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Mannar Thirumalai Naicker College, Madurai

Department of Social Work Participatory Rural Appraisal Class: III BSW

One Mark Questions 1. Participation intends to a) Keeps the people idle b) Involvement of people c) Let the people know d) none 2. An example for passive participation is a) Watching news in television b) Part of the mob c) Member in an association d) None 3. Answering questions in a survey is an example of a) Functional participation b) Passive participation c) Participation in information giving d) None 4. Participation by consultation implies a) Share in decision making b) Giving ideas in a meeting c) Getting peoples or experts opinion about an issue d) None 5. NREGA is an example for a) Functional participation b) Participation for material incentive c) Interactive participation d) None 6. Functional participation implies a) Forming an association b) Assisted by external agencies

c) Participation in a rally d) None 7. The highest form of participation is a) Self mobilization b) Functional participation c) Interactive participation d) None 8. The founder of PRA is a) Robert chambers b) Atkinson c) Prof. Samuel d) C.R. Kothari 9. The main drawback of questionnaire method when compared to PRA is a) Questions formulated by researcher b) Enumerator conduct the interview c) The same question for all segment of population d) All the above 10. The advantages of PRA method are a) Two way communications (open discussion) b) Utilization of visual aids c) Multidisciplinary team work d) all the above 11. The important contributions of Agro ecosystems analysis are a) Transect walking b) Optimal ignorance c) Utilization of visual aids d) None 12. The manor difference between PRA and RRA is a) RRA is mainly done by team of experts and PRA is done by the local community b) Difference in utilizing visual aids c) Difference in involvement of people d) None

13. Optimal ignorance means

a) Collecting necessary data b) Ignoring people c) Avoiding unnecessary data d) None 14. The type of PRA which is used to finout information on the current issues is called a) Topical PRA b) Exploratory PRA c) Problem solving PRA d) None 15. Exploratory PORA is useful in a) Planning for a project b) Collecting new information regarding a problem c) Collecting information on a current issue d) All the above 16. Problem- solving PRA is mainly aims at a) Understanding present situation b) Diagnose and solving the problems c) Project planning d) None 17. An example for PRA problem solving PRA is a) Planning for anew project in a community b) Understanding the economic status of a local community c) Analysis of draught in a community d) None 18. Social maps mainly shows a) Size of living are a b) Residential differences in status and wealth c) Types of houses and work places d) All the above 19. Physical and resources maps are the pictures of a) Physical land features b) Water resources c) Soil types d) All the above 20. Transect walk involves people of

a) Local community b) External agencies c) PRA team, community representatives and extension staff d) None 21. The main purpose of transect walk is to a) Verify information in the map b) Identifying problems and opportunities c) To select sample for further d) All the above 22. The expansion for PRA is a) Principle of rural Appraisal b) Participatory rural application c) Participatory rural Appraisal d) None 23. The tool transect walk for PRA is taken from a) Agro ecosystem analysis b) Farming systems Approach c) Applied anthropological surveys d) None 24. RRA stands for a) Real rural application b) Rapid rural Appraisal c) Rapid Real Appraisal d) None 25. Venn Diagram mainly aims at a) Institutional analysis b) Community structure analysis c) Economic structure analysis d) None 26. The participants in constructing venn diagram are a) General people b) External agents & PRA team c) PRA teams and key informants d) None 27. The tool which helps to present the history of the community is

a) Time lines b) Trend lines c) Transect walk d) None. 28. The Main purpose of drawing up of a seasonal calendar is to analysis a) Weather conditions b) Crops and livestock availability c) Labour demand d) All the above 29. Maps in PRA is useful for a) Visual presentation of data b) Collection of data c) Identification of resources d) None 30. Wealth ranking means a) Ranking assets in the community b) Ranking people based on their assets c) ranking people based on their money circulation d) None 31. The two methods of wealth ranking are a) Social mapping method b) Card sorting method c) Proportional piling method d) None 32. The types of interviews in PRA are a) Individual interview a key informant interview b) Group interview c) Direct observation d) None 33. PRA is a a) Research tool b) designing tool c) Application tool d) None 34. PRA is mainly originated from

