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A 35o API distillate is being transferred from a storage tank at 1 atm absolute pressure to a pressure vessel at 50 psig by means of the piping arrangements shown in figure. The liquid flows at the rate of 23100 lb/hr through 3 inch Schedule 40 steel pipe; the length of the straight pipe is 450 feet. Calculate the minimum horsepower input to the pump having an efficiency of 60 percent. The properties of the distillate are: viscosity = 3.4 cP, density = 52 lb/ft 3. The following are the data for the pipe and fittings: For 3 inch Schedule 40 Nominal pipe, OD = 3.5 inch; Thickness = 0.216 inch Flow coefficients for the fittings (K) are: Gate valve = 0.25; 90 o elbow = 0.9; Check valve = 10 Friction factor can be calculated from Blasius equation. Account for entry and exit losses also.

Conversion Factors 1 feet 1 lb 1 inch 1 centipoise 1 atm 1 atm g Data given: Mass flow rate Density Viscosity Pipe OD Pipe thickness Pipe length Vertical height Pump efficiency (in fraction) Loss coefficient of Gate Valve Loss coefficient of elbow V Q 23100 52 3.4 3.5 0.216 450 70 0.6 0.25 0.9 10 lb/hr lb/ft 3 cP inch inch feet feet 0.3048 0.454 0.0254 0.001 14.7 1.01E+05 9.812 m kg m kg/m.sec psi N/m2 m/sec2 Converted data: = 2.913167 kg/sec 3 = 833.7087 kg/m = 0.0034 kg/m.sec

L z1-z2

= =

137.16 m 21.336 m

Pipe ID Pressure at 2 Calculations: Volumetric flow rate Velocity Reynolds Number Friction factor hf of pipe v 2/2g hf of Gate valve hf of 2 number of elbows hf of Check valve hf of sudden contraction at inlet hf of sudden expansion at outlet Total frictional head Pump head

D P2

3.068 inch 50 psig 3.401361


3 0.00349 m /sec 0.7326 m/sec 13999 0.00726

= =

0.077927 m 2 3.45E+05 N/m 34013.61

Q v NRe f

1.3985 m 0.02735 0.00684 0.04923 0.27351 m m m m

0.01094 m 0.02735 m 1.76642 m 22.561 m

Minimum power for the pump

1074.81 Watt