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CHAPTER I HISTORICAL FACTS OF INDIA

Indian History can be classified into three broad categories, viz. Ancient, Medieval and Modern. Let us start with the Ancient History.

Ancient India Indus Valley Civilization : The Indus Civilization belongs to Proto-Historic Period (Chalcolithic Age/Bronze Age). Johan Marshall was the first scholar to use the term Indus Civilization. This civilization developed on the banks of river Indus. It extended from Jammu in the north to Ahmednagar in the south, and in various regions of Gujarat. The main sites which have been found in the excavation are : Kalibangan in Rajasthan, Lothal I Gujarat, Banwall in Haryana and Ropar in Punjab. Indus Valley Civilization period lies between 3000 B/c and 1500 BC., The main cities associated with it are Harappa, Mohen-Daro and Lothal. The main feature of this civilization was the town planning. They had great buildings, well-planned roads, cities and drainage system. Hunting and agriculture were their main sources of livelihood. They were the first to produce cotton. The Harappan people didnt worship their gods in temple. No temple in fact has been discovered. An idea of their religion can be formed from the statues & figurines found. The chief male deity was the Pasupati Mahadeva i.e. the lord of Animals (Proto-Shiva) represented in seals as sittings in yogic posture; he is surrounded by four animals (elephant, tiger rhino & buffalo) & two deer appear at his feet. Prevalence of Phallic (lingam) worship. (A) Vedic Period: This is marked by the entry of Aryans, who were originally inhabitants of Central Asia around the Caspian Sea and probably came through Hindukush mountains. Their period lies between 2500-2000 BC. The main features of Aryans were: They were the admirers of nature and worshipped sun, fire and water. Yagna was an important part of their religion. They had organized system of living, and were quite matured socially and politically. They had flowing religious books: (i)Vedas: These books were their most sacred books, (These are also the oldest known books of Indus Valley Civilization). They were four in number, viz. (a) Rig Veda (b) Sam Veda (c) YajurVvda (d) Atharva Veda There are six Vedangas: (i) Shiksha (Phonetics) Pratishkhya the oldest text on phonetics. Grihya Sutras deal wth family ceremonies, Dharma Sutras dea with Varnas,Ashrams & other. (iii) Vyakarna (Grammar) Ashtadyayi (Panini) the olest grammaer. (ii) Kalpa Sutras (Rituals) Shrauta Sutras/ Shulva Sutras deal with the sacrifices, The oldest, and contained prayers of God, Vayu, It deal with music It dealt with formulae and rituals. Varun, Indra and Agni.

It dealt with medicines.

(iv) (v) (vi)

Nirukta (Etymology) Ashtadyayi(Panini) the oldest grammer. Chhanda (Matrics) Chhandasutras (Pingal) famous text. Jyotisha (Astronomy) Vedanga Jyotisha (Lagadh Muni) the oldest Jyotisha text

The upavedas (the auxiliary vedas) were traditionally associated with Vedas:

Upavedas Ayurveda i.e. Medicine Gandharvaveda i.e. Music Dhanurveda i.e. Archery Shilpveda i.e. the science of craft / wealth (Vishwakarma)

Associated with Rig Veda Sama Veda Yajura Veda Arthaveda

(ii) The Puranas: The Puranas were 18 in number and contained details of Aryan like their rituals, traditions and formulae, etc. (iii) The Upanishads : They are the main source of Indian philosophy and are 300 in Brahmans and Aranyakas are the other important religious books of Aryans.

civilization, number. The

(B) The later Vedic Period: This period ranges from 2000-700 bc. The important features of this period are: (i) It is also known as the period of Brahmanical Age which is very near to modern-day, Hindu religion. (ii) Society which was mainly Hindu was. divided into four castes: (a)Brahmins (b)Kshatrlyas (c)Vaishya(d)Sudras,depending upon the work they did business class & Sudras represented thelabour class. (iii) Two great epics and Shastras were written in the period namely Mahabharata by Ramayan by Maharishi, Valmiki. The Shastras basically dealt with of birth , death and God. Vedvyas, and Indian philosophy and concepts in the mentioned order of preference Brahmins were the priestly class.Kshatriya were fighters.Vaisyas were the

Eight Types of Hindu Marriage (Vivaha) Brahama Vivaha giving the girl to a man with dowry. Daiva Vivaha Arsha Vivaha giving the girl to the priest himself in lieu of his fees. giving the girl to a man after accepting a bird-price.

Prajapatya Vivaha Gandharva Vivaha Asura Vivaha

giving the girl to a man without demanding a bride-price. Love Marriage. marriage to a purchased girl.

Rakshasa Vivaha marriage to a daughter of defeated king or a kidnapped girl. Paishcha Vivaha marriage to a daughter of defeated king or a kidnapped girl.

Sixteen Samskaras of Hinduism: 1. Garbhadhana 2. Pumsavana 3. Simantonnayan 4. Jatakarma 5. Namakaran 6. Nishkramana 7. Annaprashana 8. Chudakarma 9. Karnachhedana 10. Vidyarmbha 11. Upanayana 12. Vedarmabha 13. Samavaratana 14. Vivaha. 15. Vanprastana 16. Antyesti.

(C) Rise of religion (other than Hinduism) Budhism : Initiated by Kshatrya price of Shakya clan, Siddartha (later came to be known as Buddha)

(i)

around 6th century BC, who was born at Lumbini (in Nepal) near Kaiplavastu. He was the son of king Shuddhodhana. He we went in search of truth and attained enlightenment under a papal tree at Bodh Gaya, and delivered his first sermons at Sarnath in UP. He spread his message for many years and died at Kusinagar in UP. There are many sects of Buddhism, out of which three are important viz. Mahayan (the higher vehicle): It believes Buddha to be a God. Hinyan (the lesser vehicle): It does not believes that Buddha was a God. It is a more pristine form Bhutan. Buddhism the reign of

of Buddhism. Vajrayan: It is the tantric form of buddhism. Now prevelent in Laddakh and got divided into Hinyan and Mahayan at the fourth buddhist council Harshavardhan. The main Buddhist teachings are: The eight-fold path of right faith, thought, efforts, speech, remembrance and concentration, belief in nirvana birth and death), ahimsa, law of karma. action, livelihood, held during

(freedom from the cycle of

Doctrine of Buddhism Chatwari Arya Satyani (Four Noble Truths) It is the essence of Buddhism

1.Life is full of sorrow (Dukha) Sabbam Kukkam. 2.There are causes of sorrow (Dukha Samudaya) Dwadash Nidan/ Pratitya Samutpada. 3.This sorrow can be stopped (Dukha Nirodha) Nirvana. 4. There is a path heading to cessation of sorrow (Dukha Nirodha Gamini Pratipada) Ashtangika Marga. (ii) Jainism: Founded by Rishabha (a Kshatriya), Jainism attained peak under Vardharnana Mahavira (the 24th Tirthankara). Mahavira was born at Kundagrama in 540 BC in Bihar, and attained perfect knowledge, 'Kaivalya', after he became ascetic at the age of 30. He became a 'Jina' (one who has conquered happiness and misery) and died at Pava near Rajagiri. Jainism is also divided into two sects, viz., digambars and shwetambara; Former is a more pristine form, and remain naked, while latter, wear white clothes. The main features of Jainism are: The tri-ratna concept, consisting of: (a) right knowledge, (b) right faith, and (c) right conduct. Belief in karma and belief in ahimsa, are the other two great teachings religion. of this

There are 6 schools of Indian philosophy known as Shad-Darshanas. Darshana (i) Sankhya Darshan (ii) Yoga Darshana (iii) Nayaya Darshana (iv) Vaishesika Darshana (v) Mimansa/Purva-Mimansa (vi) Vedant/Uttara-Mimansa Founder Kapila Akshapada Gautama Akshapada Gautama Uluka Kanada Jaimini Badaryana Basic Text Sankhya Sutra Nayaya Sutra Vishesika Sutra Vishesika Sutra Purva Mimansa Sutra Brahma Sutra/Vedant Sutra

(D) Various important empires and dynasties: Name of empires/ dynasty Magadh Empire Around 542 BC Prominent kings were Bimbisara, Ajatashtru, Shishunaga and Nanda Period Important characteristics

Mauryan Dynasty Gupta Dyansty (Golden Age) Harshavardhana Rajputs

321-289 BC AD 320550 AD 574606 AD 6501200

Founded by Chandragupta Murya, Ashoka was the other prominent king of this dynasty. Prominent rulers were Chandragupta I, Samudragupta and Chandragupta II Harshavardhana was the last Hindu kings of North India Prominent rulers were Prithvi Raj Chauhan and Jaichand Rathore

Navaratna (i.e. nine gemes) of Chandragaputa II: Kalidasa (Poetry-Ritusamhar, Meghadutam, Kumarsambhavam, Raghuvamshama; Dramas Malvikagnimitra, Vikramorvashiyam, Abhijnan- Shakuntalam). Amarsinh (Amarsinhkosha) Dhanavantri (Vrihatsambhita, Vrihat, Jataka, Laghu Jataka). Vararuchi (Vartika a comment on Ashtadhyayi) Ghatakarna Kshapranaka Velabhatt Shanku.

Other Important Dynasties: (i) Chalukyas (AD 550642) (ii) Cholas Founded by Rajaraja-I (iii) Rashtrakutas (AD 753973) (iv) Yadavas (AD 11911318) (v)Vijayanagarsempire (AD 13361646) Prominent rulers were Pulkeshin I and II Prominent rulers were Rajendra Chola and Rajendra III Prominent rulers were Krishna I, Amogha Varsha Prominent rulers were Ramachandra and Singhana Krishnadev raya was the only prominent ruler of the empire and ruled in the Deccan part of India.

MEDIEVAL INDIA Marked by the beginning of the Sultanate of Delhi, which was established after the conquest of Muhammad Ghouri. The period of Sultanate of Delhi, ranges from ad 1206-1526. This is considered as the beginning of Muslim rule in India. (A) Important dynasties: (i) The Slave dynasty's period ranges from ad 1206-1290: It was founded by Qutub-ud-din Aibak and the prominent rulers of this dynasty were lltutmish and the only Muslim woman ruler of India, Razia Sultana. (ii) The Khilji dynasty was founded by Jalal-ud-din Khilji and its period ranges from AD 1290-1320. Alaud-din Khilji was one of the most prominent rulers of this dynasty. (iii) The Tughlak dynasty was founded by Ghiasuddin Tughlak and the period from AD 1320 - 1414. Ibn Batuta was an important African traveler who visited India in 1333. (iv) The Lodhi dynasty was founded by Bahlol Lodhi and the period of this dynasty ranges from AD ranges

1451 -1526. Sikander and Ibrahim Lodhi were the other two prominent rulers belonging to this dynasty. (v) One of the most important dynasties of India is Mughal dynasty, which reigned almost continuously from ad 152&-1857 (the longest period).

(B) Important rulers of Mughal dynasty: (i) Babur: He is credited with the foundation of Mughal empire by defeating Ibrahim Lodhi in the First Battle of Panipat on April 20,1526. (ii) Humayun: He was the next emperor of Mughal empire after Babur. separated religion and politics started a new religion called Din-e-llahi. (iv) Jehangir: The son of Akbar, who ascended the throne after Akbar's death, known for his administration and strict sense of justice. He was the husband of famous Noor Jahan Begum. (v) Shah Jahan: Famous ruler and son of Jehangir, who built Taj Mahal at Agra, in the memory of his wife Mumtaj Mahal. Jama Masjid and Red Fort are the other two famous buildings that religious were built by him. (vi) Aurangzeb: A very cruel ruler and son of Shah Jahan, who demolished several structures of Hindus, and ruled for about 50 years. Mughal empire started declining with the attack of Nadir Shah who took the famous Kohinoor diamond with him to Afghanistan. Then came the Marathas who became powerful under me leadership of Shivaji. Note: Sher Shah Suri was a brilliant administrator who issued the coins and built the famous Grand Trunk Road from Peshawar to Calcutta. (iii) Akbar:The most successful Mughal emperor. An excellent leader, who

Important monuments built by Mughals (i) Shalimar and Nishat Bagh by Jehangir (ii) Taj Mahal, Red Fort, Jama Masjid, Agra Fort by Shah Jahan

MODERN INDIA In 1498, a Portuguese sailor Vasco Da Gama's discovery of the sea route to India helped in establishing the political structure in India. East India Company of Britain came here with the excuse of trading and soon started developing its political dominion in India and, finally, succeeded in establishing their rule over India.

(A) Important events related to modern Indian history: (i) First War of Independence (Mutiny of Sepoys): It took place in 1857, when soldiers refused to touch the new rifle cartridges which were said to have been greased with cover made of animal fat. Mangal prominent figure, who surfaced during this mutiny. He killed two Britishers at Pandey was a

Barrackpore, and this was also one of the causes of the mutiny.

(ii)

Government of India Act, 1858: This proclaimed the direct governance of British crown over India.

(iii) Formation of Indian National Congress: A.O. Hume is credited with the formation of Indian National Congress in December 1885, which held its first sessionat Bombay, under the presidentship of W.C. Banerjee. (iv) Partition of Bengal: It took place in 1905.

(B) Other significant events related to Indian Freedom Movement: Year 1885 1905 1907 1909 1911 1916 1917 1919 1920 1922 1927 Important events happenings in the year Formation of Congress by A. O. Hume Partiton of Bengal, launching of swadeshi movement Surat session of Congress, where congress got split into moderates and extremists Morley-Minto Reforms, in which separate electorates for Hindus and Muslims was introduced for the Capital shifted from Calcutta to New Delhi (architectured by Lutyen) Lucknow session of Congress, where the famous Lucknow pact was signed between congress and muslim league. Formation of home rule league by Annie Besant. Champaran Satyagraha (Champaran is a place in Bihar) by Mahatma Gandhi. His first satyagraha in India. The draconian Rowlatt Act, Jalliyawallah massacre at Amritsar on the orders of General O'Dyer, Montague-Chemlsford reforms. Khilafat Movement against british by Shaukat and Muhammad Ali. Launching of non cooperation movement by Mahatmas Gandhi. Chauri chaura, incident in UP and withdrawal of NCM by Gandhi, formation of Swaraj party by Motilai Nehru and C.R. Das. Coming of Simon Commission to India, which was boycotted by Lala Lajpat Rai. He died during a lathi charge during the protest. 1929 Passing of Purna Swaraj resolution at Lahore session of Congress under the presidentship of Jawaharlal Nehru. 1930 1935 1937 1939 Dandi March (Salt Satyagrah) by Mahatma Gandhi from Sabarmati ashram (a place in Gujarat). First round table conference in London Government of India Act Formation of Congress Ministries in provinces Out break of World War 11, resignation of Congress ministries Azad

1906Formation of Muslim League by Nawab Salimullah of Dacca

first time.

1942 Quit India Movement, Wavell plan and Shimla conference. Maulana Abul Kalam attended the conference representing Congress 1945 1946

Cabinet Mission Plan which envisaged forming of the interim government and to determine means of Formation of Constituent Assembly under Rajendra Prasad (Muslim league did not participate)

transferring power.

1947

Mountbatten Plan (June 3 plan) and partition of India

(C) Important Lords and Viceroys associated with British rule and related events: Name Events associated with Lord Dalhousie (1848-1856) Mainly known for Doctrine of Lapse, responsible for annexing number of states on the basis of this philosophy. First train from Bombay to Thane started during his reign in 1853. Lord Cornwallis (17C6-1 793) Creaked witn a new revenue system under the permanent settlement of Bengal. Introduction of Civil services. Lord Canning Lord Weliesley Lord Curzon William Bentinck Thomas B. Macaulay The revolt of 1857 The first Viceroy of India (1798-1805) (1899-1905) (1828-35) The subsidiary alliance system. Partition of Bengal Abolition of Sati and reducing the female infanticide. His advice was instrumental in introducing English, under the leadership of William Bentinck. Lord Hastings Robert Clive Bengal. Waren Hastings (1773-1785) The first Governor-General of India; Regulating Act 1773 and Pitt's India Act of 1784 were passed during his tenure. Lord Mountbatten C. Rajagopalachari The first Governor-General of Free India. First Indian and last Governor-General of Independent India. (1813-1823) Associated with Ryotwari settlement. He was the first British Governor of

List of Important historical events Year 326 bc 58 bc AD 78 AD 1001 Events Invasion of Alexander the Great on India Beginning of Vikraml Era Beginning of Saka Era First invasion of India by Mahmud Ghazni

AD 1236

Accession of only women ruler of India, Razia Sultana, to the throne of Delhi

1498Discovery of sea route of India by Portuguese traveller Vasco da Gama, via the Cape of Good Hope 1526First Battle of Panipat, between Babur and Ibrahim Lodi, Babur won and established Mughal empire. 1540Battle of Kanauj 1556Second Battle of Panipat 1576Battle of Haldighati, Akbar defeated Rana Pratap 1600East India Company was established 1675Execution of the Ninth Sikh Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur 1757Battle of Plassey, British Rule established through Lord Clive 1761Shah Alam II became Indian emperor and Third Battle of Panipat took place 1764Battle of Buxar 1784Pitt's India Act 1793Permanent Settlement of Bengal 1829Prohibition of Sati Practice 1853First railway line became operational between Bombay and Thane 1857First War of Independence or Mutiny of Sepoys 1885Foundation of Indian National Congress 1905First partition of Bengal under Lord Curzon 1914Beginning of First World War 1931Candhi-lrwin Pact 1939Beginning of Second World War 1943-44 this period. 1948Mahatma Gandhi assassinated S.C. Bose formed Azad Hind Fauj (Indian National Army), Bengal famine also occurred during

LIST OF IMPORTANT PRESIDENTS OF INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS

Session 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Year 1885 1986 1887 1888 1889 1890 1893 1905

Place Bombay Calcutta Madras Allahabad Bombay Calcutta Lahore Banaras

President W.C. Banerjee Dadarbhai Naoraji Badruddin Tayabji George Yule (First European), Congress President Sir William Wedderburn Sir Phirozshah Mehta Dadabhai Naoroji G K Gokhale

9. 21. 22. 23. 33. 35. 36. 40. 42. 43. 56. 57.

1893 1905 1906 1907 1917 1918 1919 1923 1924 1925 1938 1939

Calcutta Banaras Calcutta Surat Calcutta Delhi (Annual Session) Amritsar Special Session Belgaum Kanpur Haripura Tripruri

Dadabhai Naoroji G K Gokhale Dadabhai Naoroji Dr. Rash Behari Ghosh Mrs. M.M. Malviya Motilal Nehru Lala Lajpat Rai M K Gandhi Mrs. Sarojini Naidu S.C. Bose S.C. Bose Annie Beseant (first women president of congress)

Important newspaper brought out by national leaders 1. Bengal Gazzette 1780, in Calcutta, started by James Augustus Hickey. It was the first newspaper of India 2. Aharatta and Kesari 4. Harijan, Young Indis Bal Gangadhar Tilk Annie Besant Mahatama Gandhi 3. New India and Common Wheel

Important visitors to India and the Kings whose courts they visited Visitor King Chandragupta Murya Harshavardhan 1. Megasthenese (greek) 3. Huen Tsang (Chinese)

2. Fahien(Chinese) Chandragupta II 4. Al Beruni He accompanied Mehmood of Gazni, when he invaded Indis. Al-Beruni has written an important book on Indis viz. Tariq-i-Hind, also known as Kitab-i-Hind. 5. Ibn Batuta 6. Amir Khusro He accompanied Mehmood of Gazni, when he invaded Indis. Al-Beruni has written an Muhammed bin Tuglak important book on India viz. Tariq-i-Hind, also known as Kitab-i-Hind. 7. Sir Thomas Roe Jahagir

CHAPTER 2 BASIC GEOGRAPHICAL FACTS

Universe:

Physical geography: (A) Planets: The revolving bodies around the Sun are called planets. There are eight known planets.

(1) Mercury

(Closest to the Sun and is the fastest planet to revolve around the Sun, also

smallest planet) (2) Venus (3) Earth (4) Mars (Brightest planet after the Sun and the Moon and, is the hottest planet in all) (Only known planet to possess life) (Known as the Red planet. Explored for life by astronomers now, as it is having

similarities with Earth) (5) Jupiter (The largest planet of the solar system) (6) Saturn (System of rings are the characteristic feature of this planet) (7) Uranus (8) Neptune (B) Comets: These are celestial bodies that move around the Sun. Two famous comets known, are as follows: (i) Halley's comet: Discovered by British astronomer Edmond Halley, takes 76.1 years to encircle the Sun. It was last seen in February 9,1986. (ii) Smith-Tuttle comet: It's a huge comet heading on a collision course with Earth on August 17, 2116. (C) Satellites: These are the bodies which revolve around the planets. Mercury and Venus have no satellites. Earth has only one satellite (natural), i.e. Moon. Jupiter has the maximum number (63) of satellites. Moon: The first planet of our solar system visited by man. On July 20,1969, Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin were the first to set foot en the Moon, and between them, Neil Armstrong is the first person to have set foot on the Moon. (D) Earth: Us shape is oblate spheroid, like a ball which is flattened at the poles. Important facts about Earth: (i) (ii) Mean distance from the Sun: 1,49,407,000 km. Time taken by Earth to revolve around the Sun: 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and 45.51 seconds.

(iii) Time taken by Earth for rotating on its own axis: 23 hours 56 minutes and 4.09 seconds, (iv) Earth is covered 70% by water and 30% by land. Movements of Earth: (i) Revolution: The Earth revolves around the Sun in an elliptical orbit. One complete revolution is called a year and this revolution of Earth causes change of seasons. (ii) Rotation: Earth rotates on its own imaginary axis also, simultaneously revolving around the Sun. It moves from west to east. This causes day and night Note: Duration of days and nights is equal at the equator. (E) Eclipses: (i) Solar eclipse: It occurs when the Moon comes between the Sun and the Earth, and this causes hindrance in Sun's light, when viewed from the Earth. (ii) Lunar eclipse: When the Earth comes between the Moon and the Sun, the shadow cast by the Earth on

the Moon causes lunar eclipse.

(F) Atmosphere: The Earth is surrounded by a gaseous cover called the atmosphere. There are many gases in the atmosphere like Oxygen, Nitrogen, Carbon Dioxide, Helium, Argon, Xenon, etc. The maximum percentage of gas present In the atmosphere is Nitrogen and that comprises 77%. Atmosphere is divided mainly into four layers: (i) Troposphere: surface. (ii) Stratosphere: From the end of 15 km of troposphere, stratosphere is present till 50 km of the atmosphere. (iii) Mesosphere: It lies between 50 km and 80 km above the surface of the Earth, (iv) Ionosphere: It lies above the mesosphere and extends from 80 km to 400 km above the Earth's surface. Radio communication takes place because of this layer. Note: Ozone Layer: The ozone layer is situated in the stratosphere belt of earth's atmosphere. The basic Ozone gas structure consists of three oxygen atoms. Ozone gas is present in the stratosphere in the form of a layer, which extends from 12 km to 30 km above the earth's surface. The main function of Ozone is that it protects mankind from harmful radiations which comes from outer space i.e.; Ultra Violet radiations (UV- radiations) from the Sun. Now-a-days this Ozone layer is getting depleted which can cause skin cancer and damage vegetation. The main reason behind the depletion of Ozone layer is pollution and pollutants present in the atmosphere like Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC's, also known as Freons), which comes from refrigeration systems, aerosols, air conditioners and solvents. To minimize the Ozone layer depletion the governments of many countries are now replacing the CFC's with simple hydrocarbons. (G) Continents: The surface of the Earth is made up of big land masses which are divided into seven continents. The seven continents are as follows: (i) Asia: The largest continent (covers approximately. 30 per cent of the world land and hosts 59 per cent of the world population) (ii) Africa: (The largest desertSaharais there.) (iii) North America (iv) South America (v) Antarctica: Covered with ice (coldest) (vi) Europe (vii) Oceania (Australia): The smallest continent (The only continent with capital. i.e., Canberra) Note: Antarctica and Oceania are island continents. (H) Oceans: (i) There are five oceans on the Earth: (i) Pacific, (ii) Atlantic, (iii) Indian, (iv) Arctic, (v) Antarctic. It is the nearest layer to the Earth's surface and is up to 15 km of height from the Earth's

Pacific being the largest, occupies 35.25% of the Earth's surface. (ii) South China Sea has the maximum area among all the seas of the world. (I) Rocks: These form the crust of the Earth. Basically rocks are mineral material. They are classified into three broad categories: (i) Igneous rocks: It constitutes 90% of the Earth's crust (ii) Metamorphic rocks: Original igneous or sedimentary rocks when subject to change due to temperature, and metamorphose into metamorphic rocks, i.e. slate, marble, etc. (iii) Sedimentary rocks: As the name suggests, these rocks are formed from the sedimentary the ocean beds, i.e. gypsum, limestone, etc. (J) important Mountain Ranges and Mountain Peaks of the World: (i) Mountain ranges: Name Himalaya-Karakoram Rockies Alps Andes Continent Asia North America Europe South America deposits on pressure or

(ii) Mountain peaks: Name Everest K2 (Godwin Austen) Kanchaenjuga Lhotse Makalu Dhaulagiri Nanga Parbat Nanda Devi Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Continent Height (in meters) Asia 8,610 8,590 8,500 8,470 8,170 8,130 7,820 8848

Note: Everest is the highest mountain peak of the world, situated in Nepal and extended to Tibet and K2 is India's highest mountain peak, but it is situated in POK. Therefore, Kanchanjunga is the highest peak within India. (K) Important Water Sources of the World: (i) Lakes (Natural): Name Caspian (also called the Caspian Sea) Superior (largest fresh water lake) Victoria Baikal (deepest lake of the world) Titicaca (highest lake of the world) Location Iran USA/Canada Kenya and Tanzania Russia South America

(ii) Canals (Shipping): (1) Panama Canal: It links the Pacific and the Atlantic Ocean. It is located in Central America and is 58 kilometres long. (2) Suez Canal: It links the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. It is in Egypt and is 169 long. (3) Kiel Canal: It lies between Baltic Sea and North Sea ports. I! is in Germany and is 98 long. Note: Ange! Waterfall which is in Venezuela, is the highest waterfall in the world having a height of 979 metres. (iii) Important Rivers of the world: Name Nile Amazon Mississippi-Missouri Yangtze-Kiang HwangHo Niger Congo Murray Volga Indus Brahmaputra Danube Length (km) 6,690 6,570 6,020 5,980 4,840 4,800 4,800 3,720 3,700 3,180 2,960 2,820 Location Egypt, Africa Brazil, South America USA, North America China, Asia China, Asia Nigeria, Africa Zaire, Africa Australia Russia, Asia India and Pakistan, Asia India, Asia Austria, Hungary and Yugoslavia, Europe kilometres kilometres

Note: The longest river In the world la Nile (6,690 km).

L. New names of certain cities and countries Old Names 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Abyssinia Baroda Burma Calicut Congo Constantinople Dacca Formosa Gold coost New Names Ethiopia Vadodra Myamar Kozhikode Zaire Istanbul Dhacca Taiwan Ghanna Ireland Combodia Iraq

10. Irish Free State (Eire) 11. Kampuchea 12. Mesopotamia

13. Panjim 14. Peking 15. Siam 16. South Rhodesia 17. Trivendrum M. Important world cities on river banks City 1. London 2. Rome 3. Paris 4. Vienna 5. Budapest 6. Belgrade 7. Baghdad River Thames Tiber Siene Danuba Danuba Danuba Tigiris

Panaji Beijing Thailand Zimbabwe Thiruvanthapuram

Polar Auroras and Winter Solstice Polar Auroras are two Auroras, the Aurora Borealis or Northern Lights and the Aurora Australis or Southern Lights. These are lights that sweep across the sky in waves or streamers or folds. They are very often multicoloured and provide one of the finest spectacles in nature. They occur in the Arctic and the Antarctica regions respectively. But the Northern Lights can be seen as far south as New Orleans in America and the Southern lights as far north as Australia. On 22 December, the earth is in an equivalent position, on the opposite front point, in its orbit. So the Southern Hemisphere is tipped towards the Sun, and the Northern longest day in Southern Hemisphere. Comet Comet is a luminous celestial body which moves about the Solar System in elliptical or hyperbolic orbits. Comets are usually accompanied by a long shining tail. Hyperbolic comets are seen only once and they do not reappear. Elliptical comets are periodic and their recurrence can be calculated, as in the case of Halleys Comet. Hemisphere away from it. The Sun is overhead on the Tropic of Capricorn resulting in the shortest day in Northern Hemisphere and

Eclipse The total or partial obscuration of light from a celestial body as it passes through the shadow of another body is known as eclipse. Equinox

Equinoxes or equal nights (and consequently equal days) are the times when the Sun is shining directly overhead at the Equator. March 21 is called the Vernal Equinox and September 23 is called the Autumnal Equinox. Nebulae The clouds of rarefied gas glow due to the radiation of the light of the stars. The radiated clouds of rarefied gas are called Nebulae. Their visibility is hazy and faint. Solstice Summer Solstice On June 21, the earth is so located in its orbit that the Sun is overhead on the Tropic of Cancer. The Northern Hemisphere is tipped towards the Sun, having the longest day, while the Southern Hemisphere is tipped away from the Sun, having the shortest day. Principal Peaks Name Country Height (m) Nanga Parbat .......... Annapurna .............. Mt. Everest ............. Nanda Devi ............. Mt. Kamet ............... Saltoro Kangri ......... Kanchenjunga ......... Gurla Mandhata ...... Lhotse ..................... India .................. 8124 Nepal ................. 8078 Nepal-Tibet ....... 8848 India .................. 7817 India .................. 7756 India .................. 7742 Nepal-India ....... 8597 Tibet .................. 7728 Nepal-India ....... 8511

K2 (Mt. Godwin Austen) India (PoK) ....... 8611

Great Deserts Name Location Area in sq. km.

Nile ..................... Africa ................. 6,650 Amazon ............... S.America ........... 6,437 Sahara ............. N.Africa .......... 8,400,000 Mississippi .......... U.S. ..................... 6,020

Libyan ............. N.Africa ...............1,550,000 Yangtze Kiang ..... China .................. 5,494 Nubian ............ N.Africa ................ 260,000 Ob-Irtysh ............. Russia ................. 5,410 Australian ........ Australia .............1,550,000 Zaire .................... Africa ................. 4,700 Great Victoria . Australia ................325,000 Lena .................... Russia ................. 4,400 Great Sandy .... Australia .................420,400 Hwang Ho ........... China .................. 4,344 Simpson .......... Australia .................310,000 Mackenzie ........... Canada ................ 4,241 Arabian ........... Arabia ...................1,300,000 Mekong ............... Asia .................... Niger ................... Africa ................. 4,180 4,180 Gobi ................ Mongolia, China ...1,040,000 Kalahari .......... Botswana, Namibia 5,20,000

Largest Lakes Name Location Area (sq. km.) Depth 3,104 1,333 270 750 923 223 4,708 5,712 270 2,316 31,820 26,828 23,010 22,400 13,000 12,700 12,162 12,000 11,600 1. Caspian Sea, Azerbaijan-Russia-Kazakhstan-Turkmenistan-Iran (salt water) 152,239 2. Superior, U.S.-Canada 3. Victoria, Tanzania-Uganda 4. Huron, U.S.-Canada 5. Michigan, U.S. 6. Aral, Kazakhstan-Uzbekistan 7. Tanganyika, Tanzania-Congo 8. Baikal, Russia 9. Great Bear, Canada 10. Nyasa, Malawi-Mozambique-Tanzania

Highest Waterfalls The following table lists the world's tallest waterfalls including the name, location, source, and height. Angel in Venezuela is the world's tallest waterfall dropping 979 meters. Height Name(s) (foreign) Location Source/River Feet Meters

Angel (Salto Angel)

Canaima Venezuela

Nat'l

Park,

upper trib. of Rio Caroni Tugela River glacier fed Mongebeck

3,212

979

Tugela Utigord (Utigordsfoss) Monge (Mongefoss) Gocta Cataracts Mutarazi (Mtarazi) Yosemite

Natal Nat'l Park, South Africa Norway Marstein, Norway Chachapoyas, Peru Nyanga Nat'l Park, Zimbabwe Yosemite Nat'l Park,

3,110 2,625 2,540 2,532

947 800 774 771 762 739

Mutarazi River Yosemite Creek

2,499 2,425

California, U.S. Espelands (Espelandsfoss) Lower Mar Valley (stra Mardolafoss) Tyssestrengene Cuquenan (Salto Kukenan) Sentinel Odda, Norway Kukenan Tepuy, Venezuela Yosemite Nat'l Park, Tyssa River Cuquenan River Sentinel Creek 2,123 2,000 2,000 6472 610 610 Hardanger Fjord, Norway Eikesdal, Norway Opo River Mardals Stream 2,307 2,151 7031 6552

California, U.S. Dudhsagar Sutherland Kjell (Kjellfossen) Kahiwa Takkakaw Ribbon Goa/Karnataka, India Milford Sound, New Zealand Gudvanger, Norway Molokai, Hawaii, U.S. Yoho Nat'l Park, B.C., Canada Yosemite Nat'l Park, Khandepar River Arthur River Gudvangen Glacier Unknown Takkakaw Creek Ribbon Stream 1,969 1,904 1,841 1,750 1,650 1,612 600 580 561 533 503 491

California, U.S. King George VI Upper Mar Valley Guyana nr. Eikesdal, Norway Courantyne River Mardals Stream 1,600 1,536 488 468

(Mardalsfossen) Kaliuwaa (Sacred) Della Pahu, Hawaii, U.S. Strathcona B.C., Canada Gavarnie Cachoeira da Fumaa nr. Lourdes, France Chapada Park, Brazil Diamantia Nat'l Gave de Pau 1,384 1,378 422 420 Provincial Park, Kalanui Stream Della Lake 1,520 1,444 463 440

(Glass or Smoke)

Giessbach Krimmler

Bern, Switzerland Hohe Austria Tauern Nat'l Park,

Giessbach River Krimmler Ache

1,312 1,250

400 381

Vettis (Vettisfoss)

Jotunheimen, Norway

Utla Mrkedola)

(Trib.

1,215

370

Papalaua Tin Mine

Molokai, Hawaii, U.S. Kosciusko Australia Nat'l Park,

Kawai Nui Stream Tin Mine Creek

1,200 1,182

366 360

Silver Tears)

Strand

(Widows'

Yosemite

Nat'l

Park,

Silver Strand Creek

1,170

357

California, U.S. Maui, Hawaii, U.S. nr. Ingham, Australia Stream Lauterburnnental, Switzerland Guyana Western Ghats, India British Columbia, Canada (Salto Barance del Cobre, Mexico Courantyne Sharavati Atnarko River Piedra Volada Creek 850 830 830 812 259 253 253 246 Honokohau Stream Wallaman Creek Staubbach Brook 1,120 1,001 984 341 305 300

Honokohau Wallaman Spray (Staubbachfalle) King Edward VIII Gersoppa (Jog) Hunlen Basaseachic Basaseachic) Waipio Kaieteur

Kauai, Hawaii, U.S. Guyana

Kekee Stream Potaro (trib. Rio

800 740

244 225

Essequibo) Kalambo Wollomombi Feigum Tanzania/Zambia nr. Armidale, Australia Lusterfjord, Norway Kalambo River Wollomombi Feigumelvi 726 722 715 221 220 218

New Name

Old Name

Laos ........................ Lanxang Lesotho ................... Basutoland Malawi .................... Nyasaland Banjul ..................... Bathurst Malabo .................... Santa Isabel Beijing .................... Peking Mumbai ................... Bombay

Belize ...................... British Honduras Myanmar ................. Burma Benin ....................... Dahomey Namibia .................. South West Africa Botswana ................ Beuchuanaland Nauru ...................... Pleasant Island Burkina Faso ........... Upper Volta Oslo ......................... Christiana Cambodia ................ Kampuchea; Khmer Sri Lanka................. Ceylon Chennai ................... Madras Stalingrad ................ Volgograd Congo ..................... Zaire St.Petersburg ........... Leningrad Djibouti ................... French Somaliland French Suriname ................. Dutch Guyana Taiwan .................... Formosa Ethiopia ................... Abyssinia Tasmania ................. Van Diemens Land Ghana ...................... Gold Coast Thailand .................. Siam Guyana .................... British Guiana Togo ........................ Togoland Hanoi ...................... Kecho Tuvalu ..................... The Ellice Islands Harare ..................... Salisbury Vanuatu ................... The New Hebrides Ho Chi Minh City ... Saigon Yangon .................... Rangoon Indonesia ................. The Netherlands (Dutch) Zambia .................... Northern Rhodesia Zimbabwe ............... Southern Rhodesia Iran.......................... Persia Iraq .......................... Mesopotamia Istanbul ................... Constantinople, Byzantium Jakarta ..................... Batavia Kalaallit Nunaat ...... Greenland Kinshasa.................. Leopoldville Korea ...................... The Hermit Kingdom

Riverside Cities World/ India City River Country/ State in India Uttar Pradesh Gujarat Uttar Pradesh Orissa Delhi Assam Uttaranchal Andhra Pradesh MP Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Rajasthan Uttar Pradesh Punjab Maharashtra Maharashtra Bihar

Amsterdam ........ Amsel ................ Netherlands Agra ................. Yanuma .......... Ahmedabad ...... Sabarmati ....... Ayodha ............. Sarayu ............ Badrinath ......... Ganga............. Cuttack ............. Mahanadi ....... Delhi ................ Yamuna .......... Dibrugarh ......... Brahmaputra .. Haridwar .......... Ganga............. Hyderabad ........ Musi ............... Jabalpur............ Narmada ........ Kanpur ............. Ganga............. Kolkata ............ Hooghly ......... Kota ................. Chambal ......... Lucknow .......... Gomti ............. Ludhiana .......... Sutlej .............. Nasik ................ Godavari ........ Pandharpur ....... Bhima ............ Patna ................ Ganga............. Antwerp ............ Schelde .............. Belgium Baghdad ............ Tigris ................. Iraq Bangkok ............ Menam ............... Thailand Belgrade ............ Danube .............. Yugoslavia Berlin ................ Spree .................. Germany Bonn ................. Rhine ................. Germany Budapest ........... Danube .............. Hungary Cairo ................. Nile .................... Egypt Glasgow ............ Clyde ................. Scotland Hamburg ........... Elbe ................... Germany Karachi ............. Indus .................. Pakistan Lahore ............... Ravi ................... Pakistan London .............. Thames .............. England Moscow ............ Moskva .............. Russia New York .......... Hudson .............. U.S. Paris .................. Seine .................. France Quebuc .............. St.Lawrence .......Canada

Yangon .............. Irrawaddy .......... Myanmar Sambalpur ........ Mahanadi ....... Srinagar............ Jhelum ........... Surat ................. Tapti ............... Tirucharapalli... Cauveri .......... Varanasi ........... Ganga............. Orissa J&K Gujarat Tamil Nadu Uttar Pradesh Rome ................. Tiber .................. Italy Tokyo ................ Sumida ...............Japan Vienna ............... Danube ..............Austria Warsaw ............. Vistula ..............Poland Washington ....... Potomac ............U.S. Vijayawada ...... Krishna .......... Andhra Pradesh

Nations of The World Name 1 2 Area %(world) 17,098,242 9,984,670 11.50% 6.70% Asia /Europe America, North Largest country in the world. Encyclopaedia Britannica (EB): 17,075,400 km Largest country in the Western Hemisphere. Longest coastline. EB: 9,984,670 km Includes only the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The total area is listed as 9,826,630 km by the CIA World Factbook. EB: 9,522,055 km Second largest Asian country (after Asian part of Russia). Total of separate UN figures for Mainland China (9,596,961) inclusive Hong Kong SAR (1,104 km) and Macau (29 km). (Excludes all disputed territories.) EB: 9,572,900 km Largest country in South America, and in the Southern Hemisphere. EB: 8,514,877 km Australia is the only country that is coterminous with a continent. Largest country without a landborder to neighbours. Largest country in Oceania. EB: 7,692,208 km Figure includes 120,849 km of disputed territories with Pakistan and China. Third-largest country in Asia (after Russia and China). EB: 3,166,414 km Second largest country in South America. EB: 2,780,403 km Largest landlocked country in the world. EB: 2,724,900 km Largest country in Africa. EB: 2,505,810 km Second-largest country in Africa

Russia Canada United States

9,629,091

6.50%

America, North

PR China

9,598,094

6.40%

Asia, Eastern

Brazil

8,514,877

5.70%

America, South Australia/Ocea nia Asia, SouthCentral America, South Asia, SouthCentral Africa, Northern Africa, Northern

Australia

7,692,024

5.20%

7 8 9 10 11

India Argentina Kazakhsta n Sudan Algeria

3,287,263 2,780,400 2,724,900 2,505,813 2,381,741

2.30% 2% 1.80% 1.70% 1.60%

12

Democrati c Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa) Greenland Saudi Arabia Mexico Indonesia Libya Iran Mongolia Peru Chad Niger Angola Mali South Africa Colombia

2,344,858

1.60%

Africa, Central

Third-largest country in Africa

13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

2,166,086 2,000,000 1,964,375 1,904,569 1,759,540 1,648,195 1,564,100 1,285,216 1,284,000 1,267,000 1,246,700 1,240,192 1,221,037

1.50% 1.40% 1.30% 1.30% 1.20% 1.10% 1.10% 0.86% 0.86% 0.85% 0.85% 0.83% 0.82%

Europe, Northern Middle East America, Northern Asia, SouthEast Africa, Northern Asia, SouthCentral Asia, Eastern America, South Africa, Central Africa, Western Africa, Central Africa, Western Africa, Southern America, South

Self-governing territory of Denmark. Largest island in the world. Largest country in the Middle East Third-largest country in North America. Largest and most populous country situated only on islands. Also the largest country in South East Asia.

Third-largest country in South America

26

1,138,914

0.76%

Includes Prince Edward Islands (Marion Island and Prince Edward Island). Colombian census figure is 1,141,748 which includes three special districts and San Andrs and Providencia islands (52 km) (disputed territories with Nicaragua).

27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35

Ethiopia Bolivia Mauritani a Egypt Tanzania Nigeria Venezuela Namibia Mozambiq ue

1,104,300 1,098,581 1,025,520 1,002,000 945,087 923,768 912,050 824,292 801,590

0.74% 0.74% 0.69% 0.67% 0.63% 0.62% 0.61% 0.55% 0.54%

Africa, Eastern America, South Africa, Western Africa, Northern Africa, Eastern Africa, Western America, South Africa, Southern Africa, Eastern Excluding the disputed region Hala'ib Triangle (20,580 km). Includes the islands of Mafia, Pemba, and Zanzibar.

36

Pakistan

796,095

0.53%

Asia, SouthCentral Western Asia, Southern Europe America, South Africa, Eastern Asia, SouthEast Asia, SouthCentral Africa, Eastern Africa, Central Europe, Eastern Africa, Eastern Africa, Southern Africa, Eastern Europe, Western Europe, Northern Middle East Asia, SouthEast

Excludes all disputed territories. Third-largest among countries with part of territory in Europe (after Russia and Kazakhstan) Includes Easter Island (Isla de Pascua; Rapa Nui) and Isla Sala y Gmez, excludes claims on Antarctica (1,250,000 km).

37

Turkey

783,562

0.53%

38 39 40 41 42 43

Chile Zambia Myanmar Afghanista n Somalia Central African Republic Ukraine Madagasc ar Botswana Kenya France Sweden Yemen Thailand

756,102 752,618 676,578 652,090 637,657 622,984

0.51% 0.51% 0.45% 0.44% 0.43% 0.42%

44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51

603,500 587,041 582,000 580,367 551,500 531,796 527,968 513,120

0.41% 0.39% 0.39% 0.39% 0.37% 0.30% 0.35% 0.34%

Largest all-European country, fourth largest among countries with part of territory in Europe (after Russia, Kazakhstan and Turkey).

Metropolitan France (European France including Corsica) only. The French Republic including French overseas territories covers 674,843 km. Includes Gotland and land. Includes the islands of Perim and Socotra.

52

Spain

505,992

0.34%

Europe, Southern

Sixth largest in Europe, second largest in western Europe. Includes mainland Spain, the Balearic Islands and Canary Islands, as well as the Spanish possessions (Plazas de Soberana) off the coast of Morocco (Ceuta, Melilla, Islas Chafarinas, Pen de Alhucemas, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera), and Isla de Alborn almost midway between Morocco and Spain, all the latter being claimed by Morocco.

53 54 55

Turkmenis tan Cameroon Papua New Guinea

488,100 475,442 462,840

0.33% 0.32% 0.31%

Asia, SouthCentral Africa, Central Oceania, Melanesia Second largest country in Oceania.

56 57 58 59 60

Uzbekista n Morocco Iraq Paraguay Zimbabwe

447,400 446,550 438,317 406,752 390,757

0.30% 0.30% 0.29% 0.27% 0.26%

Asia, SouthCentral Africa, Northern Middle East America, South Africa, Eastern

The larger of only two doubly landlocked countries in the world. Excluding Western Sahara.

61

Japan

377,915

0.25%

Asia, Eastern

Includes Ryukyu Islands (Nansei Islands), Daito Islands, Ogasawara Islands (Bonin Islands), Minami-Torishima (Marcus Island), OkinoTorishima and Volcano Islands (Kazan Islands); excludes the southern Kuril Islands. EB: 357,046

62

Germany Republic of the Congo (Brazzavill e) Finland Vietnam Malaysia

357,022

0.24%

Europe, Western

63

342,000

0.23%

Africa, Central

64 65 66

338,145 331,689 329,847

0.23% 0.22% 0.22%

Europe, Northern Asia, SouthEast Asia, SouthEast Europe, Northern

Includes land Islands (1,552 km).

67

Norway

323,802

0.22%

Mainland Norway only; not included the overseas areas of Svalbard and Jan Mayen (62,422 km) and the dependency of Bouvet Island (49 km) and the Antarctic dependency claims of Queen Maud Land (2,500,000 km) and Peter I Island (243 km).

68 69 70 71 72 73 74

Cte d'Ivoire Poland Oman Italy Philippine s Ecuador Burkina Faso

322,463 312,685 309,500 301,318 300,000 283,561 274,222

0.22% 0.21% 0.21% 0.20% 0.20% 0.20% 0.18%

Africa, Western Europe, Eastern Middle East Europe, Southern Asia, SouthEast America, South Africa, Western Includes Antipodes Islands, Auckland Islands, Bounty Islands, Campbell Island, Chatham Islands, and Kermadec Islands. Excludes Niue (260 km), the Cook Islands (236 km) and Tokelau (12 km), as well as the Antarctic claim of Ross Dependency (450,000 km). Third largest country in Oceania. Includes Galpagos Islands.

75

New Zealand

270,467

0.18%

Oceania;Austra lia

76

Gabon

267,668

0.18%

Africa, Central

77 78

Western Sahara Guinea United Kingdom Uganda Ghana Romania Lao PDR Guyana Belarus Kyrgyzsta n Senegal Syria Cambodia Uruguay Suriname Tunisia Nepal Banglades h Tajikistan Greece North Korea Nicaragua Malawi Eritrea Benin

266,000 245,857

0.18% 0.17%

Africa, Northern Africa, Western Europe, Northern Africa, Eastern Africa, Western Europe, Eastern Asia, SouthEast Europe, Northern Europe, Eastern Asia, SouthCentral Africa, Western Middle East Asia, SouthEast America, South America, South Africa, Northern Asia, SouthCentral Asia, SouthCentral Asia, SouthCentral Europe, Southern Asia, Eastern America, Central Africa, Eastern Africa, Eastern Africa, Western

Largely occupied by Morocco, some territory administered by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.

79

242,900

0.16%

Not included are the three Crown dependencies (768 km) of the islands of Jersey, Guernsey and Isle of Man, and British Overseas Territories (1,742,857 km)

80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101

241,038 238,533 238,391 236,800 214,969 208,000 199,951 196,722 185,180 181,035 176,215 163,820 163,610 147,181 143,998 143,100 131,957 120,538 120,340 118,484 117,600 112,622

0.16% 0.16% 0.16% 0.16% 0.14% 0.14% 0.13% 0.13% 0.12% 0.12% 0.12% 0.11% 0.11% 0.10% 0.10% 0.10% 0.09% 0.08% 0.09% 0.08% 0.08% 0.08%

Second-largest landlocked country in Europe (after Kazakhstan).

Includes the Golan Heights.

Smallest country in South America.

Excludes San Andrs y Providencia islands (disputed territories with Colombia). Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America.

Includes Badme region.

