Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 478

II

2010

II


2010

( 2009 )

/
/, 2010

2010 .

(4 Albert Embankment, London SE1 7SR, United Kingdom)


(999 University Street, Montral, Quebec, Canada H3C 5H7)

, 1999.
, 2006.
, 2007.
, 2008.
, 2010.

ISBN 978-92-9231-739-3


: 9731P2

/ 2010

.

,



.


...................................................................................................................................................

ix

......................................................................................................................................................

xvii

1.

1.1

..............................................................................................................

1-1

1.2

SAR ....................................................................................................................

1-1

1.3

SAR ............................................................................................................................

1-4

1.4

.................................................

1-5

1.5

.......................................................................................................................

1-6

1.6

SAR ...............................................................................................................

1-7

1.7

, .............................................................................

1-8

1.8

...................................................................................................................

1-10

1.9

................................................................................

1-14

1.10 .......................................................................................................

1-14

1.11 .......................................................................................................

1-17

1.12 .............................................................................

1-19

2.

2.1

.......................................................................................................................

2-1

2.2

............................................................................................

2-1

2.3

..............................................................................................................

2-3

2.4

......................................................................................................

2-3

2.5


............................................................................................................................

2-3

2.6

EPIRB ELT ..............................................................................................................................

2-5

2.7

....................................................................................................................

2-7

2.8

.....................................................................

2-8

2.9

-
.................................................................................................................

2-9

2.10 ..................................................................................................................

2-10

2.11 ..........................................................................................................

2-11

2.12 SAR .............................................................

2-12

2.13 ...................................................................

2-12

2.14 .............................................................................................

2-12

2.15 SAR .........................................................................................................

2-13

2.16 RCC RSC .........................................................................................................

2-13

2.17 ...............................................................................................................

2-14

2.18 SafetyNET ................................................................................................................

2-15

2.19 .........................................................................................................................

2-16

2.20 ....................................................................................

2-17
iii


2.21 .................................................................

2-17

2.22 ...................................................................................

2-17

2.23 ...............................

2-17

2.24 , .....................................................................................

2-18

2.25 RCC .............................................................................................................................

2-19

2.26 SAR ....................................................................................

2-19

2.27 , SAR ...................................................................

2-20

2.28 GMDSS .....................................................................................................

2-24

2.29 ................................................................................................

2-24

2.30 .......................................................

2-24

2.31 RCC SES ......................................

2-25

2.32 ,
- .........................................................................................

2-25

3.
3.1

....................................................................................................................

3-1

3.2

SAR ................................................................................................................................

3-1

3.3

................................................................................................................

3-2

3.4

.......................................................................................

3-4

3.5

.......................................................................................................

3-6

3.6

RCC RSC, SAR ...................

3-9

3.7

, RCC SAR .................

3-12

3.8

, SMC ..................................

3-12

4.

4.1

.......................................................................................................................

4-1

4.2

......................................................................................................................

4-2

4.3

.......................................

4-3

4.4

...............

4-6

4.5

...................................

4-11

4.6

................................................................................

4-12

4.7

.................................................................

4-23

4.8

..........................................

4-38

5.

iv

5.1

.......................................................................................................................

5-1

5.2

.......................................................................................................

5-1

5.3

............................................................................................................

5-1

5.4

...................................................................................................................

5-5

5.5

......................................................................................................

5-6

5.6

....................................................................................................

5-15

5.7

......................................................................................

5-18

5.8

......................................................................................................

5-21


5.9

...............................................................................................

5-22

5.10 ............................................

5-25

5.11 ........................................................................

5-29

5.12 .............................

5-31

5.13 .....................................................................................................

5-32

5.14 ..................................................................................................................

5-33

5.15 ................................................................................................................................

5-33

5.16 ...................................................................................

5-34

5.17 ...............................................................................

5-35

5.18 ..............................................................................................

5-35

5.19 ..................................................................................................

5-35

5.20 ................................................................................................................

5-35

6.

6.1

....................................................................................................................

6-1

6.2

............................................................

6-2

6.3

- .........................................

6-3

6.4

...........................................................

6-3

6.5

......................................................................................

6-5

6.6

............................................................................................................

6-5

6.7

..........................................................................

6-5

6.8

...........................................................................

6-7

6.9

.........................................................

6-7

6.10 - ...............................................................

6-8

6.11 ......................................................

6-8

6.12 ..........................................................

6-9

6.13 , ,
.....................................................

6-10

6.14 ..................................................................................................

6-14

6.15 - .......................................................

6-15

6.16 .................................................................................

6-23

6.17 .....................................................................................................

6-24

6.18 ............................................................................................

6-25

6.19 ....................................................

6-26

6.20 .....................................................................................

6-27

7.

7.1

....................................................................................................................

7-1

7.2

.....................................................................................................

7-1

7.3

...................................................................................

7-3

7.4

..........................................................................................

7-3

7.5

RCC ..........................

7-3
v


7.6

..........................................................................

7-3

7.7

..............................................

7-4

8.

SAR

8.1

....................................................................................................................

8-1

8.2

SAR ..................................................................................................................

8-1

8.3

.................................................................................

8-1

8.4

..............................................................................

8-2

8.5

....................................................................................................

8-3

8.6

.......................................................................................

8-3

8.7

............................................................................................................

8-3

8.8

..............................................................................................................

8-4

8.9

...............................................................................................................

8-4

A.

B.

C.

- : ,
.

D.

, .

E.

, .

F.

G. .
H.

I.

SITREP .

J.

K.

L.

M. .
N.

O. SAR.
P.

,
.

Q. .
R.

. TMAS TMAS
.

vi
, 2008 , 1 2009 .




(SAR)
,
(SOLAS).
,
SAR.
SAR, SAR
.
SAR SAR
, ,
SAR.
" " ( I) SAR,
SAR
SAR;
" " ( II) ,
SAR;
" " ( III) ,
,
, ,
SAR .


1 SAR, ,
SAR, , .
SAR , .
2 SAR. ,
,
, .
3 ,
SAR.
, .
4 SAR
SAR.
5 SAR.
6
, .
7 ,
SAR, SAR.
8 SAR.
SAR, ,
SAR, ,
, SAR.
. ,
, , , ,
, RCC .

.
,
2001 ( 1 2002 ),
2002 ( 1 2003 ),

vii


2003 ( 1 2004 ),
2004 ( 1 2005 ),
2005 ( 1 2006 ),
2006 ( 1 2007 )
2007 ( 1 2008 ).
2008 (
2008 , 1 2009 ),
2009 (
2009 , 1 2010 ).
/
2007
(COMSAR) 2008
2009 , .

viii


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . GMDSS
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
search area
ACO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
aircraft co-ordinator
AES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
aeronautical earth station

ix


AFN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
aeronautical fixed network
AFTN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
aeronautical fixed telecommunications network
AIP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Aeronautical Information Publication
AIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
aeronautical information services
AMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
aeronautical mobile service
AMS(R)S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ()
aeronautical mobile satellite (route) service
AMSS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
aeronautical mobile satellite service
Amver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Automated Mutual-assistance Vessel Rescue
ARCC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
aeronautical rescue co-ordination centre
ARSC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
aeronautical rescue sub-centre
ASW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
average surface wind
ASWe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
average surface wind error
ASWDVe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , ASWe
drift velocity error due to ASWe
ATN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
aeronautical telecommunications network
C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
coverage factor
C/C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


cabin cruiser

CES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
coast earth station
CIRM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Centro Internazionale Radio-Medico

CRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


coast radio station

C/S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
call sign
CS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
creeping line search
CSC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
creeping line search co-ordinated
CSP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
commence search point
CW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D..........................................................................


continuous wave

/
total drift

De . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . /
total drift error


DD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

( )
(leeway) divergence distance

DF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

direction finding

DMB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
datum marker buoy
DME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
distance measuring equipment
DRU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
desert rescue unit
DSC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
digital selective calling
DVe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


total drift velocity error

E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
total probable error of position
EGC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
enhanced group calling
ELR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
extra-long-range aircraft
ELT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


emergency locator transmitter

ENID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
enhanced identity
EPIRB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
emergency position-indicating radio beacon
ETA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
estimated time of arrival
ETD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
estimated time of departure
F/V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
fishing vessel
FLAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
forward-looking airborne radar
FLIR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
forward-looking infrared
fs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
optimal search factor
fv . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
search facility velocity correction factor
fw . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
weather correction factor
fz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


effort factor


ground earth station

GMDSS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Global Maritime Distress Safety System
GNSS ...........................................................................................................
global navigation satellite system
GPS ........................................................................................................
global positioning system

xi


GS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ground speed
gt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
gross tonnage
HEL-H . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
heavy helicopter
HEL-L . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
light helicopter
HEL-M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
medium helicopter
HQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
headquarters
I/B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
inboard
ICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
incident command system
ILS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
instrument landing system
IMSO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
International Mobile Satellite Organization
INS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
inertial navigation system
INTERCO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
International Code of Signals
IP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
initial position
JRCC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ( )
joint (aeronautical and maritime) rescue co-ordination centre
JRSC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
joint rescue sub-centre
l .........................................................................


search sub-area length

L . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
length
Lb . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
datum base line
LCB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
line of constant bearing
LES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
land earth station
LKP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
last known position
LOP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


line of position

LRG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
long-range aircraft
LSB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


lower side band

LUT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
local user terminal
LW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
leeway

xii


LWe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
leeway error
M/V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
merchant vessel
MCC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


mission control centre

MCW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


modulated carrier wave

MEDEVAC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
medical evacuation
MEDICO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,
medical advice, usually by radio
MMSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
maritime mobile service identity
MRCC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
maritime rescue co-ordination centre
MRG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
medium range aircraft
MRSC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
maritime rescue sub-centre
MR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -
mass rescue operation
MRU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
mountain rescue unit
MSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
maritime safety information
n .................................................


number of required track spacings

N . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SAR
number of SAR facilities
NBDP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
narrow band direct printing
NOTAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ()
notice to airmen
NVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
night vision goggles
O/B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
outboard
O/S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


on-scene

OS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
contour search
OSC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
on-scene co-ordinator
OSV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
offshore supply vessel
P/C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


pleasure craft

PIW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
person in water
PLB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
personal locator beacon

xiii


POB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
persons on board
POC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
probability of containment
POD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
probability of detection
POS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
probability of success
POSc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
cumulative probability of success
PRU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
parachute rescue unit
PS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
parallel sweep search
R . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
search radius
Ro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


optimal search radius

RANP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
regional air navigation plan
RB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
rescue boat
RC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
river current
RCC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
rescue co-ordination centre
RSC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
rescue sub-centre
RTG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
radio telegraphy
RV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
rescue vessel
S/S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
steam ship
S/V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
sailing vessel
S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
track spacing
SAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
search and rescue
SART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
search and rescue transponder
SC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
search and rescue co-ordinator
SC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
sea current
SCe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
see current error
SDP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
search and rescue data provider
SES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ship earth station

xiv


SITREP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
situation report
SMC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -
search and rescue mission co-ordinator
SOA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
speed of advance
SOLAS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety of Life at Sea
SPOC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SAR
search and rescue point of contact
SR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
separation ratio
SRG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


short-range aircraft

SRR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


search and rescue region


search and rescue sub-region

SRU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -
search and rescue unit
SS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
expanding square search
SU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
search unit
SUBSAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


submarine search and rescue

SURPIC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
surface picture
T . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
search time available
T/V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
tank vessel
TAS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
true air speed
TC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
tidal current
TCe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
tidal current error
TCA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
time of closest approach
TELEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

teletype

TFR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
temporary flight restriction
TLX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

teletype

TMAS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
telemedical assistance service
TSN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


trackline search non-return

TSR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
trackline search return

xv
, 2008 , 1 2009 .


TWC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
total water current
TWCe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


total water current error

U . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
wind speed
UIR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


upper flight information region

ULR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ultra-long-range aircraft
USAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


urban search and rescue

USB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
upper side band
UTC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
co-ordinated universal time
UTM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
universal transverse mercator grid
v .........................................................................
V ...................................................................


speed of search object

SAR
SAR facility ground speed

VLR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
very-long-range aircraft
VOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -
VHF omnidirectional radio range
VS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
sector search
w . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
search sub-area width
W ................................................................................


sweep width

WC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
wind current
WCe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
wind currenr error
Wu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
uncorrected sweep width
X ................................................


initial position error

Y . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SAR facility position error
Z . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
effort
Za . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
available effort
Zr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Zrc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


relative effort


cumulative relative effort

Zta . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
total available effort

xvi


.
Ditching

.
Aeronautical position


,
,

(Da).
Aeronautical drift (Da)

.
Datum base line

, ,
.
,
() ()

(CES).
Coast earth station (CES)


(FLAR).
Forward-looking airborne radar (FLAR)

,

,
, ,
. FLAR


(DMB).
Datum marker buoy (DMB)

.
Vector

, ,


( ).
Probable error (from statistics)

,
,
50 %

(POC).
Probability of containment (POC)

,
,

(POD).
Probability of detection (POD)

,
, . POD
, ,

.

(POS).
Probability of success (POS)


. POS =
= POC POD.

(WC).
Wind current (WC)

.
Swell

,
.

xvii



().
Visual meteorological conditions
(VMC)

,
,
,


(T).
Search endurance (T)

""
.
85 %
, 15 %



.
On-scene endurance

,

-

.
Possibility area

1) ,
. 2)

, ,
,

.
Sea


(TCA).
Time of closest approach (TCA)


(UTC).
Co-ordinated universal time (UTC)


(RSC).
Rescue sub-centre (RSC)

,


.
.

RSC, ,
;
ARSC MRSC

.
Secondary swells

/.
Sortie

.
Hypothermia

(
) ,


(GNSS).
Global Navigation Satellite System
(GNSS)



(GMDSS).
Global Maritime Distress and Safety
System (GMDSS)

,
, , ,

.
Awareness range

, , ,
,
,

xviii


.
Divergence distance

.
Fetch

(SITREP).
Situation report (SITREP)

, OSC SMC
SMC


(LW).
Leeway (LW)

,
,

.
Fix

,
,
,

.
Personal Locator Beacon (PLB)

.
Inmarsat

(S).
Track spacing (S)

.
Sensors

(, , . .),
(, )
,

(TAS).
True air speed (TAS)

.
TAS

.
Datum line

(,
),

.
Datum point

(,
)

.
Datum

, ,

.
Datum area

.
Captain

.
Probability map

,
,

. ,
POC

.
Pilot-in-command

xix


.
Checksum digit

,
.
,

.
Grid

.
Aircraft Co-ordinator (ACO)

,
SAR
-


(OSC).
On-scene co-ordinator (OSC)

, -

(SC).
Search and rescue co-ordinator (SC)

,

SAR

(SMC).
Search and rescue mission
coordinator (SMC)

,

.


(RCC).
Rescue co-ordination centre (RCC)

,
-
-
.

. RCC
,
; ARCC MRCC
.
(C).
Coverage factor (C)

(Z)
(A). C = Z/A.
(W)
(S). C = W/S

(SR).
Separation ratio (SR)

(DD)
,
,
(E). (SR = DD/E)

(fZ).
Effort factor (fZ)

1) ,

,

(E). fZp= E2. 2)

(E) (L). fZl = E x L.

.
Wind-corrected heading

,
,

.
Course

.
Heading

xx


.
Swell face

, .
,
.

.
False alarm

.
False alert

, ,
,
,

.
Rhumb line

( ).
Wave (or Chop)

,
,
, ""

.
On-scene

.
Surface position

.
Position

.
Meteorological visibility

,
, , .
" "

(S).
Sea Current (SC)

,
, .
,

.
MAYDAY

.
Direction of wind

.
Swell direction

, . ,
,

,
.
Direction of waves, swell or seas

, ,

.
Direction of current (Set)


SAR (UNSAR).
Unnecessary SAR alert (UNSAR)

, RCC

SAR

.
Overdue

xxi



(SURPIC).
Surface picture (SURPIC)

,
, ,

.
General communications

,
, ,
,

,
(Za).
Available datum effort (Za)

.
Search object

, ,
,
,

.
Positioning


(fs).
Optimal search factor (fs)



. (.
)

.
Optimal search radius

.

(E)
(fs). Ro = E x fs

.
Optimal search plan

.
Optimal search area

,

.

(Zr).
Relative effort (Zr)

(Z),
.
,

. Zr = Z/fz

.
Unreported

-.
PAN-PAN

.

,

.
Primary swell

RCC.
First RCC

RCC, ,
,

SAR ,
RCC,

.
Search action plan

, SMC,
SAR ,
SAR

xxii


.
Search and rescue plan

, ,


, ,

.
Aircraft glide

.
Surface drift

/
. "
/"


(WC).
Wind current error (WC)


(LW).
Leeway error (LW)


/ (D).
Drift error (D)


(X).
Initial position error (X)


.


SAR.

() () ()


(SC).
See current error (SC)



(Y).
Search facility position error (Y)


(TC).
Tidal current error (TC)

(SRS).
Search and rescue sub-region (SRS)

.
Search sub-area

,
,
, ,

.
Search

, , ,
,

,

(V).
Search speed (V)

xxiii


-
(SRU).
Search and rescue unit (SRU)

- .
Search and rescue case

,

, ,
SAR

-
.
Search and rescue co-ordinating
communications

,
-

- .
Search and rescue service

, ,
, ,
,

, ,

- .
Search and rescue facility

, ,
-

(Z).
Search effort (Z)

, ,

, .

(V), (T)
(W). Z = V T W


(LKP).
Last known position (LKP)

.
Alerting post

,
,
,


(SDP).
Search and rescue data provider (SDP)

,
,

-
,


,
(,
)

().
Visual flight rules (VFR)

,
. ,


().
Instrument flight rules (IFR)

,
.


().
Instrument meteorological conditions
(IMC)

,
,
,

(TC).
Tidal current (TC)

xxiv



(IAS).
Indicated air speed (IAS)


. IAS

,
SAR.
Search and rescue incident

,
SAR,
SAR


(SPOC).
Search and rescue point of contact
(SPOC)


,
,

(GS).
Ground speed (GS)

.
Search radius

,
.
,

(SRR).
Search and rescue region (SRR)

,
,
-

.
Search area

, ,
.



.
Search and rescue airspace
reservation


SAR
, SAR

-.
Cospas-Sarsat System

,
, 121,5
406

.
Swell velocity


Telemedical assistance
service (TMAS)

,
,


(JRCC).
Joint rescue co-ordination centre
(JRCC)

,
, ,


(POS).
Cumulative probability of success
(POS)


,
. POSc POS


(Zrc).
Cumulative relative effort (Zrc)



.
.
Zrc = Zr-1 + Zr-2 + Zr-3 +...+ Zr-

xxv
, 2008 , 1 2009 .


.
Triage


,
,

.
Search and rescue briefing officer

SMC
,

SAR
SAR


.
Search and rescue liaison officer

,
SAR

.
Rescue

, ,

.
Emergency Phase

,
,

.
Distress Phase

, ,
,

.
Uncertainty Phase

.
Alert Phase

.
Craft



(TWCe).
Total water current error (TWCe)

,
)
, b)
,
,


(De).
Total drift error (De)


.
,
(DVe).
De = DVe t, t /


(DVe).
Total drift velocity error (DVe)

,

,


(E).
Total probable error (E)

/,

(TWC).
Total water current (TWC)

xxvi



(Zta).
Total available search effort (Zta)

,
,
,

.
Co-ordinated search pattern

.
Search pattern

, SRU

.
Scenario

,
,

(DR).
Dead reckoning (DR)


,
,


(FLIR).
Forward-looking infrared (FLIR)

,

(), ,


(LUT).
Local user terminal (LUT)

, ,
-,

(CSP).
Commence search point (CSP)

, SMC,
SAR


.
Leeway divergence angle


.

.
, ,
,

.
Knot (kt)

, 1


(NBDP).
Narrow Band Direct Printing (NBDP)

, NAVTEX

(MCC).
Mission control centre (MCC)

-,
()



(DSC).
Digital selective calling (DSC)

, ,

(W).
Sweep width (W)

(MRO).
Mass Rescue Operation (MRO)

-
,


, ,
,
,

xxvii


.
Initial action stage

,
SAR

.
Conclusion stage

SAR, SAR

.
Operations stage

SAR,
SAR , ,
,
,

.
Planning stage

SAR,

.
Awareness stage

, SAR

.
Search and rescue stage

SAR.
,
, ,

.
Grid cell

Amver

MEDEVAC

MEDICO

.

,

NAVAREA

16 ,

NAVTEX

SafetyNET

(EGC) ,

(MSI)
(GMDSS)

SarNET

RCC

xxviii


1.1
1.1.1

1.1.2

1.1.3


SAR
()
() -
- (SAR) .
,
SAR .
,
SAR ,
SAR.

SAR SAR
, .
(SRR),
(RCC) SAR,
SRR .
SAR
,
(SOLAS),
,
SAR , ,
, . SAR
.

1.1.4


SAR,
SAR.

.

1.1.5

(RANP) SRR
.
, SRR. SAR
SRR, ,
SRR. SRR ,

,
RCC.

1.2

SAR

1.2.1

SAR , SAR (SC),


SAR (SMC) (OSC).

1.2.2

SAR (SC). SC ,
, SAR ,
, RCC
(RSC), SAR
, SAR
SAR. SC SAR ;
.
SAR
" ".
SC SAR.
1-1

1.
1.2.3

SAR SM, ,
, RCC RSC. ,
, SM ,
SM ,
. SM
RCC
, , , .

SM. SM
,
,
SAR.
(a)

SMC SAR , ,
, , RCC
. SMC
. SMC
SAR .

(b)

SMC SAR
SAR. SMC
,
, ,
SAR. , RCC,
, .
SMC :
, ;
- ,
;
;
,

, / SAR;

, ;
(
), , OSC,
SAR ;
RCC ;
RCC ;
SAR;
, ,
;
, ,
SAR;
;

, , ;
;
RCC ;
SAR ;
;
,
;
.

1-2

1.
1.2.4

(OSC).
SAR
.
(OSC) SMC.
- (SRU), ,
, - ,
OSC. , SAR,
,
OSC , SMC
. , OSC
SMC , OSC
RCC. OSC

SAR,
, OSC. OSC.
OSC SMC OSC
:
SAR
;
SMC;

SMC (
, SMC);
SAR;
;
, ;
SAR;
( );
(SITREP) SMC.

1.2.5

1.2.6

SRU , :
;
;
( );
;
( );
( );
;
( ).
().
.
, ,
.
SMC, , ,
OSC. , , ,
, GNSS ( ),
,
SAR . ,
SMC,
OSC, SMC OSC
,
.
, , , , ,
, .
:
1-3

1.
;
: ;
(, );
;
;
( );
, , (SITREP)
SMC OSC;
OSC;
,
, , -
.
1.3

SAR

1.3.1

SAR , ,
, , .
,
. SAR
, ,
,
RCC. SAR
. SAR
SRU.

1.3.2

SAR
" ".

1.3.3

. ,
RCC,
SAR. , RCC,
.

1.3.4

1.3.5

1.3.6

1-4


, ,
SAR.
, ,
.
. SMC
,
" "
(SURPIC), (, ).
,
SAR. RCC
SAR,
, ,
.
RCC ,
,
, .
Amver , SAR,
RCC. RCC
.
SAR;
.

31 1999 , SOLAS,
,

1.
(GMDSS).
GMDSS
. GMDSS
, SAR,
.
1.3.7

RCC GMDSS SOLAS


. GMDSS
,
( - ), , SAR
. ,
SOLAS, GMDSS
GMDSS GMDSS.

1.3.8

GMDSS ,
,
GMDSS.
SAR .
16 -, 16 ,
.

1.3.9


,
,
() . .
SAR
, ,
,
. , ,
, -
.
,
.

1.3.10

10
-; ,
. RANP
SAR
SAR.

1.3.11

121,5 .
,
,
.
(ELT).

1.3.12

SAR
,


SAR. SAR (SDP).
SDP , , ,
(), , RCC ,
.

1.4

1.4.1

SMC ,
(MEDICO)
.

1.4.2

MEDICO ,
.
SAR, (TMAS). (
, , ,
1-5
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

1.

, ,
.) ,

. TMAS
(CIRM) , .
2.27. SMC,
,
,
.
1.4.3


,
.
"DH MEDICO". , ,
RCC,
.

1.4.4


SRU;
.
, SMC
, .

, .
, , SAR.
:
, SAR;
, ;
,
;
;

. ,
:
SMC ;
SAR ;
;
;
.

1.5

1.5.1

RCC SRR
SAR SAR.
, -
, .

1.5.2

RCC
(, (AIP)
).
:
SAR SAR;
, SAR;
;
;
;
.

1-6
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

1.
1.5.3


C.

1.6

SAR

1.6.1

SAR .
,
SAR , RCC
. SAR ,
SAR ,
. ,
.
,
.

1.6.2


SAR
, .
,
. SAR ,
, ,
, RCC
, .

1.6.3


. ,
. ,
, RCC .

,
. ,
, ,
, RCC .

1.6.4

, , , ,
(CRS). CRS
SAR. RCC
, , CRS,
, .

1.6.5

RCC .
SAR
( ). 3.

1.6.6

1.6.7


, RCC ,

. RCC
, , RCC,
.

SMC
, .
,
, . :
;
;
.

1.6.8

, ,
.
SAR 3.
RCC, RSC .
1-7

1.
1.6.9

1.6.10

1.6.11

1.6.12

, SMC
SAR, , .
, SAR,
,
. 4.
,
.
, SMC
, .

SAR,
, ,
.
SAR;
, ,
,
. SMC RCC
.
.
, 4
,
.

SAR ,
, .
SMC ,
, SAR, .
RCC
, ,
. 5;
6.

SAR , :
, , , ,
SAR, ;
, , SAR, ,
;
SMC ,
,

.

1.6.13

SAR
, , 8.

1.7

1.7.1

RCC SAR
, , ,
, , , ,
, ,
.. ,
.
,
- .

1.7.2

1-8



, RCC, RSC,

1.
. C
. ,
,
.

. ,
.
.
,

, .
1.7.3

1.7.4

1.7.5

1.7.6

1.7.7

1.7.8

SAR
, .
,
,
. , ,
,
.
SAR
SAR ,
. , , ,
, RCC RSC,
SAR, SMC, OSC
SAR. SAR ,
.
SAR
SAR
. SAR
, RCC, , RCC
.
,
.
, ,

.

.
.
SAR
, SAR,
.

SC. ,
, ,
, ,
. ,
"", SAR. , ,
,
, . ,
, ,
.
SAR
SAR RCC
SAR . ,
SAR, 8. , :
,
,
1-9

1.
,
SAR.
1.8

1.8.1

SAR SAR
.
,
,
.

1.8.2

SAR :
SAR, ,
, , SAR ;
;
,
.

1.8.3

.
, ,
,
.
(a)

, ,
,
.
(, RCC).
,

,
.

(b)

,
.
.

. "" ,
.
""

.

1.8.4

1-10

SAR
SAR. ,
SAR , .
,
. .
(a)

.


.

(b)


. , ,
SAR.
- .

(c)


, SAR.
SAR
, ,
SAR.

1.
1.8.5

1.8.6

1.8.7

.
(a)

, ,
.
.

(b)

, ,
.
,
.
.

(c)

,
.
.
RCC.
- .

,
SAR; ,
.
.
(a)

, , ,
. ,
, ,
, .
,
. SMC ,
( 4 5 )
. , .
,
. ,
, " "
- .
.

(b)

, SMC

. SMC

, . ,
SAR. SAR
.
- ,

.


:
SAR;
SAR;

SAR;
, ;
, ,
.

1.8.8

: ( ) ,
( ), ,

.
, .
1-11

1.
,
. , ,

, .
1.8.9

.
, , ,
. ,
, , ,
, . , , ,
, ,
.
.
, .

1.8.10

RCC SAR
.
, , ,
SAR, ,
.
(, , )
SRR.

1.8.11

6,
- .
RCC RSC

1.8.12

RCC RSC .
SAR.

.
RCC .
RCC
SAR, SAR.

1.8.13

RCC RCC
, ,
SAR. RCC

.

1.8.14

SAR :
:
SAR
;
SAR ;
, SAR, SAR ..;
;
, ,
;
:
;
SAR SAR;
, ;
;
, ;

1-12

1.
;
;
;
;
,
;
SAR;
:
;
:
SAR , ,
;
, ..
SAR.
1.8.15

, RCC RSC SAR


. ,
,
, .
() SAR




SAR
SRU


SAR


SAR
-







SAR

SAR

1.8.16










SAR

SAR

SAR

, SAR


SAR





AFN
AFTN
MEDICO

SAR.
" ".
,
, , .

1-13

1.
1.9

1.9.1

SAR :
SAR, ,

, SAR;
SAR,
;

SAR;
,
SAR,
;
;
,

;
, (,
),
, ,
, , -
.

1.10

1.10.1

SAR
, SAR.
:

SAR;
,
;

SAR.

1.10.2

SAR ,
. , ,
,
RCC. , RCC
,
.
. RCC ,
RCC,
. RCC :
RCC
;
,
,
;
,
SAR
.

1-14

1.
1.10.3

.
(a)


, RCC (
) ,
SAR. - -
,
SAR
. , RCC, , ,
SMC
.

(b)

,
RCC

. -
-. - RCC :
;
;
;
, RCC,
;
RCC " ";

-, -
.

(c)

.
,
, . RCC
.
RCC, .
RCC
:
, :
;
,
, ;
SAR (
);

;
;
,
;
,
, ;
, .

(d)

, RCC
SAR , ,
:
SAR;
;
() / (
/ );
1-15

1.

1.10.4

1.10.5

/ );
;
;
, ,
;
( );
, ;

;
;
.
.

.
(a)

,
, .
.
, ,
, .
, .
,
.

(b)


. ,
,
.
. SMC

.

, ,
, .
- (MRO),
6. RCC .
, , , ,
RCC . RCC
:
- , ,

;
() ;
-;
;
-;
;
.

1.10.6

, ,
:
(a)

1-16

RCC , ,
RCC
. , .

1.
(b)

,
,
,
.

(c)

,
. SAR

.

1.10.7

SMC .

, RCC.
SMC
;
.
SMC ( ) ,
.
SMC ,
.

1.10.8


6, .

1.11

1.11.1


.
, ,
.

.
, .

,
, .
,
. 1.11.9.

1.11.2

.
, ,
.
.
:
;
;
,
;
,
, .

1.11.3

, :

1.11.4

.
. ,
,
, .
.

1-17

1.
(a)

, , ,
.
, ().
, ,
, .

(b)

, , ,
,
,
.

1.11.5

. RCC
SAR , ,
.

1.11.6

.
. ,
, . .
(a)

SAR. , ,
, /, ,
SRU SAR, ,
SAR,
, SAR.

(b)

. SAR,
,
, -
. ,

,
SAR. SAR
, ,
, ,
.

, . ,
.

1.11.7

. .
, ,
,
(LAN WAN). ,
SAR, , , ..
.

1.11.8

SAR. SAR. -, ,
, SAR,
, . , , .
, , , .

1-18

(a)

. ,
,
.
,
,
.

(b)

,
, .
, , Amver, .

1.
1.11.9

.
,
(SAR) .
,
.
,
,
, ,
.. , ,
, ,
.
, , SAR ,
. , SAR ,
;
.

.

1.12

1.12.1

(ICS) ,

. ,
, , . ICS

, ,
. ICS
,
, , ,
. ICS .
(a) ICS :
,
;
,
;

;
;
.
(b) SAR
. ICS SAR
, ,
ICS. ICS SAR.
, SMC, OSC , SMC,
" " ,
SAR, " ",

.
(c)

1.12.2

RCC RSC ICS,


.
,
, ,
ICS.

ICS,
6, - .

1-19

2.1

2.1.1

SAR,

.
, ,
.
, ,
.
, RCC,
, .

2.1.2

, ,
, , .
SAR .
; ,
, , ,
.

2.1.3


. ,
,
, .
, - ,
. SAR

.

2.1.4

RCC ,
, .
, , (CRS),
(LUT) (MCC)
-, (LES) ,
(), , ,
, , ,
.
-,
, RCC;
RCC.

2.1.5


,
.

2.2

2.2.1

- RCC ,
RCC,
, .
, RCC,
, RCC ,
, RCC, ,
RCC, . .

2.2.2


() (3000 30 000 ), () (30 300 )
() (300 3000 ).
2-1

2.
2.2.3

,
. SAR,
,
.
; ,
, ,
, . ,
SAR ,
, , 121,5
243 .

2.2.4

SAR ,
. ,
.
SAR
,
() ().

2.2.5


. ,
, ,
.

2.2.6

, , RCC
,
, (DF).

2.2.7

(RANP)
SAR
SAR. (RANP
.)

