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Republic Act [RA] 6969: Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Waste Control of 1990

Policies, Requirements and Procedures Health

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Situationer and Sources

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Why focus on Chemicals and Hazardous Wastes?


Global production of chemicals has increased from 1M tons in 1930 to 400M at present More than 20M known substances About 100,000 different substances registered in EU and 10,000 are marketed in quantities or volumes >10T Certain chemicals have caused
Serious damages to human and the environment e.g. asbestos, benzene, trichloroethane (TCA), trichloroethylene (TCE), DDT Incidence of some diseases has increased Some are persistent and becomes endocrine disruptor

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Health effects of Common Inorganic Contaminants


CONTAMINANT Arsenic SOURCE Pesticides Ore smelting/refining Heat/flame resistant applications PATHWAYS Air, water HEALTH EFFECTS Gastrointestinal disorder, lower-limb disorder Asbestosis (scarring of lungs)

Asbestos

Air

Cadmium
Lead

Electroplating, battery manufacturing


Gasoline, batteries, solder, radiation shielding Electrical goods (switches, fluorescent bulbs, ect), chlor-alkali plants (inorganic); fungicides, slimicides (Organic)

Air, biota, water


Air, biota, water

Joint pain, lung, kidney disease


Impairs nervous system, red blood cell synthesis Inorganic: disorder of central nervous system, psychoses Organic: numbness, impaired speech, deformity, death

Mercury

Water, biota

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Health effects of Common Organic Contaminants


CONTAMINANT DDT(dichlorodiphen yltrichloroethane Dioxin 2,3,7,8-TCDD (tetrachlorodibenzop ara-dioxin) PCB (polychlorinated biphenyls) SOURCE Application of pesticide worldwide Impurity of manufacture of trichlorophenols used in various biocides Dielectric, heat transfer & hydraulic fluid PATHWAYS Water, food chain Water, food chain HEALTH EFFECTS Bio-accumulates in fatty tissues, nervous disorders, persistent Damage to kidney, liver & nervous system; Powerful teratogen; possibly carcinogenic Persistent, probably carcinogenic; exposure results in chlor-acne, headaches; visual disturbance

Food chain

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Why do we need to manage chemicals & hazardous wastes?


Health Effects

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Lifecycle of Mercury and its Health Effects

Hg-containing Lamp Eater

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Ukrainian president Viktor Yushchenko suffered from extremely prominent facial chloracne after being diagnosed with dioxin poisoning in late 2004. His diagnosis of chloracne was claimed by prominent toxicologist John Henry. Viktor Yushchenko as he appeared in July 2004 (left), and as he appeared in November 2004 after the supposed dioxin - poisoning (right).
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Registered Hazardous Waste Generators


2004 NCR CAR Region 1 Region 2 Region 3 Region 4a Region 4b Region 5 Region 6 Region 7 Region 8 Region 9 Region 10 199 103 409 48 33 98 1150 32 103 40 161 853 2005 1677 71 200 106 377 1018 42 282 199 601 110 67 168 2006 1,900 117 287 162 543 1,326 126 331 253 675 155 91 203 2007 2,156 224 491 292 668 1,491 144 568 628 711 186 237 233 2008 2351 236 563 312 763 1670 158 599 650 750 244 239 243 2009 2638 250 623 340 822 1931 187 635 667 821 295 242 256

Region 11
Region 12 Region 13 Total

293
73 206 3801

371
118 250 5657

663
139 281 7,252

685
185 305 9,204

710
224 322 10,034

737
381 337 11,162

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Hazardous Waste Generated, Treated & Disposed (Tons/year)


2005
Generated 1,670,180.02

2006
11,786,052.68

2007
569,015.92

2008
164,939,281.43

2009
1,900,650.72

Stored
Treated Disposed

600,494.79
1,095,339.20 956,749.40

2,093,431.31
1,473,129.92 1,051,021.53

84,304.42
241,073.50 618,802.95

566,472.05
259,076,904.63 312,934.88

563,503.17
2,109,771.97 133,890.03

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

The Environmental Laws and the Implementing Rules and Regulations

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

The Environmental Management Bureau (EMB) Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR)
Executive Order (EO) 192: [Sections 4 & 5] Providing for the Reorganization of Department of Environment, Energy and Natural Resources (DEENR) renaming it as the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), and for other Purposes

Section 16: Creation of the Environmental Management Bureau (EMB) integrating the powers and functions of the National Environmental Protection Council (NEPC), the National Pollution Control Commission (NPCC), and the Environmental Center of the Philippines (ECP).

