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Sajan Palanchoke 1 , Sachin Kumar Verma 2 , Aman Paul 1 , K. Lakshmi

Sajan Palanchoke 1 , Sachin Kumar Verma 2 , Aman Paul 1 , K. Lakshmi Bala 3 , Avanish Kumar 3

1 M.Tech. Food Tech., Research Scholar, Department of Food Process Engineering, VSAET, SHIATS, Allahabad 2 M.Sc. Dairy Technology, Research Scholar, Department of Dairy and Food Technology, WSFDT, SHIATS, Allahabad 3 Asst. Professor, Department of Food Process Engineering, VSAET, SHIATS, Allahabad

Abstract Today every facet of modern life depends upon the business of chemistry . The
Abstract
Today every facet of modern life depends upon the business of chemistry . The business of chemistry transforms the natural raw materials into products that we use every day. The ability of plants to derive energy from sunlight and animals and humans to derive energy from food begins with
chemistry and the principles of thermodynamics . Chemistry identified nutrients in foods and also defined what is considered “essential” for sustaining life. The close relationship between chemistry and agriculture has been established since ages. Agriculture is the source of the most of the foods,
which is the backbone of human survival and evolution . Throughout the history of time, chemistry has contributed much to food and nutrition security . Chemistry has been crucial to food production ; it influences food access and is core to the food utilization . In addition to food security, sustainability
and globalization encompass addressing world hunger and poverty. There is a need of integrating multidisciplinary technical involvements, incorporating viewpoints from agriculture, public health, engineering, technology and education, many rooted in the core science of chemistry.
In near future, it has been envisioned that chemistry can play an important role in mitigating the forecasted hunger, poverty and food insecurity . Thus, throughout the history of time, chemistry remains a cornerstone for achievement of food and nutrition security for all .
Food: Composed of Biochemical Structures
The definition of food security set out at the 1996 World Food Summit
stated that “ food security exists when all people at all times have both
physical and economic access to sufficient food to meet their dietary needs
for a productive and healthy life ” .
Proteins
FOOD SECURITY
VALUE ADDED FOODS
e.g. condiments, beverages, convenience
foods, candies
Pillars of Food Security
Food Access
Food Availability
Food Utilization
BASIC FOODS
e.g. breads, biscuits, packaged cereals,
dairy products
#
refers
to
# ensuring sufficient
quantity and diversity
of food is available for
consumption from the
farm, the marketplace
or elsewhere.
households having
the physical and
financial
resources
required to obtain
appropriate foods for
# implies the capacity
and resources
necessary to
use food appropriately
to support healthy
diets.
STAPLE FOODS
e.g. whole grain & milled cereals, oils &
fats, sugar, salt
a nutritious diet.
Food Product Pyramid for Fortification
[Value Chain
of
Business of
Chemistry]
Human
Biochemistry
Nutrition
Technology
of Food
Products
Food
Chemistry
POST HARVEST STORAGE AND REDUCING FOOD WASTE
IMPROVED SEEDS
FOOD TECHNOLOGY
• Rapid diagnostics for aflatoxin testing
• For higher nutrient and water uptake and use efficiency
Storage
• Appropriate treatment against pests and diseases
• For adaptation to droughts and salinity
• Improved fortification with single and multiple nutrients into
staple
• Recycling of food waste
• For higher nutrition quality
grains (through conventional breeding and GM technology)
Discovery and
Innovation
Vitamins
• Better management and conservation of Biodiversity
• Production of ready to use foods to treat malnutrition in
Minerals
LESS DEPENDENCE ON FOSSIL FUELS FOR AGRICULTURAL
INPUTS
Food
poor resource settings that require no water and preparation
Agriculture
MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND PRECISION
AGRICULTURE
Logistics
• Alternative energy sources for production and transportation of
• Faster and improved food processing to improve nutrition
quality and remove antinutrients
Better Products
fertilizers
• For better nutrient balances and water use efficiency
Presented at:
• For higher water holding capacity and resilience under
MEDICINES and DIAGNOSTICS
Vitamins
• Increased use of alternative, local fertilizers and composting (e.g.
urine,
Chemical
Food
extreme
weather conditions
• Accessible rapid diagnostic tests for infectious diseases
animal and human waste)
• For higher nutrient availability
Socio-economic
• Utilization of SMS technology integration into community
care
Science
Science
National Conference
sponsored by UGC on the
title
Benefits
URBAN AGRICULTURE
WATER AVAILABILITY
• Efficient and low cost drugs for infectious diseases like
tuberculosis
• Urban gardens
• New technologies for desalination of water (e.g. forward
osmosis, carbon nanotubes, biomimetrics)
Literatures Cited
• Vertical farming
Improved Quality
of Life
“Chemistry: Role and
Challenges”
from 25 th to 26 th
February 2012
Safety and Well-
Being
At
Peace of Mind,
Security, and
Enjoyment of Life
Chemical elements
are
Key to
understanding of
modern day food
and nutritional
needs.
Fanzo , J., Remans , R. and Sanchez, P. (2011). The Role of Chemistry in
Addressing Hunger and Food Security. In, The Chemical Element: Chemistry’s
Contribution to Our Global Future, First Edition. © 2011 Wiley-VCH Verlag
GmbH & Co. KGaA. Published 2011 by Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
Mannar , M.G. and Sankar , R. ( 2004 ) Micronutrient fortifi cation of foods –
rationale, application and impact . Indian J. Pediatr. , 71 ( 11 ), 997 – 1002 .
Ewing Christian College,
Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh.
CHEMISTRY & TECHNOLOGY
Negin , J. , Remans , R. , Karuti , S. , and Fanzo , J. ( 2009 ) Integrating a
broader notion of food security and gender empowerment into the African
Green Revolution . F ood Secur. , 1 ( 3 ), 351 – 360 .
For further details
link2sajan@yahoo.com
Role of Chemistry in Food Security
Sajan Palanchoke
Role of Chemistry in Food Security Sajan Palanchoke Acknowledgements . Department of Chemistry, Ewing Christian

Acknowledgements

. Department of Chemistry, Ewing Christian College, National Conference Organizing Committee., Dr. Justin Masih (Assistant Professor, Dept. of Chem. ECC), Mr. Aman Paul, Mr. Sachin Verma, Mr. Birendra Shah, and Mr. Anil Saini (my dear friends), My family and the Authors of the Literatures cited.

Sachin Verma, Mr. Birendra Shah, and Mr. Anil Saini (my dear friends), My family and the
Sachin Verma, Mr. Birendra Shah, and Mr. Anil Saini (my dear friends), My family and the

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