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Cara Lawrence 11S3

Intro (A01a) I have been asked by Greening Bideford to create an interactive multimedia presentation on the subject of sustainability. I have to include an animated logo, a video, a soundtrack and action buttons. I chose to do the project in the form of a presentation, using Microsoft PowerPoint to create it, because it is the best way to follow the specifications of the brief. I could have done it in the form of a poster (on Microsoft Publisher), or booklet (on Microsoft Word), but the brief requested that the presentation be interactive, which you cannot do to either of these options, because you cannot interact with a poster or a book, they just give you information. I could have done the project in the form of a Video on Windows Movie Maker, as it comes with Windows and I know how to use it, but this would not be very compatible with a touch screen, as there would be no need for the user to use the touch screen to watch a video. I could have also used Photostory 3 to make a photo slide show, but I have not used it before, and it wouldnt be interactive. I could have created a presentation on a web page with Macromedia Dreamweaver, which would have incorporated the animated logo and action buttons, but the user might have been distracted, and left the page, meaning that they might not read the page. Also, I am not very used to the software, so it would be difficult for me. I also could have created a presentation with Microsoft PowerPoint as it would include interactive buttons and various media, but it might be difficult to learn to use. I accessed the World Wide Web in order to research material for my presentation. In order to do this I could have used Internet Explorer 7 or Mozilla Firefox, which are both on the system, and which both work in a similar way, so I would find them easy to use. But using these programs may present a security risk. In order to make a survey to research ideas for my presentation, I could have used Microsoft word to set out the text questions because I find it easier to use. I could have used Microsoft Excel if I had wanted the survey to be set out in a linear way, but I wanted more stylisation and freedom when designing the survey. To create my animated logo, I could have used Macromedia Flash, which is a sophisticated system which when used well can make flawless animations, But is difficult to learn how to use. I also could have used Pivot Animation program, which is quite simple to use, but it is more of a frame-by-frame system, which may produce jumpy animations. Also, to edit the images for my presentation, I could have used Photoshop Elements, as it has a lot of options for image editing, But it is quite complicated,

Cara Lawrence 11S3

so may be difficult to use well. I also could have used Paint to edit my images as it is very simple and easy to use, but it may be a bit too simple, giving me crude finishes on my images. I could have used a networked personal computer to complete the task. I could have chosen this because it is easier and more versatile than other options. It also has advantages because it automatically backs up your work, and my work could be accessed from several different computers, but they are quite expensive, and not very portable. I could also have used a PDA, as they are portable, and I could have done my work anywhere, but they do not have a very wide program choice. I could have used a smart board, which would give me insight to how my Interactive Multimedia Presentation would work on a touch screen, But I am not used to working in this format, and they are quite expensive. I will use a mouse and a keyboard to input text and images, and to interact with the graphical user interface. I could use an optical mouse, because it is what I am used to, and is easy to use, but I would have to make sure I have a mouse mat, because otherwise it may not work properly. Instead of a mouse, I could have used a touch pad, or graphics tablet, as they would enable me to feel more involved in the work, but they can be inaccurate and difficult to use. I also could have used a ball mouse, which are cheap and work well, but they can break easily. I could use a Qwerty keyboard, because I am familiar with the layout of it, but if I wasnt familiar, it may be difficult to get used to. I could use a concept keyboard which once set up would be easy to use, but they can be difficult to program, and can easily go out of alignment. I could have used a LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) monitor to display my work as they have good quality image output, but they can be expensive and break easily. I could also use a CRT (Cathode Ray Tube) monitor as they are easy to get hold of, and are quite cheap, but they are bulky and give out a lower quality image. To print off my survey, I could use a Laser printer which prints fast,with good quality results, but it is quite expensive. I could also use an inkjet printer, which are cheaper, but the ink cartridges are expensive, and they take a long time to print. To listen to the sound on my Interactive Multimedia Presentation I could have used headphones, which would have given me a good sound quality, but would not give an accurate experience of what the sound would be like in an interactive kiosk. I also could use speakers, which would give the right experience,and good quality, but to get the good quality it may cost quite a bit.

