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ACTION RESEARCH

Researchers Name Designation Place

: : :

Baljeet Kaur lecturer DIET, Deon Bathinda

Result of the present research work Research is about vocabulary. The tools used in it may be used in schools and professional cause classes i.e. E.T.T Diploma. The students who are weak in English, can strengthen their vocabulary. They can learn now words, sentences, phrases, pronunciation etc. many students are weak in English because they dont have store house of words. It can be developed with the help of present research work. Students who think that English is s difficult subject and curious language. They can get rid of this type of short comings. They can get full knowledge. Repeating this may be beneficial to students. Results may be remarkable and wonderful.

INDEX Page I Page II Page III Page IV Page V Page VI Page VII Page VIII&IX Page X and XI Page XII and XIII Page XIII and XIIII Acknowledgement General ideas about action research. What is problem. Title Reasons Objectives and Tools Methodology and Sample Sample, Table Tables and Tests Tables of Tests Implements

Acknowledgement Researcher is thankful to his friends and colleagues who inspired and guided her to solve problems related to English specially thankful Director SCERT Mrs. Neelam Bhagat, Sub. Expert Mrs. Baljeet Kaur, principal DIET, Deon Sh. Hardeep Singh and Niraj Kumar Lec. DIET. Deon. English is a foreign language. Here are many problems among E.T.T. students related to English. As English subject lecturer, researcher faced many problems. Some students cant pronounce words properly. Some knows nothing about spellings and phonetic system. English is a language from other countries. It is not our native language. So errors are possible. When research met students in the class E.T.T. students have not good command over English. Impact of it on researchers mind was deep. Though English is foreign language. It is window for jobs so it is necessary to have mastery over English with these ideas researcher was inspired to take some topics for research. May the problems be solved.

General ideas about Action Research Improvements are essential changes are everywhere. Research is an important work in every field of life. Action research is the most important way for the achievement of goals in life. Major problems can be solved with action research. We can say, not only related to studies, but problems related to routine life also, one can solve with action research. Needs makes one perfect. As a general saying, necessity is the mother of invention. When one feels need of something, he/she tries to make the efforts to achieve it. He/she researches the goals and takes results. As such great scientists Newton, Gollineo made invention. They made their researches and showed the clear mirror to society. From the ancient times, from the origin of the human beings, researches have made human beings perfect. Man is marching towards the every sphere of life day by day. It is possible only with researches. In the field of education it plays an important role. Problems related to studies and their studies may be solved with action research. Problems for example related to grammar, contents, text books etc. Can be done with action research. Everything is possible with action research with the help of action research problems may be solved in a short time. Results may be positive. No doubt in the present period it got a dynamic place in any type of research. What is Problem English is an international language. So here are many problems related to English subject. Researcher is lecturer at DIET, Deon (Bathinda) E.T.T. students have major problems of vocabulary. Their vocabulary is weak. They knew limited words. It is observed by the researcher during the periods. Their lack of knowledge about English is to become the main obstacle in the way of their studies. Because

of poor vocabulary, student cant write paras, essays etc. they dont know proper wording. They dont know how to adjust words on particular place. They cant speak English because they have no knowledge of vocabulary. So they are not able to get maximum marks in English. Because they are unable to arrange words, they are facing problems. It is specific the solution of this problem is necessary. If students have good command over English, they can achieve their goals. In society they live in a lively way. They can do work (which is in English) with full confidence. Confidence makes one perfect so impact of it on students is very much. It is part of life. Title Title of the research is to enhance vocabulary. How to improve vocabulary among students. How students can gain the store house of words. It is related to ETT students. Students who are facing this problem, they are weak in English. They dont know English words. They dont know how to write words because English is a language in which spelling, words and their meanings are curious. Some words have phonetic system, but spellings are different, for example:- Fair, Fare. Some have same spellings but different phonetic system so many students dont know how to write them. How to understand meanings. Researcher has made efforts for this. He used some methods for this. He used drill method. He adopted the way of teaching oral and written. Researcher daily spoke some words. Told the meanings in students mother tongue. Then said them to write on their note books. Daily five to ten words were written on notebooks. Students learn them orally also.

Reasons Researcher discussed some issues with ETT students in the class. He searched some reasons of their weakness in English. First of all mostly students belong to poor families, they are economical weak. They do hard work at home. So they have no satisfactory time for studies secondly, at home living standard are totally rural and indigenous. All around the environment, there is no use of English. They have no opportunities for learning English. Thirdly, they are basically weal students. Their root from the primary level is weak. When Researcher gained the knowledge about their less knowledge about English, he tried there best for improvements. Objectives 1. Top make their English strong. 2. To enhance their store house of words. 3. To make them full of confidence. 4. To make them perfect in English. 5. To make them eligible for good jobs. Tools A study of impact of newspaper is enhancing the vocabulary among the students. Researcher used some tools for this purpose. He done his work with the help of dictionary, Newspapers, books, magazines etc. One week researcher daily spoke some words in English, students wrote them on their note books. Then found the meanings from the dictionary. They tried to learn them. Next week researcher spoke some words in Punjabi and said them to find their English from dictionary. In this way practice was remarkable. Students daily read the news paper. They