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Environmental Management Bureau

VISION
A nation empowered to protect our finite resources, attuned to the pursuit of sustainable development, for a clean and healthy environment that enhances the Filipino quality of life for present and future generations

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Environmental Management Bureau

MISSION
To restore, protect and enhance environmental quality towards good public health, environmental integrity and economic viability.

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Philippine Environmental Laws


Presidential Decree (PD) 1586: The Philippine Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) System [1978] Republic Act (RA) 8749: The Philippine Clean Air Act of 1999

RA 9003: The Philippine Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000


RA 9275: The Philippine Clean Water Act of 2004 RA 6969: Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Waste Control Act of 1990
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

RA6969: Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Waste Control Act of 1990

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

RA 6969: Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Waste Control Act of 1990
DAO 92-29: The Implementing Rules and Regulations
Title II- Toxic Substances (Chemicals) Management [PICCS, PMPIN, PCL, CCO-Hg, CN, Asbestos, ODSs, PCB] Title III- Hazardous Waste Management

DAO 2004-36: Procedural Manual for Hazardous Waste Management


Classification of Hazardous Wastes Registration of Hazardous Waste Generator Registration of Hazardous Waste Transporters Categories of Treatment, Storage and Disposal (TSD) Facilities
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Title II

CHEMICALS MANAGEMENT
Requirements and Procedures

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Philippine Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS)


Database of all existing chemicals in the Philippines nominated in December 1993 chemical names (IUPAC)* and its Chemical Abstract Service Number (CAS No.) CAS Registry Index Number common name of the chemical or substance

*International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry


Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Pre-Manufacture and Pre-Importation Notification (PMPIN)


Process applicable to all new industrial chemicals not listed in the PICCS screen toxic chemicals and chemical substances prior to its use, sale, and distribution in the Philippine commerce ensure that chemicals and substances found to be toxic or hazardous be denied of being manufactured, imported and placed under strict control, restriction, and limitation in its use including its possible release to the environment

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Priority Chemical List (PCL)


List of chemicals that are determined to pose significant or unreasonable risk to human health and the environment Chemicals and its compounds considered to be strictly regulated Requires special reporting due to its significant toxic effects either acute or chronic
carcinogenic mutagenic teratogenic persistency bio-accumulation

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

DAO 98-58: Priority Chemical List


List of 28 chemicals and chemical substances found to have adverse effects to humans and the environment 1,1,1,-trichloroethane 1,2 diphenylhydrazine (Hydrazobenzene) polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs) chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) Halons Hexachlorobenzene Cadmium compounds Chromium Compounds users, manufacturers, distributors, and importers are required to: register as hazardous waste generator Geri Geronimo R. Saez submit Biennial Report Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section
Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

DAO 2005-27: Revised Priority Chemical List


Addition of 20 Chemicals and Compounds to the list of 28 chemicals and chemical substances found to have adverse effects to humans and the environment 1,4 chlorobenzene (Benzene, chloro-) 1,2 dibromoethane (Ethane, 1,2,-dibromo) Diethyl sulfate (sulfuric acid,diethyl ester) Formaldehyde Phenic acid (Phenol) Perchloroethylene (Ethene, tetrachloro) Mercaptan, perchloromethy Methylene chloride (Methylene, dichloro) Trichloroethylene (Ethene, dichloro) users, manufacturers, distributors, and importers are required to:
register as hazardous waste generator at the EMB ROs
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Chemical Control Order (CCO)


Prohibit, limit or regulate the use, manufacture, import, export, transport, processing, storage, possession, and sale of chemicals and chemical substances that DENR determines to regulate its use, phase-out or ban due to its serious risks and adverse effects to human health and the environment.

