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Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures

Design of Barrage
Input Design Data
Maximum Discharge, Q max 500000 cusecs
Minimum Discharge, Qmin 12000 cusecs
River Bed Level, RBL 582 ft
High Flood Level, HFL 600 ft
Lowest water level, LWL 587 ft
Numbers of canals on left side 1
Numbers of canals on right side 2
Maximum Discharge of one Canal 3500 cusecs
Slope of river 1 ft/mile
Lacey's Looseness Coefficient, LLC 1.8
1- Minimum Stable Wetted Perimeter
Wetted perimeter, Pw = 2.67 Qmax 1888 ft
Width between abutment, Wa = LLC x Pw 3398 ft
Number of bays 50
Bay width 60 ft
Number of fish ladder 1
Width of one fish ladder 26 ft
Number of divide walls 2
Width of on divide wall 15 ft
width of one pier 7 ft
Total number of piers 47
Total width of bays 3000 ft
Total width of piers 329 ft
Width between abutment, Wa 3385 ft
Discharge between abutments, qabt 147.71 cusecs/ft
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
Discharge over weir, q weir 166.67 cusecs/ft
2- Calculation of Lacey's Silt Factor
S = (1/1844) x f**5/3 / Q**1/6
Lacey's silt factor, f 2.04
3- Fixation of Crest Level
Afflux 3 ft
Height of crest above river bed, P 6 ft
Scour depth, R = 0.9(qabt**2 / f)**1/3 19.82 ft
Depth of water above crest, Ho = R- P 13.82 ft
Approach velocity, Vo = qabt / R 7.45 ft/s
Energy head, ho = Vo**2 / 2g 0.86 ft
Eo = Ho + ho 14.69 ft
Do = HFL - RBL 18.00 ft
E1 = Do + ho + Afflux 21.86 ft
Level of E1 = RBL + E1 603.86 ft
Crest level = Level of E1 - Eo 589.18 ft
Maximum d/s water level 600 ft
h = d/s WL - Crest Level 10.82 ft
Using Gibson Curve
h / Eo 0.74
C' / C 0.84
C 3.8 fps
C' = (C'/C) x C 3.19
Q = C' x W clear x Eo**3/2 538948 cusecs O.K
4- Design of Undersluices
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
Difference between undersluices & main weir 3 ft
Number of undersluices (N1) 2
Number of bays for one undersluices (N2) 5
Flow through undesluices as % of main weir 120 %
Crest level of undersluices 586.18 ft
b1 = N1 x Bay width 300 ft
qus = % flow x q weir 200 cusecs/ft
Scour depth, R = 0.9(qus**2 / f)**1/3 24.26 ft
Do, (may be Do = R) 24.26 ft
Approach velocity, Vo = qus / R 8.24 ft/sec
Energy head, ho = Vo**2 / 2g 1.06 ft
Maximum U/S E.L = HFL + Afflux + ho 604.06 ft
Eo = U/S E.L - Crest Level 17.88 ft
h = (U/S E.L - Afflux) - Crest level 14.88 ft
h / Eo 0.83
Using Gibson Curve
C' / C 0.76
C' = (C'/C) x C 2.89
Q1 & Q3, ( Q = C' x Wclear x Eo**3/2) 131000 cusecs
Q main weir = C' x (Wclear(bays) - Wclear( us) )x Eo**3/2 431158 cusecs
Total Discharge = Q1 + Q3 + Q main weir 562158 cusecs O.K
%water through undersluices=(Q1+Q3)/Qmain weir*100 30.4 % 1
Hence
Crest Level of Undersluices 586.18 ft
Number of Bays on Each Side 5
5- Determination of Water Levels and Energy Levels
5.1 Check for main weir
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
Q DSWL USWL D Vo ho h Ho Eo h/Eo C'/C C' q
clear
Q
(USWL-RBL) qclear/D (Vo**2/2g) (DSWL-CL) (USWL-CL) (USWL+ho-CL) (Gibson)
(cusecs) (ft) (ft) (ft) (ft/s) (ft) (ft) (ft) (ft) (cusecs/ft) (cusecs)
For normal state
600000 601.5 604.0 22.0 9.1 1.28 12.32 14.82 16.11 0.765 0.820 3.12 201.4 604304.5051 O.K
500000 600 602.5 20.5 8.1 1.03 10.82 13.32 14.35 0.754 0.815 3.10 168.4 505080.2687 O.K
250000 597 598.5 16.5 5.1 0.396 7.82 9.32 9.72 0.805 0.780 2.96 89.8 269469.201 O.K
125000 592 594.5 12.5 3.3 0.17 2.82 5.32 5.50 0.514 0.940 3.57 46.0 138093.9179 O.K
For retrogressed state
600000 595.5 602.0 20.0 10.0 1.55 6.32 12.82 14.38 0.440 0.960 3.65 198.9 596585.2323 NOT O.K
500000 596 601.0 19.0 8.8 1.19 6.82 11.82 13.02 0.524 0.930 3.53 166.0 498022.6991 NOT O.K
250000 591 597.0 15.0 5.6 0.48 1.82 7.82 8.30 0.220 0.970 3.69 88.2 264578.8133 O.K
For accreted state
600000 604 606.0 24.0 8.3 1.08 14.82 16.82 17.90 0.828 0.765 2.91 220.2 660591.9303 O.K
500000 602.5 604.0 22.0 7.6 0.89 13.32 14.82 15.72 0.848 0.740 2.81 175.2 525555.6319 O.K
250000 601.5 602.0 20.0 4.2 0.27 12.32 12.82 13.09 0.941 0.520 1.98 93.6 280866.2414 O.K
5.2 Check fo undersluices
Increase in flow 20 %
Concentration of flow, Q 157199 cusecs
Q DSWL USWL D Vo ho h Ho Eo h/Eo C'/C C' q
clear
Q
(USWL-RBL) qclear/D (Vo**2/2g) (DSWL-CL) (USWL-CL) (USWL+ho-CL) (Gibson)
(cusecs) (ft) (ft) (ft) (ft/s) (ft) (ft) (ft) (ft) (cusecs/ft) (cusecs)
For normal state
157199 601.5 603.5 21.5 12.2 2.31 15.32 17.32 19.63 0.781 0.82 3.12 271.00 162602.6478 O.K
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
For Retrogressed state
157199 595.5 601.5 19.5 13.4 2.80 9.32 15.32 18.13 0.514 0.94 3.57 275.68 165409.025 O.K
For accreted state
157199 604.0 605.5 23.5 11.1 1.93 17.82 19.32 21.25 0.839 0.77 2.93 286.71 172025.0313 O.K
6- Fixation of d/s Floor Levels and Length of d/s Glacis and d/s Floor
6.1 Fixation of d/s floor levels for normal weir section using blench curves
Q q
clear USEL DSEL h
L
E
2 DSFL
(USWL+ho) (DSWL +ho) (USEL-DSEL) (blench curve) (DSEL - E2)
(cusecs) (cusecs/ft) (ft) (ft) (ft) (ft) (ft)
Normal state of river
600000 201.4 605.28 602.78 2.50 19.1 583.68
500000 168.4 603.53 601.03 2.50 17.3 583.73
250000 89.8 598.90 597.40 1.50 11.2 586.20
For Retrogressed state of river
600000 198.9 603.55 597.05 6.50 21 576.05
500000 166.0 602.19 597.19 5.00 18.3 578.89
250000 88.2 597.48 591.48 6.00 13 578.48
For accreted state of river
600000 220.2 607.08 605.08 2.00 19.6 585.48
500000 175.2 604.89 603.39 1.50 16.6 586.79
250000 93.6 602.27 601.77 0.50 10.4 591.37
Hence
d/s Floor level 576.00 ft
6.2 Fixation of d/s floor levels for undersluices using blench curves
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
Q q
clear USEL DSEL h
L
E
2 DSFL
(USWL+ho) (DSWL +ho) (USEL-DSEL) (blench curve) (DSEL - E2)
(cusecs) (cusecs/ft) (ft) (ft) (ft) (ft) (ft)
Normal state of river
162603 271.00 605.81 603.81 2.00 22.3 581.51
For Retrogressed state of river
165409 275.68 604.30 598.30 6.00 25.1 573.20
For accreted state of river
172025 286.71 607.43 605.93 1.50 22.6 583.33
Hence
d/s Floor level for undersluices 573.00 ft
7- Fixation of d/s floor level for normal barrage section using
Crump's method and determination of floor length
Q 500000 cusecs
Maximum DSWL 602.5 ft
USWL 604.0 ft
USEL 604.89 ft
DSFL 576.00 ft
RBL 582 ft
Crest level 589.18 ft
Dpool (Max. DSWL - DSFL) 26.5 ft
d/s Velocity (Q/(Dpool x Wa) 5.57 ft/sec
d/s velocity head (V
2
/2g) 0.48 ft
DSEL (DSWL + velocity head) 602.98 ft
K (USEL - Crest Level ) 15.71 ft
L (USEL - DSEL ) 1.91 ft
q (Q / Total width of bays) 166.67 cusecs/ft
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
Critical Depth, C, (q
2
/ g)
1/3
9.52 ft
L/C 0.20
(K+F)/C ,(from crumps curve) 1.92
F, [(K+F)/C x C - K] 2.56
Level of intersection of jump with glacis
= Crest level - F 586.61 ft
E
2,
( DSEL - Level of intersection of jump) 16.37 ft
Submergency of jump, (Level of intersection of jump - DSFL ) 10.61 ft
Slope of d/s glacis 1: 3
Length of glacis d/s of jump, (slope x submergency) 31.84 ft
Length of stilling pool, (4.5 x E
2
) 73.66 ft
Length of d/s floor, (Length of stilling pool -Length of glacis d/s of jump) 41.83 ft
Say 42 ft
b)
Q 500000 cusecs
Minimum DSWL 596 ft

