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rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

qm;ykvif;ESif;armif
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rrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

rif;odcF

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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2006 ckESpf? rwfv

rsufESmzHk;'DZdkif;
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trSwf (14)? ausmufa&wGif;vrf;
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610 bD(1) Anm;'vvrf;? wmarG? &efukef

uGefjyLwmpm½dkuf ESifh PDF - nnnaing ( www.myanmarcupidclub.net )

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

aus;NrD; vufzuf&nfqdkifuav;

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rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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taESmifht,SufjyK&ef cdkif;apvdkufavawmh\/
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vufzuf&nfESifh rkefYrsm;rSm,lpm;aomufav\/ xdktcsdefü wpfqdkifvHk;wGif &SdorQaom cHkwdkYü vltjynfhjzpfí aeav\/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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ukvm;at;armifESifh ol\vlrsm;onfxdkolESpfOD;tm; ukyfrSudkifvsuf qdkifwGif;rS wGef;ypf½HkrQru ]]aemufwpfcg
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pGefYvTwf&rnf[k a<u;aMumfcJhaom xdkolESpfOD;rSm uRefESpfOD;yrm acgif;rQyif raxmif0HawmhyJ cyfiHkiHkuav;
avQmufoGm;Muavawmh\/
xdktcgü r&rf;oD;onf rsKd;cspfvufzuf&nfqdkifydkif&Sif udkoef;aX;qdkoltm; ac:,lí . . .
]]a[haumif . . . rif;qdkifudk (7)&uftcsdefay;r,f? wpfcgwnf; ydwfypfvdkufyg? 'gyJ}} [k qdkum
vefcsm;ay:odkYjyefíwufoGm;av\/
þodkYjzpfNyD;aemuf (7)&ufMumaomtcgü rsKd;cspfvufzuf&nfqdkifonf xdkae&mrS vHk;0aysmufuG,fí
oGm;avawmh\/

* * * * *

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

txufazmfjyyg tjzpftysufrsm; jzpfyGm;NyD; wpfESpfeD;yg;cefYMumaomtcgü Munfhjrifwdkifaps;teD;


yvufazmif;ay:ü c&rf;oD;? bl;oD; ponfwdkYudk pkyHka&mif;csvsuf&Sdaom ykyk00aps;onf a,mufsm;BuD;wpfOD;udk
awGYjrifMu&avawmh\/
xdkaps;onfBuD;rSm ukvm;vlrdkuf r&rf;oD;\ &efudkaMumuf&GHUojzifh vufzuf&nfqdkif jzKwfypfvdkuf&&Smaom
udkoef;aX;qdkoljzpf\/ xdkol\ teD;ü tausmf? u&ruf? *VKefvufonf;? usm;qD? awmifqdwfcsKd? awmqdwfcGm?
pyg;BuD;onf;ajc ponfh aq;zuf0ifaom ypönf;rsm;udk cif;usif;a&mif;csonfh touftpdwft&G,f
vli,fuav;wpfOD;&Sdav\/ xdkvli,fuav;onf tnma'orSjzpfNyD;vQif NrdKU&GmtESHYtjym;ü vSnfhvnfa&mif;csaom
aps;onfuav;jzpfav\/ aps;0,folyg;aomtcgü ol\ wa,muav;udkxdk;vsuf tysif;ajzav\/ &uftwefMumrQ
twlwuG yl;uyfí aps;a&mif;cJhMuonfjzpf&m ukefpdrf;a&mif;onfh udkoef;aX;ESifh xdkvli,fuav;onf cifrif&if;ESD;
oGm;Muav\/
wpfaeYoü aps;teD;ü ukvm;vlrdkufr&rf;oD;onf vefcsm;pD;í jzwfoGm;av\/ xdktcsdefü vrf;ay:wGif
tbdk;BuD;wpfOD;onf vufü pdwfykwD;udkywfvsuf ydwfjzLpifMu,f0wfum awmifa0S;udkaxmufvsufoGm;ae\/xdkaeYrSm
OykofaeYjzpfí Oykofapmifh&eftwGuf bkefBuD;ausmif;odkYoGm;jcif;jzpfonf[k ,lqzG,f&mjzpfav\/ r&rf;oD;\
vefcsm;udkqGJ&aom vefcsm;orm;u ab;odkYz,f&eftwGuf ukvm;pum;jzifh ]]cyfwdk;. . . cyfwdk;}} [k atmf[pfaomfvnf;
ydwfjzLpifMu,fESifh tzdk;BuD;rSm Mum;[efrwlay/ oGm;NrJtwdkif;omvQif oGm;ae\/ xdkYaMumifh vefcsm;ukvm;uyif
tbdk;BuD;tm; auGUía&Smifum ausmfwufav\/ xdktcg vefcsm;ay:rSaeí r&rf;oD;u tzdk;BuD;tm; aqmifhí uefvdkuf&m
tzdk;BuD;onf ab;odkY xdk;vJusoGm;av\/ þodkYjzpfysufonfudk vlwdkif;vdkvdk jrifMuaomfvnf; r&rf;oD;tm;
aMumuf&GHUMuonfjzpf&m wkwfwkwfrQyif rvIyf0HhbJ Munfh½HkomMunfhí aeMu&av\/
ukefpdrf;onfeHab;ü aq;zuf0ifypönf;rsm;a&mif;csonfh vli,fuomvQif xdkifae&mrS jzKef;ueJxí
r&rf;oD;aemufodkYvdkufawmhrnfvkyfojzifh ukefpdrf;onf udkoef;aX;u qGJxm;&av\/
]]rvkyfeJY ighnD? 'De,frSm r&rf;oD;[m bk&ifcHyJuG,fh? usKyfawmifrS olY&efaMumufvdkY
vufzuf&nfqdkifuav;ydwfNyD; vrf;ab;rS ukefpdrf;vma&mif;ae&wmaygh}} [k tpcsDum ukvm;vlrdkuf r&rf;oD;wdkU\
bkef;awmufvsuf&SdyHkudk ca&aphwGif;us ajymjyavawmh\/ vli,fonf udkoef;aX;ajymjyonfudk pdwf0ifpm;pGm
em;axmifvsuf&Sd&mrS . . .
]]'D r&rf;oD;qdkwJhaumifudk jzKwfr,fhvl wpfa,mufwpfavrS r&Sdao;bl;vm; udkoef;aX;&,f}} [k ar;av\/
]]r&rf;oD;rajymeJY? r&rf;oD;wynfh ukvm;at;armifudkawmif armhNyD; rMunfh0HhMubl;uG,fh}}
]]'Dvdkawmh rjzpfbl;As? r&rf;oD;udk jzKwfrSjzpfr,f}}
]]AdkufxJudk "m;0ifoGm;vdrfhr,f}}
]]ratarG;uwnf;u AkdufxJudk "m;wpfcgrS r0ifzl;ao;bl;As? AdkufxJudk "m;0ifwm b,fvdkvJqdkwm
odcsifygbdAsm}}
[k ajymvdkuf&m udkoef;aX;qdkaomolonf tajymBuD;aom xdkvli,fESifh qufvufí avukefcHum
rajymvdkawmhonfhtavQmuf a&iHkEIwfydwfí omaeavawmh\/

_____

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

aemufwpfaeYü vli,fonff aps;qdkifrxGufawmhbJ r&rf;oD;\ wynfhrsm; pwnf;cs&m em&DwHqdyf


vufzuf&nfqdkifodkY oGm;a&muf? vufzuf&nfwpfcGufrSm,lí wpfqdkifvHk;udk tuJcwfMunfh½Iavawmh\/
xdkYaemuf vufzuf&nfudk tenf;i,f aomufNyD;vQif ]]tcsKdayghw,f? oMum;vmxnfh}} [k
cyfaigufaigufajymvdkuf&m vufzuf&nfazsmfaom ukvm;u oMum;cGufESifh aMu;ZGef;uav;udk ,lívmNyD;vQif
vufzuf&nfcGufxJodkY oMum;tenf;i,fxnfhí acgufay;um ae&modkY jyefíoGm;avvQif vli,fonf
tenf;i,faomufMunfhNyD;aemuf ]]odyfcsKdoGm;NyD? tus&nfvmxnfhOD;}} [k ac:jyefvQif ukvm;vnf; tus&nfu&m;udk
,lvmí tenf;i,f xnfhay;jyef\/
vli,fvnf; vufzuf&nfudk tenf;i,faomufMunfhNyD;aemuf ]]a[haumif . . . odyfcg;oGm;NyDuG? EdkYvmxnfhOD;}}
[k qdkjyef&m qdkjyef&m ukvm;onf tHudk Budwfí EdkYcGufudk ,lvmí xnfhay;NyD;vQifjyefvmcJh&m ae&modkYra&mufrDüyif
vli,fu ]]a[haumif . . . vHk;vHk; aomufvdkYr&awmhbl;? topfazsmfay;}} [k ajymvdkufjyef&m ukvm;vnf; oHrD;n§yfudk,lí
vli,f\ OD;acgif;tm; aemufrSaeí wtm;vTJum ½dkufcsvdkuf\/
odkY&mwGif vli,fonf aemufjyeftaetxm;rS aeívufzuf&nfjzifhyufvdkuf&m rD;n§yfESifh½dkufrnfh ukvm;\
rsufESmodkY vufzuf&nfylrsm; a&mufoGm;av\/ xdkYaemufxdkifae&mrS vSnfhí ukvm;\eHyg;tm; 'l;jzifh wkdufvdkufojzifh
ukvm;onf t½kyfBudK;ysuf vJusoGm;av\/ xdktcgü tcef;wGif;rS tjcm;wpfa,mufxGufí vmjyef&m vufwGif;rS
yef;uefvHk;jzifh ypfaygufvdkuf&m ezl;wnfhwnfhxdrSefí xdkvlvnf;vJoGm;jyefav\/
xdktcsdefwGif tjcm;aom ukvm;wpfa,mufonf qdkifwGif;rS ajy;xGufoGm;av\/ xdkukvm; ajy;xGufoGm;NyD;
rMumrDüyif r&rf;oD;\wynfh ukvm;at;armifESifh tazmfoHk;a,mufonf Zm0Dwkwfrsm;? oHydkufvHk;rsm;udk udkifvsuf
a&mufvmcJhav\/ vli,fonf qdkifa&SUuGufvyfodkY xGufí &yfvdkufNyD;vQif olYxHodkY a&SU½Ivsufvmaeaom
ukvm;at;armifESifh tzGJUtm; rsufESmcsif;qdkifí . . .
]]atmifrav; . . . rif;wdkYvmrS vmyghrvm;vdkY? rif;wdkYq&mBuD; r&rf;oD; qdkwJh acG;aumifaum rygcJhbl;vm;?
vm . . .vm? ukvm;at;armifqdkwm rif;r[kwfvm;? a&SUqHk;uvmcJh}} [k vuf,yfí ac:vdkufav\/ qdkifwGif;rS
vufzuf&nf aomufvsuf&Sdolrsm;onf pwifí &efjzpfuwnf;u xGufajy;rnf[k BuHpnfcJhMuaomfvnf; vli,f\
tpGrf;owådudk awGU&aomtcgü ¤if;wdkYonf xGufajy;&ef owdr&awmh rnfodkYrnfyHk qufvufjzpfyGm;rnfudk odvdkrSojzifh
Munfh½IaeMuavawmh\/
ukvm;at;armif\ wynfhwpfOD;onf oHydkufjzifh vli,ftm; 0ifí½dkufav\/ vli,fonf
xdkoHydkufvHk;orm;tm; *½kpdkufjcif;rjyKbJ ukvm;at;armifxHodkY pGwfí0ifav\/ ukvm;at;armifonf vli,ftm;
Zm0Dwkwfjzifh ½dkuf\/ odkY&mwGif vli,fu Zm0Dwkwfcsufudk vGwfonfqdk½kHrQuav; a&Smifay;vdkufNyD;aemuf
ukvm;at;armif\ 'l;acgufcGuftm;aqmifhí eif;vdkuf&m ukvm;at;armifonf acGíoGm;av\/ xdkodkYvJonfESifh
wpfjydKifeuf Zm0Dwkwfjzifh vnfyif;udk uvefYí n§pfvdkufav\/ þodkYjyKvkyfonfrSm wpfckNyD;wpfck jyKvkyfaomfvnf;
vsifjrefvGef;vSonfjzpf&m awGUjrif&oltzdkYukvm;at;armifu ½dkufvdkufjcif;ESifh ,if;wkwfjzifhyif vnfyif;udk
uvefYín§pfvdkufjcif;rSm wpfcsdefwnf; jzpfíoGm;ouJhodkY awGUjrif&av\/
]][dkaumifawG . . . rif;wdkYvufxJu vufeufawG csvdkuf rcs&if 'Daumifudk n§pfypfvdkufr,f? at;armif
rif;aumifawGudk ajymvdkuf}}
ukvm;at;armifrSm vnfyif;tpfí aeonfjzpfí yg;pyfjzifh rajymEdkifawmhbJ ol\ vlrsm;tm;
vufwGifudkifxm;aom vufeufrsm;udk csypf&ef vufESifhyif jy&&Smav\/ xdkolrsm;u ajymonfhtwdkif;
csufcsif;rvdkufemojzifh vl&G,f . . .
]]ajymaewm r&bl;vm;? 'DrSmMunfh}} [k qdkum wkwfudkydkíuvefYvdkuf&m ukvm;at;armifonf
vQmxGufívmav\/ xdktcgusrSyif xdkolwdkYonf vufwGif;rS vufeufrsm;udk ypfícsMuavawmh\/
]]b,f&rvJuGm? rif;wdkYudk NzdKrvdkY a&mufvmwm rif;q&mr&rf;oD;tdrfudkjyayawmh}} [k qdkum
ukvm;at;armiftm; vnfyif;ñSpfvsuf ac:oGm;aavawmh\/ vrf;wavQmufvHk;&Sd vlrsm;onf ukvm;at;armiftm;
vnfyif;ñSpfíqGJoGm;onfudk vdkufíMunfhMu&if; vli,ftm; trsKd;rsKd;tzHkzHk csD;usK;Muav\/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

ukvm;at;armifu ,ufuef ,ufuefjzifh ½kef;vdkufonfhtcgü vli,fonf uvefYxm;aom wkwfudk


tenf;i,fydkí qGJvdkufvQif ukvm;at;armifonf vnfyif;tpfavawmh\/ xdktcgü vli,fu ukvm;at;armif\yg;udk
oHk;av;csuf quf½dkufNyD;vQif . . .
]]r&rf;oD;tdrf b,frSmvJ? rjy&ifowfypfr,f}} [k atmf[pfí ajymavawmh\/ xdktcg ukvm;at;armifonf
emusifvGef;ojzifh a&SUodkYñTefjyvQif vli,fonf aqmifqGJí a&SUodkY oGm;jyef\/
vli,f\ aemufrS vdkufvHMunfh½Iaom vlrsm;rSmvnf; wpfpwpfp rsm;jym;í vmavawmh\/ tcsKdUvlrsm;rSm
vdkufMunfh½HkrQ r[kwfawmhbJ awGUorQwkwfrsm;? tkwfcJrsm;udkyif qGJudkifí ¤if;wdkYuyg atmf[pfum 'Daumifhudkygowfypfyg?
'Daumif vlawGudk EdSyfpufwmrsm;NyD[k qdkMuukef\/
vli,f\aemufwGif vdkufcJhaom vltkyfBuD;rSm wpfpwpfp rsm;onfxufrsm;vmavawmh\/ aemufydkif;wGif
vli,fonf r&rf;oD;\tdrfudk ukvm;at;armiftm; ar;&efrvdkawmhay/ tb,faMumifhqdkaomf wcsKdUaomvlrsm;u
a&SUrSBudKí oGm;um 'Dvrf;udk csKd;yg? [dkvrf;udk 0ifygESifh vrf;jyay;vsuf&SdaomaMumifhjzpf\/ aemufqHk;ü
r&rf;oD;aexdkifaom vrf;wGif;odkYa&muf&SdoGm;&m r&rf;oD;tdrfa&SUodkY vltcsKdUu BudKíajy;oGm;NyD;vQif ]]'D[m r&rf;oD;tdrf}}
[k jyav\/ xdktcgü vli,fonf r&rf;oD; tdrfodkY arQmfí . . .
]]a[haumif . . . r&rf;oD;? xGufcJh? rxGuf&if rif;wynfhudk owfypfr,f}} [k atmf[pfavawmh\/
r&rf;oD;onf tdrftay:xyf 0&HwmrS xGufí Munfh½I&mvnfyif;tñSpfcHae&aom ol\wynfh
ukvm;at;armifudkvnf;aumif;? atmf[pfaeaom vli,fudkvnf;aumif;? aemufrSvltkyfBuD;udkaomfvnf;aumif;?
jrifawGU&avvQif tHhtm;oifhpGm Munfh½Iaeav\/
]]tJ'g r&rf;oD;aygh}} [k vltkyftwGif;rS wpfa,mufu vli,ftm; ajymvdkuf&m vli,fonf . . .
]]a[haumif . . .r&rf;oD;? qif;cJh}} [k atmf[pfav\/ vli,fatmf[pfvdkufonfESifh wpfNydKifeuf
vltkyfBuD;uvnf; ]]qif;cJh? a[h . . . r&rf;oD;? rdkufw,fqdk qif;cJhygvm;}} [k atmf[pfMu&m r&rf;oD;vnf; xdwfvefYí
aemufaygufrS xGufajy;avawmh\/
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wpftdrfvHk;&Sd tdrfaxmify&dabm*rsm;udk zsufqD;ypfavawmhonf/ auseyfavmufatmif zsufqD;NyD;í
vli,fjyefxGufvmonfhtcgü ukvm;at;armiftm; 0dkif;í ½dkufESufxm;Mu&m ajrmhajrmhomvQif &Sdavawmh\/
]]'Dae&mrSm r&rf;oD;vnf; rvdkcsifbl;? o&ufoD;vnf; rvdkcsifbl;? Akdvfvmus&if usKyfuawmh jzKwf&rSmyJ}} [k
vltkyfBuD;bufodkYvSnfhí ajymvdkuf&m vltkyfBuD;onf vli,f\pum;udktm;&vGef;ojzifh ]]a[;}} [k atmf[pfum vli,ftm;
&Sifavmif;vSnfhouJhodkY 0dkif;0ef; xrf;ydk;NyD;vQif em&DwHqdyfvufzuf&nfqdkifodkY o,faqmifvmMuav\/ vltkyftwGif;rS
tcsKdUaomolrsm;u vli,ftm; AsKdU . . . q&m? emrnf b,fvdkac:ovJ[k atmf[pfí ar;Mu&m vli,fu . . .
]]usKyfemrnf aus;NrD;}} [k ajzvdkuf&m vltkyfBuD;onf a[;ueJ nmoHay;vdkufNyD;aemuf q&maus;NrD;uG?
q&maus;NrD; [k atmf[pfMuavawmh\/
em&DwHqdyf vufzuf&nfqdkifodkY a&muf&Sdonfhtcgü vli,fu vufzuf&nfqdkifrS qdkif;bkwfudk
jzKwfcsypfvdkufNyD;aemuf 'Dqdkif;bkwfudk zsufypfyg? aus;NrD; vufzuf&nfqdkifvdkYa&;&r,f[k trdefYay;vdkuf&m vltkyfBuD;onf
em&DwHqdyfvufzuf&nfqdkifqdkaom qdkif;bkwfudk zsufypfMuNyD;aemuf uGef;NcHaps;teD; armfawmfum;eHygwfa&;aomoltm;
ac:,lcJhí qdkif;bkwfay:ü aus;NrD; vufzuf&nfqdkif[k a&;apNyD;vQif qdkif;bkwftopfwifvdkufavawmh\/
xdktcsdefrSpí ,if;ukvm;vufzuf&nfqdkifuav;onf aus;NrD;vufzuf&nfqdkif[k wGif&pfav\/ ukvm;vlrdkuf
r&rf;oD;ESifh ¤if;\wynfhrsm;vnf; vHk;0aysmufuG,foGm;avawmh\/ rsm;rMumrDü xdk]]aus;NrD;vufzuf&nfqdkif}} tm;
ukefpdrf;a&mif;aom udkoef;aX;qdkolu ukvm;rsm;xHrS 0,f,lvdkufonf [l\/

vlxGm;BuD;onf aeYpOfaeYwdkif; tcsdefrSefrSef vufzuf&nfqdkifodkYvma&mufí aus;NrD;tm; vufzuf&nf


wpfcGufwdkufNyD;vQif rkefYzufxkyf wpfxkyfay;um pum;wpfcGef;rS rajymbJ jyefí oGm;av\/
vlxGm;BuD; tcsdefrSefouJhodkY cg;ukef;olawmif;pm;BuD;onfvnf; tcsdefrSefav\/ aus;NrD;uvnf;
vlxGm;MuD;xHrS &&Sdaom rkefYzufxkyftm; olawmif;pm;BuD;\ cGufxJodkY xnfhNrJtwdkif;xnfhíoGm;onfcsnf;jzpf\/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

vlxGm;BuD;vma&mufum aus;NrD;tm; vufzuf&nfwdkufí rkefYzufxkyfay;cJhonfrSm udk;&ufajrmufaomaeY


jzpfav\/ vlxGm;BuD;onf xHk;pHtwdkif; aus;NrD;tm; rkefYzufxkyfwpfxkyfay;í xGufoGm;av\/ vlxGm;BuD;
xGufoGm;NyD;aemuf aus;NrD;onf rkefYzufxkyfudk aumuf,lí 'Dtbdk;BuD; aeYwdkif;vmNyD; ay;oGm;wm t"dyÜm,fawmh &Sdrnf?
t"dyÜ,fod&atmif pm;MunfhOD;rSyJ[k pdwfüawG;xifrdonfhtavsmuf rkefYtay:rSzufrsm;udk cGmypfvdkufNyD;vQif udkufpm;vdkuf&m
rkefYtwGif;rS rmausmaom t&m0w¬Kwpfckudk a'gufceJ udkufvdkufrdav\/ xdkYaMumifh xdkt&m0w¬Ktm; rkefYwGif;rS
qGJxkwfvdkuf&m a&S;a[mif;w½kwfa&T'*Fg;jym;wpfjym; jzpfaeonfudk tHhMozG,f&m awGUjrif&avawmh\/
vli,fonf a&T'*Fg;jym;tm; tdwfwGif;odkYxnfhum qdkifrSxGufvdkufonfESifhwpfNydKifeuf cg;ukef;aom
olawmif;pm;BuD;onf vli,f\a&SUodkY cGufxdk;í cHav\/ vli,fonf olawmif;pm;BuD;tm; Munfhí . . .
]]&Spfjym;awmif&aerS awmfa&ma&mayghAsm}} [k ajymvdkufNyD;vQif orÁmefqdyfbufodkY xGufoGm;avawmh\/
cg;ukef;olawmif;pm;BuD;onf vli,f\aemufrS awmifa0S;udk wa'gufa'gufaxmufum vdkufoGm;NyD;
vlol&Sif;aomae&modkYa&mufvQif cg;ukef;olawmif;pm;BuD;u vli,ftm; . . .
]]usKyf&xm;wJh &Spfjym;xJu av;jym;udk cifAsm;udk jyefay;rvdkYyg}} [k ajymavonf/
]]rvdkygbl;? cifAsm;&Nyd;om;[m cifAsm;ypönf;ayghAsm? ,loGm;yg}}
]]aumif;NyDav? cifAsm;twGuf vdktyfwJhtcgrSm tcsdefra&G;jyefNyD;awmif;yg? usKyfjyefay;yghr,f}}
]]rvdkygbl;? usKyfb,fawmhrS jyefNyD;rawmif;ygbl;}}
vli,fonf olawmif;pm;BuD;ESifh pum;qufrajymawmhbJ orÁmefqdyfodkY qif;oGm;avawmh\/
olawmif;pm;BuD;onf vli,ftm;Munfhí usef&pfcJhNyD;vQif &&Sdxm;aom a&S;a[mif; '*Fg;&Spfjym;tm; xkwfí
Munfh½Ium wpfpHkwpfcktm; av;av;eufeufpOf;pm;&if; usef&pfcJhavawmhownf;/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

S.O.S
wpfaeYoü uREkfyf\ rdwfaqGBuD;qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifh uREkfyfwdkYonf tif;pdefpDtdkif'D&Sd uREkfyf\ ½Hk;cef;twGif;ü
tcsdefMumjrifhpGm pum;ajymcJhMuNyD;aemuf vufzuf&nfaomuf&eftwGuf ½Hk;BuD;zufodkY xGufvmcJhMuav\/
½Hk;BuD;twGif;&Sd umumvufzuf&nfqdkifodkY a&mufvQif vufzuf&nfESpfcGufrSm,lvdkuf&m umumukvm;u
vufzuf&nfrcsao;rDü prlqmyef;uefudk vma&mufí csay;ojzifh uREkfyfvnf; prlqmwpfckudk aumuf,lí a&aEG;Murf;ESifh
jrnf;avawmh\/ prlqmrSm qdwfom;prlqm jzpfonfhtjyif ylylaEG;aEG;vnf; jzpfaomaMumifh pm;í aumif;onfjzpf&m
wpfckukefoGm;onfESifh aemufwpfckaumuf,lrdjyef\/
uREkfyfuom prlqmudk wpfckNyD;wpfck aumuf,lpm;aomufvsuf&Sdaomfvnf; udkESif;armifurl wpfckwpfavrQyif
pm;aomufjcif;r&Sdojzifh uREkfyfu . . .
]tdkifaq; . . . udkESif;armif? qdwfom;prlqmuav;pm;vdkufprf;ygOD;}} [k ajymaomfvnf; udkESif;armifu
rpm;vdkaMumif; acgif;,rf;jyav\/ tvdkufrodaom uREkfyfu prlqmwpfckudk aumuf,lí udkESif;armiftm; pm;prf;ygAs[k
qdkum twif;xdk;í ay;av&m udkESif;armifonf ol\xHk;pHtwdkif; rcdkYw½dkYuav;NyHK;vdkufNyD;aemuf . . .
]]'Dukvm;awG vkyfwJh qdwfom;rkefYqdkwmawG[m rsm;aomtm;jzifh trJom;awG jzpfaewwfw,f tdkifyD}} [k
qdkav\/
]]cifAsm; trJom;rpm;bl;vm;? bmjzpfvdkYvJ}} [k uREkfyfu ar;av&m . . .
]]rsKd&ufayh olcHwGif;? wdkYvkyfonfhxrif;udk? wdkY[if;vsm tom;ESifh pm;Muonf jzpfeJudk wdkYtonf;emvdkufwm}}
qdkwJh EGm;arwåmpmudk zwfNyD;uwnf;u trJom;pm;csifpdwf wpf0ufukefoGm;w,f? EGm;owf½Hkudk oGm;Munfhawmh
usefwJhpm;csifpdwf wpf0ufyg ukefoGm;w,f? wu,fawmh xrif;jzpfatmifvkyfay;wJh owå0g&JU tom;udk
xrif;eJYwGJNyD;pm;&rSmudk rpm;&ufawmhvdkYygyJ tdkifyD}} [k udkESif;armifu jyefí ajymvdkufav\/
uREkfyfonf udkESif;armifajymrSyif trJom;ESifh yufoufí av;av;eufeuf pOf;pm;rdawmh\/ EGm;udk vlwdkYonf
EGm;ycHk;ü tom;rmBuD;rsm; xonftxd xrf;ydk;wifí cdkif;apcJhMu\/ EGm;ESifhyif qefpyg;udk &atmifvkyfcJhMu\/ qefonf
vl\vHkv oHk;yHkwpfyHkESifh EGm;\pGrf;tm; oHk;yHkESpfyHkcefYaygif;pyfí &vmaom t&mjzpfay&m xdkqefudkcsufí&aom xrif;ESifh
xdkEGm;\tom;udk [if;tjzpfwGJpyfí pm;aomufjcif;onf aoaocsmcsm pOf;pm;Munfhygu vlom;\ r,Ofaus;aom
odkYwnf;r[kwf &SufzG,faumif;aom tjyKtrlyifjzpfayonf/
]]'Dvdk pOf;pm;Munfhygvm; tdkifyD}}
]]b,fvdkvJ? vkyfprf;ygOD;}}
]]vleJYEGm;eJY twlwlvkyfNyD;&vmwJh xrif;udk wu,fvdkYrsm; EGm;u tJ'Dxrif;eJY pm;zdkY&mtwGuf vludk
[if;vsmtjzpf pD&ifNyD; pm;wwfwJh owå0gqdkygpdkYAsm? usKyfwdkY vlawG[m EGm;udkb,fvdk oabmxm;MurvJ}} [k
udkESif;armifu ar;jref;av\/
]]cifAsm;ajymovdk EGm;u xrif;eJYpm;zdkY vludk [if;vsmtjzpf pD&ifwwfwJh owå0gqdk&ifawmh usKyfwdkY vlawG[m
xrif;udk rpm;bJ aecsifae&vdrfhr,f? EGm;udkawmh a0;a0;ua&Smif&awmhrSmayghAsm}} [k uREkfyfu ajymvQif . . .

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

]]'gayr,fh EGm;crsm xrif;vJpm;wJh owå0gr[kwfbJeJY xrif;jzpfatmif vlawGudk vkyfay;aew,f? NyD;awmh


vlawGu olYudk [if;vsmtjzpf oabmxm;Muw,f? 'gayr,fh vlawGudk a&SmifroGm;bl;? tusKd;jyKNrJ jyKaew,f? b,favmuf
oem;p&maumif;wJh owå0grsKd;vJ tdkifyD}} [k udkESif;armifu jyefí ajymvdkuf\/
]]awmfygawmh udkESif;armif? usKyfvJ 'Dtcsdefu pNyD; ygPkaywH toufxufqHk; trJom;udk rpm;awmhygbl;Asm?
wpfcgwnf; a&SmifvdkufygNyDvdkY cifAsm;udk uwday;ygw,f}} [k uREkfyfu ajymvQif udkESif;armifu . . .
]]om"kAsm . . . om"k . . . om"k}} [k qdkavawmh\/
udkESif;armifonf uREkfyfu trJom;udk ygPkaywH toufxufqHk; rpm;awmhygbl;[lí uwday;vdkufjcif;aMumifh
vGefpGm0rf;ajrmuf 0rf;om jzpfíoGm;onfhtavsmuf ausauseyfeyfBuD; om"k oHk;Budrf ac:vdkufjcif;jzpf\/
wdkufqdkifonfrSm udkESif;armif om"kac:í NyD;onfESifhwNydKifeuf ½Hk;BuD;rS udkom"kqdkonfh bDvpfpma&;BuD;onf
usKyfwdkYteD;odkY a&mufvmojzifh uREkfyfwdkYonf pdwfwGif;rS usdwfí NyHK;rdao;awmh\/
]]a[mh'DrSm qm;ykvif;ESif;armif? ½Hk;a&SUrSm uGrf;,moGm;0,fpm;wkef; vlwpfa,mufu ay;oGm;wm?
qm;ykvif;ESif;armifeJY tdkifyD OD;atmifoif; 'DqdkifrSm vufzuf&nfaomufaeMuw,fwJh? 'Dpmav; aus;Zl;NyKNyD;
oGm;ay;prf;ygqdkvdkY}} [k qdkum pma&;BuD; udkom"konf pmay;NyD;aemuf txufygtwdkif; ajymjyum xGufíoGm;avonf/
pmtdwfay:ü ]]odkY qm;ykvif; ESif;armif}} [k a&;xm;onfudk awGU&av\/ pmtdwfudkazmufvdkufonfh tcgü
twGif;rS pm&Gufacgufuav; xGufvmojzifh udkESif;armifu jzefYí Munfhvdkuf&m atmufyg pmvHk;oHk;vHk;udk awGU&jyefav\/

S.O.S

]]udkESif;armif . . . tuf(pf) tdk tuf(pf) qdkygvm;? odyfNyD; ta&;BuD;wJh oabmyJ}} [k uREkfyfuajym&m


udkESif;armifu . . .
]][kwfw,f tdkifyD? tuf(pf) tdk tuf(pf) qdkwm 'Save Our Souls' u,fawmfrlygvdkY t"dyÜm,f&wmyJ}} [k
ajymvdkufav\/
]]b,fvdkvkyfrvJ udkESif;armif}} [k uREkfyfu ar;&m . . .
]]usKyfvJ 'gudkyJ pOf;pm;aewmyJ? u,fawmfrlygqdkwmawmh od&NyD? b,folUudk u,f&r,f? b,fae&mrSm
bmjzpfaevdkY u,f&r,fqdkwm awmfawmf ta&;BuD;aew,f? pmxJrSmuvJ bmrS jynfhjynfhpHkpHk ygwmvJ r[kwfbl;}} [k
udkESif;armifu ajymvdkufav\/
]]aeOD;Asm? pma&;BuD; udkom"kudk usKyfoGm;ac:cJhr,f? olYudk pmvmay;wJhvl[m b,fvdkyHko@mefrsKd;
qdkwmavmufawmh ajymjyEdkifygvdrfhr,f? 'DawmhrS cifAsm;vJ pOf;pm;EdkifrSmaygh}} [k qdkum uREkfyfvnf; udkESif;armifudk
xm;cJhí ½Hk;BuD;ay:odkY wufcJhav\/ uREkfyfonf ta&;ydkifrif;\ ½Hk;cef;ab;&Sd 0&Hwmvrf;usOf;uav;rS aeí
tajy;uav;oGm;a&muf&av\/
atmufydkif;eH&HwpfckvHk;ü uGrf;wHawG;rsm;jzifh tvSjc,fxm;onfh bD;vpfpma&;BuD; udkom"k\
½Hk;cef;odkYa&mufvQif pmtkyfyHkBuD;rsm; twGif;ü acgif;udk iHkvsuf pm&if;rsm; a&;oGif;vsuf&Sdaom pma&;BuD;udkom"kudk
awGU&onfESifh wpfNydKifeuf . . .
]]pma&;BuD; cPav;vdkufcJhygOD;}} [k uREkfyfu tavmwBuD; ajymqdkaomfvnf; pma&;BuD;onf
uREkfyftm;csufcsif;armhí rMunfhao;bJ a&;oGif;vufp *Pef;rsm;udk NyD;qHk;atmif a&;oGif;NyD; aemufrS armfíMunfhum . . .
]][m . . . tdkifyD OD;atmifoif; ygvm;? usKyfu a&SUzufpma&; OD;tkef;ausmfrSwfvdkY}} [k qdkav\/
pma&;BuD; udkom"k ajymonfh a&SUzufpma&; tHk;ausmfqdkoludkvnf; uREkfyfaumif;pGm odayonf/ xdkolonf
ydefydefyg;yg; jzLjzLEGJUEGJU jzpf\/ uREkfyfuJhodkY wkwfwkwfcdkifcdkif vlwpfOD;ESifh rSm;,Gif;zG,f&mr&Sdyg/ toHrSmvnf; uREkfyfu
us,fus,favmifavmif ajymwwf\/ olajymonfh a&SUzwfpma&; tHk;ausmfrSm wdk;wdk;oufom ajymwwfoljzpf\/
pma&;BuD; udkom"konf 'D*&D av;&mcefY&Sdaom rsufrSefxlxlBuD;udk jzKwfvdkufNyD;aemuf rsufpdrsm;udk yGwfoyfum
rsufrSefudk jyefí wyfav\/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

]]cPvdkufcJhygOD;}} [k uREkfyfu xyfajymrSyif pma&;BuD;u . . .


