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King Saud University College of Engineering Electrical Engineering Department

Course Id : EE 340 Term : 2nd (1427/1428) Final Exam : Sunday 02/06/1428 17/06/2007 Time Allowed: 3 hour Instructor Name: Prof. N. H. Malik Dr. Abdulhaleem A. Mazi Section # : 5557 Section # : 5546

Student Name :
Student Id : Student serial number in the class list :

Q1/20 Q2/20 Q3/20 Q4/20 Q5/20 Total/100 Total/40

Semester work/60

Final /40

Total / 100

Letter Grade

Instructor Signature :_____________________________________

Table 4.1: Electrical characteristics of ACSR conductors

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 26 27 28 29 30 31

Code Word Waxwing Partridge Ostrich Merlin Linnet Oriole Chickadee Ibis Pelican Flicker Hawk Hen Osprey Parakeet Dove Rook Grosbeak Drake Tern Rail Cardinal Ortolan Bluejay Finch Bittern Pheasant Bobolink Plover Lapwing Falcon

Strands Al/S 18/1 26/7 26/7 18/1 26/7 30/7 18/1 26/7 18/1 24/7 26/7 30/7 18/1 24/7 26/7 24/7 26/7 26/7 45/7 45/7 54/7 45/7 45/7 54/19 45/7 54/19 45/7 54/19 45/7 54/19

Outside radius (cm) 0.77343 0.81534 0.8636 0.86868 0.91567 0.94107 0.94361 0.99441 1.03378 1.07442 1.08966 1.12141 1.11633 1.16078 1.17729 1.24079 1.2573 1.40716 1.35001 1.47955 1.51892 1.54051 1.59893 1.64211 1.70815 1.75514 1.81229 1.86055 1.90754 1.96215

Ds (GMR) (cm) 0.603504 0.661416 0.697992 0.676656 0.740664 0.77724 0.734568 0.804672 0.804672 0.865632 0.880872 0.926592 0.865632 0.932688 0.957072 0.996696 1.08204 1.1369 1.072896 1.176528 1.225296 1.225296 1.26492 1.328928 1.353312 1.420368 1.43256 1.505712 1.517904 1.594104

R at 60 Hz, 50 o C (/km) 0.238098 0.235674 0.209571 0.188751 0.186824 0.185643 0.159851 0.158546 0.133499 0.132629 0.131759 0.130951 0.114543 0.11386 0.113487 0.099627 0.099192 0.0798 0.08092 0.067868 0.067247 0.062834 0.058484 0.058235 0.051709 0.051025 0.046364 0.045681 0.042138 0.041454

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EE340- First_ Midterm_272_Exam: Thursday 17/03/1428H

Answer all questions (Question # 1 : (20 marks


What are the advantages of using ACSR conductors for overhead lines? (3-marks) 1-2. Why we need insulators in overhead power lines? (3marks) A 60-Hz, three-phase line with one ACSR Bluejay conductor per phase has flat horizontal spacing of 7 m between adjacent conductors. Compare the per phase (i) resistance (/km), (ii) inductance (H/km) and (iii) capacitive reactance (.km) of this line with that of a line using a two-conductor bundle of ACSR Partridge with 7 m spacing between adjacent bundles. The spacing between conductors in the bundle is 40 cm. (14-marks)
1-1.

1-3.

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Question #2 (20 Marks)

2-1. A single core coaxial cable is 6 km long has a capacitance of 0.22 F per km. The relative permittivity of the dielectric material is 3.0. The diameter of the inner conductor is 1.4 cm and the supply voltage is 69 kV (line to line), 60 Hz. Calculate (i) the outer diameter of the cable, (ii) the voltage gradient at the surface of the inner conductor and (iii) the voltage gradient at the surface of the outer conductor, and (iv) total charging current of the cable. (10-marks). 2-2. The series impedance and shunt admittance of a 480-km, 60 Hz, long transmission line are as follows: Z = 0.3+j0.4 /km Y = 0 + j4.27 x 10-6 S/km. Determine the value of the required shunt reactor that will compensate 50% of the total shunt admittance. Also find ABCD constants of this reactor. (10-marks).
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Question #3 (20 Marks)

In the power network shown in Fig (1), each of the two generators is rated 30 MVA, 13.8 kV, and 0.9522 reactance. Each of the four motors is rated 15 MVA, 12.5 kV, and 2.083 reactance. Each of the two transformers is rated 60 MVA, 13.2 kV/132 kV, and 29 reactance on the high voltage side. The transmission line's series reactance is 80 ohms.

M1 G1 M2 G2 T1 TL T2 M3 M4

Fig. (1). (a) b) Draw a reactance diagram showing all reactances in ohms. (4marks) For a base of 50 MVA and 13.2kV (at G1 and G2), draw the reactance diagram showing all reactances in per unit values.(8marks). Each of the four motors is taking rated current at rated voltage with a power factor of 0.9 leading. Find pu motor current (4marks). Find current of each of the two generators in amperes. (4-marks).

c)

d)

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Question #4 (20 Marks)

4.1

4.2

A three phase, 60 Hz, 100 km transmission line is delivering 50 MW at 132 kV and 0.8 lagging power factor. The line has r = 0.1 /km, inductive reactance = 0.3 /km and y =3x10-6S/km. Using a suitable model, calculate sending end voltage, current, power and power factor. Also find voltage regulation and efficiency of this line. (12 marks) A 33 kV line has an insulator string with 4 units. Each unit has a capacitance of C. The pin to earth capacitance is C/10. Find voltage across each unit and the string efficiency. (8 marks)

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Question #5 (20 Marks)

5-1.

A 3-phase feeder system is as shown in Fig.2. When this feeder is fed at point A at 220V, calculate the current distribution in each feeder section and voltage at buses D. What is KVA output of transformer shown? (12-marks)
50A, 0.8pf (Lag)

A
220V

1+0.6j

B
1.2+0.9j

120A, unity pf. 3+2j 0.8+0.5j

D
70A, 0.866 pf (Lead).

Fig.1 5-2. 5-3.

What is grounding? What is the difference between system grounding and equipment grounding? Give uses of each type. (4-marks) What factors determine the grounding resistance? How this resistance can be reduced? (4-marks)

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