Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 4

The Industrial revolution was a period from the 18th to the 19th Century where major changes in agriculture,

manufacturing, mining, transportation and technology had profound effect on social, economic and cultural conditions of the times. It began in the United Kingdom (UK), and then subsequently spread throughout Western Europe, North America, Japan and eventually the world. The Industrial Revolution marks a major turning point in history; almost every aspect of daily life was influenced in some way. Most notably average income and population began to exhibit unprecedented sustained growth. In the two centuries following 1800, the worlds average per capita income increased over tenfold, while the world population increased over six fold. The second Industrial revolution is also known as Technological Revolution. It is the phase of larger Industrial revolution corresponding to the latter half of 19th Century until World War I. The second Industrial revolution leads to rapid Industrial development in Western Europe (Britain, Germany and France).

Development is the process of economic and social change that took place gradually and the term revolution is a misomer. The following are the
contributions of Technological revolution to the development worldwide. Increase in production capacity both in industries and agricultural activities; this is due to the introduction of heavy and technological industry that satisfy the available resources machine has been introduced, with increase in science and technology has contributed to the enhancement of productivity and increased economic growth in human society is understalment the fact is evident that science and technology has a large interaction to productions in all sphere of human societies.

The growth of communication technologies such as information technology; this is due to the rapid growth of modern technologies, some of the implications of those technologies for global change, and how we may best guide our technological growth and development for the betterment of our planet, between 1990 and 1996 international telephone traffic more than doubled from 33 billion to 70 billion minutes per year, number of computers worldwide tripled in the 90s now over 40 million, people using the geographic information systems

increases roughly 20% each year, wireless technologies promise to serve to serve the most remote locations. Through cell phones, fax, internet, telegraph, television and telephones stimulates rapid connection of the world, this communication technologies lead to the growth of commercial, social interaction via social networks such as face book and twitter and growth of science and technology hence development. Improvement of transport network, transport has been easy since the technological revolution, the using of map and bearing, radar the discoveries of transport facilities like the introduction of steam powered ships, boats and railways vessels train air plane has reduce the time usage to reach distant area with low risk. By the way introduction of all weathered roads make it possible to transport goods and service from one point to another as well binding people to communicate, accessibility of roads make trade among the societies also create the linkage from agricultural sectors to the industries that where inputs are utilized to feed the industries as well as output. Development of trade and commerce (Trade expansion), this was enabled by the introduction of canals, improved roads and railways and due to marine technology promotes economic growth and development internationally through import and export of different commodities by using cargo ships this has widening external market in any where easily hence development. Development of agricultural production, the fundamental human activities which involve crop cultivation and domestication of animals had raised , farmers had changes the way food was being grown the accommodate for the rapidly growing population as demand for food increased people started making improvements to their farming tools to make work easier, science and technology has lead agriculture sustained through introducing various measurement such as pesticide through introducing various measurement such as land reform pesticides, nitrogen fertilizer, seeds germination crossbreeding , irrigation, land reclamation, agronomy, plant propagation, animal husbandry, forestry, horticulture like the use of green houses that can go with the number of people and utilize the population growth which is rapid increasing as days went on Crop farming extensive cultivation of plants to yield food feed or fiber to provide medical or industrial ingredients or to grow ornamental products crop has boost industrial sectors that adversely affect the societies in different ways as like

employing labors building social amenities like hospitals road accessibility as a network for transporting its output to reach and feed industries. Assurance of peace and security of a country, technological revolution enables a country to ensure its military security (maintaining effective armed forces, implementing civil defense and emergency preparedness measures including anti-terrorism legislation) by using government radar which detects conversations from the satellite and watches every move of a person. This protects a country against terrorism which may sometime affects economic growth. Also there is innovations of more scientific instruments that are used to give information about the occurrence of the natural calamities like tsunami, earthquake, heavy rainfall and tornadoes, this enables people to take precautions on them hence reduce risks on peoples life and properties. Promotes International relationship, the development of science and technologies such as communication technologies, electrical power generation technology, military technology and biotechnology have promoted international relationship through technological transfer. That is when a country buys technology from another country becomes a customer of such technology to that country; this promotes the development of trade and social interactions among people. Influx of population from the countryside and into the towns and cities, due to the transition from an agricultural-based economy towards a machine-based manufacturing caused by the technological advancements has lead to the influx of populations from countryside to the towns causing the growth and development of cities. Increase in life expectancy, age to which an average person can be expected to live, as sex, heredity, and health habits and base their rates on actuarial analysis. Life expectancy can be calculated at birth or at some other age and generally varies according to age. Thus, all persons at birth might have an average life expectancy of 80 years and all persons aged 40 years might have an average life expectancy of 85 years. Life expectancy projections determine such matters as the ages when an individual retirement account may start and finish withdrawing funds.

Power discoveries, such as hydroelectric power, biogas, generators, solar power, and geothermal power this has create ways to investment and distribution of industries development in a number of ways as no investment without power, light becoming the purpose in various institution that depend it in daily work. Industries are father located where power had well utilized so that may facilitate its production. Generally, technological revolution has lead much to the development of many countries in the world especially in Europe, USA, China and Russia but not as in many African countries that technological revolution is still low and leads to unsustainable development. Due to this, most of the African countries have been adopting technologies from the developed countries in order to promote development. Reference: Todaro M and Smith S 2006 Economic Development Wikipedia web reference UNICTAD world report Ministry of Science and Technology of Tanzania