]]b,fudk vdkuf&rSmwHk;}} [k ol\em;ü vuf0g;av;udkumí jyefvnfar;av\/ trSefpifppftm;jzifh
pma&;BuD;um; rsufpdvGefpGm rIef½Hkru vGefpGmrSvnf; em;av;oljzpfayonf/
uREkfyfu vuf[efajc[efrsm;udkyg toHk;jyKum pum;ajymí pma&;BuD;tm; udkESif;armifxHodkY ac:ívmcJhav\/
vrf;üvnf; pmay;oGm;ol\ yHkyef;o@mefudk ar;jref;Bunfh&m rsufpdrIefí em;av;aeaom pma&;BuD;
udkom"konfa&a&&m&m ajzqdkEdkifjcif; r&SdonfhtwGuf pdwfysufrdao;\/
pma&;BuD;xH pmoGm;ay;ol\ yHkyef;o@mefudkrQ rod&vQif uREkfyfwdkY&&Sdxm;aom ]]u,fawmfrlyg}} qdkonfhpmonf
oJvGefp &&Sd&ef rvG,fulawmhay/ odkY&mwGif uREkfyfonf pma&;BuD;tm; udkESif;armifxHodkY ta&muf ac:oGm;cJhav\/
]]pma&;BuD;ygvm;? vufzuf&nfaomufygOD;}} [k udkESif;armifu ajymav\/
udkESif;armifonf vufzuf&nfwpfcGufudk pma&;BuD;xdkifrnfh cHkzufodkY xdk;í ay;av\/ pma&;BuD;vnf;
xdkifvdkufNyD;aemuf udkESif;armifay;aom vufzuf&nfcGufudk udkifvdkufav\/ xdktcgü udkESif;armifu . . .
]]tdkifyD . . . vmAsKdU? tcsdefodyfr&Sdbl;? oGm;Mu&atmif}} [k qdkum vufzuf&nfqdkifrS cyfokwfokwf
xGufoGm;avonf/ uREkfyfvnf; bkrod brodESifhyif ol\aemufodkY vdkufygoGm;cJhav\/ em;av;í rsufpdrIefaom
bD;vpfpma&;BuD; udkom"krSmrl vufzuf&nfaomuf&if; uREkfyfwdkYESpfOD;tm; tlaMumifaMumifESifh orifvnfjyefMunfhum
usef&pfcJhavawmh\/
½Hk;BuD;a&SUodkYa&mufvQif udkESif;armifu uREkfyf\ armfawmfum;udk xkwfcJh&efajymojzifh uREkfyfonf
armfawmfum;ukd pDtdkif'D0if;twGif;rS armif;,lcJh&avonf/ udkESif;armifonf um;ay:odkY wufvdkufNyD;aemuf
]]vSnf;ul;bufudk armif;Asm}} [k qdkojzifh vSnf;ul;bufodkY OD;wnfí armif;ESifcJh&avawmh\/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

r,foDv&Sifavm

uREkfyfonf um;udk t&Sdefjyif;pGm armif;ESifcJh&m 'nif;ukef;&GmteD;odkYa&mufonfhtcgü vrf;Murf;ojzifh


puf&SdefudkavQmh&av\/ puf&SdefavQmhí armif;onfhtcgü udkESif;armifESifh pum;ajym&av\/
]]tdkifaq; . . . pmtdwfay:rSmvJ odkY . . .qm;ykvif; ESif;armifqdkwJh pmyJygw,f? txJrSmuvJ tuf(pf) tdk
tuf(pf) qdkwJh pmvHk;oHk;vHk;ygw,f? tJ'gudk cifAsm;u b,fvdkrsm; pOf;pm;rdvdkY vSnf;ul;bufudk armifcdkif;&wmvJ}} [k
uREkfyfu ar;vdkufav\/
xdktcgü ukdESif;armifonf ¤if;taeESifh vGefpGmpGJvef;ESpfoufonfh *avpD,mac: a&cJawmifwHqdyfpD;u&ufudk
xkwf,lrD;ñdSNyD;aemuf . . .
]]'DvdkAs . . . pmay;wJhvl[m e*dkuwnf;u usKyfwdkYem;rSm &Sdaew,f? bmjzpfvdkYvJqdkawmh a[m'Dpmuav;
oGm;ay;prf;yg? qm;ykvif;ESif;armifeJY tdkifyDOD;atmifoif;wdkY[m ½Hk;0if;BuD;xJu vufzuf&nfqdkifrSm
vufzuf&nfaomufaeMuw,fvdkY pma&;BuD;udkom"kudk aoaocsmcsmajymNyD;rS ay;cdkif;vdkufwmAs? NyD;awmh usKyfwdkYudk
pmvmay;wJh tcsdefrSm &Gmrbuf(vSnf;ul;bufrSvmaom um;vrf;) u um;wpfpD;rS rvmao;bl;? &efukefbufuvmwJh
um;wpfpD;om &Gmrbufudk armif;oGm;wmawGU&w,f? 'gaMumifh tJ'Dum;udk rDvdkrDjim; cifAsm;udk
vSnf;ul;bufarmif;cdkif;&wm}} [k at;aq;pGm ajymav\/
]]vSnf;ul;bufudk armif;oGm;wJh um;wpfpD; jrifvdkufw,fqdkwmu bmum;vJAs}} [k uREkfyfu ajymvdkuf&m . . .
]]bwfpfum;As? vSnf;ul;eJY &efukefudk qGJwJhum;As}} [k qm;ykvif;ESif;armifu ajymav\/
]]um;udkawGUNyDxm;ygOD;? um;ay:rSmu c&D;onfawGu trsm;BuD; ygvmrSm? 'Dpmay;wJhvl[m b,folb,f0g
jzpfw,fqdkwmudk cGJjcm;zdkYu rcufaybl;vm; udkESif;armif}} [k uREkfyfu jyefí ar;vdkufav\/
]]r[kwfbl; tdkifyD? tckusKyfwdkY vSnf;ul;bwfpfum;udk vdkufayr,fvdkY pmay;wJhvludkawmh awGUrSmr[kwfbl;As?
tJ'Dvlu vrf;rSmwifbJ qif;aecJhr,fhvlyg}} [k udkESif;armifu jyefajymav\/
]]'gjzifh&if bmjzpfvdkY tJ'Dbwfpfum;aemufudk vdkufrSmvJ udkESif;armif}} [k uREkfyfu ar;vdkufjyef\/
]]usKyf&JU tpDtpOfuawmh vSnf;ul;bwfpfum;udk trDvdkufr,f? tJ'DusawmhrS py,ff,mudk tif;pdef½Hk;em;u
wufwJh c&D;onf[m b,fvdkyHko@mef&Sdw,fqdkwmudk ar;&r,f? NyD;awmh b,frSmqif;oGm;w,fqdkwmudkvJar;&r,f}} [k
qm;ykvif;ESif;aarmifu ajymvdkufav\/
udkESif;armifonf txufygtwdkif; uREkfyf\ ar;cGef;rsm;udk &Sif;vif;ajzMum;NyD;aemuf pD;u&ufudk EIwfcrf;zsm;ü
awh½HkrQawhum rsufpdudk arS;í aeav\/
uREkfyfonf udkESif;armifESifh twlwGJzufí trIaygif;rsm;pGm vdkufvmcJhzl;onfjzpf&m udkESif;armif\ tusifhudk
odae\/ wpfenf;qdk&ygrl udkESif;armif\"mwfudk odae\/
udkESif;armifonf ta&;BuD;aom awG;vHk;rsm;udk awG;ac:&mü þuJhodkY rsufpdrsm;udkarS;xm;wwfav\/
þodkYpu©Ktm½Hkudk csKyfwnf;vdkufNyD;aemuf OD;aESmufudk raerem; tvkyfvkyfapwwfavonf/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

uREkfyfvnf; vrf;Murf;aomae&mudk ausmfvGefonfESifhwpfNydKifeuf puf&Sdefudkjr§ifhí armif;ESifcJh&m ca&yifvrf;cGJ[k


ac:qdkaom ae&modkYa&mufvQif usKduúvdkYbufodkY OD;wnfí armif;av\/ xdktcgü rsufpdarS;í pOf;pm;aeaom
udkESif;armif\ EIwfcrf;ü awhí xm;aom pD;u&ufonf wdkaeNyDjzpfojzifh EIwfcrf;rS jzKwfum ypfvdkufNyD;vQif
topfwpfvdyfrD;ñdSí . . .
]]a[m'DtrI[m awmfawmfudk ½IyfaxG;r,fh trIyJ tdkifyD? tckusKyfwdkYqDudk ay;wJhpm[mvnf; wu,fawmh
usKyfwdkYudk ydwfwJh ydwfuGufwpfckom jzpfw,fAs}} [k qdkav\/ uREkfyfonf udkESif;armifajymonfh t"dyÜm,fudk
aumif;pGmem;rvnfojzifh . . .
]]b,fvdk ydwfuGufvJ? &Sif;prf;ygOD; udkESif;armif}} [k ar;&av\/
]]'DvdkavAsm? ppfwk&ifxdk;wJhtcgrSm tifrweftm;aumif;wJh ppfuJvdkaumifBuD;udk ra&TUEdkifatmif]e,f} vdkYac:wJh
bmr[kwfwJh aumifav;eJY ydwfxm;avh&Sdw,fr[kwfvm;? tJ'Dvdk ydwfuGufuav; a&TUNyD;rS wpfzufu rif;BuD;udk
0ifNyD;acGavh&Sdwmudk;}} [k qm;ykvif;ESif;armifu ajymav\/
]]tif; . . . [kwfw,fAsKdU}} [k uREkfyfu ajym&m qm;ykvif;ESif;armifu . . .
]]tckvJ usKyfudk vdyfpmryg? emrnfrygwJh tuf(p) tdk tuf(p) qdkwJh bmr[kwfwJh pmuav;wpfapmifay;NyD;
tvkyf½Iyfatmif vkyfxm;r,f? usKyfwdkY[m tJ'DpmtwGuf tvkyf½Iyfaewkef; olwdkY[m trIBuD;wpfckudk usL;vGefMuvdrfhr,f
xifw,f? 'gaMumifh a[m'Dpm[m ppfwk&ifpum;eJY ajym&&if e,feJYydwfwJh ydwfuGufuav;wpfckyJAs? NyD;rS rif;BuD;udk
acGvdrfhr,f xifw,f}}
udkESif;armifonf txufygtwdkif; ppfwk&ifpum;ESifh Oyrmxm;í uREkfyftm;&Sif;jyvdkufrSyif uREkfyfvnf;
t"dyÜm,faygufavawmh\/ odkY&mwGif uREkfyftzdkY ar;p&mwpfck usefíaeayonf/ xdkpmonf vkyfBuHvDq,fí uREkfyfwdkYtm;
tvkyfrsm;ap&efjyKvkyfrSef; odygvsufESifh udkESif;armifonf xdkpmaemufodkY tb,faMumifh ajc&mcH&ef vdkufae&ygoenf;/
xdkYaMumifh uREkfyfonf udkESif;armiftm;ar;&av\/
]][kwfygNyD udkESif;armif? usKyfwdkYudk oufouftvkyf½Iyfatmif vkyfrSef;odygvsufeJY 'Dpmaemufudk bmaMumifh
ajc&mcHNyD;vdkufae&wmvJAsm}}
]]tdkifyD ar;r,fqdk&ifvJ ar;zdkYaumif;ygw,f? tckvdk vdkufMunfhwmuawmh usKyfwdkYudk vSnfhpm;zdkY BuHwJhvlawG[m
b,fvdkvlpm;awG jzpfw,fqdkwm odxm;zdkY vdkw,fr[kwfvm;}} [k qm;ykvif;ESif;armifu ajym&m . . .
]]tif; . . . [kwfayom;yJAsKdU? 'geJYaeprf;ygOD;? tJ'Dpmudk ay;oGm;wJhvlawG[m b,fvdkvlpm;awG jzpfw,fqdkwm
ajymEdkifNyDvm; udkESif;armif}} [k uREkfyfu ar;vdkufav\/
]]'Dpmay;oGm;wJhvl[m aq;iHkwJh vlwpfa,mufqdkwm&,f? yifv,fa&aMumif;c&D; tajrmuftrsm; oGm;vmzl;NyD;?
wnfhwnfhajym&&if yifv,f"m;jyvkyfcJhzl;NyD; txufwef;usus aexdkifavh&SdwJh vlwpfa,mufu a&;vdkufwJhpm
jzpfw,fqdkwm&,f? wpfpHkwpfa,mufudk ydkifaygufudkifNyD; aiGñSpfzdkY BudK;pm;aew,fqdkwm&,fu vGJNyD; usKyftaeeJY bmrS
rajymEdkifao;bl; tdkifyD}} [k udkESif;armifu jyefí ajymvdkufav\/
]]tr,fav; udkESif;armif . . cifAsm;bmrS rajymEdkifao;bl;qdkwmuvJ pma&;ay;vdkufwJh vl&JUemrnfeJY
rdbrsKd;½dk;udk ajymjyzdkYyJ usefawmhygvm;Asm}} [k uREkfyfu ajymqdkí &,farmvdkufav\/
]][J . . . [J . . . tdkifyDa& a&SUem;rSm vSnf;ul;bwfpfum;[m &yfNyD; ukefawGcsaew,fAs? tJ'Dum;aemufrSmyJ
&yfvdkufAsKdU}} [k ukdESif;armifu qdkojzifh uREkfyfvnf; ukefwifukefcs vkyfí aeaom vSnf;ul;bwfpfum;aemufü uREkfyf\
um;udk &yfvdkufav\/ udkESif;armifESifh uREkfyfonf um;ay:rSqif;oGm;NyD;vQif ukefwifukefcsvkyfaeaompy,f,mudk ac:í
ar;jref;&av\/
]]'DrSm ighnD? tif;pdef½Hk;BuD;a&SUuae rif;wdkYum;udkpD;NyD; vdkufvmwJhvludk ighnDrSwfrdovm;}}
]]rSwfrdygw,f q&m? oDv&Sifwpfyg;As}} [k py,f&mu ajymav\/
]]a[ . . . r,foDv&Sif . . . [kwfvm;}} [k qm;ykvif;ESif;armifu ar;jyef&m . . .
]][kwfygw,fcifAs? t&yfjrifhjrifh axmifaxmifarmif;armif; r,foDv&SifBuD;cifAs? vlwpfa,mufeJYpum;ajymae&if;
uRefawmfwdkYum;qdkufawmh wufvdkufvmwm? 'nif;ukef;usawmh qif;NyD;aecJhw,fAs}}

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

]]Mo}} [k uREkfyfu a&&Gwfrdav\/ udkESif;armifawG;xifonfhtwdkif; [kwfayNyD[kvnf; pdwfwGif;ü


atmufarhrdav\/ py,f&mav;ajymaom r,foDv&SifqdkonfrSm r,foDv&Siftppf rnfonfhenf;ESifhrQ r[kwfEdkif?
uREkfyfwdkYxHodkY vmí pmay;aom vlqdk;yif jzpf&ayrnf[k uREkfyfvnf; pOf;pm;rdav\/ xdktcsdefü um;py,f&mav;onf
um;ay:rSqif;vmMuaom c&D;onfrsm;xHrS bwfpfum;cudk awmif;,lí usyfwefrsm;udk tdwfwGif;odkY xnfhNyD;vQif
ta<ursm;udkrl pvG,fodkif;vG,fíxm;aom vG,ftdwfwGif;odkY xnfhíaeav\/
c&D;onfrsm; qif;NyD;½HkrQru ukefypönf;rsm;yg csay;NyD;jzpfygvsuf um;xGuf&ef tcsufrjyojzifh
bwfpfum;'½dkifbmonf OD;acgif;udkxkwfí vSnfhMunfhNyD;vQif ]]a[haumif . . . armifyg? NyD;&ifvJ vkyfavuGm}} [k
atmfvdkuf&m py,f,muav;u ]]uJ . . . q&mwdkY oGm;r,fAsm}} [k uREkfyfwdkYtm; EIwfqufNyD;vQif ]]qGJAsKdU}} [k qdkum
vnfyif;ü BudK;jzifhvG,fxm;aom ]]c&m}}udk ]]&TD}} ceJ rIwfvdkufvQif pdwfwdkaom '½dkifbmvnf; um;udk aqmifhí
armif;xGufoGm;avawmh\/
um;xGufoGm;NyD;aemuf uREkfyfu udkESif;armif\rsufESmudk Munfhvdkufav\/ uREkfyf\ tMunfhü
]]b,fudkarmif;ay;&rvJ udkESif;armif}} [laom ar;cGef;ygav\/ udkESif;armifonf um;ay:odkYwufvdkufNyD;vQif ]]½Hk;udkyJ
jyefMuwmaygh}} [k qdkojzifh uREkfyfvnf; vmvrf;twdkif; jyefí armif;ESifcJhavawmh\/
uREkfyfonf um;armif;&if; udkESif;armifonf r,foDv&Sifa,mifaqmifí udk,fa,mifazsmufoGm;aom vlqdk;tm;
rnfodkYrnfyHk ajc&mcHrnfenf;[k pOf;pm;aerdav\/ uREkfyfonf um;udk tjrefqHk;rdkifEHI;odkY wifí armif;cJh&m rMumrDüyif
'nif;ukef;&GmteD;odkY jyefvnfa&muf&Sdvmavawmh\/ xdktcgü udkESif;armif\ rsufESmudk Munfhvkduf&m rcsKdrcsOf NyHK;pp
trlt&mrsKd;udkawGU&ojzifh tlaMumifaMumif jzpfí oGm;avawmh\/
]]tdkifaq; . . . udkESif;armif? bmudk oabmusaewmvJAs}} [kar;vdkuf&m udkESif;armifonf &,fcsifpdwfudk
atmifhxm;&mrS uREkfyfu ar;vdkufonfhtcgwGif qufvufí ratmifhEdkifawmhbJ w[J[JESifh &,farmvsuf . . .
]]usKyfwdkYjzifh cH&NyDAsKdU? a>rayG; ydk;xdqdkwm 'grsKd;ayghAs? tdkifyDa& . . . aemifrsm; usKyftaeeJY usKyfudkusKyf
awmfvSNyD wwfvSNyDvdkY aoG;em;xifa&mufvm&if 'nif;ukef;rSm qif;oGmwJh r,foDv&SifvdkY ajymNyD; owday;prf;ygAsm}} [k
ajymav\/ uREkfyfu t"dyÜm,f em;rvnfojzifh . . .
]]b,fvdkvJ udkESif;armif}} [k ar;&av\/
]]usKyfwdkYudk tuf(pf)-tdk-tuf(pf) qdkwJh pmay;oGm;wm wjcm;vlr[kwfbl;As}} [k udkESif;armifu ajymav\/
]]b,folvJ udkESif;armif}} [k uREkfyfu ar;jyef&m . . .
]]b,fol&rSmwkef;As? vSnf;ul;um;u armifygqdkwJh py,f,mav;As}} [k udkESif;armifu ajymav\/
]]'geJY oluajymawmh r,foDv&Sifqdk}} [k uREkfyfu ar;vdkuf&m . . .
]]b,fuvm r,foDv&Sif&rSmwkef;As? olrS oltppf? usKyfwdkY um;[m olwdkYum;eJY bmrSuGmwmr[kwfbJAs?
olajymwJhtwdkif; r,foDv&Sifwpfa,muf a[m'D 'nif;ukef;rSm qif;oGm;w,fqdk&if [dkbufrSmvnf;uGif;? 'DbufrSmvJ
uGif;csnf;bJ[m jrif&rSmaygh}} [k qm;ykvif;ESif;armiu ajymav\/
]]r,foDv&Sifudk &SmrawGUwmeJY py,f&mav;udk xif&rSmvm; udkESif;armif}} [k uREkfyfuar;&m . . .
]]'Dvkdr[kwfbl;As? usKyfajymcJhw,f r[kwfvm;As? 'Dpmudk ay;cJhwJhvl[m aq;iHkw,fqdkwJh tcsufav/ NyD;awmh
taetxdkif[m odyfNyD;txufwef;usw,f qdkwJhtcsuf}} [k qm;ykvif;ESif;armifu ajymav\/
]]tif; . . . [kwfw,f}} [k uREkfyfu ajym&m qm;ykvif;ESif;armifu . . .
]]aq;iHkw,fqdkwmu pmtdwfudk zGifhNyD;aumfokwfwJhae&mrSm erf;Munhfawmh aq;&GufBuD;eH &wmudkajymwmAs?
taetxdkif odyfNyD;txufwef;usw,ff qdkwmu pma&;puúL [m taumif;pm; ua&mhpav pma&;puúLudk
toHk;jyKxm;wm&,f a&;xm;wJh pmvHk;oHk;vHk;&JU rifusrifeudkMunfhNyD; ywfum; *sL;zdk; vdk tzdk;wef azmifwdefeJY a&;xm;wm
jzpfw,fvdkY qHk;jzwf&wm&,faMumifh jzpfw,f}} [k ajymav\/
]]tif; . . . [kwfayw,fAsKdU}}
]]r[kwfeJYOD; tdkifyD? qufNyD; ajym&OD;r,f? txufwef;uswJhvlrsm;[m BudKufwwf&if aq;jyif;vdyf aq;wH
pwJh[mawGudk aomufaumif;aomufayrJhvdkY aq;awmhjzifh iHkcJw,fAs? tck usKyfawGUwJhtcsufrSm aq;iHkw,f qdkwJhtcsufeJY
txufwef;usw,f qdkwJh tcsuf[m qefYusifaew,f? 'Dawmh bmjzpfEdkifovJ qdkawmh pma&;wmu wpfa,muf?

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

pmay;cgeD;rSm pmtdwfay:rSm ]odkY qm;ykvif; ESif;armif} qdkwJh pmudk a&;NyD; pmtdwfudk wHawG;qGwfNyD; ydwfwmu
wpfa,mufjzpfaew,f}}
]][kwfayom;yJ}}
]]'Dae&mrSm pOf;pm;p&m wpfcsuf&Sdw,f? pma&;wJhvl[m pmtdwfudkyg wpfcgwnf; bmjzpfvdkY ydwfNyD;ray;wmvJ
qdkwJhtcsufyJ? tJ'guawmh yxrawmh olwdkY[m pmwdkufuaexnfhzdkYyJ? 'gayr,fhvdkY pmwdkufuaexnfhae&if MumaerSmpdk;vdkY?
rlvpmtdwfudk qkwfypfNyD; pmay;cgeD;rS pmtdwftopfwpfvHk; vrf;u0,fNyD; ]odkY . . . qm;ykvif;ESif;armif} qdkwJhpmudk
uysmu,ma&;NyD;rS ydkYwmjzpf&r,f}}
]]tif; . . . pOf;pm;p&myJ udkESif;armif}}
]]uJ . . . 'Dawmh &efukefbufudk oGm;wJh armfawmfum;u rawGUao;bl;? vSnf;ul;bufudk oGm;wJh
bwfpfum;wpfpD;yJ awGUao;w,f? pmay;wJhvl[m tJ'D vSnf;ul;bufudkoGm;wJh um;eJY vdkufoGm;Edkifw,fqdkNyD; usKyfwdkY
vdkufcJhMuwmr[kwfvm;}}
]]tif;av . . .}}
]]tJ'DrSm py,f,mudkar;awmh r,foDv&Sif wpfyg;qdkwJh tajzudk&w,f? r,foDv&SifrS
axmifaxmifarmif;armif;vdkY qdkxm;avawmh a,musfm;wpfa,mufuae r,foDv&Sif a,mifaqmifxm;wmudk usKyfwdkY
pOf;pm;rdjyefw,f}}
]]tif;av . . . [kwfayom;yJ}}
]]'gayr,fh tjyefrSm usKyftaeeJY pOf;pm;Munfhvdkufawmh usKyfwdkY[m aumif;aumif;BuD;tESyfcHvdkuf&aMumif;
xif&Sm;aew,f usKyfajymjyr,f}}
[k qdkum udkESif;armifonf pD;u&ufwpfvdyfudk xkwfí aomufNyD;vQif qufí ajymjyefonfrSm . . .
]]py,,&muav;[m c&D;onfawGuay;wJh bwfpfum;c ydkufqHawGudk usyfwefqdk&if tusÐtdwfxJudk
xnfhxm;w,f? ta<uqdk&if vG,ftdwfxJudk xnfhw,f r[kwfvm;}}
]]tif;}}
]]'Dvdk qdk&if olY&JUcg;rSm vHkcsnfeJY vdyfNyD;xm;wJh oHbl;0dkif;uav;[m bmjzpfrvJ tdkifyD}}
]]rodbl;av}}
]]oltNrJiHkwJh aq;&GufBuD;As}}
]]Mo . . . [kwfr,fAsKdU}}
]]NyD;awmh '½dkifbmu olUudk armifygvdkYac:w,f? ac:cgeD;rSm enf;enf;qdkif;NyD;rS ac:wm? 'Dtcsuf[m emrnfudk
aumif;aumif;rusufrdao;bl;qdkwmudk azmfjyw,f? NyD;awmh armifyg qdkwJh emrnfrsKd;[m r&if;ESD;ao;&ifom
armifygvdkYac:wmAs? &if;ESD;NyDqdk&if ]tyg} vdkY ac:avh&Sdw,f? 'Dtcsuf[m py,f,meJY '½dkifbm[m r&if;ESD;ao;bl;qdkwmudk
azmfjywmyJ}} [k qm;ykvif;ESif;armifu ajymav\/
]][kwfNyDAsKdU}}
]]'Dae&mrSm py,f,meJY '½dkifbm wpfOD;udk wpfOD; r&if;ESD;ao;bl; qdkayr,fh b,fol[m vlopf? b,fol[m
vla[mif;qdkwm cGJjcm;zdkYvdkao;w,f? '½dkifbmu tckrS a&mufvmwJh olqdk&ifvnf; 'DvdkyJ r&if;rESD; jzpfEdkifao;wmudk;}}
]][kwfw,f udkESif;armif}}
]]tJ'Dtcsufudk pOf;pm;wJhae&mrSm py,f,m[m '½dkifbmudk ]qGJAsKdU} vdkYajymw,f? trSefuawmh py,f,mawG[m
]cdk;vdk;q&m} vdkY ajymavh&Sdw,fAs? 'Dae&mrSm py,f,m[m py,f,mtom;rusao;yJ jzpfaew,f? aemufwpfcsufuawmh
py,f,mouf&ifhaewJh py,f,m[m vufacgufrIwfavh&Sdw,fAs? c&mudk toHk;jyKcJw,f? 'Dtcsuf[m usKyfwdkYawGUcJhwJh
armifygqdkwJhaumifav;[m py,f,mvkyfouf rMumao;bl;vdkY tcdkiftrmqdkEdkifwJh tcsufyJ}} [k qm;ykvif;ESif;armifu
&Sif;jy\/
]]tif; . . . aphaphawG;awmhvnf; wa&;a&;ay:vmygvm; udkESif;armif&,f}} [k uREkfyfu ajym&avonf/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

]]NyD;awmh usKyfwdkYudk '½dkifbmu pHkaxmufawGrSef; rod&Smbl;? 'gaMumifh aemufudk vSnfhMunfhNyD; py,f,mudk ]a[h
. . . armifyg? NyD;&ifvJ vkyfavuGm} qdkNyD; um;xGufzdkY avmaqmfvdkufw,fAs? 'gayr,fh armifyguawmh usKyfwdkY[m
t&yf0wft&yfpm;awG 0wfxm;ygvsuf usKyfwdkYum;[mvJ pDtdkif'Du um;rSef;rodatmif ½dk;½dk;atmfpwifum;jzpfygvsufeJY
usKyfwdkYESpfOD;pvHk;udk pHkaxmufawGqdkwm odaew,f? 'DtcsufuyJ ol&JU qufqHyHkudk Munfh&iftrsm;BuD; ay:vGifaew,f}}
]]q&mac:NyD; aumif;aumif;rGefrGef ½dk½dkaoaoar;orQudkvHk;aphywfaphajzwmudk ajymwmvm; udkESif;armif}}
]]tppfayghAs . . . armifawmfum; py,f,mavmuf vlawGudk yrmrcefY <uyfqwfqwf ajymwwfwmavmuBuD;rSm
b,fol&SdvdkYwkef;? olu py,f,mtppfr[kwfwJh tjyif usKyfwdkYudk bmawGvJqdkwm odaeavawmh qufqHyHku
wpfrsKd;jzpfaewmaygh? 'gaMumifh usKyfwdkYudk vdyfpmrygbJ tuf(pf)-tdk-tuf(pf) qdkwJhpmudk ay;oGm;wm[m tJ'Dpy,f,myJ
jzpf&r,fvdkY twyfajymEdkifwmaygh tdkifyD}} [k qm;ykvif;ESif;armifu ajym&m . .
]]tif; . . . 'Dtwdkif;qdk&ifawmh w,fNyD;rvG,fbl; xifw,fAsKdU}} [k uREkfyfu cdkom;tkyfrBuD;uJhodkY
nnf;nLvdkufavawmh\/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

xl;qef;aom vufxdyfom;av;wpfpHk

vGefpGmvQdKU0Sufí vGefpGmrSvnf; tawG;&cufaom tuf(pf)-tdk-tuf(pf) qdkonfh pmwpfapmif&&SdNyD; rsm;rMumrD


&uftwGif;ü uREkfyfwdkY tif;pdefpHkaxmufXmewpfckvHk; tvkyf½Iyfaeawmh\/
&efukefNrdKU pufqef;&yf irdk;&dyfacsmif;teD;(,ck omauw wHwm;BuD;teD;)ü ESpfavmif;NydKif vlowfrIBuD;
jzpfoGm;aMumif; ykZGefawmif*gwfrS taMumif;Mum;onfhtjyif vlowform;onf rnfolrnf0gjzpfaMumif;
razmfxkwfEdkif½HkrQru towfcH&olrsm;onfyif rnfolrnf0gwdkY jzpfMuonf[k ykZGefawmif*gwfrS rajymEdkifao;aMumif;udkyg
xnfhoGif;ajymMum;í uREkfyfwdkY tif;pdef pDtdkif'D ac: pHkaxmufXmecsKyfodkY tultnDawmif;avawmh\/
&efukefykvdyfrif;BuD; rpöwmpwD;0yfuvnf; uREkfyfwdkY pDtdkif'DodkY wpfem&DvQif wpfBudrfus w,fvDzkef;qufí
vlowfrI ray:ao;bl;vm;? towfcH&olawG[m b,folawGvJ ponfjzifh ar;jref;aeav\/ ydkíqdk;onfrSm bk&ifcH
qmtmcsDabm a'gufuvyf a&muf&Sdaeonfh tcsdefESifh BuHKBudKufaeonfjzpf&m &efukefykvdyfrif;BuD;onf
ESpfavmif;NydKifvlowfrIESifhywfoufí a&iwfol a&awmif;ouJhodkY w&m;cHrnfoljzpfonfudk em&Drvyf awmif;qdkí
aeav\/
uREkfyfwdkY\ pHkaxmufrif;BuD; rpöwmu&pfyifuvnf; uREkfyfwdkYtm; ol\ ½Hk;cef;odkUac:,lum . . .
]]vluav;wdkY . . . tckjzpfyGm;wJh ESpfavmif;NydKifvlowfrIudk tjrefqHk; ay:aygufatmif vkyfyg?
ay:atmifvkyfEdkifwJhvludk emrnfaumif;vufrSwfavmufom r[kwfygbl;? &mxl;wpfqifh wdk;ay;zdkY uREkfyfwm0ef,lygw,f}}
[k t"dyÜm,f&aom t*Fvdyfbmomjzifh ajymav\/
xdkodkYajymNyD;aemuf . . .
]uREkfyfwdkY pDtdkif'D&JU ol&Jaumif;BuD; qm;ykvif;ESif;armifaum rawGUygvm;? ½Hk;udka&muf&if uREkfyfqDudk
vmzdkYajymyg? qm;ykvif;ESif;armifomvdkuf&if 'DtrI[m tjrefqHk;ay:Edkifygw,f? olb,fudkoGm;ovJ vdkuf&SmNyD;ac:cJhprf;yg}}
[k pHkaxmufrif;BuD;u udkESif;armifudk ar;jref;av\/ uREkfyfonf udkESif;armiftwGuf tajz&usyfaeav\/
udkESif;armifonf *sKAvDa[mwGif jyKvkyfaom wa,mvufoHNydKifyGJodkY oGm;a&mufí em;axmifrnfjzpfaMumif; uREkfyfudk
ajymíoGm;\/
uREkfyfwpfa,mufwnf;udkom ajymoGm;vQif taMumif;r[kwfay? tu,fí rif;BuD;u ZGwfar;vmvQif Munfh½Ií
oifhawmfatmif ajzvdkufEdkifayonf/ ,ckrl pHkaxmufudkatmifjrifhESifh uREkfyfpum;ajymaepOf raeYuwnf;u . . .
]]tdkifyD eufjzefudk usKyfawmh ½Hk;udk rvmEdkifbl;Asm? *sLAvDa[mrSm wa,mNydKifyGJ&Sdw,fAs?
tJ'gudkoGm;NyD;em;axmifaer,f}} [k twdtvif; ajymoGm;onf jzpf&m uREkfyfu vdrfíajymonfxm;OD;? pHkaxmuf
udkatmifjrifhu zGifhajymvdrfhrnfjzpfayonf/
rif;BuD;uvnf; uREkfyfwdkYtm; aphaphMunfhum . . .
]]tdk . . .vGefpGmwdwfqdwfwJh vluav;awGygvm;? uREkfyfu qm;ykvif;b,frSmvJvdkY ar;aewmudk wdwfqdwfpGm
ae aeMuw,f? tajzray;Muygvm;}} [k qdkavawmh\/ xdktcgü e*dkuyif udkESif;armiftm; acsmufwGef;&ef tcGifhta&;udk
apmifhí aeaom pHkaxmufudkatmifjrifhonf EIwfoGufvQmoGufESifh . . .
]]qm;ykvif;ESif;armif *sLAvDa[mu wa,mNydKifyGJudk oGm;NyD;em;t&omcHaeygw,f rif;BuD;}} [k udkESif;armiftm;
pnf;twGif;rS 'ku©ay;vdkufav\/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

udkESif;armiftm; þodkY 'ku©ay;vdkufonfudk oabmrusaom vuf0g;udkudkBuD;u pHkaxmufudkatmifjrifhtm;


rsufapmif;xdk;í Munfhvdkufav\/
pHkaxmufudkatmifjrifh\ pum;aMumifh pHkaxmufrif;BuD;u . . .
]]tdk. . . [dk. . . igwdkY pDtdkif'DXmewpfckvHk; a&mrNrdKUBuD;rD;awmufovdk jzpfaewJhtcsdefrSm
eD½dk;bk&ifwa,mxdk;aeEdkif&ufovdk qm;ykvif;ESif;armifuvJ wa,mxdk;aewmudk;? at; . . . at;? tdkifyDarmifatmifoif;?
qm;ykvif;ESif;armifudk wpfa,mufa,muf vTwfNyD; ac:cdkif;vdkufyg? rif;wdkYtm;vHk; tcif;jzpfyGm;wJhae&mudk
tjrefqHk;oGm;Muayawmh}} [k qdkav\/
uREkfyfonf ½Hk;rS jymwmuav;armifwif0if;tm; *sLAvDa[modkY vdkufoGm;í udkESif;armiftm;ac:cJh&ef
rSmMum;NyD;vQif tjcm;pHkaxmufrsm;enf;wl tcif;jzpfyGm;&modkY xGufí vmcJhav\/
þae&mü tvsOf;oifhí uREkfyfwdkY pDtdkif'DrS pHkaxmufrsm;taMumif;udk azmfjy&ayrnf/ uREkfyfwdkY pDtdkif'DwGif&Sdaom
vlawmfawmfrsm;rsm;ü (Nick Name) epfedrf; ac: ajymifavSmifí ac:aom emrnfajymifrsm; &SdMuayonf/
w&m;cHtm; vGefpGmBuD;rm;aom vuf0g;BuD;jzifh ½dkufESufaomaMumifh OD;udkudkBuD;qdkoltm; vuf0g;udkudkBuD;[k
ac:\/ tom;rnf;aom pHkaxmuf udkoef;armiftm; ukvm;eufoef;armif[k ac:\/ ydefuyfuyfEdkifvSaom
pHkaxmufudkpdefvStm; ½dIufukef;[k ac:\/ xdktxJwGif ]rESJav;} [k tac:cH&aom pHkaxmufudkatmifjrifhrSmrl emrnfESifh
tHt0ifqHk; olwpfa,mufjzpfayonf/ ewfuem;yGJrsm;ü rESJav;ewf0ifí pum;ajymouJhodkY toHuav;wanmifanmifESifh
ajymwwfaomaMumifh ol\ arG;&mygtm;enf;rItm; tay:vGifqHk; aemufajymifxm;jcif;yifjzpf\/
pDtdkif'DrS pHkaxmufrsm;onf olYxufigomatmif NydKifqdkifvsuf&SdMu\/ xdkodkY NydKifqdkifonf qdk&müvnf;
w&m;ojzifh NydKifqdkifjcif;r[kwfyJ wpfOD;udkwpfOD; acsmufwGef;jcif;jzifh NydKifqdkifaeMujcif;om jzpfayonf/
xdkolrsm;teufrS ]rESJav;} [k tac:cH&aom pHkaxmufudkatmifjrifhrSm tqdk;qHk;? t,kwfrmqHk;yif jzpfayonf/
udkESif;armifonf vlawmfwpfa,mufjzpfaMumif; uREkfyfodouJhodkY olvnf;odayonf/
odkY&mwGif udkESif;armiftm; Budwfí remvdkjzpfaeonfh ol\ pdwf,kwfrmrsm;aMumifh uREkfyfwdkYuJhodkY
udkESif;armiftm; vlawmfjzpfaMumif; rcsD;rGrf;½HkrQru ]tvm;um;ygAsm? uHpGyfNyD; trIawGay:aewmyg} [k ol\
jymESrf;ESrf;toHuav;jzifh uJh&JUwwfayonf/ tcGifh&wdkif;vnf; udkESif;armiftm; pum;ESifhESdrfovdk jyKvkyfwwfayonf/
odkY&mwGif udkESif;armifurl ¤if;tm;wkzufí ajym&efyif rvdkavmufatmif nHhzsif;vSaom vlwpfa,muf[k ,lqxm;ívm;
rqdkEdkif/ pHkaxmufudkatmifjrifhESifh ywfoufí wpfvHk;wpfyg'rQ ajymqdkjcif;rjyKcJhay/
¤if;pHkaxmuf udkatmifjrifhrSm awmifwGif;BuD;om;jzpfay&m ¤if;uJhodkY aumufuspfaom? ,kwfrmaom?
remvdkwwfaom olwpfa,muf awmifwGif;BuD;ü arG;zGm;cJhjcif;onf awmifwGif;BuD;\ usufoa&udkvnf;aumif;?
awmifwGif;BuD;NrdKUrS ay:xGufcJhaom twkvq&mawmf cifBuD;azsmf? &Sifr[moDv0Ho tp&Sdaom yk*¾dKvfBuD;rsm;\
*kPfoa&udkaomfvnf;aumif; xdcdkufñSdK;EGrf;avrnfvm; [líyif uREkfyfonf rqDrqdkif pdwfylrdao;awmh\/
trSefpifppfrSm ¤if;\,kwfrmaom trltusifhonf tpOftvmtm;jzifh vGefpGm crf;em;cJhaom
awmifwGif;BuD;NrdKUESifh vnf;aumif;? awmifwGif;BuD;NrdKUrS ay:xGufcJhaom tausmftarmfyk*¾dKvfrsm;ESifh vnf;aumif; rnfodkYrQ
qufoG,fywfoufjcif; r&Sdygay/ uREkfyftaeESifh pdwfylyefrI jzpfcJhjcif;udkom qdkvdkjcif;jzpfayonf/
pHkaxmufudkatmifjrifhavmuf r,kwfrmonfhwdkifatmif tawmftwefnpfcsifaom pdwf"mwfrsKd;&Sdonfh
tjcm;wpfa,mufrSmrl ½dIufukef; udkpdefvSyifjzpfayonf/
xdk½dIufukef;uvnf; rdrdemrnfaumif; vufrSwf&a&;ESifh &mxl;wufa&;uvGJvQif rnfonfht&mudkrQ
av;pm;wwfol r[kwfay/ rnfrQtxd pdwf"mwftm;jzifh atmufwef;usoenf;qdkrl wpfcgu rif;BuD;\ ½I;zdeyfteufonf
tkwfeH&HwGif okwfxm;aom xHk;rsm;ESifh xdrdojzifh xdyfydkif;ü jzLazG;vsuf&Sdonfudk . . .
]]ocif cifAsm; . . . uRefawmfrsKd;okwfay;yg&ap}} [k qdkum rdrd\ rsufESmokwf&efaqmifxm;aom
vufudkifyk0gjzifh oGm;a&mufokwfay;onfudk uREkfyf\ rsufpdESifh wyftyfjrifzl;ayonf/
þuJhodkY wpfzufom;tm; EdIufEdIufcRwfcRwf ESdrfESdrfcscsa&;om;ae&jcif;rSm xdkolwdkYtm; tcGifh&ojzifh ESdrfvdkufrnf
[laom pdwfxm;aMumifh r[kwfay/ udkESif;armifESifh ,SOfNydKifMu&onfh tcgü ¤if;wdkY\ yifudkyuwdpdwf"mwfudk
odxm;rSomvQif udkESif;armif\ oabmxm;jynfh0yHkrsm; ay:vGifpGmcHpm;Edkifap&eftwGuf jzpfayonf/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

uREkfyftaeESifhrl udkESif;armif\ t&nftcsif;rsm;udkvnf;aumif;? oabmxm;BuD;rIrsm;udkvnf;aumif;? jynfh0pGm