2.2.8

-
- 121,5 ()
.
:
,
;
,
;

, SAR;
" "
- ;
" " , -
;
,
-
;

.

2.2.9

2-2

-
() , SAR,
-,
123,1 , , 121,5 . ELT
EPIRB 121,5 ,
.

2.
2.2.10

2.2.11

121,5 ,
.
121,5
ELT ( ).
-
3023, 4125 5680
SAR ,
,
- , , ,
.

2.3

2.3.1


, . 1999 ,
SOLAS, GMDSS (
). G I

, SOLAS.
-

2.3.2

(: 300 3000 ), ,
.

2.3.3

2182 ,
, ,
SAR.
-

2.3.4

-,
.
2182
4125 6215 .

2.3.5

-
156,8 ( 16) -
, . 156,3 ( 06)
.

2.4

2.4.1

, ,
;
.
.
,
.

2.5

2.5.1

1 1999 ,
(SOLAS),
,
(GMDSS).
GMDSS .

2-3

2.
2.5.2

, SOLAS,
RCC ,
.
RCC , ,
.
SAR (SDP); GMDSS
SDP,
RCC SAR.

2.5.3

RCC GMDSS
SOLAS . GMDSS
, (
- ), , SAR
. ,
SOLAS,
SOLAS GMDSS.

2.5.4

GMDSS ,
, :

;
, (
RCC);
:
, ;
SAR;
;
;
;
, ;
( ).

2.5.5

1 1999 SOLAS
(. , SOLAS
2.5.6 2.5.13):
- ( 6, 13 16);
- (DSC)
( 70);
SART;
NAVTEX;
EGC NAVTEX;
- DSC EPIRB .

2.5.6

6 SAR.
13 ,
. 16
, .
70 (DSC)
, , .

2.5.7

DSC , ,
.
,
, ,
. "
". ,

2-4

2.
DSC. DSC
, , DSC ,
,
DSC.
2.5.8

SOLAS, DSC, - DSC (2187,5 )


. DSC (SES)
/- DSC
(NBDP). (
) /- DSC.

2.5.9

(NBDP) .

2.5.10

(SART)
, 9 ,
- .
SART , 12
,
SART. SART ,
.

2.5.11

NAVTEX NBDP
, NAVTEX.
NAVTEX, , 300
. NAVTEX ,
, ,
.
,
.
NAVTEX .
, . NAVTEX
;
.

2.5.12

(EGC)
-C, NAVTEX SafetyNET
(-C SafetyNET ).
SafetyNET SAR,

(MSI). (CES) EGC
FleetNET,
; RCC
, , RCC.

2.5.13

GMDSS ,

; , , , SAR
,
. , SOLAS
16 ,
- 16
, .

2.6

EPIRB ELT

2.6.1

GMDSS
(EPIRB):
EPIRB, 406 ,
-, (LUT)
(MCC) SAR (SPOC) (
SPOC RCC, );

2-5

2.
EPIRB -E,
CES -E RCC -E.
2.6.2

LUT -. MCC ,
, LUT MCC,
SPOC, ,
SAR, , RCC.

2.6.3

- ,
(ELT), 406 ,
(PLB), .
, ELT
EPIRB, 121,5 243 ,
GMDSS.
, 406 , ,
,
. ELT, EPIRB PLB
,
, .

2.6.4

, ,
EPIRB EPIRB,
70.

2.6.5

ELT, EPIRB PLB 121,5 ;


243 , EPIRB
SART.

2.6.6

EPIRB ELT ,
( , EPIRB, ,
). PLB
. PLB
, EPIRB
ELT . ( EPIRB
, , EPIRB, ELT PLB.)

2.6.7

-
, ELT EPIRB
. ,
, ,
, .
ELT EPIRB ,
(GPS).
RCC -.

2.6.8

RCC ,
, ,
( , ELT
EPIRB, 406 , ); ,
121,5 243 , . (
(MID) ,
.)

2.6.9

121,5/243 -
LUT;
LUT;
.

2.6.10

, ELT EPIRB, 406 ,


,
LUT,
LUT.
.

2-6

, ,
, , ,
,
-, -.

2.
2.6.11

EPIRB -E
CES RCC. EPIRB
-E, . ,
EPIRB -E, , GPS,

( , ,
, EPIRB ). EPIRB
-E .
.

, ,
, , ,
,
-, .

2.6.12

ELT EPIRB , ,
,
. ,
,
.

2.7
2.7.1


,
, ,
SOLAS, - .

2.7.2

. ,
70
70 , .
(AOR-E).
(POR).
(IOR).
(AOR-W)

2.7.3


. RCC
( ),
.

2.7.4

(SES)
(AES) (LES),
(CES) ,
(GES) .
(NCS),
.

2.7.5

, .
,
, .
,
, , , .

2.7.6

SES -A B ,
, , , , ,
. SES -C
, ,
, , , EGC,
,
. -C
.
, M
E (E EPIRB).

2-7

2.
2.7.7

, . ,
,
, (SMS), , .
,
SAR RCC
RSC, .

2.8

2.8.1


, ,
SAR. ,
,
; .

2.8.2

-
(), (). SRU,
3023
5680 121,5 123,1 .

2.8.3


.
(a)

2182 . , ,
, 2182 .
2182 , ,
SAR , ,
.
2182 ,

, .

(b)

4125 .
. ,
, (
SOLAS ).
, SAR
,
, 4125 .

(c)

3023 5680 . -
SAR. SAR
, -,
; (
SOLAS) , SAR.

(d)

121,5 . .
SAR
, 121,5 ;
. ,
,
.

(e)

123,1 .
, SAR.

(f)

156,8 . -
( 16), ;
, ,
, ,
, .
SAR
, .

2-8
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

2.
2.8.4

RCC
.
, ,
, ,
.
, RCC,
, ,
.

2.8.5

, , RCC
, ()
4125 , , 3023 .
4125 , ,
3023 .

2.8.6


, .

2.9

2.9.1


121,5 , ,

.

2.9.2

() 406
ELT, EPIRB PLB. L EPIRB
-E.

2.9.3

2182 , 121,5 156,8 -


.

2.9.4

, ,
, ELT, 121,5 ,
. SAR

. ELT
243 .
ELT 406 ,
. ELT,
406 ,
, SAR
ELT, .
ELT, 406 ( -),
, ELT,
121,5 243 .

2.9.5

, ,
300 ,
9 , ,
.

2.9.6

, ,
300 - ,
500 .
156174 , 16
. DSC
: 2187,5 , 8414,5 - 70.

2.9.7

EPIRB ,
: 406, 243 121,5 L-.
EPIRB
SAR. ,
,
( 406 ).

2-9

2.
EPIRB ELT 121,5/243
, .
2.10

2.10.1


, ,
. ,
,
SAR ,
. ,
SAR
,
:
-
MAYDAY SAR,
, ,
,
;
,
;

,
; ,

, ( 1015 );
- ,
;

,
;
, ,

(, - );
-
,
;
,
, .

2.10.2

, , SAR
:
;
;
, ;
;
.

2.10.3

2-10


.
,
.
( ,

2.
-
.)
2.10.4


,
:

;
,
, GNSS,
, ,

, ( ),
(
, ), ,
;
() () ,
( ),
, .
(
).

2.10.5

SAR (. .
, - . .)
SRR , , ,
. 2.10.4, ,
, (,
GNSS).
,
SAR
SAR ,
, .

2.10.6



(, "1-1-2", "9-1-1", "9-9-9")
SAR (, "1-6-1-6" "1-5-3-0"
), - SAR
,
, .

2.11

2.11.1

2.11.2


,
,
,
, ,
. :
,
;
,

, .

2.11.3

,

,
, .
,
2-11

2.
,
( 1.12).

2.12

SAR

2.12.1

, ,

-
,
RCC

, , ,
, ,
.

2.12.2


DSC,
MSI (NAVTEX, SafetyNET ..) .
16 2182 ; 1 1999

.

2.12.3

, , SAR,
,
.

2.13

2.13.1


; (MMSI); 7- 9-
EPIRB . ,
( 0 1, ). ELT EPIRB
(MID)
, MMSI ( EPIRB),
. EPIRB (121,5 243 ) .
,
SAR,
,
.

2.13.2

MMSI ,
, . MMSI
, MID, ,
. MID ,
.
,
DSC.

2.14

2.14.1

, SAR,
,
. ,
, , , ,
" ".
, , .
, , .

2.14.2

, SAR ,
.

2.14.3

SAR ,
;
,

2-12

2.
,
,
.. .
-

SAR (UNSAR) .
2.15

SAR

2.15.1

-
,
.

SAR (SDP).
, , ,
() SAR

SAR.

2.15.2

, ,

. .

2.15.3

SAR ,
. RCC
LES
.

2.15.4

EPIRB ELT, 406 ,


, ,
RCC ,
. -, ,
.

2.15.5

, MMSI, ,
, ;
(TIES)
.
,
MMSI.
(ftp) .

2.15.6

SAR GMDSS ,
,
RANP RCC SPOC.
SDP , RCC RCC
, .

2.16

RCC RSC

2.16.1


RCC SAR,
.
,
, SAR.

2.16.2

RCC RSC ;
RCC MCC -
(AFTN)
(AFN). ,

,

2-13

2.
RCC RSC.
SAR , .
2.16.3

ARCC
() (). ARCC
,
.

2.16.4

SarNET RCC
. RCC ,
SAR, RCC RCC.
, SarNET
- , FleetNET.

2.16.5

SarNET RCC
(EGC) -,
,
"" (LES) ,
. RCC , , (ENID),
ENID .
RCC,
,
, ENID.

2.16.6

SarNET :
;

SAR;

RCC;
, RCC
.

2.16.7

SarNET
AOR(E) SarNET MRCC, , -
.

2.17

2.17.1

.
(RTT)
(NBDP).

2.17.2

RCC RSC
. .

2.17.3

, ,
;
MMSI.
;
(
,
)
.

2.17.4

NAVTEX

SAR , SAR.

2-14

2.
2.17.5

(WWNWS)

NAVAREA NAVTEX.

NAVAREA 16 NAVAREA,
2-1.

2.17.6

WWNWS ,
- .

2.17.7

, SAR WWNWS,

. , ,
,
(MSI).

2.18

SafetyNET

2.18.1

MSI.
RCC NAVAREA
, ,
SafetyNET . SafetyNET
, SAR
, .
SafetyNET , SafetyNET,
SES -C,
EGC.

2.18.2

SafetyNET .
,
SafetyNET, SAR.

2.18.3

NAVTEX,
SafetyNET. , SOLAS
, NAVTEX,
NAVTEX, 518 . NAVTEX
MSI SafetyNET.

2.18.4

, SAR
SafetyNET ,
.

2.18.5

,
SAR,

2-15

2.

I
XIII
II

IV

XI

XVI

VIII

V
VI

XII

VII

XIV

XV

VI

2-1. NAVAREA
, NAVTEX,
NAVTEX, 518 . NAVTEX
MSI SafetyNET.
2.18.4

, SAR
SafetyNET ,
.

2.18.5

,
SAR,

, .

Amver .
, , ,
, , ,
,
. SafetyNET ,
SAR,
.

2.19
2.19.1

(WT) ,
500 8364 .
A.

2.19.2

WT XX
- ;
1 1999 SOLAS .
, ,
.

2.19.3

WT, ,
.

2.19.4

500
3 , h+15 h+45, ,
.

2-16

2.
. 12
.
2.20
2.20.1


,
, , ,
. ., .
, .

2.21
2.21.1


, :
(a)

: MAYDAY ( ) ,
;
, ,
" ".

(b)

: PAN-PAN ( ) ,

, ;
, .

(c)

: SECURITY ( ) ,

.

2.21.2

, ,
. . ,
, ,
.

2.21.3

, ,
MAYDAY.
- ,
, , ,
,
.

2.21.4

, SAR
, A.

2.22

2.22.1

SAR
2182 , 3023 , 4125 , 5680 , 121,5 123,1 SAR
,
, :
SART , 9 , SAR;
, 123,1 /,

SAR SAR ;
SRU,
, ,
.

2.22.2

, SAR RCC RSC,


, , RCC RSC
.

2.23

2.23.1

SAR
,
.
2-17

2.

,
.
2.23.2

SAR.

,
,
.
, , , -A -C.

2.23.3

. ,
(LOP),
. SAR
16.
,
SAR.

2.23.4

,
. (GNSS),
, (GPS),
.
.
10
. ,
GNSS,
100 .

2.23.5

,
GNSS, , ,
, SAR GNSS
.

2.24

2.24.1

,
,
, SAR, ,
(SMCP) ( .918 (22)),
10 PANS-ATM (
4444) RCC,
, .
, SRU
. () RCC RSC
I.

2.24.2


.
.

2.24.3

, ,
, SAR .. .
,
, , .
.

2.24.4

, , (
), , ,
, , , , .
: ; ;
- ; ;
;

2-18
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

2.
,
, .
" " " " " "
SAR.
2.24.5

.
,
. .

2.24.6


(SMCP) ( .918 (22))
. SAR
, , ,
,
SAR .

2.24.7

, ,
SAR ,
. RCC

, RCC.

2.24.8

, , ,
, RCC , ,
.
.

.

2.24.9

A ; ,

(RCC ).

2.24.10

- " "
A.

2.25

RCC

2.25.1

" RCC" , , MRCC,


,
, RCC,
. 3.6
.

2.25.2

, MRCC -,
MRCC, RCC
,
. , SAR
RCC, ,
RCC, , " RCC".

2.26

SAR

2.26.1

SAR ,
: ,
, ,
. , ,
,
.

2.26.2

SMC SAR ,
OSC SAR
RCC SAR.
OSC SAR SMC.
.
2-19
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

2.
2.26.3

OSC
. SAR
OSC .
,
. SRU
,
, .

2.27

, SAR

2.27.1

, SAR,
(SITREP), , ,
,
SAR. ,
, -
. RCC

.

2.27.2

2.27.3

2.27.4

2.27.5

, RCC
, , RCC
;
, . ,
B, RCC
-C, -E DSC.
, RCC -
, RCC
MCC - MCC RCC.
B.


SAR.

OSC (SITREP)
SMC , , SITREP
SMC, . SMC SITREP,
, RCC RSC,
. ,
, SITREP
, .

2.27.6

SITREP
. SITREP
SAR
SAR ,
.

2.27.7

SITREP
, SAR,
.
SITREP .
.
SITREP " ",
, .
SITREP.

2.27.8

SITREP ,
,
I; RCC. SITREP,
, .

2-20

2.
2.27.9

2.27.10

SITREP :
(a)

: " "
SITREP, ,
. . SITREP
. OSC
OSC SITREP.

(b)

: , , ,
, . SITREP

.

(c)

: , ,
.
, , ,
, .

(d)

: , ,
, .

(e)

: SITREP
,
.

SMC
, .
.

2.27.11

, 5.13,
OSC SAR,
. .
L.

2.27.12

,
, ,
, - ,
, SAR,
.

2.27.13

() ,
SAR .

2.27.14

:
, , ,
,
.

2.27.15

. "
", , SAR, , ,
6 .
.

2.27.16

:
(a)

: , ;
(POB); ,
- ; ;
SAR, .

(b)

() : , ,
, .

(c)

: , SAR,
, , ,
.

2-21

2.

2.27.17

2.27.18

(d)

: SMC OSC;
SAR ;
; OSC, ,
; ;
; ;
SAR
; SAR
; ,
SAR.

(e)

: ,
; SAR,
.

(f)

: OSC
, SITREP
; ,
, , ,
, () () () .


SMC
. OSC SAR,
, .
, , .
(a)

: ; , ;
; - ;
; SAR,
.

(b)

:

, SAR.

(c)

: SAR,
, SAR; , ;

SAR SMC.

(d)

: SMC OSC; SAR


;
SAR; SAR
; ;
, SAR.

(e)

:
; ,
;
.

(f)

: OSC,
SMC; SAR.

, L,
,

2.27.19

2-22

SMC ,
, .
,
.
3.5 .

2.
MEDICO
2.27.20


,
. "DH MEDICO". , , RCC, ,
.

2.27.21

SAR
, SAR , SAR, , .

2.27.22

SAR, TMAS. ( ,
, , . , ,
, , .)

2.27.23

,
. , , TMAS (CIRM) , .

2.27.24


. ,
,
, .

2.27.25

, ,
TMAS .
, , , , .

2.27.26

TMAS
,
.
, , .

2.27.27

. ,
.
.
, ,
. ( ) .

2.2.7.28 ,
, .
TMAS,
.
, MRCC,
.
2.27.29

C
, TMAS,
, TMAS, MRCC.
, -
TMAS.
TMAS " . TMAS". . R.

2.27.30

TMAS
, .
2-23
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

2.
(SAC) 32
38 MEDVAC.
(LES) SAC 32 TMAS, SAC 38
RCC. ( -).
2.28

GMDSS

2.28.1

5 IV 1988 SOLAS
,
,
GMDSS. RCC
; GMDSS.

2.28.2


RCC, , .

2.28.3

GMDSS : -, - -
DSC; , SafetyNET, NAVTEX -NBDP;
EPIRB, MCC LUT; RCC SES.
, ,
, .

2.29

2.29.1

,
,

RCC RSC. ,
.

2.29.2

, , , , ,
,
, , :
, ,
, ,
. ,
RCC -
, .

2.29.3

-
,
.

2.30

2.30.1

SAR

.
.

2.30.2


,
, .

2.30.3

,
, .
SAR ,
, :

, , GMDSS,
SAR, ;
,
SAR,
,

2-24

, 2008 , 1 2009 .

2.

;
,
GMDSS, GMDSS,
,
;
,
, ,
, ,
GMDSS , ,
,
;

, ,
;

,
, ,
, MSI,
,
;
SAR
GMDSS SAR,
DSC
, .
2.31

RCC SES

2.31.1

(SES) . SES (
3). (CES)
SES RCC, , RCC
.
SES , CES RCC . RCC CES , SES , RCC, CES
, SES.

2.31.2

SES ,
: +44 171 728 1021 :
+44 171 728 1616 .

2.31.3


, SES RCC,
. RCC
CES , SES
.

2.32

, -

2.32.1

/
, ,
.

2.32.2

2.32.3

,
,
.
2-25

2.
2.32.4

2-26

-

.
"RESCUE"

,
-

"AIR CO-ORDINATOR"

()

"SAREX"

,
/



3.1

3.1.1

SAR
,
SAR. ,
,
. SAR
, .
, ,
, , . RCC
RSC ,

SAR :
,
;
,
, .

3.1.2

, , ,
80% 24 , , ,
. ,
,
, ,
, , .

3.1.3

SAR,
SAR,
SAR ( ),
RCC RSC, SAR,
, SMC.

3.2

SAR

3.2.1

SAR .
, , SAR
SAR
.
SAR .
,

. SAR.
(a)

.
SAR
.

(b)

. ,
SAR .
, SAR,
, , ,
.

3-1

3.
(c)

. , ,

.

(d)

. SAR ,
, ,
,
.

(e)

. SRU , ,
, ,
SAR
.

3.2.2


. -
(, ), .

3.3

3.3.1

,
. SAR
RCC, RSC
() ,
. SMC
.
SAR
, .

3.3.2


, ,
,
. ,

, .
. ,
,
.
:
(a)

30 ,
,
, , ;

(b)

30
(ETA),
(), , ,
,
, .

3.3.3

3-2

(a)

(b)


, ,

, .
, - ,
. SRU
SAR , ,
SAR
.
,

3.
.
SAR ,
SRU
.
, , ,
,
.
, :

3.3.4

3.3.5

(a)

,

;

(b)

, ,
5
;

(c)

, ,
, ,
,
, ,
, ;

(d)

,
;

(e)


, ,
,
.
,

ETA ,
.
, ,
.
, :
(a)


,
;

(b)

,
;

(c)

,
, ;

(d)

,
, ,
, ,
, ;

(e)

ELT
.

, :
(a)

,
;

(b)



, ;

3-3

3.
(c)

,
,
.

3.3.6

,
RCC RSC, .
D,
E
F.

3.4

3.4.1

SAR
SAR. ,
, ;
, ;
.
, ,
SAR, RCC RSC,
, RCC RSC. SRU,
.

3.4.2

, , SAR,
,
. ,
.
, RCC
, .
.

3.4.3

(a)

.

. RCC RSC

SAR.

(b)

.
-
.

(c)

( ). ,

. ,
, ,
.

.
.
,
. ,
. :
,
;

,
().

3.4.4

3-4

, ,
RCC, .
RCC ,
, ,
, ,
. , RCC, (
), .

3.
, , ;
;
;
, ;
, ,
;
;
;
, ;
(POB);
;
.

MRCC.
, , .
ARCC, ()
(), , ,
.
3.4.5

(CRS). CRS ,
, , ,
SAR. RCC RSC
, , CRS, .
, CRS RCC RSC,
, :
( )
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
POB, ;
.

3.4.6

, .
, .
, ,
, RCC
.

3.4.7

RCC .
(a)

RCC ,
,
, , ,
, , , ,
, .

(b)


(. C). RCC,
RSC, , .
3-5

3.
,

. .
,
.
3.4.8


RCC RSC
, , . ,
RCC, , RCC
RCC , .
,
FleetNET -C AFTN .
, -,
SRR.

3.5

3.5.1

, SAR
, , , ,
.
SMC, ,
, SAR
. SAR, , ,
.
.
, ,
, , .

3.5.2


RCC, RSC RCC RSC :
(a)

SAR (SMC)
SAR, , .
, RCC RSC SMC.
RCC RSC SMC ,
. (.
" RCC" 3.6 ,
SMC, 3.8.).

(b)

,
.

(c)

, ,
, ,
, ,
, .

(d)

CRS,
:
(,
, ,
)
, ,
..;
.

3-6

(e)

(f)

3.
(g)

3.5.3

,
NAVTEX SafetyNET

.

:
(a)

,
.

(b)

:
( ) ,
, ,
( );
, ,
, ,
,
, ,
, SURPIC, ,
,
, , .

3.5.4

3.5.5

3.5.6

,
, , , RCC

, , , , ,
, .
,
.

RCC, RSC .
, ,
SAR RCC, ,
SAR , RCC,
,
(. 7.2, ). RCC
RSC , , .
RCC RSC :
(a)


, .
, , SMC
.

(b)

,
.

(c)

(d)

, , ,
, , :
, ,
,
, ,
. (
.);

, ,
.

(e)

, CRS
, ,
3-7

3.
, ,
, ,
.
(f)

,
,
,
,
, ,
.

(g)

,
CRS.

(h)

,
.

(i)

, ,
, ,
, .

(j)


-
.

(k)

CRS,
:
,
;
,
, ;
RCC RSC ,
,
.

3.5.7

, , ,
, RCC
, , ,
, , ,
.
, ,
, ,
. .

, .

3.5.8

, RCC RSC. SAR


SAR
.
, 4.

3.5.9

RCC RSC :

3-8

(a)


, .
, , SMC
.

(b)

, SAR
.

(c)

SAR SAR
, , .

3.
(d)

,
,
.
, , 4,

.
5.

(e)

SAR ( 4 5)
( 6), ,
.

(f)

:
CRS , ,
, SAR;
RCC RSC, ,
, SRR
,
( ).
. , CRS RCC,
, RCC
, .

(g)

(h)

(i)

(j)

, ,
CRS , SRU,
, :

,
, - , ELT EPIRB;
;
RCC RSC .
(k)

3.5.10

,
, RCC RSC SAR,
, , ,
, , ,
.
,
SMC , SAR
, .
SAR 8.

3.6

RCC RSC, SAR

3.6.1

, RCC
SAR . , RCC,
, RCC, ,
SRR. RCC RSC
, SRR,
RCC RSC
3-9
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

3.
, RCC RSC
. 3-1
" RCC", .
RCC. RCC
.
,
3.6.2

,
RCC, RCC
, RCC
RCC.

3.6.3

, ,
SAR RCC RSC, .

3.6.4

RCC RSC ,
SRR, ,
:
(a)

RCC,
,
.

RCC


SRR?

RCC


SRR?

RCC
?

3-1. " RCC"


(b)

SAR ,
RCC RSC , SRR
.
SAR RCC RSC RCC
RSC.

3-10
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

3.
(c)

,
.

,
3.6.5

, , RCC RSC
SAR RCC,
,
SMC.

3.6.6

RCC RSC, RCC


RSC, , :
(a)


SRR, RCC
RSC, SRR;

(b)

,
SRR, RCC RSC,
SRR,
;

(c)


,
RCC RSC, SRR,
.

RCC RSC
3.6.7

SAR RCC RSC


RCC RSC. RCC
RCC RCC
. RCC ,
RCC .
SAR
. SMC RCC
:
SMC RCC;
SITREP,
.
, RCC
, :
:
(RCC):
(RCC):
1.

2.

3.

, .

4.

5.

6.

7.

, ( POD).

8.

.
3-11

, 2008 , 1 2009 .

3.
9.

/ .

10.

SAR.

11.

SAR (, ).

12.

13.

, SAR,
.

3.7

, RCC SAR

3.7.1

RCC RCC
SAR, RCC :
, ,
, ,
, RCC
. RCC
SAR. RCC,
, .
SMC,
SAR, RCC .

3.8

, SMC

3.8.1

SMC .
,
. SMC
, , , ,
.
SAR,
.

3.8.2

. SAR
SMC ,
.
SMC . ,
.
SMC
, .
.
SMC ,
- , ,
. ,
. SMC
, , ,

,
. ,
. , SMC
:

;


.
3.8.3

.
, .
, ,

3-12
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

3.
SAR, . SMC

. ,
. , ,
, . ,
,
,
, .
3.8.4

3.8.5

3.8.6

. SAR SMC
, ,
SAR. .
, ,
, .
.
. , ,
. ,
SAR ,
, , -
.


. SAR
, ,
.
. ,
,
.
, SAR .
,
SAR,
SRU, .
SAR .
(a)

, , ,
, , , ,
- SRU.

(b)

, ,
, ,
.
,
. ,
, .

(c)


.
, .
,
.
,
.
, -
.

.

, , , ,
, , , , .

. ,
, .

3-13

3.

3.8.7

3-14

(a)

,
.
.
, .
,
33 (92 F).

(b)

,
. N N-13

.
,
. 18 (0 F)
.

(c)

29
(84 F).
19 (66 F). N-14 N
,
30 (86 F) , ,
. N-14
, ,
, ,
, . 95 %

. , ,
: , ,
, ,
. , , : ,
(, ,
). , ,
(, )
(,

). (,
) , ,
210 ( ) , .

(d)

, ,
.
, .
42 (107 F),
.
, ; .

.
, .

(e)


. SMC ,

.


SAR. ,
.

. -
SAR.

SAR,
.
, .

3.
.

SAR.
, ,
. ,
, , .
3.8.8

3.8.9

3.8.10

SAR.
,
SAR.
SAR.
(a)

,
, .
, , ,
, .

(b)

, .

(c)

SAR SMC.

.
, SMC
SAR.
OSC
SAR.

.
, .
, ,
, RCC.
SMC
.
:
(a)

(b)

, , , ,
.

(c)

,
.
(LOP)
. ,
- , ,
, .

(d)

,
LOP, , .
, ,
.
, ,
, .

(e)

, -
.

SAR. SAR
.
SMC
SAR. SAR
, , , , ,
SMC OSC,
, .
3-15

3.
, , SAR,
.
,
,
,
.
(a)


, .
, SAR,
SAR.

(b)

OSC SAR, ,
,
SMC. OSC ,
;
SAR OSC SMC,
, . SAR
OSC .

3.8.11

. SMC
. SAR
, SRU
. SMC
SRU.

3.8.12

. SMC
, .
, SRU
. SMC
,
. ,
, , ,
, .
, SAR, ,
. SMC
, , .

3-16

4.1

4.1.1


.
, K L,
, N.
. , ,
.

, .
, .
, ,
.
, K L,
, .
, , ,
.

4.1.2

:
, ;

;

;

( * (
) ;

(
);
;
, ,
() , , ,
,
.
, ,
, .

(
), , .
, , , .

4-1

4.
4.1.3

,
. 5,
, .

4.2
4.2.1


, SAR.

.
.
,
,
. ,
, :
(a) .
, .
,
.
,
, , ,
.
, .
, -
RCC
. ,
.
(b) (LKP).
, , ,
, .
, ,
.
, , ,
, .
(c) . ,
,
.
.

, ..
, ,
.
(d) .
,
.
.
,

- . ,
- (, )
.
(e) . , , ,
,
, ,
,

.
(f)

4-2

.
.
, ,
.

4.
.
, , ..
,
.
(g) . , ,
, ,
- .
, 4.6 4.7,
,
.
4.2.2

-

. , ,
.

4.3
4.3.1



, .
,
, (LKP)
,
LKP.
, , ,
,
.
.
,
, ,
, , , .
,
, ,
, ,
.
.

4.3.2


, ,
, .

. .
, ,
. ,

, , ,
-
.

( ), .

, , ,
. K
, .

,
, . ,
,
, ,
, .
.


4.3.3

,
4-3

4.
.
,
,
.
(a)
, ,
, . ,
, , ,
* ,
.
(b) :
.

.
.
, ,

.
4.6 4.7.


4.3.4

.

( ).
.
(a) . .
, -
.
,
(,
,
, -). ,
,
LKP .

.
.
(X) (.
4.3.5) ,
50%.
, ,
. 4-1
,
,
(
).

, ,
.
, ,
, - .

( -
)
. ,
. ,
, .

4-4

4.

(a)

(b)

4-1.

(b) .
(,
). , ,

. ,

. ,
, ,
, . 4-2
. 4-3 ,
, .
, 4-2.
, 4-2,
, . ,
.

(a)

(b)

4-2.

(a)

(b)

4-3. ,
,

4-5

4.
(c) . .
,
( ),
, (
). 4-4
, 4-5 .

(a)

(b)

4-4.

(a)

(b)

4-5.

4.3.5

()


,
.
,
50%. N N-1 N-3 ,

.

4.4

4.4.1


, .
.
,
.
, , , ,
. , ,
.
,
.
, -

4-6

4.
.
,

- .
.
, -
, K .
4.4.2

4.4.3


, , ,
,
, , ,
. K
, N
, .
(a) .

,
.
.
, .

,
, ,
.
(b) .
.
, .
,
.

. ,
,
, ()
.

-
. , ,
.
.

(TWC).
(a) (LW). ,
,
. .
.

,
. (

.) ( )
.
.

, ,
, , ,
.
, N,
, "
" K.

4-7

4.
(b) (TWC) .
:
(1)

(SC). .
, ,
.
, .
,
.
(,
,
),
.
(2)
.
.
, , .
.
(3)
. ,
( ) .
(4)
(WC).
.
,
, 612
.
2448 ,
, .

, N-1.
( )
(TWC)
. 4-6
TWC .
)
(

(
)

4-6.

4.4.4

4-8


TWC
. ,
. ,
. ,

, TWC
.
(DMB), SRU

.
, . ,
, ,
, .
.
,

4.
, (
) TWC, ,
. : ,
, ,
. ,
,
, ,
, , .
,
,
, , ,
.

4.4.5


, , .
,
. ,
, ,
,
. RCC
,
. : ,
,
. , ,
. ,
, ,
..
,
, . ,
, , , -
.
,

4.4.6

TWC

TWC, 4-7.
().

(,
)

TWC
()


(,
)


(,
)


(,
)

4-7.

4-9

4.

4.4.7


, , ,
,
:
= .
(a) ,
.


, , 4-8.
:
.
, ""
, , ""
,
.


()

(. )


(. ,
)


()


(. ,
)

4-8.
( = )
(b) . ( )
,
,
.


,
.
,
.
. ,
.
4-9 ,
.
.

4-10

4.

4-9. , , ,

(De)
4.4.8


.
(a)
,
. ,
.
, , , .
, .

,
.
. ,

, .
(b) , ,


.
.
(c) ,

(
) .
(De) .
,
0,3 .

,
.

4.5

4.5.1

.
, ,

.
, (E)
4-11

4.
, 50%,
(X, .
4.3.5), (De, . 4.4.8)
(Y, .
4.5.2). 4.6 4.7
,
.
4.5.2

(Y).
,
, .
,
N-1 N-3,
. ,
, , , .

4.5.3

(E).

(X),

(De)
(Y).
:

2
o

,
, :

4.6

4.6.1

,
, , .
, (*), ,
.
*. , ,
.
,
.
() .
*. 1) ,
. 2) ,
,
,
, .
*. ,
, ,
, . ,
,
,
.
(POC)*. ,
, .
*. ,
,
. ,
POC.

