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DEPARTMENT OF ISLAMIC REVEAL KNOWLEDGE ISLAMIC WORLDVIEW (UNGS 2040)

GLOBALISATION

GROUP 23 NAME : NURATIQAH BINTI MAHMOD NAME : NUR HANISAH BINTI PAJARRUDIN 1120654 1120624

CONTENTS
Definition of Globalization___________________________________ 3 Advantages of Globalization__________________________________ 4 Disadvantage of Globalization________________________________ 6 Globalization from Islamic Perspective_________________________ 8

Defination of Globalization. Globalization is the 1system of interaction among the countries of the world in order to develop the global economy. It involves the integration of economies, cultures, government policies and political movements around the world. There are two types of integration, negative and positive integration. Negative integration is the breaking down of trade barriers for examples tariffs and quotas. The removal of barriers can be beneficial for a country if it allows for products that are important or essential to the economy but it may harm other countries. Positive integration on the other hand aims at standardizing international economic laws and policies Globalization also has 2three different distinct meanings. First, information meaning of globalization that transform the information pattern of the world and create the beginning of what has been called the information super highway. It expands access to data and mobilising the computer and the internet into global service. Second, the meaning of globalization in economic view that exchange the global market in creating new economic interdependencies across vast distances. Third, the meaning of globalization is comprehensive and general which means all forces which are turning the world into a global village, compressing distance, homogenizing culture, accelelerating mobility and reducing the relevance of political borders.

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Globalization Standard contents Islamic Worldview, Department of general studies, slide no 246-247

Advantages of Globalization. Globalisation is said to have bring fortune to this world. It helps people to manage their life in a very easy and comfortable way. These are some positive effect of globalisation. Firstly, global mass media can be viewed as advantage that globalization has braought to the world. Global mass media ties the world together. It means that the media has the opportunity to reach people and convey a message to people all over the world. Next, globalization also has made greater ease and speed of transportations for goods and people. For instance, people nowadays can travel all over the country in shorter time and purchasing goods become easier. With the help of globalization, the flow of communications also has been increased to allow vital information to be shared between individuals and corporations around the world. The best example is the internet. It allows us to communicate with people in the cheaper and easier way. It is claimed that globalization also has increased free trade between nations. As a result, there are lower prices, more employment and a better standard of life in these developing nations. Globalization has made the advances in science and technology too. This has allowed businesses to easily cross over territorial boundary lines. Consequently, companies tend to become more productive, competitive thereby raising quality of goods, services and the worlds living standard. Globalization lets countries do what they can do best. If, for example, people can buy cheap steel from another country and we dont have to make our own steel. We can focus on other things. Within globalization, more technologies are being developed.

Another 3positive effect of globalization is it reduce poverty and increased living standard. It can be prove from the fact that India has cut its poverty rate in half in the past two decades while China managed to reduce the number of rural poor from 250 million in 1978 to 34 million in 1999. With globalization, there is a 4global market for companies to trade their products. People may also have a wider range of options, to choose from among the products of different nations whether the product has better quality and better price. In short, the world has more choices. Through economic gains of globalisation, wealth is improved and this has led to the improvement of access to health care and clean water which has increased life expectancy. More than 85 percent of the worlds population can expect to live for at least sixty years that is twice as long as the average life expectancy 100 years ago. Lastly, globalisation help in developing and improve technologies. These technologies have made our life more easy and comfortable. For example, with the help of technologies, more machine are develop to help people work, to build great building, to communicate people and sophisticated hospital equipment. From all the information given above, it can be conclude that the globalization do have made the world a better place. It gives us more advantages from all aspects of life such as economics, health,environment, politics and others.

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http://www.globaleducation.edna.edu.au/globaled/go/pid/178 http://lifestyle.iloveindia.com/lounge/pros-and-cons-of-globalization-3507.html

Disadvantages of Globalization. Even globalization have its own advantages, we cannot deny the 5negative effects which have derived from globalization. Globalization may decreases in environmental integrity as polluting corporations take advantage of weak regulatory rules in developing countries. For example, a company may want to build factories in other countries because environmental laws are not as strict as they are at home. Poor countries in the Third World may have to cut down more trees so that they can sell wood to richer countries. The flow of skilled and non-skilled jobs from developed to developing nations also increased as the result of globalization because of the corporations who seek out the cheapest labour. This will causes unemployment in industrialized countries as the firms will move their factories to places where they can get cheaper workers. Globalization has also spread the materialistic trend of lifestyle, attitude and behaviour that sees consumption as the way to prosperity. People become more interested in what they have rather than the essential aspects of humanity. Even before this, we have agreed that the internet is one of the success and good example of globalization, it actually also give the bad impact by giving the useless and wrong information to the people that causing them to be pre-occupied with trivia. Globalization cause loss of culture. The culture of countries with more economic power are more dominant than others as these countries can produce many things that can affect cultures, such as, technologic products, greater buildings, movies and clothes.