Cara Lawrence 11S3

Hardware (A01b) To complete the objective, I chose to use a networked personal computer. I chose this because it has a more versatile programme choice, for example video and image editor and presentation software, than either palmtops, or PDA. It also has a high storage capability, so I can store a large amount of data, without fear of running out of space, and because it is networked, my work gets backed up to the server. Although it is not portable, like a laptop, it is generally faster, and comes with the advantage of the school network, so I can access my work from any computer which is connected to the network. Also I have A laptop would not be viable as we have to do it in school, where there is no wireless network in the room in which I normally work, and laptops are more expensive. The palmtop/PDA although portable, might not have the capacity to handle the detail of the presentation. The palmtop has a keyboard, but this keyboard, because it is smaller than the conventional desktop keyboard, may be fiddly and difficult to use. I used a digital video camera to capture my video. I did this because it is portable and easy to use, but would produce better quality images than a mobile phone camera. A professional filming camera would be even better, but is too expensive and not very portable. I used an optical mouse, QWERTY keyboard, because they are what I am used to, and are easy to use. A mouse is an input device which enables the user to interact with the computer by moving the mouse, which in turn moves a pointer on the screen. I used an optical mouse, because it moves smoothly, and is accurate. The disadvantages of an optical mouse, is that if it is used on a shiny surface, the laser reflects wrong, making it not work properly. This could be solved by using a mouse mat. Instead I could have used a ball mouse, which wouldnt have the problem with reflective surfaces, but dont respond as well to the users movement. A keyboard is also an input device, used to input data, mainly text. I used a QWERTY keyboard, which is a long piece of plastic, with labelled buttons, which are used to input data. The advantage of a QWERTY keyboard is that they have a simple layout. The problem is that it takes up too much space on your desk. Instead I could have used a concept keyboard which uses a touch system which you can program yourself, which is more personalized, but it could be difficult to program to work efficiently. I also used an Hp laser printer to print off my Survey. I used this because it

Cara Lawrence 11S3

prints fast, with good quality, and it is what I had access to. I could have used an Inkjet printer, which uses a cartridge system to apply the ink, but they print quite slowly, and I did not have access to one. I used speakers to listen to the sound for my presentation, because they were what I had available to me at the time, and they gave good, clear quality sound. I could have used headphones to preview my sound, but that wouldnt have given an accurate sense of what the user would have heard, and if there were headphones in the information kiosk, there would be a possibility that they could be damaged.

Hardware Flow Chart

Input Keyboard Mouse Video camera Digital Camera

Process CPU

Output Monitor Printer Speakers

Storage Pen Drive Hard Drive RAM CD

Cara Lawrence 11S3

Software (A01c)

This is a list of the software I used to help me create my presentation. Title of Software: Macromedia Flash 8 Description of Software: An animation program, used to create various types of animated media, ranging from animated gifs to full animated video clips and even games. It can also be used as a drawing tool, with its array of paint tools. How and Why will You use it: I will use it to animate the Bideford greening logo, to match the brief requirements. It will be saved as an animated gif. Advantages: Is good for editing animations, and fine tuning. It gives the user the ability to have different layers, so you only change the things that you want to change. Disadvantages: It can be difficult to get to grips with. It is expensive so can be difficult to get. Alternative Options: Paint (Create lots of individual slides then put them together in windows video maker.) Would be time consuming, and quite fiddly. Pivot; A free animation program available off the internet. Easy to use, but is quite primitive. Title of Software: Adobe Photoshop Elements Description of Software: An image editing program, with many features, like filters to change the image appearance, brushes and drawing tools. What is the software used for: Editing images taken on a digital camera/already stored on computer, creating new images. How and Why will You use it: I will use it to edit my logo. I will use the magic brush tool to make the background transparent, and I will separate the different aspects of the image ready for animation. I will also use it to make the border for my kiosk screen setup. Advantages: It has appropriate tool for the task, lots of extra features, and has good quality results. Disadvantages: It costs quite a lot, and can be quite complicated to use. Alternative Options: Paint: The normal image program, which is installed in most computer systems. Quite easy to use, but lacking the diversity of tools needed for the task. Gimp: A free image editing program available for download on the internet. Quite good, but takes a long time to download and get used to.