4-12

4.
(W)*.
.
,
, N.
(Z)*. ,
.
(V), (T)
(W). Z = V T W.
(fZ)*. 1) ,
,
(E).
fZp= E2. 2) ,
(E)
(L). fZl = E L.
(Zr)*. (Z),
.
,
. Zr = Z/fZ.
(Zrc)*.
.
. Zrc = Zr-1 + Zr-2 + Zr-3 +...+
+ Zr- .
(fs)*. ,
(E)
. Ro = E fs. (
) ( ,

) . = 2 Ro.
(C)*. (Z)
(A). C = Z/A.
(W) (S). C = W/S.
(POD)*. ,
, . POD
, ,
.
(POS)*.
. POS = POC POD.

- (, ) POS
POS .
(POSc)*.
, ,
. POSc POS .
. ,
.
. ,
.
. ,

- .
. ,
.
. , ,
.
.
4-13

4.
(T). ""
. 85%
, 15%
.
(V). ,
.
. ,
, , ,
.
. (, , . .),
(, ) ,
.
. .

.

(POC),
.
, .

.
(S).

, ,
.
4.6.2

. 3, SAR
, .
,
, , , ,
, , . ,
, .
.
. ,
.
, , , ,
, .
, ,
, , ,
,
. , ,
, , , , .

4.6.3

. . "
" ,
.
() ,
, , ,
.
(a) " " ,
, , . ,

, ,

,
, ,
.
, , (
. .)
. ,

4-14

4.
, ,
.
, , ,
. ,
,
.
(b) " " ,
, .
.
4.6.3 (a) . ,
,
. ,
, " ".
4.6.4

.
, , , ,
, .
:
, - ;
;
, , 2,
. , .
,

. , ,
,
.

4.6.5

(POC). ,
, , .
,
(POC = 100%),
().

.
, . , ,
POC .
, ,
. POC,
.
, , ,
. ,
100 %.
POC ,
4.6.11.

4.6.6

. 4-10
,
.
.
,
(E), 50 %.
7,91 %,
POC 57,91 %.

4-15

4.

4-10.
4-11
. ,

M. ,
, 100%. ,
.
, ,
.

4-11.

4-16

4.
4.6.7

(W).
.
.
.
, , .
.
, ,
. ,
,
. ,
, ,
,
. ,

( ), .

,
. , ,
, ,
, .
,
. 4-12 (
)
*
.

100%
90%

80%
70%
60%
50%

40%
30%
20%
10%

0%
2

1,8

1,6

1,4

1,2

0,8

0,6

0,4

0,2

0,2

0,4

0,6

0,8

1,2

1,4

1,6

1,8

4-12.

(a) .
, .
*

,
.. 1946 Search and Screening,
Pergamon Press, 1980.

4-17

4.
N
, , ,
. ,
,
.
(b) . , ""
( ),
, 6 , 28
(15 . ), 30 / (16 ),
:
(Wu) = 11,5 6,2 .
(fw) = 0,9
W = 11,5 0,9 = 10,4 ,
W = 6,2 . 0,9 = 5,6 . ,

N-4 N-7.
4.6.8

(Z).
. ,
, , ,
, , , , ,
.. ,
. ,
,
.
(a) .
(V), (T )
(W):
Z = V T W.
(Zt), ,
, .
Zt = Zf-1 + Zf-2 + Zf-3 + ... .
(b) .
100 ,
200 , 160 ,
,
,
.

15 %,
. ,
85%
, 0,85 x 5, 4,25 .
, (Z),
, :
Z = 160 4,25 3 = 2040 . . .
.

4.6.9

4-18



.
,
.

(fZ).


.
, , .

4.
(a) .
(E):
fZp = E2.
(b) .
(E)
(L):
fZl = E L.
(c) , . ,
""
.
.
, ,

. ,
4.7.5,
, L
.
.

4.6.10

4.6.11

(Zr 10)
(L 5 E)
L,
.

(fZp), (fZl)

, .
,
.
L,
E2. , L E,
fZp, fZl. ,
,
, .

(Zr).


.
:
Zr = Zta / fZ.
(Zrc).

. Zrc
:
Zrc = Zr-1 + Zr-2 + Zr-3 + ...+ Zr- .

, N,
,
. ,


. 4.7.
.


,
,
, .
,
4.7.6.

4-19

4.
4.6.12

(fs).
(E)
. :
R= fs E.
4.7, (
) ( ,
, )
.

4.6.13

(C).
, , .
, ,
.
(a) . (Z),
, (A). :
C = Z/A.
(b) 1. 1000 . . ,
2000 . . ,
1000/2000 ( 0,5).
1000/1000 ( 1,0)
, , .
(c) .

(W) (S). :
C = W/S.
(d) 2.
, 5 ,
3 , 3/5, 0,6.

4.6.14

(POD).
. POD . ,
POD , ,
.
, ,
POD . ,
(POD) .
, ,
, .
4-13
. POD, N-10,
POD ,
, *.
POD.
POD.
. ,
, . ,

,
.
,
.

POD N-10 ,
, Search and Screening (. 4).

4-20

4.

4-13.
[ : 7 (23 )]
(a) 1.
( 5700 ) 300 6
2,3 .
5,6 , 37
. 2,3 5,6,
POD.
(b) 2. ,
. ,
POD
.
, .
,
. , ,
POD ,
.
.

POD
( , POS), POD, POS
(POC)
. POD ,
,
, .
POS POD, POC POS
4.6.15.

4-21

4.
4.6.15

(POS).
. POS .
: , ,
,
. POD ,
. POC ,
.
(POD 100%),
(POC 0%), (POS 0%). ,
(POD 0%),
(POC 100%), (POS 0%).
POD POC , POS . ,
,
; , ,
. ,
POD, POC 100%. POS
. POS
POC POD.
(a)

POS POC POD :


POS = POC POD.

(b) . POC 65% (0,65), ,


, , 1, POD
79% (0,79). POS
:
POS = 0,65 0,79 = 0,51, 51%.
POS :
POS = 0,65 0,63 = 0,41, 41%.
4.6.16

POC .

; ,
, . ,
4.6.15, POC 65%.
, , ,
, ,
,
:
POC. = (1 POD) POC..
, POC . POC. = POC.
(a) 1. POC POD, 4.6.15,
POC :
POC. = (1,0 0,79) 0,65 = 0,21 0,65 = 0,14, 14%.
(b) 2. POC
:
POC. = (1,0 0,63) 0,65 = 0,37 0,65 = 0,24, 24%.
(c) 3. , ,
POS 51%. ,
51%,
,
65% . : 65% 51% = 14%,
. , : 65% 41% =
24%.

4.6.17

4-22

(POSc). POS
, .
POS . , POS 40%,

4.
35%, POS 75%. ,

25%. , POS n- :
POSc = POS1 + POS2 + POS3 + ... + POSn,
POSc = 1 ( POC. n- ).
,
, POS POSc.
POSc 100%, POC
0%. POSc ,
, , . ,
, POSc , 4.7.9.
POS
POS ,
N-11, .
POS
POS , N-12,
.
4.7

4.7.1

, , , ,
.
, .
, .

. ,
. :
, , ;
POC ;
, POS;
;
POC ;
POC POS
.
, .
POC POC,
,
.

4.7.2

. , ,


, . ,
,
. , ,
,
, .
, POS.
POS :
;
.
4.7.3 4.7.6

.

4.7.3

.


4-23

4.
, .
POS, POD .
0,5.

, ,
. 1,0 ( 100%),
. 10 x 10 (100 )
POC, 1%.
4.7.4

, .
, ,
.
(X, Y ) ,
4-1 (a). ,
, ,
M.
(a)
:
(1)

, (Zr);

(2)

(Zrc),
,
;

(3)

Zrc ,
N-5 N-6, (fs);

(4)


(E) (fs)
(Ro) ;

(5)

, 4-14,
2
, 2 x Ro, 4 x Ro
.

, ,
(C),
(POD) (POSc),
. , ,

, 5.

4-14.

4-24

4.
(b) .
(1)

. , ,
( E1)
15 . , (Z1) 1850 . . .
(Zr-1) :
Zr-1 = Z1/E12 = 1850/225 = 8,2.
,
Zrc = Zr-1 = 8,2.

, N-5, (fs) 1,3.
(Ro1)
:
Ro1 = fs-1 E1 =1,3 15 = 19,5 . .
(A1):
A1 = 4 Ro12 = 4 19,52 = 4 380,25 = 1521 . . .
(C1)
:
C1 = Z1/A1 = 1850/1521 = 1,2.
N-10 POD
87%. POS
, N-11, POS (POSc)
68%.

(2)

. ,
, (1). ,
, (Z2)
3267 . . ,
(E2) 18 . .
(Zr-2) :
Zr-2 = Z2/E22 = 3267/324 = 10,1.
(Zrc) :
Zrc = Zr-1 + Zr-2 = 8,2 + 10,1 = 18,3.

, N-6, (fs-2)
1,7. (Ro2) :
Ro2 = fs-2 E2 = 1,7 18 = 30,6 . .
(A2):
A2 = 4 Ro22 = 4 30,62 = 4 936,4 = 3745 . . .
(C2)
:

C2 = Z2/ A2 = 3267/3745 = 0,9.


N-10 , POD
74%. POS
, N-11,
(POSc) 87%.
(c) .
M. POC,
, .
,
. 9 (3 x 3) 144 (12 x 12).
4-25

4.
POC,
POS POSc.
,
.
. ,
,
.
,

, ,
.
4.7.5

, .
, ,

.
(X, Y ) ,
4-2 (a).
M.
(a)
, .
(. 4.6.9
),
POS , N,
, .
(b) .
(1)

. , ,
(E1) 10 .
, (L) 100 . ,
(Z1)

2100
.
.
.

(Zr -1) :
Zr-1 = Z1/E12 = 2100/1000 = 2,1.
,
Zrc = Zr-1 = 2,1.

, N-7, (fs)
1,05.
(Ro1) :
Ro1 = fs-1 E1 = 1,05 10 = 10,5 . .
(A1):
A1 = 2 Ro1 L = 2 10,5 100 = 2100 . . ,
21 . 100 . ,
.
(C1) :
C1 = Z1/A1 = 2100/2100 = 1,0.
N-10 , POD
63%. POS
, N-12, POS (POSc)
50%.

(2)

4-26

. ,
, (1). ,
,
(Z2) 4000 . . ,
(E2) - 10 . , (L) -
100 . . (Zr-2) :

4.
Zr-2 = Z2/E 2 = 4000/1000 = 4,0.
(Zrc) :
Zrc = Zr-1 + Zr-2 = 2,1 + 4,0 = 6,1.

, N-8, (fs-2)
1,5. (Ro2) :
Ro2 = fs-2 E2 = 1,5 10 = 15 . .
(A2):
A2 = 2 Ro2 L = 2 15 100 = 3000 . . ,
30 . 100 . ,
.
(C2) :
C2 = Z2/ A2 = 4000/3000 = 1,33.

4.7.6

N-10 , POD
74%. POS
, N-12,
(POSc) 80%.
(c) . M
,

. POC, ,
.
, .
3 12. , ,
POC, POS POSc.
.
. ,
-
- .
(a) (b) ,
.


.
(a) .

,
. ,
,
.
POS,
POS. ,
1,0, 0,5 1,5, ,
POS. (A ),
(Z)
(C), 4.6,
:
C = Z/A.
A, ,
:
A = Z/C.

4-27

4.
(b) . , ,
.
,
. ,
, (
, )
, .
() ,
()
. POS 1,0.
.
,
2/3 .
, POS.

POS.

. ,
POC . ,

POC .
(c) . ,
, , ,
POC
. POC
100%. , ,
,
. , ,
, ,
. ,
10 . , 100 . . ,
1600 . . , 1,0
16 , 0,5 32
1,5 10,667 . , ,

, , .
, , 10
1,6, 11
1,4 12
1,3, ,
.
( 11 ,
, 11 .
,
.)

, .
,

.
(d) .
1300Z.
50 .
. , 1315Z.
, 50 .
. ;
.
1345Z RCC ,
(
4-28

4.
1300Z) .
, , ,
200 (50 . 15 = 200 ).
, . ,

10 . . ,
, , ,
POC, 4-15.
,
. ,
2,0 . .

4-15. , ,
POC
(e) .

.
(1)

1. ,
150 .
, 150 4 2,
1200 . . (1200 . . )
50% (1200 . . )
1,0, 4-16 (a). POC
POD (0,5 0,79) POS, 39,5%.
( 2400 . . ), 4-16 (b),
POC 65%, 0,5. POC
POD (0,65 0,47) POS, 31%.
2/3 ( 800 . . ),
4-16 (c), POC, , 2/3 50%, 33%.
1,5,
POD 0,94. POS 0,33 0,94, 31%.
POS,
.

4-29

4.

4-16. = 1200 . .
(2)

4-30

2. ,
600 . . ,
1,0,
50%. POS 0,25 0,79, 19,75%.
,
50% 0,5, POS 0,50 0,47,
23,5%. 2/3 ,
, POC , 2/3 0,25, 17%,
POS 0,17 0,94, 16%. POS
,
. 4-17.

4.

nm .

4-17. = 600 . .
(3)

3. ,
1800 . .
50% 15%
1,0. POC 57,5%,
POS 0,575 0,79, 45,43%.
50%
15% POC
80%. 0,5,
POS 0,8 0,47, 37,6%.
2/3 , ,
50%, ,
1,5. POS 0,5 0,94, 47%.
POS ,
. 4-18.
4-31

4.

4-18. = 1800 . .
(f) .
, , POC,
50%. ,
. POC
. ,
, ,
, .

, .
2400 . 50%
15% 1,0 POS,
51%. POS, 42%,
0,5, POS,
52%, 2/3 1,5.
50%
15%.
50% 2,0
POS, 49%.
4-32

4.
,

.
, ,
, .
, 4.7.6 (h).
(g) . POC

, 4.6.11.
,
1 4.7.6 (e).
50% 1,0.
, . POC
(1 0,79) 0,5, 11%. POC
4-19.

15%

5%

11%

10%

15%

5%

4-19. POC (POSC = 39%)


(h) . , .

.
(1)

1. -
1200 . , POS (14,1%)
15%
0,5.
1,0, 0,5 1,5
, .

(2)

2. ,
2400 . .
15%, 4-20 (a),
1,0, POS, 23,70%.
0,5
, 4-20 (b). POC
51%, POS, 0,51 0,47,
23,97%. 1,5 2/3
15%, 4-20 (c).
POS 18,80%.
, , -,
0,5 1,0 , , 0,5.

0,67, 4-20 (d).

4-33

4.

4-20. = 2400 . .
POS 0,41 0,6, 24,6%.
,
POC 0,67
,
. POC,
, 4-21.
,
.

4-34

4.

6%

5%

4.4%

10%

6%

5%

4-21. POC (POSC = 63,6%)


4.7.7

. ,
, . ,
, ,
. , ,
, :
(a) .
,
.
. ,
( ) ,
( ).
,
.
. , ,
, ,
"" ,

.
(POS) ,
.
(b) .
. ,
,
. ,
,
, , ,
.
(c) .
, ,
,
. , ,
, ,

- ,
.
(d) . , ,
, .
,
4-35

4.
. ,
.
, , ,
.
, ,
, -
. 5.
(e) . ,
, ,
. ,
, ,
.

.
(f) . ,
, ,
.
,

, . , ,

. POS, ,
.
, ,

,
. ,
,
(POS). , ,
. (,
) , ,

, .
, POD, POC, POS POSc
.
.
4.7.8

. ,
4.6 4.7, , ,
, . ,
4.7.4 (b)
. (
, (a).)

,

.
,
.
POC
. ,
.
(a) .
,


. POC .
4-22,
.
(b) .

4-36

4.
,
.
.
, ,
.
, ,
, .
POC ,
. , ,
, ,
,
POC .
4-23.

4-22.
(
)

1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5%


3.0% 3.0% 3.0% 3.0% 3.0% 3.0% 3.0% 3.0%
1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5%

4-23.
(
)

4-37

4.
4.7.9

POSc . POSc ,
, ,
. POSc,
99%, , ,
, , ,
(POS) 1%. POS c
,
:
(a)
. , , ,
.
(b) , .
, ,
- ,
.
POSc , ,

.
. , , ,
, ,
.

,
().

4.7.10

. POS
, , ,
. , ,
,
POC.
POC ,
, , .
,
.
. 4.8
, , ,
. , ,
,
.

4.8

4.8.1

4.6 4.7,
.

. ,
, , ,
.
, ,
.
, ,
. ,
,

.

,
, .

4.8.2

.
, :

4-38

4.
, ,
, ..;
,
, , ,
, ..;
,
(POS POSc);
;
, ,
, , ,
, , , , ,
..;
, ,
;

, ,
, , ,
, ,
. .;

, , , ..
;

,
;

, , SAR,
, SRU ..;
,
,
..
4.8.3

,
.
.
, .
,
, , , ,
;
( )
,
;
,
, ;

;
, ,
- ,
, .

4-39


5.1

5.1.1

, ,
. ,
, .
, ,
, , ,
.
, ,
, , ,
, .

5.1.2

, :
;
;
,
;

;
.

5.2

5.2.1

, ,
,
.
, ,
, , ,
. ,

,
.
, .
,
,
. , ,
, ,
, .

5.2.2

, , SAR,
, G.

" ".

5.3

5.3.1

N ,
,
(POSc), .
,
. POS
. .
:
5-1

5.
, ,
, () ;
.

5.3.2

,
, . ,
, ,
,
. . ,

,
. .
-, ,
(. 4.6.8). -,
,
.
,
.
(a) . ,
.
, , ,
.
,
.
, ,
.
(b)
.
.
(1) , .

,
. ,

. , ,

, ..
, ,
.
(2) ,
, , .
(3) . ,
150 (500 ) ,
, , .

, .
(4)
.
. ,
.
(c)
.
,
.
,
"", , , ,
,

5-2

5.
. , , ,

, , .
(d) ,
, .
, .

.
450
(1500 ). , 150 (500 ),
,
. , N-5,
, N-6

. , ,
, , 150
(500 ).
(e) .

, .
, ,
, ,
, -
, , . , , ,
, ,

.
(f)

. ,
, ,
. ,
,
. ,
, , , ""
, , , .
,
.
.

(g) .
,
, , ,
,
.
,
. ,
.

, (
) .
30 ,
. 40 ,
, .

,
. 60 (200 )
110 / (60 ), 150
(500 ) 280 / (150 ). (

SAR " ".)
5.3.3

N-4, N-5 N-6


, ,
5-3

5.
. N-7
, .
N-8
, .
, N-9.

, , . N-10 ,
,
.

5.3.4

, ,
,
. (
,
5.5.5), ,
.
. ,
, ,
.
, ,
. , ,
, ,
. ,
,
, .

5.3.5

.

,
. ,
, , 20 .
, ,
, , .

5.3.6

:
(a)

;
(b) (Y)
.
, 12
(40 ) 9 (5 . )
, ,
37 (20 . ). N-4 8,3 (4,5 . )
9 (5 . ), ,
21,5 (11,6 . ), 37 (20 . ) .
,
, 300 (1000 ) ,
, 5,6 (3,0 . ),
,
4,3 (2,3 . ).
: ,
,

. , .

5.3.7

5-4

,
N, L .

5.
5.4

5.4.1


/
. .
(a) ,
.

(b) (POD)
, , .
(c)
.
(d)
.
(e) ,
.
5.4.2

,
. ()
.
(a) :
;
;
();
,
;

;
;
,
,
, ..
(b)
.

(c) (
POSc 4.7.9).
(d)
,
.
5.4.3

.
,
.

, ,
..
.
, ,
,
,
.

5.4.4

, , ,
, ,

5-5

5.
, ,
, .
5.4.5

/
. , :

, ;

;

;
;

.

5.4.6

:
;
;
;
.

,
.

5.4.7

.

.
.
SMC,
, ,
.

5.5


(VS)

5.5.1

5-6

,
, . , ,
,
,
. ,
, 5-1.
, ,
. -
,
, .

.

5.

2-

CSP

3-

1-
1-
3-

2-
2-

1-

5-1. :
5.5.2

(,
), ,
.
. ,

.
( ),
.
5 20 . .

.
2 5 . ,
120 .
.

5.5.3


,
, ,
, 5-1.
(SS)

5.5.4

,
.
(CSP) .
,
5-2, .
, ,
.
,
, .

5-7

5.

5-2. (SS)
5.5.5

.
,
.
,
.
45, 5-3.


(
)

5-3.
.

5-8





. , ,

,
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,


.

5.
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5.5.6

,
.
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,
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), , (
) ( ).

.
(TSR), 5-4,
,
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, 300600
(10002000 ) 600900 (20003000 )
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.

, .

5-4. (TSR)

5-5. (TSN)
5.5.7

, ,
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. ,
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:

5-9

5.
;
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;
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5.5.8


,
.
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. ,
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.

5.5.9


(CSP), . CSP
,
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.
, ,
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, .
PS 5-6. 5-7 ,
PS
, , . 5-8 ,
(DME)
PS.

5-6. (PS)

5-10

5.

5-7.

S
S

5-8.

5.5.10


. 5.4.3,
,
.
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,
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5-11

5.
. ,
, ,
,
.
,
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5-9.

(CS)
5.5.11


,
, . CS
,
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5-10. (CS)
(CSC)
5.5.12

5-12

-
, ,
,
.

5.
. ,
,
,
.

, 5-11.

5-11. (CSC)
5.5.13

, ,

:
Vs = (S Va)/(L + S),
Vs , S
, Va (TAS) L
.
(OS)

5.5.14

,
.
, .

.
, 150300 (5001000 ) ,
,
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. 5-12.

5-13

5.

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5.5.15

.
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5.5.16).
.
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,
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.
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.

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.
5-14

5.

5.5.16


.
.
.

,
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.

5.5.17

.
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5.6

5.6.1

-
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ELT, ,
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,
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.

5.6.2


, ,
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5.6.3

-
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5.
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-
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5-16

5.

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180



180

1/2
90

ELT
1/2



180

5-14.
.


,
121,5
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.

5-17

5.

5.6.5

.

, .

5.6.6

, ,
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),
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2400 (8000 ).

.

5.7

5.7.1


,
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5.7.2

,
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.

5.7.3


, .
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.

150 (500 ),
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5-18

5.
.

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5-15.
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, .
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5-16.

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5-19

5.

5-17.


5.7.4

(), -
(FLIR), ,
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.

5.7.5

- .
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450 (1500 )
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5.7.6


(NVG)
, , ,
.

5.7.7

NVG :
NVG;
;
( , , , ,
..);
(
, , , ,
, ,
), NVG;
;

5-20

5.

5.7.8

5.7.9

5.7.10

5.8
5.8.1

5.8.2

5.8.3
5.8.4

;
( ) ;
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NVG);
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), .
,
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.


, .
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.
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5-21

5.
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5.8.4.

5.9
5.9.1



, .
.
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,
.
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. ,
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.
.

.

5.9.2

5-22


,
, OSC SMC.

5.

5.9.3

, , POC
OSC SMC, ,
,
.
. POC


. , , ,
,
.


.
,
, . 5-18
PS ,
.
, " " (270 . . , 37,5%
), .
(POS) .
, (POC)
.
, , POC

POD, . POS
, , .
.
,
,
.

720 . .
450 . .
270 . .

(
)

, 1,5

12 .


2 .

120
CSP

60 .

5-18. ,

5-23

5.
.

5.9.4



. " "
POD, N-10, ,
,
.
POD
.





.
. 5-19
PS
, . ,
5-19
.
. , (27 . . ,
3,75% )
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. ,
.
POS POC ,
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.
, ,
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5-19. ,

.

5-24


,
POD,
N-10. POD
, 5.3.

5.
5.9.5

,
,
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,
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.
,
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.

5-20.

5.10

5.10.1

, ,
, .
:
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;
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;
;
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;
;
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5.10.2


, - ,
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.

5-25

5.

5.10.3

4 (A)
(Z) ,
.
(C), 4.6,
:
C = Z/A.
,
, .
,
, ,
. 5.8.
5.11.

5.10.4

, ,
( ), .
.
(C) :
C = W/S,
W , S .
, 5.10.3.
,
:
S = W/C.
, ,
,
. ,

.

5.10.5

5-26

,
,
(POD). .

POD. 4.6 4.7
. 5.10.3
5.10.4,
.

.
.
, . ,
,
, ,
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.
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.

5.

5.10.6


,
, ,
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;
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);
;
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).
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,
.

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. ,
, .
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.
:

5.10.7

,
,
.

, ,
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,
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, :
T = A/(V S),
A , V , S
.

, (At),
:
T = At /(V N S),
N .
,
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, . ,

, ,
:
A = T V S.
, ,
,
.
5-27

5.
5.10.8

,
, ,
, ,
N-9. :
(a) (IAS)
;
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(TAS) IAS (
TAS);
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, , ,
. (

, ,
, , 5-18
5-19.)

5.10.9

,
,
.
(a) ,
.
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, .
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, , .
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.
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.
(f)

5.10.10

, PS,
, CS,
.

,
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, , .
(a)
.
,
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, .
(b) , ,

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POS,
, .

5-28

5.

5.10.11

5.11
5.11.1

5.11.2

5.11.3

5.11.4


.
.
, , ,
,
( )
.

.
150 (500 ).

,
, , .


.
- ,
("A" , "B" ..),
, .
, , A-1, B-3, C-2 ..
, , .

,
, ,
..
.
. .
,
. .
:

A-1


1547N 06512W, 1559N 06500W, 1500N 06403W, 1447N 06415W


,
.
() (N, S, E, W).
, 1 + 5 + 4 + 7 =
17, 7.
A-1 :

A-1


1547N7 06512W4, 1559N0 06500W1, 1500N6 06403W3, 1447N6 06415W6

, ,
. ,
, ,
.
5.11.5

.
, ,
. :

3417N 13622W

80 .

40 .

025T

5,0 .

115T

5-29

5.
5.11.6

.
. :
: 2406N 05855W 2450N 05546W, 50 . .

5.11.7

.
,
.

5.11.8

.
.
,
.
(. 4.6
4.7), .

5.11.9

. (.
5.11.8) ,
, .
,
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, .

5.11.10

, , ,
. 5-21
64 . ,

.

5.11.11

(
) .
, ,
,
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1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
5-21.

5-30

5.
5.12

5.12.1

SMC

.

5.12.2


:
SMC;
OSC;
, ;

;
;
, OSC ;
;
,
;
;
;
(SITREP) OSC
SMC.

5.12.3

, , , ,
( ). SMC
,
. OSC

,
, ,
.

, , SMC

. ,
, ,
2000 (600 )
, .

5.12.4


SMC
.
,
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, , /
, 5.10.11.
, ,
.
300 (1000 ).

5.12.5

SMC SAR
,
:
, ,
;
5-31

5.
(, , , ..);
, ;
(, ..)
;
.

. , , :
;
;

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SMC , , (,
);
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;
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5.13

5.13.1

,
OSC ,
. .
L
.
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.
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5.13.2

:
(a) : , ;
(POB); ,
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, .
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, .
(c) : ,
, , ,
, .
(d) : SMC OSC;
;

5-32

5.
; OSC, ,
;
; ;
;
SAR ;
, SAR.
(e) : ,
, ; OSC
(, ); .
(f)

: OSC
, SITREP
, ,
, , ,
, , ()
() .

L.
5.14

5.14.1

,
. , ,
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.

5.14.2

,
, ,
.

,
. ,
.
, , .. .

.

(POS POSc).

5.15

5.15.1

SAR , ,
. SAR ,
SAR.
/
, (. H).

. ,
,
(MAREC) I. SMC
, ,
.

5.15.2


,
, , :
;
() ,
, :
( A),
,
;
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5-33

5.
;
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;
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;
;
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;
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;
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;
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;
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OSC.
, .

;

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/
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/ ,
,
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/ . /
.

5.16

5.16.1


.
, , ,
, , ,
.
,
.
CRS ,
, , .
(SITREP) RCC ,
. SITREP I.
, ,

" ".

5-34

5.
5.17

5.17.1

, ,

. ,
,
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5.18

5.18.1

,

. ,
.

.

5.19

5.19.1

, .

. ,
. RCC.
, (.
H).

5.19.2


. SMC
(POC), (POS)
(POSc) (. 4)
, .

5.20

5.20.1

SMC ,
.
.
, .
, SMC
:
, , ,
;
(POSc);
.

5.20.2

SAR 8.

5-35



6.1

6.1.1

, SMC ( OSC, ,
SAR, ) ,
.
:
, , ,
SAR, ,
;
;
;
, ,
, ;
, ;
SAR ( ,
SAR, ,
);
SAR;
( ) , ;
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.

6.1.2

SAR
1949 ( ,
, , ,
12 1949 ) I .
(a)

SAR, ,
, .
,
SAR, RCC RSC,
-
. SAR
I
.

(b)

XIV ,

.

(c)


( )
, .

(d)

,
( )
.

6-1

6.
6.2

6.2.1

, , (
, ) ,
, .
, ,
:
;
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;
,

.

6.2.2

,
, , , , :
;
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, ,
;
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:
;
;
;
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);
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;

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;
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6.2.3

SMC :
,
, - -
;
;
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.

6-2

6.
6.3
6.3.1

-
- (SRU)
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.
.

6.3.2

, .
,
. ,
.

6.3.3

SRU -
, -
. SRU , .
SRU.
,
.

6.3.4

.
SRU .
() .
5.7.

6.4
6.4.1


,
SAR
.
. , ,
.

.

.

6.4.2


SRR, . G
,
SRU. SAR
.

6.4.3

.
(,
, );
; (,
, ..);
, .
, ,
, .

, ,
, . ,
.
,
9/10
.
. :
(a)


,
.
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,
;

(b)



6-3

6.
,
, G7 G;
(c)

6.4.4

6.4.5


.
, , ,
, .

.
,
.
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5.
(a)

, SRU ,
.
,
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SAR. ,
.

(b)

,
.
, , .

SAR:
(a)



. ,

.

(b)

,
:

;
;
;

.
,
(
).

(c)

6.4.6

6-4

() ,
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,
SRU.

SAR:
(a)

, , , ..
,

.
,
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.

(b)

, , ,
,
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6.
,
.
6.5

6.5.1

,
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, ;
;
.

6.5.2

,
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;
;
;
;
;
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6.5.3

. , ,
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.
, .

, ,
.

6.5.4


,
.

6.6

6.6.1

SMC
,
.
SMC
.
, .

.

6.7

6.7.1

.

, . ,

/ , .

6.7.2


.

, ,
.

6.7.3


,

- , ,
6-5

6.
, , ,
.
, ,
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.
6.7.4

6.7.5

6-6

- ,
,
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(a)

,
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,
.

(b)


, .
,
.


, .
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, .
,
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SMC:
(a)

, / ,
.
/
,
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(b)

,
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. , ,
.

(c)

SMC , ,
, .

(d)

- , , ,
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,
, .

(e)

.
,
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, .

.
.

(f)

,
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, .
, .

. ,
.

6.
6.8

6.8.1

, ,
,
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, , .
, , ,
,
,
.

6.8.2

.
(a)

SRU
.

. SRU
OSC.
SAR, .

(b)


OSC (.
).

. ARCC MRCC, ,

. 1.3.

6.8.3

, , SRU,
, .

.
, .
, ,
, .

6.8.4


,
.

6.9

6.9.1


, ,
, .
,
.
.

6.9.2

-
. ,
, .

, ,
.
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6.9.3

,
. ,
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,
.
.

6.9.4

6-7

6.
;
;
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/ ;
;
SMC.
6.10
6.10.1

-
-, , .

6.10.2

- ,
,
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, ,
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.
, ,
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.

6.10.3

-

,
.
-
, .
, SAR,
, .

6.10.4

:
, ;
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(. 6.5);
, .

6.11
6.11.1



, . RCC
, .

, . ,
, .

6.11.2


, .
, , ,

. .
.

6.11.3

,
.
, ,
. ,
,
.

6.11.4

, ,
.
SMC.

6.11.5

6-8

6.
;
;
;
.
.

, ,
SMC, ,
,
.

6.12

6.12.1

RCC :

, , ,
( ), ;
RCC CRS
, ,
4125 , , 3023 ;

( ,
ARCC), , ,
;

4125 ( ;
);
,
.

6.12.2

, ,
.
2.8. ,
, , . ,
, , RCC,
.
SRU,

,
. , :
;
;
;
;

;
.

6.12.3


:
,
;
;
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SMC ;
6-9

6.
;
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.
6.13

, ,

6.13.1

, ,
, ,
,
. :

6.13.2

;
;
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.
;
.

6.13.3


.
.

6.13.4

. .
(a)

, :
;
(, , , , ,
, , ..);
;
;
;
.

(b)

, :
;
;
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;
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;
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);

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(c)

(d)

, :
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;
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6-10

6.
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.
6.13.5

6.13.6

.
.
(a)

.
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, - .

