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2006

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021700


2006

2/3(399)
81.2
792
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. - . , . .,
, ..
792
: / .. , .. , .. 2- ., . : - , 2006. 148 .
ISBN 5-86465-364-0

" ", . II " /
" ,
(, ),
.
, , , . .

. : , , , ,
. 2000 . 2003

- . .. 02-1130/100 .

2/3(399)
81.2

ISBN ISBN 5-86465-364-0

.., .
.., 2006.

, 2006

, 2006

..
..
..

2006


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1. , . 5
2. 18
3. . 27
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gutiuda ( , VII .) gutans / gutani, - : Gotland (
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, ( /h/, /s/, /r/)
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/u/, //, /w/ /j/,
<>=/hw/ <>=/kw/ (
). , , , 30% . //, //, /e/ /o/,
, ( 1 10 ), .
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, skeirs ). , , , , .
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( - . 12).
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.
- : 1) . . :
() *-jj- *-ww-
12

/g/ ().
*-jj- *-ww- (). (.: . tveggja, . twaddje < *twaggje, . zweio, .
tweio ; . bliggwan, . blegi, . bliuwan );
2) *-z *-z > -s ().
, , . *dagaz, . dags, . dagr (), . tag,
. dag .; 3) // //.
- :
1) 2 . . .
() , , 1 3 .
. ., t. , . . , -i / -e (. . . namt = . / . nami / nome ); 2) I ( . . . . .
. , , gibands - ). I ; 3)
-na <
*-ne / -no , , . fullnan, . fullna , . gabatnan, . batna .
IV nan ; 4) (.: standan , gangan , . standa, ganga), ; 5)
. *hwa- / hwe- + (. . arjis, . hverr ); 6)
(.. ) . .: - . sauil, . sol, . sunna, . sunne; - . himins, . himinn, . . himil; . wato / watins, . vatn, . waar, . wter; - . fon, .
funi, . fuir / fiur, . fyr; 7) 1 . : . -au, . -a < *au u , . neme, . nime < . *-i / -e; 8)
. *bheu-; 9)
.
- ()
, - ( I V . . .). : . */e/
*// */u/ *// > /i/ // /o/ //. 13

: ) s: // = <b> > /f/, // = <d> > //, /z/


> /s/, ) */z/.
- , , , /
- , (, ,
). - ( - . 12):
1) . . : . assus
/ -nassus, . -nussi / -nissi, . -ness; 2) . . . 4 19 i (. 4).
, , , ,
I - ( nt). . ()
*-ida.
- :
1) . . . . a-: -is / -es < *is; -as / -s < *as (. . dagis,
. tages , . Gdagas, . *dags); 2)
. .
n-: -in < *-ins, a(n) < *-ans (. . gumins, .*gomin ,
. guma, . guman; 3)
. . . . .: . izos / izai, . dera / deru , .
eirar / eire; 4) 3 . . . :
. . ist, ., . . is.

. . . . 150 .
,
166-180 . ,
. 150 235 .
. 180 . , -
230-270- .
-
14

235-260- .
251 .
258 .
268-270 . II
271 . ,
280- .

290- .

330- .
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337-361 . II
347-348 . -
,
350-370- . -
364-366 .
370- .
372-373 . ,
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374-376 . -
,
375-376 . ,
-
376 .
377-378 .
,
377-412 .
; 378 . ,
380- .
15

381 .
( 325 . ),
382 . ,

390- .

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395-410 . I ,

400 .
405-444 .
401, 402, 408, 410 .
,

410 .

412 . -
415 418 .
418 508 .
;
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443-452 .

451 . ,
430- 450- .

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. 460 .
470- .
474 .
475 . ,

476 493 . -
,
477, 483, 484 .
, ,
486 .
16

488 493 .

493 560- . - , - -,
497 .
499 . ,

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507 . ,
II I
508-510, 523 . ,
520- - 530- . ,
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, I), (524 .), ( 526 .),

530 - 532 . II,
531 .
534 .

534 . I, ,
534 - 556 . -
536 .
539, 541 .
540 .
544 .
. 551 .
, -
552 . .
568-584 . , ,

579-590 . II,
589 .
600 636 . ,
. 650 .
718 . ,
17

714 720 .
720- .
. 750 .
,
787-791 . - (. . 785 .)
962-972 .
10 - 11 .
12-15 . ( . )
1470- . III .
2.

( ), . , .

(IV .) , VVI . .



( ).
: , . 2 . , :
: /p/, /t/, /k/, /kw/
: /f/, //, /s/, /x/, /xw/
: /h/, /hw/
: /b/, /d/, /g/
: //, //, //
/ : /m/, /n/, //
/ : /r/, /l/
: /j/, /w/
18

:
- : /p/, /b/, /m/
-: /f/, //
- : /t/, /d/, //, //, /l/, /n/
- : /w/
- : /xw/, /hw/, /kw/
- : /g/, //, /k/, /x/, /h/
- : /j/, //
- : /s/, /z/
- : /r/

1.
/p/, /t/, /k/
. , /kw/ - , /k/ /w/ () <q>.
/f/, /s/
. // [] . // achLaut, <h> (jah "", nachts ""),
<g> (mag ""), - dags "", magt "". /xw/ - , ,
- , : sa
"".
/h/ /hw/ <h> <> : hailjan "", as "".
/x/ /xw/.
/b/, /d/, /g/ // ( /v/), // ( []), // (
//) ,
:
- () <b>, <d>, <g> /b/, /d/, /g/:
) - biudan "", diups "", giban "";
) : rabbei "", iddja "", triggws ""; )
: lamb "", land "", fairguni "";
- <b>, <d>, <g> //, //, // : giban "", bidjan "", managos "".
19

2.
/m/ /n/ . // /n/ /g/, /k/. <g>
/k/: drigkan [drikan] "", /g/: gaggan [gaan] "".
/r/ /1/ . /j/, /w/ /i/, /u/.
, , . .:
. ., . . sunjus "", . ., . . suniwe "".
,

, :
1. /b/, /d/, /g/
*//, *//, *//. , : giban [gian] "", haitada [haitaa] " ", dagas [daas] "".
2. *//, */w/ /h/, /hw/ : hintar "",
arbon "", "" *//, */xw/ : jah, sa ( ); mahts "" ( ).
3. */w/ /w/:
. snaiws "" < . *snaiwaz .
4. *//, *// /ddj/, /ggj/, .: . twaddje "" . .
zweo < . *tuaon; . triggws "" . . gitriuwi < .
*tre(i)a.
. *// /ddj/ :
rije "", qius "", frijon "" . .
,

,

, :
1. /j(*i)/ > /i/ ; .:
kunjis "", kuni ""; nasjan "", nasida "".
2. */iji/ije/ /ji/ // ( <ei>)
20

:
) , + , /ji/: . stoji "" < . *stoiji, . tauji "" < .
*tauiji, . nasji ";
) , + ,
// = <ei>: . wandei "" < . *wandiji, . sokei
"" < . *sokiji.
*/iji / ije/
: stoji, nasji : sto-ji, nas-ji, /iji/ije/
. wandei, skei
, /iji/jie/ : wan-dei, s-kei.
3. /w/ /u/ /s/: sniwan "" - snau ""; naweis "" - naus "".
4. . . . . -s , -s -ss: drus "" - drusa "" (. ., . .), usstass
"" usstassais "" (. . . .).
5. /z/ = <s> /r/ /r/ : ur-raisjan "" < *us-raisjan.
6. // :
// > // //: j " ", "" < *jah+e
/x/ > /s/ /s/: jss " " < *jah+sa
/x/ > /n/ /n/: janni " " < *jah+ni
// > /d/ /d/: jaddu " " < *jah+du.
7. /g/ /h/, /p/ - /f/ /t/: ugkjan "" uhta "", gaskapjan "" - gaskafts "".
8. *// /h/,
: uhta , < *unhta, brahta < *brahta,
eihan "" < *ihan.
9. /s/:
// > /f/: giban "" - gaf ""
// > //: blodis "" - blo ""
/z/ > /s/: azuh " - as ""
// >// : daga [daa] " (. . . .), dag [dax] "" (. .
..) dags [daxs] "" (. . ..).
21

, . , , , , , .
:
1. -ubn-/-ufn-: witubni "", waldufni "";
2. -o-/-o-: wratodus "", gaunous "";
3. -i-/- i- : auida "", meria "";
4. -uz-/-us-: jukuzi "", berusjos "";
5. -zn-/-sn-: araznos "", hlaiwasnos "";
6. -ag-/-ah-: wulags "", unbarnahs "".

: diupia, [p] [] ; gredags "", [d] [g] , [] .
.
.
,
: . kiusan "" kaus kusum - kusans, .:
. ceosan ceas curon - coren, . kiusan ks kurum - gekoren.
, ,
/r/ < */z/, */z/ /s/.
.
- : arf " " - aurbum "
"; aih " " - aigum [aium] ".
:
) /f/ - /b/ []: aflifnan "" - (bi)laibjan ;
) // - /d/ []: aleis "" - alds / aldis ", ";
) /h/ - /g/ []: taihun "" - tigjus "";
) // - /w/ < */w/: saian "" - siuns [siwns] "".


.
: .
( ) ( ): : , , ; : ,
, .
, . 22

. . (
), (. .):

/i/


/u/

/e/

//

/o/

//
//

/a/

//
//

, //
<ei>: galeian [galan]. /e/ /o/ <ai>,
<au> <r>, <h>, <> (. . ):
saian [sehwan] "", taihun [tehun] "", bairan [beran] "";
galauhun [galohun] " ", waurans [worans] II
wairan "". // // <> <> : gbum " ", skjan "". /i/ <i>: bindan "", /a/ <>: faran ""; // <>. - //
[ht] //: hta ""< *ahta,
agkian [akian] "". // ,
// (. fhes "")
// .
/u/ // <u>: bugjan [bugjan] ""
brukjan [brkjan] "". //
: . rums "" . rms, . rm, . rmi. /u/ // juk "" - js "", uf
"", t "" /u/ - //.
, /e/
/o/. /e/ /o/
/i/ /u/ : // /o/ /r/, /h/, //;
/i/, /u/ , /r/, /h/, //.
, 5 //, //,
//, //, //. 3 - /i ~ /, /u ~ /, //. [e] [] ,
[i] [u] /r/, /h/, //.

23


3 /ai/, /au/, /iu/.
, . . : haitan [haitan] "", auso [auso] "", iudans [iudans] "".
, . , - . wai "" - wajamerei "
", taujan "" - tawida "", kniu "" - kniwis ""
(. .) . -, */i/, */u/, */u/, .
, /ai/ /au/
, . . /ai/ > //, /au/ > /o/: munaida [muna]
"", qenai [kwen] "", sunaus [sunos] "", ahtau [axto] "".
/iu/
: uhtiugs [uhtiuxs] "".


1.*// > // (): . giban "" = . gefa,
. giban <*bn, . itan "" = . etan, . ean < *etan.
2. */eu/ > /iu/, // > //: .
giutan "" < *eut.
3. *// > //: . nmum " " < *nm
4. */ei/ > //: . steigan "" < *steian

l. *//, *//, *// > //, //, // /h/: *brahta >
. brhta "", *ihan > eihan "", *uhta > hta "".
2. .. : a) *// > //, /r/, /h/, //: . wairan
"" < *wiran, o. taihun "", tigjus "", o.
saian "" < *sian;
) // > // /r/, /h/, //: . baurg "", "", .
burg, burug . burg; . fauho "", . fuhs.
/ai/, /au/ [e], [] /r/, /h/, //,
:
) /ai/ []
- taitok [tetk], taitokun [tetkun] tkan "";
24

) (
): Paitrus [petrus] "", praufetus [profetus] "" .;
) : waila [wela] "", . .
a. well; aiau [eau] , . . edo.


1. *// /j/:
. sunjus "" < *suniuiz;
2. // //: . anar ""
. . ander, . oer;
3. */i/, *//
/s/: . dags "", gasts "" = . daar, astir, *daaz, *astiz.
4. ,
, : . tawida " " <
*tauid(n), tawida " " < *tauid(), *// > //. . 3 . . .
nmi " " < *nm(), nemeis " ",
nemeima " ", //.
5. */i/ //: .
. bairada " " . . pheretai. /ai/
, , ,
*/ (i)/: qenais "".
6. /au/ ,
*/u/ :
sunau [sunau] "", sunaus [sunaus] "".
()
, ,
( ),
( ).

, . : 1) /i/ (
/r/, /h/, // = <ai> - /a/: niman - nam, bairan bar ( ); sittan satjan, bairan - barn ( ); 2) /i/ - // - :
bindan - band - bundum bundans ( );
rinnan "" runs "" ( ). , , : dagis (. ., . .) dagam
(. ., . .) : gutum gutans giutan "".

( ).
25

, : . *// - //, . . *// > /i/, // - //: niman nmun. *// - // // - // // > //; . faran - fr.

, .
, . . ( ): tuhan "", snus "", sklkinodedun
: ga-qman
"", faura-gggan "". : usstndan "", sstass "";
: lus " ", slia "" (. . ).
,
. ,
. (.
rma-hirts ), +
(. far-dgs ).
: urruns "" ( *us-runs), (
): ban-di "", brun-jo "" . .

, , ,
// > // // > // ,
(qens / qeins [kvins] ,
auhtedun [ohteun] / uhtedun , widowo / widuwo , fahe /
faheid [fahi] ). -
(mine < . mena , goltz < . gul .). .

26

3. .

. , .
() , ( ) /
( ), ( ), .
-
( ): (: , ; ; ; )
(; ; ).
. , , (, ) .
:
) : + +
(cp. dag-a-m "", qin--m "", gast-i-m "", hand-u-m "").
, .
. , -in- /- an-: gum-in-s "" .
. . ., gum-an-e "" . . . ., : dagis "" (po. . . .) / dagans "" (.
. . .), sunau "" (. ., . . ) / sunjus "" (. ., . .),

: broar "" (. .
. .) / bror "" (. . . .).
) : + (. dag-s ,
gast-s "", baurg-s ""). : gib-a, - ( <*, . . *eb "" gibai "" < . *ebai,
27

*-a , -*i . (. . ,
. baurg-s "", man-s "" (. . . .).
) , . . " " (. dag "" . . . .,
mann "" . . . ., bror "" . . . .).
.
,
(. 5),
(: blind-in-s "", : blind-s "", blind "").
,
:
) : + (nimi-s " ", nimais " "); ) : nam "", nimai " ".
,
, ( I nima-nd-s
"").
, ( . .
). ,
IV
i / a, , , , (. [nim-i]-s " ", [nim-a]-m " ", [fulln-i]-s " ).

1 :
+ ( ) + : haf-ji-s " ", fraih-na-n "", nas-ji-s "".
1 , : wandei-s <
*wand-ji-s "". II , : salb--n "", salb--ma " ".
III :
hab-a-n "" - hab-ai-da " () ".

28

4.

, .

.
: 1)
; 2)
, 3)
.

. ( i ) , nd / -r.
r- ( ), nd ( ), ein- ( ),

.
- , .

(, , ),

.
.

-
- .
. *- (.
, , lupus < *lupos ).
- ,
-wa / -ja.
-ein guma / gumein / .

. . (hlaifs / hlaibis,
haubi / haubida, dius / diuza).
..
..
. dags
. dagis
. daga
. dag
. dag

..
..
waurd
waurdis
waurda
waurd

..
dagos
dage
dagam
dagans

29

..
waurda
waurde
waurdam
waurda

-wa : 1)
, ;
2) .
-, -w ,
-w (. . .
. ): , ius / iu, iwis.
-ja
: 1) ,

, ;
2) ,
;

.
-j
, j > i. ji > ei
; j > i.
I :
..
..
..
. harjis
kuni
. harjis
kunjis
. harja
kunja
. hari
kuni
. hari

..
harjos
harje
harjam
harjans

..
..
kunja
kunje
kunjam
kunja

II :
..
. hairdeis

. hairdeis
. hairdja
. hairdi
. hairdi

..
..
trausti
trausteis
traustja
trausti

..
hairdjos
hairdje
hairdjam
hairdjans

30

..
..
traustja
traustje
traustjam
traustja

-
- ;
- -j.
id / -i (. afgrundia ).
.
.
.
.

..
giba
gibos
gibai
giba

..
gibos
gibo
gibom
gibos

-w
-, -j
: 1) (,
wrakja , sibja ); 2) ,
,
(, fraistubni , aquizi , haii )
: mawi iwi
.
1- --, -j
. 2- -j
. . -i.
-i
-i
.
-eins, -t / -(d): laiseins , jukduns
, mahts , arbais . . ,
-i .
- . . . . . .: wegos
, aiwam .
..
..
..
..
..
..
. gasts
gasteis
qens
qeneis
. gastis
gaste
qenais
qene
. gasta
gastim
qenai
qenim
. gast
gastins
qen
qenins
. gast

-u
-u ,
,
-assus; -odus / -ous
31

iudadassus , wratodus .
.
..
..
. sunus
. sunaus
. sunau
. sunu
. sunu

..
..
*sunjus
suniwe
sunum
sununs

..
handus
handaus
handau
handu

..
..
handjus
handiwe
handum
handuns

..
faihu
*faihaus
faihau
faihu

faihu .

