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APEXINDO

Accumulator Sizing

Instructions In the following spreadsheets cells with BLUE numbers require input, cells with YELLOW background and RED numbers are calculated values. Discussion The purpose of the accumulator system is to provide closing energy to all members of the blowout preventer stack. This is usually done with a hydraulic system designed and built to provide closing power to the equipment in 5 seconds or less to maintain the required pressures as desired. Usable fluid volume is defined as the volume of fluid recoverable from an accumulator between the accumulator operating pressure and 200 psi above the precharge pressure. The accumulator operating pressure is the pressure to which accumulators are charged with hydraulic fluid, usually 3000 psi. In order to calculate usable fluid volumes within accumulators, the ideal gas law formula P1V1 = P2V2 is applied. For example: Assume the total gas volume of the accumulator bottle is 10 gallons. If the bottle is precharged to 1000 psi what is the usable fluid volume the accumulator bottle will deliver betwen the operating pressures of 3000 psi and 1200 psi. Solution: Since the gas law formula requires absolute pressures, we must add atmospheric pressure P3 = 1000 psig + 15 psi (atmospheric) V3 = 10 gal. (gas volume of Koomey 11 gallon nominal accumulator) P1 = 3000 psig (system working pressure) + 15 psi (atmospheric) At a pressure of 3000 psig the gas volume = V2 V1 = P3 * V3 / P1 = 1015 (10) / 3015 = 3.366 gallons (gas) At a pressure of 1200 psig the gas volume = V2 V2 = P1 * V1 / P2 = 3015 (3.366) / 1215 = 8.352 gallons (gas) Therefore, the usable fluid volume (per bottle) is = (8.352 - 3.366) = 4.986 or 5 gallons Page 1

if operating between 3000 psig and 1200 psig. Subsea Stacks For sizing subsea mounted accumulator bottles, the addtional precharge pressure required to offset the hydrostatic head of the seawater column and the effect of subsea temperature should be considered. The precharge pressure must be increased to compensate for cold water. The temperature compensated precharge pressure is calculated from the follwing equation: Temperature compensated Pprech = Original Pprech * (460 + surface Temp oF) / (460 + seabed Temp oF)

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Surface BOP Control System Calculation Sheet


for Control Fluid and Minimum Accumulator Volume Requirements Control Fluid Requirements Annular Preventer #1 Ram Preventer #1 Ram Preventer #2 Ram Preventer #3 Ram Preventer #4 Ram Preventer #5 Choke Line HCR Valve Other Total Type Size 13-5/8" 5000 Close (gal) 40.99 21.52 21.52 21.52 Closing Ratio 10.85 10.85 10.85

0.78 106.33

Available control fluid volume to close against zero wellbore pressure Nominal system Working Pressure (Pwork) Nominal precharge Pressure (Pprech) Nominal accumulator bottle volume (Volacc) Number of accumulator bottles Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pprech) = Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pprech) = ( 3015 psia (usually 3015 psi) 1015 psia (usually 1015 psi) 10 gallons each 24 (Volacc - 1) ( 1 - Pprech / 10 -1) ( 1 - 1015 24.0 Pwork) / * 3015 ) = 5.97 gallons 5.97 = 143 gallons

Available accumulator fluid = Number of bottles * Fluid/bottle =

Available control fluid volume to close against full wellbore pressure Pmin = Stack Working Pressure (psia) Minimum Ram Preventer closing Ratio Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pmin) = Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pmin) = = = 1200 psia

(Volacc - 1) {( Pprech / Pmin) - ( Pprech / Pwork)} ( 10 -1) { ( 1015 ) - ( 1200 24 * 1015 ) = 3015 4.58 = 4.58 gallons

Available accumulator fluid = Number of bottles * Fluid/bottle =

110 gallons

API 53 BOPS system should have sufficient usable Hydraulic fluid volume (with pump inoperative) to close and open one Annular type preventer and all ram-type preventer from a full-open position against zero wellbore pressure .After closing and opening one Annular and all ram type preventers the remaining pressure shall be 200 psi above the minimum recommended pressure.