L
K


y
F x
Fig:1 Various Parameters for using Crump's
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
USWL 601 ft
USEL 602.19 ft
DSFL 576 ft
RBL 582 ft
Crest level 589.18 ft
Dpool (Min. DSWL - DSFL) 20 ft
d/s Velocity (Q/(Dpool x Wa) 7.39 ft/sec
d/s velocity head (V
2
/2g) 0.85 ft
DSEL, (DSWL + velocity head) 596.85 ft
K (USEL - Crest Level ) 13.01 ft
L (USEL - DSEL ) 5.34 ft
q (Q / Total width of bays) 166.67 cusecs/ft
Critical Depth, C, (q
2
/ g)
1/3
9.52 ft
L/C 0.56
(K+F)/C ,(from crumps curve) 2.48
F, [(K+F)/C x C - K] 10.59 ft
Level of intersection of jump with glacis
= Crest level - F 578.58 ft
E
2,
( DSEL - Level of intersection of jump) 18.27 ft
Submergency of jump, (Level of intersection of jump - DSFL ) 2.58 ft
Slope of d/s glacis 1: 3
Length of glacis d/s of jump, (slope x submergency) 7.74 ft
Length of stilling pool, (4.5 x E
2
) 82.19 ft
Length of d/s floor, (Length of stilling pool -Length of glacis d/s of jump) 74.45 ft
Say 75.00 ft
8 - Fixation of d/s floor length for undersluices
a)
Q 157199.5 cusecs
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
Maximum DSWL 604 ft
USWL 605.5 ft
USEL 607.43 ft
DSFL 573 ft
RBL 582 ft
Crest level 586.18 ft
Dpool (Max. DSWL - DSFL) 31 ft
d/s Velocity (Q/(Dpool x Wa) 8.5 ft/sec
d/s velocity head (V
2
/2g) 1.11 ft
DSEL (DSWL + velocity head) 605.11 ft
K (USEL - Crest Level ) 21.25 ft
L (USEL - DSEL ) 2.32 ft
q (Q / Total width of bays) 262.0 cusecs/ft
Critical Depth, C, (q
2
/ g)
1/3
12.87 ft
L/C 0.180
(K+F)/C ,(from crumps curve) 1.92
F, [(K+F)/C x C - K] 3.46 ft
Level of intersection of jump with glacis
= Crest level - F 582.72 ft
E
2,
( DSEL - Level of intersection of jump) 22.39 ft
Submergency of jump, (Level of intersection of jump - DSFL ) 9.72 ft
Slope of d/s glacis 1: 3
Length of glacis d/s of jump, (slope x submergency) 29.16 ft
Length of stilling pool, (4.5 x E
2
) 101 ft
Length of d/s floor, (Length of stilling pool -Length of glacis d/s of jump) 71.60 ft
Say 72.00 ft
b)
Q 157199.5 cusecs
Minimum DSWL 595.5 ft
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
USWL 601.5 ft
USEL 604.3 ft
DSFL 573 ft
RBL 582 ft
Crest level 586.18 ft
Dpool (Min. DSWL - DSFL) 22.5 ft
d/s Velocity (Q/(Dpool x Wa) 11.64 ft/sec
d/s velocity head (V
2
/2g) 2.11 ft
DSEL (DSWL + velocity head) 597.61 ft
K (USEL - Crest Level ) 18.12 ft
L (USEL - DSEL ) 6.69 ft
q (Q / Total width of bays) 262.0 cusecs/ft
Critical Depth, C, (q
2
/ g)
1/3
12.87 ft
L/C 0.520
(K+F)/C ,(from crumps curve) 2.32
F, [(K+F)/C x C - K] 11.73 ft
Level of intersection of jump with glacis
= Crest level - F 574.44 ft
E
2,
( DSEL - Level of intersection of jump) 23.16 ft
Submergency of jump, (Level of intersection of jump - DSFL ) 1.44 ft
Slope of d/s glacis 1: 3
Length of glacis d/s of jump, (slope x submergency) 4.32 ft
Length of stilling pool, (4.5 x E
2
) 104 ft
Length of d/s floor, (Length of stilling pool -Length of glacis d/s of jump) 99.91 ft
Say 100 ft
Hence we shall provide d/s floor length = 100 ft
9- Check for Adequacy for d/s floor levels using conjugate depth method.
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
9.1 For normal weir section
1.00
Floor level of stilling pool 576.00 ft
Discharge in river, Q (cusecs)
Discharge through main weir, Q
1
= 0.8Q (cusecs)
max. min. max min
USEL (ft) 604.89 602.19 602.27 597.48
DSWL (ft) 602.5 596.0 601.5 591
E = USEL - DSFL 28.89 26.19 26.27 21.48
Intensity of flow on d/s floor, q = Q
1
/width of main weir 166.67 166.67 83.33 83.33
Depth in stilling pool, D
pool
= DSWL - DSFL 26.50 20.00 25.50 15.00
f(z) = q/E
3/2
1.073 1.243 0.619 0.837
z 0.145 0.170 0.080 0.110
z' 0.635 0.671 0.504 0.573
d
1
= z x E 4.19 4.45 2.10 2.36
d
2
= z' x E 18.36 17.57 13.24 12.31
Jump submergency = D
pool
- d
2
8.14 2.43 12.26 2.69
Remarks O.K O.K O.K O.K
9.2 For undersluices section
1.00
Floor level of stilling pool 573.00 ft
Discharge in river, Q (cusecs)
250000
200000
Conjugate depth coefficients
Conjugate depths
500000
400000
500000
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
Discharge through U.S with 20% concentration, (1.2 x (Q1 + Q2))
Max. Min.
USEL (ft) 607.43 604.30
DSWL (ft) 604.00 595.5
E = USEL - DSFL (ft) 34.43 31.30
Intensity of flow on d/s floor, q = Q
1
/Total width of all U/S 262 262
Depth in stilling pool, D
pool
= DSWL - DSFL 31.00 22.50
f(z) = q/E
3/2
1.30 1.50
z 0.180 0.217
z' 0.684 0.695
d
1
= z x E 6.20 6.79
d
2
= z' x E 23.54 21.75
Jump submergency = D
pool
- d
2
(ft) 7.46 0.75
Remarks O.K O.K
10 - Scour Protection
For main weir
Assume flow concentration 20 %
q = Qmax /(total width of bays) x 1.2 200 cusecs/ft
R = 0.9 (q
2
/f)
1/3
24.26 ft
10.1 - d/s scour protection for main weir
Safety factor for d/s floor critical condition 1.75
Depth, R' = safety factor x R 42.46 ft
Minimum DSWL for Q
max
596 ft
d/s appron (floor) level, (DSFL) 576.00 ft
Depth of water on apron (Min DSWL - DSFL) 20.00 ft
Conjugate depth coefficients
Conjugate depths
157199
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
Increase in depth due to concentration 0.50 ft
Depth of water with concentration, D' 20.50 ft
Depth of scour below apron = R' - D' 21.96 ft
Slope of protection 1: 3
Length of apron to cover surface of scour = Sqrt (1
2
+3
2
)x(R'-D') 69.44 ft
Length of d/s stone apron in horizontal position
= length of apron x (1.25t/1.75t) 50 ft
10.2 U/s Scour Protection for main weir
Safety factor for u/s floor critical condition 1.25
R' = Safety factor x R 30.33 ft
Minimum USWL for Q
max
601.00 ft
U/s apron level, (RBL) 582 ft
Depth of water on apron = USWL -RBL 19.00 ft
D
R'
t
1:3
3(R-D)
2.5(R-D)
Bed Level
DSFL
MIN. W.L
Deepest Possible Scour
Fig:2 Scour Protection
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
Increase in depth due to concentration 0.50 ft
Total depth with concentration, D' 19.50 ft
Depth of scour below apron = R' - D' 10.83 ft
Slope of protection 1: 3
Length of apron to cover surface of scour = Sqrt (1
2
+3
2
)x(R'-D') 34.24 ft
Length of u/s stone apron in horizontal position
= length of apron x (1.25t/1.75t) 25 ft
For undersluices
Assume flow concentration 20 %
q = (Q
1
+Q
3
)/Total width of undersluicesx 1.2 262 cusecs/ft
R = 0.9 (q
2
/f)
1/3
29.05 ft
10.3 - d/s scour protection for undersluices
Safety factor for d/s floor critical condition 1.75
Depth, R' = safety factor x R 50.83 ft
Minimum DSWL for Q
1
+ Q
3
595.5 ft
d/s appron (floor) level, (DSFL) 573.00 ft
Depth of water on apron (Min DSWL - DSFL) 22.50 ft
Increase in depth due to concentration 0.5 ft
Depth of water with concentration, D' 23.00 ft
Depth of scour below apron = R' - D' 27.83 ft
Slope of protection 1: 3
Length of apron to cover surface of scour = Sqrt (1
2
+3
2
)x(R'-D') 88.02 ft
Length of d/s stone apron in horizontal position
= length of apron x (1.25t/1.75t) 63 ft
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
10.4 U/s Scour Protection for undersluices
Safety factor for u/s floor critical condition 1.25
R' = Safety factor x R 36.31 ft
Minimum USWL for Q
1
+ Q
3
601.5 ft
U/s apron level, (RBL) 582 ft
Depth of water on apron = USWL -RBL 19.5 ft
Increase in depth due to concentration 0.5 ft
Total depth with concentration, D' 20 ft
Depth of scour below apron = R' - D' 16.31 ft
Slope of protection 1: 3
Length of apron to cover surface of scour = Sqrt (1
2
+3
2
)x(R'-D') 51.58 ft
Length of u/s stone apron in horizontal position
= length of apron x (1.25t/1.75t) 37 ft
10.5 - Thickness of Aprons
The following table gives the required valuves of "t" (Fig:2) for protection
of various grades of sand and slope of rivers.
3 9 12 18 24
16 19 22 25 28
22 25 28 31 34
28 31 34 37 40
34 37 40 43 46
40 43 45 49 52
Fall in inches/mile
Sand classification Thickness of stone pitching in inches
Very fine
Very coarse
Coarse
Medium
Fine
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
Type of soil Medium sand
Slope of river 12 in/mile
Thickness if stone pitching, t 34 in
Thickness of stone apron in horizontal position = 1.75xt/slope 5 ft
Size of concrete blocks over filter 4 ft cube
Summary
Total Length of d/s stone apron 50 ft
4 ft Thick bloke apron = 1/3 x total length 16 ft (block= 4'x4'x4')
5 ft Thick stone apron 34 ft
Total length of u/s apron 25 ft
4 ft Thick bloke apron = 1/3 x total length 8 ft (block= 4'x4'x4')
5 ft Thick stone apron 17 ft
11 - Inverted Filter Design
Size of Concrete blocks 4 ft cube
Thickness of shingle (3' - 6") 9 in
Thickness of coarse shingle (3/4" - 3") 9 in
Thickness of fine shingle (3/16" - 3/4") 6 in
Spacing b/w conc. Blocks filled with fine shingle 2 in
Concrete Blocks
(4'x4'x4')