-n
-n
, : -in / -an; -n; -ein.
.
in / -an .

.
.
.
.

..
guma
gumins
gumin
guman

..
..
gumans
gumane
gumam
gumans

..
..
..
hairto
hairtona
hairtins
hairtne
hairtin
hairtam
hairto
hairtona

aba , namo , wato


e / -a
. .: . . namna; . . namne / abne; . . namnam /
watnam / abnam.
in / -an
jin / -jan - : fiskja , gudja
, kasja .
in / -an, -ji ,
-ja- (.: badjins , hairdeis
).
-n .
-jn,

-jn (. arbj ).
:
32

.
.
.
.

..
qino
qinons
qinon
qinon

..
qinons
qinono
qinom
qinons

bandwo winno
: .. . . . . .
- (bandwai, winna).
-ein
,
-ein: managei , frodei
.
.
.
.
.

..
marei
mareins
marein
marein

..
mareins
mareino
mareim
mareins

-r
-r
,
( ): broar , fadar ,
swistar, dauhtar .

. .
.
..
. broar
. brors
. bror
. broar
. broar

..
brojus
brore
brorum
broruns
-


swaihro n-.

swaihra

-nd
,
I.
,
33

(frijonds , fijands , daupjands , bisitands ,


gibands .).
..
. nasjands
. nasjandis
. nasjand
. nasjand
. nasjand

..
nasjands
nasjande
nasjandam
nasjands

:
., ., . . . . . . . .
-, . .
, (. ).



, .

(. . ),
.
, .
:
.
.
.
.

..
baurgs
baurgs
baurg
baurg

..
baurgs
baurge
baurgim
baurgs


(-a / -i . . . . . . . . .)
( . . . . . . . . . .).

. , nahts . . . .
- (nahtam), duls waihts . .
. . -i- (waihtais, dulais). baurgs
alhs , miluks , mitas , brusts .
,
.
: reiks , menos ,
weitwos . reiks ,
. . . . . . . ., -.
34

:
.
.
.
.

..
manna ,
mans
mann
mannan

..
mans / mannans
manne
mannam
mans / mannans


fon (
):
.
.
.
.

fon
funins
funin
fon


.

/
.
sa / so / ata
(, , ) : sunus meins sa liuba
() , . . /
.

(
, ).

,
: Rums wigs sa brigganda in fralust (),
.
/ .

: atta izwar sa in himinan () .


,

.
sa / so / ata

,
.
35

, lamba

,
, .

.


,
.
5.
, ,
; ,
.
: .
,
.
,
( . . .), ( . . . .)
(. 8),
.
.
.
: - (. . . .) - (. .).
.
- / - .
-eins (staineins ), -isks (mannisks
), -g (mahtigs ) .
..
.
.
.
.

..
blinds
blindis
blindamma
blindana

.
.
.
.

blindai
blindaize
blindaim
blindans

..
blind(-ata)
blindis
blindamma
blind(-ata)
..
blinda
blindaize
blindaim
blinda
36

..
blinda
blindaizos
blindai
blinda
blindos
blindaizo
blindaim
blindos

ja / -j ,
/ -. ,
, -j , ,
-j+i > ei
j > i.
: midjis / midi(-jata) /
midja / / wileis / wili(-jata) / wili /
/ .
..
..
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

midjis
midjis
midjamma
midjana

midjai
midjaize
midjaim
midjans

wileis
wileis
wiljamma
wiljana

..
midi(-jata)
midjis
midjamma
midi(-jata)
..

..
wiljai
wiljaize
wiljaim
wiljans

midja
midjaize
midjaim
midja

..
.
.
.
.

midja
midjaizos
midjai
midja

wili
wiljaizos
wiljai
wilja

wili(-jata)
wileis
wiljamma
wili(-jata)
..
wilja
wiljaize
wiljaim
wilja
..

..
midjos
midjaizo
midjaim
midjos

wiljos
wilaizo
wiljaim
wiljos

i / -u
ja / -j, . .
.
..
..
. hrains hardus
. hrainis
hardaus
. hrainjamma
hardjamma
. hrainjana
hardjana

37

hrain(-jata)
hrainis
hrainjamma
hrain(-jata)

..
hardu(-jata)
hardaus
hardjamma
hardu(-jata)

..
.
.
.
.

hrainjai
hrainjaize
hrainjaim
hrainjans

..
hardjai
hardjaize
hardjaim
hardjans

hrainja
hrainjaize
hrainjaim
hrainja

..

..
hardja
hardjaize
hardjaim
hardja
..

..
.
.
.
.

hrainja
hrainjaizos
hrainjai
hrainja

hardja
hardjaizos
hardjai
hardja

hrainjos
hrainjaizo
hrainjaim
hrainjos

hardjos
hardjaizo
hardjaim
hardjos


n
(. 4).
-in / -an , n .

-m fruma , aftuma .,
-ein:
. .
.
.
.
.

..
blinda
blindin-s
blindin
blindan

.
.
.
.

blindans
blindane
blindam
blindans

..
blindo
blindin-s
blindin
blindo
. .
blindona
blindane
blindam
blindona

..
blindo
blindons
blindon
blindon
blindons
blindono
blindom
blindons


: 1) ; 2)
-;
3) .

: ) alls , fulls
, halbs , midjus , ganohs ;
38

) ibna , taihswa
, ainaha , uneila
fullawita , allaarba ,
allawaursta , laushandja , swultawairja
, qiuhafto / inkilo , andaneia
, uswena , usfilma , usgrudja
, unkarja , unwita .
.
, : 1)
wisan wairan
; 2)
; 3)
sa, ata, so;
4) .
, : 1)
;
2) ;
3) ( : atta
weiha ; ,
: libans weiha
, balwein aiweinon ). ,
a /
.

: 1) - iza / -za;
2) - ista / -sta. (
-i) .
(spedizei
, spedista < spes ).
:
gos
batiza
batists
ubils
wairsiza
wairsists
mikils
maiza
maists
leitils
minniza
minnists
. -*m
, : fruma ,
auhuma , innuma , aftuma ,
iftuma , hleidumei ,
-ista.
: 1)

39

-*m; 2)
.

. I (
,
: . gibands / gibanda ).
. .
.
.
.
.

. .
gibands
gibandins
gibandin
gibandan

.
.
.
.

. .
gibandans
gibandane
gibandam
gibandans

. .
gibando
gibandins
gibandin
gibando
. .
. .
gibandona
gibandane
gibandam
gibandona

. .
gibandei (ein- )
gibandeins
gibandein
gibandein
. .
gibandeins
gibandeino
gibandeim
gibandeins

, ,
I
: . Judas sa galewjands ina (),
( ).
II (. gibans /
gibana ),
: .
jah is laisida in gaqums ize mikils fram allaim ,
.

: 1) aljus
ja- ( ); 2) anar ,
aljus ;
3) silba (sa) sama
.
6. .
,
() () .
, .
, ,
. 40

-n: nima-n
"", hrainja-n .
I -nd-: . nim-a-nds "" (nim - , - , -nd - , -s - . .
. . . ).
II ( -n-, -): . num--n-s " niman "", balw-i--s "" balwjan ".

:
1. , ;
: amen auk qia izwis - "
", qa izwis atei ik im - " () , ".
2.
. : ,
, .
.
3. : () ().
,
, . , , : ik qimands
gahailja ina - ", , ".
() : wairan + Part. I, duginnan / haban + Inf., .
4. , , (, , ).
5. " - ".
.
wisan "" wairan "" + II ( ). II wisan wairan ; . ,
,
41

: wisan, wairan .
6. . " - "

, "g-" : gahailjan
"" - hailjan "", gagaggan "" gaggan "",
gahausjan "" - hausjan "". ga-
,
;
(qiman "" - gaqiman "");
(gawadjon "", gasibjon "").
7. . " - "
.
:
) ja-, - -n: fulljan "" - fullnan "" fulls ""; )
:
--, -i-: lagjan "" - ligan "", dragkjan "" - drigkan "".
)
sik.
; laisjan "" - laisjan
sik "", ushafjan ""- ushafjan sik "". : haban "" - haban sik "".
.
, : wahan "" "", skaidan "" "", gawandjan "" "". : gawandjan gawandjan sik "".
:
1.
2.
3.
4. ()
5. , . . .
42


. II .
. II d / d , -ded , -- II. , : 1 i / -j, 2 -, 3 ai / -a, 4
n / -na.
- ,
, -
.

.
. , -
, , .

:
1. , ( );
2. , ()
( ).

:
1. , , , , , I ;
2. , ;
3. ,
, ;
4. II, .

43


I
: -ei-, -ai-, -i-, -isteigan staig stigun - stigans ""
h: i>ai: teihan taih taihun - taihans ""
II
; -i-, --, -u-, -ukiusan - kaus - kusun - kusans ""
h: /u/ > /au/ [o]: tiuhan tauh tauhun - tauhans ".
(ga)-lkan "" lka // /iu/, II .
III
: -i-, --, -u-, -ubindan - band - bundun - bundans ".
r i > ai [e], u > au [o]; wairpan - warp - waurpun waurpans ""
wairan - war - waurun - waur "".
IV
: -i-, -a-, --, -uniman - nam - nemun - numans "".
r: i > ai [e], u > au [o]: bairan - bar - berun baurans "".
V
: -i-, --, --, -igiban - gaf - gebun gibans "".
h: i > i [e]
saian - sa saiun - saians ".
bidjan ", "
-j- :
bidjan - ba - bedun bidans.
fraihnan "" -n-: fraihnan - frah - frehun - fraihans.
i
- (. * - * - ). ,
, * - *. ,
, 44

: I - i, II
- u; III - + ;
IV - ; V
.
VI
VI - (.
* - , - ). .
: --, --, --, --:
faran - fr - frun - farans "".
hafjan "", (ga)skapjan "", skajan
"", hlahjan "", frajan "", wahsjan ""
-j-: hafjan - hof hofun - hafans.
standan n- : standan - st - stun; II , standan - .
VII .
1. .
I , ai [ai] :
haitan - haihait - haihaitun - haitans ""
II , au [au]:
aukan - aiauk - aiaukun - aukans ""
stautan - staistaut - staistautun stautans ""
III , :
fhan - faifh - faifhun - fhans ""
IV , :
slpan - saislp - saislpun - slpans ""
V , :
pan aip - aipun pans ""
2. .
,
- :
ltan - lailt - lailtun - ltans "".
saian "" waian "":
saian - saiso - saisoun saians
waian - waiwo - waiwoun - waians.

45


, .
:
-da ( 1 3 . ) - nasida /
-de ( 2 . ) - nasides
-dd ( . , ) - hasidedum " ", hasidedi " (
) ";
-- ( II) - nasis "".
. .
I
i / -j: nasjan nasida - nasidedum "".
I , :
1) : andbahts "" - andbahtjan "", daus
"" - daujan "". , .
2) : hrains "" - hrainjan "", fulls "" - fulljan "". .
3) ( ),

: sitan "" - sat "" ( V )
satjan "". . ligan "" ( V )
- lag "" - lagjan ""; drigkan "" ( ) dragk "" dragkjan "".
I , . . , ,
;
4) : hazjan "", siujan "", taujan "", skjan "", hrpjan "", wpjan ", "".
II
-: salbn - salbda - salbdedum - salbs
"".

:
1) : salba "" - salbn "", fisks "" fiskn "". II , in- / -an- inon / -anon: frauja
46

"" - fraujinon "". -inon / -anon , , -in -an: ragin "" - raginon "", iudans
"" - iudanon "". inon / -non ,
-in- -n- : skalks "" - skalkinn "",
leikis "" - leikinn ", reiki "" - reikinon "";
2) : wairs "" - wairn "";
3) : mitan ( V ) "" mitn "".
III
-i / -: haban - habaida - habaiddun - habais
. 30
, , :
1. , : saurga "" saurgan "", eila "", "" - (ga)eilan "".
2. , : arms "", "" - arman "", weihs "" - weihan "".
3. , : ains "" - (ga)ainan
"".
4. : sifan "", ulan "", munan
"", fijan "", haban "", "liban "", witan "".
IV
0 -n / -n: fullnan - fullnda - fullndedum.
II . -n- : full-n-a, full-n-i-s, full-n-i-. n-.
- . : - , :
1. : usgutnan "" ( giutan "",
II ), (fra)lusnan "" ( fraliusan "", II ), (and)bundnan "" ( andbindnan "", III ).
; bund-um " " - and-bund-n-an "".
2. : fullnan "" fulls
"", mikilnan "" mikils ", (ga)hailnan "" hails "".
47

IV , ,

: fulljan "" fullnan
"" fulls "", (ga)hailjan "" (ga)hailnan "" hails "", "". I ,
(gahailjan " -"), IV -
(gahailnan "",
"").
IV , , .
.

: . nimi-s " ".
: , 3-
(.
nimai, nmi), 1 3 . (. nam).
:
1, 3 .
(. nam).
.
.
,
( -i / -j, -, -ai / -a, -n / -n ).
. ,
I : nim-i-s "
" (i - ), -s - 2- . ),
nim-a-i-s " " ( - , i - , -s 2- . ); nas-j-i-s " " (j - , i - , -s - 2- .
.), nas-j-a-i-s " " (j - , - , i - , -s 2- . .).

2 3 (salb--s " ", -
II , -s- 2 . ); hab-ais " ", -ai - III , -s - 2- . .
. . - .
48

V VI
-n -j: fraih-n-is " "
(V ), haf-j-is " " (VI ).
: frah "", hf "". VI
standan "" -n-:
sta-n-d-i-s " " ( -n- : st " ()
").
(-da-, -de-, -ded-), , : laist-i-da " () ", laist-i-de-s " ", laist-ided-um " ".
I , (. waurkjan "", bugjan "" . .), . /h/, ta (. waurhta).
i-, -: nim--i-s " ". (nm-i " "). i, // = <i> -j-: nm-ei-s " ", nm-j-au " ".
,
. . 2-
: -t - (nam-t " "), -s - (nasi-de-s " "). : , 1-
. (nim-a) " + " .
1- . (nim-au) -au
- ,
.

49


( niman )


. .
. .
. .

1 .
2 .
3 .
1 .
2 .
1 .
2 .
3 .

nim-a
nim-i s
nim-i -
nim- s
nim- a ts
nim- a - m
nim- i -
nim- a - nd

nim-au
nim-a i s
nim-a i
nim-a i wa
nim-a i ts
nim-a i ma
nim-a i -
nim-a i - na

nim
nim - a - dau

nim a ts
nim a m
nim i
nim a ndau

. .

1 .
2 .
3 .

. .

nim- a da
nim- a za
nim- a da
nim- a - nda

nim- a i dau
nim- a i zau
nim- a i dau
nim- a i ndau

nim- a nd s

. .
. .
. .

1 .
2 .
3 .
1 .
2 .
1 .
2 .
3 .

nam
namt
nam
nmu
nm uts
nm um
nm u
nm un

nm j au
nm ei s
nm i
nm ei wa
nm ei ts
nm ei ma
nm ei
nm ei na

numans

50


( haldan , )

hald-au
hald-a i s
hald-a i
hald-a i wa
hald-a i ts
hald-a i ma
hald-a i
hald-a i na

. .

1 . Halda
2 . Haldi s
3 . Haldi
. .
1 . Hald s
2 . Hald a ts
. . 1 . Hald a m
2 . Hald I
3 . Hald a nd

. .

1 .
2 .
3 .

. .

hald- a da
hald- a za
hald- a da
hald- a nda

hald
hald a dau

hald a ts
hald a m
hald i
hald a ndau

hald- a i dau
hald- a i zau
hald- a i dau
hald- a i ndau

hald a nd s

. .
. .
. .

1 .
2 .
3 .
1 .
2 .
1 .
2 .
3 .

Haihald
haihal st
Haihald
Haihaldu
haihald uts
haihald um
haihald u
haihald un

haihald jau
haihald ei s
haihald i
haihald ei wa
haihald ei ts
haihald ei ma
haihald ei
haihald ei na

haldans
. 2- . st
haldan - : + t = st, . . *haihald + t > haihalst. . haihaist <
*haihait + t, banst < *band + t.

51


( nasjan , salbon , haban ,
fullnan )

. .
..
. .

I
nasjan
nas j a
nas j i s
nas j i
nas j s
nas j a ts
nas j a m
nas j i
nas j a nd

1 .
2 .
3 .
1 .
2 .
1 .
2 .
3 .

II
salbon
salb
salb s
salb
salb s
salb a ts
salb m
salb
salb nd

III
Haban
hab a
hab a i s
hab a i
hab s
hab a ts
hab a m
hab ai
hab a nd

IV
fullnan
fulln a
fulln i s
fulln i
fulln s
fulln a ts
fulln a m
fulln i
fullna nd

I
. .
. .

