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Comparison of today s Youth with 80 s

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Umar Bin Abbas Khan MBA - P 2/1/2012


As a matter of fact, people tend to forget those, who are behind their achievements and stood for them whenever they need assistance. A Proverb is: One can pay back the loan of gold but one dies forever in the debt to those who are kind. First of all we would like to thank to ALMIGHTY ALLAH who gave us courage and knowledge. Secondly, we are thankful to our resource person Mr. Muhammad Nazim who has provided us expert advice at each and every step of developing this project. Finally, thanks to our beloved parents who have always been there to encourage us, pay for us and without them we couldnt be, what we are today.

Umar Bin Abbas 104732-014

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In this report I discussed about the 1980s youth in comparison with the todays youth. I am here to discus about culture change and changes in educational level. The changes in todays education as compared to the 80s educational system. Also discuses about the facilities are providing now and these are not available to 80s youth like internet, mobiles phones, computers etc. There are some other comparison likewise entertainment ways are available now and some of these are not available in 80s youth. In this report our main objective is to discuses and comparison all the changes and facilities are available now and not available in 80s youth.

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They were sure of what specific direction do we need to take as a course in future that could ensure the promotion of the culture of peace and engagement of young people in healthy dialogue on democratic issues of non-violence, tolerance, and pluralism. This energetic group based upon democratic values showed their concerns about human rights violation and devised strategies to initiate a dialogue with youth groups. To launch this right based movement at the youth community level the group was formally registered on May 23, 1998. The pioneering core of the group came from the Punjab University (PU) whose environment particularly after 80s was also like other educational institutes of Pakistan. The higher education communities need to build a network of peace and youth cooperation, acting in collaboration with the universities administration, to articulate peace and cooperation concerns at the campuses, and to develop strategies and support activities to address those concerns in a way that the students can rally around them in institutionalized manner. This would involve both activism at the students level and intervention in the education related policies. A closer look at Pakistans education scenario assures that there is visible link between education policies and the politics of the cold war in the region. All the sitting regimes in Pakistan have always resorted to encourage their handpicked youth groups in Pakistani education institutions, but with the advent of war in Afghanistan this process reached to its heights in the 80s. There also seems a realization at the top levels of the present regime now that it is compelled to reverse the policies of cold war and a combat against communism knocking at its doors no more. In the education sector, for example, the government has promulgated new legislation for higher education (Nov 2002) that vows to get rid of the past policies. It is based on the report prepared by the task force on higher education in Pakistan (March 2002) set up at the federal ministry of

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education, government of Pakistan, which clearly enumerates in its mission statement to build a tolerant and pluralistic society rooted in the culture of Pakistan.

Major changes in today youth
 Education Today education system has completely changed and education is more easily accessible to everyone. Now a day education is available at door step and even poor children can get education in English and Urdu medium. In 1980s education is very tough and not in accessible and poors children cannot get education. And good or highly educational teacher are not available.  Development in technology and communication Technology has changed every day. As we compared the today and 1980s technology and way of communication and it has much changed. Technology has made the life is easier and comfortable. Many new products and machines have developed which reduced the man power and their work progress is increased. Communication ways like internet, mobiles phones, fax, e miles etc. that are less or rare used in 80s life youth. In 1980s life was hard and man power life. But now the era is machine and use of man power is reduced.  Way of living changed Now youth are living very luxurious life as compared the 80s youth. Many new technologies have introduced which made the life easier and comfortable. Now youth have modern education system and their living homes. Today youth has comfortable bed, air conditioner and heater facilities in their rooms.  Today youth has become more smart Today youth has become much smart as compared the 80s youth. They give the fast reply and cutting joke. Their hesitation is reduced and increased the level of confidence. They are not

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hesitating to talk with someone. In physical now youth are very smart than 80s youth. Today youth has do light work and want to like a doing white color jobs.  Network of communication and socialization Today youth has more used of socialized and much communicates as compared the 80s youth generation. They are social able and do work for human development. They do their own work and they do work or support such organization they are help of poor or needy people. As we compared the today youth is far with the 80s youth. They make NGOs with their friend to help their society and nations.  Independent Today youth are more independent as compared the 80s youth. They made their own decision about their life and future but in the 80s youth elder has made decision about their life and even marriage. The 1980s youth are much dependent on the decision of their elder they cannot make any decision about their life and even marriage. It is not any doubt that today youth are independent.  Power of self decision Now the youth has more self decision about their own life in which the field they adopt and their like or dislikes about their marriage. They do any decision in which they want or want to do something in that field. But in the youth of 80s has made less or even not any decision about their education and marriage.  Respect of elder The respect of elder in 80s generation is high and they accept any order or decision, when their elder are made. They are not saying anything about their decision. But now the generation has less respect their elder. They are not accepting some any decision about their life. They urge or stress to agree their elder of their own decision.  More creative

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Today youth are more creative as compared the80s youth. In any field they are makes or create new ways to do this. They made or produce new ways to solve the problem. Because now the era of technology everything is available they collect raw material and do experience. They are successesful in some decision. But in the 80s youth resources are not available and have not some knowledge about something and they are afraid to do any experience. So today youth are more creative.  More passionate The youth of 80s are more passionate. They cannot take any step hurry without the discussion of their elder. They are so order acceptable of their elder. But now the youth are has not passionate and cannot wait some time to take any discuses with their elder or some any other person. Passionate in today youth are less and not have.

