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TEST METHOD

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NEUTRAL SALT SPRAY TEST

Normalisation Renault Automobiles RE-DS / Service 67250 Section Normes et Cahiers des Charges

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This document is to be considered as a whole, the parts of which shall not be separated.

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"Seul le texte franais fait foi, les traductions ntant faites que pour en faciliter lemploi". "The French text alone is valid. The translations are provided to assist the reader in understanding the standards". RENAULT 2009. No duplication permitted without the consent of the issuing department. No circulation permitted without the consent of RENAULT.

CREATION December 1970 ---

MODIFICATIONS May 1982 June 1988 February 2000 October 2004 October 2009 --E --F - - G Complete revision (group CBBS). This edition arises from the project NC1999 0776 / - - A. - - H Complete revision This edition arises from the project NC2004 0540/--- - J Complete revision This edition arises from the project NC2009 0545/---

QUOTED DOCUMENTS External Standard : NF EN 10152 (1994).

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CONTENT

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Page 1. 2. 3. SCOPE AND FIELD OF APPLICATION PRINCIPLE EQUIPMENT AND REAGENTS 3.1. DEIONIZED WATER 3.2. AIR 3.3. SODIUM CHLORIDE 3.4. COLLECTORS 3.5. PH-METER, MINIMAL PRECISENESS OF 0,1 UNITY OF PH 3.6. DENSIMETER OR REFRACTOMETER (RESOLUTION 0,1 %) 3.7. CHAMBER OF SPRAYING 3.8. DEVICE OF HEATING AND REGULATION OF TEMPERATURE 3.9. DEVICE OF SPRAYING 3.10. SUPPORTS 3.11. TANKS OF SALT SOLUTION 4. SALT SOLUTION 4.1. MEASURE OF THE PH 4.2. DENSITY OR NACL CONCENTRATION MEASUREMENT 4.3. PREPARATION 5. 6. 7. METHOD OF QUANTIFICATION OF THE TEST CHAMBER AGRESSIVITY SUMMARY OF THE SPECIFICATIONS PREPARATION OF SAMPLES 7.1. SAMPLING: 7.2. CLEANING OF THE SAMPLES BEFORE TEST (EXCEPT PLATES OF AGGRESSIVITY): 7.3. PROTECTION: I7.4. MATURATION 7.5. STOVING 8. 9. : 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 7 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 10 11 11 11 11 11 11 12 12 13

DISPOSAL OF THE SAMPLES IN THE CABINET OPERATING CONDITIONS

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CONTENT (continued)

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Page (continued) 10. QUOTATION OF SAMPLES DURING THE TEST 11. MANUFACTURING OF SAMPLES AFTER TEST 12. EXPRESSION OF THE RESULTS 13. TEST REPORT 14. VERIFICATION OF THE CABINET 15. MONITORING OF THE TEST 16. BREAKDOWNS OF THE CABINET 17. TRAINING ANNEX 1: METHOD OF CHECK AND MONITORING THE AGGRESSIVITY 1. PERIODICITY 2. OPERATING CONDITIONS 2.1. REFERENCE PLATES 2.2. PREPARATION OF THE SALT SOLUTION 2.3. PREPARATION OF REFERENCE PLATES 2.4. SAVINGS 2.5. POSITION OF REFERENCE PLATES AND COLLECTORS 2.6. FILLING OF THE CABINET 2.7. MEASURE OF THE OXIDIZED SURFACE 2.8. EXPRESSION OF THE RESULTS 2.9. VERIFICATION REPORT ANNEX 2: MASK OF QUOTATION OF REFERENCE PLATES 90 X 190 mm ANNEX 3: EXAMPLE OF QUOTATION OF AGGRESSIVITY ANNEX 4: AGGRESSIVITY REPORT OF THE TEST CHAMBER ANNEX 5: LOCATION OF REFERENCE PLATES AND COLLECTORS IN THE CABINET 13 13 13 14 15 15 15 16 17 17 17 17 18 18 18 18 19 19 20 20 21 22 23 24

ANNEXE 5 (NEXT): LOCATION OF REFERENCE PLATES AND COLLECTORS IN THE CABINET 25 ANNEX 6: VERIFICATION OF THE PLUVIOMETRY 26

ANNEX 7: POSITION OF TEMPERATURE SENSORS DURING THE VERIFICATION OF THE CHAMBER 27 ANNEX 8: DAILY MONITORING REPORT ANNEX 9: TEST REPORT RENAULT 2009 28 29 Page 4/29

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FOREWORD

This test method incorporates the results of work conducted in France by a working group comprising salt spray test users of various sectors (CBBS): - Automobile manufacturers, - cabinet manufacturers, - surface treatment producers, - electrolytic zinc or cold immersion coating specialists, - CETIM.

