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# Brendan Burr

## BTEC National Certificate in Electronics

Applied Trigonometric Techniques

Task 1
1.1

An alternating current waveform is given by i = 200 sin 300t amps. Produce a graph of 1 complete cycle of the AC waveform using Graphmatica. Attached

(a)

(b)

Give a brief description of the following and use the graph to determine their values: (i) Amplitude The Amplitude is the maximum value of the waveform measured on the y axis. It can also be called the Peak value and is labelled as either VMax or VPeak. The VMax on the above graph is 200 Volts.
(ii)

Periodic Time The Periodic Time is the amount of time it takes to complete one cycle of the waveform. It is measured in Time (seconds) and is measured along the x axis. The Periodic Time for the above graph is 0.021 Seconds or 21 milli Seconds.

(iii)

Frequency The Frequency is the amount of cycles in one complete second. It is measured in Hertz (Hz) and can be worked out using the Periodic Time. The Frequency for the above graph is: F= 1 0.021

F = 47.61904762 Hz
F = H 4 8 z

Brendan Burr

## BTEC National Certificate in Electronics

Applied Trigonometric Techniques

1.2 (a)

Simplify the following using the compound angle formulae. cos( + 270) Cos ( A + B ) = CosA.CosB SinA.SinB Substitute A for Theta and B for 2700 Cos + 2700 = Cos .Cos 270 Sin .Sin 270 Cos + 2700 = Cos .0 Sin 1 Cos + 2700 = 0 + Sin
Cs o

( ( (

) ) )

(+ 7 ) =Sn 20 i
0

(b)

sin ( 90) Sin( A B ) = SinA.CosB CosA.SinB Substitute A for Theta and B for 900 Sin 900 = Sin .Cos900 Cos .Sin900 Sin 900 = Sin .0 Cos .1 Sin 900 = 0 + Cos
Sn i

( ( (

) ) )

(0 ) = Cs 9 o
0

Brendan Burr

## BTEC National Certificate in Electronics

Applied Trigonometric Techniques

1.3

Verify the results in 1.1 using a suitable value for . Using the Compound Angle Formulae: Sin( A + B ) = SinA.CosB + CosA.SinB We Get: R.Sin( + ) = R[ Sin .Cos + Cos .Sin ] R.Sin( + ) = ( R.Sin .Cos ) + ( R.Cos .Sin ) If we say a = R.Cos and b = R.Sin then:
a.Sin + b.Cos

So:

a 2 = R 2 .Cos 2 b 2 = R 2 .Sin 2

a 2 + b 2 = R 2 .Cos 2 + R 2 .Sin 2 a 2 + b 2 = R 2 Cos 2 + Sin 2 However Cos 2 + Sin 2 = 1 So a 2 + b 2 = R Also b R.Sin = = Tan a R.Cos

b = Tan 1 a
= 0

Brendan Burr

## BTEC National Certificate in Electronics

Applied Trigonometric Techniques

## i = 200 Sin ( 300 t ) R.Sin ( t + ) a.Sin ( t ) + b.Cos ( t ) R = 200 = 300

As = 0 Then:
a = R.Cos a = 200 b = R.Sin b=0 a = 200.Cos( 0 )

b = 200.Sin( 0 )

Brendan Burr

## BTEC National Certificate in Electronics

Applied Trigonometric Techniques

Task 2
2.1 The following two voltage waveforms of the same frequency are combined as follows:
v = 3 sin 100t + 4 cos 100t

(a)

Produce a graph of one complete cycle for the voltage v using Graphmatica. Attached

(b)

Using compound angle formula, determine the resultant waveform. v = 3Sint + 4Cost R.Sin( t + ) R = 32 + 4 2 R=5 4 = TAN 1 3 = 53.13010235 RADS = 0.9272952179
y = S 5 i n

(0 10

+ .97927 x 0 22519

(c)

Produce a graph of the resultant waveform in (b) and verify the results are the same in (a). Attached