Role of media
 Access to media and media change our preferences and our mind Today youth has more access to media as compared to the 80s youth generation. Media are playing a vital role in any society. Media has changed our mind and preferences. In 80s media are less used and their preferences and mind are not changed as compared now.  Going away from their culture Media play a vital role in any culture and country. It is totally changed their culture and values. Now media are much influenced our lives and much part of our culture are changed. In 80s media are less used and their norms and values are not changed.  Media is developing many bad habits Now a days many bad channels like English and Indian has much influenced our culture and values. Many Indian has changed our dressing especially female dressing and creating bad habit in young generation. In 80s the no. of bad channel are and it is not affect their habits and dressing.  Media also keep up to date
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The disadvantage of media but have some advantage it keep us up to date about any news and some event happen anywhere in the world. This less used in the 80s lives.


 Internet Now everybody used the facility of internet. Today internet has widely spreads and it is easily accessible every person. But in the 80s lives less or very few no. of people are used internet and take advantage of this.  Mobile phone Mobiles are not used in 80s youth or even they are not lesson about the mobiles phones. In these ear only wireless set are used. In 1992 mobiles phone are introduced in Pakistan and now everybody have a mobile and easily accessible by everyone.  Computer/Laptop Today youth are much facilitating every new technology and facility. Today every young student has a laptop or computer their own in their offices or in homes. But the 80s lives are very rare used or have their own a computer in their offices or homes.  Fast way of travelling Today youth are enjoying the very fast way travelling like train. Air plan and some other road transport. But the youth are less or rare enjoyed the fast travelling in Pakistan.  More ways for entertainment The ways of entertainment are wide; people are entertainment in many new ways like new movies, games, drama and news channels etc. But the 80s youth has less way of entertainment as compared now. Political Participation of Pakistani Youth:
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The Government recently announced the National Youth Policy for 2005-2007 and has been organizing workshops to disseminate and share the policy, which is a positive step. Having participated in one such workshop, one would like to highlight the issues involved. According to the last population census in 1998, there were 13.2 million males and females in the age of 15-19, 11.5 million between 20-24, 9.6 million between 25-29 and 8.1 million between 30-34 years old. About 52 percent of these were male and 48 percent females of which 64 percent lived in rural and 36 percent in urban areas, while 38 percent were males and 63 percent females were illiterate. According to these figures, about 21.3 percent of Pakistan's population fell between the age group of 20 to 24 years, with the government assessing that in 2005, Pakistan's youth population is close to 55 million -- a significant portion of the population, which needs investment of all kinds of resources. However, this investment must be based on a policy that considers youth the present, and not just the future. The youth policy in its present form perhaps does not make that distinction and has a number of contradictions within it. The first section of the policy perspective of the National Youth Policy states: "The National Youth Policy provides a foundation for youth participation in socio-economic development recognizing that young people should be agents of their own change, transformation and development, not merely recipients of state support and benevolence." So far so good: instead of the State doling out favors and aid, it considers young people enterprising enough to create opportunities for themselves given the right environment and space, and reflects the belief that entrepreneurship among young people should be encouraged and facilitated. However, this message is countered by the following statement: "It is understood that youth development cannot be left to the young people alone." But if young people are not proactively involved in their progress and development then who else will? A future for all youth Pakistanis which is free from any type of discriminations in promoting a democratic, enlightened and prosperous Islamic Republic of Pakistan, where young women and men can enjoy a full, abundant, free and safe life enabling them to become active participants in

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all those activities which fulfill their potential, hopes, dreams and ambitions leading to full integration in economic, social, cultural and the spiritual life of society. This vision is supposed to be translated through various action plans and key strategic areas involving various departments and civil society actors, but what's missing from it is the political participation and growth of youth. The vision talks about the youth's "full integration in economic, social, cultural and spiritual life of society" but not political life. If this is a deliberate omission, it suggests that 55 million Pakistani are being facilitated to integrate in all sectors but politics. A particularly surprising view, considering it is drafted by a government that reduced the voting age to 18. Perhaps it is an oversight rather than a deliberate omission, as the Key Strategies areas (the framework for the action plan) clearly mentions political participation of the youth as a key strategic area. However, the policy is silent on how these areas would actually be focused on, particularly political participation. The Policy talks about setting up cultural assemblies but fails to identify political participation as a key need for young people. This ambiguity is further exacerbated by the declaration that the youth policy is being formulated because, "Pakistan is experiencing multiple upswings in its economy, politics, governance, media and civil society... Examples are of the last several years of the economic track record and neo-democratization since 2002. This scenario calls for investment in young people." What "neo-democratization" means is not clear, but if it means investment in democratic political processes then the policy has to be clear on how to involve young people in these processes. Government policies with reference to young people are being drafted and reviewed since 1989, when the Youth Affairs Division was first created. It is encouraging that the 55 million youth of Pakistan are being focused upon but this focus should be realistic and holistic. A policy that does not strategize on how to facilitate young people to be active and informed citizens is a policy that is going nowhere. This needs to be seriously addressed.

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On a lighter note, the National Youth Policy defines "youth as men and women up to the age of 34." One is pleased to note that one has so many years of "youth" in the eyes of the sarkar.

y Behrman, Jere (1995), Pakistan: Human Resource Development and Economic Growth into the Next Century, Background Paper for Pakistan 2010, World Bank.

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