1.

SCOPE AND FIELD OF APPLICATION


The purpose of this method is to describe the salt spray corrosion test, the associated equipment and verifications necessary to ensure conformity of the test.

This method is applicable to laboratory specimens, parts or samplings of vehicle parts, elements that we shall group together in this test method under the term "samples". 2. PRINCIPLE The salt spray test consists in a corrosive attack accelerated by an artificial salt spray of defined composition and pluviometry (quantity of salt solution sprayed), under precise conditions of temperature and pressure. The degree of corrosion can be appreciated: either by the appearance of corrosion spots, the percentage of corroded surface, the change revealed by micrographic examination, or by the modification of mechanical properties.

Any change of appearance must be written in the final test report (cosmetic deterioration) 3. EQUIPMENT AND REAGENTS 3.1. DEIONIZED WATER The water used for the preparation of the salt solution and for the filling of the saturator shall be deionized with conductivity lower than 20 S / cm measured at 23 2 C C. 3.2. AIR The compressed air shall be oil-free and filtered to avoid the presence of particles. This air is qualified as follows: Filtered dry air exempt from water, oil Metal or organic particles and stains lower than 0,2 mg / m and of diameter lower than 5 m.

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3.3. SODIUM CHLORIDE

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Minimum purity of the sodium chloride: 99,8 % (w). The sodium chloride shall not contain, in the anhydrous state, more than 0,2 % of impurities and more than 0,1 % of sodium iodide. It shall be free of copper and nickel (less than 10mg / kg for each of these elements). 3.4. COLLECTORS Use as collection devices smoother funnels of diameter 10 cm placed on graduated test tubes of a sufficient volume to collect the quantity of condensates between two measures. The constituent materials of the collection set shall be made from chemically inert material towards the salt solution (glass, polymer).

The collectors are used for the daily checks of the pluviometry, the measures of the monthly and annual aggressivity. The positions in the chamber are given in the annexes 4 and 5. Number of collector sets to use: Daily check: 1 at least, in that case, please change the place of the collector after every measure to verify the conformity of the pluviometry on all the testing area. Measure of the monthly aggressivity: 1 collector placed near the reference plate. Measure of the annual aggressivity: 3 collectors placed near every reference plates.

The collectors shall not be placed under the tested samples. 3.5. PH-METER, MINIMAL PRECISENESS OF 0,1 UNITY OF PH 3.6. DENSIMETER OR REFRACTOMETER (RESOLUTION 0,1 %)

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3.7. CHAMBER OF SPRAYING The materials of the equipment that are in contact with the salt solution shall be made from chemically inert material towards the salt solution. Definition of the useful volume of a salt spray chamber: Volume in which the specifications in term of temperature, pluviometry and aggressivity are in accordance with the requirements described in this test method. Thus, it is the volume in which samples can be explained during the salt spray test.

Front view

Height

Total volume of the cabinet

Length

Useful volume of the cabinet

The chamber of spraying shall have a minimal capacity of 0,4 m . The fog must be distributed in a uniform way, whatever is the load of the cabinet. The upper part of the chamber must be designed so that the accumulated drops of solution, which stream on the surface, shall not run on the tested samples. Walls and cover can be isolated if it is necessary for a good regulation of the temperature and thus for the homogeneity of the size of the droplets of fog in all the volume of the cabinets. The quantity of solution collected in every collector must be between 1 ml / hour and 2 ml / hour, for a horizontal area of recovery of 78,5 cm (for a funnel 10 cm in diameter). The solution sprayed during the test is evacuated at the lower point of the tank.

