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# STUDENTS MANUAL PEKA 2 : SCIENCE FORM 1

1.0 LEARNING OBJECTIVE : 7.2 HEAT CONDUCTOR AND HEAT INSULATOR 2.0 AIM : To investigate the rate of heat loss of a cotton-insulated flask over time 3.0 HYPOTHESIS : 4.0 VARIABLES : a) Manipulated : b) Responding : c) Controlled : 5.0 APPARATUS : 6.0 PROCEDURE : 1) Pour hot water into a round water into a round-bottomed cotton-insulated flask. 2) Measure and record the initial temperature of the water with a thermometer. 3) Record the temperature of the flask every five minutes for the next twenty minutes.

Thermometer

## OBSERVATION : Table of results Time (minutes) 0 5 10 15 20 Temperature of water in flask(C)

A graph of temperature of water against time was drawn. Temperature (C) 100 80 60 40 20 0 2 4 6 8 Time (Minute)

Data Analysis and Interpretation 1 2 3 4 Is the temperature of the water in the flask constant throughout the experiment? How does the drop in temperature of water change after 5 minutes? Why is the temperature of water dropping? Calculate the drop in temperature from i. 0 minute to 5nd minutes ii. 5nd minutes to 10th minutes iii. 10th minutes to 15th minutes iv. 15th minute to 20th minute : : : :

4. Is the drop in temperature of water constant throughout the experiment? 5 a. When is the biggest drop in temperature of water in the experiment? b. When is the smallest drop in temperature of water in the experiment? 6. Write a relationship about the drop in temperature of water in the cotton-insulated flask with time.

7. Explain the change in the drop of temperature of water by referring to the amount of heat energy in the water. Conclusion: Is the hypothesis accepted? Write a conclusion for this experiment.

## TEACHERS MANUAL PEKA 2 : SCIENCE FORM 1

1.0 LEARNING OBJECTIVE : 7.2 HEAT CONDUCTOR AND HEAT INSULATOR 2.0 AIM : To investigate the rate of heat loss of a cotton-insulated flask over time 3.0 HYPOTHESIS : The longer the time, the lower the rate of heat loss 4.0 VARIABLES : d) Manipulated : Time e) Responding : Water temperature f) Controlled : Volume of hot water 5.0 APPARATUS : Thermometer, round bottom flask, stopper, cotton wool 6.0 PROCEDURE : 1) Hot water was poured into a round-bottomed cotton-insulated flask. 2) The initial temperature of the water was measured and recorded. 3) The temperature of the flask was then recorded every five minutes for the next twenty minutes.

Thermometer

## Temperature of water in flask(C)

0 5 10 15 20

100 90 82 76 72 C7b

A graph of temperature of water against time was drawn. Temperature (C) 100 80 60 40 20 0 2 4 6 8 Time (Minute)

Data Analysis and Interpretation 2 Is the temperature of the water in the flask constant throughout the experiment? No 3 How does the temperature of water change after 5 minutes? C7a It decreases / drops 4 Why is the temperature of water dropping? Because heat energy is lost from the water

Calculate the drop in temperature from i. 0 minute to 5nd minutes ii. 5nd minutes to 10th minutes iii. 10th minutes to 15th minutes iv. 15th minute to 20th minute

: : : :

10oC 8 oC 6 oC 4 oC

C7c

6. Is the drop in temperature of water constant throughout the experiment? No 7. a. When is the biggest drop in temperature of water in the experiment? 0 minute to 5nd minutes b. When is the smallest drop in temperature of water in the experiment? 15th minute to 20th minute 8. Write a relationship about the drop in temperature of water in the cotton-insulated flask with time. The drop in temperature of water decreases over time 9. Explain the change in the drop of temperature of water by referring to the amount of heat energy in the water. Because there is less heat energy in the water when the temperature is lower. C7d Conclusion: Is the hypothesis accepted? The hypothesis is accepted Write a conclusion for this experiment. The longer the time, the lower the rate of heat loss.