xdawGU cHpm;zl;ayonf/ odkY&mwGif ,cktcgü uRekfyfu wpfqifhjyefí azmufonfcs&onfjzpf&m udkESif;armif\
t&nftcsif;ESifh pdwfoabmxm;BuD;rIudk ay:vGifpGm azmfjy&eftwGuf rESJav; udkatmifjrifhESifh ½dIufukef;udkpdefvSwdkY\
aumufuspfpOf;vJwwfaom oabmudk rjzpfrae a&;om; azmfjy&jcif;jzpfaMumif; 0efcH&ayrnf/
wpfcgu pHkaxmufrif;BuD;onf rESJav;udkatmifjrifhudk rjrifojzifh . . .
]][Jvdk . . . qm;ykvif;ESif;armif? toHuav;wdk;wdk; wdk;wdk;omxGufwJh pHkaxmuf*sykuav;udk rjrifygvm;}} [k
ar;jref;vdkuf&m udkESif;armifu . . .
]]rpöwmu&pfyifudk ajymcsifwmu pHkaxmufqdkwm ½Hk;rSmcsnf; ausmufcsxm;ovdk aevdkY jzpfwmr[kwfbl;As?
tjyifudk xGufNyD; vkyf&wJhtvkyfawGu &Sdw,f? NyD;awmhvJ pDtdkif'DrSm&SdwJh pHkaxmufawGudk ½Hk;wufrSefw,f rrSefbl;vdkY
'&0rfwpfa,mufvdk tuJcwfaewmxuf pDtdkif'DXmeBuD;udk vlqdk;awG? 'kp½dkuform;awG[m wpfaeYxufwpfaeY
xdwfvefYvmwmudk MunfhNyD; pHkaxmufawG tvkyfvkyfw,f rvkyfbl;? tuJjzwfoifhw,f}} [k rESJav;
udkatmifjrifhtwGufom r[kwfbJ wjcm;aomolrsm;twGufyg umuG,fajymqdkcJhonfudk uREkfyfem;ESifh qwfqwf
Mum;zl;onfjzpf&m ,ckuJhodkY rif;BuD;u qm;ykvif;ESif;armif b,frSmvJ[k ar;jref;onfhtcgü rEJSav;udkatmifjrifhu
ododomomBuD; acsmufwGef;vdkufyHkudk EdIif;,SOfvdkufvQif udkESif;armif\ oabmxm;BuD;rI? 0HomEk&ud©w pdwf"mwf[kqdkaom
rdrdtrsKd;om;rsm;tm; wdkif;wpfyg;om;rsm;u txifao;í roGm;ap&ef umuG,fwwfrIonf ydkí xif&Sm;ayonf/
xdkenf;wlpGm rESJav; udkatmifjrifh\ remvdkpdwfrsm;jcif;? vlvnfvkyfjcif;? wpfudk,faumif;qefjcif;?
rsufESmvdkrsufESm&vkyfjcif;? ponfh atmufwef;usrIrsm;onfvnf; xif&Sm;ayonf/
uREkfyfonf txufygtaMumif;t&mrsm;udk pOf;pm;&if; ESpfavmif;NydKif vlowfrIjzpfyGm;&mqDodkY pDtdkif'DrS
um;ESifhyif xGufívmcJhav\/ uREkfyf\um;ü vuf0g;udkudkBuD;ESifh ukvm;eufoef;armifwdkY vkdufygí tjcm;um;wpfpD;ü
rESJav;udkatmifjrifh? ½dIufukef;udkpdefvSESifh Advyfjyefq&mpdefwdkY yg0ifavonf/
Advyfjyefq&mpdefqdkolrSm ykvdyftzGJU\ p&dwfjzifh paumhwvef,m'f ac: urÇmausmfpHkaxmuftzGJUodkY apvTwfum
oifwef;wufapí jyefa&mufvmonfhtcgü tif;pdefpHkaxmufoifwef;ü oifwef;jyq&mtjzpf vkyfudkif&aomaMumifh ¤if;tm;
Advyfjyefq&mpdef[lí ac:Muav\/
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*dka'gifa[mif;BuD;\ t&dyfü &yfxm;í vlrsm;pktHkae&modkY uREkfyfwdkYtm;vHk; qif;í oGm;Muav\/
ykZGefawmif*gwfESifh awmifvHk;jyef*gwfrS ykvdyfrsm;onf rdrdESifh oufqdkifjcif;r&SdbJ pkNyHKwdk;a0SYMunfh½IaeMuaom
vltkyfBuD;tm; eHygwfwkwfrsm;ESifh &G,fí vl&Sif;ae&av\/
xdkteD;odkYa&mufoGm;vQif uREkfyfwdkYtm; rsufESmvkyfcsifaom ykZGefawmif*gwfrS ykvdyfuav;wpfOD;onf
wdk;a0SUMunfh½Iaeaom vltkyfudk cg;ywfjzifh ½dkufESufí vl&Sif;ay;av\/
uREkfyftaeESifhrl wm0ef&Sdíom þuJhodkY taoqdk;ao&&Smaom tavmif;rsm;udk Munfh½I&ayonf/
trSefpifppftm;jzifh vHk;0rMunfh½Ivdkay/ wdk;a0SYMunfh½IaeMuolrsm;rSmum; xdkodkYr[kwf/ rdrdESifhvnf; rnfodkYrQ
ywfoufjcif;vnf; r&Sd/ Munfh½IaeMuay\/ uREkfyfonf xdkolwdkY\ tedXm½HkudkrS awGUjrifvdkaom pdwf"mwfudk
tHhMord&ao;awmh\/
uREkfyfwdkYonf vltkyfrsm;Mum;rSyif tavmif;rsm;&Sd&modkY wdk;a0SUí vm&av\/ tavmif;wpfckESifh wpfckonf
udkufoHk;q,fcefY uGma0;av\/ xdkodkY uGma0;½HkrQru tavmif;wpfckrSm awmifurluav;wpfckay:üjzpfNyD; wpfckrSm
uGif;jyifü jzpfavonf/
uREkfyfwdkYonf uGif;jyifrS tavmif;udk a&S;OD;pGmMunfh½IMuav\/
aoqHk;olrSm vGefpGmt&yfjrifhí vGefpGmwkwfcdkifaom vlxGm;BuD;wpfOD; jzpfayonf/ rsufESmay:ü wpfpHkwpf&mjzifh
½dkufESufcHxm;&aom 'Pf&mudk awGU&onfh tjyif &if0üvnf; cRefxufaom 'Pf&mwpfckudk awGU&ayonf/
aoqHk;ol\ tay:ydkif;ü odk;arG;qG,fwmudk 0wfíxm;NyD;vQif atmufydkif;ü a&Tawmifydk;vHkcsnfudk
0wfqifxm;av\/ zdeyfrSmvnf; taumif;pm; yef;y½I;zdeyf jzpfayonf/
uREkfyfwdkY pHkaxmufrsm;onf xdkvlxGm;BuD;\ tavmif;tm;awGUjrifyHkrsm;udk rSwfpkpmtkyfü a&;rSwfMuNyD;vQif
awmifurlay:rS tavmif;qDodkY oGm;a&mufMujyef\/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

awmifurlay:rS tavmif;rSm tenf;i,fqef;ayonf/ 0rf;Adkufü jyif;xefaom "m;'Pf&mwpfck&&Sdí


aoqHk;cJh&jcif;jzpfayonf/ aoaeyHkrSmvnf; arSmufcHkcyfapmif;apmif;jzpfí rsufESmüvnf; tdwfwpfck pGyfxm;NyD;vQif
¤if;tdwfwGif rsufvHk;ae&mrsm;ü taygufazgufxm;í xdktdwfrsKd;rSm yoQL;acgif;jzwftoif;0ifrsm;
tpnf;ta0;wufaomtcgü wpfOD;udkwpfOD; rSwfrdEdkifjcif; r&Sdap&ef toHk;jyKaom rsufESmzHk;tdwfrsKd;yif jzpfayonf/
xdkYjyifydkí qef;onfrSm aoqHk;ol\ vuftm; aemufrSvufjyef vufxdyfcwfí xm;jcif;yifjzpfayonf/
vufxdyfrSmvnf; uREkfyfwdkY ykvdyftzGJUwGif toHk;jyKaom vufxdyfESifh wax&mwnf; wlnDaomfvnf; vGefpGmao;i,faom
vufxdyfuav; jzpfayonf/ vufaumuf0wfü cwfír&ay/ vufrESpfcktm; yl;í cwfxm;onfudk awGU&ayonf/
uREkfyfonf ykvdyftzGJUü tdkifyDac: ykvdyftifpyufawmftjzpf vkyfudkifcJhonfrSm MumayNyD/ þrQao;i,fí
vufrESpfcktm;cwfaom vufxdyf tao;pm;uav;udk ,cifu vHk;0jrifzl;jcif; r&Sd½HkrQru Mum;rQyif rMum;zl;cJhay/
vufxdyfMuD;ESifh wpfyHkpHwnf;wlnDaomfvnf; vGefpGmao;i,fvSonfh vufxdyfuav;tm; awGUjrif&pOf armfvNrdKifom;wdkYudk
owd&rdao;awmh\/ armfvNrdKifom;wdkYonf EGm;aygufuav;rsm;tm; EGm;om;av;[k ac:wwfouJhodkY
rD;cGuftao;pm;uav;tm; rD;cGufom;uav;? pmtkyfi,fuav;tm; pmtkyfom;av;[k ac:wwfMuayonf/ xdkolwdkUtm;
þvufxdyfuav;udk jyygrl ]]vufxdyfom;uav;}} [kyif ac:Muayrnf/
aoqHk;olonf txufydkif;ü vnfyif;uGufygaom qG,fwmvuf&Snfteufudk 0wfqifxm;NyD;vQif
atmufydkif;teDESifh tpdrf;uGufwHk;vHk;csnfudk cyfwdkwdk 0wfqifxm;av\/
uREkfyfwdkYonf xl;qef;aom vufxdyfom;av;ESifh vufrESpfacsmif;tm; vufxdyfcwfjcif;cH&NyD;
yoQL;acgif;jzwfwdkY\ acgif;pGyfudk pGyfvsuf"m;'Pf&mESifh aoqHk;aeaom tavmif;udk pdwf0ifpm;pGm Munfh½IaeMupOf
udkatmifjrifhonf ol\ jymESrf;ESrf;EdkifvSaom toHuav;jzifh . . .
]]yoQL;acgif;jywfawG olwdkYtcsif;csif;opömazmufvdkYowfwmyg? a[m[dkrSm aoaewJh vlBuD;udkowfzdkY
'DvludkvTwfvdkufwm? 'Dvlu rowfvdkY aemufyoQL;acgif;jywfwpfa,muf a&mufvmNyD; ESpfa,mufpvHk;udk
owfypfvdkufwmyg? bmjzpfvdkYvJqdkawmh [dkvlBuD;&JU yef;y½SL;ajc&m&,f? 'Dvl&JU uif;Awfzdeyf&m&,ftjyif a[m'DrSm
jrif;vSnf;bD;&meJY ½SL;zdeyf&mwpfckudkvJ awGU&w,f? tJ'g aocsmygw,f}} [k tcdkiftrmajymqdkav\/
udkatmifjrifhpum;udk Advyfjyefq&mpdefuvnf; atmufygtwdkif; axmufcHajymqdkav\/
]]'Dwpfcgawmh zdk;atmifjrifhawG;vHk;[m rqdk;bl;? tckv[m 'DZifbmv? 'DZifbmvqdkwm oZifyef;ay:wJhvyJ?
yoQL;acgif;jywfawG acgif;jzwfavh&Sdw,fvdkY usKyfvJ Mum;zl;w,f}}
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]]cifAsm;ajymovdk yoQL;acgif;jywfyJ jzpfjzpf? yoQL;acgif;qufyJjzpfjzpf w&m;cHudkawmh rdrSjzpfr,f? usKyfwdkY
rif;BuD;uwif r[kwfbl;? &efukefykvdyfrif;BuD;uvJ 'DtrItwGuf w&m;cHudk awmif;aeNyD}} [kajymvdkuf&m
vuf0g;udkudkBuD;u ol\vuf0g;BuD;ESpfbufudk wajzmufajzmufESifh ykwfum . . .
]]oufpf½dkuf . . . ukvm;eufuav;ajymwm [kwfw,f? bk&ifcH qmtm*sDabma'gufuvyfvJ
a&mufaew,fqdkawmh w&m;cHray:&if usKyfwdkY pDtdkif'Dawmh rD;avmifNyDAsKdU}} [k ajymum w[m;[m;&,farmavawmh\/
xdktcgü udkpdefvSu ]]yoQL;acgif;jywfawG jzpfw,fqdk½HkeJY rNyD;ao;bl;As? aowJholu b,fol b,f0gawG
jzpfw,fqdkwmudk t&ifodatmif vkyf&OD;r,f}} [k ajymqdkav\/ vuf0g;OD;udkudkBuD;uvnf; ol\ vuf0g;BuD;ESpfcktm;
av;uefpGmjzifh wajzmufajzmuf ykwfcwfvdkufNyD;aemuf . . .
]]oufpf½dkuf . . . oufpf½dkuf . . . ½dIufukef;uav;armifpdefvSajymwm odyfrSefw,f? awmfawmfMum&if
owif;axmufawGa&mufvmNyD; ar;Muawmhr,f? ar;vdkYrajymEdkif&if udk,fawmfacsmwdkYu owif;a&;wJhtcgrSm
tif;pdefpDtdkif'DrS wm0ef&Sd pHkaxmuft&m&SdBuD;rsm;u udk,fwdkifaxmufvSrf; pHkprf;vsuf&Sdaomfvnf; w&m;cHudk zrf;rdjcif;
r&Sdao;½HkrQru towfcH&olrsm;onfyif rnfolrnf0gjzpfonf[k twdtus rajymEdkifao;aMumif;? xdkYaMumifh þtrI\
vufonfw&m;cHonf ajrvQKd;í rdk;ysHEdkifavmufaom tm*w&m;cHjzpfayonf[k owif;pmuae uvdvdkuf&if tm;vHk;
tdwfpyvifae;&Sif;(xkacsvTm) tawmif;cH&awmhr,f q&mwdkY? [m; . . .[m; . . .[m;}} [k ajymqdk&,farmaejyef\/
xdkYaemuf uREkfyfwdkYonf tavmif;wpfavmif;ESifhwpfavmif; rnfrQuGma0;onf? ESifh tavmif;rsm;
rnfrQuGma0;onf ponfwdkYtwGuf ayBudK;wdkif;jcif;? tavmif;rsm; wnf&Sd&mudk ajryHkMurf;a&;qGJjcif; paom

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

pHkaxmufoifwef;rS oif;½dk;ñTef;wrf;yg vufawGUtm;jzifh rnfodkYrQ toHk;r0ifaom enf;vrf;rsm;twdkif;


jyKvkyfaeMuavawmh\/
uREkfyfwdkYonf xef;vsufcJudkawGUaom yk&Gufqdwfrsm;tvkyf½IyfouJhodkY [dkajy;onfvTm;ESifh
tavmif;aumifrsm;teD;wGif tvkyf½IyfaeMupOf pHkaxmufrif;BuD; rpöwmu&pfyifonf um;ay:rS qif;vmum . . .
]]vluav;wdkY ysm;aumifawGvdk tvkyf½IyfaeMuNyDudk;? aumif;w,f . . .aumif;w,f? uREkfyfvnf;
pm;yGJrSmxdkifaevdkY r&awmhbl;? ykvdpf*sife&,f(ykvdyfrif;BuD;csKyf) u w,fvDzkef;eJY cPcP ar;aew,f?
w&m;cHb,folvJqdkwJh ar;cGef;[m wu,fvdkY uREkfyf[m Muufwla&G;wpfaumifqdk&if tJ'Dpum;udk tvGwfajymEdkifaeNyD?
q,fhig;rdepfudk wpfcgar;aew,f? tdk . . . qm;ykvif; b,frSmvJ? rvmao;bl;vm;? eD½dk;bk&ifvdk wa,m xdk;aewkef;yJvm;}}
[k ajymav\/ xdktcgü udkatmifjrifhu . . .
]]'Dvdk&Sdygw,f ocif? qm;ykvif;u wu,fawmh 'gavmufr[kwfygbl;? vlawGu olYudk awmfw,fvdkY
xifaeMuwmyg? wu,fawmh 'Dvl[m uRefawmfrsKd;wdkY pDtdkif'D tay:rSmvnf; apwem r&Sdygbl;? 'gaMumifh
at;at;aq;aq; wa,m0dkif;rSm aeEdkifwmaygh ocif}} [k ajymifajymifwif;wif; acsmufwGef;avawmh\/
xdkpum;udk OD;udkudkBuD;u udkESif;armifbufrS rcHr&yfEdkifjzpfum . . .
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rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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tdrfBuD;qDodkY oGm;a&mufMuavawmh\/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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atmhtefcsifovdk jzpfrdao;awmh\/
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tdyf&mwpfckESifh ¤if;\ teD;wGif vufqGJom;a&aowåm wpfvHk;udk awGU&av\/
xdktcsdefü udkatmifjrifh? udkpdefvS? udkoef;armifwdkYESifhtwl rpöwmu&pfyifyg xdktcef;twGif;odkY a&mufí
vmjyefav\/ udkatmifjrifhonf tcef;wGif;ü&Sdaom om;a&aowåmudkawGUojzifh zGifhMunfh&m twGif;ü rdef;rtusÐrsm;?
xrDrsm;? aygif'gbl;rsm;udk awGU&av\/ xdkYaemuf om;a&aowåm\twGif;buf tzHk;wGif uyfvsufcsKyfxm;aom
t0wftdwfuav;udk EdIufMunfhjyef&m xdktdwfuav;twGif;rS vGefpGmacsmarmvSyaom rdef;rwpfa,muf\ "mwfyHkESifh
aMu;eef;pm wpfapmifudkawGU&av\/ aMu;eef;pmrSm atmufygtwdkif;jzpfayonf/
Important. Come quickly.
Oar Ya
jrefrmbmomodkY jyefqdk&vQif atmufygt"dyÜm,frsKd;udk &&Sdayrnf/
t a & ; BuD; onf t jr ef vm yg /
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[lí jzpfayonf/ aMu;eef;pm\ xdyfydkif;wGif ygaom vdyfpmrSm . . .

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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...
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qufvuf&SmazGjyef\/ xdktcef;rSm OD;armifuav;\ tvkyfcef;jzpfyHk&ayonf/
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OD;armifuav; . . .
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rESif;jzLudk jyefvdkcsifol

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

pHkaxmufudkatmifjrifhonf xdkpmudk zwfMunfhNyD;aemuf . . .


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t"dyÜm,fraygufao;ojzifh . . .
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...
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uJ . . .usKyfawmh ajc&mawGudk xyfNyD; ppfMunfhOD;r,fAsKdU}} [k qdkum udkESif;armifonf ajc&mrsm;udk xyfrHppfaq;NyD;aemuf .
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vrf;aMumif;twdkif; vdkufNyD; &SmaewJhtwGuf 'Dtcsufudk vQrf;oGm;wmjzpfw,f}} [k qdkav\/
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rvdkvm;aMumif; rsufESmtrlt&mü azmfjyNyD;vQif rpöwmu&pfyif bufodkYvSnfhum usKd;EGHpGm qvHay;í . . .
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xdkYaemuf uREkfyfwdkYonf tavmif;rsm;tm; aq;½HkodkYydkY&ef pDpOfMuavawmh\/
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owå0gav;wpfaumifudk Munfhonfh rsufvHk;rsKd;jzifh Munfhum t"dyÜm,fygyg NyHK;jyí xGufoGm;av\/
udkESif;armif\ tNyHK;ü . . .

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

]udk,fhvl nHvSacsvm;? tawG;tac: w,fvJ atmufwef;usvScsnfvm;? rsufESmjzLpHkaxmufrif;BuD;udk


rsufESmvdktm;& vkyfcsifwmyJ odw,f? bmrSvJ em;rvnfygvm;} [laom pumvHk;rsm;udk ol\ tNyHK;wpfckwnf;ESifhyif
jynfhpHkatmif azmfjyvdkufonf[k uREkfyfem;vnfvdkufav\/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

qm;ykvif;ESif;armif\ pOf;pm;yHk

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usKyfqDudk rdwåLwpfapmiful;NyD; vmydkYwmaygh}}

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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]][kwfNyD . . . 128 vHk;vdkY tajz&atmif b,fvdk wGuf,lovJ tdkifyD}} [k ar;av\/
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ponfhjzifhayghAsm? ajymif;jyef jyefNyD;wGufoGm;&if &wmygyJ}}
]][kwfNyD. . . 'DtrIudkvJ ajymif;jyefjyefNyD; wGuf,l&r,f? w&m;cHzrf;wJhtcgrSmvJ ajymif;jyefjyefNyD; zrf;&r,f? 'grS
&r,f}}
]]b,fvdkwGufrvJ udkESif;armif? wqdwfavmuf &Sif;jyprf;ygOD;}}
]]'DvdkavAsm? a[m'D ajc&mvrf;aMumif; ajryHkudkMunfh (A) qdkvdkwmu OD;armifuav;&JU ajc&m? (B) qdkwmu
vlrdkufaus;NrD;&JU ajc&m? (C) qdkwmu OD;armifuav;wdkY&JU *dka'gifbufuae ypönf;aowåm &Sd&mudkvmNyD;
um;vrf;bufuvmwJhajc&m? tJ'Dajc&m[m OD;armifuav;tavmif;qD jyefNyD; wpfacgufoGm;ao;wJh &mbmqdk;
yef;wGefYeJYajc&m? (D) qdkwmu OD;armifuav;wdkY&JU *dka'gifbufuaeyJ vmwJh zdeyfrygwJhajc&m? NyD;awmh
OD;armifuav;eJYawGUNyD; OD;armifuav;udk owfcJhNyD; ypönf;aowåmqDoGm;NyD;awmh jrif;vSnf;eJY wufvdkufoGm;wJh
ajc&mjzpfw,f? [kwfNyD? *dka'gifbufu A,B,C,D qdkwJh ajc&mav;ck? wpfenf;qdk&&if vlav;a,muf vmMuw,f? (D)
qdkwJh ajc&m[m wpfzufuvmwJh jrif;vSnf;eJY vdkufoGm;w,f qdkwJh tcsufudk pOf;pm;&r,f}}
]]b,fvdk pOf;pm;&rvJ udkESif;armif}} [k uREkfyfu ar;vdkufav\/
]] (D) [m tcktwdkif;qdk&if OD;armifuav;wdkYvl r[kwfbl;? vlowform;&JU vljzpfaew,f}} [k
qm;ykvif;ESif;armifu ajymav\/
]] (D) [m vlowform;bufu qdk&if OD;armifuav;u bmjzpfvdkY ac:xm;&rSmvJ udkESif;armif}}
]]tJ'g tppfaygh tdkifaq;? ac:xm;wm r[kwfbl;As? tcef;xJrSm ydwfNyD; zrf;xm;wm? OD;armifuav;wdkY
xGufoGm;NyD;rS olu tcef;wHcg;udk azmufNyD; OD;armifuav; tdrfay:udk wufNyD; vHkcsnfawG bmawGvJNyD;rS
OD;armifuav;wdkY&JU aemufuae vdkufoGm;wm? [dkrSm aus;NrD;udk owfvdkufwm jrifrS OD;armifuav;u *dka'gifbufudk
jyeftajy;rSm [dku xGufvmwJh (D) eJYawGUNyD; (D) u ESdyfvdkufwmAs}}
]][kwfNyDAsKdU . . . &Sif;NyD . . .&Sif;NyD}}
]]uJ . . .wpfzufuvmwJh vlawGudk pOf;pm;Munfh&atmif? wpfzufuvmwJh vlowform;[m jrif;vSnf;eJY vmNyD;
ypönf;aowåmudk csw,f? NyD;awmh jrif;vSnf;ay: rwufawmhbJ jrif;vSnf;ab;u avQmufoGm;wJh
½SL;zdeyfajc&m&Sdw,fr[kwfvm;? tJ'Dajc&mudk (G) vdkY rSwfxm;? (G) [m ypönf;aowåmudkcsNyD; avQmufoGm;w,f? NyD;awmh
(B) eJYawGUw,f? awGUwmeJY (B) udk wpfcgwnf; owfNyD; jrif;vSnf;qDudk oGm;w,f? NyD;awmhrS jrif;vSnf;eJY
ypönf;aowåmqDudk jyefvmNyD; ypönf;aowåma&m (D) udkyg jrif;vSnf;eJY wifoGm;w,fr[kwfvm;}}

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

]][kwfw,fAsKdU}}
]]'Dawmh trSeftwdkif;vlcGJvdkuf&if OD;armifuav;bufu vlb,fESpfa,mufvJ qdkawmh (A) vdkYjyxm;wJh
OD;armifuav; udk,fwdkif&,f? (B) vdkY jyxm;wJh aus;NrD;&,f? (C) vdkY jyxm;wJh ypönf;aowåmqDudkoGm;? um;vrf;bufudk
ajy;? OD;armifuav; tavmif;qDudk wpfacgufjyefvmwJh (C) qdkwJh &mbmqdk;ajc&m&,fyJ &Sdw,f? twdkrSwfzdkYuawmh
A,B,C ayghAsm}}
]]&Sif;NyD; udkESif;armif}}
]]&Sif;&if ajymp&m wpfck&Sdw,f? OD;armifuav;tygt0if A,B,C oHk;a,mufteufu (A) jzpfwJh
OD;armifuav;vJ aoNyD? (B) jzpfwJh vlrdkufaus;NrD;vJ aoNyD? vGwfaewmu (C) qdkwJhtaumifyJ? 'Daumifhudk
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oDv&Sifwpfa,mufudk vTJNyD;ajymoGm;wJh vSnf;ul;um;u py,f,m armifygjzpfEdkifw,f tdkifyD}}
]]b,fvdkvJ udkESif;armif? vlowfw&m;cHudk rzrf;bJeJY towfcH&wJhbufu w&m;vdkudk zrf;rvdkYvm;}}
]]tif; . . .pdwf0ifpm;p&myJ vlowfyGJvkyfMur,fhae&mrSm ypönf;aowåmBuD;u bmvkyfMuwmvJ rodbl;As?
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]]'gvJ pOf;pm;NyD;NyDAs}}
]]OD;armifuav;qDu &xm;wJh pmwpfapmifrSm rrif;jzLudk vTwfay;? aowåmeJYvJr,f? NyD;awmh aowåmudk
aowåmeJY vJr,fqdkwJh pmwpfapmifudk usKyfwdkY&xm;w,f r[kwfvm;}}
]]tif; . . . [kwfw,f}}
]]b,fvdkvJ qdkawmh rrif;jzLudk OD;armifuav;[m zrf;xm;vdrfhr,f? tJ'gudk wpfzufu aowåmeJYvJNyD;
jyefxkwfvdrfhr,f? NyD;awmhrS tJ'Daowåmudk tjcm;aowåmwpfvHk;eJY jyefNyD;vJ,lMuvdrfhr,f? 'Dtcsufudk pOf;pm;awmh
OD;armifuav;wdkYbufu aowåmwpfck? vlowform;u aowåmwpfck jzpf&r,f? tck[mu vlowform;bufu
aowåmudkawmh csxm;wJht&mwpfck awGU&w,f? OD;armifuav;bufuawmh aowåmrygbl;? aus;NrD;udkyJ vlowform;qDudk
vTwfvdkufw,f? wu,fvdkY aus;NrD;[m vufjyefvufxdyfcwfrxm;bl; qdk&ifawmh aus;NrD;vufxJrSm
aowåmtao;av;wpfvHk;ygw,fvdkY pOf;pm;p&m&Sdw,f? tckawmh 'Dvdkr[kwfbl;? aus;NrD;udk yoQL;acgif;jzwf acgif;pGyfpGyf?
vufxdyfudk vufjyefcwfNyD; vlowform;qDudk vTwfvdkufwJh tcsufudkaxmuf&if OD;armifuav;qDu aowåmqdkwm
wu,fhaowåmr[kwfbJ vlwpfa,muf&JU trnfudk aowåmvdkY pum;0Sufvkyfxm;wm rjzpfEdkifbl;vm;}}
]][kwfwmaygh udkESif;armif}}
]]'Dawmh usLyfwdkY[m pmt& vlowform;vdkcsifwJh aowåmqdkwm[m wu,fhaowåm r[kwfbl;? vlaowåmvdkY
oabmayguf&if vlowform;u aowåmudkawGUvsufeJY ac:roGm;bJ bmjzpfvdkY owf&vJ qdkwJh tcsufudk
awG;p&mjzpfvmw,f}}
]]bmjzpfvdkYvJAs}}
]]olvdkcsifwJh aowåmr[kwfvdkYayghAsm? OD;armifuav;[m vlowform;udk olvdkcsifwJh aowåmqdkwJhvludk ray;bJ
aus;NrD;udk tpm;xdk;ay;cJhw,f? 'Dtcsuf[m b,frSmxif&Sm;ovJqdkawmh (wpf) ½kyfrrSwfrdatmif
rsufESmzHk;acgif;pGyfxm;wJhtcsuf&,f? (ESpf) aus;NrD;0wfxm;wJhodk;arG;qG,fwm[m aus;NrD;eJY rawmfbJ vufuodyfwdkaewJh
tcsuf&,faMumifh jzpfw,f? aus;NrD; aemufqHk;0wfoGm;wJh qG,fwm[m wu,fawmh vlowform;vdkcsifwJh aowåmqdkwJh
vl&JU tusÐudk 0wfxm;wmyJ? 'Dvdkqdk&if aowåmqdkwJh vltppf[m OD;armifuav;qDrSmyJ &Sd&r,f}}
]][kwfw,fAsKdU}}
]]tJ'g b,folrSwfovJ}}
]][ifhtif; . . . rodaygifAsm}}
]]csKyfxm;wJh tcef;xJu xGufvmNyD; OD;armifuav;eJY yufyif;awGUwJhtcgrSm OD;armifuav;udk owfNyD;
vlowform;&JU jrif;vSnf;eJY ygoGm;wJh usKyfwdkY&JU ajryHkrSm awmh (D) trSwftom;jyxm;wJh ajc&mydkif&SifyJ jzpfw,f tdkifyD}}

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

]]cifAsm; pOf;pm;vdkufawmhvJ trI[m &Sif;oGm;wmyJAsm? usKyfudkom pOf;pm;cdkif;&ifawmh 'gavmufrsm;wJh


ajc&mawG 'DuGif;xJrSm bmvkyfaeMuovJvdkY ar;&ifawmif 0dkif;BuD; ywfywf upm;aeMuw,fvdkYrsm; ajzrdrvm;
rqdkEdkifbl;Asm}} [k ajymvdkuf&m udkESif;armifonf [uf[ufyufyuf &,farmavawmh\/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

qm;ykvif;ESif;armif wdkufcdkufyHk

aemufwpfaeYü udkESif;armifESifh uREkfyfonf udkESif;armif\ ajc&mvrf;aMumif;ajryHkü (C) qdkaomvlrSm wpfcgu


uREkfyfwdkYtm; vdSrfhí vTwfvdkufzl;aom vSnf;ul;um; py,f,marmifygqdkolyif jzpf&rnf[k udkESif;armifu
,lqonfhtavsmuf ¤if;tm;pHkprf;&ef vSnf;ul;bufodkY xGufvmcJhMuav\/
uRekfyfwdkYonf vSnf;ul;odkYa&mufvQif aps;teD;vufzuf&nfqdkifodkY0ifa&mufí vufzuf&nfwpfcGufpD
aomufaeMuav\/ uREkfyfwdkYxdkifí aepOfüyif vSnf;ul;bwfpfum;rsm;onf wpfpD;NyD;wpfpD; 0ifívmMuav\/ um;eHygwf
tm&fat^267 ]wdk;wdk;av;} trnfa&;xm;aom um;onf a&mufvmNyD;vQif '½dkifbmESifh py,f,monf vufzuf&nf
qdkiftwGif;odkY 0ifvmMuav\/
uREkfyfonf '½dkifbmudk aumif;pGm rSwfrdayonf/ py,f,m udkMunfhvdkuf&m [dkwpfaeYu uREkfyfwdkYawGUaom
armifyg[kwfr[kwf aocsmpGm rajymEdkifay/ udkESif;armifu '½dkifbmtm; . . .
]]cifAsm;um;u py,f&m armifyg b,fa&mufoGm;NyDvJ}} [k ar;&m '½dkifbmu . . .
]]b,fodrvJAs? bwfpfum;qdkwm py,f,m wpfaeYwpfa,mufavmufvJaewmyJ}} [kajzav\/
]]aeprf;ygOD; armifyg cifAsm;um;rSm pNyD;vdkufwm b,f&ufavmufuvJ}}
]]'gawG usKyfrSwfraeEdkifbl;As}}
]]xm;ygawmhAsm? olYudk b,folu 'Dum;rSm oGif;ay;wmvJ}}
]]'gvJ rodbl;As}}
]]aumif;aumif;ajzygAsm? usKyfu udpö&SdvdkYar;wmyJ}}
]]cifAsm;udpö&Sdovdk usKyfvJ udpö&SdwmyJ? rtm;bl;As}} [k qdkum '½dkifbmonf um;ay:wufí armif;xGufoGm;
NyD;vQif ukuúdKyifBuD;t&dyfü um;udkoGm;í&yfum xdkteD; vufzuf&nfqkdif wpfqdkiftwGif;odkY 0ifíoGm;av\/
uREkfyfonf pdwftwGif;ü um;'½dkifbmudk rcHcsifpdwfrsm; jzpfay:vmav\/
]]tdkifaq; . . . 'Daumif w,fNyD; ½dkif;ygvm;Asm? 'Daumifhudk rouFmzG,f&m&Sdw,fqdkNyD; vSnf;ul;*gwfudk
zrf;cdkif;NyD; *gwfusrS ½dkuf&atmifAsm}}
[k uREkfyfu ajymvdkuf&m udkESif;armifu ol\ xHk;pHtwdkif; rcdk;rcefYuav;NyHK;í . . .
]]olYrSm rajzcsif&if rajzbJ aeEdkifwJh tcGifhta&;&Sdw,fAs? olr½dkif;ygbl;? usKyfwdkYar;wmudk ajzyghr,fvdkY
pmcsKyf&SdwmrS r[kwfbJAsm? xm;vdkufygawmh}} [k qdkav\/
uREkfyfESifhudkESif;armifonf qdkifwGif;üyif qufvufí xdkifaeMu&m rsm;rMumrDü vloHk;a,muf qdkifwGif;odkY
0ifvmNyD;vQif pm;yGJwpfckü xdkifav\/ xdkoHk;a,muf0ifvmNyD; rsm;rMumrDü aemufxyfESpfa,muf 0ifvmjyef\/
aemufxyf0ifvmolrsm;onfvnf; yxrvlrsm;\ pm;yGJüyif 0ifí xdkifMuav\/
xdkvlig;a,mufpvHk;rSm taygifqdkifrS 0,f,lxm;[efwlaom ukwftusÐ yGyGBuD;rsm;udk aecspfcspfawmufylaeonfh
tcgüyif 0wfxm;av\/ uREkfyfonf xdkolrsm;udk tuJcwfovdkMunfhvdkuf&m xdkvlwdkYESifh tMunfhcsif;qHkíaeojzifh
uRekfyfu rsufvHk;vTJypfvdkufav\/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

xdktcsdefüyif qdkifa&SU opfyifatmufüvnf;aumif;? qdkifa&SUaps;cHkrsm;üvnf;aumif;? awmom;rsm;onf


wjznf;jznf; a&muf&SdvmMuonfudk uREkfyftuJcwfrdayonf/ xkdYaMumifh uREkfyfu udkESif;armiftm; . . .
]]tdkifaq; . . . bmt"dyÜm,fvJ rodbl;As? vlawGuawmh wjznf;jznf; rsm;vmNyD}} [k ajymvdkuf&m udkESif;armifu
EIwfcrf;wGif awhíxm;onfh pD;u&uftm; rjzKwfbJ cyfNyHK;NyHK; trlt&mESifh . . .
]][dk0dkif;rSm xdkifaewJh ukwftusÐteDeJYvl[m ydkufBuD;0J ausmf0if;wJh? 'Dbufu EG,facGayguf&Gmu ausmfarmifwJh?
a[m [dk opfyifatmufrSm xdkifaewJhaumifu tvHydk&Gmu pdk;ydkifwJh? "m;NyawGayghAsm? usefwJhaumifawGu
olwdkYwynfhawGaygh? usKyfu wpfcgwkef;u olwdkYudk axmifxJ xnfhzl;w,favAsm? 'Dawmh olwdkYu usKyfudk vmNyD;
0dkif;wdkufMuwmaygh}} [k ajymav\/
]]0dkif;NyD; bmvkyfMurSmvnf; udkESif;armif}}
]]tckawmh aps;u vlpnfaeao;w,f r[kwfvm;? aps;uGJoGm;wJhtxdapmifhNyD; 0ifwG,f½HkuvGJvdkY bmrsm;&SdvdkYvJAs}}
[k qm;ykvif;ESif;armifu ajymav\/
udkESif;armifu at;aq;pGmyif ajymaomfvnf; uREkfyfrSm acR;jyefvmav\/ rsufESmüom acR;jyefaomfvnf;
vufzsm;ajczsm;rsm;rSm at;pufaeayonf/ udkESif;armifonf pD;u&ufudk wpfvdyfNyD;wpfvdyfaomufí at;aq;pGm
xdkifaeyHkudk Munfhí uREkfyfonf tHhMordav\/
]]udkESif;armif at;at;aq;aq;vkyfraeeJYavAsm? BuHprf;ygOD;As? usKyfwdkY tckxGufoGm;&if raumif;bl;vm;}} [k
uREkfyfu wdk;wdk;uyfí ar;vdkuf&m udkESif;armifu . . .
]]ckaerSawmh xGufoGm;vdkY rjzpfawmhbl;As? olwdkYu vlcsxm;wm axmifhaphaeNyD? NyD;awmh 'DtaumifawGu
axmifusrSmavmufudk rajymeJY BudK;pifwuf&rSmudkawmif odyfNyD; rIwJhaumifawG r[kwfbl;}}
]]'Dvdkqdk&if b,fvdkvkyfMurvJ? 'Dwpfcgawmh cufNyDayghAsm}}
]]aeprf;ygOD; tdkifyD? at;at;aeprf;yg? usKyfwpfck pOf;pm;aew,f? usKyfpOf;pm;wm ae&mus&ifawmh wpfcsufckwf
ESpfcsufjywfyJAsKdU? wu,fvdkY ae&mrus&ifawmh usKyfwdkY ZuftjywfyJ? [J . . .[J cifAsm; acR;awG jyefaewmudk;}} [k
qm;ykvif;ESif;armifu ajymav\/
uREkfyfonf udkESif;armif\ aoG;at;yHkudk Munfhí tHhMordav\/ xdkenf;wlpGm tm;rvdktm;r&vnf; jzpfrdav\/
xdkxufqdk;onfrSm udkESif;armifonf bmrajym nmrajymESifh ae&mrSxum . . .
]]uJ . . .tdkifyD 'DrSm cPapmifhaeOD;}} [k qdkum ae&mrS xí qdkif0odkY xGufoGm;av\/ xdkodkY
udkESif;armifae&muxí xGufoGm;ojzifh pm;yGJ0dkif;rS ig;a,mufteuf qdkift0ifbufudk ausmay;íxdkifvsuf&Sdaom
ESpfa,mufu ae&mrSxí udkESif;armiftm; Munfhaeav\/
ydkufBuD;0Jausmf0if;url qdkifbufudk rsufESmrlí xdkifNrJxdkif ae&mrS qdkifa&SUopfyifatmufrS vlrsm;tm;
wpfpHkwpf&m jyKvkyf&ef rsufcsnfjyvdkufonfudk uREkfyfu awGUjrifvdkufayonf/ odkY&mwGif udkESif;armifu rjrifbJ a&SUodkY
qufíoGm;ojzifh uREkfyfonf rnfodkYrnfyHk jyKvkyf&rnfrodvJ 'l;rsm; wkefí vmav\/
xdktcsdefü udkESif;armifonf a&SUodkYoGm;aeaomajcvSrf;udk ½kwfw&uf&yfvdkufNyD;vQif vGefpGm vQifjrefaom
t&Sdefjzifh qdkifbufodkY ajy;0ifum xdkolwdkY\ pm;yGJay:odkY Akdufjzifh&Syfwdkufxdk;vdkuf&m udkESif;armif\ OD;acgif;onf ydkufBuD;0J
ausmf0if;\ &if0odkY aqmifhrd&m ydkufBuD;0J ausmf0if;onf ae&müyif acGvJusoGm;av\/ xdktcsdefü udkESif;armifonf
tvHydk½GmrS pdk;ydkifqdkol\ rsufESmodkY 'l;jzifhwdkufí pdk;ykdifvufwGif;rS "m;ajr§mifESifhyif pdk;ydkif\ vnfyif;udkaxmufum . . .
]]a[haumifawG NidrfNidrfaeaemf rNidrf&if wpfcgwnf; xkwfcsif;ayguf xdk;xnfhvdkufr,f}} [k qdkum pdk;ydkiftm; qdkifwGif;rS qGJí
xkwfav\/
]]ajym ajym . . . rif;aumifawGudkajym}} [k udkESif;armifu ajymqdk&m pdk;ydkifu . . . ]]a[haumifawG . . .
a[haumifawG . . .}} [katmfav\/ xdktcsdefü wpfa,mufaomolu a&SUodkY wdk;vm&m udkESif;armifu pdk;ydkif\ vnfyif;udk
ydkí emusifap&ef "m;jzifh axmufvdkuf&m ]]a[h . . . a[h . . . a[haumif rvkyfeJYajymaewm r&bl;vm; acG;rom;}}[kyif
pdk;ydkifonf ol\ vludk qJvTwfav\/
]]vm . . . tdkifyD}} [k udkESif;armifuac:í uREkfyftm; xGufapNyD;vQif udk,fwdkifuvnf; pdk;ydkif\ vnfyif;tm;
axmufí qdkifwGif;rS xGufcJhav\/ xdkYaemuf pdk;ydkiftm; vSnf;ul;*gwfodkY ac:oGm;NyD;vQif tcsKyfcef;twGif;ü xnfhí
xm;vdkufav\/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

udkESif;armifonf &efukefodkY jyefcgeD;wGif tcsKyfcef;wGif;rS pdk;ydkiftm; oGm;a&mufí pum;ajymav\/ uREkfyfonf


