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PCU Apologetics Part 1 A gentle introduction

January 24, 2012

Pinnacle Church 101 Fibreville St Canton, NC, 28716 www.mypinnaclechurch.com

Apologetics Part 1 Prelude


How would you respond? How do you know God exists? Is the Bible reliable? Did Jesus claim to be God? Dont all religions lead to God?

Apologetics Basics
Who? Types 1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Apologetics Part 1
What?

Four main functions 1. 2. 3. 4.

When/Where?

Why?

Apologetics Part 1 Starting at the beginning Does God exist?


Why is there anything? There is not anything: All is an illusion.

The universe is self-created.

The universe is created by chance.

The universe is created by nothing.

The universe has existed for eternity.

An eternal self-existent God created the universe.

Four Arguments (See Appendix A) 1. 2. 3. 4. 4

Apologetics Part 1 Setting a firm foundation - Is the Bible reliable?


Example

Textual Criticism

Writings of antiquity (See Appendix B)

When were they written? (See Appendix B)

External Support (See Appendix B)

Apologetics Part 1 Lunatic, Liar, or Lord Did Jesus claim He was God?
What did Jesus say?

What did Jesus do?

Apologetics Part 1 Taking the path less traveled Dont all religions lead to God?
Jehovahs Witnesses?

Mormons?

Unitarian Universalist?

Islam?

Buddhism?

Hinduism?

Apologetics Part 1

Apologetics Part 1 Resources


General The Apologetics Study Bible, 2007 Josh McDowell, The New Evidence that Demands a Verdict, 1999 C.S. Lewis, Mere Christianity www.Apolgetics315.com Especially the Must-Visit Pages on Podcasts, Blogs, and Books www.4truth.net North American Mission Boards site www.ReasonableFaith.org William Lane Craigs site www.studylight.org www.esvbible.org, www.biblestudytools.com, and www.biblegateway.com (excellent Bible resource sites)

Does God Exist? Ken Ham, The New Answers Book, 2006 Timothy Keller, The Reason for God: Belief in an Age of Skepticism, 2008 Lee Strobel, The Case for a Creator, 2004 www.ReasonableFaith.org William Lane Craigs site Is the Bible Reliable? Center for the Study of New Testament Manuscripts, www.csntm.org Did Jesus claim He was God? Gary Habermas, The Historical Jesus Lee Strobel, The Case for the Real Jesus Dont all religions lead to God? From Institute for Religious Research, www.irr.org Christian Apologetics & Research Ministry, www.carm.org

Apologetics Part 1

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Appendix A Arguments for God

Cosmological Argument (Contingency)


1. Things exist. 2. It is possible for those things to not exist. 3. Whatever has the possibility of non-existence, yet exists, has been caused to exist. A. Something cannot bring itself into existence, since it must exist to bring itself into existence, which is illogical. 4. There cannot be an infinite number of causes to bring something into existence. A. An infinite regression of causes ultimately has no initial cause, which means there is no cause of existence. B. Since the universe exists, it must have a cause. 5. Therefore, there must be an uncaused cause of all things. 6. The uncaused cause must be God.

Cosmological Argument (Kalam)


1. Whatever begins to exist requires a cause 2. The universe began to exist 3. Therefore, the universe requires a cause

Teleological Argument
1. 2. 3. 4. Human artifacts are products of intelligent design. The universe resembles human artifacts. Therefore the universe is a product of intelligent design. But the universe is complex and gigantic, in comparison to human artifacts. 5. Therefore, there probably is a powerful and vastly intelligent designer who created the universe.

Moral Argument
1. If God does not exist, then objective moral values do not exist 2. Objective moral values do exist 3. Therefore; God exists

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Appendix B Writings of antiquity


Percent Accuracy 95 ? ? ? ?

Author/ Book Homer, Iliad Herodotus History Thucydides, History Plato Caesar, Gallic Wars

Date Written 800 B.C. 480-425 B.C. 460-400 B.C. 400 B.C. 100-44 B.C.

Earliest Copies c. 400 B.C. c. A.D. 900 c. A.D. 900 c. A.D. 900 c. A.D. 900

Time Gap c. 400 yrs

No. of Copies 643 8 8 7 10

c. 1,350 yrs c. 1,300 yrs c. 1,300 yrs c. 1,000 yrs

Livy, History of Rome

59 B.C. - A.D. 17

4th cent.(partial) mostly 10th cent.

c. 400 yrs c. 1,000 yrs

1 partial 19 copies

Tacitus, Annals Pliny Secundus, Natural History

A.D. 100

c. A.D. 1100 c. A.D. 850 c. A.D. 114 (fragment) c. A.D. 200 (books) c. A.D. 250 (most of NT) c. A.D. 325 (complete NT)
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c. 1,000 yrs c. 750 yrs 50 yrs 100 yrs 150 yrs 225 yrs

20 7

? ?

A.D. 61-113

New Testament

A.D. 50-100

5366[Greek]

99+

Appendix B Writings of antiquity

Author

Conservative Date A.D. 50-66 A.D. 70-80 A.D. 50-60 A.D. 58-65

Liberal Date A.D. 50-100 A.D. 80-100

Pauls letters Matthew

Mark

A.D. 70

Luke

early 60s

A.D. 70-90 A.D. 170 A.D. 90-100

John

A.D. 80-100

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Appendix B Writings of antiquity


Pauline Epistles 43 General Epistles 6

Writer Justin Martyr

Gospels 268

Acts 10

Revelation 3 (266 allusions)

Totals 330

Irenaeus

1,038

194

499

23

65

1,819

Clement (Alex.)

1,107

44

1,127

207

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2,406

Origen

9,231

349

7,778

399

165

17,992

Tertullian

3,822

502

2,609

120

205

7,258

Hippolytus

734

42

387

27

188

5,176

Eusebius

3,258

211

1,592

88

27

5,176

Grand Totals

19,386

1,352

14,035

870

664

36,289

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