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Greece

Remi Joffray

Chef Richard Worthen

World Cuisine Win.Qtr.2008


Greece is located at the southeast corner of Europe on the

southern part of the balkin peninsula. Asia is east of Greece right

across the aegen sea. Africa is also very close to Greece being just

south across the Mediterranean sea. Greece has a very jagged

coastline. Greece also shares a border with Albania, which was the

former Yugoslav republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria. The geography of

Greece has high influence on the politics of its people. Greece is one

of the most mountainous countries in Europe. Its surface has small

plains and limestone mountains. The arcadians were the only division

to not occupy any of the coast of Greece. The mountains of Greece are

all around each plain. Each city occupied areas in the plains, making it

so that they are in solitude from other cities. Greece brought our world

many different things that are still in practice. Greece’s ancient

philosophers made amazing advances in science, medicine, math, and

astronomy. Its cities and states were one some of the firsts to develop

a democratic government. The culture of ancient Greece seems to

resound throughout the ages of time, through literature, art,

philosophy, and politics. The first settlement of Greece dated to the

Paleolithic era, which was 11,00-3,00 B.C, the ottomans ruled Greece

for a while and for most of the inhabitants of Greece, this was a dark

period of time for them. The Greeks wanted their freedom from them

and rioted against their oppressors. The independence war started in

the Peloponnese peninsula in 1821 and ended in 1831 and established


a new and independent Greek state.

The people of Greece nowadays are only partly descended from the

ancient Greeks, having mixed with invaders throughout their time.

Modern Greek is the language, but there is also a small Turkish-

speaking group.

Many Greeks also speak English and French. The Greek Orthodox

Church is the official church of the country and includes almost all of

the population. In Greece, mostly has a been poor country

agriculturally, has evolved into obsession of food. Greek cuisine has a

variety of different, rich cooking styles, ingredients and flavors.

Vegetarianism has been a long tradition of cuisine and culture for the

Greek people. It started with the Pythagoras who did not eat meat

because of moral reasons. Today the extreme religious people still

abstain from meat and animal products on Wednesdays and Fridays.

Greece, like any other culture, its cuisine is influenced greatly

upon the geography and history. The cuisine of the mainland is

primarily a Sheppard’s cuisine, because Sheppard’s would travel on

foot with their flock. Butter and lard were the main ways of fat for the

Sheppard’s. Cheese yogurt and other dairy products also were

included in their diet as well. There are many pies in Greece that fall

into broad categories. Tiropita is a cheese pie. The filling is usually a

combination of local cheese and eggs. Some pies are multi layered
and some of very thin like crepes. Hortopitas are pies that are filled

with seasonal greens and in some of them, there is a little cheese

added to them. There are several categories of greek cuisine. Cooking

caseroles, stews, grilled meat or seafood, and phyllo items. Each type

of cuisine has its own specialty restaurant specific to that type of food.

Tavernas specialize in casserole items. Psistaries serve on grilled items

like fish and meat. Pites, phyllo pastry filled with different items are

considered village food and can usually be purchased on the streets

specializing a specific type of pita.


Bibliography

-Dalby, Andrew. Siren Feasts : A History of Food and Gastronomy in Greece. New York:

Routledge, 1996.

-Fodor's Travel Publications, Inc. S. Greece : The Complete Guide with Athens, the

Islands, Monasteries and Classical Sites. New York: Fodor's, 1995.

-Grant, Neil. How They Lived : The Greeks. Boston: B D D Promotional Book Company,

Incorporated, 1990.