CCO is issued as Department Administrative Order (DAO) of RA6969


Five (5) CCOs have been issued since 1997

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

CHEMICAL CONTROL ORDERS (CCOs)


DA0 97-38: CCO for Mercury and its compounds regulated or limited use Legally-binding instrument under Negotiation - 2013 DAO 97-39: CCO for Cyanide and its compounds regulated or limited use

DAO 2000-02: CCO for Asbestos regulated or limited use Rotterdam Convention
DAO 2000-18: CCO for Ozone Depleting Substances (ODSs) phase-out (2010) Montreal Protocol DAO 2004-01: CCO for Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) phase-out (2014) Stockholm Convention
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

National Action Plan on Mercury and Mercury-containing Wastes Management

June 2010

Environmental Management Bureau


Department of Environmental and Natural Resources DENR Compound Diliman, Quezon City

DOH Administrative Order No. 2008-0021


Gradual Phase-out of Mercury in All Philippine Health Care Facilities and Institutions

DENR Memorandum Circular No. 2009-007 Code of Practice on the Management of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Phase-Out Schedule for PCBs


2004: Ban on importation of PCB equipment & open applications

2007: Ban importation of Non-PCB equipment


2014: Ban on all uses of PCBs

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Management of Chemicals and Toxic Substances


SUMMARY Philippine Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) 46,828 chemicals and substances Pre-Manufacture and Pre-Importation Notification (PMPIN) Detailed Form Abbreviated Form Priority Chemical List (PCL) DAO 2005-27 (48 chemicals & substances) DAO 98-58 (28 chemicals & substances) Chemical Control Order (CCO) Five (5) DAOs has been issued since 1997
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Title III HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT


Requirements and Procedures

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

RULE OF THUMB From Cradle to Grave


the GENERATOR has the responsibility until the waste has been disposed of properly in an environmentally sound way or liable in case of spill or illegal disposal

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Waste Management Hierarchy


SOURCE REDUCTION & SEGREGATION
ON-SITE RECYCLING OFF-SITE RECYCLING

TREATMENT
Waste Minimization/ Green Productivity/Cleaner Production

DISPOSAL

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

CHARACTERISTICS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TOXICITY REACTIVITY IGNITABILITY CORROSIVITY

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

PRESCRIBED HAZARDOUS WASTES


CLASS
Plating wastes (Waste with cyanide) Acid wastes Alkali wastes Wastes with Inorganic Chemical Reactive Chemical Wastes Paints/Resins/Latices/Inks/Dyes Waste Organic Solvents Putrescible/Organic Wastes Oil Containers Immobilized Wastes Organic Chemicals Miscellaneous Wastes

WASTE NUMBER
A101 B201 to B299 C101 to C399 D401 to D499 E501 to E599 F601 to F699 G703 to G704 H801 to H802 I101 J201 K301 to K303 L401 to L499 M501 to M504

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

DAO 2004-36: Procedural Manual on Hazardous Waste Management


Table 1-1 Classification of Hazardous Wastes
Class Description Waste Number

A: Wastes with Cyanide Wastes with Waste containing cyanide with a cyanide concentration >200 ppm (>70mg/L) in liquid waste B: Acid Wastes Sulfuric acid Sulfuric acid with pH =< 2.0

A101

B201

C: Alkali Wastes
Caustic soda Caustic soda with pH >= 12.5
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

C301

Classification of Hazardous Wastes


Class
Selenium and its compounds

Description
Includes all wastes with a total Se concentration > 1.0 mg/L based on analysis of an extract

Waste Number
D401

D: Wastes with Inorganic Chemicals

Arsenic and its compounds


Barium and its compound Cadmium and its compounds

Includes all wastes with a total As concentration > 5 mg/L (1mg/L) based on analysis of an extract
Includes all wastes with a total Ba concentration > 100 mg/L (>70mg/L) based on analysis of an extract

D402

D403

Includes all wastes with a total Cd D404 concentration > 5 mg/l based on analysis of an extract Geri Geronimo R. Saez
Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Classification of Hazardous Wastes


Class Description Waste Number

D: Wastes with Inorganic Chemicals


Fluoride and its compounds Other wastes with inorganic chemicals Includes all wastes with a total F concentration >100mg/L based on analysis of extract Waste containing the following chemicals: Antimony and its compounds Beryllium and its compounds Metal carbonyls Copper compounds Zinc compounds Tellurium and its compounds Thallium and its compounds Inorganic fluorine compounds except calcium fluoride
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

D499

D499

Classification of Hazardous Wastes


Description Waste Number Class E: Reactive Chemical Wastes Oxidizing Includes all wastes that are known to contain E501 agents oxidizing agents in concentration that cause the waste to exhibit any of the following properties :
1. 2. 3. 4. It is normally unstable and readily undergoes violent change without detonating; It reacts violently with water; It forms potentially explosive mixtures with water; When mixed with water, it generates toxic gases, vapor or fumes in a quantity sufficient to present a danger to human health;