(b)

. ,


.
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(c)

. , ,
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.
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,
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(b)

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;
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6.13.7

(c)

,

( ).

(d)

, ,
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, , ,
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;
;
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6-11

6.
6.13.8

. :
, , , , , ,
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.

6.13.9

.
, ,
.

6.13.10

. ,
.


. , :

6.13.11

(a)

: ,
.

(b)

:
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. .
(a)

:
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(b)

:
.

, ,
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6.13.12

. ,
.
.

6.13.13

.
,
, , .

6.13.14

, ,
.

6.13.15

6.13.16

6-12

(a)

,
, , .

(b)

(c)

(d)

,
.

(e)

,
, .

(f)

,
.


,
. ,
.
, ,
- . ,
, ,

6.
,
- .
6.13.17

6.13.18

,
.
.
(a)

, ,

.

(b)

, ,
,
.

(c)

, , ,
.

.
.
(a)

, ,
,
, :
,
-
30 ;
, ,
;
, ,
;
,
;
,
;
;

;

.

(b)

/
:
, ,
,
;
- ,

;

;

;
, ;
, ;
,
, ,
.

(c)

6-13

6.
, ;
;
;

-: , ;
.
6.13.19

.
.
(a)

:
,
;
,
, ,
;
, ,
;
,
;
, , ,
,
;
, ,
;
;
( ..)
.

(b)

:
, , ,
..;
, ,
,
;

( ) .

6.13.20

, , :
(a)

(b)

(c)

, , .

(d)

, ,
.

6.14

6.14.1

SRR ,
.
,
, .

, . ,

6-14

6.
,
.
6.14.2

(SUBSAR)
, .

.

6.14.3

, ,
()
, SUBSAR.
, RCC .

.

6.14.4

RCC , SRR -
(, ),
. , RCC
,
.

6.14.5

SAR ,
, ,
, .
, .
,
, .
, SAR ,
, , ,
.

6.14.6

6.15

-
MRO

6.15.1

- (MRO) ,
,
, ,
, .

6.15.2

MRO , , ,
, SAR,
, MRO,
.
MRO
.

6.15.3

, , , ,
, ,
,
- .

6.15.4


: -, ,
, .
, ,
MRO, .
MRO ,
. MRO,
, .

6-15

6.
6.15.5


,
. MRO
:


, ,
;


,
, , ;


, ;

- ;

MRO
.

- .

6.15.6

,
, , , ,
, , ,
.
SAR MRO,

, .

6.15.7

- ;

- ;

/;

6.15.8

MRO
. ,
, ,
, .

6.15.9

MRO
.
.
, ,

,
.

6.15.10

6-16

6.

.
6.15.11

,
, , .
, , ,

SAR, , ,
.

6.15.12

, MRO ,
- .
MRO .

6.15.13

MRO.
MRO

6.15.4

, ,
OSC
, , ,
.

6.15.15

, ,
,
, , , ,
.

6.15.16

,
, ,
.

6.15.17

,
, .
.
,
,
.

6.15.18

OSC SM. OSC


,
.
, , OSC ,
, OSC
SAR SM.

6.15.19


, ,
.

6.15.20

SAR


. , ,
, .

6.15.21


, .
.

6.15.22


.
; ,
.

6-17

6.
6.15.23


, , ;
. SAR
.

6.15.24

,
.

. ,
.

6.15.25

, ,
, ,
,
, ,
.

6.15.26


, ,
, .

6.15.27


, .
,

, .

6.15.28

, MRO SM RCC.
,

SAR .
, , , :

6.15.29

6-18

,
SAR;

, ,
, .

MRO :

(ICS)
, ,
;

SRR, MRO,
;

SAR, ,
SAR;

, , , ;

,
;

( ,
, , , ,

6.
), ,
. .;

, ,
, . .;

,
,
;

RCC , ;

, RCC;

6.15.30

RCC MRO
SAR,
RCC .

6.15.31

, MRO ,
, . ,
SAR ( )
SAR .

6.15.32


. :

,
- ,

, ,
(
,

);

- ;

, ,
;

, ,
;

,
;

RCC;

, ,
,
;


, ,
,
;

MRO

6-19

6.

SAR ( )
;

(ICS),
;

SAR
, ,
,
;

,
;


SAR;

, SAR -
,
, , ,
;

,
, ,
;


, ;

;
,
SAR;

,
,
.

-
6.15.33

,
, ,
, ,
.

6.15.34

,
.

6.15.35

, .

6.15.36


,
, SAR, , SAR
, , .

6.15.37


,
.

6-20

6.
6.15.38

SAR, ,
SAR,
. ,
, ,
, .

6.15.39

SAR
SAR ,

.

6.15.40


. (ICS)
. ICS
.
SAR ICS
.

6.15.41

ICS
.

6.15.42

ICS.

6.15.43

SAR MRO ,
,
. MRO ,
, .

6.15.44

, ,


MRO.

6.15.45

SAR,
,
SAR , MRO.
MRO

6.15.46


MRO.

6.15.47

MRO
, SAR.
,
,
.
.

6.15.48

,
,
, ,
, .

6.15.49

, , . SAR

, , ,
.

6.15.50

,
,
SM.
6-21

6.
6.15.51


, ,
.

6.15.52

6.15.53

6.15.54


, , , SAR.
,
.

6.15.55

,
SM. (
ICS ).
,
. , ,
.
, ,
-.

6.15.56

,
, .
,
, .
,
, .

6.15.57


, SAR, RCC
.

6.15.58

SAR;
, .

6.15.59

,
.

6.15.60

-
SAR .

. .

6.15.61

,
:
;
;
SAR ;
SAR;
;
;
, ,
;

.

6.15.62
6-22

6.
MRO
6.15.63

MRO.
( )
, .

6.15.64


,
. MRO
, .

6.15.65


.
. ,
,
.

6.15.66

6.15.67

,
.

. ,
, .

6.15.68

,
.
.

.

6.15.69


, .

-
.

6.16

6.16.1


. . SMC
- .

6.16.2

SAR ,
,
, .

6.16.3


:
;
;
, ;

;
, (, ,
, ..);
,
..;
SMC.

6-23

6.
6.16.4


SMC .
.
, ,
, , .
RCC
, , ,
, ,
SRR, .
, , SAR.
, SMC, :
SAR ;
SAR, , ,
;
, ;
, , ,
;
;
,
;
;
, , ;
;
, , ;
SAR
;
, ,
, ;
,

.

6.16.5

.
, ,
, SAR,
. SAR
, ,
.
/,
. RCC ,
,
.

6.16.6

/, ,

.
. ,
, ,
.

6.17
6.17.1


, , ,
SAR. SAR
RCC .

6.17.2

6-24

6.
, ,
, ,
;
, , ,
, , ,
, .

, .
6.17.3

, ,
,
SAR . :
, ,
;
, ;
;
;
,
SAR , , SAR.

6.18

6.18.1



SAR. ,
, .
SAR.
, ,
SAR.

6.18.2

SAR
, (
), .
, ,

.

6.18.3


SMC .
SMC ,
.

6.18.4

, .
, , ,
, , ,
.
. , ,
, SAR
, ,
.

6.18.5

SAR
SAR, .
, ( ), , ,
( ).
, SAR, , , .

6.18.6

:
(a)

.
- ,
.
6-25

6.

6.18.7

(b)

SAR .
SAR ,
.

(c)

, RCC,
.

(d)

, ,
, ,
, .

SAR .

(DVI)
.
DVI ,
-
.
SAR, RCC.
DVI SAR , SAR
,
. SAR
SAR .
, , SAR.
SAR DVI
. DVI , , ,
. SAR ,
, DVI,
.

6.19

6.19.1

,
, ,
. SAR
SAR
.
,
.

6.19.2

SAR
, ,
,
.

6.19.3

, ,

. ,
,
. SAR
.

6.19.4

,
SAR
,
.
.

6.19.5

SAR ,
,

, SAR :

6-26

6.

6.20
6.20.1

()


. ,
,
.

(b)


, ,
,
.

()


,
.

(d)

(e)


,
, .

(f)

, .

(g)



;
,
.

(h)


48 .

(i)



, ,
.

(j)


,
.


SMC
, , .

. ,
,
. 8
SAR.

6-27



7.1

7.1.1

SAR , , SAR, , :
,
,
;
(MSI);
,
;

.

7.1.2

, SAR ,
,
. ,
SAR,
,
.
, SAR -
.

7.2

7.2.1


.

(
, , ).
,
. , ,
J.

7.2.2

:
,
;
,
;
;
,
, ,
;


;

, ;
.
7-1

7.
7.2.3

, , SMC
SAR, .
SMC
.
- , , .

7.2.4

, :
;
;
;
;
;
;

;
.

7.2.5

, :
(,
);
;
;
;
;
;
.

7.2.6

- ,
:
, ;
;
( );
;
, : ,
;
, ;
.

7.2.7


, -.

7.2.8

-
, .
.

7.2.9

, ,
, .

7-2

7.
7.3

7.3.1

(MSI), ,
, SAR,
,
. MSI
, NAVTEX, SafetyNET , - -.
MSI SAR.

.

7.4

7.4.1

RCC ,
. ,
. RCC
, ( ,
, , )
, , SAR.

7.4.2

,
, . "/
"
,
-C GMDSS.
"/ ". RCC
, ,
, , ,
, SAR.
,
, .

7.5

RCC

7.5.1

SAR
, SAR.
, :
, , , ;

, , ,
;
;
,
, ,
,
.

7.5.2


,
. ,
,
. SAR
, .
, , ,
, , -
.

7.6

7.6.1

SAR .
5
" " ,
. ,
, ""
7-3

7.
" ". SAR
. SAR
,
, ,
. ,
SAR,
. SAR, ,
, SMC
, .
,
.
7.6.2

, -
, SRU ,
-
. SRU
.

7.7

7.7.1

14
.

.
, ,
.
RCC.

7.7.2

SAR
( )
.
. ,
, :
, SAR,
;
SAR ,
.

7-4

SAR
8.1

8.1.1

SAR , :
, , ,
SAR, ;
, , SAR,
;
,
- .

8.2

SAR

8.2.1

SAR
,
. , SC SAR,
, ,
, SMC
, , SMC ,
. ,
RCC, ,
, OSC ,
.

8.2.2

SAR, , ,
.
:
, , ,
;
.

8.3

8.3.1

.

. ,
,
. SAR
, , .
,
, SAR.

8.3.2

,
.
, ,
, , -
, ,
. .
:

;
,
;
8-1

8. SAR
,
;
;
, , :
;
, ;
,
, , ;
:
, ;
( N
);
, ;
;
, .
8.3.3

, , , ,
SAR. , , :
;
;

, , ;
, .

8.3.4

SMC
.
, .
1.10, SMC
, .
RCC , ,
SMC ( ) , .
, ,
, ,
, , .

8.3.5

, SMC ,
, , ,
, . ,
, RCC.

8.3.6

RCC ,
,
, .

8.4

8.4.1


. ,
,
.

8-2

8. SAR
8.5

8.5.1

SAR
, , .
,
(SITREP), RCC.
, RCC
, (
) . SAR
RCC, ,
RCC, , RCC, .

8.5.2

RCC
,
.

8.5.3

, ( )
SAR
SAR , SAR.
, (. 6.16).
SAR SAR ,

.

8.6

8.6.1

SAR
SAR.
,
.
, , ,

. , SAR ,
.
SAR
, ,
, ,
SMC SC SAR.

8.7

8.7.1

SAR , ,
-, , ,
,
. , SAR
. ,
SAR SAR
.
(a)

SAR
.
, , ,
. SAR

.
, , ,

, .
SAR.

(b)

SAR,
,
SAR.
8-3

8. SAR
SAR ,
. ,
, .
,
.
8.7.2

, , , ,
8.3.2.

8.7.3

SAR
;
.
,
, , ,
.

8.8

8.8.1

, SAR,

. SAR.
,
, ,
, ,
. "", SAR. ,
, ,
,
. , ,
, .

8.9

8.9.1

, SAR,
SMC SC SAR.
SAR
.
:
()

( );

(b)

( );

()

(d)

()

( ).

, /
. , SAR
, .
8.9.2

: ,
.
, :
:

()

8-4

/ ;

8. SAR
(b)

/, SAR;

// ;

RCC //;

()

8.9.3

8.9.4

, ;

SAR
:
()

(SITRP). 2,

.

(b)

SAR ( , ).
5,
SAR .
.

()

SAR.
(. ).

. ,
.

(d)

.
SAR, RCC , ,
.

SAR.

/

. ,
(
).

()

SAR.
SAR /
.
. 8.7.
, , ,
, . ,

(. ).

8-5

8. SAR

( )

SAR


SAR

SAR
()


(/)

SAR
()
SM
(/
/)
SAR
(/
/)

8-6

SAR


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
"" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

A-1
A-2
A-3
A-4
A-5
A-6


RCC- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-1
- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-9
DSC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-10

- :
,
MRO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-1
MRO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -3
MRO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -5

,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MEDICO MEDEVAC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

D-1
D-2
D-5
D-6
D-7
D-8

,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

E-1
E-2
E-4


SAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . G-1
, . . . . . G-10


SAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SAR / . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

H-1
H-3
H-4
H-6
-8
-9

SITREP
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RCC RSC . . . . . . . . . . . . .
( MAREC) . . . . . . . . .

I-1
I-6
I-9

-i



. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-1
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-7
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . K-9
" " (AWA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-12

" " (AWA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-13
" ( )" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-15
" ( )" . . . . . . . . . . . K-17
" (ASW)" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-21

" " (ASW) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-22
" " (TWC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-24

" " (TWC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-25
" " (WC). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-28
" "(WC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-29
" " (LW) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-31

" " (LW) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-32
"
" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-34

" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-36


" (Zta)" . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-1

" (Zta )" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-2
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-5

" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-6
" "
, ,
,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-9
" "
,
, ,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-11
" "
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-21
" "
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-22
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-26
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-33
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-34



. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-1

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-2

-ii


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-4

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-5

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-7

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-8
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-9
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-11

M-21
N


(. N-1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
(. N-2 N-3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
( N-1 N-3) . . . . . . .
( N-4 N-12) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
(. N-4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(. N-5 N-6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(. N-7 N-8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
, (. N-9) . . . . . . . . . .
OD (. N-10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OS (. N-11 N-12) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
(. N-13 N-14) . . . . . . . . . . . .
( N-13 N-14) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
(. N-15) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

N-1
N-2
N-4
N-6
N-12
N-13
N-15
N-17
N-18
N-19
N-20
N-21
N-22

SAR


"" : F/V Sample . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-1
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-2
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-4
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-5
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-6
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-7
"
" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-8
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-10
" "
,
,
, . . . . . . . . . . . Q-11
- ""
F/V Sample . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-13

. TMAS - TMAS

-iii
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

A

p . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
"" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

A-1
A-2
A-3
A-4
A-5
A-6

-i

-1


AFFIRMATIVE () "", .
BREAK ()
.
FIGURES () , .
I SPELL ( ) , , .
NEGATIVE () "".
OUT () , .
OVER () , .
ROGER () " ".
SILENCE () " ".
SILENCE FINI ( ) , ,
.
THIS IS ( ) ,
.
WAIT () "", " ;
".

-2


:
"SOS", ;

( 6 ,
);
,
;
-, , ;
, , ( ;
ppp 50 );
,
35 ; 10
12 ;
; 10 ,
12 8 ;
;
;
, , 5 ,
45 ;
, ,
10 3 .

-3

,
:
:
:
:
:

V
X
N
Y

A-1 A-2 .

-1

-2

-4

()

()

,
A-3 , .

-5

""
"" A-4.

-6

B

RCC-- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -1
- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-9
DSC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-10

B-i
, 2009 , 1 2010 .

B.
RCC
-
(1)

RCC-Cospas-Sarsat Message Formats


(1)

To send out a distress alert:


FROM (Name of organization/RCC)
TO
(Name of organization/RCC)
MESSAGE NUMBER (Only if system requirement)

:
( /RCC)
: ( /RCC)

( :
)
1.
(,

)

1.

2.
(

, ..)
( ; MMSI; ,
, ..)
( )

2. DISTRESS
(Provide information on the type of information
received, system details, etc) (Address information,
MMSI, system number, etc) AT TIME (Time and date
of receipt)

3. :

3. POSITION Latitude and longitude (including date


and time updated if applicable)

:
:


(,
, )
( )
(
)

DISTRESS ALERT

COURSE
SPEED

(System used to signal


distress)

(if applicable)
KTS (if applicable)

4. /
(
, : ; ; ;
; ..)

4. OTHER/DECODED INFORMATION
(Include information as applicable to system such
as: Inmarsat Region; Receiving Station;
Communications Mode; Results of Contact; etc.)

5. (
,

,
; ..)

5. (Include action taken and any information gained,


identity of vessel if known; etc.)

6. .
(
,
RCC)

6. PASSED FOR YOUR CO-ORDINATION. PLEASE


ACKNOWLEDGE (Insert RCC contact details)

(2)
:
:
( /RCC)
: ( /RCC)
()
1.

(2)

(3) MCC ,
:
:
( /RCC)
: ( /RCC)
()
1. ( )
2.

(3)

To advise the MCC that relay of further reports is


unnecessary:
FROM
(Name of organization/RCC)
TO
(Name of organization/RCC)
DISTRESS ALERT MESSAGE NUMBER (number)
1. CASE CLOSED (or SUSPENDED)
2. BEACON TURNED OFF

(4) MCC
, ,
RCC, :

(4)

To ask the MCC to monitor a particular area in which


the RCC suspects an incident has occurred:

:
( /RCC)
: ( /RCC)

To repeat an unsuccessfully transmitted message:


FROM (Name of organization/RCC)
TO
(Name of organization/RCC)
DISTRESS ALERT MESSAGE NUMBER (number)
1. REPEAT REQUESTED

FROM
(Name of organization/RCC)
TO
(Name of organization/RCC)
REQUEST FOR ALERT DATA

B-1

B.
1.
()
2. ( )
3. /
( )
(5) ,
MCC ,
:
:
( /RCC)
: ( /RCC)


1.
( )

B-2

1. GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION (location)


2. FREQUENCY (frequency)
3. CANCELLATION DATE/TIME (date and time)
(5)

To request emergency data which the MCC may have


in its database associated with a particular beacon:
FROM (Name of organization/RCC)
TO
(Name of organization/RCC)
REQUEST FOR ADDITIONAL DATABASE
INFORMATION
1. BEACON ID CODE (beacon identity)

B.
Examples of Cospas-Sarsat Formats


.
,

.

Note. Not all variations have been included in the


examples but may be developed using the message
field table and examples that follow.

Message content of a Cospas-Sarsat Alert

Message
Field #

45

45

MESSAGE TYPE

46

46

CURRENT MESSAGE NUMBER

47

47

MCC REFERENCE

48

48

DETECTION TIME & SPACECRAFT ID

49

50

49

DETECTION FREQUENCY

51

50

COUNTRY OF BEACON REGISTRATION

52

53

54

54

54b

54

TITLE

51

USER CLASS OF BEACON

52

IDENTIFICATION

53

EMERGENCY CODE

54

POSITIONS

54a

RESOLVED POSITION

54b

A POSITION & PROBABILITY

54c

B POSITION & PROBABILITY

54d

54d

ENCODED POSITION AND TIME OF UPDATE

55

55

SOURCE OF ENCODED POSITION DATA

56

56

NEXT PASS TIMES

56

56a

NEXT TIME OF VISIBILITY OF RESOLVED


POSITION

56b

56b

NEXT TIME OF VISIBILITY OF A POSITION

56

56c

NEXT TIME OF VISIBILITY OF B POSITION

56d

56d

NEXT TIME OF VISIBILITY OF ENCODED


POSITION

57

57

BEACON HEX ID & HOMING SIGNAL

58

58

ACTIVATION TYPE

59

59

BEACON NUMBER

60

60

OTHER ENCODED INFORMATION

61

61

OPERATIONAL INFORMATION

62

62

REMARKS

63

63

END OF MESSAGE

B-3

B.
,
406 ( EPIRB
)
1.

-:

2.

MSG NO: 00306 AUMCC REF: 12345

3.

17 07 1627 UTC GOES 11

4.

406,0250

5.

: 316/

6.

: EPIRB
:05918

7.

8.

:

( )
( )
: 05 00 00 S 178 00 00 E
:

9.

10. :




11. : 278C362E3CFFBFF;
: 121,5
12. :
13. :
14.
CSTA:0108
: ACR, RLB-33
:- 30

15. :
LUT: NZGEO1 WELLINGTON GEOLUT, NEW ZEALAND (GOES 11)
[CMCC]
16.

,
406 ( ELT)
1. -
2. MSG NO: 00141 SPMCC REF: 12345
3. 21 . 07 0646 UTC MSG-2
4. 406,0249
5. : 408/
6. : - ELT
: 000006
7. :

B-4
, 2009 , 1 2010 .

B.
8. :

( )
( )

:
9.

10. :

( )
( )
:
11. : 331000033F81FE0
: 121,5
12. :
13. :
14. :
15. :
WWW.406REGISTRATION.COM
16.

,
406 ( PLB)
1.

2.

MSG NO: 00812 AUMCC REF: 2DD747073F81FE0

3.

28 . 07 0920 UTC S11

4.

406,0278

5.

: 366/

6.

: PLB
:167438

7.

8.

:
33 27 N 038 56 E
( ) 33 27 N 038 56 E
( )
33 25 56 N 038 55 40 E;
:

9.

10. :

( )
( )
:
11. : 2DD747073F81FE0;
: 121,5
12. :
13. :

, 2009 , 1 2010 .

B-5

B.
14. :
15.
LUT:FRLUT2 TOULOUSE, FRANCE
16.

,
406 ( ELT:24- )
1.

2.

MSG NO: 00741 AUMCC REF: 3266E2019CFFBFF

3.

22 .07 0912 UTC S10

4.

406,0247

5.

: 403/

6.

: ELT
24- : 7100CE

7.

8.

:

( ) 32 49 N 081 54 E 69 %
( ) 24 18 N 041 18 E 31 %
;
:

9.

10. :

( )
( )
:
11. : 3266E2019CFFBFF;
: 121,5
12. :
13.
14.
24- , :
15.
LUT: INLUT1 BANGALORE, INDIA
16. :

,
406 ( )
1.

2.

MSG NO: 00192 AUMCC REF: 2AB82AF800FFBFF

3.

03 MAY 07 0853 UTC S09

4.

406,0276

5.

: 341/-

B-6
, 2009 , 1 2010 .

B.
6.

:

MMSI : 088000

7.

8.

:
02 15 N 046 00 E
( ) 02 25 N 046 06 E
( )
01 54 24 N 045 37 32 E;
:

9.

10. :

( )
( )
:
11. : 2AB82AF800FFBFF
: ( 121,5)
12.
13. 00
14. :
15.
LUT: NZLUT WELLINGTON, NEW ZEALAND
16. :

,
406 ( EPIRB: )
1.

2.

MSG NO: 01087 AUMCC REF: ADCE402FA80028D

3.

20 07 1613 UTC S08

4.

406,0266

5.

: 366/

6.

: EPIRB ( )
: 0003050

7.

8.

:

( ) 36 38 S 168 58 E 50 %
( ) 36 39 S 169 01 E 50 %

9.

10. :

( ) 21 07 0812 UTC

B-7
, 2009 , 1 2010 .

B.
( ) 21 07 0812 UTC
:
11. : ADCE402FA80028D;
: 121,5
12. :
13.
14.
CSTA: 0163
MCMURDO LTD: G5 E5 SMARTFIND
15.
:

LUT: AULUTW ALBANY, AUSTRALIA


16.

,
406 ( ELT
)
1.

2.

MSG NO: 00932 AUMCC REF: 9D064BED62EAFE1

3.

10 07 0654 UTC S11

4.

406,0246

5.

: 232/

6.

: ELT
: VP-CGK

7.

8.

:
25 13 N 055 22 E
( ) 25 17 N 055 23 E
( )
;

9.

10. :

( )
( )

11. : 9D064BED62EAFE1;
: 121,5
12. :
13.
14.
15.
16.

B-8
, 2009 , 1 2010 .

B.

-C
:
:

( /RCC)
( /RCC)

Inmarsat-C Format
FROM
TO

(Name of organization/RCC)
(Name of organization/RCC)

1. - -C

1. DISTRESS ALERT - Inmarsat-C

2.
-C,
( ),
: ( UTC )

2. DISTRESS MESSAGE RECEIVED FROM


Inmarsat-C
NUMBER (Insert Mobile Number) AT TIME (UTC Time and
date of receipt)

3. : ......... ........
..................... UTC,

................... .............

3. POSITION: LAT..................LONG...................................
UPDATED AT TIME............................ UTC
DATE UNKNOWN
COURSE.......................... SPEED.............. KTS

4.
:

,
)

4. OTHER INFORMATION
DISTRESS TYPE
NOT SPECIFIED (Default,
change as required)

(
,

Inmarsat REGION

PACIFIC (Default, change


as required)

LES (
LES )

RECEIVING STATION

LES (Insert name of


Inmarsat LES)

PROTOCOL

MARITIME (Default, change


as required)

( ,

)

POSITION UPDATED
LAST 24 HRS

YES (Default, change as


required)

/

:

( ,

)

COURSE/SPEED
UPDATED
LAST 24 HRS

YES (Default, change as


required)

5. ( RCC)
-C,
*
*
*
*

,
,




( )

5. (Insert RCC name) ACKNOWLEDGED MESSAGE VIA


Inmarsat-C
* AND MESSAGE DELIVERED TO VESSEL BUT NO
REPLY RECEIVED
* BUT MESSAGE COULD NOT BE DELIVERED TO
VESSEL
* UNABLE TO IDENTIFY VESSEL FROM OUR
RECORDS
* OUR RECORDS IDENTIFY VESSEL AS (Insert name
and callsign of vessel)

6. .
( ,
RCC)

6. PASSED FOR YOUR CO-ORDINATION. PLEASE


ACKNOWLEDGE (Insert RCC contact details)

_________________
* ,
.

_______________
* Delete whichever line which does not apply.

B-9

B.

DSC
:
:

( /RCC)
( /RCC)

DSC Format
FROM
TO

(Name of organization/RCC)
(Name of organization/RCC)

1.
(DSC)

1. DISTRESS ALERT - DIGITAL SELECTIVE CALLING


(DSC)

2.
:
*( )

2. DISTRESS MESSAGE
RECEIVED ON
*(Insert frequency) kHz




*( )

DISTRESS RELAY
RECEIVED ON
*(Insert frequency) kHz

:
*( )

DISTRESS ACKNOWLEDGMENT
RECEIVED ON
*(Insert frequency) kHz

( UTC
) UTC

MMSI
:
( MMSI)

AT TIME

(UTC Time and date of receipt) UTC

MMSI NUMBER OF VESSEL


IN DISTRESS
(Insert MMSI number)

3. : ...................
....................... UTC,

3. POSITION: LAT....................LONG..............................
UPDATED AT TIME.......................... UTC
DATE UNKNOWN

4.

4. OTHER INFORMATION

(
,
)

DISTRESS TYPE

NOT SPECIFIED (Default,


change as required)

/NBD (
)

COMMUNICATIONS MODE

VOICE/NBDP (Delete as
required)

RELAYED BY

(Insert MMSI of station)

ACKNOWLEDGED BY

(Insert MMSI of station)

RESULT

(Insert any results from


attempts to contact vessel)

:

:
:

( MMSI )
( MMSI )
(

)

5. *

*
( )
6. .
( ,
RCC)
_______________
* ,
.

5. *

UNABLE TO IDENTIFY VESSEL FROM OUR


RECORDS

*
OUR RECORDS IDENTIFY VESSEL AS (Insert
name and callsign of vessel)
6. PASSED FOR YOUR CO-ORDINATION. PLEASE
ACKNOWLEDGE (Insert RCC contact details)
_____________
* Delete whichever line which does not apply.

B-10
, 2009 , 1 2010 .

C
- :
,
MRO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-1
MRO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -3
MRO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -5

-i

C.

- :
,
MRO
, , MRO.
-
,
, .
MRO ;
,
. ,
, , , ,
1000 100
. ,
, .
MRO :

.
-
;

, ;

Amver ;

( , , ,
, );

, ,
, , -
.

,
.

OSC OSC.

(RCC RCC, , RCC OSC,


, , , , SAR
. .);

-1

C.

(, , ,
, );

(,
, , ,
, . .).

, ,
.

, ,
.

- :

SAR;

( );

, ,
, , ;

, , ,
, :

-,
, ;

, ,
.

, , :

-2

, .

C.

,
.

, , , ,
.

,
,
.

,
,
.

,
.

,
.

" ", ,
, .

,
, .

MRO
SAR MRO ,
,
. MRO ,
, .
, ,

MRO.
MRO
, , .
, ,
, .
SAR
.
, ,
SAR , ,
.
,
,
, .

.

-3

C.
, ,
,
.
.

( ) ,

,
SAR
, , ,
,

,
, , ,
,
,

,
,
, , ,
,

, ,
, -,

-

(ERC)
, ,
, .
, , ,
.
, , -
, . .,
, .
SAR
,

- . ,
, ,
MRO. .
ERC RCC
.

-4

C.
SAR, ,
.
,
MRO. :

SAR ;

, SAR;

,
, ;

,
, , , , ,
, . .,
;

SAR
,
"" .


SAR
SAR .
MRO

.
(ICS),
,
. SAR , ,
ICS ,
ICS.
ICS :
(IC):
, ,
,
.
(ICP): ,
.
(ICS):
, ,
-5

C.
,

.
(UC): -
, ,

.
ICS ,
,
.

, ,
.
,
.
ICS , SAR;
SAR , ICS
.
, ICS
.
, ICS:
;
, ;
;
SAR SAR ;
SM ICS ;
.
ICS
.

, .
ICS ,
ICS;
, , ,
.
, IC ,
.
(, )
, IC
.
ICS :
;
,
,
;

-6

C.
-
, , ,
, , ;
- ,
, ,
.
, IC, :
,
, IC,
;

;


.
ICS:

I (ICP)
ICS. ICS .
, IC
(. . ) (UC)
, . UC
, ,
().
, ,
(JIC),
, ,
.
ICS
. SAR
SAR SM
ICS.
SAR ICS ,
SAR. ICS
, SAR .

-7

C.
, ,
.
, ,
,
.

IC. IC

.
,
IC IC , IC ,
.
IC
. , ,
IC, SM RCC.
IC , ,
SM ,
. , IC ,
, , ,
, IC .
, SAR
, IC , SM.
, SM
, SAR.
IC ,
RCC, RCC
SAR SAR .

-8

D
,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MEDICO MEDEVAC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

D-1
D-2
D-5
D-6
D-7
D-8

D-i

D. ,


1.

SMC.

2.

3.

(
).

4.

( ).

5.

6.

7.

8.

, :
(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

9.


, ,
.

10.

( C).

D-1

D. ,



1.

SAR
- .

2.

, ,
, :
(a)

(b)

(c)

, -
;

(d)

(e)

(f)

( ).

3.

, , SAR
.

. (MARO)
.

4.

,
.
SAR, .
SITRE
, SMC.

5.

6.

SMC
SITRE.

7.


SAR
RCC - .

, :
1.

,
, , ,
, 812 .

2.

, ,
, , .
RCC.
. :

D-2

(a)

(b)

/;

(c)

, ;

(d)

(e)

, ;

(f)

, , -;

(g)

, ;.

(h)

, ;

(i)

(j)

D. ,
(k)

, ;

(l)

, ( );

(m)

( );

(n)

3.

, ,

SAR, .
, ,
.
,
.

4.

,
4 .
,
,
,
.

5.


, .

6.

,
, . ,

. , ,
. .

7.

SAR, , SITRE
RCC. SITRE
, .

8.

,
. , SMC
, , .


1.

, ,
.
.

2.

.
,
.

3.

, ,

.

4.

, ,
, , ,
.

D-3

D. ,
, .
1.

, ,
, - ,
, ,
80 (50 )
.

2.

, ,
.

3.

,
,

.

4.

, ,
.

D-4

D. ,


1.

/ .

2.

/ .

3.

/ , .

4.

( , , /
).

5.

6.

, , , .

7.

8.

, , , .

9.

,
.

10.

11.

12.

D-5

D. ,


1.

, , , , ,
.

2.

, , .

3.

, .

4.

, .., .

5.

6.

7.

, .

8.

, , , ,
, .

D-6

D. ,

MEDICO MEDEVAC
1.

( , , /
( ), / ( )).

2.

, , , , .

3.

, .

4.

5.

6.

, .

7.

8.

9.

, , ETA.

10.

, .
: . R TMAS
.

11.

12.

D-7
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

D. ,


1.

(/ ).

2.

3.