102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116

Honduras Liberia Bulgaria Cuba Guatemala Iceland South Korea Hungary Portugal French Guiana Jordan Azerbaijan Austria United Arab Emirates Czech Republic

112,492 111,369 110,879 109,886 108,889 103,000 99,678 93,028 92,090 90,000 89,342 86,600 83,871 83,600 78,867

0.08% 0.07% 0.07% 0.07% 0.07% 0.07% 0.07% 0.06% 0.06% 0.06% 0.06% 0.06% 0.06% 0.06% 0.05%

America, Central Africa, Western Europe, Eastern Caribbean America, Central Europe, Northern Asia, Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe, Southern America, South Middle East Asia, Western Europe, Western Middle East Europe, Eastern This figure does not include Kosovo, which recently unilaterally declared itself independent to partial recognition; Serbia, Russia, China and others object. Including Kosovo, which is still claimed by Serbia, the total area is 88,361 km, ranking Serbia at 113. Includes the exclave of Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic and the Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh. Cuba is the largest and most populous country in the Caribbean

Includes Azores and Madeira Islands. French overseas dpartement.

117

Serbia

77,474

0.05%

Europe, Southern

118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125

Panama Sierra Leone Ireland (Republic of) Georgia Sri Lanka Lithuania Latvia Svalbard and Jan Mayen

75,517 71,740 70,273 69,700 65,610 65,300 64,589 62,422

0.05% 0.05% 0.05% 0.05% 0.04% 0.04% 0.04% 0.04%

America, Central Africa, Western Europe, Northern Asia, Western Asia, SouthCentral Europe, Northern Europe, Northern Europe, Northern The island of Ireland has an area of 84,421 km. Includes Abkhazia (8,600 km) and South Ossetia

126 127

Togo Croatia Bosnia and Herzegovi na Costa Rica Slovakia Dominican Republic Estonia

56,785 56,594

0.04% 0.04%

Africa, Western Europe, Southern Europe, Southern America, Central Europe, Eastern Caribbean Europe, Northern Europe, Northern Europe, Western Europe, Western Asia, SouthCentral Asia, Eastern Africa, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Western Africa, Southern Asia, Western Oceania, Melanesia Europe, Southern Africa, Central Africa, Eastern Caribbean Africa, Eastern Europe, Southern Africa, Eastern Includes the de facto independent autonomous territory of Transnistria (Pridnestrovie). Includes Estonia's 1,520 islands in the Baltic Sea. Includes Denmark proper only; the entire Kingdom of Denmark, including Greenland and Faroe Islands covers 2,220,093 km and would be 13th. Includes the Netherlands proper only; the entire Kingdom of the Netherlands covers 42,437 km. source: swissworld.org Includes Isla del Coco.

128

51,197

0.03%

129 130 131 132

51,100 49,035 48,310 45,228

0.03% 0.03% 0.03% 0.03%

133

Denmark Netherlan ds Switzerlan d Bhutan Taiwan (Republic of China) GuineaBissau Moldova Belgium Lesotho Armenia Solomon Islands Albania Equatorial Guinea Burundi Haiti Rwanda Macedonia Djibouti

43,094

0.03%

134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150

41,543 41,285 38,394 36,188 36,125 33,851 30,528 30,355 29,743 28,896 28,748 28,051 27,834 27,750 26,338 25,713 23,200

0.03% 0.03% 0.03% 0.02% 0.02% 0.02% 0.02% 0.02% 0.02% 0.02% 0.02% 0.02% 0.02% 0.02% 0.02% 0.02% 0.02%

Includes only the territories under the administration of the ROC, namely Taiwan, and the islands of Penghu, Kinmen, and Matsu.

151

Belize

22,966

0.02%

America, Central Middle East America, Central Europe, Southern Oceania, Melanesia Oceania, Melanesia Middle East Africa, Southern Asia, SouthEast Caribbean Europe, Southern Oceania, Melanesia America, Southern Middle East Africa, Western Caribbean Europe, Southern Middle East Asia, Western Caribbean Middle East Asia, SouthEast Caribbean Africa, Western Oceania, Polynesia French overseas collectivity. Includes Northern Cyprus (only recognized by Turkey) and Akrotiri and Dhekelia (British Sovereign Base Areas). Commonwealth of the United States. The figure consists of the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Kosovo unilaterally declared itself independent to partial recognition, with objections from Serbia, Russia, China and others. Serbia still claims the territory. British Overseas Territory. Claimed by Argentina. Excludes South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. Including data for East Jerusalem and Israeli residents in certain other territories under occupation by Israeli military forces since June 1967.

152

Israel El Salvador Slovenia New Caledonia Fiji Kuwait Swaziland East Timor The Bahamas Montenegr o Vanuatu Falkland Islands Qatar The Gambia Jamaica Kosovo Lebanon Cyprus Puerto Rico Palestinia n territories Brunei Trinidad and Tobago Cape Verde French Polynesia

22,072

0.01%

153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175

21,041 20,273 18,575 18,274 17,818 17,364 14,874 13,943 13,812 12,189 12,173 11,586 11,295 10,991 10,887 10,400 9,251 8,870 6,020 5,765 5,130 4,033 4,000

0.01% 0.01% 0.01% 0.01% 0.01% 0.01% >0.01% >0.01% >0.01% >0.01% >0.01% >0.01% >0.01% >0.01% >0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01%

French dependency.

176 177 178

Samoa Luxembou rg Runion

2,831 2,586 2,510

<0.01% <0.01% <0.01%

Oceania, Polynesia Europe, Western Africa, Eastern French overseas dpartement. Listed figure inccludes Mayotte (373 km). Mayotte is officially an overseas collectivity of France and is not under the sovereignty of Comoros. Includes Agalega Islands, Cargados Carajos Shoals (Saint Brandon), and Rodrigues. French overseas dpartement includes La Dsirade, Marie Galante, Les Saintes, SaintBarthlemy and Saint Martin (French part). Note that Saint-Barthlemy and Saint Martin became separate overseas collectvities in 2007 and are no longer politically part of Guadeloupe. A self-governing territory of Denmark. French overseas dpartement. Second smallest country in Africa. British Overseas Territory. Area includes protected waters. Self-governing part of the Netherlands; includes Bonaire, Curaao, Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten (Dutch part of the island of Saint Martin).

179

Comoros

2,235

<0.01%

Africa, Eastern

180

Mauritius

2,040

<0.01%

Africa, Eastern

181

Guadeloup e

1,705

<0.01%

Caribbean

182 183 184 185

Faroe Islands Martiniqu e So Tom and Prncipe Turks and Caicos Islands Netherlan ds Antilles Dominica Tonga Bahrain Kiribati Micronesi a, Federated States of Singapore Isle of Man Guam Saint Lucia Andorra Northern Mariana Islands

1,393 1,102 964 948

<0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01%

Europe, Northern Caribbean Africa, Central Caribbean

186 187 188 189 190

800 751 747 741 726

<0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01%

Caribbean Caribbean Oceania, Polynesia Middle East Oceania, Micronesia Oceania, Micronesia Asia, SouthEast Europe, Northern Oceania, Micronesia Caribbean Europe, Southern Oceania, Micronesia

Includes three island groups - Gilbert Islands, Line Islands, Phoenix Islands. Includes Pohnpei (Ponape), Chuuk (Truk) Islands, Yap Islands, and Kosrae (Kosaie). UN figure is as of 2005. Official area in 2007 is 707.1 km. Crown dependency of the UK. Organized unincorporated territory of the USA.

191

702

<0.01%

192 193 194 195 196 197

699 572 549 539 468 464

<0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01%

Commonwealth in political union with the USA; includes 14 islands including Saipan, Rota, and Tinian.

198 199 200 201 202

Palau Seychelles Antigua and Barbuda Barbados Saint Vincent and the Grenadine s Virgin Islands U.S. Grenada Malta Maldives Cayman Islands Saint Kitts and Nevis Niue Saint Pierre and Miquelon Cook Islands American Samoa Marshall Islands Aruba Liechtenst ein British Virgin Islands Wallis and Futuna Saint Helena Jersey Montserra t Tristan da Cunha

459 455 442 430 389

<0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01%

Oceania, Micronesia Africa, Eastern Caribbean Caribbean Caribbean Smallest country in Africa. Includes the island of Redonda, 1.6 km.

203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221

347 344 316 298 264 261 260 242 236 199 181 180 160 151 142 122 116 102 98

<0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01%

Caribbean Caribbean Europe, Southern Asia, SouthCentral Caribbean Caribbean Oceania, Polynesia America, Northern Oceania, Polynesia Oceania, Polynesia Oceania, Micronesia Caribbean Europe, Western Caribbean Oceania, Polynesia Africa, Western Europe, Northern Caribbean South Atlantic Ocean

Unincorporated, organized territory of the USA.

Smallest country in Asia. British Overseas Territory. Smallest nation in North America and in the Western Hemisphere. Self-governing nation in free association with New Zealand. French overseas collectivity; includes eight small islands in the Saint Pierre and the Miquelon groups. Self-governing in free association with New Zealand. Unorganized, unincorporated territory of the USA; includes Rose Island and Swains Island. Includes the atolls of Bikini, Enewetak, Kwajalein, Majuro, Rongelap, and Utirik. Self-governing part of the Netherlands. Smallest country in the world that borders more than one other country. British Overseas Territory; comprised of 16 inhabited and more than 20 uninhabited islands; includes the island of Anegada. French overseas collectivity; includes le Uva (Wallis Island), le Futuna (Futuna Island), le Alofi, and 20 islets. British Overseas Territory; excluding dependencies. Crown dependency of the UK. British Overseas Territory. Dependency of St Helena (UK). Area refers to the only inhabited island.

222 223

Anguilla Ascension Island Guernsey San Marino Bermuda Norfolk Island Tuvalu Nauru Tokelau Gibraltar Pitcairn Islands Monaco Vatican City

91 88

<0.01% <0.01%

Caribbean South Atlantic Ocean Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Caribbean Oceania, Australia Oceania, Polynesia Oceania, Micronesia Oceania/Austra lia Europe, Southern Oceania, Polynesia Europe, Southern Europe, Southern

British Overseas Territory. Dependency of the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena. Crown dependency of the UK; includes Alderney, Guernsey, Herm, Sark, and some other smaller islands.

224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234

78 61 54 36 26 21 12 6 5 1.95 0.44

<0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01% <0.01%

British Overseas Territory. Self-governing area of Australia.

Smallest country in Oceania, smallest island nation in the world, and third smallest country in the world. Territory of New Zealand. British Overseas Territory. British Overseas Territory and smallest dependent territory of the world. Second smallest country of the world. Smallest country in the world. Home of the Pope and the governing body of the Roman Catholic Church.

Country Population Location

Country Name:

Population

Area (Sq. Km.)

Populatio n Density (Sq. Km.)

Area (Sq. Mi.)

Popula on

Density

(Sq. Mi. 361.42 933.27 83.38 315.99 58.84 548.51

1 2 3 4 5 6

China India United States of America Indonesia Brazil Pakistan

1,339,190,000 1,184,639,000 309,975,000 234,181,400 193,364,000 170,260,000

9,596,960.00 3,287,590.00 9,629,091.00 1,919,440.00 8,511,965.00 803,940.00

139.54 360.34 32.19 122.01 22.72 211.78

3,705,405.45 1,269,345.07 3,717,811.29 741,099.62 3,286,486.71 310,402.84

7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

Bangladesh Nigeria Russia Japan Mexico Phillipines Vietnam Germany Ethopia Egypt Iran Turkey Congo (Dem. Rep. of ) France Thailand United Kingdom (UK) Italy Myanmar South Africa

164,425,000 158,259,000 141,927,297 127,380,000 108,396,211 94,013,200 85,789,573 81,757,600 79,221,000 78,848,000 75,078,000 72,561,312 67,827,000 65,447,374 63,525,062 62,041,708 60,340,328 50,496,000 49,991,300

144,000.00 923,768.00 17,075,200.00 377,835.00 1,972,550.00 300,000.00 329,560.00 357,021.00 1,127,127.00 1,001,450.00 1,648,000.00 780,580.00 2,345,410.00 547,030.00 514,000.00 244,820.00 301,230.00 678,500.00 1,219,912.00

1,141.84 171.32 8.31 337.13 54.95 313.38 260.32 229.00 70.29 78.73 45.56 92.96 28.92 119.64 123.59 253.42 200.31 74.42 40.98

55,598.69 356,668.67 6,592,768.87 145,882.85 761,605.50 115,830.60 127,243.78 137,846.52 435,185.99 386,661.85 636,296.10 301,383.50 905,567.49 211,209.38 198,456.43 94,525.49 116,305.51 261,970.21 471,010.46

2,957.35 443.71 21.53 873.17 142.33 811.64 674.21 593.11 182.04 203.92 117.99 240.76 74.90 309.87 320.10 656.35 518.81 192.75 106.14

26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42

Korea (South) Spain Ukraine Colombia Tanzania Kenya Argentina Poland Algeria Canada Uganda Sudan Morocco Iraq Nepal Peru Afghanistan

49,773,145 46,951,532 45,871,738 45,569,000 45,040,000 40,863,000 40,518,951 38,167,329 35,423,000 34,207,000 33,796,000 31,894,000 31,892,000 31,467,000 29,853,000 29,461,933 29,117,000

98,480.00 504,782.00 603,700.00 1,138,910.00 945,087.00 582,650.00 2,766,890.00 312,685.00 2,381,740.00 9,976,140.00 236,040.00 1,886,068.00 446,550.00 437,072.00 140,800.00 1,285,220.00 647,500.00

505.41 93.01 75.98 40.01 47.66 70.13 14.64 122.06 14.87 3.43 143.18 16.40 71.42 72.00 212.02 22.92 44.97

38,023.32 194,897.34 233,089.78 439,735.43 364,899.98 224,962.33 1,068,301.76 120,728.30 919,594.58 3,851,807.61 91,135.52 728,215.12 172,413.85 168,754.37 54,363.16 496,226.01 250,001.05

1,309.02 240.90 196.80 103.63 123.43 181.64 37.93 316.14 38.52 8.88 370.83 42.40 184.97 186.47 549.14 59.37 116.47

43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78

Venezuela Malaysia Uzbekistan Saudi Arabia Ghana Yemen Korea (North) Mozambique Syria Australia Cote d'Ivoire Romania Madagascar Sri Lanka Cameroon Angola Chile Netherlands Burkina Faso Kazakhstan Niger Malawi Mali Guatemala Ecuador Cambodia Zambia Senegal Zimbabwe Greece Chad Cuba Belgium Portugal Czech Republic Tunisia

28,888,000 28,306,700 27,794,000 26,246,000 24,333,000 24,256,000 23,991,000 23,406,000 22,505,000 22,421,417 21,571,000 21,466,174 21,146,000 20,410,000 19,958,000 18,993,000 17,114,000 16,609,518 16,287,000 16,197,000 15,891,000 15,692,000 14,517,176 14,377,000 14,228,000 13,395,682 13,257,000 12,861,000 12,644,000 11,306,183 11,274,106 11,204,000 10,827,519

912,050.00 329,750.00 447,400 1,960,582.00 239,460.00 527,970.00 120,540.00 801,590.00 185,180.00 7,686,850.00 322,460.00 237,500.00 587,040.00 65,610.00 475,440.00 1,246,700.00 756,950.00 41,526.00 274,200.00 2,717,300.00 1,267,000.00 118,480.00 1,240,000.00 108,890.00 283,560.00 181,040.00 752,614.00 196,190.00 390,580.00 131,940.00 1,284,000.00 110,860.00 30,510.00 92,391.00 78,866.00 163,610.00

31.67 85.84 62.12 13.39 101.62 45.94 199.03 29.20 121.53 2.92 66.90 90.38 36.02 311.08 41.98 15.23 22.61 399.98 59.40 5.96 12.54 132.44 11.71 132.03 50.18 73.99 17.61 65.55 32.37 85.69 8.78 101.06 354.88 115.13 133.29 63.76

352,144.33 127,317.13 172,742.03 756,984.63 92,455.98 203,850.27 46,540.74 309,495.50 71,498.37 2,967,908.16 124,502.45 91,699.23 226,657.32 25,332.15 183,568.33 481,353.36 292,259.91 16,033.27 105,869.17 1,049,154.96 489,191.23 45,745.36 478,766.48 42,042.65 109,483.08 69,899.91 290,585.77 75,749.35 150,803.72 50,942.30 495,754.97 42,803.27 11,779.97 35,672.35 30,450.32 63,170.15

82.03 222.33 160.90 34.67 263.18 118.99 515.48 75.63 314.76 7.55 173.26 234.09 93.30 805.70 108.72 39.46 58.56 1,035.94 153.84 15.44 32.48 343.03 30.32 341.96 129.96 191.64 45.62 169.78 83.84 221.94 22.74 261.76 919.15 298.18 345.23 165.15

10,636,888 10,512,397 10,432,500

79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115

Guinea Rwanda Dominican Republic Haiti Bolivia Hungary Serbia & Montenegro Belarus Sweden Somalia Benin Azerbaijan Burundi Austria South Sudan Switzerland Honduras Israel Bulgaria Tajikstan Papua New Guinea Togo Libya Jordan Paraguay Laos El Salvador Sierra Leone Nicaragua Kyrgyzstan Denmark Slovakia Finland Eritrea Turkmenistan Singapore Norway

10,324,000 10,277,000 10,225,000 10,188,000 10,031,000 10,013,628 9,856,000 9,471,900 9,366,092 9,359,000 9,212,000 8,997,400 8,519,000 8,372,930 8,260,490 7,782,900 7,616,000 7,602,400 7,576,751 7,075,000 6,888,000 6,780,000 6,546,000 6,472,000 6,460,000 6,436,000 6,194,000 5,836,000 5,822,000 5,550,000 5,540,241 5,426,645 5,366,100 5,224,000 5,177,000 4,987,600 4,896,700

245,857.00 26,338.00 48,730.00 27,750.00 1,098,580.00 93,030.00 102,350.00 207,600.00 449,964.00 637,657.00 112,620.00 86,600.00 27,830.00 83,858.00 619,745.00 41,290.00 112,090.00 20,770.00 110,910.00 143,100.00 462,840.00 56,785.00 1,759,540.00 92,300.00 406,750.00 236,800.00 21,040.00 71,740.00 129,494.00 198,500.00 43,094.00 48,845.00 337,030.00 121,320.00 488,100.00 693.00 324,220.00

41.99 390.20 209.83 367.14 9.13 107.64 96.30 45.63 20.82 14.68 81.80 103.90 306.11 99.85 13.32 188.49 67.95 366.03 68.31 49.44 14.88 119.40 3.72 70.12 15.88 27.18 294.39 81.35 44.96 27.96 128.56 111.10 15.92 43.06 10.61 7,197.11 15.10

94,925.88 10,169.15 18,814.75 10,714.33 424,163.94 35,919.07 39,517.54 80,154.78 173,732.00 246,200.64 43,482.81 33,436.43 10,745.22 32,377.74 239,285.00 15,942.15 43,278.17 8,019.34 42,822.57 55,251.20 178,703.45 21,924.80 679,361.91 35,637.21 157,046.99 91,428.95 8,123.59 27,698.96 49,997.89 76,641.25 16,638.68 18,859.15 130,127.96 46,841.89 188,456.39 267.57 125,181.99

108.76 1,010.61 543.46 950.88 23.65 278.78 249.41 118.17 53.91 38.01 211.85 269.09 792.82 258.60 34.52 488.20 175.98 948.01 176.93 128.05 38.54 309.24 9.64 181.61 41.13 70.39 762.47 210.69 116.44 72.42 332.97 287.75 41.24 111.52 27.47 18,640.45 39.12

116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 272.74

United Arab Emirates Costa Rica Central African Republic Ireland Georgia Croatia New Zealand Lebanon Bosnia & Herzegovina Congo (Rep.) Moldova Liberia Uruguay Mauritania Lithuania Panama Armenia Albania Kuwait Oman Mongolia Jamaica Latvia Namibia Lesotho Slovenia Macedonia Botswana Gambia Qatar Guinea-Bissau Gabon Trinidad & Tobago Estonia Mauritius Swaziland

4,707,000 4,640,000 4,506,000 4,459,300 4,436,000 4,435,056 4,383,600 4,255,000 3,760,000 3,759,000 3,563,800 3,476,608 3,372,000 3,366,000 3,329,227 3,322,576 3,238,000 3,195,000 3,051,000 2,905,000 2,768,800 2,730,000 2,237,800 2,212,000 2,084,000 2,062,700 2,048,620 1,978,000 1,751,000 1,696,563 1,647,000 1,501,000 1,344,000 1,340,021 1,297,000 1,202,000

82,880.00 51,100.00 622,984.00 70,280.00 69,700.00 56,542.00 268,680.00 10,400.00 51,129.00 342,000.00 33,843.00 111,370.00 176,200.00 1,030,700.00 65,200.00 78,200.00 29,800.00 28,748.00 17,820.00 212,460.00 1,565,000.00 10,991.00 64,589.00 825,418.00 30,355.00 20,273.00 25,333.00 600,370.00 11,300.00 11,437.00 36,120.00 267,667.00 5,128.00 45,226.00 2,040.00 17,363.00

56.79 90.80 7.23 63.45 63.64 78.44 16.32 409.13 73.54 10.99 105.30 31.22 19.14 3.27 51.06 42.49 108.66 111.14 171.21 13.67 1.77 248.39 34.65 2.68 68.65 101.75 80.87 3.29 154.96 148.34 45.60 5.61 262.09 29.63 635.78 69.23

32,000.13 19,729.81 240,535.37 27,135.25 26,911.31 21,830.98 103,737.89 4,015.46 19,741.01 132,046.88 13,066.85 43,000.18 68,031.17 397,955.33 25,173.85 30,193.18 11,505.84 11,099.66 6,880.34 82,031.23 604,249.63 4,243.65 24,937.94 318,695.54 11,720.13 7,827.45 9,781.12 231,804.06 4,362.95 4,415.85 13,946.00 103,346.76 1,979.93 17,461.85 787.65 6,703.89

147.09 235.18 18.73 164.34 164.84 203.15 42.26 1,059.65 190.47 28.47

80.85 49.57 8.46 132.25 110.04 281.42 287.85 443.44 35.41 4.58 643.31 89.73 6.94 177.81 263.52 209.45 8.53 401.33 384.20 118.10 14.52 678.81 76.74 1,646.67 179.30

152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188

East Timor Djibouti Fiji Bahrain Cyprus Guyana Bhutan Equatorial Guinea Comoros Solomon Islands Suriname Cape Verde Luxembourg Malta Brunei Bahamas Belize Iceland Maldives Barbados Vanuatu Samoa Saint Lucia Sao Tome & Principe Micronesia St. Vincent & the Grenadines Tonga Grenada Kiribati Antigua & Barbuda Seychelles Andorra Dominica Marshall Islands Saint Kitts & Nevis Liechtenstein Monaco

1,171,000 879,000 854,000 807,000 801,851 761,000 708,000 693,000 691,000 536,000 524,000 513,000 502,207 416,333 407,000 346,000 322,100 317,900 314,000 257,000 246,000 179,000 174,000 165,000 111,000 109,000 104,000 104,000 100,000 89,000 85,000 84,082 67,000 63,000 38,960 35,904 33,000

15,007.00 23,000.00 18,270.00 665.00 9,250.00 214,970.00 47,000.00 28,051.00 2,170.00 28,450.00 163,270.00 4,033.00 2,586.00 316.00 5,770.00 13,940.00 22,966.00 103,000.00 300.00 431.00 12,200.00 2,944.00 616.00 1,001.00 702.00 389.00 748.00 344.00 811.00 443.00 455.00 468.00 754.00 181.00 261.00 160.00 2.00

78.03 38.22 46.74 1,213.53 86.69 3.54 15.06 24.71 318.43 18.84 3.21 127.20 194.20 1,317.51 70.54 24.82 14.03 3.09 1,046.67 596.29 20.16 60.80 282.47 164.84 158.12 280.21 139.04 302.33 123.30 200.90 186.81 179.66 88.86 348.07 149.27 224.40 16,500.00

5,794.23 8,880.35 7,054.08 256.76 3,571.44 83,000.35 18,146.79 10,830.55 837.84 10,984.60 63,038.87 1,557.15 998.46 122.01 2,227.81 5,382.26 8,867.22 39,768.51 115.83 166.41 4,710.44 1,136.68 237.84 386.49 271.04 150.19 288.80 132.82 313.13 171.04 175.68 180.70 291.12 69.88 100.77 61.78 0.77

202.10 98.98 121.06 3,143.04 224.52 9.17 39.02 63.99 824.74 48.80 8.31 329.45 502.98 3,412.34 182.69 64.29 36.32 7.99 2,710.86 1,544.38 52.22 157.48 731.59 426.92 409.53 725.73 360.11 783.02 319.36 520.34 483.84 465.32 230.14 901.49 386.61 581.19 42,734.82

189 190 191 192 193

San Marino Palau Tuvalu Nauru Vatican City

32,386 20,000 10,000 10,000 800

61.00 458.00 26.00 21.00 1.00

530.92 43.67 384.62 476.19 800.00

23.55 176.83 10.04 8.11 0.39

1,375.07 113.10 996.15 1,233.33 2,071.99

Geographical Facts of India (A) Geographical Location India lies in the Asian continent and Northern Hemisphere between parallels of latitude 8 4' and 37 6' North and between the meridians of longitude 68 7 and 97 25' East. (1) In the west, India shares its boundary with Pakistan. (2) In the south, Sri Lanka is India's neighbouring country. (3) In the north, Nepal and China are the neighbouring countries. (4) In the east, Bangladesh and Myanmar are the two major countries which surround India. In south-east of India, there is Bay of Bengal, in south-west it is Arabian Sea and in south, it is the Indian Ocean and in the north, it is surrounded by the Himalayan range of mountains. ;

Important dimensions of India (1) India covers 2.4 per cent of the Earth's surface. (2) Total land area of India is 32,87,263 sq.km. (3) Distance from east to west is 2,933 km. (4) Distance from north to south is 3,214 km. (5) The total length of the coastline of the mainland, Lakshadweep Islands and Andaman and Nicobar Islands, is 7,516.6 km. The coastline of only mainland is about 6300 km. (B) Important Geographical Structures Of India Major rivers of India: The longest Indian river is Ganga, its length is 2,640 km. The other major rivers of India are Indus (has five major tributaries: Sutlej, Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi and Beas), Brahmaputra, Godavari, Krishna, Narmada, Tapti, Cauvery, Damodar, Mahanadi and Periyar. Note: The world's largest delta, (in West Bengal) Sundarban, is made by Brahmaputra and Ganga. Mountains: They are Himalayas (highest mountains in the world and one of the youngest mountain ranges), Vindhyas, Satpura, Sahyadri, Aravallis (one of the oldest mountain ranges of the world), Patkai (Purvanchal or Eastern mountains) and the Eastern Ghats. (C) Soil: The following table shows various types of soils and related information Types of soil Black soils: Major areas of presence Most suitable for the Maharasntra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, cultivation

of cotton Madhya Pradesh (Western), Gujarat Laterite soils: Originated from weathering of Andhra Pradesh, Deccan, Eastern Ghats, Very fertile soil, covering Haryana, West Bengal, Punjab, Bihar, UP. Good for cultivating coarse grains Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, laterite rocks Tamil Nadu, Mysore Alluvial soils: approximately 25% of all the Indian soil Red soils: Orissa and pulses because of high iron content (D) Agriculture Agriculture in India: More than 50 percent of the area of the country is under the cultivation and about 64% of the Indian population is engaged in agriculture. There are two major crop seasons in India, viz.: (1)Rabi (2)Kharif Rabi: It is sown in October or December and harvested in April or May. Major crops are: barely, wheat, peas, gram and mustard. Kharif: It is sown in June or July and harvested in September or October. Major crops are: bajra, cotton, jowar, rice and jute.

Some important facts about Indian agriculture (1) Green Revolution was launched in India in 1967-68 for improving agricultural productivity. (2) Operation Flood was initiated in 1970 and mainly aimed at improving the milk production in India. (3) Yellow Revolution for improving oil seed production. (4) Blue Revolution for fisheries (E) Forests: India has about 2% of the world's area under forest cover. About 21% India is covered by forest The target as per the national forest policy is to cover 33% of area by forests

Important National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries: Name Bandipur National Park Jim Corbeti National Park Dachigam Sanctuary Ghana Bird Sanctuary Gir National Park Kanha National Park Kaziranga National Park Penyar Sanctuary Ranthmbore Tiger Sanctuary Sariska Sanctuary Snarvethy Sanctuary Location Border of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu Nainital, Uttaranchal Dachigam Bharatpura, Rajathan Junagarh, Gujarat Chhatishgarh Jorhat Assam Idduki Kerala Swaimadhopur, Rajasthan Alwar, Rajasthan Shimoga, Karnataka

Similipal Tiger Sanctuary Sonal Rupal Sanctuary Sundarbans Tiger Reserve Tungabhadra Sanctuary Wild Ass Sanctuary

Mayurbhanj, Orissa Teapur, Assam South 24 Parganas, West Bengal Bellary, Karnataka Kuchh Ki Run, Gujarat

Sobriquets Distinctive Name Bengal's Sorrow Blue Mountains City of Arabian Nights City of Palaces City of Seven Hills/Eternal city City of Skyscrapers /Empire city / Big Apple City of the Golden Gate City of Joy Commercial Capital of India Dairy of Northern Europe Dark Continent Forbidden City Garden of England Garden City of India Gate of Tears Gateway of India Gift of the Nile Golden City Great White Way Hermit's Kingdom Holy Land Island of Pearls Key to the Mediterranean Land of Five Rivers Land of a Thousand Lakes Land of Cakes Land of Kangaroos Land of Lillies /Lady of Snow Land of Morning Calm Land of the Golden Fleece Land of the Golden Pagoda Country / Place Damodar river Nilgiris Baghdad Kolkata Rome New York San Francisco Kolkata Mumbai Denmark Africa Lhasa (Tibet) Kent Bangalore Bab-el-Mandab, Jerusalem Mumbai Egypt Johannesburg Broadway (New York) Korea Palestine Bahrain Gibraltar Punjab Finland Scotland Australia Canada Korea Australia Myanmar

Land of the Midnight Sun Land of the Rising Sun Land of Thunderbolt Land of White Elephants Manchester of South India Mother-in-Law of Europe Never, Never Land Pink City of India Playground of Europe Queen of the Arabian Sea Roof of the World Sick Man of Europe Sorrow of China /Yellow river Spice Garden of India Sugar Bowl of the World Sugar Bowl of India The Battlefield of Europe The Down Under The Imperial City The Promised Land The Saw Mill of Europe The Sea of Mountains The Spice Island of the West Twin City Valley of Kings White City White Man's Grave Windy City Workshop of Europe World's Bread Basket

Norway Japan Bhutan Thailand Coimbatore Denmark Prairies (North America) Jaipur Switzerland Cochin (India) Pamir (Tibet) Turkey River Hwang Ho Kerala Cuba UttarPradesh Belgium Australia Rome Canaan British Colombia Sweden Grenada Budapest Thebes Belgrade Guinea Coast (West Africa) Chicago Belgium Prairies of North America

CHAPTER 3 - CONSTITUTION OF INDIA The Constitution of India was framed by the Drafting Committee which was appointed by the Constituent Assembly. The Chairman of the Drafting Committee of the Constitution was Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar. The Constituent Assembly adopted the Constitution on November 26,1949. On January 26,1950,1ndia became republic as the Constitution came Into force. Originally, there were eight Schedules and 395 Articles. There are four major parts of the Constitution of India at present: (1) The Preamble (2) Parts I to XXII having over 400 Articles

(3) Twelve Schedules (4) Appendix The Preamble: Through forty-second amendment, words secular and socialist are added into the Preamble. (A) Important features of Indian constitution, borrowed from outside sources Features 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Fundamental rights Directive Principles of State policy (DPSP's) Emergency provisions Parliamentary system of governance, Federation with a strong centre Fundamental duties Source U.S. Constitution Irish Constitution Weimar constitution of Germany British Constitution Canadian constitution Soviet Union, Japan Focus areas Citizenship Right to life Right to constitutional remedies Uniform civil code Fundamental duties Impeachment of president Definition of money bill Ordinance making powers of president Establishment of election commission of India Right to property Finance commission National emergency Emergency in states Financial emergency Amendment of Constitution Special status of Jammu and Kashmir

Single citizenship

(B) Important Articles in Indian Constitution and their areas of focus Articles 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Articles 5 - 11 Article 21 Article 32 Article 44 Article 51A Article 61 Article 110 Article 123 Article 324

10. Article 300A 11. Article 280 12. Article 352 13. Article 356 14. Article 360 15. Article 368 16. Article 370

(C) Fundamental Rights Initially, these were six in number, but now with the inclusion of right to education they are seven in ! number. These are as follows (1) Right to Equality (2) Right to Freedom (3) Right against Exploitation

(4) Cultural and Educational Rights (5) Right to Freedom of Religion (6) Right to Constitutional Remedies (7) Right to Education Note: It was the right to property which earlier used to be the fundamental right, and has now been converted into legal right by the forty-fourth amendment in the constitution in 1978. Directive Principles of state policy: They come under the Part IV of the Constitution. They are basically instructions to the government to carry out certain responsibilities. They cannot be enforced in any court of law. (D) Structure of the Union Government President: He is the constitutional head of the parliamentary system of government and the Supreme Commander of the armed forces. Elected by an electoral college consisting of the elected members of the State Legislatures and both the Houses of the Parliament for a period of five years. He can be removed from the office for violating the Constitution by Impeachment under Article 61. He is responsible for appointing the senior officials including the Prime Minister. Vice President: Elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of the members of both the Houses of the Parliament. He is elected for a tenure of five years. He is the Ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha. He is the person who works in place of the President, in case of death, resignation, or when he is unable to discharge his functions due to any reason.

Important facts about the EXECUTIVE of the Union: President of India: (1) Dr Rajendra Prasad was the first President of India and the longest serving President of India, who served for 12 years. (2) At present Smt. Pratibha Patil is the President of India. She is the 12th President of India. Vice President of India: (1) Dr S. Radhakrishnan was the first Vice President and also the longest serving Vice President, who served for 10 years. He was also a well - known philosopher . (2) At present, Mr Hamid Ansari is the Vice President and Ex-officio Chairperson of the Rajya Sabha. Prime Minister: Appointed by the President, he is the head of the council of ministers and is the leader of the party which is in majority in the Lok Sabha. He is appointed for five years. The Parliament: It consists of two Houses: (a) Lok Sabha, (b) Rajya Sabha. Lok Sabha: Also known as the Lower House of the Parliament, consists of people directly elected from the constituencies in various States and Union Territories. It consists of 552 members, in which two are from the Anglo-Indian community, nominated by the President and 530 from the States and 20 are from the Union Territories. The presiding officer of Lok Sabha is the Speaker, who is elected by their members of the Lok Sabha. At present, Smt Meera Kumar is the speaker of the Lok Sabha. Rajya Sabha: Known as the Upper House, it is chaired by the Vice President (Ex-officio). Rajya Sabha

cannot be diluted, therefore, it is a permanent body. One-third of its members retire every two years. Total; of 250 members are present in the Rajya Sabha, out of which 12 members are nominated by their President and 238 members come through the elections from the States and the Union Territories; Both, the Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha, are the grounds for debating, passing the bills, constitutional amendments and other issues pertinent to the welfare of the nation. Bills: Except the money bill, all the bills (ordinary) can be introduced in either House of the Parliament. They are, if needed, amended and then passed by either House, before becoming an act. The money bill originates in the Lok Sabha only. Supreme Court: This is the Apex Judicial body in India, based in Delhi, consists of 25 judges and the Chief Justice, who is appointed by the President. The judges of the Supreme Court retire at the age of 65. The main functions include solving disputes between the States and Union Governments, hearing of appeals from various High Courts and any matter pertaining to the law for its opinion. The first Chief Justice of India was H. J. Kania. At present, Justice S.H.Kapadia is the Chief Justice of India. (E) Other Important Officials: (1) The Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG): Appointed by the President, he is responsible for keeping an eye over the finances of the States and the Union, and to make sure that the money allocated by the voting of the Legislature is spent in a fair and judicious manner. At present, Mr. V.N.Kaul is the CAG of India. (2) The Attorney General of India: He is appointed by the President, can take part in the proceedings of the Parliament and its committees but do not have the right to vote. Mainly responsible for giving expert legal advice to the Government of India and other legal tasks assigned to him. At present, Mr Milon kumar Bannerjee is the Attorney General of India. (3) (a) (b) Governor: He is the executive head of the state and is appointed by the President for five years and can Being the executive head of the state, he is responsible for appointing the council of ministers. He is responsible for causing the normal or supplementary budgets to be presented each year. He can hold the office with the President's consent. The main functions of the Governor are as follows.

sanction advances to the government out of the contingency fund of the state to meet unexpected expenses of the state. (c) He is responsible for giving assent to the bills passed by the State Legislature, without which they cannot become an act. (4) Chief Minister: The real executive authority of the state administration, he is the leader of the party that commands a majority in the Legislative Assembly and is appointed by the Governor on this basis. He recommends the names of the ministers along with their portfolios to the Governor who then appoints them. He formulates the administrative and executive policies of the state and presides over the cabinet meetings.

(F) Table of Schedules and Their Areas of Concern Schedule First Area of concern All the States and Union Territories of India

Second Third offices. Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh

Salaries and allowances of the President, Governor, Chief Justice, Judges of High Court and Supreme Court and CAG Prescriptions regarding forms of affirmations and oaths for the new entrants to the public Allocation of seats in Rajya Sabha to each Union Territory and State Provisions to the control of administration of scheduled areas Administrative provisions for tribal areas in Meghalaya, Mizoram and Assam Three lists of subjects and powers to be looked after by the State and the Union, i.e.: (1)

Union list, containing the subjects of national importance, railway, defense, income tax, etc. (2) State list contains locally important subjects. (3) Concurrent list contains subjects under the authority of the Parliament and the State Legislature Eighth Ninth Tenth Eleventh Twelfth Deals with 18 (now 22) officially recognized regional languages by the Constitution. Contains acts and regulations dealing with abolition of zamindari system and land Contains provisions for the disqualification of members on the grounds of defection. Deals with implementation of schemes needed for social justice and economic Deals with municipal committees and their categorizations.

reforms of the State Legislatures. The provisions of this schedule cannot be challenged in Supreme Court.

development at the rural levels. Note: Originally, there were sight schedules. Later, four more schedules were added to it, taking the total tally of schedules to twelve. (G) Table of Important Constitutional Amendments Number constitutional amendment First 1951 Added Ninth Schedule to the Constitution and made provision for special treatment of socially and educationally backward classes. Third Fourteenth Twenty-fourth Twenty-sixth Thirty first Thirty eight 1971 1973 1975 1954 1953 Transfer of certain items from state to concurrent list. Incorporation of Pondicherry in the Indian Union It declared that amending power of parliament was supreme. Not challengeable in a court of law. Abolition of special privileges and titles of former rulers of princely states. Increasing the elective strength of Lower House from 525 to 545. Gave President the power to declare emergency and that the promulgations by the heads of states would be final and nonchallengeable in the court. of Year of amendment Resisted to

Forty-second

1976

(i) Added 10 fundamental duties in the Constitution. (ii) Gave supremacy to the Parliament and added words 'Socialist' and 'Secular' in the Preamble of the Constitution and altered Unity of the Nation to 'Unity and Integrity of the Nation'.

Fifty second Fifty Sixth Sixty-first Seventy-second Seventy-third Eighty-fourth Eighty-fifth Ninety-third Ninety-seven

1985 1987 1989 1992 1992 2000 2002 2002 2003

Inserted the Tenth Schedule to the Constitution. Goa was given the statehood, and Hindi version of the Constitution was accepted. For Lok Sabha and Assemblies voting age lowered to 18 from 21. Related to Panchayati Raj Bill. Related to Nagarpalika Bill. Creation of new states of Chattisgarh, Uttranchal and Jharkhand. Restoration of reservation in promotion in services to the members of Schedule Caste and Schedule Tribes. Right to education made a fundamental right. Changes in antidefection law and amendment of Xth schedule

(H) Few important cases and supreme Courts judgement on them Case 1. Keshvanada Bharti vs State of Kerala (1973) Supreme Court Judgement The twenty-fourth amendment was challenged in this case. Supreme court held that fundamental rights can be amended subject to eh doctrine of basic structure. This doctrine was profounded in this case only. 2. 3. 4. Minerva Mills case (1980) Indira Sawhney vs Union of India (1993) T.A. Pai (2003) It related to education in minority educational institutions. 42nd Amendment was challenged. Supreme Court once again stressed on the doctrine of basic structure. Total reservation in government jobs cannot exceed 50% of total.

CHAPTER 4 - SCIENCE (a) Various important Branches of Science Name of science Acoustics Aeronautics Related to Sound and sound waves Activities of flying

Agronomy Anatomy Anthropology Archaeology Astronautics Astronomy Biology Botany Cardiology Ceramics Cetology Cosmology Cryogenics Cytology Dactylogy Dermatology Dietetics Ecology Entomology Endocrinology Etymology Genetics Geology Gerontology Gynaecology Haematology Histology Immunology Morphology Mycology Nephrology Obstetrics Ornithology Orthopaedics Osteology Paediatrics Palaeontology Pathology Pharmacology

Production of crops and soil management Bisectional learning of animal and human body Origin, cultural and physical development of man Study of material remains of past as proofs Space vehicles and traveling in space Planets (the heavenly bodies) Science of living organism Plants Heart and relate?! diseases Manufacturing of clay objects Aquatic mammals, especially the whales Universe Studying effects of low temperature Structure and function of cells Study of fingerprints Skin . Diet and nutrition Organisms and environment relationship Insects Endocrine glands Origin and history of words Heredity and its laws Earth's (chemical and physical) structure Ageing process, problems and diseases Female diseases of reproductive system Blood and related disorders Tissues Body's immune system External structure of living organisms Fungi and fungal diseases Kidney Pregnancy, child birth and their follow up Birds Human skeletal system Study of bones Child diseases Fossils and ancient life-forms Mechanisms and manifestation of diseases Drugs and their effects on the body

Physiology Psychiatry Semiology Seismology Theology Toxicology Zoology. Zymology

Life processes of various organs of living beings Mental disorders Sign language and signs Earthquakes Religions Toxic substances and poisons Animal life Fermentation process

(B) Units of Measurement Name of the unit Ampere Angstrom Bar Calorie Candela Celsius (Centrigrade) Coulomb Decibel Dyne Erg Fahrenheit Fathom Faraday Gauss Henry Hertz Horsepower Joule Kelvin Light year Newton Ohm Pascal Poise Volt Watt Power Work or Energy Temperature (SI unit) Distance, (Distance light travels in one year at a speed of 2,97,600 km) Force (SI unit) Electrical resistance Pressure Viscosity Electrical potential Power' Electric current Wavelength of light Atmospheric pressure Quantity of heat Luminous intensity Temperature Electric charge Sound level Force Work Temperature (commonly used by doctors to measure body temperature) Depth of water Electric charge (used in electrolysis) = 96,500 coulomb Magnetic induction/Magnetic flux density Inductance Frequency

(C) Medical Discoveries Discovery Antibiotic (Penicillin) Aspirin Blood circulation Blood group Cholera/TB germs Electro cardiogram (ECG) Heart transplant surgery Malaria germs Ultrasound Discovered by Alexander Fleming Felix Hoffmann William Harvey K. Landsteiner Robert Koch Williem Einthoven Christian Barnard A. Laveran lan Donald

(D) Important Scientific Inventions Invention Aeroplane Bicycle Centigrade scale Computer Diesel engine Dynamite Dynamo Electric lamp Fountain pen Gramophone Jet engine Microphone Microscope Radium Sir Humphery Davy William Hurst B. Thimmonnier Sir Isaac Pitman Thomas Newcome James Watt Samuel F,B. Morse Alexander Graham Bell Hans Lippershey John Logie Baird Inventor Wright B'others K. Macmillan A. Celsius Charles Babbage Rudolf Diesel Alfred Nobel Michael Faraday Thomas Alva Edison L.E. Waterman Thomas Alva Edison Sir Frank Whittle David Hughes Z. Jansen Marie and Pierre Cure Safety lamp Safety pin Sewing machine Shorthand (modern) Steam engine (piston) Steam engine (condenser) Telegraph code Telephone Telescope Television

Galileo Galilei Wilhelm Roentgen

Thermometer X-ray

(E) Important Vaccines Vaccine Smallpox Cholera Rabies Vaccine TB vaccine Polio vaccine Discovered by Edward Jenner Louis Pasteur Leon Calmette and Camilla Guerin Jonas E. Salk

(F) Scientific Instruments Name of instrument Ammeter Barometer Calorimeter Cardiograph (ECG) Dynamo Electroencephalograph (EEC) Electrometer Endoscope Fathometer Galvanometer Hydrometer Hygrometer Kymograph Lactometer content) Manometer Micrometer Microscope Periscope Polygraph Pyrometer Salinometer Sextant Sphygmomanometer Used for measuring the pressure of gases Measures distances/angles Used for obtaining a magnified view of small objects Used for viewing objects above sea level (used in submarines) Used for recording changes simultaneously in physiological processes such as Used for measuring very high temperature Used for determining the salinity of solutions Used by navigators to find the latitude of a place by measuring the elevation Used for measuring blood pressure Function Used for measuring strength of electric current Used for measuring atmospheric pressure Used for measuring quantities of heat Used for measuring movements of the heart; recorded on a cardiograph Converts mechanical energy into electrical energy Records and interprets the electrical waves of the brain Used for measuring very small, potential difference in electric currents Examines internal organs of the body and can be used for minor Used for measuring depth of the ocean Used for measuring the electric current Used for measuring the relative density of liquids Used for measuring the level of humidity in the atmosphere Graphically records physiological movements (e.g. blood pressure/ heartbeat) Used for measuring the relative density of milk to determine the purity (fat

heart beat, blood pressure and respiration; also used as a lie detector

above the horizon of the sun or another star ; also measures the height of distant objects

Stethoscope Tacheometer Telescope Transponder Viscometer Voltmeter Wattmeter

Used by doctors hear and analyze heart and lung sounds Used for measuring distances and elevations and bearings during survey Used for viewing distant objects in space Used to receive a signal and transmit a reply immediately Used for measuring the viscosity of liquid Used to measure electric potential difference between two points Used for measuring the power of an electric circuit

(G) Important Information About the Human Body Blood: It is a red, viscous fluid which circulates in the human body. It is basically a connective tissue which is contained in the blood vessels. A healthy man possesses on an average, 5 litres of blood in the body. Composition: It is made up of two chief constituents: (a) Plasma (fluid), constitutes the major part while (b) Blood cells (solid), which constituted the minor part. The blood cell corpuscles are of two types: (1) RBC (2) WBC. The RBC is red blood corpuscles which contains a pigment called haemoglobin which is responsible for the red colour of the blood. Iron is the element which is present in the haemoglobin. The WBC are white blood corpuscles which are primarily responsible for combating with the infection of the body or they fight with the foreign harmful organisms of the body. Blood groups: They are of four types, viz. (i) A-type (ii) B-type (iii) AB-type (iv) O-type AB - type is called universal recipient as it can receive all the four types (mentioned above) of blood and 0-type is called as universal donor as it can be given to any of the four types of blood groups (mentioned above). Bones: (i) There are 206 bones in the skeletal system of an adult. (ii) The largest bone is femur present in the thigh. (iii) The shortest bone is the stirrup which is preserft in the middle ear.

Other important facts about the various organs of the human body: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The largest organ of the human body is skin. Heart is responsible for regulating the circulation of blood in the body. The heart beat of adult males is Liver is the largest gland of the human body. It is concerned with the digestion of the food intake. Two kidneys are responsible for the filtering of nitrogenous waste of the body and throw it all in the form Pituitary gland is called the master gland as it influences the growth and metabolism by controlling

72 beats per minute.

of urine. the other ductless glands, viz. thymus thyroid, adrenal, prostrate, pancreas and gonads.

(H) Vitamins, Their Sources and Diseases Caused Due to Their Deficiencies

Name of the vitamin Vitamin A Vitamin B, (Thiamine) Vitamin B2(Riboflavin) Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) Niacin (Nicotinic acid) Folic Acid Pantothenic Acid Vit. B12 (Cyanocobalamin) Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) VitaminD (Calciferol) Vitamin E (Tbcopherol) Vitamin K (Menadione)

(H) Vitamins, Their Source and Diseases caused Due to their Deficiencies

Name of the vitamin Vitamin A Vitamin B1 ( Thiamine) Vitamin B2 ( Riboflavin) Vitamin B6 ( Pyridoxine) Niacin (Nicotinic acid) Folic Acid Pantothenic Acid Vit. B12 (Cyanocobalamin) Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) Vitamin D (Calciferol) Vitamin E (Tocopherol)

Main Source Milk, carrot, egg, animal fat, etc Cereals, pulses, carrots Liver, kidney, milk Yeast, cereals, liver Peas, tomato, eggs Kidney, meat, Yeast Milk, liver meat Lemons, milk, organs, fresh fruits and vegetables Dairy products, sun rays, eggs, oil fish, milk Milk, beef, soybeans, egg yolk

Disease caused the to their deficiencies Night Blindness Beriberi Chilosis, dermatitis Anemia Polyneuritis Dermatitis Pernicious anaemia Scurvy, sore mouth and gums bleeding Many diseases of the bones, rickets in children, osteomalacia Interferes with reproduction and causes abortion and menstrual irrgulaties.