It is a cyanide (CN) or sulfide (S) bearing wastes, which when exposed to pH conditions between 2 and 12.5 can generate toxic gases, vapors and fumes in a quantity that poses a danger to human health
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Classification of Hazardous Wastes


Class
E: Reactive Chemical Wastes Explosive and unstable chemicals Includes all wastes that are 1) capable of detonation or explosive reaction when subject to a strong initiating source or when heated under confinement, or 2) capable of detonation or explosive decomposition at a temperature of 20o Celsius and Pressure of 1 atm. Includes all other wastes that exhibit any of the properties described for D501, D502, and D503.
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Description

Waste Number
E503

Highly reactive chemicals

E599

Classification of Hazardous Wastes


Waste Number Description F: Inks/Dyes/Pigments/Paint/Latex/Adhesives/Organic Sludge
Aqueous based Solvent based Includes all aqueous based wastes that also meet one or more of the sub-categories Includes all solvent based wastes that also meet one or more of the sub-categories F601 F602

Class

Inorganic pigments
Ink formulation

Includes all wastewater treatment sludge from the production of inorganic pigments
Includes all solvent washings and sludge, caustic washings and sludge or wastewater and sludge from cleaning of tubs and equipment used in the formulation of ink from pigments, driers, soaps, and stabilizers containing Chromium and Lead. Includes all aqueous-based wastes that also meet one or more of the subcategories.
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

F603
F610

Other mixed

F699

Classification of Hazardous Wastes


Class
G: Waste Organic Solvent Halogenated organic solvents Includes the ff. spent halogenated solvents: Tetrachloroethylene, trichloroethylene, methylene chloride, 1,1,1, Trichloroethane, carbon tetrachloride, chlorobenzene, 1,2,2 Trichloroethane, chlorinated fluorocarbons if they contain a total of 10% or more (by volume) of one or more of the above before use; it also includes all still bottoms from recovery of these solvents and solvent mixtures. G703

Description

Waste Number

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Classification of Hazardous Wastes


Class
G: Waste Organic Solvent Nonhalogenated organic solvents Includes the ff. non-halogenated solvents: Xylene, acetone, ethyl acetate, ethyl benzene, ethyl ether, methyl isobutyl ketone, n-butyl alcohol, cyclo-hexanol, methanol, cresol, cresylic acid, nitro-benzene, toluene, Carbon disulfide,iso-butanol, pyridine, benzene, 2-ethoxy ethanol and 2 nitropropane and other nonhalogenated organic solvents if they contain a total of 10% or more (by volume) of one or more of these solvents before use; it also includes all still bottoms from recovery of these solvents and solvent mixtures.
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Description

Waste Number
G704

Classification of Hazardous Wastes


Class Description Waste Number

H: Putrescible/Organic Wastes
Animal/abattoir waste Includes all wastes from animal feed lots containing an average of 100 or more animals; All wastes from commercial slaughter houses that slaughter an average of 500 or more animals per year ; all waste from poultry farms with an average of 5,000 fowls or more; all waste from facilities that process an average of 2500 fowls or more.

H801

Grease trap wastes Includes all establishments that generate grease from industrial or trap waste an average of 50 kg per day commercial premises

H802

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Classification of Hazardous Wastes


Class Description Includes all wastes from establishments that generate, transport or treat waste oil more than 200 L of waste oil per day except vegetable oil and waste tallow Waste Number

I: Oil
Waste oils I101

J: Containers Containers previously containing toxic chemical substances Waste containers that used to hold the toxic chemical substances listed in Classes A, B, C, D, E, and L, sub-categories M504 and M505, and the chemicals listed in the Priority Chemical List. Containers that used to contain Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) are categorized as L406 and excluded from this sub-category.
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

J201

Classification of Hazardous Wastes


Waste Number Class Description K: Immobilized Stabilized Wastes Solidified Wastes whose hazardous substances are wastes and physically immobilized by consolidation to reduce K301 polymerized the surface area of the wastes in order to meet the wastes waste acceptance criteria Chemically fixed wastes Wastes whose hazardous substances are chemically immobilized through chemical bonds to an immobile matrix or chemical conversion to meet the waste acceptance criteria Wastes whose hazardous substances are physically immobilized by enveloping the waste in a non-porous, impermeable material in order to store hazardous wastes until such time that an accredited proper disposal facility is available.
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

