
5.5

8.5
6.0

w
t

e
e

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

Watertight bulkhead

w
t

e
e

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

Non-watertight bulkhead

w
t

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

Center Girder
To inner bottom or rider plate in way of
engine and to shell or bar keel

w
t

e
e

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.5
4.0

5.5
4.0

6.0
4.5

6.0
4.5

6.5
4.5

To inner bottom or rider plate and clear


of engine

w
t

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.5
4.0

5.5
4.0

6.0
4.5

6.0
4.5

6.5
4.5

w
t

e
e

e
e

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.5
4.0

w
t

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

w
t

e
e

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

w
t

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.5
4.0

6.0
4.5

6.5
4.5

7.0
5.0

7.5
5.5

8.0
5.5

8.5
6.0

w
t

5.0
3.5

5.5
4.0

5.5
4.0

6.0
4.5

6.5
4.5

7.5
5.5

8.0
5.5

9.0
6.5

9.5
6.5

10.5
7.5

11.0
8.0

Solid floors to center vertical keel plate


elsewhere and open floor brackets to
center vertical keel

w
t

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

Solid floors and open floor brackets to


margin plate

w
t

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.5
4.0

6.0
4.5

6.5
4.5

7.0
5.0

7.5
5.5

8.0
5.5

8.5
6.0

To inner bottom in engine room

w
t

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.5
4.0

6.0
4.5

6.5
4.5

7.0
5.0

7.5
5.5

8.0
5.5

8.5
6.0

To inner bottom elsewhere

w
t

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

Beams
Transverse or longitudinal to deck
Bulkhead Plating
Oiltight, watertight bulkheads e
periphery
Bulkhead Stiffeners
Deep tank bulkhead

Frames and Floors


To shell in tanks and peaks
To shell elsewhere
Wide Spaced Frames and Floors
To shell, deck, inner bottom and
longitudinal bulkheads
Floors Single Bottom
To center keelson
Floors Double Bottom
Solid floors to center vertical keel plate
in engine room, under boiler bearers

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TABLE 1A (continued)
Weld Sizes and Spacing Millimeters
For weld requirements for thicknesses intermediate to those shown in the Table use the nearest lower thickness shown in the table.
Weld Size for Lesser Thickness of Members Joined, mm
Structural Items

10

11

12

13

14

15

w
t

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.5
4.0

5.5
4.0

3.0
4.5

6.5
4.5

7.0
5.0

7.5
5.5

8.0
5.5

8.5
6.0

9.0
6.5

5.0

5.0

5.0

5.0

5.0

5.0

5.0

5.0

5.5

5.5

3.5

3.5

3.5

3.5

3.5

3,5

3.5

3.5

4.0

4.0

To bulkheads or decks elsewhere

w
t

e
e

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.5
4.0

Webs to face plates

w
t

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.5
4.0

Intercostals
To shell and inner bottom in way of
engines

w
t

e
e

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.5
4.0

5.5
4.0

6.0
4.5

6.0
4.5

6.5
4.5

To shell and inner bottom elsewhere, to


floors

w
t

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

5.0
3.5

Foundations
To top plates, shell or inner bottom for
main engines and major auxiliaries
Girders, Webs and Trusses
To shell and to bulkheads or decks in
tanks

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TABLE 1B
Double Continuous Fillet Weld Sizes Inches
For weld requirements for thicknesses intermediate to those shown in the Table use the nearest lower thickness shown in the table.
Weld Size for Lesser Thickness of Members Joined, in.
Structural Items

0.20

0.24

0.28

0.32

0.36

0.40

0.44

0.48

0.52

0.56

0.60

Beams
Transverse or longitudinal to deck

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

7/32

Bulkhead Plating
Oiltight, watertight bulkheads e periphery

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

7/32

1/4

1/4

9/32

5/16

5/16

11/32

Bulkhead Stiffeners
Deep tank bulkhead

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

7/32

Watertight bulkhead

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

7/32

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

7/32

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

7/32

7/32

1/4

1/4

1/4

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

7/32

7/32

1/4

1/4

1/4

Non-watertight bulkhead
Center Girder
To inner bottom or rider plate in way of
engine and to shell or bar keel
To inner bottom or rider plate and clear of
engine
Frames and Floors
To shell in tanks and peaks
To shell elsewhere
Wide Spaced Frames and Floors
To shell, deck, inner bottom and longitudinal
bulkheads
Floors Single Bottom
To center keelson
Floors Double Bottom
Solid floors to center vertical keel plate in
engine room, under boiler bearers
Solid floors to center vertical keel plate
elsewhere and open floor brackets to center
vertical keel
Solid floors and open floor brackets to
margin plate
To inner bottom in engine room

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

7/32

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

7/32

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

7/32

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

7/32

1/4

1/4

9/32

5/16

5/16

11/32

3/16

7/32

7/32

1/4

1/4

5/16

5/16

3/8

3/8

7/16

7/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

7/32

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

7/32

1/4

1/4

9/32

5/16

5/16

11/32

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

7/32

1/4

1/4

9/32

5/16

5/16

11/32

To inner bottom elsewhere

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

7/32

Foundations
To top plates, shell or inner bottom for main
engines and major auxiliaries

3/16

3/16

7/32

7/32

1/4

1/4

9/32

5/16

5/16

11/32

3/8

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

7/32

7/32

Girders, Webs and Trusses


To shell and to bulkheads or decks in tanks
To bulkheads or decks elsewhere
Webs to face plates
Intercostals
To shell and inner bottom in way of engines
To shell and inner bottom elsewhere, to
floors

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

7/32

7/32

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

7/32

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

7/32

7/32

1/4

1/4

1/4

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

3/16

7/32

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Hull Structures and Arrangements
Weld Design

3-2-6

TABLE 2A
Intermittent Fillet Weld Sizes and Spacing Millimeters
For weld requirements for thicknesses intermediate to those shown in the Table use the nearest lower thickness
shown in the table.
Weld sizes other than given in the table may be used provided the spacing of welds is modified to give equivalent
strength.
For double continuous weld sizes equivalent to the intermittent welds see 3-2-6/Table 1A.

Length of fillet weld


Nominal leg size of fillet w
Nominal throat size of fillet t

5
40
4.5
3.0

Weld size for lesser thickness of members joined, mm


6.5
8
9.5
11
12.5
65
65
65
65
65
5.0
6.5
6.5
8.0
8/0
3.5
4.5
4.5
5.5
5.5

Structural Items
Beams
Transverse or longitudinal to deck
Watertight Bulkhead Plating Periphery
One side

Other side

Bulkhead Stiffeners (See Note 5)


Deep tank bulkhead
Watertight bulkhead
Non-watertight bulkhead
Center Girder (See Note 6)
To inner bottom or rider plate in way of engine and to
shell or bar keel u
To inner bottom or rider plate and clear of engine
Frames and Floors (See Notes 5 I 7)
To shell in tanks and peaks
To shell elsewhere
Wide Spaced Frames and Floor
To shell, deck, inner bottom and longitudinal
Floors Single Bottom
To center keelson
Floors Double Bottom (See Note 7)
Solid floors to center vertical keel plate in engine room,
under boiler bearers
Solid floors to center vertical keel plate elsewhere, and
open-floor brackets to center vertical keel
Solid floors and open-floor brackets to margin plate
To inner bottom in engine room
To inner bottom elsewhere

124

14
65
9.5
6.5

Spacing of Welds S, mm
*300

*300

300

300

300

Continuous weld of leg size of plate thickness


less than 2.0 mm

300

300

See 3-2-6/Table
1A for double
continuous weld
See 3-2-6/Table
1A for double
continuous weld

250

250

250

250

*300

250
*300
*350

250
300
*350

250
300
*350

250
300
*350

250
300
*350

250
300
*350

150

150

150

150

150

150

150

150

150

150

150

150

*300

*300

250
300

250
300

250
300

250
300

250
300

150

150

150

150

150

150

250

250

300

300

See 3-2-6/Table 1A for double continuous welds


See 3-2-6/Table 1A for double continuous welds

*250

*250

250

250

See 3-2-6/Table 1A for double continuous welds


See 3-2-6/Table 1A for double continuous welds
*300
*300
300
300
300

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Part
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Section

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2
6

Hull Construction and Equipment


Hull Structures and Arrangements
Weld Design

3-2-6

TABLE 2A (continued)
Intermittent Fillet Weld Sizes and Spacing Millimeters

Length of fillet weld


Nominal leg size of fillet w
Nominal throat size of fillet t
Structural Items
Foundations
To top plates, shell or inner bottom for main engines
and major auxiliaries
Girders, Webs and Trusses
To shell and to bulkheads or decks in tanks
To bulkheads or decks elsewhere
Webs to face plate
Intercostals
To shell and inner bottom in way of engine u
To shell and inner bottom elsewhere, to floors

5
40
4.5
3.0

Weld size for lesser thickness of members joined, mm


6.5
8
9.5
11
12.5
65
65
65
65
65
5.0
6.5
6.5
8.0
8/0
3.5
4.5
4.5
5.5
5.5

14
65
9.5
6.5

Spacing of Welds S, mm
See 3-2-6/Table 1A for double continuous welds

*250

200
250
*250

225
250
300

225
250
300

225
250
300

225
250
300

225
250
300

*275

150
*275

150
275

150
275

150
275

150
275

150
275

See General Notes at beginning of Table.


*

Fillet welds are to be staggered.

Length of fillet to be 75 mm

Where beams, stiffeners, frames, etc., pass through slotted girders, shelves or stringers, there is to be a pair of
matched intermittent welds on each side of each such intersection, and the beams, stiffeners and frames are to be
efficiently attached to the girders, shelves and stringers.

Longitudinal frames are to have 150 mm of double continuous welding at their ends and in way of transverses
except as follows. Deck longitudinals require 150 mm double continuous welding at ends. Side and deck
longitudinals in way of cargo spaces in open hopper barges require a matched pair of welds at their ends.

The required welding area of end connections of stanchions and diagonals is not to be less than the following:

Notes

"

Stanchions e 75k of the area of the stanchions

"

Diagonals e 50k of the area of the diagonal

In determining the weld area provided, the throat dimension of the fillet is to be used.
4

Brackets generally welded 75 mm on 150 mm centers, both sides. Length of fillet weld based on lesser thickness
of members joined.

Unbracketed shell and bulkhead stiffeners are to have double continuous welds for one-tenth of their length at each
end.

Where center girders are water- or oil-tight a continuous weld is to be used on one side of the connections.

Tank end floors are to be welded to shell, center girder and inner bottom as required for deep tank bulkheads.

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Hull Structures and Arrangements
Weld Design

3-2-6

TABLE 2B
Intermittent Fillet Weld Sizes and Spacing Inches
For weld requirements for thicknesses intermediate to those shown in the Table use the nearest lower thickness
shown in the table.
Weld sizes other than given in the table may be used provided the spacing of welds is modified to give equivalent
strength.
For double continuous weld sizes equivalent to the intermittent welds see 3-2-6/Table 1B.

Length of fillet weld


Nominal leg size of fillet w
Structural Items
Beams
Transverse or longitudinal to deck
Watertight Bulkhead Plating Periphery
One side

Other side

Bulkhead Stiffeners (See Note 5)


Deep tank bulkhead
Watertight bulkhead
Non-watertight bulkhead
Center Girder (See Note 6)
To inner bottom or rider plate in way of engine and to
shell or bar keel u
To inner bottom or rider plate and clear of engine
Frames and Floors (See Notes 5 I 7)
To shell in tanks and peaks
To shell elsewhere
Wide Spaced Frames and Floor
To shell, deck, inner bottom and longitudinal
Floors Single Bottom
To center keelson
Floors Double Bottom (See Note 7)
Solid floors to center vertical keel plate in engine room,
under boiler bearers
Solid floors to center vertical keel plate elsewhere, and
open-floor brackets to center vertical keel
Solid floors and open-floor brackets to margin plate
To inner bottom in engine room
To inner bottom elsewhere

126

0.20
11/2
3/16

Weld size for lesser thickness of members joined, in.


0.26
0.32
0.38
0.44
0.50
0.58
1
1
1
1
1
2 /2
2 /2
2 /2
2 /2
2 /2
21/2
3/16
1/4
1/4
5/16
5/16
3/8
Spacing of Welds S, mm

*12

*12

12

12

12

Continuous weld of leg size of plate thickness


less than 1/16 in.

12

12

See 3-2-6/Table
1B for double
continuous weld
See 3-2-6/Table
1B for double
continuous weld

10

10

10

10

*12

10
*12
*14

10
12
*14

10
12
*14

10
12
*14

10
12
*14

10
12
*14

*12

*12

10
12

10
12

10
12

10
12

10
12

10

10

12

12

See 3-2-6/Table 1B for double continuous welds


See 3-2-6/Table 1B for double continuous welds

*10

*10

10

10

See 3-2-6/Table 1B for double continuous welds


See 3-2-6/Table 1B for double continuous welds
*12
*12
12
12
12

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

Part
Chapter
Section

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2
6

Hull Construction and Equipment


Hull Structures and Arrangements
Weld Design

3-2-6

TABLE 2B (continued)
Intermittent Fillet Weld Sizes and Spacing Inches

Length of fillet weld


Nominal leg size of fillet w
Structural Items
Foundations
To top plates, shell or inner bottom for main engines
and major auxiliaries
Girders, Webs and Trusses
To shell and to bulkheads or decks in tanks
To bulkheads or decks elsewhere
Webs to face plate
Intercostals
To shell and inner bottom in way of engine u
To shell and inner bottom elsewhere, to floors

0.20
11/2
3/16

Weld size for lesser thickness of members joined, in.


0.26
0.32
0.38
0.44
0.50
0.58
21/2
21/2
21/2
21/2
21/2
21/2
3/16
1/4
1/4
5/16
5/16
3/8
Spacing of Welds S, mm

See 3-2-6/Table 1B for double continuous welds

*10

8
10
*10

9
10
12

9
10
12

9
10
12

9
10
12

9
10
12

*11

6
*11

6
11

6
11

6
11

6
11

6
11

See General Notes at beginning of Table.


*

Fillet welds are to be staggered.

Length of fillet to be 3 in.

Where beams, stiffeners, frames, etc., pass through slotted girders, shelves or stringers, there is to be a pair of
matched intermittent welds on each side of each such intersection, and the beams, stiffeners and frames are to be
efficiently attached to the girders, shelves and stringers.

Longitudinal frames are to have 6 inches of double continuous welding at their ends and in way of transverses
except as follows. Deck longitudinals require 6 inches double continuous welding at ends. Side and deck
longitudinals in way of cargo spaces in open hopper barges require a matched pair of welds at their ends.

The required welding area of end connections of stanchions and diagonals is not to be less than the following:

Notes

"

Stanchions e 75k of the area of the stanchions

"

Diagonals e 50k of the area of the diagonal

In determining the weld area provided, the throat dimension of the fillet is to be used.
4

Brackets generally welded 3 inches on 6 inch centers, both sides. Length of fillet weld based on lesser thickness of
members joined.

Unbracketed shell and bulkhead stiffeners are to have double continuous welds for one-tenth of their length at each
end.

Where center girders are water- or oil-tight a continuous weld is to be used on one side of the connections.

Tank end floors are to be welded to shell, center girder and inner bottom as required for deep tank bulkheads.

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PART

Chapter

3:

Subdivision

and

Stability

3
CHAPTER

Subdivision and Stability

CONTENTS
SECTION 1

Passenger Vessels.............................................................131
1

Definitions ..........................................................................131
1.1

Margin Line ................................................................... 131

1.3

Deepest Subdivision Draft............................................. 131

Intact Stability.....................................................................131
3.1

Vessels Over 100 Gross Tons, greater than 20 m


(65 ft) in Length, or Carrying 50 or More Passengers ... 131

3.3

Self-propelled Vessels Under 100 m (328 ft) in


Length ........................................................................... 132

Damage Stability................................................................133
5.1

Permeability .................................................................. 133

5.3

Extent of Damage ......................................................... 133

Portlights in Cargo Spaces Located Below the Margin


Line ....................................................................................133

Automatic Ventilating Portlights .........................................134

11

Shell Connections Located Below the Margin Line ...........134

13

Gangway and Cargo Ports Located Below the Margin


Line ....................................................................................134

15

Openings and Penetrations in Watertight Bulkheads ........135

17

Doors, Manholes and Access Openings............................135

19

Shaft Tunnel Door and Doors within Propulsion


Machinery Spaces .............................................................135

21

Watertight Doors in Watertight Bulkheads.........................136

23

Power-operated Sliding Watertight Doors .........................136

25

Watertight Doors in Cargo Spaces ....................................139

27

Portable Plates...................................................................140

29

Miscellaneous ....................................................................140

31

Watertight Decks, Trunks, Tunnels, Duct Keels and


Ventilators ..........................................................................140

33

Inclining Experiment...........................................................140

35

Deadweight Survey............................................................141

37

Trim and Stability Booklets ................................................141

39

Damage Control Plans.......................................................141

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PART

Section

1:

Passenger

Vessels

3
CHAPTER

Subdivision and Stability

SECTION

Passenger Vessels

Definitions

1.1

Margin Line
The Margin Line is a line drawn at least 76 mm (3 in.) below the upper surface of the main deck at side.

1.3

Deepest Subdivision Draft


Deepest Subdivision Draft is the waterline which corresponds to the greatest draft permitted by the
subdivision requirements which are applicable.

Intact Stability

3.1

Vessels Over 100 Gross Tons, Greater than 20 m (65 ft) in Length, or Carrying
50 or More Passengers
The metacentric height, GM, of these vessels is to be as indicated by the following equations in each
condition of loading and operation, except that vessels under 20 m (65 ft) in length, of 100 gross tons
or less, and carrying between 50 and 150 passengers need only comply with Equation 1.
GM ' PAHKLW tan(T)M ............................................................................................................ (1)
GM ' NbKLKW tan(T)M............................................................................................................. (2)
where
P

0.028 P (LK1309)2 tfKrn2 (0.0025 P LLK14200M2 LtfKft2)

length of the vessel, in m (ft), as defined in 3-1-1K3

proTected lateral area of the portion of the vessel above the waterline, in m2 (ft2)

vertical distance from the center of A to the center of the vesselUs underwater
lateral area, or approximately to the one-half draft point, in m (ft)

force corresponding to the displacement of the vessel, in tf (Ltf)

14 or the angle of heel at which one half of the freeboard to the deck edge is
immersed, whichever is less.

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Part
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3.3

3
3
1

Hull Construction and Equipment


Subdivision and Stability
Passenger Vessels

3-3-1

number of passengers

distance from the centerline of the vessel to the geometric center of the passenger
deck on one side of the centerline, in m (ft)

23.6 passengersKtf (24 passengersKLtf)

Self-propelled Vessels Under 100 m (328 ft) in Length


These vessels are to comply with 3-3-1K3.3.1 or 3-3-1K3.3.2 below. For the purpose of demonstrating
compliance with 3-3-1K3.3.1 or 3-3-1K3.3.2 below, at each angle of heel the vesselXs righting arm is to
be calculated after the vessel is permitted to trim freely until the trimming moment is zero.
3.3.1

3.3.2

Vessels with Maximum Righting Arm Occurring at an Angle of Heel > 30


These vessels are to haveZ
i)

An initial metacentric height (GM) of at least 0.15 m (0.49 ft).

ii)

A maximum righting arm (GZ) of at least 0.20 m (0.66 ft) at an angle of heel equal to
or greater than 30

iii)

An area under each righting arm curve of at least 3.15 m-degrees (10.3 ft-degrees) up
to an angle of heel of 30.

iv)

An area under each righting arm curve of at least 5.15 m-degrees (16.9 ft-degrees) up
to an angle of heel of 40, or the downflooding angle, whichever is less, and

v)

An area under each righting arm curve between the angles of 30 and 40, or between
30 and the downflooding angle, if this angle is less than 40, of not less than 1.72
m-degrees (5.6 ft-degrees).

Vessels with Maximum Righting Arm Occurring at an Angle of Heel + 30


These vessels are to comply with 3-3-1K3.3.1 or are to have\
i)

An initial metacentric height (GM) of at least 0.15 m (0.49 ft).

ii)

A maximum righting arm that occurs at an angle of heel not less than 15.

iii)

An area under each righting arm curve of at least 5.15 m-degrees (16.9 ft-degrees) up
to an angle of heel of 40, or the downflooding angle, whichever is less, and

iv)

An area under each righting arm curve between the angles of 30 and 40, or between
30 and the downflooding angle, if this angle is less than 40, of not less than 1.72
m-degrees (5.6 ft-degrees).

v)

An area under each righting arm curve up to the angle of maximum righting arm of
not less than the area determined by the following equationsZ
A N 3.15 P 0.057(30 Y) m-degrees

A N 10.3 P 0.187(30 Y) ft-degrees

where

132

area, in m-degrees (ft-degrees)

angle of maximum righting, in degrees

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL 1ESSELS FOR SER1ICE ON RI1ERS 2 INTRACOASTAL 3ATER3A4S . 2007

Part
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3
1

Hull Construction and Equipment


Subdivision and Stability
Passenger Vessels

3-3-1

Damage Stability
All vessels over 100 gross tons, greater than 20 m (65 ft) in length, or carrying more than 150 passengers,
are to comply with a one-compartment standard of flooding (no damage to any main transverse watertight
bulkhead), irrespective of the maximum number of passengers carried. The following assumptions are
to be made in determining compliance with the one compartment standard.

5.1

Permeability
The following uniform average permeabilities are to be assumedZ

5.3

i)

Cargo, stores and baggage spacesZ 60B.

ii)

Machinery spacesZ 85`

iii)

TanksZ 0` or 95`, whichever results in the most disabling condition.

iv)

All other spacesZ 95`.

Extent of Damage
5.3.1

Vessels of 43.5 m (143 ft) in Length or Greater


For vessels 43.5 m (143 ft) or more in length, the following extent of damage is to be assumedZ
5.3.1(a) Longitudinal penetration. 3 m (10 ft) plus 3` of the vesselUs length, or 10.7 m (35 ft)
whichever is less.
5.3.1(b) Transverse penetration. BK5 where B is the mean of the maximum beam at the
bulkhead deck and the maximum beam at the deepest subdivision draft, applied inboard from
the side of the vessel, at right angles to the centerline, at the level of the deepest subdivision
draft.
5.3.1(c) Vertical penetration. Upward without limit.

5.3.2

Vessels Under 43.5 m (143 ft) in Length


For vessels less than 43.5 m (143 ft) in length, the following extent of damage is to be assumedZ
5.3.2(a) Longitudinal penetration. 1.8 m (6 ft) or 10` of the vesselUs length, whichever is
greater.
5.3.2(b) Transverse penetration. BK5 where B is the mean of the maximum beam at the
bulkhead deck and the maximum beam at the deepest subdivision draft, applied inboard from
the side of the vessel, at right angles to the centerline, at the level of the deepest subdivision
draft.
5.3.2(c) Vertical penetration. Upward without limit.

Portlights in Cargo Spaces Located Below the Margin Line


Portlights located below the margin line are to be fitted with tempered monolithic glass of thickness
obtained from the following equation and are to comply with i), ii) and iii), below.
tmin N 8.0 mm (0.31 in.)

t N 0.033d
where
d

clear glass diameter, in mm (in.)

glass thickness, in mm (in.)

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Passenger Vessels

3-3-1

i)

Portlights are not to be fitted in any spaces which are used exclusively for the carriage
of cargo.

ii)

Portlights may be fitted in spaces used alternatively for the carriage of cargo or
passengers, but they are to be of such construction as will effectively prevent any
unauthorized opening.

iii)

If cargo is carried in spaces mentioned in ii), the portlights and their deadlights are to
be closed watertight and locked before the cargo is shipped.

Automatic Ventilating Portlights


Automatic ventilating portlights are not to be fitted in the shell plating below the margin line without
special approval.

11

Shell Connections Located Below the Margin Line

11.1
All inlets and discharges in the shell plating are to be fitted with efficient and accessible arrangements
for preventing the accidental ingress of water into the vessel.

11.3
Except as provided in 3-3-1K11.5, each separate discharge led through the shell plating from spaces
below the margin line is to be provided with either one automatic non-return valve fitted with a
positive means of closing from above the bulkhead deck or with two automatic non-return valves
without positive means of closing, provided that the inboard valve is situated above the deepest draft
and is always accessible for examination under service conditions. Where a valve with positive means
of closing is fitted, the operating position above the bulkhead deck is always to be readily accessible,
and means are to be provided for indicating whether the valve is open or closed.

11.5
Machinery space main and auxiliary sea inlets and discharges used in connection with the operation of
machinery are to be fitted with readily accessible valves between the pipes and the shell plating or
between the pipes and fabricated boxes attached to the shell plating. The valves may be controlled
locally and are to be provided with indicators showing whether they are open or closed.

13

Gangway and Cargo Ports Located Below the Margin Line

13.1
Gangway and cargo ports fitted below the margin line are to be of sufficient strength. They are to be
capable of being effectively closed and secured watertight. The scantlings of the ports are to be
equivalent to the scantlings required by the Rules for the hull structure in that location. Ports should
normally open outboard. Ports which open inboard are to have portable strong-backs or props in
addition to the regular dogs. If accessible during service, they are to be fitted with a device which
prevents unauthorized opening. Shell doublers or insert plates are to be fitted to compensate for the
openings and the corners of openings are to be well rounded. Indicators showing whether the ports are
open or secured closed are to be located in the wheelhouse or main control center.

13.3
Such ports are to be so located as to have their lowest point above the deepest draft waterline.
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Openings and Penetrations in Watertight Bulkheads

15.1
The number of openings in watertight bulkheads is to be reduced to the minimum compatible with the
design and proper working of the vessel\ satisfactory means are to be provided for closing these
openings.

15.3
Valves not forming part of a piping system are not permitted in watertight subdivision bulkheads.

15.5
Lead or other heat sensitive materials are not to be used in systems which penetrate watertight subdivision
bulkheads, where deterioration of such material would in the event of a fire, impair the watertight
integrity of the bulkheads.

15.7
Except as provided in 3-3-1K15.9, the collision bulkhead may be pierced below the margin line by not
more than one pipe for dealing with fluid in the forepeak, provided that the pipe is fitted with a
screwdown valve capable of being operated from above the bulkhead deck\ the valve chest being
located on the collision bulkhead inside the forepeak.

15.9
If the forepeak is divided to hold two kinds of liquids, the collision bulkhead may be pierced below
the margin line by two pipes, each of which is fitted as required by paragraph d, provided there is no
practical alternative to the fitting of such a second pipe and that, having regard to the additional
subdivision provided in the forepeak, the safety of the vessel is maintained.

17

Doors, Manholes and Access Openings


Doors, manholes, or access openings are not permittedZ

19

i)

In the collision bulkhead below the margin line\

ii)

In watertight transverse bulkheads dividing a cargo space from an adToining cargo space or
from a permanent or reserve bunker, except as provided in 3-3-1K25.

Shaft Tunnel Door and Doors within Propulsion Machinery


Spaces
Within spaces containing the main and auxiliary propulsion machinery including boilers serving the
needs of propulsion, not more than one watertight door, apart from the watertight doors to shaft
tunnels, is to be fitted in each main transverse bulkhead. Where two or more shafts are fitted, the
tunnels are to be interconnected by a passage. There is to be only one watertight door between the
machinery space and the tunnel spaces where two shafts are fitted, and only two watertight doors
where there are more than two shafts. All these watertight doors are to be of the sliding type and are to
be so located as to have their sills as high as practicable. The hand gear for operating these doors from
above the bulkhead deck is to be situated outside the spaces containing the machinery. See also
4-4-1K25.9.4.

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Watertight Doors in Watertight Bulkheads

21.1
Watertight doors, except as provided in 3-3-1K25 are to be power-operated sliding doors complying
with the requirements of 3-3-1K23 capable of being closed simultaneously from the central operating
console at the navigation bridge (or main control station) in not more than 60 seconds with the vessel
in the upright position.

21.3
The means of operation whether by power or by hand of any power-operated sliding watertight door
is to be capable of closing the door with the vessel listed to 15 either way. Consideration is also to be
given to the forces which may act on either side of the door as may be experienced when water is
flowing through the opening applying a static head equivalent to a water height of at least 1 m (3.28
ft) above the sill on the centerline of the door.

21.5
Watertight door controls, including hydraulic piping and electric cables, are to be kept as close as
practicable to the bulkhead in which the doors are fitted, in order to minimize the likelihood of them
being involved in any damage which the vessel may sustain. The positioning of watertight doors and
their controls are to be such that if the vessel sustains damage within one fifth of the breadth of the
vessel, as defined in 3-1-1K5, such distance being measured at right angles to the centerline at the level
of the deepest subdivision load line, the operation of the watertight doors clear of the damaged portion
of the vessel is not impaired.

21.7
All power-operated sliding watertight doors are to be provided with means of indication which will
show at all remote operating positions whether the doors are open or closed. Remote operating
positions are to be at the navigation bridge (or main control station) as required by 3-3-1K23.1.5 and,
at the location where hand operation above the bulkhead deck is required by 3-3-1K23.1.4.

21.9

(1##6)
Sliding doors are to be hydrostatically tested at the manufacturer with a head of water not less than the
height to the deck at center.

23

Power-operated Sliding Watertight Doors

23.1
Each power-operated sliding watertight door is to comply with the followingZ
23.1.1
Have either a vertical or a horizontal motion\

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23.1.2
SubTect to 3-3-1K27, normally being limited to a maximum clear opening width of 1.2 m
(3.94 ft). Larger doors may be considered to the extent necessary for the effective operation of
the vessel provided that other safety measures, including the following, are taken into
considerationZ
i)

Special consideration is to be given to the strength of the door and its closing
appliances in order to prevent leakages\

ii)

The door is to be located inboard of the transverse extent of damage (BK5)\

iii)

The door is to be kept closed when the vessel is in service, except the door may be
opened for limited periods when absolutely necessary.

23.1.3
Be fitted with the necessary equipment to open and close the door using electric power,
hydraulic power, or any other acceptable form of power.
23.1.4
Be provided with an individual hand-operated mechanism. It is to be possible to open and
close the door by hand from either side of the door, and in addition, close the door from an
accessible position above the bulkhead deck with an all round crank motion or some other
movement providing the same acceptable degree of safety. Direction of rotation or other
movement is to be clearly indicated at all operating positions. The time necessary for the
complete closure of the door, when operating by hand gear, is not to exceed 90 seconds with
the vessel in the upright position\
23.1.5
Be provided with controls for opening and closing the door by power from both sides of the
door and also for closing the door by power from the central operating console at the
navigation bridge (or main control station)\
23.1.6
Be provided with an audible alarm, distinct from any other alarm in the area, which will
sound whenever the door is closed remotely by power and which is to sound for at least five
seconds but no more than ten seconds before the door begins to move and is to continue
sounding until the door is completely closed. In the case of remote hand operation it is
sufficient for the audible alarm to sound only when the door is moving. Additionally, in
passenger areas and areas of high ambient noise, the audible alarm is to be supplemented by a
warning sign posted on each side of the door, an intermittent visual signal at the door\ and
23.1.7
Have an approximately uniform rate of closure under power. The closure time, from the time
the door begins to move to the time it reaches the completely closed position, is to be not less
than 20 seconds or more than 40 seconds with the vessel in the upright position.

23.3
The electrical power required for power-operated sliding watertight doors is to be supplied from the
emergency switchboard either directly or by a dedicated distribution board situated above the bulkhead
deck. The associated control, indication and alarm circuits are to be supplied from the emergency
switchboard either directly or by a dedicated distribution board situated above the bulkhead deck.

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23.5
Power-operated sliding watertight doors are to have one of the following systems,
23.5.1
A centralized hydraulic system with two independent power sources each consisting of a
motor and pump capable of simultaneously closing all doors. In addition, there are to be for
the whole installation hydraulic accumulators of sufficient capacity to operate all the doors at
least three times (i.e., closed-open-closed) against an adverse list of 15. This operating cycle
is to be capable of being carried out when the accumulator is at the pump cut-in pressure. The
fluid used is to be chosen considering the temperatures liable to be encountered by the
installation during its service. The power operating system is to be designed to minimize the
possibility of having a single failure in the hydraulic piping adversely affect the operation of
more than one door. The hydraulic system is to be provided with a low-level alarm for
hydraulic fluid reservoirs serving the power-operated system and a low gas pressure alarm or
other effective means of monitoring loss of stored energy in hydraulic accumulators. These
alarms are to be audible and visual and are to be situated on the central operating console at
the navigation bridge (or main control station).
23.5.2
An independent hydraulic system for each door with each power source consisting of a motor
and pump capable of opening and closing the door. In addition, there is to be a hydraulic
accumulator of sufficient capacity to operate the door at least three times (i.e., closed-openclosed) against an adverse list of 15. This operating cycle is to be capable of being carried
out when the accumulator is at the pump cut-in pressure. The fluid used is to be chosen
considering the temperatures liable to be encountered by the installation during its service. A
low gas pressure group alarm or other effective means of monitoring loss of stored energy in
hydraulic accumulators is to be provided at the central operating console on the navigation
bridge (or main control station). Loss of stored energy indication at each local operating
position is to be provided.
For the systems specified in 3-3-1K23.5.1 and 3-3-1K23.5.2 above, the power systems for poweroperated watertight sliding doors are to be separate from any other power system. A single failure in
the electric or hydraulic power-operated system excluding the hydraulic actuator is not to prevent the
hand operation of any door.

23.7
Control handles are to be provided at each side of the bulkhead at a minimum height of 1.6 m (5.25 ft)
above the deck and are to be so arranged as to enable persons passing through the doorway to hold
both handles in the open position without being able to set the power closing mechanism in operation
accidentally. The direction of movement of the handles in opening and closing the door is to be in the
direction of door movement and is to be clearly indicated.

23.9
As far as practicable, electrical equipment and components for watertight doors are to be situated
above the bulkhead deck and outside hazardous areas and spaces.

23.11
The enclosures of electrical components necessarily situated below the bulkhead deck are to provide
suitable protection against the ingress of water.

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23.13
Electric power, control, indication and alarm circuits are to be protected against fault in such a way
that a failure in one door circuit will not cause a failure in any other door circuits. Short circuits or
other faults in alarm or indicator circuits of a door are not to result in a loss of power operation of that
door. Arrangements are to be such that leakage of water into the electrical equipment located below
the main deck will not cause the door to open.

23.15
A single electrical failure in the power operating or control system of a power-operated sliding
watertight door is not to result in opening of a closed door. Availability of the power supplies is to be
continuously monitored at a point in the electrical circuit as near as practicable to each of the motors
required by 3-3-1K23.5 above. Loss of any such power supply is to activate an audible and visual
alarm at the central operating console at the navigation bridge or main control station).

23.17 Central Operating Console


23.17.1
The central operating console at the navigation bridge (or main control station) is to have a
imaster modej switch with two modes of controlZ a ilocal controlj mode which will allow
any door to be locally opened and locally closed after use without automatic closure, and a
idoors closedj mode which will automatically close any door that is open. The idoors closedj
mode will permit doors to be opened locally and will automatically reclose the doors upon
release of the local control mechanism. The imaster modej switch is to be normally in the
ilocal controlj mode.
23.17.2
The central operating console at the navigation bridge (or main control station) is to be
provided with a diagram showing the location of each door, with visual indicators to show
whether each door is open or closed. A red light is to indicate a door is fully open and a green
light is to indicate a door is fully closed. When the door is closed remotely the red light is to
indicate the intermediate position by flashing. The indicating circuit is to be independent of
the control circuit for each door.
23.17.3
The arrangements are to be such as to prohibit the opening of any door from the central
operating console.

25

Watertight Doors in Cargo Spaces


Watertight doors of substantial construction may be fitted in watertight bulkheads dividing cargo
between deck spaces. Such doors may be hinged, rolling or sliding doors and are not to be remotely
controlled. They are to be fitted at the highest level and as far from the shell plating as practicable, but
in no case is the outboard vertical edge to be situated at a distance from the shell plating which is less
than one fifth of the breadth of the vessel, such distance being measured at right angles to the
centerline of the vessel at the level of the deepest draft.
All watertight doors in the cargo spaces are to be kept closed during navigation and should any of the
doors be accessible during the voyage, they are to be fitted with a device which prevents unauthorized
opening. When it is proposed to fit such doors, the number and arrangements are to be specially
considered.

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Portable Plates
Portable plates on bulkheads are not permitted except in machinery spaces. The necessary precautions
are to be taken in replacing them to ensure that the Toints are watertight.
The Bureau will consider not more than one power-operated sliding watertight door in each main
transverse bulkhead larger than 1.2 m (3.94 ft) in clear opening width being substituted for these
portable plates, provided these doors are closed during navigation except, in case of urgent necessity,
the doors may be opened at the discretion of the master. These doors need not meet the requirements
of 3-3-1K23.1.4 regarding complete closure by hand-operated gear in 90 seconds provided the doors
can be closed in a reasonable time.

29

Miscellaneous

29.1
Where trunkways or tunnels for piping, or for any other purpose are carried through main transverse
watertight bulkheads, they are to be watertight and in accordance with the requirements of 3-2-5K17.
The access to at least one end of each such tunnel or trunk-way, if used as a passage during service, is
to be through a trunk extending watertight to a height sufficient to permit access above the margin
line. The access to the other end of the trunk-way or tunnel may be through a watertight door of the
type required by its location in the vessel. Such trunk-ways or tunnels are not to extend through the
first subdivision bulkhead abaft the collision bulkhead.

29.3
Where it is proposed to fit tunnels piercing main transverse watertight bulkheads, these will be subTect
to special consideration.

29.5
Where trunkways in connection with refrigerated cargo and ventilation or forced draft trunks are
carried through more than one watertight bulkhead, the means of closure at such openings are to be
operated by power and be capable of being closed from a central position situated above the bulkhead
deck.

31

Watertight Decks, Trunks, Tunnels, Duct Keels and


Ventilators
Watertight decks, trunks, tunnels, duct keels and ventilators are to be of the same strength as watertight
bulkheads at corresponding levels. The means used for making them watertight, and the arrangements
adopted for closing openings in them are to be submitted for approval. Watertight ventilators and
trunks are to be carried at least up to the main deck.

33

Inclining Experiment
A stability test (lightweight survey and inclining experiment) to determine the lightship displacement
and center of gravity of the vessel is to be carried out in the presence of a Surveyor.

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Deadweight Survey
In lieu of an inclining experiment, a deadweight survey may be performed to determine the lightweight
displacement and longitudinal center of gravity, provided it can be shown that locating the precise
position of the vesselUs vertical center of gravity is not necessary to ensure that the vessel has adequate
stability in all probable loading conditions.

37

Trim and Stability Booklets


Trim and stability booklets generally will not be required for river service passenger vessels of normal
configuration with barge-type hulls. Vessels of unusual configuration or with ship-type hulls will be
subTect to special consideration.

39

Damage Control Plans


For the guidance of the officers in charge, plans showing clearly for each deck and hold the boundaries
of the watertight compartments, the openings therein with the means of closure and position of any
controls thereof, and the arrangements for the correction of any heel due to flooding are to be
permanently exhibited onboard the vessel. In addition, booklets containing the aforementioned information
are to be made available to the officers of the vessel.

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PART

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Fire

Safety

Measures

3
CHAPTER

Fire Safety Measures

CONTENTS
SECTION 1

Passenger Vessels.............................................................145
1

Application .........................................................................145

Definitions ..........................................................................145
3.1

Accommodation Space ................................................. 145

3.3

Public Space ................................................................. 145

3.5

High Risk Service Space............................................... 145

3.7

Special Category Space................................................ 145

3.9

Corridors ....................................................................... 145

3.11

Control Stations............................................................. 145

3.13

Machinery Spaces of Category A.................................. 146

3.15

Machinery Spaces......................................................... 146

3.17

Non Combustible Material ............................................. 146

3.19

Standard Fire Test ........................................................ 146

3.21

MAN Class Division.......................................................... 146

3.23

MBN Class Division.......................................................... 147

3.25

Continuous MBN Class Ceilings or Linings ...................... 147

3.27

Steel Equivalent Material .............................................. 147

3.29

Low Flame Spread Surface........................................... 147

Main Vertical Tones ...........................................................147

Protection of Accommodation Spaces, Service Spaces


and Control Stations ..........................................................148

Stairways W Elevators ........................................................148

11

Non-Combustible Materials ...............................................149

13

Exposed Surfaces, Deck Coverings, and Paints,


Varnishes and Other Finishes ...........................................149

15

Details of Construction.......................................................150

17

Ventilation ..........................................................................150

19

Miscellaneous Items ..........................................................151

21

Means of Escape ...............................................................151

23

Fire Control Plans ..............................................................152

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Fire Safety Measures

SECTION

Passenger Vessels

Application
These requirements apply to steel vessels. The use of other materials may be accepted, provided that
they provide an equivalent standard of safety.

Definitions

3.1

Accommodation Space
!""#$$#%&'(#) +,&"-. are those used for public spaces, corridors, lavatories, cabins, offices, hospitals,
cinemas, games and hobby rooms, barber shops, pantries containing no cooking appliances and similar
spaces.

3.3

Public Space
/012(" +,&"-. are those portions of the accommodation which are used for halls, dining rooms,
lounges and similar permanently enclosed spaces.

3.5

High Risk Service Space


3(45 6(.7 +-89("- +,&"-. are those used for galleys, pantries containing cooking appliances, paint and
lamp rooms, lockers and storerooms having areas of 4 m2 (43 ft2) or more, and workshops other than
those forming part of the Machinery Spaces.

3.7

Special Category Space


+,-"(&2 :&'-4#8; +,&"-. are those enclosed spaces above or below the bulkhead deck intended for the
carriage of motor vehicles with fuel in their tanks for their own propulsion, into and from which such
vehicles can be driven and to which passengers have access.

3.9

Corridors
:#88(%#8. are passenger and crew corridors and lobbies.

3.11

Control Stations
:#)'8#2 +'&'(#). are spaces containing emergency sources of power and lighting, wheelhouse and
chartroom space containing the ship's radio equipment, fire-extinguishing rooms, fire-control rooms,
fire-recording stations and control rooms for propulsion machinery when located outside the machinery
space.

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Machinery Spaces of Category A


<&"5()-8; +,&"-. #= :&'-4#8; ! are those spaces and trunks to such spaces which contain:

3.15

(>

Internal combustion machinery used for main propulsion; or

((>

Internal combustion machinery used for purposes other than main propulsion where such
machinery has in the aggregate a total power output of not less than 375 KW; or

(((>

Any oil fire boiler or oil fuel unit.

Machinery Spaces
<&"5()-8; +,&"-. are all machinery spaces of category A and all other spaces containing propulsion
machinery, boilers, oil fuel units, steam and internal combustion engines, generators and major
electrical machinery, oil filling stations, refrigerating, stabilizing, ventilation and air-conditioning
machinery, and similar spaces and trunks to such spaces.

3.17

Non Combustible Material


A ?#)@"#$10.'(12- <&'-8(&2 is one which neither burns nor gives off flammable vapors in sufficient
quantity for self ignition when heated to approximately 750C (1382F), this being determined by an
established recognized test procedure which is to be submitted for review.

3.19

Standard Fire Test


A +'&)%&8% A(8- B-.' is one in which specimens of the relevant bulkheads or decks are exposed in a
test furnace to temperatures corresponding approximately to the standard time temperature curve. The
specimen is to have an exposed surface of not less than 4.65 m2 (50 ft2) and height (or length of deck)
of 2.44 m (8 ft), resembling as closely as possible the intended construction and including where
appropriate at least one joint. The standard time-temperature curve is defined by a smooth curve
drawn through the following temperature points measured above the initial furnace temperature:
At the end of the first:

3.21

"

5 minutes:

556C (1033F)

"

10 minutes:

659C (1218F)

"

15 minutes:

718C (1324F)

"

30 minutes:

821C (1510F)

"

60 minutes:

925C (1697F)

PAQ Class Division


C!D :2&.. E(9(.(#). are divisions formed by bulkheads and decks which comply with the following:

146

(>

They are constructed of steel or other equivalent material

((>

They are suitably stiffened

(((>

They are so constructed as to be capable of preventing the passage of smoke and flame until
the end of the one hour standard fire test

(9>

They are insulated with approved non-combustible materials such that the average temperature
of the unexposed side will not rise more than 139C (282F) above the original temperature,
nor will the temperature, at any one point, including any joint, rise more than 180C (356F)
above the original temperature within the time listed below:

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"

Class A-60

60 minutes

"

Class A-0

0 minutes

3-4-1

A test of a prototype bulkhead or deck to a recognized standard to ensure that it meets the
above requirements for integrity and temperature rise may be required.

PBQ Class Division


CFD :2&.. E(9(.(#). are divisions formed by bulkheads, decks, ceilings, or linings which comply with
the following:
(>

They are to be so constructed as to be capable of preventing the passage of flame to the end of
the first half hour of the standard fire test.

((>

They are to have an insulation value such that the average temperature of the unexposed side
will not rise more that 139C (282F) above the original temperature, nor will the temperature
at any one point, including any joint, rise more than 225C (437F) above the original
temperature within the time listed below.
"

3.25

Class B-0

0 minutes

(((>

They are to be constructed of approved non-combustible materials and all materials entering
into the construction and erection of B Class divisions are to be non-combustible, with the
exception that combustible veneers may be permitted provided they meet other requirements
in this section

(9>

A test of a prototype division to a recognized standard to ensure that it meets the above
requirements for integrity and temperature rise may be required.

Continuous PBQ Class Ceilings or Linings


:#)'()0#0. CFD :2&.. :-(2()4. #8 G()()4. are those B Class ceilings or linings which terminate only
at A or B Class Divisions.

3.27

Steel Equivalent Material


A +'--2 HI0(9&2-)' <&'-8(&2 is a non-combustible material which, by itself or due to the insulation
provided, has structural and integrity properties equivalent to steel at the end of the applicable
exposure to the standard fire test (i.e., aluminum alloy with appropriate insulation).

3.29

Low Flame Spread Surface


A G#J A2&$- +,8-&% +08=&"- is a surface that will adequately restrict the spread of flame, this being
determined to the satisfaction of the Flag State or Bureau by a recognized, established test procedure.

Main Vertical =ones


The hull, superstructure, and deckhouses are to be subdivided by A-60 divisions into main vertical
zones, each with the mean length on any deck generally not in excess of 48 m (157.50 ft) with a
square area of deck not to exceed 1600 m2 (17222 ft2).

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Protection of Accommodation Spaces, Service Spaces and


Control Stations

7.1
Corridor bulkheads are to be A or B Class divisions extending from deck to deck. Where continuous
B Class ceilings and/or linings are fitted on both sides of the bulkhead, the B Class bulkhead may
terminate at the continuous ceiling or lining. Doors fitted in B Class divisions may have a louver in
the lower half not exceeding 0.05 m2 (78 in2). As an equivalent, these doors may be undercut up to
25 mm (1 in.). Such openings or undercuttings are not to be provided in doors forming a stairway
enclosure.

7.3
All doors and frames in such bulkheads are to be of non-combustible materials and are to be so
constructed and erected as to provide substantial fire resistance, as to maintain the integrity of the
division in which the doors are fitted.

7.5
The Machinery Spaces of Category A, High Risk Service Spaces, and Control Stations are to be
isolated from adjacent Accommodation Spaces and each other by A-60 Divisions.

7.7
The fire integrity of the deck between accommodation spaces is to be steel or equivalent. However,
where a deck is penetrated for the passage of electric cables, pipes and vent ducts, such penetrations
are to be of A Class integrity

7.9
The fire integrity of the divisions between the accommodation spaces and the machinery spaces of
other than Category A is to be A-0 Class.

Stairways F Elevators

9.1
Stairways which penetrate only a single deck are to be protected at least at one level by an A Class
Division and self-closing door so as to limit the rapid spread of fire from one deck to another.
Elevator trunks are to be protected by A Class divisions. Stairways are to be constructed of steel or
equivalent material.

9.3
Stairways and elevator trunks which penetrate more than a single deck are to be surrounded by A
Class divisions and protected by A Class self-closing doors at all levels. Self-closing doors are not
to be fitted with hold-back hooks. However, hold-back arrangements incorporating remote release
fittings of fail safe type may be used.

148

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Part
Chapter
Section

11

3
4
1

Hull Construction and Equipment


Fire Safety Measures
Passenger Vessels

3-4-1

Non-Combustible Materials

11.1
Ceilings, linings, bulkheads and insulation except for insulation in refrigerated compartments are to be
of non-combustible material. Vapor barriers and adhesives used in conjunction with the insulation, as
well as insulation of pipe fittings for cold service systems need not be non-combustible, but they
should be kept to a minimum and their exposed surfaces are to have resistance to propagation of
flame.

11.3
Partial bulkheads or decks used to subdivide a space for utility or artistic treatment are also to be of
non-combustible materials.

11.5
The framing, including grounds and the joint pieces of bulkheads, linings, ceilings and draft stops are
to be of non-combustible materials.

11.7
Each accommodation space/public space on board vessels with no overnight accommodations is to be
designed with a maximum fire load not to exceed 14.6 kg/m2 (3 lbs/ft2).

11.9
For those vessels designed with onboard overnight accommodations, the maximum fire load is not to
exceed 48.8 kg/m2 (10 lbs/ft2). This is to provide for 36.6 kg/m2 (7.5 lbs/ft2) for combustible furniture
and 12.2 kg/m2 (2.5 lbs/ft2) for personal effects.

13

Exposed Surfaces, Deck Coverings, and Paints, Varnishes


and Other Finishes

13.1
The following surfaces are to have low flame-spread characteristics.
"

All exposed surfaces in corridors and stairway enclosures, and of bulkheads, wall and ceiling
linings in all accommodation and service spaces and control stations.

13.3
The bulkheads, linings and ceilings may have combustible veneers provided that the thickness of such
veneers does not exceed 2 mm (0.08 in.) within any space other than corridors, stairway enclosures
and control stations where the thickness is not to exceed 1.5 mm (0.06 in.). Note these veneers are to
be included in the fire load calculations discussed above.

13.5
Paints, varnishes and other finishes used on exposed interior surfaces are not to be of a nature to offer
an undue fire hazard and are not to be capable of producing excessive quantities of smoke or toxic fumes.

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL 1ESSELS FOR SER1ICE ON RI1ERS 2 INTRACOASTAL 3ATER3A4S . 2007

149

Part
Chapter
Section

15

3
4
1

Hull Construction and Equipment


Fire Safety Measures
Passenger Vessels

3-4-1

Details of Construction
In accommodation and service spaces, control stations, corridors and stairways:

17

(>

Air spaces enclosed behind ceilings, paneling or linings are to be suitably divided by close
fitting draught stops not more than 14 m apart.

((>

In the vertical direction, such enclosed air spaces, including those behind linings of stairways,
trunks, etc., are to be closed at each deck.

Ventilation

17.1
Ducts provided for ventilation of Machinery Spaces of Category A and Galleys are not to pass
through Accommodation and Service Spaces or Control Stations. However, some relaxation from this
requirement will be considered provided that:
(>

The ducts are constructed of steel and insulated to A-60 standards throughout the
accommodations, with no openings in the duct work within the accommodation, service or
control spaces.

OR
((>

The ducts are constructed of steel and fitted with an automatic fire damper close to the
boundary penetrated and insulated to A-60 standard from the Machinery Space of Category
A and galleys to a point at least 5 m (16.4 ft) beyond the fire damper, with no openings in the
duct work within the accommodation, service or control spaces.

17.3
Ventilation ducts in general are not to pass through main vertical zone divisions, however, where this
is unavoidable, they are to be equipped with a fail-safe automatic closing fire damper which are also
to be capable of being manually closed from each side of the division. In addition, fail-safe automatic
closing fire dampers with manual operation from within the stairway enclosure (for stairs serving
more than two decks) are to be fitted to all ventilation ducts, serving both the accommodation and
service spaces passing through stairways, where the ducts pierce such enclosures. Ventilation ducts
serving stairway enclosures are to serve no other spaces. Ventilation ducts are not to serve more than
one main vertical zone.

17.5
Where they pass through the Accommodation Spaces or Spaces containing combustible materials, the
exhaust ducts from galley ranges are to be constructed of A Class divisions. Each exhaust duct is to
be fitted with:

150

(>

A grease trap readily removable for cleaning

((>

A fire damper located in the lower end of the duct

(((>

Arrangements, operable from within the galley, for shutting off the exhaust fans

(9>

Fixed means for extinguishing a fire within the duct

9>

And suitable hatches for inspection and cleaning.

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL 1ESSELS FOR SER1ICE ON RI1ERS 2 INTRACOASTAL 3ATER3A4S . 2007

Part
Chapter
Section

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4
1

Hull Construction and Equipment


Fire Safety Measures
Passenger Vessels

3-4-1

17.7
The main inlets and outlets of all ventilation systems are to be capable of being closed from outside
the space being ventilated.

19

Miscellaneous Items

19.1
Where A or B divisions are penetrated for the passage of electric cables, pipes, trunks, ducts, etc.,
or for girders, beams or other structural members, arrangements are to be made to ensure that the fire
resistance is not impaired.

19.3
Pipes penetrating A or B Class divisions are to be of approved materials having regard to the
temperature such divisions are required to withstand.

19.5
In spaces where the penetration of oil products is possible, the surface of insulation is to be impervious
to oil or oil vapors.

19.7
All waste receptacles are to be constructed of non-combustible materials with no openings in sides or
bottoms.

21

Means of Escape

21.1
Stairways and ladders are to be arranged to provide ready means of escape to an area of safe refuge.

21.3
There are to be at least two means of escape from each main vertical zone and from each restricted
space of 27.5 m2 or more in enclosed area.

21.5
In general there are to be at least two means of escape from each Machinery Space of Category A.
However, in ships of less than 1,000 tons gross tonnage one means of escape may be dispensed with,
provided due regard is paid to the width and disposition of the space, and the number of persons
normally employed.

21.7
The installation of dead end corridors of any length is not permitted.

21.9
Elevators are not to be considered as forming one of the required means of escape.

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151

Part
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Section

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4
1

Hull Construction and Equipment


Fire Safety Measures
Passenger Vessels

3-4-1

21.11
Windows or airport assemblies installed adjacent to weather deck egress routes are to have 1/4 inch
thick wire inserted glass mounted in substantial metal frames.

21.13
Stairways are to be sized in accordance with recognized national or international standards, but are to
have a minimum tread width of 112 cm (44 in.).

23

Fire Control Plans


A fire control plan is to be permanently exhibited for the guidance of the vessels officers as required
by 4-4-1/25.19.

