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PT. NUSANTARA RESOURCES BUSINESS PLAN : 2.

000 HA RUBBER PLANTATION PROJECT

Executive Summary Rubber plantation are ecofriendly business, the main product is natural rubber and it could absorb CO2 around 2.1 to 3.8 ton/ha/year. Many land are available on dedicated area for plantation. Economist scale for rubber plantation are on 2.000ha minimum, bigger scale are better. Need to booking an area to make sure land are available prior starting development (planting) process by get concession from government. Implement good plantation management practices to ensure the productivity meet with

target and quality, Plantation management plan consist how and what kind of clone should be plant, dosage and schedule of fertilizer, schedule of maintenance, tapping method and latex handling process.
Objectives Establish Intensive Rubber plantation in economist scale to produce latex in good quality and high productivity with average production 6.077,7 liter latex / ha / year, as long term investment project. Mission

Take over plantation concession from dormant company who has land and initial permit or obtain concession from government directly. Find investor to financing the investment project. Executed project with good project management planning. Latex selling price, productivity and latex quality. Good plantation management plan. Implement plantation management plan consistence by hire dedicated personnel.

Keys to Success

Company Summary PT. Nusantara Resources found By Notary office Mr. Muchlis Tabrani, SH, address Jalan Sebengkok No. 1 RT.8/3, Tarakan. Document No. 65 and NPWP : 02.652.534.5-723.000. Company Overview PT. Nusantara Resources be founded by experienced professional who have passion to own and ability to operate an agriculture company. The main capital own by company are know-how and opportunity exist on geographical and business area.

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PT. NUSANTARA RESOURCES BUSINESS PLAN : 2.000 HA RUBBER PLANTATION PROJECT

Company Ownership PT. Nusantara Resources own by : 1. Mr. Muhammad Anton Wijaya share 25% 2. Mr. Raffael Taroni Karmayuda share 25% 3. Mr. Anton Silalahi Share 25% 4. Mr. Antonius Sitanggang 25% Company History PT. Nusantara Resources found on June 20, 2008 at Tarakan, Kalimantan Timur, Indonesia. Debt & Equity PT. Nusantara Resources have : Debt : 0 Equity : Rp. 1.000.000.000 Products and Services PT. Nusantara Resources authorized to conduct Trading, Manufacture, Agriculture and Services around Indonesia. Product and Service Description PT. Nusantara Resources proposed to start-up 2.000ha (minimum) Rubber plantation with Natural rubber (cramp rubber) as main product and distribution the product to end user. Rubber plantation able to absorb CO2 emission around 2.1 to 3.8 ton/ha/year, its could be certified to get Carbon Credit. Competitive Comparison By 2.000ha minimum scale, PT. Nusantara Resources could shorten distribution link to obtain optimum selling price. Technology Rubber plantation is common commodity, no need special technology. To ensure target will achieved, need to have good plantation practices as guidance, its prepared by competent consultant. Future Products and Services As a rubber plantation our main product is cramp rubber only. No future product but expandable into crump rubber dealer, we buy from other plantation, refined it then sold in better quality.

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PT. NUSANTARA RESOURCES BUSINESS PLAN : 2.000 HA RUBBER PLANTATION PROJECT

Marketing Plan
Cramp rubber are bulk commodity, the customer are rubber manufacturer for their raw material. Product could be sold to dedicated buyer such as a tyre manufacturer or to free market. International market commodity was available.