K302

Encapsulated wastes

K303

Classification of Hazardous Wastes


Table 1-1 Classification of Hazardous Wastes
Class Description Waste Number

L: Organic Chemicals Non-liquid waste containing the following: Wastes with specific nonTri-butyltin halogenated toxic organic 1,2-diphenylhydrazine chemicals
benzene Ozone depleting substances PCB wastes Waste chlorofluoro carbons (CFCs) and halons. Recovered coolant containing chlorofluoro carbons (CFCs) or halons Wastes contaminated with PCB and waste products containing PCB. Refer to CCO.
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

L401

L402

L406

Classification of Hazardous Wastes


Class
M: Miscellaneous Wastes Pathogenic or infectious wastes Includes pathological wastes (tissues,organs, fetuses, bloods and body fluids), infectious wastes and sharps M501

Description

Waste Number

Friable asbestos wastes


Pharmaceuticals and drugs

Wastes containing friable asbestos. Waste blue and brown asbestos fibers. Refer to CCO.
Expired pharmaceuticals and drugs stocked at producers and retailers facilities.

M502

M503

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Proposed Table 2-1 Classification of Hazardous Wastes


M: Miscellaneous Wastes Pathological or Includes medical wastes from hospitals, infectious wastes medical centers and clinics containing pathological, pathogenic and infectious wastes, sharps, and others Asbestos wastes Wastes containing friable asbestos. Waste blue and brown asbestos fibers. Refer to CCO. Pharmaceuticals and Expired pharmaceuticals and drugs drugs stocked at producers and retailers facilities which contain hazardous constituents harmful to the environment such as antibiotics, veterinary and phytopharmaceuticals and others Pesticides Waste pesticides other than M505. Includes all wastewater sludge with hazardous constituents from production of pesticides other than those listed in M505. POPs (Persistent Waste pesticides listed in the Stockholm Organic Pollutants) Convention (POPs Convention) such as pesticides aldrin, chlordane, dieldrin, endrin, heptachlor, hexachlorobenzene, mirex, toxaphene, and DDT. Waste from electrical Waste from electrical and electronic and electronic equipment (WEEE) that contain equipment (WEEE) hazardous components such as lead, cadmium, mercury, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls and polybrominated diphenyl ethers M501

M502 M503

M504

M505

M506

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Proposed Table 2-1 Exempted Wastes


Description Household waste such as garbage except Special waste under RA 9003 Industrial and commercial wastewaters which are disposed of on-site through the sewerage system Industrial and commercial solid wastes which do not contain hazardous wastes as identified in Table 1-1 Materials from building demolition except asbestos Septic tank effluents and associated sullage wastewaters Untreated spoils from mining, quarrying and excavation works but not materials in the nature of tailings, commercially treated materials and mine facility consumables

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

WASTE GENERATORS
Determine if wastes are hazardous waste

3.1 Requirements for Waste Generators Waste generators are required to Register as Waste Generator [Section 26(1)(a)] register online at www..hwtracker.popsphilippines.org Prescribed Registration Form and pay the registration fee to the Issuance of DENR Identification Number EMB Regional Office having jurisdiction over the location of the Submit Quarterly Hazardous Waste Generators Reports [Section 26(1)(b)] waste generator
Prescribed Quarterly Report Form Responsible for storage and labeling of wastes (standard containers and labels) Submit Contingency or Emergency Plan Conduct Personnel training
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

A DENR I.D. Number shall be issued by the EMB Regional Office upon registration of the waste generator

Storage Facilities
Minimum Requirements for Hazardous Waste Storage Facilities
a. It must be accessible in cases of emergency and for purposes of inspection and monitoring; b. The facility should be enclosed but adequately ventilated; c. The floors should be impermeable to liquids and resistant to attack by chemicals, not slippery and should be constructed so as to retain spillages; d. The facility should be properly secured and not easily accessed by unauthorized persons; e. Drums should preferably be stored upright on pallets and stacked no more than four (4) drums high; f. Drums should be raised on pallets or similar structures to allow passage of water and circulation of air; g. All containers should be checked regularly for leaks; g. There should be segregation of acids from bases and other hazardous wastes; and h. There should also be segregation of non-treated from treated hazardous wastes.
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Material Safety Data Sheet


MSDS: Provide information on industrial and commercial products to protect health and safety