Spacing /Jhries (2")
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
12- Design of guide banks
i) Length of each guid bank measured in straight line along
the barrage u/s , L
u/s =
1.5 x Wa 5078 ft
ii) Length of each guid bank d/s of barrage, L
d/s
= 0.2 x Wa 677 ft
iii) For the nose of the u/s guide bank and the full length of d/s
guide bank use Lacey's depth = 1.75 x R 42.46 ft
For remaining u/s guide bank lacey's depth = 1.25 x R 30.33 ft
iv) Possible slope of scour 1: 3
v) Free board u/s 7 ft above HFL
Free board d/s 6 ft above HFL
These free boards also include allowance for accretion.
vi) Top of guide bank 10 ft
vii) Side slope of guide bank 1: 3
viii) Minimum apron thickness 4 ft
Length of barrage, Wa 3385 ft
Length of u/s guide bank 5078 ft


9" Gravel

9" Coarse sand

6" Sand
Fig: 3 Inverted Filter
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
Length of d/s guide bank 677 ft
Radius of u/s curved part 600 ft
Radius of d/s curved part 400 ft
Maximum u/s angle protected 140
o
Maximum d/s angle protected 57
o
- 80
o
12.1 Determination of levels of guide banks
Merrimen's backwater formula
L = length of back water curve
Chezy's Coefficient, C 71 ( max for earthen channels)
Bed slope of river, S 1/ 5000
RBL 582 ft
D/s HFL with accretion 602.5 ft
D = D/s HFL with accretion - RBL 20.5 ft
d
1
d
2 D
L
Bresse Backwater Function
S
(

|
.
|

\
|
u |
.
|

\
|
u
|
|
.
|

\
|
+

=
D
d
D
d
g
C
S
D
S
d d
2 1
2
2 1
1
L
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
U/s HFL with accretion 604.0 ft
d
1
= U/s HFL with accretion - RBL 22.0 ft
Assume d
2
(in between d1 and D) 21.78 ft
d
1
/D 1.073
d
2
/D 1.062
(d
1
/D) (from Bresse back water function table) 0.7870
(d
2
/D) 0.8287
L 5240 ft
Length of guide bank 5078
Comments O.K
Rise in RBL = Length of guide bank / slope 1.02 from barrage level
Water level along h/w axis at 5078 ft u/s of barrage
= RBL + Rise in RBL + d2 604.80 ft
i) Level at the nose of u/s guide bank = W/L + free board 611.80 ft
ii) Level at the barrage = HFL + free board 607 ft
iii) Water level d/s of barrage 602.5 ft
D/s free board 6 ft
Level of guide bank d/s = W/L + Free board 608.5 ft
13 - Design of Guide Bank Apron
W.L
T=1.07t
2.5 (R' - D')
D
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
Working on same lines as in section 10,
Length of unlanched horizontal apron = 2.5(R' - D') 27.07 ft
Length of launched apron at 1:3 slope = 3.16(R' - D') 34.22 ft
Thickness of stone apron, t (as calculated previously) 34 inches
say 3 ft
Volume of stones in apron = t x length launched apron 102.65 ft
3
/unit width
Minimum thickness of unlaunched apron = 1.07t 3.2 ft
Mean thickness of unlaunched apron = volume/ 2.5(R' - D') 3.8 ft
Maximum thickness of unlaunched apron = 2t
mean
- t
min
5.0 ft
14 - Design of Marginal Bunds
i) Top width 20 ft
ii) Top level above estimated HFL after allowing 1.5ft accretion 5 ft
iii) Front slope of marginal bunds (not pitched) 1: 3
iv) Back slope to be such as to provide minimum cover of 2 ft,
over hydraulic gradient of 1:6
v) U/s water level at nose of guide bank 611.80 ft
Free board of marginal bund 5 ft
Hence level of marginal bund 616.80 ft
T=1.07t
R
T
t
Deepest Possible Scour
1 :3
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
Calculation of length of backwater curve:
Merrimen's equation can be used to calculate backwater length
Maximum USWL at Q
max
604.0 ft
RBL 582 ft
Normal W.L without weir 600 ft
d
1
= Maximum USWL - RBL 22.0 ft
D = Normal W.L - RBL 18 ft
Slope 1: 5000
Table for length of backwater curve
D d
1
d
2
(5)x(10) L
x(1) =(11)+(4)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
18 22.0 21.5 2500 4843.4 1.222 1.194 0.3162 0.3397 0.0235 2049 4549
d
1
d
2 D
L
Bresse Backwater Function
(

|
.
|

\
|
u |
.
|

\
|
u
|
|
.
|

\
|
+

=
D
d
D
d
g
C
S
D
S
d d
2 1
2
2 1
1
L
S
d d
2 1

D
d
T
1
1
=
D
d
T
2
2
=
|
.
|

\
|
u
D
d
1
1
|
.
|

\
|
u
D
d
2
2
g
C
S
2
1

1 2
u u
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
18 21.5 21.0 2500 4843.4 1.194 1.167 0.3397 0.3636 0.0239 2084 4584
18 21.0 20.5 2500 4843.4 1.167 1.139 0.3636 0.3908 0.0272 2371 4871
18 20.5 20.0 2500 4843.4 1.139 1.111 0.3908 0.4198 0.029 2528 5028
18 20.0 19.5 2500 4843.4 1.111 1.083 0.4198 0.457 0.0372 3243 5743
18 19.5 19.0 2500 4843.4 1.083 1.056 0.457 0.4993 0.0423 3688 6188
18 19.0 18.5 2500 4843.4 1.056 1.028 0.4993 0.5511 0.0518 4516 7016
18 18.5 18.1 2000 4843.4 1.028 1.006 0.5511 0.6207 0.0696 6068 8068
Total 46047 ft
8.73 miles
Hence length of backwater cure = 8.73 miles
Part II
Design of barrage profile for sub surface flow condition
15 - Fixing of Depth of Sheet Piles
Scour depth, R 19.82 ft
Depth of u/s sheet pile from HFL = 1.5 R 30 ft
Max. USWL for Q
max
604.0 ft
RL of bottomo fu/s sheet pile = Max. USWL - 1.5R 574.0 ft
Depth of d/s sheet pile below HFL = 2R 40 ft
RL of bottom of intermediate sheet pile = Max. USWL - 2R 564.0 ft
Let RL of bottom of d/s sheet pile 550 ft
604.0 ft
589.18 ft
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
582.0
1: 4
A K 1: 3
576.00
B L N P R
574.0 75.00
M
564.0 Q
1.5H = 48 28.70 6 39.53 550.0
16 - Calculation of Exit Gradient
Let the water be headed up to Max. accreted level u/s 604.0 ft
and no flow d/s.
Retogression 4 ft
DSFL 576.0 ft
b
d
b
1
H
E
D
C
= b/d
Parmeters of Khosla's Curve
t
1
x
d
H
G
E
=
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
Differential head causing seepeage, H = Max. u/s WL - (DSFL - Retrogression) 32.0 ft
Depth of d/s sheet pile, d = DSFL - RL of bottom of d/s sheet pile 26.0 ft
Total length of concrete floor = b 197.23 ft
= b/d 7.59
form ~ curve 0.152
G
E
0.187 SAFE
17 - Calculation of Uplift Pressure After Applying Correction
17.1 U/s pile line:
Length of concrete floor upto u/s sheet pile, b
1
48 ft
Total length of concrete floor, b 197.23 ft
Depth of u/s sheet pile,d 8.0 ft
Assume t
f
u/s

