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A ABG arterial blood gases ac before meals ACE angiotensin converting enzyme ACL anterior cruciate ligament ACTH

adrenocorticotropic hormone ADH antidiuretic hormone ADL activities of daily living AFB acid-fast bacilli AFP alpha-fetoprotein AGA appropriate for gestational age AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome AKA above knee amputation ALP alkaline phosphatase ALT alanine transaminase, alanine aminotransferase AMI acute myocardial infarction AP apical pulse APSGN acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis ARF acute renal failure ASD atrial septal defect AST aspartate aminotransferase ATN acute tubular necrosis AVB atrio-ventricular block B BBS bilateral breath sounds BE barium enema BG blood glucose BI brain injury BID twice a day bilat bilateral B/K below knee BM bowel movement or breast milk BOH Bad Obstetrical History BP blood pressure BPH benign prostatic hypertrophy BRM biologic response modifiers BRP bathroom privileges BSA body surface area BSE breast self examination BUN blood urea nitrogen

C C&S culture and sensitivity Ca calcium, cancer, carcinoma CABG coronary artery bypass graft CAD coronary artery disease CAPD continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis CAT computerized tomography scan CBC complete blood count CBD common bile duct CBE clinical breast examination CBG capillary blood glucose CBI continuous bladder irrigation CBS capillary blood sugar CC chief complaint CCK cholecystokinin CCPD continuous cyclic peritoneal dialysis CEA cultured epithelial autograft CFT complement-fixation test CIN cervical intraepithelial neoplasm CMS circulation, motion, sensation CO cardiac output COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease CP chest pain, cleft palate CPAP continuous positive airway pressure CPD cephalo-pelvic disproportion CPP cerebral perfusion pressure CPPD chest percussion and post drainage CRF chronic renal failure CRRT continuous renal replacement therapy CRT capillary refill time CSF cerebrospinal fluid, colony stimulating factors CT computed tomography CVA cerebral vascular accident, costovertebral angle CVP central venous pressure Cx cervix CXR chest x-ray

DAMA discharged against medical advice DAT diet as tolerated DC (dc) discontinue DCCT Diabetes Control and Complication Trials DEX (DXT) blood sugar DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation DKA diabetic ketoacidosis DNA deoxyribonucleic acid DNR do not resuscitate DTR deep tendon reflex DVT deep vein thrombosis Dx diagnosis

E EBV Epstein-Barr Virus ECF extracellular fluid EENT eye, ear, nose and throat EMC ensephalomyocarditis EMG electromyogram ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography ESRD end stage renal disease ET endotracheal tube

F F & R force and rhythm FA fatty acid FBS fasting blood sugar FD fatal dose, focal distance FDA Food & Drug Administration Fx fracture FUO fever of unknown origin FVD fluid volume deficit

G GB gallbladder GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease GFR glomerular filtration rate GGT gamma-glutamyl transferase

GI gastrointestinal GOT glutamic oxalic transaminase GU genitourinary GVHD graft-versus-host-disease

H Hb hemoglobin HCG human chorionic gonadotropin HCO3 bicarbonate HCT hematocrit HD hemodialysis HDL high density lipoprotein HEENT head, eye, ear, nose and throat Hgb hemoglobin HIV human immunodeficiency virus HRT hormone replacement therapy HS bedtime Hx history

I IBC iron binding capacity IBD inflammatory bowel disease IBS irritable bowel syndrome IBW ideal body weight ICCE intracapsular cataract extraction ICP intracranial pressure ICS intercostal space ICT inflammation of connective tissue ICU intensive care unit IDM infant of diabetic mother IDDM insulin dependent diabetes mellitus IE inspiratory exerciser IHD ischemic heart disease IIP implantable insulin pump IM intramuscular IMV intermittent mandatory ventilation INR international normalization ratio IPD intermittent peritoneal dialysis IPPB intermittent positive pressure breathing

ITP immune thrombocytopenic purpura IV intravenous IVF in vitro fertilization IVP intravenous pyelography

J JVP jugular venous pressure

K K potassium KCl potassium chloride KI potassium iodide KUB kidney, ureter, bladder KVO keep vein open