API Accumulator requirement 1 times all functions Close and Open Annular Close/Open Ram 1 Close/Open Ram 2 Close/Open Ram 3 Close/Open HCR Open/Close 40.99 21.52 21.52 21.52 0.78 106.33 GL

Triplex Pump Flow Air Pump Flow Flow Total

15HP 3/4 plungger triplex pump Model T 6.4 GPM Model UA8026-M 4.6 GPM 4.6 GPM 15.6 GPM

air pump #1 air pump #2

Up to 2000Psi accumulator volume 107 GL Time 107 / 15.6 = 6.86 mn

Up to 3015 psi (only electric pump) volume 143 GL Volume 143 - 107 = 36 GL to come up to 3015 psi 36 / 6.4 = 5.63 mn

Additional time

Total time

12.48 mn

Surface BOP Control System Calculation Sheet


for Control Fluid and Minimum Accumulator Volume Requirements Control Fluid Requirements Annular Preventer #1 Ram Preventer #1 Ram Preventer #2 Ram Preventer #3 Ram Preventer #4 Ram Preventer #5 Choke Line HCR Valve Other Total Type Size 13-5/8" 5000 Close (gal) 35.37 16.5 Closing Ratio

0.6 52.47

Available control fluid volume to close against zero wellbore pressure Nominal system Working Pressure (Pwork) Nominal precharge Pressure (Pprech) Nominal accumulator bottle volume (Volacc) Number of accumulator bottles Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pprech) = Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pprech) = ( 3015 psia (usually 3015 psi) 1015 psia (usually 1015 psi) 10 gallons each 14 (Volacc - 1) ( 1 - Pprech / 10 -1) ( 1 - 1015 14.0 Pwork) / * 3015 ) = 5.97 5.97 = 83.6

Available accumulator fluid = Number of bottles * Fluid/bottle =

Available control fluid volume to close against full wellbore pressure Pmin = Stack Working Pressure (psia) Minimum Ram Preventer closing Ratio Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pmin) = Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pmin) = = = 1200 psia

(Volacc - 1) {( Pprech / Pmin) - ( Pprech / Pwork)} ( 10 -1) { ( 1015 ) - ( 1200 14 * 1015 ) = 3015 4.58 = 4.58

Available accumulator fluid = Number of bottles * Fluid/bottle =

64.2

Rig 8 Accumulator remaining pressure after use of 52.47GL requiered by KUFPEC to close BOP will be: 1345 psia

KUFPEC Accumulator requirement Exibit B section 2-5-14 1.5 times the closing of 1 Annular, 1 Ram and Open 1 HCR Annular Close Ram Close HCR Open 23.58 11 0.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 35.37 16.5 0.6 52.47 GL

Triplex Pump Flow Air Pump Flow Total

15HP 3/4 plungger triplex pump Model T 6.4 GPM Model UA8026-M 4.6 GPM 11 GPM

Air pump # 1

Up to 2000Psi accumulator volume 62.5 GL Time 62.5 / 11 = 5.68 mn

Up to 3015 psi only electric pump volume 83.6 GL gallons Volume gallons Additional time 21.1 / 6.4 = 3.30 mn 83.6 - 62.5 = 21.1 GL to come up to 3015 psi

Total time

8.98 mn

gallons

gallons

KUFPEC to close BOP

Subsea BOP Control System Calculation Sheet


for Control Fluid and Minimum Accumulator Volume Requirements Control Fluid Requirements Type Size Close (gal) Open (gal) Closing Ratio Annular Preventer #1 88 61 (Note the opening and closing volumes of one annular only are required for this calculation.) Ram Preventer #1 17 16 Ram Preventer #2 17 16 Ram Preventer #3 17 16 Ram Preventer #4 17 16 Ram Preventer #5 Other 1.7 Total 157.7 125 Available control fluid volume from subsea accumulators Water depth at which control system will operate (Dw) Surface Temperature ( F) Temperature at Seabed ( F) Nominal system Working Pressure (Pwork) Nominal precharge Pressure (Pprech) Nominal surface accumulator bottle volume (Volacc) 500 50 40 3000 feet degrees degrees psia (usually 3015 psi)

1000 psia (usually 1015 psi)

11 gallons each Number of subsea accumulator bottles (Nosubsea) 89 Accumulators Actual surface precharge pressure required to compensate 1020 psia for temperature (Pprech) Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pprech) = (Volacc - 1) { 1 - (Pprech + .445 * Dw / Pwork + .445 * Dw )} Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pprech) = Available accumulator fluid (Pwork to Pprech) = ( 11 -1) ( 1 = 1223 89 / * 3223 ) = 6.21 = 6.21 552

Nosubsea * Fluid/bottle

Pmin is the greater of:

