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Common Name acetone acid potassium sulfate acid of sugar ackey alcali volatil alcohol, grain alcohol sulfuris

alcohol, wood alum alumina antichlor antifreeze antimony black antimony bloom antimony glance antimony red (vermillion) aqua ammonia aqua fortis aqua regia aromatic spirit of ammonia arsenic glass azurite

Chemical Name dimethyl ketone; 2-propanone (usually known as acetone) potassium bisulfate oxalic acid nitric acid ammonium hydroxide ethyl alcohol carbon disulfide methyl alcohol aluminum potassium sulfate aluminum oxide sodium thiosulfate ethylene glycol antimony trisulfide antimony trioxide antimony trisulfide antimony oxysulfide aqueous solution of ammonium hydroxide nitric acid nitrohydrochloric acid ammonia in alcohol arsenic trioxide mineral form of basic copper carbonate

asbestos aspirin baking soda banana oil (artificial) barium white benzol bicarbonate of soda bichloride of mercury bichrome bitter salt black ash black copper oxide black lead blanc-fixe bleaching powder blue copperas blue lead blue salts blue stone blue vitriol bluestone bone ash bone black boracic acid borax bremen blue brimstone burnt alum

magnesium silicate acetylsalicylic acid sodium bicarbonate isoamyl acetate barium sulfate benzene sodium hydrogen carbonate or sodium bicarbonate mercuric chloride potassium dichromate magnesium sulfate crude form of sodium carbonate cupric oxide graphite (carbon) barium sulfate chlorinated lime; calcium hypochlorite copper sulfate (crystals) lead sulfate nickel sulfate copper sulfate (crystals) copper sulfate copper sulfate crude calcium phosphate crude animal charcoal boric acid sodium borate; sodium tetraborate basic copper carbonate sulfur anhydrous potassium aluminum

burnt lime burnt ochre burnt ore brine butter of antimony butter of tin butter of zinc calomel carbolic acid carbonic acid gas caustic lime caustic potash caustic soda chalk Chile saltpeter Chile nitre Chinese red Chinese white chloride of soda chloride of lime chrome alum chrome green chrome yellow chromic acid copperas corrosive sublimate corundum (ruby, sapphire) cream of tartar

sulfate calcium oxide ferric oxide ferric oxide aqueous sodium chloride solution antimony trichloride anhydrous stannic chloride zinc chloride mercury chloride; mercurous chloride phenol carbon dioxide calcium hydroxide potassium hydroxide sodium hydroxide calcium carbonate sodium nitrate sodium nitrate basic lead chromate zinc oxide sodium hypochlorite calcium hypochlorite chromic potassium sulfate chromium oxide lead (VI) chromate chromium trioxide ferrous sulfate mercury (II) chloride chiefly aluminum oxide potassium bitartrate

crocus powder crystal carbonate dechlor diamond emery powder epsom salts ethanol farina ferro prussiate ferrum flores martis fluorspar fixed white flowers of sulfur 'flowers of' any metal formalin French chalk French vergidris galena Glauber's salt green verditer green vitriol gypsum hard oil heavy spar hydrocyanic acid hypo (photography) Indian red Isinglass jeweler's rouge killed spirits

ferric oxide sodium carbonate sodium thiophosphate carbon crystal impure aluminum oxide magnesium sulfate ethyl alcohol starch potassium ferricyanide iron anhydride iron (III) chloride natural calcium fluoride barium sulfate sulfur oxide of the metal aqueous formaldehyde solution natural magnesium silicate basic copper acetate natural lead sulfide sodium sulfate basic copper carbonate ferrous sulfate crystals natural calcium sulfate boiled linseed oil barium sulfate hydrogen cynanide sodium thiosulfate solution ferric oxide agar-agar gelatin ferric oxide zinc chloride

lampblack laughing gas lead peroxide lead protoxide lime lime, slaked limewater liquor ammonia litharge lunar caustic liver of sulfur lye or soda lye magnesia manganese black marble mercury oxide, black methanol methylated spirits milk of lime milk of magnesium milk of sulfur "muriate" of a metal muriatic acid natron nitre nordhausen acid oil of mars oil of vitriol oil of wintergreen (artificial)

