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DIgSILENT GridCode:

LVRT in Spain with DIgSILENT GridCode

DIgSILENT Ibrica Madrid, 15 February 2012

Spanish Study Case


Grid Code in Spain, published by the TSO Red Elctrica de Espaa:

PROCEDIMIENTO DE OPERACIN 12.3: REQUISITOS DE RESPUESTA FRENTE A HUECOS DE TENSIN DE LAS INSTALACIONES ELICAS
In revision:

PROCEDIMIENTO DE OPERACIN 12.2: INSTALACIONES CONECTADAS A LA RED DE TRANSPORTE: REQUISITOS MNIMOS DE DISEO, EQUIPAMIENTO, FUNCIONAMIENTO Y SEGURIDAD Y PUESTA EN SERVICIO
The document can be found at the website:

http://www.ree.es/operacion/procedimientos_operacion.asp
New version Nr 10 of the Spanish Wind Energy Association document (PVVC_v10) is published in response to the revision of the Spanish Grid Code (P.O.12.3 and draft version of P.O.12.2):

PROCEDIMIENTOS DE VERIFICACIN, VALIDACIN Y CERTIFICACIN DE LOS REQUISITOS DEL P.O.12.3 SOBRE LA RESPUESTA DE LAS INSTALACIONES ELICAS Y FOTOVOLTAICAS ANTE HUECOS DE TENSIN
The document can be found at the website:

http://www.aeeolica.org/
DIgSILENT Ibrica S.L. 2

Example of Dynamic Simulation Testing Procedure


Example of Dynamic Simulation Testing Procedure STEP 1: Building the Wind farm dynamic model in DIgSILENT PowerFactory 14.1.2

NOTE: this example is built using templates in the global library; Doubly Fed Induction Generators rated 6MW DFIG_WTG_6MW Wind Farm Rated Power: 60MVA

Wind Farm Rated Voltage: 220kV


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Example of Dynamic Simulation Testing Procedure


STEP 2: Simulation of LVRT events according to the Spanish Grid Code: EMT simulation - 10kHz time step Voltage dip location: at the Wind Farm PCC, 220kV side

Voltage dip depth: 20% (3PH), 60% (2PH)


Voltage dip length: 500ms

DIgSILENT Ibrica S.L.

Example of Dynamic Simulation Testing Procedure


STEP 3: Export required signals from Plots in PowerFactory: Ua(t), Ub(t), Uc(t) kV Ia(t), Ib(t), Ic(t) kA

Textfile, white space/tab separated format

Voltage dip 20% (3PH)

Voltage dip 60% (2PH)

DIgSILENT Ibrica S.L.

Example of Dynamic Simulation Testing Procedure


STEP 4: Analysis with DIgSILENT GridCode, checking for compliance. STEP 4.1: File Types & Channels to read the results file.

DIgSILENT Ibrica S.L.

Example of Dynamic Simulation Testing Procedure


STEP 4: Analysis with DIgSILENT GridCode, checking for compliance. STEP 4.1: File Types & Channels to read the results file. STEP 4.2: Input of base values 60MVA and 220kV

DIgSILENT Ibrica S.L.

Example of Dynamic Simulation Testing Procedure


STEP 4: Analysis with DIgSILENT GridCode, checking for Grid Code compliance. STEP 4.1: File Types & Channels to read the results file. STEP 4.2: Input of base values 60MVA and 220kV

STEP 4.3: With the GridCode Editor, add the new procedure in the Spanish Grid Code (PVVC_v10_general).

DIgSILENT Ibrica S.L.

Example of Dynamic Simulation Testing Procedure


STEP 4: Analysis with DIgSILENT GridCode, checking for Grid Code compliance. STEP 4.1: File Types & Channels to read the results file. STEP 4.2: Input of base values 60MVA and 220kV

STEP 4.3: With the GridCode Editor, add the new procedure in the Spanish Grid Code (PVVC_v10_general).
- Add the zones and edit them. Add the list of limits for the different series.

DIgSILENT Ibrica S.L.