1 .
2 .
3 .
1 .

nasjan
nas j au
nas j a i - s
nas j a - i
nas j a i - wa

2 .

nas j a i ts

. . 1 .

nas j a i ma

2 .
3 .

nas j a - i
nas j a i na

II
salbon
salb
salb s
salb
salb wa

III
haban
hab au
habais
hab a i
habaiwa

IV
fullnan
Fulln au
fullnais
Fulln a i
fulln a i
wa
salb ts
habaits
fulln a i
ts
salb ma haba i ma fulln a i
ma
salb hab a i fullnai
salb na haba i na fulln a i
na

I
nasjan
. .

1 .
2 .
3 .

II
salbon

nas ei
nas j a - dau

salb
salb dau

52

III
haban

IV

fullnan

hab a i
full n
*hab a full n
dau
a dau

. .
. .

1 .
2 .
1 .
2 .
3 .

nas j a ts
nas j a m
nas j i
nas j a ndau

salb ts
salb m
salb
salb ndau

*hab a ts
habam
habai
habandau

Fullnats
fulln am
fullni
fulln a
ndau

I
. .
. .

nasjan
nas j a da
nas j a za
nas j a da
nas j a nda

1 .
2 .
3 .
1 .

II
salbon
salb da
salb za
salb da
salb nda

III
haban
hab a da
hab a za
hab a da
hab a nda

IV
1

I
. .

nasjan
nas j a dau
nas j a zau
nas j a - dau

1 .
2 .
3 .

II

III

salbon
salb dau
salb zau
salb dau

haban
hab a i dau
hab a i zau
hab a - i dau

IV

. . ndau. nasjands, salbonds, habands, fullnands


. .

II

III

nasjan

salbon

haban

1 .

nasida

salb da

hab a i da

2 .

nasides

salb de s

hab a i de
s

3 .

nasida

salb da

hab a i-da

53

IV

fullnan
fulln
da
fulln
de
s
fulln da

. .

1 .

nasiddu

salb dd u

2 .

nasidduts

salbdduts

. . 1 .

nasiddum

salb dd um

2 .

nasiddu

salbddu

3 .

nasiddun

salb ddun

haba i dd
u
habai dd
uts

fulln
ddu
fulln

dd
uts
habaidd
Fulln
um
dd
um
habaiddu Fulln
dd
u
habaiddun Fulln
dd
un

.
.

.
.

I
nasjan
nas i dd
j au

II
salbon
salb dd
j-au

III
haban
hab a i dd
j-au

2 .

nas i dd
ei s

salb dd
ei s

haba i dd
ei s

3 .

nas i dd
i
nasidd
ei wa

salb dd i
salb dd
ei wa

hab a i dd
i
hab a i dd
ei wa

nas i dd
ei ts

salb dd
ei ts

hab a i dd
ei ts

nasi dd
ei ma

salb dd
ei ma

hab a i dd
ei ma

2 .

nas i dd
ei

salb dd
ei

hab a i dd
ei

3 .

nas i dd
ei na

salb dd
ei na

hab a i dd
ei na

1 .

1 .
2 .

. 1 .
.

nasis, salbos, habais, fullnos.


54

IV
fullnan
fulln
dd j
au
fulln
dd ei
s
fulln
dd i
fulln
dd ei
wa
fulln
dd ei
ts
fulln
dd ei
ma
fulln
dd ei

fulln
dd ei
na

: /i:/ = <ei> ; . was - j - i


- s , wand - ei - .
1 , . ji- : -ji- > -ei- (*wandji > wandei).

" + ".
-
- , , . . :
witan " wait "", ""- witum " ". ,
: mag " ", " ", mag-t " " ( - magan ""). . nam " ", " ",
nam-t " " niman "", ". II - , . . , -a / -ta. -
.
-
:
I : witan "" - wait " ", " " (. ., . .)
witun " " (. ., . .); wissa () " (-ssa < *t + *ta) ., . ., wissedun " " (., . .), II .
II : *dugan "" - daug "" (. ., . .) .
III : *kunnan "", "" - kann "", "" (. ., .
.), kunnun " " (. ., .); kuna () " (. . .),
kunedun " " (. . .), kuns "" ( II).
III , kunnan, aurban
: arf " " (. . . .), aurbun " " (.
. . .), aurfta ", " (. . .), aurfts "", "
( II). (ga)dars ", " " (. ., . .), (ga)daursum " " (. . 1 .,
. .); (ga)daursta ", " (. . .), (ga)daurstedun " " (. . .), II .
55

IV : *skulan " " - skal " () " (. . . .)


skulun " " (. . . .); sculda " () (. . .),
slculdedun " " (. . .); sculds "" (. II).
IV , skulan, munan
"", "": man " , " (. . . .), (ga)munu
"" (. . . . 2 .); (ga)muneima " " (.
. . 1 . . .); (ga)munda ", " (. . .), mundedun "
, " (. . .), munds "" ( II).
V : *magan "": mag " ", " " (. . . .),
magun " " (. . . .); mahta " () " (. . .),
mahtedun " " (. . .), II mahts.
VI : *ogan "": og "" (. . . .); ohta ", " (. . .), ohtedun "o " (. . .). VI
(ga)motan " ", 1 . .. - (ga)moteima
" ",
. . 3 - (ga)motedun " ".


, :
- briggan .
. , ta, -ted; brahta <
*bratedun, brahtedun .
- gaggan .
II (gaggans) VII . *gaigagg, *gaigaggun
: iddja / , iddjedun .

(. iddjes, iddjedum).
: gaggida .
- wisan , .
V . <*wes- (.: wisan was
wesun). I wisands. II . B . *es-. .

56


. .
im
is
ist

1 .
2 .
3 .

. .
siju

. .
sijum
siju
sind

= ( wes-, . wesjau)
1 .
2 .
3 .

. .
sijau
sijais
sijai

. .
sijaima
sijai
sijaina

.
- wiljan "".
(< . *uel-),
:
1 .
2 .
3 .

. .
wiljau
wileis
wili

. .
wileits
-

. .
wileima
wilei
wileina

- wiljands. : wilda "" (. .). 3- .


. wildedi " ", 2- ..
wildedei " ".
, ,
,
II.
, II. ,
, .
7.
.
.
57


: 1)
, 1 100; 2)
(),
12 70 100. ,
100; 3) . .
, ahtau < .. *oktau
( ), . . 4 ; . .. *k, . akis , , . acus .

1 20: 1 - ains, 2 twai (..) twos (..), 3 - reis, 4 fidwor, 5 - fimf, 6 - saihs, 7 - sibun, 8 - ahtau, 9 - niun, 10 - taihun.
11 - ainlif, 12 - twalif -lif (.
af-lifnan , bi-leiban < . *li
). 14 - fidwortaihun, 15 - fimftaihun
-taihun,
: < *(?).
20 100 : 20 - twai
tigjus, 30 - reis tigjus, 60 - saihs tigjus -u-
*-tigjus , taihun.
70 - sibuntehund, 80 - ahtautehund, 90 - niuntehund, 100 taihuntehund , -tehund
-taihun.
hunda (. hunda-fas ), .. *hund
( ),
. hund taihuntehund
. , tehund
, . hund
/ taihuntehund : fimfhundam taihuntewjam fimfhundam - taihuntewjam ,
.
200 - twa hunda, 300 - rija hunda ..
, 1000 - usundi (.., -j-): twos
usundjos (2 000) . .; 10 000 - taihun usundjos, 20 000 - twai tigjus
usundjo.

,
.

: 1 3 - ains, twai, reis
: ains , twai, reis
:
58

.
.
.
.

..
twai / reis
twaddje / rije
twaim / rim
twans / rins

..
twai / twaddje / rije
twaim / rim
twa / rija

..
twos / -/twaim / twos / rins

4 19
,
,
-i-. , mi aim twalibim
(.. 12 ),
wintriwe twalibe (..), af fidwor
windam .
20 60 -u-

.
70 100 .
, 200 900,
--
.
usundi
j, .
,
,
d(t)a / -dja (<*. a / -ia).
: ridja , ahtuda , niunda
, saihsta , fimfta , taihunda , fimftaihunda
.
.
fruma (..), frumo (..), frumei (..)
anar (..), anaro (..), . Fruma
, -ein, anar
(
, ta).

,

bi,

asuh,

arjizuh

(.: twans ansuh, bi twans )


: bai, tweihnai ,
fal: fidurfal (.: falan
).
59

8.
-
: , , ,
, , .
,
.. .
1- 2-
: 1)
; 2) ;
3) 2 ,
, : , .
(.. )
,
. 1- 2-
(.: ik , u , uns , )
, - ,
(.: mein-a , mi-s , mi-k
).
1
2
..
..
..
..
..
..
. ik
wit
weis
u
jut
jus
. meina
ugkara
unsara
eina
igqara
izwara
. mis
ugkis
uns(is)
us
igqis
izwis
. mik
ugkis
uns(is)
uk
igqis
izwis
*sik,
,
,
1- 2- :
.
.
.
.

. .

seina
sis
sik

. .

seina
sis
sik

. .

seina
sis
sik

3- , 1
2- , : is , it , si .

60

.
.
.
.

..
is
is
imma
ina

.
.
.
.

eis
ize
im
ins

. .
..
ita
is
imma
ita
. .
ija
ize
im
ija

..
si
izos
izai
ija
ijos
izo
im
ijos


3- (.:
: i-s / dag-s; s-i / maw-i; iz-e / dag-e)
(.: imma / amma, is / is, ina / ana).

ein
, ar : meins , eins , unsar , seins
, izwar , ugkar , .
,
unsar izwar .
meins (. .) / unsar (. .), ..
. . .

.
.
.
.

..
meins
meinis
meinamma
meinana

.
.
.
.

unsarai
unsaraize
unsaraim
unsarans

. .
..
mein(-ata)
meinis
meinamma
mein(-ata)
. .
unsara
unsaraize
unsaraim
unsara

..
meina
meinaizos
meinai
meina
unsaros
unsaraizo
unsaraim
unsaros

,
(),
,
- . , sa , ata ,
so , ,
, uh ,
61

, , ,
: sah, soh, atuh , , .
,
: jains (), jain , jaina , sama, sa sama
, samo .
*hi ( ) himma daga ,
hina dag , und hita .
sa, ata, so, .. ,
uh,
:
. .
..
..
..
.
sa, sah
ata, atuh
so, soh
.
is, izuh
is, izuh
izos, izozuh
.
amma, ammuh
amma, ammuh
izai, izaih
.
ana, anuh
ata, atuh
o, oh
. .
.
ai, aih
o, oh
os, ozuh
.
ize, izeh
ize, izeh
izo, izoh
.
aim, aimuh
aim, aimuh
aim, aimuh
.
ans, ainzuh
o, oh
os, ozuh

*: ni e haldis
, ize , due , jae
.
jains, jain, jaina ,
sama, sa sama .

sa, ata, so
-ei , : saei , , atei ,
, soei , .
,
-ei.

: ikei , , uei , , juzei
, , izei , ,
, , ,
.

,
.
:
62

..
.
.
.
.
.

..

..

as ,

a ,

o ,

is

is

izos

amma

amma

izai

ana

aar , arjis , iluks



.

: 1) as, a, o
jabai , -; 2)
sums , sum(-ata) , suma ,
; 3)
uh: azuh , ah , oh ,
.

.
.
.
.

. .

. .
. .

azuh

ah

izuh

izuh

ammeh

ammeh

anoh

ah

. .
oh

oh

heh
, .

hanzuh; 4)
arjis ,
:
.
.
.
.

. .

. .

arjis

arjatoh

arjizuh

arjizuh

arjammeh

arjammeh

arjanoh

arjatoh
63

. .

arjoh


: 1) ni , +
manna (as, ains); hun
. ni ainshun,
:
.
.
.
.

. .
ni ainshun
ainishun
ainummehun
ainohun

. .
ainhun
ainishun
ainummehun
ainhun

. .
ainohun

ainaihun
ainohun


: sa azuh saei , ,
ata hah ei .

, ,
, , .
9.
-
: (, ) .
, .


: 1) r / a ,
?: ar , her , jainar , aljar , inna
, uta , faura , afta , iupa ,
dalaa , na , fairra ; 2) ro / aro /
ana , : aro ,
jainro , aro , utaro/utana , aftaro/aftana ,
hindana , ufaro , iuparo/iupana , dalaro
, fairraro , allaro ; 3) -(d) / -dre
, : a/adei
, hidre , jaind/jaindre , a/adre , alja , dala ; 4) , ?
: inn , ut , faur , iup , ne
: landis
, andwairis , bisunjain .
64


: (): nu , ju , nauh
air , suns , simle , ufta , anaks ;
n: an ,
an , suman ;
: himma daga , gistradagis
, du maurgina , ni aiw .
, ,
( swa , swe , aiwa ).
a
/ja, i, u ba: abrs abra-ba , analaugns analaugn-i-ba , *aglus
agl-u-ba , sunjis sun-ja-ba ..
/ j,
, , , galeiko <
galeiks , , iudisko < *iudisks ,
iubjo < *iubeis . gos
waila .

: hauhis > hauhiza ,
mais > maiza , aljaleikos > aljaleikoza
(z > s ).

(.. ist):
maist > maists , frumist > frumists
, aftumist > aftumists .
10.

, , faur , , ,
, .
nea , ,
fairra , , in/inna , , hindar/hindana ,
..
:
,

.
, ,
utaro/utana , .

:
65

, : af , alja , du ,
faura , fram , , mi , , undaro , us , .
, : and , airh
, wira , faur , undar , inuh/inn ;
, : afar
, ana , , at , , , bi , , , hindar
, uf , ufar , und , ;
, : ufaro
;
, ,
: in , -, , .

.

:
) : jah , , aiau , ai , i/au/aau,
ak , ak , nu , , annuh , an ;
) ,
:

jabai , nibai/niba
;

swe , an/ande , , bie,


mianei , faurizei , unte, und, and
;

hauhjabai , sweauh
;

swaei , swaswe
;
) , ,
: auk , unte, allis, raihtis , , , swaswe
, jue / jae ... , ... .

, . ,
: ei / ei / e , .
saei , atei .
:

: ja / jai , , ne , ni , nei
, au ;

( ): -u , (niu
; -ei (saei , )
; uh , , (iddjuh , sah, sa+uh
) - .
66

, ,
: ei! o! , , wai! , , sai! .
: hiri , !.
11.

.
.
.
:
1) () nahts , dags
, gasts ;
2) stain-ein-s , distairan , ga-qums ;
3) fotu-baurd , ufar-fulls
, ubil-waurdjan , ;
:
) : salba salbn , ubila
ubilaba ;
) : manna gaman , ,
laugnjan galaugnjan
) (): bairan barn
baur berusjos ;
) : blinda
, nasjands , .

:
ga-hlaib-a

(
+
), niman : anda-nam-t-s ( +
+ ).

:
1) ,
in / an, -jin / jan: skulan skul-a ,
razn ga-razn-a , fisks fisk-ja ;
2) -areis,
(< arius): boka bokareis , wulla - wullareis
.
;
3) j, n, jn: ius iwi
, arbi arb-jo , magus mawi (<*magwi) ;
67

4) - : -n-, -l-, -ka-: guma


gum-ein-s ; barn barni-l-o ; Gibi-ka,
Runilo, Totila, Wulfila ( ).
;
5) : -/ -t-, -u-, -ou- / -odu-: bauran gabaur--s , kiusan
kustus , wraton wrat-ou-s
; -ein-, -n-, -ain-, -in-: balwan balw-ein-s
, salbon salbon-s , trauan trau-ain-s
, sokjan *sok-in-s ;
6) assu- / -nassu-:
skalkinon skalkin-assu-s ;
7) : -ei(n)-, ia-, -du-: hauhs hauh-ei , hauh-ia , mikils
mikil-du-s .
: ein-, -g-/-h-, -isk-: gul gul-ein-s , *gredus
greda-g-s , barn un-barna-h-s , gu
gu-isk-s .
,
:
I : -j- (nas-j-an )
II : -- (salb--n )
III : -ai-/-a- (hab-a-n , hab-ai-da )
IV -n- (full-n-an )

. : ) ga-, dis-, fair-, fra-;
) - faura-, in-,
wira-. ga-
un-: hlaifs ga-hlaiba ; hrainei un-hrainei
.
,
: ga-,
(qiman gaqiman ),
(wandjan gawadjon
), (hausjan gahausjan
). dis- (tairan
distairan ); fair-
(waurkjan fairwaurkjan ). fra-
(niman franiman ),
(qistjan fraqistjan )
(giban fragiban ).
68


: 1 1 + 2 ;
2 .
(af-domjan af-domeins
, af , , , domeins
), (gus af-gus
, fulls ufar-fulls ),
(e bie ). / +
: ana-aukan , mifaginon , inn-at-gaggan , wira-gangan
. .

: fortu-baurd , godakunds .