crude form of carbon; charcoal nitrous oxide lead dioxide lead oxide calcium oxide calcium hydroxide aqueous solution of calcium hydroxide ammonium hydroxide solution lead monoxide silver nitrate sufurated potash sodium hydroxide magnesium oxide manganese dioxide mainly calcium carbonate mercurous oxide methyl alcohol methyl alcohol calcium hydroxide magnesium hydroxide precipitated sulfur chloride of the metal hydrochloric acid sodium carbonate potassium nitrate fuming sulfuric acid deliquescent anhydrous iron (III) chloride sulfuric acid methyl salicylate

orthophosphoric acid Paris blue Paris green Paris white pear oil (artificial) pearl ash permanent white plaster of Paris plumbago potash potassa precipitated chalk Prussic acid pyro quicklime quicksilver red lead red liquor red prussiate of potash red prussiate of soda Rochelle salt rock salt rouge, jeweler's rubbing alcohol sal ammoniac sal soda salt, table salt of lemon salt of tartar saltpeter silica

phosphoric acid ferric ferrocyanide copper acetoarsenite powdered calcium carbonate isoamyl acetate potassium carbonate barium sulfate calcium sulfate graphite potassium carbonate potassium hydroxide calcium carbonate hydrogen cyanide tetrasodium pyrophosphate calcium oxide mercury lead tetraoxide aluminum acetate solution potassium ferrocyanide sodium ferrocyanide potassium sodium tartrate sodium chloride ferric oxide isopropyl alcohol ammonium chloride sodium carbonate sodium chloride potassium binoxalate potassium carbonate potassium nitrate silicon dioxide

slaked lime soda ash soda nitre soda lye soluble glass sour water spirit of hartshorn spirit of salt spirit of wine spirits of nitrous ether sugar, table sugar of lead sulfuric ether talc or talcum tin crystals trona unslaked lime Venetian red verdigris Vienna lime vinegar vitamin C vitriol washing soda water glass white caustic white lead white vitriol yellow prussiate of potash yellow prussiate of soda zinc vitriol

calcium hydroxide sodium carbonate sodium nitrate sodium hydroxide sodium silicate dilute sulfuric acid ammonium hydroxide solution hydrochloric acid ethyl alcohol ethyl nitrate sucrose lead acetate ethyl ether magnesium silicate stannous chloride natural sodium carbonate calcium oxide ferric oxide basic copper acetate calcium carbonate impure dilute acetic acid ascorbic acid sulfuric acid sodium carbonate sodium silicate sodium hydroxide basic lead carbonate zinc sulfate crystals potassium ferrocyanide sodium ferrocyanide zinc sulfate

zinc white

zinc oxide

Common and Trade Names of Chemicals


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Common name Alcohol, wood Alcohol, grain Alcohol, rubbing Alcohol Alka Seltzer Alum Alumina Alundum Antifreeze Antipersperant Aqua regia Aspirin Baking soda Baking powder Banana oil Baryta Barytes Battery acid Bauxite

Chemical name methanol, methyl alcohol Ethanol or ethyl alcohol 2-propanol, propyl alcohol, isopropyl alcohol Ethyl alcohol Sodium bicarbonate Potassium aluminum sulfate dodecahydrate Aluminum oxide Fused alumina Ethylene glycol Aluminum chlorohydrate 1:3 mixture of nitric and hydrochloric acids Acetyl salicylic acid Sodium hydrogen carbonate Sodium bicarbonate Amyl acetate Barium oxide Barium sulfate Sulfuric acid Hydrated aluminum oxide

Formula CH3OH C2H5OH

Al2O3

HNO3+HCl NaHCO3

Benzol Bleach (laundry) Bleaching powder Blue vitrol Bluestone Boracic acid Borax Brass Brimstone Bronze Calamine Calcite Calgon Calomel Carbolic acid Carbon tetrachloride Carborundum Caustic soda Chalk Chile saltpeter Chloroform Chlorox Chrome yellow Cinnabar Club soda Copperas Corrosive sublimate Cream of tartar DDT Dextrose Diamond Dolomite Drano Easy-off oven cleaner