152

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL 1ESSELS FOR SER1ICE ON RI1ERS 2 INTRACOASTAL 3ATER3A4S . 2007

!ART

C'()*+,

-.

E012)3+4*

3
C5A!TER

Equipment

CONT)NTS
S)CTION 1

Passenger 3essels5555555555555555555555555555555555555555555555555555555555555155
6

A47'8,249 (4: ;88,249 E012)3+4* <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<6-6<6

G+4+,(> <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< 6--

6<3

B+,*'+: !(AA+49+, B+AA+>A <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< 6--

6<-

E4C2,843+4*(> C84:2*284A <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< 6--

6<D

C(>71>(*284A (4: D(*( <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< 6--

6<9

A47'8, G+29'* (4: C(H>+ S2J+ <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< 6-K

L2M+ S(C249 A))>2(47+A<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<6-K


3<6

L2M+ N(7O+*A <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< 6-K

3<3

L2M+ B18PA <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< 6-K

3<-

R+A71+ B8(*A (4: L2M+ R(M*A<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< 6-K

3<D

I33+,A284 S12*A (4: T'+,3(> !,8*+7*2C+ A2:A<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< 6-K

3<9

!8,*(H>+ R(:28 A))(,(*1A <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< 6-D

3<66

G1(,:A (4: R(2>A <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< 6-D

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

15$

"#$% &'() *+,)+,$-+'../ 0)1, 2.'+3

!ART

S+7*284

6.

!(AA+49+,

B+AA+>A

3
C5A!TER

Equipment

SECTION

Passenger Vessels

Anchoring and Mooring Equipment

151

General
&'%%)+()4 5)%%).%6 7+.)%% 89:9;<;.8 $% '>>.$?'@.)6 '4) ,- #'5) ', .)'%, -+) '+?#-4 '+A ?'@.) -1
%711$?$)+, B)$(#, '+A %$C) ,- 4)%,4'$+ ,#) 5)%%). A74$+( ,)D>-4'4/ D--4$+( B$,#$+ ' #'4@-4 -4 %#).,)4)A
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15$

Berthed Passenger 3essels


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A)1$+)A '@-5) $+ B#$?# ?'%) ,#) 5)%%). B$.. @) ?.'%%)A '% Berthed Passenger 3essel River
Service.

155

)nvironmental Conditions
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$+ ,#) Record.

157

Calculations and Data


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ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

155

Part
Chapter
Section

15J

$
5
1

Hull Construction and )Fuipment


)Fuipment
Passenger 3essels

$-5-1

Anchor Weight and Cable Size


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Life Saving Appliances


U'?# >'%%)+()4 5)%%). $% ,- @) >4-5$A)A B$,# ,#) 1-..-B$+( .$1) %'5$+( '>>.$'+?)%.

$51

Life Jackets
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$5$

Life Buoys
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%7?# ,#', ,#)/ '4) '??)%%$@.) 14-D )X>-%)A .-?',$-+%.
Vessel Length, m (ft4
Over

Not Over

Minimum Number of
Lifebuoys

999

;MM O8LYQ

;MM O8LYQ

;:M OPZLQ

;M

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LMM ON:NQ

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999

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.)'%, ,B- -1 ,#)%) '4) '.%- ,- @) >4-5$A)A B$,# %).19'?,$5',$+( %D-3) %$(+'.%. "#) .$1)@7-/% >4-5$A)A
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.$1).$+)%.

$55

Rescue Boats and Life Rafts


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$57

Immersion Suits and Thermal Protective Aids


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,#) ->$+$-+ -1 ,#) 274)'76 $DD)4%$-+ %7$,% '4) 7++)?)%%'4/.

156

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

Part
Chapter
Section

$5J

$
5
1

Hull Construction and )Fuipment


)Fuipment
Passenger 3essels

$-5-1

Portable Radio Apparatus


T >-4,'@.) 4'A$- '>>'4',7% $% ,- @) >4-5$A)A ,- >)4D$, ?-DD7+$?',$-+ @),B))+ ,#) 4)%?7) @-',O%Q '+A
,#) 5)%%). '+A @),B))+ ,#) 4)%?7) @-',O%Q '+A -,#)4 ?4'1, '%%$%,$+( $+ '+ )D)4()+?/.

$511

Guards and Rails


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'4) ,- @) >4-5$A)A B$,# (7'4A%6 4'$.% -4 -,#)4 A)5$?)%.

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

157

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!ART

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3
C>A!TER

Testing, Trials and Surveys During


Construction : Hull

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ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

159

This Page Intentionally Left Blank

!ART

S+<*0;1

@.

T(1F

(15

B74F'+(5

T02'*1+//

T+/*012

3
C>A!TER

Testing, Trials and Surveys During


Construction : Hull

SECTION

Tank and Bulkhead Tightness


Testing

Compartments to be Tested

191

@eneral
Upon completion of work, the following compartments are to be tested.

193

Cargo (an.s
Tanks intended for liquid cargoes !"# to be tested with a head of water to the top of the hatch or
1.22 in (4 ft) above the under side of the deck at side, whichever is greater.

195

&t3er ComCartments +ntended for Eiquids


Compartments intended for other liquids are to be tested with a head of water to the top of the
overflow.

197

Ra.es or Pea.s
Rakes of open hopper type barges are to be filled with water to the light waterline, and for all other
types of vessels, dry spaces in the rakes or peaks are to be filled to the top of the headlog.

199

JouKle Lull SCaces


Between the rakes or peaks, double bottom and inner skin compartments are to be tested with a head
of water to the deck at side unless 3-6-1/1.5 is applicable.

1911

S3ell and Jec.s


Where not subjected to hydrostatic test in accordance with preceding paragraphs, the bottom shell is
to be tested by flooding to the top of the floors or the light waterline, whichever is greater, and the
balance of the shell plating is to be hose tested. This requirement may be modified in the case of
passenger vessels and towboats. Decks and hatches which are intended to be weathertight, all
watertight bulkheads and the shell plating in rakes not otherwise tested, are to be subjected to a hose
test. Any alternative proposal no less effective may be submitted for consideration.

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

1:1

Part
C3aCter
Section

3
:
1

Lull Construction and )quiCment


(estingN (rials and Surveys Juring Construction O Lull
(an.N 0ul.3ead and Rudder (ig3tness (esting

Testing Details to be Introduced

391

Lydrostatic (esting

3O:O1

Tanks are to be tested with a head of water to the point indicated in 3-6-1/1 for respective
compartments. This may be carried out before or after the vessel is launched, Special coatings may
be applied before hydrostatic testing provided all welding at joints and penetrations is visually
examined to the satisfaction of the Surveyor before special coating is applied.

393

Lose (esting
Hose testing is to be carried out under simultaneous inspection of both sides of the joint. The pressure
in the hose is not to be less than 2.1 kg/cm2 (30 psi).

395

Air (esting
Air testing or air testing in association with partial flooding will be accepted in lieu of the foregoing
tests. In such cases the builders are to submit complete particulars of the method proposed to be
followed and the means to he adopted for the control of the air pressure.
Air-pressure drop testing (i.e., checking for leaks by monitoring drop in pressure) is not an acceptable
substitute for required hydrostatic or air/soap testing.

1:2

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

!ART

S+<*0;1

2.

T,0(4/

3
C>A!TER

Testing, Trials and Surveys During


Construction : Hull

SECTION

Trials

Bilge System Trials


All elements of the bilge system are to be tested to demonstrate satisfactory pumping operation,
including emergency suctions and all controls. Upon completion of the trials, the bilge strainers are to
be opened, cleaned and closed up in good order.

Steering Trials
Refer to 4-2-3/1.19 and 4-2-3/3.33 for the technical details of the steering trials.

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

1:3

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!ART

S+<*0;1

3.

S7,8+9/

3
C>A!TER

Testing, Trials and Surveys During


Construction : Hull

SECTION

Surveys

Construction Welding and Fabrication


For surveys of hull construction welding and fabrication, refer to Section 3-2-6 of these Rules and the
ABS %&'(# )*" +*,(#-."&/.'0# 1,-2#/.'*, *) 3&44 5#4(-.

Hull Castings and Forgings


For surveys in connection with the manufacture and testing of hull castings and forgings, refer to
Chapter 1 of the ABS 6&4#- )*" 7!.#"'!4- !,( 5#4(',8 9:!". ;<.

Machinery, Pumps and Piping Systems


For surveys in connection with the manufacture and testing of hull piping, refer to Part 4, Chapter 3.

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

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PART

Part

4*

Vessel

Systems

and

Machinery

4
Vessel Systems and Machinery
CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1 Classification of Machinery...............................................169
Section 1

General .................................................................171

CHAPTER 2 Propulsion and Maneuvering Machinery .........................177


Section 1

Propulsion Shafting...............................................179

Section 2

Propellers..............................................................183

Section 3

Steering Gears......................................................187

CHAPTER 3 Pumps and Piping Systems ..............................................197


Section 1

General .................................................................203

Section 2

Piping, Valves and Fittings ...................................209

Section 3

Bilge and Ballast Systems and Tanks ..................233

Section 4

Fuel Oil and Lubricating Oil Systems


and Tanks .............................................................239

Section 5

Internal Combustion Engine Systems...................243

Section 6

Cargo Systems .....................................................245

Section 7

Cargo Transfer Systems for Dangerous


Chemical Cargoes ................................................249

Section 8

Other Piping Systems and Tanks .........................257

CHAPTER 4 Fire Extinguishing Systems and Equipment ...................261


Section 1

All Vessels ............................................................263

CHAPTER 5 Electrical Installations .......................................................279


Section 1

General .................................................................287

Section 2

Shipboard Systems...............................................297

Section 3

Shipboard Installation ...........................................313

Section 4

Machinery and Equipment ....................................337

Section 5

Specialized Installations .......................................369

Section 6

Specialized Vessels and Services ........................389

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

167

T#$% &'() I+,)+,$-+'../ L)1, B.'+3

PART

Chapter

1*

General

4
CHAPTER

General

CONTENTS
SECTION 1

Classification of Machinery...............................................171
1

General ..............................................................................171
1.1

Gross Tonnage ............................................................. 171

Certification of Machinery ..................................................171


3.1

Basic Requirements ...................................................... 171

3.3

Type Approval Program ................................................ 172

3.5

Non-mass Produced Machinery .................................... 172

3.7

Details of Certification of Some Representative


Products ........................................................................ 172

Machinery Plans and Data.................................................173


5.1

Details ........................................................................... 173

5.3

Plans ............................................................................. 173

Oil Fuel Unit .......................................................................173

Machinery Space Ventilation .............................................173

11

Boilers and Pressure Vessels............................................173

13

Turbines, Engines and Reduction Gears...........................173

15

Engine Installation Particulars ...........................................174

17

19

15.1

Tank Barges.................................................................. 174

15.3

Engine Exhausts on Tank Barges ................................. 174

Starting Arrangements for Propulsion Engines .................174


17.1

Starting Air System ....................................................... 174

17.3

Starting Batteries........................................................... 175

17.5

Hydraulic Starting.......................................................... 175

Trial ....................................................................................175
19.1

General ......................................................................... 175

19.3

Steering Gear................................................................ 175

19.5

Reduction Gears for Propulsion .................................... 175

21

Materials Containing Asbestos ..........................................176

23

Units ...................................................................................176

25

Ambient Temperature ........................................................176

TABLE 1

Ambient Temperatures ............................................176

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

169

T#$% &'() I+,)+,$-+'../ L)1, B.'+3

PART

Section

1*

Classification

of

Machinery

4
CHAPTER

General

SECTION

Classification of Machinery

General
T#) 45-6$%$-+% -1 &'5, 78 9C-+;$,$-+% -1 C.'%%$1$<',$-+=8 '5) '44.$<'>.) ,- ,#) <.'%%$1$<',$-+ -1 ?'<#$+)5/@

1.1

Gross Tonnage
F-5 6)%%).% $+ ;-?)%,$< %)56$<)8 9(5-%% ,-++'()=8 '% B%); $+ ,#)%) RB.)%8 $% ,#) +',$-+'. (5-%% ,-++'()
'% %4)<$1$); >/ ,#) <-B+,5/ $+ D#$<# ,#) 6)%%). $% ,- >) 5)($%,)5);@ F-5 6)%%).% D#$<# '5) )+('(); $+
$+,)5+',$-+'. 6-/'()%8 (5-%% ,-++'() $% ,- >) ;),)5?$+); >/ ,#) I+,)5+',$-+'. C-+6)+,$-+ -+ T-++'()
E)'%B5)?)+, -1 S#$4%8 79H9@

Certification of Machinery !"##$%

3.1

Basic Requirements
T#) RB.)% ;)1$+)8 ,- 6'5/$+( ;)(5))%8 ,#) )I,)+, -1 )6'.B',$-+ 5)JB$5); 1-5 45-;B<,%8 ?'<#$+)5/8
)JB$4?)+, '+; ,#)$5 <-?4-+)+,% >'%); -+ ,#) .)6). -1 <5$,$<'.$,/ -1 )'<# -1 ,#-%) $,)?%@ T#)5) '5)
,#5)) >'%$< )6'.B',$-+ <-+%,$,B)+,%K
"

D)%$(+ 5)6$)DM ,/4)N45-,-,/4) ,)%,$+(8 '% '44.$<'>.)M

"

SB56)/ ;B5$+( <-+%,5B<,$-+ '+; ,)%,$+( ', ,#) 4.'+, -1 ?'+B1'<,B5)M '+;

"

SB56)/ ;B5$+( $+%,'..',$-+ -+>-'5; ,#) 6)%%). '+; ', ,5$'.%@

O#)5) ;)%$(+ 5)6$)D $% 5)JB$5); >/ ,#) RB.)%8 ' .),,)5 D$.. >) $%%B); >/ ,#) BB5)'B B4-+ %',$%1'<,-5/
5)6$)D -1 ,#) 4.'+% ,- )6$;)+<) ,#) '<<)4,'+<) -1 ,#) ;)%$(+@ I+ ';;$,$-+ ,-8 -5 $+;)4)+;)+, -18 ;)%$(+
5)6$)D8 ABS ?'/ 5)JB$5) %B56)/ '+; ,)%,$+( -1 1-5($+(%8 <'%,$+(% '+; <-?4-+)+, 4'5,% ', ,#) 6'5$-B%
?'+B1'<,B5)5%Q 4.'+,%8 '% D).. '% %B56)/ '+; ,)%,$+( -1 ,#) 1$+$%#); 45-;B<,@ A <)5,$1$<',) -5 5)4-5, D$..
>) $%%B); B4-+ %',$%1'<,-5/ <-?4.),$-+ -1 )'<# %B56)/ ,- )6$;)+<) '<<)4,'+<) -1 ,#) 1-5($+(8 <'%,$+(8
<-?4-+)+, -5 1$+$%#); 45-;B<,@ D)%$(+ 5)6$)D8 %B56)/ '+; ,#) $%%B'+<) -1 5)4-5,% -5 <)5,$1$<',)%
<-+%,$,B,) ,#) <)5,$1$<',$-+ -1 ?'<#$+)5/@
B'%); -+ ,#) $+,)+;); %)56$<) '+; '44.$<',$-+8 %-?) 45-;B<,% ;- +-, 5)JB$5) <)5,$1$<',$-+ >)<'B%) ,#)/
'5) +-, ;$5)<,./ 5).',); ,- ,#) %<-4) -1 <.'%%$1$<',$-+ -5 >)<'B%) +-5?'. 45'<,$<)% 1-5 ,#)$5 <-+%,5B<,$-+
D$,#$+ ,#) $+;B%,5/ '5) <-+%$;)5); ';)JB',)@ SB<# 45-;B<,% ?'/ >) '<<)4,); >'%); -+ ,#) ?'+B1'<,B5)5%Q
;-<B?)+,',$-+ -+ ;)%$(+ '+; JB'.$,/@

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

171

Part
Chapter
Section

4
1
1

Vessel Systems and Machinery


General
Classification of Machinery

4-1-1

I+ ()+)5'.8 %B56)/% ;B5$+( $+%,'..',$-+ -+>-'5; ,#) 6)%%). '+; ', ,5$'.% '5) 5)JB$5); 1-5 '.. $,)?% -1
?'<#$+)5/@ T#$% $% +-, <-+%$;)5); ' 4'5, -1 ,#) 45-;B<, <)5,$1$<',$-+ 45-<)%%@ T#)5) ?'/ >) $+%,'+<)%8
#-D)6)58 D#)5) .),,)5% -5 <)5,$1$<',)% $%%B); 1-5 $,)?% -1 ?'<#$+)5/ <-+,'$+ <-+;$,$-+% D#$<# ?B%, >)
6)5$1$); ;B5$+( $+%,'..',$-+8 ,)%,% -5 ,5$'.%@

3.3

Type Approval Program


&5-;B<,% ,#', <'+ >) <-+%$%,)+,./ ?'+B1'<,B5); ,- ,#) %'?) ;)%$(+ '+; %4)<$1$<',$-+ ?'/ >) T/4)
A445-6); B+;)5 ,#) ABS T/4) A445-6'. &5-(5'?@ T#) ABS T/4) A445-6'. &5-(5'? $% ' 6-.B+,'5/
-4,$-+ 1-5 ,#) ;)?-+%,5',$-+ -1 ,#) <-?4.$'+<) -1 ' 45-;B<, D$,# ,#) RB.)% -5 -,#)5 5)<-(+$R);
%,'+;'5;%@ I, ?'/ >) '44.$); 1-5 ', ,#) 5)JB)%, -1 ,#) ;)%$(+)5 -5 ?'+B1'<,B5)5@ @ T#) ABS T/4)
A445-6'. &5-(5'? ()+)5'../ <-6)5% &5-;B<, T/4) A445-6'. S7T7TUNV@V@3 -1 ,#) ABS Rules for
Conditions of Classification (Part 1)X8 >B, $% '.%- '44.$<'>.) 1-5 ' ?-5) )I4);$,$-B% 45-<);B5) ,-D'5;%
U+$,TC)5,$1$<',$-+8 '% %4)<$1$); $+ 7T7TUNV@V@2 -1 ,#) '>-6)T5)1)5)+<); &'5, 7@
S)) ,#) 9ABS T/4) A445-6'. &5-(5'?= $+ A44)+;$I 7T7TA3 -1 ,#) ABS Rules for Conditions of
Classification (Part 1)@ T#) ABS Type Approval Program '+; ,#) $+;$<',); 5)1)5)+<)% '5) '6'$.'>.)
1-5 ;-D+.-'; 15-? ,#) ABS D)>%$,) ', #,,4KNNDDD@)'(.)@-5(N'>%;-D+.-';%N$+;)I@<1?@

3.5

Non-mass Produced Machinery


N-+T?'%% 45-;B<); <5$,$<'. ?'<#$+)5/8 %B<# '% 45-4B.%$-+ >-$.)5%8 %.-D %4)); ;$)%). )+($+)%8
,B5>$+)%8 %,))5$+( ()'5% '+; %$?$.'5 <5$,$<'. $,)?% '5) ,- >) $+;$6$;B'../ B+$, <)5,$1$); $+ '<<-5;'+<)
D$,# ,#) 45-<);B5) ;)%<5$>); $+ UT7T7N3@7@ \-D)6)58 <-+%$;)5',$-+ D$.. >) ($6)+ ,- (5'+,$+( T/4)
A445-6'. ,- %B<# ?'<#$+)5/ $+ ,#) <',)(-5$)% -1 A<<)4,'>.) ]B'.$,/ S/%,)? SA]SX '+; R)<-(+$R);
]B'.$,/ S/%,)? SR]SX@ T#) <',)(-5/ -1 &5-;B<, ]B'.$,/ A%%B5'+<) S&]AX D$.. +-, +-5?'../ >)
'6'$.'>.) 1-5 '.. 45-;B<,%8 '+; %B<# .$?$,',$-+% D$.. >) $+;$<',); $+ UT7T7NT'>.) 7 ,#5-B(# UT7T7NT'>.)
H -1 ,#) Steel Vessel Rules@ I+ )'<# $+%,'+<) D#)5) T/4) A445-6'. $% (5'+,);8 $+ ';;$,$-+ ,- JB'.$,/
'%%B5'+<) '+; JB'.$,/ <-+,5-. '%%)%%?)+, -1 ,#) ?'+B1'<,B5$+( 1'<$.$,$)%8 ,#) BB5)'B D$.. 5)JB$5) %-?)
;)(5)) -1 45-;B<, %4)<$1$< %B56)/ ;B5$+( ?'+B1'<,B5)@

3.7

Details of Certification of Some Representative Products


UT7T7NT'>.) 7 ,#5-B(# UT7T7NT'>.) H -1 ,#) Steel Vessel Rules 45-6$;) '>>5)6$',); <)5,$1$<',$-+
5)JB$5)?)+,% -1 5)45)%)+,',$6) ?'<#$+)5/ >'%); -+ ,#) >'%$< 5)JB$5)?)+,% -1 ,#) RB.)% 1-5 ?'<#$+)5/@
T#) ,'>.)% '.%- 45-6$;) ,#) '44.$<'>$.$,/ -1 ,#) T/4) A445-6'. &5-(5'? 1-5 )'<# -1 ,#)%) ?'<#$+)5/
$,)?%@
F-5 )'%/ 5)1)5)+<)8 ,#) ,'>.)% <-+,'$+ %$I 45-;B<, <',)(-5$)% '% 1-..-D%K

172

"

&5$?) ?-6)5%

"

&5-4B.%$-+8 ?'+)B6)5$+( '+; ?--5$+( ?'<#$+)5/

"

E.)<,5$<'. '+; <-+,5-. )JB$4?)+,

"

F$5) %'1),/ )JB$4?)+,

"

B-$.)5%8 45)%%B5) 6)%%).%8 1$5); )JB$4?)+,

"

&$4$+( %/%,)? <-?4-+)+,%

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

Part
Chapter
Section

4
1
1

Vessel Systems and Machinery


General
Classification of Machinery

Machinery Plans and Data

5.1

Details

4-1-1

&.'+% '+; ;',' )+B?)5',); $+ UT2T7N78 UT2T2N78 UT2T3N7@38 UT2T3N3@38 UT3T7N38 UT3TVN_8 UTUT7NV '+;
UT_T7N_8 '% '44.$<'>.)8 1-5 )'<# 6)%%). ,- >) >B$., B+;)5 %B56)/8 '5) ,- >) %B>?$,,); '+; '445-6);
>)1-5) 45-<));$+( D$,# ,#) D-53@ S)) '.%- 7T7TUN3 -1 ,#) SB44.)?)+, ,- ,#) ABS Rules for Conditions
of Classification (Part 1)@ I, $% ;)%$5); ,#', ,#) %$R)%8 ;$?)+%$-+%8 D).;$+( '+; -,#)5 ;),'$.%8 ?'3) '+;
%$R) -1 %,'+;'5; '445-6); '44.$'+<)% >) %#-D+ -+ ,#) 4.'+% '% <.)'5./ '+; 1B../ '% 4-%%$>.)@ A..
D).;); <-+%,5B<,$-+ $% ,- ?)), ,#) 5)JB$5)?)+,% -1 C#'4,)5 U -1 ,#) ABS Rules for Materials and
Welding (Part 2)@

5.3

Plans
&.'+% 15-? ,#) ;)%$(+)5% '+; %#$4>B$.;)5% %#-B.; ()+)5'../ >) %B>?$,,); $+ ,5$4.$<',)8 -+) <-4/ ,- >)
5),B5+); ,- ,#-%) ?'3$+( ,#) %B>?$%%$-+8 -+) <-4/ 1-5 ,#) B%) -1 ,#) SB56)/-5 D#)5) ,#) 6)%%). $%
>)$+( >B$.,8 '+; -+) <-4/ ,- >) 5),'$+); $+ ,#) T)<#+$<'. -11$<) 1-5 5)<-5;@ E'+B1'<,B5)5%Q 4.'+% '5) ,>) %B>?$,,); $+ JB';5B4.$<',) D#)5) <-+%,5B<,$-+ $% ,- >) <'55$); -B, ', ' 4.'+, -,#)5 ,#'+ ,#', -1 ,#)
%#$4>B$.;)5@ \-D)6)58 ';;$,$-+'. <-4$)% ?'/ >) 5)JB$5); D#)+ ,#) 5)JB$5); ',,)+;'+<) -1 ,#)
SB56)/-5 $% '+,$<$4',); ', ?-5) ,#'+ -+) .-<',$-+@ A.. 4.'+ %B>?$%%$-+% -5$($+',$+( 15-? ?'+B1'<,B5)5%
'5) B+;)5%,--; ,- >) ?';) D$,# ,#) <-(+$R'+<) -1 ,#) %#$4>B$.;)5@ A 1)) ?'/ >) <#'5(); 1-5 ,#)
5)6$)D -1 4.'+% 1-5 D#$<# ,#)5) $% +- <-+,5'<, -1 <.'%%$1$<',$-+@

Oil Fuel Unit


O$. 1B). B+$, $% '+/ )JB$4?)+,8 %B<# '% 4B?4%8 1$.,)5% '+; #)',)5%8 B%); 1-5 ,#) 45)4'5',$-+ '+;
;).$6)5/ -1 1B). -$. ,- -$.T1$5); >-$.)5% S$+<.B;$+( $+)5, ('% ()+)5',-5%X8 $+,)5+'.T<-?>B%,$-+ )+($+)% -5
('% ,B5>$+)% ', ' 45)%%B5) -1 ?-5) ,#'+ 7@a >'5 S7@a 3(1N<?28 2H 4%$X@

Machinery Space Ventilation


E'<#$+)5/ %4'<)% '5) ,- >) 6)+,$.',); %- '% ,- )+%B5) ,#', D#)+ ?'<#$+)5/ $% -4)5',$+( ', 1B.. 4-D)5
$+ '.. D)',#)5 <-+;$,$-+%8 $+<.B;$+( #)'6/ D)',#)58 '+ ';)JB',) %B44./ -1 '$5 $% ?'$+,'$+); 1-5 -4)5',$-+
-1 ,#) ?'<#$+)5/ '+; %'1),/ -1 ,#) 4)5%-++).@

11

Boilers and Pressure Vessels


B-$.)5%8 45)%%B5) 6)%%).%8 1.B$; 4-D)5 </.$+;)5% '+; #)', )I<#'+()5% '5) ,- >) ;)%$(+);8 <-+%,5B<,);8
,)%,); '+; $+%,'..); $+ '<<-5;'+<) D$,# ,#) '44.$<'>.) 5)JB$5)?)+,% -1 &'5, U8 C#'4,)5 U -1 ,#) Steel
Vessel Rules@

13

Turbines, Engines and Reduction Gears


A.. %,)'? ,B5>$+)%8 ('% ,B5>$+)% '+; $+,)5+'.T<-?>B%,$-+ )+($+)% -1 700 3O c73_ #-5%)4-D)5 S#4Xd
'+; -6)5 '+; '%%-<$',); 5);B<,$-+ ()'5% '5) ,- >) <-+%,5B<,); '+; $+%,'..); $+ '<<-5;'+<) D$,# ,#)
'44.$<'>.) 5)JB$5)?)+,% -1 &'5, U8 C#'4,)5% 2 '+; 3 -1 ,#) Steel Vessel Rules@ TB5>$+)% '+; )+($+)% -1
.)%% ,#'+ 700 3O S73_ #4X '+; '%%-<$',); ()'5% '5) ,- >) <-+%,5B<,); '+; )JB$44); $+ '<<-5;'+<) D$,#
(--; <-??)5<$'. 45'<,$<)8 '+; D$.. >) '<<)4,); %B>e)<, ,- ' %',$%1'<,-5/ 4)51-5?'+<) ,)%, <-+;B<,);
,- ,#) %',$%1'<,$-+ -1 ,#) SB56)/-5 '1,)5 $+%,'..',$-+@
I+,)5+'.T<-?>B%,$-+ )+($+)% '5) '.%- ,- <-?4./ D$,# ,#) 5)JB$5)?)+,% $+ UT7T7N7_ '+; UT7T7N7V '%
'44.$<'>.)@

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

173

Part
Chapter
Section

4
1
1

Vessel Systems and Machinery


General
Classification of Machinery

4-1-1

15

Engine Installation Particulars

15.1

Tank Barges
I+,)5+'.T<-?>B%,$-+ )+($+)% .-<',); -+ ,#) D)',#)5 ;)<3 '5) ,- >) 45-6$;); D$,# 6)+,$.',$-+ ?),'.
#--;% -5 D$,# ' D)..T6)+,$.',); ?),'. #-B%$+( -1 %B11$<$)+, %$R) ,- '..-D 1-5 45-4)5 -4)5',$-+ '+;
?'$+,)+'+<)@
O#)5) ' #-B%$+( $% 45-6$;); -+ 6)%%).% $+,)+;); 1-5 <'55/$+( 1.'??'>.) -5 <-?>B%,$>.) .$JB$;%
#'6$+( ' <.-%); <B4 1.'%# 4-$+, ', -5 >).-D H0fC S7U0fFX8 ,#) #-B%$+( $% ,- >) 1$,,); D$,# ' <-11)5;'?
'% 5)JB$5); >/ 3T2T7N79@7@2 '+; '.. -4)+$+(% $+ ,#) #-B%$+( '5) ,- >) .-<',); ?-5) ,#'+ 3 ? S70 1,X
15-? '+/ ,'+38 ('% -5 6'4-5 -B,.),@

15.3

Engine Exhausts on Tank Barges


O+ 6)%%).% $+,)+;); 1-5 <'55/$+( 1.'??'>.) -5 <-?>B%,$>.) .$JB$;% #'6$+( ' <.-%); <B4 1.'%# 4-$+, ',
-5 >).-D H0fC S7U0fFX $+ >B.38 ,#) )+($+) )I#'B%, .$+)% '5) ,- >) 1$,,); D$,# %4'53 '55)%,)5% '+; '5) ,>) .-<',); ?-5) ,#'+ 3 ? S70 1,X 15-? ,#) +)'5)%, %-B5<) -1 1.'??'>.) 6'4-5 -5 ('%@ S)) UT_THN7@_@2@
EI#'B%, 4$4$+( $% ,- >) )$,#)5 $+%B.',); -5 D',)5 <--.);@

17

Starting Arrangements for Propulsion Engines

17.1

Starting Air System


17.1.1 Compressors
F-5 6)%%).% #'6$+( ?'$+ 45-4B.%$-+ )+($+)% '55'+(); 1-5 '$5 %,'5,$+(8 -+) -5 ?-5) '$5
<-?45)%%-5% '5) ,- >) 1$,,); <'4'>.) -1 5)%,-5$+( ,#) '$5 <'4'<$,/ D$,#$+ U_ ?$+B,)% '1,)5
<-?4.),$-+ -1 ,#) %,'5,$+( ,)%,% 5)JB$5); $+ UT7T7N7V@7@2@
17.1.2 Containers (1996)
g)%%).% #'6$+( $+,)5+'.T<-?>B%,$-+ )+($+)% '55'+(); 1-5 '$5 %,'5,$+( '5) ,- >) 45-6$;); D$,#
', .)'%, ,D- %,'5,$+(T'$5 <-+,'$+)5% -1 '445-I$?',)./ )JB'. %$R)@ T#) ,-,'. <'4'<$,/ -1 ,#)
%,'5,$+(T'$5 <-+,'$+)5% $% ,- >) %B11$<$)+, ,- 45-6$;)8 D$,#-B, 5)<#'5($+( ,#) <-+,'$+)5%8 ', .)'%,
,#) +B?>)5 -1 <-+%)<B,$6) %,'5,% %,',); >).-D@ I1 -,#)5 <-?45)%%); '$5 %/%,)?%8 %B<# '%
<-+,5-. '$58 '5) %B44.$); 15-? %,'5,$+(T'$5 <-+,'$+)5%8 ,#) '((5)(',) <'4'<$,/ -1 ,#) <-+,'$+)5%
$% ,- >) %B11$<$)+, 1-5 <-+,$+B); -4)5',$-+ -1 ,#)%) %/%,)?% '1,)5 ,#) '$5 +)<)%%'5/ 1-5 ,#)
5)JB$5); +B?>)5 -1 %,'5,% #'% >))+ B%);@
17.1.2(a) Diesel Propulsion (2006). T#) ?$+$?B? +B?>)5 -1 <-+%)<B,$6) %,'5,% S,-,'.X
5)JB$5); ,- >) 45-6$;); 15-? ,#) %,'5,$+(T'$5 <-+,'$+)5% $% ,- >) >'%); B4-+ ,#) '55'+()?)+, -1
,#) )+($+)% '+; %#'1,$+( %/%,)?% '% $+;$<',); $+ ,#) 1-..-D$+( ,'>.)K
Single Propeller Vessels
Engine Type

Multiple Propeller Vessels

One engine coupled


to shaft directly
or through
reduction gear

Two or more engines


coupled to shaft
through clutch and
reduction gear

One engine coupled


to each shaft directly
or through
reduction gear

Two or more engines


coupled to each
shaft through clutch
and reduction gear

R)6)5%$>.)

72

7H

7H

7H

N-+T5)6)5%$>.)

F-5 '55'+()?)+,% -1 )+($+)% '+; %#'1,$+( %/%,)?% D#$<# ;$11)5 15-? ,#-%) $+;$<',); $+ ,#)
,'>.)8 ,#) <'4'<$,/ -1 ,#) %,'5,$+(T'$5 <-+,'$+)5% D$.. >) %4)<$'../ <-+%$;)5); >'%); -+ '+
)JB$6'.)+, +B?>)5 -1 %,'5,%@
174

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

Part
Chapter
Section

4
1
1

Vessel Systems and Machinery


General
Classification of Machinery

4-1-1

17.1.2(b) Diesel-electric Propulsion (2006). T#) ?$+$?B? +B?>)5 -1 <-+%)<B,$6) %,'5,%


5)JB$5); ,- >) 45-6$;); 15-? ,#) %,'5,$+(T'$5 <-+,'$+)5% $% ,- >) ;),)5?$+); 15-? ,#) 1-..-D$+(
)JB',$-+K
S h H i GSG j 7X
D#)5)

17.3

,-,'. +B?>)5 -1 <-+%)<B,$6) %,'5,%

+B?>)5 -1 )+($+)% +)<)%%'5/ ,- ?'$+,'$+ %B11$<$)+, ).)<,5$<'. .-'; ,4)5?$, 6)%%). ,5'+%$, ', 1B.. %)'(-$+( 4-D)5 '+; ?'+)B6)5$+(@ T#) 6'.B)
-1 G +)); +-, )I<)); 3@

Starting Batteries
S,-5'() >',,)5$)% ,- >) B%); 1-5 %,'5,$+( ,#) ?'$+ 45-4B.%$-+ )+($+)% '5) ,- #'6) %B11$<$)+, <'4'<$,/
D$,#-B, 5)<#'5($+( 1-5 %,'5,$+( ,#) ?'$+ )+($+)% '% 5)JB$5); $+ UT7T7N7V@7@2@ S)) '.%- UT_TUN_@_@

17.5

Hydraulic Starting
\/;5'B.$< -$. '<<B?B.',-5% 1-5 %,'5,$+( ,#) ?'$+ 45-4B.%$-+ )+($+)% '5) ,- #'6) %B11$<$)+, <'4'<$,/
D$,#-B, 5)<#'5($+( 1-5 %,'5,$+( ,#) ?'$+ )+($+)% '% 5)JB$5); $+ UT7T7N7V@7@2@

19

Trial

19.1

General
A 1$+'. B+;)5D'/ ,5$'. $% ,- >) ?';) -1 '.. ?'<#$+)5/8 $+<.B;$+( ,#) %,))5$+( ()'58 ,- ,#) %',$%1'<,$-+ -1
,#) SB56)/-5@

19.3

Steering Gear
T5$'.% 1-5 ,#) %,))5$+( ()'5 '5) ,- >) $+ '<<-5;'+<) D$,# UT2T3N7@79 -5 UT2T3N3@33@

19.5

Reduction Gears for Propulsion


B)1-5) 1$+'. '<<)4,'+<)8 ,#) )+,$5) $+%,'..',$-+ $% ,- >) -4)5',); $+ ,#) 45)%)+<) -1 ,#) SB56)/-5 ,;)?-+%,5',) $,% '>$.$,/ ,- 1B+<,$-+ %',$%1'<,-5$./ B+;)5 -4)5',$+( <-+;$,$-+% '+; $,% 15));-? 15-?
#'5?1B. 6$>5',$-+% ', %4));% D$,#$+ ,#) -4)5',$+( 5'+()@
F-5 <-+6)+,$-+'. 45-4B.%$-+ ()'5 B+$,% '>-6) 7720 3O S7_00 \&X8 ' 5)<-5; -1 ()'5T,--,# <-+,'<, $% ,>) ?';) ', ,#) ,5$'.%@ T- 1'<$.$,',) ,#) %B56)/ -1 )I,)+, '+; B+$1-5?$,/ -1 ()'5T,--,# <-+,'<,8 %).)<,);
>'+;% -1 4$+$-+ -5 ()'5 ,)),# -+ )'<# ?)%#$+( '5) ,- >) <-',); >)1-5)#'+; D$,# <-44)5 -5 .'/-B, ;/)@
S)) VTHT2N7@7@2 -1 ,#) ABS Rules for Survey After Construction (Part 7)@
T#) ()'5T,--,# )I'?$+',$-+ 1-5 <-+6)+,$-+'. ()'5 B+$,% 7720 3O S7_00 \&X '+; >).-D '+; '.. )4$</<.$<
()'5 B+$,% D$.. >) %B>e)<, ,- %4)<$'. <-+%$;)5',$-+@ T#) ()'5 B+$, ?'+B1'<,B5)5Q% 5)<-??)+;',$-+% D$..
>) <-+%$;)5);@

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

175

Part
Chapter
Section

21

4
1
1

Vessel Systems and Machinery


General
Classification of Machinery

4-1-1

Materials Containing Asbestos !"##&%


I+%,'..',$-+ -1 ?',)5$'.%8 D#$<# <-+,'$+ '%>)%,-%8 $% 45-#$>$,); )I<)4, 1-5 ,#) 1-..-D$+(K

23

i)

g'+)% B%); $+ 5-,'5/ 6'+) <-?45)%%-5% '+; 5-,'5/ 6'+) 6'<BB? 4B?4%M

ii)

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)I<)%% -1 3_0fC SHH2fFXd -5 #$(# 45)%%B5) c$+ )I<)%% -1 V0@0 >'5 SV7@3a 3(1N<?28 707_@3 4%$Xd8
,#)5) $% ' 5$%3 -1 1$5)8 <-55-%$-+ -5 ,-I$<$,/M '+;

iii)

SB44.) '+; 1.)I$>.) ,#)5?'. $+%B.',$-+ '%%)?>.$)% B%); 1-5 ,)?4)5',B5)% '>-6) 7000fC S7a32fFX@

Units
T#)%) RB.)% '5) D5$,,)+ $+ ,D- %/%,)?% -1 B+$,% S$@)@8 EkS B+$,% '+; US <B%,-?'5/ B+$,%X@ E'<#
%/%,)? $% ,- >) B%); $+;)4)+;)+,./ -1 ,#) -,#)5 %/%,)?@
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1-..-D%K
EkS B+$,% SUS <B%,-?'5/ B+$,%X

25

Ambient Temperature !"##'%


T#) '?>$)+, ,)?4)5',B5)8 '% $+;$<',); $+ UT7T7NT'>.) 78 $% ,- >) <-+%$;)5); $+ ,#) %).)<,$-+ '+;
$+%,'..',$-+ -1 ?'<#$+)5/8 )JB$4?)+, '+; '44.$'+<)%@ F-5 6)%%).% -1 5)%,5$<,); -5 %4)<$'. %)56$<)8 ,#)
'?>$)+, ,)?4)5',B5) '445-45$',) ,- ,#) %4)<$'. +',B5) $% ,- >) <-+%$;)5);@

TABLE 1
Ambient Temperatures !"##'%
Location
A$5

E+<.-%); %4'<)%

Range of Temperature
S78 2X

O4)+ ;)<3 S7X

0 ,- U_fC
j2_ ,- U_fC

Temperature
S)'D',)5

32fC

Notes:

176

E.)<,5-+$< )JB$4?)+, $% ,- >) %B$,'>.) 1-5 -4)5',$-+% )6)+ D$,# '+ '$5 ,)?4)5',B5) -1 __fC@

E.)<,5$<'. )JB$4?)+, $+ ?'<#$+)5/ %4'<)% $% ,- >) ;)%$(+); 1-5 U_fC8 )I<)4, ,#', ).)<,5$< ()+)5',-5% '+; ?-,-5% '5)
,- >) ;)%$(+); 1-5 _0fC@ E.)<,5$<'. )JB$4?)+, -B,%$;) ?'<#$+)5/ %4'<) ?'/ >) ;)%$(+); 1-5 U0fC@

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

!"#$

&'()*+,

-.

!,/)0123/4

(45

6(4+07+,348

6(9'34+,:

4
&;"!$<#

Propulsion and Maneuvering


Machinery

C%&'(&'S
S(C'*%& 1

Pro.ulsion S4afting 99999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999179


=

>+4+,(1 ..............................................................................=@A

C34+ D'(E*F $(31 D'(E*F $0G+ D'(E* (45 $',02* D'(E*


H3(I+*+,2...........................................................................=@A

C34+ D'(E* K+(,348 C/9(*3/4...............................................=LM

$(31 D'(E* N4G/(,5 <45 .......................................................=LM

$(31 D'(E* !,/)+11+,O+45 H+2384.........................................=LM

==

=B

S(C'*%& 2

A.=

!,/)+11+, P/,Q(,5 <45 .................................................. =LM

A.B

!,/)+11+, "E* <45 ........................................................... =LM

A.J

R/4O9/,,/237+ R/4O)3**348 "11/:2 ................................... =LM

!,/)+11+,O<45 K+(,3482......................................................=L=
==.=

S(*+,OC0G,39(*+5 K+(,3482 ........................................... =L=

==.B

T31OC0G,39(*+5 K+(,3482................................................. =L=

$(31 D'(E* C34+,2 .................................................................=L=


=B.=

$'39U4+22 (* K+(,3482................................................... =L=

=B.B

$'39U4+22 K+*Q++4 K+(,3482 ........................................ =L=

=B.J

&/4*340/02 P3**+5 C34+,2 ............................................... =L=

=B.@

P3* K+*Q++4 K+(,3482 .................................................... =L=

=B.A

6(*+,3(1 (45 P3* ............................................................. =L=

=B.==

"E*+,O+45 D+(1 ............................................................... =L-

=B.=B

>1(22 #+34E/,9+5 !1(2*39 &/(*348.................................. =L-

=B.=J

D*(341+22 D*++1 &1(55348 ............................................... =L-

=J

;/11/Q D'(E*2 .....................................................................=L-

=@

&/0)1348 K/1*2....................................................................=L-

Pro.ellers9999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999183
=

>+4+,(1 ..............................................................................=LB

6(*+,3(12 (45 $+2*348.........................................................=LB


B.=

!,/)+11+, 6(*+,3(1 .......................................................... =LB

B.B

D*05 6(*+,3(1 ................................................................. =LB

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

177

S(C'*%& 3

J.=

K1(5+ $'39U4+22 ............................................................=LB

J.B

K1(5+O,//* P311+*2 ...........................................................=LJ

J.J

K031*O0) K1(5+2 ..............................................................=LJ

J.@

$3) $'39U4+22 ................................................................=LJ

J.A

K1(5+ $'39U4+22 (* T*'+, #(533 .....................................=LJ

D*052 ..................................................................................=LJ
@.=

D*05 ",+( ......................................................................=LJ

@.B

P3* /E D*052 (45 R0*2 .....................................................=LJ

K1(5+ P1(48+ (45 6+9'(432I2 .........................................=LV

==

W+: .....................................................................................=LV

=B

!,/*+9*3/4 "8(342* &/,,/23/4 .............................................=LV

Steering ?ears 9999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999 187


=

178

K1(5+ H+2384......................................................................=LB

D*++,348 >+(, #+X03,+I+4*2 E/, "11 $:)+ /E Y+22+12 ........=L@


=.=

>+4+,(1..........................................................................=L@

=.B

!1(42 .............................................................................=L@

=.J

!/Q+, >+(, D*/)2 .........................................................=L@

=.@

D*,+48*' #+X03,+I+4*2 .................................................=L@

=.A

D*++,348 &'(342.............................................................=LL

=.==

D'+(7+2 ........................................................................=LL

=.=B

K0EE+,2 ...........................................................................=LL

=.=J

;:5,(0139 !3)348 E/, D*++,348 >+(,2 ..............................=LL

=.=@

<1+9*,39(1 !(,*2 /E D*++,348 >+(,2 .................................=LL

=.=A

$,3(12 .............................................................................=LL

D*++,348 >+(,2 E/, !(22+48+, Y+22+12 T7+, =MM >,/22


$/42 /, &(,,:348 6/,+ *'(4 =JM !(22+48+,2....................=LA
B.=

>+4+,(1..........................................................................=LA

B.B

!1(42 .............................................................................=LA

B.J

D*++,348O8+(, !,/*+9*3/4................................................=LA

B.@

!/Q+,O5,37+4 D*++,348 >+(, ..........................................=LA

B.A

6+9'(439(1 &/I)/4+4*2 ...............................................=LA

B.==

!/Q+, Z43*2 ...................................................................=AM

B.=B

6+9'(439(1 D*++,348 ......................................................=AM

B.=J

6(*+,3(1..........................................................................=AM

B.=@

$,(42E+, .........................................................................=A=

B.=A

!/Q+,O8+(, D*/)2..........................................................=A=

B.-=

#055+, "9*0(*/,2 ..........................................................=A=

B.-B

!3)348 ",,(48+I+4*.......................................................=A=

B.-J

&/4*,/12 .........................................................................=A-

B.-@

N42*,0I+4*(*3/4 (45 "1(,I2...........................................=AB

B.-A

<1+9*,39(1 &/I)/4+4*2 ..................................................=A[

B.B=

T)+,(*348 N42*,09*3/42 ...................................................=A[

B.BB

$,3(12 .............................................................................=AJ

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

!"#$

D+9*3/4

=.

!,/)0123/4

D'(E*348

4
&;"!$<#

Propulsion and Maneuvering


Machinery

D<&$NTR

Propulsion Shafting

General
Propellers and propulsion shafting for self-propelled vessels are to be designed, constructed and tested
in accordance with the requirements of this Section. Before proceeding with the construction, prints of
the propeller and shafting plans giving design data and material characteristics are to be submitted.
The construction of propellers and shafts on vessels exhibiting special design features may be carried
out in accordance with other applicable ABS Rules or Guides.

Line Shaft, Tail Shaft, Tube Shaft and Thrust Shaft


Diameters
For vessels 47.5 m (150 ft) in length and under, the shafting is to comply with the applicable
requirements of the ABS Rules for Building and Classing Steel Vessels Under 90 m (295 ft) in Length.
For vessels greater than 47.5 m (150 ft) in length, the least diameter of shafting is to be determined
from the following equation:
D=

KH / R

where
D

diameter of shaft, mm (in.)

as defined in the table below:

Line shafts

MKS Units
39.5 * 106/(U + 16)

US Units
3480/(U + 22.8)

Thrust shafts

59.3 * 106/(U + 16)

5225/(U + 22.8)

Tail shafts

1.314 * 106

81.24

Tube shafts

1.202 * 106

74.34

horsepower at rated speed

shaft revolutions per minute at rated speed

ultimate tensile strength of the shaft material, kg/mm2 (ksi). For tensile strength
greater than 80 kg/mm2 (115 ksi), U equal to 80 kg/mm2 (115 ksi) is to be used.

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

179

Part
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Section

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2
1

Mac4inery and Systems


Pro.ulsion and Maneuvering Mac4inery
Pro.ulsion S4afting

4G2G1

Notes

When a material other than Grade 2 steel forging is used for tail shafts, the Owners of the vessel are to be notified
if weld repair of the shaft may be difficult. Material for shafting is to be tested in the presence of a Surveyor. In
general, material with elongation less than 16% in 50 mm (2 in.) is not to be used for shafting, couplings or
coupling bolts.

For dimension of coupling bolts, see 4-2-1/17.

The thickness of line shaft coupling flanges is not to be less than the minimum required diameter of the coupling
bolts, and the fillet radius at the base of the flange is not to be less than one-eighth of the actual shaft diameter. For
couplings other than flanged couplings integral with the shaft, the shaft diameter in way of fitted coupling
members is not to be less than 1.1 times the minimum required line shaft diameter.

The thrust shaft diameter is to be determined at the bottom of the collar when it transmits torque.

When shafting is exposed to sea water, the diameter is to be increased by 2.5%.

Line Shaft Bearing Location


The location and spacing of line shaft bearings are to take into consideration the effect of these
arrangements on the low-speed gear elements, and the natural frequency of the propulsion shafting.

Tail Shaft Inboard End


The inboard end of a tail shaft may be tapered at the coupling to not less than 1.09 times the minimum
required line shaft diameter. Abrupt changes in shaft diameters at the coupling between tail shaft and
line shaft are to be avoided. The thickness of the tail shaft coupling flange is not to be less than the
minimum required diameter of the coupling bolts. The fillet radius at the base of the flange is not to
be less than one-eighth of the shaft diameter. Special consideration will be given to fillets of multipleradii design.

Tail Shaft Propeller-end Design


Tail shafts are to be provided with an accurate taper fit in the propeller hub, particular attention being
given to the fit at the large end of the taper. Means are to be provided for sealing the shaft taper in
way of the propeller assembly against saltwater in accordance with 4-2-2/13 as follows:

991

Pro.eller IorJard (nd


Where exposed to saltwater, the propeller assembly is to be sealed at the forward end with a
well-fitted soft-rubber packing ring and

993

Pro.eller Aft (nd


Where exposed to saltwater, a fairwater cap filled with suitable sealing material or equivalent sealing
arrangement is to be provided at the aft end of the propeller.

995

&onGcorrosive &onG.itting Alloys


For vessels under 45.7 m (150 ft) in length, the sealing in 4-2-1/9.1 and 4-2-1/9.3 is not required
where the tail shaft is fabricated of corrosion resistant pitting-resistant alloy unless required by the
manufacturer.
The key is to fit tightly in the keyway and be of sufficient size to transmit the full torque of the shaft,
but it is not to extend into the liner counterbore on the forward side of the propeller hub. The forward
end of the keyway is to be so cut in the shaft as to give a gradual rise from the bottom of the keyway
to the surface of the shaft. Ample fillets are to be provided in the corners of the keyway and, in general,
stress concentrations are to be reduced as far as practicable.

180

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

Part
C4a.ter
Section

4
2
1

Mac4inery and Systems


Pro.ulsion and Maneuvering Mac4inery
Pro.ulsion S4afting

11

Propeller-End Bearings

1191

WaterGNuOricated Pearings

4G2G1

The length of the bearing next to and supporting the propeller is not to be less than four times the
required tail shaft diameter, except that the length of metal bearings will be subject to special
consideration.

1193

%ilGNuOricated Pearings
The length of white-metal-lined, oil-lubricated propeller-end bearings fitted with an approved oil-seal
gland is to be on the order of two times the required tail shaft diameter. Oil-lubricated cast-iron and
bronze bearings will be subject to special consideration.

13

Tail Shaft Liners

1391

'4icQness at Pearings
=B.=.= K,/4\+ C34+, (2009)
The thickness of bronze liners to be fitted to tail shafts or tube shafts is not to be less than that
given by the following equation:

t = T/25 + 5.1 mm

t = T/25 + 0.2 in.

where
t

thickness of liner, in mm (in.)

required diameter of tail shaft, in mm (in.)

=B.=.- D*(341+22 D*++1 C34+, (2009)


The thickness of stainless steel liners to be fitted to tail shafts or tube shafts is not to be less
than one-half that required for bronze liners or 6.5 mm (0.25 in.), whichever is greater.

1393

'4icQness PetJeen Pearings


The thickness of a continuous bronze liner between bearings is to be not less than three-fourths of the
thickness t determined by the foregoing equation.

1395

Continuous Iitted Niners


Continuous fitted liners are to be in one piece or, if made of two or more lengths, the joining of the
separate pieces is to be done by an approved method of fusion through not less than two-thirds the
thickness of the liner or by an approved rubber seal.

1397

Iit PetJeen Pearings


If the liner does not fit the shaft tightly between the bearing portions, the space between the shaft and
liner is to be filled by pressure with an insoluble non-corrosive compound.

1399

Material and Iit


Fitted liners are to be of a high-grade composition, bronze or other approved alloy, free from porosity
and other defects, and are to prove tight under hydrostatic test of 1.0 bar (1 kgf/cm2, 15 psi). All liners
are to be carefully shrunk or forced upon the shaft by pressure and they are not to be secured by pins.

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

181

Part
C4a.ter
Section

4
2
1

Mac4inery and Systems


Pro.ulsion and Maneuvering Mac4inery
Pro.ulsion S4afting

4G2G1

13911 AfterGend Seal


Effective means are to be provided to prevent sea water having access to the shaft at the part between
the after end of the liner and the propeller hub

13913 ?lass Reinforced Plastic Coating


Glass reinforced plastic coatings may be fitted on propulsion shafting when applied by an approved
procedure to the satisfaction of the Surveyor. Such coatings are to consist of at least four plies of
cross-woven glass tape impregnated with resin, or an equivalent process. In all cases where reinforced
plastic coatings are employed, effective means are to be provided to prevent water having access to
the shaft. Provisions are to be made for overlapping and adequately bonding the coating to fitted or
clad liners.

13915 Stainless Steel Cladding (2009)


Stainless steel cladding of shafts is to be carried out in accordance with an approved procedure. See
Appendix 7-A-11, Guide for Repair and Cladding of Shafts of the Rules for Survey After Construction
(Part 7).

15

Hollow Shafts
The proportions of hollow shafts are to be such that their strength will be equivalent to that required
by the equations for the corresponding solid shafts.

17

Coupling Bolts
The minimum diameter of the shaft coupling bolts is to be determined by the following equation:
d = 0.57

D3
Nr

where
d

diameter of bolts at joint, in mm (in.)

required diameter of shaft, in mm (in.), as defined 4-2-1/3, using mechanical


properties of coupling bolt material

number of bolts fitted in one coupling

radius of the pitch circle, in mm (in.)

Coupling bolts are to be accurately fitted and where couplings are separate from the shaft, provision is
to be made to resist the astern pull.

182

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

!"#$

D+9*3/4

-.