(,
): skaurda-raips
. :
baurgs-waddjus ,
. ,
: naht-a-mats ,
aug-a-dauro . :
. filu-waurdjan fimftaihun
. ,
,
: daur (. ., --), augadauro
(.., -on-).

,


ei,
: mianei , faurizei ,
anei , atei .

. , , , manniskodus ,
ahmateins , gahobains ,
, (,
miwissei , gagudei ),
(.
daupjan, daupeins).

69

12.
( )
,
.
.

(
) ,
, .
.
, ,
: haubi meinata , o giba eina
, sunus mans , . ubils manna ,
*ahma unhrains .
.


()
1 3 ,

rignian , huggrjan .
, ..
,
.

: . sunus gudis
.

/ : qa imma / qa du imma
.
: fraqistida allans / allaim (. , . )
.


:
1) , . . , ,
I + ,
, :
innatgaggadin imma in ... ...; atgangandin imma af fairgunja
;

70

2) accusativus cum infinitivo, . . ,


:
insandida ina merjan ; hausidedu ina siukan
, ;
3) / ,
, : usgangandan ina in daur
; jah waurans dags gatils
.
, ,
.

.



,
: ,
,
.

, ..
,
(. 9).
,
,
.
( ). ,

,
.
, , I
: ... ak lew gibandans izwis hoftuljos
fram unsis ,
(
,
-).
,
.
,
,
.
() - laiktj(ns) < . lectio.
71


, - (
, )
,
.
IV - VI .
, ,
.
13.
, ,
.

. , .

, , , ,
. /
.
, , .
. . . - ,
, (. : . atta ,
. *faar, , , abba fadar ) .
/ , / (. .
aii , . *moar, . aha , . ahma , . azets ).

/ , , . ieo . ; . mims . ;
. hoha , . . ,
( - / . ). ., , . sleia , , sleiei < sleis , 72

; figgragul (< . *figgr + gul ); . gadrauhtins (< . *driugan , + . *-ti. +


.*-oni).
/
/ .
. : . saiws , ,
, , . marei , ,
. marisaiws . ,
/ .
, , . hrukjan , ( ), . krusts .

- . , (. ), - , , ,
/ , , , , , , , ., . .
. / , , . fula , ( )
.
, - (. gahobains , afgudei ) (. gamains > gamaindus , gamainei , gamainja ).

,
, , -
. ,
.
,
, . ,
VII . ,
. , 73

,
() - (. . lukarn < . lucerna , . aurali , . faskja < . fascia , . speculatur ). . paurpura < . purpura , . aketis < . acetum , . kaisar < . Caesar
, .
- ,
( . siponies
< . *sekw- ).

, ,
,
. ., , . aikklesijo < . ekklesia
, . spwreidains , . aggilus
< . ngelos , , . aiwxaristia , , , . diabulus , . parakletus , .
hairaiseis , , . daimonaries , (. .).
: . - - . smakka , .
abba () , . kaurban (), . asanna ,
. rabbei .
-,
( ),
, : .
ahmiens < . pneumatikos; . armaio ,
armahairtei (-s) (-) < . misericors (-dia). : . swnagogafas .
(. .
anakumbjan < . accumbere ).
, (.
. and-huleins , liugna-praufetus ) (kaisar-gild , ).
- : . aromata , . balsan , . nardus , , . skaurpjo
, . smwrn .

: . plat < . *plat, . plinsjan < . *plsati. . .
, , ,
, -.
74

-
( ),
, () .

, /
- () . - - (. 1).
-
, , - , . . 70 ,
-
. : . ans
. ss ; . hrot . hrt , , .
, , ( ) : . saus , . saur ;
. naus . nr ; . fraiw . fr, frj ; . riqis
. rkkr ( , , -); . wion . via , ; . airnei . hverna ; . ga-razna . granni ; . gud-ja . go-i , . , (, , , ), - l n
(. 1).
, - - , ,
.
-
, ,
(-
, -, , ,
. ,
))
, .
75

,
-, , ,
. , . hoha .
huoh(ili) , .

. , , , . atta (. Attila, ), . fadar : .
abba fadar ( ). . atto , . fater,
- .

*- / ei-(gos) 3 .: . is, . er , . hann, . . h / h. . . . 1
.: . mis - . mir , . weis . wir .
-
, . . / , . , . airzia / airzi
, (< . airzjan ) .
irrida , ; . nasjan . nerian ; . laisareis
. lrri ; . rinno , . rinna , ; . urruns , , (< *us-runs) . urruns(st)
, , . ga- / gi-: . ga-daila . gi-teilo () (< . dails, .
teil , ); . ga-hlaiba . gi-leipo , ,
(< . hlaifs, . leip ); . ga-wairi (< . wairs ) - . gi-wurt , , (,
. conventio). .
.
- , ; . . abgot - . afgus
, afgudei ( ). ,
,
(X .). . ,
(. / , 20).

76


, VI ( )

1. Atta unsar u in himinam, weihnai namo ein.


2. Qimai iudinassus eins.

3. Wairai wilja eins, swe in himina jah ana airai.


4. Hlaif unsarana ana sinteinan gif uns himma daga.
5. Jah aflet uns atei skulans sijaima, swaswe jah weis afletam
aim skulam unsaraim.
6. Jah ni briggais uns in fraistubnjai, ak lausei uns af amma
ubilin.

1.
, .
2.
.
3.

( ).

, VIII

1 Dala an atgaggandin imma af fairgunja, laistidedun afar


imma iumjons managos.
2 jah sai, manna rutsfill habands durinnands inwait ina
qiands: frauja, jabai wileis, magt mik gahrainjan.
3 jah ufrakjands handu attaitok imma qiands: wiljau, wair
hrains! jah suns hrain war ata rutsfill is.
4 jah qa imma Iesus: sai ei mann ni qiais, ak gagg, uk
silban ataugei gudjin jah atbair giba oei anabau Moses du
weitwodiai im.
5 afaruh an ata innatgaggandin imma in Kafarnaum,
duatiddja imma hundafas bidjands ina

77

6 jah qiands: frauja, iumagus meins ligi in garda uslia,


harduba balwis.
7 jah qa du imma Iesus: ik qimands gahailja ina.
8 jah andhafjands sa hundafas qa: frauja, ni im wairs ei uf
hrot mein inngaggais, ak atainei qi waurda jah gahailni sa
iumagus meins.
9 jah auk ik manna im habands uf waldufnja meinamma
gadrauhtins

jah

qia

du

amma:

gagg,

jah

gaggi;

jah

anaramma: qim, jah qimi; jah du skalka meinamma tawei ata,


jah tauji.
10 gahausjands an Iesus sildaleikida jah qa du aim
afarlaistjandam: amen, qia izwis, ni in Israela swalauda galaubein
bigat.
11 aan qia izwis atei managai fram urrunsa jah saggqa
qimand, jah anakumbjand mi Abrahama jah Isaka jah Iakoba in
iudangardjai himine:
12 i ai sunjus iudangardjos uswairpanda in riqis ata
hindumisto; jainar wairi grets jah krusts tuniwe.
13 jah qa Iesus amma hundafada: gagg, jah swaswe
galaubides wairai us. jah gahailnoda sa iumagus is in jainai
eilai.
14 jah qimands Iesus in garda Paitraus, [jah] gasa swaihron
is ligandein <jah> in heitom.
15 jah attaitok handau izos jah aflailot ija so heito; jah urrais
jah andbahtida imma.
16 at andanahtja an wauranamma, atberun du imma
daimonarjans managans, jah uswarp ans ahmans waurda jah
allans ans ubil habandans gahailida,
17 ei usfullnodedi ata gamelido airh Esaan praufetu
qiandan: sa unmahtins unsaros usnam jah sauhtins usbar.
18 gasaiands an Iesus managans hiuhmans bi sik, haihait
galeian siponjans hindar marein.
78

19 jah duatgaggands ains bokareis qa du imma: laisari,


laistja uk, isaduh adei gaggis.
20 jah qa du imma Iesus: fauhons grobos aigun, jah fuglos
himinis sitlans, i sunus mans ni habai ar haubi sein
anahnaiwjai.
21 anaruh an siponje is qa du imma: frauja, uslaubei mis
frumist galeian jah gafilhan attan meinana;
22 i Iesus qa du imma: laistei afar mis jah let ans dauans
<ga>filhan seinans dauans.
23 jah innatgaggandin imma in skip, afariddjedun imma
siponjos is.
24 jah sai, wegs mikils war in marein, swaswe ata skip
gahuli wairan fram wegim; i is saislep;
25

jah

duatgaggandans

siponjos

is

urraisidedun

ina

qiandans: frauja, nasei unsis, fraqistnam.


26 jah qa du im Iesus: a faurhtei, leitil galaubjandans!
anuh urreisands gasok windam jah marein, jah war wis mikil.
27 i ai mans sildaleikidedun qiandans: ileiks ist sa, ei
jah windos jah marei ufhausjand imma?
28 jah qimandin imma hindar marein in gauja Gairgaisaine,
gamotidedun imma twai daimonarjos us hlaiwasnom rinnandans,
sleidjai filu, swaswe ni mahta manna usleian airh ana wig
jainana.
29 jag sai, hropidedun qiandans: a uns jah us Iesu, sunau
gudis? qamt her faur mel balwjan unsis?
30 wasuh an fairra im hairda sweine managaize haldana.
31 i o skohsla bedun ina qiandans: jabai uswairpis uns,
uslaubei uns galeian in o hairda sweine.
32 jah qa du im: gaggi! i eis usgaggandans galiun in
hairda sweine; jah sai, run gawaurhtedun sis alla so hairda and
driuson in marein jah gadaunodedun in watnam.

79

33 i ai haldandans galauhun jah galeiandans gataihun in


baurg all bi ans daimonarjans.
34

jah

sai,

alla

so

baurgs

usiddja

wira

Iesu,

jah

gasaiandans ina bedun ei uslii hindar markos ize.



1.
(
, , ,
.).
2. , [] [u] : fairguni,
attaitok,

wair,

sai,

wair,

waurda,

gadrauhtins,

wairai,

waurans, sauhtins, gasaiands, haihait, daimonarjans, baurgs.


3. ,
: habands,
jabai, ataugei, bidjands, iumagus, sildaleikida, afarlaistjandam,
swalauda, galaubein, managai, iudangardjai, adei, grobos, aigun, haubi.
4. , :
laistidedun, frauja, jabai, hrains, ataugei, wiljau, anabau, weitwodiai, inngaggais, atainei, meins, gadrauhtins, uswairpanda,
wairai, haihait.
5. , <gg> = []: gagg, gaggan, duatgaggandans,
gaggis, innatgaggandin, usgaggands, inngaggais.
6. , /

qa,

qiands,

gasaiands, saislep, kiusan, andhafjan, faigunja, qimandin, qimand, afar, dauands, gadaunodedun.

80

7. - , .
8. , : jainar, harduba, dala, an,
fairra, jainro.
9. I, , .
10. , 1, 5, 16, 23, 28.
.
11. ,
.
12.
: ) ; )
; ) - ; ) : laistidedun, gahrainjan, attaitok, wiljau, wair,
gagg, bidjan, andhafjan, gahailni, sai, ataugei, im, uswairpan,
sildaleikidedun, qian, habai, aflailot. ,
.
13.
: )
; ) ;
) . : manna, fairguni, frauja, Iesus, gudja, giba,
iumagus, gards, gadrauhts, baurgs, galaubei, marei, ahma, atta,
siponeis, swein, war, marka, skip, daimonareis.
14. , . : gamotidedun, faur,
gahailida, urraisidedun, gudis, waurda, habands, dala, oei, ni,
praufetus, sunus, mahta, galaubides, iumagus, anahnaiwjai,
81

mikils, galaubjandans, gataihun, hindar, ize, o, driuson, fram,


tuniwe.
15. : ) ; ) ; ) ; ) : dala, in, af, afar, hindar,
an, ak, uf, ei, bi, ufar, fram, ar, du, faur, jabai, wira, jah, uh.
16. .
2 . . . .
17. : ! ? , .
18.
/ .

, XVIII

1 ata qiands Iesus usiddja mi siponjam seinaim ufar


rinnon o Kaidron, arei was aurtigards, in anei galai Iesus jah
siponjos is.
2 wissuh an jah Iudas sa galewjands ina ana stad, atei ufta
gaddja Iesus jainar mi siponjam seinaim.
3 i Iudas nam hansa jah ize gudjane jah Fareisaie
andbahtans, iddjuh jaindwairs mi skeimam jah haizam jah
wepnam.
4 i Iesus witands alla oei qemun ana ina, usgaggands ut
qa im: ana sokei?
5 andhafjandans imma qeun: Iesu, ana Nazoraiu. aruh qa
im Iesus: ik im. stouh an jah Iudas sa lewjands ina mi im.
6 aruh swe qa im atei ik im, galiun ibukai jah gadrusun
dala.
7 aroh an ins aftra frah: ana sokei? i eis qeun: Iesu,
ana Nazoraiu.
8 andhof Iesus: qa izwis atei ik im; jabai nu mik sokei,
leti ans gaggan.
82

9 ei usfullnodedi ata waurd atei qa, ei anzei atgaft mis,


ni fraqistida ize ainummehun.
10 i Seimon Paitrus habands hairu, uslauk ina jah sloh is
auhumistins gudjins skalk jah afmaimait imma auso taihswo; sah
an haitans was namin Malkus.
11 aruh qa Iesus du Paitrau: lagei ana hairu in fodr. stikl
anei gaf mis atta, niu drigkau ana?
12 aruh hansa jah sa usundifas jah andbahtos Iudaie
undgripun Iesu jah gabundun ina,
13 jah gatauhun ina du Annin frumist; sa was auk swaihra
Kajafin, saei was auhumists weiha is atanjis.
14 wasuh an Kajafa, saei garaginoda Iudaium atei batizo ist
ainana mannan fraqistjan faur managein.
15 aruh laistida Iesu Seimon Paitrus jah anar siponeis. sah
an siponeis was kuns amma gudjin jah miinngalai mi Iesua
in rohsn is gudjins.
16 i Paitrus sto at daurom uta. aruh usiddja ut sa siponeis
anar, saei was kuns amma gudjin, jah qa daurawardai jah
attauh inn Paitru.
17 aruh qa jaina iwi, so daurawardo, du Paitrau: ibai jah
u ize siponje is is mans? i is qa: ni im.
18 aruh stoun skalkos jah andbahtos haurja waurkjandans,
unte kald was, jah warmidedun sik; jah an was mi im Paitrus
standands jah warmjands sik.
19 i sa auhumista gudja frah Iesu bi siponjans is jah bi
laisein is.
20 andhof imma Iesus: ik andaugjo rodida manasedai; ik
sinteino laisida in gaqumai jah in gudhusa, arei sinteino
Iudaieis gaqimand, jah iubjo ni rodida waiht.
21 is mik fraihnis? fraihn ans hausjandans a rodidedjau
du im; sai, ai witun atei qa ik.

83

22 i ata qiandin imma, sums andbahte <at>standands gaf


slah lofin Iesua qauh: swau andhafjis amma reikistin gudjin?
23 andhof <imma> Iesus: jabai ubilaba rodida, weitwodei bi
ata ubil, aiau jabai waila, due mik slahis?
24 anuh insandida ina Annas gabundanana du Kajafin,
amma maistin gudjin.
25 i Seimon Paitrus was standands jah warmjands sik. aruh
qeun du imma: niu jah u ize siponje is is? i is afaiaik jah
qa: ne, ni im.
26 qa sums ize skalke is maistins gudjins, sah nijis was
ammei afmaimait Paitrus auso: niu uk sa ik in aurtigarda mi
imma?
27 aruh aftra afaiaik Paitrus, jah suns hana hrukida.
28 i eis tauhun Iesu fram Kajafin in praitoriaun. anuh was
maurgins.

eis

ni

iddjedun

in

praitoria<un>,

ei

ni

bisaulnodedeina, ak matidedeina pasxa.


29 aruh atiddja ut Peilatus du im jah qa: o wrohe bairi
ana ana mannan?
30 andhofun jah qeun du imma: nih wesi sa ubiltojis, ni au
weis atgebeima us ina.
31 aruh qa im Peilatus: nimi ina jus jah bi witoda
izwaramma stoji ina. i eis qeunuh du imma Iudaieis: unsis ni
skuld ist usqiman manne ainummehun.
32 ei waurd fraujins usfullnodedi, atei qa, bandwjands
ileikamma dauau skulda gaswiltan.
33 < aruh> galai in praitauria aftra Peilatus jah wopida Iesu
qauh imma: u is iudans Iudaie?
34 andhof Iesus: abu us silbin u ata qiis au anarai us
qeun bi mik?
35 andhof Peilatus: waitei ik Iudaius im? so iuda eina jah
gudjans anafulhun uk mis; a gatawides?