Benzene Sodium hypochlorite Calcium chloride hypochlorite Copper (II) sulfate Copper II sulfate pentahydrate Boric acid Sodium tetraborate decahydrate Alloy of copper and zinc Sulfur Alloy of copper and tin Zinc carbonate Calcium carbonate Calcium hexametaphosphate Mercurous chloride Phenol Tetrachloromethane Silicon carbide Sodium hydroxide Calcium carbonate Sodium nitrate Trichloromethane Hypochlorus acid Lead chromate Mercury II sulfide Carbonic acid Hydrated ferrous sulfate Mercuric chloride Potassium hydrogen tartrate Dichlorodiphenyltrichl oroethane Glucose Carbon Calcium magnesium carbonate Sodium hydroxide Sodium hydroxide

NaClO

CuSO4*5H2O CuSO3*5H2O Na2B4O7*10H2O

CCl4

CHCl3

HgS

KHC4H4O6

C CaCO3*MgCO3

Egg shells Epsom salts Ether Ex-lax Fertilizer component Flurostan Fool's gold Formalin Freon (refrigerant) Galena Galena Glauber's salt Glycerine Grain alcohol Graphite Green vitriol Gypsum Heavy water Hypo Ice bite Invert sugar Laughing gas Levulose Lime Limestone Liquid paper Lite salt Litharge Lithopone Liver of sulfur LOX Lunar caustic Lye

Calcium carbonate Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate Ethyl ether Phenolphthalein Ammonium nitrate Stannous fluoride Iron Pyrites 40% solution of formaldehyde Dichlorodifluorometha ne Zinc sulfide Lead II sulfide Hydrated sodium sulfate Glycerol Ethanol or ethyl alcohol Carbon Hydrated ferrous sulfate Calcium sulfate dihydrate Deuterium oxide Sodium thiosulfate pentahydrate Calcium chloride Mixture of glucose and fructose Dinitrogen oxide Fructose Calcium oxide Calcium carbonate Titanium dioxide Potassium chloride Lead monoxide Mixture of zinc sulfide and barium sulfate Potassium sulfide Liquid oxygen Silver nitrate Sodium hydroxide

MgSO4*7H2O

CCl2F2 PbS

C2H5OH C

CaSO4*2H2O Na2S2O3*5H2O

N2O CaO CaCO3

NaOH

Magnesia Marble Margarine Marsh gas MEK Microcosmic salt Milk sugar Milk of magnesia Milk of lime Mohr's salt Moth balls Msg Muriatic acid Nutrasweet Oil of bitter almonds Oil of vitriol Oil of mirbane Oil of vitriol Oil of winter green Oleum Paris green Perier Pewter Phosgene Photographic hypo Picric acid Plaster Plaster of Paris Potash Prussian blue Pyrite (fool's gold) Quartz

Magnesium oxide Calcium carbonate Partially saturated fatty acid Methane Methyl ethyl ketone Hydrated sodium ammonium hydrogen phosphate Lactose Magnesium hydroxide Calcium hydroxide Hydrated ferrous ammonium sulfate Naphthalene Sodium hydrogen glutamate Hydrochloric acid Aspartame Benzaldehyde Sulfuric acid (conc.) Nitrobenzene Concentrated sulfuric acid Methyl salicylate Fuming sulfuric acid Double salt of copper acetate and copper arsenite Carbonic acid Alloy of tin, antimony, copper, and lead Carbonyl chloride Sodium thiosoulfate Trinitrophenol Calcium hydroxide Calcium sulfate hemihydrate Potassium carbonate Ferric ferrocyanide Iron disulfide Silicon dioxide