!,/)+11+,2

4
&;"!$<#

Propulsion and Maneuvering


Machinery

D<&$NTR

Propellers

General
Propellers and propulsion shafting for self-propelled vessels are to be designed, constructed and tested
in accordance with the requirements of this Section. Before proceeding with the construction, prints of
the propeller and shafting plans giving design data and material characteristics are to be submitted.
The construction of propellers and shafts on vessels exhibiting special design features may be carried
out in accordance with other applicable ABS Rules or Guides.

Materials and Testing

391

Pro.eller Material
The material of the propellers is to be tested in the presence of and inspected by a Surveyor in
accordance with the requirements of Chapter 3 of the ABS Rules for Materials and Welding (Part 2)
or to other requirements which have been approved by the Committee. The finished and assembled
propellers are to be inspected by the Surveyor.

393

Stud Material
The material of the studs securing detachable blades to the hub is to be of Grade 2 steel or equally
satisfactory material and is to be tested in the presence of and inspected by the Surveyor in accordance
with the requirements of 2-3-7/7 of the ABS Rules for Materials and Welding (Part 2).

Blade Design

591

Plade '4icQness
Where the propeller blades are of conventional design, the thickness of the blades is not to be less
than determined by the following equations:
J.=.=

P3]+5O!3*9' !,/)+11+,2
t 0.25 = K1

AH
1.72 BK
mm (in.)
<
CRN
C

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

183

Part
C4a.ter
Section

4
2
2

Mac4inery and Systems


Pro.ulsion and Maneuvering Mac4inery
Pro.ellers

4G2G2

where
K1

915 (41)

1.0 + (6.0/P0.70) + 4.3P0.25

(4300wa/N) (R/100)2 (D/20)3

(1 + 1.5P0.25) (Wf L B)

t0.25 =

required thickness at the one-quarter radius, in mm (in.)

hp at rated speed

rpm at rated speed

number of blades

P0.25 =

pitch at one-quarter radius divided by propeller diameter

P0.7 =

pitch at seven-tenths radius divided by propeller diameter, corresponding


to the design ahead conditions

expanded width of a cylindrical section at the 0.25 radius, in mm (in.)

expanded blade area divided by the disc area

propeller diameter, in m (ft)

rake of propeller blade, in mm/m (in/ft), multiplied by D/2 (with forward


rake, use minus sign in equation; with aft rake, use plus sign)

f, w

material constants from the following table:

Representative Propeller Materials


OSee Chapter 3 of the ABS Rules for Materials
and Welding (Part 2)Q

Type

SI and MKS Units

US Customary Units

Manganese bronze

2.10

8.30

68

0.30

Nickel-manganese bronze

2.13

8.00

69

0.29

Nickel-aluminum bronze

2.62

7.50

85

0.27

Mn-Ni-Al bronze

2.37

7.50

77

0.27

CF-3

Cast iron

0.66

7.20

25

0.26

Cast steel

2.10

8.30

68

0.30

Austenitic stainless steel

2.10

7.75

68

0.28

Notes

J.=.-

For propellers of unusual design, material, or application, the blade thickness will be specially
considered.

For vessels below 30 m (100 ft) in length with multiple shafts, and all vessels below 20 m (65 ft)
in length, consideration will be given to the acceptance of propeller designs on the basis of a
review of the manufacturers design parameters and guarantee of physical properties and
suitability for the intended service.

&/4*,/11(G1+O!3*9' !,/)+11+,2

t 0.35 = K 2

AH
1.09 BK
<
mm (in.)
CRN
C

K2

735 (32.8)

1.0 + (6.0/P0.7) + 3P0.35

(4900wa/N) (R/100)2 (D/20)3

where

184

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Section

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2
2

Mac4inery and Systems


Pro.ulsion and Maneuvering Mac4inery
Pro.ellers

4G2G2

(1 + 0.6P0.35) (Wf B)

t0.35 =

required thickness at the 0.35 radius, in mm (in.)

P0.35 =

pitch at 0.35 radius divided by propeller diameter, corresponding to the


design ahead conditions

expanded width of a cylindrical section at the 0.35 radius, in mm (in.)

H, R, N, P0.7, a, D, K, f and w are as defined in 4-2-2/5.1.1.

593

PladeGroot Iillets
Fillets at the root of the blades are not to be considered in the determination of blade thickness.

595

PuiltGu. Plades
The required blade section is not to be reduced in order to provide clearance for nuts. The face of the
flange is to bear on that of the hub in all cases, but the clearance of the spigot in its counterbore or the
edge of the flange in the recess is to be kept to a minimum.

597

'i. '4icQness
The minimum blade thickness, ta, at the tip is to be determined from the following equation where D
is the diameter of the propeller in m (ft):
ta = 6D mm

599

ta = 0.072D in.

Plade '4icQness at %t4er Radii


The blade thickness at any radius is not to be less than given by a straight line relationship between
the thickness found from 4-2-2/5.1 and the tip thickness ta.

Studs

791

Stud Area
s = 0.056W t 02.35 f/rn mm2

s = 0.0018W t 02.35 f/rn in2

where
s

area of one stud at bottom of thread, in mm2 (in2)

number of studs on driving side of blade

radius of pitch circle of the studs, in mm (in)

t0.35 =

maximum thickness at the 0.25 or 0.35 radius, in mm (in.), from propeller drawing

W and f are as defined in 4-2-2/5.

793

Iit of Studs and &uts


Studs are to be fitted tightly into the hub and provided with effective means for locking. The nuts are
also to have a tight-fitting thread and be secured by stop screws or other effective locking devices.

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185

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2
2

Mac4inery and Systems


Pro.ulsion and Maneuvering Mac4inery
Pro.ellers

4G2G2

Blade Flange and Mechanisms


The strength of the propeller blade flange and internal mechanisms of controllable-pitch propellers
subjected to the forces from propulsion torque is to be at least 1.5 times that of the blade at design
pitch conditions.

11

Key
The key is to have a true fit in the hub. For shape of keyway in shaft, see 4-2-1/9. Where propellers
are fitted without keys, detailed stress calculations and fitting instructions are to be submitted for
review.

13

Protection Against Corrosion


For vessels engaged primarily in saltwater service, the exposed steel of the shaft is to be protected
from the action of the water by filling all spaces between cap, hub and shaft with a suitable material.
The propeller assembly is to be sealed at the forward end with a well-fitted soft rubber packing ring.
When the rubber ring seal is fitted in an external gland, the hub counterbore is to be filled with
suitable material. Clearances between shaft liner and hub counterbore are to be kept to a minimum.
When the rubber ring is fitted internally, ample clearance is to be provided between liner and hub, and
the ring is to be sufficiently oversize to squeeze into the clearance space when the propeller is driven
up on the shaft. Where necessary, a filler piece is to be fitted in the propeller hub keyway to provide a
flat unbroken seating for the ring. The recess formed at the small end of the taper by the overhanging
propeller hub is to be packed with red lead putty or rust preventive compound before the propeller nut
is put on.

18S

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

!"#$

D+9*3/4

B.

D*++,348

>+(,2

4
&;"!$<#

Propulsion and Maneuvering


Machinery

D<&$NTR

Steering Gears

Steering Gear Requirements for All Type of Vessels

191

?eneral
All self-propelled vessels are to be provided with effective means for steering which is to be capable
of putting the rudder from hard over to hard over. In general, power operated steering gears are to be
designed to be capable of putting the rudder from 35 degrees on one side to 35 degrees on the other
side with the vessel running ahead at the maximum continuous rated shaft RPM and at the design
waterline.
Steering gears for passenger vessels which are over 100 gross tons or are intended to carry more than
150 passengers are to be designed, constructed and tested in accordance with 4-2-3/3. Steering gears
for all other self-propelled vessels are to comply with the following.

193

Plans
Detailed plans and calculations of the steering arrangement are to be submitted for approval.

195

PoJer ?ear Sto.s


Power gears are to be provided with positive arrangements for stopping the gear before the rudder
stops are reached. These arrangements are to be synchronized with the position of the gear itself, such
as from the rudder stock, tiller, or ram rather than by the control system.

197

Strengt4 Requirements
Tillers, quadrants, yokes, steering chains, rods, and cables and all parts of steering gears subject to
load from the rudder are to be of materials tested in accordance with the applicable requirements of
Chapter 1 of the ABS Rules for Materials and Welding (Part 2). In general, steering gears are to be so
proportioned as to have a strength equivalent to that of the required upper rudder stock (see
3-2-4/23.5.1 or 3-2-5/25.5.1 as applicable. Parts in tension or subject to shock (impact) are not to be
of cast iron.

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

187

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Section

199

4
2
3

Mac4inery and Systems


Pro.ulsion and Maneuvering Mac4inery
Steering ?ear

4G2G3

Steering C4ains
Steering chains and wire rope are to be of special quality and tested as required by Sections 2-2-1 and
2-2-2 of the ABS Rules for Materials and Welding (Part 2), respectively.

1911

S4eaves
Sheaves are to be of ample size, and so placed as to provide a fair lead to the quadrant and avoid acute
angles. Parts subjected to shock are not to be of cast iron. For sheaves intended to be used with wire
ropes, the radius of the grooves is to equal that of the wire rope plus 0.8 mm (1/32 in.) and the sheave
diameter is to be determined on the basis of the wire rope flexibility. For 6 * 37 wire rope, the sheave
diameters are to be not less than 18 times that of the wire rope. For wire rope of lesser flexibility, the
sheave diameter is to be increased accordingly. Sheave diameters for chain are to be not less than
30 times the chain diameter.

1913

Puffers
Steering gears other than hydraulic types are to be designed with suitable buffer arrangements to
relieve the gear from shock from the rudder.

1915

Uydraulic Pi.ing for Steering ?ears


A relief valve is to be provided for the protection of the hydraulic system. Pressure piping is to meet
the requirements of Part 4, Chapter 3, except that the mill tests need not be witnessed by the Surveyor.
After fabrication, the piping system or each piping component is to be subjected, in the presence of
the Surveyor, to a hydrostatic test equal to 1.5 times the design working pressure. After installation in
the vessel, the piping is to be tested under working conditions including a check of the relief valve
operation.

1917

(lectrical Parts of Steering ?ears


Electrical parts of steering gears are to meet the applicable requirements of Part 4, Chapter 5.

1919

'rials
The steering gear is to be tested to demonstrate to the Surveyors satisfaction that the requirements of
these Rules have been met. Satisfactory performance is to be demonstrated under the following conditions.
=.=A.= $/QG/(*2 (45 $082
From 35 degrees on either side to 30 degrees on the other side in 20 seconds with vessel moored
to a dock or the river bank and with the main propulsion engines operating at approximately
the full load rack setting.
=.=A.- !(22+48+, Y+22+12 (45 T*'+, D+1EO),/)+11+5 Y+22+12
From 35 degrees on either side to 30 degrees on the other side in not more than 28 seconds
with the vessel running ahead at the maximum continuous rated shaft RPM. For controllable
pitch propellers, the propeller pitch is to be at the maximum design pitch approved for the
above maximum continuous ahead rated RPM. Where a test with the vessel running ahead at
full speed is not practicable, the test for towboats and tugs in 4-2-3/1.19.1 may be used.

Consideration may be given to other means for proving the adequacy of the steering
arrangements and power subject to the satisfaction of the attending Surveyor.

188

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Part
C4a.ter
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2
3

Mac4inery and Systems


Pro.ulsion and Maneuvering Mac4inery
Steering ?ear

Steering Gears for Passenger Vessels Over 100 Gross


Tons or Carrying More than 150 Passengers

391

?eneral

4G2G3

All passenger vessels which are over 100 gross tons or are intended to carry more than 150 passengers
are to be provided with an approved means of steering. All power-operated steering gears for such
vessels are to be constructed to the satisfaction of and tested in the presence of the Surveyor as
follows:
B.=.=

393

H+2384
i)
Capability. The steering gear is to be designed to be capable of:

"

Putting the rudder from 35 degrees on one side to 35 degrees on the other side
with the vessel running ahead at the maximum continuous rated shaft RPM and at
the design waterline, and

"

Meeting the performance requirements in accordance with 4-2-3/3.33.1. In this


respect, any approval is to be understood as being subject to compliance with
4-2-3/3.33.1.

B.=.-

D)+93(1 D*++,348
Vessels having cycloidal, azimuthing or similar type propulsion systems in which the steering
is effected by changing the direction of the propulsion thrust are to comply with the
provisions in Section 4-3-5 of the Steel Vessel Rules.

B.=.B

D3481+ P(310,+ (1996)


The steering gear system is to be designed so that after a single failure in its piping system,
one of the power units or mechanical connections to the power units the defect can be isolated
so that the integrity of the remaining part of the system will not be impaired and the steering
capability can be maintained or speedily regained.

Plans
Detailed plans of the steering arrangement, including machinery, controls, instrumentation, power
supplies, piping systems, and pressure cylinders are to be submitted for approval. See 4-1-1/5.3.
The rated torque of the unit is to be indicated in the data submitted for review.

395

SteeringGgear Protection
The steering gear is to be protected from the weather. Steering gear compartments are to be readily
accessible. Handrails and gratings or other non-slip surfaces are to be provided in way of steering gear
machinery and controls.

397

PoJerGdriven Steering ?ear


The steering gear is to be power-operated if the required upper stock diameter is 120 mm (4.7 in.) or
greater. Refer to 3-2-5/25.5.1.

399

Mec4anical Com.onents
All steering gear parts transmitting force to or from the rudder, such as tillers, quadrants, rams, pins,
tie rods and keys are to be proportioned as to have strength equivalent to that of the upper rudder
stock required by 3-2-5/25.5.1.

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3911

4
2
3

Mac4inery and Systems


Pro.ulsion and Maneuvering Mac4inery
Steering ?ear

4G2G3

PoJer Vnits
B.==.= H+E343*3/42
For purposes of the Rules, a steering gear power unit is:

i)

Electric Steering Gear. An electric motor and its associated electrical equipment.

ii)

Electro-hydraulic Steering Gear. An electric motor and its associated electrical


equipment and connected pump or pumps.

iii)

Other Hydraulic Steering Gear. A driving engine and connected pump or pumps.

B.==.- &/I)/23*3/4
The steering gear is to be comprised of two or more identical power units and is to be capable
of operating the rudder as required by 4-2-3/3.33.1 while operating with one or more of the
power units. Mechanical connections to the power unit are to be of substantial construction.

The steering gear is to be arranged so that a single failure in one of the power units or
mechanical connections to the power units will not impair the integrity of the remaining part
of the steering gear. See 4-2-3/3.1.3.
B.==.B $+2*348
A prototype of each new design power unit pump is to be shop tested for a duration of not less
than 100 hours. The testing is to be carried out in accordance with an approved agenda and is
to include the following as a minimum:

3913

i)

The pump and stroke control (or directional control valve) is to be operated continuously
from full flow and relief valve pressure in one direction through idle to full flow and
relief valve pressure in the opposite direction.

ii)

Pump suction conditions are to simulate lowest anticipated suction head. The power
unit is to be checked for abnormal heating, excessive vibration, or other irregularities.
Following the test, the power unit pump is to be disassembled and inspected in the
presence of a Surveyor.

Mec4anical Steering
Steel-wire rope, chain and other mechanical steering systems are to comply with 4-2-3/1.9, 4-2-3/1.11
and 4-2-3/1.13.

3915

Material
B.=J.= >+4+,(1
All parts of steering gears transmitting a force to the rudder and pressure retaining components
of hydraulic rudder actuators are to be of steel or other approved ductile material. The use of
gray cast iron or other material having an elongation less than 12% in 50 mm (2 in.) is not
acceptable.
B.=J.- 6(*+,3(1 $+2* "**+45(49+
Except as modified below, materials for the parts and components mentioned in 4-2-3/3.15.1
are to be tested in the presence of the Surveyor in accordance with the requirements of
Chapter 3 of the ABS Rules for Materials and Welding (Part 2). See also 4-2-3/3.23.2.

Material tests for steering gear coupling bolts and torque transmitting keys need not be
witnessed by the Surveyor. For upper rudder stock keys, see 3-2-5/25.1.

190

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Pro.ulsion and Maneuvering Mac4inery
Steering ?ear

4G2G3

Material tests for forged, welded or seamless steel parts (including the internal components)
of rudder actuators that are not more than 150 mm (6 in.) in internal diameter need not be
carried out in the presence of the Surveyor. Such parts are to comply with the requirements of
Chapter 3 of the ABS Rules for Materials and Welding (Part 2) or such other appropriate
material specifications as may be approved in connection with a particular design, and may be
accepted on the basis of a review of mill certificates by the Surveyor.

3917

'ransfer
An effective means of rapid transfer between power units is to be provided. Such transfer arrangements
are also to include the capability to initiate the transfer process manually (i.e., non-automatic) from
the navigation bridge.

3919

PoJerGgear Sto.s
Power gears are to be provided with stops in accordance with 4-2-3/1.5.

3921

Rudder Actuators
B.-=.= >+4+,(1
Hydraulic cylinders and housings of vane-type steering gears are to meet the requirements of
4-2-3/3.15 for material and material tests, and also 2-4-2/1 of the ABS Rules for Materials
and Welding (Part 2) for welding, 4-4-1A1/3.1 (Equation No. 2), 4-4-1A1/5, 4-4-1A1/7 of the
Steel Vessel Rules for design, and 4-4-1A1/21 of the Steel Vessel Rules for hydrostatic tests.
For cylinders, see also 4-3-4/1.11 of the Steel Vessel Rules for plans.
B.-=.- R/4O50)139(*+5 #055+, "9*0(*/,2
Regardless of extent of nondestructive testing, casting quality factor is not to exceed 0.85. See
the last note of 4-4-1A1/Table 2 of the Steel Vessel Rules.
B.-=.B T31 D+(12
Oil seals between non-moving parts forming part of the exterior pressure boundary are to be
of the pressure seal type. Oil seals between moving parts forming the external pressure
boundary are to be fitted in duplicate so that the failure of one seal does not render the actuator
inoperative. Alternative seal arrangements will be considered where they are shown to be
equivalent.

3923

Pi.ing Arrangement
B.-B.= >+4+,(1
Piping for hydraulic gears is to be arranged so that transfer between units can be readily
effected. The arrangement is to be such that a single failure in one part of the piping will not
impair the integrity of remaining parts of the system. See 4-2-3/3.1.3. Where necessary,
arrangements for bleeding air from the hydraulic system are to be provided.
B.-B.- #+X03,+I+4*2
Piping systems are to meet the requirements of 4-3-8/1.3 through 4-3-8/1.15. The design
pressure for steering gear system piping and components subject to internal hydraulic pressure
is to be at least 1.25 times the maximum working pressure to be expected in order to satisfy
the operational conditions specified in 4-2-3/3.33.1.

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3

Mac4inery and Systems


Pro.ulsion and Maneuvering Mac4inery
Steering ?ear

4G2G3

B.-B.B Y(17+2 (1996)


In general, valves are to comply with the requirements of 4-3-2/11. Isolating valves are to be
fitted on the pipe connections to the rudder actuator. For vessels with non-duplicated rudder
actuators, the isolating valves are to be directly mounted on the actuator.
B.-B.[ #+13+E Y(17+2 (1996)
Relief valves are to be provided for the protection of the hydraulic system. Each relief valve is
to be capable of relieving not less than the full flow of all the pumps which can discharge
through it increased by 10%. With this flow condition, the maximum pressure rise is not to
exceed 10% of the relief valve setting. In this regard, consideration is to be given to the
extreme expected ambient conditions in respect to oil viscosity.

The relief valve setting is to be at least 1.25 times the maximum working pressure to be
expected in order to satisfy the operational conditions specified in 4-2-3/3.33.1 but is not to
exceed the design pressure in 4-2-3/3.33.2.
B.-B.J P31*,(*3/4
A means is to be provided to maintain cleanliness of the hydraulic fluid.
B.-B.V D*/,(8+ $(4U
A fixed storage tank having sufficient capacity to recharge the complete hydraulic power
system including the power unit reservoirs is to be provided. The tank is to be permanently
connected by piping in such a manner that the system can be readily recharged from a
position within the steering gear compartment. The storage tank is to be provided with an
approved level indicating system in accordance with 4-3-3/9.
B.-B.@ $+2*348
The following tests are to be performed in the presence of the Surveyor.

3.23.7(a) Shop Tests (2008). After fabrication, each component of the steering gear piping
system, including the power units, hydraulic cylinders and piping, is to be hydrostatically tested
at the plant of manufacture to 1.5 times the relief valve setting.
3.23.7(b) Installation Test. After installation in the vessel, the complete piping system,
including power units, hydraulic cylinders and piping, is to be subjected to a hydrostatic test
equal to 1.1 times the relief valve setting, including a check of the relief-valve operation.

3925

Controls
B.-J.= >+4+,(1 (1996)
Control system is the equipment by which orders are transmitted from the navigation bridge
to the power units. Control systems comprise transmitters, receivers, hydraulic control pumps
and their associated motors, motor controllers, piping and cables. For the purpose of these
Rules, steering wheels or steering levers are not considered to be part of the control system.

There are to be two independent control systems provided, each of which can be operated
from the navigation bridge. These control systems are to be independent in all respects and
are to provide on the navigation bridge all necessary apparatus and arrangements for the
starting and stopping of steering gear motors and the rapid transfer of steering power and
control between units. Control cables and piping for the independent control systems are to be
separated throughout their length. When the control comprises a hydraulic telemotor, a second
independent control system will not be required. See 4-5-2/11.1 and 4-5-6/9.3.

192

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Part
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2
3

Mac4inery and Systems


Pro.ulsion and Maneuvering Mac4inery
Steering ?ear

4G2G3

In addition to the steering gear control systems required above, additional control is to be
provided in the steering gear compartment. These controls if electric are to be supplied from
the steering gear power circuit from a point within the steering gear compartment.
B.-J.- &/4*,/1 D:2*+I H329/44+9* (1998)
Means are to be provided in the steering gear compartment to disconnect the steering gear
control system from the power circuit when local control is to be used. Such means for
disconnecting are to be operable by one person without the need for tools. Additionally, if
more than one steering station is provided, a selector switch is to disconnect completely all
stations, except the one in use.
B.-J.B &/II0439(*3/42
A means of communication is to be provided in accordance with 4-5-6/9.7.

3927

*nstrumentation and Alarms


The following instruments and alarms are to be provided. The audible and visual alarms required are
to be of the self-monitoring type so that a circuit failure will cause an alarm condition and they are to
have provisions for testing.
B.-@.= #055+, !/23*3/4 N4539(*/,
The angular position of the rudder is to be indicated on the navigation bridge and in the
steering gear compartment. The rudder angle indication is to be independent of the steering
gear control system, and readily visible from the control position.
B.-@.- !/Q+, P(310,+
A visual and audible alarm is to be given on the navigation bridge and engine room control
station to indicate a power failure to any one of the steering gear power units.
B.-@.B 6/*/, "1(,I2 (2000)
A visual and audible alarm is to be given on the navigation bridge to indicate an overload
condition of the steering gear power unit motor. Where a three-phase supply is used a visual
and audible alarm is to be supplied which will indicate failure of any one of the supply
phases. The operation of this alarm is not to interrupt the circuit.
B.-@.[ &/4*,/1 !/Q+, P(310,+
A visual and audible alarm is to be given on the navigation bridge and engine room control
station to indicate an electrical power failure in any steering gear control circuit, or remote
control circuit.
B.-@.J 6/*/, #044348 N4539(*/,2
Indicators for running indication of motors are to be installed on the navigation bridge and in
the engine room control station.
B.-@.V C/Q T31O1+7+1 "1(,I
A visual and audible alarm is to be given on the navigation bridge and engine room control
station to indicate a low oil level in any power unit reservoir.

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193

Part
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2
3

Mac4inery and Systems


Pro.ulsion and Maneuvering Mac4inery
Steering ?ear

4G2G3

B.-@.@ ;:5,(0139 C/9U (2007)


Where the arrangement is such that a single failure may cause hydraulic lock and loss of
steering, an audible and visual hydraulic lock alarm which identifies the failed system or
component is to be provided on the navigation bridge. The alarm is to be activated upon
steering gear failure if:

"

Position of the variable displacement pump control system does not correspond to the
given order, or

"

Incorrect position of 3-way full flow valve or similar in constant delivery pump system is
detected.

Alternatively, for follow-up control systems, an independent steering failure alarm complying
with the following requirements may be provided in lieu of a hydraulic lock alarm:
i)

The steering failure alarm system is to actuate an audible and visible alarm in the
wheelhouse when the actual position of the rudder differs by more than 5 degrees
from the rudder position ordered by the follow-up control systems for more than:
30 seconds for ordered rudder position changes of 70 degrees;
6.5 seconds for ordered rudder position changes of 5 degrees; and
The time period calculated by the following formula for ordered rudder positions
changes between 5 degrees and 70 degrees:
t = (R/2.76)+4.64
where:
t

maximum time delay in seconds

ordered rudder change in degrees

ii)

The steering failure alarm system must be separate from, and independent of, each
steering gear control system, except for input received from the steering wheel shaft.

iii)

Each steering failure alarm system is to be supplied by a circuit that:


a.

is independent of other steering gear system and steering alarm circuits.

b.

is fed from the emergency power source through the emergency distribution
panel in the wheelhouse, if installed; and

c.

has no overcurrent protection except short circuit protection.

B.-@.L "0*/)31/* T7+,,35+ (1999)


Steering gear control systems capable of operation in the autopilot mode are to be provided
with the means to automatically disengage the autopilot controls when an effort is made to
manually steer the vessel from the main steering station at the navigation bridge. Additionally,
an audible and visual alarm is to be provided at the navigation bridge in the event the override
mechanism fails to respond within a preset period.

3929

(lectrical Com.onents (1996)


Electrical components of the steering gear are to meet the applicable requirements of Part 4, Chapter 5.
The steering gear electrical circuit is to comply with 4-5-2/11.

3931

%.erating *nstructions
Appropriate operating instructions with a block diagram showing the changeover procedures for
steering gear control systems and steering gear power units are to be permanently displayed on the
navigation bridge and in the steering gear compartment.

194

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

Part
C4a.ter
Section

3933

4
2
3

Mac4inery and Systems


Pro.ulsion and Maneuvering Mac4inery
Steering ?ear

4G2G3

'rials
The steering gear is to be tried out on the trial trip in order to demonstrate to the Surveyors satisfaction
that the requirements of these Rules have been met. The trial is to include the operation of the
following:
B.BB.=

The steering gear, including demonstration of the performance requirements as shown below
with the rudder fully submerged. Where full rudder submergence cannot be obtained in ballast
conditions, special considerations may be given to specified trials with less than full rudder
submergence. Satisfactory performance is to be demonstrated under the following conditions.
3.33.1(a) Full Speed Trial. From 35 degrees on either side to 30 degrees on the other side in
not more than 28 seconds with the vessel running ahead at the maximum continuous rated
shaft RPM. For controllable pitch propellers, the propeller pitch is to be at the maximum
design pitch approved for the above maximum continuous ahead rated RPM. This test is to be
met with one of the power units in reserve.
3.33.1(b) Half Speed Trial. From 15 degrees on either side to 15 degrees on the other side in
not more than 60 seconds while running at one-half of the maximum ahead speed or 7 knots,
whichever is the greater. This test is to be conducted with one of the power units in reserve.
This test may be waived where the steering gear consists of two identical power units with
each capable of meeting the requirements in 4-2-3/3.33.1 above.
Where three or more power units are provided, the test procedures are to be specially considered
on basis of the specifically approved operating arrangements of the steering gear system.
B.BB.-

The power units, including transfer between power units.


B.BB.B

The emergency power supply required by 4-5-6/9.3.


B.BB.[

The steering gear controls, including transfer of control, and local control.
B.BB.J

The means of communications between the navigation bridge, engine room, and the steering
gear compartment.
B.BB.V

The alarms and indicators required by 4-2-3/3.27 (test may be done at dockside).
B.BB.@

The storage and recharging system contained in 4-2-3/3.23.6 (test may be done at dockside).
B.BB.L

The isolation and automatic starting provisions of 4-2-3/3.1.3 (test may be done at dockside).

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

195

This Page Intentionally Left Blank

PART

Chapter

3:

Pumps

and

Piping

Systems

$
CHAPTER

'()*+ ,-. '/*/-0 S1+23)+

CONTENTS
SECTION 1

General................................................................................203
1

SECTION 2

Construction and Installation .............................................203


1.1

General Requirements .................................................. 203

1.3

Piping Groups ............................................................... 203

Plans and Data to Be Submitted........................................203


3.1

Plans ............................................................................. 203

3.3

Data .............................................................................. 204

Material Tests and Inspection............................................204


5.1

Specifications and Purchase Orders ............................. 204

5.3

Special Materials........................................................... 204

General Installation Details................................................204


7.1

Protection ...................................................................... 204

7.3

Pipes Near Switchboards.............................................. 205

7.5

Expansion or Contraction Stresses ............................... 205

7.7

Molded Expansion Joints .............................................. 205

7.9

Bulkhead, Deck or Tank Top Penetrations.................... 206

7.11

Relief Valves ................................................................. 206

7.13

Common Overboard Discharge..................................... 206

7.15

Plastic Piping................................................................. 207

7.17

Standard Thicknesses................................................... 207

7.19

Instruments ................................................................... 207

7.21

Hose.............................................................................. 207

Piping, Valves and Fittings ...............................................209


1

General ..............................................................................209

Pressure Tests...................................................................209
3.1

General ......................................................................... 209

3.3

Fuel Oil Suction and Transfer Lines .............................. 209

3.5

Cargo Oil Piping ............................................................ 209

3.7

Hydraulic Power Piping ................................................. 209

3.9

All Piping ....................................................................... 209

Metallic Pipes.....................................................................210
5.1

Test and Inspection of Group I Piping ........................... 210

5.3

Steel Pipe...................................................................... 210

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

197

5.5

5.7

Brass Pipe .....................................................................210

5.9

Plastic Pipe....................................................................210

5.11

Working Pressure and Thickness of Metallic Pipe.........210

Plastic Pipes ......................................................................212


7.1

11

13

General..........................................................................212

7.3

Plans and Data to be Submitted....................................212

7.5

Design ...........................................................................213

7.7

Installation of Plastic Pipes............................................216

7.9

Manufacturing of Plastic Pipes ......................................217

7.11

Plastic Pipe Bonding Procedure Qualification ...............218

7.13

Tests by the Manufacturer \ Fire Endurance Testing


of Plastic Piping in the Dry Condition
(For Level 1 and Level 2)...............................................219

7.15

Test by Manufacturer \ Fire Endurance Testing of


Water-filled Plastic Piping (For Level 3).........................220

7.17

Tests by Manufacturer \ Flame Spread ........................222

7.19

Testing By Manufacturer \ General...............................223

7.21

Testing Onboard After Installation .................................223

Material of Valves and Fittings...........................................227


9.1

General..........................................................................227

9.3

Forged or Cast Steel .....................................................227

9.5

Cast Iron........................................................................227

9.7

Ductile (Nodular) Iron ....................................................227

9.9

Nonferrous.....................................................................228

9.11

Plastic Compounds .......................................................228

Valves ................................................................................228
11.1

General..........................................................................228

11.3

Construction ..................................................................228

11.5

Hydrostatic Test and Identification ................................229

Pipe Fittings .......................................................................229


13.1

General..........................................................................229

13.3

Hydrostatic Test and Identification ................................229

13.5

Nonstandard Fittings .....................................................230

15

Welded Nonstandard Valves and Fittings..........................230

17

Flanges ..............................................................................230

19

21

198

Copper Pipe ..................................................................210

17.1

General..........................................................................230

17.3

Group I Piping Flanges..................................................230

17.5

Group II Piping Flanges.................................................230

Sea Chests, Sea Valve and Overboard Discharge


Connections .......................................................................231
19.1

General..........................................................................231

19.3

Sea Chests....................................................................231

19.5

Scuppers .......................................................................231

19.7

Sanitary Discharges ......................................................232

Cooler Installations External to the Hull.............................232


21.1

General..........................................................................232

21.3

Integral Keel Cooler Installations...................................232

21.5

Non-integral Keel Cooler Installations ...........................232

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

TABLE 1
TABLE 2
TABLE 3
TABLE 4

FIGURE 1
FIGURE 2

SECTION 3

Fire Endurance Test Burner Assembly....................221


Fire Endurance Test Stand with Mounted
Sample .....................................................................221

Bilge and Ballast Systems and Tanks..............................233


1

Bilge and Ballast Systems for Self-propelled Vessels .......233


1.1

General ......................................................................... 233

1.3

Pumps........................................................................... 233

1.5

Bilge and Ballast Piping ................................................ 233

Bilge Systems for Self-propelled Passenger Vessels........235


3.1

General ......................................................................... 235

3.3

Bilge Piping System ...................................................... 235

3.5

Bilge Pumps .................................................................. 236

Bilge Systems for Barges ..................................................237


5.1

Unmanned Barges ........................................................ 237

5.3

Manned Barges............................................................. 237

Vent, Sounding and Overflow Pipes ..................................237


7.1

General ......................................................................... 237

7.3

Size ............................................................................... 237

7.5

Termination ................................................................... 237

Sounding............................................................................238
9.1

SECTION 4

Allowable Stress Values S for Steel Piping ..............212


Fire Endurance Requirements Matrix for Plastic
Pipes ........................................................................224
Standards for Plastic Pipes \ Typical
Requirements for All Systems..................................226
Standards for Plastic Pipes \ Additional
Requirements Depending on Service
and/or Location of Piping .........................................227

General ......................................................................... 238

9.3

Sounding Pipes ............................................................. 238

9.5

Gauge Glasses ............................................................. 238

Fuel Oil and Lubricating Oil Systems and Tanks............239


1

Fuel Oil Transfer, Filling and Service Systems..................239


1.1

General ......................................................................... 239

1.3

Pipes in Oil Tanks ......................................................... 239

1.5

Control Valves or Cocks................................................ 239

1.7

Valves on Oil Tanks ...................................................... 239

1.9

Overflows and Drains.................................................... 240

1.11

Fuel Oil Purifiers............................................................ 240

1.13

Fuel Oil Injection System .............................................. 240

Lubricating Oil System .......................................................241


3.1

General ......................................................................... 241

3.3

Oil Filters....................................................................... 241

3.5

Protective Features ....................................................... 241

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

199

SECTION 5

Internal Combustion Engine Systems ............................. 243


1

SECTION 6

Cooling Water System .......................................................243


1.1

General..........................................................................243

1.3

Sea Suctions .................................................................243

1.5

Direct Cooling System ...................................................243

Exhaust Piping ...................................................................243

Cargo Systems................................................................... 245


1

Vessels Carrying Oil in Bulk Having a Flashpoint of


60C (140F) or Less .........................................................245
1.1

Cargo Pumps ................................................................245

1.3

Cargo Piping Systems ...................................................246

1.5

Other Piping Systems....................................................246

1.7

Venting Systems ...........................................................246

1.9

Inert Gas System Requirements ...................................247

1.11

Cargo Vapor Emission Control Systems .......................248

Cargo-handling Systems....................................................248
3.1

SECTION 7

3.3

Dangerous Chemicals ...................................................248

3.5

Liquefied Gases ............................................................248

3.7

Pressurized Gases ........................................................248

3.9

Cargo Oil Piping ............................................................248

3.11

Noncombustible Liquids ................................................248

Cargo Transfer Systems for Dangerous Chemical


Cargoes............................................................................... 249
1

General ..............................................................................249

Cargo Piping Classification ................................................249


3.1

Cargo Piping for Barge Type I .......................................249

3.3

Cargo Piping for Barge Types II and III .........................249

Plans and Data to be Submitted ........................................249

Materials.............................................................................250

11

13

200

General..........................................................................248

7.1

General..........................................................................250

7.3

Service Temperature Below -18C (0F) .......................250

Venting ...............................................................................250
9.1

Open Venting ................................................................250

9.3

Pressure-Vacuum Venting.............................................251

9.5

Safety-Relief Venting.....................................................251

Safety-Relief Valves...........................................................251
11.1

Capacity ........................................................................251

11.3

Certification ...................................................................252

11.5

Installation .....................................................................252

11.7

Tests .............................................................................252

Pressure Vessels ...............................................................253

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

15

Cargo Transfer...................................................................253
15.1

General ......................................................................... 253

15.3

Cargo Pumps ................................................................ 253

15.5

Pump Wells ................................................................... 253

15.7

Pump Prime Movers...................................................... 253

15.9

Pressure Gauges .......................................................... 253

15.11

Independent Tank Connections .................................... 253

15.13

Piping, Valves and Fittings ............................................ 254

15.15

Piping Flexibility Arrangements ..................................... 254

15.17

Pipe Joints .................................................................... 254

15.19

Cargo Filling Lines in Tanks .......................................... 255

15.21

Spillage Containment .................................................... 255

15.23

Electrical Bonding ......................................................... 255

17

Protective Housing.............................................................255

19

Electrical ............................................................................255

21

Fire Extinguishing ..............................................................255

23

Salvaging Connections ......................................................255

TABLE 1

SECTION 8

Values of C for Use in Calculating Safety-Relief


Valve Capacity .........................................................256

Other Piping Systems and Tanks .....................................257


1

Hydraulic Piping .................................................................257


1.1

Arrangements................................................................ 257

1.3

Valves ........................................................................... 257

1.5

Piping ............................................................................ 257

1.7

Pipe Fittings .................................................................. 257

1.9

Hose.............................................................................. 258

1.11

Accumulators ................................................................ 258

1.13

Fluid Power Cylinders ................................................... 258

1.15

Design Pressure............................................................ 258

1.17

Segregation of High Pressure Hydraulic Units in


Machinery Spaces......................................................... 258

Liquefied Petroleum Gases ...............................................258

Ship Service Ammonia System .........................................259


5.1

Compartmentation......................................................... 259

5.3

Safety Measures ........................................................... 259

5.5

Ammonia Piping ............................................................ 259

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

201

T#$% &'() I+,)+,$-+'../ L)1, B.'+3

PART

Section

1:

General

$
CHAPTER

'()*+ ,-. '/*/-0 S1+23)+

SECTION

G3-36,7

C9-+26(:2/9- ,-. I-+2,77,2/9-

1.1

General Requirements
A.. 5)%%).% '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 :$,# ,#) +);)%%'6/ 8<=8% '+9 8$8$+( %/%,)=% 1-6 %'1) '+9 )11$;$)+,
-8)6',$-+ $+ ,#) %)65$;) 1-6 :#$;# ,#)/ '6) $+,)+9)9> ?',)6$'.% '+9 :-63='+%#$8 '6) ,- 7) $+ ';;-69'+;)
:$,# (--9 ='6$+) 86';,$;) '+9 ,- ,#) %',$%1';,$-+ -1 ,#) S<65)/-6> T#) '66'+()=)+,% '+9 9),'$.% '6) ,;-=8./ :$,# ,#) 1-..-:$+( 6)A<$6)=)+,%>

1.3

Piping Groups !"##$%


T- 9$%,$+(<$%# 7),:))+ 9),'$. 6)A<$6)=)+,% 1-6 ,#) 5'6$-<% %/%,)=%B ,#) 8$8$+( -+ %#$87-'69 $% 9$5$9)9
$+,- ,:- (6-<8%>
G6-<8 IB $+ ()+)6'.B $+;.<9)% '.. 8$8$+( $+,)+9)9 1-6 :-63$+( 86)%%<6)% -6 ,)=8)6',<6)% $+ 5'6$-<% %)65$;)%B
'% 1-..-:%D
Pressure bar (kgf2cm2, psi)

Temperature C (F)

E'8-6 '+9 G'%

-5)6 F0>3 IF0>JB FJ0K

-5)6 3L3 IMJ0K

N',)6

-5)6 FJ>J IFJ>OB 22JK

-5)6 FQQ I3J0K

L<76$;',$+( O$.

-5)6 FJ>J IFJ>OB 22JK

-5)6 20L IL00K

F<). O$.

-5)6 F0>3 IF0>JB FJ0K

-5)6 MM IFJ0K

T/96'<.$; F.<$9

-5)6 FJ>J IFJ>OB 22JK

-5)6 20L IL00K

Service

G6-<8 II $+;.<9)% '.. 8$8$+( $+,)+9)9 1-6 :-63$+( 86)%%<6)% '+9 ,)=8)6',<6)% 7).-: ,#-%) %,$8<.',)9
<+9)6 G6-<8 I> G6-<8 II '.%- $+;.<9)% ;'6(- -$. '+9 ,'+3U;.)'+$+( 8$8$+( $+ ;'6(- '6)' -+ -$. ;'66$)6%
'+9 -8)+U)+9)9 .$+)% %<;# '% 96'$+%B -5)61.-:%B )+($+) )V#'<%,%B 7-$.)6 )%;'8) 8$8)%B '+9 5)+,%B
6)('69.)%% -1 ,#) :-63$+( 86)%%<6)% -6 ,)=8)6',<6)%>

'7,-+ ,-. D,2, 29 B3 S(=)/223.

3.1

Plans
B)1-6) 86-;))9$+( :$,# ,#) :-63B 9$'(6'==',$; 8.'+% $+ A<'96<8.$;',) '6) ,- 7) %<7=$,,)9B %#-:$+(
;.)'6./ ,#) '66'+()=)+, '+9 9),'$.% -1 ,#) 1-..-:$+(D

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

203

Part
Chapter
Section

3.3

4
3
1

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
General

"

G)+)6'. '66'+()=)+, -1 8<=8% '+9 8$8$+(

"

S'+$,'6/ %/%,)=%

"

B$.() '+9 7'..'%, %/%,)=%

"

E)+,B %-<+9$+( '+9 -5)61.-: 8$8)%

"

F<). -$. 1$..$+(B ,6'+%1)6 '+9 %)65$;) %/%,)=%

"

L<76$;',$+( -$. %/%,)=%

"

C'6(- -$. 8<=8$+( %/%,)=%

"

T/96'<.$;U8-:)6 8$8$+( %/%,)=%

"

E%%)+,$'. 6':U:',)6 '+9 16)%#:',)6 %)65$;) %/%,)=%

"

F$6)U='$+ '+9 1$6) )V,$+(<$%#$+( %/%,)=% IS)) &'6, LB C#'8,)6 LK

"

S,))6$+(U()'6 8$8$+( %/%,)=% IS)) S);,$-+ LU2U3K

"

S,'6,$+(U'$6 8$8$+(

"

EV#'<%, 8$8$+( 1-6 $+,)6+'. ;-=7<%,$-+ )+($+)% '+9 '<V$.$'6/ 7-$.)6%>

4-3-1

Data
T#) 8.'+% '6) ,- ;-+%$%, -1 ' 9$'(6'==',$; 96':$+( -1 )';# %/%,)= ';;-=8'+$)9 7/ .$%,% -1 =',)6$'.%
($5$+( %$Y)B :'.. ,#$;3+)%%B ='V$=<= :-63$+( 86)%%<6) '+9 =',)6$'. -1 '.. 8$8)% '+9 ,#) ,/8)B %$Y)B
86)%%<6) 6',$+( '+9 =',)6$'. -1 5'.5)% '+9 1$,,$+(%>

>

?,236/,7 T3+2+ ,-. I-+*3:2/9-

5.1

Specifications and Purchase Orders


T#) '886-86$',) =',)6$'. ,- 7) <%)9 1-6 ,#) 5'6$-<% 8$8)%B 5'.5)% '+9 1$,,$+(% $% $+9$;',)9 $+ S);,$-+
LU3U2B )V;)8, ,#', ,)%,% -1 =',)6$'. 1-6 5'.5)% '+9 1$,,$+(% +))9 +-, 7) :$,+)%%)9 7/ ,#) S<65)/-6%>
N#)6) ).);,6$; :).9$+( $% <%)9B ,#) 6)A<$6)=)+,% -1 C#'8,)6 L -1 ,#) ABS Rules for Materials and
Welding (Part 2) '6) '.%- '88.$;'7.)> C-8$)% $+ 9<8.$;',) -1 ,#) 8<6;#'%) -69)6% 1-6 =',)6$'. 6)A<$6$+(
,)%, '+9 $+%8);,$-+ ', ,#) =$..% -6 8.';) -1 ='+<1';,<6) '6) ,- 7) 1-6:'69)9 ,- ,#) B<6)'< 1-6 ,#)
$+1-6=',$-+ -1 ,#) S<65)/-6%>

5.3

Special Materials
I1 $, $% 9)%$6)9 ,- <%) %8);$'. '..-/% -6 -,#)6 =',)6$'.% +-, ;-5)6)9 7/ ,#) R<.)%B ,#) <%) -1 %<;#
=',)6$'.% :$.. 7) %8);$'../ ;-+%$9)6)9 1-6 '886-5'.>

G3-36,7 I-+2,77,2/9- D32,/7+

7.1

Protection
&$8)%B 5'.5)% '+9 -8)6',$+( 6-9% '6) ,- 7) )11);,$5)./ %);<6)9 '+9 '9)A<',)./ 86-,);,)9 16-= =);#'+$;'.
9'='()> T#)%) 86-,);,$5) '66'+()=)+,% '6) ,- 7) 1$,,)9 %- ,#', ,#)/ ='/ 7) 6)=-5)9 ,- )+'7.)
)V'=$+',$-+ -1 ,#) 8$8)%B 5'.5)% '+9 -8)6',$+( 6-9%>

204

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

Part
Chapter
Section

7.3

4
3
1

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
General

4-3-1

Pipes Near Switchboards


T#) .)'9$+( -1 8$8)% $+ ,#) 5$;$+$,/ -1 %:$,;#7-'69% $% ,- 7) '5-$9)9 '% 1'6 '% 8-%%$7.)> N#)+ %<;#
.)'9% '6) +);)%%'6/B ;'6) $% ,- 7) ,'3)+ ,- 1$, +- 1.'+()% -6 [-$+,% -5)6 -6 +)'6 ,#) %:$,;#7-'69% <+.)%%
86-5$%$-+ $% ='9) ,- 86)5)+, '+/ .)'3'() 16-= 9'='($+( ,#) )A<$8=)+,>

7.5

Expansion or Contraction Stresses !"##&%


A=8.) 86-5$%$-+ $% ,- 7) ='9) ,- ,'3) ;'6) -1 )V8'+%$-+ -6 ;-+,6';,$-+ %,6)%%)% $+ 8$8)% 9<) ,,)=8)6',<6) ;#'+()% -6 :-63$+( -1 ,#) #<..> S<$,'7.) 86-5$%$-+% $+;.<9)B 7<, '6) +-, .$=$,)9 ,-B 8$8$+(
7)+9%B ).7-:%B -11%),%B ;#'+()% $+ 9$6);,$-+ -1 ,#) 8$8) 6-<,$+( -6 )V8'+%$-+ [-$+,%> S.$8 [-$+,% -1 '+
'886-5)9 ,/8) ='/ 7) <%)9 $+ %/%,)=% '+9 .-;',$-+% :#)6) 8-%%$7.) .)'3'() :$.. +-, 7) #'Y'69-<%>
N#)6) )V8'+%$-+ [-$+,% '6) <%)9B ,#) 1-..-:$+( 6)A<$6)=)+,% '88./D

7.7

"

Pipe support. A9[-$+$+( 8$8)% '6) ,- 7) %<$,'7./ %<88-6,)9 %- ,#', ,#) )V8'+%$-+ [-$+,% 9- +-,
;'66/ '+/ %$(+$1$;'+, 8$8) :)$(#,>

"

Alignment. EV8'+%$-+ [-$+,% '6) +-, ,- 7) <%)9 ,- ='3) <8 1-6 8$8$+( =$%'.$(+=)+, )66-6%>
?$%'.$(+=)+, -1 '+ )V8'+%$-+ [-$+, 6)9<;)% ,#) 6',)9 =-5)=)+,% '+9 ;'+ $+9<;) %)5)6) %,6)%%)%
$+,- ,#) [-$+, =',)6$'.B ,#<% ;'<%$+( 6)9<;)9 %)65$;) .$1)>

"

Anchoring. EV8'+%$-+ [-$+,% '6) ,- 7) $+%,'..)9 '% ;.-%) '% 8-%%$7.) ,- '+ '+;#-6 8-$+,> N#)6) '+
'+;#-6$+( %/%,)= $% +-, <%)9B ;-+,6-. 6-9% ='/ 7) $+%,'..)9 -+ ,#) )V8'+%$-+ [-$+, ,- 86)5)+,
)V;)%%$5) =-5)=)+,% 16-= -;;<66$+( 9<) ,- 86)%%<6) ,#6<%, -1 ,#) .$+)>

"

Mechanical damage. N#)6) +);)%%'6/B )V8'+%$-+ [-$+,% '6) ,- 7) 86-,);,)9 '('$+%, =);#'+$;'.
9'='()>

"

Accessible location. EV8'+%$-+ [-$+,% '6) ,- 7) $+%,'..)9 $+ ';;)%%$7.) .-;',$-+% ,- 8)6=$, 6)(<.'6
$+%8);,$-+ '+9\-6 8)6$-9$; %)65$;$+(>

"

Mating flange. ?',$+( 1.'+()% '6) ,- 7) ;.)'+ '+9 <%<'../ -1 ,#) 1.',U1';)9 ,/8)> N#)+ ',,';#$+(
7)'9)9U)+9 1.'+() )V8'+%$-+ [-$+,% ,- 6'$%)9 1';) 1.'+()%B ,#) <%) -1 ' 6$+( ('%3), $% 8)6=$,,)9>
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%<61';) '+9\-6 7-., ;-++);,$-+>

Molded Expansion Woints !"##&%


?-.9)9 )V8'+%$-+ [-$+,% ='/ 7) T/8) A886-5)9> S)) FUFUA3\F -1 ,#) ABS Rules for Conditions of
Classification (Part 1)>
7.7.1

Circulating Water Systems


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;$6;<.',$+( :',)6 8$8$+( %/%,)=% $+ =';#$+)6/ %8';)%> S<;# 1$,,$+(% '6) ,- 7) -$.U6)%$%,'+,> T#)
='V$=<= :-63$+( 86)%%<6) $% +-, ,- 7) (6)',)6 ,#'+ 2J] -1 ,#) #/96-%,',$; 7<6%,$+( 86)%%<6)
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-1 ='+<1';,<6) '6) ,- 7) )=7-%%)9 -6 -,#)6:$%) 8)6='+)+,./ ='63)9 -+ ,#) -<,%$9) )9() -1
-+) -1 ,#) 1.'+()% -6 -,#)6 )'%$./ )V'=$+)9 '6)' -1 '.. 1.)V$7.) )V8'+%$-+ [-$+,% $+,)+9)9 1-6
<%) $+ %)':',)6 8$8$+( %/%,)=% -5)6 FJ0 == IM $+>K> &.'+% -1 ,#) =-.9)9 -6 7<$.,U<8 1.)V$7.)
)V8'+%$-+ [-$+,% $+ %)':',)6 8$8$+( %/%,)=% -5)6 FJ0 == IM $+>KB $+;.<9$+( 9),'$.% -1 ,#)
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ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

205

Part
Chapter
Section

4
3
1

7.7.2

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
General

4-3-1

Oil Systems
N#)6) =-.9)9 )V8'+%$-+ [-$+,% -1 ;-=8-%$,) ;-+%,6<;,$-+ <,$.$Y$+( =),'..$; =',)6$'.B %<;# '%
%,)). -6 %,'$+.)%% %,)). -6 )A<$5'.)+, =',)6$'.B :$,# 6<77)6$Y)9 ;-',$+(% $+%$9) '+9\-6 -<,%$9) -6
%$=$.'6 '66'+()=)+,% '6) 86-8-%)9 1-6 <%) $+ -$. 8$8$+( %/%,)=% I1<).B .<76$;',$+(B -6 #/96'<.$;
-$.KB ,#) 1-..-:$+( 6)A<$6)=)+,% '88./D
7.7.2(a) EV8'+%$-+ [-$+, 6',$+(% 1-6 ,)=8)6',<6)B 86)%%<6)B =-5)=)+,% '+9 %).);,$-+ -1
=',)6$'.% '6) ,- 7) %<$,'7.) 1-6 ,#) $+,)+9)9 %)65$;)>
7.7.2(b) T#) ='V$=<= '..-:'7.) :-63$+( 86)%%<6) -1 ,#) %/%,)= $% +-, ,- 7) (6)',)6 ,#'+
2J] -1 ,#) #/96-%,',$; 7<6%,$+( 86)%%<6) 9),)6=$+)9 7/ ' 7<6%, ,)%, -1 ' 86-,-,/8) )V8'+%$-+
[-$+,> R)%<.,% -1 ,#) 7<6%, ,)%, '6) ,- 7) %<7=$,,)9>
7.7.2(c) T#) )V8'+%$-+ [-$+,% '6) ,- 8'%% ,#) 1$6)U6)%$%,'+, ,)%, %8);$1$)9 $+ LU3UF\Q>Q>3B 7).-:>
7.7.2(d) T#) )V8'+%$-+ [-$+,% '6) ,- 7) 8)6='+)+,./ ='63)9 :$,# ,#) ='+<1';,<6)6^% +'=)
'+9 ,#) =-+,# '+9 /)'6 -1 ='+<1';,<6)>

7.7.3

7.9

Fire-Resistant Test
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6)1)6)+;)9 $+ LU3UF\Q>Q>2B ,- 7) ;-+%$9)6)9 1$6)U6)%$%,'+,B ' 86-,-,/8) -1 ,#) =-.9)9 )V8'+%$-+
[-$+, $% ,- 7) %<7[);,)9 ,- ' 1$6) ,)%, 1-6 ', .)'%, 30 =$+<,)% ', ' ,)=8)6',<6) -1 +-, .)%% ,#'+
O00%C IFLQ2%FK :#$.) :',)6 ', ,#) ='V$=<= %)65$;) 86)%%<6) $% ;$6;<.',)9 $+%$9)> T#)
,)=8)6',<6) -1 ,#) :',)6 ', ,#) -<,.),% $% +-, ,- 7) .)%% ,#'+ O0%C IFQM%FK 9<6$+( ,#) ,)%,> T#)
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;-+9<;,)9 :$,# ,#) ;$6;<.',$+( :',)6 ', ' 86)%%<6) -1 ', .)'%, J 7'6 IJ>F 3(1\;=2B Q2>J .7\$+2KB
'+9 :$,# ' %<7%)A<)+, 86)%%<6) ,)%, ,- ,:$;) ,#) 9)%$(+ 86)%%<6)>