floor thickness 2.5 ft
1/ = d/b 0.0406
= b/d 24.65
b
1
/b 0.243
1 - b
1
/b 0.757
= From khosla's curve 100 - 33 67 %
= From khosla's curve 100 - 31 69 %
= From khosla's curve 64 %
i) Correction for floor thickness
Correction in 0.938 %
t
1
t
1
A
u
B
u
K
u
E
u
c u
D
u
( )
K B
f
K
d
t
u u = u
( )
B A
f
A
d
t
u u = u
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
Correction in -ve 0.625 %
ii) Correction for interface of sheet pile
Correction in due to second pile =
Depth of u/s sheet pile,d 8.0 ft
D = RBL - RL of bottom of second pile 18.0 ft
Total length of concrete floor, b 197.23 ft
Distance between two piles, b' 74.23 ft
Correction in +ve 1.23 %
iii) Slope correction for
Correction for
For 1:4 slope, Fs (from slope correction curve) 3.3
Distance between two piles, b
1
74.23 ft
Horizontal projection of u/s glacis, b
s
= (crest level - RBL) x 1/slope 28.70 ft
Correction for -1.28
Hence
Correted 68.375 %
Corrected 67 %
Corrected 64.895 %
17.2 Intermediate sheet pile at toe of d/s glacis:
Assume floor thickness 10 ft
DSFL 576.00 ft
( )
B A
f
A
d
t
u u = u
K
u
'
19
b
D
b
D d
(

+
K
u
K
u
1
b
b
F
s
S K
= u
K
u
A
u
B
u
K
u
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
RL of intermediate sheet pile 564.00 ft
d = DSFL - RL of Intermediate sheet pile 12.00 ft
Total length of concrete floor, b 197.23 ft
Length of concrete floor up to sheet pile, b
1
122.23 ft
b
1
/b 0.620
1 - b
1
/b 0.380
= b/d 16.44
From khosla's curve 100 - 55 45 %
From khosla's curve 100 - 58 42 %
From khosla's curve 36.5 %
i) Correction due to floor thickness
Correction in -2.5 %
Correction in 4.58 %
ii) Correction due to interference of pile
Correction in due to u/s sheet pile
Depth of Intermediate sheet pile,d 12.0 ft
D = RBL - RL of bottom of u/s sheet pile 18.00 ft
Total length of concrete floor, b 197.23 ft
Distance between two piles, b' 74.23 ft
Correction in = -1.42 %
Correction in due to d/s sheet pile =
E L
u = u
D M
u = u
C
N
u = u
L
u
( )
M L
f
L
d
t
u u = u
( )
N M
f
N
d
t
u u = u
'
19
b
D
b
D d
(

+
L
u
'
19
b
D
b
D d
(

+
N
u
'
19
b
D
b
D d
(

+
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
Depth of Intermediate sheet pile,d 12.00 ft
D = DSFL - RL of bottom of d/s sheet pile 26.00 ft
Total length of concrete floor, b 197.23 ft
Distance between two piles, b' 75.00 ft
Correction in = 2.16 %
iii) Slope correction for
for '1:3 slope, F
s
4.5
b
s
= (crest level - DSFL) x 1/slope 39.53 ft
Distance between two piles, b
1
74.23 ft
Correction in 2.40 %
Hence
Corrected 43.47 %
Corrected 42 %
Corrected 43.24 %
17.3 D/s sheet pile at the end of impervious floor
Assume floor thickness 7 ft
Depth of d/s sheet pile, d 26.00 ft
Total length of concrete floor, b 197.23 ft
1/ = d/b 0.132
From khosla's curve 100 - 68 32 %
From khosla's curve 100 - 78 22 %
From khosla's curve 0 %
N
u
'
19
b
D
b
D d
(

+
N
u
'
19
b
D
b
D d
(

+
L
u
1
b
b
F
s
S L
= u
L
u
M
u
N
u
E P
u = u
D Q
u = u
C R
u = u
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
i) Correction due to floor thickness
Correction in -2.69 %
Correction in 5.92 %
ii) Correction due to interface of piles
Correction in
Depth of d/s sheet pile,d 26.00 ft
D = DSFL - RL of bottom of intermediate sheet pile 12.00 ft
Total length of concrete floor, b 197.23 ft
Distance between two piles, b' 75.00 ft
Correction in = -1.46 %
Hence
Corrected 27.84 %
Corrected 22 %
Corrected 5.92 %
Table: Uplift pressure at E, D, C and along the sheet piles
= 68.38% = 43.47% = 27.84%
= 67% = 42% = 22%
= 64.89% = 43.24% = 5.92%
d/s Pile
Line
Symbol used in
Khosla cueve
Intermediate
Line
u/s Pile
line
C R
u = u
P
u
R
u
P
u
'
19
b
D
b
D d
(

+
P
u
P
u
R
u
Q
u
E
u
D
u
C
u
K
B
A
u
u
u
N
M
L
u
u
u
R
Q
P
u
u
u
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
18 - Calculation For Floor Thickness:
where
t
f
= Thickness of floor in ft
= % Uplift pressure
H = Maximum differential head causing seepage
G = Specific gravity of concrete 2.4
a) Thickness of floor at A
Assumend thickness 2.5 ft
H 32 ft
Thickness from uplift pressure 15.63 ft
say 16.00 ft
b) Thickness of floor at L
Assumend thickness 10 ft
Thickness from uplift pressure 9.94 ft
say 10.00 ft
c) Thickness of floor at N
Assumend thickness 10 ft
Thickness from uplift pressure 9.88 ft
say 10.00 ft
d) Thickness of floor at P
Assumend thickness 7 ft
Thickness from uplift pressure 6.36 ft
say 7.00 ft
C
u
K
B
A
u
u
u
N
M
L
u
u
u
R
Q
P
u
u
u
( )
H
G
t
f

