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2003 IEEE-PES General MeetingToronto

IEEE-PES Power Systems Stability Subcommittee Special Publication SP101PSS (ISBN 0780378695)

VOLTAGE STABILITY ASSESSMENT: CONCEPTS, PRACTICES AND TOOLS


Claudio Caizares
Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Waterloo

OUTLINE

2003 IEEE-PES General MeetingToronto

Content Statistics and history Chapter descriptions: Chap. 2: Basic Theoretical Concepts Chap. 3: Practices for Off-line Studies Chap. 4: Voltage Stability Indices Chap. 5: General Practices and Tools

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CONTENT
It follows and expands on the 3 previous IEEE special
2003 IEEE-PES General MeetingToronto

publications on Voltage Stability. The document covers all aspects of Voltage Stability Analysis (VSA):
Basic theoretical concepts. General industry and research practices. Detailed descriptions of some of the tools and software. packages currently used for the study of VSA.

Various simple as well as realistic illustrative

examples are used to demonstrate the various VSA concepts. Analysis techniques and practical studies are discussed throughout the document. A rather comprehensive set of references is used.
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STATISTICS & HISTORY


2003 IEEE-PES General MeetingToronto

5 years in preparation: Started in 1998. Has undergone multiple reviews at the VS Focus Group, PSS Subcommittee and PSDP Committee levels. Finished in August 2002. Published in June 2003. 1 general editor and coordinator, and 1-2

editors/coordinators per chapter. 7 formal readers/reviewers. About 30 expert contributors from North America, Europe and Asia.
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CHAP. 2: BASIC THEORETICAL CONCEPTS


Covers various fundamental concepts regarding stability analysis of

2003 IEEE-PES General MeetingToronto

nonlinear power systems, concentrating in particular on voltage stability issues. Most of the material is explained through words and illustrations, as well as with the help of some simple examples, staying away, on purpose, from lengthy and complex mathematical descriptions. Main sections:
Description of physical phenomenon. Power system models for bifurcation. Saddle node bifurcation and voltage collapse. Large disturbances and limits. Fast and slow time-scales. Corrective actions. Energy functions. Classification of instability mechanisms. Simple qualitative examples. Numerical example. Appendices: Hopf bifurcations and oscillations; singularity induced bifurcations; global bifurcations and complex phenomena.

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CHAP. 3: PRACTICES FOR OFF-LINE STUDIES


Concentrates on describing techniques, tools
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and modeling and data requirements for offline VS studies. Several practical examples are used throughout to illustrate the material presented in the chapter. Main sections:

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Tools and techniques. Modeling requirements. Voltage stability assessment. Remedial measures. Case studies.
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CHAP. 4:VOLTAGE STABILITY INDICES


Several voltage stability indices used to measure proximity to voltage

2003 IEEE-PES General MeetingToronto

collapse in off-line as well as on-line applications are described with great detail. A test system is used throughout the whole chapter to depict and compare the various indices. Main sections:
Review of basic concepts. Description of sample system. Sensitivity factors. Singular values and eigenvalues. Second order performance index. Voltage Instability Proximity Index (VIPI). Loading margin: Continuation and Direct methods. Local load margins. Test functions. Reduced determinant. Tangent Vector Index (TVI). Other indices.

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CHAP. 5: GENERAL PRACTICES AND TOOLS


Describes a set of guidelines for VSA. Functional requirements for an on-line VSA

2003 IEEE-PES General MeetingToronto

module of an EMS are presented. A variety of software tools specifically developed for VSA in practical models of power systems are also described. Main sections:

Industry practices. On-line VSA functional requirements. Description of tools: ASTRE, AVS, CPF/EQTP, UWPFLOW, VOSTA, VSA, VSAT.

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