84

36 andhof Iesus: iudangardi meina nist us amma fairau;


i us amma fairau wesi meina iudangardi, aiau andbahtos
meinai usdaudidedeina, ei ni galewis wesjau Iudaium. i nu
iudangardi meina nist aro.
37 aruh qa imma Peilatus: an nuh iudans is u?
andhafjands Iesus <qa>: u qiis ei iudans im ik. ik du amma
gabaurans im jah du amma qam in amma fairau ei
weitwodjau sunjai. azuh saei ist sunjos, hausei stibnos
meinaizos.
38 anuh qa imma Peilatus: a ist so sunja! jah ata
qiands <aftra> galai ut du Iudaium jah qa im: ik ainohun
fairino ni bigita in amma.
39 i ist biuhti izwis ei ainana izwis fraletau in pasxa; wileidu
nu ei fraletau izwis ana iudan Iudaie?
40 i eis hropidedun aftra allai qiandans: ne ana, ak
Barabban; sah an was sa Barabba waidedja.

1.

.
.
2.

usiddja,

gaiddja, iddjuh, wissuh, afaiaik, im, was, atgebeima, kuns, drigkau, leti.
.
3.

. -

, : andhof, sto, leti, atgaft, atiddja, tauhun,


usfullnodedi, slahis, gabundun, miinngalai.
4.

, -

. (. . .

85

.): skalkos, siponjan, Iesu, rinnon, daurawardai, gudjins, andbahtos, fraujins, gaqumai, mans.
5.

20, -

.
6. ,
. : aurtigards, jaindwairs, daurawardo,

usundifas, hundafas, miinngaleian,

gudhus.
7.

: ) ;

rodjan,

maurgins, pasxa, matjan, sandjan, gaggan, managei, sokjan, praitoriaun, fraihnan, siponeis, andbahts, gu, qian, weitan, waurkjan, slahs, hana, Iudaieis, swaihra.
8.

,
.
9.

: gaggan, stad, sokjan, manna, standan, laisjan,


maurgins, slahs, warmjan, gu, sandjan, bindan.
10. ( 10, 26, 27)
7 ( ). ,
.
11. ,
: ) ; ) : . - .
fraihnan; . daus - . tot; . mikil - . mihhil; .
paura - . faurhtjan; . hindar - . hintaro; .
- . taihswa; . tiuhan- . ziehen; . kalds - . kalt;
. ik - . ich; . primus - . fruma.
86

12. ,
: . auso- . ear, . Ohr; . laisjan - . learn,
. lehren; . hausjan - . hear, . hren; . maiza . more, . mehr.
13. ,
: . sandjan - . send, . senden;
. hafjan - . heave, . heben; . ubils - . yfel,
. bel; . lagjan - . lecan, . legen; . fulljan - .
fyllan, . fllen.
14. , / ; :
bindan - band - bundun - bundans; letan - lailot - lailotun letans; faran - for - forum farans; kiusan - kaus - kusun - kusans
15. . .
16. /
.
17. : .
. ?

, VI

1 Jah ussto jainro jah qam in landa seinamma, jah


laistidedun afar imma siponjos is.
2 jah bie war sabbato, dugann in swnagoge laisjan, jah
managai hausjandans sildaleikidedun qiandans: aro amma
ata, jah o so handugeino so gibano imma, ei mahteis swaleikos
airh handuns is wairand?
3 niu ata ist sa timrja, sa sunus Marjins, i broar
Iakoba<us> jah Iuse<zis> jah Iudins jah Seimonis? jah niu sind
swistrjus is her at unsis? jah gamarzidai waurun in amma.
87

4 qa an im Iesus atei nist praufetus unswers, niba in


gabaurai seinai in ganijam in garda seinamma.
5 jah ni mahta jainar ainohun mahtai gataujan, niba fawaim
siukaim handuns galagjands gahailida.
6 jah sildaleikida in ungalaubeinais ize jah bitauh weihsa
bisunjane laisjands.
7 jah athaihait ans twalif jah dugann insandjan twans
anzuh jah gaf im waldufni ahmane unhrainjaize.
8 jah faurbau im ei waiht ni nemeina in wig, niba hrugga
aina, nih matibalg nih hlaif nih in gairdos aiz,
9 ak gaskohai suljom: jah ni wasjai twaim paidom.
10 jah qa du im: isaduh ei gaggai in gard, ar saljai,
unte usgaggai jainro.
11 jah swa managai swe ni andnimaina izwis nih hausjaina
izwis, usgaggandans jainro ushrisjai mulda o undaro fotum
izwaraim du weitwodiai im. amen, qia izwis: sutizo ist
Saudaumjam aiau Gaumaurjam in daga stauos au izai baurg
jainai.
12 jah usgaggandans meridedun ei idreigodedeina.
13 jah unhulons managos usdribun jah gasalbodedun alewa
managans siukans jah gahailidedun.
14 jah gahausida iudans Herodes, swikun allis war namo
is, jah qa atei Iohannes sa daupjands us dauaim urrais, <jah>
due waurkjand os mahteis in imma.
15 anarai an qeun atei Helias ist; anarai an qeun
atei praufetes ist swe ains ize praufete.
16 gahausjands an Herodes qa atei ammei ik haubi
afmaimait Iohanne, sa ist: sah urrais us dauaim.
17 sa auk raihtis Herodes insandjands gahabaida Iohannen
jah gaband ina in karkarai in Hairodiadins qenais Filippaus brors
seinis, unte o galiugaida.

88

18 qa auk Iohannes du Heroda atei ni skuld ist us haban


qen brors einis.
19 i so Herodia naiw imma jah wilda imma usqiman jah ni
mahta.
20 unte Herodes ohta sis Iohannen, kunnands ina wair
garaihtana jah weihana, jah witaida imma jah hausjands imma
manag gatawida jah gabaurjaba imma andhausida.
21 jah waurans dags gatils, an Herodes mela gabaurais
seinaizos

nahtamat

waurhta

aim

maistam

seinaize

jah

usundifadim jah aim frumistam Galeilaias.


22 jah atgaggandin inn dauhtar Herodiadins, jah plinsjandein
jah galeikandein Heroda jah aim mianakumbjandam, qa
iudans du izai maujai: bidei mik isizuh ei wileis, jah giba
us.
23 jah swor izai atei isah ei bidjais mik, giba us und
halba iudangardja meina.
24 i si usgaggandei qa du aiein seinai: is bidjau? i si
qa: haubidis Iohannis is daupjandins.
25 jah atgaggandei sunsaiw sniumundo du amma iudana
ba qiandei: wiljau ei mis gibais ana mesa haubi Iohannis is
daupjandins.
26 jah gaurs waurans sa iudans in izai aie jah in ize
mianakumbjandane ni wilda izai ufbrikan.
27 jah suns insandjands sa iudans spaikulatur, anabau
briggan haubi is. i is galeiands afmaimait imma haubi in
karkarai.
28 jah atbar ata haubi is ana mesa jah atgaf ita izai
maujai, jah so mawi atgaf ita aiein seinai.
29 jah gahausjands siponjos is qemun jah usnemun leik is jah
galagidedun ita in hlaiwa.

89

1. .
, , . .
.
2.
. .
3. . .
4. / : timrja, swistar, dauhtar, sunus,
mahts, twalif, usdreiban, broar, daupjan, usgaggan, usqiman.
5. : niu, nist,
jainro, aro, usundifas, isazuh, sunsaiw, sniumundo,
iudangardi, mianakumbjan.
6. : ) ; ) ; ) : sa, ata, o, so, aro, izwis, sutizo,
sunsaiw, sniumundu, atei, aiau, unte, amen, auk, raihtis.
7. ( ) : fraihnan, sa, broar, fruma,
iddja, manags, waldufni, haubi, hlaifs, mahts.
8. ,
: urraisjan, gabaurs, atgaf, mesa, managai,
witaida, wair, waurans.
9.
, / .
10. jah, .
11. .
12. : . . .
90

, VIII

1 In jainaim an dagam aftra at filu managai managein


wisandein jah ni habandan a matidedeina, athaitands siponjans
qauh du im:
2 infeinoda du izai managein, unte ju dagans rins mi mis
wesun jah ni haband a matjaina;
3 jah jabai fraleta ins lausqirans du garda ize, ufligand ana
wiga; sumai raihtis ize fairraro qemun.
4 jah andhofun imma siponjos is: aro ans mag as
gasojan hlaibam ana auidai?
5 jah frah ins: an managans habai hlaibans? i eis qeun:
sibun.
6 jah anabau izai managein anakumbjan ana airai; jah
nimands ans sibun hlaibans jah awiliudonds gabrak jah atgaf
siponjam seinaim, ei atlagidedeina faur; jah atlagidedun faur o
managein.
7 jah habaidedun fiskans fawans, jah ans gaiujands qa ei
atlagidedeina jah ans.
8 gamatidedun an jah sadai waurun; jah usnemun laibos
gabruko sibun spwreidans.
9 wesunu-an ai matjandans swe fidwor usundjos; jah
fralailot ins.
10 jah galai sunsaiw in skip mi siponjam seinaim, jah qam
ana fera Magdalan.
11 jah urrunnun Fareisaieis jah dugunnun misokjan imma
sokjandans du imma taikn us himina, fraisandans ina.
12 jah ufswogjands ahmin seinamma qa: a ata kuni taikn
sokei? Amen, qia izwiz: jabai gibaidau kunja amma taikne.
13 jah afletands ins, galeiands aftra in skip uslai hindar
marein.
14 jah ufarmunnodedun niman hlaibans jah niba ainana hlaif
ni habaidedun mi sis in skipa.
91

15 jah anabau im qiands: saii ei atsaii izwis is


beistis Fareisaie jah beistis Herodis.
16 jah ahtedun mi sis misso qiandans: unte hlaibans ni
habam.
17 jah frajands Iesus qa du im: a aggkei unte hlaibans
ni habai? ni nauh fraji nih witu, unte daubata habai hairto
izwar.
18 augona habandans ni gasaii, jah ausona habandans ni
gahausei jah ni gamunu.
19 an ans fimf hlaibans gabrak fimf usundjom, an
managos tainjons fullos gabruko usnemu? qeun du imma: twalif.
20 aan an ans sibun hlaibans fidwor usundjom, an
managans spwreidans fullans gabruko usnemu? i eis qeun: sibun.
21 jah qa du im: aiwa ni nauh fraji?
22 jah qemun in Beaniin jah berun du imma blindan jah
bedun ina ei imma attaitoki.
23 jah fairgripands handu is blindins ustauh ina utana
weihsis jah speiwands in augona is, atlagjands ana handuns
seinos frah ina ga-u-a-sei?
24 jah ussaiands qa: gasaia mans, atei swe bagmans
gasaia gaggandans.
25 aroh aftra galagida handuns ana o augona is jah
gatawida ina ussaian; jah aftra gasatis war jah gasa
bairhtaba allans.
26 jah insandida ina du garda is qiands: ni in ata weihs
gaggais, ni mannhun qiais in amma wehsa.
27 jah usiddja Iesus jah siponjos is in wehsa Kaisarias izos
Filippaus: jah ana wiga frah siponjans einans qiands du im:
ana mik qiand mans wisan?
28 i eis andhofun: Iohannen ana daupjand, jah anarai
Helian: sumaih an ainana praufete.

92

29 jah is qa du im: aan jus, ana mik qii wisan?


andhafjands an Paitrus qa du imma: u is Xristus.
30 jah faurbau im ei mannhun ni qeeina bi ina.
31 jah dugann laisjan ins atei skal sunus mans filu winnan
jah uskiusan skuld ist fram aim sinistam jah aim auhumistam
gudjam jah bokarjam jah usqiman jah afar rins dagans
usstandan.
32 jah swikunaba ata waurd rodida; jah aftiuhands ina
Paitrus dugann andbaitan ina;
33 i is gawandjands sik jah gasaiands ans siponjans
seinans andbait Paitru qiands: gagg hindar mik, Satana, unte ni
frajis aim gudis, ak aim manne.
34 jah athaitands o managein mi siponjam seinaim qa du
im: saei wili afar mis laistjan, inwidai sik silban jah nimai galgan
seinana jah laistjai mik.
35 saei allis wili saiwala seina ganasjan, fraqistei izai: i saei
fraqistei saiwalai seinai in meina jah in izos aiwaggeljons,
ganasji o.
36 a auk botei mannan, jabai gageigai ana fairu allana
jah gasleiei sik saiwalai seinai?
37 aiau a gibi manna inmaidein saiwalos seinaizos?
38 unte saei skamai sik meina jah waurde meinaize in
gabaurai izai horinondein jah frawaurhton, jah sunus mans
skamai sik is, an qimi in wulau attins seinis mi aggilum
aim weiham.

1.
: letan - fraletan, haitan - athaitan, ligan - ufligan, lagjan - atlagjan, sokjan - misokjan, swogjan ufswogjan, munnon - ufarmunnon, saian - atsaian, niman -

93

usniman, greipan - fairgreipan, standan - usstandan, waurkjan frawaurkjan.


2.
, . .
3. 1-12
.
4.
ga-.
: sitan - gasitan, matjan - gamatjan, brikan gabrikan, leian - galeian, saian - gasaian, hausjan gahausjan, munan - gamunan, gaggan - gagaggan, lagjan galagjan, satjan - gasatjan, wandjan - gawandjan, nasjan - ganasjan, sleian - gasleian.
5. . .
6. .
7. , - .
8. / : speiwan, (us)kiusan, saiwala, galga,
aggilus, horinon, fula, hlaifs, hairto, skip, qemun.
9. (,
) : hlaifs, augo, marei,
gards, rodjan, fisks, ligan, sokjan, ahma, atta, niman, haban.
10.

: , , , , ,
, , , , , , , , , ,
, , , , , .
11. / ,
, .
94

a
aba (n) (. . abne, . . abnam) ; . afe ,
, . . uobo .
abu, . af.
af (. .) , , ; abu = af + . . u; .
af, .f, of, . aba, ab, . ab (<*ap), . ap.
afaikan (. 7) (. afaik) , ; .
(in-) eihhan .
afar (. . [. .] . [. .]) ,
; . avar, abur, . aparam .
afara (n) (. , 1, 5) ; . eafora, .
aaro.
afargaggan , (-).
afarlaistjan , .
afarltan (. 7) , .
afaruh (.) , (); afar + . uh.
afltan (. 7) .
afmaitan (. 7) .
afniman (. 4) , .
aftiuhan (. 2) , .
aftra (.) , ; . aptr , , . fter, .
. after.
aggilus (u i) ; . engell, . nl, . engil, .
engil ( . ).
agis () (. agisis) ; . eesa, esa, ., .
egiso (n), . egisa (n).
ahaks (i) (. , ?) () .
2

95

ahma (n) ; . aha (n) , . ahta .


ahtuda (.) (. .- . , I, 59
ahtudim); . ahtau ; . eahtoa, . . ahtodo, . octo.
aigan (.) ; 1, 3 . . . ih, 1 . . aigum, 2 .
. ihu, 3 . . aigun; 3 . . . ihta, 3 . . ihtdun,
. I aigands; . eigan, . n, . gan, . eiga.
ains (.) ; . ein; . n, . n, . einn, . unus.
ainshun (.) , (. . ,
XVIII, 9, 31 - ainummhun).
ara () ; . era, . eore, . jr, . erda, ero.
aiei (n) ; . eide , . eia , edda ; . . um, . eidum ; . . iti, . eit .
ais () (a) ; . th, . , . eir, . eid. ; . . eth .
aiau (.) ; . od(h)o, ed(d)o, . , . eddo, .
.
aiwaggeli (ja), aiwaggeljo (n) (.
).
aiws ( i) , ; . . aiw (.)
: ni aiw ; . wa , . fi , ,
. . aevum .
aiz () , ; . r, . r ; .
. aes, . aeris , , . urdu .
ajukds (i) .
ak (.) ; . oh, . , . ak.
akran () ; . akarn ;
. ackeran , , . rn; . akrs
(), . akr, . r, . akkar, . achar , ; .
. agrs, . ager.
alakjo (. .) , .
aldomin (. , I, 36) . . ;
aleis ; . altuom , . ealdom .
96

alew () ( . oleum .
laion ).
alewja (. .) (. .).
alhs (.) , . ealh, . alah ; . . alkas
, .
allis (.) , ; (.) .
alls (. .) , , ; . al(l), . eall, .
all, . allr.
amen (. . ).
an (., . .) .
n (.) , ; . n(), . n, . an. . . an .
anabiudan (. 2) , , .
anabusns (i) , ; . bysen, bisn
, . . anbusni , . bsn ; .
. .
anafilhan (. 3) .
anahnaiwjan (. 1) , .
anakumbjan

(.

1)

accumbere (*ad-cumbo).
and . . , , , , ; . ant-, int-, ent. . . ante , . ant .
andahafts (i) . andanahti (ja) ; nahts.
andaugjo (.) ; . aug.
andbahtjan (. 1) ; . embtta , , . ambihtian, . ambahten.
andbahts () ; andbahti (ja) ; . ambeht,
. ambahteo, . ambaht; . . ambtt , ; . (. . ambactus
).
andbeitan (. 1) . , , .
andbindan (. 3) .

