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SUBMISSION ________________________________________________________________________ COURSE CODE : BIK3023 COURSE TITLE : READING SKILLS ________________________________________________________________________ INSTRUCTIONS TO STUDENTS 1. The coursework contributes to 60% of the total marks for the course. There are three assignments: a. Assignment 1 - On-Line Discussion (10%) b. Assignment 2 (20%) c. Assignment 3 (30%) 2. Answer in English. 3. You can submit your assignment ONCE only in a SINGLE file. 4. Assignments 1 and 2 should be prepared individually. You should not copy another persons assignment as your own. 5. Your assignment should be typed using 12 point Times New Roman font and 1.5 line spacing. 6. You must submit your assignment ON-LINE via the MyGuru. Refer to the portal for instructions on the procedures to submit your assignment on-line. You are advised to keep a copy of your submitted assignment for personal reference. 7. All discussion postings must be submitted before 23 April 2012. Submission after 23 April 2012 will NOT be accepted. 8. Assignment 2 must be submitted before 29 April 2012. Submission after 29 April 2012 will NOT be accepted. 9. Assignment 3 must be submitted before 6 May 2012. Submission after 29 May 2012 will NOT be accepted. 10. Plagiarism : Marks Deduction

Submitted assignment will undergo a similarity check. If plagiarism is detected in submitted assignments, marks would be deducted as follows: Assignments with 10 - 30 % overlap with others: 20% deduction from the total marks scored. Assignments with 31 - 50 % overlap with others: 40% deduction from the total marks scored. Assignments with more than 50% overlap with others: Zero mark would be given. 1. Assignment 1 (E- Learning 10%) A discussion topic will be posted on the forum in MyGuru. A total of 5 topics will be given. Respond to the topic given in about 40-50 words and provide at least one comment to one of your colleagues responses to create a discussion. Each discussion topic with relevant/logical responses given will be awarded 2 marks. Students who respond to the discussion topic only will be awarded 1 mark. Comments such as I agree with you or good idea to colleagues responses will not receive any marks.

2. Assignment 2 - Evaluating Arguments in Article Analysis (20%) One important skill for understanding an essay, article or chapter is through the analysis of the parts of the authors reasoning. Select TWO texts about a controversial issue. (These are issues on which people disagree such as arranged marriages, cosmetic surgery, capital punishment and genetically modified crops). The texts can be from newspapers, magazines or credible websites. Complete information of the source must be included. Please cite the sources appropriately following APA format. The content of the text must enable you to response to the questions provided. The text must be included in the Appendix section of your assignment.

Based on the selected texts, write responses to these questions. 1. What is the issue being discussed? What was the author's purpose in writing this text? What was the author trying to accomplish? 2. Who is the intended audience? What is the author trying to persuade the audience to believe or do? 3. What evidence is used to support the argument of the text? What types of support are presented by the author? Types of support refer to the kind of evidence the author uses to back up his/her main arguments. Support can include research findings, case studies, personal experience or observation, examples, facts, comparisons, and expert testimony or opinion. 4. Is the argument complete? An argument is complete when the author presents adequate support and addresses opposing sides of the argument. Do you think the author is biased? Explain. 5. Respond to the text from your own personal viewpoint as an individual reader. How much does the text agree with your personal point of view and what you consider right and wrong? Why or why not? What new information did you learn from it? Did you like or enjoy the text, and (most importantly) why or why not?

Assignment 1 Text Analysis Rubrics 20% Poor Content is incomplete. Major marks are not clear and /or persuasive. Fair Content is not comprehensive and /or persuasive. Good Content is comprehensive, accurate, and persuasive. Accurately interprets evidence, statements, questions, etc. Identifies the salient arguments (reasons and claims)

Content & Development (12 marks)

83019 - Content is incom

Content is inconsistent Major points are with regard to purpose addressed, but not well and clarity of thought. presented. Misinterprets evidence

and fail to identify the salient arguments.

