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SIMON FRASER UNIVERSITY

MATH 157 D100 - CALCULUS I FOR THE SOCIAL SCIENCES Midterm I (A) Wednesday, February 1, 2012, 11:30-12:20

Last Name Given Name(s) Student # SFU email ID @sfu.ca

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INSTRUCTIONS 1. Write your last name, given name(s), student number, and SFU email ID in the box above. 2. Sign your name in the box provided. 3. This exam has 4 questions on 5 pages. Please check to make sure your exam is complete. 4. This is a closed book exam. 5. Calculator is allowed but Graphic calculator is not allowed. 6. Ask for clarication if you cannot understand a question or there appears to be an error. 7. Use the reverse side of the previous page if you need more room for your answer. 8. You may lose marks if your explanations are incomplete or poorly presented.

Question Maximum

Score

1 2 3 4 Total

9 9 5 7 30

MATH 157 D100 - CALCULUS I FOR THE SOCIAL SCIENCES

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[3]

6x2 + 5x + 1 1. (a) Evaluate the limit lim1 2 if it exists. x 2 2x 9x 5

Solution:
x 2

lim1

6x2 + 5x + 1 = 2x2 9x 5

(2x + 1)(3x + 1) x 2 (2x + 1)(x 5) 3x + 1 = lim1 x 2 x 5 3(1/2) + 1 = 1/2 5 1 = . 11 lim1

[3]

4x3 2x2 + x + 9 (b) Evaluate the limit lim if it exists. x (2x 1)3

Solution: 4x3 2x2 + x + 9 4x3 = lim lim x x (2x)3 (2x 1)3 4 = lim x 8 1 = . 2

MATH 157 D100 - CALCULUS I FOR THE SOCIAL SCIENCES

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[3]

(c) Evaluate the limit lim

x3 if it exists. x3 3 6+x

Solution: x3 3+ 6+x x3 = lim lim x3 3 x3 3 6+x 6+x 3+ 6+x (x 3)(3 + 6 + x) = lim x3 9 (6 + x) = lim 3 + 6 + x x3 = (3 + 9) = 6.

[3]

2. (a) Find the equation of the tangent line to the graph of the function 3x f (x) = x2 2 at the point (2, 3).

Solution: f (x) = = = = So f (2) =


3(4+2) (42)2

(x2 2)(3x) (3x)(x2 2) (x2 2)2 (x2 2)(3) (3x)(2x) (x2 2)2 3x2 6 6x2 (x2 2)2 3(x2 + 2) 2 . (x 2)2

9 = 2 and hence the equation of the tangent line at (2, 3) is

9 (y 3) = (x 2) 2 or 9 y = x + 12. 2

MATH 157 D100 - CALCULUS I FOR THE SOCIAL SCIENCES

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[3]

(b) Find f (x) if f (x) =

x+ 2x 2x+1 .

(DO NOT SIMPLIFY YOUR ANSWER!)

Solution: 2x) (2x + 1) (x + 2x) f (x) = (2x + 1)2 1 (2x + 1)(1 + 2 2x ) (2)(x + 2x) = (2x + 1)2 (2x + 1)(x +

[3]

(c) Find f (x) if f (x) = ( x5x+2) 2 x + YOUR ANSWER!)

1 x

. (DO NOT SIMPLIFY

Solution: 1 1 f (x) = ( x 5x + 2) 2 x + + ( x 5x + 2) 2 x + x x 1 1 1 1 . = ( x 5x + 2) 2 2 + ( 5) 2 x + x 2 x x 2 x

MATH 157 D100 - CALCULUS I FOR THE SOCIAL SCIENCES

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[2]

3. (a) Give the denition of a continuous function f (x) at a.

Solution: f (x) is continuous at a if (1) f (a) is dened, (2) lim f (x) exists,
xa xa

(3) lim f (x) = f (a).

[3]

(b) Evaluate the limits limx0+ f (x) and limx0 f (x) if f (x) = Is f (x) continuous at x = 0? x + 1 2x + 3 if x 0, if x > 0.

Solution:
x0+ x0

lim f (x) = lim+ (2x + 3) = 2(0) + 3 = 3


x0 x0

lim f (x) = lim (x + 1) = (0) + 1 = 1.

Hence limx0+ f (x) = limx0 f (x) and limx0 f (x) does not exist. Therefore f is not continuous at x = 0.

MATH 157 D100 - CALCULUS I FOR THE SOCIAL SCIENCES

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4. Retail revenue each year from Internet shopping is approximated by the function f (t) = 0.075t3 + 0.025t2 + 2.45t + 2.4 (0 t 4) where f (t) is measures in millions of dollars and t is measured in years, with t = 0 corresponding to the beginning of 1997. [3] (a) Find an expression giving the rate of change of the retail revenue/year from Internet shopping at any time t.

Solution: f (t) = 0.075 3t2 + 0.025 2t + 2.45 = 0.225t2 + 0.05t + 2.45.

[2]

(b) How fast was the retail revenue/year from Internet shopping changing at the beginning of the year 2000?

Solution: f (3) = 0.225(3)2 + 0.05(3) + 2.45 = 4.625 million dollars/year. [2] (c) What was the retail revenue/year from Internet shopping at the beginning of the year 2000?

Solution: f (3) = 0.075(3)3 + 0.025(3)2 + 2.45(3) + 2.4 = 12 million dollars/year.