Flammability

Health

Reactivity

Special Information

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

HAZARD CATEGORIES
Class 1 - Explosives Class 2 Flammable Gases Class 3 Flammable or Combustible Liquids Class 4 Flammable Solids or Dangerous When Wet Class 5 Oxidizers and Organic Peroxides Class 6 Toxic Materials or Infectious Substance Class 7 Radioactive Materials Class 8 Corrosive Materials Class 9 - Miscellaneous
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Labeling Requirements
Form of labels attached to vessels, containers, tanks and containment buildings
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The size of the label is minimum 20cm x 30cm. The color of the label is yellow for background and black for letters conspicuously marked in paint or other permanent form of marking The material of the label should be scratch proof and resistant to tampering and weathering. The basic form is provided in Table 5-1. The label is accompanied by a symbol corresponding to characteristics of the hazardous waste contained in the vessel, container, or tank as specified in 6-2 of this Chapter.

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Labeling Requirements
Position of the label attached to vessels, containers, and tanks
1. 2. The label shall be attached to the side of the vessel, container, and tank. If the vessel, container, or tank is used repeatedly, the label can be a plate and hung on the side of the vessel, container or tank that stores hazardous wastes. In case of a containment building, all the types of hazardous wastes contained in the building should be included in the plate.
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

3.

Symbols Accompanying the Label


Specifications of Symbols
1. 2. 3. 4. The minimum size of the symbol is 25 cm x 25cm for vessels, containers, and tanks and 30cm x 30cm for conveyances carrying vessels, containers, and tanks. Basic shape of the symbols is a square rotated 45 degrees to form a diamond. At each of the four sides, a parallel line shall be drawn to form an inner diamond 95 % of the outer diamond. The color should follow the colors specified in the figures.

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Symbols Accompanying the Label Explosive Reactive or Oxidizing

Any substance or article which is designed to function by explosion, or which, by chemical reaction within itself, is able to function in a similar manner even if not designed to function by explosion.

A material that may, generally by yielding oxygen, cause or enhance the combustion of other materials.
Any organic compound containing the bivalent -0-0- structure, that is thermally unstable and can undergo exothermic self-accelerating decomposition.
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Symbols Accompanying the Label Flammable (Ignitable)


Liquid
any liquid having a flash point of not more than 60oC, closed-cup test, or 65.6oC, open-cup test.

Solid
any of the following three types of materials: wetted explosives that when dry are explosives; self-reactive materials that are liable to undergo, at normal or elevated temperatures, a strongly exothermal decomposition caused by excessively high transport temperatures or contamination; or readily combustible solids that may cause a fire through friction, show a burning rate faster than 2.2 mm per second, or be ignited and react over the whole length of a sample in 10 minutes or less.

Pyrophoric materials (solid or liquid) that, even in small quantities and without an external ignition source, can ignite within five minutes after coming in contact with air; or selfheating materials that, when in contact with air and without an energy supply, are liable to combustion.
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Symbols Accompanying the Label


Toxic Corrosive

A substance which, if it is inhaled or ingested or if it penetrates the skin, may involve serious acute or chronic health risks including carcinogenicity, teratogenicity, and mutagenicity on human and other life forms.

A liquid or solid that causes visible destruction or irreversible alterations in human skin tissue at the site of contact, or a liquid that has a severe corrosion rate on steel or aluminum.
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Symbols Accompanying the Label


Infectious or Pathogenic Position of the symbol attached to vessels, containers, and tanks
1.Vessels, containers, and tanks The label shall be attached to the side of the vessel, container, and tank. If the vessel, container, or tank is used repeatedly, the label can be a plate and hung on the side of the vessel, container or tank that stores hazardous wastes. In case of a containment building, all the types of hazardous wastes contained in the building should be included in the plate. 2.Conveyances carrying the vessels, containers, and tanks The conveyances transporting hazardous waste shall place the corresponding symbols on its side and back.
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Containing a viable microorganism (or its toxin) which is known or suspected to cause disease in humans or animals.

WASTE TRANSPORTER and WASTE TRANSPORT RECORD Waste Transporter Registration or Accreditation Checklist of Information Requirements (New Transporter) Issuance of Transport Permit Checklist of Information Requirements
Uniform Hazardous Manifest Prescribed Manifest Form
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Registration Requirements
Submit registration form together with documents 4.1 Requirements for indicated below and pay the prescribed fee.