underlined the difficult words and discussed their meanings with the researcher. They learnt English to Punjabi from their syllabus text book. The books upto 8th class were used also. English to Punjabi was taught to them. In this way, students learnt many words. Some words were dreaded objects for them. But now they are familiar to them. English was a bete-noire for them. But now they like it . In this way, their vocabulary was strengthened. Methodology Researcher talked to students face to face combulation with students was satisfactory. He adopted the methods for implements oral work and written work. He told the students the importance of English. Billions of people from different countries read and speak it. It gives opportunities for jobs. One can walk step by step in society with its knowledge. It is popular everywhere. In this way students were eager and interested to learn English. They were keen for it. Appreciation is another part of researchers methodology. When students spoke some English or showed some interest for English. Researcher appreciated them. This gave wonderful results. Sample For further improvement, Researcher made a plan. He chose 30 students for research. They were dull in English. They had no interest and curiosity for English. There were students of 2nd semester. Even they dont know daily use objects name in English. Among thirty students fifteen were very poor. Ten were below overage and five were average. Some belonged to urban areas and some rural arrears. Some were married and some were un-married. Here is a table of them

Table No. ofSpeaking Writing ReadingRural Students ability ability ability 5 Simple Students words Average 10 students Below average 15 Students very Poor Simple words for ex. Cat, bat Simple words Simple words Simple words 5 Urban Male Female Married Unmarried 5 5 -

Simple words -

10

15

10

15

It was the condition of the thirty students. Fifteen students were very poor. Even they could not speak simple words. They could not read their text book. Among them ten were male members, five were female students. All belonged to urban areas and they were married. Ten students were below average. They could not speak English words. They didnt know proper pronunciation. They could read or write only simple words. Among them seven belonged to rural areas and three belonged to urban area. Seven were male and three were females. All were married. Five students were average. They could read simple words but they didnt know proper stress and intonation. All five were married. After watching their condition. Researcher motivated them. He encourage them. Researcher applied his tools. She daily gave those words for speaking, reading and writing. Simple books were read in the class. Difficult and new words from

newspaper and books were underlined. Students tried to know their meanings. It was done for one week. Now students knew better than before. After one week researcher took a test. Output was good. Here is a table of it:Table New Words Phrases Sentences Pronunciation 10 Students knew They could read They were able to Pronunciation was new words and write phrases could make new simple better than before. sentences tell They could speak Pronunciation was and sentences write better than before. but

10 students knew They simple words

some difficult and phrases orally also

writing ability was poor 10 students could They could read They could write Pronunciation was read words They words. Some students showed some better work. Some students were able to read and write words, phrases and sentences. Now researcher used newspaper and books daily. She told them to read sentences to read sentences form them and write then on note books. She told them meanings in mother tongue. Students done it with interest. They used dictionary with the help of researcher. They found the meanings from the dictionary. It was done seven days. Researcher took a second and write and write phrase. simple there were but a some mistakes. sentences better than before. they done properly. But gained

spelling mistake.

good knowledge of

test now. For test he chose some difficult words, sentences and phrases, explanation of a topic. Students done better then before. A Table of test is below:Table Words Phrases Sentences Pronunciation 15 Students were 15 Students were They could make Pronunciation was able to read and able to read and new write difficult write They could words. They could difficult translate them. sentences. better than before. some They write some phrases. lines on My Self use and My school a few

words on proper also. There were place. They know only their also. meanings mistakes. Now their was use They could write Pronunciation was

vocabulary Other good. fifteen They could

students were able phrases. But they sentences but done better than before. to read and write were not able to mistakes. difficult They words. write some words could on proper place.

translate them. It was better then before. Now researcher tried his best for next test. He taught them with hard work. Students followed him. They daily read and wrote from books, newspapers and their text books. It was done fifteen days; a test was given to students. It was appreciable. Table of it is below:Table

Words and Phrases Now, ten students were able to read and write difficult words and phrases. They knew their meanings and could set words according to their place and meaning. Next fifteen students could read and write difficult words. But they done minor mistakes. Now they were able, before. Next Five students showed some dull performance. They could read and write simple words and phrases.

Sentences

Reading & Pronunciation Writing They could Their reading and Pronunciation was arrange writing was good better than before sentences, write them in proper order

They could write Reading and Pronunciation was sentences. writing was better than before but better than before proper stress and intonation was poor

They could write simple sentences for ex: This is a cat, That is a rat.

Their writing was poor and readings was better than before

Pronunciation was better than before. But they did some mistakes.

It was a final and last test. This process was done in thirty days. Though, Progress was slow, but results were better. Implements This research may be successful in Pbi. Medium schools and course classed. Students interest can be created for English Language. A fear for English, may be abolished. Vocabulary is must for learning every language. It may be remarkable for increasing vocabulary in students. They can learn new and difficult words. Use of dictionary may be their habit. Reading newspapers may be their habit. It is useful for slow learners and students who are weak in English. Researcher hopes that problems related to English can be solved in this way, especially the problem of vocabulary.