97

andeis (ja i) ; . ender, ende, . ende, . endi,


. enti . . . anti, antos ().
andhafjan (. 6) .
andhausjan (. 1) .
andniman (. 4) , .
andwari (ja) , ; . waran; .
antwart .
ansts (i) , ; . st, . st, . anst.
nr (. .) , ; . annar ntara , . , . ar, . andar anderhalb (.).
. . antras .
armahartei (n) ; . armherz; .
misericors, misericordia; . arms ,
hart .
asts () ; . . ast; . . zos, . ost.
at (. . [. .] . [. .]) , ,
, ; . at, . t, . at, . . . . ad.
atani (ja) ; at n .
ataugjan (sik) (. 1) (-).
atbaran (. 4) .
atgagaggan .
atgaggan (. 7) , , .
atgiban (. 5) , .
athaitan (c. 7) .
atlagjan (. 1) , , .
atsaan (. 5) , , .
atstandan (. 6) .
atta (n) ; attila ( , ? 453), .
atte, . atto; . . . atta, . .
attkan (. 7) . .
attiuhan (. 2) , .
aan (.) , , , .
98

auft, ufto (.) , .


augjan (. 1) ; . eygja, . gan, . ougen.
augo (n) ; . auga, . , . ga, . ouga; .
. oculus, . / .
ahuma (.) . ; . ahumists.
auk (.) , , ; . auk, ok, . , . k,
. ouh.
artigards (i) ; . artja ,
gards (.); . orteard, orcead , a. orchard
.
auso (n) ; . r, . re . . r. . .
auris (<*uasis) . os.
auida () ; aus / auseis , . d.
awiliudon (. 2) ; awiliu () .
b
bagms () ; . bagn, . bmr, . bam, .
bm, . boum.
bai , ba (.) ; . b, b, . bde, beide (*bei
diu). . . amb .
baran (. 4) (), , ; . bera, .
. . beran. . . ferre , fr, . bhrmi .
bargahei (n) ; . . bjarg , .
beor, . . berg . . . .
barhts (.) () , , ; bairhtaba (.),
bairhtei (n) , ; . beraht, . beorht, briht.
balwjan (. 1) . ; . . .
bandwjan (. 1) ; . benda; bandwa (n)
.
barn () , (. II bairan); . . .
barn, . bearn.
99

batiza . . gs; . beiro.


bargs (.) , , ; . borg, .
bur, . . burg , .
beidan (. 1) . ; . ba, . . bdan, .
btan.
beist () , .
bi (. . .) , , , , , ; . .: bi sunjai (. II, 32) ; .
. b, . bi.
bida () , ; . beda, . beta.
bidjan (. 5) ( j . ., . ba) ,
; (. 1, 10) (.) . . . beidandans
ei . i; . bija, . biddan, . biddian, . bitten. . .
fdere .
bigitan (. 5) (. bigast) ; . geta , , . biietan , , , . bigetan , , . pigean , .
bie (. .) , ; . bi e.
bimaitan (. 7) .
bindan (. 3) ; . binda, . . bindan, .
bintan. . . bndhati .
bisaan (. 5) .
bisaulnan (. 4) .
bisitan (.5) . . I:
bisitandam (. , 1, 65) .
bisunjane (.) .
bitiuhan (. 2) : bitauh weihsa bisunjane
(. M, VI, 6) .
bi (.) , ; (.) , ; .
bi, ata.
biudan (. 2), , ; 100

, . anabiudan, faurbiudan ; . bja, . bodan,


. biotan. . . .
biuhti (ja) , .
blinds (.) () ; ., . blind, . blindr, . blint.
. . blands .
bokareis (ja) ; . bcere, . uchri; boka
() , . bokos ; . bc, . bkr, . bouh.
botjan (. 1) / ; bota () .
briggan, bringan (.3) (. brhta) , ; . brinan (brhte), . bringan (brhta).
broar (r) ; . bror, . bror, . brir, .
bruoder. . . frter, . (* ).
bugjan (. 1) (. bahta) ; . bycan, .
buggian; . byggia ().
d
dags () ; . dagr, . d, . dag, . tag.
. . dgti .
daimonareis (ja) , ( . damn)
dala (.) , ; . dals ( dal ) ; . dalr , . dl , . dal , . tal .
. . .
daufs (b) (.) () ; . daufr, . daf, . toub.
dahtar (r) ; . dttir, . dohtor, . dohtar, .
tohter. . . duhitr
daupeins (i ) ; . toufi(n); . diups .
daupjan (. 1) ; . daupjands . (-nd) ; . deypa , . depan, dyppan , ,
. dpian, . touffan .

101

dar () , (); ., . dor, .


tor. . . drys .
darawarda

()

darawardo (n) , ; . dar wardja


(n) .
daus () (., .?) ; . diwan (.5)
; . daur, . dad, . dd, . tt.
dauus (u) ; . daui, . dad, . dth, . td.
disdriusan (. 2) -.
drig(g)kan (. 3) ; . drekka, . drincan, .
drinkan, . trinkan.
driusan (. 2) ; . drosan, . driosan, . trran
.
driuso (n) , .
drobnan (. 4) , . . drobjan
(. 1) .
du (. .) ; . t, . zuo, za, ze, z.
duatgaggan (. 7) .
duginnan (. 3) ( .); . . be/oninnan, . biginnan.
due (p.) , , ; . du e.
dumbs (.) ; . dumbr, ., . dumb, . tumb.
durinnan (. 3) .
due, due (., .) , , ().

ei (. ., .) , , , , .
eian (.) .
eis ; . is.
eisarn .. (a) ; . sa(r)n; . *sarna-.

102

f
faginon (. 2) , ; . fagna, .
fnian, ., . faginn.
fahes (. , 1, 14 faheds) (i) .
fargreipan (. 1) . .
farguni (ja) .
farus (u) () , , ; .
. fjr , . feorh , , ., .
fer(a)h , , , .
farina () , ; . firn . , .
firn, . . firina , .
farra (.) , ; . fjarre, . feorr, . fer, .
ferro. . . pr , . porro .
farraro (.) , .
fareisaius (u i) ( . . , .-. ).
faho (n) ; . fa, . voha , fuhs .
far(a) (. . . .) , , ,
, , .
faragaggan (. 7) , .
faraqiman (. 4) -.
farbiudan (. 2) ; . farbiotan.
farhtjan (. 1) ; faurhtei ; . fyrhtan, .
forhtan, fur(i)hten.
fawai (.) . () (*faus); . fa, fawa, .
f(h), fao. . . pauci .
fera () , .
fidwor (.) ; . fjrir, . fower, . fi(u)war, fior,
. fior.
filhan (. 3) , , ; . fela, .
folan , . bifelhan , . (bi)felahan.
filigri (ja) , .
103

filu (. .) ; . fil ( ), .
fe(a)la, . . filo, filu. . . pols, . plnus.
fimf (.) ; . fimm, . . ff, . fimf, finf.
fisks () ; . fiskr, . fisc, . fisk, . fisc.
. . piscis, . .
fodr () ; . fr , . for , , . fuotar , .
fotus (u) ; . ftr, . . ft, . fuoz. . .
ps/pdis, . pos/pods, . .
frabugjan (. 1) .
fragifts (i) ; fragiban (. 5) , . giban;
. . (vir)gift , ; . gipt , . .
gift, . ift, yft , .
frahnan (. 5) (. frah frehum, . frahans)
; . fregna, . frinan. . frgon, . frgn.
. . precr.
fraisan (. 7) , .
fraistubni (jo)
fraletan (. 7) , , .
fram (. .) , , ; (.) ; . . .
fram, . from.
framaldrs (.) ; fram aldra; alan ; . . aldr, . ealdor , . aldar, . altar ,
. . . altus , alere .
fraqistjan (. 1 .) ; . firquisten
fraqistnan (. 4) .
fraqian (. 5) , .
frajan (. 6) ( -j .) , ,
; . frai (ja) , fros / frods ; . fri
, , . fruoti .
frauja (n) , , *; . fr, . frio,
frao, . friega, . freyr ( ). . . -.
104

frawarhts (.) () ; . (i) ; . farworaht.


frodei (n) , , ; . fros ;
. fruot.
fruma , frumist . . (.) .
frumist (.) , ; frumists . fruma
(.) , ; . . frumburr , .
fruma , . fruma . . . primus, . prmas.
fugls () ; . fugl, . fuol, . fugal, . fogal.
fula (n) ; . foli, . fola, . folo. . .
plos , . pullus .
fulljan (. 1) ; . fylla, . fyllan, . fullian,
fullon, . fullen.
fullnan (. 4) , .
fulls (.) () , ; . fullr, . ful, . full,
. fol(l); . . pilnas, . , . plnus, . polys.
g
gabaran (. 4) , ; . giberan.
gabaurjaba (.) , .
gabars (i) , , ; . byr, .
ebyrd, . giburd, . giburt.
gabindan (. 5) , , .
gabrikan (. 4) , ; . (gi)brehhan.
. . frangere.
gabruka () .
gadaunan (. 4) , .
gadrahts (i) ; . drtt , . dryht , .
truht . . . .
gadriusan (. 2) .
gadrobnan (. 4) .
105

gafahrjan (. 1) .
gafilhan (. 3) .
gafulljan (. 1) .
gafullnan (. 4) .
gagaggan (. .) .
gageigan (. 3) , ; . gingn .
gagg () , , ; . gangr , gang ,
. n, ., . gang .
gaggan (. .) (. iddja gaggida)
; . ganga, . onan, . gangan, . gangan, gn, gn.
gahaban (. 3) , , .
gahailjan (. 1) .
gahailnan (. 4) , .
gahausjan (. 1) .
gahrainjan (. 1) .
gahuljan (. 1) , .
garda () ; (bi)gairdan . . gards; .
gura, . gurten, gurtil(a), . gurdian, . urdan.
garnjan (. 1 .) ; (faihu)gairns ; .
girna, . iernan, . girnian; . geron.
galagjan (. 1) .
galaubeins (i) ; . . elofa, . gilo, .
gilouba.
galaubjan (. 1) ; . liufs (b) ; a. elyfan,
. gilian, . gilouben.
galaugnjan (. 1) , .
galeikan (. 3 .) .
galeian (. 1) , , ; , ; . la, . . lan, . ldan .
galewjan (. 1) , .

106

galga (n) , , ; . galgi, . gealga,


. galgo, . galga. . . alg .
galiugan (. 3) . . ; liuga . () .
gamarzjan (. 1) , .
gameljan (. 1) ; mel ; . maln . mla.
gamikiljan (. 1) .
gamotjan (. 1) (-); . mta, . mtan,
emtan, . mtian, . muoten .
gamunan (. .) , .
ganasjan (. 1) .
ganiman (. 4) ; ( ), , .
ganijis (ja) .
ganijo (n) .
gaqiman (. 4) .
gaqums (i) .
garaginon (. 2) . . .
garahtei (n) , ; . girihti, . gerihte .
garahts (.) , *; raihts ,
; . gereht. . . rctus, regere, rx.
gards (i) , , ; garda ; . garr ;
; ; ; . eard, . gard , ; , . gart(o) ; . . chrtos , ,
. hortus , . , .
gasaan (. 5) .
gasakan (. 6) , .
gasalbon (. 2) ; salbons . () ; .
salbon, salba.
gasatjan (. 1) , , .
gasitan (. 5) .
gaskohi (ja) , skohs () ; . skr, .
sc(h), . skh, . skuoh.
107

gasleijan (. 1) .
gasojan (. 1) ; sas ; . sdan. . .
saturre, . -, . sots.
gastandan (. 6) , , .
gaswiltan (.3) .
gataujan (. 1) , .
gateihan (. 1) , ; . ta, tj, .
ton, . gizhan , . . . dcere, .
deiknynai.
gatils (.) () , .
gatiuhan . 2) .
gaarsnan (. 4) ; gaairsan (. 3) ; . (far)dorrn.
gaiujan (. 1) .
galahsnan (. 4) , .
galiuhan (.2) , .
gaurs (.) () , .
gawandjan (. 1) , ; ~ sik .
gawarkjan (. . 1) .
gawi (ja), . . gaujis p, ; . gawi,
. gou, . g ( ). . *ga-awia (-)
, . . aa , . aqua.
gawisan (. .) .
giba () , ; . gjf, . iefu, . gea, . geba.
giban (. 5) ; . gefa, . iefan, . gean, .
geban. . . habre.
goleins (i/) .
goljan (. 1) ; . gla , . alan,
. galan, gellen , , .
gos (d) (.) (. batiza, . batists); .
gr, . od, . gd, . guot.
gredags (.) , gredus . (u) ; .
108

graugr, . rdi, . grdag, . grtag , .


greipan (. 1) , ; . grpa, . rn, .
grfan. . . griebti.
grets (?) ; . grtr (), . gr .
groba () , graban (. 6) ; . grf, .
gruoba. . . , .
gudhus () ; . gus; ., ., ., . hs.
gudja (n) , sa auhumista gudja ; . goe, gue, . gudija.
gudjinassus (u) , .
gudjinon (. 2) .
gu (d) (), . , (. guda
) ; .* gua ; . go, gu,
. od, . god, . got .
h
haban (. 3) ; . hafa, . habban, . hebbian,
. habn, hn.
hafjan (. 6) ( j . hafja . hof) , ; . hefja, . hebban, . hebbian, .
heffan, hevan. . . capere.
hailjan (. 1) ; hails , ,
; . heila, . hlan, . hlian, . heilan,
heiln. . . .
haims (. i-., . -.) , ;
. heimr , . hm , . hm, . heim . . . kima , . , . km .
harda () ; . hjrd, . heord, . herta.
. . .
harto (n) ; . hjarta, . heorte, . herta, .
herza. . . , . cor / cordis, . karda.
harus (u) ; . hjrr, . heoru.
109

haitan (. 7) (. hahit) , , (-),


; . heita, . hatan, . htan, . heian. . .
citre .
haizam . . (o hais ?) .
halbs ( .) () ; halba ; . halfr,
. healf, . half, . halb. . . scalpere
haldan (c. 7) (), ; . halda, a. healdan,
. haldan, . haltan, haldan.
hana (n) , . hane, . hana, . han. . .
canere , . i-kans (.. )
handugei (n) ; handugs (.) .
handus (u) ; -hinan , ; . hnd, .
hond, . hand, . hant . (u/i).
hansa () , ; . hs, . hansa.
harduba (.) .
hardus ( .) , , ; . harr, .
heard, . hard, . hart(i), herti; . . kratys(-os).
haubi () (d) ; . hafod, . hbid, . houbit,
houpt, . haufu; . . caput.
huhs ( .) , , , . huhista
( ); . hr (hr), . hah,
. . hh.
hari (ja) , . ; . hyrr .
hausjan (. 1) , ; . heyra, . hran,
hyran, . hrian, . hr(r)en. . . cavre , . akustiks.
heito (n) , , ; . heitr, . hat, .
ht, . hei (.) , hi(e)a. . . kaitra .
her (.) ; *his .; ., . . hr, . hiar, hr(a).
. . cis, citra .
hidre (.) ; . hera , . hider .

110

himins () ; . himinn; . heofon, . hean, . .


himil. . . , . hamo hamar .
hindar (.) . ., , , , hindana (.) , ; . hinder, . hintar, . hintri .
hindumists . (. . VIII, 12)
, .
hiuhma (n) , ().
hlaifs (b) (hlaibs, . , IV, 3) () () ;
. hleifr, . hlf, . hlf, . (h)leib; . . hlford (.
lord) , hlfdige (. lady) .
hlaiw . () .
hlaiwasnos . () ; .
hlauts () ; . hlautr - , . hlt,
. (h)l, hlioan , .
hnaiwjan (. 1) , ; hneiwan (. 1) ; . hneigja, . hngan, . (h)neigen ,
, hngan . . . nictre .
horinon (. 2) ; horinassus . (u)
. . . crus .
hrainjan (. 1) ; . hrnn, . reinnen, reinn.
hrains (., -i/-ja) ; . hreinn, . hrni, .
(h)reini.
hropjan (. 1) , , ; hrops . (?)
, ; . hrpa, hrpa, . . hrpan, . (h)ruofan (.
7) (h)ruofen (. 1). . . crepre .
hrot () , , ; . hrt, . . hrost , .
hrugga () .
hrukjan (. 1) , ( ); . . hraukr
.
huljan (. 1) (-); hulundi (jo) ; .
hylja, . bihullian, . hullen. . *celere, occulere
111

hundafas (d) (i) ; hunda . . (.) ;


faa . (o) ; . hunt, ., . hund. . . hekatn,
. centum, . , .
hunslastas (d) (i) , ; hunsl ()
stas (d) (i) o; . . hsl ;
.

aiwa (. .) , , -; .
(h)wio.
ana . as.
ar (. .) ; . hvar, ., . hwar.
arbon (. 2) , ; . hvarfa, , hwearfian,
. hwaron, . warbn.
as , o . , . (.); . : .
. ana , o , a ; . is , .;
. . amma , izai ; . e . .
qu, quod, . ks , .
adre, a, aro (.) , .
azuh , oh , ah (. .) ; as
uh.
e, . as. . . ; . .
-.
eila () , ; eilo oh (.) ; . hwl,
. hwl(a), . (h)wla. . . quitus .
ileiks, a(s) leik (.) (eleika - . , 1, 29)
(.) , ; . hvlkr, . hwylc, . hwilk, .
(h)welh. . . quis.
is, . as.
o, . as.