83020 - Content is not c

Content is adequate and addresses major points.

83021 - Content is comp

Major points are stated clearly and are well presented. Content is adequate, and addresses main marks. Good Rules of grammar, usage, and punctuation are followed. Spelling is correct. Language is clear and precise; sentences display consistently strong, varied structure.

Poor Grammar, Punctuation & Spelling (4 marks)

83028 - Paper contains

Fair Paper contains few grammatical, punctuation and spelling errors.

83030 - Rules of gramm

Paper contains numerous grammatical, punctuation, and spelling errors. Language lacks clarity.
83029 - Paper contains

Poor Compare & Contrast Task (4 marks) Paper compares and contrasts items clearly, but the supporting information is incomplete. The paper may include information that is not relevant.



Paper compares and Paper compares and contrasts items clearly, but contrasts items clearly. the supporting information is general. The paper may include some information that is not relevant. The paper marks to specific examples to illustrate the comparison. The paper includes only the information relevant to the comparison.

3. Assignment 3 Lesson Design (30%)

a. Based on ONE of the reading selections provided, prepare one lesson plan which focuses on reading skills. b. Students level : Form 5 (Advanced) c. Refer to the Huraian Sukatan Pelajaran for the learning outcomes and specifications (available on-line at Tuanku Bainun Library). (Minimum of TWO learning objectives and ONE grammatical item) d. Based on the reading selection, construct activities which covers the three stages of reading: 4

Pre reading While reading After reading e. For each activity, provide the rationale for your choice. f. The activities do not have to be in a lesson plan format. You need to just describe the activities and provide the activity sheets (include all materials used eg. video clip/ pictures/ graphics) g. Any references to other peoples ideas should be cited appropriately following APA writing style. Example LEARNING OUTCOMES 2.0 Language For Informational Purposes 2.2 Process information by b. extracting main ideas and details; j. making short notes and mapping out ideas. Specifications B. Processing texts read by Level 3 xiv. Drawing conclusions. xv. Identifying and discussing points of view. LANGUAGE CONTENT a) Grammatical Items 5. Verbs c. Present Continuous Tense ACTIVITIES (Describe the activities in detail and provide the rationale) 1. Pre reading Description (Activity Sheet 1)

2. While reading Description (Reading text 1) (Activity Sheet 2 & 3) 3. After reading Description (Activity Sheet 4 Graphic organizer) References Appendices Appendix A Activity Sheet 1

Assignment 2 Rubric for Lesson Plan Development (30%) Developing Instructional goals and objectives are stated but are not clear. Some instructional strategies are appropriate for learning outcomes. Instructional Strategies (12 marks) Some are based on a combination of practical experience, theory, and documented best practice. Accomplished Instructional goals and objectives are stated. Most instructional strategies are appropriate for learning outcomes. Exemplary Instructional goals and objectives clearly stated. Instructional strategies appropriate and creative for learning outcomes.

Instructional Objectives (3 marks)

Strategy based on a Most strategies are based combination of practical on a combination of experience, theory, and practical experience, theory, documented best practice. and documented best Lesson well sequenced,

Lesson is satisfactorily organized. Method for assessing student learning is inappropriate. Assessment (5 marks) Uses moderately effective methods to check for understanding. Paper contains numerous grammatical, punctuation, and spelling errors. Language lacks clarity.
83029 - Paper contains

practice. Lesson is organized and well presented. Method for assessing student is suitable and appropriate. Uses a variety of appropriate methods to check for understanding. Paper contains few grammatical, punctuation and spelling errors.
83030 - Rules of gramm

organized and professional in manner.

Method for assessing student learning is clear and appropriate. Uses a variety of effective methods to check for understanding. Rules of grammar, usage, and punctuation are followed. Spelling is correct. Language is clear and precise; sentences display consistently strong, varied structure. Materials are suitable and current with the topic and strategies used. Materials used are diversed and highly effective and able to engage and motivate students.