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Depth

Top view

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3.8. DEVICE OF HEATING AND REGULATION OF TEMPERATURE An appropriate device has to maintain the temperature in the range of 35 2 C in the useful C volume of the test chamber and its content. This is to avoid the phenomena of condensation of the fog on the walls of the cabinet. 3.9. DEVICE OF SPRAYING The spraying system consists of a supply of clean compressed air, under appropriate pressure and humidity; one or several atomizers and an optional opaque tank made from chemically inert material towards the salt solution. The pressure of spraying must be in the range of 0,8 bar to 1,6 bar, according to the recommendations of the manufacturer. A high pressure promotes a homogeneous distribution of the fog in the test chamber. The water inside the saturator has to be in accordance with the definition given in the present Test method at the paragraph 3.1. After going through the saturator, the compressed air must be saturated in water to prevent the rise of chloride mass concentration in the fog: the air is moistened before being sprayed by passing through the saturator containing water warmed to a temperature superior to that of the chamber (45 C 47 C). The equipment has to guarantee the saturatio n of the air with water. The filling and the stabilization at a constant level of water in the bubble tower have to be made with some deionized water. The saturator must be equipped with a thermometer to measure the temperature of the water and an outlet that could permit to check the conductivity of the water. IMPORTANT: Check the high level of water inside the bubble tower to be sure that water is not sprayed with the salt solution (risk of dilution of chloride concentration in the fog) ; and collect in a beaker the solution sprayed after the atomizer and to check the pH and the NaCl concentration of the collected solution. The temperature of the saturator must be in the range from 45 to 47 C C. The air quality can be indirectly controlled by measuring the conductivity of the water in the saturator. If the conductivity evolves beyond 20 S / cm, the saturator will be drained away, cleaned and it will be necessary to check the air supply. Recommendation: The temperature and the conductivity of the water in the saturator can be daily recorded in a monitoring document dedicated to the cabinet. Atomizers must be made from chemically inert material towards the salt solution. Their configuration will be adapted to the cabinet; so that it can assure the uniformity of the distribution of the fog in the whole useful volume of the chamber. For the cabinet equipped with an internal tank of salt solution, the level of the solution in this tank (placed inside or outside of the chamber of spraying) should remain constant to assure a regular supply of fog during all the duration of the test. 3.10. SUPPORTS Supports for samples must be made from chemically inert material towards the salt solution (for example PVC). Any water dropping on samples supports (resulting for example from water retention on the tubes supplying salt solution and air) is not acceptable.

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3.11. TANKS OF SALT SOLUTION

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The tanks of preparation, of use and the agitators must be entirely made from chemically inert material towards the salt solution. Tanks will be opaque to avoid the formation of algae and equipped with filters. 4. SALT SOLUTION The solution that is used to the spraying during this test is a solution of 5 % 0,5 % (50g / l 5g / l) of NaCl of density between 1,025 and 1,040 and in a pH range from 6,0 to 7,5. After prepared, the salt solution must not be stirred during the test. 4.1. MEASURE OF THE PH The pH of the solution is controlled at 23 2 by means of a pH-meter. The electrode shall not C C touch the bottom of the beaker. The solution will be slowly stirred. The measurement will be noted after 5 min of stirring and must be between 6,0 and 7,5. 4.2. DENSITY OR NACL CONCENTRATION MEASUREMENT The measure is realized at 23 2 by means of a densimeter or of a refractometer. The density C C of the salt solution must be between 1,025 and 1,040 that is a concentration of NaCl of 50g / l 5g/l. 4.3. PREPARATION Do not prepare the salt solution in the tank of use during a test running, in order to eliminate any risk of pollution of samples tested in case of error of preparation. To avoid this risk a solution consists in using two tanks. The first one is dedicated to the preparation of the salt solution: TANK OF PREPARATION and the other one is the TANK OF USE ". The prepared salt solution can be transferred only when the solution is in compliance with the requirements (cf. diagram below). Transfer of the solution when this one is stabilized and in compliance with the specification

TANK OF PREPARATION

TANK OF USE

Filters

Salt spray Cabinet #1

Salt spray Cabinet #2

The solution is prepared following these steps: Pour the quantity of deionized water wanted (conductivity less than 20 S / cm). Add the calculated quantity of salt (50g / l 5g / l). Stir the solution. When the salt is dissolved, check the concentration of the solution and adjust it if needed. Wait at least 4 hours by stirring. Measure the pH of the solution. If the pH is not correct: leave the solution another 4 hours under stirring and then re-measure it. If after 2 x 4 hours of stabilization under stirring the pH does not fit the requirement,

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the solution may not be used and shall be discarded. In that case, the purity of the salt and the conductivity of the water must be verified.

