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Test 1: Covers Paper 1 Introduction, Administrative Thought, Administrative Behaviour and Organizations 1.

. Answer any three of the following in not more than 200 words each: (3*20 = 60) a. Taylor took a very lowly view of man and thus sought to dehumanize work. Comment. b. For Weber, bureaucracy emerged as neutral, hierarchically organized, efficient and inevitable in contemporary society. Elaborate. c. Public Administration is not only concerned with how of government but also with the what. Comment. d. The distinctiveness of Public Administration emerges from its being concerned with the study of process: when this is systematically neglected the very rationale of a separate subject of public administration disappears. Explain. 2. a. Striking development in science and technology calls for increased organizational skills (Lyndall Urwick). Comment. (10) b. Compare Follets concept of power and authority with Max Webers concept of power and authority. (30) c. The problem of modern day management is about combining with technical skill the social skill. Comment. (20) 3. a. Follet advocated pluralistic or functional authority in place of central authority. Discuss. (20) b. Leaders are able to extract desirable behaviour when they negotiate with the situation with desirable behaviour. Elucidate. (40) 4. a. Public Management is an amorphous concept being of very recent origin. Explain. (30) b. New Public Administrations interests are focussed on debureaucratization, decentralization, democratic decision-making etc. Elaborate. (30) 5. Answer any three of the following in not more than 200 words each (20*3 = 60) a. While dilating on the process pf decision-making, Simon rejected rational, economic man and replaced him by a more realistic and administrative man. Comment. b. The computer does leave its impact on the question of centralization and decentralization as it alters the balance of advantage between them (H. Simon). Examine. c. Public Choice Approach is an economic analysis of political and administrative issues. Discuss. d. An acceptable definition of public administration today should be one which is more inclusive and broad based. Explain. 6. a. Motivation of an individual in a job situation is a function arising out of relation between contribution and satisfaction. Analyze. (40) b. Authority does not enact itself automatically. (20)

7. a. Efficiency in Indian Administration can be achieved by having am appropriate combination of hygiene seekers and motivation seekers, and by creating an organizational environment based on Immaturity-Maturity paradigm of Argyris. (40) b. Systems theory releases itself from the limited perspectives and orientations of the other organizational theories. Comment. (20) 8. a. Governance to be good needs to be inclusive and intrinsic. Evaluate. (40) b. Liker prescribes to move towards system 4 for attaining efficiency but warns to be cautious. Comment. (20)