Example of Dynamic Simulation Testing Procedure


STEP 4: Analysis with DIgSILENT GridCode, checking for Grid Code compliance. STEP 4.1: File Types & Channels to read the results file. STEP 4.2: Input of base values 60MVA and 220kV

STEP 4.3: With the GridCode Editor, add the new procedure in the Spanish Grid Code (PVVC_v10_general).
- Edit the voltage dip shape for balanced dips.

DIgSILENT Ibrica S.L.

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Example of Dynamic Simulation Testing Procedure


STEP 4: Analysis with DIgSILENT GridCode, checking for Grid Code compliance. STEP 4.1: File Types & Channels to read the results file. STEP 4.2: Input of base values 60MVA and 220kV

STEP 4.3: With the GridCode Editor, add the new procedure in the Spanish Grid Code (PVVC_v10_general).
- Edit the voltage dip shape for unbalanced dips.

DIgSILENT Ibrica S.L.

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Example of Dynamic Simulation Testing Procedure

STEP 4: Analysis with DIgSILENT GridCode, checking for Grid Code compliance.
STEP 4.1: File Types & Channels to read the results file. STEP 4.2: Input of base values 60MVA and 220kV STEP 4.3: With the GridCode Editor, add the new procedure in the Spanish Grid Code (PVVC_v10_general).

- Edit the voltage support requirements.

DIgSILENT Ibrica S.L.

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Example of Dynamic Simulation Testing Procedure

STEP 4: Analysis with DIgSILENT GridCode, checking for Grid Code compliance.
STEP 4.1: File Types & Channels to read the results file. STEP 4.2: Input of base values 60MVA and 220kV STEP 4.3: With the GridCode Editor, add the new procedure in the Spanish Grid Code (PVVC_v10_general).

- Define the plots that you want display.


- Select Checked option to display it. - Save the Grid Code.

DIgSILENT Ibrica S.L.

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Example of Dynamic Simulation Testing Procedure

STEP 4: Analysis with DIgSILENT GridCode, checking for Grid Code compliance.
STEP 4.1: File Types & Channels to read the results file. STEP 4.2: Input of base values 60MVA and 220kV STEP 4.3: With the GridCode Editor, add the new procedure in the Spanish Grid Code (PVVC_v10_general).

STEP 4.4: Click Analyze

DIgSILENT Ibrica S.L.

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Example of Dynamic Simulation Testing Procedure

RESULTS
In the second tab, a table summarizes the fulfillment of requirements in Zones A, B, C and D. THE OK? OPTION ACTIVATED MEANS THAT THE REQUIREMENT IS FULFILLED

DIgSILENT Ibrica S.L.

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Example of Dynamic Simulation Testing Procedure

RESULTS
The REE Voltage Dip Shape graph allows to check if the voltage dip is inside the voltage dip rms envelope the wind farm can not disconnect and must provide reactive current support.

Voltage dip 20% (3PH)

Voltage dip 60% (2PH)

DIgSILENT Ibrica S.L.

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Example of Dynamic Simulation Testing Procedure

RESULTS
The Ir/Itot(Vrms) Zone B graph allows to check if the wind farm is injecting or consuming reactive power and fulfilling the requirements established by REE on the reactive current during the dip.

Voltage dip 20% (3PH)

Voltage dip 60% (2PH)

DIgSILENT Ibrica S.L.

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Example of Dynamic Simulation Testing Procedure

RESULTS
The Power graph allows to check the restoration of active power of the wind farm after the voltage dip.

Voltage dip 20% (3PH)

Voltage dip 60% (2PH)

DIgSILENT Ibrica S.L.

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Example of Dynamic Simulation Testing Procedure

REPORTING
Results are reported in Word format.

DIgSILENT Ibrica S.L.

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Example of Dynamic Simulation Testing Procedure

REPORTING
Results are reported in Word format.

DIgSILENT Ibrica S.L.

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DIgSILENT GridCode Contact

Ana Morales/Xavier Robe DIgSILENT Ibrica S.L. Ribera del Loira, 46 28042 Madrid Spain Phone: +34 911273723/24 Email: a.morales@digsilent.com x.robe@digsilent.com Website: www.digsilent.com

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