IMPORTANT: The pH of the salt solution shall not be corrected. The solution must be clear and limpid (visual observation); if necessary filter it. The solution prepared is ready to be used after transfer it in the tank of use. To validate the solution, the density or the concentration in salt is measured and recorded after every preparation. 5. METHOD OF QUANTIFICATION OF THE TEST CHAMBER AGRESSIVITY To control the reliability and the reproducibility of the results obtained in a cabinet or to compare the results coming from various cabinets, it is necessary to check the aggressivity of the test chambers. The method to assess the aggressivity of the test chamber is joined in Annex 1; it defines in particular the parameters of reference plates: Characteristics (chemical composition, thickness of the coating), Cleaning before test, Protection of the non-exposed sides of the parts, Number and positioning of plates inside the cabinet, Method of measurement of the corroded surface, Number and position of agressivity plates and collector sets in the cabinet, Determination of the "note" of aggressivity.

The VERIFICATION must be realized in an empty cabinet, at least once a year, and after maintenance works or important repairs of the equipment.

The MONTHLY MONITORING must be realized according to the load inside the cabinet. In case of impossibility to control, indicate it in the book of monitoring of the cabinet.

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6.

SUMMARY OF THE SPECIFICATIONS


Parameters Test temperature Temperature saturator Pluviometry of the 35 2 C C 45 to 47 C C. Requirements

1 to 2 ml / hour for 78 cm2 of collecting surface (10 cm diameter) 6,0 to 7,5 < 20 S/cm Dry air exempt from water, oil Metal or organic particles and stains lower than 0,2 mg / m and diameter < 5 m

pH Conductivity of the water Air

Aggressivity

Note 2 or 3 Minimum 99,8 % purity

Sodium chloride

Iodide of sodium < 0,1 % Copper and Nickel < 10 mg / kg for both elements

Salt Solution

5 % 0,5 % of NaCl (50 gr / l 5 gr / l) Density: 1,025 to 1,040

7.

PREPARATION OF SAMPLES 7.1.SAMPLING: The number, the type, the shape and the dimension of samples must be chosen according to the rules of specification of the material or the product tested. If there is no specification, validation criteria have to be found between the involved people before the test. 7.2.CLEANING OF THE SAMPLES BEFORE TEST (EXCEPT PLATES OF AGGRESSIVITY): Samples must not be cleaned before launch in test except opposite specification: case of samples deliberately covered with greasy protector films (oil, greases) or samples presenting an important pollution (oil, lubricant). In those cases, the method to use depends on the nature of the material, on the surface and on the products that contaminated this surface. Abrasives and solvents which could attack the surface of the sample shall not be used. Check visually all the samples before the test. 7.3.PROTECTION: If samples to be tested are cut from bigger coated parts, the cut has to be made carefully in order not to damage the coating close to the cut. Except opposite specification, the edges of the cut must be protected by an appropriate and inert protection, such as wax, paint or adhesive tape. 7.4.MATURATION The salt spray test must be performed only after a minimum period of 24 hours following the coating of the part.

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7.5.STOVING :

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If the samples to be tested have to undergo a stoving before corrosion test (case of certain motor specifications), the conditions will be the following ones: 8. The stoving will be practiced at least 24 hours after any coating, The salt spray test can be made as soon as specimens and parts are back to room temperature.

DISPOSAL OF THE SAMPLES IN THE CABINET Samples shall be placed in the useful volume of the chamber but not in the direct flux of the sprayed fog. The angle under which the surface is exposed in the chamber is very important. The sample must be placed in the chamber of spraying with the tested side upward, by forming with the vertical line an angle of 20 5. In the case of sample of irregular shape, we h ave to take into account, as possible, this recommendation and limit the quotation to the correctly directed surface Samples to be tested shall not be in contact with the walls of the cabinet. The surfaces to be tested must be exposed to the free circulation of the fog. Samples can be placed at various levels of the useful volume of the chamber, on the condition of no superimposing. The orientation of samples must not be modified in the course of test. However, in every daily control, it is possible to switch samples.
Samples

Bar of fixation

Runnings

Running Sample to be tested (ex: screw)

Samples on support Suspended samples

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The materials of the supports serving for exposing the samples must be made from chemically inert material towards the salt solution. Samples must be fixed during all the duration of the test. In the particular case of fasteners, it is recommended to fix parts by assembly on adapted plates support. In that case the implanted zone of the screw in the support will be not taken into account during the quotations.

