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Guided by :-

Sivananaintha Perumal P.

Nitin Balakrishnan




What is HVD?

Basics of Holographic memory

Technology used in HVD

Structure of HVD

Writing data

Reading data

Advantages, disadvantages and applications of HVD


Future Aspects




HVD is an advanced optical disk that‟s presently in the

development stage.

Storage capacity


Data transfer rate :-

1 terabyte (TB).

1 Gigabit per second.

The technology permits over 10 kilobits of data to be written and read in parallel with a single flash.


An HVD would be a successor to today‟s Blu-ray and HD- DVD technologies.

Advancements in the technology were made, in the early 21 st century.

Developed by the „Holography Storage Development


HVD can store up to 60 times the data of a regular DVD and

it can read and write data 10 times faster as well.

What is HVD ?

Definition:- Holographic versatile disc is a holographic

storage format that looks like a DVD but is capable of storing

far more data.

Prototype HVD devices have been created with a capacity of 3.9 terabytes (TB) and a transfer rate of 1 Gbps.

1 HVD = 5,500 CD-ROMs = 830 DVDs = 160 Blu-ray discs

Uses laser beams to store data in 3D.

What is HVD ?

What is HVD ? 6

Basics of Holographic Memory

Holography is a method of recording patterns of light to

produce a 3D object.

The recorded patterns of light are called a hologram.

Creation of a hologram begins with a focused beam of light, a


Laser splits up into 2 :-

Reference beam

Information beam

Basics of Holographic Memory

When light encounters an image its composition changes.

When the information beam encounters an image, it carries

that image in its waveforms.

When the two beams intersect, it creates a pattern of light

interference and that can be recorded on the photosensitive

polymer layer of a disc.

Basics of Holographic Memory

To retrieve the information stored in a hologram, shine the reference beam onto the hologram.When it reflects off the

hologram, it holds the light pattern of the image stored


This reconstruction beam is then send to a CMOS sensor to

recreate the original image.

Technology used in HVD

Collinear holography The laser beams are collimated.

Blue-green laser reads the data encoded in the form of laser interference.

Red laser serves the purpose of reference beam and to read the

servo info.

A layer of dichroic mirrors, between the holographic and servo

data layer reflects back the blue-green laser beam, letting only the

red laser pass through it to reach the servo information.

Technology used in HVD

The concepts of collinear holographic memories are:

To increase the recording capacity, thick volume-recording

media is used

The optical disk is pre-formatted with addresses and optical

servo information

The beam for the optical servo is utilized to provide

backward compatibility with the existing CDs or DVDs

Structure of HVD

The Holographic Versatile Disc structure consists of the

following components:

Green writing/reading laser (532 nm)

Red positioning/addressing laser (650 nm)

Hologram (data)

Polycarbon layer

Photopolymeric layer (data-containing layer)

Distance layers

Dichroic layer (reflecting green light)

Aluminum reflective layer (reflecting red light)

Transparent base

Structure of HVD

Structure of HVD 13

Writing data

A simplified HVD system consists of the following main


Blue or green laser (532-nm wavelength in the test system)

Beam splitter/merger


Spatial light modulator (SLM)

CMOS sensor

Photopolymer recording medium

Writing data

Information is encoded into binary and is stored in the SLM.

These data are turned into ones and zeroes represented as opaque or

translucent areas on a „page‟.

When the information beam passes through the SLM, portions of the

light are blocked by the opaque areas of the page, and portions pass

through the translucent areas.

When the reference beam and the information beam rejoin on the same

axis, they create a pattern of light interference - the holography data.

This interference pattern is stored in the photopolymer area of the disc

as a hologram.

Writing data

Writing data 16

Writing data

Writing data Page Data Hologram 17

Page Data

Writing data Page Data Hologram 17


Reading data

To read, we‟ve to retrieve the light pattern stored in the


Laser is projected onto the hologram a light beam that is

identical to the reference beam .

The hologram diffracts this beam according to the specific pattern

of light interference its storing.

The resulting light recreates the image of the page data that

established the light-interference pattern Reconstruction beam.

The reconstruction beam - bounces back off the disc, it travels to the CMOS sensor.

The CMOS sensor then reproduces the page data.

Reading data

Reading data 19

Advantages, disadvantages and applications of HVD

Advantages :-

More storage

Reads and writes quickly

Price, expected to be slashed down

Disadvantages :-

Initial price of the player and disc are high.

Price and storage not confirmed, still in R&D.

Advantages, disadvantages and applications of HVD


Used for storing large amounts of data most likely for large companies.

Could be the most efficient way to backup information in the near future.


It has been estimated that the books in the U.S. Library of

Congress, the largest library in the world , could be stored on six


The pictures of every landmass on Earth - like the ones shown in

Google Earth - can be stored on two HVDs.

With MPEG4 ASP encoding, a HVD can hold anywhere between 4,600-11,900 hours of video, which is enough for non-stop

playing for a year.

Future aspects

Have tremendous implications in the commercial, industrial

and d-Cinema realms.

Will find wide use for backing up and archiving the media

libraries, including the one at the Hollywood studios


Materialized with the evolution of the collinear holography


Stores far more data than, what a DVD can.

Prototype HVD has a capacity of 3.9 TB and a transfer rate of 1 Gbps.

Hence, 1 HVD = 830 DVDs = 160 Blu-Ray discs


[1]. Hideyoshi Horimai andY.Aoki, “Holographic versatile disc(HVD) System”

[2]. Optical data storage Topical Meeting 2006, 2006page(s):6-8.

[3.] Hideyoshi Horimai and Xiaodi Tan,“Holographic Information Storage System:

[4]. Today and Future,” Magnetics,IEEETransactions on Volume 43/Issue2,part 2 feb2007,


[5]. G. Deepika, “Holographic versatile disc”



[6]. http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/hvd.htm

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[10]. http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/hvd4.htm

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[12]. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holographic_Versatile_Disc