Bulkhead, Deck or Tank Top Penetrations


N#)6) 8$8)% 8'%% ,#6-<(# 7<.3#)'9%B 9);3% -6 ,'+3 ,-8%B ,#) 8)+),6',$-+% '6) ,- 7) ='9) 7/ =),#-9%
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,-8> B-.,)9 ;-++);,$-+% '6) ,- #'5) ,#) 7-.,% ,#6)'9)9 ,#6-<(# ,#) 8.',$+(B '+9 :).9)9 ;-++);,$-+% '6)
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7.11

Relief Valves
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9$6);,./ -+ ,#) %#).. -6 7),:))+ ,#) %#).. '+9 ,#) $%-.',$-+ 5'.5)>
7.11.1 Exceptions
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', ,#) 8<=8B %<;# 5'.5)% +))9 +-, 7) 1$,,)9 :#)+ ,#) %/%,)= $% %)65)9 -+./ 7/ ;)+,6$1<('. 8<=8%
%- 9)%$(+)9 ,#', ,#) 86)%%<6) 9).$5)6)9 ;'++-, )V;))9 ,#', 1-6 :#$;# ,#) 8$8$+( $% 9)%$(+)9>

7.13

Common Overboard Discharge


I+ ()+)6'.B 5'6$-<% ,/8)% -1 %/%,)=% :#$;# 9$%;#'6() -5)67-'69 '6) +-, ,- 7) $+,)6;-++);,)9 :$,#-<,
%8);$'. '886-5'._ ,#', $%B ;.-%)9 8<=8$+( %/%,)=%B 9);3 %;<88)6%B %-$. .$+)% -6 %'+$,'6/ 96'$+% '6) +-,
,- #'5) ' ;-==-+ -5)67-'69 9$%;#'6()>

206

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

Part
Chapter
Section

7.15

4
3
1

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
General

4-3-1

Plastic Piping !'(()%


N#)6) 8)6=$,,)9B 8.'%,$; 8$8$+( $% ,- 7) ()+)6'../ ;-+1$+)9 ,- -+) :',)6,$(#, ;-=8'6,=)+,> N#)6) %/%,)=%
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:',)6,$(#, 7<.3#)'9% -6 9);3% '6) ,- 7) $+ ';;-69'+;) :$,# LU3U2\Q>J>J '+9 LU3U2\Q>J>M>

7.17

Standard Thicknesses
&$8) ,#$;3+)%%)% 6)1)66)9 ,- '% %,'+9'69 -6 )V,6' #)'5/ '6) ,#) )A<$5'.)+, -1 A=)6$;'+ N',$-+'.
S,'+9'69% I+%,$,<,) S;#)9<.) L0 '+9 S;#)9<.) O0 8$8) <8 ,- ' ='V$=<= :'.. ,#$;3+)%% -1 9>J ==
I0>3QJ $+>K '+9 F2>J == I0>J $+>KB 6)%8);,$5)./>

7.19

Instruments
7.19.1 Temperature
T#)6=-=),)6% '+9 -,#)6 ,)=8)6',<6) %)+%$+( 9)5$;)% 6)($%,)6$+( ,#6-<(# 86)%%<6) 7-<+9'6$)%
'6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 :$,# $+%,6<=)+, :)..% ,- '..-: 1-6 $+%,6<=)+, 6)=-5'. :$,#-<, $=8'$6$+(
,#) $+,)(6$,/ -1 ,#) 86)%%<6$Y)9 %/%,)=> F<). -$. ,'+3%B )V;)8, ;'6(- ,'+3%B '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9
:$,# %$=$.'6 86-,);,$-+>
7.19.2 Pressure
&6)%%<6) %)+%$+( 9)5$;)% '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 :$,# 5'.5) '66'+()=)+,% ,- '..-: 1-6 $+%,6<=)+,
$%-.',$-+ '+9 6)=-5'. :$,#-<, $=8'$6$+( ,#) 86)%%<6$Y)9 %/%,)=^% $+,)(6$,/>

7.21

Hose !'((+%
T-%) '%%)=7.$)% ='/ 7) $+%,'..)9 7),:))+ ,:- 8-$+,% :#)6) 1.)V$7$.$,/ $% 6)A<$6)9 7<, '6) +-, ,- 7)
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.$=$,)9 ,- ,#) .)+(,# +);)%%'6/ ,- 86-5$9) 1-6 1.)V$7$.$,/ '+9 1-6 86-8)6 -8)6',$-+ -1 =';#$+)6/> B<6%,
86)%%<6) -1 ,#) #-%) $% +-, ,- 7) .)%% ,#'+ 1-<6 ,$=)% ,#) 6).$)1 5'.5) %),,$+(>
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%)65$;)> T-%)% 1-6 -$. %)65$;) '6) ,- 7) 1$6) 6)%$%,'+, '+9 6)$+1-6;)9 :$,# :$6) 76'$9 -6 -,#)6 %<$,'7.)
=',)6$'.>
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:',)6 ', ,#) ='V$=<= %)65$;) 86)%%<6) $% ;$6;<.',)9 $+%$9)> T#) ,)=8)6',<6) -1 ,#) :',)6 ', ,#) -<,.),%
$% +-, ,- 7) .)%% ,#'+ O0bC IFQMbFK 9<6$+( ,#) ,)%,> T#) ,)%,)9 #-%) $% ,- 7) ;-=8.),) :$,# )+9 1$,,$+(%
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:$,# ,#) ;$6;<.',$+( :',)6 ', ' 86)%%<6) -1 ', .)'%, J 7'6 IJ>F 3(1\;=2B Q2>J 8%$K '+9 ' %<7%)A<)+,
86)%%<6) ,)%, ,- ,:$;) ,#) 9)%$(+ 86)%%<6)>
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:$,# 1';,-6/ '%%)=7.)9 )+9 1$,,$+(% :$.. 7) ;-+%$9)6)9 1-6 +-+U;-=7<%,$7.) '+9 +-+U,-V$;B G6-<8 II
8$8$+( %/%,)=% <+9)6 J>2 7'6 IJ>3 3(1\;=2B QJ 8%$K $+ 8$8) %$Y)% <8 ,- FFL>3 == O>D> IL $+> N&SK>
S<;# #-%)% '6) ,- 7) .-;',)9 $+ ';;)%%$7.) .-;',$-+% '+9 %);<6)9 7/ =)'+% -1 ', .)'%, ,:- %,'$+.)%%U
%,)). #-%) ;.'=8% ', )';# )+9> S<;# ;.'=8% '6) ,- 7) ', .)'%, F2 ;= I0>J $+>K :$9) '+9 '6) +-, ,- 7)
9)8)+9)+, -+ %86$+( ,)+%$-+ ,- 6)='$+ 1'%,)+)9>

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

207

T#$% &'() I+,)+,$-+'../ L)1, B.'+3

PART

Section

2:

Piping,

Valves

and

Fittings

$
CHAPTER

'()*+ ,-. '/*/-0 S1+23)+

SECTION

'/*/-0C D,7E3+ ,-. F/22/-0+

G3-36,7
T#) 8$8$+( 9),'$.% 9),)6=$+)9 $+ ';;-69'+;) :$,# LU3U2\J ,#6-<(# LU3U2\FQ '6) ,- 7) 7'%)9 -+ ,#)
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IMJ0bFK :$.. 7) %<7[);, ,- %8);$'. ;-+%$9)6',$-+>
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N',$-+'. S,'+9'69% I+%,$,<,)> T-:)5)6B ,#) %<$,'7$.$,/ '+9 '88.$;',$-+ -1 ,#-%) ='+<1';,<6)9 $+ ';;-69'+;)
:$,# -,#)6 6);-(+$Y)9 %,'+9'69% :$.. 7) ;-+%$9)6)9>

'63++(63 T3+2+

3.1

General
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Materials and Welding (Part 2)B ,#) 1-..-:$+( ,)%,% -+ ,#) 1'76$;',)9 8$8$+( '6) ,- 7) :$,+)%%)9 7/ ,#)
S<65)/-6 '1,)6 7)+9$+( '+9 ,#) ',,';#=)+, -1 1.'+()%>

3.3

Fuel Oil Suction and Transfer Lines


T6'+%1)6 %/%,)=% '+9 1<). -$. %<;,$-+ .$+)% '6) ,- 7) ,)%,)9 7)1-6) $+%,'..',$-+ ,- 3>L 7'6 I3>J 3(1\;=2B
J0 8%$K>

3.5

Cargo Oil Piping


A1,)6 $+%,'..',$-+B ;'6(- -$. 8$8$+( %/%,)=% '6) ,- 7) ,)%,)9 ,- F>J ,$=)% ,#) 9)%$(+ 86)%%<6)>

3.7

Hydraulic Power Piping


A1,)6 1'76$;',$-+B ,#) #/96'<.$; 8-:)6 8$8$+( %/%,)= -6 )';# 8$8$+( ;-=8-+)+, $% ,- 7) ,)%,)9 ,F>J ,$=)% ,#) 9)%$(+ 86)%%<6)> F-6 %,))6$+( ()'6 8$8$+( ,)%,%B %)) LU2U3\F>FJ -6 LU2U3\3>23B '% '88.$;'7.)>

3.9

All Piping
A1,)6 $+%,'..',$-+B '.. 8$8$+( $% ,- 7) ,)%,)9 <+9)6 :-63$+( ;-+9$,$-+%>

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

209

Part
Chapter
Section

4
3
2

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Piping, Valves and Fittings

>

?32,77/: '/*3+

5.1

Test and Inspection of Group I Piping

4-3-2

&$8)% $+,)+9)9 1-6 <%) $+ G6-<8 I 8$8$+( %/%,)=% '6) ,- 7) ,)%,)9 $+ ,#) 86)%)+;) -1 '+9 $+%8);,)9 7/
,#) S<65)/-6 $+ ';;-69'+;) :$,# C#'8,)6 3 -1 ,#) ABS Rules for Materials and Welding (Part 2) -6
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5.3

Steel Pipe
5.3.1

Seamless Pipe
S)'=.)%% 96':+ %,)). 8$8) ='/ 7) <%)9 1-6 '.. 8<68-%)%>

5.3.2

Welded Pipe
E.);,6$;U6)%$%,'+;)U:).9)9 %,)). 8$8) ='/ 7) <%)9 1-6 ,)=8)6',<6)% <8 ,- 3L3%C IMJ0%FK>
C-+%$9)6',$-+ :$.. 7) ($5)+ ,- ,#) <%) -1 ).);,6$;U6)%$%,'+;)U:).9)9 IERNK 8$8) 1-6 <%) '7-5)
3L3%C IMJ0%FK :#)6) ,#) =',)6$'. $% %#-:+ ,- 7) %<$,'7.) 1-6 ,#) $+,)+9)9 %)65$;) I$>)>B $+ '
+-+U;-66-%$5) )+5$6-+=)+, :#)6) ,#) 9)%$(+ ,)=8)6',<6) $% 7).-: ,#) .-:)%, (6'8#$,$Y',$-+
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FFJ == O>D> IL $+> N&SK ='/ 7) <%)9 1-6 G6-<8 II 8$8$+( 1-6 ,)=8)6',<6)% <8 ,- 232%C
ILJ0%FKB 7<, $% +-, ,- 7) <%)9 1-6 1.'=='7.) -6 ;-=7<%,$7.) 1.<$9%>

5.5

Copper Pipe
S)'=.)%% 96':+ '+9 :).9)9 ;-88)6 8$8)B <+.)%% -,#)6:$%) 86-#$7$,)9B ='/ 7) <%)9 1-6 '.. 8<68-%)%
:#)6) ,#) ,)=8)6',<6) 9-)% +-, )V;))9 20O%C IL0M%FK>

5.7

Brass Pipe
S)'=.)%% 96':+ 76'%% 8$8)B <+.)%% -,#)6:$%) 86-#$7$,)9B ='/ 7) <%)9 :#)6) ,#) ,)=8)6',<6) 9-)% +-,
)V;))9 20O%C IL0M%FK>

5.9

Plastic Pipe !'(()%


&.'%,$; 8$8) ;-=8./$+( :$,# ,#) '88.$;'7.) 6)A<$6)=)+,% $+ LU3U2\Q ='/ 7) <%)9 :#)6) 8)6=$,,)9 7/
LU3U2\T'7.) 2>

5.11

Working Pressure and Thickness of Metallic Pipe


T#) ='V$=<= '..-:'7.) :-63$+( 86)%%<6) '+9 ,#) =$+$=<= ,#$;3+)%% -1 8$8)% '6) ,- 7) 9),)6=$+)9
7/ ,#) 1-..-:$+( )A<',$-+%B :$,# 9<) ;-+%$9)6',$-+ 7)$+( ($5)+ ,- ,#) 6)9<;,$-+ $+ ,#$;3+)%% ', ,#)
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W=

KS It ) C K
D ) M It ) C K

t=

WD
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KS 4 MW

:#)6)

210

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=$+$=<= ,#$;3+)%% -1 8$8)B $+ == I$+>K> S)) N-,) J>

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

Part
Chapter
Section

4
3
2

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Piping, Valves and Fittings

4-3-2

20 I200B 2K

';,<'. )V,)6+'. 9$'=),)6 -1 8$8)B $+ == I$+>K

='V$=<= '..-:'7.) 1$7)6 %,6)%%B $+ N\==2 I3(1\==2B 8%$K 16-= LU3U2\T'7.) F>
S)) N-,) 2>

1';,-6 16-= LU3U2\T'7.) F

'..-:'+;) 1-6 ,#6)'9$+(B (6--5$+( -6 =);#'+$;'. %,6)+(,#

NotesK

"

F>MJ == I0>0MJ $+>K 1-6 8.'$+U)+9 %,)). -6 :6-<(#,U$6-+ 8$8) -6 ,<7$+( <8 ,FFJ == O>D> IL $+> N&SK> S)) N-,) 3>

"

0>00 == I0>000 $+>K 1-6 8.'$+U)+9 %,)). -6 :6-<(#,U$6-+ 8$8) -6 ,<7$+( <8 ,FFJ == O>D> IL $+> N&SK <%)9 1-6 #/96'<.$; 8$8$+( %/%,)=%> S)) N-,) 3>

"

0>00 == I0>000 $+>K 1-6 8.'$+U)+9 %,)). -6 :6-<(#,U$6-+ 8$8) -6 ,<7$+(


FFJ == O>D> IL $+> N&SK '+9 .'6()6> S)) N-,) 3>

"

F>2Q == I0>0J $+>K 1-6 '.. ,#6)'9)9 8$8) FQ == O>D> I3\O $+> N&SK '+9
%='..)6

"

D)8,# -1 ,#6)'9B h, 1-6 '.. ,#6)'9)9 8$8) -5)6 FQ == O>D> I3\O $+> N&SK> S))
N-,) L>

"

D)8,# -1 (6--5) 1-6 (6--5)9 8$8)

"

0>00 == I0>000 $+>K 1-6 8.'$+U)+9 +-+1)66-<% 8$8) -6 ,<7$+(> S)) N-,) 3>

T#) 5'.<) -1 W <%)9 $+ ,#) )A<',$-+% $% ,- 7) +-, .)%% ,#'+ O>M 7'6 IO>O 3(1\;=2B F2J 8%$KB
)V;)8, ,#', 1-6 %<;,$-+ '+9 -,#)6 .-:U86)%%<6) 8$8$+( -1 +-+1)66-<% =',)6$'.B ,#) ';,<'. :-63$+(
86)%%<6) ='/ 7) '88.$)9 $1 ' %<$,'7.) '99)+9<= $% 86-5$9)9 '('$+%, )6-%$-+ '+9 -<,%$9) 9'='()>
T-:)5)6B $+ +- ;'%) $% ,#) 5'.<) -1 W ,- 7) .)%% ,#'+ 3>L 7'6 I3>J 3(1\;=2B J0 8%$K 1-6 <%) $+ ,#)
)A<',$-+%>

E'.<)% -1 S 1-6 -,#)6 =',)6$'.% '6) +-, ,- )V;))9 ,#) %,6)%% 8)6=$,,)9 7/ AS?E B3F>F C-9) 1-6
&6)%%<6) &$8$+(B &-:)6 &$8$+(>

&.'$+U)+9 8$8) -6 ,<7$+( $+;.<9)% ,#-%) [-$+)9 7/ '+/ =),#-9 $+ :#$;# ,#) :'.. ,#$;3+)%% $% +-,
6)9<;)9>

T#) 9)8,# -1 ,#6)'9B h, ='/ 7) 9),)6=$+)9 7/ ,#) )A<',$-+ h d 0>O\n :#)6) n $% ,#) +<=7)6 -1
,#6)'9% 8)6 $+;#B -6 $+ =),6$; <+$,% 7/ ,#) )A<',$-+ h d 0>On :#)6) n $% ,#) +<=7)6 -1 == 8)6
,#6)'9>

I1 8$8) $% -69)6)9 7/ $,% +-=$+'. :'.. ,#$;3+)%%B ,#) ='+<1';,<6$+( ,-.)6'+;) -+ :'.. ,#$;3+)%%
$% ,- 7) ,'3)+ $+,- ';;-<+,>

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

211

Part
Chapter
Section

4
3
2

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Piping, Valves and Fittings

4-3-2

TABLE 1
Allowable Stress Values S for Steel Piping N[mm2 (kgf[mm2, psi)
Part 2, Chapter 3,
Section 122Paragraph
No. and (Grade)
Nominal Composition
2U3UF2\J>F IG6> FK
E.);> 6)%> C'67-+ S,)).
2U3UF2\J>F IG6> 2K
E.);> 6)%> C'67-+ S,)).
S)'=.)%% C'67-+ S,)).
2U3UF2\J>F IG6> 3K
E.);> 6)%> C'67-+ S,)).
S)'=.)%% C'67-+ S,)).
2U3UF2\J>3 IG6> LK
C'67-+ S,)).
2U3UF2\J>3 IG6> JK
C'67-+ S,)).

Service TemperatureLDegrees C (F)


Tensile Strength
3F0
I3F>JB LJ000K
330
I33>QB LO000K
330
I33>QB LO000K
LFJ
IL2B M0000K
LFJ
IL2B M0000K
330
I33>QB LO000K
LFJ
IL2B M0000K

)29C ()20F) to
343C (650F)
M d 0>O
LM>9
IL>QOB MO00K
Q0>3
IQ>FQB F0200K
O2>O
IO>LLB F2000K
OO>3
I9>0B F2O00K
F03>J
IF0>JJB FJ000K
O2>O
IO>LLB F2000K
F03>J
IF0>JJB FJ000K

372C (700F)
M d 0>O
LM>M
IL>QJB MJ00K
MO>3
IM>9MB 9900K
O0>M
IO>22B FFQ00K
OL>F
IO>JOB F2200K
99>2
IF0>F2B FLL00K
O0>Q
IO>23B FFQ00K
99>2
IF0>F2B FLL00K

399C (750F)
M d 0>O

427C (800F)
M d 0>O

M2>O
IM>L0B 9F00K
Q3>Q
IQ>J2B F0Q00K
QJ>O
IQ>Q3B FF000K
O9>M
I9>FLB F3000K
Q3>Q
IQ>J2B F0Q00K
O9>M
I9>FLB F3000K

J3>F
IJ>LFB QQ00K
M2>F
IM>33B 9000K
M3>L
IM>LQB 9200K
QL>L
IQ>J9B F0O00K
M2>F
IM>33B 9000K
QL>L
IQ>J9B F0O00K

NotesK
F

I+,)6=)9$',) 5'.<)% -1 S ='/ 7) 9),)6=$+)9 7/ $+,)68-.',$-+>

F-6 (6'9)% -1 8$8$+( -,#)6 ,#'+ ,#-%) ($5)+ $+ LU3U2\T'7.) FB S 5'.<)% '6) +-, ,- )V;))9 ,#-%) 8)6=$,,)9 7/
AST? B3F>F C-9) 1-6 &6)%%<6) &$8$+(> S)) LU3U2\J>FF>

C-+%$9)6',$-+ $% ,- 7) ($5)+ ,- ,#) 8-%%$7$.$,/ -1 (6'8#$,) 1-6=',$-+ $+ ;'67-+ %,)). ', ,)=8)6',<6)% '7-5)
L2JbC IO00bFK>

'7,+2/: '/*3+ !'(()%

7.1

General
&$8)% '+9 8$8$+( ;-=8-+)+,% ='9) -1 ,#)6=-8.'%,$; -6 ,#)6=-%),,$+( 8.'%,$; =',)6$'.% :$,# -6 :$,#-<,
6)$+1-6;)=)+, ='/ 7) <%)9 $+ 8$8$+( %/%,)=% 6)1)66)9 ,- $+ LU3U2\T'7.) 2 %<7[);, ,- ;-=8.$'+;) :$,#
,#) 1-..-:$+( 6)A<$6)=)+,%> F-6 ,#) 8<68-%) -1 ,#)%) R<.)%B e8.'%,$;f =)'+% 7-,# ,#)6=-8.'%,$; '+9
,#)6=-%),,$+( 8.'%,$; =',)6$'.% :$,# -6 :$,#-<, 6)$+1-6;)=)+,B %<;# '% 8-./5$+/. ;#.-6$9) I&ECK '+9
1$7)6 6)$+1-6;)9 8.'%,$;% IFR&K>

7.3

Plans and Data to be Submitted !"##)%


R$($9 8.'%,$; 8$8)% '6) ,- 7) $+ ';;-69'+;) :$,# ' 6);-(+$Y)9 +',$-+'. -6 $+,)6+',$-+'. %,'+9'69
';;)8,'7.) ,- ,#) B<6)'<> S8);$1$;',$-+ 1-6 ,#) 8.'%,$; 8$8)B $+;.<9$+( ,#)6='. '+9 =);#'+$;'.
86-8)6,$)% '+9 ;#)=$;'. 6)%$%,'+;)B $% ,- 7) %<7=$,,)9 1-6 6)5$): ,-(),#)6 :$,# ,#) %8';$+( -1 ,#) 8$8)
%<88-6,%>
T#) 1-..-:$+( $+1-6=',$-+ 1-6 ,#) 8.'%,$; 8$8)%B 1$,,$+(% '+9 [-$+,% $% ,- 7) %<7=$,,)9 1-6 '886-5'.>

212

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

Part
Chapter
Section

4
3
2

7.3.1

7.3.2

7.3.3

7.5

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Piping, Valves and Fittings

4-3-2

General Information
i)
&$8) '+9 1$,,$+( 9$=)+%$-+%

ii)

?'V$=<= $+,)6+'. '+9 )V,)6+'. :-63$+( 86)%%<6)

iii)

N-63$+( ,)=8)6',<6) 6'+()

iv)

I+,)+9)9 %)65$;)% '+9 $+%,'..',$-+ .-;',$-+%

v)

L)5). -1 1$6) )+9<6'+;)

vi)

E.);,6$;'../ ;-+9<;,$5)

vii)

I+,)+9)9 1.<$9%

viii)

L$=$,% -+ 1.-: 6',)%

ix)

S)65$;)'7.) .$1)

x)

I+%,'..',$-+ $+%,6<;,$-+%

xi)

D),'$.% -1 ='63$+(

Drawings and Supporting Documentation


i)
C)6,$1$;',)% '+9 6)8-6,% 1-6 6).)5'+, ,)%,% 86)5$-<%./ ;'66$)9 -<,

ii)

D),'$.% -1 6).)5'+, %,'+9'69%

iii)

A.. 6).)5'+, 9)%$(+ 96':$+(%B ;','.-(<)%B 9',' %#)),%B ;'.;<.',$-+% '+9 1<+;,$-+'.
9)%;6$8,$-+%

iv)

F<../ 9),'$.)9 %);,$-+'. '%%)=7./ 96':$+(% %#-:$+( 8$8)B 1$,,$+(% '+9 8$8) ;-++);,$-+%>

Materials
i)
R)%$+ ,/8)

ii)

C','./%, '+9 ';;).)6',-6 ,/8)% '+9 ;-+;)+,6',$-+ )=8.-/)9 $+ ,#) ;'%) -1 6)$+1-6;)9
8-./)%,)6 6)%$+ 8$8)% -6 #'69)+)6% :#)6) )8-V$9) 6)%$+% '6) )=8.-/)9

iii)

A %,',)=)+, -1 '.. 6)$+1-6;)=)+,% )=8.-/)9 :#)6) ,#) 6)1)6)+;) +<=7)6 9-)% +-, $9)+,$1/
,#) ='%% 8)6 <+$, '6)' -6 ,#) ,)V +<=7)6 -1 ' 6-5$+( <%)9 $+ ' 1$.'=)+, :$+9$+(
86-;)%%B ,#)%) '6) ,- 7) 9),'$.)9

iv)

F<.. $+1-6=',$-+ 6)('69$+( ,#) ,/8) -1 ().U;-', -6 ,#)6=-8.'%,$; .$+)6 )=8.-/)9 9<6$+(
;-+%,6<;,$-+B '% '886-86$',)

v)

C<6)\8-%,U;<6) ;-+9$,$-+%> T#) ;<6) '+9 8-%,U;<6) ,)=8)6',<6)% '+9 ,$=)% )=8.-/ 1-6
($5)+ 6)%$+\6)$+1-6;)=)+, 6',$-

vi)

N$+9$+( '+(.) '+9 -6$)+,',$-+>

Design
7.5.1

Internal Pressure
A 8$8) $% ,- 7) 9)%$(+)9 1-6 '+ $+,)6+'. 86)%%<6) +-, .)%% ,#'+ ,#) 9)%$(+ 86)%%<6) -1 ,#)
%/%,)= $+ :#$;# $, :$.. 7) <%)9> T#) ='V$=<= $+,)6+'. 86)%%<6)B Pint, 1-6 ' 8$8) $% ,- 7) ,#)
.)%%)6 -1 ,#) 1-..-:$+(D
Pint =

Psth
L

Pint =

Plth
2.J

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

213

Part
Chapter
Section

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2

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Piping, Valves and Fittings

4-3-2

:#)6)

Psth

%#-6,U,)6= #/96-%,',$; ,)%, 1'$.<6) 86)%%<6)

Plth

.-+(U,)6= #/96-%,',$; ,)%, 1'$.<6) 86)%%<6) Ig F00B000 #-<6%K

T#) #/96-%,',$; ,)%,% '6) ,- 7) ;'66$)9 -<, <+9)6 ,#) 1-..-:$+( %,'+9'69 ;-+9$,$-+%D

"

A,=-%8#)6$; 86)%%<6) d

F 7'6 IF 3(1\;=2B FL>J 8%$K

"

R).',$5) #<=$9$,/ d

30]

"

F.<$9 ,)=8)6',<6) d

2JbC IQQbFK

T#) #/96-%,',$; ,)%, 1'$.<6) 86)%%<6) ='/ 7) 5)6$1$)9 )V8)6$=)+,'../ -6 9),)6=$+)9 7/ '
;-=7$+',$-+ -1 ,)%,$+( '+9 ;'.;<.',$-+ =),#-9% :#$;# '6) ,- 7) %<7=$,,)9 ,- ,#) B<6)'< 1-6
'886-5'.>
7.5.2

External Pressure
EV,)6+'. 86)%%<6) $% ,- 7) ;-+%$9)6)9 1-6 '+/ $+%,'..',$-+ :#$;# ='/ 7) %<7[);, ,- 5';<<=
;-+9$,$-+% $+%$9) ,#) 8$8) -6 ' #)'9 -1 .$A<$9 -+ ,#) -<,%$9) -1 ,#) 8$8)> A 8$8) $% ,- 7)
9)%$(+)9 1-6 '+ )V,)6+'. 86)%%<6) +-, .)%% ,#'+ ,#) %<= -1 ,#) 86)%%<6) $=8-%)9 7/ ,#) ='V$=<=
8-,)+,$'. #)'9 -1 .$A<$9 -<,%$9) ,#) 8$8) 8.<% 1<.. 5';<<=B F 7'6 IF 3(1\;=2B FL>J 8%$KB $+%$9) ,#)
8$8)> T#) ='V$=<= )V,)6+'. 86)%%<6) 1-6 ' 8$8) $% ,- 7) 9),)6=$+)9 7/ 9$5$9$+( ,#) ;-..'8%)
,)%, 86)%%<6) 7/ ' %'1),/ 1';,-6 -1 3>
T#) ;-..'8%) ,)%, 86)%%<6) ='/ 7) 5)6$1$)9 )V8)6$=)+,'../ -6 9),)6=$+)9 7/ ' ;-=7$+',$-+ -1
,)%,$+( '+9 ;'.;<.',$-+ =),#-9% :#$;# '6) ,- 7) %<7=$,,)9 ,- ,#) B<6)'< 1-6 '886-5'.>

7.5.3

Axial Strength
7.5.3(a) T#) %<= -1 ,#) .-+($,<9$+'. %,6)%%)% 9<) ,- 86)%%<6)B :)$(#, '+9 -,#)6 9/+'=$; '+9
%<%,'$+)9 .-'9% $% +-, ,- )V;))9 ,#) '..-:'7.) %,6)%% $+ ,#) .-+($,<9$+'. 9$6);,$-+> F-6;)% 9<)
,- ,#)6='. )V8'+%$-+B ;-+,6';,$-+ '+9 )V,)6+'. .-'9%B :#)6) '88.$;'7.)B '6) ,- 7) ;-+%$9)6)9
:#)+ 9),)6=$+$+( .-+($,<9$+'. %,6)%%)% $+ ,#) %/%,)=>

7.5.3(b) I+ ,#) ;'%) -1 1$7)6 6)$+1-6;)9 8.'%,$; 8$8)%B ,#) %<= -1 ,#) .-+($,<9$+'. %,6)%%)% $%
+-, ,- )V;))9 -+)U#'.1 -1 ,#) +-=$+'. ;$6;<=1)6)+,$'. %,6)%% 9)6$5)9 16-= ,#) ='V$=<=
$+,)6+'. 86)%%<6) 9),)6=$+)9 ';;-69$+( ,- LU3U2\Q>J>FB <+.)%% ,#) '..-:'7.) .-+($,<9$+'. %,6)%%
$% 5)6$1$)9 )V8)6$=)+,'../ -6 7/ ' ;-=7$+',$-+ -1 ,)%,$+( '+9 ;'.;<.',$-+ =),#-9%>
7.5.4

Temperature !"##)%
T#) ='V$=<= '..-:'7.) :-63$+( ,)=8)6',<6) -1 ' 8$8) $% ,- 7) $+ ';;-69'+;) :$,# ,#)
='+<1';,<6)6^% 6);-==)+9',$-+%B 7<, $+ )';# ;'%)B $, $% ,- 7) ', .)'%, 20%C I3M%FK .-:)6 ,#'+
,#) =$+$=<= #)', 9$%,-6,$-+ ,)=8)6',<6) -1 ,#) 8$8) =',)6$'. 9),)6=$+)9 ';;-69$+( ,- ISO QJ
=),#-9 A -6 )A<$5'.)+,> T#) =$+$=<= #)', 9$%,-6,$-+ ,)=8)6',<6) $% +-, ,- 7) .)%% ,#'+ O0%C
IFQM%FK> T#$% =$+$=<= #)', 9$%,-6,$-+ ,)=8)6',<6) 6)A<$6)=)+, $% +-, '88.$;'7.) ,- 8$8)% '+9
8$8) ;-=8-+)+,% ='9) -1 ,#)6=-8.'%,$; =',)6$'.%B %<;# '% 8-./),#/.)+) I&EKB 8-./86-8/.)+)
I&&KB 8-./7<,/.)+) I&BK '+9 $+,)+9)9 1-6 +-+U)%%)+,$'. %)65$;)%>
N#)6) .-: ,)=8)6',<6) %)65$;)% '6) ;-+%$9)6)9B %8);$'. ',,)+,$-+ $% ,- 7) ($5)+ :$,# 6)%8);, ,=',)6$'. 86-8)6,$)%>

7.5.5

214

Impact Resistance
&.'%,$; 8$8)% '+9 [-$+,% '6) ,- #'5) ' =$+$=<= 6)%$%,'+;) ,- $=8';, $+ ';;-69'+;) :$,# '
6);-(+$Y)9 +',$-+'. -6 $+,)6+',$-+'. %,'+9'69 %<;# '% AST? D2LLL -6 )A<$5'.)+,> A1,)6 ,#)
$=8';, 6)%$%,'+;) $% ,)%,)9B ,#) %8);$=)+ $% ,- 7) %<7[);,)9 ,- #/96-%,',$; 86)%%<6) )A<'. ,2>J ,$=)% ,#) 9)%$(+ 86)%%<6) 1-6 ', .)'%, -+) #-<6>

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

Part
Chapter
Section

4
3
2

7.5.6

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Piping, Valves and Fittings

4-3-2

Fire Endurance
LU3U2\T'7.) 2 %8);$1$)% 1$6) )+9<6'+;) 6)A<$6)=)+,% 1-6 8$8)% 7'%)9 <8-+ %/%,)= '+9 .-;',$-+>
&$8)% '+9 ,#)$6 '%%-;$',)9 1$,,$+(% :#-%) 1<+;,$-+% -6 $+,)(6$,/ '6) )%%)+,$'. ,- ,#) %'1),/ -1 ,#)
5)%%). '6) ,- =)), ,#) $+9$;',)9 1$6) )+9<6'+;) 6)A<$6)=)+,% :#$;# '6) 9)%;6$7)9 7).-:>

i)

Level 1 :$.. )+%<6) ,#) $+,)(6$,/ -1 ,#) %/%,)= 9<6$+( ' 1<.. %;'.) #/96-;'67-+ 1$6) '+9
$% 8'6,$;<.'6./ '88.$;'7.) ,- %/%,)=% :#)6) .-%% -1 $+,)(6$,/ ='/ ;'<%) -<,1.-: -1
1.'=='7.) .$A<$9% '+9 :-6%)+ ,#) 1$6) %$,<',$-+> &$8$+( #'5$+( 8'%%)9 ,#) 1$6) )+9<6'+;)
,)%, %8);$1$)9 $+ LU3U2\Q>F3 1-6 ' 9<6',$-+ -1 ' =$+$=<= -1 -+) #-<6 :$,#-<, .-%% -1
$+,)(6$,/ $+ ,#) 96/ ;-+9$,$-+ $% ;-+%$9)6)9 ,- =)), L)5). F 1$6) )+9<6'+;) %,'+9'69 ILFK>

ii)

Level 2 $+,)+9% ,- )+%<6) ,#) '5'$.'7$.$,/ -1 %/%,)=% )%%)+,$'. ,- ,#) %'1) -8)6',$-+ -1
,#) 5)%%).B '1,)6 ' 1$6) -1 %#-6, 9<6',$-+B '..-:$+( ,#) %/%,)= ,- 7) 6)%,-6)9 '1,)6 ,#)
1$6) #'% 7))+ )V,$+(<$%#)9> &$8$+( #'5$+( 8'%%)9 ,#) 1$6) )+9<6'+;) ,)%, %8);$1$)9 $+
LU3U2\Q>F3 1-6 ' 9<6',$-+ -1 ' =$+$=<= -1 30 =$+<,)% :$,#-<, .-%% -1 $+,)(6$,/ $+ ,#)
96/ ;-+9$,$-+ $% ;-+%$9)6)9 ,- =)), L)5). 2 1$6) )+9<6'+;) %,'+9'69 IL2K>

iii)

Level 3 $% ;-+%$9)6)9 ,- 86-5$9) ,#) 1$6) )+9<6'+;) +);)%%'6/ 1-6 ' :',)6 1$..)9 8$8$+(
%/%,)= ,- %<65$5) ' .-;'. 1$6) -1 %#-6, 9<6',$-+> T#) %/%,)=^% 1<+;,$-+% '6) ;'8'7.) -1
7)$+( 6)%,-6)9 '1,)6 ,#) 1$6) #'% 7))+ )V,$+(<$%#)9> &$8$+( #'5$+( 8'%%)9 ,#) 1$6)
)+9<6'+;) ,)%, %8);$1$)9 $+ LU3U2\Q>FJ 1-6 ' 9<6',$-+ -1 ' =$+$=<= -1 30 =$+<,)% :$,#-<,
.-%% -1 $+,)(6$,/ $+ ,#) :), ;-+9$,$-+ $% ;-+%$9)6)9 ,- =)), L)5). 3 1$6) )+9<6'+;)
%,'+9'69 IL3K>

N#)6) ' 1$6) 86-,);,$5) ;-',$+( -1 8$8)% '+9 1$,,$+(% $% +);)%%'6/ 1-6 ';#$)5$+( ,#) 1$6)
)+9<6'+;) %,'+9'69% 6)A<$6)9B ,#) 1-..-:$+( 6)A<$6)=)+,% '88./>

7.5.7

i)

&$8)% '6) ()+)6'../ ,- 7) 9).$5)6)9 16-= ,#) ='+<1';,<6)6 :$,# ,#) 86-,);,$5) ;-',$+(
'88.$)9B :$,# -+U%$,) '88.$;',$-+ .$=$,)9 ,- ,#', +);)%%'6/ 1-6 $+%,'..',$-+ 8<68-%)%
I$>)>B [-$+,%K> S)) LU3U2\Q>Q>Q 6)('69$+( ,#) '88.$;',$-+ -1 ,#) 1$6) 86-,);,$-+ ;-',$+( -+
[-$+,%>

ii)

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iii)

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Chapter
Section

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7.5.8

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Piping, Valves and Fittings

4-3-2

Electrical Conductivity
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7.7

Marking !"##)%
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Installation of Plastic Pipes


7.7.1

Supports
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7.7.2

External Loads
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7.7.3

Plastic Pipe Connections


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216

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

Part
Chapter
Section

4
3
2

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Piping, Valves and Fittings

4-3-2

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7.7.4

Electrical Conductivity
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7.7.5

Shell Connections
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7.7.6

Bulkhead and Deck Penetrations


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7.7.7

7.9

Application of Fire Protection Coatings


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Manufacturing of Plastic Pipes !"##)%


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ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

217

Part
Chapter
Section

4
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2

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Piping, Valves and Fittings

4-3-2

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7.11

Plastic Pipe Bonding Procedure ^ualification


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Part
Chapter
Section

7.13

4
3
2

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Piping, Valves and Fittings

4-3-2

Tests by the Manufacturer Fire Endurance Testing of Plastic Piping in the Dry
Condition (For Level 1 and Level 2)
7.13.1 Test Method
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i)

D<6$+( ,#) 1$6%, F0 =$+<,)% -1 ,#) ,)%,B 5'6$',$-+ $+ ,#) '6)' <+9)6 ,#) ;<65) -1 =)'+
1<6+';) ,)=8)6',<6) $% ,- 7) :$,#$+ <FJ] -1 ,#) '6)' <+9)6 ,#) %,'+9'69 ;<65)>

ii)

D<6$+( ,#) 1$6%, 30 =$+<,)% -1 ,#) ,)%,B 5'6$',$-+ $+ ,#) '6)' <+9)6 ,#) ;<65) -1 =)'+
1<6+';) ,)=8)6',<6) $% ,- 7) :$,#$+ <F0] -1 ,#) '6)' <+9)6 ,#) %,'+9'69 ;<65)>

iii)

F-6 '+/ 8)6$-9 '1,)6 ,#) 1$6%, 30 =$+<,)% -1 ,#) ,)%,B 5'6$',$-+ $+ ,#) '6)' <+9)6 ,#)
;<65) -1 =)'+ 1<6+';) ,)=8)6',<6) $% ,- 7) :$,#$+ <J] -1 ,#) '6)' <+9)6 ,#) %,'+9'69
;<65)>

iv)

A, '+/ ,$=) '1,)6 ,#) 1$6%, F0 =$+<,)% -1 ,#) ,)%,B ,#) 9$11)6)+;) $+ ,#) =)'+ 1<6+';)
,)=8)6',<6) 16-= ,#) %,'+9'69 ;<65) $% ,- 7) :$,#$+ <F00%C I<FO0%FK>

7.13.1(c) T#) .-;',$-+% :#)6) ,#) ,)=8)6',<6)% '6) =)'%<6)9B ,#) +<=7)6 -1 ,)=8)6',<6)
=)'%<6)=)+,% '+9 ,#) =)'%<6)=)+, ,);#+$A<)% '6) ,- 7) '886-5)9 7/ ,#) B<6)'<>
7.13.2 Test Specimen
7.13.2(a) T#) ,)%, %8);$=)+ $% ,- 7) 86)8'6)9 :$,# ,#) [-$+,% '+9 1$,,$+(% $+,)+9)9 1-6 <%) $+
,#) 86-8-%)9 '88.$;',$-+>

7.13.2(b) T#) +<=7)6 -1 %8);$=)+% $% ,- 7) %<11$;$)+, ,- ,)%, ,/8$;'. [-$+,% '+9 1$,,$+(%
$+;.<9$+( [-$+,% 7),:))+ +-+U=),'. '+9 =),'. 8$8)% '+9 =),'. 1$,,$+(% ,- 7) <%)9>
7.13.2(c) T#) )+9% -1 ,#) %8);$=)+ '6) ,- 7) ;.-%)9> O+) -1 ,#) )+9% $% ,- '..-: 86)%%<6$Y)9
+$,6-()+ ,- 7) ;-++);,)9> T#) 8$8) )+9% '+9 ;.-%<6)% ='/ 7) -<,%$9) ,#) 1<6+';)>
7.13.2(d) T#) ()+)6'. -6$)+,',$-+ -1 ,#) %8);$=)+ $% ,- 7) #-6$Y-+,'. '+9 $, $% ,- 7) %<88-6,)9
7/ -+) 1$V)9 %<88-6, :$,# ,#) 6)='$+$+( %<88-6,% '..-:$+( 16)) =-5)=)+,> T#) 16)) .)+(,#
7),:))+ %<88-6,% $% +-, ,- 7) .)%% ,#'+ O ,$=)% ,#) 8$8) 9$'=),)6>
7.13.2(e) ?-%, =',)6$'.% :$.. 6)A<$6) ' ,#)6='. $+%<.',$-+ ,- 8'%% ,#$% ,)%,> T#) ,)%, 86-;)9<6)
$% ,- $+;.<9) ,#) $+%<.',$-+ '+9 $,% ;-5)6$+(>
7.13.2(f) I1 ,#) $+%<.',$-+ ;-+,'$+% -6 $% .$'7.) ,- '7%-67 =-$%,<6)B ,#) %8);$=)+ $% +-, ,- 7)
,)%,)9 <+,$. ,#) $+%<.',$-+ #'% 6)';#)9 '+ '$6 96/U;-+9$,$-+B 9)1$+)9 '% )A<$.$76$<= :$,# '+
'=7$)+, ',=-%8#)6) -1 J0] 6).',$5) #<=$9$,/ ', 20 < J%C IMO < 9%FK> A;;).)6',)9 ;-+9$,$-+$+(
$% 8)6=$%%$7.)B 86-5$9)9 ,#) =),#-9 9-)% +-, '.,)6 ,#) 86-8)6,$)% -1 ,#) ;-=8-+)+, =',)6$'.>
S8);$'. %'=8.)% '6) ,- 7) <%)9 1-6 =-$%,<6) ;-+,)+, 9),)6=$+',$-+ '+9 ;-+9$,$-+)9 :$,# ,#)
,)%, %8);$=)+> T#)%) %'=8.)% '6) ,- 7) %- ;-+%,6<;,)9 '% ,- 6)86)%)+, ,#) .-%% -1 :',)6 5'8-6
16-= ,#) %8);$=)+ #'5$+( %$=$.'6 ,#$;3+)%% '+9 )V8-%)9 1';)%>

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

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7.13.3 Test Condition


A +$,6-()+ 86)%%<6) $+%$9) ,#) ,)%, %8);$=)+ $% ,- 7) ='$+,'$+)9 '<,-=',$;'../ ', 0>Q < 0>F 7'6
I0>Q < 0>F 3(1\;=2B F0 < F>J 8%$K 9<6$+( ,#) ,)%,> ?)'+% '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 ,- 6);-69 ,#) 86)%%<6)
$+%$9) ,#) 8$8) '+9 ,#) +$,6-()+ 1.-: $+,- '+9 -<, -1 ,#) %8);$=)+ $+ -69)6 ,- $+9$;',) .)'3'()>
7.13.4 Acceptance Criteria
7.13.4(a) D<6$+( ,#) ,)%,B +- +$,6-()+ .)'3'() 16-= ,#) %'=8.) $% ,- -;;<6>

7.13.4(b) A1,)6 ,)6=$+',$-+ -1 ,#) 1<6+';) ,)%,B ,#) ,)%, %8);$=)+ ,-(),#)6 :$,# 1$6) 86-,);,$5)
;-',$+(B $1 '+/B $% ,- 7) '..-:)9 ,- ;--. $+ %,$.. '$6 ,- '=7$)+, ,)=8)6',<6) '+9 ,#)+ ,)%,)9 ,,#) ='V$=<= '..-:'7.) 86)%%<6) -1 ,#) 8$8)%B '% 9)1$+)9 $+ LU3U2\Q>J>F '+9 LU3U2\Q>J>2> T#)
86)%%<6) $% ,- 7) #).9 1-6 ' =$+$=<= -1 FJ =$+<,)% :$,#-<, .)'3'()> N#)6) 86';,$;'7.)B ,#)
#/96-%,',$; ,)%, $% ,- 7) ;-+9<;,)9 -+ 7'6) 8$8) I$>)>B ;-5)6$+(% '+9 $+%<.',$-+ 6)=-5)9K %,#', '+/ .)'3'() :$.. 7) '88'6)+,>
7.13.4(c) A.,)6+',$5) ,)%, =),#-9% '+9\-6 ,)%, 86-;)9<6)% ;-+%$9)6)9 ,- 7) ', .)'%, )A<$5'.)+,B
$+;.<9$+( -8)+ 8$, ,)%,$+( =),#-9B ='/ 7) ';;)8,)9 $+ ;'%)% :#)6) ,#) 8$8)% '6) ,-- .'6() 1-6
,#) ,)%, 1<6+';)>

7.15

Test by Manufacturer Fire Endurance Testing of Water-filled Plastic Piping


(For Level 3)
7.15.1 Test Method
7.15.1(a) A 86-8'+) =<.,$8.) 7<6+)6 ,)%, :$,# ' 1'%, ,)=8)6',<6) $+;6)'%) $% ,- 7) <%)9>

7.15.1(b) F-6 8$8$+( <8 ,- '+9 $+;.<9$+( FJ2 == IM $+>K O>D>B ,#) 1$6) %-<6;) $% ,- ;-+%$%, -1
,:- 6-:% -1 1$5) 7<6+)6%B '% %#-:+ $+ LU3U2\F$(<6) F> A ;-+%,'+, #)', 1.<V '5)6'($+(
FF3>M 3N\=2 I3MB000 BTU\#6U1,2K < F0] $% ,- 7) ='$+,'$+)9 F2>J < F ;= IJ < 0>L $+>K '7-5)
,#) ;)+,)6.$+) -1 ,#) 7<6+)6 '66'/> T#$% 1.<V ;-66)%8-+9% ,- ' 86)U=$V 1.'=) -1 86-8'+) :$,# '
1<). 1.-: 6',) -1 J 3(\#6 IFF .7\#6K 1-6 ' ,-,'. #)', 6).)'%) -1 MJ 3N I3Q00 BTU\=$+>K> T#) ('%
;-+%<=8,$-+ $% ,- 7) =)'%<6)9 :$,# '+ ';;<6';/ -1 ', .)'%, <3] $+ -69)6 ,- ='$+,'$+ '
;-+%,'+, #)', 1.<V> &6-8'+) :$,# ' =$+$=<= 8<6$,/ -1 9J] $% ,- 7) <%)9>
7.15.1(c) F-6 8$8$+( (6)',)6 ,#'+ FJ2 == IM $+>K O>D>B -+) '99$,$-+'. 6-: -1 7<6+)6% $% ,- 7)
$+;.<9)9 1-6 )';# JF == I2 $+>K $+;6)'%) $+ 8$8) 9$'=),)6> A ;-+%,'+, #)', 1.<V '5)6'($+(
FF3>M 3N\=2 I3MB000 BTU\#6U1,2K <F0] $% %,$.. ,- 7) ='$+,'$+)9 ', ,#) F2>J < F ;= IJ < 0>L $+>K
#)$(#, '7-5) ,#) ;)+,)6.$+) -1 ,#) 7<6+)6 '66'/> T#) 1<). 1.-: $% ,- 7) $+;6)'%)9 '% 6)A<$6)9 ,='$+,'$+ ,#) 9)%$(+',)9 #)', 1.<V>
7.15.1(d) T#) 7<6+)6% '6) ,- 7) ,/8) eS$)5)6, N-> 29L2f -6 )A<$5'.)+, :#$;# 86-9<;)% '+ '$6
=$V)9 1.'=)> T#) $++)6 9$'=),)6 -1 ,#) 7<6+)6 #)'9% $% ,- 7) 29 == IF>FL $+>K> S)) LU3U2\F$(<6) F>
T#) 7<6+)6 #)'9% '6) ,- 7) =-<+,)9 $+ ,#) %'=) 8.'+) '+9 %<88.$)9 :$,# ('% 16-= ' ='+$1-.9>
I1 +);)%%'6/B )';# 7<6+)6 $% ,- 7) )A<$88)9 :$,# ' 5'.5) $+ -69)6 ,- '9[<%, ,#) 1.'=) #)$(#,>
7.15.1(e) T#) #)$(#, -1 ,#) 7<6+)6 %,'+9 $% '.%- ,- 7) '9[<%,'7.)> I, $% ,- 7) =-<+,)9 ;)+,6'../
7).-: ,#) ,)%, 8$8) :$,# ,#) 6-:% -1 7<6+)6% 8'6'..). ,- ,#) 8$8)^% 'V$%> T#) 9$%,'+;) 7),:))+
,#) 7<6+)6 #)'9% '+9 ,#) 8$8) $% ,- 7) ='$+,'$+)9 ', F2>J < F ;= IJ < 0>L $+>K 9<6$+( ,#) ,)%,> T#)
16)) .)+(,# -1 ,#) 8$8) 7),:))+ $,% %<88-6,% $% ,- 7) 0>O < 0>0J = I3F>J < 2 $+>K> S)) LU3U2\F$(<6) 2>

220

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FIGURE 1
Fire Endurance Test Burner Assembly
J0

90

+
Q0

+
+

Q0

Q0

+
Q0
L20

+
Q0

+
+

Q0

32
Q0

OJ

Q0
+

90

J0
20

M0
F00

20

'K T-8 E$):

F00

7K S$9) E$): -1
-+) B<6+)6

FIGURE 2
Fire Endurance Test Stand with Mounted Sample
FJ00 j F00
O00 j J0
F2J j F0

7.15.2 Test Specimen


7.15.2(a) E';# 8$8) $% ,- #'5) ' .)+(,# -1 '886-V$=',)./ F>J = IJ 1,K>

7.15.2(b) T#) ,)%, 8$8) $% ,- 7) 86)8'6)9 :$,# 8)6='+)+, [-$+,% '+9 1$,,$+(% $+,)+9)9 ,- 7)
<%)9> O+./ 5'.5)% '+9 %,6'$(#, [-$+,% 5)6%<% ).7-:% '+9 7)+9% '6) ,- 7) ,)%,)9 '% ,#) '9#)%$5)
$+ ,#) [-$+, $% ,#) 86$='6/ 8-$+, -1 1'$.<6)>
7.15.2(c) T#) +<=7)6 -1 8$8) %8);$=)+% $% ,- 7) %<11$;$)+, ,- ,)%, '.. ,/8$;'. [-$+,% '+9 1$,,$+(%>
7.15.2(d) T#) )+9% -1 )';# 8$8) %8);$=)+ '6) ,- 7) ;.-%)9> O+) -1 ,#) )+9% $% ,- '..-:
86)%%<6$Y)9 :',)6 ,- 7) ;-++);,)9>
7.15.2(e) I1 ,#) $+%<.',$-+ ;-+,'$+% -6 $% .$'7.) ,- '7%-67 =-$%,<6)B ,#) %8);$=)+ $% +-, ,- 7)
,)%,)9 <+,$. ,#) $+%<.',$-+ #'% 6)';#)9 '+ '$6 96/U;-+9$,$-+B 9)1$+)9 '% )A<$.$76$<= :$,# '+
'=7$)+, ',=-%8#)6) -1 J0] 6).',$5) #<=$9$,/ ', 20 < J%C IMO < 9%FK> A;;).)6',)9 ;-+9$,$-+$+(
$% 8)6=$%%$7.)B 86-5$9)9 ,#) =),#-9 9-)% +-, '.,)6 ,#) 86-8)6,$)% -1 ,#) ;-=8-+)+, =',)6$'.>
S8);$'. %'=8.)% '6) ,- 7) <%)9 1-6 =-$%,<6) ;-+,)+, 9),)6=$+',$-+ '+9 ;-+9$,$-+)9 :$,# ,#)
,)%, %8);$=)+> T#)%) %'=8.)% '6) ,- 7) %- ;-+%,6<;,)9 '% ,- 6)86)%)+, ,#) .-%% -1 :',)6 5'8-6
16-= ,#) %8);$=)+ #'5$+( %$=$.'6 ,#$;3+)%% '+9 )V8-%)9 1';)%>

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

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7.15.2(f) T#) 8$8) %'=8.)% '6) ,- 6)%, 16))./ $+ ' #-6$Y-+,'. 8-%$,$-+ -+ ,:- EU%#'8)9 %<88-6,%>
T#) 16$;,$-+ 7),:))+ 8$8) '+9 %<88-6,% $% ,- 7) =$+$=$Y)9> T#) %<88-6,% ='/ ;-+%$%, -1 ,:%,'+9%B '% %#-:+ $+ LU3U2\F$(<6) 2>
7.15.2(g) A 6).$)1 5'.5) $% ,- 7) ;-++);,)9 ,- -+) -1 ,#) )+9 ;.-%<6)% -1 )';# %8);$=)+>
7.15.3 Test Conditions
7.15.3(a) T#) ,)%, $% ,- 7) ;'66$)9 -<, $+ ' %#).,)6)9 ,)%, %$,) $+ -69)6 ,- 86)5)+, '+/ 96'1,
$+1.<)+;$+( ,#) ,)%,>