/, .

4.

5.

6.

, .

7.

8.

9.

10.

(." " . D-6).

11.

12.

, .

13.

/ .

14.

(/ ).

15.

D-8

E
,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E-2
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E-4

-i

E. ,

1.

SMC, .

2.

3.

,
, (. G.3.2).

4.

() SRU .

5.

6.

,
.

7.

,
, .

8.

,
.

9.

, .

10.

,
.

-1

E. ,



1.

() SRU.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

RCC SAR.

8.

9.

SRU .

10.

SMC.

11.

( ):

12.

13.

(a)

NOTAM;

(b)

:
(a)

(b)

(c)

, ,
, .


1.

() SRU.

2.

-
.

3.

4.

5.

RCC SAR.

6.

7.

SRU .

8.

SMC.

9.

( ):

-2

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

E. ,
10.

:
(a)

(b)

(c)

11.


, .

12.

, ,
, .

-3

E. ,


1.

, ,
.

2.

() SRU.

3.

RCC SAR.

4.

5.

SRU .

6.

,
, .

-4

F

.

1.

SMC, .

2.

RCC RSC
SAR.

3.

SRU, .

4.


- .

5.

6.

7.

SRU , .

8.

OSC.

9.

OSC:
(a)

(b)

(c)

OSC .

10.

11.

12.

13.

OSC.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.


. (. G.3.2. , Amver)

19.

, ,
.

20.

21.

22.

23.

24.

, .

25.

26.

27.

F-1

F.
28.

,
.

29.

30.

SAR.

31.

32.

33.
34.

F-2

(a)

, ;

(b)

.
.

G

SAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G-1
, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . G-10

G-i

G.

SAR
G.1

G.1.1

SAR: , .
,
. SAR
:
, ,
,
, ;
;
;
,
.

G.1.2

,
, .
,
.

G.1.3

, ,
,
,
(POD) (POS).
, , ,
,
. ; ,
,
.
,
.

G.2

G.2.1

, SAR, :
, ;

);

(,

;
.
G.2.2

SAR .

( 280
(150 . ) 0,5 )
( 740
(400 . ) 2,5 )
( 1390
(750 . ) 2,5 )
(
1850 (1000 . ) 2,5 )
( 2780
(1500 . ) , 2,5 )

SRG
MRG
LRG
VLR
ELR

G-1

G.
, :
( 185
(100 . ), 1 5 )
( 185
370 ( 100 200 . ), 6
15 )
(
370 (200 . ), 15 )
.

G.2.3

HEL-L
HEL-M

HEL-H

, , .

, . ,
.

SAR
:

,

. ,
, ,
.
,
, ,
, ,
.
.
, ,
, , , ,
, .
, (DF)
,
.


, , SAR
, .
.
.
G.2.4


.
. SMC
- . ,
,
,
.

G.2.5

SAR, ,
. ,
, ;
.
, .
275 / (150
), . ,
, ,
150 (500 ).
.
, . ,
, ,
, :

G-2

G.
,
, , ELT
EPIRB;
,
.
,
;

.
G.2.6

,
:
:
;
;
, ,
;
, ;
;
:
,
;
,
;
, SAR;
, ,
;
, ;
,
;
;

.

G.2.7


-. ,
- ,
,
. ,
, ,
.

G.2.8


, .
,
, , , ,
.
,
, , ,
, ,
.

G.2.9

- .
- -
,
.
G-3

G.
G.2.10

SAR
:
,
,
;


,
/ .

, , , ,
.

G.2.11


, , . SAR

. , ,
, .

G.2.12

,
, ,
, SAR.

, ,
, .

G.2.13

,
, ,
,
. RCC, OSC
.
,
/ , -
.

G.2.14

SAR ,
. ,
,
.

G.2.15

, SAR, :
.

.

;
.
, ,

,
, , (GPS)
.
,
, . ,
SAR,
,
(ELT), (EPIRB), ,
, SAR (SART).
.
( ) RCC RSC,
SAR. SAR, ,
,

G-4

G.
. ,
/- 16 (156,8 )
/- 121,5 123,1 . SAR
/
SAR
,
. , RCC
/ - ,
. , .
SOLAS
.
. ,

, SAR
.
. SAR
, , , :
;
;
, , , ,
;
/-, , ,
.. ;

;
;

;
, ,
;
;
;
;
.
G.3

G.3.1

, SAR ,
:
,
;
;
, ;
,
,
, , ,
, , ,
, .

G.3.2


SAR. SAR

. ,
G-5

G.
RCC , GMDSS, ,
VTS , 2 ,
, ,
. , , ,

, .
(Amver).
.

Amver ,
, .

.

Amver .
Amver RCC ,
,
- . Amver ,
RCC .
Amver , ,
( )
,

.
, Amver
, ,
Amver, ,
.

G.3.3


,
.
,
( ) . SMC
,
, ,
.

G.3.4

SAR .

/



.

G.3.5

G-6

RB
RV

,
RB(14) RV(10).

, ,
, , .
, SAR, ,
, , ,
, .
. ,
, , ,
,
. ,
SAR, .

G.
G.3.6

SAR :
,
-
;
; SAR ,
;
, ,
, .

G.3.7

(,
, ),
. SAR ,
, , ,
(. G.3.9 ).

G.3.8

,
,
,
.

,
. ,
, :
, 55 150 / (3080 ).

, ;
, ,
. -

, ,
.
, ,
- .

G.3.9

, SAR, :
.
, .
, SAR,
,

.
. SAR
SAR.
RCC, RSC SAR.
SAR
, ,
. RCC
/ /. SAR
/
SAR
,
. RCC
/ - ,
.
, .
SOLAS
. 2.
G-7

G.
. SAR
G.2.12 . ,
, ;
.
:
:
;
, ;
, , ;
, , /
;
:
, ( );
;
/-, , ,
, ;
.
G.4

G.4.1

SAR :
;
, ;
,
.

G.4.2

. :
, ..;
- , ,
;
;
.

G.5

G.5.1

SAR :
(, );
(, ,
);
,

, :
;
;
, ,
;
, ;
- - ;
( );
, ,
, , , ,

G-8

G.
, , , ,
;
, ,

.
G.5.2


.
: (PRU), (MRU),
- (USAR),
(CRU) (DRU). USAR
- .

G.5.3

,
,
.
, -
, ,
, .

G.5.4



.
, , ,
, ,
, . ,
, ,
, . ,
, , , ,
, .

G.5.5

:
.
,
:
(1:50000 1:100000);
;
.

,
GPS .
.
RCC ,
. (
)
SAR.
.
2.
.
,
23 , ,
.
,
:
;
, , , , ;
;
;
G-9

G.
, ;
, ,

;
.
G.5.6

,
, , :
(PRU)
, ,
, :
;
;
;
;
(MRU)
, , , , ;

-
,
,
;
(CRU)
, , ;
(DRU)
:
;
, ;
;
,
.

,

G.6

G.6.1

"" .
.
, . ,
.
:
,
, , ,
. , .
: /,
( ),
, , ,
.
: ,
, , ,
.

G-10

G.
: , , , , ,
, ,
.
: ,
, , , ,
.
: , ,
, , , , , , , ,
, ,
.
G.6.2

,
SRU, - .
,
,
.

G.6.3


.
, ,
.
:
:
:
:
:

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

G.6.4

, ;
, ;
;
,
, , ,
, .
;
, ;

.
;
, ,
,
, ;
, .

, ;
, ,
,
.
.

, , :
: , .
G-11

G.
: ,
, , (), , .
,
: ( , ), , ,
, , .
.

G.7

G.7.1

,
, ,
( )
.

G.7.2


,
:
: .
:

: .
:
G.7.3

, , , , .

,
. G-1.

G-1

G-12

H


SAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H-1
SAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H-3
SAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H-4
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H-6
SAR / . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -8
SAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -9

H-i

H.


SAR

SAR Briefing and Debriefing Form


Briefing

SAR ( ): ___________________

SAR: ___________________________________________

: _________________________________________

Date: ___________________________________________

:_________ SRU: ___________

A/C Type & Number: _____________ Unit: ____________

: __________________________________

Captain: ________________________________________


: ____________________________

Details as to nature of distress or emergency: ___________


_______________________________________________

______________________________________________
:

_______________________________________________
Description of Search Object: _______________________

(1) : ________

(1) Type of aircraft or vessel: ____________________

(2) : ________________

(2) Number or name of craft: ____________________

(3) __________________________________

(3) Length: __________________________________

( ): __________________

Width (Wing-Span): ________________________

(4) : _________________________

(4) Number on board: __________________________

(5) ,
:

(5) Full description of craft, including colour and


markings:

_______________________________________

________________________________________

_______________________________________

________________________________________

_______________________________________

________________________________________

(6) :

(6) Frequencies of missing craft: _________________

___________________________________________

_________________________________________

Assigned Search Areas

_______________________________________

Area: ___________________________________________

: ____________________________________

Type of Search: __________________________________

. / ___________________________

Altitude/Vis: _____________________________________

: ____________________

Time on Task: ___________________________________

(.): _________________

Commence Search at (Posn): _______________________

(N-S)(E-W) ________________________

and track (N-S)(E-W) ______________________________

______________________________________________

_______________________________________________

Frequencies:

(1) : _________________________

(1) Controlling Agency: _____________________________

(2) : ____________________________

(2) Aircraft: ______________________________________

(3) : _____________________

(3) Surface Vessels: _______________________________

(4) : _____________________________

(4) Others: ______________________________________

Progress Reports

(): ______________________________
___________
________ .

To be passed to:________________
every______hours with weather report included every
______________hours.

:
______________________________________________

Special Instructions:
_______________________________________________

H-1

H.

Debriefing

SAR: ________________________________

SAR: __________________________________________

: ____________________________________

A/C No.: ________________________________________

Date: __________________________________________

: _____________________________

Point of Departure: ________________________________

: _________________________________

Point of Landing: _________________________________

: _________________________

Time Off: _______________________________________

: __________ : _____

On Task: ___________ Off Task:_____________________

_________________________________

Landed: ________________________________________

: ________________

Area Actually Searched: ___________________________

_____________________________________________

______________________________________________

_____________________________________________

______________________________________________

: ___________________________________

Type of Search: __________________________________

. /: _________________________

Altitude/Vis: _____________________________________

: __________

Terrain or Sea State: ______________________________

- : __________________________

Number of Observers: _____________________________

(,
, ..): ______

Weather Conditions in Search Area (Vis, Wind velocity,


Ceiling, etc.): ____________________________________

_____________________________________________

______________________________________________

_____________________________________________

______________________________________________

. : _______

Object of Search: (located) at Position: _______________

_____________________________________________

______________________________________________

- : ___________

Number and Condition of Survivors: __________________

_____________________________________________

______________________________________________

_____________________________________________

______________________________________________

/ : __

Sightings and/or other reports:_______________________

_____________________________________________

______________________________________________

_____________________________________________

______________________________________________

: ( / -
) ___

Telecommunications: (Note quality of communications and/or


any changes other than briefed) _____________________

_____________________________________________

______________________________________________

_____________________________________________

_______________________________________________

: ( ,
, , ,
) _________________________________

Remarks: (To include any action taken on search, any


problems, criticism, suggestions) _____________________
______________________________________________

______________________________________________

______________________________________________

______________________________________________
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
__________________
______________________
/ ()

______________________________________________
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
_______________
____________________
Date/Time (Local)
Captain

H-2

H.


SAR

Abbreviated SAR Briefing and Debriefing Form

___________________________________

Briefing ________________________________________

SAR ( ): ___________________

SAR: __________________________________________

: _________________________________________

Date: __________________________________________

: ________________________________

A/C Type and Number: _________________________

: __________________________________

Captain: _____________________________________

: __________________________________

Take Off Time: ________________________________

: __________________________________

Search Area: __________________________________

_____________________________________________

_______________________________________________

_____________________________________________

_______________________________________________

. : _____________________________

Search Height: ________________________________

: ________________________________

Scanning Range: ______________________________

: ____________________________________

Type of Search: _________________________________

______________________________________________

_______________________________________________

: ____________________________________

Remarks: ____________________________________

______________________________________________

_______________________________________________

______________________________________________

_______________________________________________

______________________________________________

_______________________________________________

Debriefing _____________________________________

: _________________

Area Actually Searched: _________________________

______________________________________________

_______________________________________________

______________________________________________

_______________________________________________

______________________________________________

_______________________________________________

: ________________________________

Search Time: _________________________________

: ______________________________

Transit Time: __________________________________

: ________________________ %

Effectiveness of Search: ________________________ %

. : __________________________ %

Percent of Area Covered: _______________________ %

: ____________________________________

Remarks: ____________________________________

______________________________________________

_______________________________________________

______________________________________________

_______________________________________________

______________________________________________

_______________________________________________

H-3

H.


SAR

SAR Briefing and Tasking Form Marine

1.

:_______________________________

1.

DTG. _______________________________________

2.

SAR ( )_________________

2.

SAR (Incident Name) __________________________

3.

: _____________________________

3.

Search Object: _______________________________

4.

(a) : (//
) ___________________

(a) Type: (Aircraft/Vessel/Other - Delete as necessary)


________________________________________

(b) : ______________________________

(b) Name: __________________________________

(c) ____________________________

(c) Registration: _____________________________

(d) _________________________________

(d) Tonnage: ________________________________

(e) : (, , ,
) ________________________

(e) Description: (Colour, markings, superstructure,


characteristics) ____________________________

_______________________________________

________________________________________

_______________________________________

________________________________________

(f) //: ______________

(f) Owner/Operator/Agent: _____________________

_______________________________________

________________________________________

(g) : _______________________

(g) .O.B.: __________________________________

(h) -
: _________________________________

(h) Emergency equipment carried: _______________


________________________________________

_______________________________________

________________________________________


( ): _________________________

4.

__________________________________________
5.

6.

H-4

Nature of Distress or Emergency (brief description): __


___________________________________________
___________________________________________

5.

Search Area:

(a) (. .): _______

(a) Area corner points (Lat. & Long.): _____________

(b) CSP ( ): _______________

(b) CS (commence search point): ______________

(c) : ________

(c) Direction of creep: _________________________

(d) : ___________

(d) Requested coverage factor: _________________

(e) : ___

(e) Requested track spacing: ___________________

_______________________________________

________________________________________

(f) : __________________

(f) Requested search pattern: __________________

SAR, :

6.

Other SAR facilities to be engaged in adjacent areas

/. : _________________

Aircraft/Height: _______________________________

: ______________________________

Vessels: ____________________________________

: __________________

Land arties: ________________________________

H.
7.

8.

9.

,
:

7.

Frequencies and callsigns to be used for


communication with:

(a) RCC/MRSC/ARSC/OSC/
( ): ___________________

(a) RCC/MRSC/ARSC/OSC/(Delete as necessary):


_________________________________________

(b) : _________

(b) Other search aircraft: ________________________

(c) : ___________

(c) Other search vessels: _______________________

(d) : _______________

(d) Land parties: ______________________________

(e) ,
/ : ____________

(e) Ship or craft in distress/survivors ______________


( ):

8.

Action on sighting the search object (delete as


necessary):

(): ____________________________

Reort to: ____________________________________


/
.

If unable to effect rescue, direct other vessels and/or


aircraft to the scene.

,

.

Remain on-scene until relieved or forced to return or


rescue has been effected.


(): _____________________________________
_________________________ .

10. :

9.

Progress reorts should be assed to ______________


____________________________________________
every __________________________________ hours.

10. Special Instructions:

H-5

H.

Sighting Reort Form

__________________________________

CASE NUMBER __________________________________

, ____

NAME OF ERSON REORTING ___________________

______________________________________________

______________________________________________

________________________________________

ADDRESS ______________________________________

_____________________________________

TELEHONE ____________________________________

_________________________________

OCCUATION ___________________________________

_________

DESCRITION OF SIGHTING ______________________

______________________________________________

______________________________________________

______________________________________________

______________________________________________

_________________________

TIME OF SIGHTING ______________________________

________________________________

LOCAL DATE ____________________________________

______________ ___________________

TYE ____________ COLOUR _____________________

__________________________________

TRIM __________________________________________

...

_______________________

FOR AIRCRAFT__________________________________

// ______________________

WHEELS/FLOATS/SKIS ___________________________

/ _______

HIGH/LOW WING ________________________________

________
___________

NUMBER OF ENGINES ________ DID ENGINES SOUND


NORMAL _______________________________________

. _____________________

AARENT HEIGHT ______________________________

________________________________

DIRECTION _____________________________________

? __________________________________

TURNING? _____________________________________

_______

OTHER A/C SIGHTED ____________________________

______________ ________________

TYE _____________ DESCRITION _______________

_______________________________________

TIME___________________________________________

______

ARACHUTES SIGHTED __________________________

/ ____________________________

NUMBER/COLOUR _______________________________

_________________

DO A/C ASS REGULARLY ________________________

. .

.....

_________________________

FOR VESSELS __________________________________

_________________________________

HULL TYE _____________________________________

_________________________________

SUERSTRUCTURE _____________________________

/ _______________

ENGINES/SAILS _____________________ DID ENGINES

___________

SOUND NORMAL ________________________________

___________________________

LOCATION ______________________________________

________________________________

DIRECTION _____________________________________

H-6

H.
TURNING? ______________________________________
? ___________________________________

OTHER VESSELS SIGHTED ________________________


________________________________

TYE _____________ DESCRITION ________________

________________ _______________

TIME ___________________________________________

________________________________________

...

WEATHER AT TIME OF SIGHTING __________________


_______________________________________________


________________________________

RAINING/SNOWING________ THUNDER STORM ______

/ __________ _________________

WIND/SEA STATE ________________________________

/ ______________________

REMARKS_______________________________________

___________________________________

...

DATE/TIME RECEIVED __________ BY ______________

/ ________ __________

RECEIVED DIRECT OR RELAYED ___________________


_______________________________

ASSESSED VALIDITY OF REORT __________________

__________

ACTION TAKEN __________________________________

_________________

H-7

H.

SAR /

SAR: __________________________________________________________________________
: ______________________________________________________________________________________
SAR, : __________________________________________________

( . ,
, , , /
, , , . .).
( ,
, , . .,
/ . ,
. .
).
( ,
, . . ,
, ).
(, . .).

SAR
SM
SAR

H-8

H.

SAR

SAR Operation Report

( SAR)

TITLE

(SAR CASE IDENTIFICATION)

I.

PART I

SEARCH OBJECT DETAILS


(
,

,
,
, . .)

II.
1.

2.

3.

SAR

RCC

(Equipment on board, location of incident,


intended route with timings, nature of
emergency, weather, etc)

PART II
1.

DETAILS OF SAR OPERATION

RCC ACTION

a.

Brief narrative of initial actions from log.

b.

b.

SAR facilities tasked, response times.

c.

Basic assumptions regarding the search object.

SAR,

2.

SEARCH OPERATION

a.

Rationale for the search plan.

b.

b.

Explanation of any changes to the search plan.


, ,
SAR .

c.

Brief outline of each days search activities including


areas covered, SAR facilities used and general
weather.

d.

,
,
SAR,
,
,

,
/
, , ,
,
. .

d.

If search object is found, a complete explanation of


how to include type of SAR facilities, the position in
the facility of the sighting observer, whether the
observer was trained, facility altitude and/or
distance from the target, the phase of flight, time of
day, search conditions, distress beacon details, etc.

,
( ).

e.

If search object not found, why (in general terms).

3.

RESCUE OPERATION

a.

Condition of survivors.

b.

SAR.

b.

SAR facilities used.

c.

Evacuation details.

d.

,
.

d.

Problems encountered, if any.

III.

PART III

TERMINATION/SUSPENSION

1.

(/,
, , ,
. .).

1.

SEARCH OBJECT LOCATED (Date/time, location,


survivors, fatalities, missing etc.)

2.

, ,
, . .).

2.

SEARCH SUSPENDED (Authority for suspension,


survivors, fatalities, missing, etc.)

H-9

H.
IV.

PART IV

CONCLUSIONS/RECOMMENDATIONS

1.

SM.

1.

SMC CONCLUSIONS

2.

SM
(

,
, . .

).

2.

SMC
RECOMMENDATIONS
(May
include
recommendations
to
Government
departments,
agencies, private companies, etc. to help prevent similar
incidents or accidents in the future.)

3.

RCC.

3.

RCC CHIEF REMARKS

4.

SAR.

4.

SAR CO-ORDINATOR REMARKS

ATTACHMENTS

1.

1.

Weather reports.

2.

,
.

2.

Sighting reports.

3.

SAR.

3.

SAR maps.

4.

SRU ( /
).

4.

SRU utilization (flying/steaming hours).

5.

5.

List of objects recovered.

6.

( ).

6.

Photographs (if applicable).

DISTRIBUTION LIST

SM
SAR
SC

SMCs
SAR managers
SCs
International Authorities

H-10

I
SITRE
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-1
RCC RSC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-6
( MAREC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-9

I-i

I. SITRE

Situation Report Formats and Examples

(SITRE)
SAR.
RCC
RCC, RSC ,

.
OSC SITRE
, SMC
.

SITRE

OSC
.
OSC

SITRE

SMC. SMC
SITRE ,
, RCC
RSC. SMC
SITRE ,
OSC.



SITRE. SITRE

SAR.

SITRE

Situation Reports (SITREPs) are used to pass information


about a particular SAR incident. RCCs use them to keep
other RCCs, RSCs, and appropriate agencies informed of
cases which are of immediate or potential interest. The
OSC uses SITREPs to keep the SMC aware of mission
events. Search facilities use SITREPs to keep the OSC
informed of mission progress. The OSC addresses
SITREPs only to the SMC unless otherwise directed. The
SMC may address SITREPs to as many agencies as
necessary, including other RCCs and RSCs, to keep them
informed. SITREPs prepared by an SMC usually include a
summary of information received from OSCs. Often a short
SITREP is used to provide the earliest notice of a casualty
or to pass urgent details when requesting assistance. A
more complete SITREP is used to pass amplifying
information during SAR operations. Initial SITREPs should
be transmitted as soon as some details of an incident
become clear and should not be delayed unnecessarily for
confirmation of all details.

SAR,

,
SITRE

,
.

For SAR incidents where pollution or threat of pollution


exists as a result of a the casualty, the appropriate agency
tasked with environmental protection should be an
information addressee on SITREPs.

SITRE

International SITREP Format

SITRE

, ,
I-6,
RCC.

A SITREP format has been adopted internationally which is


intended for use, along with the standard codes found on
page I-6, for international communications between RCCs.

Short form To pass urgent essential details when


requesting assistance, or to provide the earliest notice of
casualty, the following information should be provided:

(/
)

TRANSMISSION

(Distress/urgency)

(UTC )

DATE AND TIME

(UTC or Local Date Time Group)

( RCC,
)

FROM:
TO:

:
SITRE SAR
()

(Originating RCC)

(

SITRE,
)

SAR SITREP
(NUMBER)

(To indicate nature of


message and
ompleteness of
sequence of SITREPs
concerning the casualty)

I-1

I. SITRE
A.

(, ,

A. IDENTITY
OF CASUALTY

(Name call sign, flag state)

B.

(/)

B. POSITION

(Latitude/longitude)

C.

( , , / ; /;
/ ,
, , ,

)

C. SITUATION

(Type
of
message,
e.g.,
distress/urgency; date/time; nature of
distress/urgency, e.g., fire, collision,
medico)

D.

D. NUMBER OF PERSONS

E.

E. ASSISTANCE REQUIRED

F. RCC,

F. CO-ORDINATING RCC


-
, ,
:

Full form To pass amplifying or updating information


during SAR operations, the following additional sections
should be used as necessary:

G.
( ,
/,
, /, )

G. DESCRIPTION
OF CASUALTY

(Physical description,
owner/charterer, cargo carried,
passage from/to, life saving
equipment carried)

H.

H. WEATHER
ON SCENE

(Wind, sea/swell state, air/sea


temperature visibility, cloud
cover/ceiling, barometric
pressure)

J.
(
RCC)

J. INITIAL
ACTIONS TAKEN

(By casualty and RCC)

K.

K. SEARCH AREA (As planned by RCC)

(, / ,
/ , , / , )

( RCC)

L. (

OSC,
,
)

L. CO-ORDINATING
INSTRUCTIONS

M.

M. FUTURE PLANS

N. (
SAR)

N. ADDITIONAL
INFORMATION

Notes.

(1)

(1)

I-2

SITRE,
,
.

(OSC designated, units


participating,
communications)

(Include time SAR operation


terminated)

Each SITREP concerning the same casualty should


be numbered sequentially.

I. SITRE
(2)

,
SITRE
,
.

(2)

If help is required from the addressee, the first


SITREP should be issued in short form if remaining
information is not readily available

(3)

SITRE

(3)

When time permits, the full form may be used for the
first SITREP, or to amplify it.

(4)

SITRE

.
.

(4)

Further SITREPs should be issued as soon as other


relevant information has been obtained. Information
already passed should not be repeated.

(5)


SITRE
" ",
,
.

(5)

During prolonged operations, "no change" SITREPs,


when appropriate, should be issued at intervals of
about 3 hours to reassure recipients that nothing has
been missed.

(6)


SITRE.

(6)

When the incident is concluded, a final SITREP is be


issued as confirmation.

SITRE -

Example SITREP International Format

152230Z 96
: RCC -,
:
SANJUANSARCOORD,
-,
-
BT
SITRE SAR
A. N999EJ ()
B. 14-20N 064-20W
C. /152200Z/

D. 4
E. SANJUANSARCOORD
SMC
F. RCC -,
G. III/
., , / ,

-, 152100Z , -/8 ,
/

H.
J.
"" 121,5 ,
"-747"
" ".

, ,

5000

.
K.
BT

DISTRESS
152230Z SEP 96
FROM RCC LA GUIRA VENEZUELA
TO SANJUANSARCOORD SAN JUAN PUERTO
RICO
BT
SAR SITREP ONE
A. N999EJ (US)
B. 14-20N 064-20W
C. DISTRESS/152200Z/AIRCRAFT DITCHING
D. 4
E. REQUEST SANJUANSARCOORD ASSUME
SMC AND CONDUCT SEARCH
F. RCC LA GUIRA VENEZUELA
G. CESSNA CITATION III/EXECUTIVE JETS, INC,
MIAMI, FL/ ORIGINATOR VERIFIED AIRCRAFT ON
VFR FLIGHT PLAN DEPARTED PORT OF SPAIN
TRINIDAD 152100Z EN ROUTE AGUADILLA,
PUERTO RICO/8 PERSON LIFERAFT WITH
CANOPY AND SURVIVAL SUPPLIES/FLARES

H. WEATHER ON SCENE UNKNOWN


J. AIRCRAFT ISSUED MAYDAY BROADCAST ON 121.5
MHZ WHICH WAS HEARD BY AIR FRANCE 747. PILOT
OF DISTRESS AIRCRAFT GAVE POSITION, STATED
BOTH ENGINES FLAMED OUT AND DESCENDING
THROUGH 5000 FEET WITH INTENTIONS TO DITCH.

K. NO SEARCH ASSETS AVAILABLE


BT

I-3

I. SITRE
SITRE

Alternate SITREP Format

SITRE,
SAR.

,
.

Another SITREP format, in common use in certain SAR


regions, is presented below. This format uses four main
paragraphs and a subject line to convey all essential
information.

(
,
SITRE,

,
,
,

SITRE.


SITRE .
OSC

OSC
.)

Identification

(The subject line contains the phase of the


emergency, SITREP number, a one or twoword description of the emergency, and
identification of the unit sending the SITREP.
SITREPs
are
numbered
sequentially
throughout the entire case. When an OSC is
relieved on scene, the new OSC continues the
SITREP numbering sequence.)

( , ,
, , .
SITRE

.)

Situation

(A description of the case, the conditions that


affect the case, and any amplifying information
that will clarity the problem. After the first
SITREP, only changes to the original reported
situation need be included.)

( , ,
.

,
, ,
,
,
.)

Action Taken

(A report of all action taken since the last


report, including results of such action. When
an unsuccessful search has been conducted,
the report includes the areas searched, a
measure of effort such as sorties flown and
hours searched, and the track spacing actually
achieved.)

( ,
, , ,
, .)

Future Plans

(A description of actions planned for future


execution including any recommendations
and, if necessary, a request for additional
assistance.)

( ,

.)

Status of Case (This is used only on the final SITREP to


indicate that the case is closed or that search
is suspended pending further developments.)

SITRE -

Example SITREP - Alternate Format

160730Z 96
: COGARD AIRSTA -
: SANJUANSARCOORD -, -
BT
: SITRE
, N999EJ
, AIRSTA UCN 96-078
A. SANJUANSARCOORD
-, -
160010Z 96
1. : CGNR 1740
A-1
.
:
2000

, ,
3 ., 200T/6-8 , 180T/30 .

160730Z SEP 96
FROM COGARD AIRSTA BORINQUEN PUERTO RICO
TO SANJUANSARCOORD SAN JUAN PUERTO RICO
BT
SUBJ: DISTRESS SITREP ONE, N999EJ DITCHED, AIRSTA
BQN UCN 96-078

I-4

A. SANJUANSARCOORD SAN JUAN PR 160010Z SEP 96


1. SITUATION: CGNR 1740 COMPLETED FLARE SEARCH
OF AREA A-1 WITH NEGATIVE RESULTS. O/S WX:
CEILING 2000 OVC, NUMEROUS RAIN SHOWERS,
VISIBILITY 3NM, SEAS 200T/6-8FT, WINDS 180T/30KTS.

I. SITRE
2. :
A. 151905Q RCC

14-20N 064-20W.
C-130.
B. 1955Q CGNR 1740 ,
.
C. 2120Q CGNR 1740

13-50N
064-20W.

30.,
180T*, 1500 , TAS
150 .
D. 2135Q CGNR 1740
- , 14-20N 06420W.
E. 2310Q CGNR 1740
,
,
150T.
F. 160100Q CGNR 1740 .
G.
0120Q
CGNR
1740

DMB 14-22N
064-17W. .
H. 0230Q CGNR 1740
.
3. : CGNR 1742 0645Q
B-1.
BT

2. ACTION TAKEN:
A. 151905Q INFORMED BY RCC OF DITCHED AIRCRAFT
IN POSIT 14-20N 064-20W. DIRECTED TO LAUNCH READY
C-130.
B. 1955Q CGNR 1740 AIRBORNE, CDR PETERMAN.
C. 2120Q CGNR 1740 O/S POSIT 13-50N 064-20W.
COMMENCED VECTOR SEARCH, 30NM LEGS, FIRST LEG
180T, ALTITUDE 1500 FEET, TAS 150KTS.

D. 2135Q CGNR 1740 INSERTED DATUM MARKER BUOY


IN POSIT 14-20N 064-20W.
E. 2310Q CGNR 1740 COMPLETED FIRST VS PATTERN,
COMMENCED SECOND VECTOR SEARCH FIRST LEG
150T.
F. 160100Q CGNR 1740 COMPLETED SECOND SEARCH.
G. 0120Q CGNR 1740 RELOCATED DMB IN POSIT 14-22N
064-17W. DEPARTED SCENE.
H. 0230Q CGNR 1740 LANDED BORINQUEN.
3. FUTURE PLANS: LAUNCH CGNR 1742 AT 0645Q FOR
SEARCH OF AREA B-1.
BT

____________
* T (T)
. (. .)

I-5

I. SITRE
Code of Standard Phrases
for Use Between RCCs and RSCs


RCC RSC
RJA

RJA

Confirm you are controlling SAR action

RJB

RJB

I am controlling SAR action

RJC

,
:

RJC

Casualty reported to me:

1
2
3
RJD

5
6

1
2
3
RJD
1
2
3


. . . ( )
1
2

RJF

:
1
2
3

RJE

. . . ()
. . . ()

RJE
1
2

4
5
6

overdue
sinking
on fire

aground
taking water
requiring tow

Cargo is:
dangerous
not dangerous
oil
Casualty carries . . . (number of persons on board)
. . . (number) lifeboats
. . . (number) life-rafts

1
/

RJF

RJG


""/"-" (MAYDAY/AN AN)
... ( )

RJG
MAYDAY/PAN PAN broadcast has been initiated by ...
(call-sign of Coast Radio Station)

RJH

/
/ :

Casualty name, call-sign and flag State as indicated


Owners/agents as indicated

RJH

Following rescue/search craft are/have been launched

1
. . . (),

...
2
SAR . . . (),

...
3
SAR . . . () ,

. . .

Surface vessel . . . (call-sign) ETA on-scene . . .

SAR helicopter . . . (call-sign) ETA on-scene . . .

SAR aircraft . . . (call-sign) ETA on-scene . . .