Vitamin K (Mendaione)

Fish, peas and green vegetables

Cause the delayed clotting of blood

(I) Other Diseases of the Human Body

Name of the disease

Caused by

Affected pat of the human body

Anaemia AIDS (acquired immuno deficiency syndrome) Asthma Diabetes

Deficiency haemoglobin Virus

of Weakness in the immune system of the body.

Allergens Less production of insulin hormone which causes an increase in the sugar level of the blood

Lungs Pancreas and blood

Diphtheria Glaucoma Goitre Hepatitis Malaria Polio Rheumatism Tonsillitis Tuberculosis

Bacteria High pressure in the eyes Deficiency of iodine Virus (mainly) Plasmodium Virus Streptococuus children Bacterial and viral infection Bacteria bacteria in

Throat Eyes Throat Jaundice Legs Joints Glands in throat Lungs

(J) Major Enzymes in the human digestive system Body Part 1. Mouth 2. Stomach 3. Intestine Enzyme Salivary Amylase (Ptyalin, acidic, medium) Pepsin and Renin (Acidic medium) Lipase, Trypsin, Carbohydrases (Medium is now basic) Action Converts starch into disaccharides They act on proteins Lipase converts fats into acid and glycerol. Trypsin converts proteins into amino acids and carbohydrases converts glucose. monosaccharides into

CHAPTER 5 - SPORTS

(A) Major Sports Festivals of the World (a) The Olympics: This is the world's most prestigious, international sports festival. These Games originated in the ancient city of Greece. Modern Olympic Games: Frenchman Baron Plerre de Coubertin is the father of modern Olympic Games which started In 1896, in Athens. These' Games are held every four years, since then. The Winter Olympic Games were started separately in 1924 in France. Some important facts about Olympic Games: (i) The first Modern Olympic Games were held at Athens, capital of Greece in 1896. (ii) India has never hosted the Olympic Games in its history. (iii) The last Olympic Games were held in 2004 at Athems in Australia and were the 28th edition of the Games. (iv) The Olympic flag is white in colour and has the emblem embedded in the centre of the flag. (v) The emblem is made up of five intertwined rings having different colours which represent the five continents of the world. (vi) The Olympic motto is 'Citius, Altius, Furtius' which means swifter, higher, stronger. (b) (c) Commonwealth Games: They were held first in 1930 at Canada. They are also held every four years, Asian Games: It is a sports festival of Asian countries. J.L. Nehru was instrumental in giving shape to midway between the Olympic Games. Asian Games. First Asian Games were he-Id at New Delhi in 1951 and since then, these games have been taking place every four years. Modern Olympics: Pierre de Coubertin founded the International Olympic Committee in 1894 and from since on Modern Olympics games started to be staged. In 1896, first modern Olympics games were held in Athens (Greece). First Winter Olympics was stages in 1924 in Chamonix (France). International Olympic Committee (IOC) is responsible for selecting the host, overseeing the planning of Olympic games and other activities. IOC headquarters are in Laussane. The 1936 Summer Olympics In Berlin was the first games to be broadcast on television, though only to local audiences. The 1956 Winter Olympics were the first internationally televised Olympics games. The Olympic Symbol consists of five intertwined rings and represents the unity of five inhabited continents (America, Asia, Africa, Europe and Australasia). The coloured version of the rings Blue, Yellow, Black, Green and Red over a white field forms the Olympic flag. The flag was adopted in 1914 but flown for the first time only at 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp, Belgium. The Olympic Motto is Citius, Altius, Fortius a latin expression meaning Faster, Higher, Stronger. The Olympic mascot, an animal or a human figure representing the Cultural heritage of host country was introduced in 1968. In the opening ceremony parade, Greece is the first country to enter the ring in order to

honour the origins of Olympics. Nations then enter the stadium alphabetically according to host countrys chosen language, with the host countrys athletes entering last. The Summer Olympics consists of 26 sports, 30 disciplines and nearly 300 events, while Winter Olympics features 15 sports. 2012 Summer Olympics are going to be held in London, while 2016 Summer Olympics will be held in Rio De Janerio (Brazil). The next Winter Olympics will be hosted in Sochi, Russia in 2014, which will be the first time this nation has hosted. USA has hosted 4 Summer Olympics and 4 Winter Olympics, more than any other nation. Among host cities, Los Angeles, Paris, Athens and London have played host to Olympics games twice and with 2012 Olympics being held at London, London will become the first city to host Olympic Games thrice. The first Olympic athlete to test positive for performance-enhancing drugs was Hans-Gunnar Lijenwall, a Swedish athlete at 1968 Summer Olympics at Mexico City. Olympic games are held every two years, with Summer and Winter games alternating one after the another. So, actually Summer Olympics are held after every 4 years and same holds for Winter Olympics. Last Summer Olympics was held in 2008 in Beijing in which participants from 204 countries took part, while the most recent Winter Olympics was held in 2010 in Vancouver (Canada). Que: Which Olympic athlete has won the most gold medals in a single Olympics? Ans: Michael Phelps (8 gold medals) of USA in 2008 Beijing Olympics. Michael Phelps broke the record of winning maximum gold medals at Beijing surpassing 7 gold medals won by USA swimmer Mark Spitz in 1972 Munich Olympics. Que: Which Olympic athlete has won maximum medals at Olympic game? Ans: Alexander Dityatin of Russia first won 8 medals at 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow. And then Michael Phelps of US won 8 gold medals in Athens Olympics in 2004 ( 6 gold & 2 bronze) and 8 gold medals at Beijing Olympics in 2008, thus equalling the record of winning maximum number of medals in Olympic. Que: Which Olympic athlete has won maximum number of medals in all the Olympics games played? Ans: Soviet Gymnast Larissa Latynina has won 18 medals (9 gold) over three Olympics and second in the list is Michael Phelps with 16 medals in two Olympics.

India at Olympics: India first participated in Olympics in 1900, with a lone athlete (Norman Pritchard) winning two silver medals in athletics (200m race and 200m hurdles).[International Olympic Committee regards the medals won by Norman Pritchard as credited to India, but International committee credits it to Great Britian]. India first sent a team to Olympics in 1920 Summer Olympics and has participated in every summer games since then. India has also competed at Winter Olympics since 1964.

Indian Athletes have won a total of 20 medals, mostly in field hockey. Indian hockey team has won a total of 11 medals including six gold medals from 1928-1956. Gold Medals: Hockey (1928, 1932, 1936, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1964, 1980) and Abhinav Bindra in 2008 Beijing Shooting. Silver Medals: Hockey (1960), Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore in (Shooting 2004 Athens) and Norman Pritchard (in Athletes 1900 Paris). Bronze Medals: K.D.Jadhav (Wrestling in 1952 Helsinki Olympics), Hockey in (1968 & 1972), Leander Paes in (1996 tennis singles), Karnam Maaleshwari in (Weightlifting 2000 Sydney), Sushil Kumar (wrestling in 2008 Beijing) and Vijender Kumar in (Boxing in 2008 Beijing). Note: If we do not count Norman Pritchard as Indian as it is debated, then the first Indian to win a medal at Olympics in individual event will be K.D.Jadhav (Wresting in 1952 helsinki). FIFA World Cup Winner 2010: Spain and finalist: The Netherlands. Golden ball Winner: Diego Forlan (5 goals) (Uruguay) (Best Player of the tournament) Golden Boot Winner: Thomas Muller (5 goals, Germany). Que: Which country has won maximum times Football World Cup? Ans: Brazil (5 times.) And also Brazil are the only team to have played in all 19 World Cup tournaments. Que: Where will be the 2014 FIFA World Cup Football be organized? Ans: Brazil

(B) Important International Cups, Trophies and Associated Sports Disciplines Name of the cup/trophy Davis Cup Wimbledon Trophy Derby Merdeka (Asian Cup) Thomas Cup (Men) Uber Cup (Women) Yonex Cup Walker Cup Ryder Cup Canada Cup William Jones Cup lawn tennis Horse racing Football Badminton Badminton Badminton Golf Golf Golf Basketball Associated sports

(C) Important National Cups, Trophies and Associated Sports Disciplines Name of the cup/trophy Duleep Trophy Shish Mahal Trophy Associated sports

Ranji Trophy (National Title) Vizzy Trophy Irani Cup Durand Cup Santosh Memorial Trophy Subroto Mukherjee Cup Rovers Cup Sanjay Gold Cup Nizam Gold Cup B.C, Roy Trophy (National Junior Championship Rangaswarni Cup (National Title) Lady Ratan Tata Trophy (Women's) Nehru Trophy Aga Khan Cup Seighton Cup GuruNanak Championship (All-India Women) Dhyan Chand Trophy Murugappa Gola Cup EzarCup

Cricket

Football

Hockey

Hockey

Polo

(D) Important Terms Associated with various sports Disciplines Sports Badminton Basketball Billiards Boxing Bridge Chess checkmate, rook, stalemate, queen, bishop, pawn Cricket follow-on, maiden, declare Golf putt, hole, Bogey, Fore, Niblic Hockey corner, dribble, trapping Table tennis Deuce, drop, spin, smash, let Centre, penalty-stroke, free-hit, foul, carry, stick, Tee, birdie, club, course, Iron, eagle, links, caddie, Gully, hat-trick, pull, beamer, hook, googly, flick, Terms associated with sports disciplines Luv, deuce, drop, smash, double touch Pivot, dribble, basket, block, held ball Spider, baulk, cue, scratch, cannon Hook, rounds, punch, Jab, countdown, knock-outs, Tricks, trump, suite, little slam, rubber Knight, king, Sicilian defence, move, gambit,

all the weights, (flyweight, middleweight, heavyweight, etc.)

Tennis forehand, crosscourt, deuce, down the line, slice Volleyball Commonwealth group:

Grand slam, lob, ace, passing shot, top-spin, Heave, serve, blocking, point, doubling

The commonwealth Group previously known as British Commonwealth is an organization of 54 sovereign states. All these countries except two ( Mozambique and Rwanda) were formerly part of British Empire. Headquarters of Commonwealth Group is at London. Head of Commonwealth Group is Queen Elizabeth II. Secretary-general of Commonwealth Group is Kamalesh Sharma. Chairperson-in-office of Commonwealth is Kamla Prasad. First Commonwealth games were held in 1930. The Flag of Commonwealth consists of the symbol of Commonwealth Secretariat, represented by a gold globe surrounded by rays on a dark blue field and was officially adopted in 1976.

Some Facts related to 2010 Commonwealth Games: XIX Commonwealth games were held in new Delhi in October 2010. A total of 6081 athletes from 71 Commonwealth nations and dependencies competed in 21 sports and 272 events. The mascot of the games was SHERA. It was the largest multi-sport international event to be held in India after 1951 and 1982 Asian games. The opening and closing ceremonies of the event was held at the jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, New Delhi. It was for the first time that commonwealth games were held in India and second time in Asia after 1998 Kuala Lumpur Malaysia 1998. The official song of the games was Jiyo Utho Badho Jeeto composed by A.R.Rahman. All member nations of Commonwealth Group participated in these games except Fiji (which is suspended from the Commonwealth) and Tokelau (which did not send a team). Australia topped the tally with 74 Golds and total of 177 medals. While India put up a strong display with 38 Gold medals and ended in second position. While England ended in 3rd position with 37 Gold medals. President of Commonwealth Games federation is Mike Fenell. The Queens Baton relay began when the baton, left Buckingham Palace London on 29th October 2009 and reached New Delhi at opening ceremony of 2010 Games. The Queens baton relay contains Queen Elizabeths message to all participating athletes in games. The baton was designed by Michael Foley. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales and Pratibha Patil, president of India officially declared the games open. Chief Guests of Opening Ceremonies were a) Mohamed Nasheed, President of Maldives b) Marcus Stephen, President of Nauru c) and Prince Albert II of Monaco. Kabaddi was a demonstration sport at games. Organizers had removed triathlon and basketball from the games.

The games closed on 14th October 2010 and commonwealth games flag was handed over to the representatives of Glasgow, Scotland where the 2014 XX Commonwealth games will be held.

Indian Premier League Team Owner Mumbai Indians Mukesh Ambani Royal Challengers Bangalore Vijay Mallya Deccan Chargers Deccan Chronicle Delhi Daredevils GMR Group Chennai Super Kings India Cements Kings XI Punjab Ness Wadia, Preity Zinta, Mohit Burman, Gaurav Burman, Karan Paul, Aditya Khanna, Arvind Khanna Kolkata Knight Riders Red Chillies Entertainment (Shahrukh Khan, Gauri Khan, Juhi Chawla, & Jai Mehta) Rajasthan Royals Emerging Media (Lachlan Murdoch, A. R. Jha) Shilpa Shetty, Raj Kundra, Suresh & Kavita Chellaram Pune Warriors Sahara Group Kochi Rendezvous Sports

Khel Ratna Awards (Year Awardee Discipline) 1991-1992................ Viswanathan Anand ......................................... Chess 1992-1993................ Geet Sethi ........................................................ Billiards 1993-1994................ Not Conferred*................................................ 1994-1995................ Cdr. Homi D. Motivala (Joint) ........................ Yachting (Team Event) 1994-1995................ Lt Cdr P. K. Garg (Joint) ................................. Yachting (Team Event) 1995-1996................ Karnam Malleswari .......................................... Weightlifting 1996-1997................ Nameirakpam Kunjarani (Joint) ...................... Weightlifting 1996-1997................ Leander Paes (Joint) ......................................... Tennis 1997-1998................ Sachin Tendulkar ............................................. Cricket 1998-1999................ Jyotirmoyee Sikdar ........................................... Athletics 19992000 ............... Dhanraj Pillay .................................................. Hockey 2000-2001................ Pullela Gopichand ............................................ Badminton 2001-2002................ Abhinav Bindra................................................ Shooting 2002-2003................ Anjali Ved Pathak Bhagwat (Joint) ................... Shooting 2002-2003................ K. M. Beenamol (Joint) ................................... Athletics 2003-2004................ Anju Bobby George ......................................... Athletics 2004-2005................ Lt Col Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore ................. Shooting

2005-2006................ Pankaj Advani .................................................. Billiards and Snooker 2006-2007................ Manavjit Singh Sandhu ................................... Shooting 2007-2008................ Mahendra Singh Dhoni ................................... Cricket 2008-2009................ Mary Kom (Joint) ............................................ Boxing 2008-2009................ Vijender Singh (Joint)...................................... Boxing 2008-2009................ Sushil Kumar (Joint) ........................................ Wrestling 2009-2010................ Saina Nehwal ................................................... Badminton 2010-2011 Gagan Narang Shooting * The award was not conferred upon any sportsperson or team in the year 1993-94.

List of Indian Gold medal winners at the CWG Gold Medalist Discipline

1. Abhinav Bindra, Gagan Narang ...Shooting 2. Rahi Sarnobat, Anisa Sayyed....... Shooting 3. Anil Kumar ................................. Wrestling 4. Sanjay ......................................... Wrestling 5. Ravinder Singh ........................... Wrestling 6. Gagan Narang ............................. Shooting 7. Anisa Sayyid ................................ Shooting 8. Omkar Singh .............................. Shooting 9. Somdev Burman ......................... Tennis 10. Rajendra Kumar..........................Wrestling 11. Ravi Kumar.................................Wrestling 12. Vijay Kumar, Gurpreet Sing .......Shooting 13. Geeta Devi ..................................Wrestling 14. Omkar Singh, Gurpreet Singh .... Shooting & Bombayala Devi .................. Archery 15. Manoj Kumar ............................. Boxing 16. Gagan Narang, Imran Hassan .... Shooting Sharat Kamal ........................... Table Tennis 17. Vijay Kumar ................................ Shooting 18. Alka Tomar ................................. Wrestling 19. Anitha ......................................... Wrestling 20. Omkar Singh .............................. Shooting 21. Harpreet Singh, Vijay Kumar ..... Shooting 22. Gagan Narang .......................... Shooting

23. Yogeshwar Dutt ........................ Wrestling 24. Narsingh Pancham Yadav ......... Wrestling 25. Deepika Kumari ....................... 26. Harpreet Singh......................... 27. Rahul Banerjee ......................... 28. Sushil Kumar ........................... 29. Renu Bala Chanu..................... 30. Krishna Poonia ......................... 32. A. C. Ashwini, Manjeet Kaur, Mandeep Kaur, & Sini Jose ..... 33. Dola Banerjee, Dipika Kumari, 34. Subhajit Saha & Achanta 36. Suranjoy Mayengbam Singh .... 38. Saina Nehwal ........................... Athletics Do Do Boxing Badminton Archery Shooting Archery Wrestling Weightlifting Discus Throw

31. Annu Raj Singh, Heena Sidhu .. . Shooting

35. Paramjeet Samota ..................... Boxing 37. Jwala Gutta, Ashwini Ponappa ... Badminton

CHAPTER 6 - CULTURE OF INDIA Indian Culture Indian culture is one of the oldest known cultures to humanity. Although it is very difficult to cater the unique and vast cultural heritage of India but still an attempt has been made to cover all the relevant areas that are related to Indian culture. The important sections are as follows: A. B. C. D. A. Literature Dance Music Architecture Literature:

The literature of India is one of the oldest literature in the world. Here ie the collection of some of the famous works of Indian literature. Book 1. Ramayana Author Valmiki

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 11

Mahabharata Ramcharit Manas Ashtadhyayi Abhigyan Shakuntalam Meghdoot Vkmovarshiyam Rtusamhar Mrichchkatika Shuciraka

Ved Vyas Ttilsidas Panini Kalidas Kalidas Kalidas Kalidas Harsha Jayadeva Vishnugupt / Chanakya Vatsyayan Bhaasa Manu Sharat Chandra Chatterjee Bankim Chandra Chatterjee Rabindranath Tagore B. G. Tilak Banabhatl Banabhatl Jai Shankar Prasad Vishakhadutta Vishnu Sharma Swami Dayananda Sarasvvati Vignaneslwara

10. Ratnavali Geetgovinda 12. Arthashastra 13. Kamasutra 14. Svapnavasavdattam 15. Manusmriti 16. Ananda Math 17. Devdas 18. Gitanjali 19. GitaRahasya 20. Harsha Charita 21. Kadambari 22. Kamayani 23. Mudra Rakshas 24. Panchatantra 25. Satyariha Prakash 26. Mitakshara

B. Dace important and famous dances of India: Broadly the dance forms can be classified into two types, viz. classical dance and folk dance. (i) important and famous classical dances of India: Kathakali, Mohiniattam, Chakiarkoothu. Ottum Thulal: These are the famous dance forms that belongs to Kerala. Polio vi Krishnan and Bharti Shivaj; are :he famous exponents of Mohiniattam form of dance. Maciavoor Vasudevan Nair U a famous exponent of Kathakali form c: uance. (ii) Bharatnatyam: This is a famous dance form '.hat belongs to Tamil Nadu.The famous exponents this dance form are Yarrini Krishnamurty, Padma SubrainaiVyain. Mallika Satabhai.: 3. 4. Kuchipudi: This dance form belongs to Andhra Pradesh. The famous exponents of this dance form are Odissi: This dance form belongs to Orissa. The famous exponents of this dance form are late Kelucharan Raja and Radha Reddy (duo), Yamini Krishnamurty, Mallika Sarabhai. of

Mahapatra, Sonal Mansingh. 5. 6. 7. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Kathak: This is a dance form that belongs to Uttar Pradesh. The famous exponents of this dance form are Birjoo Maharaj, Uma Sharma. Manipuri: This is a famous dance form of Manipur. Yakshagana: This is a famous dance form of Kamataka. Jatra: This is a famous folk dance form of West Bengal. Kolattam: This is a folk dance form that belongs to Kerala. Bhangara: This is a famous folk dance form of Punjab. Nautanki: This is a famous folk dance form of Uttar Pradesh. Dandya Ras and Garba: These are the famous folk dance forms of Gujarat. Tamasha: This is a famous folk dance form of Maharashtra. Fagun and Jata Jatin: These are the folk dance forms of Bihar. Macha: This is a folk dance form of Madhya Pradesh Ankia Nat and Bihu: These are the famous (oik dance forms of Assam.

(ii) Important Folk Dances of India:

(i) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Famous and Important music artists of India and their associated disciplines Pt. Bhimsen Joshi: Hindustani Vocalist Pt. Jasraj: Hindustani Vocalist Late M. S. Subbulakshmi: Famous Camatic Vocalist Allauddin Khan: Hindustani Vocalist Bade Gulam AH Khan: Hindustani Vocalist Basavraj Rajguru: Hindustani Vocalist Dr. M. Balmuralikrishna: Camatic Vocalist D. K. Pattamal: Camatic Vocalist K. J. Yesudas: Carnatic Vocalist

10. Gangubai Hangal: Hindustani Vocalist 11. Parveen Sultana: Hindustani Vocalist 12. Rajan and Sajan Mishra: Hindustan Vocalist 13. Kishori Amonkar: Hindustani Vocalist (ii) Famous and important musical instrumentalists of India

Musical Instrument Artist 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Sitar Flute Violin Sarod Shehnai Tabla Pandit Ravi Shankar, Debu Chaudhary, Annapuma Devi, Anoushka Shankar Pt. Hart Prasad Chourasiya, Jayantha Bannerjee N. Rajam, P. L Pawar Amjad All Kihan, All Akbar Khan, Aman and Ayan All Bangish, Sharan Rani. Bismillah Khan, Shailesh Bhagat, Anant Lal Shafat Ahmed Khan, Kishan Maharaj, Late Allah Rakha, Ustad Zakir Hussain

7. 8.

Santoor Others

Bhajan Sonora, Shiv Kumar Sharma Vishwa Mohan Bhatt RamNarayan

(a) Mohan Veena (b) Sarangi D.

Architecture: India has a very rich architectural legacy as a result of which we have so many

marvellous architectural monuments in India. Mughal architecture and Dravidian architecture are to name a few. Given below is the list of the architectural monuments. Important and famous architectural marvels of India 1. Bhimbetka Caves: Located in Madhya Pradesh at the edge of Vindhyachal hills, rock shelters of Bhimbetka are believed to be the place where earliest known traces of human life have been found in India. The interesting features of Bhimbetka include rock shelters, caves and the rock paintings of Bhimbetka. 2. Taj Mahal: Built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal, this is a marvellous piece of Islamic architecture in India and is one of the finest buildings of the world. Taj Mahal is located in Agra, a town in Uttar Pradesh on the banks of the river Yamuna. 3. Konark Temple: Built in the 13th century by King Narsimhadeva, this temple is dedicated to the Lord Mahabodhi Temple: This is a famous Bodh temple located at Bodh Gaya in Bihar. This is the place Fatehpur Slkri: This city of historical importance was built by the great Mughal emperor Akbar in Khajuraho Temples: This temple is situated in Madhya Pradesh. Built by the Chandela dynasty Mahabalipuram: The temple is located in Tamil Nadu. These group of monuments including the Sun. This temple is located in Orissa and is the epitome of the Oriya temple architecture. 4. where the founder of Buddhism, Gautam Buddha, attained enlightenment. 5. 1569 in the honour of Muslim saint Sheikh Salim Chishti at a place near Agra in Uttar Pradesh. 6. rulers, these temples are the wonderful work of medieval temple architecture. 7. temples were built by the Pallava Dynasty rulers and is considered as an exceptional work of Dravidian architecture. The monuments are mostly rock cut and monolithic. 8 Qutub Minar: Situated in New Delhi, this minaret is a wonder of Islamic architecture. Started by Qutub-ud-din-Aibak, this minaret was completed by Firoz Shah Tughlaq. The height of the towe,r is 72.5 metres. 9 Humayun'sTomb: This tomb of Humayun was built by Humayun's wife, Haji Begham. The Humayun's tomb also encompasses the tomb of Babur. The tomb located in New Delhi is an excellent piece of work ol Mughal architecture. 10. Ellora Caves: The Ellora caves was built between 6th to 10th century. It is known for magnificent work of rock cu architecture, comprising of Jain. Buddhist, Hindu temples and monasteries. These caves are locate in Maharashtra. 11. Ajanta Caves: Situated in Maharashtra, these caves have lot of dwelling halls, also known as Viharas. 12. Brihadeshwara Temple: Located in Tamil Nadu. this temple was built by Rajraja - I of Chola dynasty, around 10th centur The main god of this temple is Lord Shiva. This temple is a very good example of Dravidian architecture CHAPTER-7-Bussiness GK

Top six destinations for FDI in 20092011 Summary of survey results (concluded) (Per cent of responses to the UNCTAD survey) China 56 United States 47 India 34 Brazil 25 Russian Federation 21 United Kingdom 18

Leading factors influencing the location of companies, 20092011 (per cent of responses) Size of local market 17 Growth of market 16 Presence of suppliers and partners 10 Access to international/regional markets 10 Stable and business-friendly environment 8 Most important location criteria by sector, 20092011 Primary sector Manufacturing sector Services sector Access to natural resources Size of local market Size of local market Stable and business-friendly environment Growth of market Growth of market Size of local market Presence of suppliers and partners Presence of suppliers and partners

Indias FDI inflow scenario

Introduction India enjoys a strong position as a global investment hub with the country registering high economic growth figures even during the peak of financial meltdown. As a result, overseas investors rested their confidence in the economy which eventually pushed foreign direct investments (FDI) in India. The fact is further consolidated by the excerpts of a research by Morgan Stanley which anticipates that India could attract FDI worth as much as US$ 80 billion in next 1-2 years. Around US$ 48 billion of FDI has been pumped in the Indian economy in the last two years. Considering the pace of FDI growth in India, KPMG officials believe that FDI in 2011-12 may cross US$ 35 billion mark.

Key Statistics FDI inflow rose by 50 per cent to US$ 20.76 billion during January-August 2011, while the cumulative amount of FDI equity inflows from April 2000 to August 2011 stood at US$ 219.14 billion, according to the latest data released by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP). Services (financial and non- financial), telecom, housing and real estate, construction and power were the sectors that attracted maximum FDI during the first eight months of 2011 while Mauritius, Singapore, the US, the UK, the Netherlands, Japan, Germany and the UAE, among others, are the major investors in India. India's foreign exchange (Forex) reserves have increased by US$ 858 million to US$ 318.4 billion for the week ended October 21, 2011, according to the weekly statistical bulletin released by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). In the considered week, foreign currency assets went up by US$ 861 million to US$ 282.5 billion, while the gold reserves stood at US$ 28.7 billion. Quenching its thirst for foreign assets, India Inc announced 177 M&A deals worth US$ 26.8 billion in the first nine months of 2011. For the quarter July-September 2011, inbound deals worth US$ 7.32 billion were registered as against the deals worth US$ 2.65 billion in the previous quarter; total value being largely accounted for by two mega deals - BP's US$ 7.2 billion acquisition of stake in Reliance Industries' oil and gas properties and Vodafone Group's purchase of partner Essar's 33 per cent stake in Vodafone Essar Limited for US$ 5.46 billion.

Important Developments DIPP has proposed to permit 26 per cent FDI in domestic airlines, allowing foreign airlines to hold a stake in their Indian counterparts. The draft Cabinet note has been circulated for inter-ministerial consultation. Indian government cleared 11 FDI proposals on October 10, 2011 entailing investment of around Rs 182.78 crore (US$ 37.53 million). Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB), headed by Economic Affairs Secretary R Gopalan, gave its nod to the following major proposals: Kolkata-based Pran Beverages FDI proposal for Rs 16.45 crore (US$ 3.38 million), to be pumped as Another Rs 39.36 crore (US$ 8.08 million) FDI proposal by DMV-Fonterra Excipients entailing induction foreign equity by a Bangladesh-based company. of foreign investment to an extent of up to 100 per cent in the capital of a newly-formed Limited Liability partnership (LLP) firm involved in the business of manufacturing and sale of pharmaceutical excipients. Further, Mumbai-based Ace Derivatives and Commodity Exchanges proposal to transfer its equity shares to foreign institutional investors (FIIs), such that the holding of each FII does not exceed 5 per cent of the equity of the company. The proposal is worth Rs 10.53 crore (US$ 2.16 million). South Africa-based Life Healthcare Group Holdings is buying 26 per cent stake in the healthcare arm of Max India, valued at Rs 1,984 crore (US$ 405 million). PE firms such as Warburg Pincus, Goldman Sachs and International Finance Corporation hold around 25 per cent stake in Max India while its Foreign Institutional Investors (FII) also include Temasek.

Marking its second investment in India, Warren Buffets Berkshire Hathaway will induce investment in a chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC) industrial unit in Gujarat, through its wholly owned subsidiary Lubrizol Corporation. Lubrizol will initially invest Rs 1,177 crore (US$ 242 million) in the project and its construction work is expected to commence by January 2013. In order to tap more foreign funds, Cox and Kings has got the nod from Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB) to increase its foreign equity by 10 per cent to 53.94 per cent, from the previous 43.81 per cent. Currently, foreign promoters have a stake of 19.87 per cent and FIIs hold 22.72 per cent. FIPB has granted its approval to the travel company to raise Rs 750 crore (US$ 154 million) from foreign markets. Meanwhile, Singapore-based Global Schools Foundation plans to invest Rs 300 crore (US$ 61.6 million) and start 25 schools in India over 2011-16. The foundation owns and operates Global Indian International Schools (GIIS) and Global School of Silicon Valley (GSSV) across eight countries all over the world.

Policy Initiatives Recently, the government has further liberalised the FDI mechanism for allowing overseas investment in beekeeping and share-pledging for raising external debt. Moreover, it has eased FDI norms for construction of old-age homes and educational institutions. The modification endorses removal of issues pertaining to the minimum and built-up area, capitalisation and lockin period as applicable for other construction activities. In a bid to facilitate addition of manufacturing capacities, technology acquisition and development in Indian pharmaceutical sector, FDI in Brownfield investment will be allowed through the FIPB for six months, following which such acquisitions will be coursed through the Competition Commission of India (CCI), while it will be allowed through automatic route for Greenfield projects. When FIPB will clear the acquisition in six months, CCI will put regulations in place to ensure effective M&A deal while monitoring public health concerns. Meanwhile, seeing the expansion of luxury brands market in India, the government is considering raising FDI bar to 100 per cent from current 51 per cent in single-brand retailing. The proposal has been placed before a joint government-industry task force for consultation. The above stated initiatives clearly show that the Indian Government continues to work on streamlining policies and make the environment friendlier to FDI. [Exchange Rate used: INR1 = US$ 0.0205 as on October 31, 2011]

Top 10 GDP Countries 2000-2050(predicted 2050 Ran k 1 * Country Name China European 2000 GD P 1078 9395 2010 GDP 2998 12965 2020 GDP 7070 16861 2030 GDP 14312 21075 2040 GDP 26439 28323 2050 GDP 44453 35288

Union * 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 United States India Japan Brazil Russia United Kingdom Germany France Italy 9825 469 4176 762 391 1437 1875 1311 1078 13271 929 4601 668 847 1876 2212 1622 1337 16415 2104 5221 1333 1741 2285 2524 1930 1553 20833 4935 5810 2189 2980 2649 2697 2267 1671 27229 12367 6039 3740 4467 3201 3147 2668 1788 35165 27803 6673 6074 5870 3782 3603 3148 2061

* European Union GDP is calculated and shown for comparison, but not ranked.

Foreign Direct Investment % of FDI Cap / Equity following activities / sectors: (a) Retail Trading (except Aquaculture, Tea Plantation 100 single brand product Mining 100 retailing) (b) Lottery Business including Airports (Greenfield & Existing) 100 Banking Private Sector 49 through automatic route Government / private 74 via Govt. approval lottery, online lotteries, Banking Public Sector 20 (both FDI & FII) etc. (c) Gambling and Betting - Terrestrial FM 20 - Cable Network 49 (incl FDI, FII, & NRI) including casinos, etc. - Direct-to-Home 49 (incl FDI, FII, & NRI) (d) Business of chit fund Commodity Exchange 49 (includes 23% for FII) (e) Nidhi company Real Estate (Townships, Housing) 100

(f) Trading in Transferable Credit Information Companies 49 (both FDI & FII) Industrial Parks 100 Development Rights Insurance 26 (TDRs) Non-Banking Finance Companies 100 (g) Real Estate Business or Petroleum & Gas Sector (exploring Construction of Farm & refining) Houses - by private sector companies 100 - by public sector companies 49 (h) Manufacturing of Cigars, cigarettes, cheroots, cigarillos and of tobacco or of tobacco substitutes (i) Activities / sectors not opened to private sector Satellites Establishment & operation 74 Telecommunication 49 through automatic route Telecom Services 74 via Govt. approval investment including Internet Service Providers 49 through automatic route Atomic Energy and 74 via Govt. approval Railway Transport (other Trading than Mass Rapid Transport Systems). (j) Print Media Current Affairs & News 26 Scientific & Technical journals 100 Facsimile edition of foreign newspapers 100 (K) Defence 26

(l) Wholesale cash & carry 100 (m) Single Brand Retail 51

Top Ten Recent Global M&A Target Buyer Deal Value (in U.S.$) 7/22/2010 General Motors [GM] AmeriCredit Corp ($3.5 billion). 7/29/2010 Sanofi-Aventis [SNY] Genzyme [GENZ] ($18.5 billion). 7/19/2010 Intel [INTC] McAfee [MFE] ($7.7 billion). 9/2/8/14/2010 -BHP Billiton [BHP] Potash Corp [POT/tse:POT] ($40 billion). 82010 Goldcorp [GG/tse:G] Andean Resources Ltd [tse:AND] ($3.4 billion). 9/17/2010 Johnson & Johson [JNJ] Crucell [CRXL] ($2.3 billion). 9/27/2010 Unilever Plc [UL] Alberto Culver [ACV] ($3.7 billion). 11/22/2010 The Bank of Nova Scotia [BNS/tse:BNS] agreed to acquire all shares of DundeeWealth Inc [tse:DW] ($3.2 billion). 12/7/2010 Toronto-Dominion Bank [TD/tse:TD] agreed to acquire Chrysler Financial, the auto lender owned by Cerberus Capital Management ($6.3 billion). 12/17/2010 Bank of Montreal [BMO/tse:BMO] announced it was buying Marshall & Ilsley Corp [MI] ($4.1 billion). 1/28/2010 BHP Billitons [BHP] acquisition of Athabasca Potash Inc. (API), with a total equity value of approximately $341 million CDN ($320 million USD). 8/14/2010 BHP Billitons [BHP] announced intention to acquire all outstanding common shares of Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan Inc. [POT/tse:POT] at a price of US$130 per share (approximately US$40 billion), which was eventually rejected by the company and the Canadian government. 11/22/2010 European fertilizer giant K+S Groups $434 million takeover of Potash One Inc [tse:KCL].

Punchline of YES Bank: Experience are expertise New Punchline of Dabur is: Celebrate Life Let your heart fly is associated with: Indian Airlines Big Bazaar and Food Bazaar are owned by: Pantaloon Retail We understand your world is the punchline of HDFC Bank Branded diesel Turbojet belongs to : HPCL Popular Whisky brand Johnny Walker belongs to company: DIAGEO The future of Automobile is the punchline of: Mercedes Benz Electrolux, worlds largest home appliance company belongs to : Sweden Honours yours Trust is the punchline of bank: UCO Bank Hindi Business Channel Awaaz is owned by: CNBC TV 18 Ashok Leyland company belongs to industrial group: Hinduja HSBC Bank holds stakes in Indian Bank: AXIS Bank Delighting you always is the punchline of Canon AC Manufacturer Voltas belongs to group: Tata SBIs rank on the list of Worlds top Bank is 80 Hindi News Channel Channel 7 belongs to group: Dainik Jagran Spencers supermarket is owned by group: RPG Inspiring Confidence is the tagline of Bajaj Putting news first is the punchline of news channel: BBC Amitabh Bachchan is the brand ambassador of this Jewellery Brand: Ddmas Promoter of Optical Storage Maker Moser Baer: Deepak Puri Global telecom and networking company Cable and Wireless has tied up with this Indian Company: VSNL The punchline Let there be light is associated with: Hindustan Times Uncommon Sense adline is associated with: Marico Industries Domestic Rating Agency CRISIL has been acquired by: Standard & Poor Walton family is promoter of which famous Company: Walmart Indias International Bank is tagline of: Bank Of Baroda The company which has acquired mobile handset business of Siemens(Germany): BenQ Hindi at its best is associated with: Navbharat Times Petronas is one of the Petroluem Company based in: Malaysia The foreign tobacco company which holds equity stakes in ITC is: British American Tobacco Two confectionary brands Maha Lacto and Eclair are owned by company: Nutrine An Indian Multinational is adline associated with: Videocon The Times of India is set to launch a 24 hour news channel in alliance with this international media entity: Reuters

Essar Steel is promoted by: Ruia family Prime Minister of England when India got its independence: Clement Atlee The person who has been given the sobriquet Little Corporal: Napoleon Bonaparte Mughal ruler who started a new religion Din-e-Elahi: Akbar The country which has been admitted to G-20: Uruguay The city which has the sobriquet Paris of Latin America: Buenos Aires In Greek Mythology, the father of Pegasus(the winged horse): Poseidon The airline which has common man as its lucky mascot: Air Deccan France Telecom sold its 9.9 % stake in this cellular service company: BPL Telecom The company which has entered into branded filter coffee segment under the name Mr. Bean Coffee Junction: Tata Coffee HB written on the HB pencils stands for: Hard Bond Corporate Tax is levied on : Income of Companies I was created by Bobby Kooka in 1938. Who am I?: Air Indias Maharaja This European Bank holds 6 % stake in HCL technologies: Deutsche Bank The company which owns the brand Vicks Vaporub: P & G The Power on your side is the punchline of : Bajaj Allianz Going beyond Expectations is the punchline of: Malaysia Airlines Footwear company Aero Club owns this brand: WoodLand The biggest airport in the world(area): King Fahd International Airport, Riyadh(Saudi Arabia) Nobel Prize was started in this year: 1901 Anatoly Karpov(Russia) is associated with: Chess Statue of Liberty was a gift to US from this country: France Man of Destiny was the sobriquet given to: Napoleon Bonaparte UN day is celebrated on: 24th October The emblem of UN is: The Olive branch Owner of Star T.V Network is: Rupert Murdoch Delighting You Always is the punchline of: Canon Kolkata based clubs Mohan Bagan and East Bengal are owned by this businessman: Vijay Mallaya Chik and Fairever brands are owned by this company: Cavin Care Indias first Corporatized port is at: Ennore(near Chennai) Swarmala Entertainment a music company is a joint venture between: BMG & Sony Strepsils, Clearsil drugs are from: Boots Piramal Health Care Nivea Brand is owned by: Beiersdorf Worlds largest Spirits Company: DIAGEO Spiritual Channel Jagran is promoted by: Zee TV Nicklodeon a channel for kids belongs to: Viacom Inc. Media Group Company which is largest supplier of HIV AIDS drug: Glaxo Brand Ambassdor of Gillette: David Beckham

Blue Box, Green Box are terms related with: Agricultural subsidies in WTO Indias first LNG Terminal has been established at: Dahej (Gujrat)

Some Punch lines Toshiba: Choose Freedom Walmart: Always low prices. Always. Haier: Inspired living JVC: The perfect Experience Sony: Like no other Samsung: Imagine the possibilities Hyundai: Drive your way Honda: The power of dreams Louis Phillipe: The upper Crest Peter England: Honestly Impressive BMW: The ultimate Driving Machine TCS: Beyond the obvious Star Sports: We know your game Infosys: Powered by Intellect, driven by values Apple Macintosh: Think different NDTV Profit: News you can use Servo: 100 % performance. Every time. Speed: High Performance Petrol. ONGC: Making tomorrow brighter Air Canada: A breath of fresh air British Airways: The way to fly. At &T: Your world. Delivered Standard Chartered Bank: Leading the way in Asia, Africa and the Middle East Sun Microsystems: The network is the Computer DELL: Yours is here LEE: The jeans that built America IBM: On demand Business, in demand people FIAT: Driven by Passion Volkswagen: The Car Accenture: High Performance, delivered. HP-Invent: Everything is possible Windows XP: Do more with less Microsoft: Your Potential Our Passion Amazon.com: and you are done MRF Tyres: Tyres with muscles

Chevron Corporation: Human Energy IBP: Pure Bhi, Poora Bhi GAIL: Gas and beyond EPZ stands for: Export Processing Zone Kelkar Committee related to: Direct Taxes Chairman of Britannia Industries: Mr. N.N. Wadia Newspaper started by Jawaharlal Nehru: National Herald Punch lines for Famous Brands Digit: Your Technology Navigator Fiat: Driven By Passion Abn Amro Bank: Making More Possible Accenture : High Performance Delivered Adobe: Simplicity At Work Better By Adobe AIG Or American International Group Insurance Company: We Know Money Air Canada: A Breath Of Fresh Air Air Deccan: Simply Fly Allianz Group: The Power On Your Side American Red Cross: Together We Prepare Andhra Bank: Much More To Do, With YOU In Focus Andhra Pradesh : The Kohinoor Of India Apple Macintosh: Think Different Arcelor: Steel Solutions For A Better World Astrazeneca : Life Inspiring Ideas At & T: The Worlds Networking Company Audi: Vorsprung Durch Technik Austrian Airlines: Fly With Friends Axa UK: Be Life Confident Bank Of America: Higher Standards Bank Of Baroda: Indias International Bank Bank Of Rajasthan: Dare To Dream Barclays: Fluent In Finance; Its Our Business To Know Your Business Big Bazaar: Is Se Sasta Aur Achcha Kahee Nahee Biocon : The Difference Lies In Our Dna Blogger.com: Push Button Publishing Bloomingdales: Like No Other Store In The World BMW: The Ultimate Driving Machine Boeing: Forever New Frontiers

Bombay Stock Exchange: The Edge Is Efficiency BPCL: Pure For Sure Brand Of BPCL, Speed: High Performance Petrol Brand Of IOCL, Servo: 100 % Performance Everytime Bridgestone: Passion For Excellence Bill And Melinda Gates Foundation : Bringing Innovations In Health And Learning To The Global Bristol Myers Squibb : Extending And Enhancing Human Life British Airways: The Way To Fly British Petroleum: Beyond Petroleum Business India: The Magazine Of The Corporate World Business Today: For Managing Tomorrow Business World: Play The Game Cast Away: At The Edge Of The World, His Journey Begins (Movie) CEAT Tyre: Born Tough Central Mall: Shop Eat Celebrate Chattisgarh Tourism: Full Of Surprises Chevrolet Aveo: When Good Is Not Good Enough Chevron Corporation: Human Energy Cry : Child Relief & YOU Chip: Intelligent Computing Cipla: Caring For Life Citigroup Or Citibank: The Citi Never Sleeps CNBC Television: Profit From It Comptron And Greaves: Everyday Solutions Computer Associates: The Software That Powers The E Business Continental Airlines: Work Hard, Fly Right Daimler Chrysler: The Future Of Automobile Amazon.com: Earths Biggest Bookstore Deutsche Bank: A Passion To Perform Dilwale Dulhaniya Le Jaayenge (Movie) : Come And Fall In Love Dow Chemical Company: Living Improved Daily Dr Reddys Laboratories : Life Research Hope Dunlop: Accelerate Your Soul Dupont: The Miracles Of Science Ebay: The Worlds Online Market Place Emirates Air: Keep Discovering Epson: Exceed Your Vision

Community

Ernst And Young: Quality In Everything We Do Essar Corp: A Positive A++Itude Euronext : Go For Growth Exxon Mobil: Taking On The Worlds Toughest Energy Challenges Ford: Built For The Road Ahead Ford Motor: Make Every Day Exciting Fortune: Every Fortune Tells The Story Franklin Templeton Investments: Gain From Our Perspective FT Financial Times: No FT, No Comments Gail: Gas And Beyond Glaxo Smithkline : Todays Medicines Finance Tomorrows Miracles GM: Only GM Goa Tourism : 365 Days On A Holiday Guiness Beer: My Goodness My Guiness Haier: Inspired Living Himachal Pradesh Tourism: The Perfect Host Hindustan Times: The Name India Trusts For News Hollywood Stock Exchange : Its Your Hollywood Home Depot: You Can Do It We Can Help Honda : The Power Of Dreams Hp Invent: Everything Is Possible HSBC: The Worlds Local Bank Hyundai: Drive Your Way IBM: On Demand IBM: I Think, Therefore IBM IBP: Pure Bhi Poora Bhi ICICI Bank: Hum Hain Na !!! Infosys: Powered By Intellect, Driven By Values;Improve Your Odds With Infosys Predictability Intel: Intel Inside IOCL: Bringing Energy To Life Jaguar: Born To Perform Jet Airways: The Joy Of Flying Jurassic Park: An Adventure 65 Million Years In The Making JVC: The Perfect Experience Kerala Tourism: Gods Own Country KFC: Theres Fast Food, Then Theres Kfc Kingfisher Airlines: Fly The Good Times Kit Kat : Have A Break Have A Kit Kat

KLM Airlines: The Reliable Airline KMART: The Stuff Of Life Kotak: Think Investments Think Kotak Kroger: Costs Less To Get More Larsen And Toubro: We Make Things Which Make India Proud Lee: The Jeans That Built America Lehman Brothers: Where Vision Gets Built Lenovo: We Are Building A New Technology Company Lexus: The Pursuit Of Perfection LG: Lifes Good LIC: Trust Thy Name Is LIC, Jindagi ke Saath Bhi, Jindagi ke Baad Bhi London Metal Exchange : The Worlds Center For Non Ferrous Metal Trading Louis Phillips: The Upper Crest Lufthansa Airlines: Theres No Better To Fly Lukoil: Always Moving Forward Macromedia: What The Web Can Be Malaysian Airlines: Going Beyond Expectations Mastercard: There Are Some Things Money Cant Buy For Everything Else Theres Mastercard Max Newyork Life Insurance: Your Partner For Life Mcdowells Signature: The New Sign Of Success MCX: Trade With Trust Merck : Where Patients Come First Metro: The Spirit Of Commerce Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Or Metlife : Have You Met Life Today Michelin: A Better Way Forward Microsoft: Where Do You Want To Go Today ; Your Potential Our Passion Microsoft Office 2003: Microsoft Office Has Evolved Have You? Better, Faster, And Newer Mittal Steel: Shaping The Future Of Steel Monstor.Com : Never Settle Madhya Pradesh : The Very Heart Of India MRF: Tyres With Muscle Nasdaq : Stock Market For The Digital World NDTV Profit: New You Can Use Dell: Easy As Dell NYSE New York Stock Exchange : The World Puts Its Stock In Us ONGC: Making Tomorrow Brighter Orange: The Future Is Bright The Future Is Orange Peter England: Honestly Impressive

Petronas: 10 Years In Formula One The World Is Watching Us Pfizer: Life Is Our Lifes Work Phillips: Sense And Simplicity Prudential Insurance Company: Growing And Protecting Your Wealth Qantas: The Spirit Of Australia Rajasthan Tourism : Simply Colorful Raymonds: The Complete Man Reid & Taylor: Bond With The Best Reliance Industries Limited: Growth Is Life Sahara: Emotionally Yours SAIL: There Is A Little Bit Of Sail In Everyones Life Samsung: Everyones Invited Or Its Hard To Imagine Sanofi Aventis : Because Health Matters Sansui: Born In Japan Entertaining The World SAP: The Best Run Businesses Run SAP SBI Debit Card: Welcome To A Cashless World Rotary International: Service Above Self Sholay: The Greatest Story Ever Told Singapore Stock Exchange, SGX : Tomorrow Markets Today Skoda: Obsessed With Quality Since 1897 Sony: Like No Other Standard Chartered Bank: Your Right Partner Standard Insurance Company Limited: Positively Different Star Sports: We Know Your Game Star Wars The Revenge Of Sith: The Saga Is Complete Sun Microsystems: The Network Is The Computer Suzlon Energy: Powering A Greener Tomorrow Swiss Air: The Worlds Most Refreshing Airline Symantec: Be Fearless Tata Motors: Even More Car Per Car TCS: Beyond The Obvious TESCO: Every Little Helps The Daily Telegraph: Read A Bestseller Everyday The Day After Tomorrow (Movie) : Where Will You Be The Economic Times: The Power Of Knowledge The Indian Express: Journalism Of Courage Thomas Cook : Dont Just Book It Thomas Cook It Timesjobs.com: If You Have A Reason, We Have The Job

Titanic (Movie) : Collide With Destiny To Learn To Heal To Raise: Csim Toshiba: Choose Freedom Total: Trademark Of Energy Toyota: Touch The Perfection Toyota Innova: All You Desire Union Bank Of India: Good People To Bank With United Airlines: Its Time To Fly Uttarpradesh Tourism : Amazing Heritage, Grand Experience Videocon: The Indian Multinational Virgin Atlantic: Your Never Forget Your First Time Vizag Steel: Pride Of Steel Voice : Helping Children Write Their Future Volkswagen: Drivers Wanted Wallet365com: Pay Anyone Online Walmart: Always Low Prices Always West Bengal: Complete Destination Wills Lifestyle: Enjoy The Change Windows XP: Do More With Less Wipro: Applying Thought Blue Cross India : Working For Animals Since 1954 Amnesty International : Working To Protect Human Rights Worldwide: Larsen and Toubro : Its all about imagineering. Essar : A possitive attitude Maruti Suzuki : Count on us Dell : Here is yours.