CaCO3

CH3COC2H5

Mg(OH)2

HCl

H2SO4

CaSO4*(1/2)H2O K2CO3 FeS2 SiO2

Quicklime Quicksilver Rochelle salt Rolaids Rouge Rubbing alcohol Sal ammoniac Sal soda Sal ammoniac Salt, table Salt, lite Saltpeter Sand Sani-flush Saran wrap Silica Slaked lime Smelling salts Soda ash (washing soda) Solder Sugar Sugar, table Sugar of lead Sun-tan lotion Teflon TNT Toluol TSP Tums Turnbull's blue Tylenol Vinegar

Calcium oxide Mercury Potassium sodium tartrate Dihydroxyaluminum sodium carbonate Ferric oxide 2-propanol, propyl alcohol, isopropyl alcohol Ammonium chloride Hydrated sodium carbonate Ammonium chloride Sodium chloride Potassium chloride Potassium nitrate Silicon dioxide Sodium bisulfate Poly-1,1dichloroethylene Silicon dioxide Calcium hydroxide Ammonium carbonate Sodium carbonate

Hg

NH4Cl

NaCl KNO3 SiO2

Ca(OH)2

Alloy of tin and antimony Sucrose Sucrose C12H22O11 Hydrated lead acetate Para-aminobenzoic acid A polymer of tetrafluoroethylene Trinitrotoluene Toluene (Tri) Sodium Na3PO4 Phosphate Calcium carbonate Ferrous ferricyanide Acetominophen Acetic acid, ethanoic

Vitamin C Washing soda Washing soda Water softener White lead Windex Wood alcohol Zinc blend

acid Ascorbic acid Sodium carbonate decahydrate Hydrated sodium carbonate Barium hydroxide Basic lead carbonate Ammonia Methyl alcohol, methanol Zinc sulfide

NaCO3*10H2O

CH3OH

rchaic or Common Name Acid of sugar Ackey Alum or Alum flower or Alum meal Antichlor Antimony black Antimony bloom Antimony glance Aqua fortis Aromatic spirits of ammonia Arsenic glass Azurite

Current Technical Name Oxalic acid. Nitric acid. Potassium aluminum sulfate. Sodium thiosulfate. Antimony trisulfide. Antimony trioxide. Antimony trisulfide. Nitric acid. A 10% solution of ammonia. Arsenic trioxide. Mineral form of basic copper

Archaic or Common Name Indian red Isinglass Jewellers' rouge Lampblack Lead peroxide Lead protoxide Lime Lime (slaked) Liquor ammonia Litharge Liver of sulphur

Current Technical Name Ferric oxide. Agar-agar, gelatine. Ferric oxide.

Crude form of carbon. Lead dioxide. Lead oxide. Calcium oxide. Calcium hydroxide. Ammonium hydroxide (soln.). Lead monoxide. Potash sulfurated.

carbonate. Baking Sodium soda bicarbonate. Barium Barium white sulfate. Bicarbonate Sodium of soda hydrogen carbonate (sodium bicarbonate) . Bichrome Potassium dichromate. Bitter salt Magnesium sulfate. Black ash Crude form of sodium carbonate. Black lead Graphite. Blanc-fixe Barium sulfate. Bleaching Calcium powder hypochlorite . Blue Copper copperas sulfate (crystals). Blue lead Lead sulfate. Blue salts Nickel sulfate. Blue stone Copper sulfate (crystals). Blue vitriol Copper sulfate (crystals). Bone ash Crude calcium phosphate. Bone black Crude animal charcoal. Boracic acid Boric acid.

Lunar caustic Lye (soda lye) Magnesia

Silver nitrate. Sodium hydroxide. Magnesium oxide.

Manganes e black Marble Milk of lime Milk of magnesiu m Milk of sulphur Mohrs salt "Muriate" of a metal Muriatic acid Natron Nitre Oil of vitriol Oleic acid Paris blue Pearl ash

Manganese dioxide. Calcium carbonate. Calcium hydroxide. Magnesium hydroxide. Precipitated sulfur. Ferrous ammonium sulfate. The metal chloride. Hydrochloric acid. Sodium carbonate. Potassium nitrate. Concentrate d sulfuric acid. CIS-9octadecenoi c acid. Ferric ferrocyanide . Anhydrous

Borax Bremen blue Brimstone Burnt alum

Burnt lime

Sodium tetraborate. Basic copper carbonate. Sulfur. Anhydrous potassium aluminum sulfate. Calcium oxide.