112

i
ibai (. . . .) ..., ; . ef, .
if, . ef, . ibu.
ibuks (.) , .
iddja . gaggan.
idreigon (. 2) , ; idreiga . (o) .
idweit () , ; . edwt, . itiw.
iftuma . (.?), iftumin daga
.
iggqis, igqis . u.
ik (.) ; : . . mik, . meina, .
mis; . . weis, . uns, unsis, . unsara, . unsis, uns;
. . wit, . . ugkis; . ek, . ic, . ik, . i(c)h. .
. eg, . .
im (. .), . wisan.
im . . is.
imma . . is.
in (. . . .) , , , -. . . in,
. en.
ina . . is.
infeinan (. 4) . du .
ingaggan (. .) .
inkilo (n) , . kilei.
inmaideins (i/) .
inn, inna (.) , , ; ., . inn, . . n.
innatgaggan (. .) .
innatgahts (i) .
insaan (. 5) .
insandjan (. 1) , .
inweitan (. 1) , ; . wtan , . wtan , . wan , .
113

inwidan (. 5) .
is (. ) , ita ; . . ina , ita ; . is
; . imma ; . . eis, ij; . ins,
ija; . ize, . im; . er, , si(u)
. . . is, id.
ita (.), . is.
i (.) , , ( ). . . et .
iumjo (n) , , , .
ize, . is.
izei ize , sei (. .) , ; .
. .
izwar (. .) ; . ower, . iuwar.
izwis, . u, jus.
j
ja (.) ; . j.
jabai (.) . . ibai.
jah (.) , ( ); . joh.
jainar (.) .
jaindwas (. ); . jaind
(.) waran, jains (.) (), . .;
. n, . (j)ener, . inn ( ). . . , .
jainro (.) .
jana, . jains.
ju (.)
juan (.) . ju an.
k
kalds (.) ; . kaldr, . ceald, calan ,
. kald, . kalt. . . gelre .
karkara () ; . carcer.
kas () ; . ker, . char, kar.
114

kilei (n) ; . . cild .


krusts .
kuni (ja) , ; . kyn, . nn, . kunni, .
kunni. . . genus, . gnos, . .
kunnan (.) ; . . 1 . kann, 2 . kant, . 1
. kunnum, 2 . kunnu, . kunnun, . kuna; . kunna,
. cunnan, . . kunnan , . . . (g)nscere , . gnskein .
kuns (.) ; . kunnr, . , . kth, .
kund.
l
lagjan (. 1) , . leggja, . lecan, . leggian,
. leg(g)en; . ligan.
laikan (. 7) (. lalik) ; laiks . (i) ;
. leika , . lcan , . leih , .
laisareis (ja) , ; . lerri.
laiseins (i/) . .
laisjan (. 1) , . lais (. .) , lists
, ; . lran, . lrian, . lren.
laistjan (. 1) , laists (i) ; . lstan, .
lstian, . leisten.
land () , ; . . . land, . lant.
latjan (. 1) , , , lats ; . letja, . lettan, . lettian, . lezzen .
laufs (b) () , ; . lauf, . laf, . lf, .
loub. . . ().
laugnjan (. 1) , -., ; . liugan (. 2) ; . leyna , . lenan,
. lgnian, . lougenen.
lausjan (. 1) , ; . laus (.) ()
115

ls/lsen,

las/lesan,

ls/lsian, . lauss.
lausqirs (.) () , . laus
qius .
leik () (), ; . lk, . lc, . lk, .
l(c)h; . . Leiche , . , , .
leitils (.) , (. minniza, .
minnists); . litell, . lytel, . luttil, . liuzil, luzzil.
leiu (. , 1, 15) . . ,
(. ?).
letan (c. 7) (. lalot) , , ;
. lta, . Itan, . ltan, . ln.
lewjan (. 1) ; lew . . () , ;
. lwan, . gi-, firlen.
ligan (. 5) ; . ligan; . . liggja, . lic(e)lan,
. liggian, . lig(g)en.
lofa ? (n) ; slah lofin (. , XVIII, 22)
, . lfe.
m
magan (.) , ; . . 1,3 .
mag, 2 . magt, . 1 . magum, 2 . magu, 3 . magun, .
. mahta, . mahtedun; . mega, . . magan, mugan.
magas () (i) ; magus (u) , ; .
m(e), . maga, . magad, magazogo .
mahts (i) , ; . mttr , . meaht,
miht, . . maht.
maists . . mikils; maizo; mais . . filu; sa
maista gudja (. , XVIII, 24, 26) ; . mestr, . mst, mst, . mst, . meist.
maitan (. 7) (npo. mamit) (), ; .
meita, . meian.
116

managei (n) , , ; . mengi , .


meniu , . . menig .
manags (.) ; . moni, mni, . . manag.
. . magnus.
manases (d) (i) , ; . manna -ses
, saian ; . s , . st (i) .
. . satus .
manna (.) , ; . . mnnn, .
mans, . mann, . . . mans, mannans, . manne, .
mannam; . mar, . mnn, . man(n), mon(n), manna, .
. man. . . .
manwjan (. 1) , ; manwus (u)
, manwuba (.).
marei (n) ; marisaiws . ; . saiws; . marr
(i), . mere (i) , . meri . (i) .(ja),
. meri mr . . . mare.
marka () , ; . mrk () ,
. mr, . mr, . marc(h)a; . . marg , .
matibalgs (i) , ( ); balgs . (i) ;
., . balg , (), . bielg, bel(i),
. belgr.
matjan (. 1) , , mats . (i) ; . mettan
(), . ma.
margins . ; . myrgenn, morgonn, . moren,
meren, . . morgan. . . ().
meins (. .) ; . mnn, ., ., . mn.
ml () , ; . ml, . ml, . ml ;
, .
meljan (. 1) , ; *mela () ,
; . . ; . mlan , . mlon, . ml,
mln , . mla ; . . mlam , .
mlas , . mlis .
117

menos () (.) (*
), mena . (n) ; , mnur, . mna,
. mnd; . . mn , . , . mensis.
merjan (. 1) , ; meria . (o) ,
; . mr , . mran, . mrian, . mr(r)en
; . *mar , ; . .
mraim , c. .
mes () , ; .-. mesa, . mnsa;
. mias, meas ?
mik, . ik.
mikiljan (. 1) , ; mikilnan (.
4) ; . mihhiln.
mikils (.) , . maiza, maists; . mikell, .
micel, mycel, . mikil, . mih(h)il. . . magnus, . mgos.
mis, . ik.
misso (.) , .
mi (. .) ; . m, . mid, mi, . mi, midi,
. mit, miti. . . met , , , .
mianakumbjan (. 1) ;
. accumbere.
mifaginon (. 2) , .
miinngaleian (. 1) .
misokjan (. 1) . , .
mianei (.) , .
mulda () , , . molta.
munn (.) (. man, . 2 . gamunu) , ; muns . (i) , ; . mann /-n .
. . menimi .
muns (i) ; . munnr, mur, . m, . m, .
munt . . . . . mentum mandere
.
118

n
nahts . (.) , *; ., . naht, . neaht,
niht, . ntt. . . nox, noctis, . nykts.
nahtamats (i) , , . nahts
mats.
nm (n) ; . . nmn, . namne, .
namnam; . nafn, . nm, ., . nm . . . nmen,
. noma
nasjan (. 1) ; naseins . (i/o) ; ganisan
(. 5) ; ., . nrian; . nr(r)n ,
, .
nah (.) , nu -(u)h; ., . noh.
nahan (.) , . nah an.
ne(a) (.) , , , ; neis (. .)
, nejan (. 1) ; . nah, . . nh(o).
neiwan (. 1) . .
ni (. .) , ; . ni, . n, . n, ., . ni, n.
niba, nibai (.) , , ; ni ba(bai).
niman (. 4) , , ; . nm, .
niman, . niman, nmn, . nmn.
nist = ni ist.
nijo (n) ; nijis . (ja) ; .
nir , , . . nias . . .
neps, . neptis .
niu (.) , , ni -u.
nu, nunu (.) , , ; . n, . n, .
n, nu. . . nunc, . .

119


ogan (.) , . . 1 . og, . . 1, 3 .
ohta, 3 . ohtedun (uhtedun); . . gn , gja , tte , . , ht , . hta
; . . ad-gor .
osanna (. .-. !).
p
paida () , , , . pfeit. . .
bait .
paska (pasxa) (. . pesah ).
plinsjan (. 1) .
pratorian (, ) (.).
prafetus, -es (u, i) (.).
q
qens (. , 1, 5 qeins, 28 qins) (i) ; qino
. (n) ; . kvn, kvn, . cwn, . qun, .
quen(n)a (n/o). . . gn , . gnos .
qiman (. 4) , ; . koma, ., . cuman, .
queman, kumen, komen. . . venre (*gvemi ), .
gimti .
qistjan (. 1) , ; . firquistan.
qian (. 5) , ; . kvea, . cwean, .
quethan, . quedan.
qius (u) , ; . kvir, . cwi(a), . quiti.
r
rabbei, rabbaunei , (. .-.
).
raginon (. 2) (-.); ragin . (a) , ; . ragna , . renian , ; . . ( ).
120

rahtis (., .) , , , ; . rehtes .


rahts (.) , ; . reht, . riht, .
reht, . rttr; . . rctus, regere.
razn () ; . rann, . rn, rn.
reikis, reikists .; reikists gudja ; rei(ei)ks
(.) ja/i ; () , ; .
rki, . rhhi, . rce, . rikr. . . regius, rx; . ?
. . r, rg .
rinnan (. 3) , ; . rinna, ., ., . rinnan.
. . .
rinno (n) , ; . rinna.
riqis () (. riqizis) ; . rkkr, . rouh, riohhan,
. rocan (-).
rodjan (. 1) , ; . r; . . rdid
.
rohsns (i) .
runs (i) ; . runs(t) , . rn; . run
.
s
sa , so , ata (. .) , , ; . s ,
s , at , . t , . that .
sabbato . (. . abbth
) . . . sambatag.
saei , soei , atei (. .) ; , ;
sa, so ata . -ei.
saggqa . . , ; . sigqan (. 3) ,
, ; . skkva, . sincan, ., . sinkan.
sah , soh , atuh (. .) , ;
sa + .-h, -uh.
sai (.) , ; . s (nu) (.).
121

sahs (.) , sahsta ; . sex, . six, ., .


sehs. . . sex, . hx.
saan (. 5) , ; . si, . son, ., .
sehan. . . sequi .
saiwala () ; saiws . , ; . swol, .
seola, . s(u)la.
sakan (. 6) , , ; sakjo (n)
, ; . saka, . sacan, sacian, . sakan,
. sahhan, sahha.
saljan (. 1) , , , .
selja, . sellan, . sellian, . sellen .
sandjan (. 1) , ( ); . sin .
(a) , ; . sendian, . sendan, . senten, . senda.
sas (.) () (sads, . , XV, 16); . sad,
. sd, . sar, . sat. . . satur, sa(tis), . sotus.
sahts (i) ; . siuks; . stt, ., ., . suht.
sei, . izei.
seins (. .) (, ); . snn, ., ., . sn.
si (.) ; . . ija, . izs, . izai; . . .
ijos, . izo, . im; . s. . . s.
sibun (.) ; . sibun, . sibun, . seofon, . siau;
. . septem, . hept.
sik (. . .) ; . sik, . sih. . . se, sibi.
silba (.) (); . sjlfr, . sylf, . self, . selb(o).
sildaleikjan (. 1) , ; . leik; . .
seldlc, . seldlk , , . seltan.
sineigs (.) (*sin-); . . senex.
sinista (n) (. . sineigs) .
sinteino (.) ; sinteins (.) ; . sin
. . . semper .
siponeis (ja) ; .?
sis (. . .) .
122

sitan (. 5) ; . sittian, . sittan, . sitja, .


sizzen; . . sedre, . sedti.
sitls () , , ; . setul, . seal
; . . sella (*sedl) , . , .
siuks (.) () ; siukan (. 2) ; siukei (n)
, ; . sjkr, . soc, . siok, . siuh, sioh.
siuns (i) , ; . sjn, sn, . sen, syn, .
siun.
skalks () , , ; . skalkr, . scealc, .
skalk, . skalc.
skaman sik (. . 3) . ; skama ()
; . scamn, . sceamian.
skattja (n) ; skatts () , ;
. skattr, . sceat, . skat, . ska(t)z, . sket
, . . .
skeima (n?) , ; . skeinan (. 1) , ; . skime, . scma ; ., . skmo ,
. . . skn (> ).
skip () ; ; ., . skip, . scip, . scif
, .
skohsl () , , .
skula . (n) .
skulan (.) ; . . 1, 3 . skal, 2 .
skalt, . skulum, skulu, skulun, . 3 . . skulda, 1 . .
skuldedum, 3 . . skuldedun, . . skulds ; .
skolo, . skulan, sceolan, . skolan, . sculan. . .
skelti .
slahan (. 6) , ; . sl, . slan (*sleahan),
., . slahan.
slahs (i) , ; slahs lofin ; . slagr
, slag , . sle, . slegi .

123

sleis (d), sleidis (.) , ; . slir, .


sle, . sli, . sldk, slthc.
slepan (. 7) (. saslep) ; sleps (a) ; .
slpan, . slpan, . slf(f)an. . . ().
smakka (n) , , ; (.?) ; . . .
smakkabagms () , .
sniumundo (.) , ; sniwan (. 5) .
so, . sa.
soei, . saei.
soh, . sah.
sokjan (. 1) ; . skja, . skan, . skian, .
suohhen; . . sgio, sgire , . saigim .
spaikulatur (. speculator , ) .
speiwan (. 1) ; . spja, . . spwan, .
sp(w)an. . . spuere, . spiuti.
spilda () ( ); . spjald, speld , . speld ; . spelte ().
spwreidans ( .) . . , .
staro (n) ; . stero ; . .
sterilis , .
standan (. 6) (. sto - stoum) ; . standa,
., . standan, . stantan, stn, stn. . . stre.
stas (d) (i) ; . star; . stede, . stedi, . stat
. . . stati, status, . sttis.
staua () , , ; (n) .
stibna () ; . stefn, stemn, . stemna, stemnia,
. stimna.
stikls () (), ; stiks (o) ;
. stihhil , stechal ; . sticel , . stikill
, ( , ).
124

stojan (. 1) (. stauida) ; . stwian, .


stouwen , , ; . . .
stols () , ; . stll, ., . stl, . stuol.
straujan (. 1) . (. strawida) , ; . strewian, strowian, . strian, . strewen, strouwen
. . . struere .
sulja () (. solea ) .
suman (.) .
sums (. .) , ; . sumr, ., .,
. sum.
sunja (j) , ; . syn , . sunnea,
. sunna () , ; . . sunnis
( , ) (.
, I, 32: bi sunjai ).
suns (.) , , . sn(o), . sna.
sunsaiw (.) , suns aiws.
sunsei (.) .
sunus (u) ; . sunr, sonr, ., ., . sun(u).
sutis (-- ti -u- ?) (.) (i/ja) , , ; sutizo (.).
swa (.) ; . sv, . sw, . . s. . . suad.
swahra (n) , ; . svr, . swehor, swor,
. swehur; . . , . socer.
swahro (n) , ; . svra, . sweer, .
swigur; . . , . sorus.
swalaus (d) (.) ; laudi (jo) , , . lt .
swaleiks (. .) () , . solih.
swaran (. 6) ; ., ., . swerian, . sverja,
. and-swaru ( ); . . .
swaswe (., ) , , , , .
swau (. .) , .
125

swe (., ) , , .
swegnia, swignia () , .
swein () ; . svn, . . . swn. . ., .
s, syr , . ss, sunus .
swikuns (.) () , , swikunaba (.)
, .
swiltan (. 3) ; . svelta ,
, ., . sweltan , .
swistar (r) ; . swester, . swestar, . sweostor,
. systir. . . soror, . sesu.
swnagoge (.) , .
t
tahswa (-o) (. .) ( ); (n/o)
, ; . zeso (zesawr), zesawa
; . . , . dexter ,
.
taikn () , ; taikns (i) , ; .
teikn, . tc(e)n, . tkan, . zeihhan; . . .
.* taika ; . dco .
tainjo (n) ; tains () ; . zein(n)a ,
. taenel, . teinn .
taujan (. 1) (. tawida) , ; taui (ja)
, ; . . tawid, . tgean, . zouwen
.
tekan (. 7) (. tatok) , ; . tka
(. tk) , .
timrja (n) ; gatiman (. 4) , *;
gatimrjo (n) ; . zeman , zimbar
() . . . dmein , . domus,
. .