7.15.3(b) E';# 8$8) %8);$=)+ $% ,- 7) ;-=8.),)./ 1$..)9 :$,# 9)')6',)9 :',)6 ,- )V;.<9) '$6
7<77.)%>
7.15.3(c) T#) :',)6 ,)=8)6',<6) $% +-, ,- 7) .)%% ,#'+ FJ%C IJ9%FK ', ,#) %,'6, '+9 $% ,- 7)
=)'%<6)9 ;-+,$+<-<%./ 9<6$+( ,#) ,)%,> T#) :',)6 $% ,- 7) %,'(+'+, '+9 ,#) 86)%%<6) ='$+,'$+)9
', 3 < 0>J 7'6 I3>F < 0>J 3(1\;=2B L3>J < Q>2J 8%$K 9<6$+( ,#) ,)%,>
7.15.4 Acceptance Criteria
7.15.4(a) D<6$+( ,#) ,)%,B +- .)'3'() 16-= ,#) %'=8.)I%K $% ,- -;;<6 )V;)8, ,#', %.$(#, :))8$+(
,#6-<(# ,#) 8$8) :'.. ='/ 7) ';;)8,)9>

7.15.4(b) A1,)6 ,)6=$+',$-+ -1 ,#) 7<6+)6 ,)%,B ,#) ,)%, %8);$=)+ ,-(),#)6 :$,# 1$6) 86-,);,$5)
;-',$+(B $1 '+/B $% ,- 7) '..-:)9 ,- ;--. ,- '=7$)+, ,)=8)6',<6) '+9 ,#)+ ,)%,)9 ,- ,#) ='V$=<=
'..-:'7.) 86)%%<6) -1 ,#) 8$8)%B '% 9)1$+)9 $+ LU3U2\Q>J>F '+9 LU3U2\Q>J>2> T#) 86)%%<6) $% ,7) #).9 1-6 ' =$+$=<= -1 FJ =$+<,)% :$,#-<, %$(+$1$;'+, .)'3'() k$>)>B +-, )V;))9$+( 0>2 F\=$+>
I0>0J (8=Kl> N#)6) 86';,$;'7.)B ,#) #/96-%,',$; ,)%, $% ,- 7) ;-+9<;,)9 -+ 7'6) 8$8) I$>)>B
;-5)6$+(% '+9 $+%<.',$-+ 6)=-5)9K %- ,#', '+/ .)'3'() :$.. 7) '88'6)+,>

7.17

Tests by Manufacturer Flame Spread


7.17.1 Test Method
F.'=) %86)'9 -1 8.'%,$; 8$8$+( $% ,- 7) 9),)6=$+)9 7/ I?O R)%-.<,$-+ A>MJ3IFMK )+,$,.)9B
eR);-==)+9',$-+ -+ I=86-5)9 F$6) T)%, &6-;)9<6)% 1-6 S<61';) F.'=='7$.$,/ -1 B<.3#)'9B
C)$.$+(B '+9 D);3 F$+$%# ?',)6$'.%f :$,# ,#) 1-..-:$+( =-9$1$;',$-+%>

7.17.1(a) T)%,% '6) ,- 7) ='9) 1-6 )';# 8$8) =',)6$'. '+9 %$Y)>
7.17.1(b) T#) ,)%, %'=8.) $% ,- 7) 1'76$;',)9 7/ ;<,,$+( 8$8)% .)+(,#:$%) $+,- $+9$5$9<'.
%);,$-+% '+9 ,#)+ '%%)=7.$+( ,#) %);,$-+% $+,- ' ,)%, %'=8.) '% 6)86)%)+,',$5) '% 8-%%$7.) -1 '
1.', %<61';)> A ,)%, %'=8.) $% ,- ;-+%$%, -1 ', .)'%, ,:- %);,$-+%> T#) ,)%, %'=8.) $% ,- 7) ', .)'%,
O00 < J == I3F>J < 0>2 $+>K .-+(> A.. ;<,% '6) ,- 7) ='9) +-6='. ,- ,#) 8$8) :'..>
7.17.1(c) T#) +<=7)6 -1 %);,$-+% ,#', =<%, 7) '%%)=7.)9 ,-(),#)6 ,- 1-6= ' ,)%, %'=8.) $% ,7) ,#', :#$;# ;-66)%8-+9% ,- ,#) +)'6)%, $+,)(6'. +<=7)6 -1 %);,$-+% :#$;# ='3)% <8 ' ,)%,
%'=8.) :$,# '+ )A<$5'.)+, .$+)'6$Y)9 %<61';) :$9,# 7),:))+ FJJ == IM $+>K '+9 FO0 == IQ $+>K>
T#) %<61';) :$9,# $% 9)1$+)9 '% ,#) =)'%<6)9 %<= -1 ,#) -<,)6 ;$6;<=1)6)+;) -1 ,#) '%%)=7.)9
8$8) %);,$-+% ,#', '6) )V8-%)9 ,- ,#) 1.<V 16-= ,#) 6'9$'+, 8'+).>
7.17.1(d) T#) '%%)=7.)9 ,)%, %'=8.) $% ,- #'5) +- ('8% 7),:))+ $+9$5$9<'. %);,$-+%>
7.17.1(e) T#) '%%)=7.)9 ,)%, %'=8.) $% ,- 7) ;-+%,6<;,)9 $+ %<;# ' :'/ ,#', ,#) )9()% -1 ,:'9[';)+, %);,$-+% ;-$+;$9) :$,# ,#) ;)+,)6.$+) -1 ,#) ,)%, #-.9)6>
7.17.1(f) T#) $+9$5$9<'. ,)%, %);,$-+% '6) ,- 7) ',,';#)9 ,- ,#) 7';3$+( ;'.;$<= %$.$;',) 7-'69
<%$+( :$6) IN-> FO 6);-==)+9)9K $+%)6,)9 ', J0 == I2 $+>K $+,)65'.% ,#6-<(# ,#) 7-'69 '+9
,$(#,)+)9 7/ ,:$%,$+( ', ,#) 7';3>

222

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

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4-3-2

7.17.1(g) T#) $+9$5$9<'. 8$8) %);,$-+% '6) ,- 7) =-<+,)9 %- ,#', ,#) #$(#)%, 8-$+, -1 ,#)
)V8-%)9 %<61';) $% $+ ,#) %'=) 8.'+) '% ,#) )V8-%)9 1.', %<61';) -1 ' +-6='. %<61';)>
7.17.1(h) T#) %8';) 7),:))+ ,#) ;-+;'5) <+)V8-%)9 %<61';) -1 ,#) ,)%, %'=8.) '+9 ,#)
%<61';) -1 ,#) ;'.;$<= %$.$;',) 7';3$+( 7-'69 $% ,- 7) .)1, 5-$9>
7.17.1(i) T#) 5-$9 %8';) 7),:))+ ,#) ,-8 -1 ,#) )V8-%)9 ,)%, %<61';) '+9 ,#) 7-,,-= )9() -1
,#) %'=8.) #-.9)6 16'=) $% ,- 7) 1$..)9 :$,# ' #$(# ,)=8)6',<6) $+%<.',$+( :--. $1 ,#) :$9,# -1
,#) 8$8) %)(=)+,% )V,)+9 <+9)6 ,#) %$9) )9()% -1 ,#) %'=8.) #-.9$+( 16'=)>

7.19

Testing By Manufacturer General !"##)%


T)%,$+( $% ,- 9)=-+%,6',) ,#) ;-=8.$'+;) -1 8.'%,$; 8$8)%B 1$,,$+(% '+9 [-$+,% 1-6 :#$;# '886-5'.B $+
';;-69'+;) :$,# LU3U2\QB $% 6)A<)%,)9> T#)%) ,)%,% '6) ,- 7) $+ ;-=8.$'+;) :$,# ,#) 6)A<$6)=)+,% -1
6).)5'+, %,'+9'69% '% 8)6 LU3U2\T'7.) 3 '+9 LU3U2\T'7.) L>

7.21

Testing Onboard After Installation


&$8$+( %/%,)=% '6) ,- 7) %<7[);,)9 ,- ' #/96-%,',$; ,)%, 86)%%<6) -1 +-, .)%% ,#'+ F>J ,$=)% ,#) 9)%$(+
86)%%<6) ,- ,#) %',$%1';,$-+ -1 ,#) S<65)/-6>
F-6 8$8$+( 6)A<$6)9 ,- 7) ).);,6$;'../ ;-+9<;,$5)B )'6,#$+( $% ,- 7) ;#);3)9 '+9 6'+9-= 6)%$%,'+;)
,)%,$+( $% ,- 7) ;-+9<;,)9 ,- ,#) %',$%1';,$-+ -1 ,#) S<65)/-6>

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

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Pumps and Piping Systems
Piping, Valves and Fittings

4-3-2

TABLE 2
Fire Endurance Requirements Matrix for Plastic Pipes
LOCATION
PIPING SYSTEMS

NA

LF

NA

NA

NA

0 IF0K

NA

LF I2K

NA

IF0K

NA

LF I2K

IF0K

NA

NA

CARGO IF.'=='7.) ;'6(-)% :$,# 1.'%# 8-$+, + M0%C IFL0%FK


F
2
3

C'6(- .$+)%
C6<9) -$. :'%#$+( .$+)%
E)+, .$+)%

NA
NA

NA

LF

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

0 IFK

NA

NA

0 IFK

0 IFK

0 IFK

0 IFK

IFK

IFK

IFK

INERT GAS
L

N',)6 %)'. )11.<)+, .$+)

S;6<77)6 )11.<)+, .$+)

?'$+ .$+)

D$%,6$7<,$-+ .$+)%

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

LF

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

LF IMK

NA

NA

LF

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

LF I2K

LF

NA I3K

0 IF0K

NA

LF

I3K

LF

LF

FLA??ABLE LIoUIDS I1.'%# 8-$+, g M0%C IFL0%FK


O

C'6(- .$+)%

F<). -$.

LF

NA

F0

L<76$;',$+( -$.

LF

NA

NA

NA

LF

LF

FF

T/96'<.$; -$.

LF

LF

LF

SEA NATER IS)) N-,) FK


F2

B$.() ='$+ '+9 76'+;#)%

LF IQK

LF IQK

LF

NA

NA

LF

F3

F$6) ='$+ '+9 :',)6 %86'/

LF

LF

LF

NA

NA

NA

LF

FL

F-'= %/%,)=

LF

LF

LF

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

LF

LF

FJ

S86$+3.)6 %/%,)=

LF

LF

L3

NA

NA

NA

L3

L3

FM

B'..'%,

L3

L3

L3

L3

0 IF0K

L2

L2

FQ

C--.$+( :',)6B )%%)+,$'. %)65$;)%

L3

L3

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

L2

FO

T'+3 ;.)'+$+( %)65$;)%B 1$V)9 =';#$+)%

NA

NA

L3

NA

NA

NA

NA

L3 I2K

F9

N-+U)%%)+,$'. %/%,)=%

NA

FREST NATER
20

C--.$+( :',)6B )%%)+,$'. %)65$;)%

L3

L3

NA

NA

NA

NA

L3

L3

2F

C-+9)+%',) 6),<6+

L3

L3

L3

NA

NA

NA

22

N-+U)%%)+,$'. %/%,)=%

NA

LF ILK

LF ILK

NA

LF ILK

NA

NA

NA

IFBOK

IFBOK

IFBOK

SANITARp\DRAINS\SCU&&ERS
23

D);3 96'$+% I$+,)6+'.K

2L

S'+$,'6/ 96'$+% I$+,)6+'.K

S;<88)6% '+9 9$%;#'6()% I-5)67-'69K

IFBOK

IFBOK

2J

IFBOK

EENTS\SOUNDING
2M

N',)6 ,'+3%\96/ %8';)%

0 IF0K

2Q

O$. ,'+3% I1.'%#8-$+, g M0%C IFL0%FKK

n3

0 IF0K

LF IJK

LF IJK

LF IJK

LF IJK

LF IJK

NA

LF IJK

LF IJK

?ISCELLANEOUS
2O

C-+,6-. '$6

29

S)65$;) '$6 I+-+U)%%)+,$'.K

NA

30

B6$+)

NA

NA

NA

NA

3F

A<V$.$'6/ .-: 86)%%<6) %,)'= I86)%%<6)


+ Q 7'6 IQ 3(1\;=2B F00 8%$KK

L2

L2

0 I9K

0 I9K

0 I9K

0 I9K

0 I9K

Locations
A
C',)(-6/ A =';#$+)6/ %8';)%
B
O,#)6 =';#$+)6/ %8';)%
C
C'6(- 8<=8 6--=%
D
R-\R- ;'6(- #-.9%
E
O,#)6 96/ ;'6(- #-.9%
F
C'6(- ,'+3%
G
F<). -$. ,'+3%
T
B'..'%, :',)6 ,'+3%
I
C-11)69'=%B 5-$9 %8';)%B 8$8) ,<++).% '+9 9<;,%
h
A;;-==-9',$-+B %)65$;) '+9 ;-+,6-. %8';)%
m
O8)+ 9);3%

224

Abbreviations
LF
F$6) )+9<6'+;) ,)%, $+ 96/ ;-+9$,$-+%B M0 =$+<,)%B $+
';;-69'+;) :$,# LU3U2\Q>F3
L2
F$6) )+9<6'+;) ,)%, $+ 96/ ;-+9$,$-+%B 30 =$+<,)%B $+
';;-69'+;) :$,# LU3U2\Q>F3
L3
F$6) )+9<6'+;) ,)%, $+ :), ;-+9$,$-+%B 30 =$+<,)%B $+
';;-69'+;) :$,# LU3U2\Q>FJ
0
N- 1$6) )+9<6'+;) ,)%, 6)A<$6)9
NA N-, '88.$;'7.)
n
?),'..$; =',)6$'.% #'5$+( ' =).,$+( 8-$+, (6)',)6 ,#'+ 92J%C
IFQ00%FK

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

Part
Chapter
Section

4
3
2

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Piping, Valves and Fittings

4-3-2

TABLE 2 (continued)
Fire Endurance Requirements Matrix for Plastic Pipes
NotesK
F

N#)6) +-+U=),'..$; 8$8$+( $% <%)9B 6)=-,)./ ;-+,6-..)9 5'.5)% '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 ', ,#) 5)%%).^% %$9)> T#)%) 5'.5)%
'6) ,- 7) ;-+,6-..)9 16-= -<,%$9) ,#) %8';)>

R)=-,) ;.-%$+( 5'.5)% '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 ', ,#) ;'6(- ,'+3%>

N#)+ ;'6(- ,'+3% ;-+,'$+ 1.'=='7.) .$A<$9% :$,# ' 1.'%# 8-$+, (6)',)6 ,#'+ M0bC IFL0bFKB e0f ='/ 6)8.';) eNAf
-6 enf>

F-6 96'$+% %)65$+( -+./ ,#) %8';) ;-+;)6+)9B e0f ='/ 6)8.';) eLFf>

N#)+ ;-+,6-..$+( 1<+;,$-+% '6) +-, 6)A<$6)9 7/ %,',<,-6/ 6)A<$6)=)+,%B e0f ='/ 6)8.';) eLFf>

F-6 8$8) 7),:))+ =';#$+)6/ %8';) '+9 9);3 :',)6 %)'.B e0f ='/ 6)8.';) eLFf>

F-6 8'%%)+()6 5)%%).%B enf $% ,- 6)8.';) eLFf>

F-6 )%%)+,$'. %)65$;)% %<;# '% 1<). -$. ,'+3 #)',$+( '+9 %#$8^% :#$%,.)B enf $% ,- 6)8.';) e0f>

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

225

Part
Chapter
Section

4
3
2

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Piping, Valves and Fittings

4-3-2

TABLE 3
Standards for Plastic Pipes Typical Requirements
for All Systems !"##)%
Test

Typical Standard

Notes

I+,)6+'. 86)%%<6) IFK

LU3U2\Q>J>F
AST? D FJ99B
AST? D 2992
ISO FJL93 -6 )A<$5'.)+,

T-8B ?$99.)B B-,,-= I-1 )';#


86)%%<6) 6'+()K
T)%,% '6) ,- 7) ;'66$)9 -<, -+ 8$8)
%8--.% ='9) -1 9$11)6)+, 8$8) %$Y)%B
1$,,$+(% '+9 8$8) ;-++);,$-+%>

EV,)6+'. 86)%%<6) IFK

LU3U2\Q>J>2
ISO FJL93 -6 )A<$5'.)+,

A% '7-5)B 1-6 %,6'$(#, 8$8)% -+./>

AV$'. %,6)+(,# IFK

LU3U2\Q>J>3

A% '7-5)>

L-'9 9)1-6=',$-+

AST? D 2LF2 -6 )A<$5'.)+,

T-8B ?$99.)B B-,,-= I-1 )';#


86)%%<6) 6'+()K

T)=8)6',<6) .$=$,',$-+% IFK

LU3U2\Q>J>L
ISO QJ ?),#-9 A GR& 8$8$+( %/%,)=D
TDT ,)%, -+ )';# ,/8) -1 6)%$+ ';;> ,ISO QJ =),#-9 A>
T#)6=-8.'%,$; 8$8$+( %/%,)=%D
ISO QJ ?),#-9 AISO 30M &.'%,$;% q
T#)6=-8.'%,$; =',)6$'.% q
D),)6=$+',$-+ -1 E$;', %-1,)+$+(
,)=8)6',<6) IESTK
EICAT ,)%, ';;-69$+( ,- ISO 2J0Q
&-./)%,)6% :$,# '+ TDT 7).-: O0bC
%#-<.9 +-, 7) <%)9>

E';# ,/8) -1 6)%$+

I=8';, 6)%$%,'+;) IFK

LU3U2\Q>J>J
ISO 9OJLD F99LB ISO 9MJ3D F99F ISO
FJL93
AST? D 2LLLB -6 )A<$5'.)+,

R)86)%)+,',$5) %'=8.) -1 )';# ,/8) -1


;-+%,6<;,$-+

A()$+(

?'+<1';,<6)6r% %,'+9'69
ISO 9FL2DF990

E';# ,/8) -1 ;-+%,6<;,$-+

F',$(<)

?'+<1';,<6)6^% %,'+9'69 -6 %)65$;)


)V8)6$)+;)>

E';# ,/8) -1 ;-+%,6<;,$-+

F.<$9 '7%-68,$-+

F0

?',)6$'. ;-=8',$7$.$,/

ISO O3MFDF99F
I2K

AST? CJOF
?'+<1';,<6)6^% %,'+9'69

NotesK

226

N#)6) ,#) ='+<1';,<6)6 9-)% +-, #'5) ' ;)6,$1$)9 A<'.$,/ %/%,)=B ,)%, ,- 7) :$,+)%%)9 7/ ,#) S<65)/-6> S))
LU3U2\Q>9>

I1 '88.$;'7.)>

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

Part
Chapter
Section

4
3
2

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Piping, Valves and Fittings

4-3-2

TABLE 4
Standards for Plastic Pipes Additional Requirements Depending on
Service and[or Location of Piping !"##)%
Test

Typical Standard

Notes

F$6) )+9<6'+;) IFB2K

LU3U2\Q>F3

R)86)%)+,',$5) %'=8.)% -1 )';# ,/8)


-1 ;-+%,6<;,$-+ '+9 ,/8) -1 8$8)
;-++);,$-+>

F.'=) %86)'9 IFB2K

LU3U2\Q>FQ

R)86)%)+,',$5) %'=8.)% -1 )';# ,/8)


-1 ;-+%,6<;,$-+>

S=-3) ()+)6',$-+ I2K

I?O F$6) T)%, &6-;)9<6)% C-9)

R)86)%)+,',$5) %'=8.)% -1 )';# ,/8)


-1 ;-+%,6<;,$-+>

T-V$;$,/ I2K

I?O F$6) T)%, &6-;)9<6)% C-9)

R)86)%)+,',$5) %'=8.)% -1 )';# ,/8)


-1 ;-+%,6<;,$-+>

E.);,6$;'. ;-+9<;,$5$,/ IFB2K

LU3U2\Q>J>O
AST? FFFQ3U9J -6 AST?
D 2JQB NS MF2M\ FF>2 -6 )A<$5'.)+,

R)86)%)+,',$5) %'=8.)% -1 )';# ,/8)


-1 ;-+%,6<;,$-+

NotesK
F

N#)6) ,#) ='+<1';,<6)6 9-)% +-, #'5) ' ;)6,$1$)9 A<'.$,/ %/%,)=B ,)%, ,- 7) :$,+)%%)9 7/ ,#) S<65)/-6> S))
LU3U2\Q>9>

I1 '88.$;'7.)>

NoteK

T)%, $,)=% FB 2 '+9 J $+ LU3U2\T'7.) L '6) -8,$-+'.> T-:)5)6B $1 +-, ;'66$)9 -<,B ,#) 6'+() -1 '886-5)9
'88.$;',$-+% 1-6 ,#) 8$8)% :$.. 7) .$=$,)9 ';;-69$+(./ I%)) LU3U2\T'7.) 2K>

?,236/,7 9H D,7E3+ ,-. F/22/-0+

9.1

General
T#) 8#/%$;'. ;#'6';,)6$%,$;% -1 %<;# =',)6$'. '6) ,- 7) $+ ';;-69'+;) :$,# ,#) '88.$;'7.) 6)A<$6)=)+,%
-1 C#'8,)6 3 -1 ,#) ABS Rules for Materials and Welding (Part 2) -6 -,#)6 %<;# '886-86$',) =',)6$'.
%8);$1$;',$-+% '% ='/ 7) '886-5)9 $+ ;-++);,$-+ :$,# ' 8'6,$;<.'6 9)%$(+ 1-6 ,#) %,6)%%)% '+9 ,)=8)6',<6)%
,- :#$;# ,#)/ ='/ 7) )V8-%)9> ?'+<1';,<6)6% '6) ,- ='3) 8#/%$;'. ,)%,% -1 )';# =)., '+9B <8-+
6)A<)%,B '6) ,- %<7=$, ,#) 6)%<.,% -1 %<;# ,)%,% ,- ,#) B<6)'<>

9.3

Forged or Cast Steel


I+ '+/ %/%,)=B 1-6()9 -6 ;'%, %,)). ='/ 7) <%)9 $+ ,#) ;-+%,6<;,$-+ -1 5'.5)% '+9 1$,,$+(% 1-6 '.. 86)%%<6)%
'+9 ,)=8)6',<6)%>

9.5

Cast Iron
F-6 ,)=8)6',<6)% +-, )V;))9$+( 232%C ILJ0%FKB ;'%, $6-+ -1 ,#) 8#/%$;'. ;#'6';,)6$%,$;% %8);$1$)9 $+
S);,$-+ 2U3UM -1 ,#) ABS Rules for Materials and Welding (Part 2) ='/ 7) <%)9 $+ ,#) ;-+%,6<;,$-+ -1
5'.5)% '+9 1$,,$+(%B )V;)8, '% +-,)9 $+ LU3U2\F9>F>2B LU3U2\F9>Q '+9 LU3UL\F>Q>F>

9.7

Ductile (Nodular) Iron


N-9<.'6U$6-+ '88.$;',$-+% 1-6 5'.5)% '+9 1$,,$+(% :$.. 7) %8);$'../ ;-+%$9)6)9 :#)6) ,#) ,)=8)6',<6)
9-)% +-, )V;))9 3L3%C IMJ0%FK>

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

227

Part
Chapter
Section

9.9

4
3
2

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Piping, Valves and Fittings

4-3-2

Nonferrous
B6'%% -6 76-+Y) #'5$+( ,#) 8#/%$;'. ;#'6';,)6$%,$;% '% %8);$1$)9 $+ C#'8,)6 3 -1 ,#) ABS Rules for
Materials and Welding (Part 2) ='/ 7) <%)9 $+ ,#) ;-+%,6<;,$-+ -1 5'.5)% '+9 1$,,$+(% $+,)+9)9 1-6
,)=8)6',<6)% <8 ,- 20O%C IL0M%FK> F-6 ,)=8)6',<6)% (6)',)6 ,#'+ 20O%C IL0M%FK 7<, +-, $+ )V;)%% -1
2OObC IJJ0%FKB #$(#U,)=8)6',<6) 76-+Y) $% ,- 7) <%)9 '+9 ,#) ;#)=$;'. '+9 8#/%$;'. ;#'6';,)6$%,$;%
'6) ,- 7) %<7=$,,)9 1-6 '886-5'.>
E'.5)%B 1$,,$+(% '+9 1.'+()% -1 +-+1)66-<% =',)6$'. ='/ 7) ',,';#)9 ,- +-+1)66-<% 8$8) 7/ '+ '886-5)9
%-.9)6$+( =),#-9> F-6 86)%%<6)% <8 ,- M>9 7'6 IQ 3(1\;=2B F00 8%$K '+9 ,)=8)6',<6)% +-, )V;))9$+(
93%C I200%FKB -69$+'6/ %-.9)6 ='/ 7) <%)9B 7<, 1-6 #$(#)6 86)%%<6)% '+9 ,)=8)6',<6)%B ,#) =),#-9 '+9
,#) A<'.$,/ -1 %-.9)6 ,- 7) <%)9 :$.. 7) ;-+%$9)6)9 1-6 )';# ;'%)>

9.11

Plastic Compounds !'(()%


R$($9 8.'%,$; ;-=8-<+9% 1-6 5'.5)% '+9 1$,,$+(% $+ 8.'%,$; 8$8$+( %/%,)=% '6) ,- 7) $+ ';;-69'+;) :$,#
,#) '88.$;'7.) 6)A<$6)=)+,% $+ LU3U2\Q> T#) 9)%$(+ 86)%%<6) '+9 ,)=8)6',<6) ,-(),#)6 :$,# ,#) 8#/%$;'.
;#'6';,)6$%,$;% -1 ,#) =',)6$'. '6) ,- 7) %<7=$,,)9 $+ '.. ;'%)%>

44

D,7E3+

11.1

General
11.1.1 Standard Valves
E'.5)% ;-+%,6<;,)9 '+9 ,)%,)9 $+ ';;-69'+;) :$,# ' 6);-(+$Y)9 %,'+9'69 ='/ 7) <%)9B %<7[);,
,- ;-=8.$'+;) :$,# LU3U2\FF>J>
11.1.2 Non-Standard Valves
A.. -,#)6 5'.5)% +-, ;)6,$1$)9 7/ ,#) ='+<1';,<6)6 '% 7)$+( $+ ';;-69'+;) :$,# ' 6);-(+$Y)9
%,'+9'69 ='/ 7) ';;)8,)9 7'%)9 -+ )5$9)+;) 5)6$1/$+( ,#)$6 %<$,'7$.$,/ 1-6 ,#) $+,)+9)9
%)65$;)> A;;)8,'7.) )5$9)+;) $+;.<9)% ,)%,$+( -6 '+'./%$% 9)=-+%,6',$+( '9)A<';/ $+;.<9$+(
7-,# %,6<;,<6'. '+9 =',)6$'. ;'8'7$.$,/ '%8);,%> D6':$+(% -1 %<;# 5'.5)% %#-:$+( 9),'$.% -1
;-+%,6<;,$-+ '+9 =',)6$'.% '6) ,- 7) %<7=$,,)9 1-6 6)5$):B '% :).. '% ,#) 7'%$% 1-6 5'.5)
86)%%<6) 6',$+(B %<;# '% 9)%$(+ ;'.;<.',$-+% -6 '886-86$',) 7<6%, ,)%, 9','>

11.3

Construction
A.. 5'.5)% '6) ,- ;.-%) :$,# ' 6$(#, #'+9 I;.-;3:$%)K =-,$-+ -1 ,#) #'+9:#)). :#)+ 1';$+( ,#) )+9 -1
,#) %,)= '+9 '6) ,- 7) )$,#)6 -1 ,#) 6$%$+(U%,)= ,/8) -6 1$,,)9 :$,# '+ $+9$;',-6 ,- %#-: :#),#)6 ,#)
5'.5) $% -8)+ -6 ;.-%)9>
A.. 5'.5)% -1 G6-<8 I 8$8$+( %/%,)=% #'5$+( +-=$+'. 9$'=),)6% )V;))9$+( J0 == I2 $+>K '6) ,- #'5)
7-.,)9B 86)%%<6) %)'. -6 76));# .-;3 7-++),% '+9 1.'+()9 -6 :).9$+( )+9%> N).9$+( )+9% '6) ,- 7) ,#)
7<,, :).9 ,/8)B )V;)8, ,#', %-;3), :).9 )+9% ='/ 7) <%)9 1-6 5'.5)% #'5$+( +-=$+'. 9$'=),)6% -1
O0 == I3 $+>K -6 .)%%B <8 ,- '+9 $+;.<9$+( 39>2 7'6 IL0>0 3(1\;=2K 86)%%<6) 6',$+( ;.'%% IAS?E M00
C.'%%KB '+9 1-6 5'.5)% #'5$+( +-=$+'. 9$'=),)6% -1 MJ == I2>J $+>K -6 .)%%B <8 ,- '+9 $+;.<9$+(
9O>F 7'6 IF00 3(1\;=2K 86)%%<6) 6',$+( ;.'%% IAS?E FJ00 C.'%%K>
A.. ;'%, $6-+ 5'.5)% '6) ,- #'5) 7-.,)9 7-++),% -6 '6) ,- 7) -1 ,#) <+$-+ 7-++), ,/8)> F-6 ;'%, $6-+
5'.5)% -1 ,#) <+$-+ 7-++), ,/8)B ,#) 7-++), 6$+( $% ,- 7) -1 %,)).B 76-+Y) -6 ='..)'7.) $6-+>
S,)=%B 9$%;% -6 9$%; 1';)%B %)',% '+9 -,#)6 :)'6$+( 8'6,% -1 5'.5)% '6) ,- 7) -1 ;-66-%$-+U6)%$%,'+,
=',)6$'.% %<$,'7.) 1-6 ,#) $+,)+9)9 %)65$;)>

228

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

Part
Chapter
Section

4
3
2

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Piping, Valves and Fittings

4-3-2

E'.5)% '6) ,- 7) 9)%$(+)9 1-6 ,#) ='V$=<= 86)%%<6) ,- :#$;# ,#)/ :$.. 7) %<7[);,)9> T#) 9)%$(+
86)%%<6) $% ,- 7) ', .)'%, 3>L 7'6 I3>J 3(1\;=2B J0 8%$K> E'.5)% <%)9 $+ -8)+ %/%,)=%B %<;# '% 5)+, '+9
96'$+ .$+)%B '+9 5'.5)% =-<+,)9 -+ ',=-%8#)6$; ,'+3% :#$;# '6) +-, 8'6, -1 ,#) ,'+3 %<;,$-+ -6 9$%;#'6()
8$8$+(I1-6 )V'=8.)B .)5). ('<() '+9 96'$+ ;-;3%K ='/ 7) 9)%$(+)9 1-6 ' 86)%%<6) 7).-: 3>L 7'6
I3>J 3(\;=2B J0 8%$KB %<7[);, ,- ,#) 6)A<$6)=)+,% -1 LU3U2\FF>F> L'6() 1'76$;',)9 7'..'%, ='+$1-.9%
:#$;# ;-++);, .$+)% )V;))9$+( 200 == IO $+>K +-=$+'. 8$8) %$Y) ='/ 7) %8);$'../ ;-+%$9)6)9 :#)+
,#) ='V$=<= 86)%%<6) ,- :#$;# ,#)/ :$.. 7) %<7[);,)9 9-)% +-, )V;))9 F>Q 7'6 IF>QJ 3(1\;=2B 2J 8%$K>
A.. 5'.5)% 1-6 G6-<8 I 8$8$+( %/%,)=% '+9 5'.5)% $+,)+9)9 1-6 <%) $+ %,)'= -6 -$. .$+)% '6) ,- 7)
;-+%,6<;,)9 %- ,#', ,#) %,)= $% 8-%$,$5)./ 6)%,6'$+)9 16-= 7)$+( %;6):)9 -<, -1 ,#) 7-9/ I7-++),K> &.<(
5'.5)%B 7<,,)61./ 5'.5)% '+9 5'.5)% )=8.-/$+( 6)%$.$)+, =',)6$'. :$.. 7) %<7[);, ,- %8);$'. ;-+%$9)6',$-+>
E'.5) -8)6',$+( %/%,)=% 1-6 '.. 5'.5)% :#$;# ;'++-, 7) ='+<'../ -8)6',)9 '6) ,- 7) %<7=$,,)9 1-6
'886-5'.>

11.5

Hydrostatic Test and Identification


A.. 5'.5)% '6) ,- 7) %<7[);,)9 7/ ,#) ='+<1';,<6)6 ,- ' #/96-%,',$; ,)%, ', ' 86)%%<6) )A<'. ,- ,#',
%,$8<.',)9 7/ ,#) A=)6$;'+ N',$-+'. S,'+9'69% I+%,$,<,) -6 -,#)6 6);-(+$Y)9 %,'+9'69> T#)/ '6) ,- 7)'6
,#) ,6'9)='63 -1 ,#) ='+<1';,<6)6 .)($7./ %,'=8)9 -6 ;'%, -+ ,#) )V,)6$-6 -1 ,#) 5'.5) '+9 ,#) 86$='6/
86)%%<6) 6',$+( ', :#$;# ,#) ='+<1';,<6)6 $9)+,$1$)% ,#) 5'.5) '% =)),$+( ,#) 6)A<$6)=)+,% -1 ,#)
%,'+9'69%>

43

'/*3 F/22/-0+

13.1

General
A.. 1$,,$+(% $+ G6-<8 I 8$8$+( '6) ,- #'5) 1.'+()9 -6 :).9)9 )+9% $+ %$Y)% -5)6 O9 == O>D> I3 $+>
N&SK> S;6):)9 1$,,$+(% ='/ 7) <%)9 $+ G6-<8 I 8$8$+( %/%,)=%B 86-5$9)9 ,#) ,)=8)6',<6) 9-)% +-,
)V;))9 L9MbC I92JbFK '+9 ,#) 86)%%<6) 9-)% +-, )V;))9 ,#) ='V$=<= 86)%%<6) $+9$;',)9 7).-: 1-6
,#) 8$8) %$Y)>
Pipe Size
mm O.D. (in. NPS)
A7-5) O9 I3K
A7-5) M0 I2K ,#6-<(# O9 I3K

Maximum Pressure
bar (kgf2cm2, psi)
N-, 8)6=$,,)9 $+ G6-<8 I 8$8$+( %)65$;)
2Q>M I2O>F0B L00K

A7-5) 33 IFK ,#6-<(# M0 I2K

LF>L IL2>20B M00K

A7-5) 2Q I0>QJK ,#6-<(# 33 IFK

O2>O IOL>L0B F200K

2Q I0>QJK '+9 %='..)6

F03 IF0J>J0B FJ00K

F.'6)9B 1.'6).)%% '+9 ;-=86)%%$-+ 1$,,$+(% ='/ 7) <%)9 1-6 ,<7) %$Y)% +-, )V;))9$+( M0 == O>D> I2 $+>
N&SK $+ G6-<8 I 8$8$+(> I+ G6-<8 II 8$8$+(B %;6):)9 1$,,$+(%B 1.'6)9B 1.'6).)%% '+9 ;-=86)%%$-+ ,<7)
1$,,$+(% :$.. 7) ';;)8,)9 :$,#-<, %$Y) .$=$,',$-+%> F.'6)9 1$,,$+(% '6) ,- 7) <%)9 1-6 1.'=='7.) 1.<$9
%/%,)=%B )V;)8, ,#', 7-,# 1.'6)9 '+9 1.'6).)%% 1$,,$+(% -1 ,#) +-+U7$,) ,/8) ='/ 7) <%)9 :#)+ ,#)
,<7$+( %/%,)= $% -1 %,)). -6 +$;3).U;-88)6 -6 ;-88)6U+$;3). '..-/%> O+./ 1.'6)9 1$,,$+(% '6) ,- 7) <%)9
:#)+ ,<7$+( 1-6 1.'=='7.) 1.<$9 %/%,)=% $% -1 ;-88)6 -6 ;-88)6UY$+; '..-/%>

13.3

Hydrostatic Test and Identification


A.. 1$,,$+(% '6) ,- 7) %<7[);,)9 7/ ,#) ='+<1';,<6)6 ,- ' #/96-%,',$; ,)%, ', ' 86)%%<6) )A<'. ,- ,#',
%,$8<.',)9 7/ ,#) A=)6$;'+ N',$-+'. S,'+9'69% I+%,$,<,) -6 -,#)6 6);-(+$Y)9 %,'+9'69> T#)/ '6) ,- 7)'6
,#) ,6'9)='63 -1 ,#) ='+<1';,<6)6 .)($7./ %,'=8)9 -6 ;'%, -+ ,#) )V,)6$-6 -1 ,#) 1$,,$+( '+9 '.%- ,#)
86$='6/ 86)%%<6) 6',$+( ', :#$;# ,#) ='+<1';,<6)6 (<'6'+,))% ,#) 1$,,$+( ,- =)), ,#) 6)A<$6)=)+,% -1
,#) %,'+9'69%>

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

229

Part
Chapter
Section

13.5

4
3
2

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Piping, Valves and Fittings

4-3-2

Nonstandard Fittings
F$,,$+(% :#$;# '6) +-, ;)6,$1$)9 7/ ,#) ='+<1';,<6)6 '% 7)$+( $+ ';;-69'+;) :$,# ' 6);-(+$Y)9 %,'+9'69
:$.. 7) %<7[);, ,- %8);$'. ;-+%$9)6',$-+> &.'+% %#-:$+( 9),'$.% -1 ;-+%,6<;,$-+ '+9 ;'.;<.',$-+% -6 ,)%,
6)%<.,% )%,'7.$%#$+( ,#) 7'%$% 1-6 ,#) 1$,,$+(^% 86)%%<6) 6',$+( '6) ,- 7) %<7=$,,)9 1-6 6)5$):>

4>

I37.3. N9-+2,-.,6. D,7E3+ ,-. F/22/-0+


N-+U%,'+9'69 %,)). 5'.5)% '+9 1$,,$+(% 1'76$;',)9 7/ =)'+% -1 1<%$-+ :).9$+( '6) ,- '.%- ;-=8./ :$,#
,#) 6)A<$6)=)+,% -1 C#'8,)6 L -1 ,#) ABS Rules for Materials and Welding (Part 2)> T-:)5)6B '1,)6 '
='+<1';,<6)6^% 86-;)9<6) $+ ,#) 1'76$;',$-+ -1 )A<$8=)+, -1 ,#$% 3$+9 #'% 7))+ 9)=-+%,6',)9 7/ ,)%,%
,- ,#) %',$%1';,$-+ -1 ' S<65)/-6 ,- ,#) B<6)'<B %<7%)A<)+, ,)%,% -+ ,#) 86-9<;, +))9 +-, 7) :$,+)%%)9B
7<, ,#) ='+<1';,<6)6^% (<'6'+,)) ,#', ,#) R<.)% '6) ;-=8.$)9 :$,# :$.. 7) ';;)8,)9 '% ,- -,#)6 5'.5)%
'+9 1$,,$+(% :#$;# ;-+1-6= ,- %,'+9'69% -1 ,#) A=)6$;'+ N',$-+'. S,'+9'69% I+%,$,<,) -6 -,#)6 6);-(+$Y)9
%,'+9'69%>

4A

F7,-03+

17.1

General !'((+%
F.'+()% '6) ,- 7) 9)%$(+)9 '+9 1'76$;',)9 $+ ';;-69'+;) :$,# ' 6);-(+$Y)9 +',$-+'. -6 $+,)6+',$-+'.
%,'+9'69> S.$8U-+ 1.'+()% 16-= 1.', 8.',) ='/ 7) %<7%,$,<,)9 1-6 #<77)9 %.$8U-+ 1.'+()% $+ G6-<8 II
8$8$+( %/%,)=%>

17.3

Group I Piping Flanges


I+ G6-<8 I 8$8$+(B 1.'+()% ='/ 7) ',,';#)9 ,- ,#) 8$8)% 7/ '+/ -1 ,#) 1-..-:$+( =),#-9% '886-86$',)
1-6 ,#) =',)6$'. $+5-.5)9D
17.3.1 Steel Pipe
O5)6 M0 == O>D> I2 $+> N&SK %,)). 8$8)% '6) ,- 7) )V8'+9)9 $+,- %,)). 1.'+()%B -6 ,#)/ ='/ 7)
%;6):)9 $+,- ,#) 1.'+()% '+9 %)'.U:).9)9> T#)/ ='/ $+ '.. ;'%)% 7) ',,';#)9 7/ 1<%$-+
:).9$+( $+ ;-=8.$'+;) :$,# ,#) 6)A<$6)=)+,% -1 2ULU2\9 -1 ,#) ABS Rules for Materials and
Welding (Part 2)> S='..)6 8$8)% ='/ 7) %;6):)9 :$,#-<, %)'.U:).9$+(B 7<, $+ %,)'= '+9 -$.
.$+)% '6)B $+ '99$,$-+B ,- 7) )V8'+9)9 $+,- ,#) 1.'+()% $+ -69)6 ,- )+%<6) <+$1-6=./ ,$(#, ,#6)'9%>
17.3.2 Nonferrous Pipe
I+ G6-<8 IB +-+1)66-<% 8$8)% '6) ,- 7) 76'Y)9 ,- ;-=8-%$,$-+ =),'..$; -6 %,)). 1.'+()%B '+9 $+
%$Y)% -1 M0 == O>D> I2 $+> N&SK '+9 <+9)6B ,#)/ ='/ 7) %;6):)9>

17.5

Group II Piping Flanges


S$=$.'6 ',,';#=)+,% '6) '.%- ,- 7) <%)9 $+ G6-<8 II 8$8$+(> T-:)5)6B =-9$1$;',$-+% '6) 8)6=$,,)9 1-6
:).9)9 1.'+()%B '% +-,)9 $+ 2ULU2\9>J '+9 2ULU2\9>Q -1 ,#) ABS Rules for Materials and Welding (Part 2)B
'+9 %;6):)9 1.'+()% -1 %<$,'7.) =',)6$'. ='/ 7) <%)9 $+ '.. %$Y)%>

230

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

Part
Chapter
Section

4
3
2

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Piping, Valves and Fittings

49

S3, CK3+2+C S3, D,7E3 ,-. OE36=9,6. D/+:K,603


C9--3:2/9-+

19.1

General

4-3-2

19.1.1 Installation !"##+%


S)' ;#)%,%B %)' 5'.5)% '+9 -5)67-'69 9$%;#'6() ;-++);,$-+% 7-.,)9 ,- ,#) %#).. 8.',$+( '6) ,#'5) ,#) 7-., #)'9% ;-<+,)6%<+3 -+ ,#) -<,%$9) '+9 ,#) 7-.,% ,#6)'9)9 ,#6-<(# ,#) 8.',$+(>
N#)6) ' 6)$+1-6;$+( 6$+( -1 %<11$;$)+, ,#$;3+)%% $% :).9)9 ,- ,#) $+%$9) -1 ,#) %#)..B %,<9% ='/
7) <%)9>
T#6)'9)9 ;-++);,$-+% -<,7-'69 -1 ,#) %#).. 5'.5)% '6) +-, ;-+%$9)6)9 '+ ';;)8,'7.) =),#-9 -1
;-++);,$-+ 8$8) ,- ,#) %#)..>
19.1.2 Valve Connections to Shell
T#) :'.. ,#$;3+)%% -1 ,#) 8$8$+( 1$,,)9 7),:))+ ,#) %)' ;#)%, '+9 ,#) 5'.5) -6 ,#) %#).. '+9 ,#)
5'.5) $% ()+)6'../ ,- 7) )V,6' #)'5/> T-:)5)6B ,#) ,#$;3+)%% -1 ,#) 8$8) +))9 +-, #) (6)',)6
,#'+ ,#) ,#$;3+)%% -1 ,#) %#).. 8.',$+(> C'%, $6-+ $% +-, ,- 7) <%)9 1-6 '+/ ;-++);,$-+ ,- ,#)
%#).. +-6 1-6 '+/ 5'.5) ',,';#)9 ,- %<;# ;-++);,$-+% $1 .-;',)9 7).-: ,#) ='$+ 9);3> T#) <%)
-1 +-9<.'6 $6-+ I'.%- 3+-:+ '% 9<;,$.) $6-+ -6 %8#)6-$9'.U(6'8#$,) $6-+K :$.. 7) ';;)8,)9
86-5$9)9 ,#) =',)6$'. #'% '+ ).-+(',$-+ +-, .)%% ,#'+ F2] $+ J0 == I2 $+>K> N'1)6 ,/8) 5'.5)%
'6) +-, ,- 7) <%)9 1-6 ;-++);,$-+% ,- ,#) 5)%%).^% %#).. <+.)%% %8);$'../ '886-5)9>
19.1.3 Valves Required !"##+%
&-%$,$5) ;.-%$+( 5'.5)% '6) ,- 7) 1$,,)9 $+ 8<=8 -5)67-'69 9$%;#'6()%>
?',)6$'.% 6)'9$./ 6)+9)6)9 $+)11);,$5) 7/ #)', '6) +-, ,- 7) <%)9 1-6 ;-++);,$-+ ,- ,#) %#)..
:#)6) ,#) 1'$.<6) -1 ,#) =',)6$'. $+ ,#) )5)+, -1 ' 1$6) :-<.9 ($5) 6$%) ,- 9'+()6 -1 1.--9$+(>

19.3

Sea Chests
19.3.1 Location
T#) .-;',$-+% -1 %)' ;#)%,% '6) ,- 7) %<;# '% ,- =$+$=$Y) ,#) 86-7'7$.$,/ -1 7.'+3$+( -11 ,#)
%<;,$-+ '+9 '66'+()9 %- ,#', ,#) 5'.5)% ='/ 7) -8)6',)9 16-= ,#) 1.--6% -6 (6',$+(%> &-:)6U
-8)6',)9 %)' 5'.5)% '6) ,- 7) '66'+()9 1-6 ='+<'. -8)6',$-+ $+ ,#) )5)+, -1 ' 1'$.<6) -1 ,#)
8-:)6 %<88./>
19.3.2 Strainer Plates
S)' ;#)%,% '6) ,- 7) 1$,,)9 :$,# %,6'$+)6 8.',)% ', ,#) 5)%%).^% %$9)> T#) %,6'$+)6% '6) ,- #'5) '
;.)'6 '6)' -1 ', .)'%, F>J ,$=)% ,#) '6)' -1 ,#) %)' 5'.5)%> E11$;$)+, =)'+% '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9
1-6 ;.)'6$+( ,#) %,6'$+)6%>

19.5

Scuppers
S;<88)6% -1 %<11$;$)+, +<=7)6 '+9 %$Y) '6) ,- 7) 1$,,)9 $+ '.. 9);3% '+9 '6) ,- 7) %- 8.';)9 '% ,86-5$9) )11);,$5) 96'$+'()> T#-%) .)'9$+( 16-= ,#) :)',#)6 8-6,$-+% -1 9);3% '6) ,- 7) .)9 -5)67-'69B
'+9 ,#-%) .)'9$+( 16-= %8';)% 7).-: ,#) ='$+ 9);3 '6) ,- 7) .)9 ,- ,#) 7$.()%B 7<, ='/ 7) .)9
-5)67-'69 $1 1$,,)9 :$,# )11$;$)+, '+9 ';;)%%$7.) =)'+% 1-6 86)5)+,$+( :',)6 16-= 8'%%$+( $+7-'69>
S;<88)6% '6) ,- 7) ='9) -1 %,)).B 76-+Y) -6 -,#)6 '886-5)9 9<;,$.) =',)6$'.> O69$+'6/ ;'%, $6-+ -6
%$=$.'6 =',)6$'.% '6) +-, ,- 7) <%)9>

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

231

Part
Chapter
Section

19.7

4
3
2

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Piping, Valves and Fittings

4-3-2

Sanitary Discharges
S'+$,'6/ 9$%;#'6()% .)9 ,#6-<(# ,#) 5)%%).^% %$9)% '6) ,- 7) 1$,,)9 :$,# )11$;$)+, '+9 ';;)%%$7.) =)'+%
1-6 86)5)+,$+( :',)6 16-= 8'%%$+( $+7-'69 :#)+ ,#) $+7-'69 -8)+ )+9 $% .-;',)9 7).-: ,#) ='$+ 9);3>
N)$,#)6 ,#) %#$8 %#).. 5'.5) +-6 $,% ;-++);,$-+ ,- ,#) %#).. $% ,- 7) ='9) -1 ;'%, $6-+> T#) <%) -1
+-9<.'6 $6-+ I'.%- 3+-:+ '% 9<;,$.) $6-+ -6 %8#)6-$9'.U(6'8#$,) $6-+K :$.. 7) ';;)8,)9 86-5$9)9 ,#)
=',)6$'. #'% '+ ).-+(',$-+ +-, .)%% ,#'+ F2] $+ J0 == I2 $+>K>

24

C99736 I-+2,77,2/9-+ EN236-,7 29 2K3 O(77

21.1

General
U+.)%% ,#)$6 -=$%%$-+ $% 8)6=$,,)9 7/ LU3U2\2F>3 -6 LU3U2\2F>JB 8-%$,$5) ;.-%$+( 5'.5)% '6) ,- 7) 1$,,)9
', ,#) .-;',$-+% :#)6) ,#) 8$8)% )V$, '+9 6)U)+,)6 ,#) %#)..>
T#) $+.), '+9 9$%;#'6() ;-++);,$-+% -1 )V,)6+'. ;--.)6 $+%,'..',$-+% '6) ,- 7) $+ ';;-69'+;) :$,#
LU3U2\F9>F>2 )V;)8, ,#', :'1)6 ,/8) 5'.5)% :$.. 7) ';;)8,'7.)>

21.3

Integral Keel Cooler Installations


T#) 8-%$,$5) ;.-%$+( 5'.5)% 6)A<$6)9 7/ LU3U2\2F>F +))9 +-, 7) 86-5$9)9 $1 ,#) 3)). I%3$+K ;--.)6
$+%,'..',$-+ $% $+,)(6'. :$,# ,#) #<..> T- 7) ;-+%$9)6)9 $+,)(6'. :$,# ,#) #<..B ,#) $+%,'..',$-+ $% ,- 7)
;-+%,6<;,)9 %<;# ,#', ;#'++).% '6) :).9)9 ,- ,#) #<.. :$,# ,#) #<.. %,6<;,<6) 1-6=$+( 8'6, -1 ,#)
;#'++).B ,#) ;#'++). =',)6$'. $% ,- 7) ', .)'%, ,#) %'=) ,#$;3+)%% '+9 A<'.$,/ '% ,#', 6)A<$6)9 1-6 ,#)
#<.. '+9 ,#) 1-6:'69 )+9 -1 ,#) ;--.)6 $% ,- 7) 1'$6)9 ,- ,#) #<.. :$,# ' %.-8) -1 +-, (6)',)6 ,#'+ L ,- F>
I1 8-%$,$5) ;.-%$+( 5'.5)% '6) +-, 6)A<$6)9 ', ,#) %#)..B '.. 1.)V$7.) #-%)% -6 [-$+,% '6) ,- 7) 8-%$,$-+)9
'7-5) ,#) 9))8)%, .-'9 :',)6.$+) -6 7) 86-5$9)9 :$,# '+ $%-.',$-+ 5'.5)>

21.5

Non-integral Keel Cooler Installations !"##+%


N#)6) +-+U$+,)(6'. 3)). ;--.)6% '6) <%)9B $1 ,#) %#).. 8)+),6',$-+% '6) +-, 1<../ :).9)9B ,#) 8)+),6',$-+
$% ,- 7) )+;'%)9 $+ ' :',)6,$(#, )+;.-%<6)>
N-+U$+,)(6'. ;--.)6 $+%,'..',$-+% :#$;# '6) 1<../ 6);)%%)9 $+,- ,#) #<.. '+9 86-5$9)9 :$,# '9)A<',)
86-,);,$-+ ='/ 7) ';;)8,)9 :$,#-<, ,#) %#).. 5'.5) 86-5$9)9 '.. $+7-'69 8$8$+( $% )V,6' #)'5/ '+9 '+/
+-+U=),'..$; 1.)V$7.) #-%) $% '7-5) ,#) 9))8)%, :',)6.$+) :#$;# $% ,- 7) $+9$;',)9 -+ ,#) 8.'+>
N-+U$+,)(6'. 3)). ;--.)6% '6) ,- 7) %<$,'7./ 86-,);,)9 '('$+%, 9'='() 16-= 9)76$% '+9 (6-<+9$+( 7/
6);)%%$+( ,#) <+$, $+,- ,#) #<.. -6 7/ ,#) 8.';)=)+, -1 86-,);,$5) (<'69%>

232

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

PART

Section

3:

Bilge

and

Ballast

Systems

and

Tanks

$
CHAPTER

'()*+ ,-. '/*/-0 S1+23)+

SECTION

B/703 ,-. B,77,+2 S1+23)+ ,-.