Pmin =

Stack Working Pressure (psia) Minimum Ram Preventer closing Ratio

3000 10.90

275

or:

Pmin = Pressure to hold c/k valve open at stack working pressure Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pmin) = (Volacc - 1) { Pprech + .445 * Dw Pmin + .445 * Dw Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pmin) = ( 11 -1) { 1222.5 1423 4.80 gallons Nosubsea * Fluid/bottle = 89 -

1200 psi

Pprech + .445 * Dw } Pwork + .445 * Dw 1222.5 3222.5 }

Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pmin) = Available accumulator fluid (Pwork to Pmin) =

4.80 424.1

427 Enough Bottles

Total required + 50 %

a BOP Control System Calculation Sheet

rol Fluid and Minimum Accumulator Volume Requirements

gallons gallons

psia

gallons Enough Bottles

BOYEL'S GASS LAW: Formula = (P1*V1)/T1 = (P2*V2)T2 = P3*V3)T3 = etc. Temperature is not taken into considderation According to API 16 D 2005 version. BOP Max Working Pressure Pressure pre-charge Volume pre-charge Pressure full charge Volume full charge Pressure Used Charge Volume used Charge Bottles installed Closure ratio Pressure rating BOP Annular size Nitrogen Volume Fluid Nitrogen Volume Fluid Remaining V3 P1 V1 P2 V2 P3 V3 15000 1000 11 3000 7.67 1376 7.99 86 10.9 15000 18-3/4"/10K .= .= .= .= Psi Psi Gallons Psi Gallons Psi Gallons Bottles to 1 Psi Ram Close Ram Open Ram Close Ram Open Ram Close Ram Open Ram Close Ram Open Ann Close Ann Open 1 Failsafe 3.33 7.67 7.99 3.01 17 16 17 16 17 16 17 16 88 61 1.7 282.7 Gallons Gallon Gallon Gallon Gallon Gallon Gallon Gallon Gallon Gallon Gallon Gallon Gallon Gallon Gallon Total

(P1*V1)/P2 (P1*V1)/P3

V2=

(P1*V1)/P2 V1-V2 (P1*V1)/P3 V1 - V3

1215*35/3015 D11-F22 (D11 * D12) / D11 (D12-1)-F25

Usable Fluid

Vol Pre-Chg - Vol Rem

.=

F24 - F27

4.99

Gallon

Full opening of all rams (max 4 rams) + 1 Annular + 1 Failsafe (see BOP Manual)

424.1

Gallon

Conclusion

Amount of Bottles required Suffecient Number of Bottles

86

Bottles

CALCULATE FUNCTION VOLUME


.= V TV P1 P2 PCH .= .= .= .= TOTAL SYSTEM ACCUMULATOR VOLUME MAX ACCUMULATOR PRESSURE ACCUMULATOR PRESSURE AFTER ACCUMULATOR PRECHARGE [P1-P2 / P1 * P2]* PCH * No Accumulators Volume 104 10 TOTAL FUNCTION VOLUME IN GALLONS. ie RAM CLOSE

FORMULA .= Onboard volums

.=

Pch 1000

18.2 Note :- Fill in Yellow boxes

LUME
Gallons Piston 14 153.9

Ram closing ratio


Ram rod 4.25 14.2

18.2
1040 3000 2850 1000

Ratio 10.9

to 1

Accumulator Draw Down Test.


Date:

Company
L.P.R M.P.R U.P.R U.P.R L.Annular Failsafes
Ram Size Close Time 5"
2 7/8" to 5" VBR's

Well No
Volume Gal Gal Gal Gal Gal Gal Open Time Volume Gal Gal Gal Gal Gal Gal PSI

5" 5" 18 3/4"

All

Start Pressure in Accumulators. Start Time

3000 psi End Time

Pipe Size Final Accumulator Pressure : psi Time to Pump Accumulators to 3000psi. Using both electric pumps and air pumps Using emergency electric pump and air pumps Final Minimum Acceptable Accumulator Pressure - 1200 psi. After Test. * 1200 psi represents 50% excess Volume required. * Accumulator Working Pressure must be 3000 psi * Precharge Pressure must be 1000 psi Closing / Size requirements. * The closing System must be capable of closing each Ram Preventer within 30 Sec`s * Closing time for Annulars must not exceed 45 Sec`s. Tool Pusher SubSea Engineer Co/Man
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While closing annular and UPR While closing annular and UPR