RJI

() SAR
. . . () . . . ()

RJI

SAR craft (as indicated) can be made available from


. . . (location) at . . . (time)

RJJ

()

SAR

. . . ()

RJJ

SAR craft (as indicated) cannot be made available until


. . . (time)

RJK

SAR
. . . ()

RJK

Number of SAR craft available at this time is . . .


(number)

RJL

()
() SAR ?

RJL

Can you make SAR craft (as indicated) available now


or in near future

RJM

SAR,
,

RJM

Request details of SAR craft that can be made


available including ETA on-scene

RJN

SAR . . . ()

RJN

1
. . . (),

...
2

RJO

I-6

. . .
()

RJO

SAR craft . . . (call-sign) is returning to base


1

Will be replaced by . . . (call-sign) ETA ...

Will not be replaced

Designated
(call-sign)

Co-ordinator

Surface

Search

is

...

I. SITRE
RJ

OSC . . . ()

RJP

Designated OSC is . . . (call-sign)

RJQ


/
. . . ()

RJQ

Following vessels are in area searching/ /standing by


casualty . . . (call-signs)

RJR

. . . ()
. . . ()

RJR

Search datum is . . . (lat) . . . (long)

. . .
() . . . ()

. . . () . . . ()

RJS

1
RJS

New search datum is . . . (lat) . . . (long)


Search area is bounded by . . . (lat) . . . (long)

(. . .)

RJT

SAR /

RJT

SAR aircraft is/was over casualty and indicates no sign


of life

RJU

SAR /

. . . ()

RJU

SAR aircraft is/was over casualty and indicates . . .


(number) survivors sighted

RJV

. . . ()
( )

RJV

Survivors have taken to . . . (number) life-raft(s)

RJW

. . . ()
?

RJW

At what time will . . . (call-sign) be on-scene

RJX

( )

RJX

(Not assigned)

RJY

( )

RJY

(Not assigned)

RJZ

( )

RJZ

(Not assigned)

RKA

SAR . . . ()
. . . ()

RKA

SAR helicopter . . . (call-sign) will be in position to


attempt rescue at . . . (time)

RKB

.

. . . ()

RKB

Rescue attempt successful. . . . (number) survivors


up-lifted and being taken to . . . (location)

RKC

RKC

Rescue attempt unsuccessful. Will make further


attempt shortly

RKD

. . . . ()


, ,

RKD

Rescue attempt unsuccessful. . . . (call-sign) does not


intend to make further attempt at this time because of
conditions, endurance, other reasons not known

RKE

, . . .
()

RKE

Further rescue attempt will be made when conditions


improve or at . . . (time)

RKF

RKF

How many survivors are there

1
RKG

. . . ()

, ,
. . . ()

?
1

1
RKG

. . .
()

New search area is bounded by (. . .)

Number of survivors recovered is . . . (number)


How many missing persons
1

Number of missing persons is . . . (number)

RKH

. . . () ,
. . .

RKH

. . . (number) bodies located in position . . .

RKI

. . . () ,
. . .

RKI

. . . (number) life-rafts located in position . . .

I-7

I. SITRE
RKJ

. . . () ,
. . .

RKJ

. . . (number) survivors located in position . . .

RKK

...
()

,
,
,

RKK

. . . (number) survival craft located with no sign of life


has/have been sunk to avoid confusion

RKL

...
()

,
-
. . . (), . . .
()

RKL

. . . (number) survival craft located by . . . (call-sign)


has/have been sunk after recovery of . . . . (number)
survivors

RKM

, . . .
()

RKM

All survival craft located and . . . (number) survivors


recovered

RKN

RKN

All survival craft located. No survivors

RKO

RKO

For how long do you intend to continue search

RK

,
:

RKP

Consider search should continue for:

1
2
3
4

1
2
3
4

survivors
bodies
wreckage
survival craft

RKQ

( )

RKQ

(Not assigned)

RKR

,
-

RKR

Do not consider further search can be of any benefit

RKS

RKS

Intend continuing search

RKT

, . . .
()

RKT

Do not expect search to continue after . . . (time)

RKU

RKU

Incident is now closed

RKV

(MAYDAY) "-" (AN AN)

""

RKV

Cancel MAYDAY or PAN PAN message

RKW

. . .
( , )

RKW

Intend transferring control of incident to . . . (call-sign)

RKX

( )

RKX

(Not assigned)

RKY

( )

RKY

(Not assigned)

RKZ

( )

RKZ (Not assigned)

I-8

I. SITRE


( MAREC)

1.
, ,
SAR .
2. MAREC :
1
2
3. MAREC,
, RCC.
4. , ,
. ,
UNK () , , NA (), ,
, .
1.

:
MAREC
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
A. ,
:

TLX/RTG
AX
FERRY
TANK
BULK
GEN
COAST
FISH
CONT
SEC
I-9

I. SITRE

.
(,
, ).
:
:

, , "
",

TLX/RTG:

A// /FLYING DRAGON, CGHI

B. :
, -
, .
.

:
:

, ,

TLX/RTG:

B/ /

C.
1, 2 3 .

- (
) :

I-10

I. SITRE

.
:
:

, ,

TLS/RTG:

C/12/3

D.
(
), .
:
:

TLX/RTG:

M
K
F
C
G

, ,
, . ,
( ),
.

I-11

I. SITRE
:
:

, , , ,

TLX/RTG:

D/M K M F

E.
(LOA), .
.
, 10 , .
:
:

TLX/RTG:

E/LOA 20

F.
:
:

TLX/RTG:

LIGHT

BALL

ART

LOAD
:
:

TLX/RTG:

F/ART

G.
, , ,
, ,
,
.
.
:
:

TLX/RTG:

G/

I-12

I. SITRE

MAREC, 5/76 RCC


, , ,
, ,
, ,
, , , , ,
,
,
,

TLX/RTG: MAREC 5/76 RCC


A/GEN//ESDC
B/ /
C/1/3/
D/M K M M F
E/LOA 85
F/
G/NA
2.

:
MAREC
A. /

B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
A. / , ,

:

TLX/RTG:

,
,
,

,
,
,
-

MOTO
MOTC
MOTFC
ROW
SAILO
SAILC
SAILFC
MOTSAIL
INFLAT
I-13

I. SITRE

:
CAT
TRI
,
, . ""
, , , ,
.
:
:

, , , , ,
,

TLX/RTG:

A/MOTC/CAT/LUCKY LADY/NAVIS 13/

B.
.
:
:

, , :

TLX/RTG:

B// :
/S138

C.

.

I-14

:
,

""
""

TLX/RTG:
OUTB

INB

,

""

AQUA

OUTB 2
OUTB 3

AQUA 2

I. SITRE
( )
, - ,
.
( .)

TLX/RTG:

JIB

SRI

GAFF

LUG

LAT

SLOO

I-15

I. SITRE
:

TLX/RTG:

JUNK

YAWL

KETCH

SCHON

1:
:

, ,

TLX/RTG:

C/OUTB 2

2:
:

TLX/RTG:

C/SLOO

D.

, : ,
.
.

, ,
.


I-16

I. SITRE

: , (GR). ,
.
:
:

, , ,

TLX/RTG:

D/ /GR/

E.
.
:

TLX/RTG:

STR

CLI

""

FALL

()

FLAT

I-17

I. SITRE
:

TLX/RTG:

()

SQUARE

SHAR

""

CAN

TRANS

NTRANS

I-18

, "" , ""

TLX/RTG:

E/FALL/CAN

I. SITRE
F.
.
:

TLX/RTG:

V-

VBOT

FLAT

ROUND

RIB

KEEL

(

""

FIN

CB

I-19

I. SITRE
:
:

TLX/RTG:

F/RIB

G.
(LOA), .
:
:

TLX/RTG:

G/LOA 20

H.
,
, , .
:

I.

TLX/RTG:

H/

I-20

TLX/RTG:

I/3

I. SITRE

:
MAREC 7/76, RCC
, , , , ,
,
,
, , ,
, "" , ()
, V-
,
,
,
TLX/RTG:
MAREC 7/76 RCC
A/MOTC/GALANT/NAVIS 13/
B/SOLOE/25
C/INB
D/ /GR/
E/FALL/SQUARE
F/VBOT
G/LOA 7,5
H/
I/UNK

I-21

I. SITRE

:
MAREC 8/76, RCC
, , , , ,
, , :

,
, , ,
, "" ,
,
,
,
,
TLX/RTG:
A/SAILC/ARABESQUE/NAVIS 12/
B/VIVO 20/OR S 235
C/SLOO
D/ , /
E/FALL/NTRANS
F/KEEL
G/LOA 8
H/
I/2
I-22

J.1

J.1.1

,
. ,
,

. SAR
.
(a)

, SAR
, ,
, ,
..
. ,
. ,
SAR , .

(b)

(MTTSI)
, SAR
. MTTSI , SAR
,
, -
(,
) . ,
,
, .
" ".

J.1.2

,
. ,
. ,

. ,
, ,
, .

J.2

J.2.1

,
SAR.
J-1. , , ,
:
(a)

()
SAR () , SAR
.

(b)

(AB).
,
SAR.

(c)

90
().

(d)

, ,
,
X.

(e)

90
SAR C (BD).

J-1

J.
(f)

, SAR
, ,
Y.

(g)

X Y . , ,
().

(h)

, ,

.

J.3

J.3.1

,
SAR.
J-2. , , ,
:

J-2

(a)

()
SAR () , SAR
.

(b)

().
.

(c)

90 SAR
(BD).

(d)

, SAR
, ,
X.

(e)

90
(AE) , BD.

(f)

, ,
,
Y.

(g)

X Y F.
.

(h)

, ,

.

J.

J.4

: 1 ( /)

J.4.1

,
SAR,
( ) ( ) .
(GS)
SAR, , SAR
. ( ,
, SAR
,
(MTTSI), J.7.).
J-3. , ,
, :
(a)

()
SAR () , SAR
.

(b)

(AB).

(c)


(AC).

(d)


, ,
(TAS ) ( ),
X.

(e)

,
X (XY).

(f)

SAR
, ,
, ,
(W).

,

,
,
.

(g)

SAR
/
SAR.
, ,
(D).

(h)

, ,

(B).
J-3

J.

J-3. : 1( )
J.5

: 2 ( /)

J.5.1

,
, SAR
, ( )
( ) . (GS)
SAR,
, SAR
. ( ,
, SAR ,
(MTTSI),
J.7.).
(. J-4):
(a)

()
SAR (B).
,
(C) (D).
, 10 ,
. ,
(DR),
( ) .

(b)

(LCB).

()

D LCB, .

J-4. : 2 ( )
J-4

J.
(d)

: SAR
(BF), .
: ,
.

(e)

LCB , SAR (TAS


, ),
/ (F). (F) ,
SAR LCB (G).
, SAR.

(f)

, SAR (B) (G),


SAR.
, ,
().

(g)



SAR () ,
().
,
,
.

(h)

SAR
,
.
(DF) .

J.6

: 3 (
)

J.6.1

, SAR ,
,
(MAG) (. J-5):
(a)


SAR 45
.

(b)

45
.

(c)

, SAR
,
, .

(d)

, SAR ,
,
.

(e)

J-5

J.
J.7

(MTTSI)

J.7.1

- ,
- (SAR)
,
. ,
- (SRU)
,
. SRU
. .
SRU , ,
, ,
.
, SRU

, SRU -
. ,
SRU ,
, ,

. , SRU

- .

.

J.7.2

:
(a)

SRU ,
.

(b)

SRU (
) ,
SRU , , ,
, SRU

. , ,
" (MTTSI)".

(c)

,
,
,
SRU.

(d)

SRU
,
.

(e)


SAR .

(f)

,
.

SRU
J.7.3

J-6

SRU
,
,
.
SRU

J.
. ,
4+30 ( ).
10 , 20 ,
4+00
. :
[1]
:
Dmo =

SRU ,

Tmo =

SRU
,

Va1 =
Va2 =

( ) SRU ,
( ) SRU .

, (TAS)
150 ,
25 , SRU
175 125
. [1],
, 292 ..

SRU
J.7.4


SRU,
:
[2]
:
T0 = ,
D = ( )
,
Vb = .
, ,
, 600
200 , SRU ,
. [2],
, 14
.

[2] T0
, ,
J-7

J.
, SRU
.
.

,
, ,
,
SRU
,
,
SRU.
SRU
,
, .
SRU
MTTSI ,
SRU.


J.7.5

,
SRU, ,
SRU,
. :
[3]
:
Ta1 =

, SRU
;
D0 =
( )
, SRU.
, ,
,
SRU 500 . , [3]
, 71 .

J-8

, , (SMC)

SRU. ,
,
Amver ,
.
,

.

K

. . . . . K-1
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-7
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-9
" " (AWA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-12
" " (AWA) . . . . . . . . . . . . K-13
" ( )" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-15
" ( )" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-17
" (ASW)" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-21
" " (ASW) . . . . . . . . . . . . K-22
" " (TWC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-24
" " (TWC) . . . . . . . . . . . K-25
" " (WC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-28
" "(WC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-29
" " (LW) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-31
" " (LW) . . . . . . . . . K-32
"
" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-34
"
" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-36

K-i

K.



K.1

K.1.1


SMC
.
.
, ,
.

K.1.2

, , , ,
SMC ,
,

(OC).
, ,
,
, .
,
.

K.1.3


,
SAR. SMC ,
,
.
, .

K.2

K.2.1

, , ,
, SMC
.

, SMC
.
.
()
. N
.
,
- (,
) .

, . ,
, ,
,
.
.
,

K.2.2


, .
, .
(a)


.
-
K-1

K.
,
. ( ,
,
.)
, ,
,
. -
.

K.2.3

(b)


, ..
SMC

. SMC
.
.

(c)


. SMC

. SMC

.

(d)



.
.

, , :
(a)

, N,
, ,
,
;

(b)

,
,
, , ;

(c)


, ,
, ,
,
, .

K.2.4

, ,
. ,
, ,
SMC ,

, . ,
,
, , .
,
. ,
, .
, -
, .

K.2.5

, ,
, . ,
K.2.2 (a),
.
(a)

K-2


, , ,

K.
(
, ..
(b)

,
,
.

(c)



, ,
, .

(d)

,
, ,
.
.

(e)

, "
" .
" ",
. ,
(De) .

(E), " (
)", L, .
,
M .

(f)


K.2.6

- ,
, ,
.
, , , .
, ,
,
.
, , , ,
.
.
,
( ),
, , .

K.2.7

, ,
,
. ( , ,
-
.)

. -
, ,
, ,
.
, M
.
" ( )",
L.

K-3

K.
,

K.2.8

K.2.9

K.3

, ,
, , ,
- ,
, :
(a)

1:
.

(b)

2: ,

.

(c)

3: , ,
, ,
.
, ,
.

, - ,
,
. .
(a)


.

.
OC, ,
.

(b)

, , . .
OC,
.

(c)

,
, .
, (, ,
), .

. OC
,
, .

(d)

,
OC 100%.

OC, 100%.

OC (),
() .
M.
" ( )",
L.

K.3.1

K-4

(, ) ,
, .

K.
,
, , .
(a)

.

,
.
.
, .

,
, ,
.

(b)

.
.
.
,
,
.
. ,
,
,
() .
" ",
, ,
N.


K.3.2

-
. , ,
.
.
(TWC)
. " ( )"

.
(a)

(TWC) .
:
(1) (SC). .
, ,
.
, .
,
.
(,
,
),
.
(2) .
.
, , .
.
(3) . ,
( ) .
(4) (WC).
.
,
, 612
.
K-5

K.
2448 ,
, .

, N-1.
( )
(TWC)
. 4-6 4
TWC .

K-6

(b)

(LW). ,
,
. .
.

,
.
, ,
, , ,
.
,
N, ,
K.

(c)

TWC

TWC, 4-7 4.
().

K.

" "
: _______________________ : __________________ : ______________________
... : ______________ : _________ : A B C __________
( )
_________________________
A.

B.

/
1.

_________________________ Z ____________

2.

_________________________ N/S ______________W/E

/ (da/)

( , ,
:
. ,
C .)
1.

/
( ) (Altmax)
_______________

2.

/
( ) (Alt min)

_______________

3.

(Alt Loss = Altmax Altmin)

_______________

4.

(gr =
_______________
/ ) (
N-13 )

5.

(TASg)

______________

6.

(rated) ((TAS g 101)/gr


)
( , N-13)

______________ /

7.

(t d = Alt Loss/rated)

______________

8.

(dg =(TASg x td)/60)

______________ .

9.

(
.)

______________

10.

(AWAg)
( " ")

11.

/
(dd = (td x AWA)/60)
__________ _________ .

12.

/
(da = dg dd)

13.

/ (/
+ )

14.

,
__________ N/S ________


A.5
" ".

__________ _________

__________ _________ .
__________ Z _________
W/E

K-7

K.
C.

K-8

(d) ( )
1.

(LK)
LK
(EI)
G
(G)
EI
( )

2.

__________ Z

3.

__________ N/S _________ W/E

4.

(Altmax)

___________

5.

(Altmin)

___________

6.

(Alt Loss = Altmax - Altmin)

___________

7.


(AWA)
(
" ")

_________

_________ __________

8.


(d1) ( N-14)

__________ .

9.


(d2) ( N-14)

__________ .

10.


(d = d1 - d2)

11.


( + )

_________Z

12.

_________N/S _________ W/E

_________ __________ .
__________

K.


" "

" " c "


" ,
. ,
, .
, :



,
,
, /
( ).
-

(X), ( )
X c "
".
A.


1.

(DTG)
. : 231140Z 96

2.

B.

/ (da/p)

, ,
:
. ,
C .
1.

.
,

( ). (Altmax)

2.

.
.

. (Altmin)

3.

(B.2.)
(B.1.).

4.



, ,
N-13.
K-9

K.
5.

.



.
.

6.


(B.5.) 101

(B.4.).
(
101

.)

7.

(B.3.) (B.6.).

8.


(B.5.) (B.7.)
60,
.

9.

.
.

10.


" ",
(B.1.)
(B.2.) .

11.

( ) 180 ( ) (B.10.)

.
(B.7.) (B.10.)
60,
.

12.

/
/

(B.9.)/ (B.8.)
(B.11.).
(B.11.).

13.

(B.7.)
(A.1.).

14.


/ (A.2.)
/ (
B.12.).
(B.8.) A.5
"

".

,
,
.

C.

(d) ( )
1.

K-10

,

/ .

K.
2.

. :
231150Z 96

3.

4.

, .

5.

,
.

6.

(C.5.)
(C.4.).

7.


" ",
(C.4.)
(C.5.) .

8.

N-14
(C.4.)
(C.7.) .

9.

N-14
(C.5.) (C.7.)
.

10.


.
(C.9.)

(C.8.)
.

11.


N-15 (C.2.).

12.

(C.3.)
(C.10.)
,
.

K-11

K.

" (AWA)"
: _______________________ : ___________________ : ______________________
... : _____________ : _________ : A B C ___________
( )
" (AWA)"

(A)

(B)

(C)

(A x C)

__________

____-____

________

__________

_______

________

__________

____-____

________

__________

_______

________

__________

____-____

________

__________

_______

________

__________

____-____

________

__________

_______

________

__________

____-____

________

__________

_______

________

__________

____-____

________

__________

_______

________

__________

____-____

________

__________

_______

________

__________

____-____

________

__________

_______

________

( )

_________
(D)

[(E) (F/D)]

K-12

___________ _________
(E)
(F)

AWA __________ __________

K.


" (AWA)"


.
.

. , , 2000 ,
, , 1000 .
1.

,
,
, ( ) (
), ,

( , (
) ).

2.

" ". 1000


" ", B.3. C.6.
" ".
.

3.

, ,

.

4.

.
( )
.

5.

B.10. C.7. " " .

K-13

K.

K-14

K.


" "
: _______________________ : __________________ : ______________________
... : ______________ : _________ : A B C __________
_________________________
A.


1.

2.




D
/
________ Z

3.

________ N/S __________ W/E

1.

_________ Z ___________

2.

( )

B.

C.

LK
EI
___________

___________

(ASW)
( " " (ASW))
1.

(ASW)

_________ ____________

2.

,
(ASWDVe) ___________

D.

(TWC)
( " "(TWC))
1.

(TWC)

2.


(TWCe)

E.

_________ ____________

___________

(LW)
( " " (LW)
1.

____________ __________

2.

____________ __________

3.


(LWe)

F.

___________



. (. . K-1.)
()

()

1.

___________ ____________

2.

_________ ____________

3.

, ( F.2 B.2)

_________ . ________ .

4.


(DVe). (DVe = ASWDV 2e+TW 2e+LW 2e )

_________ ____________

K-15

K.
G.


,
(DD). (. . K-1b.)
1.

, ( ) ____________N/S __________ W/E

2.

, ( ) ____________N/S __________ W/E

3.

(DD )

H.

(E)
(SR) (
" "(E))
1.

K-16

___________ .


(E2)

___________ ..

2.


(E)

___________ .

3.

(SR = DD/E)

___________

4.

" "

K.


" ( )"

" " ,
, .
" " .
, A .
A.
1.

2.
3.
B.
1.

2.

1.
2.


,


.
(
?
),
LKP. , ,
(, , /),
EIP.
,
,
PD.
/
, (DTG)

. : 231200Z 99.
,

.

/

/ (DTG).
,
.

( A.2.) ( B.1.).
,
( /).
(ASW)
, C
D.
"
(ASW)"
.
(ASW)
( .) ( )
, .2
" (ASW)".


,
,
ASWe (ASWDVe)
, .2
" (ASW)".

K-17

K.
D.
1.

2.

E.
1.

2.

3.
F.

1.

2.
3.
4.

G.
1.

K-18

(TW)
(TWC)
( ) (
), .2
.5 "
(TSW)".


,
(TWCe)
.3 .6
" (TWC)"
(LW)



( )
( ),
6.
" (LW)".


( )
( ),
6.b
" (LW)".


, 7
(LWe)
" (LW)".

, D.1,
? .1 2.
, ,
.


,
D.1,
, .1 .2,
. . -1 ,

. .


.
, ( F.2)
( .2) .

(DVe) (DVe = ASWDV 2 e+ TWC 2 e + LW 2e) , .2, D.2 .3.


. (. K-1b.)
, (
,
)

, ( F.1) (
F.3), ( .3)
, . .

K.
2.

3.
H.

, (
)

,

,
( F.1)
( F.3), ( .3) ,
.
(DD)
,
. (. . -1b.)
(E ) (SR)

1.



(2)

2.


()

3.

(SR)

4.


"
"

, D.1 "
".
" ".

, D.2 " ". " ".
(DD),
G.3,
,
H.1, .
SR=DD/E
" ".

"
".

-1.

K-19

K.

-1b. , ,

K-20

K.

" (ASW)"
: _______________________ : __________________ : ______________________
... : ______________ : _________ : A B C __________
.


1.

(A)

(B)

()

(A x )

__________

____-____

________

__________

_________

________ .

__________

____-____

________

__________

_________

________ .

__________

____-____

________

__________

_________

________ .

__________

____-____

________

__________

_________

________ .

__________

____-____

________

__________

_________

________ .

__________

____-____

________

__________

_________

________ .

__________

____-____

________

__________

_________

________ .

__________

____-____

________

__________

_________

________ .

___________
(D)
2.
.

(ASW) [(E) (F/D)]

_________
(E)

_______.
(F)

___________ ________


1.

(ASWe)____ __________

2.

,
(ASWDVe)

________

" ".

K-21

K.


" (ASW)"


, .
.
. , ,
12 , , ,
6 .
, 24 .
,
. , ,
.
,
.
.
.

(ASW)
1.

2.

.
1.
2.

K-22

ASW
,



(ASWDVe)


, ,
,
, (
), ,

( , ).
" "
" " (D). (
,
B.2. "
". .)

() (F)
.
()
.2 .
(F)

.2
.
.1
" ".

. 5
8 .

,
.
0,3 ,

.
0,5
, , ,

. .2
" ".
.

K.
. (ASWe)
(DVe).

. , .2
" (ASW)"
,
. :
(WCe), 7
" (WC)", ,
, .
,
, . ,
(LWe), 7 "
(LW)",
, ,
. ,
, .

K-23

K.

" "
: _______________________ : ___________________ : ______________________
... : _____________ : _________ : A B C ___________
.

(TW)
1.

( DMB, , )

___________________________

2.

_____________ ________

3.

(TWCe)

4.

D " ".


1.

(TC)
a.
b.
c.

2.

3.

4.

( , ) __________________________
/ (TC)
_____________ ________
( )
(TCe)
_______

(S)
a.

(, ..)

___________________________

b.

/ (SC)

_____________ ________

(SCe)

_______

(WC)
( " ")
.

/ (W)

b.

(WCe)

_____________ ________
_______

(OWC)
a.
b.
.

K-24

_______

( ,
..)

(OWC)

(OWCe)

5.

/
(TW)

6.


(TWCe)
_____________________________
(TWCe = TC 2e + SC 2e + WC 2e + OWC2e

7.

D " ".

___________________________
_____________ T ________
_______
_____________ ________
_______

K.


" (TWC)"

,
.
, ,
, ,
.
.
.
.
,

.
.
,
, .

" ".
,
D " ".
.

B.

(DMB)
.

.

,
.

1.

,
.

2.

3.



(TWCe )



.
,
,

,

.

()
, 0,1 .
0,2 .

4.

D

" ".

( .2)
D.1 " ".
( .3) D.2
" ".

,
. ,
, ,
.
K-25

K.
1.

2.

3.

K-26

:
.
, ,
(
) .
, ,
.

a.

b. /
(TC)

,
, .


(TCe)



.
,
, ,
,
.
0,3 .

(S)

: ,
,


(, ,
).
, ,

,
25 . ,
300 (100 , 50 . ).

,
, ,
.

TWC (WC)
(TC).

a.

b. /
(SC)

,
.


(SCe)

.
0,3 .

(WC)

" ",
.

. /
(W

,
6 " ".

b.

(WCe)


, 7
" ".

K.
4.


(OWC)

:
, . ,

.

a.

b. /

(OWC)

,
.

.


(OWCe)



.
.
0,3 .

5.

/

(TWC)

,

.
. .

6.


(TWCe)




.
:
_____________________________
TWCe = TC 2e + SC 2e + WC 2e +OWC 2e

. ,
, .. ,
TCe .

7.

D

" "

.5 D.1 "
"
. D.2
" "
( .6) .
" " (WC)

K-27

K.

" " (WC)


: _______________________ : ___________________ : ______________________
... : _____________ : _________ : A B C ___________
(WC)

K-28

1.

(ASW)
( .1
" ")

___________ _________

2.


( ASW 180)

___________

3.


( . N-1)

___________

4.



( . N-1)

5.


( ASW )
(


)

6.

/ (WC)

7.

(WCe)

8.

.3 " " (TWC).

__________

___________

___________ _________
_________

K.

" " (WC)

, , . ,
, .
.
(WC)

: ,
,
, ,
. ,
,
, .
, ,
.

1.


(ASW)

, " " ( .1).

2.


() 180 ( )
.

3.

N-1 "
",

, 1.

4.

N-1
,
.

5.

: ,
4, ,
2. 360,
360. :
, 4,
, 2.
,
360.

6.

/
(WC)

5 3.

7.



(WCe)


. ,

,

. , ,
, ,
.
0,3 . .

8.

3

"
(TWC)"

/ ( 6) .3 "
(TWC)".
( 7)
.3b " (TWC)".
K-29

K.
. ,
.
,
.
(WCe), 7 " (WC)",
,
, . ,
,
. ,
, "
,
(ASWDVe)", .2 " (ASW)"
.2 " ".

K-30

K.

" (LW)"
: _______________________ : __________________ : ______________________
... : ______________ : _________ : A B C __________
______________________________
1.

(ASW)
( .1
" ")

2.


( ASW 180)

3.


( . N-2 N-3)

4.



( . N-2 N-3)

5.

6.



( 2 4)

b.



( 2 + 4)


(LW)
.

b.

7.



(LWe)
( . N-2 N-3)

8.


" ".

K-31

K.


" (LW)"


.
, . N-2 N-3.
. ,
, ,
. ,
. N-2 N-3,
. , ,
45,
45 45 .
,
, . ,
.
, . N-2 N-3, .
.
.
.
1.


(ASW)


, .1
" ".

2.


() 180 ( )
.

3.

. N-2 N-3 ,
.
(
1) .

.

4.

. N-2 N-3
, ,
3.
,
( ) .

5.

K-32


( 4)
( 2). ,
360.

b.


( 4)
( 2). 360,
360.

K.
6.


(LW)
.

b.

7.

8.



" "

,
5. 3.
,
5.b 3.
. N-2 N-3
,
,
3.
,
[ ] .
.3 " ".
.
.1 " "
"" ,
6.. .2
" " "" ,
6.b. .3
" "
, 7.

. . N-2 N-3
. , ,
, -
. (LWe),
7 " (LW)",
, ,
. ,
,
. ,
, " ,
(ASWDVe ),
.2 " " .2
" ".

K-33

K.

"
(E)" ( )
: _______________________ : ___________________ : ______________________
... : _____________ : _________ : A B C ___________
A.

B.


/ (X)
(
1.
, 6.
1.



( N-1 N-2)

_____________ .

2.


(DR)
( N-3)

_____________ %

3.

DR

_____________ .

4.

DR ( .2 x
.3)

_____________ .

5.

(
/)

_____________ .

6.

_____________ .
(X) (X = .1 + .4 +
+ .5)
(X = ,
.2
.

/ (De)
1.

/
( .2
" "

2.


/ (DVe) ( F.4.
" ")

3.
.

K-34

_____________

_____________

/ (De) ______________ .
(De = .1 .2)
(Y)

1.



( N-1 N-2)

_____________ .

2.


(DR)
( N-3)

_____________ %

K.
3.

DR

4.

DR
( .2 .3)

5.


(Y)
(Y = .1 + .4)

_____________ .
_____________ .

_____________ .

(E)

D.
1.

(E2 = X 2 + D 2e+ Y 2)

_____________ . .

2.


(E = X 2 + D 2e + Y 2 )

_____________ .

K-35

K.


" ()"



.
,
.

" ".
A.

K-36



/
(X)

"

"
,
.1 .6. ,
.6
(), H.2
" ".

1.

,

. N-1 N-2

,
.
.

2.



(DR)


DR ,

. N-3
DR
.
.

3.

DR

,

.

4.

DR

DR
( A.2.)
A.3.

5.


(
/)



,
,
(
).
.

6.



(X)

.1 .5,

, .1, .4
.5. ,

,
H.2
" ".

K.
B.

D.



/ (De)
1.

, .2
" ".

2.



/ (DVe)


/, F.4
" ".

3.



/ (De)


/ /,
.1,
/, .2.


(Y)
1.

,
.
N-1 N-2

,
.
.

2.



(DR)


DR ,

. N-3
DR
.

.

3.

DR

,

.

4.

DR

DR
, .2.,
, .3.

5.



(Y)

,
, .1 .4.



(E)
1.


(E 2)

(E2)
, .6, .3 .5,
.
" ".

2.



(E)


(E) ,
D.1.
,

.

K-37

L

" (Zta)" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-1

" (Zta )" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-2
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-5
" " . . . . . . . . . . L-6
" "
, ,
, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-9
" "
, ,
,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-11
" "
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-21
" "
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-22

" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-26


" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-33
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-34

L-i

L.

" (Zta)"
: ___________________ : ____________ : _______
... :______________ . _________________ : ________
:______________
()

_______________ :_______________ ________________

()

: ______________________________________________ /: _____________________

1

1.

_____ _____ _____ _____ _____

2.

_____ _____ _____ _____ _____

3.

(V)

_____ _____ _____ _____ _____

4.

5.
6.

_____ _____ _____ _____ _____


(T)

_____ _____ _____ _____ _____


_____ _____ _____ _____ _____

(T = 85% 4 5 .)
7.

_____ _____ _____ _____ _____

8.
9.

(W)

, (fw ,ft)
(fv)

_____ _____ _____ _____ _____

( )

_____ _____ _____ _____ _____

,
(ff)

_____ _____ _____ _____ _____

12.

(W)

_____ _____ _____ _____ _____

13.

(Z=V T W)

_____ _____ _____ _____ _____

14.
15.

(Zta=Za1+Za2+Za3+...)
___________ . .
(SR) (
)
___________
( H.3 " ".)

15.
16.

(Zr = Zta / fz)


15 (SR > 4),
" ".
" ".

10.
11.

_____ _____ _____ _____ _____

L-1

L.


" (Zta)"

" "
, .
.
, , ... ,
, , ,
. , , ,
... , " ".
... , ,
, " ".

1.
2.

, , A-1, B-3
..
,
, ,
.

3. (V)

,

.

(TAS).

4.

,

, .

5.


(
) .

6.
(T)

85% , 4
5. ""
, 15%

.