Top CEOs of the world 1. Steve Jobs - Apple 19972011 United States Information Technology Insider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 3,226%

Industry-Adjusted TSR 3,188% Market Cap Change $150B 2. Yun Jong-Yong -Samsung Electronics 19962008 South Korea Information Technology Insider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 1,559% Industry-Adjusted TSR 1,458% Market Cap Change $127B 3. Alexey B. Miller -Gazprom 2001Present Russia Energy Insider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 2,032% Industry-Adjusted TSR 2,427% Market Cap Change $101B 4. John T. Chambers -Cisco Systems 1995Present United States Information Technology Insider CEO MBA Yes Country-Adjusted TSR 922% Industry-Adjusted TSR 1,054% Market Cap Change $152B 5. Mukesh D. Ambani -Reliance Industries 2002Present India Energy Insider CEO MBA No

Country-Adjusted TSR 1,001% Industry-Adjusted TSR 1,430% Market Cap Change $72B 6. John C. Martin -Gilead Sciences 1996Present United States Health Care Insider CEO MBA Yes Country-Adjusted TSR 2,089% Industry-Adjusted TSR 2,054% Market Cap Change $39B 7. Jeffrey P. Bezos -Amazon.com 1996Present United States Retail Insider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 4,592% Industry-Adjusted TSR 4,586% Market Cap Change $37B 8. Margaret C. Whitman -eBay 19982008 United States Information Technology Outsider CEO MBA Yes Country-Adjusted TSR 1,434% Industry-Adjusted TSR 1,368% Market Cap Change $37B 9. Eric E. Schmidt -Google 2001Present United States Information Technology Outsider CEO

MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 387% Industry-Adjusted TSR 344% Market Cap Change $101B 10. Hugh Grant -Monsanto 2003Present United States Materials Insider CEO MBA Yes Country-Adjusted TSR 684% Industry-Adjusted TSR 572% Market Cap Change $35B 11. Robert L. Tillman -Lowes 19962005 United States Retail Insider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 459% Industry-Adjusted TSR 456% Market Cap Change $40B 12. William E. Greehey -Valero Energy 19972005 United States Energy Insider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 613% Industry-Adjusted TSR 525% Market Cap Change $33B 13. Gareth Davis -Imperial Tobacco Group 1996Present United Kingdom Consumer Goods & Services Insider CEO

MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 937% Industry-Adjusted TSR 638% Market Cap Change $25B 14. William J. Doyle -PotashCorp 1999Present Canada Materials Insider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 651% Industry-Adjusted TSR 939% Market Cap Change $24B 15. Benjamin Steinbruch -Companhia Siderrgica Nacional 2002Present Brazil Materials Insider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 2,337% Industry-Adjusted TSR 3,360% Market Cap Change $18B 16. Bart Becht -Reckitt Benckiser Group 1999Present United Kingdom Consumer Goods & Services Insider CEO MBA Yes Country-Adjusted TSR 402% Industry-Adjusted TSR 364% Market Cap Change $38B 17. Masahiro Sakane -Komatsu 20032007 Japan Industrials

Insider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 652% Industry-Adjusted TSR 497% Market Cap Change $28B 18. Terry Leahy -Tesco 1997Present United Kingdom Retail Insider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 309% Industry-Adjusted TSR 307% Market Cap Change $47B 19. John W. Thompson -Symantec 19992009 United States Information Technology Outsider CEO MBA Yes Country-Adjusted TSR 839% Industry-Adjusted TSR 851% Market Cap Change $19B 20. Graham Mackay -SABMiller 1997Present United Kingdom Consumer Goods & Services Insider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 341% Industry-Adjusted TSR 291% Market Cap Change $38B 21. Mikael Lilius -Fortum 20002009 Finland

Utilities Outsider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 768% Industry-Adjusted TSR 964% Market Cap Change $18B 22. Mikhail Prokhorov -Norilsk Nickel 20012007 Russia Materials Insider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 260% Industry-Adjusted TSR 739% Market Cap Change $30B 23. Mark G. Papa -EOG Resources 1998Present United States Energy Insider CEO MBA Yes Country-Adjusted TSR 1,128% Industry-Adjusted TSR 908% Market Cap Change $17B 24. C. John Wilder -TXU 20042007 United States Utilities Outsider CEO MBA Yes Country-Adjusted TSR 396% Industry-Adjusted TSR 313% Market Cap Change $31B 25. Frank Chapman -BG Group 2000Present

United Kingdom Energy Outsider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 333% Industry-Adjusted TSR 242% Market Cap Change $50B 26. Paul Chisholm -Colt Telecom Group 19962001 United Kingdom Telecommunications Insider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 1,923% Industry-Adjusted TSR 1,770% Market Cap Change $16B 27. David B. Snow, Jr. -Medco Health Solutions 2003Present United States Health Care Outsider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 418% Industry-Adjusted TSR 396% Market Cap Change $25B 28. Tomeo Kanbayashi -NTT Data 19951999 Japan Information Technology Insider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 658% Industry-Adjusted TSR 436% Market Cap Change $21B 29. Chung Mong-Koo -Hyundai Motor

1998Present South Korea Automobiles & Components Outsider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 357% Industry-Adjusted TSR 822% Market Cap Change $21B 30. John C.S. Lau -Husky Energy 2000Present Canada Energy Insider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 504% Industry-Adjusted TSR 576% Market Cap Change $21B 31. Stanley Fink -Man Group 20002007 United Kingdom Financial Services Insider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 637% Industry-Adjusted TSR 738% Market Cap Change $18B 32. Antoine Zacharias -Vinci 19972006 France Industrials Insider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 861% Industry-Adjusted TSR 1,048% Market Cap Change $16B

33. Juan Villalonga Navarro -Telefnica 19962000 Spain Telecommunications Outsider CEO MBA Yes Country-Adjusted TSR 252% Industry-Adjusted TSR 219% Market Cap Change $127B 34. Harry Roels -RWE 20032007 Germany Utilities Insider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 223% Industry-Adjusted TSR 281% Market Cap Change $52B 35. Charles Goodyear -BHP Billiton 20032007 United Kingdom Materials Insider CEO MBA Yes Country-Adjusted TSR 407% Industry-Adjusted TSR 157% Market Cap Change $103B 36. Matteo Arpe -Capitalia 20032007 Italy Financial Services Insider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 322% Industry-Adjusted TSR 392%

Market Cap Change $22B 37. Florentino Prez Rodrguez -Grupo ACS 1997Present Spain Industrials Insider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 536% Industry-Adjusted TSR 751% Market Cap Change $16B 38. Fujio Mitarai -Canon 1995Present Japan Information Technology Insider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 292% Industry-Adjusted TSR 226% Market Cap Change $39B 39. Roy Gardner -Centrica Utilities 19972006 United Kingdom Outsider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 342% Industry-Adjusted TSR 482% Market Cap Change $19B 40. Thierry Desmarest -Total Energy 19952007 France Insider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 261% Industry-Adjusted TSR 169%

Market Cap Change $209B 41. Wang Jianzhou China Mobile 2004Present China (Hong Kong) Telecommunications Insider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 186% Industry-Adjusted TSR 244% Market Cap Change $138B 42. Fu Chengyu -CNOOC Ltd. 2003Present China (Hong Kong) Energy Insider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 239% Industry-Adjusted TSR 226% Market Cap Change $46B 43. Mark C. Pigott -Paccar 1997Present United States Industrials Insider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 696% Industry-Adjusted TSR 705% Market Cap Change $15B 44. William A. Osborn -Northern Trust 19952008 United States Financial Services Insider CEO MBA Yes

Country-Adjusted TSR 552% Industry-Adjusted TSR 604% Market Cap Change $15B 45. Craig S. Donohue -CME Group 2004Present United States Financial Services Insider CEO MBA Yes Country-Adjusted TSR 350% Industry-Adjusted TSR 379% Market Cap Change $19B 46. David Simon -Simon Property Group 1995Present United States Financial Services Insider CEO MBA Yes Country-Adjusted TSR 325% Industry-Adjusted TSR 497% Market Cap Change $18B 47. Larry C. Glasscock Well Point 19992007 United States Health Care Insider CEO MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 240% Industry-Adjusted TSR 203% Market Cap Change $53B 48. A.J. Scheepbouwer -Royal KPN 2001Present Netherlands Telecommunications Insider CEO

MBA No Country-Adjusted TSR 253% Industry-Adjusted TSR 356% Market Cap Change $23B 49. Fred Kindle -ABB 20052008 Switzerland Industrials Outsider CEO MBA Yes Country-Adjusted TSR 262% Industry-Adjusted TSR 205% Market Cap Change $38B 50. David E.I. Pyott -Allergan 1998Present United States Health Care Outsider CEO MBA Yes Country-Adjusted TSR 609% Industry-Adjusted TSR 610% Market Cap Change $15B

(Source Harvard Bussiness Review- )

Some Famous Indian CEOS

Peter Mukerjea - Star TV India Aditya Puri - HDFC Bank Uday Kotak - Kotak Mahindra Bank AM Naik - Larsen & Toubro SB Mathur - UTI Harish Manwani - Hindustan Lever Renuka Ramnath - ICICI Ventures AK Khandelwal - Bank of Baroda AK Purwar - State Bank of India Suresh Krishna - Sundaram Fasteners Ashok Sinha - Bharat Petroleum Kishore Biyani - Pantaloon Retail B Ramalinga Raju - Satyam Computers YV Reddy - Reserve Bank of India M Damodaran - SEBI AK Sinha - BSNL Naina Lal Kidwai - HSBC India Jeh & Ness Wadia - Bombay Dyeing Asim Ghosh - Hutch VK Mittal - Ispat Industries RS Lodha - Birla Corp VC Burman - Dabur Venugopal Dhoot - Videocon Industries Gautam Singhania - Raymond Ravi Venkatesan - Microsoft India BVR Subbu - Hyundai India FV Vandrewala - Motorola India Niall Booker - HSBC India Shikha Sharma - ICICI Prudential Ashwin Dani - Asian Paints Rajeev Bakshi - Pepsi Co. B Muthuraman - Tata Steel SP Hinduja - Hinduja Group Anil Agarwal - Vedanta Resources YK Hamied - Cipla AC Muthaiah - SPIC Bharat Puri - Cadbury India Sanjay Nayar - Citigroup India

Karsanbhai Patel - Nirma Brian Tempest - Ranbaxy NS Sekhsaria - Gujarat Ambuja Cement Proshanto Banerjee - GAIL R Seshasayee - Ashok Leyland MB Lal - Hindustan Petroleum BN Kalyani - Bharat Forge Onkar S Kanwar - Apollo Tyres Shashi Ruia - Essar Group Vinita Bali - Britannia Gautam Thapar - Cromptom Greaves Ajay Piramal - Nicholas Piramal BS Nagesh - Shoppers' Stop VS Jain - SAIL Shobana Bhartia - HT Media KR Kim - LG India Rana Kapoor - Yes Bank Hemendra Kothari - DSP Merrill Lynch K Ramachandran - Phillips India Mallika Srinivasan - TAFE Hans-Michael Huber - Diamler-Chrysler India Nimesh Kampani - JM Morgan Stanley Scott Bayman - GE India Zia Mody - AZB Partners Noel Tata - Trent Sarthak Behuria - IOC Harsh Goenka - RPG Group Arun Maira - BCG India Adil Zainulbhai - McKinsey India MV Subbiah - EID Parry

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Shahrukh

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Kareena Sachin Hrithik Virender Ali Ranbir Saina

Kapoor Tendulkar Roshan Sehwag Khan Kapoor Nehwal

8% 7% 7% $% 3% 3% 3%

Key Features of Budget 2010-2011

CHALLENGES To quickly revert to the high GDP growth path of 9 per cent and then find the means to cross the double digit growth barrier. To harness economic growth to consolidate the recent gains in making development more inclusive. To address the weaknesses in government systems, structures and institutions at different levels of governance.

OVERVIEW OF THE ECONOMY India among the first few countries in the world to implement a broad-based counter-cyclic policy package to respond to the negative fallout of the global slowdown. The Advance Estimates for Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth for 2009-10 pegged at 7.2 per cent. The final figure expected to be higher when the third and fourth quarter GDP estimates for 2009-10 become available. The growth rate in manufacturing sector in December 2009 was 18.5 per cent the highest in the past two decades. A major concern during the second half of 2009-10 has been the emergence of

double digit food inflation. Government has set in motion steps, in consultation with the State Chief Ministers, which should bring down the inflation in the next few months and ensure that there is better management of food security in the country.

CONSOLIDATING GROWTH Fiscal Consolidation With recovery taking root, there is a need to review public spending, mobilise resources and gear them towards building the productivity of the economy. Fiscal policy shaped with reference to the recommendations of the Thirteenth Finance Commission, which has recommended a calibrated exit strategy from the expansionary fiscal stance of last two years. It would be for the first time that the Government would target an explicit reduction in its domestic public debt-GDP ratio.

Tax reforms On the Direct Tax Code (DTC) the wide-ranging discussions with stakeholders have been concluded Government will be in a position to implement the DTC from April 1, 2011. Centre actively engaged with the Empowered Committee of State Finance Ministers to finalise the structure of Goods and Services Tax (GST) as well as the modalities of its expeditious implementation. Endeavour to introduce GST by April, 2011

Peoples ownership of PSUs Ownership has been broad based in Oil India Limited, NHPC, NTPC and Rural Electrification Corporation while the process is on for National Mineral Development Corporation and Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam. This will raise about Rs 25,000 crore during the current year. Higher amount proposed to be raised during the year 2010-11.

Fertiliser subsidy A Nutrient Based Subsidy policy for the fertiliser sector has been approved by the

Government and will become effective from April 1, 2010. This will lead to an increase in agricultural productivity and better returns for the farmers, and overtime reduce the volatility in demand for fertiliser subsidy and contain the subsidy bill.

Petroleum and Diesel pricing policy Expert Group to advise the Government on a viable and sustainable system of pricing of petroleum products has submitted its recommendations. Decision on these recommendations will be taken in due course.

Improving Investment Environment

Foreign Direct Investment Number of steps taken to simplify the FDI regime. Methodology for calculation of indirect foreign investment in Indian companies has been clearly defined. Complete liberalisation of pricing and payment of technology transfer fee and trademark, brand name and royalty payments.

Financial Stability and Development Council An apex level Financial Stability and Development Council to be set up with a view to strengthen and institutionalise the mechanism for maintaining financial stability. This Council would monitor macro-prudential supervision of the economy, including the functioning of large financial conglomerates, and address interregulatory coordination issues.

Banking Licences

RBI is considering giving some additional banking licenses to private sector players. Non Banking Financial Companies could also be considered, if they meet the RBIs eligibility criteria.

Public Sector Bank Capitalisation Rs.16,500 crore provided to ensure that the Public Sector Banks are able to attain a minimum 8 per cent Tier-I capital by March 31, 2011. Recapitalisation of Regional Rural Banks (RRB) Government to provide further capital to strengthen the RRBs so that they have adequate capital base to support increased lending to the rural economy.

Corporate Governance Government has introduced the Companies Bill, 2009 in the Parliament to replace the existing Companies Act, 1956, which will address issues related to regulation in corporate sector in the context of the changing business environment.

Exports Extension of existing interest subvention of 2 per cent for one more year for exports covering handicrafts, carpets, handlooms and small and medium enterprises.

Agriculture Growth Government will follow a four-pronged strategy, covering (a) Agricultural production Rs. 400 crore provided to extend the green revolution to the eastern region of the country comprising Bihar, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Eastern UP, West Bengal and Orissa. Rs. 300 crore provided to organise 60,000 pulses and oil seed villages in rain-fed areas during 2010-11 and provide an integrated intervention for water harvesting, watershed management and soil health, to enhance the productivity of the dry land farming areas. Rs. 200 crore provided for sustaining the gains already made in the green revolution

areas through conservation farming, which involves concurrent attention to soil health, water conservation and preservation of biodiversity.

(b) Reduction in wastage of produce Government to address the issue of opening up of retail trade. It will help in bringing down the considerable difference between farm gate, wholesale and retail prices. Deficit in the storage capacity met through an ongoing scheme for private sector participation FCI to hire godowns from private parties for a guaranteed period of 7 years.

(c) Credit support to farmers Banks have been consistently meeting the targets set for agriculture credit flow in the past few years. For the year 2010-11, the target has been set at Rs.3,75,000 crore. In view of the recent drought in some States and the severe floods in some other parts of the country, the period for repayment of the loan amount by farmers extended by six months from December 31, 2009 to June 30, 2010 under the Debt Waiver and Debt Relief Scheme for Farmers. Incentive of additional one per cent interest subvention to farmers who repay short-term crop loans as per schedule, increased to 2% for 2010-11.

(d) Impetus to the food processing sector In addition to the ten mega food park projects already being set up, the Government has decided to set up five more such parks. External Commercial Borrowings to be available for cold storage or cold room facility, including for farm level pre-cooling, for preservation or storage of agricultural and allied produce, marine products and meat.

Infrastructure Rs 1,73,552 crore provided for infrastructure development which accounts for over 46 per cent of the total plan allocation.

Allocation for road transport increased by over 13 per cent from Rs. 17,520 crore to Rs 19,894 crore. Rs 16,752 crore provided for Railways, which is about Rs.950 crore more than last year.

India Infrastructure Finance Company Limited (IIFCL) IIFCLs disbursements are expected to touch Rs 9,000 crore by end March 2010 and reach around Rs 20,000 crore by March 2011. IIFCL has refinanced bank lending to infrastructure projects of Rs. 3,000 crore during the current year and is expected to more than double that amount in 2010-11. The take-out financing scheme announced in the last Budget is expected to initially provide finance for about Rs. 25,000 crore in the next three years.

Energy Plan allocation for power sector excluding RGGVY doubled from Rs.2230 crore in 2009-10 to Rs.5,130 crore in 2010-11. Government proposes to introduce a competitive bidding process for allocating coal blocks for captive mining to ensure greater transparency and increased participation in production from these blocks. A Coal Regulatory Authority to create a level playing field in the coal sector proposed to be set up. Plan outlay for the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy increased by 61 per cent from Rs.620 crore in 2009-10 to Rs.1,000 crore in 2010-11. Solar, small hydro and micro power projects at a cost of about Rs.500 crore to be set up in Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir.

Environment and Climate change National Clean Energy Fund for funding research and innovative projects in clean energy technologies to be established.

One-time grant of Rs.200 crore to the Government of Tamil Nadu towards the cost of installation of a zero liquid discharge system at Tirupur to sustain knitwear industry. Rs.200 crore provided as a Special Golden Jubilee package for Goa to preserve the natural resources of the State, including sea beaches and forest cover. Allocation for National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA) doubled in 2010-11 to Rs.500 crore. Schemes on bank protection works along river Bhagirathi and river Ganga-Padma in parts of Murshidabad and Nadia district of West Bengal included in the Centrally Sponsored Flood Management Programme. A project at Sagar Island to be developed to provide an alternate port facility in West Bengal.

INCLUSIVE DEVELOPMENT The spending on social sector has been gradually increased to Rs.1,37,674 crore in 2010-11, which is 37% of the total plan outlay in 2010-11. Another 25 per cent of the plan allocations are devoted to the development of rural infrastructure.

Education Plan allocation for school education increased by 16 per cent from Rs.26,800 crore in 2009-10 to Rs.31,036 crore in 2010-11. In addition, States will have access to Rs.3,675 crore for elementary education under the Thirteenth Finance Commission grants for 2010-11.

Health An Annual Health Survey to prepare the District Health Profile of all Districts shall be conducted in 2010-11. Plan allocation to Ministry of Health & Family Welfare increased from Rs 19,534 crore in 2009-10 to Rs 22,300 crore for 2010-11.

Financial Inclusion Appropriate Banking facilities to be provided to habitations having population in excess of 2000 by March, 2012. Insurance and other services to be provided using the Business Correspondent model. By this arrangement, it is proposed to cover 60,000 habitations. Augmentation of Rs.100 crore each for the Financial Inclusion Fund (FIF) and the Financial Inclusion Technology Fund, which shall be contributed by Government of India, RBI and NABARD.

Rural Development Rs. 66,100 crore provided for Rural Development. Allocation for Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme stepped up to Rs.40,100 crore in 2010-11. An amount of Rs.48,000 crore allocated for rural infrastructure programmes under Bharat Nirman. Unit cost under Indira Awas Yojana increased to Rs.45,000 in the plain areas and to Rs.48,500 in the hilly areas. Allocation for this scheme increased to Rs.10,000 crore. Allocation to Backward Region Grant Fund enhanced by 26 per cent from Rs.5,800 crore in 2009-10 to Rs 7,300 crore in 2010-11. Additional central assistance of Rs 1,200 crore provided for drought mitigation in the Bundelkhand region.

Urban Development and Housing Allocation for urban development increased by more than 75 per cent from Rs.3,060 crore to Rs.5,400 crore in 2010-11. Allocation for Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation raised from Rs.850 crore to Rs.1,000 crore in 2010-11.

Scheme of one per cent interest subvention on housing loan upto Rs.10 lakh, where the cost of the house does not exceed Rs.20 lakh announced in the last Budget extended up to March 31, 2011. Rs.700 crore provided for this scheme for the year 2010-11. Rs.1,270 crore allocated for Rajiv Awas Yojana as compared to Rs.150 crore last year.

Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises High Level Council on Micro and Small Enterprises to monitor the implementation of the recommendations of High-Level Task Force constituted by Prime Minister. Allocation for this sector to be increased from Rs.1,794 crore to Rs.2,400 crore for the year 2010-11. The corpus for Micro-Finance Development and Equity Fund doubled to Rs.400 crore in 2010-11.

Unorganised Sector National Social Security Fund for unorganised sector workers National Social Security Fund for unorganised sector workers to be set up with an initial allocation of Rs.1000 crore. This fund will support schemes for weavers, toddy tappers, rickshaw pullers, bidi workers etc. Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana benefits extended to all such Mahatma Gandhi NREGA beneficiaries who have worked for more than 15 days during the preceding financial year. A new initiative, Swavalamban will be available for persons who join New Pension Scheme (NPS), with a minimum contribution of Rs.1,000 and a maximum contribution of Rs.12,000 per annum during the financial year 2010-11, wherein Government will contribute Rs.1,000 per year to each NPS account opened in the year 2010-11. Allocation of Rs.100 crore made for this initiative.

Skill development National Skill Development Corporation has approved three projects worth about Rs 45 crore to create 10 lakh skilled manpower at the rate of one lakh per annum.

An extensive skill development programme in the textile and garment sector to be launched by leveraging the strength of existing institutions and instruments of the Textile Ministry to train 30 lakh persons over 5 years.

Social Welfare Plan outlay for Women and Child Development stepped up by almost 50 per cent. The ICDS platform being expanded for effective implementation of the Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Adolescent Girls. Saakshar Bharat to further improve female literacy rate launched with a target of 7 crore non-literate adults which includes 6 crore women. Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana to meet the specific needs of women farmers to be launched with a provision of Rs 100 crore as a sub-component of the National Rural Livelihood Mission. Plan outlay of the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment enhanced by 80 per cent to Rs.4500 crore. With this enhancement, the Ministry will be able to revise rates of scholarship under its post-matric scholarship schemes for SCs and OBC students. Plan allocation for the Ministry of Minority Affairs increased by 50 per cent from Rs.1,740 crore to Rs.2,600 crore for the year 2010-11.

STRENGTHENING TRANSPARENCY & PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILTY Financial Sector Legislative Reforms Commission to be set up to rewrite and clean up the financial sector laws to bring them in line with the requirements of the sector. Rs 1,900 crore allocated to the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) for 2010-11. UIDAI will be able to meet its commitments of issuing the first set of UID numbers in the coming year A Technology Advisory Group for Unique Projects (TAGUP) to be set up to look

into various technological and systemic issues for effective tax administration and financial governance. Independent Evaluation Office (IEO) chaired by the Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission to be set up to evaluate the impact of flagship programmes.

Security and Justice Allocation for Defence increased to Rs. 1,47,344 crore including Rs 60,000 crore for capital expenditure. About 2,000 youth to be recruited as constables in five Central Para Military Forces from Jammu and Kashmir in the year 2010. Planning Commission to prepare an integrated action plan for the thirty-three left wing extremism affected districts. Adequate funds will be made available to support the action plan. Government has approved the setting up of the National Mission for Delivery of Justice and Legal Reforms to help reduce legal backlog in courts from an average of 15 years at present to 3 years by 2012.

BUDGET ESTIMATES 2010-11 The Gross Tax Receipts are estimated at Rs. 7,46,651 crore The Non Tax Revenue Receipts are estimated at Rs. 1,48,118 crore. The net tax revenue to the Centre as well as the expenditure provisions in 2010-11 have been estimated with reference to the recommendations of the Thirteenth Finance Commission. The total expenditure proposed in the Budget Estimates is Rs. 11,08,749 crore, which is an increase of 8.6 per cent over last year. The Plan and Non Plan expenditures in BE 2010-11 are estimated at Rs. 3,73,092 crore and Rs. 7,35,657 crore respectively. While there is 15 per cent increase in Plan expenditure, the increase in Non Plan expenditure is only 6 per cent over the

BE of previous year. Fiscal deficit for BE 2010-11 at 5.5 per cent of GDP, which works out to Rs.3,81,408 crore. Taking into account the various other financing items for fiscal deficit, the actual net market borrowing of the Government in 2010-11 would be of the order of Rs.3,45,010 crore. This would leave enough space to meet the credit needs of the private sector. The rolling targets for fiscal deficit are pegged at 4.8 per cent and 4.1 per cent for 2011-12 and 2012-13, respectively. Against a fiscal deficit of 7.8 per cent in 2008-09, inclusive of oil and fertilizer bonds, the comparable fiscal deficit is 6.9 per cent as per the Revised Estimates for 2009-10. Conscious effort made to avoid issuing bonds to oil and fertilizer companies. Government would like to continue with this practice of extending Government subsidy in cash, thereby bringing all subsidy related liabilities into Governments fiscal accounting.

PART B TAX PROPOSALS The Centralized Processing Centre at Bengaluru is now fully functional and is processing around 20,000 returns daily. This initiative will be taken forward by setting up two more Centres during the year. The Income Tax department has introduced Sevottam, a pilot project at Pune, Kochi and Chandigarh through Aayakar Seva Kendras, which provide a single window system for registration of all applications including those for redressal of grievances as well as paper returns. The scheme will be extended to four more cities in the year. Automation of Central Excise & Service Tax, has already been rolled out throughout the country this year. Similarly, a Mission Mode Project for computerization of Commercial Taxes in States has been approved recently. With an outlay of Rs. 1133 crore of which the Centres share is Rs. 800 crore, the project will lay the foundation for the launch of GST.

The income tax department to notify SARAL-II form for individual salaried taxpayers for the coming assessment year. Scope of cases which may be admitted by the Settlement Commission expanded to include proceedings related to search and seizure cases pending for assessment. Scope of Settlement Commission also expanded in respect of Central Excise and Customs to include certain categories of cases that hitherto fell outside its jurisdiction. Bi-lateral discussions commenced to enhance the exchange of bank related and other information to effectively track tax evasion and identify undisclosed assets of resident Indians lying abroad.

Direct Taxes Income tax slabs for individual taxpayers to be as follows Income upto Rs 1.6 lakh Nil Income above Rs 1.6 lakh and upto Rs. 5 lakh 10 per cent Income above Rs.5 lakh and upto Rs. 8 lakh 20 per cent Income above Rs. 8 lakh 30 per cent Deduction of an additional amount of Rs. 20,000 allowed, over and above the existing limit of Rs.1 lakh on tax savings, for investment in long-term infrastructure bonds as notified by the Central Government Besides contributions to health insurance schemes which is currently allowed as a deduction under the Income-tax Act, contributions to the Central Government Health Scheme also allowed as a deduction under the same provision. Current surcharge of 10 per cent on domestic companies reduced to 7.5 per cent. Rate of Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) increased from the current rate of 15 per cent to 18 per cent of book profits. To further encourage R&D across all sectors of the economy, weighted deduction on expenditure incurred on in-house R&D enhanced from 150 per cent to 200 per cent. Weighted deduction on payments made to National Laboratories, research associations, colleges, universities and other institutions, for scientific research

enhanced from 125 per cent to 175 per cent. Payment made to an approved association engaged in research in social sciences or statistical research to be allowed as a weighted deduction of 125 per cent. The income of such approved research association shall be exempt from tax. Benefit of investment linked deduction under the Act extended to new hotels of two-star category and above anywhere in India to boost investment in the tourism sector. Allow pending projects to be completed within a period of five years instead of four years for claiming a deduction of their profits, as a one time interim relief to the housing and real estate sector. Norms for built-up area of shops and other commercial establishments in housing projects to be relaxed to enable basic facilities for their residents. Limits for turnover over which accounts need to be audited enhanced to Rs. 60 lakh for businesses and to Rs. 15 lakh for professions. Limit of turnover for the purpose of presumptive taxation of small businesses enhanced to Rs. 60 lakh. If tax has been deducted on payment by way of any expense and is paid before the due date of filing the return, such expenditure to be allowed for deduction. Interest charged on tax deducted but not deposited by the specified date to be increased from 12 per cent to 18 per cent per annum. To facilitate the conversion of small companies into Limited Liability Partnerships, transfer of assets as a result of such conversion not to be subject to capital gains tax. The advancement of any other object of general public utility to be considered as charitable purpose even if it involves carrying on of any activity in the nature of trade, commerce or business provided that the receipts from such activities do not exceed Rs.10 lakh in the year . Proposals on direct taxes estimated to result in a revenue loss of Rs. 26,000 crore for the year.

Rate reduction in Central Excise duties to be partially rolled back and the standard rate on all non-petroleum products enhanced from 8 per cent to 10 per cent ad valorem. The specific rates of duty applicable to portland cement and cement clinker also adjusted upwards proportionately. Similarly, the ad valorem component of excise duty on large cars, multi-utility vehicles and sports-utility vehicles increased by 2 percentage points to 22 per cent.

Restore the basic duty of 5 per cent on crude petroleum; 7.5 per cent on diesel and petrol and 10 per cent on other refined products. Central Excise duty on petrol and diesel enhanced by Re.1 per litre each. Some structural changes in the excise duty on cigarettes, cigars and cigarillos to be made coupled with some increase in rates. Excise duty on all non-smoking tobacco such as scented tobacco, snuff, chewing tobacco etc to be enhanced. Compounded levy scheme for chewing tobacco and branded unmanufactured tobacco based on the capacity of pouch packing machines to be introduced.

Agriculture & Related Sectors Provide project import status with a concessional import duty of 5 per cent for the setting up of mechanised handling systems and pallet racking systems in mandis or warehouses for food grains and sugar as well as full exemption from service tax for the installation and commissioning of such equipment. Provide project import status at a concessional customs duty of 5 per cent with full exemption from service tax to the initial setting up and expansion of Cold storage, cold room including farm pre-coolers for preservation or storage of agriculture and related sectors produce ; and Processing units for such produce. Provide full exemption from customs duty to refrigeration units required for the manufacture of refrigerated vans or trucks. Provide concessional customs duty of 5 per cent to specified agricultural machinery not manufactured in India; Provide central excise exemption to specified equipment for preservation, storage and processing of agriculture and related sectors and exemption from service tax

to the storage and warehousing of their produce; and Provide full exemption from excise duty to trailers and semi-trailers used in agriculture. Concessional import duty to specified machinery for use in the plantation sector to be, extended up to March 31, 2011 along with a CVD exemption. To exempt the testing and certification of agricultural seeds from service tax. The transportation by road of cereals, and pulses to be exempted from service tax. Transportation by rail to remain exempt. To ease the cash flow position for small-scale manufacturers, they would be permitted to take full credit of Central Excise duty paid on capital goods in a single installment in the year of their receipt. Secondly, they would be permitted to pay Central Excise duty on a quarterly, rather than monthly, basis.

Environment To build the corpus of the National Clean Energy Fund, clean energy cess on coal produced in India at a nominal rate of Rs.50 per tonne to be levied. This cess will also apply on imported coal. Provide a concessional customs duty of 5 per cent to machinery, instruments, equipment and appliances etc. required for the initial setting up of photovoltaic and solar thermal power generating units and also exempt them from Central Excise duty. Ground source heat pumps used to tap geo-thermal energy to be exempted from basic customs duty and special additional duty. Exempt a few more specified inputs required for the manufacture of rotor blades for wind energy generators from Central Excise duty. Central Excise duty on LED lights reduced from 8 per cent to 4 per cent at par with Compact Fluorescent Lamps. To remedy the difficulty faced by manufacturers of electric cars and vehicles in neutralising the duty paid on their inputs and components, a nominal duty of 4 per cent on such vehicles imposed. Some critical parts or sub-assemblies of such

vehicles exempted from basic customs duty and special additional duty subject to actual user condition. These parts would also enjoy a concessional CVD of 4 per cent. A concessional excise duty of 4 per cent provided to soleckshaw, a product developed by CSIR to replace manually-operated rickshaws. Its key parts and components to be exempted from customs duty. Import of compostable polymer exempted from basic customs duty.

Infrastructure Project import status to Monorail projects for urban transport at a concessional basic duty of 5 per cent granted. To allow resale of specified machinery for road construction projects on payment of import duty at depreciated value. To encourage the domestic manufacture of mobile phones accessories, exemptions from basic, CVD and special additional duties are now being extended to parts of battery chargers and hands-free headphones. The validity of the exemption from special additional duty is being extended till March 31, 2011.

Medical Sector Uniform, concessional basic duty of 5 per cent, CVD of 4 per cent with full exemption from special additional duty prescribed on all medical equipments. A concessional basic duty of 5 per cent is being prescribed on parts and accessories for the manufacture of such equipment while they would be exempt from CVD and special additional duty. Full exemption currently available to medical equipment and devices such as assistive devices, rehabilitation aids etc. retained. The concession available to Government hospitals or hospitals set up under a statute also retained. Specified inputs for the manufacture of orthopaedic implants exempted from import duty.

Infotainment

To address the difficulties experienced by film industry in importing digital masters of films for duplication or distribution loaded on electronic medium vis-a-vis those imported on cinematographic film, owing to a differential customs duty structure, customs duty to be charged only on the value of the carrier medium. The same dispensation would apply to music and gaming software imported for duplication. In all such cases the value representing the transfer of intellectual property rights would be subjected to service tax. Provide project import status at a concessional customs duty of 5 per cent with full exemption from special additional duty to the initial setting up Digital Head End equipment by multi-service operators.

Precious Metals Rates on precious metals indexed as follows: On gold and platinum from Rs.200 per 10 grams to Rs.300 per 10 grams On silver from Rs.1,000 per kg to Rs.1,500 per kg. Basic customs on Rhodium a precious metal used for polishing jewellery reduced to 2 per cent. Basic customs duty on gold ore and concentrates reduced from 2 per cent ad valorem to a specific duty of Rs.140 per 10 grams of gold content with full exemption from special additional duty. Further, the excise duty on refined gold made from such ore or concentrate reduced from 8 per cent to a specific duty of Rs.280 per 10 grams.

Other Proposals Full exemption from import duty available to specified inputs or raw materials required for the manufacture of sports goods expanded to cover a few more items. Basic customs duty on one of key components in production of micro-wave ovens, namely magnetrons, reduced from 10 per cent to 5 per cent. Value limit of Rs. 1 lakh per annum on duty-free import of commercial samples as personal baggage enhanced to Rs. 3 lakh per annum.

Outright exemption from special additional duty provided to goods imported in a pre-packaged form for retail sale. This would also cover mobile phones, watches and ready-made garments even when they are not imported in pre-packaged form. The refund-based exemption is also being retained for cases not covered by the new dispensation. Toy balloons fully exempted from Central Excise duty. Reduction in basic customs duty on long pepper from 70 per cent to 30 per cent; Reduction in basic customs duty on asafoetida from 30 per cent to 20 per cent; Reduction in central excise duty on replaceable kits for household type water filters other than those based on RO technology to 4 per cent; Reduction in central excise duty on corrugated boxes and cartons from 8 per cent to 4 per cent; Reduction in central excise duty on latex rubber thread from 8 per cent to 4 per cent; and Reduction in excise duty on goods covered under the Medicinal and Toilet Preparations Act from 16 per cent to 10 per cent. Proposals relating to customs and central excise are estimated to result in a net revenue gain of Rs. 43,500 crore for the year.

Service Tax Rate of tax on services retained at 10 per cent to pave the way forward for GST. Certain services, hitherto untaxed, to be brought within the purview of the service tax levy. These to be notified separately. Process of refund of accumulated credit to exporters of services, especially in the area of Information Technology and Business Process Outsourcing, made easy by making necessary changes in the definition of export of services and procedures. Accredited news agencies which provide news feed online that meet certain criteria, exempted from service tax.

Proposals relating to service tax are estimated to result in a net revenue gain of Rs 3,000 crore for the year. Proposals on direct taxes estimated to result in a revenue loss of Rs. 26,000 crore for the year. Proposals relating to Indirect Taxes estimated to result in a net revenue gain of Rs.46,500 crore for the year. Taking into account the concessions being given in the tax proposals and measures taken to mobilise additional resources, the net revenue gain is estimated to be Rs. 20,500 crore for the year.

Chapter 8 Miscellaneous

(A) World's Largest, Longest and Highest Man-made Structures

Structure Longest Rail Line Moscow to

Name Trans Nakhodka, 9,438 kilometres long

Location Siberian Russia Cambodia China Kharagpur, New York Metairie, Louisiana, West line from

Largest Temple (Hindu) Longest Wall Longest Railway Platform Bengal Largest Cathedral Longest Railway Bridge US Busiest Airport Highest Road Bridge over Water Colorado Largest Library Washington,DC

Angkor Vat The Great Wall of China Kharagpur (833 metres) Diocese of New York Huey P. Long Bridge

Chicago, O'Hare International Airport Chicago, Illinois Royal Gorge The Library of Congress River Capital Arkanas, Hill,

(B) Important Natural Entities of the World

Natural Entity

Names

Largest Ocean Largest Gulf Largest Island Largest Bay Tallest Animal Largest Bird Largest Animal Largest.Egg Smallest Bird Smallest River (shortest) Largest Sea Largest Delta Driest Place Highest Waterfall Largest Desert Hottest Place Largest Glacier Coldest Place

Pacific Gulf of Mexico Greenland (renamed Kalaatlit Nunaat) Hudson Bay, Northern Canada Giraffe North American Ostrich Blue Whale Ostrich Egg Bee Hummingbird Roe River in Montana South China Sea Sunder bans Atacama Desert. Chile Salto Angel, Venezuela The Sahara, North Africa Aziza. Libya Siachen. Inao-Pak border Vostok Staion (Antarctica)

C) Important Airlines and Their Countries

Name of the airlines Cathay Pacific Delta Airlines KLM Lufthansa Northwest Airlines Qantas" United Airlines Emirates

Country Hongkong USA Holland Germany USA Australia USA Saudi Arabia

(D) National Insignia and Other Important Facts (1) National Flag: It was adopted by Constituent Assembly on July 221947. Ratio of width to length is 2:3 having three bands of equal width; lowest is green, middle one is white and saffron is the colour at the top. A wheel is at the centre of the flag of navy blue colour having 24 spokes. Madam Bhlkaji Cama was the first to unfurl the tri-colour at an international body. (2) National Emblem: It was adopted by the Government of India on January 261950. Basically, it is a replica of the capital of Ashoka's pillar at Samath.

(3) National Anthem: Composed by Rabindranath Tagore, have wordings: Jana Gana Mana, in 1911. Adopted on January 24 1950, by the Constituent Assembly of India and takes about 52 seconds to sing ri completely. It was first sung on 27th Dec. 1911 at Calcutta session of Congress. (4) National Song: Composed by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, wordings: Vande Mataram..., taken from 'Anand Math', a novel by him and was adopted on January 241950. (5) National Flower is Lotus. (6) National Animal is Tiger. (7) National Bird is Peacock. (E) Important Boundaries and Lines of the World It is the line which separates India and Afghanistan. It demarcates the boundaries of China and India. It demarcates the boundary between India and Pakistan. It is the parallel separating North Korea and South Korea. It is the boundary between USA and Canada. It is the line between Germany and France, from German side. It is the line between Germany and France from French Side. It is the parallel (latitude) which separated north Vietnam from

(1) DurandLine: (2) MacMahon Line: (3) Radcliffe Line: (4) 38th Parallel: (5) 49th Parallel: (6) Siegfried Line: (7) MaginotLine: (8) 17th parallel: south Vietnam.

(F) States of India and Their Capitals

States Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhatisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu& Kashmir Jharkhand Kamataka Kerala Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram

Capitals Hyderabad Itanagar Dispur Patna RaipurPanaji Gandhinagar Chandigarh ' Shimla Srinagar/Jammu Ranchi Ranchi Bangalore Thiruvananthapuram Bhopal Mumbai Imphal Shillong Aizawl

Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Madhya Pradesh Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttranchal Uttar Pradesh West Bengal

Kohima Bhubaneswar Chandigarh Jaipur Gangtok Bhopal Chennai Agartala Dehra Dun Lucknow Kolkata

National Capital Territory Delhi Union Territories 1. Andaman & Nicobar Islands 2. Chandigarh 3. Dadra & Nagar Haveli 4. Daman & Diu 5. Lakshadweep 6. Pondicherry

Capital Delhi Capitals PortBlair Chandigarh Sirvassa Daman Kavarattf Pondicherry

Islands: India possesses two groups of Islands, i.e. (i) Lakshadweep, (ii) Andaman & Nicobar group. (i) Lakshadweep: It is a collection of 27 islands present in the Arabian Sea lying about 300 kilometres west of Kerala. (ii) Andaman & Nicobar group: Nicobar consists of 19 small islands and Andaman has a collection of 204 small islands. (iii) Indira point is the Southmost extremity of India.

(G) Important Indian Towns and Associated Industries

Town Aligarh Ankleshwar Bhilai Criittaranjan Digboi

Industry Locks Oil Steel plant Locomotive Oil

Durgapur Jhamshedpur Jharia Katni Khetri Ludhiana Mysore Nangal Nepanagar Perambur Pimpri Raniganj Rourkela Sindri Surat Titagarh Vishakhapatnam

Steel plant Embroidery, pottery, brassware Coal Cement Copper Hosiery, cycles, sewing machines Silk Fertilizers Newsprint Railway coach factory Penicillin factory Coal mining Steel plant Fertilizers Textiles Paper Ship-building

(H) Important Indian Cities on River Banks

City Ahmedabad Ayodhya Delhi Guwahati Howrah Hyderabad Kota Lucknow Ludhiana Nashik Srinagar Tiruchirapalli Ujjain Varanasi Vijayawada

River Sabarmati Sarayu Yamuna Brahmaputra Hugli Musa Chambal Gomti Sutlej Godavari Jhelum Cauvery Sripra Ganges Krishna

(I) Important Indian Sites and Monuments and Their Locations

Site/Monument Ajanta Caves Anand Bhawan Buland Darwaza CharMinar Dilwara Temples Elephanta Ellora Temples Gol Gumbaz Golden Temple Gomateshwara Jallianwala Bagh Jama Masjid Jantar Mantar Kanyakumari Khajuraho Kranti Maidan Minakshi Temple Red Fort Sabarmati Sanchi Sarnath Shantiniketan Victoria Memorial

Location Aurangabad Allahabad Fatehpur Sikri near Agra Hyderabad Mount Abu Caves Mumbai Aurangabad Bijapur Amritsar Mysore Amritsar Delhi Delhi Tamil Nadu Bhopal Mumbai Madurai Delhi Ahmedabad Madhya Pradesh Varanasi Burdwan Kolkata

(J) Major Indian Crops and Their Leading Products

Name of the crop Cashew nuts Cloves Coconut Coffee Cotton Groundnut Jute Mustard Rice Rubber

Main Proucer Tamil Nadu, Kerala Kerala ; Tamil Nadu Kerala Kerala, Kamataka Gujarat, Maharashtra Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu Bihar, W. Bengal, Orissa Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan West Bengal, Tamil Nadu Kerala, Kamataka

Saffron Silk Sugar cane Tea Tobacco Wheat

Karnataka, Tamil Nadu Kamataka, Kerala Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra Assam, Kerala Maharashtra, Gujarai, Madhya Pradesh U.P., Punjab, Haryana

(K) Minerals and Their states of Abundance

Minerals Bauxite Coal Copper Diamond Iron Lignite Limestone Manganese Mica

States Bihar Bihar, Bengal (Raniganj and Jharia) Bihar and Rajasthan (Khetri) Madhya Praciesh (Panna) Orissa (Mayuibhanj, Bcmai, Keonjhar) Tamil Nadu (Neyveli fields) Madhya Pradesh Orissa Bihar

(L) Important River-based Projects

Name of the project Bhakra Nangal Project Chambal Project Damodar Valley Project Farakka Project Gandak River Project Hirakud Dam Project Idukki Project Kosi Project Koyna Project Mayurakshi Project Nagarjunasagar Project Riband Scheme Tawa Project Tehri Dam Project Tungabhadra Project Ukai Project

River Chambal Chambal Damodar Bhagirathi, Ganga Gandak Mahanadi Periyar Kosi Koyna Murali Krishna Rihand Tawa Bhilangana, Bhagirathi Tungabhadra Tapti

(M) Important Dances of India Name of the dance

Name of the dance Bihu Bidesia Bharatanatyam Bhangra, Gidda Chiraw Jatra, Chau

State which it belongs to Assam Bihar South India Punjab Mizoram West Bengal Rajasthan North India Andhra Pradesh Madhya Pradesh Kerala Manipur Uttar Pradesh Orissa Gujarat Maharashtra Karnataka Kerla

Jhulan leela, Jhumar or Ghumar Kathak Kuchipudi, Kottam Lota, Pandavani Mohiniattam, Kathakali.Theyyam Manipuri, Maharasa Nautanki, Kajri Odissi Raslila. Bhavai Tamasha, Lavani Yakshagana Kathakali

(N) Important Indian Tribes and Their habitats

Name of the tribe Habitat Abors Baiga Bhils Bhotias Garos Gonds Khonds Khasis Kuki Mina Mundas Murias Assam, Arunachal Pradesh Madhya Pradesh Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan Uttar Pradesh Meghalayan Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh Orissa Assam, Meghalaya Manipur Rajasthan Jharkhand Chhatishgarh

Santhals Todas (it is a polyandrous tribe) Warlis

West Bengal, Bihar, Chhattisgarh Tamil Nadu Maharashtra

(O) Presidents of India Dr Rajendra Prasad Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Dr Zakir Hussain Varahgiri Venkta Giri Justice Mohammed Hidayatullah Fakhruddin All Ahmed B. D. Jatti Neelam Sanjiva Reddy Giani Zail Singh R. Venkataraman Dr Shankar Dayal Sharma K. R. Narayanan Dr A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Pratibha Patil 1950-1962, he is the only president to serve two 1962-1967, 1967-1969, he died in office 1969-1974 July-August 1969 (Acting) 1974-1977, he died in office February-July 1977 (Acting) 1977-1982 1982-1987 1987-1992 1992-1997 1997-2002 2002-2007 2007 to till date

terms and is also the longest serving president to the Government of India

(P) Vice Presidents Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Dr Zakir Hussain Varahagiri Venkata Giri Gopal Swarup Pathak B. D. Jatti Mohammed Hidayatullah R. Venkatarama Dr Shankar Dayal Sharma K. R. Narayanan Krishna Kant Bhairon Singh Shekhawat M. H. Ansari 1952-1962 1962-1967 1967-1969 1969-1974 1974-1979 1979-1984 1984-1987 1987-1992 1992-1997 1997-2002 2002-2007 2007 to till date

(Q) Prime Ministers JawaharLal Nehru Gulzari Lal Nanda 1947-1964 May-June, 1964 (Acting). He has become the acting

prime minister for maximum number of times. Lal Bahadur Shastri Gulzari Lal Nanda Indira Gandhi MorarjiDesai Charan Singh Indira Gandhi Rajiv Gandhi Vishwanath Pratap Singh Chandrasekhar P. V.Narsimha Rao Atal Bihari Vajpayee H. D. DeveGowda I. K. Gujrai Atal Bihari Vajpayee Manmohan Singh 1964-1966 11-24, January 1966 (Acting) 1966-1977 1977-1979 1979-1980 1980-1984 1984-1989 1989-1990 1990-1991 1991-1996 May 16- June 1, 1996 1996-1997 1997-1996 1998 to 2004 2004 to till date

(R) Heads of Important International Organization United Nations (UN) World Trade Organization (WTO) World Bank (WB) World Economic Forum (WEF) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Olympic Committee FIFA International Cricket Council (ICC) List of Famous Airports Bank-Ki-Moon Pascal Lamy Robert Zoellick Claude Schwab Dominique-Strauss-Khan Jacques Rogge Joseph Blatter Ray Mali (President)

Riyadh ............... King Khalid Intrnl. Airport Amsterdam ........ Schiphol Rome ................. Leonardo do Vinci-Fiumicino Bangkok ............ Suvarnabhumi Sao Paulo ........... Congonhas / Guarulhos Beijing ............... Capital Seoul .................. Incheon International Airport Berlin ................. Schonefeld Shanghai ............ Pudong / Hongqiao Bucharest ........... Henri Coanda

Singapore ........... Changi Budapest ............ Ferihegy Tehran ............... Mehrabad / Imam Khomeini Chicago ............. OHare Dhaka ................ Shahjalal Tel Aviv .............. Ben Gurion Islamabad........... Benazir Bhutto Tokyo ................ Narita Istanbul ............. Ataturk / Sabiha Gokcen Venice ................ Marco Polo Jakarta ............... Halim Perdanakusuma Warsaw .............. Frederic Chopin Jakarta ............... Soekarno-Hatta Washington, DC Dulles / Ronald Reagen Jeddah ............... King Abdulaziz Intrnl. Airport Karachi .............. Jinnah Lahore ............... Allama Iqbal Ahmedabad ....... Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel London .............. Heathrow / Stansted / Amritsar ............. Raja Sansi Gatwick / Luton Bhopal ............... Raja Bhoja Madrid .............. Barajas Bhubaneswar ..... Biju Patnaik Milan ................. Malpensa / Linate Moscow ............. Domodedovo / Sheremeteyo Chennai ............. Meenambakkam New York ........... John F. Kennedy / LaGuardia Guwahati ........... Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi Osaka ................ Kansai International Airport Kochi ................. Nedumbassery Paris ................... Charles de Gaulle / Orly Kolkata .............. Netaji Subhash Chandra International Airport Mumbai ............. Chhatrapati Shivaji Pisa .................... Galileo Galilei Nagpur .............. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Prague................ Ruzyne New Delhi ......... Indira Gandhi

Rio de Janeiro .... Galeao-Antonio Carlos Jobim Port Blair ........... Vir Savarkar / Santos Dumont Railways On April 16, 1853, the first train carrying 400 people in 14 carriages was flagged off from Bombay (now Mumbai) to Thane, a distance of 34 km. Broad Gauge 1.675 m; Meter Gauge 1.0 m; Narrow Gauge 0.762 / 0.610 m

Indian Railways employs 1.6 million workers, making it the second largest

(Some Interesting Facts) Indian Railways is divided into 16 zones Northern Railway Zone has the longest route length. Bholu (Elephant) is the mascot of Indian Railways. Kharagpur (West Bengal) has the longest platform in the world. Himsagar Express between Jammu Tawi and Kanyakumari, covers the longest distance 3,974 km. Kolkata Metro Railway was opened in 1984-85. Delhi and Chennai have Mass Rapid Transit System (MRTS) while Hyderabad has Multi Modal Transport System (MMTS).

