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1PNGE 420 PRODUCTION ENGINEERING

Fall 2007 Outline Instructor: Office: Office Hours: Class Schedule: Course Objectives: H. Ilkin Bilgesu1 MER 345C Open door or by appointment (293-7682 Ext. 3403) TTh 11:00 a.m. - 12:15 p.m. MER 243 To acquaint the students with the techniques, equipment, and engineering design calculations used in oil and natural gas production operations. PNGE 310 Drilling Engineering and PNGE 332 Petroleum Properties and Phase Behavior. Test #1 Sep. 20, 2007 Thursday, 11:00 a.m. 12:15 p.m. Test #2 Oct. 25, 2007 Thursday, 11:00 a.m. - 12:15 p.m. Test #3 Nov. 29, 2007 Thursday, 11:00 a.m. - 12:15 p.m. Final (optional) Date is assigned by the Registrar Homework and Assignments Tests 20% 30% Projects and reports 90 and above 80-89 70-79 60-69 59 and below Students are expected to attend all scheduled classes. - Class Notes (available at the eCampus page for this course) - Production Optimization Using NODAL Analysis, H. Dale Beggs, OGCI, 2nd Edition (2003) (Optional). - Production Operations-Vol. I and II by T.O. Allen and A.P. Roberts, PennWell, 1994, 4th Edition. (Optional). A B C D F

Prerequisites:

Examination Schedule:

Grading Policy:

50%

Grades:

Attendance: Textbook :

1 West Virginia University is committed to social justice. I concur with that commitment and expect to foster a nurturing learning environment based upon open communication, mutual respect,
and non-discrimination. Our University does not discriminate on the basis of race, sex, age, disability, veteran status, religion, sexual orientation, color or national origin. Any suggestions as to how to further such a positive and open environment in this class will be appreciated and given serious consideration. If you are a person with a disability and anticipate needing any type of accommodation in order to participate in this class, please advise me and make appropriate arrangements with Disability Services (293-6700).

PNGE 420 PRODUCTION ENGINEERING Page 2 of 4 References: (1) API Recommended Practice for Design Calculations for Sucker Rod Pumping Systems, API RP11L, Fourth Edition, by API, (1988). (2) Horizontal Wells - Completion & Stimulation Technology, Dowell Schlumberger, (1991). (3) Modern Sucker-Rod Pumping, Gabor Takacs, PennWell, (1993). (4) Multiphase Flow in Wells, James P. Brill and Hemanta Mukherjee, SPE Monograph Volume 17, (1999). (5) Petroleum Engineering Handbook, by H.B. Bradley, Editor, SPE, (1987). (6) Petroleum Production Systems, M.J. Economides, A.D. Hill and C. Ehlig-Economides, PrenticeHall, Inc., (1995). (7) Petroleum Well Construction, M.J. Economides, L.T. Watters and S. Dunn-Norman, John Wiley & Sons, (1998). (8) Surface Production Operations, VOL. I and II, by K. Arnold and M. Stewart, Gulf Publishing Co. (1986). (9) The Technology of Artificial Lift Methods, Vol. 4 - Production Optimization of Oil and Gas Wells by Nodal Systems Analysis by K.E. Brown, PennWell, (1984). (10) Horizontal Wells, by R.Aguilara, J.S. Artindale, G.M. Cordell, M.C. Ng, G.W. Nicholl and G.A. Runions, Gulf Publishing Co., (1991). (11) Well Performance, by M. Golan and C.H. Whitson, IHRDC, (1986). (12) Journals (a) Journal of Petroleum Technology (b) SPE Journal - Production & Operations (c) SPE Journal - Drilling & Completion (d) SPE Journal - Reservoir Evaluation & Engineering (e) SPE Journal (f) Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology (g) Offshore Engineer (h) Harts E & P (i) Oil & Gas Journal (j) World Oil (k) Hydrocarbon Processing

PNGE 420 PRODUCTION ENGINEERING Page 3 of 4 Tentative Course Outline: Week 1: Introduction to petroleum production. a. Geological considerations in production operations. b. Behavior of hydrocarbons. c. Fluid flow in the reservoir, Darcy's law. Week 2: Well completions, effects of reservoir characteristics on well completion design. Week 3: Design of tubing strings, packers and subsurface control equipment. Week 4: Evaluation of well performance, productivity index. Inflow performance relationship (IPR). a. Vogel's approach. b. Extension of Vogel's method. Exam #1. Week 5: Oil and gas well test design. a. Drill stem test design. Week 6: Multiphase flow and application to horizontal and vertical flow. Weeks 7&8: Design and evaluation of flowing and artificial lift oil and gas wells (Nodal analysis). Week 9: Sandstone and carbonate acidizing design. Week 10: Design of artificial lift systems. a. Beam pumping unit. Exam #2. Week 11: Design of artificial lift systems. a. Gas lift. b. Submersible pumps. c. Hydraulic pumps. Week 12: Design and operation of surface facilities. a. Oil and gas separation, treating, and storage. b. Oil and gas measurements and sampling. Week 13: Design and operation of surface facilities. a. Pipelines, gathering and injection systems. b. Compressors and pumps. c. Water treatment and disposal. Week 14: Production logging tools and analysis techniques. Exam #3. Week 15: Workover. a. Squeeze cementing and recompletion b. Coiled Tubing Applications. Topics from ABET guidelines: 1. Tubing treatments design 2. Fracture/Acidizing treatments 3. Workover procedures (Squeeze cementing and recompletion) 4. Nodal analysis 5. Artificial lift equipment 6. Surface equipment 7. Production logging

PNGE 420 PRODUCTION ENGINEERING Page 4 of 4 Additional Notes: All project and report assignments must be typed on a 8.5"X11" regular size white paper. Use word processors, databases, and spreadsheets whenever applicable. The projects will be retained by the department and if you like print one more copy for yourself or you can xerox a copy for your records. Also provide a copy of each computer program that is developed during the course of the study. (Use a CD or flash drive to store your program and properly label and attach it to the report in an envelope or a pocket for evaluation purposes).

The grading criteria used for tests, assignment, and reports will be based on the ABET criteria designed for the course.

In order to provide a positive learning environment the following rules are in effect:
1. No late admission to class after the first ten minutes. 2. You are expected to stay in class during 75 minutes and if you have any condition to prevent your continuous presence you are excused from that class. 3. No electronic recording of class including video, picture or tape unless approved by the instructor. 4. Please turn off your cell phones and pagers during the class. 5. Web page access is limited to the course materials during class session.

The Instructor of this course believes that the students are committed to honesty, integrity, and the search for the truth. Any violation of the academic dishonesty will be processed according to the published University guidelines and procedures.
August 20, 2007