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Endocrinology at a Glance b Blackwell Science © 1994 by. ‘Backyell Science Lid Ealtorial Office: (Osney Mead, Oxford OX2 OEL 25 John Strect, London WCIN 2B 2} Ainslic Place, Edinburgh EH3 6A 380 Main Street, Malden MA2148 tis, USA, ‘4 University Street, Carton Victoria 3083, Australia 10, rue Casimie Delavigne 8006 Paris, France Other Editorial Offices: Blackwell Wissenschafts-Verlag GmbH Kerfarstendamm 57 10707 Berlin, Germany [Blackwell Seince KK MG Kodenmacho Builling 7-10 Kodenmacho Nihombashi ‘Chou, Tokyo 108, Japan A Blackwell Science Company 2121'S, Slate Avenue “Ames, Yow SO0TE-8300, USA, “The right of the Author to be ‘demiied as the Author of this Work thas been asserted in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 198%, All eights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduce. sored ina terval system, or (eam, any form or by any means, elecironic, mechanical photocopying. recording oF otherwise xcept as permitted by the UK ‘Copyright. Designs and Patents Act 198K, without the prior permission ‘of the copyright own, First published 1994 Four Dragons edition 1994 Reprinted 1996, 19%, 2001 Set by Setrite Typeseters, Hong Kong Printed and bound in Gat Britain by Alden Group. Oxford “The Bickwell Science log isa trade mark of Blackwell Scenes Lid, reistred at the United Kinglont “Trade Marks Repisiy For further informs Blackwell Science, vst our website ‘www-blackwellscience om Marston Book Services Lid PO Box 269. Abingdon Oxon OXI AYN, (Orders: Tel: 01235 463500 Fax; 01235 463555), usa Blackwell Science, In. Commerce Place 350 Main Street. Maken, MA 02148 S018 (Orders Tek: $00 789 6102 TSH 388 $250, FSI 388 8259) Canada {Login Brothers Book Company 324 Saulteaun Cresent Winsipsg, Manitoba RAI 3T2 (Onders Tels 204 224-4068) Australia ‘ackvsell Scie Pay Lic 54 University Steet Carlton, Victoria 3083 (Onders: Tek 3 9847 0300 Fax: 3 9347 S001) A catalogue record for this ile fs available fom the British Library ISHN 0.632.03835-7 (BSP) IBN 0-632-03837-3 (Four Dragons) Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data GGreenstzin, Ben, 1981— Endocrinology at a glance/Ben Greenscin. Pea. Inches bibliographical references sand nex, ISBN 0:632.03835-7 (BSP el). SBN 0.632-03837-3 (4 Dragon oh) 1. Endocrinology. 1. Title [DNLM: 1. Endocrine Glands, 2, Hormones. WK 10 opis, Contents Introduction, 7 Endocrine glands, 8 Chemical transmission, 10 Mechanisms of hormone action: 1, 12 Mechanisms of hormone aetion: I, M4 Hormone antagonism, 16 Method endocrinology, 18 Principles of feedback control: brain, pituitary and target glands, 20 ‘The neuroendocrine anatomy of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland, 22 The thyroid: 1, 24 ‘The thyroid: I, 26 ‘The thyroid II, 28 ‘The adrenal gland: 1, 30 ‘The adrenal gland: H, 32 ‘The adrenal gland: 11, 34 “The adrenal gland: 1V, 36 ‘The adrenal gland: V, 38 1,40 The adrenal gla Sexual differentiation and development: 1, 42 Sexual differentiation and development: 1, 44 Sexual differentiation and development: Ill, 46 Female reproduction: 1, 48 Female reproduction: I, 50 Female reproduction: I, $2 Female reproduction: 1V, 54 Female reproduction: Female reproduction: VI, 58 Male reproduction: I, 60 Male reproduction: Il, 62 Male reproduction: II, 64 Go adotrophin-releasing hormone as an example of an endocrine peptide hormone, 66 Oxytocin, 68 Vasopressin, 70 Ret in—angiotensin—aldosterone system, 72 ‘The pineal gland, 74 Insulin: 1, 76 Insulin: 11, 78 Insulin: 1, 80 Glucagon, 82 Gastrointestinal hormones, 84 Endocrine hormones and energy metabolism, 86 Endocrine regulation of ealeium: 1, 88 Endocrine regulation of calcium: 11, 90 Endocrine regulation of calcium: 11, 92 Growth hormones: 1, 94 Growth hormones: 11, 96 Growth hormones: IIL, 98 Endocrine—immune interactions, 100 Steroidogenesis enzymes, 102 Further reading, 103 Glossary of terms, 108 Index, 107