http://geography.about.com/od/globalproblemsandissues/a/globalization.htm

According to Ikerd, while the global community is increasing, more and more people have

become ignorant about social, ethical and moral values which are various in defining groups. Other disadvantage of globalization is the increasing number of the loafer. After the industrial revolution, industry gravitated some particular countries. Because of that, these countries became a power in industry. However production decreased and so unemployment was raised in the other countries. Another reason of the unemployment rise is that the need of less manpower. As stated at
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Wikipedia, many workers found themselves suddenly

unemployed, as could no longer compete with machines which only required relatively limited work to produce more product than a single worker. Globalisation has cause the difficulity of competiton. With globalization, trade between the countries has been started to remove limits. Business nowadays requires being in more rigorous and challenging atmosphere to maintain continuity and development as there are not only competition between national competitors but also international competitors. It can be concluded that globalization has it negative effect too. It depends on how the people manage to deal with the negative effect of globalization so that it may not harm them.

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http://ruud.hubpages.com/hub/Disadvantages-of-Globalization http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Industrial_Revolution

Globalization From An Islamic Perspective Before this we has explained about globalization generally, now we will focus it from the Islamic worldview included the effects, advantages and disadvantages . Then the perspective of Islam will be brought to bear upon it from the point of view concerning the welfare of the Muslim Community in terms of its values and practices. From our research about this topic, the definition of the globalization in general and in Islamic perspective give the same meaning which is the process within which the level of human interaction is proceedly intensive including the primary effects and the reactions from the provocations leading to new developments. It may occur by some factors like technologies, political and economics.

Now we will proceed our discussion to the advantages of globalization from Islamic perspective. As a fact, globalization actually gave more advantages as if we know how to handle it. 8One of that is money can be sent instantly in commercial transactions. With the trend that the globalization bring up to us, as a Muslim we can use this advantage to help our brothers at the outside like Afghanistan and Palestine that needs our support to survive their life. Without need to meet them face-to-face to help, we actually helping them from far. Like Allah said in His book:

http://www.oocities.org/traditionalislam/GlobalizationFromAnIslamicPerspective.htm

Allah promiseth to the believers, men and women, Gardens underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide - blessed dwellings in Gardens of Eden. And - greater (far)! acceptance from Allah. That is the supreme triumph.9 (Surah Al-Tawbah;72)

Globalization in terms of education can be observed for instance in the use of this information technology and the internet in making education and knowledge open to all. We can learn the Islamic education without any barrier. In some countries like in the European countries, they only focused on the Western education and limit the Islamic education in their schools and universities. It was a fortunate for us because of globalization, now we can learn through the internet by visiting the website on Islamic education. Here we brought up some of the useful website for acquiring information on Islamic sciences like the web site alMuhaddith.com, in which important classical texts in Arabic in varities of fields can be study here. Among the texts are those in the field of Quranic commentary, traditions of the Prophet, fiqh, and the other. There are also some
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websites that facilitating translation from

Arabic to English and vice versa. Bundles of websites we can found about Islamic education now.

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The Holy Book of Quran ; Surah Al-Tawbah;72 Alajeeb.tarjim.com

Here we continue our topic of globalization about the bad effects of it. The most important problem faced by the process of globalization is the increasing number of loafer. As we talk about the Islamics view, then this kind of problem may affect the Muslim society. Let we explained it more further, this problem occurred after the industrial revolution. Because of that, these countries became a power in industry. However production decreased so unemployment was increased in the other countries. Another cause of the unemployment rise is that the need of less manpower. This is happen because the modern companies used machines replacing manpower. As man could no longer compete with machines which only required relatively limited work to produce more product than a single worker. From the worldview, people may see the Muslim in negative side which ape unemployment, jobless and lazy person.

Another biggest damage of globalization from Islamic perspective is that some Islamic cultures are getting lost. The cultures of the countries that have economic power are more dominant than others. Nowadays we can see that the Western countries hold the economic power. These seem like they will slowly replacing our culture and adopt their culture and lifestyle. Because, wealthy countries produce many things that can affect cultures, for instance, clothes, movies and technologic products. It was totally different of our cultures and lifestyle with them (the western). Obviously we have the rules in Islam that stated we cannot copies or impersonate other religions culture .

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