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Classication of wind turbine installation vessels



ver since it was established in 1864, DNV has been recognised as a leading classication society for the commercial shipping industry and over the past four decades it has expanded into the oil & gas industry through classication and verication of mobile offshore units and xed offshore installations. Today, more than 220 mobile offshore units and 5,500 ships are classied by DNV. As the eet is spread around the world, DNV has established a global network of resources and service centres to accommodate the needs of its customers, with each local ofce having special knowledge of the business in the region, its conditions and governing regulations.

MOVING INTO THE OFFSHORE RENEWABLE ENERGY MARKET For the rapidly expanding offshore wind energy market, DNV is combining its expertise in certifying onshore wind turbines with best practices and rules for offshore and maritime classication. New installation vessels that are designed and built in accordance with DNVs rules for wind turbine installation units may be given the service notation Wind Turbine Installation Unit, which identies that the vessel is purpose-built for this industry. By combining this with other class notations, the vessels may be prepared for various services within both the renewable energy and offshore markets. DNV uses offshore or maritime rules to classify the vessels, depending on the way in which the vessels are planned to operate; either by transporting wind power equipment from land and installing it at the site without support from other vessels or by more stationary operations at the site with the assistance of additional feeder and/or support vessels. The planned mode of operation will determine which class rules to use and which certicates are required by ag states. DNV can draw on its broad experience to help clarify the needs of each project. PRE-CLASS SERVICES FOR NEW CONCEPTS: In the current drive to develop offshore wind parks, various vessel designs have been suggested for the cost-efcient installation of wind turbine equipment. Typical installation vessels are self-elevating crane units with three, four or six legs and oating monohulls or submersible-type designs.


MPI Offshore


SERVICE NOTATION WIND TURBINE INSTALLATION UNIT DNV has developed specic technical requirements for Wind Turbine Installation vessels that take into consideration these vessels specic design and operational aspects, such as: Limited operating conditions to avoid damage to the equipment during lifting and installation.

DNV offers the following early phase consultancy and verication services to the industry: Approval in Principle (AiP): A review of the design basis and general arrangement drawings covering machinery systems, safety principles and simplied structural strength calculations with the purpose of evaluating whether the concepts meet the overall safety and structural strength requirements. The AiP is normally carried out at an early stage in the project development and represents a rst check against DNV Offshore Standards and ag state requirements.

Limited transportation conditions to avoid damage to the equipment during transportation to the installation site. Frequent vessel moves and jacking operations due to continuous repeated installations.

Main Scantling Approval (MSA): Approval of main scantling drawings with respect to nominal plate thickness, stiffener and girder dimensions and grade of material, supported by independent analyses of global and local strength to verify the designers calculations. The completed MSA by DNV is considered sufcient for ordering most of the steel material for the new build.
Approval of Basic Design Package Approval of the Basic Design Package by combining the MSA and the AiP is considered a good starting point for the owner and yard to agree on the detailed design and the new building contract for the vessel.

The basic requirements and further rule references are given in DNV-OSS-101 Rules for the Classication of Offshore Drilling and Support Units. To ensure that new designs are built to meet the primary operational and design challenges in accordance with classication rules and ag state requirements,

DNV CLASSIFICATION SERVICES FOR NEW BUILD VESSELS: DNVs classication services for Wind Turbine Installation Units take a risk-based approach to dening the right level of review and inspection involvement during the design and construction phase. The verication work thus focuses on design and production aspects that are known to be critical to the vessels overall safety, thus giving the owner/designer the maximum benet of the classication work.



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