Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 27

A

Abrasive(s)
Ingredients used for abrading, smoothing or polishing, such as emery or pumice.

Absorbent(s)
Ingredients that have the capacity to absorb or soak up liquids.

Action Level
The limit for a contaminant established by the Food and Drug Administration (or other regulatory body) where action may be taken against a product to remove it from the market or to otherwise ensure that the levels are reduced to acceptable levels.

Adhesive(s)
Ingredients that unite or bond surfaces together.

Amino Acid(s)
Organic compounds that are the building blocks of proteins.

Anti-acne Agent(s)
Ingredients that reduce the number of acne blemishes, acne pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads. In the United States, anti-acne agents are regulated as Over-The-Counter (OTC) drug ingredients.

Anticaking Agent(s)
Ingredients or processing aids that prevent powdered or granular substances from forming clumps.

Anticaries Agent(s)
Ingredients that aid in the prevention of dental cavities. In the United States, anticaries agents are regulated as Over-The-Counter (OTC) drug ingredients.

Antidandruff Agent(s)
Ingredients that help to control dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, and psoriasis. In the United States, antidandruff agents are regulated as Over-The-Counter (OTC) drug ingredients.

Antifoaming Agent(s)
Ingredients that reduce the tendency of finished products to generate foam when shaken.

Antifungal Agent(s)
Ingredients that inhibit the growth and reproduction of fungal cells and decrease the number of fungi present. In the United States, antifungal agents are regulated as Over-The-Counter (OTC) drug ingredients.

Antimicrobial Agent(s)
Ingredients that kill microorganisms, or prevent or inhibit their growth and reproduction. In the United States, antimicrobial agents are regulated as Over-The-Counter (OTC) drug ingredients.

Antioxidant(s)
Ingredients that prevent or slow deterioration due to chemical reaction with oxygen.

Antiperspirant Agent(s)
Ingredients that are applied to the skin to reduce the production of perspiration at the site of application. In the Unites States, antiperspirant agents are regulated as Over-The-Counter (OTC) drug ingredients.

Antistatic Agent(s)
Ingredients that prevent or inhibit the buildup of static electricity.

Artificial Nail Builder(s)


Ingredients that are used in nail enhancement products to build or lengthen the nail.

PO Box 119, 4 Belfast Place, Hamilton, New Zealand Ph 07 848 2319 Fax 07 847 6973 Email info@thamesnatural.co.nz Web www.thamesnatural.co.nz A trading division of Social Enterprise Ltd.

B
Binder(s)
Ingredients that hold together the ingredients of a compressed tablet or cake.

Bran
The coarse outer hulls from various cereal grains obtained during milling.

Buffering Agent(s)
Ingredients that minimize the change in the pH of a solution when an acid or a base is added to the solution.

Bulking Agent(s)
Non-reactive, solid ingredients that are used to dilute other solids, or to increase the volume of a product.

Butter
Any of various fatty oils remaining nearly solid at room temperature.

PO Box 119, 4 Belfast Place, Hamilton, New Zealand Ph 07 848 2319 Fax 07 847 6973 Email info@thamesnatural.co.nz Web www.thamesnatural.co.nz A trading division of Social Enterprise Ltd.

C
Callus
A soft tissue that forms over a cut or an injury to a plant surface, or a localized thickening of the skin.

Calyx
The outside whorl (circle) of floral leaves that ordinarily enclose and support the bud, and that are usually green.

Catalyst
A substance that facilitates a chemical reaction, but which itself is not chemically changed by the reaction.

Cell
The basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; cells may exist as independent units of life or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals.

Ceramide
Naturally occurring skin lipids or their synthetic counterparts that are major structural components of the skin's outer structure; ceramides are vital to the skin's retention of water.

Chelating Agent(s)
Ingredients that inactivate metallic ions so as to prevent the deterioration of cosmetic products.

Colorant(s)
Ingredients that impart color to cosmetic products. In the United States, the FDA regulates which colorants may be used in cosmetics.

Comedogenicity
Refers to the chance that an ingredient or product will cause pores in the skin to clog. This may result in blackheads or whiteheads, officially called comedones.

Corn/Callus/Wart Remover(s)
Ingredients that are applied to the skin to remove corns, calluses, and warts. In the United States, corn/callus/wart removers are regulated as Over-The-Counter (OTC) drug ingredients.