Zone / Zonal Headquarters Northern sector New Delhi Southern Chennai Eastern Kolkata Western Mumbai Central Mumbai North Eastern Gorakhpur North Western Jaipur North Central Allahabad South Central Secunderabad South Eastern Kolkata South Western Hubli

North East Frontier Maligaon (Guwahati) East Coast Bhubaneshwar West Central Jabalpur East Central Hajipur South East Central Bilaspur

Railway production units: Chittaranjan Locomotive Works, Chittaranjan, Diesel Loco Works, Varanasi Diesel Modernization Works, Patiala Integral Coach Factory, Perambur Rail Coach Factory, Kapurthala Wheel and Axle Plant (now Rail Wheel Factory), Bangalore

Waterways The share of inland water transport in total transport in India is only around 1%. In India, 14,500km of river channels are navigable, of which 3,700km are usable by mechanised boats. But actually, only 2000km are used. Of the total canal length of 4,300km in India, 900km is navigable, but only 330km is used. Following are the important navigable waterways GangaBhagirathi (upper course of Hoogly) Brahmaputra and its tributaries Deltaic courses of Mahanadi, Krishna and Godavari Barak river (North-East) Rivers of Goa Mandovi and Zuari Backwaters (Kayals) of Kerala Canals like Buckingham Canal, Vedarraniyam Canal Lower reaches of Narmada and Tapti Creeks of West flowing rivers such as Kali, Sharavati and Netravati Canal (168 km) The Champakara Canal in Kerala (14 km)

Roadways

India has one of the worlds largest road networks. Half of this road network is made up of unsurfaced roads. The Nagpur Plan (1944-54) for the first time gave a four-fold classification of roads in India.

National Highways, State Highways, District Roads, and Rural Roads.

Besides these, there are Border Roads, International Highways and Express Highways. Maharashtra has the highest road route length. Goa has the highest surfaced road density. National Highway No.7 connecting Kanyakumari with Varanasi (via Madurai, Hyderabad, Nagpur) is the longest National Highway (2,369 km).

The Golden Quadrilateral Project envisages a six-lane express gridway connecting New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, and Kolkata.

Two other mega projects include: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Allahabad-Haldia stretch (1620 km) North-South Corridor connecting Dhubri-Sadia stretch of Brahmaputra Srinagar with Kanyakumari; (891 km) East-West Corridor will connect Kohima (Nagaland) with Porbandar (Gujarat). Kollam-Kottapuram stretch of the West Coast.

There are 12 major ports and 139 minor ports. India has 12 major ports in the public sector: Mumbai - a natural harbour. Jawaharlal Nehru Port (formerly Nhava Sheva), Mumbai Kandla (Gujarat) - a tidal port. Mormugoa (Goa) New Mangalore (Karnataka)

Kochi - a natural harbour Tuticorin (Tamil Nadu) Chennai Paradeep (Orissa) Visakhapatnam - Indias deepest port Kolkata (riverine port) Haldia (near Kolkata) Ennore (TN) - Indias first corporatised port

First in country and at global level: 1. First American President to visit China: Richard Nixon (In 1972) 2. First American President to Visit India: Dwight Eisenhower (in 1959) 3. First Asian Games held: New Delhi (1951) 4. First Asian to win Nobel Prize for Literature: Rabindranath Tagore (India 1913) 5. First Asian Woman to cross the English Channel: Aarti Saha (India 1959) 6. First Bowler to claim hatrick in successive tests : Wasim Akram 7. First Chinese Piligrim to visit India: Fahien (401- 410) 8. First Cricketer to achieve a hatrick in both innings of a test match: Thomas James Matthews (Australia in 1912). 9. First European Invader of India: Alexander (Greece in 326 BC) 10. First European to visit China: Marco Polo (Italy) 11. First Foreigner to receive Bharat Ratna: Abdul Ghaffar Khan (1987) 12. First Man Cosmonaut in Space: Yuri Gagarin (Former Russia 1961) 13. First Man to walk in space: Alexi Lenov (Russia) 14. First Person to sail around the World: Ferdinand Magellan (Portugal) 15. First President of Chinese Repulbic: Yuan Shikai (1912-1916) 16. First President of Pakistan: Iskander Mirza (1956-60) 17. First Prime Minister of Pakistan: Liaquat Ali Khan (1947-51) 18. First President of USA: George Washington (1789 -1797) 19. First Secretary-General of UN: Trygve Lie (of Norway 1946-1953) 20. First Speaker in Hindi At the United Nations: Atal bihari Vajpayee 21. First Test Tube baby: Louise Joy Brown (1978, England) 22. First Woman Cosmonaut in Space: Valentina Tereshkova (Russia 1963) 23. First Women Judge of International Court of Justice: Rosalyn Higgins (Britain 1995) 24. First Woman Pilot to circle the globe: Jerrie Mock (1964) 25. First Woman President of country: Isabel Martinez de Peron (Argentina 1974-76)

26. First Woman Prime Minister of Country: Sirimavo Bhandarnayke (Sri Lanka 1960) 27. First Woman to climb Mount Everest: Junko Tabei (Japan 1975) 28. First Woman to reach North Pole: Ann Bancroft (1986) 29. First Woman President of UN General Assembly: Vijayalakshmi Pandit (India 1953) 30. First Pope to visit India: Pope Paul VI (1964) 31. First Actress of Indian talkies: Zubeida, of the movie Alam Ara (1931). 32. First Bharat Ratna Medal Winner: C.Rajgopalachari (1954). 33. First British Governor-general of Free India: Lord Louis Mountbatten 34. First Captain of Inidan test Cricket team: C.K.Nayudu (1932). 35. First Player to hit a century for Indian Cricket team: Lala Amarnath. 36. First Chairman of Rajya Sabha: S.V.Krishnamoorthy (1952). 37. First Chief Election Commissioner: Sukumar Sen (1950-1958). 38. First Chief Justice of India: Hiralal J. Kania 39. First Chief of Indian Air Staff: Sir Thomas Elmhirst. 40. First Indian Commander-in-chief: K.M.Cariappa 41. First Indian Cosmonaut to go in space: Rakesh Sharma (1984) 42. First Indian cricketer to have batted in all positions (1 to 11): Vinoo Mankad 43. First Dada Saheb Phalke Award Winner: Devika Rani 44. First Indian Field Marshal: S.H.F.J. Manekshaw 45. First Indian film star chief minister of a state: M.G.Ramachandran (Tamil Nadu) 46. First Finance Minister of Independent India: R.K.Shanmugham Chetty (1947) 47. First Indian Finance Minister to present the Budget three times in a row: Manmohan Singh (1993, 1994, 1995). 48. First Governor-general of British India: Warren hastings 49. First Indian Home Minister: Sardar Vallabhai Patel 50. First Indian ICS officer: Satyendranath Tagore. 51. First Indian Governor general of free India: C. Rajgopalachari 52. First Indian Woman President Of Indian National Congress: Sarojini Naidu (1925). 53. First Jain Tirthankara: Rishabh Dev (Total of 24 tirthankaras and Mahavir was the last of them). 54. First Indian to climb Mount Everest without Oxygen: Phu Dorjee 55. First Indian to climb Mount Everest: Tenjing Norgay (with Sir Edmund Hillary, 1953) 56. First Indian to win an individual Olympic Medal: K.D.Jadhav (Bronze in weightlifting Helsinki 1952 Olympics). 57. First Indian member of British Parliament: Dadabhai Naoroji(1862). 58. First Indian Miss Universe: Sushmita Sen (1994) 59. First Indian Miss World: Reeta Faria (1966). 60. First Woman Chief Minister of Indian State: Sucheta Kriplani 61. First Woman Speaker of Lok Sabha: Meira kumar

62. First Youngest Indian chief Minister of state: Prafuula Mohanta, Assam at the age of 32 63. First Indian Cabinet Minister: Rajkumari Amrit Kaur 64. First Woman Minister in India: Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit. 65. First Indian Prime Minister to resign from office: Morarji Desai, 1979. 66. First Indian President to die in office: Dr. Zakir Hussain, 1969 67. First Indian Chief Minister to die in office: C.N.Annadurai (Tamil nadu) 68. First Speaker Of Lok Sabha: G.V.Mavlankar (1952-1956) 69. First Non-Congress government at centre: Janta Party with morarji Desai as PM (1977). 70. First Indian Deputy Prime Minister: Sardar Vallabhai Patel (1947-50) 71. First Indian Vice-President: S. Radhakrishnan 72. First female Indian President: Pratibha patil 73. First hindi film to be screened at United nations: Lago Raho munna Bhai 74. First Indian 3D film: My Dear kuttichathan, (malyalam film of 1984) 75. First Indian 70 mm film: Padayottam (malyalam film in 1982)\ 76. First Indian movie to be nominated in Best Foreign Category for Oscars: Mother India (1957). 77. First Indian Oscar Winner: Bhanu Atahaiya (for Costume designing) for movie Gandhi (1982). 78. First Sound film made in India: Alam Ara (1931). 79. First silent film to be made in India: Raja Harishchandra (1913) by Dadasaheb phalke. IIFT Questions with answers 1. Who completed the work of Qutab Minar? Ans. Iltutmish 2. Who was associated with the construction of Golden Temple? Ans. Guru Ramdas 3. GEs technology center in Bangalore is named after whom? Ans: Jack Welch 4. Which newspaper was started by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru? Ans. National Herald 5. The Parliament of state legislature can declare a seat vacant if a member is absent without permission for. Ans. 120 days. 6. Spoil yourself is associated with . ? Ans. Indigo 7. President of Nasscom is Ans. Mr. SOM Mittal 8. Arthur Anderson was the auditor of which of these companies? Ans.- Enron 9. Who is the Chairman of Britannia Industries? Ans. Mr. Nusli Wadia 10. Where is the Head Quarters of European Central Bank is located at? Ans. Frankfurt 11. Which of the following person is the present Chairperson of Reliance? Ans. Mukesh Ambani 12. Which is the only country in the world, which has a convergence bill for telecom media? Ans. India 13. According to the latest release by Tourism ministry Delhi topped foreign tourist arrivals among the Indian states. Which among the following states was number 1 in terms of domestic tourists arrival? (1) Uttar Pradesh (2) Andhra Pradesh (3) Maharashtra (4) Karnataka

14. What is the Strait between Srilanka and India is called? Ans. Adams Bridge 15. From which of the following city the Morning Star newspaper is published? Ans. London 16. Which country is the largest producer of Tin in the world? Ans. Bolivia 17. What does TRIPS stands for? Ans. Trade related Intellectual Property Rights 18. Who coined the term USP ? Ans. Jack Trout 19. What does EPZ stands for? Ans. Export Processing Zone 20. Which was the first product manufactured by Sony? Ans. Rice cooker 21. Ranbaxy calls it Caverta, what is it popularly known as? Ans. Viagra 22. Tatas have taken over which PSU? Ans. VSNL 23. Which countrys PM receives the highest salary in terms of dollars? Ans. Japan 24. Who is the lowest paid CEO in the world? Ans. Steve Jobs, Apple computers, $1 annually 25. The word Knesset is relates to which of the following country? Ans. Israel 26. Which is the suffix used for a German Company? Ans. -leich 27. Which is the oldest public sector bank in India? Ans. Allahabad Bank 28. Which popular car audio system companys name when translated to German means blue point? Ans. Blaupunkt 29. Indian kids channel Hungama.com has been acquired, for a reported sum of $30 mn, by (1) Walt Disney (2) Viacom (3) Bloomberg (4) B Sky B 30. What is the value of 20C in Fahrenheit? Ans. 48F 31. Match the following states with their capitals: (1) Uttranchal (2) Andhra Pradesh (3) Nagaland (4) Meghalaya Ans. 1 C, 2 D, 3 A, 4 B 32. Coffee store chain, Barnies, recently entered the Indian market with plans to invest close to Rs. 75 crore to open 300 stores across the country in the next five year. It belongs to (1) Canada giant (1) SAP (2) Oracle (3) Microsoft (4) Macromedia Ans.(3) 34. Indias chief negotiator at WTO is .? Ans. Gopal K Pillai 35. Which country has the highest rating in HDI. Ans. Norway 36. Who acted in the role of Harry Potter? Ans. Daniel Radcliffe 37. Why does an egg floats on salt water? Ans. Because it is less Dense than salt water 38. What is Certiorari writ in Courts? Ans. Certiorari is the legal term in Roman, English and American Law referring to a type of Writ seeking judicial review. 39. Which of the following has been rated as the No.1 country in World Economic Forum (Finland, US, Canada, Denmark) Ans. Denmark (2) USA (3) UK (4) Italy Ans.(2) 33. Imagine Cup, an international competition for young technologists is organised by global IT A. Kohima B. Shillong C. Dehradoon D. Hyderabad Ans.(1)

40. When does Euro becomes finally applicable in Europe? Ans. 22nd May 2001. 41. Who founded e-bay.com? Ans. San Jose 42. Which is the No.1 Fortune 500 Company for the year 2010? Ans. Wal Mart Stores 43. Which is the worlds first mobile virus? Ans. Cabir 44. Which is not a member of the European Union (Switzerland, Portugal, Spain, Germany) Ans. Switzerland 45. Which of the following gas is used in the decorative lights? Ans. Neon

More Questions with answers 1. Which is the oldest parliamentary democracy in the world? : Great Britain 2. What is the holy book of Parsis called? : The Zend Avesta 3. Which city was founded by Alexander the Great in Egypt? : Alexandria 4. Who was known as Maid Of Orleans? : Joan of Arc 5. What is the Japanese parliament called? : Diet 6. Who was the German-Jewish girl who hid in an Amsterdam attic during WW II and wrote a diary which later became famous? : Anne Frank 7. Which Roman emperor build Byzantium?: Constantine 8. Which is the largest pyramid? The Great Pyramid was built for King Cheops (khufu), the second king of the IV Dynasty 9. After which Florentine explorer was America named? : Amerigo Vespucci 10. In which century was Lord Buddha born?: 6th Century BC (around 560 BC) 11. Which famous Englishman was killed in the Battle of Trafalgar?: Admiral Lord Nelson 12. Who discovered the electron? : Sir J J Thompson 13. Which is the longest bone in the human body?: The femure, the thigh bone 14. At which temperature do both the Centigrade and Fahrenheit show the same reading?: -40C equals -40F 15. Who invented the bifocal lens?: Benjamin Franklin 16. Why we do not feel pains to cut our nails?: Nails are not connected to cartilages or blood vessels. Hence, there is no pain felt when we cut nails. 17. Who invented the jet engine?: Sir Frank Wittle of England in 1973. 18. What is Mach Number? : The ratio of speed of the body to the speed of the sound under similar conditions. 19. What is the scientific name for study of handwriting?: Graphology 20. What causes an object to look black? When the radiation falling on an object is fully absorbed, the object appears black. 21. Who discovered insulin? : Sir Frederick Grant Banting and J J R Macleod 22. Which element has the highest boiling point?: Tantalum, around 6000C 23. Why does a tennis ball bounce higher on hills than on plains? The gravitational pull in the hills is less than that of in the plains.

24. Which planet has the biggest satellite?: Saturns seventh, known as Titan (diameter 5680 km) 25. Which is the most common of all the metals in the earths crust? : Aluminum, 8.13% 25. What is the source of caviar?: It is made by salting the roe of sturgeon 26. What is herpetology? : Study of reptiles 27. What is an aardvark?: An ant-eating animal 28. From which plant is morphine obtained?: Opium poppy 29. Who discovered the cause of malaria?: Roland Ross 30. How do we term plants specially adapted to capture and digest insects?: An insectivorous 31. To which family of plants does the apple belong?: The rose family 32. In which country is tea first believed to have been cultivated?: South China 33. What is known as vegetable gold?: Saffron 34. Which vegetable contains the most iron?: Spinach, 100gm of which 2.2gm is iron 35. To which botanical family does the onion belong?: The lily family (allium cepa) 36. From which tree is quinine obtained?: Cinchona tree 37. Marie Curie was awarded the Nobel Prize twice. In which categories did she win them? Physics 1903 (radioactivity) and Chemistry 1911 (metallic radiation) 38. Which scientist received Nobel Prizes for both Chemistry and Peace? Linus Pauling 39. Who invented the vacuum flask?: James Dewar (U.K.) in 1892 40. With which important invention is the name of Leeuwenhoek associated? : The microscope 41. Which Russian born American is so famous for research connected with television that he has been described as the father of modern television? Vladimir Zworykin 42. The first words to be spoken over a telephone were: Mr. Watson, come here, I want you, who spoke them? Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922) to his assistant on 10th March 1876. 43. When the indicator methyl orange is introduced in an alkaline substances what colour does it become? Yellow 44. What is generally considered to be the forerunner of chemistry?: Alchemy 45. What branch of chemistry is concerned with carbon compounds?: Organic Chemistry 46. Of what is the molecule of ozone composed?: 3 oxygen atoms 47. What is the different of aluminium and aluminum? : No difference at all 48. Name the famous diplomat who proved that lightning is a form of electricity?: Benjamin Franklin 49. Name the three men involved in the first voyage to the Moon? : Neil Armstrong, Edwin Aldrin and Michael Collins 50. Who propounded the laws of planetary motion?: Johannes Kepier, German astronomer. 51. Which planet has the largest number of moons?: Saturn

52. What is another name for an asteroid?: Planetoid 53. What is an angstrom? A unit of length equal to 1/10th of a millimicron or 10 millionth of a millimeter. 54. How long is a nautical mile?: 1853m or 1.85km 55. Who founded in 300 B.C., a school of mathematics is Alexandria in ancient Egypt?: Euclid

Longest, biggest, largest, first etc. The first Prime minister of Bangladesh was: Mujibur Rehman The longest river in the world is: the Nile The longest highway in the world is: the Trans-Canada The longest highway in the world has a length of About: 8000 km The highest mountain peak in the world is: Mount Everest(8848 m) The country that accounts for nearly one third of the total teak production of the world is: Myanmar The biggest desert in the world is: the Sahara desert The largest coffee growing country in the world is: Brazil The country also known as country of Copper is: Zambia The name given to the border which separates Pakistan and Afghanistan is: Durand line The river Volga flows out into: the Caspian Sea The coldest place on the earth is Verkoyansk in Siberia The country which ranks second in terms of land area is: Canada The largest Island in the Mediterranean sea is: Sicily The river Jordan flows out into the Dead sea The biggest delta in the world is: the Sunderbans The capital city that stands on the river Danube is: Belgrade The Japanese call their country as: Nippon The length of the English channel is: 564 kilometres The worlds oldest known city is: Damascus The city which is also known as the City of Canals is: Venice The country in which river Wangchu flows is Myanmar The biggest island of the world is: Greenland The city which is the biggest centre for manufacture of automobiles in the world is: Detroit, USA The country which is the largest producer of manganese in the world is: USA The country which is the largest producer of rubber in the world is: Malaysia The country which is the largest producer of tin in the world is: Malaysia The river which carries maximum quantity of water into the sea is: the Mississippi The city which was once called the `Forbidden City was: Peking The country called the Land of Rising Sun is: Japan

Mount Everest was named after Sir George Everest The active volcano Vesuvius is located in Italy The country known as the Sugar Bowl of the world is: Cuba The length of the Suez Canal is 162.5 kilometers The lowest point on earth is the coastal area is: Dead sea The Gurkhas are the original inhabitants of Nepal The largest ocean of the world is: the Pacific ocean The largest bell in the world is: the Tsar Kolkol at Kremlin, Moscow The biggest stadium in the world is: the Strahov Stadium, Prague The worlds largest diamond producing country is: South Africa Australia was discovered by James Cook The first Governor General of Pakistan is: Mohammed Ali Jinnah Dublin is situated at the mouth of river Liffey The earlier name of New York city was New Amsterdam The Eifel tower was built by Alexander Eiffel The Red Cross was founded by Jean Henri Durant The country which has the greatest population density is Monaco The national flower of Britain is Rose Niagara Falls was discovered by Louis Hennepin The national flower of Italy: Lily The national flower of China is Narcissus The permanent secretariat of the SAARC is located at Kathmandu The gateway to the Gulf of Iran is Strait of Hormuz The first Industrial Revolution took place in England World Environment Day is observed on 5th June The First Republican President of America was George Washington The country famous for Samba dance is Brazil The name of Alexanders horse was Beucephalus Singapore was founded by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles The famous British one-eyed Admiral was Nelson The earlier name of Sri Lanka was Ceylon The UNO was formed in the year 1945 UNO stands for United Nations Organization The independence day of South Korea is celebrated on 15th August `Last Judgment was the first painting of famous Italian painter: Michelangelo Paradise Regained was written by John Milton The first President of Egypt was Mohammed Nequib The first man to reach North Pole was Robert Peary The most famous painting of Pablo Picasso was Guermica

The primary producer of newsprint in the world is Canada The first explorer to reach the South Pole was Cap. Ronald Amundson The person who is called the father of modern Italy is G.Garibaldi World literacy day is celebrated on 8th September The founder of modern Germany is Bismarck The country known as the land of the midnight sun is Norway The place known as the Roof of the world is Tibet The founder of the Chinese Republic was San Yat Sen The first Pakistani to receive the Nobel Prize was Abdul Salam The first woman Prime Minister of Britain was Margaret Thatcher The first Secretary General of the UNO was Trygve Lie The sculptor of the statue of Liberty was Frederick Auguste Bartholdi The port of Baku is situated in Azerbaijan John F Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Harry Oswald The largest river in France is Lore The Queen of England who married her brother-in-law was Catherine of Aragon The first negro to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize was Ralph Johnson Bunche The principal export of Jamaica is Sugar New York is popularly known as the city of Skyscrapers Madagascar is popularly known as the Island of Cloves The country known as the Land of White Elephant is Thailand The country known as the Land of Morning Calm is Korea The country known as the Land of Thunderbolts is Bhutan The highest waterfalls in the world is the Salto Angel Falls, Venezuela The largest library in the world is the United States Library of Congress, Washington DC Indias National Dairy Research Institute is located at: Hyderabad Who amongst the following is the author of the book Pakistan Papers: Janardan Thakur Arjun Munda has taken over as the Chief Minister of Jharkhand Which of the following is no more in the small savings schemes? Kisan Vikas Patra The country readmitted to the Commonwealth recently: Pakistan Who is Indias first Grand Master in Chess?: Koneru Humpy The age of a tree can be determined by:Counting the annual growth rings of its stem Which one of the following is essentially a solo dance ?: Mohiniattam The deepest oceanic trench Mariana is located in: Pacific Ocean During the Mughal period, which one of the followingwere the first to come to India as traders: Portuguese The term Punter is associated with the game of: Horse Racing The system of Proportionate Representation is used in the election for the: President of India

Which one of the following is available in the sea in plenty and is given to the patient suffering from a deficiency disease Goitre? Iodine How many bones are there in human body?: 206 The headquarters of the ILO are at: Geneva The drama King Lear was written by: William Shakespeare What is the other name of India mentioned in our Constitution ? Bharat Which of the following places is associated with Jainism?: Pavapuri Deficiency of which of the following causes knock-knee, bow legs and pigeon chest in children: Vitamin D Blood is filtered by which pair of organs: Kidneys With which bank is Noble Laureate Mohammad Younus associated: Grameen Bank Football World Cup of 2010 is going to be held in: South Africa Which Indian Cricketer is nicknamed Haryana Hurricane: Kapil Dev The term Eagle is associated with: Golf

International Organizations Major International Organizations of the World are as follows: (A) United Nations: United Nations is world's largest organization which was formed on October 24,1945. Since then October 24 is celebrated as the United Nations Day. The main objective of the United Nations is to make the world a better place to live in by maintaining peace and security all over the world. There are 192 members at present in the UN and Montenegro is the last entrant. The organization headquartered at New York has got five countries as the permanent members in its security council. They are China, UK, USA, Russia and France; J Besides this they have 10 non-permanent members. (1) Structure of the Organization: The following principle bodies of United Nations Organization. (i) General Assembly: It is headquartered at New York.. Its members are all member states o! the United Nations Organization (UNO). (ii) Security Council: Headquartered at New York, it has five permanent members (mentioned earlier) who enjoy veto power and 10 non-permanent elected members. The nonpermanent elected members are elected by the General Assembly and retire on rotation, every two years. The main function is to look after the international peace and security. (iii) The Economic and Social Council: Headquartered at New York, it consists of representatives of 54 member countries elected by two-third majority in the General Assembly. It functions in international economic, social and culture-related matters. (iv) Trusteeship Council: Headquartered at New York, it looks after the interests of inhabitants of territories which are not yet fully self-governing and are governed by any administrating country (v) International Court of Justice: Headquartered at the Peace Palace the Hague, in

Holland, it consists of 15 judges elected by General Assembly and Security Council for a term of nine years. Its function is to give legal advice on legal matters to the bodies and special agencies of the UNO and considers the legal disputes which are brought before it. Note: Three persons from India have been elected as Judges of International Court of Justice till date. They are: (1) B. N. Rao (2) Negendra Singh (3) R. S. Pathak (vi) Secretariat: It is headed by the Secretary - General who is the Chief Administrative Officer of the UNO and supervises the activities of UNO. The Secretary - General is appointed by the General Assembly on the recommendation of the Security Council. The term is of five years and can be re-elected after the expiry of the term. (2) Secretary - General of UNO: (i) First Secretary - General was Trygve Lie, from Norway. (ii) At present, Ban-Ki-Moon of South Korea is the Secretary - General of UN. (3) Official languages of the UNO: They are six in number, viz.: (i) English (ii) Chinese (iii) (vi) French Arabic (vi) Spanish (v) Russian

(4) Important agencies related to United Nations Organization: Name of the organization International Labour Organization (ILO) International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Metrological Organization (WMO) World Health Organization (WHO): Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) [Now known as World Trade Organization (WTO)] United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) International Development Association (IDA) United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) International Monetary Fund (IMF) United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) Geneva New York Washington Nairobi Washington New York Geneva Geneva Geneva Rome New York Headquartered at Geneva Vienna Paris

(B) North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO): Primarily concerned with the individual as well as collective security of the member nations,

many countries signed the Treaty which gave birth to NATO on 4, April 1949. The organization is headquartered at Brussels in Belgium. The members are USA, UK, Canada, Denmark, Belgium, France, Iceland, Italy Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Norway, Greece, Spain, Turkey and former West Germany. ' (C) South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC): It was formed on December 8, 1985, at Dhaka but the idea for tie organization was first mooted by the former President of Bangladesh Zia-ur-Rahman. There are seven members in the organization i.e. (i) Nepal, (ii) Bangladesh, (iii) Sri Lanka, (iv; Maldives, (v) Bhutan, (vi) Pakistan and (vii) India The Secretariat of SAARC is at Kathmandu (Nepal). (D) The Common Wealth: This is an association of independent states which originated in 1947 and formally made up the Empire. The symbolic head of the Commonwealth is the British monarch, Queen Elizabeth II. At present, there are over 50 countries which are the members of the Commonwealth and the present Secretary General is Don Mckinnon from New Zealand. (E) Group of 77: For defending the economic and trade interests of the developing world, this organization was established under the auspices of UNO in 1964. (F) Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC): For controlling the production and pricing of crude oil, OPEC was established on November 14,1960. Its headquarters are at Vienna in Austria. Any country can be member of OPEC provided it has substantial exports of crude petroleum. Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates, Libya are some of the prominent members of OPEC. (G) Non-Aligned Movement (NAM): The concept of Non-Aligned Movement was developed by R. Jawahar Lal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of Independent India. The former members of this movement were. President of Egypt - G.A. Nasser President of Indonesia-Dr. Sukarno / President of former Yugoslavia - Marshal Tito

(H) Other important organizations: Organization SEATO OAU Ethiopia ASEAN (Association of South East Asian Nations) August 9,1967 Jakarta in Indonesia Year of establishment Headquartered at Bangkok in Thailand Adis Ababa in (South East Asia Treaty Organization) September 4, 1954 (Organization of African Unity) May 25, 1963

(I) World Trade Organization (WTO): By replacing General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), it came Into existence on January 1, 1995. It is the third important Economic Organization after the World Bank and International Monetary Fund and it can settle trade

disputes between nations and encourages the principle of free trade to sectors such as agriculture and services, etc. India was one of the founding members of WTO

The Group of 15(G-15): It is an economic grouping of 15 nations of the world which are Third World nations and was formed in 1989 in Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) summit at Belgrade. (K) Amnesty International: It was established by a British lawyer Peter Berenson on May 28,1961 in London which is its headquarters also. It is primarily concerned with the investigation in the violations of human rights. It has more than 11 lakhs members in about 150 countries throughout the world.

(L) Interpole: It's an international organization of police commissions of the member countries which are about 150 in number and was established in 1923. Its headquarters are at Lyons In France.

(M) European Union (EU): It is a group of European countries which got united to become strong politically and economically, so that war would not be a threat any more. This organization came into existence after Second World War, in 1957, having its headquarters at Brussels, Belgium. At present, there are 27 members In the European Union and the membership is open to any European country.

(N) Organization of Islamic Conference (QIC): Having 45 muslim countries as members, it was established in May, 1971. It aims to promote Islamic cooperation and solidarity.

(O) Red Cross: Formed by Swiss businessman J.H. Durant in 1864, it is the pioneering organization in providing medical aid throughout the world. Red Cross Day is celebrated on May 8; its symbol is red cross on a white background. This organization has received Nobel Prize on three occasions.

(P) The Group of Eight (G-8): It is basically a group of eight countries (as the name indicates). These are world's richest industrialized nations, i.e. Italy, Canada, USA, UK, Japan, Germany, France and Russia.

(Q) Median Sans Frontiers (MSF): It was formed in 1971 by a small group of French doctors who believed that all people have the right to medical care. It is a private, non-profit organization. This organization is also known as Doctors without borders. This delivers emergency aid to the needy. This organization won the Nobel Peace Prize for the year 1999.

(R) Red Cross and Red Crescent movement: International Red Cross and Red Crescent movement is world's largest humanitarian network, with a presence and activity in almost every country. The movement incorporates the Geneva - based International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (the international Federation) as well as National Societies in 178 Countries. The movement covers the institutions mentioned above with headquarters in Geneva and National societies in 178 countries.

(S) World Bank/International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) Established by U.N. in 1944 with the objective of assisting the member nations for their reconstruction and development. The bank is Headquartered at Washington D.C.

(T) International Monetary Fund (IMF) It provides loans to member nations to tide over their balance of payment (lack of foreign exchange to pay for imports) problems. It is headquartered in Washington D.C. It is also called the twin organization of World Bank. Both of them are popularly referred to as Bretton Wood Twins.

(U) World Social Forum (WSF) World social forum was started in Porto Alegre in Brazil. It is an antiglobalization movement, and its annual meets are held parallel to the annual sessions of World Economic Forum (at Davos).

Important Awards

I. International Awards (A) Nobel Prize: It is the highest and most prestigious award the world. Instituted in 1901, named after Swedish scientist Alfred Nobel (who is credited for the discovery of dynamite), this prize at present is awarded for outstanding contributions In six fields, namely:

i. ii.

Physics Chemistry

iii. Medicine iv. Literature v. Peace

vi. Economics Note: Economics award was instituted in 1967 and was awarded for the first time in 1969. Important facts related to Nobel Prize: (i) International Committee of Red Cross have won Nobel Prize three times. (ii) Madame Curie won the prize twice, once for physics and next time for chemistry. She was also the first woman to have won the Nobel Prize. (iii) Linus Pauling also won this award twice, once for chemistry and the second time for peace. (iv) Six Indians have won the Nobel Prize in different disciplines. They are:

Name Rabindranath Tagore Dr. C.V. Raman

Year 1913 1930

Field/Work Literature (For his love lyrics -Gitanjali) Physics (For discovering Raman effect) Medical (For first artificial gene's synthesis) Peace Physics (For his astronomical discovery related to Chandrashekhar limit)

Dr. Hargobind Khorana 1968 Mother Teresa Dr. S. Chandrasekhar 1979 1983

Prof. Amartya Sen famine)

1998

Economics (For his work on poverty and

(B) Pulitzer Prize: Given for achieving excellence and producing outstanding work in the field of journalism, literature and music.This award was instituted in 1970 in the United States of America. (C) Magsaysay Award: Known as the Asia's Nobel Prize, instituted in 1957and named after Philippine's President Ramon Magsaysay. This prize is given in the fields of public service, creative arts, journalism, literature and international understanding and community service. Vinoba Bhave was the first Indian to receive this award. (D) Right Livelihood Award: Instituted in 1980, given to people who give practical solution to present world problems and is considered as the alternative Nobel Prize. (E) Templeton Award: This award is given by Templeton Foundation and is given for the progress in religion. (F) Booker Prize: Highest Literary award from Britain. Till now free Indians( out of which two are native Indians) have won it. Salman Rushdie (for the Mid-night's Children), Arundhati Roy (The God of Small Things) and V. S. Naipaul. J. M. Coetze of South Africa is the only person to win it twice. .

(G) Jawahar Lal Nehru Award for International Understanding: Founded in the memory of J.L. Nehru in 1965 by the Government of India, this award is given for promoting (H) Oscar Award: Also known as Academy Awards (given by Academy of Motion Pictures, Arts and Sciences in the United States. This award is given for the recognition of exceptional work in Cinema. (I) Grammy Awards: These are the awards presented annually by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences USA. These awards are considered as the most coveted of the many contemporary awards. The Man Booker Prize for Fiction is a literary awarded each year for the best original full- length novel, written in the English language, by a citizen of the Commonwealth of Nations, Ireland, or Zimbabwe Year 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 Khan, is a Hindi film Indias official entry t-2010 AcademyAwards(Oscar) 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 country 1986 media 1987 Penelope Lively Moon Tiger Kingsley Amis The Old Devils and talks about how the Iris Murdoch Penelope Fitzgerald William Golding Salman Rushdie Thomas Keneally J. M. Coetzee Anita Brookner Keri Hulme The Sea, the Sea Offshore Rites of Passage Midnights Children in the best foreign Schindlers Ark Life & Times of Michael K Hotel du Lac The Bone People farmer suicides in the Author P. H. Newby Bernice Rubens V. S. Naipaul John Berger J. G. Farrell a. Nadine Gordimer b. Stanley Middleton Ruth Prawer Jhabvala David Storey Paul Scott Staying On The Siege of Krishnapur The Conservationist Holiday Heat and Dust Saville Peepli Live, produced by actor Aamir Title Something to Answer For The Elected Member In a Free State

language film

1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Peter Carey Oscar and Lucinda Kazuo Ishiguro A. S. Byatt Ben Okri Barry Unsworth Roddy Doyle Paddy Clarke James Kelman Pat Barker Graham Swift Arundhati Roy Ian McEwan J. M. Coetzee Margaret Atwood Peter Carey Yann Martel DBC Pierre Vernon Alan Hollinghurst John Banville Kiran Desai Anne Enright Aravind Adiga Hilary Mantel Howard Jacobson Julian Barnes The Remains of the Day Possession The Famished Road Sacred Hunger Ha Ha Ha How Late It Was, How Late The Ghost Road Last Orders The God of Small Things Amsterdam Disgrace The Blind Assassin True History of the Kelly The Life of Pi God Little The Line of Beauty The Sea The Inheritance of Loss The Gathering The White Tiger Wolf Hall The Finkler Question The Sense of an Ending

II. National Awards (A) Bharat Ratna: The highest national award of India given for excellent contribution in the fields of Literature, Science, Arts and Public Science. The first recipients were C. Rajagopalachari and S. Radhakrishnan in 1954. (B) Padma Awards: three types: (i) Padma Vibhushan: Second-highest national award. (ii) Padma Bhushan: Third-highest national award. (iii) Padma Shree: Fourth-highest national award. (C) Gallantry Awards: These are: Ashok Chakra, Kirti Chakra, Shaurya Chakra, Param Vir Chakra, Mahavir Chakra and Vir I Chakra. Note: Param Vir Chakra is the highest decoration for bravery during wartime and Ashok Chakra is , the highest decoration for bravery during peace time. These come next to the Bharat Ratna Award. Basically, they are of

(D) Other Important National Awards:

Name of the award Arjuna Award Dronacharya Award Dada Saheb Phalke Award

Field they are given in Sports Coaching in sports Outstanding contribution to Indian cinema

Other related facts Instituted in 1967 Instituted in 1970 and

named after the father of Indian cinema, Dada Saheb Phalke, who made the first feature film of India, Raja Harishchandra

Bhartiya Jnanpith Award Sahitya Akademi Award

Literature Literature

Recipients of Bharat Ratna Year Recipient 1954 Chandrasekhar Venkat Raman 1954 Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan 1955 Bhagwan Das 1955 Mokshagundam Viswesvarayya 1955 Jawaharlal Nehru 1957 Govind Ballabh Pant 1958 Dhondo Keshav Karve 1961 Bidhan Chandra Roy 1961 Purushotham Das Tandon 1962 Rajendra Prasad 1963 Zakir Hussain 1963 Pandurang Vaman Kane 1966 Lal Bahadur Shastri (Posthumous) 1971 Indira Gandhi 1975 Varaha Venkata Giri 1976 Kumaraswami Kamaraj (Posthumous) 1980 Mother Teresa 1983 Vinoba Bhave(Posthumous) 1987 Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan 1988 M. G. Ramachandra (Posthumous) 1990 B. R. Ambedkar (Posthumous) 1990 Nelson Mandela

1991 Morarji Desai 1991 Rajiv Gandhi (Posthumous) 1991 Sardar Vallabbhai Patel (Posthumous) 1992 J. R. D. Tata 1992 Satyajit Ray 1992 Abul Kalam Azad (Posthumous) 1997 Aruna Asaf Ali (Posthumous) 1997 Gulzarilal Nanda (Posthumous) 1997 A. P. J. Abdul Kalam 1998 M. S. Subbulakshmi 1998 C. Subramaniam 1999 Jayaprakash Narayan (Posthumous) 1999 Amartya Sen 1999 Ravi Shankar 1999 Gopinath Bordoloi (Posthumous) 2001 Lata Mangeshkar 2001 Bismillah Khan 2008 Bhimsen Joshi

Important Days International Date January 26 March 8 March 15 March 21 March 22 March 23 April 7 April 17 April 18 April 22 May 1 May 3 May 8 May 31 June 5 June 26 Trafficking Name of the Day Intentional Customs Day International Women's Day World Disabled 'Day; World Consumers' Day World Forestry Day World Day for Water World Meteorological Day World Health Day World Haemophilia Day World Heritage Day World Earth Day International Labour Day International Press Freedom Day World Red Cross Day Anti-tobacco Day World Environment Day International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit

July 11 September 8 September 16 September 27 October 3 October 14 October 16 October 14 December 1 December 10 January 12 Vivekananda) January 15 January 23 January26 January 30 Anniversary) February 24 February 28 May 21 Anniversary) August 15 August 29 Septembers October 2 Octobers November 14 December 4 December 23

World Population Day World Literacy Day World Ozone Day World Tourism Day World Habitat Day World Standards Day World Food Day World Diabetes Day World AIDS Day World Human Rights Day National Youth Day (birth anniversary of Swami Army Day Netaji S.C. BOsa's Birth Anniversary RepublicDay Martyr's Day (Mahatma Gandhi's Death

Central Excise Day National Science Day Antiterrorism Day (Rajiv Gandhi's Death

Independence Day National Sports Day Teachers'Day; Sanskrit Day Gandhi Jayanti Indian Air Force Day Children's Day Navy Day Kisan Divas (Farmers Day)

Book and Authors Name of the book A Adventures of Sheriock Holmes Adventures of Tom Sawyer, The Ain-i-Akbari Sir Arthur Conan Doyle Mark Twain Abul Fazal

Alchemist, The Alice in Wonderland All's Well that Ends Well An American Tragedy An Idealist View of Life Anand Math Androcles and the Lion Ape and Essence Apple Cart Arabian Nights Area of Darkness Arthashastra Arms and the Man Around the World in Eighty Days As You Like it Autobiography of an Unknown Indian

Ben Johnson Lewis Carroll William Shakespeare Theodore Dreiser Dr S. Radhakrishnan Bankim Chandra Chatterjee George Bernard Shaw A. Huxley Gdorge Bernard Shaw Sir Richard Burton V. S. Naipaul Kautilya George Bernard Shaw Jules Verne William Shakespeare Nirad C. Choudhury

B Babur-Nama Between the Lines Bharat Bharati Bitter Sweet Brave New World Broken Wing Bunch of Old Letters. A Babur Kuldip Nayar Maithili Sharan Gupt Noel Coward Aldous Huxley Sarojini Naidu Jawaharlal

C Caesar and Cleopatra Canterbury Tales Chitra Comedy of Errors Coolie Crime and Punishment D Das Capital David Copperfield Descent of Man Karl Marx Charles Dickens Charles Darwin George Bernad Shaw Geoffrey Chaucer Rabindranath Tagore William Shakespeare Mulk Raj Anand Fyodor Dostoevsky

Dilemma of our time Discovery of India Divine Life Doctors Dilemma Doctor Zhivago Don Jauan

Harold Joseph Laski Jawaharlal Nehru Swami Sivananda George Bernand Shaw Boris Pasternak Lor Byron

E End and Means Aldous Huxley

F Farewell to Arms, A First Among Equals For whom the Bell Tolls Freedom at Midnight Future Shock Ernest Hemingway Jeffery Archer Ernest Hemingway Larry Collins and Dominique Lapierre Alvin Toffler

G Geet Govinda Gitanjali Gita Rahasya Glimpse of World History Godan Golden Threshold Golden Gate, The Gone with the wind Gora Grammar of Politics Great expectations Guide, The Gul-e-Naghma Gullivers Travels Jaya Dev Rabindranath Tagore Bal Gangadhar Tailak Jawaharlal Nehru Munsi Premchand Sarojini Naidu Vikram Seth Margaret Mitcheli Rabindranath Tagore Harold Laski Charles Dickens R.K. Narayan Raghupati Sahai Firaq Jonathan Swift

H Hamlet Harsha Charita Heat and Dust Hindu View of Life William Shakespeare Bana Bhatt Ruth P Jhabwala Dr. S. Radhakrishnan

I If I am Assassinated Illiad Importance of Being Earnest India Divided India Wins Freedom Indian Home Rule Indian Philosophy Invisible Man Iron in the Soul Ivanhoe Z. A. Bhutto Homer Oscar Wilde Rajendra Prasad Maulana Abul Kalam Azad M.K. Gandhi Dr. S. Radhakrishnana H.G. Wells Jean Paul Sartre Walter Scott

J Judgment, The Julius Caesar Jungle Book Kuldip Nayar William Shakespeare Rudyard Kipling

K Kadambari Kamasutra Kamayani King Lear Kumar Sambhava Bana Bhatt Vatsyayan Jai Shankar Prasad William Shakespeare Kalidas

L Life Divine Letters from a Father to his daughter Lolita Love Story Aurobindo Ghosh Jawahar Lal Nehru V. Nabakov Eric Segal

M. Macbeth Mahabharata Man and Superman Man of Destiny Meghdoot Merchant of Venice Merchant of Venice Midnights Children William Shakespeare Ved Vyas Goerge Bernand Shaw George Bernand Shaw Kalidas William Shakespeare William Shakespeare Salmen Rushdie

Mother Much Ado about nothing Mudra Rakshas My Experiments with Truth My Music, My Life My Truth

Maxim Gorky William Shakespeare Vishakadutta Mahata Gandhi Rav Shankar Indira Gandhi

N Natya Shastra Nine Days Wonder Homer John Masefield

O Odyssey Oliver Twist Origin of Species Othello Homer Charles Dickens Charles Darwin William Shakespeare

P Panchatantra Passage to England, A Paradise Lost Passage to India, A Patriot, The Post Office Pride and Prejudice Vishnu Sharma Nirad C. Choudhary John Milton E. M. Forster Pearls S. Buck Rabindranath Tagore Jane Austen

R Raghuvarnsa Ram Charita Manas Ramayan Ratnavali Ritu Samhara Romeo and Juliet Rubaiyat Kalidas Tulsidas Valmiki Harsha Vardhan Kalidas William Shakeshpeare Omar Khayam

S Sadar-i-Riyasat Satyartha Prakash Savitri Karan Singh Swami Dayananad Sawarswati Sri Aurobindo Ghosh

Sense and Sensibility Satanic Verses, The Shahanama Shakuntala Shape of Things to Come Shame Sohrab and Rustum Sunny Days

Jane Austen Salman Rushdie Firdausi Kalidas H.G. Wells Salman Rushdie Mathew Aronold Sunil Gavaskar

T. Tale of Two Cities, A Tempest, The Three Musketeers Time Machine To Live or Not to Live Triumph Twelfth Night Twenty Years After Two Leavers and a Bud U Ulysses Unto This Last Utopia Uttar Ramcharita James Joyce John Ruskin Thomas Moore Bhavbuti Charles Dickens William Shakeshpear Alexander Dumas H. G. Wells Nirad C. Choudhary John Kenneth Galbraith William Shakespeare Alexander Dumas Mulk Raj Anand

V Valley of Dolls Vanity Fair Vinay Patrika Virginians, The Vish Vriksha Voice of Conscience Jacqueline Susann William Thackeray Tulsidas William Thackeray Bankim Chandra Chatterjee V.V. Giri

W Wake up India War and Peace Wealth of Nations Wonder that Was India, The Annie Beseant Leo Tolstoy Adam Smith A. L. Basham

Y Yama Treaties 1765 Treaty of Allahabad - Mughal Emperor Shah Alam grants Diwani rights to the British East India Company. 1768 Treaty of Masulipatam - confirms the conquest of the state of Hyderabad by the British. 1782 Treaty of Salbai - between the Maratha Empire and the British East India Company. 1783 Treaty of Paris - ended the American War of Independence. 1801 Carnatic Treaty - Nawab of Arcot cedes territories in India to the British Empire in exchange for two-hundred rupees. 1802 Treaty of Bassein - The Maratha Peshwa of Pune cedes territories in western India to the British Empire. 1803 Louisiana Purchase - United States buys Louisiana from France. 1815 Congress of Vienna - conference between ambassadors from the major powers in Europe. 1821 Treaty of Crdoba - Mexico becomes independent from Spain. 1840 Treaty of Waitangi - New Zealand becomes a British colony. 1846 Treaty of Amritsar - settles dispute over territory in Kashmir. 1846 Treaty of Lahore - ends the First Sikh War. 1854 Convention of Kanagawa - Japan is opened to American trade. 1864 First Geneva - convention Established 1867 Alaska Purchase - The United States buys Alaska from Russia. 1875 Treaty of Kanghwa - ends Koreas status as a Chinese tributary state and opens it to Japanese trade. 1875 Treaty of Saint Petersburg - in exchange for the Kuril Islands, Japan relinquishes claims on Sakhalin. Mahadevi Verma

1895 Treaty of Shimonosek - ends the First Sino-Japanese War. 1898 Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory - cedes the New Territories to the United Kingdom. 1919 Treaty of Saint Union. - Germain Dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. 1919 Treaty of Versailles - formally ends World War I. 1920 Treaty of Svres peace between the Allies of World War I and the Ottoman Empire. 1944 Bretton Woods Agreement - establishes rules for commercial and financial relations among the major industrial states. 1945 UN Charter - establishes the United Nations 1947 General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade - establishes international trade rules. 1947 Paris Peace Treaties - formally ends World War II. 1949 North Atlantic Treaty - establishes NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation. 1950 Liaquat-Nehru Pact - between Pakistani Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan and Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. rules for the treatment of battlefield casualties. 1955 Warsaw Pact - alliance of Central and Eastern European communist states. 1957 Treaty of Rome - establish the European Community. 1960 Indus Waters Treaty - water-sharing treaty between India and Pakistan. 1963 Vienna Convention - on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Sets rules of liability for any and all forms of nuclear damage. 1967 Bangkok Declaration - founding document of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. 1971 Indo-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation - Specifies strategic cooperation between India and the Soviet 1971 Ramsar Convention - focuses on the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands; goes into effect in 1975.