T,-P+

B/703 ,-. B,77,+2 S1+23)+ H96 S37HQ*69*3773. D3++37+

1.1

General
A %',$%1';,-6/ 8<=8$+( 8.'+, $% ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 $+ '.. 5)%%).% ;'8'7.) -1 8<=8$+( 16-= '+9 96'$+$+(
'+/ ;-=8'6,=)+,> F-6 ,#$% 8<68-%)B :$+( %<;,$-+% :$.. -1,)+ 7) +);)%%'6/B )V;)8, $+ +'66-: ;-=8'6,=)+,%>
A66'+()=)+,% '6) ,- 7) ='9) :#)6)7/ :',)6 $+ ,#) ;-=8'6,=)+, :$.. 96'$+ ,- ,#) %<;,$-+ 8$8)%>
E11$;$)+, =)'+% '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 1-6 96'$+$+( :',)6 16-= '.. ,'+3 ,-8% '+9 -,#)6 :',)6,$(#, 1.',%>
&)'3 ,'+3% ='/ 7) 96'$+)9 7/ )[);,-6% -6 #'+9 8<=8%> B$.() %/%,)=% 1-6 8'%%)+()6 5)%%).% (6)',)6
,#'+ F00 (6-%% ,-+% '6) '.%- ,- ;-=8./ :$,# LU3U3\3>

1.3

Pumps
A.. 5)%%).% 20 = IMJ 1,K $+ .)+(,# -6 (6)',)6 '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 :$,# ,:- 8-:)6U96$5)+ 7$.() 8<=8%B
-+) -1 :#$;# ='/ 7) ',,';#)9 ,- ,#) 86-8<.%$-+ <+$,> E)%%).% 7).-: 20 = IMJ 1,K '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9
:$,# -+) 8-:)6U96$5)+ 7$.() 8<=8B :#$;# ='/ 7) '+ ',,';#)9 <+$,B '+9 -+) %<$,'7.) #'+9 8<=8>
&-:)6U96$5)+ 7$.() 8<=8 ;'8';$,/ $% ,- 7) $+ ';;-69'+;) :$,# ,#) 1-..-:$+(D
Vessel Length

1.5

Minimum Capacity per Pump

B).-: 20 = IMJ 1,K

J>J =3\#6 I2J (8=K

20 = IMJ 1,K -6 (6)',)6

FF>0 =3\#6 IJ0 (8=K

Bilge and Ballast Piping


1.5.1

General
T#) '66'+()=)+, -1 ,#) 7$.() '+9 7'..'%, 8<=8$+( %/%,)=% $% ,- 7) %<;# '% ,- 86)5)+, ,#)
8-%%$7$.$,/ -1 :',)6 -6 -$. 8'%%$+( $+,- ,#) ;'6(- '+9 =';#$+)6/ %8';)%B -6 16-= -+) ;-=8'6,=)+,
,- '+-,#)6B :#),#)6 16-= ,#) %)'B :',)6 7'..'%, -6 -$. ,'+3%> T#) 7$.() '+9 7'..'%, ='$+% '6) ,#'5) %)8'6',) ;-+,6-. 5'.5)% ', ,#) 8<=8%>

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

233

Part
Chapter
Section

4
3
3

1.5.2

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Bilge and Ballast Systems and Tanks

4-3-3

Installation
B$.() -6 7'..'%, 8$8)% 8'%%$+( ,#6-<(# ;-=8'6,=)+,% $+,)+9)9 1-6 ,#) ;'66$'() -1 -$. '6) ,- 7)
-1 )$,#)6 %,)). -6 :6-<(#, $6-+>
N#)6) 7$.() -6 7'..'%, 8$8)% 8'%% ,#6-<(# ,'+3%B )11$;$)+, =)'+% '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 ,- 86)5)+,
,#) 1.--9$+( -1 ,#) #-.9% $+ ,#) )5)+, -1 ' 8$8) 76)'3$+( -6 [-$+, .)'3$+( $+ ,#) ,'+3%> S<;#
=)'+% ='/ ;-+%$%, -1 '+ -$.U,$(#, -6 :',)6,$(#, ,<++).B -6 ='3$+( ,#) .$+)% -1 )V,6'U#)'5/ %,)).
8$8)B 86-8)6./ $+%,'..)9B ,- ,'3) ;'6) -1 )V8'+%$-+ '+9 #'5$+( '.. [-$+,% :$,#$+ ,#) ,'+3 :).9)9
-6 )V,6'U#)'5/ 1.'+()9 [-$+,%> T#) +<=7)6 -1 1.'+()9 [-$+,% $% ,- 7) 3)8, ,- ' =$+$=<=> N#)+
' ,<++). $% +-, )=8.-/)9 '+9 ,#) .$+) 6<+% ,#6-<(# ' 9))8 ,'+3B 7$.() 8$8)% '6) ,- #'5)
+-+U6),<6+ 5'.5)% 1$,,)9 ', ,#) -8)+ )+9%>

1.5.3

Manifolds, Cocks and Valves


A.. ='+$1-.9%B ;-;3% '+9 5'.5)% $+ ;-++);,$-+ :$,# ,#) 7$.() 8<=8$+( '66'+()=)+, '6) ,- 7)
$+ 8-%$,$-+% :#$;# '6) ';;)%%$7.) ', '.. ,$=)% <+9)6 -69$+'6/ ;$6;<=%,'+;)%> A.. 5'.5)% $+ ,#)
=';#$+)6/ %8';) ;-+,6-..$+( ,#) 7$.() %<;,$-+% 16-= ,#) 5'6$-<% ;-=8'6,=)+,% '6) ,- 7) -1 ,#)
%,-8U;#);3 ,/8)> I1 5'.5)% '6) 1$,,)9 ', ,#) -8)+ )+9% -1 8$8)%B ,#)/ '6) ,- 7) -1 ,#) +-+U6),<6+
,/8)>

1.5.4

Strainers
B$.() .$+)% $+ =';#$+)6/ %8';)% '6) ,- 7) 1$,,)9 :$,# %,6'$+)6% )'%$./ ';;)%%$7.) 16-= ,#) 1.--6
8.',)% '+9 '6) ,- #'5) %,6'$(#, ,'$. 8$8)% ,- ,#) 7$.()%> T#) )+9% -1 7$.() .$+)% $+ -,#)6
;-=8'6,=)+,% '6) ,- 7) 1$,,)9 :$,# %<$,'7.) %,6'$+)6% #'5$+( '+ -8)+ '6)' -1 +-, .)%% ,#'+ ,#6))
,$=)% ,#) '6)' -1 ,#) %<;,$-+ 8$8)> I+ '99$,$-+B %,6'$+)6% '6) ,- 7) 1$,,)9 $+ ';;)%%$7.) 8-%$,$-+%
7),:))+ ,#) 7$.() ='+$1-.9% '+9 ,#) 8<=8%> T#) +<=7)6 '+9 %$Y)% -1 %<;,$-+% $+ ,#) =';#$+)6/
%8';)% '6) %<7[);, ,- %8);$'. ;-+%$9)6',$-+>

1.5.5

Size of Bilge Suctions


T#) .)'%, $+,)6+'. 9$'=),)6 -1 7$.() %<;,$-+ 8$8)% $% ,- 7) ,#', -1 ,#) +)'6)%, ;-==)6;$'. %$Y)
:$,#$+ M == I0>2J $+>K -1 ,#) 9$'=),)6 9),)6=$+)9 7/ ,#) 1-..-:$+( )A<',$-+%D

1.5.5(a) Main Line. F-6 ,#) 9$'=),)6 -1 ='$+ 7$.() .$+) %<;,$-+% '+9 9$6);, 7$.() %<;,$-+% ,,#) 8<=8%D
d d 2J s F>MO LI B 4 D K

==

ddFs

LI B 4 DK \ 2J00

$+>

1.5.5(b) Branch Lines. F-6 ,#) )A<$5'.)+, 9$'=),)6 -1 ,#) ;-=7$+)9 76'+;# %<;,$-+% ,- '
;-=8'6,=)+,D
d d 2J s 2>FM cI B 4 DK

==

ddFs

cI B 4 DK \ FJ00

$+>

:#)6)
d

$+,)6+'. 9$'=),)6 -1 8$8)B $+ == I$+K

.)+(,# -1 5)%%).B '% 9)1$+)9 $+ 3UFUF\3B $+ = I1,K

76)'9,# -1 5)%%).B '% 9)1$+)9 $+ 3UFUF\JB $+ = I1,K

.)+(,# -1 ;-=8'6,=)+,B $+ = I1,K

=-.9)9 9)8,#B '% 9)1$+)9 $+ 3UFUF\QB $+ = I1,KB

1.5.5(c) Main Line Reduction. N#)6) )+($+) 6--= 7$.() 8<=8% '6) 1$,,)9 86$='6$./ 1-6 96'$+'()
:$,#$+ ,#) )+($+) 6--=B L ='/ 7) 6)9<;)9 7/ ,#) ;-=7$+)9 .)+(,# -1 ,#) ;'6(- ,'+3% -6 ;'6(#-.9%> I+ %<;# ;'%)%B ,#) ;6-%% %);,$-+'. '6)' -1 ,#) 7$.() ='$+ $% +-, ,- 7) .)%% ,#'+ ,:$;) ,#)
6)A<$6)9 ;6-%% %);,$-+'. '6)' -1 ,#) )+($+) 6--= 76'+;# .$+)%>

234

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

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Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Bilge and Ballast Systems and Tanks

4-3-3

1.5.5(d) Size Limits. N- ='$+ -6 76'+;# %<;,$-+ 8$8$+( $% ,- 7) .)%% ,#'+ 3O == IF>J $+>K +-6
+))9 7) =-6) ,#'+ M3 == I2>J $+>K $+,)6+'. 9$'=),)6>
1.5.6

Bilge Common-main !"##,%


T#) 9$'=),)6 -1 )';# ;-==-+U='$+ 7$.() .$+) ='/ 7) 9),)6=$+)9 7/ ,#) )A<',$-+ 1-6 7$.()
76'+;#)% ($5)+ $+ LU3U3\F>J>JI7K <%$+( ,#) ;-=7$+)9 ;-=8'6,=)+, .)+(,# <8%,6)'= -1 ,#)
8-$+, :#)6) ,#) 9$'=),)6 $% 7)$+( 9),)6=$+)9> I+ ;'%) -1 9-<7.) #<.. ;-+%,6<;,$-+ :$,# 1<..
9)8,# :$+( ,'+3% %)65)9 7/ ' 7'..'%, %/%,)=B :#)6) ,#) 7)'= -1 ,#) 5)%%). $% +-,
6)86)%)+,',$5) -1 ,#) 76)'9,# -1 ,#) ;-=8'6,=)+,B B ='/ 7) '886-86$',)./ =-9$1$)9 ,- ,#)
76)',# -1 ,#) ;-=8'6,=)+,> T-:)5)6B +- ;-==-+U='$+ 7$.() 8$8) +))9% ,- 7) =-6) ,#'+ ,#)
9$'=),)6 1-6 ,#) 7$.() ='$+ ($5)+ $+ LU3U3\F>J>JI'K>

B/703 S1+23)+ H96 S37HQ*69*3773. ',++3-036 D3++37+

3.1

General
&'%%)+()6 5)%%).% (6)',)6 ,#'+ F00 (6-%% ,-+% '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 :$,# 7$.() %/%,)=% ;-=8./$+( :$,#
LU3U3\F $+ '99$,$-+ ,- ,#) 1-..-:$+(>

3.3

Bilge Piping System


3.3.1

General
T#) 7$.() 8<=8$+( %/%,)= $% ,- 7) ;'8'7.) -1 -8)6',$-+ <+9)6 '.. 86';,$;'7.) ;-+9$,$-+% '1,)6
' ;'%<'.,/ :#),#)6 ,#) 5)%%). $% <86$(#, -6 .$%,)9> F-6 ,#$% 8<68-%) :$+( %<;,$-+% '6) ,()+)6'../ 7) 1$,,)9 )V;)8, $+ +'66-: ;-=8'6,=)+,% ', ,#) )+9 -1 ,#) 5)%%). :#)6) -+) %<;,$-+
='/ 7) %<11$;$)+,> I+ ;-=8'6,=)+,% -1 <+<%<'. 1-6=B '99$,$-+'. %<;,$-+% ='/ 7) 6)A<$6)9>
A66'+()=)+,% '6) ,- 7) ='9) :#)6)7/ :',)6 $+ ,#) ;-=8'6,=)+, ='/ 1$+9 $,% :'/ ,- ,#)
%<;,$-+ 8$8)%> N#)6) ,#) 86-5$%$-+ -1 96'$+'() ='/ 1-6 8'6,$;<.'6 ;-=8'6,=)+,% 7) <+9)%$6'7.)B
,#) 86-5$%$-+ -1 96'$+'() ,- ,#', ;-=8'6,=)+, :$.. 7) %8);$'../ ;-+%$9)6)9 $1 ;'.;<.',$-+%
%#-: ,#', ,#) %<65$5'. ;'8'7$.$,/ -1 ,#) 5)%%). :$.. +-, 7) $=8'$6)9 7/ 1.--9$+( -1 ,#)
;-=8'6,=)+,>

3.3.2

Spindles
T#) %8$+9.)% -1 ,#) %)' $+.), '+9 9$6);, %<;,$-+ 5'.5)% '6) ,- )V,)+9 :).. '7-5) ,#) )+($+)
6--= 8.',1-6=>

3.3.3

Bilge Suctions
A.. 7$.() %<;,$-+ 8$8$+( <8 ,- ,#) ;-++);,$-+ ,- ,#) 8<=8% $% ,- 7) $+9)8)+9)+, -1 -,#)6 8$8$+(>

3.3.4

Direct Bilge Suction !"##+%


O+) -1 ,#) 6)A<$6)9 $+9)8)+9)+,./U96$5)+ 7$.() 8<=8% I%)) LU3U3\3>J>FK $% ,- 7) 1$,,)9 :$,# '
%<;,$-+ .)9 9$6);,./ 16-= ,#) 86-8<.%$-+ =';#$+)6/ %8';) 7$.() ,- ,#) %<;,$-+ ='$+ -1 ,#)
8<=8B %- '66'+()9 ,#', $, ;'+ 7) -8)6',)9 $+9)8)+9)+,./ -1 ,#) 7$.() %/%,)=> T#) %$Y) -1 ,#$%
.$+) $% +-, ,- 7) .)%% ,#'+ ,#', 9),)6=$+)9 7/ LU3U3\F>J>JI'K> T#) 9$6);, 7$.() %<;,$-+ $% ,- 7)
;-+,6-..)9 7/ ' %,-8U;#);3 5'.5)>

I1 ' :',)6,$(#, 7<.3#)'9 %)8'6',)% ,#) 86-8<.%$-+ =';#$+)6/ %8';) $+,- ;-=8'6,=)+,%B %<;#
9$6);, 7$.() %<;,$-+ $% ,- 7) 1$,,)9 16-= )';# ;-=8'6,=)+,B <+.)%% ,#) 8<=8% '5'$.'7.) 1-6
7$.() %)65$;) '6) 9$%,6$7<,)9 ,#6-<(#-<, ,#)%) ;-=8'6,=)+,%> I+ %<;# ' ;'%)B ', .)'%, -+) 8<=8
:$,# ' 9$6);, %<;,$-+ $% ,- 7) 1$,,)9 $+ )';# ;-=8'6,=)+,>

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

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3.3.5

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Bilge and Ballast Systems and Tanks

4-3-3

Manifolds, Cocks and Valves


?'+$1-.9%B ;-;3% '+9 5'.5)% $+ ;-++);,$-+ :$,# ,#) 7$.() 8<=8$+( %/%,)= '6) ,- 7) %'66'+()9 ,#',B $+ ,#) )5)+, -1 1.--9$+(B -+) -1 ,#) 7$.() 8<=8% ='/ 7) -8)6',$5) -+ '+/
;-=8'6,=)+,_ $+ '99$,$-+B 9'='() ,- ' 8<=8 -6 $,% 8$8) ;-++);,$+( ,- ,#) 7$.() ='$+ -<,7-'69
-1 ' .$+) 96':+ ', -+)U1$1,# -1 ,#) 76)'9,# -1 ,#) 5)%%). $% +-, ,- 8<, ,#) 7$.() %/%,)= -<, -1
';,$-+> I1 ,#)6) $% -+./ -+) %/%,)= -1 8$8)% ;-==-+ ,- '.. ,#) 8<=8%B ,#) +);)%%'6/ 5'.5)% 1-6
;-+,6-..$+( ,#) 7$.() %<;,$-+% '6) ,- 7) ;'8'7.) -1 7)$+( -8)6',)9 16-= '7-5) ,#) 7<.3#)'9
9);3> I1 '+ )=)6()+;/ 7$.() 8<=8$+( %/%,)= $% 1$,,)9B $, $% ,- 7) $+9)8)+9)+, -1 ,#) ='$+
%/%,)= '+9 %- '66'+()9 ,#', ' 8<=8 $% ;'8'7.) -1 -8)6',$+( -+ '+/ ;-=8'6,=)+, <+9)6
1.--9$+( ;-+9$,$-+ '% %8);$1$)9 $+ LU3U3\3>3>F> I+ ,#', ;'%)B -+./ ,#) 5'.5)% +);)%%'6/ 1-6 ,#)
-8)6',$-+ -1 ,#) )=)6()+;/ %/%,)= +))9 7) ;'8'7.) -1 7)$+( -8)6',)9 16-= '7-5) ,#) ='$+
9);3>

A.. ;-;3% '+9 5'.5)% 6)1)66)9 ,- '7-5) :#$;# ;'+ 7) -8)6',)9 16-= '7-5) ,#) 7<.3#)'9 9);3
'6) ,- #'5) ,#)$6 ;-+,6-.% ', ,#)$6 8.';) -1 -8)6',$-+ ;.)'6./ ='63)9 '+9 '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9
:$,# =)'+% ,- $+9$;',) :#),#)6 ,#)/ '6) -8)+ -6 ;.-%)9>

3.5

Bilge Pumps
3.5.1

Number of Pumps
A, .)'%, ,:- 8-:)6 8<=8% '6) ,- 7) 1$,,)9 '+9 ;-++);,)9 ,- ,#) 7$.() ='$+B -+) -1 :#$;# ='/
7) 96$5)+ 7/ ,#) 86-8<.%$-+ =';#$+)6/>

3.5.2

Location
N#)6) 86';,$;'7.)B ,#) 8-:)6 7$.() 8<=8% '6) ,- 7) 8.';)9 $+ %)8'6',) :',)6,$(#, ;-=8'6,=)+,%
'+9 %- '66'+()9 -6 %$,<',)9 ,#', ,#)%) ;-=8'6,=)+,% :$.. +-, 7) 1.--9)9 7/ ,#) %'=) 9'='()>
I1 ,#) ='$+ 86-8<.%$-+ =';#$+)6/B '<V$.$'6/ =';#$+)6/ '+9 7-$.)6% '6) $+ ,:- -6 =-6) :',)6,$(#,
;-=8'6,=)+,%B ,#) 8<=8% '5'$.'7.) 1-6 7$.() %)65$;) '6) ,- 7) 9$%,6$7<,)9 '% 1'6 '% $% 8-%%$7.)
,#6-<(#-<, ,#)%) ;-=8'6,=)+,%>

3.5.3

Arrangement
N$,# ,#) )V;)8,$-+ -1 '99$,$-+'. 8<=8% :#$;# ='/ 7) 86-5$9)9 1-6 ,#) 1-6)8)'3 ;-=8'6,=)+,%
-+./B )';# 6)A<$6)9 7$.() 8<=8 $% ,- 7) %- '66'+()9 '% ,- 96': :',)6 16-= '+/ %8';) 6)A<$6)9
,- 7) 96'$+)9>

3.5.4

Capacity
T#) 6)A<$6)9 ;'8';$,/ _ -1 )';# 7$.() 8<=8 $% ,- 7) 9),)6=$+)9 16-= ,#) 1-..-:$+( )A<',$-+D

_d

J>MMd 2
F000

=3\#6

_ d FM>Fd2 (8=

:#)6)
d

$+,)6+'. 9$'=),)6 -1 ='$+ 7$.() .$+) %<;,$-+B $+ == I$+>KB 6)A<$6)9 7/


LU3U3\F>J>JI'K -6 LU3U3\F>J>JI;K

I+ +- ;'%) %#'.. ,#) ;'8';$,/ -1 )';# 6)A<$6)9 7$.() 8<=8 7) .)%% ,#'+ FF>L =3\#6 IJ0 (8=K>

236

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Part
Chapter
Section

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3

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Bilge and Ballast Systems and Tanks

>

B/703 S1+23)+ H96 B,603+

5.1

Unmanned Barges

4-3-3

N#)6) 7'6()% '6) 1$,,)9 :$,# 7).-: 9);3 =';#$+)6/ %8';)% -6 :#)6) 1$V)9 8$8$+( %/%,)=% '6) .)9
,#6-<(# 5-$9 %8';)%B ' %',$%1';,-6/ =)'+% $% ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 ;'8'7.) -1 8<=8$+( 16-= '+9 96'$+$+(
%<;# %8';)%> T#$% =)'+% ='/ 7) 7/ <%) -1 %<$,'7.) #'+9 8<=8% ,#6-<(# 1$V)9 7$.() 8$8$+( '66'+()=)+,%
-6 7/ =)'+% -1 8-6,'7.) 8<=8% %,-6)9 -+7-'69 ,#) 7'6()> A.,)6+',) '66'+()=)+,% :$.. 7) ;-+%$9)6)9
$+ ;'%) -1 7'6()% :#)6) %8);$'. ;-+9$,$-+% 86)5'$.>

5.3

Manned Barges
B'6()% #'5$+( 1';$.$,$)% 1-6 3M 8)6%-+% -6 =-6) '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 :$,# ' 1$V)9 8-:)6 -8)6',)9 7$.()
%/%,)= ;'8'7.) -1 8<=8$+( 16-= '+9 96'$+$+( '+/ ;-=8'6,=)+, 7).-: ,#) 16))7-'69 -6 7<.3#)'9
9);3> A, .)'%, ,:- 8-:)6 96$5)+ 7$.() 8<=8% '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 '+9 )';# 8<=8 $% ,- #'5) ' ;'8';$,/
-1 +-, .)%% ,#'+ FF>L =3\#-<6 IJ0 (8=K> B$.() ='$+ '+9 76'+;# %);,$-+ %$Y)% '6) ,- ;-=8./ :$,#
LU3U3\F>J>J>
F-6 7'6()% #'5$+( 1';$.$,$)% 1-6 .)%% ,#'+ 3M 8)6%-+%B ', .)'%, ,:- I2K #'+9 8<=8% -1 %<$,'7.) ;'8';$,/
='/ 7) %<7%,$,<,)9 1-6 ,#) 8-:)6 8<=8% $+ ,#) 7$.() ='$+>

D3-2C S9(-./-0 ,-. OE36H79R '/*3+

7.1

General
I+ '.. 5)%%).%B ,#) %,6<;,<6'. '66'+()=)+, $+ 9-<7.)U7-,,-= '+9 -,#)6 ,'+3% $% ,- 7) %<;# '% ,- 8)6=$,
,#) 16)) 8'%%'() -1 '$6 '+9 ('%)% 16-= '.. 8'6,% -1 ,#) ,'+3% ,- ,#) 5)+, 8$8)%> T'+3% #'5$+( '
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:#$;# $% ,- 7) .-;',)9 ', ,#) #$(#)%, 8'6, -1 ,#) ,'+3> E)+, 8$8)% '6) ,- 7) '66'+()9 ,- 86-5$9) '9)A<',)
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:'/ -1 6),<6+ 7)+9%>

7.3

Size
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I2 $+>K I>D> 1-6 :',)6U7'..'%, ,'+3% '+9 M3 == I2>J $+>K I>D> 1-6 -$. ,'+3% <+.)%% %8);$'../ '886-5)9
-,#)6:$%)> N#)6) ,'+3% '6) ,- 7) 1$..)9 7/ 8<=8 86)%%<6)B ,#) '((6)(',) '6)' -1 ,#) 5)+,% $+ ,#) ,'+3 $%
,- 7) ', .)'%, F2J] -1 ,#) )11);,$5) '6)' -1 ,#) 1$..$+( .$+)B )V;)8, ,#', :#)+ -5)61.-:% '6) 1$,,)9B ,#)
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+-, )V;))9 ,#) '7-5) =$+$=<= %$Y)%> N-, :$,#%,'+9$+( ,#) '7-5)B ,#) 8<=8 ;'8';$,/ '+9 86)%%<6)
#)'9 '6) ,- 7) ;-+%$9)6)9 $+ ,#) %$Y$+( -1 5)+,%B '+9 -5)61.-:%>

7.5

Termination !"##)%
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)A<$8=)+,>

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

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Pumps and Piping Systems
Bilge and Ballast Systems and Tanks

4-3-3

E)+, -<,.),% -+ 1<). -$. ,'+3% '6) ,- 7) 1$,,)9 :$,# ;-66-%$-+ 6)%$%,'+, 1.'=) %;6))+% #'5$+( ' ;.)'6 '6)'
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;-66-%$-+U6)%$%,'+, :$6) -1 ', .)'%, F2 7/ F2 =)%#)% 8)6 .$+)'. ;= I30 7/ 30 =)%# 8)6 .$+)'. $+;#KB -6
,:- %;6))+% -1 ', .)'%, O 7/ O =)%#)% 8)6 .$+)'. ;= I20 7/ 20 =)%# 8)6 .$+)'. $+;#K %8';)9 +-, .)%%
,#'+ F3 == I0>J $+;#K +-6 =-6) ,#'+ 3O == IF>J $+;#K '8'6, '6) ';;)8,'7.)>
NoteK

?)%# ;-<+, $% 9)1$+)9 '% ' +<=7)6 -1 -8)+$+(% $+ ' .$+)'. ;= I$+;#K ;-<+,)9 16-= ,#) ;)+,)6 -1 '+/ :$6) ,- ,#)
;)+,)6 -1 ' 8'6'..). :$6)>

S9(-./-0

9.1

General
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86-5$9)9 :#)6) '+/ 8-6,$-+ -1 ,#) ;-=8'6,=)+, -6 ,'+3 7-<+9'6/ $% .-;',)9 7).-: ,#) 9))8)%,
:',)6.$+)> S<88.)=)+,'. =)'+% -1 %-<+9$+( ='/ 7) 86-5$9)9 1-6 ,#)%) %8';)%>

9.3

Sounding Pipes
S-<+9$+( 8$8)% '6) +-, ,- 7) .)%% ,#'+ 3O == IF>J $+>K $+%$9) 9$'=),)6> T#)/ '6) ,- 7) .)9 '% %,6'$(#,
'% 8-%%$7.) 16-= ,#) .-:)%, 8'6, -1 ,#) ,'+3 -6 ;-=8'6,=)+, ,- ,#) 7<.3#)'9 9);3 -6 ,- ' 8-%$,$-+
:#$;# $% '.:'/% ';;)%%$7.)> I1 %-<+9$+( 8$8)% ,)6=$+',) 7).-: ,#) 16))7-'69 9);3B ,#)/ '6) ,- 7)
86-5$9)9 :$,# =)'+% 1-6 ;.-%$+( $+ ,#) 1-..-:$+( ='++)6D
9.3.1

Oil Tanks
o<$;3U';,$+(B %).1U;.-%$+( (',) 5'.5)% '6) 6)A<$6)9>

9.3.2

Other Tanks
A %;6): ;'8 %);<6)9 ,- ,#) 8$8) :$,# ' ;#'$+ -6 ' (',) 5'.5) $% 6)A<$6)9>

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9.5

Gauge Glasses
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'+9 '9)A<',)./ 86-,);,)9 16-= =);#'+$;'. 9'='()>
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%).1U;.-%$+( 5'.5)% ', )';# )+9 :$.. 7) ';;)8,'7.) 86-5$9)9 %<;# %8';)% 9- +-, ;-+,'$+ -$. 1$6)9
7-$.)6%B -$. 1<). <+$,%B $+,)6+'. ;-=7<%,$-+ )+($+)%B ()+)6',-6%B ='[-6 ).);,6$;'. )A<$8=)+, -6 8$8$+(
#'5$+( ' %<61';) ,)=8)6',<6) $+ )V;)%% -1 220bC IL2ObFK>
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238

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

PART

Section

4:

Fuel

Oil

and

Lubricating

Oil

Systems

and

Tanks

$
CHAPTER

'()*+ ,-. '/*/-0 S1+23)+

SECTION

F(37 O/7 ,-. L(=6/:,2/-0 O/7


S1+23)+ ,-. T,-P+

F(37 O/7 T6,-+H36C F/77/-0 ,-. S36E/:3 S1+23)+

1.1

General
T#) 1<). -$. 8<=8$+( '66'+()=)+,% '6) ,- 7) 9$%,$+;, 16-= ,#) -,#)6 8<=8$+( %/%,)=% '% 1'6 '%
86';,$;'7.)B '+9 ,#) =)'+% 86-5$9)9 1-6 86)5)+,$+( 9'+()6-<% $+,)6;-++);,$-+ $+ %)65$;) '6) ,- 7)
,#-6-<(#./ )11);,$5)>

1.3

Pipes in Oil Tanks


O$. 8$8)% '+9 -,#)6 8$8)%B :#)6) 8'%%$+( ,#6-<(# -$. ,'+3%B '6) ,- 7) -1 :6-<(#, $6-+ -6 %,)).B )V;)8,
,#', -,#)6 =',)6$'.% ='/ 7) ;-+%$9)6)9 :#)6) $, $% 9)=-+%,6',)9 ,#', ,#) =',)6$'. $% %<$,'7.) 1-6 ,#)
$+,)+9)9 %)65$;)> A.. 8';3$+( $% ,- 7) -1 ' ;-=8-%$,$-+ +-, '11);,)9 7/ -$.> S)) LU3U3\F>J>2>

1.5

Control Valves or Cocks


E'.5)% -6 ;-;3% ;-+,6-..$+( ,#) 5'6$-<% %<;,$-+% '6) ,- 7) .-;',)9 ;.-%) ,- ,#) 7<.3#)'9 :#)6) ,#)
%<;,$-+% )+,)6 ,#) =';#$+)6/ %8';)% '+9B :#)6)5)6 86';,$;'7.)B 9$6);,./ -5)6 ,#) (<,,)6:'/ $+ :'/ -1
1<). -$. %,-6'() '+9 9'/ ,'+3%> &<=8%B %,6'$+)6%B ),;>B 6)A<$6$+( -;;'%$-+'. )V'=$+',$-+ '6) ,- #'5)
96$8 8'+%>

1.7

Valves on Oil Tanks


1.7.1

General
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ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

239

Part
Chapter
Section

4
3
4

1.7.2

1.7.3

1.9

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Fuel Oil and Lubricating Oil Systems and Tanks

4-3-4

Valve Operators !"##&%


T#) 5'.5)% 6)A<$6)9 '7-5) ='/ 7) 6)=-,)./ -8)6',)9 7/ 6)';# 6-9% -6 7/ ).);,6$;B #/96'<.$;B
-6 8+)<=',$; =)'+%> T#) %-<6;) -1 8-:)6 ,- -8)6',) ,#)%) 5'.<)% $% ,- 7) .-;',)9 -<,%$9) -1
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i)

S<11$;$)+, ;'8';$,/ ,- ;.-%) '.. ;-++);,)9 5'.5)% ,:$;)

ii)

F$,,)9 :$,# .-: '$6 86)%%<6) '.'6=

iii)

A$6 %<88./ .$+) $% 1$,,)9 :$,# ' +-+U6),<6+ 5'.5) '9[';)+, ,- ,#) 6);)$5)6

Filling Lines
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Overflows and Drains


T#) -$. ,'+3 -5)61.-:% '+9 96'$+% 16-= -$. ,'+3% '+9 16-= 96$8 8'+% ='/ 7) .)9 ,- ' :'%,) -$. ,'+3>
T#) ,'+3 $% ,- 7) 1$,,)9 :$,# ' 5)+, ,- ,#) :)',#)6B ' %-<+9$+( 8$8)B '+9 ' =),#-9 -1 6)=-5$+( ,#)
;-+,)+,%> N-+U6),<6+ 5'.5)% '6) ,- 7) 1$,,)9 $+ 96'$+ .$+)% )+,)6$+( ,#) 96'$+ ,'+3% )V;)8, :#)6)
7';31.-: :-<.9 +-, 86)%)+, ' #'Y'69>

1.11

Fuel Oil Purifiers !'(()%


N#)6) 1<). -$. 8<6$1$)6% 1-6 #)',)9 -$. '6) $+%,'..)9B ,#) '66'+()=)+, $% ,- 7) $+ ';;-69'+;) :$,#
LULUF\2F>

1.13

Fuel Oil Incection System


S,6'$+)6% '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 $+ ,#) %<;,$-+ .$+) -1 ,#) 1<). -$. $+[);,$-+ 8<=8> F-6 ='$+ 86-8<.%$-+
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;.)'+)9 :$,#-<, <+9<) $+,)66<8,$-+ -1 8-:)6 +);)%%'6/ 1-6 86-8<.%$-+> ?<.,$8.) '<V$.$'6/ )+($+)%B
)';# 1$,,)9 :$,# ' %)8'6',) %,6'$+)6 '+9 '66'+()9 %<;# ,#', ;#'+()-5)6 ,- ' %,'+97/ <+$, ;'+ 7)
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240

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Part
Chapter
Section

4
3
4

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Fuel Oil and Lubricating Oil Systems and Tanks

L(=6/:,2/-0 O/7 S1+23)

3.1

General

4-3-4

L<76$;',$+( -$. 8$8$+( $% ,- 7) )+,$6)./ %)8'6',)9 16-= -,#)6 8$8$+( %/%,)=%> N#)6) -$. ;--.)6% '6)
86-5$9)9B ,#) %)' %<;,$-+% '6) ,- 7) '66'+()9 ,- =$+$=$Y) ,#) 86-7'7$.$,/ -1 7.'+3$+( -11 ,#) ;--.$+(
:',)6>

3.3

Oil Filters
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3.5

Protective Features
N#)6) 1-6;)9 .<76$;',$-+ $% <%)9B '+ '.'6= $% ,- 7) 1$,,)9 ,- :'6+ -1 .-: -$. 86)%%<6)>

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

241

T#$% &'() I+,)+,$-+'../ L)1, B.'+3

PART

Section

5:

Internal

Combustion

Engine

Systems

$
CHAPTER

'()*+ ,-. '/*/-0 S1+23)+

SECTION

>

I-236-,7 C9)=(+2/9- E-0/-3


S1+23)+

C997/-0 I,236 S1+23)

1.1

General
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1.3

Sea Suctions
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-11 ,#) ;--.$+( :',)6>

1.5

Direct Cooling System


N#)6) 6': :',)6 $% <%)9 1-6 ;--.$+( ,#) )+($+)B <+.)%% -,#)6 )A<$5'.)+, '66'+()=)+,% '6) %8);$'../
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,#) ;--.$+( :',)6 %<88./>

ENK,(+2 '/*/-0
T#) )V#'<%, 8$8)% '6) ,- 7) :',)6 [';3),)9 -6 )11);,$5)./ $+%<.',)9> EV#'<%, 8$8)% -1 %)5)6'. )+($+)%
'6) +-, ,- 7) ;-++);,)9 ,-(),#)6 7<, '6) ,- 7) 6<+ %)8'6',)./ ,- ,#) ',=-%8#)6) <+.)%% '66'+()9 ,86)5)+, ,#) 6),<6+ -1 ('%)% ,- '+ $9.) )+($+)> EV#'<%, .$+)% :#$;# '6) .)9 -5)67-'69 +)'6 ,#) :',)6.$+)
'6) ,- 7) 86-,);,)9 '('$+%, ,#) 8-%%$7$.$,/ -1 :',)6 1$+9$+( $,% :'/ $+7-'69> B-$.)6 <8,'3)% '+9 )+($+)
)V#'<%, .$+)% '6) +-, ,- 7) ;-++);,)9 )V;)8, :#)+ %8);$'../ '886-5)9 '% $+ ;'%)% :#)6) ,#) 7-$.)6% '6)
'66'+()9 ,- <,$.$Y) ,#) :'%,) #)', 16-= ,#) )+($+)%>

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

243

T#$% &'() I+,)+,$-+'../ L)1, B.'+3

PART

Section

6:

Cargo

Systems

$
CHAPTER

'()*+ ,-. '/*/-0 S1+23)+

SECTION

C,609 S1+23)+

D3++37+ C,661/-0 O/7 /- B(7P O,E/-0 , F7,+K*9/-2 9H T0VC


W4$0VFX 96 L3++
E)%%).% ;.'%%)9 '% Oil Carrier -6 Oil Barge '6) ,- =)), ,#) 1-..-:$+( 6)A<$6)=)+,% 1-6 ,#) ;'6(#'+9.$+( )A<$8=)+,B $+;.<9$+( 8<=8%B 8$8$+( '+9 5)+,$+(>

1.1

Cargo Pumps
1.1.1

Construction
C'6(- 8<=8% '6) ,- 7) %- 9)%$(+)9 '% ,- =$+$=$Y) ,#) 9'+()6 -1 %8'63$+(>

1.1.2

Installation
C'6) $% ,- 7) ,'3)+ ,- 86)5)+, .)'3% ', ,#) %,<11$+( 7-V> N#)6) ,#) %#'1,% 8'%% ,#6-<(# ('%,$(#,
7<.3#)'9%B 1.)V$7.) ;-<8.$+(% '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 $+ %#'1,% 7),:))+ ,#) 8<=8% '+9 86$=)
=-5)6%> S,<11$+( 7-V)% '6) ,- 7) 1$,,)9 ', ,#) 7<.3#)'9%>

&<=8% $+%,'..)9 $+ ;'6(- 8<=8 6--=% '+9 96$5)+ 7/ %#'1,% 8'%%$+( ,#6-<(# 8<=8 6--=
7<.3#)'9%B $+;.<9$+( ;'6(- 8<=8%B 7'..'%, 8<=8% '+9 %,6$88$+( 8<=8%B '6) ,- 7) 1$,,)9 :$,#
,)=8)6',<6) %)+%$+( 9)5$;)% 1-6 7<.3#)'9 %#'1, (.'+9%B 7)'6$+(% '+9 8<=8 ;'%$+(%> EV;)%%$5)
,)=8)6',<6) $% ,- ';,$5',) '+ '<9$7.) '+9 5$%<'. '.'6= ', ,#) ;'6(- ;-+,6-. 6--= -6 8<=8
;-+,6-. %,',$-+>
1.1.3

Relief Valve and Bypass


A 6).$)1 5'.5) -1 %<$,'7.) ,/8) $% ,- 7) $+%,'..)9 $+ ,#) 9$%;#'6() -1 )';# 8<=8B )V;)8, '% +-,)9
$+ LU3UF\QB '+9 8$8)9 7';3 $+,- ,#) %<;,$-+> A 7/8'%% $% ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 '6-<+9 ,#) 8<=8 1-6
<%) :#)+ .-'9$+( ,#6-<(# ,#) %<;,$-+ 8$8$+(>

1.1.4

Pressure Gauges
O+) 86)%%<6) ('<() 1-6 )';# 8<=8 $% ,- 7) .-;',)9 ', ,#) 8<=8 9$%;#'6()> N#)6) ,#) 8<=8%
'6) -8)6',)9 7/ )+($+)% -6 =-,-6% )V,)6+'. ,- ,#) 8<=8 6--=B '99$,$-+'. ('<()% '6) ,- 7)
86-5$9)9 :#$;# '6) 5$%$7.) 16-= ,#) -8)6',$+( %,',$-+>

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

245

Part
Chapter
Section

1.3

1.5

4
3
6

1.3.1

General
C'6(- 8$8$+( %/%,)=% '6) ,- 7) )+,$6)./ %)8'6',) 16-= '.. -,#)6 8$8$+( %/%,)=% '+9 '6) +-, ,8'%% ,#6-<(# 1<). -$. ,'+3% +-6 %8';)% ;-+,'$+$+( =';#$+)6/ :#)6) %-<6;)% -1 5'8-6 $(+$,$-+
'6) +-6='../ 86)%)+,> C'6(- .-'9$+( 8$8)% '6) ,- 7) .)9 '% .-: '% 86';,$;'. $+ ,#) ;'6(- ,'+3>
S)) '.%- LU3U2\3 '+9 LU3UF\Q>

1.3.2

Suctions
N#)6) :',)6 %<;,$-+% '6) 86-5$9)9 1-6 7'..'%,$+(B ,'+3 ;.)'+$+( -6 -,#)6 8<68-%)%B =)'+% -1
$%-.',$+( ,#) 8<=8% 16-= ,#) %)' ;#)%, $% ,- 7) 86-5$9)9> T#) =)'+% -1 $%-.',$-+ $% ,- 7) )$,#)6
' 7.'+3 1.'+() -6 ' 6)=-5'7.) %8--. 8$);)> A %#<,U-11 5'.5) $% ,- 7) 1$,,)9 -+ )';# %$9) -1 ,#)
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.-;',)9 $+7-'69 -1 ,#) %)' ;#)%,B -+) -1 :#$;# $% ,- 7) ;'8'7.) -1 7)$+( .-;3)9 $+ ,#) ;.-%)9
8-%$,$-+> ?)'+% '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 1-6 9),);,$+( .)'3'() 8'%, ,#)%) 5'.5)%>

1.3.3

Operating Rod Stuffing Boxes


S,<11$+( 7-V)% '6) ,- 7) 1$,,)9 :#)6) -8)6',$+( 6-9% 16-= ;'6(- 5'.5)% 8'%% ,#6-<(# ('%,$(#,
%,6<;,<6'. 8'6,%>

Other Piping Systems


Pump Room and Cofferdam Bilge Systems !"##(%
&6-5$%$-+ $% ,- 7) ='9) 1-6 6)=-5$+( 96'$+'() 16-= ,#) 8<=8 6--= 7$.()% '+9 '9[';)+,
;-11)69'=%> A %)8'6',) 7$.() 8<=8B )9<;,-6 -6 7$.() %<;,$-+ 16-= ' ;'6(- 8<=8 -6 ;'6(%,6$88$+( 8<=8 ='/ 7) 86-5$9)9 1-6 ,#$% 8<68-%)> T#) 8<=8 $% +-, ,- 7) .-;',)9 $+B +-6 $% ,#)
8$8$+( ,- 8'%% ,#6-<(#B %8';)% ;-+,'$+$+( =';#$+)6/ :#)6) %-<6;)% -1 5'8-6 $(+$,$-+ '6)
+-6='../ 86)%)+,> N#)6) ' 7$.() %<;,$-+ $% 86-5$9)9 16-= ' ;'6(- -6 %,6$88$+( 8<=8B ' %,-8U
;#);3 5'.5) $% ,- 7) 1$,,)9 $+ ,#) 7$.() %<;,$-+ 76'+;#> A+ '99$,$-+'. %,-8 5'.5) $% ,- 7) 1$,,)9
:#)+ ,#) 7$.() %<;,$-+ 76'+;# $% '66'+()9 %- ,#', $, ='/ 7) %<7[);,)9 ,- ' #)'9 -1 -$. 16-= ,#)
1$..$+( .$+)> &<=8 6--= 7$.() %<;,$-+ '+9 9$%;#'6() 5'.5)% '+9 7$.()U8<=8 ;-+,6-.% '6) ,- 7)
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6)=-,) -8)6',$-+B )$,#)6 16-= '+ ';;)%%$7.) 8-%$,$-+ -<,%$9) ,#) 8<=8 6--= -6 16-= ,#) 8<=8
6--= ;'%$+( '7-5) ,#) 16))7-'69 9);3> T$(# .)5).% -1 .$A<$9 $+ ,#) 8<=8 6--=^% 7$.() '6) ,';,$5',) '+ '<9$7.) '+9 5$%$7.) '.'6= $+ ,#) ;'6(- ;-+,6-. 6--= '+9 -+ ,#) +'5$(',$-+
Piping Through Cargo Tanks
76$9()1.5.2
N#)6) ,#) '66'+()=)+, -1 ,#) 5)%%). $% %<;# '% ,- +);)%%$,',) ,#) 8'%%$+( ,#6-<(# ,#) ;'6(,'+3% -1 8$8$+( -,#)6 ,#'+ ,#', +);)%%'6/ 1-6 ,#) #'+9.$+( -6 #)',$+( -1 ,#) ;'6(- -6 1-6 1$6)
86-,);,$-+B ,#) 8$8$+( %/%,)=% :$.. 7) %<7[);, ,- %8);$'. ;-+%$9)6',$-+>

Venting Systems
1.7.1

246

4-3-6

Cargo Piping Systems

1.5.1

1.7

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Cargo Systems

General
E';# ;'6(- ,'+3 $% ,- 7) 1$,,)9 :$,# ' 86)%%<6)U5';<<= 6).$)1 5'.5)B -6 ' 5)+, 8$8) $% ,- 7) .)9
16-= )';# ,'+3 $+,- ' ;-==-+ #)'9)6> I+ ,#) .',,)6 ;'%)B ,#) #)'9)6 $% ,- 7) .)9 ,- ' 6)'%-+'7.)
#)$(#, '7-5) ,#) 9);3 '+9 $% ,- 7) 1$,,)9 :$,# ' 1.'=) '66)%,)6 -6 86)%%<6)U5';<<= 6).$)1 5'.5)
', ,#) -<,.), ,- ,#) ',=-%8#)6)> ?)'+% '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 ,- 86)5)+, '+/ ,'+3 16-= 7)$+(
%<7[);,)9 ,- )V;)%%$5) 86)%%<6) 9<6$+( '+/ 8#'%) -1 ,#) ;'6(- #'+9.$+( 86-;)%%>

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

Part
Chapter
Section

4
3
6

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Cargo Systems

4-3-6

T#) 9$'=),)6 -1 ,#) 5)+, 8$8)% $% +-, ,- 7) .)%% ,#', M3 == I2>J $+>K I>D> N#)+ $, $% $+,)+9)9
,#', ,#) ,'+3% '6) ,- 7) .-'9)9 :$,# ;.-%)9 <..'() #',;#)%B ,#) 5)+, 8$8)% '6) ,- 7) %$Y)9 1-6
F2J] -1 ,#) ='V$=<= .-'9$+( 6',) ,- 86)5)+, ,#) 86)%%<6) $+ '+/ ;'6(- ,'+3 16-= )V;))9$+(
,#) 9)%$(+ 86)%%<6)> E)+, -<,.),% 1-6 ;'6(- .-'9$+(B 9$%;#'6($+( '+9 7'..'%,$+( '6) ,- 7)
.-;',)9 +-, .)%% ,#'+ 3 = IF0 1,K =)'%<6)9 #-6$Y-+,'../ 16-= 9);3 =';#$+)6/ '+9 )A<$8=)+,
:#$;# ='/ ;-+%,$,<,) '+ $(+$,$-+ #'Y'69>

1.9

1.7.2

Cargo Oil With Flash Point Above 27C (80F)


N#)6) ' 5)%%). $% $+,)+9)9 -+./ 1-6 ,#) ;'66$'() -1 ;-=7<%,$7.) .$A<$9% #'5$+( ' 1.'%# 8-$+,
'7-5) 2QbC IO0bFKB ' 5)+,$+( %/%,)= ;-+%$%,$+( -1 $+9$5$9<'. 6),<6+U7)+9 5)+,% 1$,,)9 :$,#
1.'=) %;6))+% ='/ 7) 1$,,)9 $+ .$)< -1 ,#', 9)%;6$7)9 $+ LU3UM\F>Q>F>

1.7.3

Inert Gas System


N#)+ ,'+3 5)%%).% '6) )A<$88)9 :$,# ' %/%,)= :#)6)7/ $+)6, ('% $% ;-+,$+<-<%./ ='$+,'$+)9
$+ ,#) ,'+3% 1-6 1$6) 86)5)+,$-+B %<;# ' %/%,)= $% ,- 7) $+ ';;-69'+;) :$,# LU3UM\F>9 '+9 ,#)
5)+,$+( '66'+()=)+,% %<7[);, ,- %8);$'. ;-+%$9)6',$-+>

1.7.4

Cofferdams
I+ ()+)6'.B ;-11)69'=% I%)) 3U2UF\F9>F>2K '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 :$,# 6),<6+ 7)+9 5)+,% 1$,,)9 :$,#
:$6) ('<Y) 1.'=) %;6))+% -6 86)%%<6)U5';<<= 6).$)1 5'.5)%>

Inert Gas System Requirements


N#)6) 1$,,)9B ,#) $+)6, ('% %/%,)= $% ,- ;-=8./ :$,# ,#) 1-..-:$+(D
1.9.1

Pressure
T#) %/%,)=% '6) ,- 7) %- 9)%$(+)9 ,#', ,#) ='V$=<= 86)%%<6) :#$;# ;'+ 7) )V)6,)9 -+ ,#)
,'+3% 9-)% +-, )V;))9 0>2L 3(1\;=2 I3>J 8%$K>

1.9.2

Blower Isolating Valves


S#<,U-11 5'.5)% '6) ,- 7) 1$,,)9 -+ 7-,# %<;,$-+ '+9 9$%;#'6() ;-++);,$-+% 1-6 )';# 7.-:)6>

1.9.3

Demister
D)=$%,)6% -6 )A<$5'.)+, 9)5$;)% '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 ,- =$+$=$Y) ;'66/-5)6 -1 :',)6 16-= ,#)
%;6<77)6 '+9 ,#) 9);3 :',)6 %)'.>

1.9.4

Gas Regulating Valve


T#) ('% 6)(<.',$+( 5'.5) $% ,- 7) '66'+()9 ,- ;.-%) '<,-=',$;'../ :#)+ '+/ -1 ,#) 1-..-:$+(
'99$,$-+'. ;-+9$,$-+% '88./D

"

L-%% -1 :',)6 86)%%<6) ,- 9);3 %)'.I%K>

"

L-%% -1 ;-+,6-. 8-:)6>

1.9.5

Blowers
N#)+ ,:- 7.-:)6% '6) 86-5$9)9B ,#) ,-,'. 6)A<$6)9 ;'8';$,/ -1 ,#) $+)6, ('% %/%,)= $% 86)1)6'7./
,- 7) 9$5$9)9 )A<'../ 7),:))+ ,#) ,:- 7.-:)6% '+9 $+ +- ;'%) $% -+) 7.-:)6 ,- #'5) ' ;'8';$,/
.)%% ,#'+ F\3 -1 ,#) ,-,'. ;'8';$,/ 6)A<$6)9>

1.9.6

Fire Protection
T#) ;-=8'6,=)+, $+ :#$;# '+/ -$.U1$6)9B $+)6, ('% ()+)6',-6 $% %$,<',)9 $% ,- =)), ,#) 6)A<$6)=)+,%
-1 LULUF\F9>

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

247

Part
Chapter
Section

1.11

4
3
6

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Cargo Systems

4-3-6

1.9.7

Venting
A66'+()=)+,% '6) ,- 7) ='9) ,- 5)+, ,#) $+)6, ('% 16-= -$.U1$6)9 $+)6, ('% ()+)6',-6% ,- ,#)
',=-%8#)6) :#)+ ,#) $+)6, ('% 86-9<;)9 $% -11U%8);$1$;',$-+ I)>(>B 9<6$+( %,'6,$+(U<8 -6 $+ ,#)
)5)+, -1 )A<$8=)+, 1'$.<6)K>

1.9.8

Fuel Oil Shutdown


A<,-=',$; %#<,9-:+ -1 ,#) 1<). -$. %<88./ ,- $+)6, ('% ()+)6',-6% $% ,- 7) '66'+()9 -+
86)9),)6=$+)9 .$=$,% 7)$+( 6)';#)9 $+ 6)%8);, -1 .-: :',)6 86)%%<6) -6 .-: :',)6 1.-: 6',) ,,#) ;--.$+( '+9 %;6<77$+( '66'+()=)+, '+9 $+ 6)%8);, -1 #$(# ('% ,)=8)6',<6)>

1.9.9

Scrubber Cooling Pump


A =$+$=<= -1 ,:- 8<=8% '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 1-6 $+)6, ('% %;6<77)6 ;--.$+(B -+) -1 :#$;# $%
,- 7) 9)9$;',)9 1-6 ,#$% %)65$;)> &<=8%B -,#)6 ,#'+ ,#) 6)A<$6)9 9)9$;',)9 8<=8B ='/ 7) <%)9
1-6 -,#)6 %)65$;)% %<;# '% 7$.()B 7'..'%, -6 ()+)6'. %)65$;)>

Cargo Vapor Emission Control Systems


C'6(- 5'8-6 )=$%%$-+ ;-+,6-. %/%,)=%B :#)6) 86-5$9)9B '6) ,- 7) $+ ';;-69'+;) :$,# JCUFUQ\2F -1 ,#)
Steel Vessel Rules>

C,609QK,-.7/-0 S1+23)+

3.1

General
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%/%,)=% '+9 '%%-;$',)9 '<V$.$'6/ %/%,)=% '6) ,- 7) $+ ';;-69'+;) :$,# ,#) '88.$;'7.) 8'6,% -1 &'6, LB
C#'8,)6 3B '+9 '6) '.%- ,- ;-=8./ :$,# ,#) 9),'$.)9 6)A<$6)=)+,% '% %8);$1$)9 7).-: 1-6 ,#) 8'6,$;<.'6
,/8) -1 ;'6(->

3.3

Dangerous Chemicals
T#) ;'6(- #'+9.$+( %/%,)= 1-6 5)%%).% '+9 7'6()% ;'66/$+( 9'+()6-<% ;#)=$;'. ;'6(-)% '6) ,- 7) $+
';;-69'+;) :$,# S);,$-+ LU3UQ>

3.5

Liquefied Gases
C'6(-U#'+9.$+( %/%,)=% 1-6 6)16$()6',)9 .$A<)1$)9 ('%)% ', ' %)65$;) ,)=8)6',<6) 7).-: UFObC I0bFK
'+9 +)'6 ',=-%8#)6$; 86)%%<6) '6) ,- 7) $+ ';;-69'+;) :$,# S);,$-+% LU3UQ '+9 C#'8,)6 L -1 ,#) ABS
Rules for Materials and Welding (Part 2)>

3.7

Pressurized Gases
C'6(-U#'+9.$+( %/%,)=% 1-6 .-'9$+( '+9 9$%;#'6($+( 86)%%<6$Y)9 ;'6(- :$.. 7) %8);$'../ ;-+%$9)6)9
<8-+ %<7=$,,'. -1 ,#) 9),'$.% -1 ,#) '66'+()=)+,%>

3.9

Cargo Oil Piping


C'6(- -$. 8$8$+( $% ,- 7) $+ ';;-69'+;) :$,# LU3UM\F>3>

3.11

Noncombustible Liquids
N#)+ ' 5)%%). $% $+,)+9)9 %-.)./ 1-6 ;'66/$+( .$A<$9 ;'6(- :#$;# $% +)$,#)6 1.'=='7.) +-6 ;-=7<%,$7.)B
,#) '66'+()=)+,% -1 ,#) ;'6(- '+9 5)+,$+( %/%,)=% :$.. 7) ($5)+ %8);$'. ;-+%$9)6',$-+ $+ )';# ;'%)>
S)) '.%- S);,$-+ LU3UQ>

248

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

PART

Section 7: Cargo Transfer Systems for Dangerous Chemical Cargoes

$
CHAPTER

'()*+ ,-. '/*/-0 S1+23)+

SECTION

C,609 T6,-+H36 S1+23)+ H96


D,-0369(+ CK3)/:,7 C,6093+

G3-36,7
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6);-(+$Y)9 %,'+9'69% '% $+9$;',)9 $+ 3U2U3\3B '+9 '6) '.%- ,- ;-=8./ :$,# ,#) '88.$;'7.) 6)A<$6)=)+,%
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;-=8.$'+;) :$,# ,#) '88.$;'7.) 6)A<$6)=)+,% -1 &'6, LB C#'8,)6 3>
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LB C#'8,)6 L -1 ,#) Steel Vessel Rules '+9 ,#) '88.$;'7.) %);,$-+% -1 &'6, FJF -1 S<7;#'8,)6 O -1
C#'8,)6 I T$,.) LM C-9) -1 F)9)6'. R)(<.',$-+%>

C,609 '/*/-0 C7,++/H/:,2/9-

3.1

Cargo Piping for Barge Type I


C'6(- 8$8$+( 1-6 B'6() T/8) I $% ,- 7) 9)%$(+)9 '+9 1'76$;',)9 '% G6-<8 I 8$8$+( 1-6 '.. %)65$;)
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-1 C#'8,)6 I T$,.) LM CFR>

3.3

Cargo Piping for Barge Types II and III


C'6(- 8$8$+( 1-6 B'6() T/8)% II '+9 III ='/ 7) 9)%$(+)9 '+9 1'76$;',)9 '% )$,#)6 G6-<8 I -6 G6-<8 II
8$8$+( '% .$=$,)9 7/ %)65$;) ,)=8)6',<6)% -6 86)%%<6)% <+9)6 LU3UF\F>3>

>

'7,-+ ,-. D,2, 29 =3 S(=)/223.