Corrosion Inhibitor(s)
Ingredients that prevent the corrosion (rust) of metallic materials used in cosmetic packaging.

Cosmetic Astringent(s)
Ingredients that induce a tightening or tingling sensation of the skin.

Cosmetic Biocide(s)
Ingredients that help to cleanse the skin or to prevent odor by destroying or inhibiting the growth of microorganisms.

Cosmetic Ingredient Review


The Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) was established in 1976 as an independent safety review program for cosmetic ingredients. The CIR Expert Panel consists of independent experts in dermatology, toxicology, pharmacolgy and veterinary medicine. The CIR includes participation by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration and the Consumer Federation of America.

Cross-link
An atom or group connecting parallel chains in a complex molecule.

Culture
A cells grown in a prepared nutrient medium

PO Box 119, 4 Belfast Place, Hamilton, New Zealand Ph 07 848 2319 Fax 07 847 6973 Email info@thamesnatural.co.nz Web www.thamesnatural.co.nz A trading division of Social Enterprise Ltd.

D
Demulcent(s)
A demulcent is an agent that forms a soothing film when put onto the surface of a mucous membrane, such as the inside of the mouth. A demulcent is meant to relieve the irritation of the inflamed mucous membrane.

Denaturant(s)
Ingredients added to ethyl alcohol (grain alcohol) to make it unsuitable for drinking, usually by imparting an intensely bitter taste. In the United States, the use of denaturants are controlled by the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau in the Department of Treasury.

Deodorant Agent(s)
Ingredients that reduce or eliminate unpleasant odor and that protect against the formation of such odors on the skin.

Depilating Agent(s)
Ingredients that chemically break down hair fibers so that unwanted hair can be removed by simply wiping it from the skin.

Distillate
The purified liquid product obtained by the condensation of the vapors produced by boiling a liquid.

Drug Astringent(s) - Oral Health Care Drug(s)


Ingredients that draw together or constrict body tissues and that are effective in stopping the flow of blood or other secretions. In the Unites States, drug astringents - oral health care drugs are regulated as Over-TheCounter (OTC) drug ingredients

PO Box 119, 4 Belfast Place, Hamilton, New Zealand Ph 07 848 2319 Fax 07 847 6973 Email info@thamesnatural.co.nz Web www.thamesnatural.co.nz A trading division of Social Enterprise Ltd.

E
Eluant
A liquid used to extract one material from another.

Emulsion Stabilizer(s)
Ingredients that help to keep an emulsion from separating into its oil and liquid components.

Emulsion(s)
A mixture of two liquids that normally cannot be mixed, in which one liquid is dispersed in the other liquid as very fine droplets. Emulsifying agents are often used to help form the emulsion and stabilizing agents are used to keep the resulting emulsion from separating. The most common emulsions are oil-in-water emulsions (where oil droplets are dispersed in water) and water-in-oil emulsions (where water droplets are dispersed in oil).

Enzyme
A protein found in animal and plant cells that help to initiate or to accelerate specific chemical reactions.

Epidemiology
Epidemiology is the branch of medicine that deals with the study of the causes, distribution, and control of disease in populations. Epidemiology studies the distribution of diseases in populations and the factors that might influence the occurrence of disease. Typically, epidemiology will explore human exposures or life styles and attempt to determine if there is a correlation between the exposure and a particular health affect.

Epilating Agent(s)
Waxes or other substances that are heated, applied to the skin, and stripped off quickly to remove unwanted hair.

Essential Oil
A concentrated liquid containing volatile aroma compounds from plants.

Ester
An organic compound formed by the reaction of an acid with an alcohol.

Exfoliant(s)
Ingredients that help to remove dead skin cells from the skin surface.

External Analgesic(s)
Ingredients that are applied to the skin to relieve pain. In the United States, external analgesics are regulated as Over-The-Counter (OTC) drug ingredients.

Extract
The mixture of substances drawn out of a material by solution, heat, or another physical or chemical process.

PO Box 119, 4 Belfast Place, Hamilton, New Zealand Ph 07 848 2319 Fax 07 847 6973 Email info@thamesnatural.co.nz Web www.thamesnatural.co.nz A trading division of Social Enterprise Ltd.