u
=
1 100
u
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage Hydraulic Structures
e) Thickness of floor at crest
Uplift pressure at crest 54.88003 %
Hence
Thickness of floor at crest d/s of gate 12.54401 ft
say 13 ft
K
L
Pressure at crest
x
y
) (x
y
L K
L
u u
+ u =
K
u
L
u
Muhammad Azhar Saleem
2003/II-MS-C-STRU-01
Design of Barrage
Input Design Data
Maximum Discharge, Q max 540000 cusecs
Minimum Discharge, Qmin 12000 cusecs
River Bed Level, RBL 582 ft
High Flood Level, HFL 600 ft
Lowest water level, LWL 587 ft
Numbers of canals on left side 1
Numbers of canals on right side 2
Maximum Discharge of one Canal 3500 cusecs
Slope of river 1 ft/mile
Lacey's Looseness Coefficient, LLC 1.8
1- Minimum Stable Wetted Perimeter
Wetted perimeter, Pw = 2.67 Qmax 1962 ft
Width between abutment, Wa = LLC x Pw 3532 ft
Number of bays 55
Bay width 60 ft
Number of fish ladder 1
Width of one fish ladder 25 ft
Number of divide walls 2
Width of one divide wall 15 ft
width of one pier 7 ft
Total number of piers 52
Total width of bays 3300 ft
Total width of piers 364 ft
Width between abutment, Wa 3719 ft
Discharge between abutments, qabt 145.20 cusecs/ft
Discharge over weir, q weir 163.64 cusecs/ft
2- Calculation of Lacey's Silt Factor
S = (1/1844) x f**5/3 / Q**1/6
Lacey's silt factor, f 2.06
3- Fixation of Crest Level
Afflux 3 ft
Height of crest above river bed, P 6 ft
Scour depth, R = 0.9(qabt**2 / f)**1/3 19.55 ft
Depth of water above crest, Ho = R- P 13.55 ft
Approach velocity, Vo = qabt / R 7.43 ft/s
Energy head, ho = Vo**2 / 2g 0.86 ft
Eo = Ho + ho 14.41 ft
Do = HFL - RBL 18.00 ft
E1 = Do + ho + Afflux 21.86 ft
Level of E1 = RBL + E1 603.86 ft
Crest level = Level of E1 - Eo 589.45 ft
Maximum d/s water level 600 ft
h = d/s WL - Crest Level 10.55 ft
Using Gibson Curve
h / Eo 0.73
C' / C 0.86
C 3.8 fps
C' = (C'/C) x C 3.27
Q = C' x W clear x Eo**3/2 589630 cusecs
O.K
4- Design of Undersluices
Difference between undersluices & main weir 3 ft
Number of undersluices (N1) 2
Number of bays for one undersluices (N2) 5
Flow through undesluices as % of main weir 120 %
Crest level of undersluices 586.45 ft
b1 = N1 x Bay width 300 ft
qus = % flow x q weir 196.3636 cusecs/ft
Scour depth, R = 0.9(qus**2 / f)**1/3 23.91 ft
Do, (may be Do = R) 23.91 ft
Approach velocity, Vo = qus / R 8.21 ft/sec
Energy head, ho = Vo**2 / 2g 1.05 ft
Maximum U/S E.L = HFL + Afflux + ho 604.05 ft
Eo = U/S E.L - Crest Level 17.60 ft
h = (U/S E.L - Afflux) - Crest level 14.60 ft
h / Eo 0.83
Using Gibson Curve
C' / C 0.77
C' = (C'/C) x C 2.93
Q1 & Q3, ( Q = C' x Wclear x Eo**3/2) 129586 cusecs
Q main weir = C' x (Wclear(bays) - Wclear( us) )x Eo**3/2 482425 cusecs
Total Discharge = Q1 + Q3 + Q main weir O.K 612010 cusecs
%water through undersluices=(Q1+Q3)/Qmain weir*100 1 26.9 %
Hence
Crest Level of Undersluices 586.45 ft
Number of Bays on Each Side 5
5- Determination of Water Levels and Energy Levels
5.1 Check for main weir
Q DSWL USWL D Vo ho h Ho
(USWL-RBL) qclear/D (Vo**2/2g) (DSWL-CL) (USWL-CL)
(cusecs) (ft) (ft) (ft) (ft/s) (ft) (ft) (ft)
For normal state
648000 602 604.5 22.5 8.7 1.18 12.55 15.05
540000 600.5 603.0 21.0 7.8 0.94 11.05 13.55
270000 597.5 598.5 16.5 5.0 0.382 8.05 9.05
135000 593 594.5 12.5 3.3 0.17 3.55 5.05
For retrogressed state
648000 596 602.5 20.5 9.6 1.42 6.55 13.05
540000 596.5 601.5 19.5 8.4 1.09 7.05 12.05
270000 592 597.0 15.0 5.5 0.46 2.55 7.55
For accreted state
648000 604.5 605.5 23.5 8.4 1.08 15.05 16.05
540000 603 604.0 22.0 7.4 0.86 13.55 14.55
270000 602 602.5 20.5 4.0 0.25 12.55 13.05
5.2 Check for undersluices
Increase in flow 20 %
Concentration of flow, Q 155503 cusecs
Q DSWL USWL D Vo ho h Ho
(USWL-RBL) qclear/D (Vo**2/2g) (DSWL-CL) (USWL-CL)
(cusecs) (ft) (ft) (ft) (ft/s) (ft) (ft) (ft)
For normal state
155503 594 601.5 19.5 13.3 2.74 7.55 15.05
For Retrogressed state
155503 590 601 19 13.6 2.89 3.55 14.55
For accreted state
155503 598.0 602.5 20.5 12.6 2.48 11.55 16.05
6- Fixation of d/s Floor Levels and Length of d/s Glacis and d/s Floor
6.1 Fixation of d/s floor levels for normal weir section using blench curves
Q q
clear
USEL DSEL h
L
E
2
DSFL
(USWL+ho) (DSWL +ho) (USEL-DSEL) (blench curve) (DSEL - E
2
)
(cusecs) (cusecs/ft) (ft) (ft) (ft) (ft) (ft)
Normal state of river
648000 201.3 605.68 603.18 2.50 18.6 584.58
540000 170.8 603.94 601.44 2.50 17.6 583.84
270000 83.6 598.88 597.88 1.00 10 587.88
For Retrogressed state of river
648000 198.8 603.92 597.42 6.50 20.8 576.62
540000 168.4 602.59 597.59 5.00 17.3 580.29
270000 84.4 597.46 592.46 5.00 12 580.46
For accreted state of river
648000 196.7 606.58 605.58 1.00 17 588.58
540000 167.8 604.86 603.86 1.00 15.4 588.46
270000 86.6 602.75 602.25 0.50 10.5 591.75
Hence
d/s Floor level 577.00 ft
6.2 Fixation of d/s floor levels for undersluices using blench curves
Q q
clear
USEL DSEL h
L
E
2
DSFL
(USWL+ho) (DSWL +ho) (USEL-DSEL) (blench curve) (DSEL - E
2
)
(cusecs) (cusecs/ft) (ft) (ft) (ft) (ft) (ft)
Normal state of river
157414 262.36 604.24 596.74 7.50 27.5 569.24
For Retrogressed state of river
156064 260.11 603.89 592.89 11.00 26.5 566.39
For accreted state of river
165503 275.84 604.98 600.48 4.50 28.4 572.08
Hence
d/s Floor level for undersluices 566.00 ft
7- Fixation of d/s floor level for normal barrage section using
Crump's method and determination of floor length
Q 540000 cusecs
Maximum DSWL 603.00 ft
USWL 604.00 ft
USEL 604.86 ft
DSFL 577.00 ft
RBL 582 ft
Crest level 589.45 ft
Dpool (Max. DSWL - DSFL) 26 ft
d/s Velocity (Q/(Dpool x Wa) 5.58 ft/sec
d/s velocity head (V
2
/2g) 0.48 ft
DSEL (DSWL + velocity head) 603.48 ft
K (USEL - Crest Level ) 15.41 ft
L (USEL - DSEL ) 1.38 ft
q (Q / Total width of bays) 163.64 cusecs/ft
Critical Depth, C, (q
2
/ g)
1/3
9.40 ft
L/C 0.15
(K+F)/C ,(from crumps curve) 1.92
F, [(K+F)/C x C - K] 2.65
Level of intersection of jump with glacis
= Crest level - F 586.80 ft
E
2,
( DSEL - Level of intersection of jump) 16.68 ft
Submergency of jump, (Level of intersection of jump - DSFL ) 9.80 ft
Slope of d/s glacis 1: 3
Length of glacis d/s of jump, (slope x submergency) 29.41 ft
Length of stilling pool, (4.5 x E
2
) 75.06 ft
Length of d/s floor, (Length of stilling pool -Length of glacis d/s of jump) 45.64 ft
Say 46 ft
b)
Q 540000 cusecs
Minimum DSWL 596.5 ft
USWL 601.5 ft
USEL 602.59 ft
DSFL 577.00 ft
RBL 582 ft
Crest level 589.45 ft
Dpool (Min. DSWL - DSFL) 19.5 ft
d/s Velocity (Q/(Dpool x Wa) 7.45 ft/sec
d/s velocity head (V
2
/2g) 0.86 ft
DSEL, (DSWL + velocity head) 597.36 ft
K (USEL - Crest Level ) 13.14 ft
L (USEL - DSEL ) 5.23 ft
q (Q / Total width of bays) 163.64 cusecs/ft
Critical Depth, C, (q
2
/ g)
1/3
9.40 ft
L/C 0.56
(K+F)/C ,(from crumps curve) 2.48
F, [(K+F)/C x C - K] 10.18 ft
Level of intersection of jump with glacis