Xmetkyftm; vufzuf&nfqdkifü awGUcJh&aom vlqdk;rsm;tm; zrf;qD;&eftwGuf trIzGifhae&ojzifh udkESif;armifESifh pdk;ydkifwdkY
pum;ajymaeonfh ae&modkY vdkufí roGm;ojzifh rnfonfh pum;rsm;ajymqdkaeMuonfudkrl uREkfyfrodvdkufay/
uREkfyfwdkYonf tvHk;pHkpDpOfNyD;onfhtcgü &efukefodkY jyefcJhav\/ vrf;wGif uREkfyfonf udkESif;armif
vufzuf&nfqdkifü wdkufcdkufvdkufyHkudk rsufpdü jyefí jrifa,mifvmojzifh rnfodkYrnfyHk wdkufcdkufvdkufonfudk
tao;pdwfar;jref;vdkí ¤if;bufodkYvSnfhvdkuf&m udkESif;armifu . . .
]]OóbAsL[m qdkwm tJ'gudk ac:wmayghAs? &efoludk EGm;vm;OóbuJhodkY w&Sdefxdk; 0ifa&mufwdkufcdkufvdkufwJh
oabmyJ? ydwfrdae&if tJ'D OóbAsL[menf;[m taumif;qHk;yJ tdkifyD}} [k uREkfyfar;rnfhar;cGef;udk BudKodaeonfh tvm;
ajzqdkvdkufav\/
uREkfyfonf udkESif;armif\ OóbAsL[m wdkufcdkufjcif;udk rsuf0g;xifxif awGYjrifvdkuf&ay&m þ
udkESif;armifqdkolum; ykvdyftzGJUü qm;ykvif;rvkyfbJ ppfbufü 0ifa&mufvkyfudkifygvQifvnf; ppfrSL;aumif;wpfa,muf
jzpfayrnf[k awG;xifrdav\/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

rrif;jzLudk zrf;NyD

uREkfyfwdkY pDtdkif'DodkY jyefa&mufonfh tcsdefü OD;udkudkBuD;ESifhawGU&av\/ uREkfyfwdkYudk awGUvQifawGUcsif;


OD;udkudkBuD;u . . .
]]tdkifaq; . . . udkESif;armifa&? udkatmifjrifheJY q&mpdefwdkYvlpkuawmh rrif;jzLudk zrf;vdkufNyDAsKdU? a[m[dk
tcef;xJrSm trIppfaeav&JU}} [k ½Hk;t0if0rSaeí qD;í ajymav\/
udkESif;armifvnf; um;ay:rSqif;í OD;udkudkBuD;&Sd&modkY oGm;a&mufav\/ um;udkodrf;NyD;aemuf
uREkfyfwpfOD;wnf;omvQif udkatmifjrifhwdkY trIppfíaeonfh tcef;odkY oGm;a&mufcJh\/ tcsdefrSm arSmif&DysKd;aeNyDjzpfí
tcef;wGif;ü rD;rsm;xGef;xm;av\/ jrefrmjynf ykvdyftzGJU\ tm;udk;tm;xm;jyKavmufaom pHkaxmufBuD;rsm;onf
xdktcef;wGif; pkNyHKa&muf&SdaeMuav\/ pHkaxmufBuD;rsm;tv,fwGif vGefpGmacsmarmvSyonfh tNidrfhrif;orD;uav;
rrif;jzLonf &Sufvnf;&Sufae\/ vGefpGmrSvnf; aMumufvefYae\/ xdkYaMumifh ol\ awmufyaom rsufvHk;uav;rsm;onf
rD;a&mifü rsuf&nfrsm;vnfum ta&mifwzsyfzsyf vufíae\/
xdktcgü udkatmifjrifhonf rrif;jzLxHodkY a&mufvmNyD;vQif . . .
]]rrif;jzL . . . 'Dae&m[m tif;pdefpDtdkif'D od&JUvm;? 'Dae&mrSm b,favmufyJ owådaumif;wJh w&m;cHyJjzpfjzpf?
b,favmuf acgif;rmwJh w&m;cHyJ jzpfjzpf trSeftwdkif;ajym&w,f? rajym&if ajymatmifvkyfwJh enf;awG trsm;BuD;&Sdw,f?
Mum;vm;}} [k [def;a[mufvdkuf&m rrif;jzLonf rsufpduav;uv,fuv,fjzifh udkatmifjrifhtm; oem;pzG,f
Munfhaeav\/
]]uJ . . .tcktcsdefupNyD; igar;awmhr,f? vdrfr,frBuHeJY}} [k udkatmifjrifhu xyfí a[mufvdkufjyef&m
rrif;jzLonf rsuf&nfrsm; yg;jyifay:odkY pD;í usvmNyD;vQif wkef,ifaom toHjzifh . . .
]]uRefr rvdrfwwfygbl;? ykvdyfBuD;wdkY&,f}} [k ajymav\/
]]at; . . . rvdrf&ifNyD;a&m? 'DvlowfrIeJY ywfoufNyD; bmajymrvJ}}
]]uRefr bmrS rajymcsifygbl;}}
]]eif[m vlqdk;*dkPf;acgif;aqmif r[kwfvm;}}
]]r[kwf&ygbl;&Sif}}
]]vlrdkufaus;NrD;udk eifodw,f r[kwfvm;}}
]]aus;NrD;qdkwm b,folvJ? uRefr rod&ygbl;&Sif}}
]]atmifrm . . . ighudk vdrfw,faygh [kwfvm;? vdrfOD;}} [k qdkum udkatmifjrifhu rrif;jzLtm; yg;odkY½dkuf&ef
vufudk ajr§mufí½G,fvdkuf&m tcef;axmifhrS wpfpHkwpfa,mufu ]][dwf . . .rvkyfeJY}} [k vSrf;í atmfvdkufojzifh
wpfcef;vHk;&Sd pHkaxmufrsm;u vSnfhMunfhvdkuf&m atmfvdkufolrSm qm;ykvif;ESif;armif jzpfí aeonfudk awGU&ojzifh
tm;vHk;tHhtm;oifhí oGm;av\/
udkatmifjrifhvnf; ajr§mufí½G,fxm;aomvufudk jyefí csvdkufNyD;aemuf udkESif;armiftm; pm;awmh
0g;awmhrnfuJhodkYMunfhí atmufygtwdkif; ajymav\/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

]]'DrSmudk,fvlU . . . udk,fenf;udk,fh[efeJY tvkyfvkyfaeMuwmudk raESmifh,SufygeJY? NyD;awmh wu,fajymMu


pwrf;qdk&if udk,fhvlu qm;ykvif;yJ&Sdao;w,f? usKyfu t&m&Sdjzpfw,f? t&m&Sdwpfa,mufudk [efYwm;zdkY tcGifhta&;
ykvdyftzGJUrSm r&Sdbl;}}
]]t&m&Sdwpfa,muf r[kwfwmvkyfwmudk [efYwm;zdkY tcGifhta&; ykvdyftzGJUrSm r&Sdbl;qdkwm [kwfygw,f?
'gayr,fh tJ'D tcGifhta&;[m usKyf&JU vufoD;eJY 'l;awGrSmawmh&Sdw,f}}
[k udkESif;armifu jyefí ajymvdkuf&m pdwfvnf;qdk; &Sufvnf;&SufoGm;aom udkatmifjrifhonf
cg;wGifcsdwfxm;aom aoewfudk qGJíxkwfvdkuf&m wpfcefvHk;&Sd pHkaxmufrsm;onf ]]a[h . . .a[h rvkyfeJY}} ]]tdk}} ]]tif}}
ponfh tmar!dwfoHrsm; xGufay:vmum ½kwf½kwfoJoJ jzpfoGm;av\/ odkY&mwGif udkatmifjrifhu rypfao;bJ
udkESif;armiftm; csdef½Hkcsdefí xm;av\/ xdkodkY aoewfjzifh csdefxm;NyD;aemuf . . .
]]a[haumif . . .ESif;armif rif;vlyg;0aewm MumNyD rif;udk t&Sifrxm;bl;}} [k qdkvdkuf&m udkatmifjrifhteD;rS
rrif;jzLonfyif xdwfvefYaMumuf&GHUí ]]rvkyf . . . rvkyfMuygeJY&Sif}} [k 0ifí awmif;yef&Smav\/ q&mpdefuvnf; ]]a[h . .
. armifatmifjrifh 'Dvdkawmh rvkyfygeJYAsm? tcsif;csif;awGyJ}} [lívnf;aumif; awmif;yefMuaomfvnf; wpfpHkwpfa,mufrQ
tem;ruyf&JMuay/ udkatmifjrifhu aoewfjzifh csdefNrJ csdefí xm;av\/
udkESif;armifonf pD;u&ufwpfvdyfudk xkwfí rD;ñSdNyD;vQif EIwfcrf;zsm;ü awhum udkatmifjrifhcsdefxm;aom
aoewfajymif;0qDodkY wpfvSrf;csif; £a`E´&& avQmufoGm;\/ wpfcef;vHk; tyfusoHrQ rMum;&atmif wdwfqdwfae\/ a'guf
. . . a'guf[laom udkESif;armif\ zdeyfoHomvQif us,favmifpGm Mum;í ae&\/ uREkfyfwdkYrSm ukdatmifjrifhonf
rnfonfhtcsdefü armif;jzKwfí csvdkufrnfenf;[k toufyifr½I&JbJ Munfhí aeMuav\/ udkESif;armifrSmrl EIwfcrf;wGif
awhíxm;aom pD;u&ufrS rD;cdk;rsm;xGufí ae\/ vHk;0wkefvIyf aMumuf&GHUaom trlt&mudkrjybJ aoewfajymif;udk
OD;wnfí avQmufoGm;av\/
udkatmifjrifhuvnf; armif;udkrjzKwf? jyL;us,foaom rsufvHk;rsm;jzifhomvQif udkESif;armiftm; Munfh½Ií
aeav\/ udkESif;armifonf aoewfteD;odkY a&mufonfhtcg udkatmifjrifhvufwGif;rS aoewfudk qGJ,lí Murf;jyifay:odkY
ypfcsvdkufNyD;vQif . . .
]]udk,fhvl w,fvJ nHhwmudk;As? aemufudkrSwfxm;? rypf&JbJeJY aoewfudk roHk;eJY? ae&mwumrSm
aoewfwjyjyrvkyfeJY? aoewfqdkwm aMumufwJhvlrS aMumufwm? NyD;awmh aoewfu ae&mwdkif; oHk;vdkY
wifhw,fwmrsKd;r[kwfbl;? a[m'Dvdk vufoD;rsKd;uawmhjzifh b,fae&mrSm b,fawmhoHk;oHk; *srf;jzpfw,fvdkY r&Sdbl;?
w,faumif;}} [k qdkum udkatmifjrifh\ ar;aphodkY vufoD;jzifh 'kef;ceJ xdk;csvdkuf&m udkatmifjrifhonf Murf;jyifay:odkY
0kef;ueJ vJusí owdvpfoGm;av\/
xdktcgü udkESif;armifonf uREkfyfbufodkYvSnfhum . . .
]]tdkifyD . . . tJ'g r[mem*AsL[m vdkYac:w,f? rkef,dkaewJh qifajymifBuD;eJY &ifqdkifawGU&ifawmif aemufudk
rqkwfawmhbl;qdkwJh pdwf"mwfrsKd;awmh tJ'D aoe*FAsL[mrSmvdkw,f}} [k qdkum wpfzufodkY jyefí vSnfhoGm;NyD;vQif
rrif;jzL\a&SUrS pm;yGJay:wGif vufaxmufum . . .
]]'DrSm rrif;jzL rSefrSefajymyg}} [k qdkum rrif;jzLtm; qufvufppfaq;avawmh\/ rrif;jzLuvnf; yg;pyfjzifh
rajz&J&SmawmhbJ acgif;udk ndwfí jyav\/ uREkfyfwdkYrSmvnf; udkatmifjrifhudk 0dkif;0ef;jyKpkMu&\/ odkY&mwGif
udkatmifjrifhrSmrl vHk;0owd&jcif;r&Sday/ udkESif;armifrSmrl pdwf0ifpm;jcif;r&SdouJhodkY vSnfhíyif rMunfhawmhbJ
rrif;jzLudkomvQif ar;cGef;rsm;xkwfum aeavawmh\/
]]rrif;jzL . . . OD;armifuav;tdrf? OD;armifuav;qdkwm irdk;&dyfacsmif;em;u *dka'gifa[mif;BuD;&JU
aemuftdrfrSmaewJh vlBuD;udkajymwm? tJ'Dtdrfudk a&mufzl;ovm;}}
]]a&mufzl;ygw,f&Sif? uRefrxm;0,fu vmwkef;u blwmrSm udkMo&u vTwfvdkufwJhvl[efaqmifNyD; uRefrudk
zrf;oGm;wm}}
]]aumif;NyD . . . tJ'DrSm zrf;xm;wkef;u a[m'Dvludk awGUzl;ovm;}}
aus;NrD;\ "mwfyHkudkNyvsuf . . .
]]awGUzl;ygw,f? emrnfawmh rodygbl;? nnqdk&if wa,mxdk;ygw,f}}

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

]]aumif;ygNyD . . . tJ'Dvlemrnfu aus;NrD;wJh rSwfxm;? tJ'DtdrfrSm OD;armifuav;&,f? tckajymwJh aus;NrD;&,f


tjyif b,fol&Sdao;vJ}}
]]&mrqdkwm wpfa,muf&Sdygw,f&Sifh}}
]][kwfNyD . . .&mrqdkwm rsufcHk;xlxl oGm;acgacg}}
]][kwf . . .[kwfygw,f&Sif}}
]]rrif;jzLudk zrf;oGm;NyD; OD;armifuav;u bmvkyfovJ [dk; . . .[dk; . . . bmajymovJ}}
]]e*g;odkufu &wemawG ay;&r,fvdkY ajymygw,f}}
]]rrif;jzLuaum e*g;odkufqdkwm odygovm;}}
]]rodygbl;&Sif}}
]]aumif;NyD . . . tck rrif;jzL vufxyfawmhr,fqdk}}
]][kwfygw,f? udkMo&eJY vufxyfawmhrvdkYyg}}
]]udkMo& qdkwm b,folvJ}}
]]t&ifu uRefrwdkY tNidrfhxJrSm 0dkif;0ef;ulnDwJholyg}}
]][kwfNyD . . . tJ'D udkMo&u b,fvdkulnDwmvJ}}
]]udkMo&wkdYu tppt&m&m ulnDwmygyJ}}
]]aMomf . . . usKyfu udkMo&udk ar;w,f? rrif;jzLu ajzawmh udkMo&wdkYvdkY (wdkY) wpfvHk;wdk;ajzw,f? 'Dawmh
rrif;jzLudk ulnDwm udkMo&wpfa,mufwnf; r[kwfbl;aygh}}
]][kwfuJh . . . udkMo&eJYtwl aemufESpfa,muf&Sdygao;w,f}}
]]b,folawGvJ rrif;jzL}}
]]tpfudkrdk;oD;eJY udkaowåmwdkYyg}}
]]bm . . .bm . . .bm udkaowåm [kwfvm;}}
]][kwfygw,f&Sif udkaowåmyg}}
]]udkaowåmu b,fvdkulnDwmvJ}}
]]uRefrtNidrfhrSm vljyufvdkaeawmh vljyufae&mu0ifNyD; ulnDwmyg}}
]]aumif;NyD . . . rrif;jzL? tarmajzygOD;? a&aomufvdkufygOD;}} [kqdkum rrif;jzLtm; tem;ay;NyD;aemuf
udkESif;armifonf pD;u&ufudk aomufav\/ tawmfMumonftxd tem;ay;NyD;aemuf qufvufí ar;jref;av\/
]]tpfudkrdk;oD;qdkwmuaum}}
]]tpfudkrdk;oD;qdkwmuawmh tppt&m&m olyJ acgif;aqmifwmygyJ&Sif}}
]]tJ'D tpfudkrdk;oD;eJY udkaowåmqdkwmu tckb,frSmvJ}}
]]aoygNyD&Sif? oHk;ESpfavmuf&SdygNyD}}
]]aoNyD . . . [kwfvm;}}
]][kwfygw,f&Sif . . . ao&SmygNyD}}
udkESif;armifonf rsufarSmifukwfí pOf;pm;ae\/ xdkYaemuf pD;u&ufudk zGm½dIufNyD;vQif . . .
]]rrif;jzL . . . udkMo&&,f? udkaowåm&,f? udkrdk;oD;&,fqdkwm[m oli,fcsif;awGvm;}} [k ar;jyef\/
]]rrif;jzLudk ar;&rSmawmh tm;emygw,f? rar;rjzpfvdkYar;wmyg? rajz&ifvJ aeEdkifygw,f? tJ'DoHk;a,mufxJu
rrif;jzLudk udkMo&wpfa,mufwnf;uyJ cspfa&;qdkovm;? usefwJhESpfa,mufuaum cspfa&;qdkzl;ovm;}}

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

]][ifhtif; . . . rqdkygbl;&Sif}} (&Sufí rsufESmrsm;eDjref;ae\) ajz&aom rrif;jzLomvsif &SufaoG;aMumifh


rsufESmrsm;eDjref;aeonfr[kwf? ar;&aom uREkfyfwdkY vlBuD;uvnf; rsufESmeDvsuf&Sdayonf/
]]aumif;NyD rrif;jzL? tJ'DoHk;a,mufxJrSm rrif;jzLarwåmwu,f&Sdwm b,folvJ? 'Dudpöudk usKyfwdkY tjyifudk
raygufMum;ap&ygbl;? ajzEdkif&ifajzyg}}
rrif;jzLonf rsuf&nfrsm;usvsuf acgif;iHkYae\/ udkESif;armifu . . .
]]ajzEdkif&ifajzyg rrif;jzL}} [k acsmhí ar;avonf/
]]uRefr wu,fcspfwm tpfudk rdk;oD;yg? 'gayr,fh aoomaooGm;a&m uRefrudk olu wpfcgrS
cspfwJht&dyfta,mifawmif rjycJhygbl;}} [k qdkum ½dIufí aeavawmh\/
]]aumif;NyD rrif;jzL? tckvdkajzay;wm usKyfjzifh odyfNyD; aus;Zl;wifwmyJ? ridkygeJYAsm? tpfudkrdk;oD;qdkwmvJ aorSyJ?
trINyD;oGm;wJhtcgrSm udkMo&eJYyJ vufxyfNyD; at;at;csrf;csrf;aeaygh}} [k qdkum udkESif;armifonf rrif;jzL\ rsufESmudk
tuJcwfvdkufav\/ xdkYaemuf qufvufar;jref;jyef\/
]]OD;armifuav; zrf;xm;wJhqDuae rrif;jzL b,fvdkvGwfoGm;wmvJ}}
]]OD;armifuav;udk,fwdkif vTwfNyD; jrif;vSnf;eJY ydkYcdkif;vdkufwmyg}}
]]aumif;NyD? rrif;jzL OD;armifuav;qDu vGwfvmwm nr[kwfvm;? arSmifuvJ arSmifaew,f r[kwfvm;}}
]][kwfygw,f}}
]]abmufaxmf&Gmuae udkMo&tdrfudk jyefvmwm[m jrif;vSnf;orm;eJY rrif;jzLESpfa,mufwnf;aygh}}
]][kwfygw,f&Sif}}
]]vrf;rSm jrif;vSnf;orm;u rrif;jzLudk bmajymovJ}}
]]pum;qdkvdkY wpfcGef;rS rajymygbl;&Sif? uRefru tckuRefrudk tdrfjyefydkYrSmvm;vdkY ar;wmudkawmif rajzEdkifbl;?
ydkYwmuawmh tdrfa&mufwJhtxdydkYygw,f? uRefr tdrfxJudk 0ifoGm;rSudk jyefoGm;ygw,f}}
]]aumif;ygNyD rrif;jzL}}
]]tdk; . . . [dkrSm vlav;armifatmifjrifh bmjzpfaewmvJ}} [laom toHudk Mum;&ojzifh Munfhvdkuf&m
rpöwmu&pfyifonf uRekfyfwdkY tcef;wGif;odkY 0ifvmonfudk awGU&avawmh\/
]]bmrS rjzpfygbl; rpöwmu&pfyif? aoewfudk xkwfNyD;upm;aevdkY cPavmuf usKyfu odyfxm;vdkufwmyg}} [k
qm;ykvif;ESif;armifu ajymvdkufav\/
]]aMomf . . .aMomf . . . odyfxm;wm udpör&Sdbl;? trIay:zdkYu udpö &Sdw,f? usKyfudkawmh xkacsvTm awmif;aeNyD
qm;ykvif;ESif;armif}}
]]rylygeJYrpöwmu&pfyif? usKyfajymwJhtwdkif; cifAsm;vdkufemr,fqdk&if 'DtrI&JU w&m;cHudk usKyfudk,fwdkif
zrf;ay;yghr,f}}
]]bmjzpfvdkY usKyfu rvdkufemEdkif&rSmvJ? w&m;cH ay:r,fqdk&if usKyfu vdkufem&rSmaygh}}
]]aumif;NyD . . .rpöwmu&pfyif}} [k ajymvdkuf&m rpöwmu&pfyifvnf; *G'fEdkuf[k EIwfqufum xGufoGm;av\/
xdktcgü udkESif;armifonf rrif;jzLtm; Munfhí . . .
]]bmrS tm;ri,fygeJY rrif;jzL? trIrSefay:atmifawmh usKyftwwfEdkifqHk; BudK;pm;yghr,f}}
]]ykvdyfBuD; . . . aMomf . . . aMomf . . .q&mBuD;? tdk; . . . tpfudkBuD; emrnfu . . . }}
]]usKyfemrnf . . . ESif;armif . . .qm;ykvif;ESif;armif}}

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

rrif;jzLudk ao'Pfay;NyD

aemufaeYowif;pmrsm;wGif ESpfavmif;NydKifvlowfrIESifhywfoufí tus,fw0ifha&;om; azmfjyMuav\/


rrif;jzLtm; vlowfrI\ w&m;cHtjzpfomruybJ vlqdk;*dkPf;\ vQKdU0Sufacgif;aqmifBuD;tjzpf owif;pmü
a&;om;Muav\/ pHkaxmufudkatmifjrifhudkvnf; wu,fhol&Jaumif;BuD;ozG,f ajr§mufyifha&;om;Muav\/
uREkfyfonf xdkowif;pmudk zwfNyD;aemuf vGefpGm rausreyfjzpfrdavawmh\/ xdkYaMumifh owif;pmudkcsí
vufzuf&nfaomuf&ef xGufvmcJh&m ½Hk;t0if0ü udkESif;armifudk awGU&av\/ uREkfyfonf udkESif;armifudk awGUvQifawGUcsif;
...
]]tdkifaq; . . .owif;pm zwfNyD;NyDvm;}} [k ar;vdkuf&m udkESif;armifu zwfNyD;aMumif; acgif;ndwfí jyav\/
]]rrif;jzLudk wu,fhvlqdk;BuD;vdk a&;xm;w,f}} [k uREkfyfu xyfí ajymvdkuf&m udkESif;armifu . . .
]]'DtwGufawmh pdwfraumif;rjzpfygeJYAsm? olYuHaygh? usKyfvJ BudK;pm;wmyJ w&m;cH tppfrS ray:awmhvJ
cufwmayghAsm}} [k qdkav\/
xdktcsdefü OD;udkudkBuD;yg uREkfyfwdkY teD;odkY a&muf&Sdí vmNyD;vQif rrif;jzLESifh ywfoufí owif;pmüyg&Sdaom
owif;rsm;taMumif;udk ajymqdkav\/
]]b,fvdkvJ ukdESif;armif? rrif;jzLudk wu,fhw&m;cHBuD;vdk udkatmifjrifhwdkYuawmh vkyfxm;NyDAs? crsm
oem;p&mygyJAsm}} [k OD;udkudkBuD;u qdkav\/ xdktcgü udkESif;armifonf ol\ xHk;pHtwdkif; rcdk;rcefYuav;
NyHK;vdkufNyD;aemuf . . .
]]usKyfvJ oem;ygw,f? 'gayr,fh wu,fh w&m;cHtppfudkrS usKyfu zrf;ray;EdkifawmhvJ olajymovdk
jzpfaewmayghAsm? 'DtrIuvJ wu,fhudk oyGwftljzpfaewmAs? &Sif;xkwfzdkY awmfawmfuav; cufwm}} [k qdkav\/
]]rajymaumif; ajymaumif;Asm? rrif;jzLuav; ao'Pfrsm; cH&OD;rSmvm;? cufawmhwmyJ udkESif;armif&,f}} [k
OD;udkudkBuD;u nnf;ñlvdkufav\/
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udkESif;armifu ajymav\/
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atmufygtwdkif;ajymí oGm;av\/
]]'DrSm q&mpdef? usKyfu vG,fwJhtrIwpf&mudk ay:atmifrvdkufcsifbl;? tckvdk cufcJwJh trIwpfckudk
ay:atmifvkyfNyD;? usKyf&JU t&nftcsif;udk jycsifwmMumNyDAs}}
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]][if; . . . udkESif;armif&,f? [dkaeYu wpfcgwnf; taoxdk;ypfvdkuf&if taumif;om;}} [kvnf;
pdwfqdk;rmefqdk;ajymav\/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

udkESif;armifrSmrl pdwfqdk;onfh trlt&mudk rjybJ NyHK;íom aeav\/ ol\tNyHK;rSm


rnfonfht"dyÜm,faqmifonfudkrl uRekfyftaeESifh twyfrajymEdkifyg/ odkY&mwGif wpfpHkwpfckudk ydkifydkifEdkifEdkifBuD;
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udk,fa&;udk,fwm udpöyg}} [k qdkav\/ udkESif;armif\ pum;aMumifh uREkfyfonf rrif;jzLtwGuf pdk;&drfonfhtavsmuf
udkESif;armiftm; . . .
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ajymvdkuf&m udkESif;armifonf pdwfraumif;aomrsufESmESifh . . .
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usKyfESifh OD;udkudkBuD;tm; EIwfqufí xGufoGm;avawmh\/
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rrif;jzLtm; ½Hk;wifíppfaq;aeonfrSm av;Budrfyif &SdayNyD? wpfBudrfESifhwpfBudrfrSm (14) &ufMum\/
udkESif;armifu ay:rvm? xdkYaMumifh udkESif;armifonf trIudk ay:atmifrvkyfEdkifonfh twGuf t&Suf&um wpfcgwnf;
aysmufuG,f ZmwfjrKyfoGm;avNyD[kyif pOf;pm;zG,f&m jzpfí vmavawmh\/
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OD;udkudkBuD;ESifh wdkifyifum rpöwmy&pfyifxH0ifa&mufí udkESif;armifwpfa,muf (cGifhvGefysufuGuf) jzpfaeonfhtaMumif;
wifjy taMumif;Mum;&av\/
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qdkav\/ tufpfatmhtD; qdkonfrSm tjzpftysuftusOf;csKyf a&;jcif;udk qdkvdkygonf/
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OD;udkudkBuD;uvnf; udkESif;armiftwGuf ,lusKH;r&jzpfae\/ wufwacgufacgufESifh . . .
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odaeygvsufeJY vuf&rzrf;Edkifwmudk olYtaeeJY odyfNyD;&SufoGm;w,f xifwmygyJAsm}} [k uREkfyfu ajymrdav\/ uREkfyfwdkY
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uREkfyfwdkYonf udkESif;armiftm; jyefvmEdk;ESifh arQmfudk;cJhaomfvnf; aemufxyfwpfvMumonftxd jyefí
a&mufrvmawmhay? xdktcgü aemufqHk;pD&ifcsufcsrnfh ½Hk;csdef;aeYodkY a&muf&Sdvmavawmh\/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

rrif;jzLtm; aemufqHk;pD&ifcsufcsaomaeY

xdkaeYonf uREkfyf\ wpfoufwmwGif uREkfyfarG;aeYuJhodkY uREkfyfudk,fwdkif arhí r&aomaeYjzpfayonf/


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w&m;½Hk;odkY oGm;a&mufMu&av\/ owif;pmwdkufrsm;rSvnf; owif;,l&ef a&muf&SdaeMuav\/ A[kokw vdkvm;olrsm;ESifh
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rpöwmpwD;0yfudkyg awGU&av\/
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uREkfyfawGUzl;aom trIrsm;teuf vltpnfum;qHk;trI[k qdkcsifygonf/ tcsdefusa&mufaomtcgü trsKd;orD;ykvdyf ESpfOD;u
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vnf;aumif;? ]]'gavmufacsmwJh rdef;uav;u vlESpfa,mufudk owfw,fqdkwm igawmh r,Hkygbl;}} [lí vnf;aumif;
Munfholrsm;u ajymqdkMuav\/
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w&m;cHrav; rrif;jzLESifh pdwfwGif;rS wGJzufí Munfhrd&m a&SUoGm;aemufvdkufnDyHkudk awGUjrif&av\/
udkESif;armifESifh rrif;jzLom taMumif;qufí aygif;zuf&vQif vGefpGmMunfhí vdkufzufaom pHkwGJwpfwGJ
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a&mufvmawmhrnfjzpfaMumif; ol\ toH pl;pl;uav;jzifh aMunmvdkuf&m . . .
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pD&ifcsufwGif trIjzpfyGm;yHk? w&m;vdkbufrS 0wfvHkwifjyonfh tcsufrsm;ESifh w&m;cHbufrS 0wfvHkwifjyonfh ta&;BuD;aom
tcsufrsm;udk azmfjyxm;\/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

xdkYaemuf w&m;Oya'\ oabmw&m;ESifh qdkvdkcsufwdkYudk azmfjyNyD;aemuf rrif;jzLonf trI\ vufonf


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&ifwzdkzdkESifhjzpfcJhav\/ aemufqHk;üvnf; uREkfyfwdkYrMum;csifaom pum;udk Mum;vdkuf&ojzifh eifhceJjzpfíoGm;av\/ xdkodkY
pD&ifcsufcsvdkufonfhtcgü wjcm;vludkz,fxm;í trIEdkifoGm;aom qGJcsonfyif rdrdtEdkif&&SdonfhtwGuf raysmfEdkifbJ
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MunfhvdkufNyD;vQif . . .
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qdkí tdwftwGif;rS xkwfí jyaom "m;ajr§mifudk ay;av\/
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vufxdyfcwfvdkufNyD;aemuf y&dowfbufodkYvSnfhum . . .
]]usKyf . . . qm;ykvif;ESif;armifyg}} [k ajymvdkuf&m vltkyfBuD;rSm vGefpGmtHhMoí oGm;NyD;aemuf . . .
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w&m;olBuD;onf aMu;pnfxkaom wif;ykwfuJhodkY wif;ykwfuav;ESifh pm;yGJcHkudk ]]'kef; . . .'kef; . . . 'kef;}} [k xkvdkuf&m
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w&m;olBuD;u . . .

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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]]cifAsm; tom;awGuvnf; qEGif;cJ(eEGif;cJ) vdk 0gxdefaevdkufwmAsm}} [k ajymvdkufojzifh aowåmqdkoltm;
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udkrdk;oD;u tajzray;awmhyJ udkESif;armiftm; pl;&Jaom rsufvHk;rsm;jzifh MunfhvdkufNyD;vQif . . .
]]qm;ykvif;ESif;armifqdkwm cifAsm;udk;}} [k ajymum auseyfESpfodrfhaom tNyHK;rsKd;udk jzpfay:apvsuf . . .

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

]]aemufqHk; usKyfudk vufxdyfcwfwJhvl[m jrefrmjynfrSm tawmfqHk;jzpfwJh qm;ykvif;ESif;armifqdkwJh


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aeMuav\/
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rrif;jzLudkvnf;aumif;? pDtdkif'D0if;tvnfwGif&Sdonfh aumif;uifbm;ü arsmufvTJausmf wpfaumifuJhodkY
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jrifawGUMu&ayrnf jzpfawmhownf;/

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pHkpHkvifvif yg&Sdonfjzpf&m þxGufqdkcsufrSwfwrf;onfyif ]]rrif;jzL rSefrSefajym}} 0w¬Kjzpfonf[k qdkcsifu
qdkEdkifayownf;/)

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

uREkfyf\ zcifonf 0dZÆm"dk&favm

uREkfyf\ zcif uG,fvGeftedpöa&mufonfh aeYüyif uRekfyfonf Aifeifulvmq,fwef;ac:


wdkif;&if;jrefrmq,fwef;udk c½dkifwpfckvHk;ü AdkvfpGJí atmifjrifav\/ pmar;yGJü xl;cRefpGmatmifjrifonfhtwGuf
0rf;ajrmuf0rf;om jzpf&rnfhtcsdefü zcifBuD; uG,fvGeftedpöa&muf&onfhtwGuf uREkfyfonf 0rf;ajrmufjcif; r&SdcJhyg/
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0goemwlcsif; awGUonfhtcgü odkufpmrsm;udk &Gwfqdkí ajymqdkwwfonfjzpf&m odkufq&ma,mifa,mif[kvnf;
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xdktar;tm; ajzqdk&rnfrSmvnf; cyfqef;qef;&Sdayonf/ uRekfyf\ zcifonf vukefcgeD;onfhtcgü
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rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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,lí oGm;wwfav\/
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uREkfyf\zcifonf vGefpGmvQKdU0Sufí vGefpGmrSvnf; xl;qef;aom vlBuD;wpfa,muf jzpfayonf/
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odkufwpfckudkwl;í atmifcJhNyDavm uREkfyfudk,fwdkif rod&yg/ uREkfyfwdkY wpftdrfvHk;ürl t*¾d&wform;rsm;? odkuform;rsm;ESifh

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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]][kwfygw,fcifAsm? uRefawmfvnf; av;pm;ygw,f}} [k uREkfyfu ajzqdkvdkufvQif xdkbm&mu &,farmí . . .
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atmufyg twdkif;ajymjyav\/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifh NrdKif&mZmwmaw 0w¬Kü a&;om;azmfjycJhNyD; jzpf\/ )
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rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

uREkfyftwGuf pOf;pm;ay;Mujcif;

uREkfyfESifh udkt*FgwdkYonf BudK;wdkuftwGif;ü oHk;&ufcefYtwlwuG aexdkifcJhMu&mwGif tawmftwef


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]]udkt*Fg. . . cifAsm;[m EGm;ausmif;om;vdkYom qdk&w,f? pmayusrf;*efvJ acgufrdw,f? tawG;tac:uvJ
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]]acgif;at;at;xm;NyD; pOf;pm;prf;yg udkat;aqmif? {uedywf? uk½k*FZmwfrSmvmwJh eE´d0dvmoZmwf? uPSmZmwf?
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trsm;BuD;&w,f? OyrmAsm EGm;[m tpmudk b,ftcsdefrSm auR;auR;pm;Edkifw,f? 'gayr,fh pm;wm[m
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NyD;awmh EGm;awG[m tvGefyJ pum;enf;Muw,f? wdwfqdwfjcif; pum;enf;jcif;[m ynm&Sd&JU
vu©PmwpfckyJr[kwfvm;? acgif;at;at;xm;NyD; pOf;pm;yg}} [k ajymav\/
]]udkt*Fg &Sif;jyawmhvJ [kwfovdkvdkyJ}} [k uREkfyfuajym&m . . .
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'Dawmh EGm;awG[m wu,fhtmZmenfawG ol&Jaumif;awGvdkY qdk&rSmayghAsm? r[kwfvm;? acgif;at;at;xm;prf;yg}} [k
udkt*Fgu ajymjyefav\/
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tusKd;jyKEdkifMuw,f? usKyfwdkYvJ EGm;awGvdk tusKd;jyKEdkifatmif BudK;pm;Mu&r,f? EGm;awG&JU tusKd;jyKyHkudk awmh pavOD;ykn&JU
EGm;wpfaumifvHk; toHk;csenf;udk zwfayawmh? NyD;awmh acgif;at;at;xm;}} [k udkt*Fguajym&m . . .