Grammar, Punctuation & Spelling (5 marks)

83028 - Paper contains

Materials Needed (5 marks)

Uses a limited range of materials and teaching aids to actively engage the students.

Materials used are varied and appropriate and able to engage and motivate students

Reading Selection 1 The Star Sunday January 9, 2011 A pill for every ill?

Who needs stars when we can wish upon a pill? THE trouble with us these days is that when were faced with some real or imagined suffering, we reach for the bottle of pills. Our current approach to healthcare is to firstly attach a disproportional significance to our often trivial complaints. Then we refuse to tolerate even the slightest discomfort. Finally, we demonstrate an unhealthy willingness to take a pill for anything and everything, in the name of immediate relief. We may have evolved as a species, but we have definitely changed from a society that understands and accepts hardship, to one that doesnt and cant. It was a nasty world as recently as 50 years ago, when you could expect to suffer death or disability from a whole host of ailments, even one as simple as an allergy. Doctors battled real killers like smallpox and polio, and performed heroic surgery in the battlefield.

We want to get better without an effort, and we want to get better right now!

They discovered penicillin, insulin, and vaccines. They developed treatments, surgeries, and intensive care for life-threatening diseases like asthma and cancer. Advances in epidemiology and public health improved sanitation, vector control, and workplace safety. These achievements preserved human dignity in the face of terrible suffering. I want it, and I want it now As a result of that dramatic improvement in modern medicine, societal attitudes to healthcare changed irrevocably. Having conquered death, we were now afraid of hardship. But truly, do we

know what hardship really is? We imagine our own ills as the end of the world, refuse to use common sense/our own body/Father Time as a cure, and demand instant relief we have become hypochondriacs with a sense of urgency. These days, we insist on being called healthcare customers or clients. We dont like the idea of being a Patient, because weve become Impatient. Doctor shopping abounds, with demands for the strongest painkillers (regardless of side effects or a logical step-up approach) or antibiotics (regardless of antibiotic resistance, and even for viral, not bacterial infection), and the latest blood test or MRI. Petty complaints are now the cornerstones of our selfish existence like constipation from a poor diet, or cough from too many cigarettes. We want to get better without an effort, and we want to get better right now! How did this happen? Firstly, the focus on the preservation of life transformed into a focus on the quality of life. More importantly, there began to be a demand for Botox for wrinkles, Viagra for ED, Prozac for depression science motivated by a clientconsumer, and not necessarily a patient. Once wars stopped and living standards improved, we stopped fretting about death and started luxuriously fulfilling our needs of food, shelter, clothing and safety. Then we began to worry about our health. Its a relative thing those days it was asbestos from a mine, and now its repetitive stress injury. That we do not seem to advance along Maslows hierarchy, is because selfactualisation means having a perfect nose? Instant gratification Unfortunately also, modern medicines great abilities bred a belief that science will cure anything, and instantly too. Added to a culture of modern speed and convenience like instant messaging and fast food, we see a doctor only when its convenient for us (even if the sore has been festering for three weeks), refuse to wait in line, and refuse to wait to get better. Everything is set up in modern society for instant gratification, to the extent that we do not know how to delay happiness for a greater gain in future, and do not know how to tolerate small amounts of physical/emotional/mental suffering. Its not healthcare-on-demand we want, its cureon-demand, just like a 10-minute haircut or drive-through banking. Worse, society, media, and corporations compound the problem by telling us that were all unique and amazing individuals who should be happy all the time and never suffer from anything. As consumers, we can have Utopia. You can live in a McMansion and go on holiday in Paris with a supermodel when you never shed a hair again, after buying this special product, while stocks last! Everyone CAN and MUST achieve physical perfection this is a lie perpetrated by a society obsessed with health and happiness. America didnt get an annual $1.6 trillion (RM4.8 trillion) health care bill for nothing we want to lose weight, but must we exercise? If theres an app for