L
K


y
F x
Fig:1 Various Parameters for using Crump's
= Crest level - F 579.27 ft
E
2,
( DSEL - Level of intersection of jump) 18.09 ft
Submergency of jump, (Level of intersection of jump - DSFL ) 2.27 ft
Slope of d/s glacis 1: 3
Length of glacis d/s of jump, (slope x submergency) 6.81 ft
Length of stilling pool, (4.5 x E
2
) 81.42 ft
Length of d/s floor, (Length of stilling pool -Length of glacis d/s of jump) 74.61 ft
Say 75.00 ft
8 - Fixation of d/s floor length for undersluices
a)
Q 155502.6 cusecs
Maximum DSWL 598 ft
USWL 602.5 ft
USEL 604.98 ft
DSFL 566.00 ft
RBL 582 ft
Crest level 586.45 ft
Dpool (Max. DSWL - DSFL) 32 ft
d/s Velocity (Q/(Dpool x Wa) 8.1 ft/sec
d/s velocity head (V
2
/2g) 1.02 ft
DSEL (DSWL + velocity head) 599.02 ft
K (USEL - Crest Level ) 18.53 ft
L (USEL - DSEL ) 5.96 ft
q (Q / Total width of bays) 259.2 cusecs/ft
Critical Depth, C, (q
2
/ g)
1/3
12.78 ft
L/C 0.467
(K+F)/C ,(from crumps curve) 2.2
F, [(K+F)/C x C - K] 9.58 ft
Level of intersection of jump with glacis
= Crest level - F 576.87 ft
E
2,
( DSEL - Level of intersection of jump) 22.15 ft
Submergency of jump, (Level of intersection of jump - DSFL ) 10.87 ft
Slope of d/s glacis 1: 3
Length of glacis d/s of jump, (slope x submergency) 32.61 ft
Length of stilling pool, (4.5 x E
2
) 100 ft
Length of d/s floor, (Length of stilling pool -Length of glacis d/s of jump) 67.06 ft
Say 68.00 ft
b)
Q 155502.6 cusecs
Minimum DSWL 590 ft
USWL 601 ft
USEL 603.89 ft
DSFL 566.00 ft
RBL 582 ft
Crest level 586.45 ft
Dpool (Min. DSWL - DSFL) 24 ft
d/s Velocity (Q/(Dpool x Wa) 10.80 ft/sec
d/s velocity head (V
2
/2g) 1.81 ft
DSEL (DSWL + velocity head) 591.81 ft
K (USEL - Crest Level ) 17.44 ft
L (USEL - DSEL ) 12.08 ft
q (Q / Total width of bays) 259.2 cusecs/ft
Critical Depth, C, (q
2
/ g)
1/3
12.78 ft
L/C 0.945
(K+F)/C ,(from crumps curve) 2.9
F, [(K+F)/C x C - K] 19.62 ft
Level of intersection of jump with glacis
= Crest level - F 566.84 ft
E
2,
( DSEL - Level of intersection of jump) 24.97 ft
Submergency of jump, (Level of intersection of jump - DSFL ) 0.84 ft
Slope of d/s glacis 1: 3
Length of glacis d/s of jump, (slope x submergency) 2.51 ft
Length of stilling pool, (4.5 x E
2
) 112 ft
Length of d/s floor, (Length of stilling pool -Length of glacis d/s of jump) 109.88 ft
Say 110 ft
Hence we shall provide d/s floor length = 110 ft
9- Check for Adequacy for d/s floor levels using conjugate depth method.
9.1 For normal weir section
1.00
Floor level of stilling pool 577.00 ft
Discharge in river, Q (cusecs)
Discharge through main weir, Q
1
= 0.8Q (cusecs)
max. min.
USEL (ft) 604.86 602.59
DSWL (ft) 603 596.5
E = USEL - DSFL 27.86 25.59
Intensity of flow on d/s floor, q = Q
1
/width of main weir 160.00 160.00
Depth in stilling pool, D
pool
= DSWL - DSFL 26.00 19.50
f(z) = q/E
3/2
1.088 1.236
z 0.150 0.170
z' 0.643 0.671
Conjugate depth coefficients
540000
432000
d
1
= z x E 4.18 4.35
d
2
= z' x E 17.92 17.17
Jump submergency = D
pool
- d
2
8.08 2.33
Remarks O.K O.K
9.2 For undersluices section
1.00
Floor level of stilling pool 566.00
Discharge in river, Q (cusecs)
Discharge through U.S with 20% concentration, (1.2 x (Q1 + Q2))
Max.
USEL (ft) 604.98
DSWL (ft) 598.00
E = USEL - DSFL (ft) 38.98
Intensity of flow on d/s floor, q = Q
1
/Total width of all U/S 259
Depth in stilling pool, D
pool
= DSWL - DSFL 32.00
f(z) = q/E
3/2
1.06
z 0.145
z' 0.635
d
1
= z x E 5.65
d
2
= z' x E 24.75
Jump submergency = D
pool
- d
2
(ft) 7.25
Remarks O.K
10 - Scour Protection
For main weir
Assume flow concentration 20 %
q = Qmax /(total width of bays) x 1.2 196.3636 cusecs/ft
R = 0.9 (q
2
/f)
1/3
23.91 ft
10.1 - d/s scour protection for main weir
Safety factor for d/s floor critical condition 1.75
Depth, R' = safety factor x R 41.84 ft
Minimum DSWL for Q
max
596.5 ft
d/s appron (floor) level, (DSFL) 577.00 ft
Depth of water on apron (Min DSWL - DSFL) 19.50 ft
Increase in depth due to concentration 0.50 ft
Depth of water with concentration, D' 20.00 ft
Depth of scour below apron = R' - D' 21.84 ft
Slope of protection 1: 3
Conjugate depth coefficients
Conjugate depths
Conjugate depths
540000
155503
Length of apron to cover surface of scour = Sqrt (1
2
+3
2
)x(R'-D') 69.05 ft
Length of d/s stone apron in horizontal position
= length of apron x (1.25t/1.75t) 50 ft
10.2 U/s Scour Protection for main weir
Safety factor for u/s floor critical condition 1.25
R' = Safety factor x R 29.88 ft
Minimum USWL for Q
max
601.50 ft
U/s apron level, (RBL) 582 ft
Depth of water on apron = USWL -RBL 19.50 ft
Increase in depth due to concentration 0.50 ft
Total depth with concentration, D' 20.00 ft
Depth of scour below apron = R' - D' 9.88 ft
Slope of protection 1: 3
Length of apron to cover surface of scour = Sqrt (1
2
+3
2
)x(R'-D') 31.25 ft
Length of u/s stone apron in horizontal position
= length of apron x (1.25t/1.75t) 23 ft
For undersluices
Assume flow concentration 20 %
q = (Q
1
+Q
3
)/Total width of undersluicesx 1.2 259 cusecs/ft
R = 0.9 (q
2
/f)
1/3
28.76 ft
10.3 - d/s scour protection for undersluices
Safety factor for d/s floor critical condition 1.75
Depth, R' = safety factor x R 50.34 ft
Minimum DSWL for Q
1
+ Q
3
590 ft
D
R'
t
1:3
3(R-D)
2.5(R-D)
Bed Level
DSFL
MIN. W.L
Deepest Possible Scour
Fig:2 Scour Protection
d/s appron (floor) level, (DSFL) 566.00 ft
Depth of water on apron (Min DSWL - DSFL) 24.00 ft
Increase in depth due to concentration 0.5 ft
Depth of water with concentration, D' 24.50 ft
Depth of scour below apron = R' - D' 25.84 ft
Slope of protection 1: 3
Length of apron to cover surface of scour = Sqrt (1
2
+3
2
)x(R'-D') 81.71 ft
Length of d/s stone apron in horizontal position
= length of apron x (1.25t/1.75t) 59 ft
10.4 U/s Scour Protection for undersluices
Safety factor for u/s floor critical condition 1.25
R' = Safety factor x R 35.96 ft
Minimum USWL for Q
1
+ Q
3
601 ft
U/s apron level, (RBL) 582 ft
Depth of water on apron = USWL -RBL 19 ft
Increase in depth due to concentration 0.5 ft
Total depth with concentration, D' 19.5 ft
Depth of scour below apron = R' - D' 16.46 ft
Slope of protection 1: 3
Length of apron to cover surface of scour = Sqrt (1
2
+3
2
)x(R'-D') 52.04 ft
Length of u/s stone apron in horizontal position
= length of apron x (1.25t/1.75t) 38 ft
10.5 - Thickness of Aprons
The following table gives the required valuves of "t" (Fig:2) for protection
of various grades of sand and slope of rivers.
3 9 12 18 24
16 19 22 25 28
22 25 28 31 34
28 31 34 37 40
34 37 40 43 46
40 43 45 49 52
Type of soil Medium sand
Slope of river 12 in/mile
Thickness if stone pitching, t 34 in
Thickness of stone apron in horizontal position = 1.75xt/slope 5 ft
Size of concrete blocks over filter 4 ft cube
Very fine
Very coarse
Coarse
Medium
Fine
Fall in inches/mile
Sand classification Thickness of stone pitching in inches
Summary
Total Length of d/s stone apron 50 ft
4 ft Thick bloke apron = 1/3 x total length 16 ft (block= 4'x4'x4')
5 ft Thick stone apron 34 ft
Total length of u/s apron 23 ft
4 ft Thick bloke apron = 1/3 x total length 7 ft (block= 4'x4'x4')
5 ft Thick stone apron 16 ft
11 - Inverted Filter Design
Size of Concrete blocks 4 ft cube
Thickness of shingle (3' - 6") 9 in
Thickness of coarse shingle (3/4" - 3") 9 in
Thickness of fine shingle (3/16" - 3/4") 6 in
Spacing b/w conc. Blocks filled with fine shingle 2 in
12- Design of guide banks
i) Length of each guid bank measured in straight line along
the barrage u/s , L
u/s =
1.5 x Wa 5579 ft
ii) Length of each guid bank d/s of barrage, L
d/s
= 0.2 x Wa 743.8 ft
iii) For the nose of the u/s guide bank and the full length of d/s
guide bank use Lacey's depth = 1.75 x R 41.84 ft
For remaining u/s guide bank lacey's depth = 1.25 x R 29.88 ft
Concrete Blocks