Cara Lawrence 11S3

Title of Software: Operating system- Windows xp Description of Software: Graphic user interface , made by Microsoft.. What is the software used for: Used as a base to load other programs, and to manage more than one program at once. Advantages: It is what I have always used for computing. Disadvantages: It can be limited, and difficult to use for new users. Also has a few security issues. Alternative Options: Linux- Sometimes has a lot of compatibility problems., Mac

Title of Software: Microsoft PowerPoint Description of Software: A piece of presentation software, made by Microsoft, Which allows you to insert images and media, and display it in the form of a slideshow. How and Why will You use it: I will use it to create my PowerPoint, and to make it interactive. I will include animations, videos and hyperlinks alongside text, in order to make it an interesting experience for the user. Advantages: It is fairly easy to use when you are used to it. Multimedia is easy to add to the presentation Disadvantages: It could be difficult to learn to use efficiently. Takes time to make a decent presentation. Alternative Options: Open office- Free download, can be slow to run, and may have compatibility isuues. Title of Software: Internet Explorer Description of Software: A web browser made by Microsoft, One of the most widely used web browsers.. How and Why will You use itI will use it to brows to internet, in order to research information about sustainability to help with my Presentation Advantages: It is easy to use, Widely used. I am used to using it. It is compatible with most operating systems and programs. Disadvantages: Could have flawed security. Alternative Options: Mozilla firefox- Is said to be faster than IE, but could have more security risks, and compatibility problems. Google chrome- New web browser, could still have bugs.

Cara Lawrence 11S3

Software Flow Chart

Input Macromedia Flash Microsoft PowerPoint Adobe Photoshop Windows Movie maker

Process Flash- to create animated logo PowerPoint- to create Interactive Multimedia Presentation Photoshop- To edit logo before animating (Gif file) Windows Movie Maker- To make car sharing video (wmv file)

Output PowerPoint (Interactive Multimedia Presentation)

Storage Pen Drive (Memory Stick

Cara Lawrence 11S3

A01d Inputting Devices For my presentation, I had to input text, images, sound, video and animations. I input this data using a keyboard and a mouse. I used the keyboard to input the text and search the internet for the information I required. I used the mouse to insert position and resize my images, and also to select settings for my presentation (e.g. action settings and hyperlinks). If inaccurate data was written, it could mislead the user and cause them to believe inaccurate data. Various possible inaccuracies include spelling mistakes, grammar mistakes, faulty hyperlinks, pixellated images and incorrect action buttons. To correct these mistakes, you could proof read your work, use a spell checker. You could also ask other people to validate your work and check it for accuracy. Information should be obtained from more than one source. A spell checker could miss out some inaccuracies, as it cannot check context. I could validate my researched data, by checking other websites, to see if the research matches. Also, to make the presentation work efficiently, without any lag, or having to wait for loading, all of the media for the presentation should be saved in the same presentation as the presentation. To make the presentation more engaging for the user, I made it interactive using a touch screen. Also to disenable the user to make mistakes, I created the presentation in a way that controls the options that the user has, so that they cannot either exit the presentation, or mess it up. Also this makes the system less complex and confusing with less chance of errors.

