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The WAP push framework allows information to be sent to the client device without user action. In client-server model ,a client requests for

a service or information from the server. The server then responds to this request by providing information back to the client. This is referred to as PULL technology. Here, the client pulls information from the server.

In addition to pull technology ,WAP also provides Push technology. It is also based on client-server model ,but there is no explicit request originated by the client. The server transmits its content before the clients request. In short ,pull transactions are always initiated by the client while the push transactions are always initiated by the server. Push technology is used to send alerts and notifications. Push saves resources.

How does PUSH Work?

The push content is originated in a server in the internet that needs to be delivered to a mobile phone. The Push Initiator(PI) contacts the Push Proxy Gateway(PPG) from the internet side and delivers the content to the destination client. The PPG then forwards the content to the mobile network to be delivered to the destination client over-the-air. The internet side PPG protocol is called The Push Access Protocol. The WAP side protocol is called over-the-air

Push-Pull Based Data Acquisition

Three types of browsing content can be pushed to a WAP micro browser:

o Service Location(SL) o Service Indication(SI) o Cache Operation(CO)

Push SI(Services Indication)

It provides the ability to push contents to the users to notify them about electronic mail messages awaiting retrieval ,news headlines, commercial offers and so on. In its simplest form, a push SI contains short message along with an URI. Upon receipt of the push SI ,the message is presented to the user who is given the possibility of starting the service to which the URI refers. The subscriber may decide to start the service immediately or to postpone it.

Push SL(Service Loading)

In contrast to push SI ,push SL provides the ability to push some content to the WAP device without user explicit request Push SL contains a URI that refers to the push content. Upon receipt of the push SL ,the push content is automatically fetched by the web device and is presented to the user.

Push CO (cache operation)

Push CO provides a means for invalidating objects stored in the wap devices cache memory. In addition to browsing specific push contents, information can also be pushed to other WAP based applications such as the WTA agent and the provisioning agent.


I-mode is the packet based service for mobile phones offered by Japans one of the wireless technology. I-mode uses a simply simplified version of HTML ; WML First introduced in 1999,I-mode was the worlds first smart phone for web browser. The I-mode wireless data service offers color and video over many phones. Its mobile computing service enables users to do telephone banking ,make airline reservations, conduct stock transactions ,send and receive email ,and have access to the internet.