9.

OPERATING CONDITIONS The test can only be performed in a cabinet in compliance with the requirements of the present test method. The temperatures (chamber and saturator), pressure of air and pluviometry have to comply with the specifications during all the duration of the test. The sprayed solution shall not be reused. The recordings of the test conditions will be written in the DAILY MONITORING REPORT (Cf. Annex 8). Date Identification of the cabinet Setting value of the cabinet during the check (Pressure of the air, Flow rate of the salt solution) pH of the salt solution of the tank of use Density or concentration of the salt solution in the tank of use Temperature of the chamber Volume of condensates Observations

10.

QUOTATION OF SAMPLES DURING THE TEST Samples can be daily controlled but necessarily without rinsing. They will be dried either at ambient air outdoors or with clean and cold air or with an inert gas (N2, Ar) or with an absorbent paper. The duration of the quotation of samples has not to exceed one hour a day. This duration is not deducted from the exposure time of samples.

11.

MANUFACTURING OF SAMPLES AFTER TEST At the end of the test, remove the samples from the chamber; eliminate carefully the residues of sprayed solution deposited on the surface. We can, for that purpose, proceed by rinsing or by immersion of the samples in tap water, at a temperature not exceeding 37 Dry them at once using C. a cold and clean source of air or an inert gas (N2, Ar) or with an absorbent paper.

12.

EXPRESSION OF THE RESULTS The test performance can be appraised through different criteria, according to the particular requirements written in the specifications of the material or of the tested product: Presence of white oxidation (products of corrosion: zinc, zinc alloys, coatings on zinc base, aluminum, magnesium ), Presence of red oxidation (products of corrosion of iron substrate), Page 13/29

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Change of appearance (whitening, black spots), Runnings, Loss in brilliance (ex: black), Time of appearance of the first corrosion products,

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Visual quotation of the corroded surface or the density of pitting / unity of surface, Variation of weight or volume, Change observed by micrographic examination, Modification of mechanical properties

13. TEST REPORT The test report has to record the information on the following points: Description of the material or the tested samples, Reference of the standard (specification material), Requirements for the tested product, Number of samples to test, The aggressivity note of the cabinet, The date of the last annual and\or monthly measurement of the aggressivity and the date of the next one, The duration of the test and the results of the possible intermediary controls, The anomalies and the incidents during the tests, The average result obtained on all the samples of the tested batch, If possible the photography of the tested samples. The test report has to mention all the deviations with regard to the present test method as well as all the incidents during the test. In the case of an approval, a quality monitoring or a cross-test it is imperative to make quotations as indicated in the annex 9 and to join to the test report the results of aggressivity according to the annex 4.

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14. VERIFICATION OF THE CABINET 14.1. PERIODICITY These verifications must be made every 12 weeks if the occupation rate of the means allows it and at least twice a year. They are performed with an empty cabinet. 14.2. VERIFICATION Verification of the temperature of regulation inside the chamber and if possible of the temperature inside the saturator after a minimum of 4 hours of stabilization (cf. Annex 7). Verification of the pluviometry in the net volume of the cabinet (cf. annex 6).

15. MONITORING OF THE TEST This monitoring is asked for every working day. Daily it is asked to note: The volume of condensate inside at least one collector placed the day before inside the cabinet. The temperature of regulation of the chamber. In the absence of indicator on the cabinet, place a temperature sensor (Pt100) in the chamber and make a measurement after one hour minimum of stabilization. In that case the measurement of the temperature has to be made at a minimal distance of 100 mm from walls and as high as the tested samples. The sensor can be placed in a PVC tube to avoid its deterioration. A continuous monitoring by a sensor independent from the regulation system is recommended. The pressure of air indicated by the cabinet. The value of the pH of the salt solution of the tank of use. The value of the density or the concentration of salt in the salt solution. IMPORTANT: The control of the pH and the concentration of NaCl must be necessarily performed in the solution taken in the tank of use. It can be sensible to control the pH of the solution sprayed to be sure that water from saturator is not sprayed with the salt solution, that could cause a dilution of the salt concentration. The value of flow rate of salt solution if there is a flow meter.