1972 Simla Treaty - normalised relations between India and Pakistan following the Bangladesh Liberation War. 1973 Paris Peace Accords - formalised American withdrawal from Vietnam. 1978 Camp David Accords - agreement between Egypt and Israel. 1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration - The United Kingdom relinquishes Hong Kong to the Peoples Republic of China. 1987 Ottawa Convention on Landmines Bans Joint Declaration on the Question ofall anti-personnel landmines (AP-mines). Macau Protocol - Portugal relinquishes Macau to the Peoples Republic of China. Chemical Weapons Convention -Outlaws the production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons. 1989 Montreal Protocol - attempts to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of a number of substances believed to be responsible for ozone depletion. Kyoto Protocol- Mandates the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions; negotiated in 1997, ratified in 2004, and went into effect1992 1992 Treaty of Maastricht - on European Union. 1993 Oslo Accords - between the Israeli government and the Palestine Liberation 1994 Marrakech Agreement - established the World Trade Organisation. 1995 Dayton Agreement - ends Bosnian War. 1997 Amsterdam Treaty - substantially revises the Maastricht Treaty; comes into effect on May 1, 1999. 2004 Maastricht Treaty - establishes the European Union. 2003 Treaty of Accession - integrates ten nations into the European Union; came into force 2007 Treaty of Lisbon - reforming the European Union. 2008 Constitutive Treaty - Treaty establishing the Union of South American Nations. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

TEST 1 1. This disease is caused by the deficiency of protein. Can you identify it from the given options? a. Goitre b. Kwashiorkar c. Hypokalemia d. Dermatosis 2. We all know very well that the Pacific Ocean is the earths largest ocean. Which of the following represents the percentage area (approximately) of the earth covered by it? a. 25% b. 35% c. 40% d. 45% 3. This place is the wettest place on earth. Can you identify it from the given options? a. Mount Waialeale b. Cherapoonji c. Mawsynram d. None of these 4. The number of non-permanent members of the UN Security Council is a. 5 b. 10 c. 15 d. 20 5. According to the latest population Census, the state with the least population density is a. Sikkim b. Mizoram a. 5 b. 6 c. 7 d. 8 7. The maximum duration for which the Presidents office can remain vacant is a. 1 month b. 2 months c. 3 months d. 6 months 8. Which of the following represents the minimum age required to become the member of the Rajya Sabha? a. 25 years b. 30 years c. 35 years d. There is no age limit as such 9. Which of the following represents the percentage contribution of the agriculture sector to the Growth Domestic Product of the Indian Economy (approximately)? a 15% b. 17% c. 21% d. 30% 10. Sakyamuni is another name of a. Mahavir b. Buddha c. Lord Shiva d. Lord Vishnu 11. The last amendment to the Preamble of the Constitution of India was carried out in the year a. 1958 b. 1962 c. 1976 d. 1978 12. Which of the following is NOT a primary activity? a. Fishing b. Mining c. Agriculture d. Banking 13. How many Bharat Ratna awardees have won the Nobel Prize till date? a. 1 b. 2 c. 3 d. 4 14. Who discovered Ultrasound ? a. Ian Donald b. Roger Bacon c. JP Merril d. Joseph Lister 15. Maltimadhava is the famous creation of which of the following personalities? a. Kalidas b. Bharat Muni c. Bhavabhuti d. Vishnu Sharma 16. The work for which French Nobleman Baron Pierre de Coubertin is known for, is a. He was the founder of Scouts movement c. Andaman & Nicobar Islands d. Arunachal Pradesh 6. The number of Union Territories in India is

b. He was the founder of Amnesty International c. He was the founder of Red Cross Society d. He was responsible for the revival of modern Olympic games. 17. Which of the following is NOT a recipient of Bharat Ratna? a. Aruna Asaf Ali Biosphere reserve a. Dibru Saikhowa b. Dehang Debang c. Norkek d. Pachmarhi b. PV Kane State Assam Mizoram Meghalaya Madhya Pradesh c. DK Karve d. MGK Menon 18. Which of the following is not matched properly?

19. The first cotton mill of India was set up at a. Surat b. Mumbai c. Kanpur d. Ahmedabad 20. Which Indian city is also known as the school capital of India? a. Lucknow b. New Delhi c. Dehradun d. Ajmer 21. Reserve Bank of India was nationalized in a. 1949 b. 1952 c. 1955 d. 1964 22. We all know very well that the largest planet of the solar system is Jupiter. Can you identify the name of the second largest planet of the solar system? a. Earth b. Saturn c. Uranus d. Venus 23. You would find Andes mountain range in a. North America b. South America c. Europe d. Australia 24. The worlds rarest element on earth is a. Palladium b. Astatine c. Radium d. None of these 25. Which of the following is the densest planet of the solar system? a. Earth b. Saturn c. Jupiter d. Mercury 26. Which of the following is NOT based on the banks of river Danube? a. Vienna b. Belgrade c. Budapest d. Warsaw 27. Which of the following cases highlighted that total reservation in the government jobs cannot exceed 50% of total? a. T.A. Pai case b. Minerva Mills case c. Keshvanand Bharti case d. Indira Sawhney case 28. Ngultrum is the name of the currency of a. Chile b. Bhutan c. Botswana d. Bulgaria 29. International Committee of Red Cross has won the Nobel Peace Prize for record _____times. a. Three b. Four c. Five d. Six 30. Poise is the unit of a. pressure b. viscosity c. luminous intensity d. inductance

31. This personality is credited with the invention of Electro cardiogram (ECG). Can you identify the personality from the given options? a. Ian Donald b. A. Laveran c. Williem Einthoven d. C.Sholes 32. Time Machine is the name of a famous work of a. Carl Segan b. H.G. Wells c. Alvin Tofler d. Arthur C. Clarke 33. Jakob Von Vexkull was the founder of a. Booker Prize b. Pulitzer Prize c. Right Livelihood Award d. Templeton Prize 34. Which of the following chemical elements is used for the bleaching process? a. Fluorine b. Bromine c. Chlorine d. Xenon 35. Cirrhosis is the disease which affects the a. brain b. liver c. kidney d. lungs 36. Which of the following is the capital of Ireland? a. Dublin b. Istanbul c. Amsterdam d. Berne 37. Where would you find the Indian Textile Institute? a. Surat b. Kanpur c. Pune d. Mysore 38. Which of the following is the least populous union territory of India? a. Pondicherry b. Lakshadweep c. Dadra and Nagar Haveli d. Andaman & Nicobar Islands 39. The first Indian state where the Presidents rule was imposed in the year 1951 was ... a. Uttar Pradesh b. Rajasthan c. Punjab d. Orissa 40. Which of the following Indian states has the lowest sex ratio (number of females per thousand males)? a. West Bengal b. Haryana c. Punjab d. Uttar Pradesh 41. Which of the following is NOT a work of Salman Rushdie? a. Moors Last Sigh b. Midnights Children c. Shalimar The Clown d. The Piano Teacher 42. International Labor Day is celebrated on ___every year. a. August 1 b. March 1 c. September 1 d. May 1 43. Who wrote Ramayana? a. Vishwamitra b. Maharishi Valmiki c. Tulasidas d. None of these 44. Who is credited with the construction of the Grand Trunk road? a. Tipu Sultan b. Mohammed bin-Tughlaq c. Shershah Suri d. Jehangir 45. Which of the following is also known as Silicon valley of India? a. Hyderabad b. Bangalore c. Chennai d. Noida

46. This personality is also considered as the Father of computers . Can you name him from the given options? a. Blaise Pascal b. Alan M. Turing c. Charles Babbage d. None of these 47. Peace Palace is the official headquarters of a. WHO b. FAO c. ICJ d. IBRD 48. Find the odd one out. a. DOS b. WINDOWS c. LINUX d. LISP 49. Which of the following is the capital of the land of midnight sun? a. Vienna b. Oslo c. Helsinki d. Prague 50. Christiana is the former name of which of the following cities? a. Copenhagen b. Oslo c. Ottawa d. Berlin 51. She is the first woman Chief Justice of a High Court in India. Can you identify her from the given options? a. M. Fathima Bibi b. Leila Seth c. Kadambini Ganguli d. Dina Vakil 52. Who is the first Indian to have crossed the English Channel? a. Mihir Gupta b. Mihir Sharma c. Mihir Sen d. Mihir Mukherjee 53. Mohiniattam is a dance form from a. Andhra Pradesh b. Kerala c. Tamil Nadu d. Karnataka 54. Which of the following represents the name of the Indias first indigenously built submarine? a. INS Shakti b. INS Delhi c. INS Savitri d. INS Vibhuti 55. Narora Atomic Power station is in a. Uttar Pradesh b. Rajasthan c. Madhya Pradesh d. Tamil Nadu 56. The earths axis is inclined to the ___ to the plane of its orbit. a. 33.5 b. 46.5 c. 52.8 d. 66.5 57. Equinoxes are the dates when the sun shines directly over the a. Tropic of Cancer b. Tropic of Capricorn c. Equator d. None of these 58. The second most abundant gas in the atmosphere after nitrogen is a. hydrogen b. carbon dioxide c. oxygen d. helium 59. Which of the following is NOT matched properly? Mountain Range a. Himalayan Karakoram b. Alps c. Andes d. Rockies Asia 60. What is the capital of Tanzania? a. Kiev b. Dodoma c. Abuja d. Capetown Continent Asia Europe South America

61. AFP, is the news agency of a. UK b. USA c. Germany d. None of these 62. Which of the following represents the year in which Alexander invaded India? a. 323 BC b. 324 BC c. 326 BC d. 328 BC 63. In which of the following years did United Nations (UN) come into existence? a. 1941 b. 1943 c. 1944 d. 1945 64. Khyber Pass is in a. Pakistan b. India c. Myanmar d. Afghanistan 65. The first Secretary-General of the United Nations was a. U. Thant b. Trygve Lie c. Boutros-Boutros Ghali d. Javier Perez de Cuellar 66. Southern Railway is headquartered at a. Hyderabad b. Bangalore c. Secunderabad d. Chennai 67. First ministerial meeting of World Trade Organization took place at a. Washington b. New York c. Geneva d. Singapore 68. The first Chief Election Commissioner of India was a. S. L. Shakadhar b. Sukumar Sen c. H. J. Kania d. P. C. Sen 69. Identify the correct match: Date a. b. c. d. May 8 May 1 May 17 June 5 Celebrated as World Health Day World Literacy Day World Telecommunication Day World Ozone Day

70. Mount Etna is a famous volcano located in a. Argentina b. Italy c. Mexico d. Phillipines 71. Tungabhadra Sanctuary is located at a. Madhya Pradesh b. Uttar Pradesh c. Karnataka d. West Bengal 72. The agency of United Nations that was set-up to strengthen the international cooperation in the field of education and improve the standards of education is a. UNEP b. UNCTAD c. UNESCO d. UNDP 73. What is the approximate length of Indian coastlines? a. 3,440 km b. 4,589 km c. 7,500 km d. 8,924 km 74. Reserve Bank of India is headquarted at a. Kolkata b. New Delhi c. Mumbai d. Chennai 75. Jana Gana Mana, was accepted as the National Anthem of India by the Constituent Assembly of India in a. 1950 b. 1949 c. 1948 d. 1947 76. Which of the following cricketers holds the world record for maximum number of double centuries in test cricket?

a. Mark Waugh b. Martin Crowe c. Marwan Atapattu d. Don Bradman 77. The person who has climbed Mount Everest the most 12 times is a. Babu Chheri b. Appa Sherpa c. Peter Hillary d. T. W. Tenzing 78. Which Indian state has its maximum area under the forest cover? a. Maharashtra b. Madhya Pradesh c. Arunachal Pradesh d. Kerala 79. This personality is known as The Father of Geometry. Identify him from the given options. a. Euclid b. Pythagoras c. Newton d. Laplace 80. Who is the founder of the World Economic Forum? a. George McDonald b. Jack Barry c. Robert Allen d. Klaus Schwab 81. Who among the following is the author of Meghdoot? a. Bana Bhatta b. Kalhana c. Kalidas d. Tulsidas 82. Under whose presidentship, the first session of Indian National Congress took place in Bombay? a. A. O. Hume b. Dadabhai Naoroji c. G. K. Gokhale d. W. C. Bannerjee 83. How many members are there in the Rajya Sabha? a. 238 b. 242 c. 246 d. 250 84. Panama Canal links a. Pacific Ocean and Atlantic Ocean b. Red Sea and Mediterranean Sea c. Red Sea and Caspian Sea d. Atlantic Ocean and Arctic Ocean 85. Which of the following rays is NOT harmful? a. Ultraviolet rays b. X-rays c. Infrared rays d. Short radio waves 86. Who is considered as The Father of Genetics? a. Robert Hook b. G. J. Mendel c. Charles Darwin d. T. H. Morgan 87. Which Indian President has also been the speaker of the Lok Sabha? a. N. Sanjiva Reddy b. R. Venkatraman c. Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma d. Giani Zail Singh 88. Bhakhra Nangal dam is built over a. Ravi b. Chenab c. Sutluj d. Beas 89. Between Hope and History, is a work of a. Mikhail Gorbachev b. Boris Yeltsin c. Bill Clinton d. Mao Tse Sung 90. The Ottawa process negotiations are related to a. environmental pollution b. ozone layers depletion c. nuclear weapons d. banning of landmines 91. What percentage of the world area is occupied by India? a. 1.3% b. 2.4% c. 4.5% d. 5.7% 92. General Agreement on Tariffs & Trade (GATT) came into existence in a. 1947 b. 1948 c. 1969 d. 1984

93. Vyas Samman is given by a. Rajiv Gandhi Foundation b. K. K. Birla Foundation c. UNESCO d. Uttar Pradesh Government 94. January 26 besides, being Republic Day of India, is also celebrated as a. International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking b. World Ozone day c. International Customs Day d. World Food Day 95. Which among the following is the worlds smallest republic? a. Tonga b. Tuvalu c. Nauru d. Vatican 96. Which party was founded by Subhash Chandra Bose in 1939, after he broke away from the Congress? a. South Bloc b. Forward Bloc c. AIADMK d. Indian National Party 97. Diet is the name of the parliament of a. Norway b. Spain c. Sweden d. Japan 98. International Rice Research Institute is based at a. Bangkok b. Manila c. Kuala Lumpur d. Tokyo 99. What is the effect on the density of a gas if it is heated under constant pressure? a. It will decrease b. It will increase c. Remains constant d. First increases and then decreases 100. This person has written National Anthem for two nations. Who is he? a. Iqbal b. Bankim Chandra Chatterjee c. Rabindra Nath Tagore d. Sharat Chandra Chatterjee 101. The second largest Indian state in terms of area is a. Maharashtra b. Rajasthan c. Uttar Pradesh d. Madhya Pradesh 102. According to latest Census 2001, the least populated state in India is a. Mizoram b. Manipur c. Sikkim d. Goa 103. Which of the following countries was earlier called Northern Rhodesia? a. Zimbabwe b. Zambia c. Zaire d. Namibia 104. United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is headquartered at a. Rome b. Geneva c. Paris d. New York 105. Brettonwoods conference is related with the establishment of a. ADB b. IMF c. EU d. WTO 106. The Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre is based at a. Bangalore a. Pondicherry b. Pune c. Hyderabad d. Thiruvananthapuram 107. Which of the following Union Territories is the largest in India, in terms of area?

b. Dadra & Nagar Haveli c. Andman & Nicobar islands d. Daman & Diu 108. Which city is known as the Garden city of India? a. Hyderabad a. hockey a.Bejing b. New Delhi c. Mumbai d. Bangalore d. table tennis d.New Delhi 109. Marcel Corbillion Cup is associated with b. lawn tennis c. football b.Tokyo c.Singapore 110. First Asian Games was held at which of the following place ? 111. Milk is basically a type of a. emulsion b. solvent c. suspension d. gel 112. Scientific principle of electric motor was discovered by a. Michael Faraday b. B. Franklin c. T. A. Edison d. Enrico Fermi 113. The Sojourner is the name of a. a space observatory of Russia b. a vehicle deployed by NASA on Mars c. space shuttle to be launched by USA for exploration of Jupiter d. this years Booker Prize winning book 114. World Consumer Rights Day is observed on a. March 4 b. March 15 c. March 30 d. April 7 115. This Indian state is the most literate, biggest producer of natural rubber and is promoted by the tag line Gods Own Country. Identify the state in question from the given options. a. Andhra Pradesh b. Kerala c. Karnataka d. Tamil Nadu 116. The capital of Portugal is a. Algiers International? a. Berlin b. New York c. London d. Geneva 118. Huen Tsang visited India during the reign of a. Kanishka a. Chinese b. Harsha b. French c. Ashok d. Chandragupta 119. Which of the following is not an official language of the United Nations? c. German d. Arabic 120. In which of the following years was the name of G7 changed to G8? a. 1994 b. 1996 c. 1998 d. 1999 121. Which of the following countries is not a member of G-15 group? a. Kenya b. Chile c. Nigeria d. Pakistan 122. White Revolution is related with a. flood control b. fish production c. wheat production d. milk production 123. Ozone layer is depleted the most by b. Lisbon c. Brussels d. Madrid 117. Where are the headquarters of the worlds foremost Human Rights Organization, Amnesty

a. carbon dioxide b. carbon monoxide c. chloroflourocarbons d. sulphur dioxide 124. Which of the following days is celebrated as the World Food Day throughout the world? a. April 14 b. October 16 c. June 19 d. December 10 125. Brass is an alloy that is made up of a. zinc and sulphur b. sulphur and copper c. copper and zinc 126. What is the limit of thermosphere, a division of atmosphere? a. 220 km b. 430 km c. 690 km d. 810 km 127. Golden Revolution is associated with the increased production of a. fertilisers b. eggs c. fruits d. milk 128. The youngest mountaineer to have scaled Mount Everest is a. Temba Tsheri b. Ang Rita c. Nawang Gombu d. Fu Dorjee 129. The World Tourism Day is celebrated on a. August 16 b. September 3 c. September 27 d. October 7 130. Indias first steel plant was set-up at a. Rourkela b. Bhilai c. Durgapur d. Jamshedpur 131. The application of mathematics to the study of living beings is known as a. bionomics b. biotechnology c. bionics d. biometry 132. LIBOR stands for a. Long Island Borrowing Offer Rate b. London Inter Bank Offer Rate c. Luxemburg International Banks Organisation Regime d. None of the above 133. Deenabandhu, was the title given to a. C. R. Dass b. A.O. Hume c. B.G. Tilak d. C.F. Andrews 134. When was the rupee devalued for the first time after independence? a. 1948 b. 1949 c. 1952 d. 1954 135. Central Drug Research Institute (CDRI) is based at a. Jabalpur b. Pune c. Lucknow d. Hyderabad 136. The nature of Indian Economy can best be described as a. socialist b. mixed c. capitalist d. None of these 137. Cue is a term used in a. billiards b. football c. hockey d. chess 138. Word secular, was inserted into the Constitution of India with the help of a. 38th Constitutional amendment b. 36th Constitutional amendment c. 44th Constitutional amendment d. 42nd Constitutional amendment 139. A person bends forward while climbing to a. reduce atmospheric pressure b. decrease friction d. zinc and magnesium

c. increase stability

d. avoid slip-ups

140. Tripitakas, are the sacred text of a. Jainism b. Buddhism c. Hinduism d. Sikhism 141. Animal that can live both on land and water, are known as a. mammals b. reptiles c. amphibians d. None of these 142. Sanjukta Panigrahi was a famous dancer of a. Bharat Natyam b. Kathak c. Odissi d. Mohiniattam 143. Indias percentage area under agriculture is a. 47% b. 56% c. 63% d. 74% 144. K.C. Neyogy was the a. first chair person of finance commission of India b. first governor of RBI c. first finance minister of Independent India d. None of these 145. Sugar Bowl of India, is a. Madhya Pradesh b. Uttar Pradesh c. Kerala d. Karnataka 146. Approximately 90 percent of the earths crust is made up of a. metamorphic rocks b. sedimentary rocks c. igneous rocks d. None of these 147. Who among the following is credited with the invention of polio vaccine? a. Louis Pasteur b. Albert Sabin c. Jonas Salk d. Alexander Flemming 148. Pick the odd one out. a. Juan Antonio Samaranch b. Perez de Cuellar c. Boutros-Boutros Ghali d. Kofi Annan 149. Which of the following countries is also known as Dairy of Northern Europe? a. Switzerland b. Finland c. Denmark d. Belgium 150. Currency of Denmark is a. Rand b. Krone c. Pound d. Peseta 151. Who was the person behind the Kuka movement? a. Kunwar Singh b. V. B. Phadke c. Guru Ram Singh d. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan 152. In the 552 strong Lok Sabha, how many members are there from the Union Territories? a. 10 b. 20 c. 30 d. 40 153. Which of the following personalities gave The Laws of Heredity? a. Robert Hook b. G. J. Mendel c. Charles Darwin d. William Harvey 154. Name the personality who was also known as Deshbandhu.

a. S. Radhakrishanan b. G. K. Gokhale c. Chittaranjan Das d. Madan Mohan Malviya 155. Which of the following is NOT the language enshrined in the eighth schedule of the Indian Constitution, as the language of the state? a. Nepali b. Kashmiri c. English d. Konkani 156. Bhopal Gas leak disaster took place in the year a.1980 b.1984 c.1990 d.1994 157. The Dewang Mehta award is given in the field of a. Medicine b. Sports c. IT d. None of these 158. Which of the following article is related to Finance Commissions ? a. 260 b. 270 c. 280 d. 290 159. World Trade Organization came into existence in a. 1992 b. 1993 c. 1994 d. 1995 160. According to the Constitution of India, which of the following is NOT one of the main organs of the Government? a. Legislature b. Bureaucracy c. Executive d. Judiciary 161. Which of the following is a Central Government Tax? a. Income tax b. Corporation tax c. Sales tax d. Octroi 162. English education in India was introduced by a. Lord Dalhousie b. Lord Curzon c. Lord Macaulay d. Lord Rippon 163. Governor is apointed by the a. Prime Minister b. President c. Chief Justice d. Chief Justice of the concerned states high court 164. My Passage from India, is a book authored by a. E. M. Foster b. Ismail Merchant c. Nirad C. Choudhary d. Mulk Raj Anand 165. When did the Second Round Table conference take place? a. 1915 b. 1922 c. 1928 d. 1931 166. Metals which chemically behave both as metals and non-metals are called a. alloys b. metalloids c. halogens d. chalkogens 167. The fear of heights is termed as a. acrophobia b. phosophophobia c. claustrophobia d. hydrophobia 168. Jalianwala Bagh massacre took place during the governorship of a. Lord Dalhousie b. Lord Ripon c. Lord Minto d. Lord Chelmsford 169. Which of the following articles of the Constitution deals with Financial Emergency? a. Article 352 b. Article 356 c. Article 360 d. Article 370

170. Scurvy is a disease caused by the deficiency of a. Vitamin B b. Vitamin C c. Vitamin K d. Vitamin A 171. The largest river (in terms of volume of water it carries) is a. Nile b. Mississippi Missouri c. Amazon d. Yangtze 172. Hasan is situated in a. Madhya Pradesh b. Karnataka c. Orissa d. Tamil Nadu 173. Manchester of South India, is a. Madurai b. Coimbatore c. Bangalore d. Thiruvananthapuram 174. Approximately what portion of the worlds population reside in India? a. One-third b. One-fourth c. One-fifth d. One-sixth 175. Decibel is the unit of a. frequency a. Chicago b. wavelength c. sound b. San Francisco c. New York d. luminous intensity d. Washington DC 176. Which of the following US state is also known as the Empire State? 177. He is also known as the Light of Asia. Can you identify him from the given options? a. Guru Nanak Dev c. Swami Vivekananda b. Mahavir Swami d. Gautam Buddha

178. Which of the following trains is Indias first certified ISO-9001 train? a. Tamilnadu Express b. Magadh Express c. Bhopal Express d. AP Express 179. Which of the following represents the name of the Chinese character on whom the emblem of Beijing Olympics is based? a. Yan b. Ying c. Jing d. Jang 180. Central Leather Research Institute (CLRI) is based at a. Varanasi b. Chennai c. Hyderabad d. Kanpur 181. Who wrote the book The Algebra of Infinite Justice? a. Vikram Seth b. Rohington Mistry c. Anurag Mathur d. Arundhati Roy 182. Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), is based at a. Kolkata b. Bangalore c. Hyderababd d. Chennai 183. Global Trust Bank is founded by a. Deepak Parekh b. K. V. Kamath c. Ramesh Gelli d. P. V. Narasimhan 184. Manas Tiger Sanctuary, is in a. Uttar Pradesh b. Assam c. West Bengal d. Rajasthan 185. Panini was a. a Greek philosopher

b. an Indian astronomer and famous mathematician c. a sanskrit grammarian of vedic times d. great poet of ancient times 186. Mein Kemf is authored by a. Napoleon Bonaparte b. Karl Marx c. Adolf Hitler d. Benito Mussolini 187. Which of the following is the largest and the deepest ocean of the world? a. Arctic b. Atlantic c. Pacific d. Indian 188. The literacy rate of India according to 2001 census is a. 57.86% b. 61.34% c. 63.98% d. 65.38% 189. North Korea and South Korea are divided by a. Durand line b. 17th Parallel c. 49th Parallel d. 38th Parallel 190. Which Indian state has the least literacy rate? a. Bihar b. Rajasthan c. Orissa d. Arunachal Pradesh 191. SAARC was formed in a. 1982 b. 1984 c. 1985 d. 1986 192. Which of the following is NOT the member of the European Union? a. Greece b. Finland c. Norway d. United Kingdom 193. Euro was launched in 12 European Union Countries on January 1, a. 2000 b. 2001 c. 2002 d. 2003 194. ASEAN is headquartered at a. Male b. Kathmandu c. Jakarta d. Kuala Lumpur 195. Which of the following personalities is the first woman chairperson of Planning Commission of India? a. Vijaylakshmi Pandit b. Indira Gandhi c. Sucheta Kripalani d. Sarojini Naidu 196. Which of the following is the capital of Zimbabwe? a. Dar-es-Salam b. Abidjan c. Harare d. Nairobi 197. Who is the youngest cricketer in the world to have played 100 test matches? a. Shoaib Akhtar b. Mohammed Sami c. Michael Bevan d. Sachin Tendulkar 198. Which Indian state is inhabited by Jaintiya tribes? a. Arunachal Pradesh b. Mizoram c. Manipur d. Meghalaya 199. Nagarjuna Sagar is a dam built over a. Cauvery b. Mahanadi c. Krishna d. Godavary 200. TISCO was established in a. 1947 b. 1937 c. 1927 d. 1907

ANSWER KEY

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

(b) (b) (c) (b) (d) (c) (d) (b) (c) (b) (c) (d) (d) (a) (c) (d) (d) (b) (b) (c)

21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40.

(a) (b) (b) (b) (a) (d) (d) (b) (a) (b) (c) (b) (c) (c) (b) (a) (b) (b) (c) (b)

41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60.

(d) (d) (b) (c) (b) (c) (c) (d) (b) (b) (b) (c) (b) (c) (a) (d) (c) (c) (d) (b)

61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 80.

(d) (c) (d) (d) (b) (d) (d) (b) (c) (b) (c) (c) (c) (c) (a) (d) (b) (b) (a) (d)

81. 82. 83. 84. 85. 86. 87. 88. 89. 90. 91. 92. 93. 94. 95. 96. 97. 98. 99. 100.

(c) (d) (d) (a) (d) (b) (a) (c) (c) (d) (b) (b) (b) (c) (c) (b) (d) (b) (a) (c)

101. 102. 103. 104. 105. 106. 107. 108. 109. 110. 111. 112. 113. 114. 115. 116. 117. 118. 119. 120.

(d) (c) (b) (c) (b) (d) (c) (d) (d) (d) (c) (a) (b) (b) (b) (b) (c) (b) (c) (c)

121. 122. 123. 124. 125. 126. 127. 128. 129. 130. 131. 132. 133. 134. 135. 136. 137. 138. 139. 140.

(d) (d) (c) (b) (c) (c) (c) (a) (c) (d) (d) (b) (d) (b) (c) (b) (a) (d) (c) (b)

141. 142. 143. 144. 145. 146. 147. 148. 149. 150. 151. 152. 153. 154. 155. 156. 157. 158. 159. 160.

(c) (c) (a) (a) (b) (c) (c) (a) (c) (b) (c) (b) (b) (c) (c) (b) (c) (c) (d) (b)

161. 162. 163. 164. 165. 166. 167. 168. 169. 170. 171. 172. 173. 174. 175. 176. 177. 178. 179. 180.

(a) (c) (b) (b) (d) (b) (a) (d) (c) (b) (c) (b) (b) (d) (c) (c) (d) (c) (c) (b)

181. 182. 183. 184. 185. 186. 187. 188. 189. 190. 191. 192. 193. 194. 195. 196. 197. 198. 199. 200.

(d) (c) (c) (b) (c) (c) (c) (d) (d) (a) (c) (c) (c) (c) (b) (c) (d) (d) (c) (d)

TEST 2 DIRECTIONS for Questions 1 to 50: For the following questions, choose the correct option. 1. NASSCOM once carried an ad saying, Copy software. You get this hardware absolutely [2] A free modem! [3] A Mouse [4] Handcuffs free. What was the hardware? [1] A Computer 2. In the 2nd century, Greek writer Julius Pollux described a game - apoiddraskinda. What is [2] 7 stones [3] Polo [4] Housie

the modern day equivalent of this game? [1] Hide and Seek 3. Which games were funded by a gift, from a wealthy architect called Georgios Averoff, of one [2] 1896 Athens [3] 1900 Paris [4] None

million drachmas, and by the sale of souvenir stamps and medals? [1] 1904 St. Louis 4.

Inspired by the original Ancient Olympics, a certain Frenchman conceived the idea of the

modern Olympic Games, proposing the idea publicly in 1892, and spending the next three and a half years drumming up support. Who? [1] Louis XVI [3] Baron Pierre de Coubertin 5. [2] Napoleon [4] None of these

Who was referred to as "The Milwaukee Meter"? [2] Carl Lewis [3] Archie Hahn [4] Ben Johnson

[1] Milkha Singh 6.

The world's largest archipelago is? [2] Hawaii [4] None of these

[1] The Cyclades Islands, Greece [3] Indonesia 7.

Which capital city in Europe straddles the Danube and is named after the two sections of [2] Vienna, Austria [3] Bratislava, Slovakia [4] None of

the city - one on either bank of the river? [1] Budapest, Hungary these 8. This island in the Indian Ocean was named for the day on which it was first discovered in

1643. An Australian territory, it is famous for the annual migration of millions of red crabs which go right across the island. Which is it? [1] Easter Island 9. [2] Christmas Island [3] Tromelin Island [4] None

Which two countries lie completely within the borders of Italy? [2] Andorra and Liechtenstein [4] None of these

[1] The Vatican and San Narino [3] The Vatican and Andorra

10. 'The City of Dreaming Spires'- which is it? [1] Hong Kong [2] Vienna [3] Oxford [4] London

11. Their first LP featured the full frontal nude of a duo, resulting in it being sold in a brown paper bag. Which duo? [1] Simon and Garfunkel [3] Lennon and Yoko Ono [2] Bob Dylan and Joan Baez [4] None of these

12. What is the latest estimate of food grains in million tones in 2002-2003? [1] 183.17 [2] 186.43 [3] 189.4 [4] 184.06

13. This band was named after the first synthesizer that Liam Hewlett from the band had. Which band? [1] Pearl Jam [2] Prodigy [3] Alice in Chains [4] Rolling stone

14. Which group were named after a popular fifties hairdo? [1] Vee Zees [2] B-52s [3] Iron Maiden [4] Spice Girls

15. Roberta Flack wrote the song "Killing Me Softly" about which singer? [1] Don Henley [2] Elvis Presley [3] Don McLean [4] Julio Iglesias

16. Which structure got its name from the old French word meaning "to build"? [1] Buttress [2] Bastion [3] Bastille [4] None

17. What was built by General Motors executive John Raskob, in the teeth of the Depression, as a sign of rebirth? [1] White House Statue of Liberty 18. A famous painting by Rubens depicts the birth of a goddess? Which one? [1] Venus [2] Cassandra [3] Aphrodite [4] None [2] Empire State Building [3] Twin Towers [4]

19. According to legend, what was erected at the point where Muhammed Quli Shah first set eyes on Queen Baghmati? [1] Red Fort [2] Charminar [3] Shalimar Bagh [4] Qutb Minar

20. The statue, "The Thinker", by Auguste Rodin, is a portrait of which poet? [1] Homer [2] Dante [3] Virgil [4] None

21. Which country's National Anthem begins with lines that translate as "Thou art the ruler of minds"? [1] India [2] Sri Lanka [3] Bangladesh [4] Russia

22. Which English word is derived from the Latin for "teach"? [1] Doctor [2] Mentor [3] Engineer [4] Father

23. Which actor lives in a New Jersey mansion called "Bubble Hill"? [1] Michael Douglas [2] Julia Roberts [3] Eddie Murphy [4] Denzel Washington

24. Who wrote a collection of poems called "Beejak"? [1] Surdas [2] Kalidas [3] Ravidas [4] Kabir

25. Trishala was the name of whose mother? [1] Buddha [2] Mahavira [3] Ashoka [4] Devadutta

26. Who has been named India's new ambassador to China? [1] K. Kasturirangan [2] S.S. Menon [3] Nalin Surie [4] Anna Hazare

27. The smallest newspaper in the world is ? [1] Birmingham News [2] Vossa Senhoria [3] Voice of the hill [4] Challenge

28. Which country won the womens World Cup hockey championship in 2002? [1] Argentina [2] Netherlands [3] India [4] Australia

29. Which country is planning to open a mobile phone station at the Everest base camp? [1] US [2] China [3] India [4] Nepal

30. Who is the editor of "The Hindu"? [1] N. Ravi [1] Norway [2] Vinod Mehta [3] Aveek Sarkar [2] USA [4] Sanjay Narayan [3] Venezuela [4] Canada 31. Angel, the highest waterfall in the world, is situated in which of the following countries?

32. Kanha National Park is in [1] Uttar Pradesh [2] Maharashtra [3] Madhya Pradesh [4] Karnataka

33. Gandhi-Irwin pact was signed in which of the following years? [1] 1916 [2] 1923 [3] 1929 [4] 1931

34. Which of the following personalities has/have authored Straight from the Gut? [1] Bill Gates [3] Jack Welch and John A. Byrne [2] Richard Branson [4] Louis Gerstner Jr.

35. Charak and Sushruta are the famous names in the field of [1] Astrology [2] Medicine [3] Literature [4] Dance and Drama

36. Who among the following was appointed as the first Governor of Bengal by the East India Company in 1758? [1] Warren Hastings Clive 37. Which of the following days is celebrated as International Womens Day? [1] February 28 [2] March 8 [3] April 3 [4] June 5 [2] Lord Cornwallis [3] Lord William Bentick [4] Robert

38. Who among the following is also called the Light of Asia? [1] Swami Vivekananda [2] Mahavira [3] Buddha [4] Confucius

39. The first Asian Games were held at [1] Bangkok [2] Tokyo [3] New Delhi [4] Jakarta

40. The former name of the now famous Idea Cellular is [1] BATATA [2] BT & T [3] Idea AT & T [4] CTAL

41. Where is the headquarters of World Trade Organization (WTO)? [1] London [2] Washington [3] Geneva [4] Paris

42. Which of the following is NOT a kharif crop? [1] Mustard [2] Rice [3] Cotton [4] Bajra

43. Which of the following is the capital of Belgium? [1] Berne [2] Sofia [3] Brussels [4] Vienna

44. How many members are nominated by the President for the Rajya Sabha? [1] 2 [2] 8 [3] 10 [4] 12

45. Who of the following cricketers has been selected as Wisdens Indian Cricketer of the Century recently?

[1] Sachin Tendulkar [2] Kapil Dev [3] Sunil Gavaskar 46. EI AI is the airlines of [1] Qatar [2] Israel

[4] G. Vishwanath

[3] Saudi Arabia

[4] Algeria

47. N.K. Ranga, who died in the month of July 2002, was a famous [1] cricketer [2] actor [3] cartoonist [4] politician

48. Sir Thomas Roe visited the court of which of the following Indian rulers? [1] Shah Jahan [1] Roche [2] Aurangzeb [2] Tissot [3] Akbar [3] Cartier [4] Jehangir [4] Omega 49. Which of the following is NOT a watch company?

50. Fish, is a best selling book authored by [1] Tom Peters [3] John Humphries [2] Stephen C Lundin, Harry Paul and John Christ [4] Jack Welch and Louis Gerstner

1. [4] 6. [3] 11. [3] 16. [3] 21. [1] 26. [3] 31. [3] 36. [4] 41. [3] 46. [2]

2. [1] 7. [1] 12. [1] 17. [2] 22. [1] 27. [2] 32. [3] 37. [2] 42. [1] 47. [3]

3. [2] 8. [2] 13. [2] 18. [3] 23. [3] 28. [1] 33. [4] 38. [3] 43. [3] 48. [4]

4. [3] 9. [1] 14. [2] 19. [4] 24. [4] 29. [2] 34. [3] 39. [3] 44. [4] 49. [1]

5. [3] 10. [3] 15. [3] 20. [2] 25. [2] 30. [1] 35. [2] 40. [1] 45. [2] 50. [2]

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

TEST 3 1. The table below matches the company with its auto brand. Choose the correct match. Company a. Tata b. Hyundai c. Skoda d. Chevrolet A. B. C. D. a. Spice correct match. Slogan a. Jet Airways b. Air Sahara c. Sri Lankan Airways d. Cathay Pacific A. B. C. D. Company (i) You are our world (ii) The joy of flying (iii) Emotionally Yours (iv) The heart of Asia Brand (i) Santa Fe (ii) Aria (iii) Yeti (iv) Volt

a (ii), b-(iv), c-(iii), d-(i) a (ii), b-(i), c-(iv), d-(iii) a (i), b-(iv), c-(iii), d-(ii) a (ii), b-(i), c-(iii), d-(iv) b. Micromax c. LG d. Samsung

2. Dynamite is a mobile handset from 3. The slogans in the table below have been matched with the company they relate to. Choose the

a (ii), b-(iii), c-(i), d-(iv) a (ii), b-(iii), c-(i), d-(iv) a (i), b-(iv), c-(iii), d-(ii) a (ii), b-(i), c-(iii), d-(iv)

4. Indian Cricket team is opposed to UDRS. What does UDRS stand for? a. Umpire decision rating system b. Umpire decision review system c. Umpire decision resolution system d. Umpire decision review service 5. Identify the indirect tax from the given options. a) Wealth tax hai? a. Samsung a. Azim Premji b. Onida b. Girish c. Videocon Paranjpe c. d. Sun TV Suresh Vaswani d. 7. Who among the following is the chairman of Wipro? T.Balakrishnan 8. Which famous European company was founded by cousins of Communist ideologue Karl Marx? b) Sales tax c.) Corporation tax d.) Gift tax 6. The DTH service launched recently by which company has the tagline Direct hai Correct

a. Siemens

b. Philips

c. Bayer

d. Volkswagen

9. The table below matches the painting with its painter. Choose the correct match. Painter a. Leonardo da Vinci b. Michael Angelo c. M.F. Hussain d. Vincent Van Gogh A. B. C. D. a (ii), b-(iii), c-(iv), d-(i) a (i), b-(ii), c-(iv), d-(iii) a (ii), b-(i), c-(iv), d-(iii) a (iii), b-(i), c-(iv), d-(ii) b. Caroline Wozinacki c. Kim Clijsters d. Venus Williams Painting (i) Sistine chapel (ii)The Last Supper (iii) Vase with fifteen sunflowers (iv) Sufi Paintings

10. Which of the following players won 2010 US open tennis Grand slam? a. Serena Williams a. Tiger Woods 11. Which golfer has won maximum number of GOLF MASTERS? b. Arnold Palmer c. Greg Norman d. Jack Nicklaus 12. The table below matches the tournament with its sport. Choose the correct match. Sport a. Golf b. Badminton c. Football d. Cricket A. B. C. D. Tournament (i) Uber Cup (ii) Ryder Cup (iii) Frank Worell trophy (iv) UEFA Cup

a (ii), b-(i), c-(iv), d-(iii) a (i), b-(ii), c-(iv), d-(iii) a (iv), b-(i), c-(ii), d-(iii) a (iii), b-(i), c-(iv), d-(ii) b. Rajiv Bajaj c. Sanjiv Bajaj d. Madhur

13. Name the managing director of Bajaj Auto Limited. a. Rahul Bajaj Bajaj 14. Which footballer won the Golden boot award in 2010 Football World cup? a. David Villa a. Germany Kingdom 16. The e-biz project of Indian Government has been awarded to a. Wipro technologies c. Polaris Software a. Reliance b. Infosys technologies d. Tata Consultancy services b. AV Birla Group c. Tatas d. Times Group b. Lionel Messey c. Diego Forlan b. France c. Italy d. Thomas Mueller d. United 15. Tesco is a famous retailing giant from

17. BIG Entertainment is the name of the company that belongs to the stable of

18. Alcoa, Xstrata, RIO Tinto and BHP Billiton are the names of the companies in the field of a. Oil Exploration b. FMCG 19. Renminbi is the currency of a. Ireland a. Paris Janerio 21. Name the current prime minister of United Kingdom from the options. a. Gordon Brown b. David Cameron 22. Select the correct author- book match. Author a. George Bush b. John Grisham c. Stephen King d. Howard Jacobson A. B. C. D. 2010? a. 3rd b. 2nd c. 4th d. 1st 24. Which writer has won Nobel Prize 2010 for literature? a. Salman Rushdie Lessing 25. Of the following brands, choose the brand which Amir Khan does not endorse? a. Mahindra bikes Answer key 1. d 6. c 11. d 16. b 21. b 2. C 7. A 12. A 17. A 22. C 3. B 8. B 13. B 18. C 23. B 4. B 9. C 14. D 19. D 24. B 5. B 10. C 15. D 20. C 25. d b. Tata sky c. Etisalat d. Cinthol b. Mario Vargas Llosa c. Jorge Luis Borges d. Doris Book (i) Under the dome (ii) Decision Points (iii) The Finkler Question (iv) Confession c. Justin Green d. ED Miliband b. Phillipines b. New York c. Malaysia c. Geneva d. China d. Rio de 20. The headquarters of WTO are at c. Metals & Mining d. Agro products

a (ii), b-(i), c-(iv), d-(iii) a (ii), b-(iv), c-(iii), d-(i) a (ii), b-(iv), c-(i), d-(iii) a (i), b-(iv), c-(ii), d-(iii)

23. What was the rank of India in overall medals tally in just concluded Commonwealth games

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TEST 4 1. Which is the correct Stock-Exchange-Country Match? Stock-Index a. Borsa Italiana b. Asia-Pacific Exchange c. Cordoba Stock Exchange d. Shenzen Stock Exchange A. (a) (iv), (b) (i), (c) (iii), (d) (ii) B. (a) (iv), (b) (ii), (c) (iii), (d) (i) C. (a) (iv), (b) (i), (c) (ii), (d) (iii) D. (a) (iv), (b) (iii), (c) (i), (d) (ii) 2. The author Mario Vargas Llosa Who has recently won Nobel Prize 2010 for literature belongs to nationality a. Argentina a. Wesley Snejider b. Bolivia b. Diego Forlan c. Peru c. David Villa d. Brazil d. Moroslav Klose 3. Who was the winner of Golden Ball award in 2010 FIFA World Cup? 4. Match the President, Currency and Country. President a. Christian Wulff b. Luiz La Silva c. Jose Luis Rodriguez d. Ricardo Alberto Currency (i) Euro (ii) Euro (iii) Real (iv) Balboa Country 1. Panama 2. Spain 3. Germany 4. Brazil Country (i) Australia (ii) Argentina (iii) China (iv) Italy

A. (a) (iv)- 1, (b) (i)- 2, (c) (iii)-3, (d) (ii)-4 B. (a) (i)- 3, (b) (iii)- 4, (c) (ii)-2, (d) (iv)-1 C. (a) (iv)- 2, (b) (ii)- 3, (c) (iii)-1, (d) (i)-4 A. (a) (ii)- 1, (b) (iii)- 2, (c) (i)-3, (d) (ii)-4 5. Which female tennis player won 2010 Wimbledon Championship? a. Vera Zvoraneva Sharapova 6. The abbreviations given in the first column are explained in the second column. Select the option which has all wrong explanations of the abbreviations. a. UNICEF b. ANC c. TRAI d. UNDP e. NIIT f. ISRO (i) United Nations Development Program (ii) National Institute of Insemination Technology (iii) African National Council (iv) United Nations International Children Education Forum (v) India Satellite Research Organization (vi) Intellectual Property b. Kim Clijsters c. Serena Williams d. Maria

g. IP

(vii) Telecom Regulatory Authority Of India

A. (a)- (iv), (c) (vii), (b)-(iii), (d)-(i) B. (a)- (iv), (f) (v), (g)-(vi), (d)-(i) C. (e)- (ii), (b) (iii), (f)-(v), (d)-(i) D. (a)- (iv), (b) (iii), (f)-(v), (e)-(ii) 7. Identify the cricketer who has batted in all the positions (from 1 to 11) in test match cricket. a. Ashok Mankad a. Prospectus c. Funds generated during IPO a. The Finance Ministry c. The Commerce Ministry original name? a. Babar a. Rome a. India a. 200 b. Akbar b. New York b. USA b. 150 c. Genghis Khan c. Ottawa c. China c. 120 d. 160 d. Kublai Khan d. Chicago d. Russia 11. Which city is also known as Windy City? 12. Which country has the largest road network in the world? 13. One barrel of Oil is approximately equal to how many litres? 14. Who invented Computer laptop? a. Arthur Wynna USA c. Sinclair Britain Countries (OPEC)? a. Venezuela following places? a. Mirzapur, UP c. Nagpur, Maharashtra a. George Harrison Sitar c. Dr. Kamala Shankar Tabla a. Every half an hour 19. Burj Khalifa is b. 6 times a day b. Jabalpur, MP d. Jaipur, Rajasthan b. Ustad Amjad Ali Khan Sarod d. HariPrasad Chaurasia Flute c. Every hour d. Real time b. Russia c. Panama d. USA 16. Indian Standard time is based on the longitude of 82.5 degrees passing through which of the b. Q .Daimler Germany d. Adam Osborne USA b. Wilfred Rhodes c. Garfield Sobers d. Lance Cairns 8. What is RED HERRING in an IPO? b. Submission of form d. Minimum offer per share b. Reserve Bank Of India d. The Indian Banks Association

9. Who declares the Credit Policy of India?

10. Temujin was the famous historical character of the world, but can you identify him by his

15. Which of the following countries is a member of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting

17. Which of the following pair is not correct?

18. At what frequency SENSEX calculation carried out?

a. A mosque in UAE c. A small mountain range in UAE

b. A University in UAE d. Tallest Skyscraper in World

20. Match the following national parks with their respective states. National Parks a. Bandipur National Park b. Dachigam National Park c. Sariska National Park d. Dudhwa national Park A. (a) (iii), (b) (iv), (c) (ii), (d) (i) B. (a) (iv), (b) (ii), (c) (iii), (d) (i) C. (a) (iii), (b) (ii), (c) (i), (d) (iv) D. (a) (iii), (b) (i), (c) (ii), (d) (iv) 21. What is the colour of the black-box in a commercial plane? a. Obviously black a. Chris Evert a. Edwin Aldrin a. C. Rangrajan a. Naveen Chawla Answer key 1 7 13 19 25 c 2 c 3 b 4 b 5 b 8 a 9 b 10 c 11 d 14 d 15 a 16 a 17 d 20 a 21 c 22 a 23 d c 6 d d 12 b c 18 d a 24 c b. Green b. Tiger Woods b. Neil Armstrong b. Y.V.Reddy b. B.B. Tandon c. Orange d. Yellow d. Ernie Els d. Yuri Gagarin d. S. Gopinath d. S.Y. Quraishi 22. Find the person who plays the odd sport out of the following. c. Annika Sorenstam c. Michael Collins c. D. Subbarao c. N. Gopalaswami 23. Who was the second person to set foot on moon? 24. Who is the current chairman of Reserve Bank of India? 25. Who is the current Chief Election Commissioner Of India? States (i) Uttar Pradesh (ii) Rajasthan (iii) Karnataka (iv) Jammu & Kashmir

TEST 5 1. Identify the INCORRECT statement about GATT. (1) India was among the 23 original signatories of GATT. (2) GATT too was constituted at the Bretton Woods conference along with the IMF and World Bank. (3) After GATT was set up in 1947, there was a series of negotiating rounds culminating in Uruguay round, finally signed at Marrakech. (4) None of the above. 2. (1) (2) (3) (4) 3. What does TRIMS stand for? Trade Related International Movements (both goods and services). Trade in Resources, which are Internationally Mobilized. Trade Related Investment Measures. Trade Rising in International Markets. The classification of subsides in different boxes of amber, blue and green, at WTO is done in (2) Textiles (2) Vishakhapatnam (3) Pharmaceuticals (3) Cochin (4) Services (4)Mormugao

the area of: (1) Agriculture 4. 5. (1) (2) (3) (4) 6. 7. 8. (1) Ennore The countrys first corporatised port is at: National treatment provisions under the WTO implies treating ones different trading partners equally. equal treatment for foreign and domestic goods and services once the foreign goods have treating ones trading partner preferentially than domestic traders. giving special treatment to goods and services produced in domestic market. Which is the worlds biggest exporting nation? (2) USA (2) Brazil (3) Germany (3) Botswana (4) China (4) Chad The last country to join WTO on October 13, 2004 is Which of the following became the first company to cross the 50 million subscriber mark in (2) Vodafone (3) China (3) BSNL (4) Bharti Airtel (4) Russia

entered domestic market.