F
Fatty Acid
A natural organic compound that consists of a carboxyl group (oxygen, carbon and hydrogen) attached to a chain of carbon atoms with their associated hydrogen atoms. The chain of carbon atoms may be connected with single bonds, making a 'saturated' fat; or it may contain some double bonds, making an 'unsaturated' fat. The number of carbon and hydrogen atoms in the chain is what determines the qualities of that particular fatty acid. Animal and vegetable fats are made up of various combinations of fatty acids (in sets of three) connected to a glycerol molecule, making them triglycerides.

Ferment
A process in which an agent causes an organic substance to break down into simpler substances; for example, the anaerobic breakdown of sugar into alcohol.

Fiber(s)
A slender, threadlike structure that forms animal or plant tissue

Fibroblast
A type of cell found in connective tissue that is responsible for the formation of fibers.

Film Former(s)
Ingredients that dry to form a thin coating on the skin, hair or nails.

Filtrate
A substance, usually liquid, that has been passed through a filter.

Flavoring Agent(s)
Ingredients that impart a flavor or a taste to a product.

Flour
The fine edible powder obtained by grinding and sifting cereal grain, usually mostly freed from the bran

Fragrance Ingredient(s)
Substances that impart an odor to a product.

Fruit Body
Spore-bearing structures of non-flowering plants. A plant organ that specializes in producing spores

PO Box 119, 4 Belfast Place, Hamilton, New Zealand Ph 07 848 2319 Fax 07 847 6973 Email info@thamesnatural.co.nz Web www.thamesnatural.co.nz A trading division of Social Enterprise Ltd.

G
Gall
A swelling of plant tissue usually due to microorganisms, insects, or injury; sometimes an important source of tannin.

Gallnut
A gall whose appearance resembles a nut

General Provisions of the Cosmetics Directive of the European Union


Ingredients other than color additives (Annex IV), preservatives (Annex VI), UV filters (Annex VII), and ingredients not prohibited (Annex II) or restricted (Annex III) may be used in cosmetic products in the European Union. Specifically, ingredients not included in the Annexes of the Cosmetics Directive may be used without restriction, subject to the general principles of protection of human health and good manufacturing practice.

Germ
The embryonic form of a grain from which a new organism is developed.

Glucoside
A glucose-containing sugar derivative found widely in plants.

Gluten
A mixture of proteins obtained from wheat and other cereal grains; usually adhesive.

GRAS
"GRAS" is an acronym for the phrase Generally Recognized As Safe. Under sections 201(s) and 409 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the Act), any substance that is intentionally added to food is a food additive, that is subject to premarket review and approval by FDA, unless the substance is generally recognized, among qualified experts, as having been adequately shown to be safe under the conditions of its intended use, or unless the use of the substance is otherwise excluded from the definition of a food additive.

Gum(s)
Sticky, polysaccharide substances exuded by plants that are gelatinous when moist but harden on drying

PO Box 119, 4 Belfast Place, Hamilton, New Zealand Ph 07 848 2319 Fax 07 847 6973 Email info@thamesnatural.co.nz Web www.thamesnatural.co.nz A trading division of Social Enterprise Ltd.

H
Hair Colorant(s)
Ingredients that impart color to hair. Hair coloring preparations may be temporary, semi-permanent, permanent, or progressive, depending on the length of time the colorant affects the hair.

Hair Conditioning Agent(s)


Ingredients that enhance the appearance and feel of hair, by increasing hair body, suppleness, or sheen, or by improving the texture of hair that has been damaged physically or by chemical treatment.

Hair Fixative(s)
Ingredients that help hair hold its style by inhibiting the hair?s ability to absorb moisture.

Hair-Waving and Straightening Agent(s)


Substances that modify hair fibers to facilitate changes to the structure of the fibers, such as with permanent waves or with hair straightening.

Heavy Metal(s)
Heavy metals are higher atomic weight elements that have properties of a metallic substance at room temperature. Some heavy metals, such as iron, cobalt, copper, manganese, and zinc are required in small amounts by living organisms. Other heavy metals, such as mercury, lead and cadmium have no known beneficial effects.

Hull(s)
The dry outer covering of a fruit, nut, or seed.

Humectant(s)
Ingredients that slow the loss of moisture from a product during use.

Husk
The outer covering of various seeds or fruits.

Hydrocarbon(s)
Organic compounds consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.

Hydrolysate
The product of hydrolysis.

Hydrolysis
Decomposition of a chemical compound into smaller constituents by reaction with water

PO Box 119, 4 Belfast Place, Hamilton, New Zealand Ph 07 848 2319 Fax 07 847 6973 Email info@thamesnatural.co.nz Web www.thamesnatural.co.nz A trading division of Social Enterprise Ltd.