L L & A light and accommodation LAD left anterior descending (artery) LDL low density lipoprotein LE lupus erythematosus LFTs liver function tests LIJ left internal jugular LLQ left lower quadrant LMP last menstrual period LP lumbar puncture LSC left subclavian LUQ left upper quadrant

M MAP mean arterial pressure MCL modified chest lead MDI multiple daily vitamin MI myocardial infarction MLC midline catheter MM mucous membrane MoAbs monoclonal antibodies MRDD mental retarded/developmentally disabled

MRI magnetic resonance imaging MRM modified radical mastectomy MS multiple sclerosis, morphine sulfate

N Na sodium NaCl sodium chloride NED no evidence of disease NICU neonatal intensive care unit NIDDM noninsulin dependent diabetes mellitus NKA no known allergies NKDA non-ketotic diabetic acidosis NKMA no known medcation allergies NPD nightly peritoneal dialysis NPO nothing by mouth NSAID nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug NSVD normal spontaneaous vaginal delivery NTD neural tube defect NV nausea & vomiting NYD not yet diagnosed

O OD right eye OGTT oral glucose tolerance test ORIF open reduction internal fixation OS left eye OU both eyes

P PABA para-aminobenzoic acid pc after meals PCA patient controlled analgesia PCN penicillin PCV packed cell volume PD peritoneal dialysis PDA patent ductus arteriosus, posterior descending artery PEG percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy PEJ percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy

PERL pupils equal, react to light PERRLA pupils equal, round, react to light, accommodation PET positron emission tomography PFT pulmonary function test PG prostaglandin PH past history PI present illness PICC peripherally inserted central venous catheter PID pelvic inflammatory disease PMI point of maximal impulse PNH paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria PO by mouth PRBC packed red blood cells PS pyloric stenosis PSA prostate specific antigen PT prothrombin time PTT partial thromboplastin time PUD peptic ulcer disease PVD peripheral vascular disease Px pneumothorax

Q QD everyday QID four times a day qns quantity not sufficient QOD every other day qs quantity sufficient, quantity required

R RA rheumatoid arthritis RAD reactive airway disease RAI radioactive iodine RAIU radioactive iodine uptake RCA right coronary artery RDW red cell distribution width REEDA redness, edema, ecchymosis, drainage, approximation RHD rheumatic heart disease, relative hepatic dullness RIJ right internal jugular RLQ right lower quadrant

ROM range of motion ROS review of systems RSC right subclavian RUQ right upper quadrant Rx prescription, pharmacy

S S/S signs & symptoms SAST serum aspartate aminotransferase SB spina bifida SBO small bowel obstruction SGA Small for gestational age SGPT serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase SLE systemic lupus erythematosus SOB short(ness) of breath SR sedimentation rate STD sexually transmitted disease STH somatotropic hormone SUI stress urinary incontinence SVF Single viable foetus SVR systemic vascular resistance Sx symptoms

T T3 triiodothyronine T4 thyroxine TBSA total body surface area TCDB turn, cough, deep breathe TED (hose) thrombo-embolism deterrent TEP transesophageal puncture THR total hip replacement TIA transient ischemic attack TIBC total iron binding capacity TID three times a day TIL tumor infiltrating lymphocytes TKR total knee replacement TNF tumor necrosis factor TNM tumor, node, metastases TNTC too numerous to mention

TP tuberculin precipitation TPN total parenteral nutrition TTN transient tachypnea of the newborn TTP thrombotic thrombocytopenia purpura TUPR trans-urethral prostatic resection TUR (or TURP) trans-urethral resection of the prostate Tx treatment, traction

U UA urinalysis UAO upper airway obstruction UGI upper gastrointestinal UPJ ureteropelvic junction URI upper respiratory infection US ultrasonic UTI urinary tract infection UVJ ureterovesical junction

V VA visual acuity VBAC vaginal birth after caeserean VF/Vfib ventricular fibrillation VLDL very low density lipoprotein VMA vanillylmandelic acid VSD ventricular septal defect VT/Vtach ventricular tachycardia W WBC white blood cell WHO World Health Organization WN well nourished WNL within normal limits