(1) Japan (1) Cambodia

mobile phone services? (1) Reliance Communications 9. (1) Brazil (1) (2) (3) (4) (2) Pakistan Which of the following Countries is not a member of WTO?

10. A complaint in WTO is processed at: The GATT Bretton woods standing committee The trade policy review body The dispute settlement body The General Council

11. Iran, Iraq and North Korea (President Bushs axis of evil),

(1) (2) (3) (4) (1) (2) (3) (4)

are permanent WTO members. have observer status in WTO. have been imposed sanctions and boycotted by WTO. have no formal association with WTO. Excise protection of Capital goods Export promotion Capital goods Earnings provided by Capital goods Excelling in performance through capital goods (2) Agriculture (2) Thailand (3) Textiles (3) Russia (4) Jems and Jwellery (4) Myanmar

12. EPCG starts for

13. Cairns Group is a group of countries that accounts for more than 20% of global exports of: (1) Wildlife (1) Sri Lanka 14. Indias major competitor in exporting tea worldwide is 15. Japan, Australia and China have imposed bans on fruits, like Mangoes and Grapes, from India on account of presence of fruit flies. This would come under (1) tariff barriers measures (3) dumping 16. The Apex body regulating foreign trade in India is (1) Federation of India Export Organisation (FIEO) India (3) Exim Bank 17. The US corporation which acquired the basmati patent: (1) Monsanto (2) Rice tech (3) DuPont (4) Dow 18. A specifically delineated duty free enclave, deemed to be a foreign territory, for the purposes of trade operations of duties and tariffs is known as SEZ. It stands for (1) Special Economic Zone (3) Specifically Export Zone design of its portable devices recently? (1) Samsung (1) Standard Furukawa (3) Exide Industries Company (TACO) 21. Which of the statements is NOT correct, in reference to the trends in Indian exports, over the past 10 years? (1) (2) The share of manufactured goods in total exports has increased. Exports in petroleum products have declined sharply. (2) Sony (3) Nokia (2) Amara Raja (4) Tata Auto-components (4) LG 20. Which of the following sells its automotive batteries at shops branded Powerzone? (2) Special Export Zone (4) Specific Economic Zone (4) Ministry of Foreign Trade (2) Export Promotion Council, (4) non trade barrier (2) sanitary and phytosanitary

19. Which of the following has tied up with lifestyle design company Giorgio Armani for the

(3) (4)

Indias exports to Asia and Oceania, Africa, America and Latin American countries Indias exports to West Europe have plummeted.

have seen an upward trend. 22. A currency that has a continuing high level of demand, relative to supply, in the market of foreign exchange is often called as (1) soft currency (1) 2% (2) hard currency (2) 3.9% (3) cold currency (3) 5% (4) hot currency (4) 4.2% 23. India has a share of .67% of world exports, whereas Chinas share is 24. In the centre state financial relations in India, Gadgil formula is used in: (1) division of tax revenues. borrowings. (3) writing off states indebtness to the center. states. 25. Non tariff barriers imply (1) trade. (2) (3) (4) imposing high duties on imported goods. applying physical barriers and check points to prevent inflow of foreign goods. None of the above (2) Managerial Economics (4) Micro Economics regulations relating to environment, health and safety (EHS) to restrict international (4) allocating central plan assistance between (2) formulating the policy for fresh

26. The Theory of Comparative Advantage in Economics is related to (1) Welfare Economics (3) International Economics (1) (2) (3) (4) to (1) (2) (3) trade. (4) Industrial revolution. 29. The tariff, imposed on imports to offset the impact of subsidy given by government in the country of origin of commodity, is known as: (1) Anti dumping duty duty (2) Customs duty (3) Countervailing duty (4) Ad Valorem a new method of shipping goods in containers. the opening up of Brazil, South Americas largest market. Change in the economic rationale of new economists, who encouraged international

27. WTO is often criticized for being anti democratic. But the fact most contrary to it, is that dispute resolution is achieved at the WTO by consensus. all views can be expressed at People Forum just outside WTO, HQ in Geneva. there are substantial elected officials at WTO. every one, of the 148 members, has a veto over changing rules.

28. The vast expansion of international trade, in the second half of the 20th century, owed much

30. The stocks of commodities held by the countries or international organizations to moderate the price fluctuations are called: (1) Contingency stocks stocks 31. The difference in value over a period of time of a countrys imports and exports of merchandise is known as: (1) Balance of Trade 32. Dollar drain implies: (1) (2) (3) (4) Sharp devaluation of dollar, thus value of dollar going down the drain. a situation when countrys imports from USA exceed its export to USA, resulting in fake US dollars flooding financial markets. None of the above (2) implementation of SEZs. (4) capital account convertibility. (2) Balance of Payment (3) Export import balance (4) Trade gap (2) Buffer stocks (3) Shock absorbing stocks (4) Emergency

dollar reserves plummeting.

33. Tarapore Committee is associated with: (1) select markets and thrust products. (3) utilizing the burgeoning forex reserves.

34. Which of these has brands like CellOne for its mobile services, Bfone for fixed line telephone and Tarang for CDMA-based WLL limited mobility phones? (1) Reliance Communications (1) Singapore (2) Brunei (2) MTNL (3) BSNL (4) Bharti Airtel (4) China 35. Which of the following countries is NOT a member of the regional grouping ASEAN? (3) Thailand 36. Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) does NOT have following country as its member. (1) Bangladesh (2) Nepal (3) Sri Lanka (4) Thailand 37. A small country that is economically dependent on a single export commodity and is typically governed by a dictator or armed forces is known as (1) Banana Republic (3) Weather Republic Vodafone recently? (1) Rediffusion DYR (3) J Walter Thompson 39. Tripitakas are the sacred books of: (1) Jainism (1) Harappa (1) Orrisa (2) Buddhism (2) Lothal (2) Bengal (3) Hinduism (3) Mohenjodaro (4) Ropar (3) Delhi (4) Gujrat (4) Shaivism 40. The Great Bath of the Indus Valley Civilization was discovered in: 41. Buland Darwaza, built by Akbar, is to commemorate the victory of 42. The latest Global Information Technology Report ranks India (2) Ogilvy & Mather (4) McCann Ericsson (2) Eggs in Single Basket Republic (4) Crutches Republic

38. Which advertising agency devised the campaign for the change of brand name Hutch to

(1) 40th (2) 50th (3) 14th (4) 15th 43. Which company recently launched a premium prt denim line in the Indian fashion arena, cobranding it with John Abraham? (1) Killer (2) Wrangler (3) Lee Copper (4) Milky Way (2) Maruti Udyog (4) Isuzu Motors (2) Modern Foods (4) Perfetti 44. Which company is planning to launch a multipurpose vehicle called Ingenio? (1) Mahindra and Mahindra (3) Eicher Motors (1) Cadbury (3) Godrej Beverages and Foods

45. The wellknown confectionary brand Nutrine has been acquired by

46. Which company joined hands with Nasscom (National Association of Software and Service Companies) and Tata Teleservices for developing 65 village resource centres to provide valuable information in education, healthcare and agriculture through wireless connectivity to residents of nine coastal States? (1) Computer Associates (2) CISCO 47. Pick out the incorrect pair. (1) Rajat Gupta McKinsey and Company (3) Arun Netravali Bell Labs Columbian oil firm, in partnership with: (1) Rosnfet (1) Sanyo (1) Australia (1) Toyota (2) Sinopec (3) Malaysian Oil Bhd (4) Reliance Petrochemical (2) Microsoft (3) Sun Microsys (4) Nokia 52. With the presence in 27 countries. which company is called three oceans? 53. Which country is famous for Lego? (2) Denmark (3) Czechoslovakia (4) India (2) Mahindra (3) BMW (4) Ford (4) USA (4) Mohinder Amarnath 54. Which auto majors head quarter is known as four cylinder tower? 55. Bata shoes originated in which country: (1) Czechoslovakia (2) India (3) Korea 56. Which former Indian test cricketer is the representative of Musco lighting in India? (1) Sachin Tendulkar (2) Kapil Dev (3) Ravi Shastri (1) Pizza Corner (1) HP (2) Pizza Hut (3) Spicy Pizza (4) NACL (2) Search (3) Excite (4) Dot Com 57. Zzapi Nercor is the mascot of which Indian pizza company? (4) None of these 58. Top Gear is the retail outlet of which Indian company? (2) BP (3) IOC 59. Which search engine was first named Architext and created by a group of Stanford University grads? (1) MSN (1) Good Night 60. What is the name of Tainwala Chemicals mosquito repellant brand? (2) Moon Light (3) All Out (4) Casper (2) Arun Sarin Vodafone (4) Rajesh Hukku IBM (3) Qualcomm (4) Motorola

51. ONGC Videsh Limited (OVL) has recently won a joint bid to acquire Omimex De Columbia, a

61. Which company is the official ice-cream supplier to Wimbledon? (1) Walls (1) LIC (1) Baba (2) Vadilal (3) Amul (4) None of these (4) HDFC 62. Which was the first insurance company in India to start a 24 hour call centre? (2) Reliance General Insurance (3) Tata AIG (2) Manikchand (3) Panparag 63. Rasik Dhariwal is the owner of which Gutkha company? (4) Manikram (4) Westside 64. Which Indian retail chain was started by former Carona employee B.S Nagesh? (1) Shoppers Stop Services? (1) LOA (2) AOL (3) Oracle (4) Microsoft 66. MAT expands to .. (1) Medium Advisory Tax (2) Minimum Accounted Tax (3) Minimum Automated Tax (4) Minimum Alternate Tax 67. Which of the following represents the expansion of T in TIN? (1) Trade (1) NDTV (2) Tax (3) Transmission (4) Total (4) Sony TV (4) Ford Endeavor (4) Income tax 68. Awaz is the Hindi business news channel that belongs to the stable of (2) CNBC TV 18 (3) Zee News 69. Make your own road is the catchphrase that you would associate with. (1) Chevrolet Tavera (2) ata Safari (3) Tata Sumo (1) Service tax (1) Wealth Tax (1) Regional (2) Custom duty (3) Excise duty (2) Gift Tax (3) Sales Tax (2) Radio (3) Recorded 70. The maximum revenue to the government comes from. 71. Identify the indirect tax from the given options. (4) Corporation Tax 72. Which of the following represents the expansion of R in RFID? (4) Reliance 73. This bank, in collaboration with NGOs, launched the social card for those people who want to contribute to the welfare of the society but either do not have time to do so or do not know which because they would like to support. Can you identify the name of the bank in question from the given options? (1) Canara Bank (2) SBI (3) Punjab National Bank (4) Bank of India 74. Which of these became the first cellular service provider in India to launch a call filter service countrywide that would allow subscribers to filter incoming calls by blocking specific numbers recently? (1) Reliance Communications (2) Vodafone (3) BSNL (1) 1994 (2) 1946 (3) 1947 (4) 1949 (4) Bharti Airtel 75. The year in which the World Bank was incorporated in the UN system was. 76. Which of the following personalities is the author of Jeh: A Life of JRD Tata? (1) RM Lala (2) BK Dadabhoy (3) Dwijendra Tripathi (4) BK Karanjia (2) Big Bazar (3) Landmark 65. Which company was first founded and registered in Delaware, US as Quantum Computer

77. Identify the incorrect match. Automobile company Car Model (1) Fiat Automobiles Panda (2) Skoda Automobiles Fabia (3) Honda Automobiles Civic (4) All of them are correct 78. Where was Motorolas sixth global design centre, its first in India, launched? (1) Bangalore (2) Chennai (3) Delhi (4) Pune 79. Which insurance company runs a credit card business in a joint venture with GE Money and Corporation Bank? (1) Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) (2) Bajaj Allianz (3) Birla Sun Life Insurance 80. Which promoter family sold off its stake in India Cements in 2007? (1) Murugappa (2) Sankar (3) Srinivasan (4) Iyengar 81. Prannoy Roys NDTV MetroNation is the first city specific English language channel that was launched in _____ recently. (1) Delhi (1) Sun Sky (1) Zee Caf (2) Chennai (3) Mumbai (4) Bangalore (4) Sun Direct 82. What is the DTH service launched recently by Chennai based Sun TV Group called? (2) Sun Satellite (3) Sun Network (2) Zone Reality (3) Bindass 83. Which entertainment channel launched a nationwide hunt for Indias first space tourist? (4) Zee 84. BigStreet is the out-of-home (OOH) advertising venture of ___________ (1) Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group (ADAG) (2) Mudra (3) Nimbus (4) Sahara India 85. Which is the first magazine from Cond Nast, worlds leading publisher of lifestyle and fashion magazines, launched in India? (1) Vogue (2) Glamour (3) Cond Nast Traveller (4) Vanity Fair 86. Where would you find your deltoid muscle? (1) Big muscle on the shoulder (2) Big muscle on the feet (3) Big muscle on the thyroid (4) Big muscle on the elbow 87. American police have SWAT teams, what do the initials stand for? (1) Special Weapons & Tactics (2) Specialized Weapons & Tactics (3) Specialized Warriors & Technique (4) None of these 88. Which public sector oil refining major launched a pilot project to build cinema halls at its highways fuel stations in Gujarat and tied up with Cinemata, a film distribution unit of SET? (1) IOC (2) BPCL (3) HPCL (4) IBP 89. Which of these acquired the acquisition of polyester and textile manufacturing assets of the Malaysia-based Hualon Corporation? (1) Tata Chemicals (2) Aditya Birla Nuvo (3) Reliance Industries Ltd (4) Arvind Mills 90. Which of these owns the Star Bazaar hypermarket brand in India? (1) Trent (2) Future Group (3) Shoppers Stop (4) Reliance Retail 91. Rural retail chain, Hariyali Kisaan Bazaar, is owned by________ (1) DCM Shriram (2) ITC Agro (3) Mahindra & Mahindra (4) Chambal Fertilsers (4) Aviva Life

92. Which famous European company was founded by cousins of Communist ideologue Karl Marx? (1) Siemens (2) Philips (3) Bayer (4) Volkswagen (4) Sulphuric acid 93. Which acid gives nettles their sting? (1) Formic acid medicine? (1) WBC (2) RNA (3) DNA (4) Genes 95. Air Wick is the air freshener brand from: (1) Reckitt Benckiser (2) Godrej Sara Lee (3) Marico Industries (4) Hindustan Unilever 96. Which was the album the Beatles recorded the last time together? (1) Abbey Road (2) Any Road (3) Every thing for you (4) Hard days night (4) None of these 97. Who painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel? (1) Leonardo da Vinci (2) Michelangelo (3) MF Hussain (1) Wrestling (2) Rugby (3) Baseball (4) Boxing 98. What is the sport in which you could get into a headlock? 99. Which business family owns the worlds oldest active sailing ship, The Foundroyant which started its life in Mumbai in 1817? (1) Wadia (1) Barbados (2) Tata (3) Godrej (4) Bajaj (4) Jamaica 100. Which is the country where reggae music originated? (2) USA (3) Russia (2) Acetic acid (3) Carbonic acid 94. For their discovery of what did Watson, Crick and Evans win the 1962 Nobel Prize for

Answers Key 1.(4) 2.(3) 3.(1) 4.(1) 5.(2) 6.(2) 7.(1) 8.(4) 9.(4) 10.(3) 11.(4) 12.(2) 13.(2) 14.(1) 15.(2) 16.(1) 17.(2) 18.(1) 19.(4) 20.(2) 21.(2) 22.(2) 23.(2) 24.(4) 25.(1) 26.(1) 27.(4) 28.(1) 29.(3) 30.(2) 31.(1) 32.(2) 33.(4) 34.(3) 35.(4) 36.(2) 37.(1) 38.(2) 39.(2) 40.(3) 41.(4) 42.(1) 43.(2) 44.(1) 45.(3) 46.(3) 47.(4) 51.(2) 52.(1) 53.(2) 54.(3) 55.(1) 56.(2) 57.(1) 58.(3) 59.(3) 60.(4) 61.(1) 62.(3) 63.(2) 64.(1) 65.(2) 66.(4) 67.(2) 68.(2) 69.(2) 70.(3) 71.(3) 72.(2) 73.(2) 74.(2) 75.(3) 76.(2) 77.(4) 78.(1) 79.(1) 80.(2) 81.(1) 82.(4) 83.(3) 84.(1) 85.(1) 86.(1) 87.(1) 88.(2) 89.(3) 90.(1) 91.(1) 92.(2) 93.(1) 94.(3) 95.(2) 96.(1) 97.(2) 98.(1) 99.(1) 100.(4) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

TEST 6 1. Which business was sold off by Richard Branson of Virgin group in 2008? (1) Music records (2) Business process outsourcing (BPO) (3) Foods & restaurants (4) Publishing 2. Which company launched its baby care brand Baby Dreams? (1) Wipro Consumer Care (2) JL Morison (3) Hindustan Unilever (4) Johnson & Johnson 3. Which famous cosmetics company launched its Visage range of products in India? (1) LOreal (2) Oriflame (3) Maybelline (4) Nivea 4. Which cosmetics company was founded by Dame Anita Roddick? (1) Avon (2) Body Shop (3) Christian Dior (4) Elizabeth Arden 5. Which of the following is not a brand owned by Shahnaz Hussain? (1) Veda Dynamics (2) Kaya Skin clinics (3) Shahnaz Herbal (4) Forever Beautiful 6. Which of the following exports marine products under the Shogun, Hima, Gold Seal and Tara brands? (1) Godrej Agro (2) Nestle India (3) Temptation Foods (4) Hindustan Unilever 7. EL Rothschild Ltd and Del Monte Pacific Ltd are JV partners of _____ in its farm products foray. (1) Reliance Industries Ltd (2) Bharti (3) Godrej (4) AV Birla 8. Which of the following is not a snack brand owned by PepsiCo Company Frito Lay? (1) Lays (2) Bingo (3) Kurkure (4) Uncle Chipps 9. Which beer giant operates in India through its 100% owned subsidiarySouth Asia Breweries? (1) Carlsberg (2) Anheuser-Busch (3) Heineken (4) Scottish & Newcastle 10. Coca-Cola Indias marketing communication campaignghoonth bhar sharart kar ley is for: (1) Fanta (2) Minute Maid (3) Diet Coke (4) Thums up 11. Which cooking oil brand is owned by US-based $26-billion Bunge Ltd in India? (1) Dalda (2) Dhara (3) Saffola (4) Postman 12.Tata Groups Indian Hotels acquired Ritz Carlton Hotel in ______and Campton Palace in _____ 2007. (1) Boston, San Francisco Honolulu 13. The Trident Hotel brand in India is owned by________ (1) Eastern India Hotels (2) Tata Groups Indian Hotels (3) ITC Hotels 14.Which of the following launched Penryn chips? (1) American Micro devices (AMD) (2) Intel (3) Texas Instruments (4) Samsung 15.Which of the following launched of its Barcelona processor? (1) American Micro devices (AMD) (2) Intel (3) Texas Instruments (4) Samsung 16. Which of these acquired American PC maker Gateway? (1) Hewlett Packard (2) Acer (3) IBM (4) BenQ 17. Which IT company introduced its social networking site called Mash in India? (4) Park Hotels (2) New York, Seattle (3) Las Vegas, Washington DC (4) Atlanta,

(1) Microsoft comunicate

(2) Yahoo (3) Google

(4) America Online

18. Which Japanese company introduced Robinaits 1.2 metre tall humanoid robot that can with visitors verbally and also with gestures? (1) Toshiba (1) Vijay TV (2) Toyota (3) Hitachi (2) Sun TV (3) K tv (4) Honda (4) Kalaignar Tv (4) News18 19. Which TV channel is promoted by Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M Karunanidhi? 20. TV 18 Group was rechristened as________ (1) Newsline18 (2) Network18 (3) Media18 21. The turmeric soap brand Wave was recently introduced by________ (1) Wipro Consumer Care (2) Karnataka Soaps (3) Godrej Soaps (4) Nirma Soaps 22. What is the trade name of polytetrafluoroethylene? (1) Nylon secure Indian cooperation and support for their efforts in World War II? The mission was headed by a senior left-wing politician and government minister in the War Cabinet of Prime Minister Winston Churchill. (1) Rowlett Act Philips 25. Mahabalipuram in Tamil Nadu is a masterpiece of which dynastys architecture? (1) Pallava (2) Chola (3) Chalukya (4) Rashtrakuta 26. Which institution publishes the World Investment Report every year? (1) World Trade Organisation (WTO) (2) International Monetary Fund (IMF) (3) United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) (4) World Bank 27. Which economist was awarded the Commander of the Order of the Southern Cross for his pioneering work in introducing VAT in Brazil? (1) Parthasarathi Shome (2) C Rangarajan (3) Vijay Kelkar (4) Ashok Lahiri 28. Zahi Hawass is a famous__________ (1) Novelist (2) Zoologist (3) Archaeologist (4) Journalist 29. Of which cash crop is Chandragiri, a new variety that was introduced in Bangalore? (1) Silk (2) Coffee (3) Pepper (4) Rubber 30. What is the train plying between Munabao in Rajasthan and Kokhrapar in Sindh, Pakistan called? (1) Friendship Express (2) Thar Express (3) Samjhauta Express (4) Kutch Express 31. Which of the following facts about the Yangtze River in China is/are true? I. It is the longest river in Asia II. It is the second longest in the world, after the Nile in Africa III. It flows from its source in Qinghai Province and drains into East China Sea (2) Cripps mission (3) Wavell Plan (4) Cabinet Mission Plan 24. Bravia brand of LCD TVs was introduced by____________ (1) Sony (2) LG (3) Samsung (4) (2) Teflon (3) Rayon (4) Rexene 23. Which of the following was an attempt in late March of 1942 by the British government to

(1) I, II & III (2) I & II only (3) II and III only (4) III and I only 32. The Lumire brothers were the pioneers in which industry? (1) Automobile (2) Motion pictures (3) Printing & publishing (4) Aviation 33. Indian Petrochemicals Ltd is a subsidiary of________ (1) Reliance Industries Ltd (2) Indian Oil Company (3) Essar Oil (4) Bharat Petroleum 34. Which famous UK based football club is owned by the Glazer family? 1) Manchester United (2) Liverpool (3) Chelsea (4) Arsenal 35. Which popular brand of vegetable oil is market by Amrit Corp Ltd? (1) Gagan (2) Postman (3) Dalda (4) Dhara

Answers Key 1.(1) 2.(2) 3.(4) 4.(2) 5.(2) 6.(4) 7.(2) 8.(2) 9.(1) 10.(1) 11.(1) 12.(1) 13.(1) 14.(2) 15.(1) 16.(2) 17.(2) 18.(1) 19.(4) 20.(2) 21.(2) 22.(2) 23.(2) 24.(1) 25.(1) 26.(1) 27.(3) 28.(1) 29.(3) 30.(2) 31.(4) 32.(2) 33.(1) 34.(1) 35.(1)

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TEST 7 1. Where did the Steve Ballmer work before Bill Gates persuaded him to join Microsoft? (1) Unilever (2) Procter & Gamble (3) General Electric (4) 3M 2. US want Iran to stop enriching: (1) Plutonium (2) Uranium (3) Thorium (4) Heavy Water 3. Which is the capital of Israel? (1) Jerusalem (2) Tel Aviv (3) Gaza (4) Haifa 4. Who is the President of South Africa? (1) Thabo Mbeki (2) Jacob Zuma (3) Nelson Mandela (4) Walter Sisulu 5. In which state is Microsoft headquartered? (1) Washington (2) California (3) Utah (4) Texas 6. Which retailing company has introduced the snacks brand Tasty Treat? (1) Pantaloon (2) Reliance Retail (3) Subhiksha (4) Shoppers Stop 7. Which of the following is worlds nuclear watchdog? (1) Atomic Energy Regulation Board (3) International Atomic Energy Agency (2) Nuclear Suppliers Group (4) Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty

8. Who ruled Zimbabwe when it was under white racist rule? (1) Charles Kingsley (2) Ian Smith (3) Wilfred Rhodes (4) F W de Clerk 9. Wintel refers to Windows and: (1) Telecom (2) Intel (3) Intelligent (4) International 10. Bank Melli is the biggest bank in: (1) Iraq (2) Iran (3) Pakistan (4) Egypt 11. United Nations Security Council comprises how many members? (1) 5 (2) 10 (3) 15 (4) 20 12. What is Microsofts mail-server software, introduced recently, known as? (1) Exchange (2) Postbag (3) Mail It (4) Letterman 13. Strife-torn Darfur is a province of: (1) Ethiopia (2) Sudan (3) Somalia (4) Egypt 14. Which company is in news these days for offering free basic word-processors and spreadsheets online? (1) Microsoft (1) 25 (2) Adobe (3) Google (4) 33 (4) Steve Ballmer (4) Apple 15. Bill Gates helped to found Microsoft how many years ago? (2) 27 (3) 29 16. Whose objective was to put a PC on every desk and in every home? (1) Bill Gates (1) Nokia (2) Paul Allen (3) Steve Jobs (4) Sony 17. Symbian is a mobile phone operating system invented by: (2) Microsoft (4) Google 18. Bill Gates has decided to devote his time to which of the following tasks?

(1) To acquire Yahoo foundation

(2) To work for his charitable

(3) To design a new version of Windows operating system (4) To supervise space research at NASA 19. Boris Tadic is the President of which Balkan country? (1) Slovenia its product in the Indian market recently? (1) Oriflame (1) ITC (2) Amway (3) Avon (4) Mary Kay 21. Which of these was launched its Superia range of natural soaps and shampoos? (2) Godrej Soaps (3) Wipro Consumer Care (4) Marico 22. Which serving Head of State has authored the book Courage-Eight Portraits? (1) Gordon Brown, PM of UK (2) Nicholas Sarkozy, PM of France (3) John Howard, PM of Australia (4) 23. Angela Merkel, Chancellor of Germany 23. Oxyrich is the mineral water brand from_________ (1) Manikchand (2) Mount Everest Mineral Water (3) T-Series (4) Bisleri 24. Which South India based business family set up FACT (Fertilisers and Chemicals Travancore Ltd) in 1943; the company was later nationalized by the govt of India and is one of the largest fertilizer companies in the country? (1) Murugappas (2) Seshasayees (3) Chettiars (4) Iyengars 25. Where in Tamil Nadu was Lord Swraj Pauls 125-acre Caparo industrial complex located? (1) Sriperumbudur (2) Kanchipuram (3) Chidambaram (4) Pudukkottai 26. Mark out the wrong combination of famous brand names and the range of apparel launched for women. (1) Allen SollyAllen Solly Womens Wear (2) Color PlusColor Plus Woman (3) John PlayersJohn Players Womens Wear (4) Park AvenuePark Avenue Woman 27. Which MNC cement company holds controlling stakes in ACC & Ambuja Cementtwo of the three largest cement companies in India? (1) Holcim (2) Lafarge (3) Holdersbank (4) Cemex (2) Pakistan and Sri Lanka will host the two 28. Mark out the wrong statement regarding the 2011 Cricket World Cup? (1) India will host the 2011 World cup Final semi-finals (3) The opening ceremony will he held in Bangladesh (4) Some of the matches will be held in UAE 29. Blue Tool, Dont Leave Home Without It and Optima are trademarks of: (1) Nokia (1) Fevicol (2) Visa Cards (3) American Express Bank (4) Ericsson (2) Rupa Publishing (3) Baron (4) Archies Cards 30. Anil Moolchandani is the creator of which legendary Indian brand? (2) Serbia (3) Croatia (4) Bosnia 20. Which of the following is the Sweden based direct selling cosmetics company that introduced

31. Which flower served as Adidass logo till 1991? (1) Chrysanthemum (2) Edelweiss (3) Trefoil group? (1) RPG group (2) NEPC Khemka (3) Essel (1) TCL (2) Thomson (3) Akai (4) Konka (4) Tide (4) Amalgamations 33. Art TV and Pet TV are TV brands of which TV maker? 34. With which product would you associate the ad Youll wonder where the yellow went? (1) Colgate (1) IOC (2) Pepsodent (3) Forhans (4) HPCL 35. With which oil major would you associate the Glide range of engine oils? (2) IBP (3) BPCL (4) Lotus 32. The store FoodWorld is a joint venture between Dairy Farm International and which Indian

Answer Key 1.(2) 2.(2) 3.(2) 4.(2) 5.(1) 6.(1) 7.(3) 8.(2) 9.(2) 10.(2) 11.(3) 12.(1) 13.(2) 14.(3) 15.(4) 16.(1) 17.(1) 18.(2) 19.(2) 20.(1) 21.(1) 22.(1) 23.(1) 24.(2) 25.(1) 26.(3) 27.(1) 28.(4) 29.(3) 30.(4) 31.(3) 32.(1) 33.(4) 34.(2) 35.(3)

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TEST 8 Note: Bold options are the answer of the questions given below. 1. A solemn ceremony to mark the 60th Anniversary of D-Day landings of the Allies troops during the Second World War, was held in (a) Pearl Harbour (1) Dr. Zakir Husain (3) Shri Gopal Swarup Pathak (1) Shri R. Venkatraman (3) Shri V. V. Giri (1) Only one (b) Normandy (c) New York (d) Lisbon 2. Who among the following is the Vice-President who passed away while in office? (2) Shri Krishna Kant (4) Shri B. D. Jatti (2) Shri K. R. Narayanan (4) Dr. S. Radhakrishnan (3) Seven (4) All

3. Who is the only Vice- President to have served for a period of ten years?

4. How many of the former presidents of India have been awarded the Bharat Ratna? (2) Four 5. Two of the Presidents died while in Office. One of them is Dr. Zakir Husain. The other is (1) Shri Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed (3) Justice M. Hidayatullah president except for (1) Dr. S. Radhakrishnan (3) Shri V.V.Giri (2) Dr. Rajendra Prasad (4) Shri B.D. Jatti (2) Shri Neelam Sanjiva Reddy (4) Dr. S. Radhakrishnan

6. All of the following presidents served as Vice-presidents before taking up office as the

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TEST 9 Legal Awareness 1. a) 1 2. 3. 4. a) UK 5. 6. 7. 8. Minister 9. of India 10. a) 10 11. a) 5 12. How many members can be nominated by President of India from various fields like the b) 2 c) 12 d) 15 arts, science etc.? How many members from the Anglo-Indian Community can be nominated by the b) 2 c) 10 d) 12 b) Chief Justice of India c) Vice-President d) The Who has the power to dissolve the Parliament? b) Vice-President c) President d) Chief Justice a) Prime Minister How many organs are there in Central as well as State Government? b) 3 c) 4 d) 5 c) Rajya Sabha c) Chief Justice d) Judiciary d) Executive Who among the following is the supreme institution of the people? b) Loksabha Who among the following can amend the constitution? Who among the following countries follows the Presidential System? b) India c) USA d) Australia b) Rajya Sabha c) None of these d) None of these d) Parliament d) Cabinet Of which house, the members are not directly elected? Education falls under which list? Who among the following has the power to impeach the President? b) Lok Sabha c) Chief Justice of India Who elects the Vice-President? b) Parliament (Two houses) c) Prime Minister

a) Parliament

a) The President b) Parliament

a) Lok Sabha

a) Concurrent List b) Central List c) State list a) Prime Minister a) President

President Who appoints the members of the planning commission?

a) Prime Minister President 13.

Who is the ex-officio chairperson of the planning commission? b) President d) Vice-President

a) Deputy speakers of Lok Sabha c) Prime Minister 14.

According to which article, the law declared by the Supreme Court shall be binding on b) Article 141 c) Article 260 d) Article 361

all courts within the teritory of India? a) Article 156 15. When was the Supreme court established?

a) 26th Jan. 1950 16. when?

b) 26th Jan. 1948

c) 26th Jan. 1947

d) 26th Jan. 1949

Which commission recommended the reservation of jobs in government services and b) Chopra Commission, 1989

a) Mandal Commission, 1990 17. a) 10 18. a) 18 19. a) 21 20. 21. a) 5 22.

c) Shri Krishna Commission, 1952 d) Venkiah Commission, 1990 How many Presidents has India had uptil now? b) 12 b) 14 b) 25 c) 15 c) 12 c) 30 d) 14 d) 15 d) 18 How many Prime Ministers have been in India until now ? What is the legal age for contesting elections in India? When did the United Nations adopt Universal Declaration of Human Right? How many fundamental rights have been granted by the Indian constitution? b) 6 c) 4 d) 7 Under which article can the right to freedom be suspended by the government during an b) Article 40 c) Article 19 d) Article 20

a) 1945 b) 1947 c) 1948 d) 1950

emergency? a) Article 141 23. 24. a) 42nd b) 40th By which Amendment act of 1976, were the fundamental duties were introduced? c) 54th d) 48th Which article guarantees to the Indian citizens the right to move the Supreme Court for b) Article 32 c) Article 141 d) Article 40

the enforcement of the fundamental Rights? a) Article 19 25. a) 178 26. 27. a) Plato 28. 29. 30. a) 10 31. How many countries are members of the United Nations? b) 180 c) 193 d) 200 Who defined Democracy as the government of the people, by the people, for the people? b) Rousseau c) Abraham Lincoln d) Machiavelli d) Aristotle Who wrote the book The Prince? b) Socrates c) Aristotle The Glorious Revolution took place in c) England d) Russia The French Revolution took place in which year? How many members of the Security Council have the decision-making capability? b) 5 c) 20 d) 15 The President of World Bank is

a) George Washington

a) U.S.A. b) France

a) 1911 b) 1789 c) 1688 d) 1776

a) always from a Third World Country b) always from the U.S.A. c) always from the U.K.

d) from any country 32. Who was elected president of the Constituent Assembly? b) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar d) Dr. Rajendra Prasad b) Mahatma Gandhi d) Sardar Patel c) 66 subjects d) 100 subjects d) 47 subjects d) 66 subjects a) Jawahar Lal Nehru c) Sardar Patel 33. a) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar c) Jawaharlal Nehru 34. 35. 36. 37. a) 15 38. a) 544 39. 40. 41. a) 4 42. a) 97 subjects a) 97 subjects a) 47 subjects b) 10

Who was the chairman of the Drafting Committee formed in 1946?

How many subjects come under the Union List? b) 47 subjects How many subjects come under the state list? b) 100 subjects c) 66 subjects b) 105 subjects c) 97 subjects c) 11 d) 14 How many subjects are there in the concurrent list? How many General Elections have been conducted by the Indian Parliament till now? What is the strength of Lok Sabha, generally ? b) 552 c) 540 d) 545 Which state has the largest Vidhan Sabha? (403 members) c) Madhya Pradesh d) Uttar Pradesh Who gave the slogan Garibi Hatao in 1971 Lok Sabha elections? How many parties are recognised as national parties in India? b) 8 c) 7 d) 6 b) The President d) Cabinet Ministers c) 35 years d) 40 years Who appoints the Chief Election Commissioner of India?

a) Maharashtra b) Gujarat

a) Indira Gandhi b) Morarji Desai c) Lal Bahadur Shastri d) Charan Singh

a) Prime Minister c) Chief Justice of India 43. 44. a) 25 years

The minimum age required to become the president of India is b) 30 years Which of the following constitutional amendments was responsible for deleting the right b) 44th amendment d) 48th amendment

to property from the list of fundamental rights? a) 43rd amendment c) 52nd amendment 45.

According to the Constitution of India, which of the following is not one of the main b) Judiciary c) Executive d) Legislature

organs of the Government? a) Bureaucracy 46. a) 25 Indian State? b) 30 c) 35 d) 40 What is the minimum age required to become Vice-President of India or Governor of an

47.

Which of the following constitutional amendments was responsible for the inclusion of b) 70th Amendment d) 76th Amendment c) 3 Months d) 6 Months

Konkani Manipuri and Nepali languages in the eight schedule of the constitution? a) 68th Amendment c) 71st Amendment 48. 49. a) 1 Month Rajya Sabha? a) 30 Years 50. under. a) Article 280 51. a) 14 52. 53. 54. a) 238 55. b) Article 352 c) Article 356 d) Article 370 Which of the following represents the original number of officially recognized languages b) 16 c) 18 d) 20 b) Vice-President c) President d) Chief-Justice of India d) J. J. Kania b) 35 Years c) 25 Years d) There is no age limit National emergency arising out of war, armed rebellion or external aggression is dealt b) 2 Months

The maximum duration for which the Presidents office can remain vacant is Which of the following represents the minimum age required to become the member of

enchained in the Indian Constitution? Which of the following heads the table of precedence of the Government of India? The first speaker of the Lok Sabha was c) G. V. Mavalankar How many members are there in the Rajya Sabha? b) 242 c) 246 d) 250 b) R. Venkatraman d) Dr. S. D. Sharma Who among the following Presidents has also been the speaker of the Lok Sabha?

a) Prime Minister

a) K. M. Munshi b) C D. Deshmukh

a) N. Sanjiv Reddy c) G. Zail Singh 56.

Word Secular was inserted into the constitution of India with the help of which of the

following constitutional amendments? a) 38th b) 36th c) 44th d) 42nd 57. 58. Which of the following is a Central Government Tax? b) Corporation Tax b) President d) Chief Justice of concerned State High Court c) Article 360 d) Article 370 c) Sales Tax d) Octroi Governor is appointed by the a) Income Tax a) Prime Mister c) Chief Justice of India 59. 60. Justice? a) 12 61. a) US b) 15 b) UK c) 18 d) 21 d) Soviet Union From which country, has the fundamental duties of the constitution been borrowed? c) Ireland a) Article 352

Which of the following articles of the constitution deals with financial emergency? b) Article 356 Which of the following represents the number of judges in the International Court of

62. a) UK 63. 64. 65. 66. 67.

From which country has the fundamental rights of the constitution been borrowed? b) US c) Soviet Union d) Germany b) Article 61 b) US c) Article 3 d) Article 21 Which article is concerned with the impeachment of the president? From which country, has the Directive Principles of State Policy been borrowed? c) Britain d) Germany d) Article 32 d) Article 327 Which article is related to Citizenship? b) Article 21 b) Article 370 c) Article 51 A c) Article 110 Which Article granted the special status to Jammu & Kashmir? Who is the ex-officio chairman of the Rajya Sabha? b) Vice-President d) Chairman of Rajya Sabha b) Dr. Rajendra Prasad d) Dr. S. Radhkrishnan c) 2 c) 65 c) 20 d) 5 d) 58 d) 25 b) President d) Chief Election Commissioner b) Leader of Opposition d) None of these b) Chief Justice of India d) None of these

a) Article 51 a) Ireland a) Article 3 a) Article 368 a) President c)Prime Minister 68.

Who was the first Vice-President of India?

a) N. Sanjeev Reddy c) F. Ali Ahmed 69. a) 12 70. a) 60 71. a) 15 72. b) 20 b) 62 b) 26

How many Rajya Sabha Members are nominated by the President? What is the retirement age of the judges of the Supreme Court? How many judges are there in the Supreme Court, excluding Chief Justice of India? Who appoints the Controller and Auditor General of India?

a) Prime Minister c) Vice-President 73. a) Prime Minister c) Attorney General of India 74. a) Attorney General of India c) Controller & Auditor General 75. Education a fundamental right? a) 97th b) 93rd c) 56th d) 61st

Who among the following does not have the right to vote in the parliament?

Who gives the expert legal advice to the Government of India?

Which of the following constitutional amendments is responsible for making Right to

76. Which of the following constitutional amendments is responsible for Panchayati Raj Bill? a) 72nd b) 56th c) 61st d) 42nd

Answer Key (Legal Awareness) 1) b 6) a 11) b 16) a 21) d 26) c 31) b 36) a 41) d 46) c 51) c 56) d 61) d 66) b 71) d 76) a 2) a 7) d 12) d 17) d 22) c 27) d 32) d 37) d 42) b 47) c 52) c 57) a 62) b 67) b 72) b 3) b 8)b 13) c 18) a 23) a 28) c 33) a 38) b 43) c 48) d 53) c 58) b 63) b 68) d 73) c 4) c 9) c 14) b 19) b 24) b 29) b 34) a 39) d 44) b 49) a 54) d 59) c 64) a 69) a 74) a 5) b 10) c 15) a 20) c 25) c 30) d 35) c 40) a 45) a 50) b 55) a 60) b 65) a 70) c 75) b

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TEST 10 Health Awareness 1. 2. 3. a) A 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. a) Pig 11. 12. 13. a) A 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. Identify the genetic disease from the following b) Cholera c) Malaria d) Haemophilia d) AIDS Which disease is caused by the deficiency of Vitamin A? b) Night-Blindness c) D b) Goitre b) Scurvy b) Malaia d) K c) Kwashiorkor c) Beri-beri c) Encephalitis d) Pancreas d) Rickets d) Anaemia d) Ascariasis c) Scurvy Which Vitamin do we get while being exposed to sunlight? b) C Which disease is caused by the deficiency of Iodine? Which disease is caused by the deficiency of Iron? Identify the disease which spreads through sexual contact. Which body part malfunctioning results in Diabetes? Which of the following causes Diarrhoea? b) Fungi c) Virus d) Worms d) Worms c) Fly d) Virus d) Butterfly Which of the following causes AIDS? Who among the following is the carrier of plasmodium, which causes Malaria? b) Anopheles Mosquito (female) Which of the following causes Ringworm? c) Bacteria Which of the following food items is rich in Vitamins? c) Meat d) Rickets d) C c) Osteoprosis d) Anaemia Which Vitamin deficiency leads to Rickets? b) K c) D Which disease is caused by deficiency of Vitamin B? b) Beri-beri b) Chicken Pox Which disease is caused by coming in contact with infected person? c) Cold d) Malaria Which among the following is an air-borne disease? b) Tuberculosis c) AIDS d) Diptheria b) Cholera c) Rabies d) Chicken Pox Which disease is caused by housefly being its carrier? Which among the following is responsible for tetanus disease? b) Fungi c) Virus d) Worms

a) Anaemia a) Beri-beri

a) Marasmus a) Rickets a) Syphilis

a) Liver b) Heart c) Kidney a) Bacteria

a) Fungi b)Virus c) Protozoa

a) Fungi b) Protoza a) Milk b) Orange

a) Rickets a) Diptheria a) Malaria a) Malaria a) Bacteria

19. 20.