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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ynmA[kokwjynfhpHkjcif;? &JpGrf;owåd&Sdjcif; paom t&nftcsif;aumif;rsm; &SdoleSifh twlwuG aexdkif&jcif;?
rdwfaqGjzpf&jcif;aMumifh uREkfyf\ ab;'ku©rsm;udkyif tawmftwef arhaysmufapcJhav\/
wpfaeYoü uREkfyfwdkY\ BudK;wdkufodkY qdwfzGm;[k ac:onfh bm&mBuD;vmí vnfywfum uREkfyfwdkYu
BudK;wdkuftwGif;rSaeí udkqdwfzGm;u BudK;wdkuftjyifrS xdkifum pum;ajym&av\/ uREkfyfwdkYtMum;ü oHwdkifrsm;
wyfqifxm;onfh wHcg;wpfcsyfomvQif &Sdí aumif;pGm pum;ajymí &ayonf/ udkqdwfzGm;onf ajru&m;uav;
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ppfwk&ifupm;íEdkifxm;aom aq;vdyfrsm;jzifhjyefí {nfhcHav\/ udkqdwfzGm;onf udkt*Fgtm; cifrif½Hkoufouf r[kwfbJ
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xdktcgü udkqdwfzGm;ESifh udkt*FgwdkYonf wpfpHkwpf&m ajymqdkjcif;rjyKbJ aq;ayghvdyfrsm;udk
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olwdkYESpfOD;onf wpfOD;udk wpfOD; ar;cGef;rsm; tjyeftvSefar;í azmfxkwfajymqdkMujcif; jzpfayonf/
xdkolESpfOD;wdkY\pOf;pm;azmfxkwfyHkudk tusOf;csKH;í azmfjy&vQif atmifygtwdkif;jzpfayonf/
udkqdwfzGm;/ / armifat;aqmif&JU ar;cGef;udk ajzzdkYqkd&if armifat;aqmif&JU zcif q&mrluaeNyD; pOf;pm;zdkYjzpfw,f? uJ
. . . 'Dawmh armifat;aqmif&JU zcifq&mrl[m bmvJ/
udkt*Fg / / q&mrl[m vlwpfa,mufjzpfw,f/
udkqdwfzGm;/ / [kwfw,f? vlwpfa,mufjzpfw,f qdkwJhtajzudk aoaocsmcsm udkifxm;&r,f? 'Dvdkr[kwf&if
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udkt*FgtaeeJY ajymEdkifygw,faemf/
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tazjzpfw,fqdkwm[m cdkifrmwJh taxmuftxm;ygyJ/
udkqdwfzGm; / / BudKufNyD? 'Dawmh q&mrlonf vlwpfa,muf? uJ . . .armifat;aqmif &Sif;NyD r[kwfvm;/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

udkqdwfzGm; / / vlwpfa,mufjzpfw,f qdkwmawmh [kwfNyD? b,fvdkvlpm;vJ qdkwm pOf;pm;&r,f/


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qdkMuw,f? aq;q&muvnf; 'DvdkyJ? odkufq&mawGuvnf; 'DvdkyJ? q&mrl[m t*¾d&wfq&m?
aq;q&m? odkufq&mawGtm;vHk;eJY tusKH;0ifaew,f/
udkqdwfzGm; / /'Dawmh q&mrl[m t*¾d&wfq&mvnf; r[kwf? aq;q&mvnf; r[kwf? odkufq&mvnf; r[kwfbl;vdkY
qdkEdkifwmaygh/
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udkqdwfzGm; / / 'Dawmh q&mrl[m bmrS r[kwfwJh vlwpfa,mufvdkY tajz&aeNyDaygh/
udkt*Fg / / [kwfw,f? tJ'DbmrS r[kwfwJh vlwpfa,mufqdkwJh tqdkudk udkifxm;&r,f? 'g[m a[m'Djyóem&JU
toufyJ? bmrSr[kwfbl;qdkwJh pum;eJYvlwpfa,mufjzpfw,fqdkwJh pum;[mvnf; wpfckeJY wpfck
qefYusifbufjzpfaew,f/
udkqdwfzGm; / / vlwpfa,mufjzpfaeygvsuf bmrS r[kwfbl;qdkwJh tjzpfudk cH,lwJhvlawG wpfpHkwpf&m jzpfw,fvdkY
ra<u;aMumf&JwJhvlawG? txift&Sm; rjyK&JwJh vlawG[m vQdKU0SufaomtrIudk jyKae&olawGjzpfw,f?
'Dawmh . . .
udkt*Fg / / q&mrlonf vQKdU0Sufaom udpöwpfck jyKvkyfaeolvdkY tajz&w,f/
udkqdwfzGm; / / [kwfNyD? b,fvdk vQKdU0SufrIrsKd;vnf; qdkwmudk pOf;pm;wJhae&mrSm armifat;aqmif ajymjycsuft&
vdktyfwJhtcgrSm q&mrl[m t*¾d&wfxdk;wJh zdk½HkxJudk 0ifNyD; a&TjyKvkyfavh&Sdw,f? jyKvkyfwJha&T[mvnf;
b,fawmhjzpfjzpf ]wpfusyfom;} twdtus jzpfaew,f qdkwJhtcsufyJ/
udkt*Fg / / 'Dawmh q&mrl[m a&Tudk vkyfEdkifw,f qdkayr,fh wduswJh twdkif;twmeJYom vkyfEdkifjcif;jzpfw,f/
udkqdwfzGm; / / 'Dawmh a&TvkyfzdkY vdktyfcsufawG[mvnf; tav;csdeftm;jzifh wdusaevdrfhr,f/
udkt*Fg / / [kwfw,f? tJ'Dtcsuf[m wpfusyfom;&SdwJh a&T'*Fg;udk t&nfusKd? 'gyJ jzpfzdkY&Sdw,f/
udkqdwfzGm; / / a&T'*Fg;udk 'Dtwdkif;ra&mif;bJ q&mrl[m bmjzpfvdkY usKdNyD;rS a&mif;&wmvJ/
udkt*Fg / / vuf&Sd toHk;jyKaewJh NrdwfxHk;? jrif;pD;? wdkufwHqdyf? acgif;wHk;wHqdyfpwJh trsm;a&SUrSm a&mif;vkdYr&wJh
a&T'*Fg;rsKd;jzpfaew,fvdkY pOf;pm;Edkifw,f? tJ'D '*Fg;[m bm'*Fg;vJ/
udkqdwfzGm; / / 'DEdkifiHu roHk;wJh '*Fg;rsKd;jzpfr,f? 'Dawmh wpfjcm;aom tquftoG,fr&SdwJh wdkif;jynfwpfcku
a&T'*Fg;vdkY pOf;pm;&rSmyJ? 'Dawmh 'gawGudk pkpnf;Munfhr,f/
(wpf) q&mrlonf vlwpfa,muf/
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q&mrl&,f qdkwJh t"du oHk;rsKd;udk qufpyfMunfhvdkuf&if . . .
udkt*Fg / / a&T'*Fg;onf tzdk;wefonf? q&mrltaeeJY xdka&T'*Fg;udk tvum;r&EdkifwJhtcsuf? vk,uf,liif
vQifvnf; &Edkifonf qdkwJhtcsuf? yifv,f&yfjcm; wkdif;wpfyg;qdkwJhtcsuf? vQKdU0Sufjcif;qdkwJh rlvu
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rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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udkqdwfzGm; / / [kwfw,f? q&mrlu "m;ajr§mifudk ,lNyD; [dkvlBuD;u "m;ajr§mif&JU tdrfudk,lvdrfhr,f/
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rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

udkqdwfzGm; / / [kwfw,f? tJ'g tajzyJ armifat;aqmif/


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rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

aMumufwwfvQif ESpfcgao\

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rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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]]cifAsm;awmh ,Hkrvm;rqdkEdkifbl;? usKyfwdkYrsKd;quf[m wdkif;wpfyg;eJY pNyD; tquftqH&SdcJhwJh
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pdwfraumif;jzpfrdw,f}} [k udkt*Fgu ajymvdkufav\/
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qef;wJh tvkyfawG r[kwfbl; udkat;aqmif}} [k udkt*Fgu &Snfvsm;pGm &Sif;jyav\/
uREkfyfonf udkt*Fg\pum;udk Mum;&onfhtcgü udkt*Fgtm; vGefpGmoem;rdouJhodkY vGefpGmrSvnf;
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tarGqufcHxm;onfh udkt*Fgtm; ESajrmrdygonf/
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pOf;pm;rdav\/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

udkt*Fgonf wkefvIyfajcmufjcm;jcif;r&SdyJ yuwdwnfNidrfpGm pm;aomufaexdkifvsuf &Sdonfudk awGU&ayonf/


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uREkfyf\ 'ku©udkMunfhvsuf udkt*Fgu atmufygpum;udk qdkav\/
]]cifAsm;Munfh&wm oem;p&maumif;vSw,f? odyfNyD;aMumufaew,fxifw,f? aMumufwJhvlrsm;
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'ku©a&mufaewmuwpfcg? uJ. . uJ udkat;aqmif qkawmif;prf;ygAsm? aemifjzpfav&mb0rSm tckvdk aMumufwwfwJhvl
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rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

'Dvdkawmhvnf; vG,fayoudk;

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uRekfyftm; aphaphMunfhNyD;aemuf . . .
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ajymvdkufav\/
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urdavawmh\ [k qdkvQif ydkírSefayrnf/
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0rf;ajrmuf0rf;om jzpf&ayonf wum; [lí jzpfayonf/
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]]azmufvdkYaum vG,fyghrvm; udkt*Fg}} [k uREkfyfu jyefí ar;rdav\/
]][J. . .[J. . udk,fhvlwdkY 'Hk;ra0;awmhbl;? ajy;&r,f? udk,fhvlwdkY xGufajy;&r,f}}
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0ifa&mufajymqdkav\/
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rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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]]udk,fhvluawmh tm;udkyg&apqdkwJh pum;udk wpfoufvHk;ajymaer,fhvlyJ? udk,f udk,fwdkifvJ
tm;udk;cHxdkufwJhvljzpfatmif BudK;pm;prf;ygAsm}} [k q&mudkqdwfzGm;onf uRekfyftm; qHk;raomavoHjzifh ajymqdkav\/
]]tm;udk;cHxdkufwJh vljzpfatmif b,fvdkvkyf&rSmvJ q&mudkqdwfzGm;&,f}}
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q&mudkqdwfzGm; rvmawmhonfrSm ESpfywfcefY&SdNyD jzpf\/ uRekfyfonf udkqdwfzGm;tm; tarQmfBuD; arQmfrdav\/
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]]&SdwmayghAsm? r&SdvdkY usKyfu b,frsm;oGm;vdkY&wmrSwfvdkY}} [k udkt*Fgu ajzvdkuf&m 0g'gwpfa,mufu . . .
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uREkfyftm;vnf; tjcm;aom ykvdyfwpfa,mufu ajcjzifh aqmifhuefum ]rif;vJ owdxm;} [k qdkav\/
xdkYaemuf acgif;aqmifvkyfaom ykvdyfwpfOD;onf axmifrSL;ay;aom yHkpHpm&Gufay:ü vufrSwfa&;xdk;av\/ xdktcsdefü
q&mudkqdwfzGm;a&mufvmNyD;vQif uREkfyftm; EIwfquf\/ xdkYaemuf udkt*Fgtm; zufí EIwfqufjyef\/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

]]rdwfaqGBuD; udkt*Fga& . . .NyD;awmhvnf; NyD;wmyJAsKdU}} [k udkqdwfzGm;u ajymav\/


]][kwfw,f udkqdwfzGm;a& . . .NyD;awmhvJ NyD;wmygyJ? [J . . .[J tm;vHk; tJ'Dtwdkif;yJ? NyD;awmhvJ NyD;wmygyJ}} [k
udkt*Fgu ajymav\/
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[k qdkav\/
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]]uRefawmf Adkvfwufwdk;yg? 'De,fuawmh uRefawmhe,fr[kwfygbl;? Adkvfrdk;&JU e,fyg? olwdkY tultnDvJ
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odyfNyD; ÓPfajy;wJhvl cifAs}}

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r&aMumif; today;tyfygonf/)

udkt*Fgonf Adkvfwufwdk;\ pum;udk em;axmifNyD;aemuf . . .


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vdrfNyD;xkwfwJhaerSm ½Hk;aeYw0ufydwfw,f? eufjzefusawmh wpfaeYvHk;ydwfw,f r[kwfvm;? tJ'Dawmh cifAsm;wdkY
ajy;wJhae&mrSm vGwfvGwfvyfvyf ajy;&wmaygh? q&mudkqdwfzGm;&JU ÓPfav [m; . . .[m;}}
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ñTefMum;xm;onf roday/ udkt*Fgawmif;orQudk ysmysmovJ &Smay;avonf/
xdkYaMumifh uRekfyfESifh udkt*FgwdkYonf 'vNrdKUteD; ydwfpG,f[laom &GmrSaeí ntcg jrpfaMumif;twdkif;
avSmfcyfoGm;Muavawmh\/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

NyD;awmhvnf; NyD;wmygyJ

uREkfyfESifh udkt*FgwdkYonf avSi,fuav; wpfpif;jzifh &ufaygif;rsm;pGm avSmfcyfí oGm;aeMuav\/ tcsKdUaom


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ar;av\/
]][kwfw,f udkat;aqmif? usKyfu rsufvSnfhq&mrdk;oD;tjzpfeJY rsufvSnfhjyr,f? cifAsm;u usKyf&JU wynfhtjzpf
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]][kwfw,f . . . [kwfw,f . . . ajymif;ay;prf;yg q&mudkrdk;oD;&,f}} [k uREkfyfu tavmwBuD; ajymav\/
]]cifAsm; enfrnfudk Mo& vdkYac:r,f}} [k udkt*Fgu qdkav\/
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]]tHhMoavmufatmifrsm;jym;wJh &wemawGudk &rSmrdkYvdkYayghAsm}} [k udkt*Fgu jyefajymav\/
]]&wemawG&r,f? [kwfvm;}} [k uREkfyfu ajym&m udkt*Fgu . . .

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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udkrdk;oD;ac: udkt*Fgu ajymav\/
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udkMo&&,f}} [k udkrdk;oD;u ajymav\/
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qefwufoGm;aMuav\/ wpfa,mufwpfvSnfhpD avSmfcyfMu&av\/ avSay:üyif rsufvSnfh jy&rnfh tpDtpOfrsm;udk
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oGm;a&mufí uRekfyfwdkY\ aowåmESpfvHk;udkcsum uREkfyfu armif;xkav\/
armif;oHw'l'lESifhtwl udkrdk;oD;onf aowåmay:ü rwfwyf&yfum rsufvSnfhMunfh&ef y&dowfudk zdwfac:av\/
tpyxrü uav;rsm;om vma&mufav\/ uav;rsm;rSwpfqifh vli,f? vlvwf? vlBuD;? rdef;r? bkef;BuD; pHkvifí
vmav\/ uREkfyfonf wkwfjzifh ajrBuD;udk jcpfí pnf;wm;vdkuf&av\/
uRekfyfu pnf;wm;í0dkif;cJhNyD;onfhtcgü udkrdk;oD;onf tkef;rIwfcGufjzifh jyKvkyfxm;aom BudK;ESpfacsmif;omygonfh
ua,mudkxkwfí xdk;jyav\/ wa,mxdk;NyD;aemuf taygufajcmufaygufomyg&Sdonfh yavGudk rIwfjyef\/ xdkodkY
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jyoav\/ NyD;vQif uav;wpfa,muftm; pm&GufjzLwpf&Gufudkay;í za,mif;wdkifü rD;uifap&m ]NyD;awmhvJ NyD;wmygyJ}
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&Tifvef;aeyHk&ojzifh uREkfyfu . . .

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

]]rif;q&m udkqdwfzGm;uawmhjzifh rif;udk w,fNyD; csD;usL;xm;ygvm;? wdkYuawmh r,HkEdkifao;bl;uG?


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rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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zdk;olawmfvdk 0wfqifí ½GmpOfavQmufum tvSLcHavonf/ uREkfyfESifh q&mudkrdk;oD;u vHkNcHK&mwGif avSqdkufí
ndKopf&SmazGcJhorQ csufjyKwfpm;aomufMu&av\/ þuJhodkY jyKvkyf&jcif;rSm uREkfyfwdkYonf ajy;rsm;jzpfjcif;aMumifh
twwfEdkifqHk; vlawGUrcH&atmif a&Smif&ayrnf/ ndKopfrSmrlum; axmifrSvGwf&ufaphí vGwfvmaom
½dk;½dk;axmifxGufwpfa,mufrQomjzpfojzifh ¤if;taeESifh vlawGUcHvnf; taMumif;r[kwfaomaMumifh jzpfayonf/
uREkfyfwdkYonf ntcgrsm;ü wpfnvHk; avSjzifh pkefí eHeufa&mufonfESifh wpfNydKifeuf avSudk oifhawmf&m
t&dyfaumif;aumif;wGif qdkufuyfxm;vdkuf\/ xdktcgü ndKopfonf zdk;olawmfuJhodkY 0wfqifum aMu;pnfuav;
waemifaemif acgufvsuf . . .
pdwfapwoduf? ½kyfedAÁmef? t>rufjy? y&rw¬oabm tpOf½Ixkwfum avmabmtwåm eZmewda'gaom
twåmeZmemwd? arma[m"r® eyówd ydwfqD;aom 0g[memaMumifh t[rf; . . .t[rf; . . .t[rf; zdk;olawmfarmifygy
a&mufvmygNyD? vSLa&;wef;a&;vufraES;eJY [k &Gwfqdkum xGufoGm;av\/ ndKopfonf tjcm;aom pmrsm;udk cyfvHk;vHk;qdkí
vSLa&;wef;a&;vufraES;eJY [laom pum;udkrl us,favmifpGm atmf[pfav\/
þodkY atmf[pf&Gwfqdkum xGufoGm;NyD;vQif naeydkif;avmufwGif jyefívmav\/ jyefvmvQifvnf;
qdkif;xrf;rsm;ü bl;oD;? c&rf;oD;? qef? ig;yd? ig;ajcmuf? qD? aq;vdyf? Za,mif;wkdifygrusef jynfhpHkpGmygí vmonfcsnf;
jzpfav\/
ndKopfjyefvmonfh tcgü csufjyKwfaMumfavSmfp&m&SdonfwdkYudk csufjyKwfaMumfavSmfí npmrsm; pm;aomufum
avSNzifh pkefMu&av\/
uREkfyfwdkonf ntcgrsm;wGif avSNzifh at;csrf;pGm c&D;oGm;Mu&mü aysmf&TifzG,f MunfEl;zG,f aumif;vSayonf/
q&mudkrdk;oD;u aemufrSaeí yJhudkifav\/
uREkfyfeSifh ndKopfu wpfvSnfhpD a&SUrS avSmfMu&avonf/ a&pkefjzpfí avSmfcwf&onfrSm rsm;pGm
yifyef;jcif;r&SdvSay/
ndKopfonf ykpämtrsKd;rsKd;udk ar;av\/ ar;orQykpärsm;udk q&mudkrdk;oD;u 'dkifcHí ajzqdkav\/ uREkfyfrSmrl
em;axmifoloufoufrQom jzpfayonf/ ndKopfu ar;í q&mudkrdk;oD;ajzqdkcJhaom ar;cGef;rsm;teuf uREkfyfrSwfrdaom
ar;cGef;ESifh tajzudk azmfjyaytHh/
ndKopf / / q&mudkrdk;oD;&,f vl&,fvdkYjzpfvm&if 0ifouf xGufoufudk ½SLcsnf xkwfcsnf vkyfae&wmcsnf;ygyJ?
aorSyJ tJ'Dtvkyfudk &yf&awmhw,f? 'Dawmh vlYb0udk &vQif&csif;rSm 0ifoufudk ½SLovm;? 'grSr[kwf
xGufoufudk ½SLovm;qdkwmudk odcsifw,fAsm?
q&mrdk;oD; / / 0denf;t|uxmrSm xGufoufu tpjyKw,fvdkY qdkw,fuG/
ndKopf / / usKyfwdkYbk&m;ocifudk tyfawmf b,foluvSLwmvJAs?
q&mrdk;oD; / / C#dum&jA[®muyfvSLwJh y&du©&m&Spfyg;rSm tyfvnf; ygw,fvdkY qdkxm;w,f/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

ndKopfu txufyg ykpämrsKd;udk ar;jref;NyD;aemuf rauseyfao;ojzifh . . .


]]vlysKdempOf? &dr,SOf? rcsOftjrpf?b,faq;enf;}} [laom vuFmjzifh vlysKdemjzpfvQif aomufrnfhaq;enf;udk
ar;jref;vdkufav\/ ndKopf\ tar;vuFmqHk;onfESifh wpfNydKifeuf q&mudkrdk;oD;u . . .
]]ukvm;rsufpd? ac:bdjrpfa&? usKdaomufayu? &da&T&djzL? &deDrlvnf;? jrLrNidwG,f? csrf;omvG,f\}} [k
vlysKdemaq;enf;udk &Gwfqdkí jyvdkufav\/ vlysKdemjzpfvQif ukvm;rsufpdyif\ tjrpfudkusKdí aomufygu
aysmufuif;csrf;omayrnf[k qdkvdkayonf/
uREkfyfrSm q&mrdk;oD;\ ynmpGrf;udk vGefpGm oabmusrdavawmh\/ tm;vnf; tm;usrdayonf/ xdkYaMumifh
uREkfyfvnf; xdkuJhodkY ajzEdkif&ef rnfodkYrnfyHk avhvm&rnfudk ar;jref;&avawmh\/
]]q&mudkrdk;oD;a& . . . cifAsm;uawmhjzifh w,fvJ awmfygvm;Asm? pum;yHkuawmh tar;EGm;ausmif;om;vdkY
qdkxm;w,f? cifAsm;eJYusrS tajzEGm;ausmif;om;&,fvdkY jyif&awmhrvdkyJ? cifAsm;vdk 'dk;'dk;a'gufa'guf ajzEdkifatmif
b,fvdkrsm; avhvm&yghrvJAsm}} [k uREkfyfu ajymvdkuf&mn q&mudkrdk;oD;onf udkifxm;aom avSmfwufudk csí aq;vdyfudk
rD;ñdSvdkufNyD;aemuf . . .
]]pG,fpHkausmfxifusrf;udk zwf&w,fAs}} [k ajymav\/
rSwfcsuf / / aemufqHk;ar;aom ykpämrSm pG,fpHkausmfxifusrf; (tOf) um&ef ykpäm(18) yk'fteuf trSwf(16) ykpäm
jzpfygonf/ pma&;ol
þodkYvQif uREkfyfwdkYoHk;OD;onf ntcgrsm;ü avSudk pkef&if; ndKopfu ykpämrsKd;pHkudkar;í q&mudkrdk;oD;uvnf;
ar;orQ ykpämwdkYudk ajzqdkum ysif;&djcif;udk ajzazsmufMu&av\/
þae&mü q&mudkrdk;oD;udk ar;cGef;xkwfEdkifaom axmifxGufndKopfudkvnf; ol\ ar;yHkprf;yHkudk axmufí
acolwpfa,muf r[kwfaMumif; uREkfyfoabmaygufrdygonf/
uREkfyfonf þodkYvQif aeYtcgü em;í ntcgrsm;ü pkefcJhMu&m aemufqHk;ü &efukefNrdKUodkY wpfzefjyefvnfí
a&mufcJhMujyef\/ &efukefodkY a&mufonfhtcgü &efukefwGif txift&Sm; rae0Hhojzifh yJcl;odkY oGm;a&mufum yJcl;NrdKUt0if
usKdufyGefapwDteD;ü cdkuyfí aeMuNyD;vQif q&mudkrdk;oD;u ndKopftm; uRekfyf\ tjzpftysufudk ajymjyí uRekfyfwdkY
&SmazG&rnfh uREkfyfzcif\"m;ajr§mifudk uRekfyfwdkYudk,fpm; &SmazGay;&eftwGuf ndKopftm; cdkif;apav\/
ndKopfonf uRekfyfwdkYESpfOD;\ tjzpftysuftjynfhtpHkudk od&SdcGifh&onfhtcgü uGREkfyfwdkYudk,fpm; "m;ajr§mifudk
r&&onfhenf;jzifh &SmazGrnf[k uwday;avonf/
xdktcgü q&mrdk;oD;u . . .
]]igvJ t*FgqdkwJhemrnfudk azsmufNyD; rdk;oD;vdkY ajymif;xm;NyD? udkat;aqmifudkvJ Mo&vdkY
emrnfajymif;xm;vdkufNyD;NyD? rif;udkvJ emrnfajymif;&OD;r,f}} [k ndKopftm; ajymvdkuf&m ndKopfu . . .
]]vkyfyg q&mrdk;oD; MudKufovdkvkyfyg? usKyfuawmh 'Dwpfcg emrnfajymif;&&if emrnfaygif; 20 ausmfNyDAs?
t&ifwpfacguf axmifuxGufrSawmif emrnfajymif;vdkuf&ao;w,f}} [k qdkav\/ xdktcgü q&mudkrdk;oD;u . . .
]]aeprf;ygOD;? rif;uaxmifudk rMumcPoGm;&wmu bmjzpfvdkYvJ}} [k ar;vdkuf&m ndKopfu . . .
]]usKyfu olcdk;avAsm}} [k ajzvdkufav\/
]][aumif& . . . rif;u rif;udk,frif; olcdk;av;bmav;eJY BuD;us,fvScsnfvm;}} [k q&mudkrdk;oD;u r,Hkovdk
ajymvdkufav\/ ol\ avoHrSm NrdKUtkyf r[kwfEdkifolwpfOD;u rdrdudk,frdrd NrdKUtkyfyg[k <um;0gvdkufojzifh
r,HkouFmyHkrsdK;jzpfav\/
q&mudkrdk;oD;\ pum;rSm uREkfyftzdkY tqef;jzpfí ae\/ olcdk;u rdrdudk,fudk olcdk;yg[k ajymonfudk
tb,faMumifh r,HkMunfygoenf;/ ol\pum;ü rif;ukdrif; olcdk;av; bmav;eJY BuD;BuD;us,fus,f[k yg&Sdav&m olcdk;onf
rnfodkYrnfyHk BuD;us,fygoenf;[k uRekfyfonf rpOf;pm;wwfatmif &Sdavawmh\/
ndKopfuvnf; aq;vdyfwdkudk rD;ñdSNyD;aemuf q&mudkrdk;oD;tm; Munfhí [uf[ufyufyuf &,farmum . . .
]]r,Hkr&SdygeJY q&mudkrdk;oD;&,f? usKyfu <um;NyD;ajymwm r[kwfygbl;? olcdk;rS wu,fholcdk;tppfygAs? olcdk;ynmeJY
ywfoufvdkYawmh usKyf&JU OyZÑ,fq&mu iawvdkY ac:wJh usKyfwdkY&Gmu olcdk;BuD;yJ? tJ'Dq&mqDrSm olcdk;ynm tajccHudk

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

oif,lNyD;awmhrS &efukefNrdKUudk wufvmwmyg? &efukefusawmh tajccHynmeJY rvHkavmufvdkY q&modef;qdkwJh q&mBuD;qDrSm


oHk;ESpfoHk;rdk; uRefcHNyD; wynfh cdk;pm;ayawmh qdkNyD; cGifhjyKvdkufrS cdk;pm;wmyg? q&modef;[m wu,fawmfwJh q&mBuD;ygyJ?
olcdk;twwfudk oifray;rDrSm tm'dEé'gemuH (12) yg;udk O'´uygVdt|uxmrSmygwJhtwdkif; tvGwf&atmif
usufcdkif;ygao;w,f? NyD;awmh olcdk;aumif;wpfa,muf jzpfrjzpfudk Zmwm pef;v*f wGufppf Munfhjyefao;w,f/ rsufpdudkvJ
olcdk;rsufpdrsKd; &Sdr&Sd ppfaq;ygao;w,f? tJ'Dvdk ppfaq;NyD;awmh olY&JUynmudk oifay;wmyg/ NyD;awmh ajymvdkufao;w,f?
rif;[m cdk;rpm;bJ wjcm;tvkyfvkyfpm;&ifvJ cdk;vdkY&wJh ae&maumif;? tcGifhtvrf;aumif;awGU&if cdk;r,fhaumifyJwJh? 'Dawmh
vlBuD;vlaumif; trnfcHNyD; cdk;aewmxufpm&if olcdk;trnfcHNyD; cdk;aewmu awmfygao;w,fqdkyJ? tJ'g tdrfuyfenf;?
csufjzKwfenf;? aomhzGifhenf;? azmufxGif;enf; [J . . .[J xGufajy;enf;pHkaeatmif oifay;cJhygw,f}} [k u&m;a&oGef
ajymjyav\/
xdktcgü q&mudkrdk;oD;onf ndKopf\ pum;udk auseyfí oGm;onfhtavsmuf . . .
]]tif;av . . .bmyJjzpfjzpf ynmwpf&yfudk ajcajcjrpfjrpf wwfuRrf;atmif q&maumif;xH enf;emcHNyD;
avhvmqnf;yl;cJhw,fqdkawmh ynmwwfvdkYac:&rSmaygh? ynmqdkwmuvJ b,fynmrS ao;w,fvdkY rqdkEdkifbl;? vdkufpm;&if
vdkufpm;oavmuf us,f0ef;wmvm;? ar;vufpeJY ar;&OD;r,f? tckvdk olcdk; ynmeJY toufarG;0rf;ausmif;aeNyDqdkawmh
aemufxyfqufNyD; ynmrsm;aum qnf;yl;ao;&JUvm;}} [k jznf;nif;pGm ajymav\/
]]tcktqifhuawmh ynm&yf&JU wu,fEke,fwJhtydkif;udka&mufoGm;NyD? oifvdkY r&awmhbl;? ynm&yf&JU
wu,fhtESpfom&udk xkwf,l pl;prf;ae&wJh tydkif;yJ? <uufwdkY? acG;wdkY? aMumifwdkY&JU cdk;0SufyHkutp wd&pämefwdkY&JU
cdk;0Sufenf;rsm;udkvJ tcgtm;avsmfpGm avhvm&ygw,f}} [k ndKopfu ajymvdkufav\/
]]w,f[kwfygvm;uG? rif;[mu pdwf0ifpm;p&mygyJ}} [k udkrdk;oD;u ajymav\/
]]cdk;0Sufjcif;qdkif&m rqHk;½IH;Edkifaom avmu oabmw&m;rsm; qdkwJh usrf;wpfusrf;udkawmif jyKpkNyD;
usKyfq&mBuD;qDudk wifjyxm;w,f? q&mBuD;u usKyf&JU usrf;udk zwfNyD;&if tqifhtwef;rDNyDqdk&if usKyfudk ]olcdk;yg&*l}
bGJUudk ay;vdrfhr,f}} [k ndKopfu ajymav\/
]]olcdk;yg&*lbGJU&&if bmrsm;qufvkyfOD;rvJ}} [k udkrdk;oD;u ar;vdkufjyef\/
]]yg&*lqdkwm ynm&yf&JU wpfzufurf;udk vGefajrmufatmif wwfuRrf;wJh vlawGudk ac:wmr[kwfvm;? 'Dawmh
yg&*ljzpf&if tJ'DtvkyfeJY rywfoufawmhbl;? tJ'Dtvkyfudk pGefYvTwfvdkufawmhr,f? ynm&yfwpfckudk vdkufpm;NyD;
wpf0ufwpfjywf rawmufwpfacgufeJY rauseyfwwfwJh 0goemaMumifhvdkY qdk&rSmaygh q&mudkrdk;oD;&,f}} [k ndKopfu
ajymav\/
]]BudKufNyDuGm . . . 'DvdkrsKd;rS igu txifBuD;wmuG? uJ . . .uJ . . .rif;udk emrnfajymif;r,f? rif;udk aowåmvdkY
ac:r,f? rif;vdk olcdk;wpfa,muftzdkY aowåmqdkwm rif;wdkY&JU vkyfief;cGifyJ r[kwfvm;uG}}
]][kwfw,f q&mudkrdk;oD;a&? BudKufw,fAsKdU? tEGwåtrnfayghAsm}}
]uJ . . .armifaowåma&? igwdkYvdkcsifwJh "m;ajr§mifudkawmh &atmif &SmcJhayawmh}}
]]pdwfcsyg q&mudkrdk;oD;}} [k qdkum ndKopfac: aowåmonf uREkfyfwdkYESpfOD;tm; EIwfqufí aysmufqHk;aeaom
"m;ajr§mifudk &Sm&eftwGuf xGufoGm;avawmh\/
q&mudkrdk;oD;onf aowåmtm; vufjy&if; ]NyD;atmifvkyfcJha[h? NyD;awmhvJ NyD;wmygyJuGm} [k ajymvdkuf&m
aowåmuvnf; orifvnfjyefvSnfhí . . .
]]NyD;awmhvnf; NyD;wmygyJ}} [k ajymí xGufoGm;avawmh\/

udkaowåm &efukefodkY xGufoGm;NyD; ESpf&ufMumaomaeYü q&mudkrdk;oD;onf aps;vnf0,f&if; tajctaevnf;


avhvm&if; qdkouJhodkY yJcl;NrdKUay:odkY oGm;a&mufav\/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

q&mudkrdk;oD;onf eHeufudk;em&DcefYwGif xGufoGm;&m nae oHk;em&DavmufrS jyefa&mufvmNyD;vQif . . .


]]udkMo& . . .aowåmvmwJhtxd rapmifhEdkifawmhbl;AsKdU? usKyfwdkYawmh ajy;MurS awmfr,f xifw,f?
pHkaxmufawGawmh ajccsif;udk vdrfaewmyJ? trSefuawmh usKyftrItwGuf r[kwfbl;? cifAsm; vGwfoGm;wmudk r&ru
&SmaeMuwmyJ? [kwf[kwf r[kwf[kwf cifAsm;udk ppf'vQdK(olvQdK) vdkY xifaeMuw,f r[kwfvm;? tJ'DtwGuf oJBuD; rJBuD;
&SmaeMuwmAs}} [k qdkav\/
q&mudkrdk;oD;onf rsufvSnfhjyaom aowåmESpfvHk;ESifh tdk;cGufrsm;udk odrf;qnf;av\/ odrf;qnf;NyD;aemuf . . .
]]uJ . . .udkMo& oGm;r,f} [k qdkavonf/
]]oGm;wmu [kwfygNyD? aowåmqdkwJhaumifeJY usKyfwdkYeJY b,fvdkvkyfNyD; qHkMurSmvJ? vGJukefawmhrSmyJ}}
]]'DtwGufawmh rylygeJY? pma&;xm;cJhr,f}} [k qdkum bk&m;twGif; tkwfeH&Hü atmifygtwdkif; a&;í xm;cJhav\/

1 + 2 = 545 rSm aoESifhr,f/

]]q&mudkrdk;oD; 'Dvdka&;cJh&if aowåmu odyghrvm;As? usKyfawmhjzifh bmrS t"dyÜm,fr&ygbl;Asm}} [k uREkfyfu


ajymvkdufvQif q&mudkrdk;oD;onf [uf[ufyufyuf &,farmí
]]aowåmu cifAsm;eJY rwlbl;As? csufqdk&if em;cGufu rD;awmufwJhaumifaumifpm;rsKd;? 'Dpm[m vdk&rnf&
a&;cJhwm? ra&;cJh&ifvnf; jzpfygw,f? usKyfwdkYb,frSm &Sdw,fqdkwm olu cefYrSef;EdkifwJhvlyg}}
xdkYaemuf uREkfyfESifh q&mudkrdk;oD;wdkYonf xdkae&mudk pGefYcGmí xGufcJhMuav\/ &efukefudk a&mufpOfu
wHcgonfwpfOD;tm;avSudk a&mif;cscJhaom aiGuav;tenf;i,f&Sdao;ojzifh vrf;wGif rsufvSnfhjyp&mrvdkyJ odkodkodyfodyf
c&D;oGm;EdkifMuayonf/
uREkfyfwdkYESpfOD;onf yJcl;rSaeí ajcusifavQmufMuNyD;aemuf vrf;blwmwpfckrSaeí armfvNrdKif&xm;udk
pD;cJhMuavonf/ rkwårodkYa&mufvQif armfvNrdKifbufodkY ul;oifh rul;oifh pOf;pm;NyD;aemuf q&mudkrdk;oD;\ wGufqcsuft&
armfvNrdKifbufodkYul;cJhMuNyD;vQif armfvNrdKifNrdKU&Sd ajreDukef;ocsØKif;ü vSnfhvnfí cdkuyfum aexdkifcJhMuav\/
wpfaeYoü uREkfyftm; q&mudkrdk;oD;u 'l;*Pef;? aMu;*Pef; a&;yHka&;enf;udk ocsØKif;tkwf*lwpfckü a&;jcpfí
oifay;aepOf ocsØKif;tjyifbufrS rdef;uav;wpfOD;\ ]u,fMuygOD;} [laom toHudk Mum;vdkuf&ojzifh uREkfyfwdkYESpfOD;onf
toHvm&modkY ajy;xGufoGm;Mu&m jrif;vSnf;wpfpD;ü rdef;uav;wpfOD;tm; a,musfm;wpfoD;u qGJumvGJum vkyfí
aeonfudk awGU&av\/ jrif;vSnf;orm;teD;üvnf; tjcm;vlwpfa,mufu jrif;ZufBudK;udk vkí udkifxm;NyD;vQif
jrif;vSnf;orm;udkyg wpfa,mufaomolu qGJí aeonfudk awGUjrif&av\/
q&mudkrdk;oD;onf uREkfyfuJhodkY wHkqdkif;jcif;r&SdbJ jrif;vSnf;qDodkY ta&mufajy;oGm;um xdkolrsm;tm; 0ifa&mufí
owfykwfavawmh\/ q&mudkrdk;oD;\ owfyHkowfenf;rSmvnf; wpfrsKd;wpfzHk pdwf0ifpm;zG,f aumif;avonf/
]]"m;pmcHa[h}} [lí atmf[pfum acG;om;tkyfronf rnf;rnf;jrif&mxGufí qGJouJhodkY qwfceJ qwfceJ
0ifa&mufí 'l;jzifhwdkufjcif;? acgif;jzifh aqmifhjcif;rsm;udk jyKvkyfav\/ xdkolrsm;tm; tawmftwef txdemaeonfhtcgü
uREkfyfvnf; tkwfcJusKd;rsm;jzifh 0ifa&muf xkESuf&av\/ vSnf;ay:rS rdef;uav;tm; qGJvGJaeaom vl0BuD;rSmvnf;
q&mudkrdk;oD;\ vufoD;'PfaMumifh vSnf;ay:wGifyif tdyfaysmfoGm;av\/ usefvlrsm;rSm w&GwfoDxdk; xGufajy;Mu\/
jrif;vSnf;orm;rSmvnf; aMumuftm;vefYtm;ESifh armif;í ajy;&m jrif;vSnf;ay:rS vl0BuD;onf tdyfvsufom;ygoGm;av\/
uREkfyfwdkYESpfa,muf\ teD;ü vHkcsnftusÐrsm; tydkif;ydkif; twpfwpf pkwfNyJí tom;rsm; wqwfqwf
wkefaeaom jzLjzLEGJUEGJU rdef;uav;wpfOD;omvQif vGefpGm ao;i,faom oHaowåmuav;wpfvHk;jzifh usef&pfcJhav\/
]]uJ . . .uJ . . . a[m[dk Z&yftuG,frSm oGm;NyD; t0wftpm;av;vJacsOD; a[m[dk Z&yfay:rSm &Sdr,f? NyD;&ifvmcJh?
bmrSraMumufeJYawmh}} [k q&mudkrdk;oD;u rSmMum;í a&SUrSxGufoGm;ojzifh uREkfyfvnf; ¤if;\aemufrS vdkufcJh&av\/
Z&yfay:a&mufvQif q&mudkrdk;oD;u . . .
]]tNidrfhoruav;eJYwlkw,fAs}} [k ajymav\/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

uREkfyfu . . .]] bmvJ q&mudkrdk;oD;? ½kyfuav;vSwmMunfhNyD; ajymwmvm;As}} [k ar;vdkuf&m q&mudkrdk;oD;u .