7.

(.
) .

:
(a) 150 (500 ) .
(b) 150 (500 ) .
(c) , ,
150 (500 ).
(d)
150 (500 ).
() N-11.

L-2

L.

8.

,
N.
N-4, N-5 N-6,
.
N-9.

9.
,
(f w,ft)

fw
N-7.
ft N-10.

10.
(fv)

,
,

fv

N-8.

,
,
1,0.

11. ,

(ff)

,

, 0,9.

,
1,0.

12.
(W)


, 8, 9, 10 11 ( ;
, ;
,
.

13.
(Z)

( 3)
( 6)
( 12),
. N-4.

14.
(Zta)

, 13,
.

15. (SR)

(SR),
H.3 " ".

16. (SR) (SR = 4),


, , "
". , (SR), 15,
(SR > 4),
:
,
.
.

.
, .
, , ,
, "
L-3

L.
". ,
, () "
".
,

, .
(>30).
(>1 ).
(>12 ).

(<1 . ).
,
(, , (<0,3 ).
(<10).
, (SR > 4)

, ,
, . ,
, .

L-4

L.

" "
: ___________________ : ____________ : _______
... :______________ . _________________ : ________
:______________
()

_______________ :_______________ ________________

()

: ______________________________________________ /: _____________________
1. (Zta)
( 14
" ")

_____________ . .

2. (DD)
( G.3 " ")

_____________ . .

3. (E)
( H.2 " ")

_____________ . .

4. ,
( )
. ( 5.)
b. , ( 6.)
5.
. ,
(Za())

_____________ . .

b. ,
(Za())

_____________ . .

c.
(Zta = Za() + Za())

_____________ . .

d. " "
( ) ,
.
6. ,
. [L = DD + (2 x E)]

_____________ .

b. " "
, .

L-5

L.


" "


,
.
, , ,
, ,
.
,
, .
,
.
,
(>30),
, (
0,3 ) .., (DD)
(E).
, , , ,

,
, ,
. , , ,
, , ,
.

. , ,
, .
, , ,
, .
, ,
,
.
,
, .
, .
,
,
, , ,
.
, , ,
. ,
, " "
, .
, , ..
, , ,
, .

.
.
, " "
, , .

L-6

L.
1.
(Zta)

(Zta),
14 "
".

2. (DD)

(DD),
G.3 " ".

3.

(E)


, H.3
" ". (.
2 DD
E, (DD > 4 x E).
,

" ".)

4.

,

,
. ,
"" "b". ("")
5, ("b") - 6 .

5.


.
, -
.

. ,

(Za())

,
.

(0 < Za() < Zta).

b. ,

(Za())

,
.

(0 < Za() < Zta).

.

(Zta = Za() + Za())

,
( 5.) ,
( 5.b).

( 1).
,
, ,

( 1).

d.
"
"

"
" . 1
" ",
,
,
(Za()). 1
" "
,
(Za()).

6. ,

,
,
.

L-7

L.

L-8

. (L)


(E)
( 3), 2, (DD)
( 2), .. : L = DD + (2xE).

b.

"

"
".
(Zta), 1
,
(Za) 1 "
". (L),
6. (L)
2.b "
". ,
.

L.

" "
, ,
,

: ___________________ : ____________ : _______
... :______________ . _________________ : ________
:______________
()

_______________ :_______________ ________________

()

: ______________________________________________ /: _____________________

1.

2.

(Zta = Za() Za())


( 14 "
" 5. 5.b
" ")

__________. .

(fZ)
. (E)

__________.

b. (L)

__________.

. (fZ) (fZp = E2 fZl = E x L)

__________. .

3.

(Zr = Za/fZ)

__________

4.

(Zrc = Zrc + Zr)

__________

5.

(fs ) _____ ____

6.

(Ro = fs x E)

__________.

7.

(Ao)

__________. .

(fs)____

. (Ao = 4 x Ro)
b. ,
[Ao = (4 x Ro2) + (2 x Ro x DD)]
. (Ao = 2 x Ro x L)
8.

(Co = Za / Ao)

__________
1

9.

(S = W/Co)

_____ ______ ______ ______ ______

10.

(S)
(
)

_____ ______ ______ ______ ______

11.

(A = V x T x S)

_____ ______ ______ ______ ______

12. (At = A1 + A2 + A3 ...)

__________. .

L-9

L.
13. (R)

____________.

__
R = At / 2

b. ,

__________________
R = [ DD2 + (4 x At) DD] /4

c.

R = A t / (2 x L)

14.
.

__________ .

i.

= 2 x R

ii. ,

= (2 x R) + DD

iii.

(Lb) _________ .

)
b)
)

= Lb
= R + Lb
= (2 x R) + Lb

b. = 2 x R
15.

16.

, 11.

__________ .
( ) ______

( ) ______

17. " ".

L-10

L.

"
" ,
,
,

" "

, ,
, . ,
.
. ,

, .
.
, , , ... ,
, ;
" ". , ... , ... ,
.

1.
(Za)

(Za),
14
, ,

.

" ":
,
(Za() ), -- ,
(Za() ).

2. (fZ)


,
.
,

.

()

(E)
(b) (L)


, H.2
" ".
:
( Lb),
, ,
,
, .

, E,
(L).

L-11

L.
:
(i)
, (LKP)
,
.
, .. , , L = Lb.
(ii)
,
, ,
.
, E,
L = Lb + E.
(iii) , ,
,
, ,
.
, E,
L = Lb + 2xE. . L-4.
(iv) , 6. " " .

(DD)
(Lb),
, . L-4.

(c) (fZ)

3. (Zr)

4.
(Zrc)

L-12

, L
2.b.

2
(E ),
H.1 " ",

E, 2 2..
fZp = E .

(E), 2.,
(L), 2.b.
fZl = E x L.
(Zr)
(Za)
.
(Zr) (Za),
(fZ).
(Za), 1,
(fZ), 2..
(Zr),
3, (Zrc),
4
" ".
, (Zr), 3,
. ,
,
, ,

(Zrc), 4
" ".

L.
5.
(fs)

, :
"" "".
, 9, 10,
11

"

", 1,0,

, ,
"".
"".

(fs),

, N
(. N-5 N-6
,
, . N-7 N-8
).

6. (Ro)

(fs),
5,
(E), 2..

7. (Ao)

:
() , (b) ,
,
() .


(Ro), 6,
. Ao =
2
= 4 x R o.

b. ,

,
, 7.b
(DD)
, G.3
" " .
(Ao ) :
2
Ao = (4 x R o) + (2 x Ro x DD).


(Ro), 6,
(L), 2.b.
Ao = 2 x Ro x L.

8.
(Co )

(Za),
1, (Ao),
7.

9.
(So)

(W),
12 "
",
(Co), 8.

10.

(S)

9
(So) ,

.

L-13

L.
11.
(A)

, 3

"

", ,
6 "
",

, 10 .
A = V x T x S.

. N-9.

12.
(At)


, 11,
.

13.
(R)

(R)
: () , (b)
,
, () .


(R)
(At), 12. R = At / 2.

b. ,


,
, ,
,
,

(At), 12.
(R),

, :
R = [DD 2 + (4 x At) DD ] /4.



(At), 12,
(L), 2.b.
: R = At / (2 x L)

14.

L-14



,
14., ,
14.b.

: (i)
, (ii) ,
,
(iii) .

i.

,

, 13.
: = 2 x R.

ii. ,



(R)
13, (DD).
: = (2 x R) + DD.

L.
iii.

(Lb) .
,
,
,
, 2.b.


,

(Lb). = Lb

b)


,

(R) (Lb). = R + Lb .


,

(R) (Lb).
= (2 x R) + Lb..

b.

15.


.
(R).
: = 2 x R
,
() ,
().

,
,
(R), 13.

.
,

. . L-1 ,

.

b. ,



,
, (R),
13. ,
, ,
, . L-2, ,
. L-3.
.
,

.

.

,

, ,
, 2.b.

L-15

L.
i.

,

. -

,
(R).
,
. (. . L-5.)

ii.

,
.
,
(R).

.
,
,
(R).
. (. . L-6.)

iii.


,
,
(R). ,

, .
. (. . L-7.)

16. , ,
.
:
()
. ,
,
, .
(b)
.
()
30 .
20 .
1. POS ,

,
,
,
.
10-14,
,
(POS).
2. POS (. N-11 N-12)
,
. -

, .

,
.
L-16

L.
17. " ", 16 ,
,
(), , .
, ,
, , ,
, (
) ..

L-1. .

L-2. ,
, (DD) 4 x E.

L-17

L.

L-3. ,
, (DD) 4 x E.

L-4. , .

L-18

L.

L-5. ( ).

L-6. ( ).

L-19

L.

L-7. ( ).

L-20

L.

" "

: __________________ ... : ____________ : ______
: ______________ ______________ _________ ___________________________________


(E)

_________________________

1.

(Zta)

2.

___________

______ ( )

3.

_____ x ______

4.

(a)

_____________

5.

(A1t Zt, a
)

_____________

6.

(C1t = Zt/A1t 1,0)

_____________

7.

OD (OD1t)

_____________

8.

OC (OC1t)

_____________

9.

OS (OS1t = OC1t OD1t)

_____________

10.

(A2t 2 x Zt)

_____________

11.

(C2t = Zt/A2t 0,5)

_____________

12.

OD (OD2t)

_____________

13.

OC (OC2t)

_____________

14.

OS (OS2t = OC2t x OD2t)

_____________

15.

(A3t 0,67 x Zt)

_____________

16.

(C3t = Zt/A3t 1,5)

_____________

17.

OD (OD3t)

_____________

18.

OC (OC3t)

_____________

19.

OS (OS3t = OC3t x OD3t)

_____________

_____ ______

_____ ______

_____ ______

20.

( OS)

21.

(Ao = /,
.)

_____________

22.

(C o=Zta/Ao)

_____________

23.

(So = W/Co)

_____________

24.

(S)
(
)

_____ _____ _____ _____ _____

_____ _____ _____ _____ _____

25.

(A = V S T)

26.


, 25
____________ ( )

27.

" ".

L-21

L.

"
"

" "

. ,
.
.
,
, .
, .

1. "
"

, 14
" ".

2. "
"

.
, .


, ,
.
100%.
M-9.

, ,
,
,
,
.
M.

3. "
"

"

4. "
"

, 3, .

5. "
"


,
,
1. ,
() ,
, (), . ,
(),
.
() .

6. "
"

,
1,
, 5,
.

L-22

L.
7. "OD "

,
. ,
. N-10, OD
.

8. "OC "

,
,
,
.

9. "OS "

OD ,
7, OC ,
8, .

10. " "


,
,
1. ,
() ,
,
(), . ,
(),
.
() .

11. "
"

,
1,
, 10,
.

12. "OD "

,
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.

13. "OC "

,
,
,
.

14. "OS "

OD ,
12, OC ,
13, .

15. "
"


,
,
1. ,
() ,

(), . ,
(),
.
() .

16. "
"

,
1,
, 15,
.

L-23

L.
17. "OD "

,
. N-10, OD
.

18. "OC "

,
,
,
.

19. "OS "

OD ,
17, OC ,
18, .

20. " "

OS,
9, 14 19. (1, 2 3),
OS.

21. " "

, ,
20.

22. "
"

,
1, ,
21.

23. "
"

(W),
12 "
",
(), 22.

24. "
"

23
,

.

25. "
"

,
3 "
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6 "
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, 24 .
:
A = V x T x S.
. N-9.

26. 25 ,
, /,
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:

L-24

(a)


. ,
,
, .

(b)

(c)


30 .
20 .

L.
. OS ,

,
,

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25,
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(OS). , , ,
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27. " ", ,
, 26,
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) ..

L-25

L.


" "

Search Action Plan Worksheet

Search Action Plan Message Template

)
: (RCC RSC, )
:
(
/,

:
(,

)
BT

(Precedence and date/time group of the message)

( , ,
, ), (
, ,
NEVERSEEN) (
, , (N)) (
SAR
,
,
,
,
, ..), (
, , ,
- -, ..)

(Emergency
Phase,
i.e.,
DISTRESS,
ALERT,
UNCERTAINTY), (Identification of the search object, e.g.,
M/V NEVERSEEN) (Two-letter abbreviation for the flag of the
search object, e.g., (PN)) (One or two word description of the
SAR cause, e.g., UNREPORTED, SUNK, DITCHED, etc.),
(General description of the search location, e.g., GULF OF
OMAN, CABO SAN ANTONIO TO KEY WEST, etc.)

()

SEARCH ACTION PLAN FOR (Date)

A. ()

A. (References)

1. :

1. SITUATION:

A. : (
, .)

A. SUMMARY: (A brief summary of the case, without repeating


information previously provided to all addressees.)

B. : ( ,
, , 150 ,
, )

B. DESCRIPTION: (Description of the missing craft, e.g.,


MOTOR VESSEL, 150 METERS, BLACK HULL, WHITE
SUPERSTRUCTURE AFT)

C. : ()

C. PERSONS ON BOARD: (Number)

D. :

D. SEARCH OBJECTS:

FROM (RCC or RSC responsible for the search)


TO (All agencies/facilities tasked with conducting the search)
INFO (Agencies concerned, but not participating, in the
search)
BT

: ( ,
, 8-
)

PRIMARY:

(
() , ,
, /
/, 121,5 -EIRB, ,
, )

SECONDARY: (Description of secondary search


object(s), e.g., POSSIBLE SURVIVORS
IN WATER, WRECKAGE/ /DEBRIS,
121.5 MHZ EPIRB, MIRROR FLASH,
ORANGE SMOKE, FLARES)

E.
(/)
(/):
( , , ,

8000), ( ),

, / ,
, 190T/30 ), (
,
/ ,
, 210T/3 6 )

E. ON-SCENE WEATHER FORECAST PERIOD (date/time)


TO (date/time): CEILING (in feet, with cloud cover, e.g.,
8000 OVERCAST), VISIBILITY (in nautical miles), WIND
( direction from which the wind is blowing in degrees
true/speed in knots, e.g., 190T/30KTS), SEAS (direction
from which the seas are coming in degrees true/height
range and unit of measure, e.g., 210T/3 6 FEET)

L-26

(Description of the primary search


object, e.g., 8 PERSON ORANGE
LIFERAFT WITH CANOPY)

L.
2. :

2.

A. (
SAR)

A. (Specific tasking for a particular SAR agency or facility)

B. ( ,
, )

B. (A separate subparagraph should be used for each


agency or facility participating in the search)

3. ( ):

3. SEARCH AREAS (READ IN TWO COLUMNS):

ACTION:

AREA

CORNER POINTS

(
" ", , A-4, C-1. ,
, "A"
; ,
, "B" .) (

, , 38-52,0N 077-14,0W. ,
,

.)

(Search area designations may follow a "Letter hyphen


number" format, e.g., A-4, C-1. The first day's searches use
the letter "A" and are sequentially numbered, the second
day's searches use the letter "B", and so forth.) (Corner
points are given in degrees and minutes of latitude and
longitude, e.g., 38-52.0N 077-14.0W. Usually, search areas
are rectangular with the four corner points listed in clockwise
order.)

4. (
. ):

4. EXECUTION (READ IN SEVEN COLUMNS. ALTITUDES


IN FEET):

- -

SAR

AREA SAR LOCATION PATTERN CREEP COMMENCE


FACILITY
SEARCH
POINT

(
3 )
( SAR) (
,
SAR) (
, 5.5
) (,

)
( ,
) (
, .
"")
:

(Search area designations will be identical to those specified


in paragraph 3 of the Search Action Plan message) (SAR
facility identification) (Home base or location from which each
SAR facility is operating) (Letter abbreviation for the desired
search pattern, found in section 5.5 of this Volume) (Direction
towards which the search facility will move as it completes
successive legs of the search) ( Latitude and longitude of the
point where the search of each area is to begin) (The search
altitude, in feet. For ships this will be "SURFACE") A
complete example follows:

B-1 ATLANTIQUE S 225T 15-00,0N 1000


64-00,9W

B-1 ATLANTIQUE MARTINIQUE PS 225T 15-00.0N 1000


64-00.9W

5. :

5. CO-ORDINATION INSTRUCTIONS:

A. ( SMC )

A. (The SMC should be identified)

B. (
, )

B. (If two or more search facilities will be used, an on-scene


co-ordinator should be designated)

C. ( ,
)

C. (The time that the search is to begin should be specified)

D. (
.
;

150 .)

D. (The desired track spacing should be specified. The


maximum search speed for aircraft should be given; for
fixed wing aircraft, a maximum of 150 knots is
recommended.)

ALT

L-27

L.
E. (
OSC,
.

.)

E. (OSC authorizations, responsibilities, and instructions


should be clearly specified. See the sample message on
the next page for examples.)

F. (
)

F. (Other co-ordinating instructions as needed)

6. :

6. COMMUNICATIONS:

A.
:

B.

:
-:
-:
-

(NNNN)
(NNN,N)
(NN)
(NNN,N)

(NNNN)
(NN)

(NNNN)
(NN)

D. "-"
-:

HF:

(NNN,N) (243,0)

SECONDARY

(NNNN) KHZ USB (NNNN) KHZ USB

B. ON SCENE FREQUENCIES
HF:
VHF-AM:
VHF-FM:
UHF-AM

(2182)
(121,5)
(16 )
(243,0)

C. "-"
:
-

A. CONTROL CHANNEL PRIMARY

(NNNN) USB* (NNNN) USB

PRIMARY
(NNNN) KHZ
(NNN.N) MHZ
CH (NN)
(NNN.N) MHZ

C. AIR/GROUND FREQUENCIES

PRIMARY
SECONDARY
(NNNN) KHZ (NNNN) KHZ
CH (NN)
CH (NN)

HF:
VHF-FM

D. AIR/AIR FREQUENCIES
UHF-AM:

SECONDARY
(2182) KHZ
(121.5) MHZ
CH (16)
(243.0) MHZ

PRIMARY
SECONDARY
(NNN.N) MHZ (243.0) MHZ

7. :

7. REPORTS:

A. ( OSC
SITRE)

A. (Instructions to the OSC about the desired times for


submitting SITREPs)

B. (
)

B. (Reporting instructions for participating search facilities)

C. (

C. (Reporting instructions for parent activities of search


facilities)

D. (
)

D. (See the sample message on the next page for


examples)

BT

BT

Sample Search Action Plan Message

: SANJUANSARCOORD, -, -
: COGARD AIRSTA, , //OS//
MRCC --, //MRCC//
RCC , ,
: CCGDSEVEN, ,
//CC/OSR//
MRCC
RCC -,
-, -
BT

FROM SANJUANSARCOORD SAN JUAN PUERTO RICO


TO COGARD AIRSTA BORINQUEN PUERTO RICO//OPS//

___________________
* USB .

L-28

MARINE FORT DE FRANCE MARTINIQUE//MRCC//


RCC CURACAO NETHERLANDS ANTILLES
INFO CCGDSEVEN MIAMI FLORIDA//CC/OSR//
MRCC ETEL
RCC LA GUIRA VENEZUELA
ATC SAN JUAN PUERTO RICO
BT

L.
:

ATTN: COMMAND DUTY OFFICER

N999EJ ()

DISTRESS N999EJ
CARIBBEAN

17 1996

SEARCH ACTION PLAN FOR 17 SEPTEMBER 1996

A. TELCON LTJG BASS/LT LAFAYETTE ()


162115Z 96
B. TELCON LTJG BASS/LTC VAN SMOOT ()
162130Z 96
C. TELCON LTJG BASS/- . 162145Z 96
( -)

A. TELCON LTJG BASS/LT LAFAYETTE (MARTINIQUE)


162115Z SEP 96
B. TELCON LTJG BASS/LTC VAN SMOOT (CURACAO)
162130Z SEP 96
C. TELCON LTJG BASS/MR. C. SMITH 162145Z SEP 96
(ATC SAN JUAN)

1. :

1. SITUATION:

A. : N999EJ ( )

--

(-)
()

5000
,
152200Z 14-20N 64-20W.

- 15
16 16
. .

A. SUMMARY: N999EJ (US REGISTERED) EN ROUTE


FROM PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD TO AGUADILLA
PUERTO RICO REPORTED ENGINE FAILURE AND
DESCENDING THROUGH 5000 FEET IN POSITION
14-20N 64-20W AT 152200Z WITH INTENTIONS TO
DITCH. NIGHT FLARE SEARCHES 15 AND 16 SEP
AND DAY SEARCH 16 SEP. NEGATIVE SIGHTINGS.

B. : III,
.

B. DESCRIPTION: CESSNA CITATION III, WHITE WITH


BLUE TRIM.

C. : 4

C. PERSONS ON BOARD: 4

D. :
:
8-
.
:
,
/, 121,5 -EIRB,
, , .

D. SEARCH OBJECTS:
PRIMARY:
8-PERSON ORANGE RAFT WITH
CANOPY.
SECONDARY:
POSSIBLE SURVIVORS IN
WATER, WRECKAGE/DEBRIS,
121.5 MHZ ELT, MIRROR FLASH,
ORANGE SMOKE, FLARES.

(US)

DITCHED

EASTERN

E.
171200Z 172400Z:
8000,
, 16 .,
190T/30 , 300T/36 .

E. ON-SCENE WEATHER FORECAST PERIOD 171200Z


TO 172400Z: CEILING 8000 BROKEN, VISIBILITY 16
NM, WIND 190T/30KTS, SEAS 300T/3-6 FEET.

2. :

2. ACTION:

A. A: MRCC
--
"ATLANTIQUE" C-1.

A. AS PER REFERENCE A, REQUEST MRCC FORT DE


FRANCE PROVIDE ATLANTIQUE AIRCRAFT TO
SEARCH SUB-AREA C-1.

B. HERCULES CGNR 1742, "RESCUE 1742",


C-2
OSC.

B. HERCULES CGNR 1742, CALL SIGN RESCUE 1742,


SEARCH SUB-AREA C-2 AND ASSUME OSC DUTIES.

C. B: RCC

"ORION" C-3.

C. AS PER REFERENCE B, REQUEST RCC CURACAO


PROVIDE ORION AIRCRAFT TO SEARCH SUB-AREA
C-3.

L-29

L.
3. ( ):

3. SEARCH AREA (READ IN TWO COLUMNS):


C-1
15-46,7N 65-13,1W, 15-59,4N 65-00,0W,
15-00,0N 63-58,8W, 14-47,3N 64-11,9W
C-2
15-23,4N 65-37,0W, 15-46,7N 65-13,1W,
14-47,3N 64-11,9W, 14-24,0N 64-35,8W
C-3
15-00,0N 66-01,0W, 15-23,4N 65-37,0W,
14-24,0N 64-35,8W, 14-00,6N 65-00,0W

AREA CORNER POINTS


C-1
15-46.7N 65-13.1W, 15-59.4N 65-00.0W,
15-00.0N 63-58.8W, 14-47.3N 64-11.9W
C-2
15-23.4N 65-37.0W, 15-46.7N 65-13.1W,
14-47.3N 64-11.9W, 14-24.0N 64-35.8W
C-3
15-00.0N 66-01.0W, 15-23.4N 65-37.0W,
14-24.0N 64-35.8W, 14-00.6N 65-00.0W

4. (
. ):

4. EXECUTION
(READ
ALTITUDES IN FEET):

- -

SAR

AREA SAR LOCATION PATTERN CREEP COMMENCE ALT


FACILITY
SEARCH
POINT

C-1

ATLAN- TIQUE

225T

15-00.0N 1000
64-00.9W

C-1

C-2

HERCU- - S
LES

225T

15-44.6N 500
65-13.1W

C-2 HERCULES

C-3

ORION

225T

15-21.3N 1000
65-37.0W

C-3 ORION CURACAO

ATLAN- MARTITIQUE NIQUE


PUERTO
RICO

IN

SEVEN

COLUMNS.

PS

225T

15-00.0N
64-00.9W

1000

PS

225T

15-44.6N
65-13.1W

500

PS

225T

15-21.3N
65-37.0W

1000

5. :

5. CO-ORDINATION INSTRUCTIONS:

A. SMC
SAR, -.

A. SAN JUAN SAR COORDINATOR IS SMC.

B. HERCULES CGNR 1742, "RESCUE 1742",


OSC.

B. HERCULES CGNR 1742, CALL SIGN RESCUE 1742,


DESIGNATED OSC.

C. 170800Q.

C.

D.
3 ..
150 .

D. TRACK SPACING 3 NM DESIRED. MAXIMUM SEARCH


SPEED 150 KNOTS.

E.
OSC




SMC
. : C-2, C-1, C-3,

OSC

(DMB).
15 00N 65-00W.
DMB. DMB.


DMB. OSC
SMC /
/
.

E. OSC AUTHORIZED TO ALTER SEARCH PLAN AS


NECESSARY BASED ON SITUATION ON-SCENE
PROVIDED SMC IS KEPT FULLY INFORMED. ORDER
OF SEARCH PRIORITY IS C-2, C-1, C-3. IF UNABLE
TO COVER ALL SUB-AREAS.
ENSURE ALTITUDE
SEPARATION MAINTAINED FOR ALL AIRCRAFT. OSC
DEPLOY DATUM MARKER BUOY (DMB).
DATUM
FOR THIS SEARCH IS 15-00N 65-00W. ENSURE
FREQUENCY SEPARATION FROM ANY PREVIOUSLY
DEPLOYED DMBS. ENSURE DMB OPERATING
PROPERLY. RELOCATE ALL DEPLOYED DMBS
WHEN ENTERING AND DEPARTING SEARCH AREAS.
OSC PASS EXACT TIME OF INSERTION/RELOCATION
AND POSITION TO SMC VIA FASTEST MEANS.

F. C: -
SAR 6000
14-00N 16-00N 64-00W
66-00W.

F. AS PER REFERENCE C, SAN JUAN CENTER


APPROVED SAR OPERATIONS WARNING AREA TO
6000 FT FROM 14-00N TO 16-00N BETWEEN
64-00W AND 66-00W.

L-30

COMMENCE SEARCH TIME IS 170800Q.

L.
G.
OSC ,

OSC -.

G. AIRCRAFT CHECK IN WITH OSC UPON ARRIVAL IN


SEARCH AREA, CHECK OUT WITH OSC AND CHECK
IN WITH SAN JUAN CENTER UPON DEPARTING
SEARCH AREA.

H.
SAR. N-1768-C.

OSC ,
SAR.

H. ONE AIRCRAFT CARRYING PRESS AUTHORIZED IN


SAR WARNING AREA. IDENTIFICATION N-1768-C.
PRESS AIRCRAFT DIRECTED TO CONTACT OSC
PRIOR TO ENTERING SAR WARNING AREA.

6. :

6. COMMUNICATIONS:

A.
:

5680 USB

8983 USB

5680
123,1
81
282,8

C. "-"
:
-

D. "-"
-:

HF:

5680 KHZ USB

B. ON SCENE FREQUENCIES

B.

:
-:
-:
-

A. CONTROL CHANNEL PRIMARY

2182
282,8
16
243,0

HF:
VHF-AM:
VHF-FM:
UHF-AM


5696
8983
23
16

C. AIR/GROUND FREQUENCIES

381,8

D. AIR/AIR FREQUENCIES

243,0

HF:
VHF-FM
UHF-AM:

SECONDARY
8983 KHZ USB

PRIMARY
5680 KHZ
123.1 MHZ
CH 81A
282.8 MHZ

SECONDARY
2182 KHZ
282.8 MHZ
CH 16
243.0 MHZ

PRIMARY
5696 KHZ
CH 23A

SECONDARY
8983 KHZ
CH 16

PRIMARY
381.8 MHZ

SECONDARY
243.0 MHZ

E. OSC

E. PRESS CHANNEL AT OSC DISCRETION

7. :

7. REPORTS:

A. OSC
SITRE SMC

. SITRE .

A. OSC SEND SITREP TO SMC UPON ARRIVAL


ON-SCENE THEN HOURLY THEREAFTER. INCLUDE
WEATHER IN ALL SITREPS.

B.
OSC
. OSC

SMC.

- .

B. ALL
PARTICIPATING SEARCH
CRAFT
PASS
ON-SCENE WEATHER TO OSC HOURLY OR WHEN
CONDITIONS CHANGE. OSC COLLATE WEATHER
DATA AND RESOLVE ANY DISCREPANCIES IN
OBSERVATIONS PRIOR TO REPORTING TO SMC.
REPORT ALL SIGHTINGS IMMEDIATELY.

C.
SMC
.
SMC
,
30 .

C. PARENT ACTIVITIES NOTIFY SMC WHEN AIRCRAFT


DEPART.
ALSO NOTIFY SMC AS SOON AS
POSSIBLE OF ANY DEPARTURE THAT IS TO BE
DELAYED BY MORE THAN 30 MINUTES.

L-31

L.
D.

SMC


,
, ,
, ( . .
),

-
,

.

.
BT

L-32

D. AT END OF DAYS OPERATIONS, SEARCH FACILITIES


OR PARENT ACTIVITIES REPORT TO SMC BY
MESSAGE THE NUMBER OF SORTIES, TIMES OF
ON-SCENE ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE, HOURS
FLOWN, HOURS SEARCHED, AREA SEARCHED
(SQUARE NAUTICAL MILES), ACTUAL TRACK
SPACING, ACTUAL SEARCH ALTITUDE, CORNER
POINTS OF ACTUAL AREA COVERED IF DIFFERENT
FROM ASSIGNED SUB-AREA, ANY MODIFICATIONS
TO SUB-AREA
ASSIGNED, AND
OBSERVED
NAVIGATION ERRORS BETWEEN FIXES.
SEND
REPORTS VIA MOST RAPID MEANS.
BT

L.

" "
OS OSc

1.

_____ _____ _____ _____ _____

2.

_____ _____ _____ _____ _____

3.

(A - J),

___________

4.

____x______

5.

(, 1 = 5 . ),

6.

OC (OC t-.)

7.

8.

(W)

_____ _____ _____ _____ _____

9.

(S)

_____ _____ _____ _____ _____

__________=__________
___________

_____ ( )

10. (C=W/S)

_____ _____ _____ _____ _____

11. (OD)

_____ _____ _____ _____ _____


I
P I
P I P I
P I P

"I" ""

12. OC
(MOC =1OD)
13. OC
.
OC.= MOC OC.)

_____ _____ _____ _____ _____

_____ ( )

14.
(OCt-.)

____________

15. (OS = OCt-. - OCt-.)

____________

16. (OSc= OSc+OS)

____________

L-33

L.

" "


. ,

.
,
.
.
1.

"
"

, , A-1,
B-3 ..

2.

"
"

,
, .

3.

"
"

"

".
.

4.

"
"

. (,

.)
, , ,
6
"

".
6,
8
"
" (. . M-4).

5.

" "

(
),
, .
, ,
.
7

"


".

6.

" OC"

OC
. ,
OC 100%.

7.

"
"

, 5 ".

8.

"
"

,
,
,
.

9.

"
"


,
, SMC, OSC
.

L-34

L.
10.

"
"

, 8, ,
9.

11.

"
"

, 10
. N-10, OD
. ,
,

(""
"").

12.

"
OC"

1,0 (100%) OD,


11.

13.

"
OC"


OC
-
12 OC
,
.
OC., ,
.

,
( )
.

.

14.

" OC "

OC,

,
.

15.

" "

, 14, ,
6.

16.

"
"

15 POS
OS. ( ,
OS OSc.)
,
,
OSc ,

OS.
OS . N-11;

OS . N-12.

.
,
OC OS
. ,
1/3 OC
6 %, OC , , 2 %, OC
, , 4%. OD
50 %, OC , ,
:
OC1/3-. = OD OC1/3-.
OC1/3-. = 0,50 0,02 = 0,01 1 %.

L-35

L.
OC., ,
(1 %) OC (4 %),
, 5%. ,
:
OC. = OC1/3-. + OC 2/3.
OC. = 0,01 + 0,04 = 0,05 5 %.
,
OD,
OC.
OC. , .
,
,
. , ,
,
.

L-36

M


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-1

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-2

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-4

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-5

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-7

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-8
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-9
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-11
. . . . . . . . . . M-21

M-i

M.



: ___________________ ... : ______________________ : _______
. : ________________ ________________ _________ _____________________________________


(E)

_____________________________

1.

(E)
( H.2 " ")

___________

2.


( 14.b
" ")

___________

3.

(Ra = /2,0)

___________

4.

(fsa = Ra/E)

___________

5.

(A J)
( M-1)

___________

6.


( M-2)

___________

7.

8.


,

.
___________

9.


, .
___________

___________ = ___________

M-1

M.

.


, . (
,
.
" ".)
.

.
, (
, ..) .
,

.
, ,
, ,
, .
, , OC
, (, )
, , .

M-2

1.

"

"


(E), .2 " ".

2.