Write these values on the daily monitoring report of the cabinet (see example in annex 8) and compare with the cabinet verification settings. In case of drift of one or some of the initial parameters make the adjustments and\or the necessary modifications. 16. BREAKDOWNS OF THE CABINET If possible, transfer the samples in another cabinet certified for the salt spray test. If the duration of the breakdown is more than 48 hours, realize a quotation of the samples then rinse them in deionized water, dry them and place them in desiccators. Under this condition, samples can be kept 7 days. After this deadline the samples shall be discarded. Before the restart of the test, it is advised to make a new quotation of the samples to be sure that there was no evolution of the oxidation.

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In every case, every incident and\or breakdowns as well as an evolution of the oxidation must be indicated in the final test report. 17. TRAINING The users of cabinets must have received an internal training including in particular an information about the various standards, the functioning principle of a cabinet, the preparation of the salt solution, the measurement of pH, the maintenance and the verification of the cabinet, the verification and the monitoring of the aggressivity of the cabinet, the method of evaluation of the result, the writing of the test reports. The training report will be formalized and archived.

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ANNEX 1 METHOD OF VERIFICATION AND MONITORING OF THE AGGRESSIVITY INTRODUCTION This protocol has for objective to verify the aggressivity of a salt spray chamber. It fixes the parameters identified as critics in the studies led within the framework of the CBBS. It fixes the conditions in which the cabinet or its settings are considered in agreement with the test method and establishes an aggressivity level. This one will be expressed in the form of a note and written on the test report. 1. PERIODICITY Two procedures are to be applied: The ANNUAL VERIFICATION OF THE AGGRESSIVITY aims at controlling the cabinet on the totality of the useful volume and independently of any test on any part. It is thus performed with an empty cabinet. The MONITORING OF THE AGGRESSIVITY is performed every month if the occupation rate of the cabinet allows it, and at least 4 times a year, for measuring the performances of the cabinet. It can be performed in a cabinet with a test running. The protocol of verification and monitoring of aggressivity refers: to the results of the tests performed within the framework of the CBBS, to the test method. Reference plates used in this method are not linked with a chain of calibration.

NOTE: 2.

OPERATING CONDITIONS All the parameters fixed in the test method must be respected. 2.1. REFERENCE PLATES

Reference plates are steel DC 04 according to the NF EN 10338 standard, coated with a zinc layer obtained by hot galvanization on continuous line. The zinc thickness is 10 m 1 m. Plates can be covered with a film of oil, in order to insure a better preservation. Plates will be accompanied with a certificate of conformity which contains: The identification of the supplier, The identification of the product: coil and casting numbers, The chemical and mechanical characteristics of the metal support, The thickness of the zinc coating, The reference of the protective oil.

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ANNEX 1 (NEXT) 2.2. PREPARATION OF THE SALT SOLUTION

The salt solution is prepared according to this test method. 2.3. PREPARATION OF REFERENCE PLATES

Reference plates will be degreased in the following way: 1. 2. Pre-degreasing in the acetone by means of a soft cloth. Degreasing under ultrasounds in a washing according to the following composition : . . . . . Hydrogenocarbonate of sodium Sodium Carbonate Trisodic Phosphate Di-sodium Tetraborate Deionized Water (NaHCO3) (Na2CO3) (Na3PO4) 15 g/l 10 g/l 20 g/l + 2 g/l + 2 g/l + 2 g/l + 2 g/l

(Na2B4O7, 10H2O) 10 g/l 1 liter.

Conditions under ultrasounds: . . Temperature Time 45 C ( 2 C) 7 min. ( 1min).

The lifetime of this solution is 36 months in opaque packaging and in storage conditions from 0 to C 40 The solution of degreasing must be stocked in a closed package when it is not used. One liter of C. solution can degrease up to 5 plates. 3. 2.4. After ultrasound degreasing, take out the plate by means of tongs, rinse it under water then in the ethanol and let it dry in the air. SAVINGS

The degreased plates will be manipulated with gloves. The borders of plates as well as the back can be protected with a typical adhesive tape: Havane 100 mm x 38 mm, according to annex 2. 2.5. POSITION OF REFERENCE PLATES AND COLLECTORS

The support must be realized in chemically inert material. It will allow to position plates according to the appropriate angle (20 5 with regard to th e vertical line). The center of the plate will be situated at the height at the atomizer. The number and the position of plates vary according to the test and the design of the cabinet (Cf. Annex 5 and 5 suite): At least 3 plates during the ANNUAL VERIFICATION. They will be positioned in a quarter, one half and three quarters of the distance between the atomizer and the most distant wall, the side to be corroded facing the atomizer, At least 1 plate during the MONTHLY MONITORING, the plate will be positioned halfway between the atomizer and the most distant wall of the cabinet.