Permanent white Plaster of Paris Plumbago Precipitate d chalk Prussian blue Quicklime Quicksilver Red lead Red liquor

potassium carbonate. Barium sulfate. Calcium sulfate. Graphite. Calcium carbonate. Ferric ferrocyanide . Calcium oxide. Mercury. Lead tetroxide. Aluminum acetate (soln.).

Burnt ochre Ferric oxide. or burnt ore Calomel Mercurous chloride. Carbolic Phenol. acid Caustic "Any strongly alkaline material which has a corrosive or irritating effect on living tissue." ...Hawley's condensed Chemical Dictionary. Caustic lime Calcium hydroxide. Caustic potash Caustic soda Chalk Chili nitre Potassium hydroxide. Sodium hydroxide. Calcium carbonate. Sodium

Red prussiate of potash Red prussiate of soda Rochelle salt Rock salt Rouge

Potassium ferricyanide Sodium ferricyanide Potassium sodium tartrate Sodium chloride Ferric oxide

or chili saltpetre Chinese red Chinese white Chloride of lime Chloride of soda Chlorinated lime Chrome alum Chrome green

nitrate. Basic lead chromate. Zinc oxide. Calcium hypochlorite . Sodium hypochlorite . Calcium hypochlorite . Potassium chromium sulfate. Chromium oxide. Sal ammoniac Salt Salt of tartar or salt of wormwood Saltpetre Slaked lime Soda ash Ammonium chloride. Sodium chloride. Potassium carbonate. Potassium nitrate. Calcium hydroxide.

Chrome red Chrome yellow Chromic acid Common salt Copperas (blue) Copperas (green) Corundum Cream of tartar

Basic lead chromate. Lead chromate. Chromium trioxide. Sodium chloride. Copper sulfate (crystals). Ferrous sulfate. Chiefly aluminum oxide. Potassium hydrogen tartrate.

Anhydrous sodium carbonate. Soda lime Mixture of calcium oxide and sodium hydroxide. Soda Sodium monohydra carbonate te (crystals). Soda nitre Sodium nitrate. Soda or Sodium washing carbonate soda (crystals). (crystals) Sour water Dilute sulfuric acid. Spirit of Ammonia hartshorn solution. Spirit of salt Spirit of wine Sugar of lead Hydrochloric acid. Ethanol (ethyl alcohol). Lead acetate.

Crocus Crystal carbonate Dechlor Epsom salts Farina Ferroprussiate Ferrum Fixed white "Flowers" of sulfur "Flowers" of a metal

Ferric oxide. Sodium carbonate. Sodium thiosulfate. Magnesium sulfate. Starch. Potassium ferrocyanide . Iron. Barium sulfate. Sulfur. Obsolete term for an oxide of a metal e.g. flowers of zinc is zinc oxide. Basic copper acetate. Sodium sulfate. Basic copper carbonate. Ferrous sulfate (crystals). Caleium sulfate. Barium sulfate. Sodium thiosulfate.

Tin crystals Trona Unslaked lime Venetian red Verdigris Vienna lime Vinegar

Stannous chloride. Sodium carbonate (natural). Calcium oxide. Ferric oxide. Basic copper acetate. Calcium carbonate.

Crude form of acetic acid. Vitriol Sulfuric acid. Washing Sodium soda carbonate (crystals). Waterglass Sodium silicate (soln. ).

French verdigris Glauber's salt Green verditer Green vitriol Gypsum Heavy spar

White caustic White lead White vitriol Whiting Yellow prussiate of potash Yellow prussiate of soda Zinc vitriol

Sodium hydroxide. Basic lead carbonate. Zinc sulfate (crystal). Calcium carbonate. Potassium ferrocyanide . Sodium ferrocyanide . Zinc sulfate.