Waste Transporters A person who wishes to be accredited as waste transporter by the DENR shall register online at www.hwtracker.popsphilippines. org and pay the corresponding fees to the EMB Regional Office having jurisdiction over the location of the waste transporter

a.
b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j.

Business Permit and SEC Registration Certificate Description and Specification of Conveyance, Details of Transport Service Photographs of conveyance (inside and outside parts of vehicle) Sketch and Photograph of a garage Proof of ownership of vehicle (Contract of Lease or Deed of Sale, if applicable) Certification from the Bureau of Fire Protection, in case of tank lorry Contingency and Emergency Preparedness Plan Accountability Statement (duly notarized) Copy of the Certificate of Registration and Official Receipt ( LTO) Certificate of training of Drivers and Helpers

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Using the Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG-Gold Book)


Page 1: How to use this guidebook during an incident involving dangerous goods

RESIST RUSHING IN! APPROACH INCIDENT FROM UPWIND STAY CLEAR OF ALL SPILLS, VAPORS, FUMES AND SMOKE

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Using the Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG-Gold Book)


Step 1: identify the material by finding any ONE of the following: 4-digit no. on a placard or orange panel 4-digit ID No. on shipping document or package Name of the material on shipping document, placard or package If an ID No. or the name of the material cannot be found, skip to the NOTES below

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Using the NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (Green Book)


By CAS (Chemical Abstract Service) No. In the form of XXX-XX-XX Use the CAS No. index

By DOT ID No. In the form of XXXX Use the DOT ID No. Index Many are not unique fro specific substances
By Synonyms and Trade names Use the synonyms and trade names index

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Using the NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (Green Book)


Entry format Chemical Name Chemical formula CAS No. XXXX-XX-XX RTECs No. ABXXXXXX DOT & GUIDE No. XXXX XXX 3-digit Guide No. found in the Gold Book (ERG) refers to actions to be taken to stabilize an emergency situation

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Waste transport record (Manifest) form


Section A: Generator Information

Names, addresses, DENR ID numbers, and telephone and fax numbers of the waste generator, Class, sub-category, and quantity of each hazardous wastes Type of container used during transport Intended methods of hazardous wastes treatment, storage, recycling, reprocessing, or disposal at TSD facilities Special Instructions

Section B: Transporter Information

Names, addresses. DENR Transporter ID numbers and telephone, fax numbers of wastes transporter Name, designation and date wastes received (or shipped) by wastes transporter

Section C: TSD Information


Names/addresses, DENR ID numbers, and telephone and fax numbers of wastes treater (TSD facility) Name/designation, signature, and date waste received (or shipped) by treater (TSD facility).

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Treatment, Storage & Disposal (TSD) Facilities

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Categories of TSD Facilities


Table 3. Prescribed Waste Treatment Facilities
Category Description A Facilities that conduct on-site disposal of hazardous wastes generated within the facility through industrial or commercial processes and activities other than disposal via sewer Commercial or industrial hazardous waste thermal B treatment facilities. Facilities include those that conduct off-site thermal treatment (i.e. pyrolysis, autoclave, microwave and sterilization) Landfills that accept hazardous waste for disposal. C Facilities that accept only inert hazardous waste residues for final disposal and not located on the waste generators facilities.
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Categories of TSD Facilities


Category Description D Facilities that recycle or reprocess hazardous waste which are not generated or produced at the facility. Facilities include those that receive offsite of hazardous waste and recover valuable materials from the hazardous wastes, use hazardous waste as input materials or fuel for production, or produce compost by biological treatment of hazardous waste. It also includes, but are not limited to, facilities that regenerate oil and solvents and recover metals from hazardous wastes.

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Categories of TSD Facilities


Category Description
E Facilities that immobilize, encapsulate, polymerize or treat hazardous wastes off-site. Facilities include those that receive hazardous waste outside the premises and transform physical and/or chemical characteristics of the hazardous waste by physicochemical or thermal treatment in order to dispose of them into the facilities in Category C: E-1 Facilities to solidify sludge, ashes, and other hazardous wastes E-2 Facilities to melt and solidify inorganic sludge, ash, and other inorganic hazardous wastes E-3 Physicochemical treatment facilities including neutralization, oxidation, and reduction of waste acid, waste alkali, or waste solution containing cyanide or chromium E-4 Facilities to thermally decompose waste containing cyanide E-5 Facilities to decompose PCB E-6 Facilities to chemically treat infectious waste E-7 Facilities to rinse containers that used to contain hazardous waste
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Categories of TSD Facilities