9" Coarse sand
Spacing /Jhries (2")
Fig: 3 Inverted Filter
iv) Possible slope of scour 1: 3
v) Free board u/s 7 ft above HFL
Free board d/s 6 ft above HFL
These free boards also include allowance for accretion.
vi) Top of guide bank 10 ft
vii) Side slope of guide bank 1: 3
viii) Minimum apron thickness 4 ft
Length of barrage, Wa 3719 ft
Length of u/s guide bank 5579 ft
Length of d/s guide bank 743.8 ft
Radius of u/s curved part 600 ft
Radius of d/s curved part 400 ft
Maximum u/s angle protected 140
o
Maximum d/s angle protected 57
o
- 80
o
12.1 Determination of levels of guide banks
Merrimen's backwater formula
L = length of back water curve
Chezy's Coefficient, C 71 ( max for earthen channels)
Bed slope of river, S 1/ 5000
RBL 582 ft
D/s HFL with accretion 603 ft
D = D/s HFL with accretion - RBL 21 ft
U/s HFL with accretion 604.0 ft
d
1
= U/s HFL with accretion - RBL 22.0 ft
Assume d
2
(in between d1 and D) 21.8 ft
d
1
/D 1.048
d
2
/D 1.038
d
1
d
2
D
L
Bresse Backwater Function
S
(

|
.
|

\
|
u |
.
|

\
|
u
|
|
.
|

\
|
+

=
D
d
D
d
g
C
S
D
S
d d
2 1
2
2 1
1
L
(d
1
/D) (from Bresse back water function table) 0.8999
(d
2
/D) 0.958
L 6909 ft
Length of guide bank 5579
Comments O.K
Rise in RBL = Length of guide bank / slope 1.12 from barrage level
Water level along h/w axis at 5579 ft u/s of barrage
= RBL + Rise in RBL + d2 604.92 ft
i) Level at the nose of u/s guide bank = W/L + free board 611.92 ft
ii) Level at the barrage = HFL + free board 607.5 ft
iii) Water level d/s of barrage 603.0 ft
D/s free board 6 ft
Level of guide bank d/s = W/L + Free board 609.0 ft
13 - Design of Guide Bank Apron
Working on same lines as in section 10,
Length of unlanched horizontal apron = 2.5(R' - D') 24.71 ft
Length of launched apron at 1:3 slope = 3.16(R' - D') 31.23 ft
Thickness of stone apron, t (as calculated previously) 34 inches
say 3 ft
Volume of stones in apron = t x length launched apron 93.69 ft
3
/unit width
Minimum thickness of unlaunched apron = 1.07t 3.2 ft
Mean thickness of unlaunched apron = volume/ 2.5(R' - D') 3.8 ft
Maximum thickness of unlaunched apron = 2t
mean
- t
min
5.0 ft
14 - Design of Marginal Bunds
W.L
T=1.07t
2.5 (R' - D')
D
R
T
t
Deepest Possible Scour
1 :3
i) Top width 20 ft
ii) Top level above estimated HFL after allowing 1.5ft accretion 5 ft
iii) Front slope of marginal bunds (not pitched) 1: 3
iv) Back slope to be such as to provide minimum cover of 2 ft,
over hydraulic gradient of 1:6
v) U/s water level at nose of guide bank 611.92 ft
Free board of marginal bund 5 ft
Hence level of marginal bund 616.92 ft
Calculation of length of backwater curve:
Merrimen's equation can be used to calculate backwater length
Maximum USWL at Q
max
604.0 ft
RBL 582 ft
Normal W.L without weir 600 ft
d
1
= Maximum USWL - RBL 22.0 ft
D = Normal W.L - RBL 18 ft
Slope 1: 5000
Table for length of backwater curve
D d
1
d
2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
18 22.0 21.5 2500 4843.4 1.222 1.194 0.4553
18 21.5 21.0 2500 4843.4 1.194 1.167 0.4799
18 21.0 20.5 2500 4843.4 1.167 1.139 0.5345
18 20.5 20.0 2500 4843.4 1.139 1.111 0.6253
18 20.0 19.5 2500 4843.4 1.111 1.083 0.6453
18 19.5 19.0 2500 4843.4 1.083 1.056 0.7956
18 19.0 18.5 2500 4843.4 1.056 1.028 0.8564
18 18.5 18.1 2000 4843.4 1.028 1.006 1.155
d
1
d
2
D
L
Bresse Backwater Function
(

|
.
|

\
|
u |
.
|

\
|
u
|
|
.
|

\
|
+

=
D
d
D
d
g
C
S
D
S
d d
2 1
2
2 1
1
L
S
d d
2 1

D
d
T
1
1
=
D
d
T
2
2
=
|
.
|

\
|
u
D
d
1
1
g
C
S
2
1

Hence length of backwater cure = 22.4 miles


Part II
Design of barrage profile for sub surface flow condition
15 - Fixing of Depth of Sheet Piles
Scour depth, R 19.55 ft
Depth of u/s sheet pile from HFL = 1.5 R 30 ft
Max. USWL for Q
max
604.0 ft
RL of bottomo fu/s sheet pile = Max. USWL - 1.5R 574.0 ft
Depth of d/s sheet pile below HFL = 2R 40 ft
RL of bottom of intermediate sheet pile = Max. USWL - 2R 564.0 ft
Let RL of bottom of d/s sheet pile 548 ft
604.0 ft
589.45 ft
582.0
1: 4
A K 1: 3
577.00
B L N P R
574.0 75.00
M
564.0 Q
1.5H = 46.5 29.81 6 37.35 548.0
16 - Calculation of Exit Gradient
b
d
b
1
H
E C
= b/d
t
1
x
d
H
G
E
=
Let the water be headed up to Max. accreted level u/s 604.0 ft
and no flow d/s.
Retogression 4 ft
DSFL 577.0 ft
Differential head causing seepeage, H = Max. u/s WL - (DSFL - Retrogression) 31.0 ft
Depth of d/s sheet pile, d = DSFL - RL of bottom of d/s sheet pile 29.0 ft
Total length of concrete floor = b 194.66 ft
= b/d 6.71
form ~ curve 0.153
G
E
0.164 SAFE
17 - Calculation of Uplift Pressure After Applying Correction
17.1 U/s pile line:
Length of concrete floor upto u/s sheet pile, b
1
46.5 ft
Total length of concrete floor, b 194.66 ft
Depth of u/s sheet pile,d 8.0 ft
Assume t
f
u/s

floor thickness 2.5 ft
1/ = d/b 0.0411
= b/d 24.33
b
1
/b 0.239
1 - b
1
/b 0.761
= From khosla's curve 100 - 34 66 %
= From khosla's curve 100 - 33 67 %
= From khosla's curve 61 %
i) Correction for floor thickness
Correction in 1.563 %
Correction in -ve 0.3125 %
ii) Correction for interface of sheet pile
Correction in due to second pile =
Depth of u/s sheet pile,d 8.0 ft
D = RBL - RL of bottom of second pile 18.0 ft
D
Parmeters of Khosla's Curve
t
1
t
1
A
u
B
u
K
u
E
u
c u
D
u
( )
K B
f
K
d
t
u u = u
( )
B A
f
A
d
t
u u = u
K
u
'
19
b
D
b
D d
(

+
Total length of concrete floor, b 194.66 ft
Distance between two piles, b' 73.16 ft
Correction in +ve 1.26 %
iii) Slope correction for
Correction for
For 1:4 slope, Fs (from slope correction curve) 3.3
Distance between two piles, b
1
73.16 ft
Horizontal projection of u/s glacis, b
s
= (crest level - RBL) x 1/slope 29.81 ft
Correction for -1.34
Hence
Correted 66.6875 %
Corrected 66 %
Corrected 62.477 %
17.2 Intermediate sheet pile at toe of d/s glacis:
Assume floor thickness 10 ft
DSFL 577.00 ft
RL of intermediate sheet pile 564.00 ft
d = DSFL - RL of Intermediate sheet pile 13.00 ft
Total length of concrete floor, b 194.66 ft
Length of concrete floor up to sheet pile, b
1
119.66 ft
b
1
/b 0.615
1 - b
1
/b 0.385
= b/d 14.97
From khosla's curve 100 - 48 52 %
From khosla's curve 100 - 46 54 %
From khosla's curve 36.5 %
i) Correction due to floor thickness
Correction in 1.538462 %
Correction in 13.46 %
ii) Correction due to interference of pile
Correction in due to u/s sheet pile
Depth of Intermediate sheet pile,d 13.0 ft
D = RBL - RL of bottom of u/s sheet pile 18.00 ft
K
u
K
u
1
b
b
F
s
S K
= u
K
u
A
u
B
u
K
u
E L
u = u
D M
u = u
C
N
u = u
L
u
( )
M L
f
L
d
t
u u = u
( )
N M
f
N
d
t
u u = u
'
19
b
D
b
D d
(