I
In vitro
Experiments performed in a test tube or another artificial, controlled environment, rather than in a whole animal.

Indirect Food Additive(s)


Indirect food additives are additives that may become part of the food in trace amounts due to its packaging, storage or other handling. For example, minute amounts of packaging substances may find their way into foods during storage.

Isoflavone
A class of chemical compounds found in plants that may have some similar effects as the human hormone estrogen. These compounds also may have potent antioxidant properties

PO Box 119, 4 Belfast Place, Hamilton, New Zealand Ph 07 848 2319 Fax 07 847 6973 Email info@thamesnatural.co.nz Web www.thamesnatural.co.nz A trading division of Social Enterprise Ltd.

J
Juice
The liquid obtained by expressing various plants or plant parts, usually fruits

PO Box 119, 4 Belfast Place, Hamilton, New Zealand Ph 07 848 2319 Fax 07 847 6973 Email info@thamesnatural.co.nz Web www.thamesnatural.co.nz A trading division of Social Enterprise Ltd.

K
Keratinocyte(s)
A type of skin cell that is responsible for the formation of keratin.

Kernel(s)
The inner, softer part of the seed or nut contained inside the seed

PO Box 119, 4 Belfast Place, Hamilton, New Zealand Ph 07 848 2319 Fax 07 847 6973 Email info@thamesnatural.co.nz Web www.thamesnatural.co.nz A trading division of Social Enterprise Ltd.

L
Lees
The sediments obtained from an alcoholic beverage, such as wine, during fermentation and aging.

Lipid(s)
Fat or fat-like substance found in the cells of plants and animals that includes fats, waxes, oils, and related compounds.

Liposomes
A liposome is a spherical vesicle composed of a bilayer membrane. Liposomes can be composed of naturallyderived phospholipids with mixed lipid chains or of pure surfactant components. Liposomes usually (but not always) contain a core of aqueous solution. Lipid spheres that contain no aqueous material are called micelles. A liposome can encapsulate different substances inside the ? droplet? and, in this manner, act like ? ? a delivery system. Liposomes are useful for stabilizing ingredients that are sensitive to degradation when exposed to air.

Lysate
The contents released from a cell that has been broken apart.

Lytic Agent(s)
Substances that help to break down lipids, proteins, and polysaccharides into smaller components, usually by the action of enzymes

PO Box 119, 4 Belfast Place, Hamilton, New Zealand Ph 07 848 2319 Fax 07 847 6973 Email info@thamesnatural.co.nz Web www.thamesnatural.co.nz A trading division of Social Enterprise Ltd.

M
Meal
A coarsely ground grain.

Media
A sterilized, nutritive substance in which bacteria, and other microorganisms, are cultivated.

Membrane
A thin layer of animal or plant tissue that serves as a covering or lining for an organ or a part.

Monomer
A molecule that comprises the repeating unit of a polymer.

Mycelium
The filamentous vegetative portion of a fungus, specifically excluding the fruiting structure. It is often submerged in another body (soil, host tissue

PO Box 119, 4 Belfast Place, Hamilton, New Zealand Ph 07 848 2319 Fax 07 847 6973 Email info@thamesnatural.co.nz Web www.thamesnatural.co.nz A trading division of Social Enterprise Ltd.

N
Nail Conditioning Agent(s)
Ingredients that enhance the appearance and feel of nails, by moisturizing the nail, increasing nail sheen, or by reducing nail brittleness and flaking.

Nanometer
A Nanometer is a metric unit of measure for the length of an object or distance traveled. Most often Nanometers are the unit used to express the wavelength of light. One Nanometer is equal to 1 billionth of a meter or 0.000000001 meters. Approximately 25.4 million nanometers equal one inch.

Nectar
Sweet liquid saccharine secreted by plant nectaries (glands); chief raw material of honey

Nodule
A small, rounded protuberance (bump) on a plant.

Nonvolatiles
The fraction of a substance that does not vaporize upon heating

PO Box 119, 4 Belfast Place, Hamilton, New Zealand Ph 07 848 2319 Fax 07 847 6973 Email info@thamesnatural.co.nz Web www.thamesnatural.co.nz A trading division of Social Enterprise Ltd.

O
Oleoresin(s)
A natural plant product containing essential oil and resin.