everything, isnt there a pill for this? More controversially, healthcare has come to be owned by the rich. They can afford the premiums for insurance, have met all their basic health needs, are also more likely to be educated and to demand often unnecessary and expensive tests and treatment. The poorer has a higher threshold, often ignoring slight fevers or minor aches, and going only when there is substantial discomfort (because of money constraints, and because they have other things to worry about, like adequate food, shelter and clothing). Of course the rich doesnt have less right to healthcare, or the poor more, but this virtual monopoly by the rich skews priorities in research and funding. Theres simply more money to be made researching and specializing in hip surgery, than there ever will be for malaria. Lastly, as families become smaller throughout the world (look at Chinas one-child policy or the women who marry later if at all), we focus much more on the only child. Chinas Little Emperors and Empresses are doted on by two parents and four grandparents which child is growing up thinking that he/she isnt the centre of the universe, and therefore shouldnt have everything they want, and right away too? As we teach them to be conspicuous consumers from an early age, why shouldnt they treat healthcare as their own birthright, much as video games and new trainers? Its a hard life Thats why we think we know what hardship is, and why were not willing to accept even the slightest bit of it. We want instant physical perfection for our very important selves, without having to tolerate any form of discomfort to achieve it. We no longer take fever as our bodys hint to rest for two days, or raid the larder for some honey for the sore throat, or clean and bandage a small wound ourselves we will see the doctor, who will give a pill, and all will be immediately right. So we clog up the emergency departments hoping for a cure for our muscle aches from too much carrying boxes at work, see a third doctor in two days because the flu just wont go away, and demand an MRI just because theres an occasional headache. We grumble if we have to wait for the doctor (the author had to handle a complaint where a one-month-old rash wasnt seen immediately at 3am, because there was a horrible road accident victim at the same time), and complain if we dont get a cure immediately, and find another doctor who will give us our slimming, sleeping and stimulant pills. We are kings: The Customer is Always Right, and I deserve happiness and perfect health because I am A Special Individual, and I must not have any pain or discomfort. Modern society has created selfish, individualistic creatures with a distorted world-view. Is it any wonder that the most commonly used word in the English language is the pronoun I? Fifty years ago, an aesthetic physician did not exist, and there was never a disease called chronic fatigue syndrome or fibromyalgia (and here I await angry letters from their sufferers and support


groups) that qualifies a patient for months off work with disability benefits, and money poured into research and experimental cures. When I told my grandmother that if I claimed I was tired and in pain all the time and the doctors cant find anything really wrong with me, I could still qualify for CFS and get disability benefits, she laughed. In my time, she said, it was called laziness and the treatment was a tight slap delivered daily until a cure was achieved. And proceeded to tell me stories about how her friends routinely worked in the farms and fields throughout pregnancy, delivered under a tree aided by their mothers-in-law, and went back to work immediately after delivery. These days, we get to choose the date and time of our Caesarian sections. Hardship and suffering are relative for sure, but think how far we have come, from a species that fought and beat Nazism, the Great Depression, illiteracy and death. We think we are suffering in anguish from a small bruise or a fat tummy and we need immediate relief from a pill or liposuction instead of ice and exercise but try telling that to the half of the world that is truly, genuinely, and sadly, dying from unsafe water, tuberculosis, and low birth weight.