Market Overview
International Natural Rubber Market supply and demand situation and the main rubber producing countries export Quotes The international market, complete control over the supply of natural rubber in Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia the hands of a few countries. The use of natural rubber big country the United States, Japan, not the production of natural rubber, demand depends entirely on imports, its natural rubber price support are also evident. China is also the world's second largest importer of natural rubber on international Jiaojia more direct influence. Market Analysis Summary IRSG (International Rubber Study Group) in study of Rubber Eco-Project (2005) : price of natural rubber within 2 decade (2006 to 2025) would be stable on US $ 2.00 / kg due to supply less then demand. Market Segmentation Cram Rubber as raw material for many manufacture have complement such as synthesis rubber and recycle rubber. Synthesis rubber made from petro oil and recycle rubber from waste rubber material. Industry Participants Local community must be participated in to project regarding Indonesian law with minimum portion 20% of total concession. Return on Investment ROI = (Average yearly EBIT) / (Total Investment)

ROI = 22.88%
Financial Assumptions - Fuel price - Exchange rate - Interest rate - Selling price - Investment period

: Rp. 9.000 / liter


: 1 $ USD = Rp. 9,000 : 5% p.a : $ 1.667 / kg : 6 (six) years

Analysis of the financial projections - Total Investment : $ 6,023.34 / ha Average yearly EBIT : $ 1,378.38 / ha / years NPV : $ 6,702.84

Payback period

: 5.1 years

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PT. NUSANTARA RESOURCES BUSINESS PLAN : 2.000 HA RUBBER PLANTATION PROJECT

IRR

: 12.39%

Tax Consideration - Tax of land occupation : $ 18.89 / ha / years - Value Added Tax : 10% Competition Competitor for the project are other plantation company (palm oil and rubber plantation) for Land acquisition. They are distributed from small (tens ha scale) to very big (hundred thousand ha scale) land occupancy company. Customers The main users of natural rubber are tire industry, the economy directly affect the degree of natural rubber market. Automotive industry is the use of big tires, so the development of automobile industry and the state's auto industry policy will affect the demand for tires and affect the demand for natural rubber. Demographic information Location proposed at Kalimantan Timur and Kalimantan Tengah, Indonesia. Location Map and information Site photo One of prospective location map was attached. Feasibility Study FS are one of government requirement before could start activity, its will be conduct after location defined.

Financial Proforma containing 0 to 28 year projections.


INVESTMEN T (2) 696 1,865 602 602 602 602 1,055 1,260.34 1,260.34 1,260.34 1,260.34 1,190.4 8 1,642.8 6 2,222.2 2 2,539.6 (69.86) 382.52 961.88 1,279.3 164.29 222.22 253.97 (69.86) 218.23 739.66 1,025.3 OPERASIONA L COST (3) VAT 10% (6)

YEAR (1) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

SALES (4)

EBIT (5)

EBI (7)

PV (IRR) (8) (696.31) (1,659.42 ) (476.49) (423.97) (377.23) (335.65) (557.93) 96.35 290.56 358.40

PV (NPV) (9) (696.31) (1,776.20 ) (545.91) (519.92) (495.16) (471.58) (839.05) 155.09 500.63 660.97

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PT. NUSANTARA RESOURCES BUSINESS PLAN : 2.000 HA RUBBER PLANTATION PROJECT

8 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 1,260.34 1,260.34 1,260.34 1,260.34 1,260.34 1,260.34 1,260.34 1,260.34 1,260.34 1,260.34 1,260.34 1,260.34 1,260.34 1,260.34 1,260.34 1,260.34 1,260.34 1,260.34 1,260.34 2,777.7 8 2,936.5 1 3,492.0 6 3,650.7 9 3,730.1 6 3,650.7 9 3,412.7 0 3,333.3 3 3,174.6 0 3,015.8 7 2,857.1 4 2,619.0 5 2,460.3 2 2,301.5 9 2,222.2 2 2,142.8 6 1,904.7 6 1,825.4 0 1,587.3 0
60,690.4 8 2,638.72

4 1,517.4 4 1,676.1 7 2,231.7 2 2,390.4 5 2,469.8 2 2,390.4 5 2,152.3 6 2,072.9 9 1,914.2 6 1,755.5 3 1,596.8 0 1,358.7 1 1,199.9 8 1,041.2 5 961.88 882.52 644.42 565.06 326.96
31,702.6 5 1,378.38