+
Total length of concrete floor, b 194.66 ft
Distance between two piles, b' 73.16 ft
Correction in = -1.50 %
Correction in due to d/s sheet pile =
Depth of Intermediate sheet pile,d 13.00 ft
D = DSFL - RL of bottom of d/s sheet pile 29.00 ft
Total length of concrete floor, b 194.66 ft
Distance between two piles, b' 75.00 ft
Correction in = 2.55 %
iii) Slope correction for
for '1:3 slope, F
s
4.5
b
s
= (crest level - DSFL) x 1/slope 37.35 ft
Distance between two piles, b
1
73.16 ft
Correction in 2.30 %
Hence
Corrected 54.34 %
Corrected 54 %
Corrected 52.51 %
17.3 D/s sheet pile at the end of impervious floor
Assume floor thickness 7 ft
Depth of d/s sheet pile, d 29.00 ft
Total length of concrete floor, b 194.66 ft
1/ = d/b 0.149
From khosla's curve 100 - 68 32 %
From khosla's curve 100 - 78 22 %
From khosla's curve 0 %
i) Correction due to floor thickness
Correction in -2.41 %
Correction in 5.31 %
ii) Correction due to interface of piles
Correction in
L
u
'
19
b
D
b
D d
(

+
N
u
'
19
b
D
b
D d
(

+
N
u
'
19
b
D
b
D d
(

+
L
u
1
b
b
F
s
S L
= u
L
u
M
u
N
u
E P
u = u
D Q
u = u
C R
u = u
P
u
R
u
P
u
Depth of d/s sheet pile,d 29.00 ft
D = DSFL - RL of bottom of intermediate sheet pile 13.00 ft
Total length of concrete floor, b 194.66 ft
Distance between two piles, b' 75.00 ft
Correction in = -1.71 %
Hence
Corrected 27.88 %
Corrected 22 %
Corrected 5.31 %
Table: Uplift pressure at E, D, C and along the sheet piles
= 66.69% = 54.34% = 27.88%
= 66% = 54% = 22%
= 62.48% = 52.51% = 5.31%
18 - Calculation For Floor Thickness:
where
t
f
= Thickness of floor in ft
= % Uplift pressure
H = Maximum differential head causing seepage
G = Specific gravity of concrete 2.4
a) Thickness of floor at A
Assumend thickness 2.5 ft
H 27.00 ft
Thickness from uplift pressure 12.86 ft
say 13.00 ft
b) Thickness of floor at L
Assumend thickness 10 ft
Thickness from uplift pressure 10.48 ft
say 11.00 ft
c) Thickness of floor at N
Assumend thickness 10 ft
Thickness from uplift pressure 10.13 ft
d/s Pile
Khosla cueve line Line Line
Symbol used in u/s Pile Intermediate
'
19
b
D
b
D d
(

+
P
u
P
u
R
u
Q
u
E
u
D
u
C
u
K
B
A
u
u
u
N
M
L
u
u
u
R
Q
P
u
u
u
( )
H
G
t
f

u
=
1 100
u
say 11.00 ft
d) Thickness of floor at P
Assumend thickness 7 ft
Thickness from uplift pressure 5.38 ft
say 6.00 ft
e) Thickness of floor at crest
Uplift pressure at crest 58.49221 %
Hence
Thickness of floor at crest d/s of gate 11.28064 ft
say 12 ft
K
L
Pressure at crest
x
y
) (x
y
L K
L
u u
+ u =
K
u
L
u
Eo h/Eo C'/C C' q
clear
Q
(USWL+ho-CL) (Gibson)
(ft) (cusecs/ft) (cusecs)
16.23 0.77 0.810 3.08 201.3 664221.946 O.K
14.49 0.76 0.815 3.10 170.8 563797.817 O.K
9.43 0.85 0.760 2.89 83.6 275999.794 O.K
5.21 0.68 0.920 3.50 41.6 137391.44 O.K
14.47 0.45 0.950 3.61 198.8 655955.61 O.K
13.14 0.54 0.930 3.53 168.4 555619.128 O.K
8.01 0.32 0.980 3.72 84.4 278626.51 O.K
17.13 0.88 0.730 2.77 196.7 649176.952 O.K
15.41 0.88 0.730 2.77 167.8 553639.376 O.K
13.30 0.94 0.470 1.79 86.6 285743.003 O.K
Eo h/Eo C'/C C' q
clear
Q
(USWL+ho-CL) (Gibson)
(ft) (cusecs/ft) (cusecs)
17.79 0.42 0.92 3.50 262.36 157414.341 O.K
17.44 0.20 0.94 3.57 260.11 156063.655 O.K
18.53 0.62 0.91 3.46 275.84 165503.382 O.K
max min
602.75 597.46
602 597
25.75 20.46
80.00 80.00
25.00 20.00
0.612 0.864
0.080 0.115
0.504 0.585
270000
216000
2.06 2.35
12.98 11.97
12.02 8.03
O.K O.K
ft
Min.
603.89
590.00
37.89
259
24.00
1.11
0.155
0.630
5.87
23.87
0.13
O.K
540000
155503
ft (block= 4'x4'x4')
ft (block= 4'x4'x4')
Concrete Blocks
(4'x4'x4')






9" Gravel

9" Coarse sand

6" Sand
ft above HFL
ft above HFL
( max for earthen channels)
from barrage level
ft
3
/unit width
(5)x(10) L
x(1) =(11)+(4)
9 10 11 12
0.4799 0.0246 2145 4645
0.5345 0.0546 4760 7260
0.6253 0.0908 7916 10416
0.6453 0.02 1744 4244
0.7956 0.1503 13103 15603
0.8564 0.0608 5301 7801
1.155 0.2986 26033 28533
1.5881 0.4331 37759 39759
|
.
|

\
|
u
D
d
2
2 1 2
u u
Total 118260 ft
22.40 miles
Table F Conjugate depth d
2
for different discharges under gated and ungated flows.
Basic Data:
Clear width of the weir section of the barrage b 2520 ft
Barrage Crest Level EL 678 ft
Ungated Discharge 700000 692.74 ft
Ungated Discharge 842000 694.55 ft
Ungated Discharge 950000 695.84 ft
For ungated flow
50000 14.88 24.00 39.31 33.42 0.45 23.78 39.13 29.35 0.51 7.26 9.78 4.96 674.96
100000 29.76 24.00 39.31 33.42 0.89 23.55 38.95 29.21 1.02 5.10 6.73 6.86 676.86
200000 59.52 24.00 39.31 33.42 1.78 23.11 38.58 28.93 2.06 3.55 4.55 9.37 679.37
300000 89.29 24.00 39.31 33.42 2.67 22.66 38.20 32.47 2.75 3.45 4.41 12.12 682.12
400000 119.05 24.00 39.31 33.42 3.56 22.22 37.83 32.15 3.70 2.94 3.69 13.68 683.68
500000 148.81 24.00 39.31 33.42 4.45 21.77 37.45 31.83 4.68 2.59 3.20 14.97 684.97
700000
208.33 15.37 31.46 26.74 7.79 11.47 27.18 23.11 9.02 1.36 1.48 13.36 683.36
840000
250.00 16.28 32.37 27.52 9.08 11.73 27.49 23.36 10.70 1.26 1.35 14.43 684.43
950000
282.74 16.92 33.01 28.06 10.08 11.88 27.66 23.51 12.02 1.19 1.26 15.18 685.18
Q (cfs)
q=Q/b
(cfs/ft)
Trial 2
F
R1
d
2
/ d
1
d
2
ft
V
th
ft/sec D/S WL
H
(ft)
V
th
ft/sec
V
act
ft/sec
d
1
ft
Theoretical velocity for gated
control flow
H
(ft)
Trial 1
d
1
(ft)
V
act
ft/sec
2 / d Z H =
2 / 2 / d h Z H =
EL694
EL 678
d Z
EL673
EL 670
h
EL 678
d Z
EL673
EL 670
1:3
1:3
Part I
Design of barrage for overflow condition
1 Minimum stable wetted perimeter
2 Calculation of Lacey's silt factor
3 Fixation of crest level
4 Design of undersluices
5 Determination of water levels and energy levels
5.1 Check for main weir
5.2 Check fo undersluices
6 Fixation of d/s floor levels and length of d/s glacis and d/s floor
6.1 Fixation of d/s floor levels for normal weir section using blench curves
6.2 Fixation of floor levels for undersluices
7 Fixation of d/s floor level for normal barrage section using
Crump's method and determination of floor length
8 Fixation of d/s floor length for undersluices
9 Check for the adequacy for d/s floor levels using conjugate
depth method
9.1 For normal weir section
9.2 For undersluice section
10 Scour protection
10.1 d/s scour protection
10.2 u/s scour protection
10.3 Thickness of aprons
11 Inverted filter design
12 Design of guide banks
12.1 Determination of levels of guide banks
13 Design of guide bank aprons
14 Design of marginal bunds
Part II
Design of barrage profile for sub surface flow condition
15 Fixation of depth of sheet piles
16 Calculation of exit gradients
17 Calculation of uplift pressure after applying correction
17.1 u/s pile length
17.2 Intermediate sheet pile at toe of d/s glacis
17.3 d/s sheet pile at the end of impervious floor
18 Calculation of floor thickness
days
Fixation of d/s floor levels for normal weir section using blench curves
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