Hypo

Zinc white

Zinc oxide.

Page 10 THE CHEMICAL LOCATER A Cross Reference of Chemicals by Common Name

Common Name Chemical Name acetic acid, glacial acetic acid activated charcoal carbon alum aluminum potassium sulfate aluminum foil aluminum aluminum wire aluminum ammonia (household) ammonia ammonium alum aluminum ammonium sulfate antacid calcium carbonate, calcium hydroxide, or magnesium hydroxide (check label) antifreeze ethylene glycol aspirin acetylsalicylic acid baking soda sodium hydrogen carbonate battery acid sulfuric acid bleach sodium hypochlorite, (may also be hypochlorus acid) bleaching powder calcium hypochlorite blow torch propane Bluestone algicide copper sulfate borax sodium borate

boric acid boric acid candle hardener stearic acid candles paraffin casting resin polystyrene caustic potash potassium hydroxide caustic soda sodium hydroxide chalk calcium carbonate charcoal carbon chlorinating powder calcium hypochlorite Clairoxide hydrogen peroxide (6%) cleaning fluid 1,1,1-trichloroethane Clearwater potassium permanganate corn starch amylum Craft Cast polyurethane foam cream of tartar potassium bitartrate denatured alcohol ethanol Dextrose glucose disappearing ink thymolphthalein dry ice carbon dioxide, solid duplicator fluid methanol egg preserver sodium silicate epoxy cleaner acetone Epsom salts magnesium sulfate ethyl alcohol ethanol eyewash solution boric acid ferric chloride iron(III) chloride ferric oxide iron(III) oxide fertilizer urea fiberglass cleaner acetone

Page 11 Common Name Chemical Name flocculating powder aluminum sulfate flowers of sulfur sulfur Freon-12 dichlorodifluoromethane gas barbecue fuel propane gas dryer methanol glycerin glycerol graphite (powder) carbon graphite (rod) carbon gypsum calcium sulfate heating pad sodium acetate hypo sodium thiosulfate ice melter calcium chloride ice melter urea isoprene latex isopropyl alcohol 2-propanol kosher salt sodium chloride lamp oil kerosene laundry bleach hypochlorous acid lead shot lead light bulb filament tungsten (wolfram) lighter fuel butane limestone calcium carbonate liquid rubber latex lite salt potassium chloride lye potassium hydroxide lye sodium hydroxide Magic Rocks sodium silicate

marble chips calcium carbonate masonry cleaner hydrochloric acid Methidote methylene blue methyl alcohol methanol mildew remover sodium hypochlorite milk acid lactic acid Milk of Magnesia magnesium hydroxide Moth balls naphthalene moth balls paradichlorobenzene Mountains in Minutes polyurethane foam muriatic acid hydrochloric acid nail polish remover acetone nails iron natural gas methane nitrate of ammonia ammonium nitrate nitrate of soda sodium nitrate No-Doz tablets caffeine Nujol mineral oil oil of wintergreen methyl salicylate paraffin wax paraffin pH Down sodium hydrogen phosphate or sodium hydrogen sulfate pickling salt sodium chloride potassium alum aluminum potassium sulfate potassium alum potassium aluminum sulfate

Common Name Chemical Name

quicklime calcium oxide quicksilver mercury quinine water quinine radiator cleaner oxalic acid red cabbage red cabbage juice roach killer boric acid road salt calcium chloride Root Eater copper sulfate rubbing alcohol isopropyl alcohol (70%) rubbing alcohol 2-propanol rubbing alcohol ethanol (70%) rust iron(III) oxide rust remover oxalic acid sal ammoniac ammonium chloride saltpeter potassium nitrate sand silicon dioxide seltzer carbonic acid silver silver sinkers (fishing) lead slaked lime calcium hydroxide smelling salt ammonium carbonate soda water carbonic acid sour salt citric acid steel wool iron stop bath acetic acid (28%) sulfate of aluminum aluminum sulfate superphosphate calcium phosphate table salt sodium chloride table sugar sucrose Talc(um) powder magnesium silicate tannin tannic acid

