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PHOTOGRAPHY: Definition: The art or process of producing pictures by this action of light.

Different types of camera : Single Use Cameras Compact Lens-Shutter Cameras Bridge Cameras Rangefinders Twin Lens Reflex SLR (Single Lens Reflex) COMPACT vs. DIGITAL SLR CAMERAS 3 important things found between these things were 1. Viewfinder Mechanism Compact Camera SLR Camera: Mirror Down Mirror Up 2. Fixed vs. Interchangeable Lenses 3. Camera Sensor Size Cost. Larger sensors are much more expensive to make, and usually require corres pondingly more expensive lenses. This is the biggest reason by SLR cameras cost so much more than compact cameras. Weight & Size. Larger sensors require much heavier and larger camera lenses and camera bodies, because the lens needs to capture and project light over a larger sensor area. Other than reducing portability, this can also be a disadvantage b ecause it makes one look more conspicuous with their large SLR camera/lens (ther eby making candid people shots more difficult). Depth of Field. Larger sensors create a shallower depth of field at the same ape rture setting. For example, a lens at f/4.0 on a compact camera likely won't cre ate a blurred background in a portrait, whereas f/4.0 on an SLR camera will like ly create a smooth, creamy background (depending on subject distance). This can be an advantage for portraits, but a disadvantage for landscapes. Image Noise. For the same number of megapixels, larger sensors have much larger photosites/pixels* (as shown above). This increased light-gathering area means t hat these pixels will be more sensitive to tiny amounts of light resulting in le ss image noise. This means that an SLR camera can usually get away with a much h igher ISO setting and still have the same amount of image noise as a compact cam era. Dynamic Range. Another consequence of having physically larger pixels is that SL R cameras can usually capture a greater range of light to dark without having th is become solid white or black, respectively (a higher "dynamic range"). This re duces the chance of blown highlights in the sky or other bright objects, and can preserve more details in the deep shadows. Compact Camera Advantages Live view rear LCD (although most newer SLR's have this feature) Greater range of pre-programmed creative modes No mirror/shutter mechanism that can fail after ~10-100K shots SLR Camera Advantages Faster camera autofocus Much less shutter lag (delay between pressing the shutter and starting the expos ure) Higher maximum frame rate RAW file format support (although most high-end compact cameras have this) Ability to take exposures longer than 15-30 seconds (using manual or bulb mode) Offers complete manual exposure control Ability to use an external flash unit (but many high-end compact cameras have th is)

Manual zoom control (by twisting the lens as opposed to using an electronic butt on) Greater range of ISO speed settings Ability to upgrade just the camera body and keep all of one's lenses Accessories : CAMERA TRIPODS: Lens Lens Focal Length* phy Less than 21 mm ture 21-35 mm 35-70 mm ntary 70-135 mm aiture 135-300+ mm Bird & Wildlife

Terminology Extreme Wide Angle Wide Angle Normal Medium Telephoto Telephoto Sports,

Typical Photogra Architec Landscape Street & Docume Portr