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ANNEX 1 (NEXT) Orientation of plates: Plates are vertically placed in the cabinet of corrosion.

Plates

Support The collectors are positioned near the reference plates. (Cf. Annex 4 and 4 next) The recommendations above in term of number of plates and positioning are to be adapted according to the useful area of the cabinet. 2.6. FILLING OF THE CABINET

During the ANNUAL VERIFICATION, the cabinet has to contain only reference plates. During the MONTHLY MONITORING, the test is performed in the conditions of filling required by the in-going test. The other exposed samples shall not hide the reference plates (no recovering). 2.7. MEASURE OF THE OXIDIZED SURFACE

Reproduce on a transparency the mask of measure given in Annex 2. Put the mask on the reference plate and count the number of oxidized squares. Consider a square as oxidized as soon as it presents at least one point of red oxidation, included a running from another square (Cf. Annex 3). The first control will be made visually, necessarily between 70 and 72 hours and then every 24 hours on not rinsed, wet plate. It is advised to start the test one Friday. In the case of the annual verification, the opening of the cabinet shall not last more than 30 min every day. In the case of the monthly monitoring, every quotation of the samples has not to exceed 1 hour a day. This time is not deducted from the exposure time.

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ANNEX 1 (NEXT) 2.8. EXPRESSION OF THE RESULTS

We indicate by TRO (Time of Red Oxidation) the time before the first observation of a red level of oxidation upper to 5 %, which are 6 squares at least. The degree of aggressivity of the cabinet is given by a note from 1 to 5.

TRO (hours) from 70 to 72 from 73 to 96 from 97 to 120 from 121 to 144 > 145

Note 1 2 3 4 5

Conformity Not in conformity In conformity

Not in conformity

A cabinet is in conformity if the note equals 2 or 3 2.9. VERIFICATION REPORT

The typical report given in Annex 4 must be filled in its totality by indicating necessarily: the note of the aggressivity, the percentage of oxidation and the exposure time of plates for every quotation. Example for an annual verification: % of Red Oxidation found on the mask of control Plate 1 of L 0 12 Plate 2 of L 0 23 Plate 3 of L 0 17 Time (***) 71 91

From 70 to 72 hours From 73 to 96 hours From 97 to 120 hours From 121 to 144 hours > 145 hours Result (Note)

91

(***) Effective total duration of exposure at the moment of the quotation

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ANNEX 2 MASK OF QUOTATION OF REFERENCE PLATES 90 X 190 mm

20

5 10

Galvanized Plate = Surface of a square = Total exposed surface =

90 X 190 mm 1 cm2 128 cm2

% of oxidation = number of squares X 0,78

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ANNEX 3 EXAMPLE OF QUOTATION OF AGGRESSIVITY

For the quotation, make the top of the mask of control coincide with the top of the reference plate on the exposed side.
1 Top of Plate = Top of Mask 2

Reference plate

5 6

7 10

8 9

Mask of control

11 15 14 13 12 18 16 17

20 26 27 30 29 25

19 22 24 21 23

28

33

32

31 35 34

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ANNEX 4 AGRESSIVITY REPORT OF THE TEST CHAMBER Nature of the test : Annual verification Date of the test start: Monthly monitoring Identification number of the cabinet:

CONTROL OF THE SALT SOLUTION pH = Concentration of NaCl: The measures are to be made on the salt solution in the tank of use and not in the collectors. CONTROL OF THE CONDENSATES Collector 1 (**) Volume collected in ml/h (*) (*): Volume of the condensates in every collector divided by the total duration of the test (included time of opening) (**): The reference number of the collector corresponds to the number of the tested reference plate. MEASURE OF THE AGGRESSIVITY Collector 2 (**) Collector 3 (**)