"
"

14.b

" ".

3.

"
"

2 2,0
.

4.

"
"

3 ,
1, .

5.

"
"

4,
M-1,
,
.
. ,
.

1,

.

6.

" "

M-2 , 5,
, 2,
.

M.
7.

"
"

(
, ,
). :
= E . .
= E/2 .
:
= 1,27 x E . ;
= 0,926 x E .

8.

,
, 5 ,
(E),
.

9.

,
, , :
(a)

3,0 E .

(b)

,
.

(c)

,
, , 5.

(d)

,
.

M-3

M.



: ___________________ ... : ______________________ : _______
. : ________________ ________________ _________ _____________________________________


(E)

1.

M-4

_____________________________

(E)
( H.2 " ")

___________

__________ ___________

2.


( 14.b
" ")

3.

(Ra = /2,0)

___________

4.

(fsa = Ra/E)

___________

5.

(A J)
( M-1)

___________

6.


( M-2)

___________

7.

___________

8.

( / )

___________

9.


, .
___________

M.

.


, . (
,
.
" ".)
1.

"

"


(E), H.2 " ".

2.

"
"

,
14.b
" ".

3.

"
"

2 2,0 .

4.

"
"

3 , 1, .

5.

" "

4,
M-1,
,
.
. ,
.

1,

.

6.

" "

M-2 , 5,
, 2,
.

7.

"
"

.
,
,
.

8.

" "

2 ,
7.

9.

,
, , :
(a)
(b)


.
3,0 E
. , .

M-5

M.
(c)

,
, ,
5.
M-13. M-1
, C.

(d)

, 7,
.

(e)

,
7, OC .
M-2 ,
.

M-6

M.

.

,
.
. (
,
.
" ".)
1.

()
, .

2.

, ,
.
___________

3.

100% , 2,
(OC) .
OC ___________

4.

OC , 3, .
.

M-7

M.

.

,
.
. (
,
.
" ".)
1.

()
, .

2.

,
.

3.

, ,
(OC)
, .
.

M-8

M.


/

/

( )

0,27

0,33

0,43

0,50

12

0,60

H, C

10, 5

0,75

0,82

11

1,00

J, G, D, A

12, 9, 6, 3

1,20

10

1,29

1,36

11

1,50

J, F, B

12, 8, 4

1,67

1,80

H, C

10, 5

1,91

11

2,00

J, D

12, 6

2,14

2,25

2,33

2,40

10

2,45

11

2,50

12

3,00

11

M-1

M-9

M.
M-1 /

2,00 E

1,50 E

1,20 E

1,00 E

0,86 E

0,75 E

0,67 E

0,60 E

0,55 E

0,50 E

M-2

M-10

M.

M-11

M.

M-12

M.

M-13

M.

M-14

M.

M-15

M.

M-16

M.

M-17

M.

M-18

M.

M-19

M.

M-20

M.

M-21

N

(. N-1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
(. N-2 N-3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
( N-1 N-3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
( N-4 N-12) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
(. N-4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(. N-5 N-6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(. N-7 N-8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
, (. N-9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OD (. N-10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OS (. N-11 N-12) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
(. N-13 N-14) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
( N-13 N-14) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
(. N-15) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

N-1
N-2
N-4
N-6
N-12
N-13
N-15
N-17
N-18
N-19
N-20
N-21
N-22

N-i

N.

N-1

N.

N-2

N.

N-3

N.


(X)
(Y)
, ,
.
,
, ,
(X=Fixe Y=Fixe),
(Fixe), N-1.


(.)

GS

0,1 .

1 .


(3 )*

1 .


(3 )*

2 .

4 . (, 3 )

LORAN C

1 .

INS

0,5 .

VOR

3 3 % 0,5 .,
,

TACAN

3 3 % 0,5 .,
,

* .
N-1.

,
, Fixe :

Fixe

, , 5 .

10 .

15 .

N-2.

N-4

N.
,
(DR)
, ,
.

(Fixe ) DR (DRe). N-3 DRe
.

DRe
5 % DR

()

5 % DR

( ) 5 % DR
( )

10 % DR

( )

15 % DR

15 % DR

15 % DR

N-3.

N-5

N.


( (. ))

6 (3)

9 (5)

19 (10)

28 (15)

37 (20)

0,7 (0,4)

0,9 (0,5)

1,1 (0,6)

1,3 (0,7)

1,3 (0,7)

4- .

4,2 (2,3)

5,9 (3,2)

7,8 (4,2)

9,1 (4,9)

10,2 (5,5)

6- .

4,6 (2,5)

6,7 (3,6)

9,3 (5,0)

11,5 (6,2)

12,8 (6,9)

15- .

4,8 (2,6)

7,4 (4,0)

9,4 (5,1)

11,9 (6,4)

13,5 (7,3)

25- .

5,0 (2,7)

7,8 (4,2)

9,6 (5,2)

12,0 (6,5)

13,9 (7,5)

, <5 (17 )

2,0 (1,1)

2,6 (1,4)

3,5 (1,9)

3,9 (2,1)

4,3 (2,3)

, 7 (23 )

3,7 (2,0)

5,4 (2,9)

8,0 (4,3)

9,6 (5,2)

10,7 (5,8)

, 12 (40 )

5,2 (2,8)

8,3 (4,5)

14,1 (7,6)

17,4 (9,4)

21,5 (11,6)

, 24 (79 )

5,9 (3,2)

10,4 (5,6)

19,8 (10,7)

27,2 (14,7)

33,5 (18,1)

N-4. ( (.))

N-6

N.

N-7

N.

N-8

N.


,
.
: / () ()
<10
(33)

: 028 / (015 ) : 01 (03 )

1,0

1,0

: 28-46 / (1525 ) : 11,5 (35 )

0,5

0,9

>46 / ( >25 ) >1,5 ( >5 )

0,25

0,9

N-7.


/ ()
330 (180)
385 (210)
275 ( 150)

/ ()
220 (120)

255 (140)

1,2

1,0

0,9

110 ( 60)
1,5

165 (90)

1,0

0,8

0,7


1-4 .

6-25 .
,
< 8 (< 25 )
,
10 (33 )
,
16 (53 )
,
24 (78 )
,
< 8 (< 25 .)
,
12 (39 )
,
25 (83 )
,
> 27 (> 90 )

1,1

1,0

0,9

1,3

1,0

0,9

0,8

1,1

1,0

0,9

1,2

1,0

0,9

0,8

1,1

1,0

0,9

1,2

1,0

0,9

0,8

1,1

1,0

0,9

1,1

1,0

0,9

0,9

1,1

1,0

1,0

1,1

1,0

0,9

0,9

1,1

1,0

1,0

1,1

1,0

1,0

0,9

1,1

1,0

0,9

1,2

1,0

0,9

0,9

1,1

1,0

1,0

1,1

1,0

0,9

0,9

1,1

1,0

1,0

1,1

1,0

1,0

0,9

1,0

1,0

1,0

1,1

1,0

1,0

0,9

N-8.
-

N-9

N.

( (. ))

( ())

6 (3)

9 (5)

19 (10)

28 (15)

37 (20)

150 (500)

0,7 (0,4)

0,7 (0,4)

0,9 (0,5)

0,9 (0,5)

0,9 (0,5)

300 (1000)

0,7 (0,4)

0,7 (0,4)

0,9 (0,5)

0,9 (0,5)

0,9 (0,5)

450 (1500)

600 (2000)

150 (500)

1,7 (0,9)

2,4 (1,3)

2,4 (1,3)

2,4 (1,3)

2,4 (1,3)

300 (1000)

1,9 (1,0)

2,6 (1,4)

2,6 (1,4)

2,8 (1,5)

2,8 (1,5)

450 (1500)

1,9 (1,0)

2,6 (1,4)

3,1 (1,7)

3,1 (1,7)

3,1 (1,7)

600 (2000)

1,9 (1,0)

2,8 (1,5)

3,7 (2,0)

3,7 (2,0)

3,7 (2,0)

1,9 (1,0)

2,6 (1,4)

2,6 (1,4)

2,6 (1,4)

2,6 (1,4)

300 (1000)

1,9 (1,0)

2,8 (1,5)

2,8 (1,5)

3,0 (1,6)

3,0 (1,6)

450 (1500)

1,9 (1,0)

2,8 (1,5)

3,3 (1,8)

3,3 (1,8)

3,3 (1,8)

600 (2000)

1,9 (1,0)

3,0 (1,6)

3,7 (2,0)

3,7 (2,0)

3,7 (2,0)

2,2 (1,2)

3,7 (2,0)

4,1 (2,2)

4,1 (2,2)

4,1 (2,2)

300 (1000)

3,3 (1,8)

5,0 (2,7)

5,6 (3,0)

5,6 (3,0)

5,6 (3,0)

450 (1500)

3,7 (2,0)

5,2 (2,8)

5,9 (3,2)

5,9 (3,2)

5,9 (3,2)

600 (2000)

4,1 (2,2)

5,2 (2,9)

6,5 (3,5)

6,5 (3,5)

6,5 (3,5)


150 (500)
5700


150 (500)
5700

N-9. ( (,))

15-60 %

60-85 %

85 %

0,5

0,3

0,1

0,7

0,4

0,1


5700

0,7

0,4

0,1


5700

0,8

0,4

0,1

N-10.
N-10

N.

60150 (200500 )

120300 (4001000 )

, ,

60150 (200500 )

300900 (10003000 )

450900 (15003000 )

150300 (5001000 )

N-11.


, ,
:
___________
H, = 1,17
____________
H = 3,83

500


26

150


47

1000

37

300

66

2000

52

600

94

3000

64

900

115

4000

74

1200

133

5000

83

1500

148

10000

117

3000

210

15000

143

4550

257

20000

165

6100

297

25000

185

7600

332

30000

203

9150

363

35000

219

10650

392

40000

234

12200

420

N-12.

N-11

N.

N-12

N.

18

16

14

12

10

0
0

0,2

0,4

0,6

0,8

1,2

1,4


N-5

N-13

N.

N-14

N.

N-15

N.

N-16

N.

N-17

N.

OD
Average Probabilities of Detection (POD) Over an Area
for Visual Searches Using Parallel Sweeps
100%

90%

Ideal
Search
Conditions
80%

70%

POD

60%
50%

Poor Search

Conditions

40%
30%

20%
10%

0%
0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

1.1

1.2

1.3

1.4

1.5

1.6

1.7

1.8

Coverage Factor

N-10. (POD)

N-18

1.9

N.

OS
Cumulative Probability of Success for Optimal Searches of Point Datums
100%

Ideal
Search Conditions

90%
80%

CumulativePOS
POS

70%
60%

Poor Search
Conditions

50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

Cumulative Relative Effort

N-11.

Cumulative Probability of Success for Optimal Searches Along Line Datums
100%

Ideal
Search
Conditions

90%
80%


Poor Search Conditions

Cumulative
POS
POS

70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
0

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

Cumulative
Relative
Effort

N-12.

N-19

N.

N-20

N.



(/)

7000 ( ,/,
(/)
)

28 (C-9),

1176

1284

28 (C-9), 4 ,

1146

1260

0,40

24 ,

1362

1494

24 , -

1440

35 (T-10),

918

1008

35 (""),

960

1038

0,35

"" (),

1212

1320

"",

1080

482

1,16

"" ()

600900

3,0

"" ()

600900

3,0

"" ()

600900

2,7

"", 2 ( 83 )

2100

2232

"", 3 ( 83 ;
24000 )

1800

1950

N-13. ( 300 ,
"")


10

20

30

40

50

60

70

30000 (9000 )

3,7

7,4

11,1

14,7

18,4

22,1

25,8

20000 (6000 )

2,7

5,3

8,0

10,7

13,3

16,0

18,7

14000 (4300 )

1,9

3,8

5,7

7,7

9,5

11,4

13,3

10000 (3050 )

1,4

2,8

4,2

5,7

7,0

8,3

9,7

8000 (2400 )

1,2

2,3

3,5

4,6

5,8

6,9

8,1

6000 (1800 )

0,9

1,7

2,6

3,5

4,4

5,2

6,1

4000 (1200 )

0,6

1,2

1,8

2,4

3,0

3,5

4,1

2000 (600 )

0,3

0,6

0,9

1,2

1,5

1,8

2,1

N-14. ( )
( )
N-21

N.

N-22

-1


(USCG)

"Prefectura Naval
Argentina"

"AMVER"

"SECOSENA"


(
)



24 .




.


,
.

RCC


SAR

,
,



.


ALRS .

,
0000 1200 UTC

.

48

O
SAR



"SECOSENA"
, ,

.



.


( )
.


(.
ALRS, 1, 1 & 2)
.


RCC
.


(COMCONTRAM)


(USCG)


(
)

"AUSREP

-2

"SISTRAM"

"AMVER"

10W

04,5N 34,5S.


ALRS, 1,
2.

SAR.


ALRS, 1,
2.



,

(

).



,

"AUSREP",


,





,


,




48 .

( SAR

)
SAR
,
,


.




SAR
,

SAR.

"AUSREP"
""
.
,

,

SAR,



,
.



SAR :

-


24 .

SAR
,

;
-

-



.


"AMVER
" "AMVER
"




.


21366931 21303933
.


"COMCONTRAM
RIO"
.

RCC




-C
LES

43.

ALRS, 1,
2.

O. SAR


"CHILREP"

SAR.


ALRS, 1,
2.


60N,


,

"NORDREG"


/
(CVTS
OFFSHORE)

60N
66W.


(CCG)

"ECAREG"


(
)

ALRS

300 .

500 .

-



,
SAR.



SAR :

1200
-
1600 UTC,



SAR 24 .
, ;

24


.



.
,


-



.



,


.

DIRECTEMAR VALPARAISO.

CVTS
OFFSHORE

CCG.

NORDREG

-
CCG.

ECAREG


CCG.

O. SAR

-3

-4

200 .

ALRS
.

.
ALRS, 1,
2

17 ,

T.

SHIPPOS Aarhus

"SHIPPOS"


(
)

,

.


40000



.


- 10




.

,
.


13 .

, ,
- ,
1600 . .

20000 . .



,

.

ALRS .


ALRS .


ALRS, 1,
1).



"Suva (3DP)"
"HOMSEC,
".



(HCG)
(COGUAR)

O. SAR

"GRNLANDSKOMMANDO"

"GRNLANDSKOMMANDO"


(The Icelandic
Lifesaving
Association).


(
)

"GREENPOS"

"KYSTKONTROL"

ALRS
.




57N
250 .



,


.


24
,

24 .

20 .



.


,

ALRS, 1,
2.

,





.

ALRS .




SAR.




SAR.




"SKIBSKONTROL",

,
ALRS, 1,
2.

.





"GRNLAND-KOMMANDO"
(GLK) "Grnnedal
Flde Radio" (OVC)

.

O. SAR

-5

-6

ALRS
.

ALRS
.


(JMSA)

"Cencorsau",

"ARES"

"JASREP"

"INSPIRES"


(
)

5S 30S
60E .

,
,
17N
165E.
ALRS
.

ALRS , ,
,

,


.

- ,
ALRS, 1, 1,



30S
(
)
95E
.

ALRS .




1600 . ,

,


24 ,

12 .


,

.



,
300 .
.


,



SAR.


SAR.


SAR.


SAR,

,



.



SAR.
,
1000
UTC.



,
,

24 .



,
1200


48


.



,


,

ALRS, 1,
1.


"Cencorsau",
"

.


(JNA)

-,
,
ALRS, 1, 1.


,

(VTF)
(VTO).

("Bombay Radio")
(VWB)
("Madras Radio") (VWM)
.

O. SAR

ALRS
.

"SINGREP"

,
-
,


ALRS, 1,
1.

200 .
.



,


,

"SINGREP".




350 .



.


0000 0800 UTC.

-




.

-
SAR;

-


SAR
,

;


SAR :


ALRS .



("Singapore Radio")
(9VG) RTG, RTF,

.




(
ALRS, 1,
2) .




(Director General di Guarda
Costas).

O. SAR

-7

, ,
,
,
, ,
.
. ,
, .
:

,
, .


, .


(, ) .

,
, , .

/
.

,
,
.


, , .


, .




* (
).

,
.

_________________________
*
(, 0,1 x 0,1 6 x 6 . )
(, 3 ).
(, 1 x 1 x 24 ).

P-1

. ,

,

, .. ,
. : (
) ,
, ,
, , (, ,
, ,
..), ..
( , ,
/).

( ) ,
(, ),
( ).

,
.


POS / POS /,
.

( )
, , /

.

"-", ,

, .
,
. ,
,
, ,
..


, ,

.

P-2

Q

"" : F/V Sample . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-1
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-2
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-4
" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-5
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-6
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-7
"
" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-8
" ". . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-10
" "
,
,
, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-11
- ""
F/V Sample . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-13

Q-i

Q.


"" : F/V Sample
""

1.

25 2000 2145Z F/V Sample


.
,
. ,
.
2145Z,
, : 3710N, 065-45W.
38-57N, 068-54W,
0100Z 25 2000 .

.

2.


" ", 1100Z 26
2000 , F/V Sample.

1630Z 26 2000 .
.
________________________________________________________

3.

26 .

0000Z
175/32
27 . 0000Z
200/32
0600Z
190/30
0600Z
195/30
1200Z
210/35
1200Z
195/30
1800Z
205/37
1800Z
200/28
________________________________________________________

4.

F/V Sample 75 ,
,
.
________________________________________________________

5.


, GPS.

-130
-3

180
200

3.00
4.00

_________________________________________________________________

6.

26
2000

5 .
210/35
1100Z

1500

3-5

2200Z

Q-1

Q.


" "
:

F/V SAMPLE

: SAR

A.

00001

. :

:
1

26 . 2000 .

A B C:


1.
( )

B.

C.

2.

3.

LK
EI
D
252145
3710

N/S 065 45 W/E


1.

2.

261630

18,75

194

2. ,
(ASWDVe)

31,72

0,3

0,57

2.
(TWCe)

1,86

0,42

(LW)
( " " (LW)
1.

324

1,3

2.

064

1,3

1,3

3.
(LWe)

Q-2

(TWC)
( " "(TWC))
1. (TWC)

E.

. 2000 .

(ASW)
( " " (ASW))
1. (ASW)

D.

. 2000 .

Q.
F.



. (. . K-1.)

G.

1.

2.

3.

, ( F.2 B.2)

4.


(DVe). (DVe = ASWDVe2 + TWCe2+ LWe2)

()

()

021

2,21

060
3,15

41,49 . 59,14 .
0,60


,
(DD). (. . K-1b.)

H.

1.

, ( )

37 48,7 N/S 06526,3 W/E

2.

, ( )

3739,6 N/S 06440,5 W/E

3.

(DD)

37,5 .

(E)
(SR) (
" "(E))
1.


(E2)

2.


(E)

3.

(SR = DD/E)

4.

" "

1002,7 ..

31,67 .
1,18

Q-3

Q.

" (ASW)"
:

F/V SAMPLE

: SAR
.

00001

. :

:
1

26 . 2000 .

A B C:


1.

(A)

(B)

260000Z

2145 - 0300

5,25

175

32

168 .

_ 260600Z

0300 - 0900

6,00

190

30

180 .

261200Z

0900 - 1500

6,00

210

35

210 .

261800Z

1500 - 1630

1,50

205

37

55,5 .

(A x )

18,75
(D)

2. (ASW) [(E) (F/D)]


.

()

194
(E)
194

594,76 .
(F)
31,72


1. (ASWe)

5,0

2. ,

(ASWDVe)

0,3

" ".

Q-4

Q.

" "
:

F/V SAMPLE

: SAR

00001

. :

:
1

26 . 2000 .

A B C:

. (TW)
1.

( DMB, , )

2.

3.

(TWCe)

4.

D " ".

.
1.

2.

3.

4.

(TC)
a.

( , )

b.

/ (TC)
( )

c.

(TCe)

(S)
a.

(, ..)

NOOSP NA6 1400

b.

/ (SC)

(SCe)

075

0,8
0,3

(WC)
( " ")
.

/ (W)

044

b.

(WCe)

1,13
0,3

(OWC)
a.

( ,
..)

b.


(OWC)


(OWCe)

5.

/
(TW)

6.


(TWCe)
2
2
2
2
(TWCe = TCe + SCe + WCe + OWCe )

7.

D " ".

0,57

1,86
0,42

Q-5

Q.

" " (WC)


:

F/V SAMPLE

: SAR

00001

. :

:
1

26 . 2000 .

A B C:

(WC)
1. (ASW)

194

31,72

( .1
" ")
2.

0,14

( ASW 180)
3.

1,13


( . N-1)

4.

+ 30


( . N-1)
5.

Q-6

044


( ASW )
(


)
044

6.

/ (WC)

7.

(WCe)

8.

.3 " " (TWC).

1,13
0,3

Q.

" (LW)"
:

F/V SAMPLE

: SAR

00001

. :

:
1

26 . 2000 .

A B C:

1. (ASW)
( .1 " ")

194

31,72

2.
( ASW 180)
3.
( . N-2 N-3)
4.

( . N-2 N-3)

014

1,3

50

5.
.

( 2 4)
b.

( 2 + 4)

324

064

6.
(LW)
.

324

1,3

b.

064

1,3

0,3

7.

(LWe)
( . N-2 N-3)
8.
" ".

Q-7

Q.

"
(E)"
:

F/V SAMPLE

: SAR

A.

B.

Q-8

. :

:
1

26 . 2000 .

A B C:

/
(X)
(
1.
, 6.
1.



( N-1 N-2)

2.


(DR)
( N-3)

3.

DR

184

4.

DR ( .2
.3)

27,6 .

5.

(
/)

6.

(X)
(X = .1 .4
.5)
(X = ,
.2
).

2,0

15 %

.
29,6 .

/ (De)
1.

/
( .2
" "

2.


/ (DVe)
( F.4. " ")

3.
.

00001

/ (De)
(De = .1 .2)

18,75

0,6

1,25 .

(Y)
1.



( N-1 N-2)

2.


(DR)
( N-3)

0,1 .

Q.

D.

3.

DR

4.

DR
( .2 .3)

5.


(Y)
(Y = .1 + .4)

.
.

0,1

(E)
1.

(E 2 = X 2 + De 2 + Y 2)

2.


(E = X 2 + De 2 + Y 2 )

1002,7

. .

31,67 .

Q-9

Q.

" (Zta)"
:

F/V SAMPLE

. :

: SAR
:
()

37 48,7 N

06526,3 W

00001

:
()

:
1

26 . 2000 .

3739,6 N

A B C:

064 40,5 W

/: 261630Z . 2000 .

1.

A1

2.

C -130

P-3

_____ _____ _____

3.

(V)

180

200

_____ _____ _____

4.

3,0

4,0

_____ _____ _____

5.

7,5

7,5

_____ _____ _____

6.

(T)
(T = 85% 4 5 .)

2,55

3,40

_____ _____ _____

7.

(/)

500

1000 _____ _____ _____

A - 2 ____ _____ _____

( )

8.

5,0

5,1

_____ _____ _____

0,9

0,9

_____ _____ _____

1,0

1,0 _____ _____ _____

,
(ff)

1,0

1,0

_____ _____ _____

12.

(W)

4,5

4,6

_____ _____ _____

13.

(Z=V x T x W)

14.

(Zta=Za1+Za2+Za3+...)

15.

(SR) (
)
( H.3 " ".)

9.
10.
11.

(Wu)

, (fw ,ft)
(fv)
( )

2065,5 3128 _____ _____ _____


5193,5 . .

1,18

16. 15 (SR > 4),


" ".
" ".

Q-10

Q.

" "
, ,
,

:

F/V SAMPLE

. :

: SAR
:
()

37 48,7 N

06526,3 W

00001

:
()

:
1

26 . 2000 .

3739,6 N

A B C:

064 40,5 W

/: 261630Z . 2000 .


1.

2.

( Zta = Za() Za() )


( 14 "
" 5. 5.b
" ")

5193,5

. .

31,66

(fZ)
. (E)

b. (L)
. (fZ) (fZp = E2 fZl = E x L)

1002,7

. .

3.

(Zr = Za / fZ)

5,18

4.

(Zrc = Zrc + Zr)

5,18

5.

(fs ) _____ __(fs)

6.

(Ro = fs x E)

34,83

7.

(Ao)

7,464

. .

1,1

. (Ao = 4 x Ro2)
b. ,
[Ao = (4 x Ro2) + (2 x Ro x DD)]
. (Ao = 2 x Ro x L)
8.

(Co = Za / Ao)

0,70
1

9. (S = W/Co)

6,45

6,45

______ ______ ______

10. (S)
(
)

6,5

6,5

______ ______ ______

11. (A = V x T x S)

2983,5 4420 ______ ______ ______

12. (At = A1 + A2 + A3 ...)

7403,5

. .
Q-11

Q.
13. (R)

__
R = At / 2

14.

34,7

b. ,

____________
R = [ DD2 + (4 x At) DD] /4

c.

R = At / (2 x L)

i.

= 2 x R

ii. ,

= (2 x R) + DD

iii.

(Lb)

)
b)
)

107

= Lb
= R + Lb
= (2 x R) + Lb

b. = 2 x R

69 .

15.

( )

16.



, 11.

( )

17.

Q-12

" ".

Q.

- ""
F/V Sample

120
100
80
60
40

()

20
IP

()

-20
-40
-60
-80
-100

-50

50

100

150

- "" F/V Sample

POC

POD

POS

7,343 . .

70,8 %

0,70

50,2 %

35,6 %

/-
. / /- ( -
) .
500 .
,
.

Q-13

R. . TMAS TMAS

R
.
TMAS TMAS
TMAS
: ........................................................................
: ..............................................................................
..........................................................................................

: .........................................................................

..........................................................................................

:........................................................................

..........................................................................................

: ........................................................



TMAS TMAS
: TMAS: .................................................................................................................................................................
( MRCC:)....................................................................................................................
: ............... / .................. / ...................

................. .....................

: - ................................

: ........................................................................

: ................................................................................

: ..... . / ........ / ...........

: .......

: ...................................................................

: ................................

.....................................................................................................................................................

: ......................

.....................................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................................

R-1
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

R. . TMAS TMAS

.........................................................

.........................................................

.........................................................


:/..

/ ..
:./

:./.. .

.
.
() () ....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................................................................

R-2
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

R. . TMAS TMAS
TMAS
: ........................................................................
: ..............................................................................
..........................................................................................

: .........................................................................

..........................................................................................

:........................................................................

..........................................................................................

: ........................................................

.....................................................................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................................................................

():


MEDEVAC:
MEDEVAC:

.............................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................
,

.............................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................

R-3
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

R. . TMAS TMAS

: .............................................................

: ........................................................................

: .................................................................................

: ................................................................................

: ....................................................
: .........................................................

/ : ...........................................

: ....................................................

/ : .......................

: ........................................................................................................................................................
:
TMAS: .............................................................
: ..............................................................................

: .........................................................................

.........................................................................................

: ........................................................................

.........................................................................................

: ........................................................

R-4
, 2008 , 1 2009 .


. .
5.6
2.2
7.4
SAR 1.7, 4.2, 8.5
SAR 8.8
1.1, 2.15
(. CRS)
(. POC)
(. POD)
(. POS)
5.7, 5.12, 6.7, 7.5, , G.2
(. " ")
K, K.3
5.5
5.3, G.1, G.2
5.7, 6.7,
G.2 (. " ")
() 4.6
4.6
4.6
6.12
1.6, 1.11, 4.8
6.7, G.2
(. " ")
3.8, N
2.23, G
SAR C
6.17
, 1.7
H
4.4, K, K.3, N
6.1
1.7, 3.4, 3.6
1.1
1.1
2.6
4.6, 5.10
5.15, 5.19
6.16, H
2.24
4.3, 4.4, K, L, M, N
4.6, M
A
,
RCC RSC 2.24, I
SAR 1.1
2.6, B
(. C) 4.6

2.14
1.4

1.1
2.20, 2.24, 6.1
N
6.11, 6.14
3.4, 3.8, 4.4,
4.7, 5.3,D, N
1.3, 2.5, 2.15, 2.27
(MAYDAY) 2.21
RCC 1.2, 8.5
E
C, E
3.8, 5.12, 5.14
(.)
SAR 1.8
4.6, 5.3
1.3, 1.6, 2.8, 3.4
2.23
5.15, 5.19
(. fs) N
4.6
L
5.7
- (PAN-PAN) 2.21
- 6.10
RCC 2.24, 3.6
7.2, J.1
6.4, G.7

2.11, 7.7
2.26, 2.27, 5.1, 5.13
2.27
SAR 2.15
4.1, 4.6, 4.7
6
1.5, C
(X) 4.3
6.13
4.6, 5.10, 5.11
5.11
5.11

5.20, 6.18, 8.2, 8.3


5.20, 8.3, 8.5
5.20
-1


2.27, D
4.6
(. Z) 4.7
-
6.5, 6.7, G
G.4
- 5.2,
5.4, G
3.7
6.3, 6.4, G.3
-
G.6
6.9, G.5

6.2, 6.4
6.4
2.6, 2.9,
2.23, 5.6
10 1.3
14 7.7
6.14, C
D
1.8

121.5 M 1.3, 2.2
123.1 M 2.2, 2.8
156.3 M 2.3, 2.5
156.8 M 1.3, 2.3, 2.5
243.0 M 2.2
500 2.3, 2.19
2182 2.3, 2.8
3023 2.2, 2.8, 6.12
4125 2.2, 2.3, 6.12
5680 2.2, 2.8
6215 2.3
13 2.5
06 (. 156,3 )
16 (. 156,8 )
70 2.5
(DF) 2.23, G
2.3
8.7
4.6, 5.9, 5.10, N
L
SAR 1.3
- 6.7, G.2 (.
" ")
6.5

(MAREC) 5.15, I

2
2.1, A
2.2
- 2.2, 2.3
2.3
2.30
2.10
- 2.3
- 2.2, 2.3

2.9
2.19
2.17
2.4

2.8
NAVTEX 2.5, 2.17
2.7
2.20
1.10
1.10
1.10, 8.3
, 4.6

(SECURITY) 2.21
/ 3.8, 5.7, A

" "
" "
""
1.3, G.3, O

(. TMAS).
/
4.4
4.4, K, K.3, N
4.4, K, K.3
4.4, K, K.3
SES 2.31
4.6
2.27, L
,
SAR 2.27
5.12, 7.2
7.6
K
1.6, 3.2
(. " SAR")
1.6, 3.3, 3.5, 7.2, F
1.6, 3.3, 3.5, 7.2, D
1.6, 3.3, 3.5, 7.2, E

-2
, 2008 , 1 2009 .


2.24

(E) 4.5, K

4.5
- 6.9,
G.5
5.4, 5.9, 5.10

5.5

(OS)

5.5


(CSC)

fz

5.5

5.5
5.7

(CS)

5.5

(SS)

5.5

5.6

(TS)
(PS)
-

5.5

5.5
5.7

5.7

5.7

5.6
(VS) 5.5
5.8
5.6

4.6

(CSP)

5.5

1.8 (. " SAR")

3.8, 4.2

1.7, 1.10

(W)

4.6, 5.3, 5.6, N

SAR 1.6, 3.2


1.6
1.6, 3.5
1.6
1.6
1.6, 3.3

ACO 1.2
Amver 1.3, G.3
CIRM 1.4, 2.27
CRS 1.6, 3.4
CSP 5.5
DSC 2.5
EGC 2.5, 2.16ELT 1.3, 2.6, 2.9, 5.6
EPIRB 2.6, 2.9, 2.15, 5.6
EPIRB - 2.6
fs 4.6
4.6

GLONASS 2.23, G
GMDSS 1.3, 2.5
GPS 2.23, G.2
ICS 1.10
MEDEVAC I.4, 2.27, 6.15, C, D
MEDICO 1.4, 2.27, D
MMSI 2.13
MSI 2.5, 7.3
NAVTEX 2.5, 2.17
OSC 1.2, 2.26, 5.4
PLB 2.9
POC 4.6
POD 4.6, N
POS 4.6, 4.7
POSc 4.6
RANP 1.1, 2.2, 2.15
RCC 1.1, 1.8, 2.16, B
RSC 1.8, 2,16
SafetyNET 2.5, 2.18
SarNET 2.16
SART 2.5
SC 1.2
SDP 1.3, 1.10, 2.5, 2.15
SES 2.7, 2.31
SITREP 2.27, 8,5, I
SMC 1.2, 2.26, 3.8, 5.12, K.1, K.2
SOLAS 1.1, 2.5, G.3
SPOC 2.6
SRR 1.1
SRU 1.2
TMAS 1.4, 2.27, R
WWNWS 2.17
X N
Z 4.6, 4.7
Zr 4.6
Zrc

4.6
-3

, 2008 , 1 2009 .

II

2010