..
]]½kyfvSwmvJ ygw,f? oHaowåmvJ ygw,f/ vnfyif;rSmqGJxm;wJh xrif;ajcmuf ykvJykwD;av;vJygw,f?
NyD;awmh a[m'D ,yfawmifuav;vJygw,f}} [k qdkum ,yfawmifuav;udk jzefYí jyav\/
xdkodkY uREkfyfwdkY pum;ajymqdkaepOfüyif xdkrdef;uav;onf uRekfyfwdkY&Sd&modkY a&mufvmNyD;vQif
usKHUusKHU,HkY,HkYuav;xdkif\/ xdkxdkifykHrSm tNidrfhrif;orD;rsm; xdkifyHkjzpf\/ rdef;uav;onf tom;jzLí rsufvHk;rsufcHk;?
ESmwHwdkYrSm ajymp&mr&Sdatmif ajyjypfvSayonf/ qHyifrSmvnf; eufarSmifí jzLaomtom;ta&tm; ydkí jzLap&ef
taxmuftuljyKayonf/ uREkfyfonf xdkrdef;uav;tm; . . .
]]emrnf b,fvdkac:ovJ}} [k ar;vdkufav\/
]]rrif;jzL&,fyg}} [k rdef;uav;u ol\ nDnmvSyaom oGm;uav;rsm;udk ay:apí ajzavonf/
]]tck b,fvdkjzpfwmvJ rrif;jzL}} [k udkrdk;oD;u ar;vdkufav\/
]]uRefr&JU tNidrfhq&meJY tNidrfhxJu vljyufawGav? uRefru xm;0,fjyefr,fqdkwmudk vdkdufydkYr,f qdkNyD; . . .}}
rrif;jzLonf qufrajymyJ &yfí xm;av\/
]]xm;0,fudk bmjzpfvdkY jyefrSmvJ}} [k udkrdk;oD;u qufí ar;jyef\/
]]taru awmfawmfyJ rrmaewmvm;&Sif? t&ifuqdk&if uRefroGm;&maemufudk waumufaumufvdkufcJhwm?
'DESpfrvdkufEdkifwmyJ Munfhygawmh}}
uREkfyfonf qufí rar;awmhyJ rrif;jzLtm; b,fvdk ulnD&ygrnfenf;[k pOf;pm;aerdav\/
q&mudkrdk;oD;rSmrlwpfcsdefvHk; pum;rajymbJ rrif;jzLtm; tuJcwfí Munfh½IaeNyD;aemuf . . .
]]rrif;jzLu tNidrfhrSm acgif;aqmif rif;orD;vm;}} [k ar;av\/
rrif;jzLu . . ]]acgif;aqmifr[kwfygbl;&Sif vufaxmufyg? t&ifuawmh ajAmtNidrfhav;rSm qdkawmh
uRefrwpfa,mufwnf;yJygw,f r[kwfvm;? ajAmuvJ uRefrOD;av; wnfaxmifxm;wJhajAm? ydkNyD; wufvrf;&Sdrvm;vdkY
tNidrfhaxmifq&meJYawGUwmeJY vdkufvmwm}} [k ajymum oufjyif;csvdkufpOfü q&mudkrdk;oD;u . . .
]]tJ'D tNidrfhaxmifq&mu vluvJ vlrdkuf? tNidrfhoruav;awGudkvnf; ajcawmfwif? udk,f0ef&Sdvmawmh
awmjyefydkYqdkwJhvlpm;rsKd; r[kwfvm; rrif;jzL}} [k 0ifa&mufaxmufvdkuf&m rrif;jzLu ]][kwfygo&Sif}} [k ysmysmovJ
ajymvdkufav\/
rrif;jzLonf uREkfyfwdkYESpfOD;pvHk;\ ulnDwwfyHk azmfa&TyHkudkMunfhí aMumufpdwfrsm; ajyaysmufum
tm;wufvmav\/ odkY&mwGif ocsØKif;Z&yfü aexdkifonfudk axmufí uRekfyfwdkYtm; p@mvawGrsm; jzpfMuoavm[k
oHo,jzpfaeonfudk uREkfyfu r&dyfrdaomfvnf; q&mudkrdk;oD;u &dyfrdavonf/
]]rrif;jzL . . .usKyfemrnfu rdkoD;wJh? a[m'Dvlu udkMo&wJh? usKyfwdkYu e,fvSnfhNyD; rsufvSnfhjywJh
rsufvSnfhq&mawGyg/ rsufvSnfhq&mawGqdkvdkY atmufvrf;q&mawGqdkNyD; aMumufroGm;eJYOD;? ½dk;½dk; yOövSnfhenf;uav;
bmav;eJY jyMuwJh olawGyg}} [k udkrdk;oD;u ajymvdkufrSyif rrif;jzL\ rsufESmuav;onf ydkí 0if;yoGm;avawmh\/
]][kwfygw,f&Sif? uRefrxm;0,fudk jyefzdkY ulnDMuygOD;? uRefr wpfa,mufwnf; jyef&r,fqdk&ifawmh udkpHxl;wdkY
vdkufNyD; aESmuf,SufMuvdrfhOD;r,f? aMomf . . . udkpHxl;qdkwmu uRefr&JU tNidrfhaxmifq&mudk ajymwmyg? NyD;awmh
&SifwdkYtwGufvJ &efu at;rSm r[kwfao;bl;? olwdkYuvmBuOD;rSm 'Dawmh uRefrudkvJ vkdufydkY&if; &SifwdkYvJ xm;0,fbufrSm
rsufvSnfh avQmufNyD; NyEdkifwmaygh}} [k rrif;jzLu vQmoGuftmoGufjzifh qdkav\/ q&mudkrdk;oD;\ pdwfwGif;ü
rnfodkYrnfyHk&Sdrnf roday/ uREkfyfurl rrif;jzLESifh wygwnf; vdkufoGm;vdkpdwfawG ay:aygufvsuf&Sdavawmh\/
]][kwfygw,f q&mudkrdk;oD;? usKyfwdkY rrif;jzLudk vdkufydkYMu&if raumif;bl;vm;}} [k uREkfyfu vTwfceJ
ajymvdkuf&m q&mudkrdk;oD;u NyHK;í . . .
]]cifAsm; aowåmudk arhoGm;NyDxifw,f}} [k twnfvdkvdk aemufovdkvdk ajymvdkufrSyif "m;ajr§mif&Sm&ef
uREkfyfwdkYESifh vrf;cGJoGm;aom udkaowåmac: yg&*lbGJU,lvkeD;eD; olcdk;BuD;udk jyefvnfí owd&rdavawmh\/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

uREkfyftm; txufygtwdkif; ajymvdkufaomfvnf; q&mudkrdk;oD;onf ypönf;rsm; odrf;qnf;&ef


rsuf&dyfjyvdkufNyD;vQif ¤if;udk,fwdkifurl Z&yfeH&Hü rD;aoG;cJjzifh atmufygtwdkif; a&;om;avawmh\/

1 + 3 = 74

xdkodkYa&;NyD;aemuf rrif;jzLESifhtwl BuHK&m &GufavSjzifh xm;0,fodkY vdkufygcJhMuavawmh\/ &GufavSay:wGif


q&mudkrdk;oD;u xrif;[if;rsm; csufjyKwfav\/ rrif;jzLu pm;cgeD;ü tm;emojzifh . . .
]]tm;emp&mBuD; udkrdk;oD;&,f}} [k ajymavh&Sd\/ uREkfyfwdkYoHk;a,mufom; xrif;pm;aeonfh tcsdefü &GufavSay:rS
a*:&if*sDukvm;wpfa,mufa&mufvmNyD;vQif . . .
]]a,rDul&mwdkY awem½k}} [kar;&m q&mudkrdk;oD;u ]&,avul&} [k a*:&if*sDoHjzifh ajzqdkvdkuf&m xdkukvm;onf
NyHK;í jyefoGm;NyD;vQif [if;wpfcGuf,lvmum ]&ef'D*smyul&? xdeef'd} [k ajymav\/ uREkfyfu t"dyÜm,frodojzifh
q&mudkrdk;oD;tm;ar;Munfh&m q&mudkrdk;oD;u . . .
]]bm[if;eJY pm;ovJvdkYar;wmAs? usKyfu ig;[if;vdkYajymawmh olu olcsufwJh ig;ajcmuf[if;udk,lvmwm?
'DaumifawG ig;ajcmuf[if;csufawmh odyfaumif;wJhaumifawGAs}} [k &Sif;jyav\/ rSefayonf/ a*:&if*sD\
ig;ajcmuf[if;a&mufvmNyD;rS uREkfyfwdkYonf xrif;ydkí NrdefvmMuav\/ rrif;jzLrSmvnf; a*:&if*sD[if;aMumifh rsufESmwGif
acR;uav;rsm; pdkYí aeayNyD/ uRekfyfvnf; acR;pdkUvsuf&Sdaom rrif;jzL\ rsufESmuav;udk Munfhí r0Edkifatmif &Sdav\/
xrif; [if;pm;NyD;aemuf q&mudkrdk;oD;onf wpfa&;tdyfav\/ tdyf&mrS Edk;vQif rrif;jzLa&csKd;&eftwGuf
a&yHk;jzifh a&iifíay;av\/ rrif;jzLuvnf; tm;emvdkufwm&Sif[k yg;pyfuajymaomfvnf; a&udk 0atmifcsKd;av\/
yifv,fa&jzifh csKd;NyD;aemuf toifhygvmaom a&csKdjzifh wpfcgxyfí csKd;jyef\/
q&mudkrdk;oD;onf rrif;jzLtwGuf a&iifNyD;aemuf avS\yJhydkif;wGif&Sdaom a*:&if*sDukvm;rsm;ESifh
oGm;a&mufa&maESmum a*:&if*sDAHkwdkudk wD;av\/ tqdkaumif;aom a*:&if*sDwpfa,mufu cRJcRJyspfyspfjzifh oDcsif;qdkav\/
oDcsif;\ t"dyÜm,fudk rodaomfvnf; qdkyHkudkaxmufí tvGrf;oDcsif; jzpfvdrfhrnf[k uRekfyfcefYrSef;rdygonf/
uREkfyfESifh rrif;jzLwdkYomvQif ae&mü twlwuG xdkifvQuf pum;ajymqdkaeMuav\/ xdkYaMumifh uREkfyfonf
q&mudkrdk;oD;xuf rrif;jzLESifh ydkí &if;ESD;cGifh &av\/
q&mudkrdk;oD;rSmrl npm pm;cgeD;rS uREkfyfwdkY&Sd&modkY jyefvmNyD;vQif npmpm;av\/ nbufodkYa&mufvQif
vuav;uvnf;omojzifh yifv,fc&D;rSm vGrf;qGwfzG,f&m aumif;vSawmh\/
uREkfyfonf rdcifBuD;tm; vGrf;qGwfrdav\/ rif;bl;NrdKUodkYa&muf&SdNyD;umrS rdcifBuD;ESifh rawGUbJ jyefcJh&jcif;
twGufvnf; ydkí pdwfraumif;jzpfrdav\/ rrif;jzLrSmvnf; awmfawmfESifh tdyfí raysmfEdkif&SmbJ aumif;uifjyifudk Munhfí
ai;armaeonfudk awGU&avonf/
uREkfyfwdkYonf txufü azmfjycJhonfhtwdkif; &GufavSBuD;jzifh c&D;xGufcJhMu&m oHk;&ufajrmufaomaeYü
xm;0,fNrdKU o&ufacsmif;qdyfurf;odkY uREkfyfwdkY &GufavSonf qdkufuyfcJhavonf/
uREkfyfESifh udkrdk;oD;vnf; rrif;jzLtm; tdrfwdkif&ma&muf vdkufydkYMuav\/ rrif;jzLtm;awGUvQifawGUcsif; ol\
rdcifonf zufí idka<u;av\/ rrif;jzLuvnf; ol\ tjzpftysufwdkYudk c&D;a&mufrqdkuf rdcifBuD;tm; ajymjyavonf/
rrif;jzL\ rdcifBuD;uvnf; uREkfyfwdkYtm; aus;Zl;wifvGef;vSojzifh trsKd;rsKd;tzHkzHk aus;Zl;wifpum;ajymav\/
uREkfyfwpfck owdjyKrdonfrSm rrif;jzLwdkYom;trdonf xm;0,frsm;jzpfMuygvsuf pum;r0JMujcif;yifjzpfayonf/
rrif;jzLwdkY aexdkifaom &yfuGufrSm unHK&yf[k od&ygonf/ 0if;tus,fBuD;xJwGif tdrfoHk;vHk;aqmufxm;av\/
rrif;jzLwdkY\ tdrftjyif tjcm;aom tdrfESpfvHk;rSm rrif;jzL\ OD;av;OD;vmb (ajAmq&m) \ tdrfjzpfNyD;vQif tjcm;aom
tdrfwpfvHk;rSm OD;vmb\ wynfh aMu;0kdif;q&m udkbaomif; qdkol\ tdrfjzpfaMumif; aemifwGif od&av\/
OD;vmbonf rrif;jzLwdkY tdrfudkvma&mufí ]]ighwlru BuD;yGm;csifw,fqdkvdkYom tNidrfhaxmifq&meJY
xnfhvdkuf&wm tif;av . . . bmyJjzpfjzpf OD;av;wdkYajAmtNidrfhawGvJ jyefNyD; pawmhrSmyJuG,f? t&iftwdkif; jyefNyD;
tvkyfvkyfMuwmaygh}} [k qdkav\/ rrif;jzLonf tHhuav;Budwfí rsuf&nfuav;vnfum . . .

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

]]'gaygh OD;av;&,f . . .uRefrukodkvfu raumif;ao;awmhvJ BuD;yGm;oifhygvsufeJY rBuD;yGm;Edkifbl;aygh}} [k


rcsdwifuJ ajymvdkufav\/ rrif;jzLonf acgif;aqmiftNidrfhrif;orD; vGefpGmjzpfcsifyHk&ayonf/ þuJhodkY
tNidrfhacgif;aqmifjzpfcGifhr&bJ ajAmtNidrfhuav;ü acsmufwD;acsmufcsufuae&rnfhb0udk pufqkyfyHk&ayonf/ uREkfyfonf
xdktcgü igomcsrf;om&if rrif;jzLudk tNidrfhaxmifay;rnf[lí pdwfwGif;rS BuHK;0g;rdavawmh\/
q&mudkrdk;oD;rSmrl wpfpHkwpf&m xl;jcm;rIrjybJ a&aEG;Murf;udk at;aq;pGmaomufí aeayonf/

uREkfyfwdkYa&muf&SdNyD; oHk;&ufajrmufaomaeYü OD;vmb?udkbaomif;ESifh ESJq&mudkat;qdkolwdkYonf tdrf0dkif;BuD;


twGif;üyif ajAmwdkufMuav\/ rrif;jzLudkvnf; jyefí tuwdkufMuav\/
uREkfyfonf rrif;jzLuonfudk pdwf0ifpm;pGm Munfh½Iav\/ uREkfyftaeESifh uckefjcif;ESifh ywfoufaom
ynmr&Sdaomfvnf; rrif;jzL\ aysmhaysmif;aom vufajccsKd;[ef wdkYudkMunfhí tuaumif;ayonf[k wifrSwfrdygonf/
xdkYjyif rrif;jzLuonfudk MunfhNyD;aemuf tNidrfhaxmifí ay;csifaom apwemrsm; a&pD;urf;NydKjzpfí uREkfyf\ ESvHk;tdrfrS
'va[m ,dkpdrfhí aeayonf/
q&mudkrdk;oD;rSmrl aMu;aemif0dkif;ab;wGif aq;ayghvdyfBuD; rD;w&J&JESifh xdkifí aeayonf/
rrif;jzLonf wpfydk'fuNyD;aemuf em;vdkuf&m tdrfeD;csif;rdef;uav;wpfa,mufu tarmajyap&ef ,yfcwfí
ay;aeav\/ aMu;aemifq&mudkbaomif;vnf; tayghoGm;&eftwGuf ae&mrS xGufí oGm;avonf/ xdktcgü . . .
]]uJ . . .rrif;jzL aemufrS tarmajzAsm? wpfydk'favmuf uMunfhprf;yg}} [laom q&mrdk;oD;\ toHESifhtwl
aMu;aemifoHxGufí vmojzifh Munfhvdkuf&m q&mudkrdk;oD;onf udkbaomif;\ ae&mwGif0ifí aMu;aemifwD;aeonfudk
tHhMozG,f&m awGUjrif&avonf/
rrif;jzLuvnf; q&mudkrdk;oD; ajymonfhtwdkif; 0rf;ajrmuf0rf;om 0ifí uavonf/
r*Fvm&,frS __ r@dKifav
a&mifcdkifi,frS avrnf __
omarmif;i,fpnf __ ewfjynfxdvk __
q&mudkrdk;oD;u aMu;aemifwD;&if; a&SUrS qdkíjyav\/ rrif;jzLu udk,fudk b,fnmEGJUí EGJUí uav\/
]]r[kwfao;bl; rrif;jzL? 'DOpömu ewfoHqdkayr,fhvdkY jrif;rdk&fawmifxdyf wm0wðomewfjynfu
oHk;usdyfoHk;a,mufaom ewfrif;wdkY&JU t&SifodMum;rif;udk yifhaqmifwm jzpfavawmh vufuav;udk ajr§mufNyD; rsufESmudk
tay:armhxm;&r,f? tckacwf obifonfawG[m ewfuawmfeJY tysKdawmfudk twlwlyJvdkY rSwfaeMuw,f/ wu,fawmh
rwlbl;? jyefNyD;uprf;ygOD;}} [k qdkum qufvufí wD;av\/ udkrdk;oD;onf aMu;aemifwD;&if qdkvnf; qdkay\/
r*FvmpHcif; __yGJawmfabmifrSm __
*kPfa&mifvif;ygwJh __
rif;trsm;wdkYav; __

[laom tcsydk'fodkY a&mufonfhtcgü OD;vmb? OD;at;tygt0if usefvlrsm;u . . .


]]atmifygap}} ]]atmifygap}} ]]atmifygap}} [lí oHk;Budrf oHk;cg oHNydKifatmf[pfMuav\/
xdkodkY atmf[pfonfhtxJwGif uREkfyfvnf; yg0ifcGifh &avonf/ þodkY rrif;jzLuonfh ae&mü atmifygap[k
0ifí atmf[pf&onfudk uREkfyftzdkY (7)wef;ü paumvm;&Spfqkudk &pOfuxufyifydkí 0rf;ajrmuf0rf;om jzpfrdygaMumif;
0efcH&ayrnf/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

q&mudkrdk;oD;onf rrif;jzLtm; aZmfu? tysKdawmfu? (7)axGu? (12)axGu wdkYudkomru &nf;pm;arQmf?


tavmif;ydkuf? om;acsmh? tylqdkuf[efrsm;udkvnf;aumif;? awmavajy? awmifavajy? ausmif;ouFef;avajy?
bDvl;ravajy? Eef;avajy pum;rsm;udkvnf;aumif; oifjy usufrSwfapav\/
rrif;jzL\ OD;av; OD;vmbuvnf; q&mudkrdk;oD; jyKvkyforQudk wpfvHk;wpfyg'rQ 0ifa&mufpGufzufjcif; rjyKbJ
Munfhí aeayonf/
q&mudkrdk;oD;onf wpfzufü rrif;jzLtm; oifjyí Zmwfwdkufay;aeouJhodkY vlpnf&m vrf;rsm;wGif usLzsmay:ü
]rrif;jzLtNidrfhtzGJU} [laom pmwef;udk a&;vsuf iSm;&rf;vdkaom yk*d¾Kvfrsm; iSm;&rf;EdkifaMumif; aMumfjimudk vdkufvHcsdwfqGJí
xm;avonf/
xdkodkY jyKvkyfNyD;aemuf tNidrfhpí uonfhnüyif aiG&Sif;ay;rnf[k uwdcHum qdkif;0dkif;wpf0dkif;udkvnf;
iSm;&rf;&av\/ xdkqdkif;0dkif;rS ywfwD;q&mrSm pdefvufzsm;[lí jzpfayonf/ ywfvHk;uav;rsm;udk vufzsm;uav;jzifh wdkYí
wD;cwfaomaMumifhwGifaom trnfjzpfayonf/
xdkodkY jyifqifNyD;aemuf rrif;jzL yPmr oDqdk&rnfh oDcsif;udkvnf; q&mudkrdk;oD;uyif ½kyfao;pifrsm;ü
odMum;rif;ajympum;ü ajymavh&Sdaom odMum;pum;udk oHpOfajymif;í oDqdkapygonf/ ¤if;oDcsif;rsm;rSm rrif;jzL rMumcP
oDqdk&aom oDcsif;jzpfí uREkfyfonf ,ckwdkifatmif rSwfrdaeygao;onf/
rPdr@ta&mif __0dokuHwrQawmif _ 'Dygajr A[dk0,f _ oDwm _ oDwm _ oDwma&ndK __ ckESpfwef
owå&bef yAÁ'kwår __ jrwfAk'¨"r® {u&mZft&Sif _ e0&wf ½ku©opfyif _ ewfOuútppfbk&if _ unpf_unpfwifum
__w&m;usrf; arTvdkufaomf __ig;oef;ESpfuka# ewfrdbk&m;rsm;cMu& jrwfodMum; _ aom _wm _yef _ a0g[m&H _
wduszGifh&rSmjzifh _ aMomf . . .uRefrwdkY _rrif;jzLwdkY&JU __ bdk;awmfodMum;rif; tppf{uefygowJh&Sif ___
txufygtwdkif; yPmroDcsif;udk wdkufNyD;aemuf xm;0,fNrdKUwGif vGefpGmemrnfBuD;vSaom a&mhurefbmblac:
a&mhurefolaX;u tNidrfh(7)csDtwGuf aiGajyay;í Xm;&rf;av\/ aiGajy&NyD;onfhtcsdefrS (7)&ufajrmufaomaeYü
ujyay;&efjzpfayonf/
xdktcgü q&mudkrdk;oD;onf csnfuwåDyg tjymEka&mifrsm;udk 0,f,lvQuf wdkifzHk;rsm;? uefYvefYumrsm;?
ezl;pnf;rsm;ukd csKyfNyD;vQif ukvm;a&T[kac:onfh a&Ta&mifaiGa&mifjym;? pD;uGifhac: abmfMu,frsm;jzifh rrif;jzLtNidrfhtzGJU
[laom pmwef;udkazmfí ezl;pnf;ü wyfqifNyD;vQif odMum;rif; c½kkoif;jzifh a&oGef;aeonfh wHqdyfudkyg wyfqifav\/
tNidrfhtwGuf tpp t&m&m jyifqifNyD;onfhtcgü ta&;tBuD;qHk; tNidrfhwGifrygvQif rjzpfaom vl&Tifawmf
ESpfa,muftwGuf tcufBuHK&avawmh\/ xdkYaMumifh OD;vmbuvnf; pdwfysuf? rrif;jzLudk,fwdkifvnf;
pdwfrcsrf;romjzpfum . . .
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b,fuvm &EdkifyghrvJ? wjcm; tNidrfhawGuvnf; xGufukefMuNyD}} [k nnf;nLav\/
rrif;jzL nnf;nLoHudk Mum;&aomtcgü uREkfyfyif pdwfraumif;jzpfrdao;awmh\/ uREkfyfonf
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rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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ay;vdkufav\/
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qdkav\/
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qif;oufvmaMumif; rSwfom;bl;ygonf/ pma&;ol

udkaowåmajymonfrSm rSefayonf/ xdkodkYrSefaMumif;udk tNidrfhpí uaomtcgü od&avawmh\/


,dk;',m;vrf;xdyf jrLeDpy,faps;teD;ü pwifí ujy&avonf/ tcsdefaphí uvdkifacgufoH ay;NyD;aemuf uwåDygvdkufum

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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]]uRefr rrif;jzL &nf;pm;rxm;wwfygbl;&Sif? r,Hk&if tarhudkar;ygvm;&Sif}} [k qdkvdkufvQif . . .
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q&mudkrdk;oD;onf "m;ajr§mifudk aocsmpGmMunfhNyD;aemuf uREkfyfvufodkY ay;NyD;vQif . . .

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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vufzuf&nfESifh eHjym;udk pm;aomufNyD;aemuf rrif;jzL a&csKd;&ma&wGif;odkY vdkufíoGm;av\/
a&wGif;üvnf; a&csKd;&if; rrif;jzLtm; txufygtwdkif; &doJhoJh pmum;rsKd;udk ajymav\/
a&wGif;rS jyefvmonfhtcgü q&mudkrdk;oD;ESifh udkaowåmwdkYonf vufzuf&nfaomuf&if; Zmwfpmrsm;udk usufí
aeNyD;vQif q&mudkrdk;oD;u wa,mxdk;í udkaowåmu oDqdkav\/
xdkoDcsif;rSm a&S;tcgu ½kyfao;rif;orD;BuD;rsm; qdkavh&Sdonfh . . .
aoGygbl; armif&,f __ rypfygbl;&,fvdkY __
ysKdcspfOD; &,fwJh pum;oH&,f __
[laom opömxm; oDcsif;jzpfayonf/ xdkoDcsif;udk tom;usatmif oDqdkMuNyD;aemuf rrif;jzL
jyefa&mufvmonfhtcgü udkaowåmu a&SUrS qdkNyí rrif;jzLu aemufrS vdkufí oDqdk&av\/ oDcsif;wdkufí NyD;aomtcgü
rrif;jzLtm; q&mudkrdk;oD;u a&SUodkYwdk;&ef ajymNyD;vQif rsufESmudk teD;uyfvsufaocsmpGm MunfhNyD;aemuf . . .
]]rsufcHk;arT;qGJwm ae&mrusao;bl;? NyD;awmh ezl;u qHEkuav;csxm;wmuvJ wrifwum csxm;ovdkBuD;
jzpfaew,f? 'Dvdkr[kwfbl;}} [k qdkum rrif;jzL\ ezl;rS qHpuav;rsm;udk vufjzifh oyfí av;odkY uyfay;av\/
rrif;jzLuvnf; rsufpduav;rSdwfí NidrfcHae&Sm\/
xdktjcif;t&mudk Munfhí uREkfyf\pdwfonf aqmufwnf&mr& jzpfavawmh\/ rrif;jzLudk q&mudkrdk;oD;u
arwåmrQaeNyDavm [lívnf; pdk;&drfpdwfawG ay:vmav\/
rrif;jzLonf q&mudkrdk;oD;ESifh udkaowåmteD;wGif usKHUusKHUuav;xdkifí ae\/ q&mudkrdk;oD;u aq;ayghvdyfudk
zGm&if; . . .

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

]]rrif;jzL wu,fawmfwJh acgif;aqmifrif;orD;jzpfcsif&ifawmh a[m'D pmvHk;uav; (10)vHk;udk odxm;&r,f/ ydk;?


arG;? ac:? arQmf? atmif? aZmf? vk? b? ½l;? t vdkYac:w,f/ t&Snfuawmh . . .
ydk; qdkwmu rdef;raemufydk;cef; Edkifeif;&r,f/
arG; om;orD;arG;zGm;cef;rSm obm0usatmif arG;jywwf&r,f/
ac: qdkwmu vifac:? om;ac:? ocifac:? uRefac: awGudk pmeJY ayeJY &xm;&r,f/
arQmf qdkwmu &nf;pm;arQmf? om;arQmf? vifarQmf? arQmfwwf&r,f/
atmif qdkwmu atmifjzLZmwfvdkrsKd; tvGrf;BuD;ydk&wJh ZmwfrsKd;udk uRrf;usif&r,f/
aZmf qdkwmu aZmfuudk wwfuRrf;xm;&r,f/
vk qdkwmu vifvk? om;vkcef;awG o½kyfaqmifwwf&r,f/
b qdkwmu wpfcgwpfav Zmwfvrf;t& bDvl;rae&mu xGuf&&if bDvl;u[ef? Budrf;[efawG
&xm;&r,f/
½l; Zmwfvrf;t& t½l;cef;xGuf&&ifvJ ½l;jyEdkif&r,f/
t qdkwmu vdktyfovdk ttç tqGHUcef;u xGuf&&ifawmif EdkifEdkifeif;eif;&Sd&r,f? tajymtqdkawGudk
Edkifeif;&r,f/vdkY t"dyÜm,f&w,f}}
q&mudkrdk;oD;onf txufygtwdkif; Zmwfrif;orD;aumif;wdkY wwfuRrf;&rnfh tcsuf(10)csufudk tao;pdwf
&Sif;jyav\/ xdkaeYu wpfaeYvHk; rrif;jzLESifh uREkfyfonf pum;ajymcGifh r&cJhyg/ q&mudkrdk;oD;u pnf;0g;taMumif;?
toHtaMumif;? rsufESmrl? rsufESmarmif;taMumif; ponfwdkYudk wpfaeYvHk; oifjyí aeav\/
uREkfyf\ pdwfü q&mudkrdk;oD;onf rnfonfhtcsdefursm; xdkynmrsm; qnf;yl;xm;onf rod?
wwfuRrf;vSayonf/ tu,fírsm; rrif;jzLvdk rdef;racsmav;wpfOD;ESifh ,ckvdk awGU&rnfudk BudKwifodvQif uREkfyfonf
Aifeifulvm q,fwef;txd ynmoifcJhonfh tcsdefrsm;udk ynmroifyJ obifbufü xl;cRefatmif vdkufpm;cJhayvdrfhrnf/
,ckrl rrif;jzLwdkY\ vkyfief;ü uREkfyfonf vlydkoufoufuJhodkY jzpfaeonfhtwGuf 0rf;enf;rdao;awmh\/
xdkaeYnüvnf; uREkfyftzdkY rcHcsifp&mwpfck jzpfao;\/ xdktjzpftysufonf uREkfyf\&ifwGif;ü ajimifhpl;ouJhodkY
cHpm;&aom tjzpftysufjzpfayonf/ jzpfyHkrSm . . .
xdknu rrif;jzL tuwpfydk'ftqHk;ü udkaowåmu ]udkrdk;oD;a&} [k ac:vdkuf&m q&mudkrdk;oD;u . . .
]]AsKdU . . .udkaowåm? bmrsm;wkef;As}} [k xl;av\/
]]cifAsm;u e,fESYHNyD; A[kokwpHkvdkYar;&OD;r,f}
]]ar;ygAsm . . .ar;yg}}
]]a*:&if*sDvdk xrif;udk b,fvdkac:ovJAsm}}
]]xrif;udk ukevdkYac:w,f}}
]][if;udkaumAsm}}
]][if;udk ul&vdkYac:w,f}}
]],yfawmifudk ajymprf;Asm}}
]]zDpefedum,vdkY ac:w,f}}
]]zsmudkaumAsm}}
]]0gyvdkY ac:w,f}}
]]tazudk}}
]]tazudk bmblvdkYac:w,f}}
]]nDudkaumAsm}}