Oleosome(s)
Oil storage bodies found in some plant cells.

Oligopeptide
A peptide made up of relatively short amino acid chains.

Opacifying Agent(s)
Substances that reduce the clear or transparent appearance of cosmetic products. Some opacifying agents are used in skin make-up for hiding blemishes.

Oral Care Agent(s)


Ingredients that polish the teeth, reduce oral odor, or otherwise cleanse or deodorize the teeth and mouth.

Oral Health Care Drug(s)


Ingredients that are applied topically for use in properly caring for the oral cavity. In the United States, oral health care drugs are regulated as Over-The-Counter (OTC) drug ingredients.

Organic Compound(s)
A compound that contains carbon and hydrogen and usually other elements such as nitrogen, sulfur and oxygen.

Oxidizing Agent(s)
Ingredients that restore hair or skin to its normal oxidized state after exposure to the reducing agent in permanent waving, or that aid in oxidative hair dyeing

PO Box 119, 4 Belfast Place, Hamilton, New Zealand Ph 07 848 2319 Fax 07 847 6973 Email info@thamesnatural.co.nz Web www.thamesnatural.co.nz A trading division of Social Enterprise Ltd.

P
Peptide(s)
A group of compounds made up of amino acid chains. An ingredient name containing the term peptide is usually synthetic.

Pericarp
The wall of a ripened fruit or seed vessel.

Pesticide(s)
Substances that destroy or repel pests, or that prevent or mitigate the effects of pests. In the United States, pesticides for use in consumer products, including cosmetics, must be registered and approved by the EPA.

pH
A measurement of the acidity or basicity of a substance. pH is the negative logarithm (base 10) of the concentration of hydrogen ions in solution. Water has a concentration of hydrogen ions of 1.0 x 10<sup>7</sup>, and thus has a pH of 7. A pH of 7 is considered neutral, a pH lower than 7 is considered acidic, and a pH higher than 7 is considered basic.

pH Adjuster(s)
Ingredients that are used to control the pH of cosmetic products.

Phytoplacenta
The wall of the cavity inside a fruit in which seeds are housed, or the part within the fruit of a flowering plant to which the seeds are attached

Phytosterol(s)
Sterols derived from plants.

Plasticizer(s)
Materials that soften synthetic polymers by reducing brittleness and cracking.

Polymer
A naturally occurring or synthetic molecule made up of repeating units called monomers.

Polysaccharide
A large group of natural complex carbohydrates with the general formula (C6H10O5)n where 'n' is a large number. Polysaccarides are easily hydrolyzed into simple sugars.

Preservative(s)
Ingredients that prevent or retard bacterial growth, and thus protect cosmetic products from spoilage.

Propellant(s)
Compressed gases that are used to expel products from aerosols.

Proposition 65
Proposition 65 is a California citizens initiative that was enacted as "The Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986." Proposition 65 requires the State to publish a list of chemicals known to the state of California to cause cancer or birth defects or other reproductive harm. Businesses are then required to notify Californians about these chemicals if they are present in the products they purchase, in their homes or workplaces, or that are released into the environment.

Protein
A naturally occurring complex organic substance present in relatively high amounts in meats, fish, eggs, cheese, legumes. Made of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen, and sometimes sulfur and phosphorus.

Protoplasts
The contents of a cell, excluding the cell wall

PO Box 119, 4 Belfast Place, Hamilton, New Zealand Ph 07 848 2319 Fax 07 847 6973 Email info@thamesnatural.co.nz Web www.thamesnatural.co.nz A trading division of Social Enterprise Ltd.

Q
There are no glossary terms starting with Q

PO Box 119, 4 Belfast Place, Hamilton, New Zealand Ph 07 848 2319 Fax 07 847 6973 Email info@thamesnatural.co.nz Web www.thamesnatural.co.nz A trading division of Social Enterprise Ltd.