126

tiuhan (. 2) , , ; . ton, . tiohan,


. ziohan, . tja . . . dcere .
tuggo (n) ; . tunga. . tune, . tunga, .
zunga. . . lingua (*dingua)
tunus (u) ; . tnn , . t , . tand, .
zan(d) . (i); . . dens / dentis, . dants, . Zander .
tuzwerjan (. 1) (*tuz *werjan); . .
zur- wr, . vrus , . .
twai , twos , twa cpp (.) ; . tveir, tvr, tvau,
. twen, twen, tw, . twne, tw, tw, . zwne, zw
(zw), zwei. . . duo.
twalif (-ib) (.) ; . bileiban (. 1) , bilaibjan (. 1) , . *li- ; . tolf,
. twelf, . twelif; . zwelif.
twans . twai.

adei (.) .
agkjan (. 1)(. hta < *anhta, . po. hts)
, ; ugkjan ( 1) (. uhta)
; . ekkja , , . encan,
. thenkian, . denchen; . . tongre .
ahan (. 3) ; . egja, agna, . thagian,
thagon, . dagn; . . taceo .
arh (.) . , , ; . erh, .
thuru, . thuruh, dur(u)h. . . trans.
arhbaran (. 4) .
an (., .) , , , , ; . dan(a), .
, . an, n, . than.
anaseis (.) , , .
ande ( , I, 34 andei) (.) , .
anei (.) .
127

anuh (., .) , , , , .
anzei . soei.
ar (.) .
arei (.) .
aruh (.) , ; (.) .
ata (. .), . sa
atainei (.) .
atei (. .) saei, (.) , .
atuh, . sah.
aro (.) ; . r , . der .
aroh (. ) , .
au(h) (.) , , ; . , . ah, . thoh,
. doh.
arsjan (. 1.) , ; arsus . (u) ; arstei ; . thorron, . erra, . dorren, durri;
. . torreo , , . tarss, trasi .
eins (. .) ; . nn, . n, . thn, . dn.
isaduh (.) (), ; is . sa, ata,
a (.) ? -h.
isah (. .) (. , XI. 23: isah ei)
, .
isazuh (. .) (. , XI. 23: isazuh
ei) e , , .
iubjo (.) , ; o iufs (b) p (a) , ; iubi (ja) ; . jfr, . of, . thiof,
. diob.
iuda () ; . j, . od, . thioda, thiod,
. diota (n), diot / diet , diutisc. . . taut.
iudangardi (j) .
iudanon (. 2) . . . diuten
(), , . (ge)iedan
iudans (n) ; . jann, . oden, . thiodan.
128

iudinassus (u) .
iumagus (u) ; ius (wa) , pa (. ow,
owa, . deo) magus (. mgr , , .
mao , . magu; . . magaczogo ).
iujan (. 1) ; iu () ,
iueigs . () , . gidiuto .
iwi (j) ; ; . , . ow, owe, .
thiwi, thiu, . diu, diuwa.
liuhan (. 2) ; . flja, flja, . flon, ., .
fliohan.
lauhs (i) ; . flugr, ., . fluht.
reis (.) ; . rr, . re, . thrie, . dr; . .
trs, . tres, . .
rtsfill () , ; rtsfills . () , rtian fill () , ; . rstfell.
. . vel, . fell, . fjall, . pellis, . plla.
u (.) , . . uk, . eina, . us, . .
igqis, . igqara, . igqis, . . jus, . izwis, . izwara,
. izwis; ., . , . thu, . du (dir, dih); . . t,
. t, . .
usundifas (i) ( );
usundi (.) (jo) fas; . faa () .
. . dsunt, . thsind, . usend, . sund < .
*s-hundi .
wmiama () , , (
. , ).
u
-u- . ., , .
; . u gaulaubeis ; . . .: . abu us silbin .
129

ubilaba (.) ubils.


ubils (.) , ; . yfel, . uil, . ubil.
ubiltojis (. .) (ja) , , . ubils
taujan.
uf (. . .) , , ; . f , .
ufeweard , . u, . , . , . f ; . .
pa , . sub , . hyp.
ufar (. . .) , , ; . yfir, . ofer, .
oar, . ubar, ubir. . . super, . hypr.
ufarmunnon (. 2) . . . munan.
ufarskadwjan (. 1) ; . sceadwian, . skadowan,
scadoian, . scatewen ; . skadus (u) ; .
sceadu, scead, . skado, . skato; . . sktos .
ufbrikan (. 4) , , .
ufhausjan (. 1) . , .
ufligan (. 5) (, ), .
ufrakjan (. 1) ; . raihts; . recchen,
recken

rekkian

recc(e)an, . rekja.
ufswogjan (. 1) .
ufta (.) ; . opt, . oft, . oft(o), . ofto.
ufwopjan .
-uh ( h, u) .
, . . . que .
uhtedun, . ogan.
und (. . .) , , ; . und, . unz =
und es , . unta(s),unzi (<unt-zi) .
undaro (. ., .) ; . under, . untar.
undgreipan (. 1) . , .
ungalaubeins (i/) .
unhrains (.) (i/ja) .
unhula (n) , , unhulo (n) , ;
130

huls ; . unholdo, . hold, . hylli .


unmahteigs (.) , ; mahteigs ;
. unmihti, . unmahtg, mahtig.
unmahts (i) , ; . unmeaht, . unmaht,
maht.
unsar (. .) ; . ser, . sa, . unsar.
unsis . . . ik.
unswers (.) () , .
untals (.) .
unte (.) , , , ; , ,
; . unt, unti, . unz.
unwahs (.) .
ur- (.) . ., . ir-, ar-, . or-, . r.
urraisjan (. 1) ; . urreisan; . rrn
.
urreisan (. 1) , ; . rsa, ., . .
rsan.
urrinnan (. 3) , , .
urruns , (); (i) ; .
urruns(t), irrunst , , .
us (. .) , , ; . r, ur, . ur, ar, er.
usbaran (. 4) .
usdaudjan (. 1) .
usdreiban (. 1)
usfullnan (.4) , .
usgaggan (. .) .
ushafjan (. 6) (), .
ushrisjan (. 1) .
uskiusan (. 2) . , . ; kiusan
(. 2) , ; ., . kiosan, . cosan,
. kjsa. . . gustre.
131

uslaubjan (. 1) ; liufs (b) : .


lefan, . irlouben.
usleian (. 1) , ; afleian (. 1)
, ; . la, ., . lan, . ldan ,
irldan . . . leiden.
uslia (n) , ; . lius (u)
; . li, . lir, . lith, . (gi)lid .
uslukan (. 2) (. uslauk) , (); .
Ika, . lcan , . antlkan, . antlhhan .
usluknan (. 4) , .
usniman (. 4) , .
usqiman (. 4) , .
usqistjan (. 1) .
ussaan (. 5) , .
usstandan (. 6) , .
ustiuhan (. 2) , , .
uswarpan (. 3) , .
uswaltjan (. 1) .
t (.) , ; ., ., . t, . .
ta (.) ; ., . te, . ta, te. . e.
utana (.) , ; ., . tan, . an(a).
uzuh us -uh.
w
waidedja (n) , ; wai (.) ! des
(i) ; . wdd ; . wtt ,
. w(wo) (w tuon) (), weinn ; .
wwa (. .), wnian, . veina. . . vae, . va.
waht ( ni waht) , , .
wahts. . . ni-with.
wahts (i) ; . vttr, vtr , , .
wiht , , ; . wiht ; . wiht
132

, , ; . . wichtig, Wicht, Wichtelmann, . .


waila (.) , ; . vel, val, . wel, . wala,
wela, wola, . wela, wol(a).
wailamerjan (. 1) , .
war () ; . verr, ., ., . wer, weralt ; . . vir, . Werwolf, Wergeld, . vras.
warpan (. 3) , ; . verpa, . weorpan,
. werpan, . wer(p)fan. . . vepti .
waran (. 3) ( . .); .
vera, . weoran, . werthan, . werdan; . . verto , , . , . westi.
wars (.) , ; . verr, . weor, .
werth, . wert, werd.
waitei (.) , .
waldufni (ja) , ; waldan (. 7) . , . . . waltan, Walt(h)er, . wealdan, . valda;
. , , . valdti, . valre.
waltjan (. 1) ; . velta, . welzen, walzan.
. . voluere, . .
wamba () ; . vmb, . womb, . wamba.
wandjan (. 1) , ; . (bi)windan
(. 3) , ; . venda, . wendan, . wendian,
. wenten.
warmjan (sik) (. 1) (-); . verma, , wyrman, .
wermian, . wermen; . . formus , . , , .
wasjan (. 1) , .
wasti (j) ; . . wester (
); . . vestis, vestre, .
vastram .

133

wato cpp (n) (. . watnam); . vatn, . wter, .


watar, . waar; . . , . unda .
ward cpp () ; . r, ., . word, . wort; .
. verbum (. b < *dh), . vadas , . , .
warkjan (. 1) (. warhta) , , , (. , VIII, hari warkjan );
. yrkja, . wyrc(e)an, . wirkian, . wurchen, wirkan. .
. rgon.
warts (i) ; . urt , . wyrt , , .
wurt , , , . wurz , .
wegs (/i) , ( ), (), .
; . vgr , . w, ., . wg , .
weiha (n) ; ahumists weiha .
weihs (.) ; . wh , . wh(i).
weihan ( 3) , . whan, . wihian. . .
victima .
weihnan (. 4) .
weihs () , . wch. . . vcus ,
. okos .
wein cpp () ; . vn, ., ., . wn; .;
. vinum. . . gwino.
weis (.) ; . wir, . wi, we. . . vaym.
weitwodia () . . witan woeis .
(ja) , wos (d) . () .
weitwodjan (. 1) , , .
wepn(a) cpp () . ; . vpn, . wpn, . wpan,
. wf(f)an.
wigs () , ; . gawigan (. 5) (),
; . vegr, . we, . weg, . wec, (bi)wegan. . .
vehere , . .
wihs . weihs
wiko (n) , , ; . vika ;
134

, . wicu, wucu, . wecha, wehha . . . vics


. . . viikko . .
wiljan (. ., . wilda) ; . wilja . (n) ;
. vilja, . willan, . willian, wellian, . wellen; . . vol
, . velle, . , .
winds () (. I . 7 waian ); . vindr,
., . wind, . wint; . . ventus.
winnan (. 3) , ., . (gi)winnan ,
.
wis cpp () , .
wisan (. .) , ; . . . . 6; was, . wesum ..; . 5 , , ; . vesa, ., ., . wesan.
wissuh = . witan (wissa) + -h.
witan (.) (. wait, . wissa) ; . vita (veit),
. witan (wt), . witan (wt), . wian (wei); . .
vda, . oda, ida, . vidre, . .
witan (. 3) . , . . . .
wito (d) cpp () ; . wid p cpp.
wira (. .) , ; vi(r), . wi(er),
. withar, . widar.
wirawars (.) ; . wierweard,
. widarwert.
wopjan (. 1) . , , ;
. ; . wpan ; . wpian (.) . ; . wuofan (. 7) ; . . , .
wrohs (i) , , ; wrohjan ( 1) .
wulus (u) , . . . vultus .

135


, ,
.. ( ),
.. , , .

( , , ,
..).
.
,
, ,
. ().
() .
: ( ), , - . (. . , ) .
(. 1)
,
:
1
1
2
3

,
,

, .

(., , ana-gaggan, at-gaggan, in-gaggan, in-at-gaggan, ufargaggan . .).
, :
, , ;
()
136

, ,

.
,
/ .

. ,
, , , , , , ,
, , - . ,
, , . .,
- (, anakumbjan , (ga)meljan .)
(, hlaifs , ga-hlaifs )
.
. () .

137

1. .. . ., 1958; 1998.
2. .. : . ., 2002.
3. / . ... .,
1953; 2-. . ., 1978. .171-174, 241-251 ( ).
4. .., .. . .
., 1980; 2- . ., 1998.
5. .. . . .,
1997-2002. . 1 - 3; 2004.
6. .. . ., 1996.
7. .. - . . - ., 1964.


1. .. // / . .. . ., 1990.
2. .. // : .
. ., 2000.
3. .. . ., 2001.
4. .. ( ) // . .
., 1985.
5. .. //
. ., 1990.
6. .. ai au // , 1959. - 4. (. .: ..
. .-., 1976).
7. .. //
. , 1988. - . 2.
8. .. - //
. , 1992.
9. ..
// . , 1991.
10. .. // . ., 1976.
11. .., .. -
// - . . . , 1992.
12. .. //
. , 1982.
13. .. . ., 1982, . 2. .
14. .. Germanica et Pseudogermanica // . 1986 / 87. ., 1989.
138

15. . . ., 1954.
16. . ., 1962 - 1964, . 1 - 4.
17. - . ., 1977 1978. . 1 - 3.
18. .. - . , 1983 1984. - . 1 2.
19. .. // -
. , 1983.
20. . , 1963.
21. .. .. // . . - .,
1937. - . 8.
22. .. - . ., 1899.

1. . / . ... .,
2001.
2. . , // 4 9 .. ., 1970.
3. . / . ... ., 1950.
4. . . ., 1996.
5. . . . ., 1957.
6. . . / . ... ., 1937.

1. .. . . ., 1964. .118-125.
2. .. . ., 1990.
3. 4 . .
., 2003.
4. .. // . ., 1967. .10.
- .652-655.
5. . . // . ., 1963.- .3.
.395-398.
6. . // . . . .19.
7. .. - // . ., 1983.
8. .. 5 //
(). ., 1949. 4.
9. .. . ., 1969.
10. .. . ., 1963.
11. .. VI . ., 1959.
12. .. //
, 1962. - . 21.
13. .. // . ., 1983, . 46.
139

14. .. //
. ., 1958.
15. .. // -
. ., 1983.
16. .. // . . .,
1993. .1.
17. .. // . . .,
1995. .3.
18. .. . , 1990.
19. .. // . ., 1963. .4. - . 392-397.
20. . // . ., 2001. - .3
( ):
1. Kbler, G. Gotisches Wrterbuch (1986):
http://homepage.uibk.ac.at./homepage/c303/c30310/gotwbhin.html
2. Heyne`s Gothic Dictionary:
http://www.ling.uppen.edu/~kurisato/germanic/goth_heyne_about.html
3. Gothic Dictionary: http://craven.hypermart.net/Gothic.txt

140

/
" "
1. - , () -.
2. .
3. .
4. .
5. .
6.
.
7. .
8. - .
9. .
10. .
11. .
12. ,
-.
13. .
14. .
15. - .
16. .
17. .
18. .
19. .
20. .
21. ().
22. .
23. (, ,
).
24. ( ,
).
25. .
26.
.
27. (, ,
.)

141

:
1. - .
/ . .. . .: , 1982. . :
..
. .: .. . .
. .-., 1976.
2. .. ( ), . I, III. ., 1978.
3. .. : // : , , . ., 2000.
4. ..
// . ., 1963.
5. .. :
// , 1989. - 1, .64-75.
6. .. // . .: , 1966.
. IV., .. //
. ., 1963, .. // . 1- .
., 1959. .19, .. // . , 1990, ..
/ //
, 1959. - 5.
7. .. .
. ., 1966.
8. .. - .
, 1993, . 26-45; . 75-101.
9. ..
// .
, 1992.
10. .. . .:
, 1990., ..
. ., 2000, ..
// , ., 1977. . 18.
11. .. IV . // . .,
1965. - 3, . 54-74, . // ,
., 1950. - 1, .. -
// . ., 1983.
12. .. // . .: , 1984. - .33-40.
13. . . / .
.., .. .: , 1991, . 19-32, 34-41, ..
142

// - 1982. .,
1983, .227-263, .. . , 2001,
. . . ., 1964, ..
// . ., 1958.
14. .. /
( ). , 1980.
15. .. -
. , 1963., .. Oium - //
. ., 1984.
16. .. // , 1962. . 21, ..
// , 1983. . 46, . //
. ., 1971.
17. .. . ., 1969, ..
// .. . .,
1961.
18. .. // .
, 2000, . ) 1, 5.
19. .. ( ) // . . ., 1948. .11,
.. // . , 1982, ..
// . ., 1983,
..
// . ,
1982, .. //
. , 1985.
20. . . ., 1956. - 63(1), .
// . ., 1955,
.156-162, 191.
21. - . .,
1977. .: , .130-147.
22. - . .,
1977. .: , .216-229.
23. / . .. ...
., 1982.
24. ..
// . .-., 1964. .., .. . , 1989.
143

,

.
. -
. -
. ( )
.
. (=)
. -
. -
.
.
.
. -
.
. -
.
.
.
. -
. ( )
. -
.
.
.-. ,
. ()
.
. -
.
. (=)
. -
.
.
. -
. -
* - () , ,
/ / - ()
[ ] , ,
< > -

144



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145

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, 443011, , . . ,1.
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