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249

Part
Chapter
Section

4
3
7

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Cargo Transfer Systems for Dangerous Chemical Cargoes

4-3-7

"

G)+)6'. '66'+()=)+, -1 8<=8% '+9 8$8$+(

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D$'(6'= -1 5)+,$+( %/%,)= $+;.<9$+( ;'.;<.',$-+% -1 6).$)1 5'.5) ;'8';$,$)%

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7.1

General
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7.3

Service Temperature Below -18C (0F)


N#)6) ,#) %)65$;) ,)=8)6',<6) $% 7).-: UFObC I0bFK ,#) ;'6(- #'+9.$+( %/%,)= =',)6$'.% '6) ,- 7) $+
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D3-2/-0
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9.1

Open Venting
N#)6) ,#$% %/%,)= $% %8);$1$)9B ,#) 6)A<$6)=)+,% ).%):#)6) $+ ,#)%) R<.)%B $+;.<9$+( LU3U3\QB '6) ,- 7)
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250

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Part
Chapter
Section

9.3

4
3
7

4-3-7

Pressure-Vacuum Venting
9.3.1

System Design
T#) %/%,)= $% ,- 7) %$Y)9B '..-:$+( 1-6 1.'=) %;6))+% $1 1$,,)9B ,- 8)6=$, .-'9$+( ', ,#) 9)%$(+
6',) :$,#-<, )V;))9$+( ,#) 86)%%<6) %),,$+( <%)9 $+ 9),)6=$+$+( ,#) %;'+,.$+(% $+ ';;-69'+;)
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9.3.2

Vent Line Capacity


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9.3.3

9.5

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Cargo Transfer Systems for Dangerous Chemical Cargoes

Number of Cargo Tanks

Percent of Total Value Discharge

. -6 2

F00

90

O0

Q0

M -6 =-6)

M0

Condensation
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Safety-Relief Venting
E';# ,'+3 $+,)+9)9 1-6 9'+()6-<% ;#)=$;'.% 1-6 :#$;# ,#$% %/%,)= $% %8);$1$)9 $+ LM CFR T'7.)
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44

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11.1

Capacity
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6).$)1 5'.5) ,- 7) .)%% ,#'+ F00 == IL $+>K 9$'=),)6>
_ d J>MM * F0 M
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FA 0>O2
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Section

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7

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Cargo Transfer Systems for Dangerous Chemical Cargoes

1$6) )V8-%<6) 1';,-6

F>0

)V;)8, :#)+ '+ '886-5)9 1$6)86--1$+( -1 6);-==)+9)9 ,#$;3+)%% -1 '


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0>2

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11.3

4-3-7

I1 k $% +-, 3+-:+B <%) C d 3FJ>

.',)+, #)', -1 ,#) =',)6$'. 7)$+( 5'8-6$Y)9 ', 6).$)5$+( ;-+9$,$-+%B $+ ;'.-6$)\(6'=
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;-=86)%%$7$.$,/ 1';,-6 -1 ('% ', 6).$)5$+( ;-+9$,$-+% I$1 +-, 3+-:+B <%) ` d F>0K

Certification
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11.5

Installation
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11.7

Tests
E';# %'1),/U6).$)1 5'.5) $% ,- 7) ,)%,)9 $+ ,#) 86)%)+;) -1 ,#) S<65)/-6 7)1-6) 7)$+( 8.';)9 $+ %)65$;)>
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252

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Part
Chapter
Section

43

4
3
7

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Cargo Transfer Systems for Dangerous Chemical Cargoes

4-3-7

'63++(63 D3++37+
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4>

C,609 T6,-+H36

15.1

General
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15.3

Cargo Pumps
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15.5

Pump Wells
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15.7

Pump Prime Movers


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15.9

Pressure Gauges
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15.11 Independent Tank Connections


C'6(- 8$8$+( $% ,- )+,)6 ,#) ;'6(- ,'+3% '7-5) ,#) :)',#)6 9);3 -6 ', ,#) ,-8 -1 ,#) ,'+3%> B-,,-=
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253

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Chapter
Section

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3
7

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Cargo Transfer Systems for Dangerous Chemical Cargoes

4-3-7

15.13 Piping, Valves and Fittings


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F00 == IL $+>K I>D> '+9 -5)6

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G6-<8 II 8$8$+( $% ,- 7) ', .)'%, %,'+9'69 ,#$;3+)%%>


15.13.1 Design of Piping
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i)

T#) ='V$=<= 5'8-6 86)%%<6) ', LMbC IFFJbFK

ii)

T#) ='V$=<= '..-:'7.) :-63$+( 86)%%<6) -1 ,#) ;'6(- ,'+3

iii)

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iv)

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15.13.2 Valves and Fittings


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).-+(',$-+ +-, .)%% ,#'+ F2]>
15.13.3 Low Temperature Piping
L-: ,)=8)6',<6) 8$8$+( %/%,)=% '6) ,- 7) $+ ';;-69'+;) :$,# ,#) '88.$;'7.) 6)A<$6)=)+,% -1
C#'8,)6 3 -1 ,#) ABS Rules for Materials and Welding (Part 2)>

15.15 Piping Flexibility Arrangements


&$8$+( $% ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 :$,# '9)A<',) %<88-6, ,- ,'3) ,#) :)$(#, -1 ,#) 8$8$+( -1 5'.5)% '+9 1$,,$+(%
'+9B :#)6) %<7[);, ,- ' :$9) ,)=8)6',<6) 6'+()B 86-5$%$-+ $% ,- 7) ='9) 1-6 )V8'+%$-+ '+9 ;-+,6';,$-+
)$,#)6 7/ =)'+% -1 8$8) 7)+9%B .--8%B -11%),% -6 $+9$5$9<'../ '886-5)9 7)..-:%U,/8) )V8'+%$-+ [-$+,%>
S.$8 [-$+,% '6) +-, ,- 7) <%)9>

15.17 Pipe Woints


&$8$+( $% ,- 7) [-$+)9 :$,# 7<,, :).9% :#)6)5)6 86';,$;'7.) '+9 1.'+()9 [-$+,% 3)8, ,- ' =$+$=<=>
S-;3), '+9 %.$8U-+ :).9)9 ;-++);,$-+% ='/ 7) <%)9 1-6 %$Y)% J0 == I2 $+>K '+9 %='..)6> T#6)'9)9
[-$+,% ='/ 7) <%)9 -+ ';;)%%-6/ .$+)% 1-6 %$Y)% 2J == IF $+>K '+9 %='..)6 86-8)6./ 5'.5)9 -11 16-= ,#)
;'6(- .$+)%> N#)6) ,#6)'9)9 [-$+,% '6) <%)9B ,#)/ '6) ,- 7) 5$%$7.) '+9 ';;)%%$7.) 1-6 $+%8);,$-+ <+9)6
'.. %)65$;) ;-+9$,$-+%> I1 ,#) ,#6)'9)9 [-$+,% '6) %)'. :).9)9 ,#)/ +))9 +-, 7) )V8-%)9> T#)6) '6) ,- 7)
+- ,#6)'9)9 ;-++);,$-+% ,- ;'6(- ,'+3%>

254

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

Part
Chapter
Section

4
3
7

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Cargo Transfer Systems for Dangerous Chemical Cargoes

4-3-7

15.19 Cargo Filling Lines in Tanks


C'6(- 1$..$+( .$+)% '6) ,- #'5) ,#)$6 9$%;#'6() -8)+$+(% +)'6 ,#) 7-,,-= -1 ,#) ,'+3% )V;)8, $+ %8);$'.
;'6(- #'+9.$+( '66'+()=)+,% :#)6) ;'6(- 1$..$+( 96-8 .$+)% :-<.9 +-, 7) 86';,$;'7.)>

15.21 Spillage Containment


D6$8 8'+% -6 -,#)6 %<$,'7.) ;-+,'$+=)+, '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 :#)6) ;'6(- .)'3'() -6 %8$..'() 16-= ,#)
8$8$+( %/%,)= ='/ -;;<6 '+9 '66'+()9 ,- 86)5)+, .)'3'() 7)$+( :'%#)9 $+,- '+/ :',)6:'/ 9<6$+(
;'6(- .-'9$+( '+9 <+.-'9$+(>

15.23 Electrical Bonding


N#)6) 1.'=='7.) ;'6(-)% '6) ;'66$)9 '+9 ,#) ,'+3% -6 8$8$+( '6) %)8'6',)9 16-= ,#) 5)%%).^% %,6<;,<6)
7/ ,#)6='. $+%<.',$-+ -6 +-+=),'..$; ;#-;3$+( -6 .$+$+( =',)6$'. $+ :'/ -1 %<88-6,%B 86-5$%$-+ $% ,- 7)
='9) 1-6 ).);,6$;'../ 7-+9$+( 7-,# ,#) 8$8$+( '+9 ,#) ,'+3%> A.. ('%3),)9 8$8) [-$+,% '6) ,- 7) ).);,6$;'../
7-+9)9> T'+3% -6 8$8$+( 8)6='+)+,./ ;-++);,)9 ,- ,#) #<.. 7/ =),'..$; 7-.,$+( :$.. 7) ;-+%$9)6)9 '%
7)$+( ).);,6$;'../ 7-+9)9>

4A

'6923:2/E3 O9(+/-0
N#)6) 86';,$;'7.)B ;-++);,$-+% ,- ;'6(- 86)%%<6) ,'+3% '6) ,- 7) 86-,);,)9 '('$+%, =);#'+$;'. 9'='()
86)1)6'7./ 7/ (6-<8$+( ,#) +);)%%'6/ 1$..B 9$%;#'6()B .$A<$9 '+9 5'8-6 %#<,-11 5'.5)% '+9 %'1),/U6).$)1
5'.5)% $+ ,#) %='..)%, 86';,$;'7.) %8';) '+9 )+;.-%$+( ,#)= $+ ' %<$,'7.) 86-,);,$5) =),'. #-<%$+(>

49

E73:26/:,7
F-6 ).);,6$;'. 6)A<$6)=)+,%B 6)1)6 ,- LUJUM\Q>

24

F/63 EN2/-0(/+K/-0
R)A<$6)=)+,% 1-6 1$6) )V,$+(<$%#$+( %/%,)=% '+9 )A<$8=)+, '6) $+ LULUF\23>

23

S,7E,0/-0 C9--3:2/9-+
N#)6) %'.5'($+( ;-++);,$-+% '6) 1$,,)9 7),:))+ ,#) ;'6(- 8<=8 :)..% ,- 8)6=$, 6)=-5'. -1 :',)6
16-= ,#) 7<-/'+;/ %8';)% $+ '+ )=)6()+;/B ,:- 5'.5)% '6) ,- 7) 1$,,)9 7),:))+ ,#) ;'6(- 8<=8 :)..
'+9 %<;# <+:',)6$+( %/%,)=%> O+) -1 ,#)%) 5'.5)% $% ,- 7) ;'8'7.) -1 7)$+( .-;3)9 $+ ,#) ;.-%)9
8-%$,$-+>

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

255

Part
Chapter
Section

4
3
7

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Cargo Transfer Systems for Dangerous Chemical Cargoes

4-3-7

TABLE 1
Values of C for Use in Calculating Safety-Relief Valve Capacity
Constant

256

Constant

Constant

F>00

3FJ

F>L0

3JM

F>O0

3JQ

F>02

3FO

F>L2

3JO

F>O2

3OO

F>0L

320

F>LL

3J9

F>OL

390

F>0M

322

F>LM

3MF

F>OM

39F

F>0O

32L

F>LO

3M3

F>OO

392

F>F0

32Q

F>J0

3ML

F>90

39L

F>F2

329

F>J2

3MM

F>92

39J

F>FL

33F

F>JL

3MO

F>9L

39Q

F>FM

333

F>JM

3M9

F>9M

39O

F>FO

33J

F>JO

3QF

F>9O

399

F>20

33Q

F>M0

3Q2

2>00

L00

F>22

339

F>M2

3QL

2>02

L0F

2>20

LF2

F>2L

3LF

F>ML

3QM

F>2M

3L3

F>MM

3QQ

F>2O

3LJ

F>MO

3Q9

F>30

3LQ

F>Q0

3O0

F>32

3L9

F>Q2

3O2

F>3L

3JF

F>QL

3O3

F>3M

3J2

F>QM

3OL

F>3O

3JL

F>QO

3OM

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

PART

Section

8:

Other

Piping

Systems

and

Tanks

$
CHAPTER

'()*+ ,-. '/*/-0 S1+23)+

SECTION

O2K36 '/*/-0 S1+23)+ ,-. T,-P+

O1.6,(7/: '/*/-0

1.1

Arrangements
T#) '66'+()=)+,% 1-6 G6-<8 I #/96'<.$; 8$8$+( %/%,)=% '6) ,- 7) $+ ';;-69'+;) :$,# ,#) 6)A<$6)=)+,%
-1 ,#$% S);,$-+ )V;)8, ,#', #/96'<.$; %/%,)=% :#$;# 1-6= 8'6, -1 ' <+$, :#$;# $% $+9)8)+9)+,./
='+<1';,<6)9 '+9 '%%)=7.)9 '+9 :#$;# 9-)% +-, 1-6= 8'6, -1 ,#) 5)%%).^% 8$8$+( %/%,)= I%<;# '% '
;6'+)K '6) +-, ;-5)6)9 7/ ,#$% S);,$-+> &.'+% %#-:$+( ;.)'6./ ,#) '66'+()=)+,% '+9 9),'$.% '6) ,- 7)
%<7=$,,)9 1-6 6)5$):>

1.3

1.5

Valves
1.3.1

General
I+ ()+)6'.B 5'.5)% '6) ,- ;-=8./ :$,# ,#) 6)A<$6)=)+,% -1 LU3U2\FF>

1.3.2

Relief Valves
R).$)1 5'.5)% '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 1-6 ,#) 86-,);,$-+ -1 ,#) #/96'<.$; %/%,)=> E';# 6).$)1 5'.5) $%
,- 7) ;'8'7.) -1 6).$)5$+( +-, .)%% ,#'+ 1<.. 8<=8 1.-: :$,# ' ='V$=<= 86)%%<6) 6$%) -1 +-,
=-6) ,#'+ F0] -1 ,#) 6).$)1 5'.5) %),,$+(>

Piping
&$8$+( $% ,- =)), ,#) 6)A<$6)=)+,% -1 LU3UF\J '+9 LU3U2\J )V;)8, ,#', =$.. ,)%,% +))9 +-, 7) :$,+)%%)9
7/ ,#) S<65)/-6> I+ %<;# ;'%)%B =$.. ;)6,$1$;',)% '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9>

1.7

Pipe Fittings
F$,,$+(% '+9 1.'+()% '6) ,- =)), ,#) 6)A<$6)=)+,% -1 LU3U2\F3 '+9 LU3U2\FJ )V;)8, '% 1-..-:%D
1.7.1

Non-standard Fittings
F$,,$+(% :#$;# '6) +-, ;-+%,6<;,)9 ,- ' 6);-(+$Y)9 %,'+9'69 :$.. 7) %<7[);, ,- %8);$'.
;-+%$9)6',$-+> &.'+% %#-:$+( 9),'$.% -1 ;-+%,6<;,$-+B =',)6$'. '+9 9)%$(+ ;'.;<.',$-+% -6 ,)%,
6)%<.,% '6) ,- 7) %<7=$,,)9 1-6 6)5$):>

1.7.2

Split Flanges
S8.$, 1.'+()% '6) +-, ,- 7) <%)9 $+ %,))6$+( ()'6 %/%,)=%> T#) <%) -1 %8.$, 1.'+()% 1-6 '.. -,#)6
'88.$;',$-+% :$.. 7) %8);$'../ ;-+%$9)6)9>

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

257

Part
Chapter
Section

1.9

4
3
8

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Other Piping Systems and Tanks

4-3-8

1.7.3

Straight-thread, O-ring Connections


S,6'$(#,U,#6)'9B OU6$+( ,/8) ;-++);,$-+% ='/ 7) <%)9 1-6 ;-++);,$-+% ,- )A<$8=)+, %<;# '%
8<=8%B 5'.5)%B ;/.$+9)6%B ';;<=<.',-6%B ('<()% '+9 #-%)%> S<;# ;-++);,$-+% '6) +-, ,- 7)
<%)9 1-6 [-$+$+( %);,$-+% -1 8$8)>

1.7.4

Tapered-threaded Connections
T'8)6)9U,#6)'9)9 ;-++);,$-+% <8 ,- '+9 $+;.<9$+( O9 == O>D> I3 $+> N&SK ='/ 7) <%)9
:$,#-<, .$=$,',$-+% 1-6 ;-++);,$-+% ,- )A<$8=)+, %<;# '% 8<=8%B 5'.5)%B ;/.$+9)6%B ';;<=<.',-6%B
('<()% '+9 #-%)%> T'8)6)9U,#6)'9)9 ;-++);,$-+% '6) +-, ,- 7) <%)9 $+ %,))6$+( ()'6 %/%,)=%B
;-+,6-..'7.) 8$,;# 86-8)..)6 %/%,)=% '+9 -,#)6 %/%,)=% '%%-;$',)9 :$,# 86-8<.%$-+ -6 86-8<.%$-+
;-+,6-.B )V;)8, :#)6) 8)6=$,,)9 7/ LU3U2\F3> S<;# ;-++);,$-+% '6) +-, ,- 7) <%)9 1-6 [-$+$+(
%);,$-+% -1 8$8) )V;)8, :#)6) 8)6=$,,)9 7/ LU3U2\F3>

Hose
T-%) '%%)=7.$)% '6) ,- 7) $+ ';;-69'+;) :$,# LU3UF\Q>2F>

1.11

Accumulators
A;;<=<.',-6% '6) ,- =)), ,#) 6)A<$6)=)+,% -1 &'6, LB C#'8,)6 L -1 ,#) Steel Vessel Rules> E';#
';;<=<.',-6 :#$;# ='/ 7) $%-.',)9 $% ,- 7) 86-,);,)9 7/ %<$,'7.) 6).$)1 5'.5)%> N#)6) ' ('% ;#'6($+(
%/%,)= $% <%)9B ' 6).$)1 5'.5) $% ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 -+ ,#) ('% %$9) -1 ,#) ';;<=<.',-6>

1.13

Fluid Power Cylinders


F.<$9 8-:)6 ;/.$+9)6% '6) ,- =)), ,#) 6)A<$6)=)+,% -1 LUMUQ\3>J>J -1 ,#) Steel Vessel Rules>

1.15

Design Pressure
T#) 86)%%<6) <%)9 1-6 9),)6=$+$+( ,#) %,6)+(,# '+9 9)%$(+ -1 8$8$+( '+9 ;-=8-+)+,% $% +-, ,- 7) .)%%
,#'+ ,#) 6).$)1 5'.5) %),,$+(>

1.17

Segregation of High Pressure Hydraulic Units in Machinery Spaces


T/96'<.$; <+$,% :$,# :-63$+( 86)%%<6)% '7-5) FJ>J 7'6 IFJ>O 3(1\;=2B 22J 8%$K $+%,'..)9 :$,#$+
=';#$+)6/ %8';)% '6) ,- 7) 8.';)9 $+ %)8'6',) 6--= -6 6--=% -6 %#$).9)9 '% +);)%%'6/ ,- 86)5)+, '+/
-$. -6 -$. =$%, ,#', ='/ )%;'8) <+9)6 86)%%<6) 16-= ;-=$+( $+,- ;-+,';, :$,# %<61';)% :$,#
,)=8)6',<6)% $+ )V;)%% -1 220bC IL2ObFKB ).);,6$;'. )A<$8=)+, -6 -,#)6 %-<6;)% -1 $(+$,$-+> F-6 ,#)
8<68-%)% -1 ,#$% 6)A<$6)=)+,B ' #/96'<.$; <+$, $+;.<9)% ,#) 8-:)6 8';3 '+9 '.. ;-=8-+)+,% -1 ,#)
#/96'<.$; 8$8$+( %/%,)=>

L/[(3H/3. '326973() G,+3+


N#)6) .$A<$9 8),6-.)<= ('%)% '6) <%)9 $+ ,#) ('..)/B ,#) ;/.$+9)6% '+9 8$8$+( '6) ,- 7) 3)8, $+ ,#)
-8)+ '% 1'6 '% 86';,$;'7.)> T#) $+%,'..',$-+ $% ,- ;-=8./ :$,# LM CFR S<78'6, JO>FM>

258

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

Part
Chapter
Section

4
3
8

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Pumps and Piping Systems
Other Piping Systems and Tanks

>

SK/* S36E/:3 A))9-/, S1+23) !'((+%

5.1

Compartmentation

4-3-8

A==-+$' #'+9.$+( =';#$+)6/ $% ,- 7) $+%,'..)9 $+ ' 9)9$;',)9 ;-=8'6,=)+, :$,# ', .)'%, ,:- ';;)%%
9--6%> T#) 9--6% '6) ,- 7) -1 ,#) %).1U;.-%$+(B ('%,$(#, ,/8) :$,# +- #-.9U7';3 '66'+()=)+,%>

5.3

Safety Measures
T#) 1-..-:$+( %'1),/ =)'%<6)% '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 1-6 ;-=8'6,=)+,% ;-+,'$+$+( '==-+$' #'+9.$+(
=';#$+)6/B $+;.<9$+( 86-;)%% 5)%%).%>

5.5

i)

A+ $+9)8)+9)+, =);#'+$;'. +)(',$5) 5)+,$.',$-+ %/%,)= ;'8'7.) -1 86-5$9$+( ', .)'%, 30 '$6
;#'+()% 8)6 #-<6 7'%)9 -+ ,#) (6-%% 5-.<=) -1 ,#) %8';)

ii)

A %86$+3.)6 %/%,)= :$,# ;-+,6-. -<,%$9) -1 ,#) ;-=8'6,=)+,

iii)

A 1$V)9 '==-+$' 9),);,-6 %/%,)= :$,# '.'6= $+%$9) '+9 -<,%$9) -1 ,#) ;-=8'6,=)+,

iv)

N',)6 %;6))+ 9)5$;)% -8)6'7.) 16-= -<,%$9) -1 ,#) ;-=8'6,=)+,B 1-6 '.. ';;)%% 9--6%>

v)

A+ $+9)8)+9)+, 7$.() %/%,)= .-;',)9 :$,#$+ ,#)%) ;-=8'6,=)+,%

Ammonia Piping
A==-+$' 8$8$+( $% +-, ,- 8'%% ,#6-<(# ';;-==-9',$-+ %8';)%>

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

259

T#$% &'() I+,)+,$-+'../ L)1, B.'+3

!"#$

&'()*+,

-.

/0,+

12*034506'034

786*+96

(3:

1;50)9+3*

4
&<"!$1#

Fire Extinguishing Systems and


Equipment

CONTENTS
SECTION 1

All Vessels ..........................................................................263


=

>+3+,(? ..............................................................................ABC

>DE+,39+3*(? "5*'D,0*8 .....................................................ABC

/0,+ 7(G+*8 H+(65,+6.........................................................ABC

!?(36 (3: J(*( ..................................................................ABC

==

=C

=F
=I

=K

A=
AC

I.=

!?(36 ............................................................................. ABC

I.C

J(*( .............................................................................. ABC

/0,+ !59)6.........................................................................ABK.=

L59M+, DG !59)6 ......................................................... AB-

K.C

$8)+ (3: &()(N0*8 ........................................................ AB-

K.F

#+?0+G O(?E+6 ................................................................. AB-

/0,+ H(036 ..........................................................................ABF


==.=

70P+ ............................................................................... ABF

==.C

&DNQ6 D, O(?E+6 ............................................................ ABF

==.F

H(*+,0(?6 ....................................................................... ABF

<8:,(3*6R <D6+6 (3: LDPP?+6 ...........................................ABF


=C.=

<8:,(3*6........................................................................ ABF

=C.C

<D6+6............................................................................ ABB

=C.F

LDPP?+6 ......................................................................... ABB

!D,*(M?+ 12*034506'+,6 .......................................................ABB


7'5*:DS36 (3: &?D65,+6...................................................ABB
=I.=

O+3*0?(*0D3 /(36 (3: T)+30346 ..................................... ABB

=I.C

T*'+, "520?0(,0+6............................................................ ABI

/02+: /0,+ 12*034506'034 786*+96 GD, H(N'03+,8


7)(N+6 ...............................................................................ABI
=K.=

!,DE060D3 ....................................................................... ABI

=K.C

&(,MD3 J0D20:+ 786*+96............................................... ABI

=K.F

T*'+, /02+: >(6 12*034506'034 H+:059........................ ABK

7+4,+4(*0D3 DG /5+? T0? !5,0G0+,6........................................ABK


!,D*+N*0D3 DG &(,4D 7)(N+6...............................................ABK
AC.=

&(,4D O+66+?6 DG AUUU >,D66 $D36 (3: TE+,............... ABK

AC.C

/02+: /0,+V12*034506'034 786*+96 ................................. ABK

AC.F

/0,+ !,D*+N*0D3 D3 &'+90N(? W(,4+6.............................. ABK

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

261

AF

262

"::0*0D3(? #+;50,+9+3*6 GD, O+66+?6 X3*+3:+: *D &(,,8


!(66+34+,6 ........................................................................AIU
AF.=

/02+: /0,+ J+*+N*0D3 (3: /0,+ "?(,9 786*+96R


"5*D9(*0N 7),03Q?+,R /0,+ J+*+N*0D3 (3: /0,+
"?(,9 786*+9 ................................................................AIU

AF.C

7)+N0(? &(*+4D,8 7)(N+6 ..............................................AIC

AF.F

&(,4D 7)(N+6R T*'+, *'(3 7)+N0(? &(*+4D,8 7)(N+6R


X3*+3:+: GD, *'+ &(,,0(4+ DG HD*D, O+'0N?+6 S0*'
/5+? 03 *'+0, $(3Q6.........................................................AIC

AF.I

T*'+, &(,4D 7)(N+6......................................................AI-

AF.K

7)+N0(? ",,(34+9+3*6 03 H(N'03+,8 7)(N+6 .................AI-

AF.==

"?(,9 786*+96 ..............................................................AI-

AF.=C

>+3+,(? D, 7)+N0(? /0,+ "?(,9 .......................................AIF

AF.=F

!5M?0N "::,+66 786*+9..................................................AIF

AF.=I

!D,*(M?+ &D99530N(*0D3 1;50)9+3* .............................AIF

AF.=K

/0,+ &D3*,D? !?(36..........................................................AIF

$"WY1 =

&?(660G0N(*0D3 DG !D,*(M?+ (3: 7+90V)D,*(M?+


12*034506'+,6............................................................AIB

$"WY1 A

!D,*(M?+ (3: 7+90V)D,*(M?+ 12*034506'+,


YDN(*0D36..................................................................AIB

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

!"#$

7+N*0D3

=.

"??

O+66+?6

4
&<"!$1#

Fire Extinguishing Systems

71&$XTL

All Vessels

General
All vessels are to be provided with fire extinguishing systems and fire protection equipment as outlined
in this Section.

Governmental Authority
Attention is directed to the appropriate governmental authority in each case, as there may be
additional requirements depending on the size, type and intended service of the vessel, as well as
other particulars and details. Consideration will be given to fire extinguishing systems which comply
with the published requirements of the governmental authority in which the vessel is to be registered.

Fire Safety Measures


Passenger vessels are to comply with the applicable requirements of Section 3-4-1.

Plans and Data

7.1

Plans
Before proceeding with the work, the following plans are to be submitted in triplicate together with
supporting data and particulars as applicable. See also 4-1-1/5.

7.3

"

Arrangement and details of fire main systems

"

Foam smothering systems

"

Fire control pans

"

Fixed fire extinguishing systems

"

Fire detection systems

"

Other fire extinguishing equipment and appliances

Data
The number and capacity of fire pumps is to be submitted as well as a list of the fire protection
equipment to be provided.

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Fire Pumps

9.1

Number of Pumps

9.3

4-4-1

K.=.=

>+3+,(?
All self-propelled vessels, other than passenger vessels, are to be provided with at least one
fire pump. For vessels over 20 m (65 ft) in length, the pump is to be power-driven. For vessels
20 m (65 ft) in length and under, the pump may be hand-operated.

K.=.A

!(66+34+, O+66+?6
Passenger vessels are to be provided with at least two independently-power-driven fire pumps.
One of these pumps is to be dedicated for fire-fighting duties and available for such duties at
all times. The arrangements of the pumps, sea suctions and sources of power are to be such as
to ensure that if a fire or casualty in any one space could put all the pumps out of action, an
alternative means of providing water for fire-fighting purposes is to be provided. This
alternative means is to be from a fixed independently-driven, power-operated fire pump
which has its source of power and sea connection located outside the machinery space. The
emergency fire pump is to have a capacity not less than 25 m3/hr (110 gpm) and is to be
capable of simultaneously delivering 12 m (40 ft) jet throw from any two adjacent hydrants
located in accordance with 4-4-1/13.1.

Type and Capacity


K.C.=

!DS+,V:,0E+3 !59)6
Sanitary, ballast, bilge or general-service pumps may be accepted as fire pumps. Each pump
is to be capable of providing a full supply of water to the fire hoses whereby at least two
powerful streams can be rapidly and simultaneously directed into any part of the vessel. Each
power-driven pump is to be capable of producing the two streams of water with the throw at
any nozzle being at least 12 m (40 ft). For passenger vessels, the fire pumps required by
4-4-1/9.1.2 are to be capable of delivering for fire-fighting purposes at a pressure of at least
3.1 kgf/cm2 (44 psi) a quantity of water not less than two-thirds the quantity required to be
dealt with by the bilge pumps when employed for bilge pumping. See 4-3-3/3.5.4.

K.C.A

<(3:VD)+,(*+: !59)6
Each hand pump is to have a capacity of at least 1.1 m3/hr (5 gpm) and is to be equipped with
suction and discharge hoses suitable for use in fire-fighting. The hand pump may also serve as
a bilge pump.

9.5

Relief Valves
Relief valves are to be provided in connection with all power-driven fire pumps unless it can be
shown that the arrangements are such as to prevent excessive pressure in any part of the fire main
system.

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11

Fire Mains

11.1

Size

4-4-1

All vessels for which power-driven fire pumps are required are to be fitted with a fire main system,
including fire main, hydrants, hoses and nozzles. The diameter of the fire main is to be sufficient to
ensure an adequate supply of water for the simultaneous operation of at least the two fire hoses
required in 4-4-1/9.3.1.

11.3

Cocks or Valves
Cocks or valves are to be fitted in such positions on the pipes that any of the fire hoses may be removed
while the fire pumps are operating.

11.5

Materials !"99$%
Materials readily rendered ineffective by heat are not to be used for fire mains unless adequately
protected. In order to be considered not Vreadily rendered ineffective by heatW, a component is to be
certified as having passed an applicable recognized fire test, or the material is to have a melting
temperature higher then the test temperature specified in an applicable fire test.

13

Hydrants, Hoses and Nozzles

13.1

Hydrants !"99$%
=C.=.= >+3+,(?
The number and position of the hydrants is to be such that at least two streams of water, not
emanating from the same hydrant, may be directed to any part of the vessel. One of these
streams is to be from a single length of hose not more than 23 m (75 ft) long for 38 mm (1.5 in.)
diameter hose or 15 m (50 ft) long for 63 mm (2.5 in.) diameter hose.
The pipes and hydrants are to be so placed that the fire hoses may be easily coupled to them.
In vessels where deck cargo may be carried, the positions of the hydrants are to be such that
they are always readily accessible and the pipes are to be arranged, as far as practicable, to
avoid risk of damage by such cargo.
Materials readily rendered ineffective by heat are not to be used for hydrants. See 4-4-1/11.5.
=C.=.A !(66+34+, O+66+?6
The requirement in 4-4-1/13.1.1 is to be met for any part of the vessel normally accessible to
the passengers or crew while the vessel is being navigated and any part of the cargo space
when empty, any ro-ro space or any special category space in which latter case the two jets
will reach any part of such space, each from a single length of hose. Furthermore, such
hydrants are to be positioned near the accesses to the protected spaces.
In the accommodation, service and machinery spaces, the number and position of the hydrants
are to be such that the above requirements may be complied with when all watertight doors
and all doors in main vertical zone bulkheads are closed.

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4-4-1

Hoses !"99$%
The number of fire hoses to be provided, each complete with couplings and nozzles, is to be one for
each 30 m (100 ft) length of the vessel and one spare. This number does not include any hoses
required in any machinery space. For passenger vessels, a hose is to be provided for each hydrant and
in interior locations in vessels carrying more than 36 passengers, fire hoses are to be connected to the
hydrants at all times.
Fire hoses are to be of approved material. The minimum hose diameter for all vessels over 20 m
(65 ft) in length is to be not less than 38 mm (1.5 in.) diameter. For vessels 20 m (65 ft) and under,
19 mm (0.75 in.) diameter hose may be used. The hoses are to be sufficient in length to project a jet of
water to any of the spaces in which they may be required to be used. The maximum length of hose is
not to exceed 23 m (75 ft).
Each hose is to be provided with a nozzle and necessary couplings. Unless there is provided one hose
and nozzle for each hydrant in the vessel, there is to be complete interchangeability of hose couplings
and nozzles. Fire hoses, together with any necessary fittings and tools, are to be kept ready for use in
conspicuous positions near the water-service hydrants of connections.

13.5

Nozzles !"99$%
=C.F.= >+3+,(?
The minimum internal diameter of hose nozzles is not to be less than 16 mm (5/8 in.), except
as indicated in 4-4-1/13.5.2 or 4-4-1/13.5.3. Nozzles for hoses attached to hydrants in the
machinery spaces are to be suitable for spraying water on oil, or alternatively dual-purpose
nozzles. Fire hose nozzles of plastic type material, such as polycarbonate may be accepted
subject to review of their capacity and serviceability as marine use fire hose nozzles.
=C.F.A O+66+?6 =UU >,D66 $D36 (3: Z3:+,
The minimum internal diameter of nozzles may be 8 mm (5/16 in.). For vessels under 20 m
(65 ft) in length, garden type nozzles may be used.
=C.F.C !(66+34+, O+66+?6
Standard nozzle sizes are to be 12 mm (0.5 in.), 16 mm (0.625 in.) and 19 mm (0.75 in.), or as
near thereto as possible. For accommodation and service spaces, a nozzle size greater than 12 mm
(0.5 in.) need not be used. For machinery spaces and exterior locations, the nozzle size is to
be such as to obtain the maximum discharge possible from two jets at the referenced pressures
in 4-4-1/9.3 from the smallest pump. However, a nozzle size greater than 19 mm (0.75 in.)
need not be used.

15

Portable Extinguishers
For all self-propelled vessels and all barges having facilities for 36 persons or more, portable extinguishers
are to be provided in the quantities and locations indicated in 4-4-1/Tables 1 and 2.

17

Shutdowns and Closures

17.1

Ventilation Fans and Openings !2009%


Means are to be provided for stopping ventilating fans serving machinery and cargo spaces, and for
closing all doorways, ventilators and other openings to such spaces. These means are to be capable of
being manually operated from outside of such spaces in the event of a fire. See 4-5-2/17.1.1.

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4-4-1

Other Auxiliaries !2009%


Machinery driving forced- and induced-draft fans, oil-fuel transfer pumps, oil-fuel unit pumps and
other similar fuel pumps, fired equipment such as an incinerator, lubricating oil service pumps,
thermal oil circulating pumps and oil separators (purifiers) are to be fitted with remote shutdowns
situated outside of the spaces concerned so that they may be stopped in the event of a fire arising in
the space. This need not apply to oily water separators. See 4-5-2/17.1.2.
In addition to the remote shutdowns required above, a means to shutdown the equipment is to be
provided within the space itself.

19

Fixed Fire Extinguishing Systems for Machinery Spaces

19.1

Provision
An approved fixed fire extinguishing system is to be provided for spaces containing any of the following:
i)

Boiler, heater or incinerator of the oil-fired type

ii)

Oil-fuel unit used for the preparation and delivery of fuel oil to oil-fired boilers (including
incinerators and inert gas generators), internal-combustion engines or gas turbines at a pressure
of more than 1.8 kgf/ cm2, 26 psi).

iii)

Internal-combustion engines where the aggregate total power output exceeds 375 kW (500 HP)
and the vessels gross tonnage exceeds 500.

Paint lockers and flammable liquid lockers with a deck area of 4 m2 (43 ft2) or greater are also to be
fitted with a fixed fire extinguishing system.

19.3

Carbon Dioxide Systems


Where a fixed carbon dioxide fire-extinguishing system is installed, the system is to comply with the
following requirements:
=K.C.=&8?03:+,6
Containers for the storage of fire-extinguishing medium and associated pressure components
are to be designed in accordance with Part 4, Chapter 4 of the Steel Vessel Rules. Means are to
be provided for the crew to safely check the quantity of medium in the containers.
=K.C.A 7*D,(4+
19.3.2(a) General. The cylinders are to be located outside the protected space in a room which
is situated in a safe and readily accessible location. The storage room is to be gastight and
effectively ventilated. The ventilation system is to be independent of the protected space. Any
entrance to the storage room shall be independent of the protected space. The access doors to
the storage space are to open outwards.
Where space limitations do not permit the storage of extinguishing medium bottles in a
separate space, the arrangements are to be in accordance with the following:
i)

The door between the storage location and the protected space is to be self-closing
with no hold-back arrangements.

ii)

The space where cylinders are stored is to be adequately ventilated by a system which
is independent of the protected space.

iii)

Means are to be provided to prevent unauthorized release of gas, such as containment


behind a break glass.

iv)

There is to be provision to vent the bottles to the atmosphere in order to prevent a


hazard to personnel occupying the storage area.

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4-4-1

19.3.2(b) Cargo Spaces (1 July 2007). Fire-extinguishing media protecting the cargo holds
(see 4-4-1/23.1) may be stored in a room located forward of the cargo holds, but aft of the
collision bulkhead, provided that both the local manual release mechanism and remote
control(s) for the release of the media are fitted, and the latter is of robust construction or so
protected as to remain operable in case of fire in the protected spaces. The remote controls are
to be placed in the accommodation area in order to facilitate their ready accessibility by the
crew. The capability to release different quantities of fire-extinguishing media into different
cargo holds so protected is to be included in the remote release arrangement.
=K.C.C "?(,9
Means are to be provided for automatically giving audible warning of the release of
fire-extinguishing medium into any space to which personnel normally have access. The
alarm is to operate for at least a 20-second period before the gas is released.
=K.C.- &D3*,D?6
The necessary pipes for conveying fire extinguishing medium into protected spaces are to be
provided with control valves marked to clearly indicate the spaces to which the pipes are led.
Suitable provision is to be made to prevent inadvertent admission of the medium to any space.
Automatic release of fire-extinguishing medium is not permitted.
The means for control of any fixed gas fire-extinguishing system are to be readily accessible,
simple to operate and are to be grouped together in as few locations as possible at positions
not likely to be cut off by a fire in a protected space. At each location, there are to be clear
instructions relating to the operation of the system, having due regard for the safety of personnel.
Means are to be provided to close all openings which may admit air to, or allow gas to escape
from, a protected space. See 4-4-1/17.
=K.C.F >(6 [5(3*0*8 !2002%
For machinery spaces, the quantity of carbon dioxide carried is to be sufficient to give a
minimum volume of free gas equal to the larger of the following volumes, either:
i)

40_ of the gross volume of the largest machinery space so protected, the volume to
exclude that part of the casing above the level at which the horizontal area of the
casing is 40_ or less of the horizontal area of the space concerned taken midway
between the tank top and the lowest part of the casing` or

ii)

35_ of the gross volume of the largest machinery space protected, including the casing`

provided that the above mentioned percentages may be reduced to 35_ and 30_, respectively,
for cargo vessels of less than 2000 gross tonnage` provided also that if two or more machinery
spaces are not entirely separate they are to be considered as forming one space.
For cargo spaces, the quantity of carbon dioxide available is to be sufficient to give a minimum
volume of free gas equal to 30_ of the gross volume of the largest cargo space so protected in
the vessel.
For the purpose of these requirements, the volume of free carbon dioxide is to be calculated at
0.56 m3/kg (9 ft3/lb).
An additional quantity of fire-extinguishing medium is to be provided where the volume of
free air contained in the air receivers in any space is such that it would seriously affect the
efficiency of the fixed fire-extinguishing system if released into the space in the event of a
fire.
Where the quantity of extinguishing medium is required to protect more than one space, the
amount of medium available need not be more than the largest quantity required to protect the
largest space.
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4-4-1

=K.C.B >(6 J06*,0M5*0D3 786*+9


The fixed piping system is to be such that 85_ of the gas can be discharged into the space
within two minutes. The piping within the space is to be proportioned to give proper distribution
to the outlets. The number, type and location of discharge outlets are to be such as to give
uniform distribution throughout the space.

19.5

Other Fixed Gas Extinguishing Medium


Consideration will be given to other gas smothering agents where it can be shown that the system is
equivalent to carbon dioxide extinguishing.

21

Segregation of Fuel Oil Purifiers !"99$%


Fuel oil purifiers for heated oil are to be placed in a separate room or rooms, enclosed by steel
bulkheads extending from deck-to-deck and provided with self-closing doors. In addition, the room(s)
is to be provided with the following (see also 4-4-1/17):
i)

Independent mechanical ventilation or a ventilation arrangement which can be isolated from


the machinery space ventilation

ii)

Fire detection system

iii)

Fixed fire extinguishing system capable of activation from outside the room. The extinguishing
system is to be separate for the room but may be part of the main fire extinguishing system
for the machinery space.

iv)

Means of closing ventilation openings from a position close to where the fire extinguishing
system is activated.

If it is impracticable to locate the fuel oil purifiers in a separate room, special consideration will be
given in regard to location, containment of possible leakage, shielding and ventilation. In such cases, a
local fixed fire extinguishing system is to be provided and arranged to be activated automatically,
where permitted, or manually from the machinery control position or from another suitable location.
If automatic release is provided, additional manual release is also to be arranged.

23

Protection of Cargo Spaces

23.1

Cargo Vessels of 2000 Gross Tons and Over


Except otherwise indicated in these Rules, cargo spaces of cargo vessels of 2,000 gross tons and
above are to he provided with approved fixed fire extinguishing systems.

23.3

Fixed Fire-Extinguishing Systems


Fixed fire-extinguishing systems for cargo spaces and pump room of tankers, liquefied gas and special
product carriers will be specially considered. Where the cargo area or pump room of a vessel intended
to carry chemicals is fitted with a fixed system, care is to be taken to ensure that the extinguishing
medium is compatible with the cargoes being carried.

23.5

Fire Protection on Chemical Barges


Chemical barges are to comply with the requirements of Part 151 Subchapter O of Chapter I Title 46
CFR. Where Table 151.05 of 46 CFR indicates that fire protection is required, portable fire extinguishers
are to be provided in accordance with 4-4-1/Tables 1 and 2 of these Rules.

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25

Additional Requirements for Vessels Intended to Carry


Passengers

25.1

Fixed Fire Detection and Fire Alarm Systems, Automatic Sprinkler, Fire
Detection and Fire Alarm System

4-4-1

AF.=.= O+66+?6 &(,,8034 CB !(66+34+,6 D, Y+66


There is to be installed throughout each separate vertical or horizontal fire zone, in all
accommodation and service spaces, and where it is considered necessary, also in control
stations (except such spaces which afford no substantial fire risk, such as void spaces, sanitary
spaces, etc.) either:
i)

A fixed fire detection and fire alarm system of an approved type and complying with
the requirements of 4-4-1/25.1.4 and so installed and arranged as to detect the
presence of fire in such spaces` or

ii)

An automatic sprinkler, fire detection and fire alarm system of an approved type and
complying with the requirements of 4-4-1/25.1.5 and so installed and arranged as to
protect such spaces and, in addition, a fixed fire detection and fire alarm of an
approved type complying with the requirements of 4-4-1/25.1.4 so installed and
arranged as to provide smoke detection in corridors, stairways and escape routes
within accommodation spaces.

AF.=.A O+66+?6 &(,,8034 HD,+ *'(3 CB !(66+34+,6


An automatic sprinkler, fire detection and fire alarm system of an approved type and complying
with the requirements of 4-4-1/25.1.5 is to be installed and arranged to protect all service
spaces, control stations and accommodation spaces, including corridors and stairways. As an
alternative, control stations where water may cause damage to essential equipment may be
fitted with an approved fire extinguishing system of another type.
In addition to the automatic sprinkler, fire detection and fire alarm system, a fixed fire detection
and fire alarm system of an approved type and complying with 4-4-1/25.1.4 is to be installed
and arranged to provide smoke detection in service spaces, control stations and accommodation
spaces, including corridors and stairways. Smoke detectors need not be fitted in private bathrooms
and galleys.
AF.=.C &D3*,D? 7*(*0D3 GD, /0,+ J+*+N*0D3 "?(,96
The fire detection alarms for the systems required by 4-4-1/25.1.2 are to be centralized in a
continuously manned central control station. In addition, the controls for remote closing of the
fire doors and shutting down the ventilation fans are to be centralized in the same location.
The ventilation fans are to be capable of reactivation by the crew at this control station.
The control panels at the central control station are to be capable of indicating the positions of
the fire doors (open or closed) and the status of the detectors, alarms, fans (stopped or running).
The control panel is to be continuously powered and is to be provided with an automatic
changeover to standby power upon loss of normal power supply. Power for the control panel
is to be supplied by the main source of electrical power and the emergency source of electrical
power.
The control panel is to be designed on the fail-safe principle` an open detector circuit is to
cause an alarm condition.

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4-4-1

AF.=.- /02+: /0,+ J+*+N*0D3 (3: /0,+ "?(,9 786*+96


Where a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system is required, it is to be in accordance with
the following:
25.1.4(a) General. Detectors and manually operated call points are to be grouped into
sections. A section of detectors is not to service spaces on both sides of the vessel nor on
more than one deck, and it is not to be situated in more than one main vertical zone except
that if it can be demonstrated that the protection of the vessel against fire will not be reduced,
such an arrangement may be accepted.
25.1.4(b) Alarm. The activation of any detector or manually operated call points is to initiate
a visual and audible fire signal at the control panel and indicating units. If the signals have not
received attention within two minutes, an audible alarm is to be automatically sounded
throughout the crew accommodation and service spaces, control stations and propulsion
machinery spaces. This alarm sounder system need not be an integral part of the detection
system.
25.1.4(c) Control Panel. The control panel is to be located on the navigation bridge or in the
main fire control station.
25.1.4(d) Indicating Units. Indicating units are to denote the section in which a detector or
manually operated call point has operated. At least one unit is to be so located that it is easily
accessible to responsible members of the crew at all times when underway or in port except
when the vessel is out of service. One indicating unit is to be located on the navigation bridge
if the control panel is located in the main fire control station.
Clear information is to be displayed on or adjacent to each indicating unit about the spaces
covered and the location of the sections.
AF.=.F "5*D9(*0N 7),03Q?+,R /0,+ J+*+N*0D3 (3: /0,+ "?(,9 786*+96
Following are the requirements for automatic sprinkler, fire detection and fire alarm systems
required for vessels over 30.5 m (100 ft). Vessels of 30.5 m (100 ft) and under will be subject
to special consideration.
25.1.5(a) General. Any required automatic sprinkler, fire detection and fire alarm system is
to be capable of immediate operation at all times without requiring action by the crew to set it
in operation. It is to be of the wet type, but small exposed sections may be of the dry type
where determined that this is a necessary precaution. Any parts of the system which may be
subject to freezing temperatures in service are to be suitably protected against freezing. The
system is to be kept charged at the necessary pressure and is to have provision for a
continuous supply of water.
25.1.5(b) Alarm. Each section of sprinklers is to include means for giving a visual and
audible alarm signal automatically at one or more indicating units whenever any sprinkler
comes into operation. Such alarm systems are to indicate any fault in the system upon its
occurrence.
25.1.5(c) Indicating Units. Indicating units are to give an indication of fire and its location in
any space served by the system and are to be centralized on the navigation bridge or in the in
the main fire control station, which is to be manned or equipped so as to ensure that any alarm
from the system is immediately received by a responsible member of the crew.
A list or plan is to be displayed at each indicating unit showing the spaces covered and the
locations of the zone in respect of each section. Suitable instruction for testing and maintenance
is to be available.

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25.1.5(d) Sprinklers. Sprinklers are to be grouped into separate sections. A section of


sprinklers is not to serve more than two decks nor be situated in more than one main vertical
zone except that if it can be demonstrated that the protection of the vessel against fire will not
be reduced, such an arrangement may be accepted.
The sprinklers are to be resistant to corrosion by marine atmosphere. In accommodation and
service spaces, the sprinklers are to come into operation within the temperature range of 68 to
79C (154 to 174F), except that in locations such as drying rooms, where high ambient
temperatures might be expected, the operating temperature may be increased no more than
30C (54F) above the maximum deck head temperature.
Sprinklers are to be placed in an overhead position and spaced in a suitable pattern to
maintain an average application rate of not less than 5 l/m2 (0.12 gal/ft2) per minute over the
nominal areas covered by the sprinklers.
25.1.5(e) Isolation Valves. Each section of sprinklers is to be capable of being isolated by
one stop valve only. The stop valve in each section is to be readily accessible and its location
is to be clearly and permanently indicated. Means are to be provided to prevent the operation
of stop valves by unauthorized persons.
25.1.5(f) Pressure Indication. A gauge indicating the pressure in the system is to be
provided at each section stop valve and at a central location.
25.1.5(g) Pressure Tank. A pressure tank is to be provided and contain a standing charge of
freshwater equivalent to the amount of water that would be discharged in one minute by the
pump referred to in item 4-4-1/25.1.5(h). The volume of the pressure tank is to be at least
twice that of the required charge of freshwater. Arrangements are to such that the air pressure
in the tank after the standing charge of water has been used will not be less than the working
pressure of the sprinkler plus the pressure exerted by a head of water measured from the
bottom of the tank to the highest sprinkler in the system. Suitable means of replenishing the
air under pressure and of replenishing the freshwater charge in the tank are to be provided. A
glass gauge is to be provided to indicate the correct level of water in the tank.
Means are to be provided to prevent the passage of sea water into the tank.
25.1.5(h) Pump and Piping System. An independent-power pump is to be provided solely for
the purpose of automatically continuing the discharge of water from the sprinklers. The pump
is to be brought into action automatically upon pressure drop in the system before the
standing freshwater charge in the pressure tank is completely exhausted.
The pump and piping system are to be capable of maintaining the necessary pressure at the
level of the highest sprinkler to ensure a continuous output of water sufficient for the
simultaneous coverage of a minimum area of 280 m2 (3014 ft2) at the application rate required
in item 4-4-1/25.1.5(d).
25.1.5(i) Test Valve. The pump is to have fitted on the delivery side a test valve with a short
open-ended discharge pipe. The effective area through the valve and pipe is to be adequate to
permit the release of the required pump output while maintaining the pressure in the system
required in item 4-4-1/25.1.5(h).
25.1.5(j) Water Supply. The water inlet to the pump is to be so arranged that when the vessel
is afloat, it will not be necessary to shut off the supply of water to the pump for any purpose
other than inspection or repair of the pump.

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4-4-1

Special Category Spaces


Special category spaces as defined in 3-4-1/3.7 are to comply with the following:
AF.C.= /02+: /0,+ 12*034506'034 786*+9
Each special category space is to be fitted with an approved fixed pressure water spraying
system for manual operation which will protect all parts of any deck and vehicle platform in
such space. Suitable provisions are to be provided to drain or pump out water that may
accumulate due to operation of the water spraying system. The use of any other fixed fire
extinguishing system that has been shown by full scale test in conditions simulating a flowing
petrol fire in a special category space to be not less effective in controlling fires likely to
occur in such a space will be specially considered.
AF.C.A /0,+ J+*+N*0D3 (3: "?(,9 786*+9
i)
An approved fixed fire detection and alarm system complying with 4-4-1/25.1.4 is to
be provided. The fixed fire detection system is to be capable of rapidly detecting the
onset of fire. The spacing and location of detectors is to be tested to the satisfaction of
the Bureau taking into account the effects of ventilation and other relevant factors.
ii)

Manually operated call points are to be provided throughout the special category
spaces and one is to be placed close to each exit from such spaces.

AF.C.C /0,+ 12*034506'034 1;50)9+3*


The following equipment is to be provided in each special category space.

25.5

i)

At least three water fog applicators.

ii)

One portable applicator unit consisting of an air foam nozzle of an inductor type
capable of being connected to the fire main together with a portable tank containing at
least 20 liters (5 U.S. gallons) of foam making liquid and one spare tank provided that
at least two such units are available on the vessel for use in such spaces. The nozzle is
to be capable of producing effective foam suitable for extinguishing an oil fire at the
rate of at least 90 m3/hr (3180 ft3/hr).

iii)

Portable fire extinguishers suitable for fighting oil fires are to be provided at each
vehicle deck level in all spaces where vehicles are carried. Extinguishers are to be
located not more than 20 m (65 ft) apart, on both sides of the vessel including at least
one extinguisher located at each cargo space access.

Cargo Spaces, Other than Special Category Spaces, Intended for the Carriage
of Motor Vehicles with Fuel in their Tanks
All cargo spaces (other than special category spaces) containing vehicles with fuel in their tanks are to
comply with the following:
AF.F.= /02+: /0,+ J+*+N*0D3 786*+9
An approved fixed fire detection and alarm system complying with 4-4-1/25.1.4 or an approved
sample smoke detection system is to be provided. The design and arrangements of this system
are to be considered in conjunction with the ventilation requirements.

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

273

Part
Chapter
Section

4
4
1

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Fire Extinguishing Systems and Equipment
All Vessels

4-4-1

AF.F.A /02+: /0,+ 12*034506'034 786*+9


An approved fixed gas fire extinguishing system complying with 4-4-1/19.3 is to be provided,
except that the quantity of gas available is to be at least sufficient to give a minimum volume
of free gas equal to 45_ of the gross volume of the largest such cargo space which is capable
of being sealed, and the arrangements are to be such as to ensure that at least two-thirds of the
gas required for the relevant spaces is introduced within 10 minutes. A fixed high-expansion
foam system may be fitted provided it gives equivalent protection. As an alternative, a system
meeting the requirements of 4-4-1/25.3.1 may be fitted.
AF.F.C /0,+ 12*034506'034 1;50)9+3*
Portable fire extinguishers are to be provided as required in 4-4-1/25.3.3iii).