R
Reducing agent(s) Reducing agents are ingredients which during their reaction with oxidizing agents lose electrons. Reducing agents commonly contribute hydrogen to other substances. They can be used as antioxidants since they scavenge oxygen. In addition, reducing agents have the ability to split disulfide bonds in hair. Reference dose A reference dose (RfD) is the term used by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for an estimate of a daily exposure to the human population (including sensitive subgroups) that is likely to be without an appreciable risk of deleterious effects during a lifetime. Resin(s) A class of solid or semi-solid viscous organic substances exuded by plants. Sometimes refers to a class of synthetic products with physical properties similar to those of natural resins. Rhizome(s) A subterranean plant stem with shoots above and roots below, serving as a reproductive structure, and often thickened by deposits of reserve food material. RIPT RIPT stands for Repeat Insult Patch Test. In RIPT, a small amount of product is applied to the skin of each individual subject and monitored for its effect. Over a certain interval of time, the skin is observed, graded, and tested again

PO Box 119, 4 Belfast Place, Hamilton, New Zealand Ph 07 848 2319 Fax 07 847 6973 Email info@thamesnatural.co.nz Web www.thamesnatural.co.nz A trading division of Social Enterprise Ltd.

S
Sap
A watery solution of sugars, salts and minerals that circulates through a plant's vascular system.

Saponification
The reaction between a caustic alkali (lye) and the fatty acids in a vegetable oil or animal fat that results in soap.

Secondary Direct Food Additive(s)


A secondary direct food additive has a technical effect in food during processing but not in the finished food (e.g., processing aid).

Seedcake
The semi-solid material left after the oil is expressed from a seed.

Seedcoat
The outer protective covering of a seed.

Serum
The fluid part of the blood that remains after blood cells, platelets, and fibrogen have been removed.

Skin Bleaching Agent(s)


Ingredients that bleach or lighten skin by suppressing melanin (pigment) formation within skin cells. In the United States, skin bleaching agents are regulated as Over-The-Counter (OTC) drug ingredients

Skin Conditioning Agent(s) - Emollient(s)


Ingredients that act as lubricants on the skin surface, which give the skin a soft and smooth appearance.

Skin Protectant(s)
An ingredient that temporarily protects injured or exposed skin from harmful or annoying stimuli, and that may provide relief to such skin. In the United States, skin protectants are regulated as Over-The-Counter (OTC) drug ingredients.

Skin-Conditioning Agent(s) - Humectant


Ingredients that increase the water content of the top layers of the skin by drawing moisture from the surrounding air.

Skin-Conditioning Agent(s) - Miscellaneous


Ingredients that enhance the appearance of dry or damaged skin by reducing flaking and restoring suppleness.

Skin-Conditioning Agent(s) - Occlusive


Ingredients that slow the loss of water from the skin by forming a barrier on the skin's surface.

Slip Modifier(s)
Ingredients that help other substances to flow more easily and more smoothly, without reacting chemically.

Solvent(s)
Substances, usually liquids, that are used to dissolve other substances.

Spore
A small usually single-celled reproductive body produced by plants and some microorganisms and capable of development into a new individual.

Sporocarp
A multi-cellular body where spores are developed in red algae, lichens, etc.

Sprout
A young shoot from a recently germinated seed, often very rich in vitamin C.

Starch
A complex carbohydrate widely distributed among plants. It is the chief storage form of carbohydrates in plants.

Sterol(s)
PO Box 119, 4 Belfast Place, Hamilton, New Zealand Ph 07 848 2319 Fax 07 847 6973 Email info@thamesnatural.co.nz Web www.thamesnatural.co.nz A trading division of Social Enterprise Ltd.

A class of solid cyclic unsaturated alcohols found in plant and animal tissues. Sterols are waxy and insoluble in water.

Sunscreen Agent(s)
Ingredients that are applied to the skin to absorb, to reflect, or to scatter UV rays. In the United States, sunscreen agents are regulated as Over-The-Counter (OTC) drug ingredients.

Surface Modifier(s)
Substances that are added to other cosmetic ingredients to make those ingredients either attract or repel water.

Surfactant
An ingredient that helps two substances that normally do not mix to become dissolved or dispersed in one another. Also called a surface active agent.

Surfactant(s) - Cleansing Agent(s)


Surfactants that clean skin and hair by helping water to mix with oil and dirt so that they can be rinsed away.

Surfactant(s) - Emulsifying Agent(s)


Surfactants that help to form emulsions by reducing the surface tension of the substances to be emulsified.

Surfactant(s) - Foam Booster(s)


Surfactants that increase foaming capacity or that stabilize foams.

Surfactant(s) - Hydrotrope(s)
Surfactants that have the ability to enhance the water solubility of another surfactant.

Surfactant(s) - Solubilizing Agent(s)


Surfactants that help another ingredient to dissolve in a solvent in which it would not normally dissolve.

