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Homework: Topic8: Sources of Magnetic Fields [Chap. 19] Explanation: Problems are divided into two groups.

Numbers in parentheses, e.g. (10) are Exercises. Relatively simple applications of basic definitions and basic laws. These are for student practice. Numbers in brackets, e.g. [10], are assigned problems. These are problems similar in level of difficulty to test problems. Numbers in curly brackets, e.g. {10} are challenging problems. Exercises:
(1) We want to produce a magnetic field of magnitude 4.00 x 10-4 T at a distance of 0.05 m from a long straight wire. A) What current is required to produce this field? B) With the current found in part (a), what is the magnitude of the field at a distance of 0.1 m from the wire? At 0.2 m? Ans. a) 100 A; b) 2.00 x 10-4 T; 1.00 x 10-4 T (2) Two long, straight , horizontal parallel wires, one above the other, are separated by a distance 2a. If the wires carry equal currents of magnitude I in opposite directions, what is the field magnitude in the plane of the wires at a point: a) midway between them? b) at a distance a above the upper wire? If the wires carry equal currents in the same direction, what is the field magnitude in the plane of the wires at a point: c) midway between them? d) at a distance a above the upper wire? Ans. a) 0 I / a b) 0 I / 3 a c) 0 d) 2 I / 3 a 0

(3) Two long, parallel wires are separated by a distance of 0.10 m .The force per unit length that each wire exerts on the other is 4.0 x 10-5 N/m, and the wires repel each other. If the current in one wire is 2.0 A, a) what is the current in the second wire? b) are the two currents in the same or in opposite directions? Ans. a) 10.0 A ; b) Opposite (4) A closely wound coil has a diameter of 18.0 cm and carries a current of 2.50 A. How many turns does it have if the magnetic field at the center of the coil is 2.09 x 10-4T? Ans. 12 turns (5) A solenoid is to be designed to produce a magnetic field of 0.180 T at its center. The radius is to be 2.50 cm and the length is 50.0 cm, and the available wire can carry a maximum current of 10.0 A. a) What is the minimum number of turns per unit length the solenoid must have? b) What total length of wire is required? Ans. a) 7200 turns; b) 1.13 x 103 m

(6) Calculate the magnitude of the magnetic field at point P of the figure in terms of R, I1, and I2 . What does your expression give when I1 = I2 ? Ans. 0 [ I1 I 2 ] / 4 R ; 0

I1 I2

Problems:
[1] A long, horizontal wire AB rests on the surface of a table. Another wire CD vertically above the first is 0.40 m long and is free to slide up and down on the two vertical metal guides C and D. The two wires are connected through the sliding contacts and carry a current 9of 30.0 A. The mass per unit length of the wire CD is 5.00 x 10 -3 kg/m. At what height h will wire CD be in equilibrium? Ans. 3.67 mm [2] The figure shows an end view of two long, parallel wires perpendicular to the xy plane, each carrying a current I, but in opposite directions. a) Copy the diagram, and show by vectors the B field of each wire and the resultant B field at point P. b) Derive the expression for the magnitude of B at any point on the x-axis in terms of the coordinate x of the point. What is the directions of B? c) Sketch a graph of the magnitude of B at points on the x-axis for 0 x 2a.

C h A

D B

I
a

P
a

Ans. 0 I a / (a 2 + x 2 )3 / 2 ; +x-direction [3] Using the figure in problem [2], suppose a third long, straight wire, parallel to the other two, passes through point P and that each wire carries a current I = 15.0 A. Let a = 0.30 m and x = 0.4. m. Find the magnitude and direction of the force per unit length on the third wire a) if the current in it is directed into the plane of the figure; b) if the current is directed out of the plane of the figure. Ans. a) 1.08 x 10-4 N/m; -y-direction ; b) 1.08 x 10-4 N/m; +y-direction ;

[4] Two long straight, parallel wires are 1.00 m apart, as in the figure. The upper wire carries a current I1 of 6.00 A into the plane of the paper. a) What must be the magnitude & direction of the current I2 for the resultant field at point P to be zero? b) What are then the magnitude & direction of the resultant field at Q? c) What is the magnitude of the resultant field at S?

Q .5 m .6 m S 1 m .8 m

.5 m P

Ans. a) 2 A;

b) 21.3 x 10-7 T ; to the right

c) 20.6 x 10-7 T @ 39.10 below horizontal to left.

[5] The long, straight wire AB in the figure carries a current of 16.0 A. The rectangular loop whose long edges are parallel to the cire carries a current of 5.0 A. Find the magnitude and direction of the resultant force exerted on the loop by the magnetic field of the wire. I

10 cm

20 cm

A Ans. 2.88 x 10-4 N toward wire AB [6] Two long, parallel wires are hung by cords 4.00 cm long from a common axis, as shown in the figure. The wires have a mass per unit length of 0.030 kg/m, and carry the same current in opposite directions. Wht is the current if the cords hand at an angle of 6 0 with the vertical?

1 cm

6
4 cm

Ans. 35.9 A

[7] A long straight wire carries a current of 8.00 A directed along the y-axis and in the y-direction as shown in the figure. In addition to the magnetic field due to the current in the wire, a uniform magnetic field B0 with magnitude 8.00 x 10-7 T is directed parallel to the x-axis. Determine the resultant magnetic field (magnitude & direction) at the following points: a) x = 0; z = 2.00 m b) x = 2.00 m; z = 0 c) x = 0; z = -2.00 m

z
a

Ans. a) 0 ;

b) 22.6 x 10-7 T @ 450 above the x-axis;

c) 16 x 10-7 T +x-direction