Category Description Facilities that store hazardous wastes, which were not F generated at that facility Facilities include those that store hazardous waste generated offsite awaiting treatment, disposal or export F-1 Open space to place containers, vessels, or tanks containing hazardous waste F-2 Buildings to store containers, vessels, or tanks containing hazardous waste F-3 Built tanks to store liquid hazardous waste
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

TSD Facility Registration


(A) Requirements for establishing a TSD Facility
1. Environmental Compliance Certificate (ECC) or Initial Environmental Examination (IEE) under DAO 96-37 for the TSD facility has been secured; A prospective waste treater has financial resources (i.e. letter of credit, surety bond, trust fund) to conduct proper hazardous waste treatment continuously and to cover liability for accidents

2.

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

WASTE ACCEPTANCE
Waste acceptance requirements
a.
b. c. d. e.

Proper manifest(s) must accompany the shipment (written and certified documents from generator to transporter and to TSD facility). The containers are properly labeled as to the type of wastes and any of its potential hazards. An independent random analysis undertaken by the TSD facility to verify the type of hazardous waste indicated in its manifest. The waste is transported by a licensed and registered hazardous waste transporter. The waste type (class and description) and mode of treatment has been approved by the DENR EMB Central Office as indicated in the permit

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Registered Treatment, Storage and Disposal (TSD) Facilities for Hazardous Wastes [2008]
Luzon Visayas Mindanao Total 74 Facilities (Recycling, Recovery, PhysicoChemical Treatment & Landfills) 12 Facilities (Recycling & Recovery) 13 Facilities (Recycling & Recovery) 99 Facilities

Used oil, spent solvents, wastes with inorganic chemicals (WTF sludge)

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

THE BASEL CONVENTION ON THE TRANSBOUNDARY MOVEMENTS OF HAZARDOUS WASTES AND THEIR DISPOSAL Requirements/Commitments/Restrictions
Prohibits transboundary movements of wastes from OECD to Non-OECD that belong to any Category contained in Annex I (Article 1) Prohibits Parties to export/import waste either for disposal or recovery operations from Non-Parties (Articles 6 & 7) in the absence of Bilateral, Multilateral and Regional Arrangements (Article 11) Encourage Parties to ratify decisions made during Conference of Parties (for local implementation and/or for a Decision to enter into force) (Article 4)

Encourage parties to report domestic legislation(s) to the Secretariat in support of the Conventions implementation (Article 4)

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

DENR Administrative Order No. 28, Series of 1994: THE INTERIM GUIDELINES ON THE IMPORTATION OF RECYCLABLE MATERIALS CONTAINING HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES
Allows the importation of the following recyclable materials: scrap metals (lead-acid batteries, metal bearing sludge, etc) solid plastic materials electronic assemblies and scraps All importation must follow the requirements and procedures of the Basel Convention Notification/Consent between Parties Must have a definite receiving facility with the essential environmental permits and clearances

DENR Administrative Order No. 28, Series of 1997: AMENDING ANNEX A OF DAO 94-28
Allows the importation of used oil and oil residues provided:
the spent oil have no traces of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) excludes importation of tanker sludge
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Policy Initiatives
New Policy Issuances
DENR Administrative Order No. 2010-06 Guidelines on the Use of Alternative Fuels and Raw Materials in Cement Kilns DENR Memorandum Circular No. 2009-07 Code of Practice on the Management of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)

Revised DAO 2004-36 (Procedural Manual on Hazardous Waste Management)

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Policy Initiatives
Industry Responses or Initiatives
Guidance Manual on the Use of Alternative Fuels and Raw Materials (AFR) in Cement Kilns

Implementation of ISO 14001(Environmental Management System)

Self Regulation and Public-Private Partnership

Responsible Care Program or Extended Producers Responsibility [EPR]

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

Lets Save the Future!!!

Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office

MARAMING SALAMAT PO!!!


Flammability

Health

Health

Reactivity

Special Information

www.emb.gov.ph
Ethylene oxide colorless gas (flammable, reactive, and explosive)

CH2OCH2
or

CH2 CH2 O
Geri Geronimo R. Saez Chief, Hazardous Waste Management Section Environmental Quality Division EMB Central Office