Who discovered Penicillin? b) Robert Brown c) Sir Alexander. Fleming d) Greg Mendel b) Edward Jenner d) Copernicus c) Bronchitis c) Carbon d) Cholera d) Hydrogen Who developed the technique of vaccination?

a) Sir Issac Newton a) Louis Pasteur c) Sir Alexander Fleming 21. 22. 23. a) AIDS b) Malaria a) Sulphur a) Smoke + Hail c) Smoke + Vapour 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. a) 60% b) 90% c) 75% a) Cholera a) Oxygen a) Pollution

Which among the following is caused by air pollution? Whose Oxide mixes with rain to form acid rain? b) Oxygen What are the components of SMOG? b) Smoke + fog d) Smoke + Water Droplets d) 70% c) Syphilis d) Cold

What is the percentage of water in our body weights? Which among the following is caused due to water pollution? b) Asthma b) Nitrogen b) Smog Which gas among the following is responsible for Greenhouse effect? c) Argon d) Methane c) Chlorofluorocarbons d) Arsenic Which element is most responsible for depletion of Ozone layer? Who discovered Nucleus in 1831? d) Charles Darwin c) Kwashiorkar c) Vitamin D c) Scurvy d) Beri-beri d) Vitamin C d) Marasmus d) Rickets d) Vitamin E

a) Sir Alexander Fleming b) Robert Brown c) Gregory Mendel 29. a) Goitre 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. a) Fats 36. a) Vitamin A a) Kwashiorkor a) Anaemia a) Vitamin C a) Kidney b) Tuberculosis b) Vitamin K b) Ricket b) Goitre b) Vitamin K Which of the following disease is caused due to deficiency of Protein intake? Which of the Vitamins help in stopping bleeding? In which of the following diseases, the main symptom is loss of body weight? Vitamin B12 is most useful for combating c) Night Blindness c) Vitamin A Which of the following Vitamins is stored in the liver? Huntingtons disease is caused by malfunctioning of b) Brain c) Liver d) Pancreas c) Vitamins d) Proteins Which of the following is the maximum source of energy? b) Minerals Which of the following Proteins help in fighting infections by forming complexes with

antigens?

a) Haemoglobin b) Insulin 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. gland? a) Iron 47. 48. 49. b) Potassium a) Actin b) Myosin a) Vitamin B1 a) Vitamin A a) Potassium a) Calcium a) Sodium a) Vitamin A a) Phosphorus a) Calcium

c) Pepsin

d) Antibodies

Which of the following Proteins is also a hormone? c) Thyroxine d) Collagen d) Vitamin B12 d) Vitamin D Which of the following Vitamins is not in Vitamin B Complex group? b) Vitamin D b) Vitamin B1 b) Iron c) Folic Acid c) Vitamin C d) Iodine d) Iodine d) Iron d) Vitamin D Which Vitamin is found in Cod liver oil? Which mineral deficiency leads to muscular cramps? c) Sodium c) Iron Which of the following minerals helps in clotting of blood? b) Phosphorus b) Potassium b) Vitamin C b) Iodine b) Iron Which of the following minerals is essential for building of bones & teeth? c) Calcium c) Vitamin B c) Iron c) Sodium Which Vitamin is necessary for proper absorption of Calcium? Which Mineral is responsible for regulation of heart-beat? d) Potassium d) Potassium Which Mineral is responsible for formation of haemoglobin in R.B.C.? Which Mineral is responsible for formation of thyroxine hormone secreted by thyroid c) Sodium d) Iodine d) Maltose d) Anaemia

In which form is the roughage present in fruits and vegetables? b) Fructose c) Sucrose Which of the following diseases occur due to excessive eating? b) Heart disease c) Kwashiorkor b) Giving Roughage diet d) Rich Vitamin diet c) Fruits d) Vegetables c) Coastal Regions c) Vitamin C d)None of these d) Vitamin K d) Riboflavin d) Anemia How can a Marasmus affected child be cured?

a) Cellulose a) Marasmus

a) Rich Protein diet c)Rich Mineral diet 50. 51. 52 53. 54. a) Milk b) Soyabean a) Plains b) Hilly regions a) Vitamin B

Which vegetable source is the best source of Protein? In which part of country will the disease Goitre be rarely found? Which Vitamin deficiency is responsible for causing Dermatitis (Pellagra)? b) Vitamin B5 What is the scientific name of Vitamin C ? Which of the these disease has symptoms of bleeding gums and loosening of teeth? b) Scurvy c) Pellagra

a) Ascorbic Acid b) Nicotinic Acid c) Retinal a) Beri-beri

55. Which of the following Vitamins is fat-soluble? a) Vitamin E b) Vitamin C c) Folic Acid d) Vitamin B-Complex 56. The diseases which are present from the time of birth are called? a) Acquired Disease c) Infections Disease a) Pathogens a) Louis Pasteur c) Robert Koch a) Streptomycin c) Antitoxin 60. 61. 62. a) Leprosy b) Congenital Disease d) Non-Communicable Diseases c) Vaccines d) None of these

57. The biological agents like bacteria which cause disease are called? b) Antibodies 58. Which scientist first proved that pathogen were responsible for spreading disease? b) Edward Jenner d) Alexander Fleming b) ORS (Oral rehydration Salts) d) Vaccination b) Tuberculosis c) Tetanus d) Polio

59. Which of the following is given instantly to Cholera infected patient?

Which of the following is a contagious disease? Which of the following diseases begins with recurrent shivering chills and fever? c) Small-Pox d) Malaria Which of the following diseases is caused by Filarial Worm? b) Taeniasis c) Elephantiasis d) Measles

a) Polio b) Mumps a) Ascariasis

Answer Key (HEALTH AWARENESS) 1) d 6) a 11) a 16) b 21) c 26) d 31) d 36) d 41) a 46) d 51) c 56) b 61) d 2) b 7) d 12) b 17) b 22) a 27) c 32) a 37) c 42) c 47) a 52) b 57) a 62) c -----------------------------------------------------------------------3) c 8)a 13) c 18) a 23) b 28) b 33) c 38) b 43) d 48) b 53) a 58) c 4) b 9) b 14) b 19) c 24) d 29) c 34) b 39) a 44) a 49) a 54) b 59) b 5) d 10) b 15) b 20) b 25) a 30) b 35) a 40) c 45) b 50) b 55) a 60) a

TEST 11 CURRENT AFFAIRS QESTIONS 1. United Nations Climate Change Conference 2010 is ofcially referred to as the ... session of the Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. a. 18th b. 17th c. 16th d. 15th 2. Neutrino Observatory (INO) project is located near which of the following hills? a. Anamalai Hills b. Nilgiri Hills c. Khasi Hills d. Patkai Hills 3. Where was rst the AsiaEurope Meeting (ASEM) summit held? a. Thailand b. Malaysia c. India d. Pakistan 4. Who has been awarded the Nobel Prize for medicine 2010? a. Richard Heck b. Ei-ichi Negishi c. Akira Suzuki d. Robert Edwards 5. Ajay Jayaram is a well known player. a. Badminton b. Golf c. Tennis d. Hockey 6. Toxic red sludge, a waste product from making which metal, burst out of a Hungarian factory's reservoir reachedDanube River of Europe? a. Copper b. Aluminum c. Lithium d. Rubidium 7. Who authored Aunt Julia and the Scriptwriter? a. Ruskin Bond b. Mario Vargas c. Jonathan

d. None of these 8. Suresh Tendulkar is associated with ... a. Prime Ministers Relief Fund b. Telecom Regulatory Au- thority of India c. UN d. None of these 9. Omkar Singh and Anisa Sayyed are associated with which of the following games? a. Hockey b. Basketball c. Shooting d. Cricket 10. With which company would you associate Partha S. Bhattacharyya? a. Coal India Limited b. NTPC c. IOC d. Bharat Electronics Limited 11. Robert Edwards shares an association with? a. Physics b. Chemistry c. Biology d. Mathematics 12. The total number of medals that India has won in Common Wealth Games 2010 is a. 101 b. 102 c. 103 d. 105 13. Which of the following is a Tennis Player? a. Dan Carter b. Greg Jones c. Johnny Weissmuller d. None of these 14. H. R. Bhardwaj is the governor of a. Karnataka b. Kerala c. Tamil Nadu d. Andra Pradesh 15. Who has been awarded the Nobel Economics Prize2010? a. Peter Granger b. Jilly Cooper

c. Dale Mortensen d. None of these 16. Jaitapur nuclear power plant is in which city? a. Ratnagiri b. Nagpur c. Pune d. Mumbai 17. Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin agged off the construction of which space centre? a. Vostochny Space Center b. Vladimir Space Center c. Hioto Space Center d. None of these 18. Who is the State Chief Information Commissioner of Chennai? a. Hiren Singh b. R. K. Narayan c. Vinod Joshi d. K. S. Sripathi 19. Who is known as the "Father of the Green Revolution in India"? a. Norman Ernest Borlaug b. M. S. Swaminathan c. J. S. Thomson d. None of these 20. Burning Bright: Irom Sharmila and the Struggle for Peace in Manipur has been written by ... a. Arundhati Ray b. Deepti Priya Mehrotra c. Shivani Jain d. None of these 21. South Korean Pohang-class cor-vette sank because of which of the following torpedoes? a. Wang Geon b. Ulchi Mundok c. Cheonan d. None of these 22. Naoto Kan, the Prime Minister of Japan was preceded by a. Yukio Hatoyama b. Yon Ki c. Chiang Zell d. Yukoto Ziang 23. Srikumar Banerjee is associated with which of the following? a. Atomic Energy Commission

b. Bhaba Atomic Research Centre c. Defence Research And Development Organisation d. None of these 24. Who built the Brihadishwara Temple? a. Rajaraja b. Vengi c. Rajendra Chola d. None of these 25. Sutlej River originates from? a. India b. China c. Pakistan d. None of these 26. Pallavan Double Plus and Pallavan Muthusaram RD are deposit schemes that belong to a. Indian Bank b. Bank of Baroda c. State Bank of India d. Allahabad Bank 27. Indian Constituent Assembly adopted the design of Indian National ag on? a. August 23, 1947 b. September 13, 1947 c. August 15, 1947 d. July 22, 1947 28. The Indian National Anthem was sung for the rst time in a. 1910 b. 1911 c. 1947 d. 1945 29. National fruit of India is? a. Apple b. Sugarcane c. Orange d. Mango 30. When was the 42nd Amendment of the Constitution adopted? a. 1970 b. 1972 c. 1974 d. 1976

31. Who elects the Vice President of India? a. Members of Parliament b. Members of Lok Sabha c. Only b d. Both a and b 32. Department of Agricultural Research and Education comes under the Ministry of a. Commerce and Industry b. Agriculture c. Commerce and Industry d. Food Processing Industries 33. An insurance plan, JiyoFit', has been launched by ... a. HDFC standard life b. Bharti AXA c. LIC d. Bajaj Allianz 34. Where is the National Institute of Smart Government located? a. Hyderabad b. Mumbai c. Pune d. Chennai 35. Defender Z+ is a a. Locker b. Fighter plane c. Car d. Motorbike 36. Asias 1st EPZ was set up at a. Kandla b. Delhi c. Falta d. Noida 37. In which year was the Integrated Defence Staff formed? a. 1959 b. 1961 c. 1981 d. 2001 38. How many Integrated Test Ranges does DRDO have? a. 1 b. 2 c. 3

d. 4 39. The Integrated Education for Disabled Children scheme was launched in a. 1954 b. 1965 c. 1974 d. 1991 40. When was the Rural Electri -cation Corporation Limited incorporated as a Company under Companies Act, 1956? a. 1969 b. 1971 c. 1989 d. 1991 41. Fort William is located in ... a. Chennai b. Goa c. Kolkata d. Mysore 42. The Indian Tennis player who turned to Hollywood lmmaking is ... a. Leander Paes b. N. Night Shyamlan c. Vijay Amritraj d. Ashok Amritraj 43. Tritum is an isotope of ... a. Nitrogen b. Oxygen c. Hydrogen d. Phosphorous 44. In which country would you buy things using Lira? a. Germany b. Italy c. USA d. Myanmar 45. What does the acronym cc in an email mean? a. Character conversion b. Column code c. Carbon Copy d. Computer control 46. Love is associated with which of the following games? a. Tennis

b. Horse riding c. Lawn ball d. Billiards 47. Which country will host the Commonwealth Games 2014? a. Australia b. Srilanka c. Scotland d. Canada 48. The Vrindavan Gardens are located in... a. Mathura b. Manali c. Mysore d. Mohali 49. For measuring the diameter of a thin wire, you would use ... a. Screw driver b. Screw gauge c. Screw metre d. Measuring tape 50. El sueo del celta has been written by a. Pablo Neruda b. Shakespeare c. Mario Llosa d. None of these ANSWERS CURRENT AFFAIRS 1. c. 16th 2. b. Nilgiri Hills 3. a. Thailand 4. d. Robert Edwards 5. a. Badminton 6. b. Aluminum 7. b. Mario Vargas 8. a. Prime Ministers Relief Fund 9. c. Shooting 10. a. Coal India Limited 11. c. Biology 12. a. 101 13. b. Greg Jones 14. a. Karnataka

15. d. None of these 16. a. Ratnagiri 17. a. Vostochny Space Center 18. d. K.S. Sripathi 19. a. Norman Ernest Borlaug 20. b. Deepti Priya Mehrotra 21. c. Cheonan 22. a. Yukio Hatoyama 23. b. Bhaba Atomic Research Centre 24. a. Rajaraja 25. b. China 26. a. India Bank 27. d. 22nd July 1947 28. b. 1911 29. d. Mango 30. d. 1976 31. d. Both a and b 32. b. Agriculture 33. d. Bajaj Allianz 34. a. Hyderabad 35. a. Locker 36. a. Kandla 37. d. 2001 38. b. 2 39. c. 1974 40. a. 1969 41. c. Kolkata 42. c. Vijay Amritraj 43. c. Hydrogen 44. b. Italy 45. c. Carbon copy 46. a. Tennis 47. c. Scotland 48. c. Mysore 49. b. Screw guage 50. c. Mario Llosa

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TEST 12 1. Who has bagged the prestigious NTR National Award for the year 2009? a. Waheeda Rehman b. Gattamaneni Siva Ramakrishna c. B Saroja Devi d. Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao 2. An Indian American cancer specialist, his first book 'The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer' has been rated among 'The 10 Best Books of 2010' by the New York Times. Name the Indian American. a. Tulasi Polavarapu b. Siddhartha Mukherjee c. Dinesh D'Souza d. Ravi Batra 3. Who has been awarded the Indira Super Achievers award for 2010-11, at a function held at Hyderabad International Convention Centre? a. Debasis Chatterji b. Naresh Gupta c. Bhupesh Upadhye d. Vipul Mathur 4. Which of the following agencies bagged the Effie Agency of the Year? The agency bagged a total of 14 metals, totaling a tally of 145 points as compared to its last years tally of 13 metals and a score of 120 points. It also took home the Brand Equity Bravery Award for its work for Vodafone ZooZoos. Name the agency a. Mudra c. Lowe Lintas challenged a. ICICI c. IDBI b. HDFC d. HSBC b. Ogilvy India d. JWT

5. Which of the following banks has tied up with Diebold to upgrade ATMs for visually

6. First woman to be UP Chief Secretary has been sentenced to jail in Noida Land Scam case. She was facing 23 departmental inquiries pending against her, and also had been charge sheeted in five corruption cases during her appointment as chief Secretary. Name her a. Madhuri Gupta c. Neera Yadav a. Martti Ahtisaari c. Liu Xiaobo a. Shireen Bhan b. Abha R d. Hema S b. Barack Obama d. Al Gore b. Rajdeep Sardesai

7. Who received the Nobel Peace Prize for the year 2010?

8. AWho was presented with the Asian Television award for the Best Current Affairs presenter?

c. Arnab Goswami a. Saina Nehwal c. Jwala Gutta

d. Karan Thapar b. Aparna Popat d. Lili

9. Who won the 2010 Hong Kong womens singles crown?

10. Who was named the US PGA Tour Comeback Player of the Year after bouncing back from the worst season of his career to make golf history? a. Michael Clayton c. Peter Thomson a. Indian ocean c. Artic ocean a. Hockey c. Basketball a. Victoria c. Tasmania organisms is known as a. Taxonomy c. Zoology a. Abdul Kalam b. Pratibha Patil c. K. R. Narayanan d. Shankar Dayal Sharma Answer key 1. c 2. b 3. a 4. b 5. b 6. c 7. c 8. d 9. a 10. b 11. c 12. a 13. c 14. a 15. b b. Biology d. Ornithology b. Stuart Appleby d. Adam Scott b. Pacific ocean d. Atlantic ocean b. Cricket d. Tennis b. Queensland d. New South Wales

11. Which is the smallest ocean in the world?

12. _________ is the national game of India

13. __________is the smallest state in Australia

14. The science dealing with the description, identification, naming, and classification of

15. Who was the 12th president of India?

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TEST 13 1.Who is the new chairman of PWC India a. Sudip Bandyopadhyay c. Deepak Kapoor a. 500 million c. 400 million b. Kaushik Chakravorty d. G V Babu b. 250 million d. 800 million

2. General Electric has agreed to buy British oil drilling pipe-maker Wellstream Holdings for

3. An American diplomat, magazine editor, author, professor, Peace Corps official, and investment banker. He was the only person to have held the position of Assistant Secretary of State for two different regions of the world (Asia from 1977 to 1981 and Europe from 1994 to 1996). He was also the Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan under the Obama administration. He passed away on December 13, 2010. a. John Harvey c. Jimmy Carter b. Richard Holbrooke d. Alexander Watson

4. An English actress, she was nominated for a BAFTA TV Award for playing the title character in Margaret Thatcher: The Long Walk to Finchley. She is to be honoured with a Shooting Star award at the Berlin Film Festival next year. Name her. a. Gwyneth Paltrow c. Kate Beckinsale a. Rs 2,157 crore c. Rs 1,500 crore a. Vijender Singh c. Amandeep Singh 7. Who is the new SBI chairman? a. Shuman Mukherjee c. Sameer Pitalwalla a. William Miller c. Alan Greenspan longer hours in the sunlight? a. Logitec c. Sony a. Karakum b. Kalahari Desert c. Sahara b. Motorola d. Philips b. Pratip Chaudhuri d. U K Sinha b. Paul A. Volcker d. Ben Bernanke b. Andrea Riseborough d. Catherine Bell b. Rs 1,522 crore d. Rs 1, 2527 crore b. Suranjoy Singh d. Dingko Singh

5. JSW is all set to acquire 45.5 percent stake in Ispat industries for __________

6. Who has been named the star of a `golden year` in Indian boxing?

8. Who is the chairman of Federal Reserve?

9. Which company has introduced Solar Power Keyboards (K750) that helps in computing for

10. __________ is the biggest desert in the world

d. Chihuahuan 11. __________ are the fastest land animals a. Cheetah b. Wildebeest c. Lion d. Thomson's Gazelle 12. Which of the following countries is the largest producer of tin a. China b. Indonesia c. Belize d. Japan 13. Who authored Keep off the Grass? a. Salman Rushdie b. Vikram Seth c. Karan Bajaj d. Farookh Dhondy 14. How many states are there in the United States of America a. 49 b. 52 c. 50 d. 54

ANSWER KEY 1. c 2. d 3. b 4. b 5. a 6.a 7. b 8. d -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------9. a 10. c 11. a 12. a 13. c 14. c 15. a

TEST 14 1. What does the term GPS stand for? a. Global Positioning System b. Government Positioning Satellites c. Global Positioning Satellites d. Going Places Sometimes 2. When was the first GPS satellite launched? a. 1978 c. 1992 a. Media Player 3 c. Microsoft Player 3 battery? a. Nickel Metal Hydride c. Alkaline 5. What does DOS stand for? a. Data Operating System c. Digital Operating system is the other Stevens last name? a. Macintosh c. Apple 7. A TI-83 is a a. Old Antique Computer c. Intel processor 8. After a gigabyte comes a a. Terabyte c. Kilobyte 9. An electrode is the same as a. circuit c. battery 10. What does a laser do? a. it generates a beam of light c. it converts electrons into light energy 11. Which of these are satellites? a. Sputnik c. Ganymede 12. What is a watt? b. The moon d. All of the above b. it focuses heat rays d. it blocks the visible spectrum b. terminal d. neutron b. Zedabyte d. Mezobyte b. Scientific calculator d. Slide Rule Model b. Mac d. Wozniac b. Disk Operating system d. Data on synergy b. Nickel Cadmium d. Lithium ion b. 1985 d. 1998 b. Nothing in particular, just Mp3 d. MPEG Audio layer 3

3. What does Mp3 stand for?

4. An Mp3 player runs on rechargeable batteries. Which of the following is not a rechargeable

6. There are two Stevens credited with the making of Apple Computers. One is Steven Jobs, what

a. a degree of brightness b. a closed circuit c. a charge of electricity d. a unit of power 13. For what is Guglielmo Marconi best known? a. the invention of the steam engine b. the development of the incandescent lamp c. development of wireless telegraphy d. invention of the polygraph test 14. On 16th September, 2008, Intel rolled out its Xeon 7400 series of CPUs, code named Dunnigton, that was designed out of the company's Bangalore development centre. What is the maximum number of cores the chip can have? a. 3 b. 4 c. 6 d. 8 15. What did Anton Van Leeuwenhoek invent? a. the thermometer b. the microscope c. the bifocal lens d. the telescope 16. In what year did the Wright brothers successfully design and fly a motorized aircraft? a. 1900 b. 1896 c. 1910 d. 1903 ANSWER KEY 1. a 2. a 3. d 4. c 5. b 6. d 7. b 8. a 9. b 10. a 11. d 12. d 13. c 14. c 15. b 16. d

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TEST 15 MISCELLANEOUS QUESTIONS 1. Who has topped the list of Time magazine's 100 most influential people in 2011? (1) Barack Obama (2) Aruna Roy (3) Azim Premji (4) Wael Ghonim* (5) None of these. 2. Jwala Gutta and V. Diju of India are related to which among the following sports/games? (1) Table Tennis (2) Lawn Tennis (3) Badminton* (4) Athletics (5) None of these. 3. The Sri Lankan spearhead Lasith Malinga announced his retirement from .. cricket. (1) One Day (2) Test* (3) Twenty 20 (4) Domestic (5) None of these. 4. Novak Djokovic is from which of the following countries? (1) Bulgaria (2) Romania (3) Hungary (4) Serbia* (5) None of these. 5. Who has clinched the Joola Austria Junior and Cadet Open title? (1) Harmed Desai* (2) Soumyajit Ghosh (3) Sharath Kamal (4) Kamlesh Mehta (5) None of these. 6. On which of the following dates World Press Freedom Day is observed in May? (1) May 1 (2) May3* (3) May 6 (4) May 10 (5) None of these.

7. What is the position of the State Bank of India Group in the Forbes Global 2000 list of 2011? (1) 126th (2) 136th* (3) 146th (4) 156th (5) None of these. 8. Who among the following has won the World Snooker Championship for the fourth / time in May 2011? (1) Stephen Hendry (2) Steve Davis (3) Ray Reardon (4) John Higgins* (5) None of these. 9. The Indian .. team coach Bob Houghton has resigned. (1) Football* (2) Basketball (3) Volleyball (4) Handball (5) None of these. 10. Which among the following is the correct full form of COMESA? (1) Common Market for Eastern and Southern America (2) Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa* (3) Common Market for Eastern and Southern Asia (4) Common Market for Eastern and Southern Argentina (5) None of these. 11. Rafael Nadal beat David Ferrer to win the .. 2011 Barcelona Open Title. (1) Fourth (2) Fifth (3) Sixth* (4) Seventh (5) None of these. 12. Which among the following rivers originates from the Amarkantak? (1) Betwa (2) Mahi (3) Narmada* (4) Tapti (5) None of these. 13. The Senior Asian Wrestling Championship 2011 was held at .. (1) Dushanbe

(2) Tashkent* (3) Ashgabat (4) Patiala (5) None of these. 14. The Murugappa Gold Cup is related to which among the following sports? (1) Football (2) Hockey* (3) Cricket (4) Table Tennis (5) None of these. 15. Hatf8 is a .. (1) Naval Ship (2) Fighter Plane (3) Nuclear Bomb (4) Cruise Missile* (5) None of these. 16. In which year was the Imperial Records Department established, which is now known as National Archives of India? (1) 1881 (2) 1891* (3) 1981 (4) 1999 (5) None of these. 17. Elton Chigumbura has resigned as .. cricket captain. (1) West Indies (2) Kenya (3) Zimbabwe* (4) Sri Lanka (5) None of these. 18. RBI was nationalized in .. (1) 1959 (2) 1947 (3) 1945 (4) 1949* (5) None of these. 19. Who is Lee Chong Wei? (1) Badminton Player* (2) Table Tennis Player

(3) Tennis Player (4) Hockey Player (5) None of these. 20. NABARD was established in .. (1) Fourth Plan (2) Fifth Plan (3) Sixth Plan* (4) Eighth Plan (5) None of these. 21. Who has won the title in the Asian snooker championship 2011? (1) Passakorn Suwannawat* (2) Aditya Mehta (3) Pankaj Advani (4) Mohammad Rais Senzahi (5) None of these. 22. IRDP was introduced in the year (1) 197879* (2) 197980 (3) 198081 (4) 198182 (5) None of these. 23. What is Dhruv? (1) Missile (2) Tank (3) Helicopter* (4) Gun (5) None of these. 24. BCCI is (1) an International Terrorist Organisation. (2) an International Industrial Organisation. (3) a Movement for International Peace. (4) an International Banking Organisation.* (5) None of these. 25. Who is Environment and Forests Minister of India? (1) Jairam Ramesh (2) M. Karunanidhi (3) Jayanthi Natarajan* (4) Pawan Kumar Bansal (5) None of these.

26. Index 'Residex' is associated with (1) Share Prices. (2) Mutual Fund Prices. (3) Price Inflation Index. (4) Land Prices.* (5) None of these. 27. What is the latest Reverse Repo Rate? (1) 4.25% (2) 5.25% (3) 6.25 %* (4) 7.25% (5) None of these. 28. Dalal Street is situated at .. (1) London (2) Paris (3) Mumbai* (4) New Delhi (5) None of these. 29. Alastair Cook is the .. ODI skipper. (1) South Africa (2) New Zealand (3) Canada (4) England* (5) None of these. 30. When was the first Nobel Prize awarded? (1) 1890 (2) 1896 (3) 1901* (4) 1969 (5) None of these. 31. Who has been appointed as the new captain of England's Twenty20team? (1) Adil Rashid (2) Andrew Strauss (3) Stuart Broad* (4) Paul Collingwood (5) None of these. 32. According to a survey conducted by the Austinbased Global Language Monitor, The Royal Wedding of Prince William and Kate Middleton became the .. biggest news of the 21st century.

(1) Fourth (2) Fifth* (3) Sixth (4) Seventh (5) None of these. 33. 150th birth anniversary of Rabindranath Tagore was celebrated on .. (1) 07May2011* (2) 17May2011 (3) 17 April 2011 (4) 07 April 2011 (5) None of these. 34. Who has won the Malaysian Open Grand Prix Gold 2011 Badminton tournament? (1) Saina Nehwal (2) Xin Wang* (3) Zhang Ning (4) Wang Chen (5) None of these. 35. Who has won the gold in the 48 kg category at the ASBC Women's Boxing Asian Cup 2011? (1) M.C. Mary Kom* (2) Neetu (3) Kavita Goyat (4) Laxmi Padiya (5) None of these. 36. Who has won the Madrid Open 2011 Women's Singles title? (1) Venus Williams (2) Petra Kvitova* (3) Victoria Azarenka (4) Jelena Jankovic (5) None of these. 37. Who has won the Madrid Open 2011 Men's Singles title? (1) Novak Djokovic* (2) Rafael Nadal (3) John McEnroe (4) Bjorn Borg (5) None of these. 38. According to the global brands agency Millward Brown, what is the position of ICICI Bank in World's 100 most valuable brands list 2011? (1) 53rd*

(2) 63rd (3) 73rd (4) 83rd (5) None of these. 39. Assam Rifles team has won the .. National Renbukan Karate Do championship. (1) 5th (2) 6th (3) 7th* (4) 8th (5) None of these. 40. Who is the Power Minister of India? (1) Virbhadra Singh (2) Vilasrao Deshmukh (3) Sushil Kumar Shinde* (4) Ghulam Nabi Azad (5) None of these. 41. Kollam district is one of fourteen districts of .. state. (1) Kerala* (2) Karnataka (3) Andhra Pradesh (4) Arunachal Pradesh (5) None of these. 42. Which state government has approved 100 mobile schools for the Gujjar and Bakerwal communities? (1) Uttar Pradesh (2) Jammu and Kashmir* (3) Punjab (4) Haryana (5) None of these. 43. Who has been appointed the bowling coach of Australia? (1) Craig Mc Dermbtt* (2) Stuart Mac Gill (3) Jeff Thomson (4) Shane Warne (5) None of these. 44. Haryana's .. will become the "first" district in the country to get solar street lights in all its villages. (1) Sirsa* (2) Sonipat

(3) Panchkula (4) Panipat (5) None of these. 45. Who won the 20th edition of the Sultan Azlan Shah Cup? (1) India (2) Pakistan (3) Australia* (4) South Korea (5) None of these. 46. Which of the following players is associated with the game of hockey? (1) Christopher Ciriello* (2) Cristiano Ronaldo (3) Darren Bravo (4) David Beckham (5) None of these. 47. Which state government has decided to replace issuance of ration cards to consumers under the Public Distribution System with smart cards which would be linked to the Unique Identification Card? (1) Punjab (2) Haryana* (3) Delhi (4) Uttar Pradesh (5) None of these. 48. Who won the Rome Masters 2011? (1) Rafael Nadal (2) Bob Bryan (3) Andy Murray (4) Novak Djokovic* (5) None of these. 49. The .. Olympic marathon champion Sammy Wanjiru committed suicide. (1) Kenyan* (2) South African (3) Brazilian (4) Indian (5) None of these. 50. Who is the President of Uzbekistan? (1) Rustam Mirzaev (2) Rustom Azimov (3) Islam Abcluganievich Karimov*

(4) Emomali Rahmonov (5) None of these. 51. What is the full form of IFRS? (1) International Financial Reporting Standards* (2) International Financial Radio Services (3) International Financial Research School (4) International Finance Reporting System (5) None of these. 52. What is SEBI? (1) An Advisory Body (2) A Statutory Body* (3) A Constitutional body (4) All the above. (5) None of these. 53. Which of the following schemes is associated with the Financial Inclusion? (1) Shaktimaan (2) Saksham (3) Swabhimaan* (4) Swawlamban (5) None of these. 54. Many a time, we come across a term in field of Banking Operation which reads "CBS". What is the full form of the same? (1) Coding Banking System (2) Clearing Banking System (3) Canadian Broadcasting System (4) Core Banking System* (5) None of these. 55. Yuan currency belongs to which one of the following countries? (1) Japan (2) France (3) China* (4) Malaysia (5) None of these. 56. Who is the author of the book "Jinnah and Tilak"? (1) Nirmala Deshpande (2) A.G Noorani* (3) A.H.M. NormanKhan (4) Muhammad Anyad

(5) None of these. 57. Moortidevi Award is given for excellence in the field of .. (1) Dance (2) Music (3) Literature* (4) Cinematography (5) None of these. 58. Which of the following is the book written by Siddhartha Mukherjee? (1) Higher than Everest (2) A Passage to England (3) Affluent Society (4) The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer* (5) None of these. 59. Which of the following days was observed as International Museum Day2011? (1) 16 May (2) 17 May (3) 18 May* (4) 19 May (5) None of these. 60. Which of the following is used in the game of Golf? (1) Love (2) Tee* (3) Penalty Stroke (4) No Ball (5) None of these. 61. Who amongst the following is the director of the popular Hindi film "Dabangg"? (1) Mani Ratnam (2) David Dhavan (3) Abhinav Singh Kashyap* (4) Arbaaz Khan (5) None of these. 62. In which of the following states, Rosa Power Plant is located? (1) Orissa (2) Haryana (3) Uttar Pradesh* (4) Madhya Pradesh (5) None of these. 63. Which film won the 'Whole some Entertainer' award of 2010 at the 58th National Awards? (1) Dabangg*

(2) Do Dooni Chaar (3) Ishqiya (4) Baboo Band Baaja (5) None of these. 64. Which one of the following is not a member of BRICS? (1) Brazil (2) Russia (3) China (4) South Korea* (5) None of these. 65. Phase I of Bharat Nirman was implemented in the period 200506 to 200809 while Phase II is being implemented from 200910 to .. (1) 201112* (2) 201213 (3) 2013 14H (4) 201415 (5) None of these. 66. Which one of the following is presently the Saving Bank Interest Rate? (1) 3% (2) 3.5% (3) 4%* (4) 4.5% (5) None of these. 67. The Indian Census is a credible source of statistical information on different characteristics of the citizens since .. (1) 1870 (2) 1871 (3) 1872* (4) 1873 (5) None of these. 68. According to provisional results, India's population grew to .. (1) 1.21 billion* (2) 1.22 billion (3) 1.23 billion (4) 1.24 billion (5) None of these.

69. According to .., population Census is a Union Subject in India. (1) Article 236 (2) Article 246* (3) Article 256 (4) Article 266 (5) None of these. 70. D. Harika, whose name was in news recently, is a .. (1) Badminton Player (2) Chess Player* (3) Table Tennis Player (4) Cricket Player (5) None of these. 71. Which Zone of Indian railways has celebrated its 155th anniversary on August 16, 2009? (1) Northern Railway (2) Eastern Railway* (3) Western Railway (4) Southern Railway 72. Service Sector registers highest share in GDP during AprilJune 2009 as per data released by CSO on August 31, 2009. This share stands at (1) 57.3 percent* (2) 59.2 percent (3) 60.3 percent (4) 61.4 percent 73. The teledensity in India at the end of July 2009 has been estimated at (1) 36.8 percent (2) 41.1 percent* (3) 42.3 percent (4) 44.2 percent 74. The first Chairman of newly constituted AERA (Airport Economic Regulatory Authority) is (1) Yashwant S. Bhave* (2) Alok Mishra (3) Subhash Pani (4) C. Rangrajan 75. Indian railways has granted a bonus to their employees for the year 200809, equal to the salary of (1) 60 days (2) 75 days*

(3) 80 days (4) 100 days 76. Passport Service Project has been given to (1) Tata Group* (2) Reliance (Anil) Group (3) Wipro (4) Infosys 77. The first Islamic Bank is being established in (1) Uttar Pradesh (2) Kerela* (3) Maharashtra (4) Madhya Pradesh 78. Who among the following has issued the coin rupee for the first time? (1) MuhammadbinTughluq (3) Sher Shah* (1) Ana Ivanovic (3) Serena Williams in 2008? (1) The Enchantress of Florence (2) Disgrace (3) Midnight's Children* (4) The Siege of Krishnapur 81. What is the correct sequence of the following events? I. Bardoli Satyagrah II. Rajkot Satyagrah III. Champaran Satyagrah IV. Nagpur Satyagrah Select the correct answer using the code given below (1) IIIIVIII (3) IIIIIVII* I. M.S. Subbalakshmi II. Professor Amartya Sen III. Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam IV. Sushri Lata Dinanath Mangeshkar Select the correct answer using the code given below (1) IIIIIIIV (2) IIIIIIIV* (3) IIIIVIII (2) IVIIIIII (4) IIIIVIII (2) Alauddin Khilji (4) Akbar (2) Maria Sharapova (4) Venus Williams*

79. Who among the following had won the Wimbledon Women's Singles Title, 2008?

80. Which one of the following books had been named as winner of the Best of the Booker Award

82. What is the correct chronological order of conferring Bharat Ratna to the following?

(4) IVIIIIII 83. Consider the following statements I. National Parks are a special category of protected areas of land and sea coasts where people are an integral part of the system. II. Sanctuaries are concerned with conservation of particular speceis. III. Biosphere Reserves are connected with the habitat of a particular wild animal. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (1) I, II and III (2) II only (3) I and II only* (4) I and III only 84. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the code given below the Lists List I (Medicinal Product) I. Quinine II. Morphine III. Penicillin IV. Tetracycline (1) I(C), II(D), III(A), IV(B) (2) I(B), II(C), III(A), IV(D) (3) I(C), II(A), III(D), IV(B)* (4) I(B), II(A), III(C), IV(D) 85. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the code given below the Lists. List I (Pass) I. Zoji La Pass II. Bara Lacha Pass III. Jelep La Pass IV. Niti Pass (1) ID,IIA,IIIC,IVB (2) IB,IIC,IIIA,IVD (3) ID,IIC,IIIA,IVB* (4) IB,IIA,IIIC,IVD 86. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched? National Park (1) Kanha National park (2) Sultanpur National Park (3) Ranthambore National Park State Madhya Pradesh Haryana Gujarat * List II (State) (A) Sikkim (B) Uttarakhand (C) Himachal Pradesh (D) Jammu and Kashmir List II (Source) (A) Poppy plant (B) Bacterium (C) Cinchona bark (D) Fungus

(4) Bandipur National Park has suggested doing away

Karnataka

87. The Veerapa Moily Commission in its report on Administration Reforms among other aspects with which one of the following pairs of Articles of the Constitution of India? (1) Articles 305 and 306 (3) Articles 308 and 309 (2) Articles 307 and 308 (4) Articles 310 and 311*

88. What does Fuwa, the Official Mascot of the 2008 Olympic Games, contain? (1) Four popular animals of China and the Olympic Flame* (2) Five popular animals of China and the map of China (3) Five popular animals of China (4) Four popular animals of China and the world map. 89. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the code given below the Lists List I (Year) I. 2002 II. 2004 III. 2005 IV. 2008 Slavery and its abolition. (1) IC,IID,IIIB,IVA (3) IC,IIB,IIID,IVA (2) IA,IID,IIIB,IVC* (4) IA,IIB,IIID,IVC List II (UN's International Year) (A) International Year of Ecotourism (B) International Year of Microcredit (C) International Year of Planet Earth (D) International Year of Struggle against

90. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched? Nobel Laureate of 2008 (1) Martti Ahtisaari (2) Yoichiro Nambu (3) JeanMarie Clezio (4) Osamu Shimomura (1) Music records (3) Foods & restaurants (1) Wipro Consumer Care (3) Hindustan Unilever (1) L'Oreal (3) Maybelline (1) Avon (3) Christian Dior Physics Literature Physiology* (2) Business process outsourcing (BPO) (4) Publishing (2) J. L. Morison* (4) Johnson & Johnson (2) Oriflame (4) Nivea* (2) Body Shop* (4) Elizabeth Arden Discipline Peace

91. Which business was sold off by Richard Branson of Virgin group in 2008?

92. Which company launched its baby care brand 'Baby Dreams'?

93. Which famous cosmetics company launched its Visage range of products in India?

94. Which cosmetics company was founded by Dame Anita Roddick?

95. Which of the following is not a brand owned by Shahnaz Hussain?

(1) Veda Dynamics (3) Shahnaz Herbal brands? (1) Godrej Agro (3) Temptation Foods foray. (1) Reliance Industries Ltd (3) Godrej (1) Lays (3) Kurkure Asia Breweries? (1) Carlsberg* (3) Heineken 100. CocaCola

(2) Kaya Skin clinics* (4) Forever Beautiful

96. Which of the following exports marine products under the Shogun, Hima, Gold Seal and Tara (2) Nestle India (4) Hindustan Unilever*

97. EL Rothschild Ltd. and Del Monte Pacific Ltd are JV partners of ..... in its farm products (2) Bharti* (4) A. V. Birla (2) Bingo* (4) Uncle Chipps

98. Which of the following is not a snack brand owned by PepsiCo Company Frito Lay?

99. Which beer giant operates in India through its 100% owned subsidiarySouth (2) AnheuserBusch (4) Scottish & Newcastle

India's marketing communication campaign' ghoonth bhar sharart kar ley' is for (1) Fanta* (3) Diet Coke (2) Minute Maid (4) Thumbs up

Answer Key 1.(4) 2.(3) 3.(2) 4.(4) 5.(1) 6.(2) 7.(2) 8.(4) 9.(1) 10.(2) 11.(3) 12.(3) 13.(2) 14.(2) 15.(4) 16.(2) 17.(3) 18.(4) 19.(1) 20.(3) 21.(1) 22.(1) 23.(3) 24.(4) 25.(3) 26.(4) 27.(3) 28.(3) 29.(4) 30.(3) 31.(3) 32.(2) 33.(1) 34.(2) 35.(1) 36.(2) 37.(1) 38.(1) 39.(3) 40.(3) 41.(1) 42.(2) 43.(1) 44.(1) 45.(3) 46.(1) 47.(2) 48.(4) 49.(1) 50.(3) 51.(1) 52.(2) 53.(3) 54.(4) 55.(3) 56.(2) 57.(3) 58.(4) 59.(3) 60.(2) 61.(3) 62.(3) 63.(1) 64.(4) 65.(1) 66.(3) 67.(3) 68.(1) 69.(2) 70.(2) 71.(2) 72.(1) 73.(2) 74.(1) 75.(2) 76.(1) 77.(2) 78.(3) 79.(4) 80.(3) 81.(3) 82.(2) 83.(3) 84.(3) 85.(3) 86.(3) 87.(4) 88.(1) 89.(2) 90.(4) 91.(1) 92.(2) 93.(4) 94.(2) 95.(2) 96.(4) 97.(2) 98.(2) 99.(1) 100.(1) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

TEST-16 Business Awareness 1. Fresh and Select are the names of the brands that have been launched as entry of the b) Bharati Enterprises d) AV Birla Group

company into the retail sector. Identify the company a) Tata Group c) Reliance Industries Ltd. 2. shirtings? a) Virender Sehwag c) Vijender Singh 3. 4. 5. a) MTNL a) England a) Raymonds c) Bombay Dyeing 6. 7. 8. a) fourth a) Sony a) V. Kurien c) Amrita Patel a) Sania Mirza c) Vishwanathan Anand a) UK b) USA b) second b) Microsoft b) VSNL b) Germany b) M S Dhoni d) Jeev Milkha Singh c) BSNL c) France b) NIIT d) Zodiac c) first c) Apple b) Yoginder Alagh d) Parthi Bhatol b) Baichung Bhutia d) Mahesh Bhupathi c) France d) Australia d) tenth d) Nintendo d) Reliance Infocomm d) USA

Which of the following personalities is the present brand ambassdor of Siyaram suiting

With which of the following giants would you associate One India tariff plan? The Car-Maker Renault belongs to. Which of the following companies has the tagline Be more ambitious?

What is the rank of India in tea production throughout the world? Which of the following companies would you associate with the gizmo X-Box 360? The present chairperson of Institute of Rural Management, Anand is

9. Which of the following personalities is the latest brand ambassdor of the Deutsche Bank?

10. The Hospitality group Hilton hails from 11. Which of the following companies has recently tied up with Google to offer search services for the mobile customer? a) BSNL a) Tea business c) Coffee Business a) Karel De Gucht c) Peter Mandelson b) Airtel c) Hutch b) Food Business d) Print Business b) Robert Zoellick d) Jose Mannual Barrosso d) Idea 12. Starbucks is a World leader in the

13. Which of the following personalities is the present European Unions Trade Commissioner?

14. Forever New Frontiers is the punchline of a)CiscoSystem with itself? a) State Bank of India c) ICICI Bank b) HDFC Bank d) UTI Bank b) Airbus c) Boeing d) AT & T 15. Which of the following banks was in the news recently as it was merging the Sangli Bank

16. Can you identify the name of this Indian Company that became the first ever Indian company to enter the elite NASDAQ-100 Club? a) ICS c) Wipro Technologies a) WIPRO are.. a) 4 b) 8 c) 6 d) 10 19. Simply Priceless is the punchline of a) Air India Express c) Kingfisher Airlines a) Chanda Kochar b) Jaspal Singh 21. Vogue is the name of a) cosmetics brand c) clothing giant a) Andhra Pradesh c) Maharashtra a) General Motors c) Honda Motors 24. Four interwoven rings represent the logo of a) Olympics a) Sony a) Tatas a) Volvo c) Tata Motors b) Audi b) Sharp c) Mercedes Benz d) Octavia c) Akai c) Wadias d) Aiwa d) Ruias 25. Truly Japanese Truly Advanced is the punchline of 26. Which group has recently bought less than 10% stake in Spice Jet for rupees 100 Cr ? b) A.V. Birla Group 27. Engineering your tomorrows is the punchline of b) Mahindra & Mahindra d) Ashok Leyland b) jewellery brand d) magazine b) Tamil Nadu d) Karnataka b) Volkswagen d) Hyundai Motors b) Indigo Airlines d) Paramount Airways c) K.V. Kamath d) Nakul Arula b) HCL b) Infosys Technologies d) HCL Technologies c) INFOSYS D) SATYAM

17. The first ever Indian company to be listed on NASDAQ was . .. 18. The number of Indian companies that are on the list of the Forbes most reputed companies

20. Who among the following is the MD & CEO of ICICI Bank?

22. In which state is the Volkswagen AG planning to set up its manufacturing facility in India ?

23. Passat is the name of the car model that belongs to the stable of. ..

28. Consider the possibilities is the tagline that you would associate with . . ..

a) CISCO System c) Nortel a) Kiran Karnik c) K.V. Kamath a) Germany a) 6th a) Australia b) Italy b) 8th b) S. Africa

b) Dell Computers d) UNIX b) Som Mittal d) V. Damodaran c) U.K. c) 12th c) India c) GE c) Jack Welsch c) Fox News d) France d) 10th d) New Zealand d) IBM d) Steve Jobs d) BBC

29. Which of the following personalities is the present president of NASSCOM?

30. Lotto is the name of Sports company that belongs to 31. What is the rank of India in terms of absolute GDP throughout the World? 32. Diamond Trading Company, the largest diamond trading company hails from 33. Imagination at work is the punchline of a) Dell Computer b) Microsoft a) Larry Ellison a) CNN Channel? a) Rupert Murdoch c) Warren Buffett a) Orissa Kerela 38. Find the odd one out a) Karizma d) Passion 39. Who among the following personalities is known as the Oracle of Omaha? a) Bill Gates c) Warren Buffett Mart? a) Sam Watton c) H Lee Scott Junior a) Lotto a) 1967 b) Adidas b) 1969 b) Robert Walton d) John Davison c) Nike c) 1971 d) Reebok d) 1973 b) Larry Ellison d) Steve Jobs b) Glamour c) Avenger b) Ted Turner d) Tom Glocer b) Madhya Pradesh d) Rajasthan c) b) Bill Gates b) CNBC 34. Business @ speed of thought is the name of a bestseller by 35. Putting news first is the punchline of 36. Which of the following personalities would you associate with the Cable News Network

37. Which Indian state promotes itself by using the tagline The heart of incredible India?

40. Which of the following personalities is the CEO of the Worlds largest retail chain, Wal-

41. Believe in Yourself is the ad campaign that you would associate with 42. NASDAQ, the first electronic stock exchange of the world, came into existence in 43. Hutchinson is the name of the telecom giant that belongs to

a) Hong Kong

b) Taiwan

c) Thailand b) Lufthansa d) Air India b) Lakme d) Godrej

d) S. Korea

44. Which airlines displays the tag line, There is no better way to fly? a) Singapore Airlines c) Emirates a) P & G c) Hindustan Lever a) Punjab National Bank c) Union Bank of India a) Liberty a) New Delhi a) Accenture a) 15 b) Bata b) Manila b) AT & T b) 17

45. Fair & Lovely was launched by

46. The adline Good People to Bank With is associated with b) State Bank of India d) Citi Bank c) Woodland c) Singapore c) DHL c) 19 b) Tatas c) Fiesta c) GAIL c) Philips d) Reebok d) Mumbai d) Chevron Texaco d) 21 c) Ambanis d) Verna d) VSNL d) Motorola c) Boeing d) Wadias

47. The slogan Live Your Dreams is associated with which company? 48. Where are the headquarters of Asian Development Bank located? 49. Your World Delivered is the punchline of 50. The number of nationalised bank & in India are . 51. Ginger is the brand name of hotels that will be run by a) AV Birla Group 52. Find the odd one out. a) Flair a) IOC a) GE a) P & G b) Fusion b) BHEL b) Siemens AC 53. Which of the following is not one of the Navratna companies? 54. Sense and Simplicity is the punchline of 55. Uncommon Sense is the punchline that you would associate with b) Marico Industreis d) Air Bus 56. Which of the following companies is the largest computer manufacturing company of the world? a) Lenovo computers c) Compaq a) Malaysia c) Thailand a) AV Birla Group c) Tisco b) Acer d) Dell Computers. b) Singapore d) Indonesia b) Tata Motors d) Reliance Industries Ltd.

57. Happiness on Earth is the tagline that you would associate with promotion of tourism in

58. Growth is life is the punchline of

59. Of which electronic giant is the Howard Stringer Chairman and CEO? a) Philips a) Birlas a) Tamil Nadu a) Fresh a) MTNL a) Iodex b) Sony b) Ruias b) Karnataka b) Infinity b) BSNL b) Strepsils c) Samsumg c) Tatas c) Maharashtra c) Select c) VSNL c) Sweetex d) Dell Computer d) Ambanis d) Gujarat d) Croma d) Airtel d) Clearsil 60. Neotel is the new name of the telecommunication venture of in South Africa. 61. Which Indian State has the highest share in the foreign direct investment in India? 62. The Tata Group is coming up with the retail chain of stores under the brand name of 63. Which of the following companies was in the news recently as it launched Indias first IPTV? 64. Which of the following brands is NOT owned by Reckitt & Benckiser? 65. Who is the new brand ambassdor of Provogue? a) Fardeen Khan b) Hrithik ROshan c) John Abraham d) Saif Ali Khan 66. What was the worth of the deal in which Videocon acquired Daewoo Electronics recently? a) $ 700 mn a) Rado b) $ 750 mn b) Longines c) $ 500 mn c) Tag Huer d) $ 300 mn d) Rolex d) Jack Welsch 67. Elegance is an Attitude is the punchline of 68. This personality is the newly appointed CEO of Acelor Mittal Name him. a) Aditya Mittal b) Joseph Kinseh c) L.N. Mittal 69. Kal Par Control is the punchline of a) Bajaj Allianz c) HDFC Standard Life a) Honda General Motors 71. Kishore Biyani is the promoter of a) Reliance c) Vishal Megamart 72. All Desire is the punchline of a) Ford Endeavour c) Lancer Cedia a) Rahul Dravid c) Yuvraj Singh a) Louis Gallois b) Andeas Sperl a) Arcelor-Mittal b) BaoSteel b) Toyota Innova d) Skoda Laura b) MS Dhoni d) Sachin Tendulkar c) John Leahy c) NIPPON d) Tom Enders d) Tata-Corus b) Infinity Retail d) Future Group b) Nissan b) Aviva Life d) General Motors c)Ford d)

70. X-Trail is the name of an SUV that belongs to

73. Which Indian Cricketer has been roped in by the ITC Foods to create a line of energy foods?

74. Which of the following personalities is the CEO of Airbus? 75. Which is the 2nd largest steel company in the World?

Answer Key (BUSINESS AWARENESS) 1) c 6) b 10) b 15) c 20) a 24) b 29) a 34) b 39) c 44) b 49) a 54) c 59) b 64) a 61) b 66) a 71) d 2) c 7) b 11) b 16) b 21) d 25) c 30) b 35) d 40) c 45) c 50) c 55) b 60) c 67) a 62) c 67) a 72) b 3) a 8)b 12) c 17) c 22) c 26) a 31) d 36) b 41) a 46) c 51) b 56) d 61) c 68) d 63) c 68) d 73) a 74) d 4) c 9) a 13) a 18) a 23) b 27) b 32) b 37) b 42) c 47) a 52) d 57) c 62) d 69) c 64) d 69) a 75) b 28) b 33) c 38) c 43) a 48) b 53) d 58) d 63) a 60) d 65) a 70) b 14) c 19) b 5) b