7 277.78 293.65 349.21 365.08 373.02 365.08 341.27 333.33 317.46 301.59 285.71 261.90 246.03 230.16 222.22 214.29 190.48 182.54 158.73
5,950.0 0 270.45

1,239.6 6 1,382.5 2 1,882.5 2 2,025.3 7 2,096.8 0 2,025.3 7 1,811.0 9 1,739.6 6 1,596.8 0 1,453.9 5 1,311.0 9 1,096.8 0 953.95 811.09 739.66 668.23 453.95 382.52 168.23
25,752.6 5 1,119.68

385.54 382.57 463.50 443.71 408.72 351.28 279.49 238.87 195.08 158.05 126.81 94.39 73.05 55.26 44.84 36.04 21.79 16.33 6.39

761.04 808.33 1,048.26 1,074.10 1,059.03 974.24 829.68 759.01 663.50 575.38 494.14 393.69 326.11 264.07 229.34 197.33 127.67 102.46 42.91

SUM AVERAG E

6,023.34

28,987.82 1,260.34

0.02

6,702.84

Key Statistics Productivity for this proposal was refer to average rubber plantation productivity in Indonesia
Year Tapping Distribution Factor Tapping Freq. (days/yrs) Lateks (Liter/ha/yr)

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PT. NUSANTARA RESOURCES BUSINESS PLAN : 2.000 HA RUBBER PLANTATION PROJECT

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Avarage

0.213 0.489 0.596 0.681 0.745 0.787 0.936 0.979 1.000 0.979 0.915 0.894 0.851 0.809 0.766 0.702 0.660 0.617 0.596 0.574 0.511 0.489 0.426 0.362 0.340

0.5 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

2,857.1 3,942.9 5,333.3 6,095.2 6,666.7 7,047.6 8,381.0 8,761.9 8,952.4 8,761.9 8,190.5 8,000.0 7,619.0 7,238.1 6,857.1 6,285.7 5,904.8 5,523.8 5,333.3 5,142.9 4,571.4 4,381.0 3,809.5 3,238.1 3,047.6 6,077.7

Investment Summary Total Investment are $ 6,023.34 / ha in 6 (six) years duration Investment (see table proforma) Investment Start-up objective are to made project bank able by obtain Permit and booking land prior start planning process, execution, monitoring and control up to closing. Project Bank able when had been plant 500ha.

Projected Performance Summary 1. Permit obtained and planning 100% prior start activities on site. Duration 1 year

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PT. NUSANTARA RESOURCES BUSINESS PLAN : 2.000 HA RUBBER PLANTATION PROJECT

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Land acquisition start after permit obtained and planning completed. Duration 3 years Planting start by order seed. Duration 3 years Maintenance on un productive period, start 3 month after planting. Duration 5 years th Tapping start after reach diameter 25cm in 6 years. Target follow table productivity th Maintenance on productive period, start on 6 years

Guarantors PT. Nusantara Resources do not have any other guarantors, just management / board of directors. Team Management team consist board of director and other professional who run the project. Professional should be hired base on project requirement and proper competency for each position. Board of Directors 1. 2. 3. 4. Mr. Muhammad Anton Wijaya Mr. Raffael Taroni Karmayuda Mr. Anton Silalahi Mr. Antonius Sitanggang : Chairman : Commissioner : Commissioner : Director

Itemized use of Funds Total investment are $ 6,023.34 / ha. Its allocated for : 1. Land acquisition, permit and planning = 12.53% 2. Development (planting and maintenance) = 76.09% 3. Working capital = 11.38% Contingency 10% (exclude land cost) EXIT STRATEGY Buy back Investor share by other share-holder, After total investment has been paid back.

Appendices
Identified Location map

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PT. NUSANTARA RESOURCES BUSINESS PLAN : 2.000 HA RUBBER PLANTATION PROJECT

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