a) RRA b) PLA c) Questionnaire & Survey method d) None 35. PLA implies a) Principle of learning and action b) Participatory learning and action c) Participatory learning appraisal d) None 36. The basic principle of PRA is that a) Local people are capable of doing analysis and planning b) External agencies are doing analysis and planning c) Local people must depend upon others for planning d) None 37. The key principles of PRA are a) Participation b) Team work c) Optimal ignorance d) All the above 38. The role of external agencies in PRA is the a) Facilitator and catalyst b) Leader in the groups c) Beneficiary d) None 39. A PRA team should have members from a) Single discipline b) Beneficiaries c) Different disciplines d) None 40. The role of PRA facilitator is to a) Lead the group b) Guide people in PRA methods and techniques c) involve in the group formation d) None 41. The application method of PRA is

a) RRA b) PLA c) PPA d) None 42. PLA stands for a) Participatory learning Appraisal b) Principle of learning and action and Participatory Learning and action c) Participatory Learning and Action d) d) None 43. The main purpose of PLA is to a) To analyse the local community based on PRA b) To find out solutions and tale action using PRA c) To plan for a programme d) None 44. PPA implies a) Participatory problem analysis b) Participation and Problem Approach c) Participatory peoples action d) None 45. The basic assumption of PRA is that a) Community can not fulfill its own needs b) It depends upon Govt. and external agencies for their development c) Community has its own knowledge and resources but it needs to organized d) All the above 46. PRA is not very useful in a) Small groups b) Handling issues in a large scale c) Local community d) None 47. Natural assets are a) Transport and communication b) Governmental institutions c) Land, water, soil and other resources d) None 48. Stackholder in PRA means

a) Share holders b) Beneficiaries c) Public d) Participants 49. Focus Group Discussion involves people of a) General people b) PRA team alone c) Target group d) None 50. Trangulation in PRA means a) Choosing three different methods and tools b) Choosing three different locations c) Choosing three different category of people for the survey d) All the above 51. The basic assumption of PRA is that the external agencies can provide financial, technical and managerial assistance to the communities in need of development 52. PRA helps communities to define problems and setting out priorities and oppurtunities 53. Forming an association is an example for participation by consultation 54. Social mapping shows the structure of a village or a community 55. Resources mapping is used to assess the resources of the individuals in the community 56. Venn diagram is used to present the organizational structure in the community 57. Seasonal calendar in useful to present the data on water resources in the community 58. Trend analysis shows the major chances taken plane in a community over a period of time 59. Transect walk is not of much use in PRA 60. Interview checklist is the tool used in semi structural interview (SSI) 61. Stackholder means only the beneficiaries of the projects or programmes 62. Stackholder meeting members 63. Focus Group discussion involves the key informations and the target group only 64. Observation technique is also essential for PRA 65. Pair wise ranking is used to compare more that two criteria 66. The refin d form of RRA is PRA 67. Need assessment is the immediate purpose of PRA is held between the participants, beneficiaries and tam

68. PRA is essential for project planning in a community 69. PRA is not much useful in monitoring and evaluation of projects 70. It is difficult to use PRA analyse unemployment problem in India 71. The first step in PRA is the selection of team members 72. Rapport building and proper initial contact with the community is essential for PRA 73. PRA cam not be utilized for childrens problems 74. The role of PRA leader is to facilitate 75. The recorder in the PRA team in the decision making process 76. PRA is a research tool 77. PRA is a part of participatory problem analysis 78. The facilitator for PRA should always be from the local community 79. Key informants are the knowledgeable persons in the community 80. The other impression of PRA is the handing over stick to the community 81. Participating 82. Stackholder 83. Optimal ignorance 84. Transect walk 85. Triangulation 86. Social mapping 87. Resource Mapping 88. Seasonal diagram 89. Venn diagram 90. Time lines 91. Wealth ranking 92. Pair wise ranking 93. Proiblem Oppurtunity matrix 94. Stackholder analysis 95. Rapport building 96. Observation 98. Focus group discussion 99. Key informant interview 100. - m) Initial contact with the community - n) Individual assets - o) Comparison based upon two criteria - p) Survey of records - r) Secondary tool in PRA - s) Checklist & Interview schedule - a) Combination of three methods, expert and informations - b) Crossing the village by walk - c) Active involvement - d) Participants - e) Avoiding unnecessary data - d) trends & patterns in a year - f) Institutional analysis - h) Historical mapping - I) Social structure of the community - j ) Natural resources - k) analysis of alternative for the problem - l) analysis based upon participants

97. Semi structured interview - q) Interview knowledgeable persons on a topic

Secondary sources - t) Interaction in the target group