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

]]nDudk tevdkYac:w,f}}
]]om;udkaumAsm}}
]]om;udk udk'kukvdkYac:w,f}}
]]r,m;udkaumAsm}}
]]rdef;rudk ac:wm ESpfrsKd;&Sdw,f? olrsm;rdef;rudk ac:wmwpfrsKd;? rdk;oD;rdef;rudk ac:wmwpfrsKd;? b,f[mudk
ajz&rvJ}}
]]udkrdk;oD;&JU rdef;rudk ac:wmajzyg? b,fvdk ac:ovJ}}
]]'gu vG,fygw,f? ighrdef;rudk rrif;jzLvdkY ac:w,f}}
]]0g; . . .[m; . . .[m; . . .[m;}}
yGJMunfhy&dowfu a0gueJ yGJusoGm;\/ uREkfyf\ &ifrSmrl 0kef;ceJ yGifhxGufí oGm;onf[k cHpm;&rdavawmh\/
vly&dowftajrmuftrsm;onf xdkjyufvHk;aMumifh &,farmaeMupOf uREkfyfonf &,farmjcif; rjyKEdkif½Hkru
pdwfraumif;jcif;yif jzpfí aeayonf/
xdkYaMumifh ]]igawmh rrif;jzLeJY jrefjrefae&musatmif vkyfrSyJ/ 'Dvdkrvkyf&ifawmh q&mudkrdk;oD;
vufOD;oGm;ayrnf}} [k oabm&onfhtavQmuf xdkaeYupí rrif;jzLESifh eD;pyfrnfhta&;udk BudK;pm;avawmh\/
rrif;jzLa&wGif;ü &SdvQif a&wGif;odkY vkdufíoGm;\/ rrif;jzL xrif;csufonfh ae&modkYoGm;vQif xrif;csufonfh
ae&modkY vdkufí oGm;\/ rrif;jzL qdkif;q&mteD;odkY oGm;vQif uREkfyfvnf; xdkolrsm;teD;odkY oGm;\/
aemufydk;onfqdkaom pum;onf uRekfyftwGuf ydkí rSefuefayonf/ rrif;jzLonf uREkfyftm; aemufausmü
ydk;íxm;vQifyif þrQtxdxyfMuyfruGm jzpfEdkifp&mr&SdyJ ,ckrl rrif;jzLtm; tNrJxm0& owdjyKí Munfhae\/
rrif;jzLoGm;onfhae&modkY xyfMuyfruGm vdkufí aeayonf/
q&mudkrdk;oD;onf tjcm;ae&mrsm;ü vlawmfwpfa,mufjzpfaomfvnf; þae&mü vGefpGmxHkxdkif;yHk&ayonf/
uREkfyf rrif;jzLaemufodkY waumufaumuf vdkufaeonfudkvnf; &dyfrdyHkr&ay/ ¤if;udk,fwdkifuvnf;
tvkyfudpöESifhywfoufí ajymp&m&SdvQif rrif;jzLudk ac:í ajymayonf/ usefonfhtcsdefürl pm&Gufwpf&GufESifh
cJwHwpfacsmif;udk ukdifum tvkyf½Iyfaewwfayonf/
þ ae&mü uREkfyfowdjyKrdonfrSm vlawmfqdkolrsm;onf rdef;rudpö tcspfudpörsm;ü vla&Smfrsm;jzpfí
aewwfNyD;vQif uREkfyfuJhodkY b,fae&mrSmrS toHk;r0ifaom vlwHk;rsm;rSmrl tcspfudpörsm;ü vGefpGmBudK;pm;wwfjcif;
vGefpGmvmbfjrifwwfjcif;yif jzpfayonf/ aemufwpfcsufrSm vlawmfrsm;onf vlawmf[laom tcsufwpfcsufaMumifh
¤if;wdkYonf tm½kHusrdus&mudpörsm;ü epfjrKyfí aeonfjzpf&m tcspfudpötwGuf tcsdefrjzKef;wD;Muay? uRekfyfwdkYvdk
vlwkH;rsm;rSmrl tjcm;udpöü tcsdefudkaomfvnf;aumif;? OD;aESmufudkvnf;aumif; toHk;csjcif; rjyKaomfvnf; tcspfudpöü
tcsdefa&m OD;aESmufa&mudkyg t&Sufodu©mriJhuGufbJ toHk;cswwfayonf/
xdkYaMumifh ]vlawmf} qdkolrsm;onf rdef;r cyfnHnHrsm;&í vlwHk;qdkolrsm;onf rdef;racsm? rdef;rvSrsm;ESifh
taMumif;quf aygif;zuf&wwfaom obm0wpfck jzpfay:vsuf&Sdayonf/ þonfum; obm0\ rsufESmomay;rI[kvnf;
qdkEdkifayonf/
q&mudkrdk;oD;rSm pm&Gufwpf&GufESifh tvkyf½Iyfaeonfhtcsdefrsm;ü uRekfyfvnf; rrif;jzL\ teD;ü wpfvHk;pESpfvHk;p
&doJhoJh ajymí aeonfcsnf; jzpfayonf/ q&mudkrdk;oD;onf tNidrfhtwGuf vlrsm;xyfí iSm;&rf;um tNidrfhESifh wGJzufí
ujy&ef Zmwfvrf;rsm;udk Zmwfwdkufay;av\/ xdkZmwfrsm;rSm xdktcsdefu y&dowfBudKufjzpfaom rbdkYr,fZmwf?
&SifarG;vGef;Zmwf? y'kr®a'0DZmwf? aA'g&DZmwfwdkY jzpfavonf/ xdkYjyif rrif;jzLtm; aemiftcgü vdktyfonfrsm;udk
qufvufoGefoif jyooGm;&eftwGufvnf; rif;om;pdefuwHk;? OD;zdk;pdefwdkYESifh wGJzufujycJhonfh rif;orD;rMobmpdefudk
naMu;aumif;pGmay;í iSm;&rf;um ujyapí rrif;jzLtm; twkcdk;apjcif;? oif,lapjcif;rsm; jyKav\/ xdkrif;orD;
rMobmpdefrSmvnf; obifavmuü aowåmarSmufwpfOD; jzpfayonf/
txufuqdkcJhonfhtwdkif; rif;orD;rMobmpdefuvnf; rrif;jzLxH a&mufvmí vdktyfonfrsm;udk oifjyay;&m
Zmwfvrf;ZmwfuGufjzifh ujy&aom ae&mrsm;ü rrif;jzLonf vGefpGmEdkifeif;vmavawmh\/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

rrif;jzLonf tNidrfhucgeD;wdkif; q&mudkrdk;oD;&Sd&modkY oGm;NyD;vQif q&mudkrdk;oD;\ ajcpHkü OD;cdkufvsuf


uefawmhavh&SdaMumif; uRekfyfrSwfrdayonf/
q&mudkrdk;oD;onf tvkyfwpfckESifhwpfck Z,fqufouJhodkY vkyfudkifvsuf&Sdayonf/ xdktcsdefrsm;ü uREfkyfonf
rrif;jzL\ arwåmyef;udk qGwfvSrf;Edkifa&;twGuf trsKd;rsKd;tzHkzHk BudK;pm;vsuf&Sdayonf/
wpfnoü rrif;jzLonf ZmwfpifaemufbufodkY qif;í ajcaxmufaq;&m uREkfyfvnf; ra,mifrvnfESifh uyfí
vdkufoGm;\/ xdktcgü rnfonfhtcsdefu apmifhíaeonfrodaom vlESpfa,mufonf rrif;jzLtm; qGJvm;vGJvm;
vkyfavawmh\/ xdktcg rrif;jzLonf atmfvnf; ratmf&J(ratmf&Jonfh taMumif;rSm vltrsm;odoGm;ygu
emrnfxdcdkufoGm;Edkif\) ojzifh uREkfyftm; ]tJ. . . udkMo& vkyfygOD;} [k tultnDawmif;ojzifh uREkfyfvnf; ulnD&ef a&SUodkY
wdk;oGm;&m xdkvlESpfOD;u cg;Mum;rS "m;ajr§mifudkxkwfvsuf ]a[haumif . . .rqdkifbJ 0ifr½IyfeJY tlyGifhoGm;r,f} [k qdkvdkuf&m
uREkfyfvnf; a&SUodkY rwdk;0HhbJ &Sdavawmh\/ uREkfyfonf rrif;jzLtwGuf pdk;&drfylyefvsuf&Sdaomfvnf; rnfodkYrnfyHk
ulnD&rnfudk rawG;wwfatmif &Sdaeayonf/
xdktcsdefü arSmif&dyftwGif;rS vlwpfa,muf xGufay:vmNyD;vQif rrif;jzL&Sd&modkY csOf;uyfoGm;&m rrif;jzLtm;
vufwpfzufqDrS qGJí aeaom vlESpfa,mufu . . .
]]a[haumif . . .aocsifvdkYvm;}} [k xdkoltm;ajymvdkuf&m xdkolu wpfpHkwpf&m jyefí ajymjcif;r&SdbJ wdk;NrJwdkif;
qufí wdk;oGm;ojzifh rrif;jzLtm; qGJxm;aomvufrsm;udk vTwfí xdkoltm; "m;ajr§mifjzifh 0ifí xdk;avawmh\/
rrif;jzLvnf; xdkolwdkY\ vufrS vGwfvQif Zmwfpif&Sd&modkY okwfajcwifavawmh\/ uREkfyfvnf;
rrif;jzLESifhtwl vdkufygoGm;av\/ Zmwfpif\aemufbufodkYa&mufonfhtcgü rrif;jzLu aemufodkYvSnfhí . . .
]][dkrSm bmawGrsm; jzpfukefMuNyDvJ rodbl;}} [k ajymum arQmfMunfhojzifh uREkfyfvnf; arQmfMunfhrdav\/
arSmifcsnf;rnf;rnf;jzpfí vHk;0jrifawGUjcif;r&Sdaomfvnf; ]Akef; . . .bdkif; . . .tkef; . . .'dkif;} [laom wpfOD;ESifh
wpfOD; xdk;BudwfaeoH? uefausmufaeoHrsm;udk Mum;í ae&av\/ tcsdeftenf;i,ftxd xdktoHrsm; Mum;&NyD;aemuf
vHk;0wdwfqdwfoGm;av\/ xdkodkY wdwfqdwfoGm;onfhtcgü vlwpfa,mufonf uRekfyfwdkY&Sd&modkY rm;rm; rm;rm;ESifh
vmaeav\/ teD;odkY a&mufonfhtcgü rrif;jzLu udkrdk;oD;[k qdkum ajy;í zufvdkuf rSyif udkrdk;oD;jzpfaMumif;
awGU&avawmh\/
xdktcgü uREkfyf\pdwfwGif vlqdk;rsm; qGJvm; vTJvm;vkyfonfhtcgrsm;ü igonf ol&JabmaMumifí rrif;jzLtm;
rulnDcJh/ q&mudkrdk;oD;u ulnDcJhayonf/ xdkYaMumifh rrif;jzLonf q&mudkrdk;oD;tm; e*dkuxufyif aus;Zl;wifjcif;?
av;pm;jcif;pdwfrsm; ydkuJí vmayrnf[k awG;xifí q&mudkrdk;oD;tm; remvdkpdwfrsm; jzpfay:vsuf&Sdayonf/
xdkremvdkpdwfonf wpfpuúefYxuf wpfpuúefY? wpfrdepfxuf wpfrdepf? wpfem&Dxufwpfem&D ydkí ydkí
BuD;xGm;vmavonf/
wpfaeYoü q&mudkrdk;oD;onf tNidrfhem;xm;csdefvnf;jzpfonfhtjyif tenf;i,faexdkifraumif;vnf;
jzpfíaeaomaMumifh ol\ tdyf&mü vSJae\/ rrif;jzLuvnf; q&mudkrdk;oD;teD;odkYoGm;a&mufum q&mudkrdk;oD;tm;
jyKpkav\/ q&mudkrdk;oD;u rjyKpk&efwm;jrpfonfudkr&? rrif;jzLu ZGwftwif; jyKpkay;\/ q&mudkrdk;oD;tm;
udk,fwdkifudk,fus aq;wdkuf\/ rsufESmopf&ef a&,lay;\/ rsufESmrS acR;rsm;udk udk,fwdkifokwfay;\/
xdktcsif;t&mwdkYudk jrifae&aom uREkfyftzdkY remvdkpdwfonf twdkif;xuftvGef BuD;rm;í vmNyD;vQif
aygufuGJavawmh\/ xdktcgü q&mudkrdk;oD;\ uREkfyftay: aumif;cJhyHkrsm;udkvnf;aumif;? twlwuG aygif;pyf&SmazGMurnfh
&wemodkufudpöudkvnf;aumif;? vHk;0 arhavsmhoGm;ayonf/ uREkfyf\ pdwfü ]q&mudkrdk;oD; aorS aumif;rnf} [laom
pdwf,kwfrmwdkYomvQif jzpfay:aeojzifh q&mudkrdk;oD;tm; taoowf&ef qHk;jzwfvdkufavawmh\/
xdkYaMumifh uREkfyfonf csdKifhwpfvHk;,lí aumfzDqdkifü aumfzDwpfcGufudk 0,f,lcJhNyD;vQif yef;uefESpfvHk;ü
xnfhav\/ yef;uefESpfvHk;rSmvnf; wpfvHk;rSm udkif;usKd;jzpf\/ uREkfyf\ tBuHrSm q&mudkrdk;oD;tm; tqdyfcwfowf&ef
jzpfayonf/ xdkYaMumifh udkif;rusKd;aom yef;uefü oHjzLqdkifrS 0,f,lxm;aom i&JrD;udk xnfh\/ NyD;vQif aumfzDxnfhum
aumfzDjzifh a&mvdkufav\/ tvHk;pHkjyKvkyfNyD;onfh tcgü q&mudkrdk;oD;\ tdyf&modkYoGm;NyD;vQif uREkfyfu . . .
]]rrif;jzLvJ q&mudkrdk;oD;udk jyKpkae&awmh rtm;&Smbl;? q&mudkrdk;oD;vJ xrif;rpm;bl;qdkawmh avcHaerSmpdk;vdkY
owd&wmeJY aumfzDoGm;0,fwm? acR;xGufoGm;atmif aomufvdkufprf;ygOD;}} [k qdkum i&JrD;xnfhxm;aomcGufudk
q&mudkrdk;oD;tm;ay;í usefwpfcGufudkrl rrif;jzLodkY ay;&if; . . .

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

]]rrif;jzLvJ reufu xrif;rpm;bl; r[kwfvm;? tqmajyatmif aomufvdkufygOD;}} [kajymí ay;av\/


uREkfyfonf i&JrD;ygaom aumfzDudk armhcsNyD;aemuf rcsdrqefYjzpfum toufxGufoGm;rnfh q&mudkrdk;oD;\
aemufqHk;rdepfrsm;twGuf pdwfapmum &ifü w'dwf'dwfckefí aeayonf/
q&mudkrdk;oD;onf aumfzDcGufudk aumufudkifvdkufNyD;aemuf rrif;jzL\ aumfzDcGufudk vSrf;í MunfhvdkufNyD;vQif. .
]]rrif;jzL . . .rif;orD; wpfa,mufvkyfaeNyD; udkif;usKd;cGufBuD;eJY raomufygeJY? usKyfwdkYuawmh ta&;rBuD;bl;?
a&mh . . . vJvdkuf . . .vJvdkuf}} [kqdkum q&mudkrdk;oD;u rrif;jzLESifh cGufcsif;vJav\/ rrif;jzLu ]rvkyfygeJY q&m&,f?
udpö r&Sdygbl;} [k qdkaeonfh Mum;rSyif q&mudkrdk;oD;u aumfzDcGufudk twif;ZGwfvJavawmh\/
uREkfyf\ &ifrsm;onf ydkí ckefvmavawmh\/ q&mudkrdk;oD;\ aemufqHk;rdepfrsm;onf rrif;jzL\
aemufqHk;rdepfrsm;jzpfí oGm;ayNyD/ uREkfyfonf rnfodkYvkyf&rnfrodbJ acR;rsm;jyefvsuf&Sdayonf/ rrif;jzLonf
q&mudkrdk;oD;vJay;aom aumfzDcGufudk udkifvdkufavonf/ xdktcsdefü q&mudkrdk;oD;onf wpfpHkwpfckudk
½kwfw&ufowd&ojzifh rrif;jzL\ vufudk wm;vdkufNyD;vQif . . .
]]rrif;jzL jyefvmrS aomufyg? ta&;BuD;w,f? tazmfac:NyD; aps;udk oGm;prf;? aps;½HkBuD;xJu axmifhqdkifrSm
Munfjyma&mify0guav; tckcsufcsif; oGm;0,fprf;}} [kqdkum cdkif;vdkufavonf/ rrif;jzLuvnf; ocifhtrdefYudk
ajr0,frusemcHaom uRefrav;ozG,f aumfzDcGufudk csí ][kwfuJhyg&Sif} [k qdkum xGufoGm;av\/
]]r[kwfwmyJ q&mudkrdk;oD;&,f? aumfzDaomufwm bmMumwmrSwfvdkY? aomufNyD;rS oGm;ygap? vm vm. . .
rrif;jzL aomufNyD;rSoGm;yg}} [k 0ifí ajymav\/ rrif;jzLu . . .
]]aeygap udkaowåm? uRefr NyefrSyJ aomufyghr,f}} [k qdkum xGufoGm;ojzifh awmfayonf/
rrif;jzLxGufoGm;NyD;aemuf q&mudkrdk;oD;onf ol\ aumfzDcGufudk aumuf,lum aomufNyD;vQif uREkfyftm;. . .
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aumfzDcGuftm; uREkfyftm;ay;av\/ uREkfyfonf rsufvHk;jyL;&jyef\/ ,cktcgü rrif;jzL\ aemufqHk;rdepfrsm;onf uREkfyf\
aemufqHk;rdepfrsm; jzpfvmavawmh\/ xdkYaMumifh uREkfyfu udkaowåmbufodkY vSnfhí ]udkaowåm. . . cifAsm; aomufvdkufyg}}
[k qdkvdkuf&m udkaowåmu . . .
]]rvkyfygeJYAsm? usKyfu aumfzDawmh vHk;vHk; rBudKufvdkYyg? cifAsm;yJ aomufprf;yg}} [k qdkav\/
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idkifaerdav\/
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[k q&mudkrdk;oD;u wdkufwGef;av\/ uREkfyfonf rnfodkYrnfyHk jyKvkyf&rnfudk rodojzifh pOf;pm;aecsdefü
q&mudkrdk;oD;\ &,foHBuD; ay:xGufvmav\/ xdk&,foHonf uREkfyf\ tonf;ESvHk;rsm;udk qkyfudkifcg&rf;ouJhodkY
cHpm;&avawmh\/
]][m;. . . [m;. . . [m;. . . udkMo&. . .udkMo&. . .? cifAsm; usKyfudk taoowfNyDudk;? [m;. . .[m;. . .[m;
cifAsm;aumfzD cifAsm; raomuf0Hhawmhbl; r[kwfvm;? b,faomuf0HhrvJ cifAsm;udk,fwdkif cwfxm;wJh tqdyfawG
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½SL;ceJaomufNyD;aemuf i,foHygatmif atmf[pfí [dkajy; onfajy; ajy;NyD;vQif Akef;ueJ vJus aoqHk;oGm;av\/
uRekfyfrSm uREkfyf\ ,kwfrmrIBuD; ay:aygufoGm;onfhtwGufrsufESmü acR;oD;acR;aygufrsm; pdrfh,dkvsuf vGefpGm
wkefvIyfaeayonf/
q&mudkrdk;oD;u tNyHK;rysuf qufvufí ajymjyefonfrSm . . .
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usKyfodygw,f? tJ'DvdkodvdkYvJ cifAsm;cwfwJh tqdyfudk rrdwmayghAsm? [m;. . .[m;. . .[m;}}

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

]]'gaMumifh cifAsm;u usKyfudk rdwfaqGjzpfyg&apqdkawmh usKyfajymcJhw,f r[kwfvm;? rdwfaqGcsif;vdkufem&r,fh


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usKyfuawmh usKyfay;cJhwJh uwdtwdkif; cifAsm;tay:rSm rdwfaqGvdkyJ qufNyD; oabmxm;yghr,f? 'gaMumifhvJ rrif;jzLudk
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rajymif;vJygbl; udkMo&}} [k udkrdk;oD;u wnfNidrfaomavoHjzifh ajymvdkufav\/
uREkfyfonf csKH;yGJcsí idkrdavawmh\/ xdkYaemuf q&mudkrdk;oD;\ ajcaxmuftm; uREkfyf\ qHyifjzifh yGwfum
&Sdcdk;í awmif;yef&av\/
]]q&mudkrdk;oD;&,f . . .usKyfrSm;ygw,fAsm? usKyfudk cGifhvTwfyg? usKyfav. . . usKyf . . .}} [k qdkum uREkfyfonf
qufí ajym&rnfh pum;vHk;rsm; xGufrvmEdkifrDwGif q&mudkrdk;oD;u . . .
]]usKyfodygw,f udkMo&&,f? rrif;jzLudkcspfwJhpdwfawGuae usKyftay: remvdkpdwfawG 0ifvmwm r[kwfvm;?
[m; . . .[m; . . .[m;. . .}} [k ajymí &,fjyef\/
]][kwfygw,f q&mudkrdk;oD;&,f}}
]]'gaMumifhvJ rmefvnfq&mawmf&JU rmCa'0vuFmrSm &m*ewfzrf;? a,musFm;ESrf;wdkY? usifhoGrf;,kwfrm
vdkYqdkxm;wmyJ}} [lí udkaowåmuyg 0ifa&mufajymqdkav\/ uREkfyfuvnf; udkaowåmudkyg ajcaxmufudk acgif;jzifhwdkufí
&Sdcdk;NyD;vQif awmif;yef&av\/ udkaowåmu uREkfyf&Sdcdk;onfudk MunfhNyD;vQif . . .
]]usKyfvdk olcdk;wpfa,mufudkawmh &Sdrcdk;ygeJYAsm? usKyfu cGifhvTwfNyD;om;yg? vlqdkwm 'DvdkyJAs?
pdwf"mwfatmufwef;usNyDqdk&if ,kwfrmawmhwmyJ? udpör&Sdygbl;? cifAsm;tay:rSm t&ifuvdkyJ usKyfuawmh
rdwfaqGvdkoabmxm;yghr,f? 'gayr,fh cifAsm;auR;wmudkawmh 'DtcsdefupNyD; bmrS rpm;awmhbl;? 'gudkawmh cGifhvTwfyg?
usKyfwdkYolcdk;qdkwm tusifh&Sdw,f? axmifacsmuf&SdwJhae&mudk xyfNyD;roGm;&bl;}} [k uREkfyf\ &if0udk zaemifhjzifh
aygufonfavmuf emMunf;zG,f&maumif;aom pum;udk qdkav\/ aemifwGifvnf; trSefyif uREkfyfauR;onfh
tpm;taomufrsm;udk pm;aomufjcif; rjyKaMumif; tHhMozG,f&m awGU&av\/
q&mudkrdk;oD;u qufí ajymjyefonfrSm . . .
]]NyD;awmh cifAsm;[m rrif;jzLudk cspfvdkUBudKufvdkY ydk;yef;aewmuawmh [kwfygNyD/ olujyefNyD; cspfw,f rcspfbl;
qdkwmudkawmh cifAsm; tuJ rcwfwwfbl;? odyfa&SmfwJhvlyJ? cifAsm;udk rrif;jzLu ñTwfaeNyDAs? em;vnf&JUvm;? cifAsm;[m
udk,fhudkjyefNyD BudKufaevdkY BudKufaerSef;rod? rdef;ruJ cwfnHao;wmudk;}}
[k qdkvdkuf&m uREkfyfonf rdrdem;udkyifrdrd r,HkMunfEdkifavmufatmifjzpfí oGm;ay\/ q&mudkrdk;oD;\
pum;aMumifh 0rf;omívnf; oGm;ygonf/ xdkYaMumifh uRekfyfu ydkí aocsmatmif. . .
]]q&mudkrdk;oD; . . .tJ'g b,fvdkvkyfNyD;odovJ[if} [k ar;vdkuf&m q&mudkrdk;oD;u [uf[ufyufyuf&,fí . .
]][dknu vlqdk;awG qGJvm; vGJvm; vkyfawmh cifAsm;[m 0ifNyD; rulnDcJhbl;r[kwfvm;? tJ'Dae&mrSm cifAsm;udk
cspfwJhpdwfaMumifh rulnDcJhwmudkawmif tjypfrwif&uf&Smbl;}} [k ajymvdkufrSyif ,cktcsdeftxd uREkfyfu &doJhoJhvkyfcJhonfh
udpörsm;udkvnf; vufcHonf trlt&mudk rjyonfhwdkifatmif uefYuGufajymqdkjcif; rjyKcJhonfudk owdjyKrdav\/
]]cifAsm;xifaewmu vlqdk;awGvufxJuvJ ESpfBudrfawmifu,fzl;w,f? oljzpfcsifwJh rif;orD;udkvJ
jzpfatmifvkyfay;½Hkwifrubl;? tNidrfhBuD;wpfckvHk; ydkifqdkifEdkifatmifvkyfay;cJhwJhtwGuf usKyfudk arwåm&SdoGm;NyDvdk
xifaewmudk;}}
]][kwfygw,f q&mudkrdk;oD; 'Dtwdkif;xifcJhrdygw,fAsm}}
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qdkxm;w,f? rdef;rawG&JU arwåmw&m;udk 'DvdkrSef;qvdkY r&aybl;? NyD;awmh cifAsm;udk rrif;jzLu pdwf0ifpm;jcif; &Sdr&Sd
odatmif usKyfu [dkwpfaeYu rrif;jzLezl;u qHyifudk 'Dvdk rcs&bl;qdkNyD; oyfay;r,fvdkY usKyfuvkyfawmh ol[m usKyf&JU
MoZmudk rvGefqefEdkifvdkYom cHae&&Smw,f? olYrsufvHk;[m cifAsm;rsm; jrifoGm;rvm; jrifoGm;&if wpfrsKd;rsm;
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rrif;jzLrodapcsifvdkY 'Dae&muae ESifvdkuf&wmyJ? uJ . . .'Dudpöudk 'DwifyJ arhypfvdkufawmh? usKyfvJ arhypfvdkufr,f? bmrS
ta&;BuD;wJh udpöawGr[kwfaybl;? NyD;awmhvJ NyD;wmygbJAsm}}

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

[k qdkum q&mudkrdk;oD;onf xdkudpöudk xdkae&m xdktcsdefrSpí arhypfvdkufNyD;vQif aemufaemif rnfonfhtcgrS


ajymqdkjcif; rjyKawmhay/
uREkfyfonf vGefpGm&J&ifhí vGefpGmrSvnf; pdwfoabmxm;BuD;jrifhonfh q&mudkrdk;oD;ac: EGm;ausmif;om;
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jzpfrdavawmhownf;/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

rrif;jzL trSefajym
q&mudkrdk;oD;onf aeYpOfESifhtrQ cJwHwpfacsmif;udk udkifvsuf pm½GufvGwfrsm;ü wukwfukwfa&;jcpfvsuf
tvkyf½Iyfvsuf&Sdayonf/ udkaowåmrSmrl wpfaeukefwpfaecrf; tjyifodkY xGufí ntNidrfhxGufcgeD;rSyif jyefvmwwfayonf/
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xdktcgü udkaowåmu . . .
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usKyf&SmvdkY&wJh tajzudk jyr,f}}
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rif;ajymtjzL? ajymrif;rrif;rSefrif;?
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rSefrjzLrSeftjzLrrif;rSefrif;? ajymjzL? jzLajymtrSefrSefajym/

uREkfyfESifh udkaowåmonf xdkpm½Gufudk wpfvSnfh q&mudkrdk;oD;\ rsufESmudk wpfvSnfh Munfhíom aeMuayonf/


rnfonfht"dyÜm,f&Sdonfudkrl a&;a&;rQyif tawG;EdkifMuay/
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pm½Gufüa&;xm;aom 0Sufpm\ t"dyÜm,fudk ar;Muavawmh\/
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tqdkwmawG ygaew,f r[kwfvm;}}
]][kwfw,fav}} udkaowåmu ajzav\/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

]]tJ'DpmvHk;awG[m wdkufyJwdkufqdkifvGef;w,fAsm? a&SUaemuf trsKd;rsKd;qifMunfhawmh (rrif;jzL trSefajym)


qdkwmudk &w,fAsKdU . . .}}
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a[m'DrSm Munfh}}
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ar;jref;&jyef\/ xdktcgü q&mudkrdk;oD;&Sif;í jyonfrSm . . .
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a'gifvdkuf rif; eJYuefYvefY ajym qdkwJh ae&mu pmvHk;[m (b) r[kwfvm;? aemufwpfcg ]tjzL} qdkwmudk azmfprf;?
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qufNyD;azmfoGm;&if a[m'Dpmudk&w,f}}

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

bm&ifuRef;? rD;awmif teD;

uREkfyfwdkYonf txufygpm&Gufudk MunfhNyD;aemuf wpfOD;rsufESmwpfOD; MunfhMuav\/ oHk;OD;pvHk;


0rf;ajrmuf0rf;om jzpfí aeayNyD/ xdkYaemuf q&mudkrdk;oD;onf tajzpm&Gufa&m ajzyHkajzenf;Z,m;pm&Gufudkyg
rD;½IdUypfvdkufNyD;vQif . . .
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&SmazGavawmh\/
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jzpfayonf/
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trSeftwdkif; 0efcHajymqdk&eftwGuf txl;wvnf BudK;pm;tm;xkwfvsuf&Sdayonf/
q&mudkrdk;oD;onf vl&Tifawmf ESpfa,muf&&Sdonfh tcgü vl&Tifawmfrsm;tm; jyufvHk;rsm;udk pDpOfí ½dkif;vGef;aom
jyufvHk;rsm;udk pDppfxkwfy,fypfjcif;? rrif;jzLESifh wGJzufí Zmwfwdkufay;jcif;rsm;udk jyKvkyfayonf/ xdkodkYjyKvkyfaeonfh
tcsdefrsm;Mum;wGif tenf;i,ftm;vyfaomtcsdefrsm;ü opfjrpfwHk;wpfcktm; pl;rsm;aqmufrsm;jzifh yef;yk½kyfwpf½kyfudk
xkvsuf&Sdayonf/ uREkfyfonfq&mudkrdk;oD;\ teD;odkY a&mufaomfvnf; xdkyef;yk½kyfonf rnfonfhyHkjzpfonf[k
ajymqdkEdkifjcif; r&Sdyg/ q&mudkrdk;oD;rSmum; tcsdeftm;&wdkif; yef;ykxkvsuf&Sdayonf/
udkaowåmrSmrl ol\xHk;pHtwdkif; wpfaeukefwpfaecef; tjyifodkY xGufoGm;NyD;vQif tNidrfhxGufcgeD;rSyif jyefí
vmav\/
þodkYESifhyif aeY&ufrsm;onf ukefqHk;oGm;cJh&m q&mudkrdk;oD; 0SufpmazmfNyD;onfhaerS wpfvwdwd
jynfhajrmufaomaeYü q&mudkrdk;oD;u uREfkyftm; vl&Sif;&modkUac:oGm;NyD;vQif atmufygtwdkif; ajymav\/
]]udkMo&a& . . .'DaeYn c&D;xGufr,fAsKdU? usKyfwdkYoGm;vdkwJhae&mudk vdkufydkYr,fh &GufavSBuD;vJ&NyD? 'DaeYnae
tNidrfhxGufcgeD;rSm rrif;jzLudk usKyfwdkYtm;vHk; EIwfqufNyD; oGm;Mur,f? EIwfqufwJhtcgrSm b,fudkoGm;r,f?
bmvkyfMur,fqdkwmudk todray;&bl;? usKyfwdkYESpfa,mufuawmh wpfcgwnf; tjywfEIwfqufcJhr,f? cifAsm;uawmh
rMumcif jyefvmr,fqdkwJhtaMumif; ajymayawmh}}
uREkfyfrSm q&mudkrdk;oD;\ pum;udk qHk;atmifem;axmifNyD;aemuf txl;wvnf tHhMooGm;av\/ olonf
wpfaeukef tNidrfhpifaemufbufwGif Zmwfwdkufay;ae\/ yef;ykxkae\/ xdkae&mrS wpfz0g;rS rcGmbJvsuf c&D;oGm;&ef
tpDtpOfrsm;udk rnfodkYrnfyHk pDpOfEdkifygoenf;/
]]&GufavS&atmif b,fvdkrsm;pDpOfvdkufwmvJ q&mudkrdk;oD;&,f}} [k uREkfyfu ar;jref;vdkufav\/
]]'DvdkAs . . .&GufavSudk iSm;wmu vG,fygw,f? 'gayr,fh wpfck&Sdwmu usKyfwdkY[m &wemypönf;awG
&SmMurSmqdkawmh vdkuf0HhwJh &GufavSu&Sm;w,f? NyD;awmhvJ tJ'Dvdk zGifhajymNyD;&Sm&if tEÅ&m,fvJ&SdEdkifw,f? usKyfwkdY&vmr,fh
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]]tif;av . . .tJ'Dawmh b,fvdkvkyfMurvJ}}
]]tck usKyfwkdY pDpOfxm;wmuawmh yifv,f"m;jyawG&JU &GufavSeJY oGm;zdkYyJ}}
]]yifv,f"m;jyawGeJY oGm;vdkYjzpfyghrvm;? usKyfwkdY&vmr,fh &wemawGudk olwdkYu vk,lMurSmaygh}} [k
udkMo&uar;vdkufav\/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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t&ufpufqHk; yifv,f"m;jyawG&JU &GufavSBuD;eJYoGm;&rSmyJ? rrif;jzLeJYtwl usKyfwdkY pD;vmwJh &GufavSu a*:&if*sDavSorm;
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Muuf? 0uf? qD? qm;pwJh &du©mawG oGm;NyD; oGif;w,f? oabFmom;vdk&ifvnf; &Sm;ay;w,f? tckoHk;vtwGif; aowåm[m
olwdkY&JU vl,HkBuD;jzpfoGm;NyD? olwdkYavStwGuf vlESpfa,mufvdkaevdkY&Smcdkif;w,f? aowåmu usKyfwdkYudk avSorm;?
oabFmom;tNzpfeJY olwdkYqDudk tyfr,f? oludk,fwkdifuawmh yDeHudk ra&mufbl;vdkY vdkufcsifw,fqdkNyD; vdkufcJhrSm}} [k
udkrdk;oD;u &Sif;jyav\/
]]ae&musvkdufwmAsm? q&mudkrdk;oD;eJY udkaowåmwdkYujzifh wu,fhudk twGJnDygayw,f}} [k uREkfyfu
csD;usL;vdkufav\/ xdktcgü q&mudkrdk;oD;u oabmuspGm&,farmNyD;vQif . . .
]]aowåmudk aqmif&GufzdkY wm0efay;xm;wJhudpöxJrSm a[m'Dudpö[m ydkNyD; cufao;w,f? olrdkYvdk wwfEdkifwmaemf}}
[k qdkum aygifwGif om;a&BudK;jzifh csnfaESmifxm;aom ajcmufvHk;jyL;udk xkwfí jyav\/ q&mudkrdk;oD;üomr[kwfay/
udkaowåm\aygifüvnf; aoewfwpfvuf &Sdayonf/
]]rsufESmjzL ta&;ydkiftdrfu aoewfawG? aowåmwufNyD; cdk;xm;wm}} [k q&mudkrdk;oD;u &Sif;jyav\/
xdkaeYwpfaevHk;ü c&D;oGm;rnfhtcg vdkufemaexdkif&rnfh yHkpHESifh wpfOD;udk wpfOD; qufoG,f&rnfh
vQKdU0SufqufoG,fyHkrsm;udk q&mudkrdk;oD;u oifjyay;av\/ uREkfyfwdkYonf wpfaeYvHk; wdkifyifaqG;aEG;cJhMuNyD;aemuf
tNidrfhodkY jyefvmNyD;vQif ,laqmifzG,f&m ypönf;rsm;udk,lvsuf uREkfyfwdkYoHk;OD;onf rrif;jzLESifhawGUqHkí EIwfqufMuav\/
q&mudkrdk;oD;u rrif;jzLtm; . . .
]]uJ . . . rrif;jzL usKyfwdkY c&D;qufMuawmhr,f? tJ'gEIwfqufwmyJ? usKyfrSmvnf; vufaqmifay;zdkY bmrS
r&Sdbl;? usKyfudk,fwdkifxkxm;wJh odMum;rif; vla,mifaqmifNyD; vlYNynfqif;vmwJhyHkuav;udk usKyf&JUvufaqmiftjzpf
vufcHyg? usKyf&JU apwemuawmh rrif;jzL 'ku©awGUwJhtcgrSm odMum;rif;udk,fwdkifqif;NyD; rçovdk ulnDEdkifr,fholrsm;
ay:aygufvmygapvdkY usKyfpdwfrSm arQmfvifhrdwJh&nf&G,fcsufudk yef;ykvuf&meJY o½kyfazmfcJhwmygyJ}}
[k ajymvdkuf&m rrif;jzLonf jAKef;pm;BuD; c&D;xGufawmhrnf[k ajym½HkrQru udk,fwdkifxkvkyfxm;aom
odMum;rif;½kyfuav;udkyg &nf&G,fcsufESifhwuG ajymí ay;vdkufjcif;jzpf&m rsuf&nfrsm; wawGawG pD;í usvmavawmh\/
]]tpfudkrdk;oD;eJY b,fawmh jyefawGU&rSmvJ[if . . .[if}} [k rrif;jzLu tirf;r& ar;&Sm\/
]]rrif;jzL 'Dwpfoufawmh usKyfwdkY jyefNyD;awGUMuzdkY r&Sdawmhbl;? 'DtwGuf usKyfvJ pdwfraumif;ygbl;}} [k
q&mudkrdk;oD;u wpfvHk;csif;ajymvdkuf&m rrif;jzLonf ½dIufBuD;wiif idka<u;avawmh\/
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'ku©awGU&ifawmh rdk;ay:u bdk;odMum;udk,fwdkif qif;NyD; u,fq,fovdk u,fq,fr,fh vlrsKd; ay:aygufygapvdkY usKyfvJ
qkawmif;ygw,f}} [k EIwfqufav\/
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ajymvkdufav\/ rrif;jzLonf idkNrJidkNyD;aemuf . . .
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ar;&Smav\/
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qdkum ay;av\/ xdkYaemuf uREkfyfESifh udkaowåmtm;vnf; uefawmhav\/
q&mudkrdk;oD;onf a&SUrSaeí rm;rm; rm;rm;ESifh xGufí oGm;\/ uREkfyfwkdYvnf; ¤if;\aemufrS
vdkufíoGm;Mu&av\/ rrif;jzLum; vl;vSdrfh idka<u;í usef&pfcJhavawmhownf;/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

q&mudkrdk;oD; xrif;csufjzpf&jcif;

uREkfyfESifh q&mudkrdk;oD;wdkYonf udkaowåm\aemufodkY vkdufygí oGm;av\/ vrf;ü udkaowåmu


Muufq,faumif0,fí vmav\/ &GufavSay:odkY wufcgeD;wGif uREkfyfwkdYESpfOD;tm; Muufrsm;ESifh txkyftydk;rsm;udk
xrf;apí ¤if;url vlcsnf;oufouf a&SUrSaeí wufoGm;av\/
&GufavSay:odkYa&mufvQif BudrfjzifhjyKvkyfxm;aom cHkykuav;rsm;ay:ü xdkifaeonfh rsufESmrIefukyfukyfESifh
vlxHodkY udkaowåmu ac:oGm;NyD;vQif uREkfyfwdkYtm; xdkol\a&SUarSmufü usKHUusKHU,kHY,kYH xdkifapav\/ xdkYaemuf udkaowåmu
...
]]q&m . . .olwdkYESpfa,mufyJ? 'Dbufu vlu xrif;csuf? [dkbufuaumifu ukef;ywftwGuf}} [k ajymqdkum
q&mudkrdk;oD;tm; xrif;csuftjzpf? uREkfyftm; ukef;ywftjzpf tyfESHavonf/
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]]a[haumif . . . xrif;csuf? rif;emrnf b,fvdkac:ovJ}} [k ar;av\/
]]q&m . . .uRefawmfhemrnf rdk;oD;yg}}
]]xrif;csufvkyfzl;ovm;}}
]]vkyfzl;ygw,f? AdkvftdrfrSm xrif;csufvkyf&if; em&Dcdk;vdkY axmifusNyD; xGufvmwmyg}}
]]at;aumif;w,f? rif;&JUwm0efu yifv,fxJrSmpm;zdkY &du©mrjywfatmif 0,f&r,f? jywfoGm;&if
rif;udkowfNyD;pm;&rSmyJ}}
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qdkum vl0BuD;wpfOD;u aq;jyif;vdyfcJvsuf usmyGwfESifh ½dkufESufjcif;udk yGJOD;xGufcHpm;&avawmh\/
uREkfyfonf a*:&if*sDukvm;rsm;ESifh ukef;ywfay:wGif yifyef;qif;&Jaeonfh tcsdefü q&mudkrdk;oD;rSrl rD;zdkü
wpfa,mufwnf; csufjyKwf aMumfavSmfjcif;jzifh tvkyfrsm;vsuf&Sdayonf/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

udkaowåmwpfa,mufurl ukef;ywfay:ü [dkavQmuf 'DavQmufESifh yifv,favnif; ½I½Idufvsuf Zdrfusaeayonf/


uREkfyfonf udkaowåmtm; Munfhí remvdkpdwfrsm;yif jzpfrdao;awmh\/ eHeuf (11)em&DcefYwGif uREkfyfwdkYtm;
a&mufpumvu ppfar;aom q&mBuD;qdkoltygt0if vlav;a,mufpmtwGuf q&mudkrdk;oD;u xrif;jyifay;&av\/
xdkvlav;a,mufrS q&mBuD;qdkolonf yifv,fjyifü bk&ifwpfqluJhodkY rif;rlvsuf&Sdaom jrefrmvlrsKd; OD;baumif;qdkoljzpfí
¤if;\ vufaxmufrSm udkat;odef;qdkoljzpfayonf/ usefESpfa,mufrSmrl rav;vdkvdk ukvm;vdkvdk vlrsKd;rsm;jzpf\/
q&mudkrdk;oD;u xrif;jyifí ay;NyD;vQif xrif;0dkif;ESifh reD;ra0;ü rwfwwf&yfvsuf cdkif;apvQif tqifoifhjzpf&ef
apmifhqdkif;aeayonf/ q&mBuD; OD;baumif;onf rpm;ao;bJ q&mudkrdk;oD;tm; . . .
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q&mudkrdk;oD;u Muufom;[if;yef;ueftm; arTí wpfwHk;cyf,lum pm;jy&av\/ xrif;udkvnf; xdkenf;wl
wpfZGef;cyfí pm;jy&av\/ þuJhodkY cdkif;apjcif;rSm tqdyfrcyfrdap&ef twGufjzpfayonf/
¤if;wdkY xrif;0dkif;NyD;vQif uREkfyfwdkYtm; usmyGwfESifhESufaom vl0BuD;ESifh udkaowåmtm; q&mudkrdk;oD;u
xrif;jyifí auR;&jyef\/ xdkolwdkYpm;NyD;rS uREkfyfwdkYtm; yJ[if;qrf;xm;aomxrif;ESifh ig;ydpdrf;pm; tenf;i,ftm;
yef;uefapmif;ü okwfí ay;aom xrif;udk auR;av\/
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&Sdav\/
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rajymawmhbJ vl0BuD;u usmyGwfjzifhom ½dkufESufí cdkif;avawmh\/ uREkfyfrSm aMumufjcif;? emusifjcif;? 0rf;enf;ylaqG;jcif;
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odkY&mwGif oHk;&ufajrmufaomaeYü &moDOwk jyefvnfí aumif;rGefvmojzifh pdwfoufom&m&cJhayonf/
xdkaeYüvnf; q&mudkrdk;oD;onf vlBuD;av;a,muftm; Muufom;qDjyefcsufí xrif;auR;av\/ xHk;pHtwkdif;
Muufom;[if;wpfwHk;ESifh xrif;wpfZGef;udkpm;í jy&onfudk uREkfyfjrif&ygonf/
udkaowåmonf uREkfyfjrifavmufaomae&mwGif vma&mufí &yfwefYNyD;vQif [dkMunfhovdk 'DMunfhovdkESifh
uREkfyfudk vQKdU0Suftcsufjyenf;jzifh (ta&;BuD;onf owdxm;) [laom q&mudkrdk;oD;oifjyxm;onfhtwdkif; tcsufjyav\/
uREkfyfrSm owdxm;qdkíom owdxm;&onf/ rnfodkYrnfyHk jzpfysufcJhonfudk rodcJhyg/
uREkfyfwdkYtm; q&mudkrdk;oD;u yJ[if;qrf;xm;aom xrif;udkvdkufa0onfhtcg acgif;aqmifvkyfol
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tzsm;wufavawmh\/ xdkYaemuf ¤if;\vufaxmuf udkat;odef;vnf; xdkifaevsuf ½kwfw&uf ][D;[D;} [k atmf[pfí
tzsm;wufjyef\/ xdkodkYjzpfaeojzifh usefESpfa,mufu q&mudkrdk;oD;tm; a&aEG;tdk;wnfcdkif;NyD;vQif
0dkif;0ef;jyKpkvsuf&Sdae&mrS ¤if;wdkYudkyg tzsm;onf csufcsif;ul;pufí av;a,mufom; w[D;[D;ESifh tzsm;wufonfhtoHrSm
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aoewfwpfvufudk udkifvsuf tzsm;wufaeaom vlav;a,mufteD;ü rwfwwf&yfvsuf&Sdonfudk awGU&av\/ xdkYaemuf
q&mudkrdk;oD;u . . .
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vl0BuD;onf q&mudkrdk;oD;\aemufrS ay:xGufvmNyD;vQif q&mudkrdk;oD;\ OD;acgif;tm; ykqdefBuD;jzifh ckwfcs&ef wtm;
vTJajr§mufvdkufonfudk awGU&av\/ xdktcsdefü udkaowåm\vufrS ajcmufvHk;jyL;onf 'dkif;ceJ yGifhxGufoGm;av\/
vl0BuD;vnf; q&mudkrdk;oD;tm; ykqdefjzifh rckwfEdkifawmhbJ yHkvsufom; vJusoGm;avawmh\/
tzsm;wufvsuf&Sdaom vlav;a,mufrSm w[D;[D;ESifh tzsm;wufvsufyif &Sdav\/ xdktcgü q&mudkrdk;oD;u .
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]]udkaowåma& . . . 'Dav;a,mufudk a&csKd;ay;vdkufyg}} [k ajym&m udkaowåmu uREkfyftm; ac:,lí q&mBuD;
OD;baumif;\ ajcaxmufrS rapí olurl OD;acgif;bufrS rNyD;vQif . . .

