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# Design of Rectangular Beam

The values are Displayed in Blue color are the Input values

1 Section Forces (From STAAD) Beam Number Load Case Bending Moment at Support Bending Moment at Mid Span Max Shear Force at support, Vu Max Shear Force at mid span, Vu Torsional Moment at support, Tu Torsional Moment at mid span, Tu 2 Section Geometry 0.0035 0.002 xu d 0.42 xu c=0.36 fck b xu 0.45 fck 3/7xu = = = = = = = = 118 101 299 299 857 810 757 757

## KN.m KN.m KN KN KN.m KN.m

N D

Asc

4/7xu Ast Es T b 3 Design Datas 1. Length of Beam 2. Width of Support 3. Depth of beam, D 4. Width of Beam, B 5. Compressive strength of Concrete, Fck 6. Yield Strength of steel, Fy 7. Clear cover to the reinforcement, C 8. Diameter of Bar 9. Diameter of Shear reinforcement 4 Calculation of Design Forces At support Equivalent bending moment, M e1 where Mu = bending moment at the cross-section Tu(1+D/b/1.7) Mt = Mt = Mu + Mt = = = = = = = = = 8 230 1000 300 m mm mm mm 0.87fy/Es+0.002 Strain diagram

Stress diagram

## As per Clause 41.4.2, IS:456:2000

= 757000000((1 + (1000/300)/1.7) 1929.6 KN.m = 1929.61>299 Provide additional tensile As per Clause reinforcement for torsion at support 41.4.2.1, IS:456:2000

Me1 At mid Span Equivalent bending moment, M e1 where Mu = bending moment at the cross-section Tu(1+D/b/1.7) Mt = Mt

2228.6 KN.m

= Mu + Mt

= 757000000((1 + (1000/300)/1.7) 1929.6 KN.m = 1929.61>299 Provide additional tensile reinforcement for torsion at mid span

Me1 5 Effective depth required Overall Depth, D provided Effective depth provided, d provided

2228.6 KN.m

## 960 mm (IS:456:2000, Annex G, clause G.1.1.c)

= (0.36 x Fck x (xu.max/d) x (10.42(xu.max/d)) x bd 2 0.48 = 3.45 bd2 = = (Mu.lim/Qb)1/2 = (2228610000 / ( 3.45 x 300 )) = 1467.4 mm 1467.39 > 960 Revise the depth or Provide doubly rein. beam Mu.lim = 953.86 KN.m Mu>Mu.lim Doubly
1/2

6 Calculation of Longitudinal reinforcement I) Longitudinal Reinforcement for Singly Reinforced Section a) At Support Mu/bd2 pt Ast Ast.min Ast No of bars = = = = = = = 0 0 0 0 mm2 589.88 mm2 589.88 mm2 0 Nos

b) At mid span Mu/bd2 pt Ast Ast.min Ast No of bars = = = = = = = 0 0 0 0 mm2 589.88 mm2 589.88 mm2 0 Nos

II) Longitudinal Reinforcement for doubly Reinforced Section As per ANNEX -G, a) At Support (Tension reinforcement) Total tension steel,Ast Mu.lim/bd2 pt Ast1 As2 Ast No of bars = Ast1+Ast2 = (953856000)/(300x960x960) 3.45 = 1.188 = = 3421.4 mm2 Clause G.1.2, IS:456:2000

## = Mu-Mu.lim/0.87fy(d-d') = = = 3837.7 mm2 7259.1 mm2 24 Nos

b) At support (Compression reinforcement) Asc fsc d' fsc Asc No of bars d) At mid span (Tension reinforcement) Mu/bd2 pt Ast As2 Ast No of bars = (953856000)/(300x960x960) 3.45 = 1.19 = = = = = 3421.4 mm2 3837.7 mm2 7259.1 mm2 24 Nos = Mu-Mu.lim/0.87fy(d-d') = 0.87fyAst2/(fsc-0.447fck) = = 0.87 fy 40 mm = = = 361.05 N/mm2 3960.3 mm2 13 Nos

e) At mid span (Compression reinforcement) Asc fsc d' fsc Asc No of bars = 0.87fyAst2/(fsc-0.447fck) = = 0.87 fy 40 mm = = = 361.05 N/mm2 3960.3 mm2 13 Nos

7 Check for shear capacity Equivalent Shear at support, Ve = = = = = = Vu +1.6(Tu/b) 857+(1.6x757/300) 861.04 KN Vu +1.6(Tu/b) 810+(1.6x757/300) 814.04 KN As per clause 40.1, IS:456:2000

## Nominal shear stress at support, tve

= Ve/bd = 861040/(300x960) 2.976 N/mm2 = pt = 2.5205 = 0.87fck/6.89pt = 7.9567 0.429 N/mm2 = 2.976>0.429 Provide shear reinforcement 4.15 N/mm2 = 2.976<4.15 O.K

## Allowable shear stress at support, tc

tc.max

Minimum reinforcement

Asv/sv b sv

## spacing 47 mm min spacing 300 mm

Shear reinforcement

Vus sv

## Nominal shear stress at mid span, tve

= Ve/bd = 814040/(300x960) 2.827 N/mm2 = pt = 1.3751 = 0.87fck/6.89pt = 4.3408 0.549 N/mm2 = 2.827>0.549 Provide shear reinforcement 4.15 N/mm2 = 2.827<4.15 O.K

## Allowable shear stress at mid span, tc

tc.max

Minimum reinforcement

Asv/sv b sv

## spacing 53 mm min spacing 300 mm

Shear reinforcement

Vus sv

Longitudinal reinforcement Beam Dimensions B, mm 300 Bar dia Nos D, mm 1000 Beam type Doubly top Reinforcement, Area At support Bottom At mid span Top Bottom

## 7259.1 3960.3 3960.3 7259.1 25 20 16 25 25 0 0 20 15 2 3 5 0 0 0 0 7359.4 628 602.88 2453.1

Shear reinforcement at support 8 Bar dia mm 47 Spacing mm No of Stirrups Legged Shear reinforcement at support 8 Bar dia mm 53 Spacing mm No of Stirrups Legged 8 Check for deflection l/d, Actual l/d, Max pt, fs fs Modification Factor l/d, Max

8.33 = = B.V x M.F = 100Ast/bd 2.52 = = 0.58x fyx(Ast required/Ast provided) 712.27 N/mm2 = 0.4 = = 0.4 X 26 10.4 = 10.4>8.33 O.K