Tincture of iodine iodine (in alcohol) trisodium phosphate sodium phosphate vinegar acetic acid (5% solution) vitamin C ascorbic acid washing soda sodium carbonate water glass sodium silicate wood alcohol methanol 3 Amonaco (con cloro) Desinfeccin Bicarbonato de calcio Ca(HCO 3)2 -- -Bicarbonato de sodio NaHCO 3 Soda de hornear, bicarbonato de sosa -Bicarbonoato ferroso Fe(HCO 3)2 Hierro disuelto -Bisulfato de sodio NaHSO 4 Sulfato cido de sodio, nitro en masa -Carbonato de calcio CaCO 3 Calcita, piedra caliza, yeso blanco, mrmol triturado, tiza Neutralizacin Carbonato de magnesio MgCO 3 Magnesita -Carbonato de sodio Na 2CO3 Ceniza de sosa (sal de sosa, sosa para lavar) Neutralizacin Carbono C Carbn adtivado Adsorcin Clorito de sodio NaCIO 2 -- Desinfeccin

Cloro CI Gas de cloro Desinfeccin Cloruro de calcio CaCI 2 Sal descongelante -Cloruro de magnesio MgCI -- -Cloruro de potasio KCI Sustituto de la sal de mesa, muriato de potasa Ablandador Cloruro de sodio NaCI Sal comn, sal de mesa Regeneracion de ablandadores Cloruro frrico FeCI 3 -- Coagulacin Dixido de carbono CO 2 -- Establizacin Dixido de cloro CIO 2 -- Desinfeccin Fluoruro de sodio NaF -- Fluorizacin Hidrxido de calcio Ca(OH) 2 Cal hidratada, cal apagada Establizacin Hidrxido de magnesio Mg(OH) 3 Leche de magnesia -Hidrxido de potasio KOH Potasa -Hidrxido de sodio NaOH Soda custica, leja, leja de sosa Regeneracin de DI, anin Hidrxido frrico Fe(OH) 3 -- -Hipoclorito de calcio Ca(OCI) 2 H.T.H. Desinfeccin Nitrato de potasio KNO Salitre, nitro -Nitrato de sodio NaNO 3 Salitre chileno -Oxido de calcio CaO Cal qumica, cal viva, cal quemada Ablandamiento de cal

Permanganato de potasio KMnO 4 Permanganato de potasa, Regeneracin de zeolitas, de mineral de camalen manganeso, aplicacin qumica Sulfato de aluminio AI2(SO 4)3 Alumbre, alumbre de papelera, alumbre de filtros Coagulacin Sulfato de calcio CaSO 4 Yeso, yeso de Pars Adsorcin Sulfato de cobre (cuprico) CuSO 4 Malaquita azul, vitriolo azul Eliminacin de plagas, biocida Sulfato de magnesio MgSO 4 Sales de Epsom -Sulfato de sodio Na2SO 4 Sal de Glauber -Sulfato frrico Fe(SO 4)3 -- Coagulacin Sulfato ferroso FeSO 4 Caparrosa verde, Es decir: 1 ppm = 1 mg/L La mayoria de los anlisis completos indican los diversos constituyentes del agua, tales como el calcio (Ca), el sodio (Na), el magnesio (Mg), los sulfatos (SO 4), los cloruros (Cl), etc., como equivalentes de CaCO 3. A fin de obtener el contenido total de slidos disueltos en una muestra de agua, todos los constituyentes deben expresarse sobre la misma base de CaCO 3 y sumarse.

En los casos en que el anlisis del agua enumera el contenido de cada constituyente como su elemento bsio, se pueden aplicar ciertos factores que se indican a continuacin, para convertir cada uno de ellos a equivalentes de CaCO 3. **Para convertir ppm como iones a ppm como CaCO 3 multiplique por... 1 Nota: Miligramos por litro (mg/L), que difiere de ppm en que expresa una proporcin de peso por volumen, encuentra aplicacin especfica en el anlisis de aguas salinas. Para los suministros superficiales comunes (gravedad especfica cercana