25.7

Other Cargo Spaces


For vessels of 1,000 gross tons and above, cargo spaces not covered under 4-4-1/25.3 or 4-4-1/25.5
are to be protected by a fixed gas fire extinguishing system complying with 4-4-1/19.3 or by a fixed
high expansion foam fire extinguishing system which gives equivalent protection.

25.9

Special Arrangements in Machinery Spaces


AF.K.= #+9D*+ &D3*,D?6
The controls as required in 4-4-1/17 and the controls for any required fire-extinguishing system
are to be situated at one control position or grouped in as few positions as possible. Such
positions are to have a safe access from the open deck.
AF.K.A /5+? T0? $(3Q6
Free standing fuel oil tanks are not permitted in defined machinery spaces.
AF.K.C 7D53:034 !0)+6
In addition to 4-3-3/9, other means of ascertaining the amount of fuel oil in any fuel oil tank
will be considered if such means do not require penetration below the tank top and providing
their failure or overfilling of the tanks will not permit release of fuel oil.
AF.K.- JDD,6 03 H(N'03+,8 7)(N+6
Doors, other than power-operated sliding watertight doors, are to have positive closure in case
of fire. Such doors are to have power-operated closing arrangements or self-closing doors
capable of closing against an opposing inclination of 3.5 degrees which may have a fail-safe
hook back arrangement. The closing arrangements are to be operable locally and from the
central control station. See also 3-3-1/19.
AF.K.F LDPP?+6
In vessels carrying more than 36 passengers, each machinery space for which a fixed fire
extinguishing system is required by 4-4-1/19.1 is to be provided with at least two suitable
water fog applicators.

25.11 Alarm Systems


An approved manual alarm system complying with the requirements of the Administration or a
separate alarm system independent of the vesselds fire alarm system is to be installed in all areas,
other than the main machinery spaces, which are normally accessible to the passengers or crew.

274

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Part
Chapter
Section

4
4
1

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Fire Extinguishing Systems and Equipment
All Vessels

4-4-1

25.13 General or Special Fire Alarm


A special fire alarm, operated from the navigation bridge or fire control station, is to be fitted to
summon the crew. This alarm may be part of the vesselds general alarm system but is to be capable of
being sounded independently of the alarm to the passenger spaces.

25.15 Public Address System


A public address system or other effective means of communication is to be provided throughout the
accommodation and service spaces and control stations and open decks.

25.17 Portable Communication Equipment


For vessels carrying more than 36 passengers, a sufficient number of two-way portable radio telephone
apparatus are to be available onboard for each member of the fire patrol.

25.19 Fire Control Plans


A fire control plan is to be permanently exhibited for the guidance of the vesselds officers. Fire control
plans are to be general arrangement plans showing for each deck provision, location, controls and
particulars, as applicable, of fixed fire detection, alarm and extinguishing systems, portable fire-fighting
equipment and appliances, controls of fuel oil pumps and valves and ventilation system shut-downs,
fan control positions and closing of openings. They are also Class divisions, the sections enclosed by
VBW Class divisions, means of access to different compartments, decks, etc., and the identification
numbers of ventilating fan serving each section.

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

275

Part
Chapter
Section

4
4
1

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Fire Extinguishing Systems and Equipment
All Vessels

4-4-1

TABLE 1
Classification of Portable and Semi-portable Extinguishers
Fire extinguishers are designated by type as follows: A, for fires in combustible materials such as wood` B, for fires in
flammable liquids and greases` C, for fires in electrical equipment.
Fire extinguishers are designated by size where I is the smallest and size v is the largest. Sizes I and II are hand portable
extinguishers and sizes III and V are semi-portable extinguishers.

Type

Size

Soda-Acid and Water


liters (US gallons)

A
B
B
B
B
C

II
II
III
IV
V
II

9 (2.5)

Classification

Foam
liters (US gallons)

Carbon Dioxide
kg (lb)

Dry Chemical
kg (lb)

9 (2.5)
9 (2.5)
45 (12)
76 (20)
152 (40)

6.8 (15)
15.8 (35)
22.5 (50)
45 (100) (2)
6.8 (15)

2.25 (5) (1)


4.5 (10)
9 (20)
13.5 (30)
22.5 (50)
4.5 (10)

Notes:
1

Must be specifically approved as Type A, B, C extinguisher

For outside use, double the amount to be carried.

TABLE 2
Portable and Semi-portable Extinguisher Locations
Space

Quantity and Location (5)

Classification

Safety Areas
Communicating corridors

A-II or B-II

1 in each main corridor not more than 23 m (75 ft) apart. (May be located in
stairways.) See Note 1

B-II or C-II
B-II

1 for each 230 m2 (2500 ft2) or fraction thereof for hazards involved.
1 outside the space in vicinity of exit.

Service Spaces
Galleys
Paint or lamp rooms
Machinery Spaces
Oil-fired boilers: Spaces
containing oil-fired boilers, or
their fuel oil units
Internal combustion or gas
turbine propulsion machinery
spaces
Electric motors or generators
of the open type
Auxiliary spaces containing
internal combustion or gas
turbine units
Auxiliary spaces emergency
generators

B-II
and B-IV

1 required
1 required

B-II
and B-III

1 for each 746 kW (1000 hp), but not less than 2 nor more than 6. See Note 2.
1 required. See Notes 2 and 3.

C-II

1 for each motor or generator unit.

B-II

1 required in vicinity of exit.

C-II

1 required in vicinity of exit.

Cargo Areas
Pump rooms
Cargo tank areas

276

B-II
B-II
and B-V

1 required in vicinity of exit. See Note 4


2 required. See Notes 5 and 7.
1 required. See Notes 4, 6 and 7.

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

Part
Chapter
Section

4
4
1

Vessel Systems and Machinery


Fire Extinguishing Systems and Equipment
All Vessels

4-4-1

TABLE 2 (continued)
Portable and Semi-portable Extinguishers
Notes:
1

In general, portable extinguishers in which the medium is stored under pressure are not to be stored in passenger or
crew accommodations.

If oil burning auxiliary boiler fitted in space, the B-IV previously required for the protection of the boiler may be
substituted. Not required where a fixed carbon dioxide system is installed.

Not required on vessels of less than 300 gross tons if fuel has a flash point higher than 43C (110F).

Not required if fixed system installed.

If no cargo pump on barge, only one B-II required.

Not required for barges less than 100 gross tons.

Where foam is used it is to be compatible with cargoes being carried.

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

277

This Page Intentionally Left Blank

PART

Chapter

5.

Electrical

Installations

$
CHAPTER

&

'()*+,-*.( /01+.((.+-201

CONTENTS
SECTION ,

G./.0123333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333324#
1

Applications........................................................................287

Definitions ..........................................................................287
3.1

Earthed Distribution System.......................................... 287

3.3

Essential Services......................................................... 287

3.5

Explosion-proof (Flameproof) Equipment...................... 288

3.7

Hazardous Area (Hazardous Location) ......................... 288

3.9

Hull-return System ........................................................ 288

3.11

Intrinsically-safe ............................................................ 288

3.13

Increased Safety ........................................................... 288

3.15

Non-periodic Duty Rating .............................................. 288

3.17

Non-sparking Fan.......................................................... 289

3.19

Periodic Duty Rating ..................................................... 289

3.21

Portable Apparatus ....................................................... 289

3.23

Pressurized Equipment ................................................. 289

3.25

Semi-enclosed Space ................................................... 289

3.27

Separate Circuit ............................................................ 289

3.29

Short Circuit .................................................................. 289

3.31

Short-time Rating .......................................................... 289

Plans and Data to Be Submitted........................................289

Standard Distribution System ............................................289

Voltage and Frequency Variations.....................................290

11

Inclination...........................................................................290

13

Materials ............................................................................290

15

Insulation Material..............................................................290

17

15.1

Class A Insulation ......................................................... 290

15.3

Class B Insulation ......................................................... 290

15.5

Class E Insulation ......................................................... 290

15.7

Class F Insulation.......................................................... 291

15.9

Class H Insulation ......................................................... 291

15.11

Insulation for Temperature Above 180C (356F) ......... 291

Degree of Protection for Enclosure....................................291

!"# RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS & INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

2#9

19

SECTION 2

19.1

General..........................................................................291

19.3

Reduced Ambient Temperature ....................................291

21

Clearances and Creepage Distances ................................292

23

Service Trial .......................................................................292


23.1

Electrical Installation for Ship Services..........................292

23.3

Communication Facilities...............................................292

TABLE 1

Voltage and Frequency Variations...........................293

TABLE 2

Degree of Protection of Electrical Equipment


(First IP Numeral).....................................................293

TABLE 3

Degree of Protection of Electrical Equipment


(Second IP Numeral) ...............................................294

TABLE 4

Primary Essential Services ......................................295

TABLE 5

Secondary Essential Services .................................295

S6789:10; S<=>.?= 33333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333 29#


1

240

Temperature Ratings .........................................................291

Plans and Data to be Submitted ........................................297


1.1

Wiring ............................................................................297

1.3

Short-circuit Data...........................................................298

1.5

Protective Device Coordination .....................................298

1.7

Load Analysis ................................................................298

Main Source of Power........................................................298


3.1

Propulsion .....................................................................298

3.3

Ship]s Service................................................................298

3.5

Main Transformers ........................................................298

Emergency Source of Power .............................................299


5.1

Non-passenger Vessels ................................................299

5.3

Passenger Vessels........................................................299

Distribution System ............................................................299


7.1

Ship Service Distribution System ..................................299

7.3

Hull Return System .......................................................300

7.5

Earthed Distribution Systems ........................................300

7.7

External or Shore Power Supply Connection ................301

7.9

Harmonics .....................................................................301

Circuit Protection System...................................................301


9.1

System Design ..............................................................301

9.3

Protection for Generators ..............................................303

9.5

Protection for Alternating-current (AC) Generators .......304

9.7

Protection for Direct Current (DC) Generators ..............305

9.9

Protection for Accumulator Batteries .............................305

9.11

Protection for External or Shore Power Supply .............306

9.13

Protection for Motor Branch Circuits..............................306

9.15

Protection for Transformer Circuits................................307

9.17

Protection for Meters, Pilot Lamps and Control


Circuits ..........................................................................307

!"# RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS & INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

11

13

SECTION 3

System for Steering Gear ..................................................308


11.1

Power Supply Feeder.................................................... 308

11.3

Protection for Steering Gear Circuit .............................. 308

11.5

Controls, Instrumentation, and Alarms .......................... 308

Lighting and Navigation Light Systems..............................309


13.1

Lighting System............................................................. 309

13.3

Navigation Light System ............................................... 310

13.5

Emergency and Interior-communication


Switchboard .................................................................. 310

15

Refrigerated Space Alarm .................................................310

17

Fire Protection Systems.....................................................311


17.1

Emergency Stop............................................................ 311

17.3

Fire Detection and Alarm System.................................. 311

S6789:10; I/=>1221>7:/ 33333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333,3


1

Plans and Data to be Submitted ........................................313


1.1

Booklet of Standard Details........................................... 313

1.3

Arrangement of Electrical Equipment............................ 313

1.5

Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Areas ..................... 313

1.7

Maintenance Schedule of Batteries............................... 314

Equipment Installation and Arrangement...........................314


3.1

General Consideration .................................................. 314

3.3

Generators .................................................................... 315

3.5

Ship Service Motors ...................................................... 316

3.7

Accumulator Batteries ................................................... 316

3.9

Switchboard .................................................................. 319

3.11

Distribution Boards........................................................ 319

3.13

Motor Controllers and Control Centers.......................... 319

3.15

Resistors for Control Apparatus .................................... 320

3.17

Lighting Fixtures............................................................ 320

3.19

Heating Equipment........................................................ 320

3.21

Magnetic Compasses.................................................... 320

3.23

Portable Equipment and Outlets ................................... 320

3.25

Receptacles and Plugs of Different Ratings .................. 320

Cable Installation ...............................................................321


5.1

General Considerations ................................................ 321

5.3

Insulation Resistance for New Installation..................... 322

5.5

Protection for Electric-magnetic Induction..................... 322

5.7

Joints and Sealing......................................................... 323

5.9

Support, Fixing and Bending ......................................... 323

5.11

Cable Run in Bunches .................................................. 324

5.13

Deck and Bulkhead Penetrations .................................. 325

5.15

Mechanical Protection................................................... 325

5.17

Emergency and Essential Feeders ............................... 325

5.19

Mineral Insulated Cables............................................... 326

5.21

Fiber Optic Cables ........................................................ 326

5.23

Battery Room ................................................................ 326

!"# RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS & INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

24,

5.25

11

SECTION A

5.27

Sheathing and Structural Insulation...............................326

5.29

Splicing of Electrical Cables ..........................................326

5.31

Splicing of Fiber Optic Cables .......................................327

5.33

Cable Junction Box .......................................................327

Earthing..............................................................................328
7.1

General..........................................................................328

7.3

Permanent Equipment...................................................328

7.5

Connections ..................................................................328

7.7

Portable Cords ..............................................................329

7.9

Cable Metallic Covering.................................................329

7.11

Lightning Earth Conductors ...........................................329

Installation in Cargo Hold for Dry Bulk Cargoes ................329


9.1

Equipment .....................................................................329

9.3

Self-unloading Controls and Alarms ..............................329

Equipment and Installation in Hazardous Areas................330


11.1

General Considerations.................................................330

11.3

Certified-safe Type and Pressurized Equipment and


Systems.........................................................................330

11.5

Paint Stores...................................................................332

11.7

Non-sparking Fans ........................................................333

TABLE 1

Minimum Degree of Protection ................................334

TABLE 2

Minimum Bending Radii of Cables...........................335

TABLE 3

Size of Earth-continuity Conductors and Earthing


Connections .............................................................335

FIGURE 1

Example of Protected Area, Adjacent Area of


Direct Spray and Adjacent Area where Water
May Extend ..............................................................315

B1C67/.0< 1/; EDE78?./> 333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333 33#


1

Plans and Data to Be Submitted........................................337


1.1

242

Paneling and Dome Fixtures .........................................326

Generators and Motors of 100 kW and Over.................337

1.3

Generators and Motors Below 100 kW..........................337

1.5

Switchboards, Distribution Boards, etc., for Essential


or Emergency Services or Refrigerated Cargoes ..........337

Rotating Machines .............................................................337


3.1

General..........................................................................337

3.3

Testing and Inspection ..................................................338

3.5

Insulation Resistance Measurement .............................338

3.7

Overload and Overcurrent Capability ............................339

3.9

Dielectric Strength of Insulation.....................................339

3.11

Temperature Ratings.....................................................340

3.13

Construction and Assemblies ........................................340

3.15

Lubrication.....................................................................341

3.17

Turbines for Generators ................................................341

!"# RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS & INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

3.19

11

13

Diesel Engines for Generators ...................................... 342

3.21

Alternating-current (AC) Generators ............................. 343

3.23

Direct-current (DC) Generators ..................................... 344

Accumulator Batteries........................................................345
5.1

General ......................................................................... 345

5.3

Construction and Assembly .......................................... 346

5.5

Engine-starting Battery.................................................. 346

Switchboards, Distribution Boards, Controllers, etc. .........346


7.1

General ......................................................................... 346

7.3

Testing and Inspection .................................................. 347

7.5

Insulation Resistance Measurement ............................. 347

7.7

Dielectric Strength of Insulation..................................... 348

7.9

Construction and Assembly .......................................... 348

7.11

Bus Bars, Wiring and Contacts ..................................... 349

7.13

Control and Protective Devices ..................................... 350

7.15

Switchboards................................................................. 350

7.17

Motor Controllers and Control Centers.......................... 351

7.19

Battery Systems and Uninterruptible Power Systems


(UPS) ............................................................................ 351

Transformers......................................................................354
9.1

General ......................................................................... 354

9.3

Temperature Rise ......................................................... 354

9.5

Construction and Assembly .......................................... 354

9.7

Testing .......................................................................... 355

Other Electric and Electronics Devices..............................355


11.1

Circuit Breakers............................................................. 355

11.3

Fuses ............................................................................ 355

11.5

Semiconductor Converters............................................ 356

11.7

Cable Junction Boxes ................................................... 356

Cables and Wires...............................................................356


13.1

Cable Construction........................................................ 356

13.3

Portable and Flexing Electric Cables ............................ 358

13.5

Mineral-insulated Metal-sheathed Cable....................... 358

TABLE 1

Factory Test Schedule for Generators and


Motors ' 100 kW (135 hp) .......................................359

TABLE 2

Dielectric Strength Test for Rotating Machines .......359

TABLE 3

Limits of Temperature Rise for Air-cooled Rotating


Machines..................................................................360

TABLE 4

Nameplates ..............................................................361

TABLE 5

Factory Testing Schedule for Switchboards,


Chargers, Motor Control Centers and
Controllers................................................................363

TABLE 6

Clearance and Creepage Distance for


Switchboards, Distribution Boards,
Chargers, Motor Control Centers
and Controllers.........................................................363

TABLE 7

Equipment and Instrumentation for Switchboard.....364

!"# RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS & INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

243

SECTION F

TABLE 8

Temperature Rise for Transformers.........................365

TABLE 9

Types of Cable Insulation ........................................365

TABLE 10

Maximum Current Carrying Capacity for Insulated


Copper Wires and Cables.......................................366

S8.C7127G.; I/=>1221>7:/= 333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333 3H9


1

SECTION H

High Voltage Systems........................................................369


1.1

General..........................................................................369

1.3

System Design ..............................................................370

1.5

Circuit Breakers and Switches Auxiliary Circuit


Power Supply Systems ..................................................370

1.7

Circuit Protection ...........................................................371

1.9

Equipment Installation and Arrangement ......................372

1.11

Machinery and Equipment.............................................373

Bridge Control of Propulsion Machinery ............................376


3.1

Control Capability ..........................................................376

3.3

Emergency Stopping .....................................................376

3.5

Order of Control Station Command ...............................376

3.7

Local Control .................................................................376

3.9

Bridge Control Indicators ...............................................376

Electric Propulsion System ................................................376


5.1

General..........................................................................376

5.3

System Design ..............................................................377

5.5

Propulsion Power Supply Systems................................378

5.7

Circuit Protection ...........................................................379

5.9

Protection for Earth Leakage.........................................380

5.11

Electric Propulsion Control ............................................381

5.13

Instrumentation at the Control Station ...........................381

5.15

Equipment Installation and Arrangement ......................382

5.17

Machinery and Equipment.............................................383

5.19

Dock and Sea Trials ......................................................386

Three-wire Dual-voltage DC System .................................386


7.1

Three-wire DC Shipds Generators .................................386

7.3

Neutral Earthing ............................................................387

7.5

Size of Neutral Conductor .............................................387

S8.C7127G.; I.==.2= 1/; S.0J7C.=333333333333333333333333333333333333 349


1

Oil Carriers.........................................................................389
1.1

24A

Application.....................................................................389

1.3

Earthed Distribution Systems ........................................389

1.5

Hazardous Areas...........................................................389

1.7

Installation of Equipment and Cables ............................390

1.9

Cargo Oil Pump Room ..................................................391

Vessels Carrying Coal in Bulk ...........................................392


3.1

Application.....................................................................392

3.3

Hazardous Areas...........................................................392

3.5

Installation of Equipment ...............................................392

!"# RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS & INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

Cargo Vessels Carrying Motor Vehicles with Fuel in


Their Tank..........................................................................393
5.1

Application .................................................................... 393

5.3

Ventilation System ........................................................ 393

5.5

Location and Type of Equipment................................... 394

Vessels Carrying Hazardous Chemicals in Bulk ...............394

Passenger Vessels ............................................................395


9.1

Emergency Source of Power ........................................ 395

9.3

Emergency Power Supply for Steering Gear ................ 399

9.5

Power Supply Through Transformers and Converters .. 399

9.7

Interior Communication Systems .................................. 399

9.9

Manually Operated Alarms............................................ 400

9.11

Services Required to be Operable Under a Fire


Condition....................................................................... 400

9.13

High Fire Risk Areas ..................................................... 401

9.15

Emergency and Essential Feeders ............................... 401

TABLE 1

Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Areas for Oil


Carriers ....................................................................403

FIGURE 1

Cables within High Fire Risk Areas .........................402

!"# RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS & INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

24F

T#$% &'() I+,)+,$-+'../ L)1, B.'+3

PART

Section

1.

General

$
CHAPTER

&

'()*+,-*.( /01+.((.+-201

SECTION

4)0),.(

!55(-*.+-201
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292

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29F

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PART

Section

2.

Shipboard

Systems

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Method of Distribution
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Through-feed Arrangements
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Motor Control Center (2006)


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Ventilation System
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7.1.7

Heating Appliances
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Circuits for Bunker or Cargo Space


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H$+$7$\$+( ,#) ;-%%$<$.$,/ -1 9'7'() ,- ,#) %/%,)7 '+9 1$4)A

T#4))O;#'%)C ,#4))OE$4) '.,)4+',$+( 8644)+, 8$486$,% '4) ,- <) ;4-,)8,)9 </ ' ,4$;.)O;-.) 8$486$,
<4)'3)4 E$,# ,#4)) -=)4.-'9 ,4$;% -4 </ ' ,4$;.)O;-.) %E$,8# E$,# ' 16%) $+ )'8# ;#'%)A A..
<4'+8# 8$486$,% '4) ,- <) ;4-,)8,)9 ', 9$%,4$<6,$-+ <-'49% -+./C '+9 '+/ 4)968,$-+ $+ 8-+968,-4
%$\)% $% ,- <) ;4-,)8,)9A D6'.O=-.,'() %/%,)7% #'=$+( '+ )'4,#)9 +)6,4'. '4) +-, ,- #'=) 16%)%
$+ ,#) +)6,4'. 8-+968,-4C <6, ' 8$486$, <4)'3)4 E#$8# %$76.,'+)-6%./ -;)+% '.. 8-+968,-4% 7'/
<) $+%,'..)9C E#)+ 9)%$4)9A I+ +- 8'%) $% ,#) 96'.O=-.,'() %/%,)7 ,- )T,)+9 <)/-+9 ,#) .'%,
9$%,4$<6,$-+ <-'49A
9.1.2

Protection Against Short-circuit


5.V.98/; L)(2$D2+A$ G$A+D$%. &4-,)8,$-+ '('$+%, %#-4,O8$486$, $% ,- <) ;4-=$9)9 1-4 )'8#
+-+O)'4,#)9 8-+968,-4 </ 7)'+% -1 8$486$, <4)'3)4% -4 16%)%A
5.V.98H; !/2$, 1=()2XD+)D"+2 *)$/W+-. 0/K/D+2E. T#) 4',)9 %#-4,O8$486$, <4)'3$+( 8';'8$,/ -1
)=)4/ ;4-,)8,$=) 9)=$8) $% +-, ,- <) .)%% ,#'+ ,#) 7'T$767 '='$.'<.) 1'6., 8644)+, ', ,#',
;-$+,A F-4 '.,)4+',$+( 8644)+, IACJC ,#) 4',)9 %#-4,O8$486$, <4)'3$+( 8';'8$,/ $% +-, ,- <) .)%%
,#'+ ,#) 4--, 7)'+ %56'4) I4A7A%AJ ='.6) -1 ,#) AC 8-7;-+)+, -1 ,#) ;4-%;)8,$=) %#-4,O8$486$,
8644)+, ', ,#) ;-$+, -1 ';;.$8',$-+A T#) 8$486$, <4)'3)4 $% ,- <) '<.) ,- <4)'3 '+/ 8644)+, #'=$+(
'+ AC 8-7;-+)+, +-, )T8))9$+( $,% 4',)9 <4)'3$+( 8';'8$,/C E#',)=)4 ,#) $+#)4)+, 9$4)8,
8644)+, IDCJ 8-7;-+)+, 7'/ <) ', ,#) <)($++$+( -1 ,#) $+,)446;,$-+A
5.V.98D; !/2$, 1=()2XD+)D"+2 Y/W+-. 0/K/D+2E. T#) 4',)9 %#-4,O8$486$, 7'3$+( 8';'8$,/ -1
)=)4/ %E$,8#$+( 9)=$8) $% ,- <) '9)56',) 1-4 7'T$767 ;)'3 ='.6) -1 ,#) ;4-%;)8,$=) %#-4,O
8$486$, 8644)+, ', ,#) ;-$+, -1 $+%,'..',$-+A T#) 8$486$, <4)'3)4 $% ,- <) '<.) ,- 7'3) ,#) 8644)+,
8-44)%;-+9$+( ,- $,% 7'3$+( 8';'8$,/ E$,#-6, -;)+$+( E$,#$+ ' ,$7) 8-44)%;-+9$+( ,- ,#)
7'T$767 ,$7) 9).'/ 4)56$4)9A

9.1.3

Protection Against Overload


5.V.U8/; 0+)D"+2 *)$/W$)%. C$486$, <4)'3)4% -4 -,#)4 7)8#'+$8'. %E$,8#$+( 9)=$8)% 1-4
-=)4.-'9 ;4-,)8,$-+ '4) ,- #'=) ' ,4$;;$+( 8#'4'8,)4$%,$8 I-=)4.-'9O,4$; ,$7)J '9)56',) 1-4 ,#)
-=)4.-'9 8';'8$,/ -1 '.. ).)7)+,% $+ ,#) %/%,)7 ,- <) ;4-,)8,)9 '+9 1-4 '+/ 9$%84$7$+',$-+
4)56$4)7)+,%A
5.V.U8H; B"%$%. A 16%) -1 (4)',)4 ,#'+ 320 '7;)4)% $% +-, ,- <) 6%)9 1-4 -=)4.-'9 ;4-,)8,$-+A
5.V.U8D; !/2+-. 8966:;. F6%) 4',$+(% '+9 4',$+( I-4 %),,$+(%C $1 '9K6%,'<.)J -1 ,$7)O9).'/ ,4$;
).)7)+,% -1 8$486$, <4)'3)4% '4) +-, ,- )T8))9 ,#) 4',)9 8644)+, 8';'8$,/ -1 ,#) 8-+968,-4 ,- <)
;4-,)8,)9 '% .$%,)9 $+ QO?OQST'<.) U0C )T8);, '% -,#)4E$%) ;)47$,,)9 1-4 ()+)4',-4C 7-,-4 '+9
,4'+%1-47)4 8$486$, ;4-,)8,$-+ $+ QO?O2S9A3C QO?O2S9AU3 '+9 QO?O2S9AU?A I1 ,#) %,'+9'49 4',$+(%
-4 %),,$+(% -1 -=)4.-'9 9)=$8)% 9- +-, 8-44)%;-+9 ,- ,#) 4',$+( -4 ,#) %),,$+( '..-E)9 1-4
8-+968,-4%C ,#) +)T, #$(#)4 %,'+9'49 4',$+( -4 %),,$+( 7'/ <) 6%)9C ;4-=$9)9 ,#', $, 9-)% +-,
)T8))9 U?0] -1 ,#) '..-E'<.) 8644)+, 8'44/$+( 8';'8$,/ -1 ,#) 8-+968,-4C E#)4) ;)47$,,)9 </
,#) S,'+9'49 ,- E#$8# ,#) 1))9)4 8'<.)% #'=) <))+ 8-+%,468,)9A ET8);, '% -,#)4E$%) ;)47$,,)9
1-4 7-,-4 '+9 ,4'+%1-47)4 <4'+8#O8$486$, ;4-,)8,$-+C '9K6%,'<.)O,4$; 8$486$, <4)'3)4% -1 ,#)
,$7)O9).'/ -4 $+%,'+,'+)-6% ,/;) '4) ,- <) %), ,- -;)4',) ', +-, 7-4) ,#'+ U?0] -1 ,#) 4',)9
8';'8$,/ -1 ,#) 8-+968,-4 ,- <) ;4-,)8,)9A
5.V.U8,; N-,+D/2+(-. T#) 4',$+( -4 %),,$+( -1 ,#) -=)4.-'9 ;4-,)8,$=) 9)=$8) 1-4 )'8# 8$486$, $%
,- <) ;)47'+)+,./ $+9$8',)9 ', ,#) .-8',$-+ -1 ,#) ;4-,)8,$=) 9)=$8)A

302

!"# RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS & INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

L10>
C618>.0
S.C>7:/

A
F
2

9.1.4

I.==.2 S<=>.?= 1/; B1C67/.0<


E2.C>07C12 I/=>1221>7:/=
S6789:10; S<=>.?=

AMFM2

Cascade System (Back-up Protection)


5.V.Z8/; [$-$)/#. @#)4) ' 8$486$, <4)'3)4 9-)% +-, #'=) ' %#-4,O8$486$, <4)'3$+( '+9S-4 7'3$+(
8';'8$,/ ', .)'%, )56'. ,- ,#) 7'T$767 ;4-%;)8,$=) %#-4,O8$486$, 8644)+, ', ,#) ;-$+, E#)4) $,
$% $+%,'..)9C $, $% ,- <) <'83)9O6; </ 16%) -4 </ ' 8$486$, <4)'3)4 -+ ,#) ()+)4',-4 %$9) #'=$+( ',
.)'%, ,#) +)8)%%'4/ %#-4,O8$486$, 4',$+( 1-4 ,#) '='$.'<.) 1'6., ', ,#) ;-$+, -1 ';;.$8',$-+A T#)
6;%,4)'7 8$486$, <4)'3)4 -4 16%) $% ,- <) %;)8$1$8'../ ';;4-=)9 1-4 <'83O6; 8-7<$+',$-+% E$,#
,#) 9-E+%,4)'7 8$486$, <4)'3)4C '+9 7'T$767 1'6., 4',$+( 1-4 ,#) 8-7<$+',$-+% $% ,- <)
;4-=$9)9A C'%8'9$+( '44'+()7)+,% )T8.69) ()+)4',-4 8$486$, <4)'3)4%A
5.V.Z8H; FKK#+D/2+(-. D-E+%,4)'7 8$486$, <4)'3)4% #'=$+( %#-4,O8$486$, 4',$+(% .)%% ,#'+ ,#)
%#-4, 8$486$, 8644)+, '='$.'<.) ', ,#) ;-$+, -1 ';;.$8',$-+C E$.. <) %;)8$'../ 8-+%$9)4)9 1-4
+-+O)%%)+,$'. 8$486$,% '+9 1-4 )%%)+,$'. 8$486$,% E#)4) '6,-7',$8 ,4'+%1)4 ,- ' 96;.$8',) 8$486$,
$% 6,$.$\)9A T#) %'7) 16%) -4 8$486$, <4)'3)4 7'/ <'83O6; 7-4) ,#'+ -+) 8$486$, <4)'3)4 E#)+
)%%)+,$'. %)4=$8)% '4) +-, $+=-.=)9A

9.1.5

Coordinated Tripping
C--49$+',)9 ,4$;;$+( $% ,- <) ;4-=$9)9 <),E))+ ()+)4',-4C <6% ,$)C <6% 1))9)4 '+9 1))9)4
;4-,)8,$=) 9)=$8)%A S)) '.%- QO?O2S9A3A2 '+9 QO?O2S9A>AUA ET8);, 1-4 8'%8'9) %/%,)7 I<'836;
;4-,)8,$-+J $+ QO?O2S9AUAQC ,#) 8--49$+',)9 ,4$;;$+( $% '.%- ,- <) ;4-=$9)9 <),E))+ 1))9)4 '+9
<4'+8#O8$486$, ;4-,)8,$=) 9)=$8)% 1-4 )%%)+,$'. %)4=$8)%A C-+,$+6$,/ -1 %)4=$8) ,- )%%)+,$'. 8$486$,%
6+9)4 %#-4,O8$486$, 8-+9$,$-+% $% ,- <) '8#$)=)9 </ 9$%84$7$+',$-+ -1 ,#) ;4-,)8,$=) 9)=$8)%C '%
1-..-E%L
5.V.:8/; T#) ,4$;;$+( 8#'4'8,)4$%,$8% -1 ;4-,)8,$=) 9)=$8)% $+ %)4$)% $% ,- <) 8--49$+',)9A
5.V.:8H; O+./ ,#) ;4-,)8,$=) 9)=$8) +)'4)%, ,- ,#) 1'6., $% ,- -;)+ ,#) 8$486$,C )T8);, 1-4 ,#)
8'%8'9) %/%,)7 I<'836; ;4-,)8,$-+JC '% %;)8$1$)9 $+ QO?O2S9AUAQI'JA
5.V.:8D; T#) ;4-,)8,$=) 9)=$8)% '4) ,- <) 8';'<.) -1 8'44/$+(C E$,#-6, -;)+$+(C ' 8644)+, +-,
.)%% ,#'+ ,#) %#-4,O8$486$, 8644)+, ', ,#) ;-$+, -1 ';;.$8',$-+ 1-4 ' ,$7) 8-44)%;-+9$+( ,- ,#)
-;)+$+( -1 ,#) <4)'3)4C $+84)'%)9 </ ,#) ,$7) 9).'/ 4)56$4)9 1-4 9$%84$7$+',$-+A

933

L0:>.C>7:/ O:0 G./.01>:0=


9.3.1

General
G)+)4',-4% -1 .)%% ,#'+ 2? 3@ +-, '44'+()9 1-4 ;'4'..). -;)4',$-+ 7'/ <) ;4-,)8,)9 </ 16%)%A
A+/ ()+)4',-4% '44'+()9 1-4 ;'4'..). -;)4',$-+ '+9 '.. ()+)4',-4% -1 2? 3@ '+9 -=)4 '4) ,- <)
;4-,)8,)9 </ ' ,4$;O14)) 8$486$, <4)'3)4 E#-%) ,4$; %),,$+(% '4) +-, ,- )T8))9 ,#) ,#)47'.
E$,#%,'+9 8';'8$,/ -1 ,#) ()+)4',-4A T#) .-+(O,$7) -=)4O8644)+, ;4-,)8,$-+ $% +-, ,- )T8))9
U?] '<-=) )$,#)4 ,#) 16..O.-'9 4',$+( -1 8-+,$+6-6% 4',)9 7'8#$+)% -4 ,#) -=)4.-'9 4',$+( -1
%;)8$'.O4',)9 7'8#$+)%A T#) %#6,,$+( 9-E+ -1 ,#) ;4$7) 7-=)4 $% ,- 8'6%) ,#) ,4$;;$+( -1 ,#)
%#$; %)4=$8) ()+)4',-4 8$486$, <4)'3)4A

9.3.2

Trip Setting for Coordination (2008)


T#) $+%,'+,'+)-6% '+9 %#-4,O,$7) -=)4O8644)+, ,4$;% -1 ,#) ()+)4',-4% '4) ,- <) %), ', ,#) .-E)%,
='.6)% -1 8644)+, '+9 ,$7) E#$8# E$.. 8--49$+',) E$,# ,#) ,4$; %),,$+(% -1 1))9)4 8$486$, <4)'3)4%A
S)) '.%- QO?O2S9AUA?C QO?O2S9A?AUC '+9 QO?O2S9A?A2I'JA

9.3.3

Load-shedding Arrangements (2004)


5.U.U8/; L)(A+%+(- '() <(/, 1=$,,+-. F))/-.$7$-2%. I+ -49)4 ,- %'1)(6'49 8-+,$+6$,/ -1 ,#)
).)8,4$8'. ;-E)4 %6;;./C '6,-7',$8 .-'9O%#)99$+( '44'+()7)+,% -4 -,#)4 )56$='.)+, '44'+()7)+,%
'4) ,- <) ;4-=$9)9L

!"# RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS & INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

303

L10>
C618>.0
S.C>7:/

A
F
2

I.==.2 S<=>.?= 1/; B1C67/.0<


E2.C>07C12 I/=>1221>7:/=
S6789:10; S<=>.?=

AMFM2

+;

@#)4) -+./ -+) ()+)4',$+( %), $% +-47'../ 6%)9 ,- %6;;./ ;-E)4 1-4 ;4-;6.%$-+ '+9
%,))4$+( -1 ,#) =)%%).C '+9 ' ;-%%$<$.$,/ )T$%,% ,#', 96) ,- ,#) %E$,8#$+( -+ -1 '99$,$-+'.
.-'9%C E#),#)4 7'+6'../ -4 '6,-7',$8'../ $+$,$',)9C ,#) ,-,'. .-'9 )T8))9% ,#) 4',)9
()+)4',-4 8';'8$,/ -1 ,#) 46++$+( ()+)4',-4C -4

++;

@#)4) ).)8,4$8'. ;-E)4 $% +-47'../ %6;;.$)9 </ 7-4) ,#'+ -+) ()+)4',-4 %),
%$76.,'+)-6%./ $+ ;'4'..). -;)4',$-+ 1-4 ;4-;6.%$-+ '+9 %,))4$+( -1 ,#) =)%%).C 6;-+
,#) 1'$.64) -1 -+) -1 ,#) ;'4'..). 46++$+( ()+)4',-4%C ,#) ,-,'. 8-++)8,)9 .-'9 )T8))9%
,#) ,-,'. 8';'8$,/ -1 ,#) 4)7'$+$+( ()+)4',-4I%JA

5.U.U8H; 1$)A+D$% -(2 F##(\$, '() 1=$,,+-.. A6,-7',$8 .-'9O%#)99$+( '44'+()7)+,% -4 -,#)4
)56$='.)+, '44'+()7)+,% '4) +-, ,- '6,-7',$8'../ 9$%8-++)8, ,#) 1-..-E$+( %)4=$8)%A S)) QO?OUS3A3
1-4 ,#) 9)1$+$,$-+ -1 )%%)+,$'. %)4=$8)%A
+;

&4$7'4/ )%%)+,$'. %)4=$8)% ,#',C E#)+ 9$%8-++)8,)9C E$.. 8'6%) $77)9$',) 9$%46;,$-+
,- ;4-;6.%$-+ '+9 7'+)6=)4$+( -1 ,#) =)%%).C

++;

E7)4()+8/ %)4=$8)% '% .$%,)9 $+ QO?O2S?C '+9

+++;

S)8-+9'4/ )%%)+,$'. %)4=$8)% ,#',C E#)+ 9$%8-++)8,)9C E$..L


"

8'6%) $77)9$',) 9$%46;,$-+ -1 %/%,)7% 4)56$4)9 1-4 %'1),/ '+9 +'=$(',$-+ -1 ,#)
=)%%).C %68# '%L
L$(#,$+( %/%,)7%C
N'=$(',$-+ .$(#,%C '$9% '+9 %$(+'.%C
I+,)4+'. 8-776+$8',$-+ %/%,)7% 4)56$4)9 </ QO?OYS9A>C ),8A

"

;4)=)+, %)4=$8)% +)8)%%'4/ 1-4 %'1),/ 14-7 <)$+( $77)9$',)./ 4)8-++)8,)9 E#)+
,#) ;-E)4 %6;;./ $% 4)%,-4)9 ,- $,% +-47'. -;)4',$+( 8-+9$,$-+%C %68# '%L
F$4) ;67;%C '+9 -,#)4 1$4) )T,$+(6$%#$+( 7)9$67 ;67;%C
B$.() ;67;%C
g)+,$.',$-+ 1'+% 1-4 )+($+) '+9 <-$.)4 4--7%

9.3.4

93F

Emergency Generator
T#) )7)4()+8/ ()+)4',-4 $% '.%- ,- 8-7;./ E$,# QO?O2S9AUC QO?O2S9A3C QO?O2S9A? '+9 QO?O2S9A>C
E#)4) ';;.$8'<.)A S)) '.%- QO?OYS9AU 1-4 ;'%%)+()4 =)%%).%A

L0:>.C>7:/ O:0 A2>.0/1>7/WMCE00./> PACR G./.01>:0=


9.5.1

Short-time Delay Trip (2008)


S#-4,O,$7) 9).'/ ,4$;% '4) ,- <) ;4-=$9)9 E$,# 8$486$, <4)'3)4% 1-4 AC ()+)4',-4%A S)) '.%QO?O2S9A3A2A T#) 8644)+, %),,$+( -1 ,#) %#-4, ,$7) 9).'/ ,4$; $% ,- <) .)%% ,#'+ ,#) %,)'9/ %,',)
%#-4,O8$486$, 8644)+, -1 ,#) ()+)4',-4A
F-4 ()+)4',-4% E$,# ' 8';'8$,/ -1 .)%% ,#'+ 200 3@ #'=$+( ;4$7) 7-=)4% %68# '% 9$)%).
)+($+)% -4 ('% ,64<$+)% E#$8# -;)4',) $+9);)+9)+,./ -1 ,#) ).)8,4$8'. %/%,)7C 8-+%$9)4',$-+
7'/ <) ($=)+ ,- -7$%%$-+ -1 %#-4,O,$7) 9).'/ ,4$;% $1 $+%,'+,'+)-6% ,4$;% '+9 .-+( ,$7)
-=)48644)+, ;4-,)8,$-+ I%)) QO?O2S9A3AUJ '4) ;4-=$9)9A @#)+ ,#) %#-4, ,$7) 9).'/ ,4$;% '4)
-7$,,)9C ,#) ,#)47'. E$,#%,'+9 8';'8$,/ -1 ,#) ()+)4',-4 $% ,- <) (4)',)4 ,#'+ ,#) %,)'9/ %,',)
%#-4,O8$486$, 8644)+, -1 ,#) ()+)4',-4C 6+,$. '8,$=',$-+ -1 ,#) ,4$;;$+( %/%,)7A

30A

!"# RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS & INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

L10>
C618>.0
S.C>7:/

A
F
2

9.5.2

I.==.2 S<=>.?= 1/; B1C67/.0<


E2.C>07C12 I/=>1221>7:/=
S6789:10; S<=>.?=

AMFM2

Parallel Operation
@#)4) AC ()+)4',-4% '4) '44'+()9 1-4 ;'4'..). -;)4',$-+ E$,# -,#)4 AC ()+)4',-4%C ,#) 1-..-E$+(
;4-,)8,$=) 9)=$8)% '4) ,- <) ;4-=$9)9A
5.:.98/; N-%2/-2/-$("% M)+K 8966];. I+%,'+,'+)-6% ,4$;% '4) ,- <) $+%,'..)9 '+9 %), $+ )T8)%%
-1 ,#) 7'T$767 %#-4,O8$486$, 8-+,4$<6,$-+ -1 ,#) $+9$=$96'. ()+)4',-4 E#)4) ,#4)) -4 7-4)
()+)4',-4% '4) '44'+()9 1-4 ;'4'..). -;)4',$-+A S)) '.%- QO?O2S9A3A2A
5.:.98H; !$A$)%$ L(\$) L)(2$D2+(- 8966^;. A ,$7)O9).'/)9 4)=)4%) '8,$=) ;-E)4 ;4-,)8,$-+
-4 -,#)4 9)=$8)% E#$8# ;4-=$9) '9)56',) ;4-,)8,$-+ $% ,- <) ;4-=$9)9A T#) %),,$+( -1 ;4-,)8,$=)
9)=$8)% $% ,- <) $+ ,#) 4'+() -1 c] ,- U?] -1 ,#) 4',)9 ;-E)4 1-4 9$)%). )+($+)%A A %),,$+( -1
.)%% ,#'+ c] -1 ,#) 4',)9 ;-E)4 -1 9$)%). )+($+)% 7'/ <) '..-E)9 E$,# ' %6$,'<.) ,$7) 9).'/
4)8-77)+9)9 </ ,#) 9$)%). )+($+) 7'+61'8,64)4. A 1'.. -1 ?0] $+ ,#) ';;.$)9 =-.,'() $% +-,
,- 4)+9)4 ,#) 4)=)4%) ;-E)4 ;4-,)8,$-+ $+-;)4',$=)C '.,#-6(# $, 7'/ '.,)4 ,#) %),,$+( ,- -;)+
,#) <4)'3)4 E$,#$+ ,#) '<-=) 4'+()A
5.:.98D; 4-,$)A(#2/.$ L)(2$D2+(-. H)'+% '4) ,- <) ;4-=$9)9 ,- ;4)=)+, ,#) ()+)4',-4 8$486$,
<4)'3)4 14-7 8.-%$+( $1 ,#) ()+)4',-4 $% +-, ()+)4',$+( '+9 ,- -;)+ ,#) %'7) E#)+ ,#) ()+)4',-4
=-.,'() 8-..';%)%A
I+ ,#) 8'%) -1 '+ 6+9)4=-.,'() 4).)'%) ;4-=$9)9 1-4 ,#$% ;64;-%)C ,#) -;)4',$-+ $% ,- <)
$+%,'+,'+)-6% E#)+ ;4)=)+,$+( 8.-%64) -1 ,#) <4)'3)4C <6, $% ,- <) 9).'/)9 1-4 9$%84$7$+',$-+
;64;-%)% E#)+ ,4$;;$+( ' <4)'3)4A

93#

L0:>.C>7:/ O:0 D70.C> CE00./> PDCR G./.01>:0=


9.7.1

Instantaneous Trip
DC ()+)4',-4 8$486$, <4)'3)4% '4) ,- <) ;4-=$9)9 E$,# '+ $+%,'+,'+)-6% ,4$; %), <).-E ,#)
()+)4',-4 7'T$767 %#-4,O8$486$, 8644)+, '+9 '4) ,- 8--49$+',) E$,# ,#) ,4$; %),,$+(% -1 1))9)4
8$486$, <4)'3)4% %6;;.$)9 </ ,#) ()+)4',-4A

9.7.2

Parallel Operation
5.S.98/; !$A$)%$ 0"))$-2 L)(2$D2+(-. DC ()+)4',-4% '44'+()9 1-4 ;'4'..). -;)4',$-+ E$,#
-,#)4 DC ()+)4',-4% -4 E$,# '+ '88676.',-4 <',,)4/ '4) ,- <) ;4-=$9)9 E$,# $+%,'+,'+)-6% -4
%#-4,O,$7) 9).'/)9 4)=)4%) 8644)+, ;4-,)8,$-+A T#) %),,$+( -1 ,#) ;4-,)8,$-+ 9)=$8)% $% ,- <)
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9.11.1 General
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9.11.2 Interlocking Arrangement
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9.13.1 General
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9.13.2 Direct-current Motor Branch Circuits
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9.13.3 Alternating-current Motor Branch Circuits
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9.13.5 Undervoltage Protection and Undervoltage Release (2004)
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9.15.1 Setting of Overcurrent Device
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9.15.2 Parallel Operation (2006)
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!"# RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS & INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

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E'8# %,))4$+( ()'4 1))9)4 $% ,- <) ;4-=$9)9 E$,# %#-4,O8$486$, ;4-,)8,$-+ E#$8# $% ,- <) .-8',)9
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11.3.2 Undervoltage Release
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304

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13.1.1 Main Lighting System


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13.1.2 System Arrangement
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13.1.3 Lighting Circuits
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)+8.-%64) -1 I&22 -4 .-E)4 '4) ,- <) $+%,'..)9 ', ' .-8',$-+ #$(# )+-6(# ,- '=-$9 <$.() E',)4A
H-,-4% <).-E ,#) .)=). -1 ,#) 1.--4 ;.',)% '4) ,- #'=) '+ )+8.-%64) -1 ', .)'%, I&QQ ;4-,)8,$-+A
@#)4) 7-,-4% $+,)+9)9 1-4 %)4=$8) ', %)' '4) +-, 7-6+,)9 E$,# ,#) 4-,-4 %#'1,% $+ ,#) 1-4)O'+9O
'1, 9$4)8,$-+C ,#) ,/;) -1 <)'4$+( '+9 .6<4$8',$-+ E$.. 4)56$4) %;)8$'. 8-+%$9)4',$-+A

3.5.2

Pump Motors
H-,-4% 1-4 -;)4',$+( ;.6+()4 '+9 8.-%)O8-6;.)9 ;67;% '4) ,- #'=) ,#) 94$=$+( )+9 )+,$4)./
)+8.-%)9 -4 9)%$(+)9 ,- ;4)=)+, .)'3'() 14-7 )+,)4$+( ,#) 7-,-4A

3.5.3

Motors on Weather Decks


H-,-4% 1-4 6%) -+ E)',#)4 9)83% '4) ,- #'=) '+ )+8.-%64) -1 ', .)'%, I&?Y ;4-,)8,$-+ -4 '4) ,<) )+8.-%)9 $+ E',)4,$(#, #-6%$+(%A

3.5.4

Motors Below Decks


H-,-4% <).-E 9)83% '4) ,- <) $+%,'..)9 ', ' .-8',$-+ '% 94/ '% ;4'8,$8'<.) '+9 'E'/ 14-7
%,)'7C E',)4 '+9 -$. ;$;$+(A

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3.7.1

General
T#) 1-..-E$+( 4)56$4)7)+,% '4) ';;.$8'<.) ,- ;)47'+)+,./ $+%,'..)9 ;-E)4C 8-+,4-. '+9
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7'9) 1-4 4).)'%$+( ,#) ('% ,- ,#) E)',#)4 9)83 'E'/ 14-7 '+/ %-648) -1 $(+$,$-+A

3.7.2

Battery Installation and Arrangements


U.S.98/; </).$ */22$)+$% 8966];. L'4() %,-4'() <',,)4$)%C ,#-%) 8-++)8,)9 ,- ' 8#'4($+( 9)=$8)
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$% ,- <) $+%,'..)9 $+ ,#) <',,)4/ 4--7% 6+.)%% )%%)+,$'. 1-4 ,#) -;)4',$-+'. ;64;-%)% '+9
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7'/ <) '+/ -1 ,#) ,/;)% $+9$8',)9 $+ QO?O3SUUAUAU '+9 $% ,- <) IEC &6<.$8',$-+ Y00>9 (4-6;
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9)=$8) E$,# ' ;-E)4 -6,;6, -1 0A2 3@ 6; ,- '+9 $+8.69$+( 2 3@C 7'/ <) $+%,'..)9 $+ ,#)
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8.-%)./ '% ;-%%$<.) ,- ,#) )+($+) -4 )+($+)% %)4=)9A
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3,H

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<',,)4/ $+%,'..',$-+ E$,# ' <',,)4/ 8#'4()4 #'=$+( ' 8#'4($+( 4',) -1 ' .'4() -4 7-9)4',) <',,)4/
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1-..-E$+( '4) 7),L
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A E'4+$+( +-,$8) $% ;.'8)9 ,- +-,$1/ 7'$+,)+'+8) ;)4%-++). ,#', '99$,$-+'. <',,)4$)%


'4) +-, ,- <) $+%,'..)9C '+9 <',,)4$)% '4) -+./ ,- <) 4);.'8)9 </ -,#)4 <',,)4$)% -1 ,#)
%'7) -4 .-E)4 #/94-()+ )7$%%$-+ 4',)A

U.S.98$; */22$)E M)/E%. T4'/% 1-4 <',,)4$)% '4) ,- <) 8#-83)9 E$,# E--9 %,4$;% -4 )56$='.)+,
,- ;4)=)+, 7-=)7)+,C '+9 )'8# ,4'/ $% ,- <) 1$,,)9 E$,# +-+'<%-4<)+, $+%6.',$+( %6;;-4,% -+
,#) <-,,-7 '+9 E$,# %$7$.'4 %;'8)4 <.-83% ', ,#) %$9)% -4 E$,# )56$='.)+, ;4-=$%$-+ ,- %)864)
'$4O8$486.',$-+ %;'8) '.. '4-6+9 )'8# ,4'/A
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3.7.3

Ventilation
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1.'77'<.) ('%A N',64'. =)+,$.',$-+ 7'/ <) )7;.-/)9 $1 968,% '4) 46+ 9$4)8,./ 14-7 ,#) ,-; -1
,#) <',,)4/ 4--7 ,- ,#) -;)+ '$4 '<-=)A
I1 +',64'. =)+,$.',$-+ $% $7;4'8,$8'.C 7)8#'+$8'. )T#'6%, =)+,$.',$-+ $% ,- <) ;4-=$9)9 E$,# 1'+
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,#) <',,)4/ 4--7A O;)+$+(% 1-4 '$4 $+.), '4) ,- <) ;4-=$9)9 +)'4 ,#) 1.--4A
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968,A L-6=)4% -4 )56$='.)+, '4) ,- <) ;4-=$9)9 +)'4 ,#) <-,,-7 1-4 )+,4'+8) -1 '$4A
U.S.U8D; G$DW *(R$%. D)83 <-T)% '4) ,- <) ;4-=$9)9 E$,# ' 968, 14-7 ,#) ,-; -1 ,#) <-TC
,)47$+',$+( $+ ' (--%) +)83C 76%#4--7 #)'9 -4 )56$='.)+, ,- ;4)=)+, )+,4'+8) -1 E',)4A V-.)%
1-4 '$4 $+.), '4) ,- <) ;4-=$9)9 -+ ', .)'%, ,E- -;;-%$,) %$9)% -1 ,#) <-TA T#) )+,$4) 9)83 <-TC
$+8.69$+( -;)+$+(% 1-4 =)+,$.',$-+C $% ,- <) E)',#)4,$(#, ,- ;4)=)+, )+,4'+8) -1 %;4'/ -4 4'$+A
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!"# RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS & INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . 2007

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3.7.4

Protection from Corrosion


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8-+%$%,)+, E$,# ,#) 7),#-9% 9)%84$<)9 '<-=)A

3.7.5

Maintenance of Batteries (2008)


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3.7.6

Replacement of Batteries (2008)


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' 8.)'4 E-43$+( %;'8) -1 ', .)'%, 9UQ 77 I3Y $+AJ ', ,#) 14-+, -1 ,#) %E$,8#<-'49 '+9 ' 8.)'4'+8) -1 ',
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3.11.1 Location and Protection (2004)
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<-'49% 7'/ <) .-8',)9 <)#$+9 ;'+).%S.$+$+(% E$,#$+ '88-77-9',$-+ %;'8)%C $+8.69$+( %,'$4E'/
)+8.-%64)%C E$,#-6, ,#) +))9 ,- 8',)(-4$\) ,#) %;'8) ,- ' 1$4) $+,)(4$,/ %,'+9'49C ;4-=$9)9 +;4-=$%$-+ $% 7'9) 1-4 %,-4'()A D$%,4$<6,$-+ <-'49% '4) ,- #'=) ';;4-=)9 +-+8-7<6%,$<.)C +-+O
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3.11.2 Switchboard-type Distribution Boards
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3.11.3 Safety-type Panels (1998)
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