Surfactant(s) - Suspending Agent(s)


Surfactant - suspending agents function by modifying a solid's surface characteristics by adsorption. Changing the surface properties of a solid, keeps the particles from coming together and falling out of solution.

Suspending Agent(s) - Nonsurfactant


Suspending agents - nonsurfactant modify the interface between solid particles and the liquid medium to improve the particles' resistance to settling. Many of these substances are gums and polymers.

Symbiosome
An organelle-like structure formed within the root nodule of certain plants when bacteria are imported into a plant cell and become surrounded by a plant membrane. Symbiosomes are thought to contain a mixture of plant- and bacteria-derived proteins

PO Box 119, 4 Belfast Place, Hamilton, New Zealand Ph 07 848 2319 Fax 07 847 6973 Email info@thamesnatural.co.nz Web www.thamesnatural.co.nz A trading division of Social Enterprise Ltd.

T
Tar
A thick dark-colored semi-liquid of organic composition obtained by the destructive distillation of organic substances and bituminous minerals, including wood, coal or peat.

Thallus
A plant body without true stems, leaves, and roots; characteristic of thallophytes, a class of plants that includes algae, fungi, and lichens.

Toxicology
Toxicology is the study of the adverse effects of chemical and physical agents on living organisms.

Tuber(s)
A short, solid, underground stem or root whose primary purposes are food storage and reproduction

PO Box 119, 4 Belfast Place, Hamilton, New Zealand Ph 07 848 2319 Fax 07 847 6973 Email info@thamesnatural.co.nz Web www.thamesnatural.co.nz A trading division of Social Enterprise Ltd.

U
Ultraviolet Light Absorber(s)
Ingredients that protect cosmetic products or packaging from deterioration by absorbing, reflecting, or scattering UV rays. These ingredients may also be used to protect the hair from UV rays. See also UV Filters.

Unsaponifiables
The fraction of an oil that is not saponified in the refining recovery of the oil?s fatty acids.

UV Filter(s)
UV filters are ingredients that filter certain UV rays that are found in sunlight and, to a lesser degree, artificial light. UV filter is a general term that is used for sunscreen agents, ingredients used to protect the skin from UV rays, and ultraviolet light absorbers, ingredients use to protect products, packaging and hair from UV rays

PO Box 119, 4 Belfast Place, Hamilton, New Zealand Ph 07 848 2319 Fax 07 847 6973 Email info@thamesnatural.co.nz Web www.thamesnatural.co.nz A trading division of Social Enterprise Ltd.

V
Viscosity - Decreasing Agent(s)
Substances that decrease the thickness of liquid cosmetic products.

Viscosity Controlling Agent(s)


Materials used to alter the thickness of liquid cosmetic products.

Viscosity Increasing Agent(s) - Aqueous


Substances that increase the thickness of the aqueous (water) portion of cosmetic products.

Viscosity Increasing Agent(s) - Nonaqueous


Substances that increase the thickness of the lipid (oil) portion of cosmetic products

PO Box 119, 4 Belfast Place, Hamilton, New Zealand Ph 07 848 2319 Fax 07 847 6973 Email info@thamesnatural.co.nz Web www.thamesnatural.co.nz A trading division of Social Enterprise Ltd.

W
There are no glossary terms starting with W

PO Box 119, 4 Belfast Place, Hamilton, New Zealand Ph 07 848 2319 Fax 07 847 6973 Email info@thamesnatural.co.nz Web www.thamesnatural.co.nz A trading division of Social Enterprise Ltd.

X
Xylem
The woody portion of the stem and root that makes up part of a plant's vascular system

PO Box 119, 4 Belfast Place, Hamilton, New Zealand Ph 07 848 2319 Fax 07 847 6973 Email info@thamesnatural.co.nz Web www.thamesnatural.co.nz A trading division of Social Enterprise Ltd.

Y
There are no glossary terms starting with Y

PO Box 119, 4 Belfast Place, Hamilton, New Zealand Ph 07 848 2319 Fax 07 847 6973 Email info@thamesnatural.co.nz Web www.thamesnatural.co.nz A trading division of Social Enterprise Ltd.

Z
There are no glossary terms starting with Z

PO Box 119, 4 Belfast Place, Hamilton, New Zealand Ph 07 848 2319 Fax 07 847 6973 Email info@thamesnatural.co.nz Web www.thamesnatural.co.nz A trading division of Social Enterprise Ltd.

Похожие интересы