Reading Selection 2 Its about time


The Star Sunday July 18, 2010

The virtues of punctuality. I am planning to politely turn down most invitations for Chinese wedding dinners. There is nothing wrong with such joyous celebrations. And certainly it is not that I have misgivings about the food and festivities. It is me. I dont want to embarrass my hosts any more. I am punctual to a fault. I am timely in accomplishing my tasks. I pay my bills ahead of time. Procrastination is not in my vocabulary. I dont mean it as a boast. And, honestly, I dont know how it all came about. It could not be that I was born punctual. Who ever heard of a punctual gene? It might be the way I was brought up.But, as far as I can tell, there was nothing special or spectacular in my infant and childhood environment. I just cant help being on time. Because most people around me were not punctual, I thought that my being punctual was a manifestation of an obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). That was until I visited Germany, Switzerland, and Japan in my early 30s. Most of the population of these countries are punctual. Surely it cannot be that the majority of all three nations are afflicted with OCD. Being punctual comes naturally to me. I dont even try. Serious. Neither am I trying to prove anything. I read the invitation card and it says dinner starts at 7.00pm. I am at the restaurant at 6.50 pm. The bride and groom are not there. Neither are their parents. Even the restaurant manager and wedding coordinator are nowhere to be seen. I dont mind. I settle down quietly to read The Enchantress of Florence by Salman Rushdie. It is a good read and I am absorbed. At 7.30pm, the hosts arrive and effusively apologise to me for not being there when I came. They feel embarrassed. I say, Its no big deal. At 9.30pm, dinner starts. I have finished my novel. In Kuala Lumpur, I give myself one hour to get from point A to point B if I drive. One and a half hours on a Friday evening and two hours on a rainy Friday evening during the fasting month. As such, I am almost never late for appointments. Unless there is a freak three-hour traffic jam. This happens about three times a year. Almost inevitably, I turn up on time for a dinner, meeting, lecture, or concert.


When I arrive early (sometimes way, way before the event begins), I read. With so much reading under my belt, I hope to be nominated to the panel of judges for the Man Booker prize soon. Not only do I embarrass the hosts of wedding dinners, I also embarrass the chairman of meetings when I am an attendee. I am there 10 minutes before the scheduled time. The chairman is often late. I also embarrass some meeting attendees when I take the chair. I am there 20 minutes earlier then the scheduled start time. I go through (once again) the minutes of the previous meeting. Attendees trickle in. Most are late. Some murmur a sheepish, muffled apology. Some walk in brazenly without any compunction. I now want you to imagine a world where almost no one is late. For work, meetings, dinners, concerts, and even a romantic assignation. Where trains and buses depart and arrive on time. Where there is a time to start a meeting and a time to finish it and both are observed. There is such a world. I mentioned Japan, Germany, and Switzerland. There is more. Most of northwest Europe and Scandinavia. Large swaths of North America. Australia and New Zealand are not far behind. Urban, cosmopolitan East Asia is catching up. I have always wondered about the reasons for impunctuality and I have arrived at a few hypotheses. The first is neo-Feudalism. In other words, a false sense of superiority. The most important person in a gathering is entitled to make everyone else wait. The corollary is equally true. We feel embarrassed to be early. It may mean we are greedy (for the food), have too much time on our hands (busy people are important people) or are hard up. All three are a big no, no, no. The second reason for being late is a lack of planning. Planning is not cool whereas spontaneity is. Underlings plan and bosses are fashionably late. The third reason why we are late is that we take on too much. Our plate is already full; yet we pile on more commitments. To me, it is better to make 10 promises and keep nine of them than make a 100 and keep eight. The odd thing is that most people who bemoan tardiness are not punctual themselves. It is akin to driving and human rights. Bad drivers and human rights violators are the first to say they drive well and respect the rights of others. I am making a plea to doctors, patients, and society at large to be punctual, organised and not procrastinate. If you are all three, you get more out of each day. More work done and more time to enjoy your leisure activities. You and others around you will feel less stressed. You will accomplish most of what you set out to do. Patients, already suffering, uncomfortable, and in pain, should not be made to wait for hours to see a doctor. Some doctors give appointment times (9.25, 10.10, and 11.35) for patients and see them at such times. Patients who have such doctors should make it a point not to be late. Their doctor is one in 10,000.


Punctuality is an indicator of a successful people and a developed nation. It is the hallmark of kings. Most importantly, it is all about self-respect and respect for others. It is about time we keep to time all the time.