Cara Lawrence 11S3

A01e System Output The Greening Bideford Brief required me to make an Interactive Multimedia Presentation. As the Designer, I used a monitor, speakers and a printer to assist me to output my presentation. I also used the Smart board to see how the presentation would work for the user. The advantages of using the Smart board are that it can be used to check the functionality of the presentation, in the way that the user would utilise it. The disadvantages of a Smart board are that they are very large, and may be difficult for shorter users the reach the top of the board. Also if the board is out of alignment it will increase the difficulty of using the presentation. The user will use a touch screen to view the presentation and to interact with it and speakers to listen to the music. The output device that is going to be used for my presentation is a touch screen, because it does not require a mouse or a keyboard, making it even simpler for the user. The possible options for the touch screens are a touch screen with integrated speakers, or a touch screen with external speakers. A possible touch screen is the RX190, "Aero touch screen, which has integrated speakers. This would be a good option, because the integrated speakers make it a more compact package, and saves you from buying extra speakers. But it may not look as nice as a touch screen without the speakers.

The Rx190 Atom does not have integrated speakers. It would be a good option because it costs less that the Aero, and looks nicer. It would not cost too much to buy speakers, and also means that the users sound experience could be better because you could install surround sound. But installing speakers and surround sound could be fiddly. Also, the speakers would have to have some sort of casing to prevent vandalism.

Cara Lawrence 11S3

My presentation meets the needs of the user because it is simple and easy to use, and it limits the possibilities for error.

Cara Lawrence 11S3

AO2 AO2a Greening Bideford asked me to create a Presentation, in order to make the target audience aware of sustainability issues. I could have created a booklet, which would have been easy, and simple to distribute, but the brief requested that the presentation was to be interactive, so this would not suffice. I could have made a video, which would fulfil the Multimedia aspect of the brief, but it would not be interactive, and may be difficult to produce. I also could have created a Macromedia Flash Presentation, which would comply with the brief, but Macromedia Flash is a difficult program to use, and would take a long time to create anything useable. I could have created a web page (On Macromedia Dreamweaver), which would have incorporated the animated logo and action buttons, but the user might have been distracted, and left the page, meaning that they might not read the page. Also, I am not very used to the software, so it would be difficult for me. In the End I created a Microsoft Powerpoint presentation, Because it followed all of the specifications of the brief, and I know how to use it. See attached for survey and results.

Hardware Flow Chart

Input Keyboard Mouse Video camera Digital Camera

Process CPU

Output Monitor Printer Speakers

Storage Pen Drive Hard Drive RAM CD

Cara Lawrence 11S3

Software Flow Chart

Input Macromedia Flash Microsoft PowerPoint Adobe Photoshop Windows Movie maker

Process Flash- to create animated logo PowerPoint- to create Interactive Multimedia Presentation Photoshop- To edit logo before animating (Gif file) Windows Movie Maker- To make car sharing video (wmv file)

Output PowerPoint (Interactive Multimedia Presentation)

Storage Pen Drive (Memory Stick

I used PowerPoint to create and view my Interactive Presentation. I used Adobe Photoshop to separate all of the components for my animated logo, and I used Macromedia Flash to put it together in an animation. I also used Windows Movie Maker to compile my video, and to add effects to it.

Cara Lawrence 11S3

A02b Sub-Tasks Create Presentation With Microsoft PowerPoint

Photos Relevant to slide subject, using Photoshop to edit if required

Video Clip. Using Windows Movie Maker to put it together.

Sound for the presentation.

Create Interactive Multimedia Presentation

Create help screen.

Animated Greening Bideford logo. Made using Photoshop and Flash

Contents page with links

Action Buttons and hyperlinks

I checked the accuracy of my data by using several different websites to verify my information. I also used a spell checker to check my spelling and proof read my work. I stored all of my work in one folder for ease of access.

This Picture shows all of the files and folders that I created for this project.