% of Red Oxidation found on the mask of control Plate 1 of L From 70 to 72 hours From 73 to 96 hours From 97 to 120 hours From 121 to 144 hours > 145 hours Result (Note) (***) Effective total duration of exposure at the moment of the quotation CONCLUSION OF THE CONTROL OF CONDENSATES AND AGGRESSIVITY IN CONFORMITY FOR ANY PARAMETERS NOT IN CONFORMITY Remarks Operator Visa Date Plate 2 of L Plate 3 of L Time Hours (***) Note 1 2 3 4 5

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ANNEX 5 LOCATION OF REFERENCE PLATES AND COLLECTORS IN THE CABINET

Example for a cabinet with off-centered atomizer:

Year Aggressivity

Month Aggressivity

Plate 3

Plate 2

Plate 1

Deflector

Plate

Deflector

Atomizer

Atomizer Collector 1/2 L

Collector 3

Collector 2

Collector 1 1/2 L 3/4 L

1/4 L

Note: L = Distance between the atomizer and the most distant wall.

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ANNEX 5 (suite) LOCATION OF REFERENCE PLATES AND COLLECTORS IN THE CABINET

Example for a cabinet with centered atomizer: Year aggressivity Month Aggressivity

Plate 3

Collector 3

1/2 L Plate 2 Atomizer 3/4 L 1/4 L Collector 1 Plate 1 Collector 2 Collector Atomizer 1/2 L

Note: L = Distance between the atomizer and the most distant wall. RENAULT 2008 Page 25/29

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ANNEX 6 VERIFICATION OF THE PLUVIOMETRY

Example of positioning of the collectors:

C1

100

C3

C2

100 =

100

C6

C5

C4

100 C1 to C6 : collectors Dimension in mm

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ANNEX 7 POSITION OF TEMPERATURE SENSORS DURING THE VERIFICATION OF THE CHAMBER

Front view Side view

Sensor n 1 Sensor n 2 Height Depth Useful volume of the cabinet Lenght The number of temperature sensors shall be adapted to the useful volume of the cabinet

Sensor n 3

Top view

Sensors 1, 2 et 3

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ANNEX 8 N Chamber : AIR Setting pressure Date 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 6,0 to 7,5 Month : DAILY MONITORING REPORT Year : Test Chamber Temperature Volume of condensates 1 to 2 ml/h Setting flowmeter

Salt Solution pH Concentration NaCl (%) 4,5 to 5,5

33 to 37 C

Observations

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TEST REPORT IDENTIFICATION

D17 - 1058 / - - J
ANNEX 9

Test Number:.

Cabinet of Salt spray Number ..

Name of the customer: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Order / Number of BATCH: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..


Reference / Name: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BATCH Quantity: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Applicator: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Type of coating: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..................................... ...


Formulator:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Targeted thickness : . . . . . . . . . . m Observed thickness : . . . . . . . . . . m Date of the last check: . . . . . . . . . . . . . NOTE OF AGGRESSIVITY(1 to 5) : Start Date: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Requirements: White Oxidation:. . . . . . . . . Hours

Name of lines: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Particular conditions:
Stoving : h C

MONTHLY CONTROL OF THE TEST CHAMBER AGRESSIVITY

Date of the next check: . . . . . . . . . . . . .. (in conformity between 2 and 3) Number of parts: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Red Oxidation: . . . . . . . Hours
RESULTS OF THE TEST PARAMETERS OF THE TEST

For every quotation, indicate the number of concerned parts for every item (A, B, C and D). The sum of every column has to correspond to the total number of tested parts.
A: No Oxidation B: White Oxidation 5% C : White Oxidation > 5% D: Appearance of red oxidation D C B A
Hours

24

48

72

96

120

144

168

192

216

240

264

288

312

336

360

384

408

432

456

480

504

D C B A
Hours

528

552

576

600

624

648

672

696

720

744

768

792

816

840

864

888

912

936

960

984

1008

Quotation B : OB 5% Hours:

Quotation C : OB > 5% Hours: .

Quotation D : OR Hours: ..

Total duration of the Test Hours: .

CHANGE OF APPEARANCE (whitening, black spots ): . Hours CONCLUSION OF THE TEST IN CONFORMITY NOT IN CONFORMITY

Remark :
Operator Visa Date

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