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

]]uJ . . . oGm;ayOD;awmh Akdvfwumhbk&ifBuD; OD;baumif;a&}} [k qdkum yifv,fwGif;odk ypfcsav\/ xdkaemuf


tzsm;wufaeonfh usefoHk;a,mufudkvnf; ypfcs&av\/ OD;ydkif;wGifpkíxdkifaeaom OD;baumif;\ wynfh
yifv,f"m;jyrsm;teuf wpfa,mufu vIyf&Sm;vdkuf&m q&mudkrdk;oD;u aoewfjzifh ypfvdkufNyD;vQif . . .
]]a[haumifawG . . .NidrfNidrfae? rif;wdkYudk xrif;csufauR;NyD;NyD? tckwpfcg usnfqefyJ auR;awmhr,f}} [k
atmf[pfvdkuf&m xdkolwdkY NidrfusoGm;av\/ xdkaemufudkaowåmu xdkyifv,f"m;jy(11)a,mufudk BudK;jzifhwkyfav\/
xdkYaemuf a*:&if*sD avSorm;rsm;udk jyefí ae&mcsxm;ay;NyD;vQif c&D;qufí xGufMuav\/
q&mudkrdk;oD;onf &GufavS\ rmvdefrSL;wm0efudk,lí tkyfcsKyfav\/ udkaowåmurl ajcmufvHk;jyL;cg;xdk;í
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abmufaxmf&GmBuD;(,ck&yfuGuf) ü&SdorQaom t*¾d&wfq&mrsm;ESifh wpfaeYwpfaeY t*¾d&wftaMumif; aqG;aEG;jcif;jzifhomvQif
tcsdefudk ukefvGefapcJhav\/
uREkfyfüvnf; bkef;BuD;wpfyg;xHrS awmif;,líxm;aom awmra&mufawmifra&muf "mwfvHk;wpfvHk; &Sdav\/
uRekfyfonf xdk"mwfvHk;udkyif a&Tjzpfoa,mif ajymqdkvdrfnm ae&av\/ xdkodkYvdrfnmcJh&mwGif vGefpGmvQm&Snfaom
tzdk;BuD;wpfOD;u . . .
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aoovdkvdk? oHyJ aoovdkvdkeJYygvm;? pmqdkuawmh jy'g;ao wpfaqG0? oHao wpfjynf0 qdkyJ? tJ'Dawmh udkMo&udk
cyfjywfjywfyJ ar;r,f? cifAsm;taeeJY jy'g;aoNyDvm;? 'grSr[kwf oHaoNyDvm; ajzprf;yg}} [k tusyfudkifav\/
usefaomt*¾d&wform;rsm;uvnf; xdkvlBuD;\ ar;cGef;udk uREkfyftaeESifh rnfodkYrnfyHk ajzqdkrnfudk
apmifhqdkif;arQmfvifhaeMuayonf/ xdkYaMumifh uREkfyfonf wdwdusus rajzrjzpf ajz&ayrnf/
]]usKyfuawmh usKyfudkusKyf jy'g;aow,f? oHaow,fvdkY rajzcsifygbl;? jy'g;ao&if wpfaqG0w,fvdkY
qdkxm;w,fr[kwfvm;? oHao&if wpfjynf0w,fvdkY qdkxm;w,fr[kwfvm;? uJ . . .usKyfajymr,f? usKyf bmaow,f
cifAsm;[m cifAsm; pOf;pm;Munfhayawmh? a[m'Dabmufaxmf&GmBuD;udk 0ufom;[if;eJY xrif;auR;xm;ygqdk&if wpfoufvHk;
usKyftaeeJY auR;xm;Edkifw,f? uJ . . .odNyDvm;}}

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

[k ajymvkduf&m t*¾d&wform;wdkYonf [ifceJ [,fceJjzpfí rsufvHk;jyL;ukefMuav\/ xdktcsdefrSpí


t*¾d&wform;wdkYonf uREkfyfxHrS vHkMuif;udk awmif;jcif;? wufvrf;udkawmif;jcif;rsm; jyKvkyfMuavawmh\/
xdktcsdefrSpí abmufaxmf&GmBuD; wpf&GmvHk;onf uRekfyftm; t*¾d&wfq&mBuD; OD;Mo&tjzpf ,HkMunfí
oGm;avawmh\/ uRekfyfrSmvnf; toHk;vdkonfhtcgü a&T'*Fg;wpfjym;udk,lí zdk½HktwGif;odkY0ifum t&nfusKdNyD;vQif r*dkvrf;
a&Tqdkifü oGm;a&mufa&mif;csav\/ rsm;rsm;pm;pm; tvdk&Sdonfhtcgü pdefb,uf pdefvnfwHkpaom wefzdk;BuD;ypönf;rsm;udk
xkcGJa&mif;cscJhav\/ þodkY aexdkifcJhNyD;vQif rrif;jzL&Sd&m xm;0,fodkYvnf; rMumrMum oGm;a&mufí vufxyfrnfhta&;udk
em;ylem;qmvkyf&av\/
rrif;jzLrSmvnf; rdcifBuD;ua&m OD;av;OD;vmbuyg tNidrfhru&efajymqdkojzifh tNidrfhru&awmh&SmyJ
uREkfyfay;xm;onfh ypönf;Opömrsm;ESifhomvQif at;csrf;pGm aexkdifav\/ at;csrf;pGm aexdkif&onfqdkaomfvnf;
trSefpifppftm;jzifh rat;csrf;vSay? rdcifBuD;uvnf;aumif;? OD;av;OD;vmbuvnf;aumif;? uREkfyfESifh vufxyf&ef
rMumcP em;ylvsuf &Sdayonf/
þodkYESifh uREkfyfonf rrif;jzLtm; BudK;&Snf&SnfvSefí xm;cJh&m wpfESpfausmfESpfESpfeD;yg; Mumaomtcgü
uRekfyftm; vufxyf,lygawmhrnf[k uwday;avawmh\/
xdkYaMumifh uREkfyfonf rrif;jzLwdkYom;trdtm; &efukefodkYbk&m;zl;ac:vdkuf jyefydkYvdkufESifh xm;0,fESifh &efukefodkY
ul;csnfoef;csnfvkyfí aecJhav\/ rrif;jzL &efukefodkYvmonfhtcgüvnf; uREkfyfonf t0wftxnfrsm;ESifh rdef;r
toHk;taqmifypönf; tajrmuftrsm;udk vufaqmiftjzpf 0,f,lay;av\/
þodkYESifhyif uREkfyfESifh rrif;jzLwdkYonf vufxyfMu&ef &ufowfrSwfonftxd eD;pyfvmMuavawmh\/
vufxyf&ef rjzpfrae wdkufwGef;olrsm;rSm OD;vmbESifh rrif;jzL\ rdcifyif jzpfavonf/ xdkYaMumifh vufxyf&ef
wpfvcefYtvdkü uRekfyfonf rrif;jzLwdkYom;trdtm; &efukefodkY ac:,l&ef qHk;jzwfvdkufavawmh\/
txufygtwdkif; rrif;jzLwdkYom;trdtm; &efukefodkY vm&efuREkfyfu ac:,lrnf qHk;jzwfvdkufumrSyif
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xm;0,fodkY csufcsif;xí vdkufoGm;&av\/ xm;0,fodkYa&mufí rrif;jzLwdkYtdrf0if;odkYa&mufvQif OD;vmbu ajy;í
xGufvmNyD;vQif. . .
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raeYuyJ &efukefudkoGm;MuNyD}} [k ajymvdkuf&m uREkfyfonf rsufvHk;jyL;íoGm;avawmh\/ &ifüvnf; 'dwfceJjzpfíoGm;\/
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ar;vdkuf&m OD;vmbu. . .
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]]b,fuvm usKyfu oHBudK;½dkuf&rSmwkef;As? usKyfqDudk rrif;jzLu olYtaraoNyDqdkNyD; oHBudK;½dkufvdkY
usKyfvmcJh&wm? a[m'DrSm oHBudK;pm}} [k qdkum uREkfyfu oHBudK;pmudk xkwfjyav\/ xdktcgü OD;vmbuvnf; usKyfuJhodkY
rsufvHk;jyL;í oGm;av\/
]]b,fuvm rrif;jzL&JUtar ao&rSmvnf;uG? odyfNyD;xl;wmyJ? wpfckckawmh jzpfNyDa[h? 'geJYaeygOD; rrif;jzLwdkY
om;trdqDudk &efukefudkvmcJhzdkY oHBudK;½dkufovm;}} [k OD;vmbu ar;av\/
]]r½dkufygbl;Asm}}
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usKyfonf xdkodkY rrif;jzLESifh uREkfyf\Mum;wGif wpfpHkwpfa,mufu 0ifíoHBudK;vdrfum wpfOD;ESifhwpfOD;
vGJacsmfukefatmif pDpOfolonf rnfolrnf0g jzpfrnfudk uREkfyfOD;aESmuftm; zspfñSpfí pOf;pm;&av\/
q&mudkrdk;oD;rsm; jyefvnfa&muf&SdvmNyD;vQif þodkY jyKvkyfavoavm[k pOf;pm;rdjyef\/ odkY&mwGif þodkYvnf;
rjzpfEdkif/ q&mudkrdk;oD;um; rrif;jzLtm; cspfBudKufjcif; r&Sd/ þodkYqdkvQif udkaowåmaum rjzpfEdkifbl;vm;[k pOf;pm;&jyef\/
udkaowåmuaum b,fvdk&nf&G,fcsufESifh jyKvkyfrnfenf;[k awG;awm&jyef\/ odkY&mwGif tajzuray:ay/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

uRekfyfonf OD;vmbESifhawGUqHkNyD; em&Dydkif;twGif;üyif &efukefodkY jyefvmcJhav\/ vrf;wpfvrf;vHk;ü


rnfonfhtpm;taomufudkrQ rnfrnf&& rpm;aomufEdkifcJhyg/ rrif;jzLtwGuf pdwfapmvsuf&Sdayonf/ þodkY
tuGufususpDpOfí uREkfyftm; wpfpHkwpfa,mufonf 'ku©ay;NyDqdkvQif uREkfyftzdkY tcufawGUayNyD/
þodkYvQif vrf;c&D;ü pdwf'ku©BuD;pGmjzifh vmcJh&av\/ &efukefodkY a&mufvQif y½dkufAdwf wdkifpDudk iSm;í tdrfodkY
jyefcJh&m tdrfa&SUüxdkifí aq;ayghvdyfBuD;udk pdwfysufvufysufzGmaeonfh rrif;jzL\ rdcifBuD;udk awGU&av\/
awGUvQif awGUcsif; uREkfyfu ]ta': rrif;jzLaum . . . rrif;jzLaum} [k ar;vdkuf&m rrif;jzL\rdcifBuD;u
awmfawmfESifh tajzray;yJ idkí aeojzifh uREkfyfrSm pdwfwdk&ao;awmh\/
]]ajymprf;yg ta':&,f . . . jrefjrefajymprf;yg}} [k awmvdkufrSyif rrif;jzL\ rdcifBuD;onf rsuf&nfrsm;awGawG
usvmNyD;vQif . . .
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]]rif;qDu oHBudK;&wmeJY igwdkYom;trd csufcsif;xvdkufvmwm &efukefblwmusawmh rif;uBudKcdkif;vdkYqdkNyD;
vlESpfa,mufvmNyD; BudKwmeJY olwdkYeJY twlwlvdkufvmwm}} [k qdkum ta':BuD;onf idkaejyefí uREkfyfrSm a&SUqufrnfh
pum;rsm;udk odcsifvGef;&um; . . .
]]aemufrS wpfcgwnf; idkprf;ygAsm? qHk;atmif ajymprf;ygOD;}} [k ajym&av\/
]]vrf;usawmh igwdkYom;trdESpfa,muf&JU &if0udk "m;eJYaxmufNyD; uJ . . .tbGm;BuD; 'Duqif;ayawmh? NyD;awmh
cifAsm; orufeJYawGU&if 'Dpmudkay;? ykvdyfudk rwdkifeJY? wdkif&if cifAsm; orD;awmh taoyJ? b,folUudkrS 'Dudpöudk rajymeJY?
aygufMum;oGm;&ifvJ cifAsm;orD;udk owfrSmyJ qdkNyD; a[m'Dpmudk ay;vdkufw,f? rif;tdrfudk csufcsif;vmwmyJ? 'Dusawmh
rif;tdrfuvJ wHcg;ydwfxm;wmeJY [dkbufNcHudk ar;Munfhawmh xm;0,fudk oGm;w,fqdkwm od&w,f? 'geJY igvnf;
bkef;BuD;ausmif;oGm;NyD; tdrfzGifhvdkaMumif;ajymawmh bkef;BuD;eJY [dkbufNcHu NcHapmifhu vmNyD; wHcg;udk aomhzsufNyD;
zGifhay;Muw,f}}
]]aeygOD; ta':. . . bkef;BuD;eJY [dkbufNcHu NcHapmifhudkaum tJ'Dudpö ajymjyao;vm;}}
]]b,fajymvdkY jzpfrvJ? ajym&if aygufMum;oGm;rSaygh? ighorD;av; aorSmayghuG,f}}
uREkfyfonf xdktcgü rrif;jzL\ rdcifBuD;xHrS pmudk ,lí zwfMunfh&m pmrSm atmufygtwdkif; jzpfav\/
Mo& ac: at;aqmif . . .
"m;ajr§mifu 0Sufpmudk azmfNyD; &wemawGudk &cJhNyDr[kwfvm;? 'Dawmh tJ'D&wemawGeJY rrif;jzLudk vJyg? igwdkY
udk,fwdkifu yifv,f"m;jrawGjzpfavawmh &wemodkufwpfckvkyfNyD; ypönf;awGudk 0Sufxm;&w,f qdkuwnf;u
ypönf;b,favmuf rsm;r,fqdkwm cefYrSef;EdkifvdkY tJ'D&wemodkuf[m e*g;odkufvdkY igwdkYtrnfay;xm;wmjzpfw,f? tJ'DrSm
ypönf;awG 0SufNyD;jyefvmwJh yifv,f"m;jrBuD; rpöwmavsmif&JU oabFmudk igwdkY wdkufcJhvdk &cJhwJh a&T'*Fg;awGawmif tjym;a&
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b,favmuf&Sdw,fqdkwm igwdkYcefYrSef;Edkifw,f? tJ'D a&T'*Fg;tjym;ig;aomif;xJu ESpfaomif;cGJpD q&mrleJY igeJY
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qufqH&r,f/ 'gaMumifh rif;udk ppfolvQKdtjzpfeJY axmifxJudk pufwdkifudkta&mufydkYcJhwmyJ? rif;u &atmifxGufoGm;Edkifw,f?
'Dwpfcgawmh r&awmhbl;? e*g;odkufu &wemawGudk tukeftyf&if rif;toufeJY rif;tifrwefcspfwJh rrif;jzL&JU toufudk
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a&mif;pm; cJhw,f/ 'Dwpfcgawmh rif;tvSnfhyJ . . . armifMo&/
bk&m;BuD;rSm qHkr,f/ &m[kaxmifhrSm yef;vSLr,f/
e*g;odkufrS ypönf;rsm;udkvdkcsifol

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

uREkfyfonf txufygpmudk zwfNyD;aemuf vGefpGm wkefvIyfoGm;av\/ xdkpmt& uREkfyfudk wpfcgu


zrf;qD;½dkufESufí "m;ajr§mifudkawmif;onfh vlBuD;jzpfaMumif; od&ayNyD/ xdkYjyif uREkfyfonf uREkfyfü &Sdaom &wemypönf;rsm;
tm;vHk;ESifh a&G;,lonf xm;OD;? xdkvlBuD;taeESifh auseyfvdrfhrnf r[kwfay/ &wemodkufwpfodkufvHk;rS &&Sdaom
ypönf;tm;vHk;udk awmif;qdkaeayNyD/
uREkfyfonf &wemodkuf&Sdypönf;\ oHk;yHkwpfyHkudkom &&Sdxm;oljzpfavonf/ uREkfyftaeESifh rnfodkY
jyK&rnfrodjzpfae\/ i,fxdyfü rD;awmufae\/ xdkxufqdk;onfrSm q&mudkrdk;oD; tygt0if uREkfyfwkdYoHk;OD; tydkifpD;cJhaom
yifv,f"m;jr&GufavSBuD;rS "m;jracgif;aqmifOD;baumif;qdkolrSmvnf; ,ckuRekfyftm; 'ku©ay;aeonfh vlBuD;\
wynfhjzpfae\/
uREkfyfwdkYonf "m;jyacgif;aqmif OD;baumif;ESifh tjcm;oHk;a,mufudk tzsm;wufaepOfüyif avSay:rSypfcsí
owfypfcJhMu\/ þtcsufrSmvnf; xkdvlBuD;u uRekfyftm; BuD;pGmaom &efJNidK;udk zGJUap\/
xdkYjyif OD;armifuav;\ yifv,f"m;jr (11)a,mufudkvnf; eDudkAmuRef;rSm a&mif;pm;ypfonf[k qdkxm;\/
q&mudkrdk;oD;ESifh udkaowåmrnfodkYrnfyHk qufvufvkyfudkifaeMuonfrod/
uREkfyfonf xdkpmudkzwfNyD;aemuf wkefvIyfacsmufjcm;vGef;ojzihf rwfwyfrSaeí t½kyfBudK;jywfvJusoGm;av\/
rrif;jzL\ rdcifBuD;u az;rí uREkfyftm; aoG;aq;ESifh oMum;udk azsmfí wdkuf&Smonf/ xdktcgrSyif uREkfyfvnf;
trl;tarmfajyí oGm;avonf/ xdktcsdefü uREkfyfonf qufvufí aqmufwnf&mr& jzpfvmjyefonf/
xdkYaemuf uREkfyf\ todÓPfrSm(bk&m;BuD;rSm qHkr,f &m[kaxmifhrSm yef;vSLr,f) [laom pmudktrSwf&ojzifh
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wpfem&DeD;yg; xdkifíaeNyD;aemuf rnfonfhxl;jcm;rIrQ rawGUojzifh &m[kaxmifhüyif yef;pnf;udk uyfvSLíxGufcJh&m
we*FaEGaxmifhteD;odkY a&mufaomumvü OD;xkyfudk cyfidkufidkufaqmif;í xm;aom vlwpfa,mufu. . .
]]udkMo&rSwfw,f? b,fvdkvJ pm&w,fr[kwfvm;? jrefjrefay;rSmjzifh ay;vdkufygAsm? rrif;jzL wpfa,muf
Mum;xJu aoaeygOD;r,f}} [k ajymqdkav\/
uREkfyfvnf; xdkoltm; aphaphrQ rMunfh&JbJ acgif;udkiHkí . . .
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ajymjy&av\/ xdktcgü 4if; OD;xkyfESifhvlu. . .
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]]axmifxJrSmwkef;u awGUcJhwJh rdwfaqGyg? emrnf&if;u t*FgvdkYac:ygw,f}}
]]tck olb,frSmvnf;}}
]]&wemawG a0pkcGJNyD; uwnf;u vlcsif;uGJoGm;ygw,f? b,fa&mufaew,fqdkwm rodygbl;}}
]]aumif;NyD udkaowåmqdkwmuaum}}
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axmifxJudk a&mufvmwJholyg}}
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'Dae&mudkvmcJh Mum;vm;}}
]]q&m&,f rrif;jzLudk rawGU&bl;vm;}}

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

]]rawGY&bl;? 'gayrJh rrif;jzLudk igwdkY[m tckcsdeftxd vufzsm;eJYawmif rwdkYbl;? aumif;aumif;rGefrGefxm;w,f?


igwdkY ajymovdk rvkyf&ifawmh rrif;jzLudkom r[kwfbl; rif;udkyg owf&rSyJ}}
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vQifjrefpGm xGufoGm;av\/ uREkfyfvnf; tdrfodkY jyefvmNyD;vQif rrif;jzL\ rdcifBuD;tm; tusKd;taMumif; ajymjy&m
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oabFmom;qif;bwf[m q&if'ufqdkwJh &wemuRef;udka&mufoGm;w,fvdkY qdkxm;w,f r[kwfvm;? tJ'g
oD[dkVfuRef;udkajymwmuG? at;av . . . reufjzef c&D;xGufMuwmaygh}}
uREkfyfonf q&mudkrdk;oD;tdrfü wpfnwmrQ wnf;cdkav\/ udkrdk;oD;onf oD[dkVfuRef;wGif ausmufrsuf&wem
txGufqHk;ae&mü aexdkifum tpdk;&xHwGif vdkifpifcHí ausmufwGif;rsm; wl;azmfcJh&m vGefpGmcsrf;om<u,f0aomtjzpfodkY
a&muf&Sdaeav\/ uREkfyftm; tkef;xrif;? tkef;oD;ESifh csufjyKwfaom[if;rsm;? tcsKdrkefYrsm; auR;arG;í aumif;pGm
{nfh0wfjyKNyD;vQif ntcgü oD[dkVfuRef;\ tvGefxif&Sm;aom *Dwjzpfonfh ]]&mAe}}ac:aom AHkwdkwD;0dkif;ESifh e,&'D Oa'uD
tp&Sdaom eef;wGif; tuobifwpfckudk iSm;&rf;í azsmfajzav\/
uREkfyfonf Oa'uDtuudk uvsuf&Sdaom oD[dkVfuacsonfrav;udk Munfhí . . .
]]q&mudkrdk;oD; 'DuyGJudk MunfhNyD; usKyfwdkYESpfa,muf rrif;jzL tNidrfhtzGJUrSm vl&TifawmfawG vkyfcJhMuyHkudk
owd&w,fAsm}} [k ajymvdkuf&m q&mudkrdk;oD;u . . .
]]tppfyJuGm? igvJ owd&w,fuG}}
]]q&mudkrdk;oD; owd&wJhtxJrSm rrif;jzLudk ydkNyD; owd&vdrfhr,fxifw,f}}

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

q&mudkrdk;oD;onf vHk;0 tajzray;awmhbJ NidrfíoGm;avonf/ q&mudkrdk;oD; onf rrif;jzLtm; 'DwpfoufwGif


rarhEdkifawmhaMumif; ola&csKd;pOfu vufarmif;ü ywfíxm;aom rrif;jzLay;vdkufonfh ig;yJwef xrif;ajcmufykwD;av;udk
awGUjrif&jcif;aMumifh twwfajymvdkufEdkifjcif; jzpfayonf/
uREkfyfwkdYonf xdknü tdyfraysmfMubJ a&S;a[mif;aESmif;jzpfrsm;udk ajymqdkaeMuav\/ aemufaeY eHeufapmapmü
a*gvfNrdKUqdyfurf;odkY oGm;a&mufí c&D;xGufMuavawmh\/
q&mudkrdk;oD;ü tazmfwpfa,mufygvmavonf/ xdktazmf\ trnfrSm udkcsOfaygif[lí jzpf\/ udkcsOfaygifonf
trnfomvQif xl;qef;onf r[kwfay/ vluvnf; qef;ayonf/ tpm;taomufrSmvnf; csOfaygif[if;udkomvQif
trsm;qHk; pm;aomufwwfayonf/ udkcsOfaygifonf jrefrmvlrsKd;jzpfNyD;vQif &mZ0wfrIrsm; usL;vGefzl;í 0&rf;ajy;&if;
oD[dkVfodkYa&muf&Sdvmum udkrdk;oD;xHü aexdkifjcif;jzpfonf/
udkcsOfaygifü uRrf;usifaom ynmwpfck&Sd\/ xdkynmrSm ausmufrsuf&wem trsKd;rsKd;udk ta&mif;&
wGifus,fap&ef &Gwfzwfaom rEÅefudk wwfuRrf;jcif;yifjzpfayonf/ uREkfyfonf xdktwwfynmudk pdwfr0ifpm;onfh
tavsmuf ar;jref;jcif; rjyKaomfvnf; udkcsOfaygif\ t&nftcsif;udk prf;oyfvdkojzifh ykvif;uGJomom ausmufeDvufpGyf
wpfuGif;udk yifv,fjyifü c&D;oGm;aepOfwGifyif vQKdU0SufpGm rEÅef&Gwfqdkapí xdkvufpGyftm; vufü 0wfqifxm;cJhavonf/
&wemypönf;udk 0wfavh0wfxr&Sdaom uREkfyfu þodkY vufpGyf0wfqifxm;jcif;udk awGU&aomtcg
xrif;csufaom a*:&if*sDukvm;u uREkfyftm; qvHtrsKd;rsKd;ay;í ¤if;\cg;Mum;ü uyÜvmac: t0wfydkif;uav;jzifh vdrfí
xm;aom aiGajcmufq,fudk xkwfí twif;0,f,lojzifh uREkfyfvnf; a&mif;csvdkuf&ygonf/ þwpfcsufwnf;ESifhyif
udkcsOfaygif\ tpGrf;udk todtrSwfjyK&rnfuJhodkY jzpfae\/
uREkfyfwdkYonf jrefrmjynfodkY a&muf&Sdonfhtcgü unifukef;[laom vGefpGmacgifonfh yifv,fydkif;&Gmuav;ü
&GufavSudkqdkufí ½kyfzsufum &efukefodkY oHk;a,mufom; wufívmMuNyD;vQif tcsdef;tcsufvkyfxm;aom ae&mü
uREkfyf\wynfh *H*,m;qdkonfh ukvm;uav;ESifh awGUqHk&m rrif;jzLtm; OD;armifuav;wdkYvlpk zrf;oGm;aMumif;
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csdef;xm;cJhzl;onfudkyg *H*,m;xHrS od&Sd&ojzifh udkcsOfaygiftm; bk&m;ay:odkY ac:oGm;NyD; udkMo&udk ñTefjyí
OD;armifuav;\vla,mifaqmifum udkMo&ESifh OD;armifuav;wdkY rrif;jzLESifhywfoufí qufoG,fMuyHkudk uREkfyfwdkY
od&SdEdkif&eftwGuf ]]tpf}} &av\/
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apmifhMunfhvsuf&Sdaom OD;armifuav;\vlrsm; &dyfrdoGm;Edkifonfu wpfaMumif;? tjcm;taMumif;wpfckrSm uREkfyfwdkYonf
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jyefay;orm;a,mifaqmifNyD; udkMo&eJY awGUwJhtjzpftysufudk ]tpf} ,lcJh? usefwm wdkY[mwdkY qufvkyfr,f}} [kajymav\/
uREkfyfwdkYonf q&mudkrdk;oD;\ pum;twdkif; udkcsOfaygifudkvTwfí udkMo&xHrS pum;udk tpf\/ udkMo&uvnf;
rrif;jzLudk jyefay;qGJolrsm;trSwfjzifh ar;orQudk ajymcJhavonf/ xdkYaemuf jyefay;orm;aemufrS aemufa,mifcHí
vdkufoGm;NyD;vQif q&mudkrdk;oD;u OD;armifuav;xHodkY rrif;jzLESifh uREkfyftm; tvJtvS,f jyKvkyfcJhygonf/
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q&mudkrdk;oD;rSef; rod&SmcJhyg/
uREkfyfudkrl OD;armifuav;onf vufxdyfaygufpuav;ESifh cwfum ¤if;tdrfatmufxyf tcef;wGif;ü zrf;í
xm;ygonf/ e*g;&wemodkufrS uREkfyfwdkYESpfOD; &&Sdxm;aom a0pkESpfpkudk aowåmü xnfhumvmí q&mudkrdk;oD;u ay;rS
OD;armifuav;onf uRekfyftm; vTwfay;&efjzpf\/
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aeayonf/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

uREkfyfonf OD;armifuav;xHü tzrf;cHae&onfh tcsdefü a&m*gtajctaevnf; qdk;í aeygonf/


OD;armifuav;onf uREkfyftm; vufxdyfcwfNyD;aemuf ol\vlESpfa,mufudk ac:í jyNyD;vQif atmufygtwdkif; ajymav\/
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yifv,f"m;jrBuD;awGuG? 'DaumifawG &ufpuf,kwfrmwmuawmh rajymeJY? usKyf&JU &GufavSwpfpD;udk tydkifpD;oGm;½Hkrubl;?
usKyf&JUvlawGudkowf? avSorm;awGudk uReftjzpfeJY a&mif;pm;cJhwm? 'DaumifawGeJY&ifqdkifzdkY usKyf[m odyfNyD;aMumufaew,f?
'gaMumifh armifaus;NrD;&JU owåd&SdyHkudk wpfqifhpum;Mum;&uwnf;u usKyfu odyfNyD; 0rf;ajrmufcJhw,f/
'DaumifawGudk ,SOfzdkY armifaus;NrD;&JU tultnD trsm;BuD; vdkwJhtwGuf armifaus;NrD;udk usKyfuvmNyD;
rdwfzGJUcJh&w,f? tckawmh 'Daumifhudk rdxm;NyD? olYq&mu olYudk &wemaowåmeJY vmNyD;vJvdrfhr,f? usKyfu jyefay;qGJwm
r[kwfbl;? usKyf&JU &GufavSudk ,lNyD; usKyfvlawGudk owfoGm;wJhtwGuf avsmfaMu;awmif;wJhoabmyg? tJ'Dae&mrSm olUq&m
rdk;oD;qdkwJhaumifu usKyfudk 'ku©ay;&if armifaus;NrD;u ulnDzdkYygyJ}} [k qdkav\/
xdkpum;udkaxmufvQif aus;NrD;qdkolonf OD;armifuav;udk ,cifu roduRrf;cJhaMumif; aocsm\/ xdkYjyif
OD;armifuav;onf rw&m;vkyfjcif; r[kwf&aMumif; aus;NrD;udk &Sif;jyaejcif;jzpf&m aus;NrD;rSm OD;armifuav;\
wynfhr[kwfaMumif; odom\/ rw&m;vkyfvdkaom olwpfa,mufr[kwfaMumif;vnf; odomEdkifayonf/ odkY&mwGif
aus;NrD;um; OD;armifuav;qdkol\ jzm;a,mif;apcdkif;jcif;udk aqmif&Gufae&oljzpfayonf/ xdkYaemuf OD;armifuav;u
qufí ajymjyefonfrSm . . .
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&wemaowåm vmNyD;ay;wJhaeYrSm a[m'DaowåmqdkwJh aumifudk rvTwfbJ armifaus;NrD;udk aowåm
qdkwJhaumifa,mifaqmifNyD; vTwfvdkufr,f? rdk;oD;u aowåmrSwfNyD; armif&ifhudk ac:oGm;vdrfhr,f? tJ'DtcgrSm rdk;oD;udk rdrd&&
wG,fayawmh}} [k uREkfyfa&SUüyif rSmMum;aeonfudk axmufí OD;armifuav;onf uREkfyfudkvnf; t&Sifxm;vdrfhrnf
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jzpfayonf/ tm;vyfonfhtcgrsm;ü aus;NrD;\ wa,mvufoHudk Mum;&\/ aus;NrD;onf wa,mxdk;aumif;wpfa,muf
jzpfayonf/
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OD;armifuav;vufwGif;rS vGwfajrmuf&ef BudK;pm;&av\/ uREkfyfrSm tpmr0ifonfhtwGuf tiftm;rsm; csnfheJYaeonfjzpf&m
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rjzpfEdkifay/ aeraumif;jzpfaeojzifh vGwfatmifajy;Edkif&ef tcGifhaumif;wpfckudk apmifharQmfae&av\/
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ajAmif;ueJ ½dkufzGifhaomenf;onf wpfcgwpf&Hü tdrf&Sifrsm; rEdk;bJ wHcg;wpfcsyfudk wpfcsufwnf;ESifh yGifhapygonf/
xdkaMumifh OD;armifuav;wdkY tdyfarmuscsdefü uREkfyfonf *suf&Sd&mae&mtm; wGufqí wpfcsufaumif;enf;jzifh ajAmif;ueJ
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0ifívmojzifh Nidrfae&av\/ xdkYaemuf aus;NrD;tdrfay:odkY wufoGm;NyD;vQif jyKwfoGm;aom arsmufvufudk tajcrysuf
jyefí wyfqif&jyef\/ xdkokdYwyfqifxm;rSomvQif uREkfyfwHcg;udk zGifhíxm;aMumif; r&dyfrdEdkifawmhay/
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tcef;twGif;ü rlvtwdkif; jyefíae\/ xdkodkY tcef;wGif;odkY r0ifrDü tjyifbufü awGU&aom armfawmfum;
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uRekfyfonf xdknu wpfnvHk;rtdyfbJ acsmif;bufrS ysOfESpfcsyfudk cGmum jyefí tomaxmifum xm;jyef\/
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uREkfyfvdktyfonfhtcgü xGufoGm;&ef taygufESpfayguf &SdaeayNyD/ aomhcwfxm;aom wHcg;rSmvnf; uREkfyfbufrS
uefvdkufvQif yGifhoGm;Edkifayrnf/ arsmufvufrSm wnf;½HkrQom jyefíwnf;xm;jcif; jzpfayonf/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

xdktaygufrS rvdkvQifvnf; acsmif;bufusaom eH&Hü uREkfyfonf ysOfudkcGmxm;NyD;jzpfay&m aoab;twGuf


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aemufqHk;tcsdeftxd apmifhMunfhum OD;armifuav;tm; tjywf&Sif;oGm;vdkayao;onf/
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.
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&mru ]r&bl;} [kqdkav\/
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ajymav\/ uREkfyfu . . .
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ajymav\/
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r&Edkifay/
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"m;pmcHtjzpf q&mudkrdk;oD;u tyfvdkufjcif;jzpfonf/
uRekfyfwdkYonf tcsdwftquf vkyfxm;&efrvdkay/ wpfOD;u rnfodkY rnfyHkvkyfrnfudk usefwpfOD;u rSef;qí
odae\/ uREkfyfwdkYtzdkY þudpöonf rrif;jzL\ tNidrfhpifay:odkY ZmwfrwdkufbJ vl&Tifawmftjzpf wpfOD;t&dyftuJudk
wpfOD;Munfhum jyKvkyf&onfavmuf cufcJjcif; r&Sdyg/
xdkaeYwpfaeYvHk; &mronf uREkfyf\ tcef;a&SUü vmü xdkifapmifhae\/ nrD;xGef;csdefa&mufonfhtcgü &mrxHodkY
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rdk;oD;u olYvlr[kwfrSef;od&ifawmh aus;NrD;udk rdk;oD;u owfr,f}} [k OD;armifuav;u ajymav\/
]]udkaus;jrD;aovdkY b,fjzpfrvJ}} [k &mruajym&m . . .

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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ajy;wufoGm;&m jrif;vSnf;vnf; xGufoGm;av\/ odkY&mwGif uREkfyfaowåmBuD;udk xrf;vmonfudk awGUojzifh

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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...
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rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

uREkfyfonf uREkfyf\ ypönf;trsm;pktm; yifv,fydkif;&Sd unifukef;&GmrS q&mawmfOD;auo&\ tultnDjzifh


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pum;ajymvnf; csKdom\/ rsufESmvnf; Munfvifvm\/ trsufa'govnf;wpfpHkwpfa,muftay:ü xm;&Sdonfh
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jzpfayonf/
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pD&ifcsufcsrnfhaeYwGif w&m;½Hk;odkY ESpfa,mufom; xGufvmcJhMuygonf/
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av;pm;MunfndKvsuf&SdaMumif; cefYrSef;Edkifayvdrfhrnf[k uREkfyftaeESifh ,HkMunfrdayawmhownf;/

 
rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

qm;ykvif;ESif;armif\ awG;qcsufrsm;

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rif;odcF                        qm;ykvif;ESif;armifESifhrrif;jzLrSefrSefajym

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