Cara Lawrence 11S3

A02c Ict can be used in a lot of situations, for example, it could be used to keep a log of all of the guests at a hotel. But, it wouldn't be practical for some situations, for example, baking a cake. I used Ict to create my presentation, because I was instructed to create an interactive multimedia presentation, and it is very difficult to create an interactive multimedia presentation without the use of Ict. If the presentation did not have to be interactive, I could have created a poster or a booklet. This would have been appropriate. Greening Bideford will use my interactive multimedia presentation to inform users of environmental issues. My Presentation is better than other alternatives, because it fulfils all of the requirements of the brief; it is interactive, allowing the user to feel in control of their actions, while not having any freedom to roam outside of the presentation. The advantages of my system, is that it is simple and fairly easy to use. It is stylishly designed, and is functional. The disadvantages are that the video could be of a better quality, to clarify the point, plus, I could have made the help button more obvious to users, by writing underneath for help click here instead of just having a question mark. If Greening Bideford wished to edit my presentation, they may need to train their staff in basic use of Microsoft PowerPoint. But they would not have much difficulty, as my master slide prevents the need to exactly replicate each slide.

Cara Lawrence 11S3

A02d If Greening Bideford wanted to create another slide, they would just need to follow these instructions. How To Create A New Slide Open the Greening Bideford interactive Multimedia Presentation in Microsoft PowerPoint. Click on the insert tab at the top of the screen. Select Add New Slide. Click on the slide, and insert your information In the boxes provided. If you wish to insert a picture; Select the slide you wish to add the picture to. Click the insert tab and select insert image then from file. Select your image from the list of files. Click Insert The image should appear on your slide. Adjust the size and move picture as you wish. I asked a few people to test these instructions, to check that they are valid, and not confusing. These people found that the instructions are simple effective and easy to use.

User Help Page

Cara Lawrence 11S3

AO3-Using ICT to create a presentation


My system would benefit Greening Bideford and the Target Audience in Bideford because it would inform the local community about the Sustainability issues which Greening Bideford are trying to resolve. The benefits of Greening Bideford using a Computer and a Touch Screen Interface are that it is quite simple, and it would be difficult to break due to the lack of attached devices. Also using my system on them would be easy, and it would be difficult for them to break out of the PowerPoint presentation. The drawbacks are that touch screens are quite expensive, and could easily go out of alignment. Potential problems of using my presentation are that if Greening Bideford wanted to add extra slides, they may not be able too. I could solve this problem by leaving a user guide, to refer to if they need help. Also, the help button may not be clear enough, as it is just a question mark. This could confuse users, and cause difficulties with use. I could solve this by writing on the first slide For Help click here underneath the help icon. I feel that my presentation meets the requirements of the brief. It works well, and has been tested by members of the target audience, who found very few flaws in the presentation. I feel I worked quite well, but could have been more focused, perhaps by trying to concentrate on one task at a time rather than many at once. If I was to do the presentation again, I would probably try to create my own icons for the help, home and sounds buttons rather that using ones off clipart. I would also have tried to manage my time more effectively, by spending less time on the slide backgrounds and other minor details.

Cara Lawrence 11S3

A04 Ict is used with environmental issues in many ways. It is used to analyse data and support theories. For example it has been used to collate information about climate change, and support the idea of global warming. If the Interactive multimedia Presentation was to be made professionally, the video may have been of a better quality. Also the logo animation might have been smoother, and there would have been more data. In the last couple of decades there have been extraordinary changes in Ict. For example, Communication has increased lots, mobile phones, internet messaging and general communication. People are able to communicate with people from all over the world, therefore expanding their knowledge of cultures. Ict use has changed in Environmental research because data can be more accurate, and can be processed quicker. Also, environmental researchers can exchange data more quickly and get faster results, making environmental research widely connected between many different areas of study. It has also helped agriculture and industry become more efficient. Jobs have changed because more of them require at least basic computer knowledge, and training has gotten more detailed and in-depth; a lot of jobs have computer training courses to help people become more efficient on computers. Ict could be advantageous to an individual, because it can increase communication and access to information, helping to increase intelligence. But it could impair verbal communication, with people being too busy chatting online, to talk to people around them, therefore possibly disrupting family life.